28/07/2017 BBC News at One

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The latest national and international news stories from the BBC News team, followed by weather.

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The BBC understands at least 60 high-rise buildings


failed a fire safety test, where insulation and cladding


were tested together for the first time.


The buildings identified so far are nine council blocks in Salford.


Work to remove the cladding is already under way.


We will have the latest about the new safety tests.


The Chancellor says any transitional deal after Britain leaves the EU


must end before the next general election. Another blow for Donald


Trump, as the US Senate fails, for a third time, to overturn President


Obama's health care initiatives. Pakistan is thrown into


political uncertainty, after Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif


is forced to resign in the light Rubbish piles up in the streets


of Birmingham, as council refuse workers step up


their industrial action. Coming up in the sport on BBC News,


Alistair Cook falls short of his first century,


since stepping down as England Test captain, on day two of the third


match against South Africa. Good afternoon, welcome to the BBC


News at One. The BBC understands officials


believes at least 60 buildings have failed an official fire safety test,


in which ininsulation and cladding, of the type fitted at Grenfell


Tower, were analysed together for the first time.


So far, just nine of the buildings which failed have been identified.


They're in Salford in Greater Manchester,


where the local council is asking for help from central government


As those affected by the fire at Grenfell Tower wait to find out how


and why the fire spread, across the country, others are anxiously


waiting to find out if their homes are at risk too. But for many, it's


not good news. The BBC understands officials believe at least 60 tower


blocks have failed a new fire safety test. Including nine in Salford,


where the removal of cladding began weeks ago. The thought of it not


being safe and you're sleeping in bed of a nighttime, do you know,


that's it, it's bad, isn't it? Really bad. They should take the lot


off. I don't care how much money it costs them. It's not money, it's


people's lives. I think we're sitting on a tinderbox. Costs to


remove and replace cladding are expected to run into tens of


millions of pounds. The concern now is who will pick up the bill. Local


authorities, Housing Associations, some of them have reserves. All of


them have access to borrowing capacity and if there are any


authorities that have difficulties, we will ensure that we make


additional capacity available to them so that they can get the cash


they need to do any urgent and necessary work. In the first round


of tests, cladding from every building failed, but critics said


this wasn't realistic. Experts are now carrying out new, more thorough


tests, like these, combining cladding and insulation to find out


which materials are dangerous when put together, like they were on


Grenfell Tower. Polyetholene is an oil based material. When it reaches


600 degrees it will perform like paraffin. We know what paraffin


does, it burns. If you clad a building in it, you've got a fuel


source for a flame to prop gait on. Yesterday the Metropolitan Police


said there were reasonable grounds to suspect that the company that


managed Grenfell Tower and Kensington Chelsea Council may


have committed corporate manslaughter. It's very, very


important that we now have a proper inquiry that finds out what


happened, why that fire spread, whether the materials are the right


materials and I and my colleagues will support that public inquiry.


More than six weeks on, there's no escaping what happened here and with


reverberations being felt across the country, there's clearly a lot of


work to be done to ensure a tragedy like this never happens again.


In a moment, we will be speaking to Judith Moritz in Salford,


but first, we can speak to our correspondent, Tom Burridge,


who is by Grenfell tower in West London.


Tell us more about these tests, Tom. Previously the Government


commissioned tests, smaller scale tests, on samples of cladding


similar to that on Grenfell Tower. What's happening now are larger


scale tests on a combination of both cladding and insulation. In the case


of this first set of results, we're expecting today, it's significant


because the type of cladding in the test and the type of insulation


taken as a whole and tested is exactly the same type as on Grenfell


Tower, we're talking about a combustible type of insulation and


we're talking about a type of cladding with a combustible plastic


or polyetholene core. Given that it's hardly surprising it's failed.


It leads credence to the theory that the building materials used, as a


whole, on Grenfell Tower were not appropriate. It then beggars the


question: Was an appropriate test carried out on that system, that


cladding system, the insulation with the cladding, or not? That will be a


focus of both the public inquiry and the investigation by the


Metropolitan Police. Tom, thank you. The upshot of this is that work is


already going on where you are. Yes, Salford Council say they didn't want


to wait, in fact, they conducted their own review pretty much


straight after Grenfell and they began work to start taking away


cladding last month. If I step out of the way now, the camera will move


and try to show you what's happening here. If you look at the top of this


building, can you see there is the grey and the red clad there. That


cladding is thought to be unsafe, similar to Grenfell. That has been


there, it took two years to put up and that is going to start coming


down. Moving the camera down, you can see below it, when the cladding


comes away it exposes the silver insulation. The council say they


don't want to leave that exposed, if you move the camera across, you can


see where the lettering is there on the side of the building, that is


new cladding, temporary, it consists of concrete boarding. The council


says that it is safe for now, but it's not a permanent solution. They


want to carry out further tests next month to find the sort of cladding


that long-term they can put on these buildings. They know it will take a


long time and will cost millions. They are demanding help from the


Government with that. Thank you.


