13/02/2018 BBC News at One


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13/02/2018

The latest national and international news stories from the BBC News team, followed by weather.


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The Charity Commission begins

a statutory inquiry into Oxfam

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following the scandal involving aid

workers in Haiti.

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The Government says the situation

is serious, but it won't be making

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any hasty decisions.

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I'm going to take these things very

seriously. I know people will be

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worried about the charity, about the

man -- money, but we need to be

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guided by the Charity Commission,