The Chancellor Phillip Hammond has said there is broad agreement


in Cabinet that there should be a transition period of up to three


years after Britain leaves the EU, but that it should be finished


before the next general election, which is scheduled for 2022.


The Chancellor said a failure to implement a transition deal


Our political correspondent Iain Watson is in Westminster.


What does all of that then mean for the Brexit time table? As you know,


the Prime Minister's very fond of saying "Brexit means Brexit". But


full Brexit might take longer than some people thought. Yes, we will


leave the European Union in March 2019, but the Chancellor has got his


Cabinet colleagues on board for a concept of a transitional period


beyond that and during that time, things might not look all that


different. We might have similar levels of EU migration, for example,


until a new system is put in place. But in return, his Cabinet


colleagues have voted leave during the referendum have a guarantee from


the Chancellor that transitional period won't last longer than three


years. There's a general view that any


transitional period would have to be finished by the time we get


to the date set for the next general It depends on the technical


requirements to put in place customs and immigration arrangements


and so on, and, of course, this is all subject to negotiation


with the European Union. But the overriding concern,


as we leave the EU - and the job will be done on the 29th


March, 2019 - the overriding concern is to make sure that we go


through this process in a way that avoids disruptive cliff edges


for business and for The Cabinet agrees with all that,


but as is often the case in politics, the devil is in the


detail. Let me give a brief example. If the European Court of Justice


would have a role during the transition period, if the EU insists


on that, this apparent Cabinet unity could be shattered. Thank you.


In a major blow to President Trump, the US Senate has failed,


for a third time, to repeal President Obama's


In a dramatic late-night sitting, three Republicans voted


Among the three was veteran senator John McCain.


He broke off brain cancer treatment to attend the session,


and his "no" vote proved decisive, as Richard Lister reports.


Breaking news a massive blow to the Republican plan to repeal at


Fordable care act... Americans are waking up to the news that ObamaCare


lives on and seems, for now, unassailable. President Obama's


Affordable Care Act required nearly all Americans to buy health


insurance and required insurance to cover everyone. Republicans


condemned it. Momentum is building for the repeal of the health care


bill... Too invasive, too expensive, they said. For seven years, they've


demanded it be replaced. But they can't agree on how and with a single


vote margin on last night's repeal bill, all eyes were on one man. Mr


McCain. The self styled maverick Republican cast with a thumbs down


to gasps in the chamber. And that killed the bill.


CHEERING For ObamaCare supporters, this was a


real victory, further repeal efforts seem unlikely for now. This is


clearly a disappointing moment, from sky rocketing cost to plummeting


choices and collapsing markets, our constituents have suffered through


an awful lot under ObamaCare. This repeal bill was highly


controversial. It would have abolished the legal mandate to buy


insurance, but increased the number of uninsured people by 15 million


and increased some premiums by 20%. Democrats said it was time for a new


approach. Every place in every corner of the world, of the country,


where we go, the number one thing we are asked, and I know this because


I've talked to my colleagues on the other side of the aisle, is can't


you guys work together? Let's give it a shot. This is a test of Donald


Trump's presidency too. Let ObamaCare implode, he tweeted.


Senator McCain was cheered outside Congress but he's left his party in


chaos and his president humiliated, unable to overturn Barack Obama's


health care legacy. President Trump's new communications


director has become involved in an extraordinary public feud


with two senior colleagues, Anthony Scaramucci has launched


a scathing attack on both the White House chief of staff,


Reince Priebus, and Mr Trump's chief Laura Bicker reports


on this, the latest episode President Trump's West Wing


is at war with itself. The appointment of the flashy


financier, Anthony Scaramucci, of communications has prompted


a bitter battle to win Mr Scaramucci has indirectly


accused his colleague, the White House chief of staff


Reince Priebus, of leaking information about


the administration. He called a US network


show to say that only Mr Trump could judge


whether the tense relationship When I said we were brothers


from the podium, that is because... But some brothers are


like Cain and Abel. Other brothers can


fight with each other I don't know whether this


is repairable or not, Tonight, in an extraordinary


phone call with a reporter from the New Yorker,


Anthony Scaramucci described Reince He also took personally


about Mr Trump's chief strategist, On Twitter he said he would refrain


from using "colourful language", but would not give up


the passionate fight Mr Scaramucci has been


in the West Wing just one week, and appears to have spent more time


launching personal attacks than pushing the


President's policies. He may also be forcing the chief


of staff, and a key Republican Let's hear more about everything


going on in Washington overnight. What now for health care, what


happens with that? What a night of drama under the dome of Capitol


Hill. When it comes to Republicans they're picking up the pieces but


they are bruised and they are battered. How they go forward with


health care is now uncertain. Because one, they're running out of


time. This is part of a spending bill. And two, as you heard from the


Senate majority leader there, perhaps it's time to move forward.


And many of his party may feel the same. And the public feuding is


quite extraordinary. Well, this is as close to a reality TV White House


as we've ever seen. What we have here is the White House chiefs of


staff versus the newcomer, the communications director. Now Anthony


Scaramucci seems to have the ear of the president and he's a chip off


the old block. They are very similar personalities and backgrounds. If it


comes to a fight between Anthony Scaramucci


and Reince Preibus, I fear he will be voted out. (


Pakistan's prime minister, ( Nawaz Sharif, has resigned,


after being disqualified from office by the supreme court,


over corruption allegations against his family.


The allegations stem from documents that came to light -


the so called Panama Papers - regarding his children's


offshore business holdings, which include four luxury apartments


For opponents of the Pakistani Prime Minister, today's court decision is


a huge and unprecedented victory for accountability in a country where


politicians often have a reputation for corruption. Today, Nawar Sharif


resigned after the highest court disqualified him from office. A


panel of five judges unanimously decided he had not been honest when


explaining his and his family's financial dealings to a corruption


inquiry. The Supreme Court has led from the front. And democracy will


strengthen. Democracy will evolve in Pakistan and we will be able to


establish a new Pakistan. The allegations against Sharif revolve


around four luxury central London flats. The documents from the Panama


paper leaks revealed were linked to a number of his children. The


Pakistani Supreme Court has been trying to establish where the money


came from to buy them. The Prime Minister's daughter widely seen as


his political successor, as well as her father, will now face further


inquiries by the national anticorruption body. No Prime


Minister in Pakistan has ever completed a full term in office.


Sharif served twice in the 90s, but was overthrown in a military coup.


Some of his supporters have claimed the allegations against him now are


an attempt by the country's powerful army to oust him again.


His family have always denied any wrongdoing and outside the court


some of his ministers remained defiant.


TRANSLATION: No matter who becomes the Prime Minister, the Prime


Minister in the hearts of the Pakistani people will always be


Nawaz Sharif. The ruling party will now have to nominate a new leader


but with elections due to take place by the middle of next year, the


country is facing real uncertainty. The BBC understands officials


believe at least 60 high rise buildings failed a fire safety test


where insulation and cladding were tested together for the first time.


And, coming up, hidden below ground for 75 years,


the Royal Mail railway you'll soon be able to hitch a ride


Coming up in sport, Lewis Hamilton is just third quickest


in the first practice ahead of the Hungarian Grand Prix.


He goes into the weekend trailing Sebastian Vettel by just a point


Aid workers in Greece have told the BBC they're dealing


with hundreds of extremely vulnerable refugees


Many have suffered torture and sexual abuse at the hands


of so-called Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.


The European Commission has said such refugees should be moved


to Athens for specialist treatment but charities say


Our Europe reporter, Gavin Lee, is on the island of Lesbos.


Rare footage from a place journalists are banned.


It shows tents have been replaced by containers,


a reflection of Europe's waiting room being made a little more


long-term for the 4,000 being held on the island.


Violence, rioting and fires are becoming routine.


The camps are full and migrants, though small in number,


Since so-called Islamic State started to lose ground,


many who arrived in Greece have escaped attention, men tortured


by tortured by IS fighters, women used as sex slaves.


There is little support for them and it is worsening the problem


You need to improve the health care that is given to these people.


If they are vulnerable, they need to be recognised as such,


and they need to move to somewhere where they can receive care.


The reality is, there isn't this care here on the island,


and they need to move to the mainland to receive it.


Osama was once a Syrian policeman, but was caught by rebel groups


He says he was regularly beaten and sexually abused by his captors.


I have been in captivity for three years.


Sometimes I feel if I had been killed it would be better than this


humiliation. The policy is clear that vulnerable


migrants should be taken off the island quickly for specialist


treatment. So why are they still here? I would like at this point to


remind that 30,000 people have come through the island since March 2016


so there can be individual cases, some individual cases, that may have


- they may not have been processed as quickly. The Greek Government is


promising to take extremely vulnerable migrants off the Islands.


In the meantime, those needing the most help are still waiting.


Gavin Lee, BBC News, Lesbos. Companies working on the Crossrail


project have been fined more than ?1 million after three sets


of failures, one of which led The companies pleaded guilty to


offences following an investigation. Rene Tkacik died after being crushed


by wet concrete in 2014. Two other men were injured


in separate incidents within six Four men have been arrested


on suspicion of making an explosive Police say no one was hurt


when a device erupted. The incident only came to light


when a prison worker contacted a Welsh Assembly member,


with concerns about staffing. Following an incident here at HMP


Cardiff on 15th June, a member of staff at the prison


contacted the south-west Wales Assembly member


Bethan Jenkins with concerns The worker told Ms Jenkins that


prisoners had fashioned an explosive device out of tea whiteners


which are very flammable. The Assembly member instantly


contacted the Prisons Minister Sam Gyimah with her concerns


that the situation could have He was implying to me


that the prisoners could revolt, could take over the prison


because of the situation potentially with the staffing,


although there are other issues also and that's something I think that


everybody needs to be aware of so that we ensure these type


of situations don't happen again. The prison worker that contacted


Ms Jenkins said that staffing levels at the Welsh capital's prison played


a part in this incident occurring. He went on to say that staff morale


was at an all-time low and that unless things were to change


an event of this nature Because there's not enough staff


to do routine stuff like cell searches every day and checks


on cells they may be But that's always been the case


for the past five years and that's why we are insisting that 2,500


extra prison officers We have lost over 7,000 and we need


those 7,000 replaced. In a statement, the Ministry


of Justice said that nobody had been hurt in the incident


and that the matter had been They added that it would be


inappropriate to comment South Wales Police have released


all four individuals One without further action,


but investigations continue Council refuse workers in Birmingham


are stepping up their industrial action in a dispute that has left


rubbish piling up in the streets. Members of the Unite union have been


refusing to do overtime, and have been carrying out daily


two-hour stoppages - The dispute is about planned changes


to working practices, as our correspondent


Sima Kotecha reports. Piles and piles of rubbish strewn


across some of Birmingham's streets. On this road it's been three weeks


since the rubbish was collected. We have seen a rat over there


yesterday, absolutely disgraceful. Four weeks now it's been here,


absolutely terrible. So we pay all our money, council tax


and they won't come and get it, It's not fair on the kids,


the kids can't even play out any It's disgusting, we come out


of our house and it stenches While the stench from this


pile of rubbish here really is unbearable,


not sure if you can see or not, And with this strike due


to carry on until September, for people living on this street,


the smell is going to get worse. Since earlier this month,


bin workers have been striking for two hours every day over changes


to their shift patterns and plans to cut the number


of supervisor jobs. From today, they'll be striking


for three hours a day. They say the proposed changes


will lead to staff being paid I can talk about working patterns,


I can discuss those with my members. What I can not discuss is members


who are low paid, losing money They have mortgages to pay and food


to put on the table, remove that, don't have those on the lowest wages


pay for austerity and mismanagement The local council says budgetary


constraints mean they need to adopt In a statement, it says: Positive


discussions are continuing to take place with the unions and we hope


to be able to resolve this With August around the corner,


a mixture of hot temperatures and more rubbish is what many


here are dreading. For 75 years, an underground network


of railways was used by Royal Mail to move post around the capital


but in 2003 the system Now it's reopening,


as a tourist attraction - members of the public will be able


to take a unique ride through tunnels previously travelled


by only parcels and letters. Throughout its 500-year history,


the Royal Mail's mission has NEWSREEL: Now down


the chute into the vans... To harness technology


of the day to deliver letters and parcels as quickly


and accurately as possible. This new Postal Museum shows how


deliveries have evolved. But by the early 20th century,


the mail system in London faced two big problems -


heavy fog caused by smoke billowing In 1927, this underground


rail network opened. NEWSREEL: On the Post Office tube


railway, 25,000 mails bags travel through 6.5 miles of tunnels below


crowded city pavements... For 75 years, unmanned trains


shuttled mail between six sorting offices and two railway stations,


Liverpool Street and Paddington. I guess it was designed


for letters, not people. Passengers will soon be able


to ride specially-adapted trains It was a really important


part of moving the mail It was essential to allowing that


communication to happen quickly Its running costs


were deemed too high. Transporting mail above ground


was considered more cost-effective. This is one of the mail platforms,


where the trains would have stopped and the mail would have been


loaded into containers. It almost looks like


it was abandoned. The equipment was all left down


here, newspapers and things like that still laying around,


all the trolleys, the trains Soon to become a quirky visitor


attraction, for some the Mail Rail The postal service is really


the first social network, keeping people in touch,


allowing people to stay in touch over distance and quickly,


and it was important, the speed was important,


and that's what Mail Rail was about, Tim Muffet, BBC News,


70 feet below London. The third cricket Test is finely


balanced after both sides enjoyed success at the Oval. England are


269-6 at lunch. What shall we do about Alistair? Try


and get him out early. Toppling the former captain surely top of the


agenda at the South African pre-play huddle. Cook closing in on a 31st


Test century knows what it feels like to be the wicket to take. And


they nearly got him. Just a few overs in, just a few inches too far


away and Cook was saved by barely a brush on the grass. Not so lucky the


second time around, though. Six added to his overnight total and


Cook was gone, lbw. Hopes of another 100 dashed. After a long day's work


yesterday, today it's a long day watching. But Ben Stokes was still


there. Swinging his way to over 2,000 Test runs and whipping one


away to the boundary, flying over flaying finger tips to bring up his


10th Test 50. Bairstow was going well too. But with the new ball, his


luck turned. Edged, caught. Out for 36.


However, after yesterday's rain the clouds are blowing away for England,


prospects perhaps brightening. Test tight, series tied. All those that


have gone before can do is watch and wait.


Is the weather brightening, here is Nick.


Not much summer warmth today or for the


Signs of summer in North Wales today. But as is typical with our


weather at the moment it will be raining before the end of the day.


Two zones in our weather looking at the satellite picture, northern


England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, sunshine and showers. But the rest


of England and Wales turning cloudier as the system moves in from


the south-west with rain and stronger winds. That rain patchy in


nature through southern England but more persistent for us and edging


northwards in Wales. Cloud increasing in eastern England where


we have seen sunshine today. Patchy rain working to parts of the


Midlands and north-west England. Elsewhere in northern England we are


back into sunny spells and a few showers and a few for Northern


Ireland. More especially into Scotland and could be thundery.


Sunny spells in between. It's cool and breezy across the UK and a windy


end to the day to the south-west as this rain becomes more extensive


across England and Wales for a time going into this evening. Before


clearing all. Still a few showers overnight for Scotland and Northern


Ireland. Elsewhere, turning dryer and clearer with overnight


temperatures of around ten to 15. The big picture for the weekend, a


weather front close to the south coast lingering like a bad smell


before coming back Saturday and low pressure to the north-west a source


of showers for Scotland and Northern Ireland on Saturday and widely by


Sunday. This is Saturday. Sunshine scattered showers for Scotland and


Northern Ireland, one or two elsewhere. But elsewhere quite a lot


of dry and sunny weather for a time. Remember that weather front close to


the south coast, it comes back to life. Cloud and rain gradually


edging north through the afternoon. But if you are dry and sunny for any


period of time, it will feel warmer but it's not looking promising


tomorrow afternoon at the Oval for the cricket, there will be some


outbreaks of rain edging northwards, not just through the Oval, but


elsewhere to parts of England and Wales into the evening. Heavier


bursts, south-east Wales, parts of the Midlands. Still showers in


Scotland and Northern Ireland. Part two of the weekend, Sunday, could be


a fine start. It won't last, showers and heavy will spread east across


the UK but the further east you are they may not arrive until quite late


on. This is the weather menu for this weekend. Refunds are not


available. If you do get sunshine, it may feel pleasant for a time.


It's hard to feel short-changed a little bit by our weather so far in


the second half of summer. The BBC understands officials


believe at least 60 high rise buildings failed a fire safety test


where insulation and cladding were tested together for the first time.


That's all from the BBC News at One, so it's goodbye from me


and on BBC One we now join the BBC's news teams where you are.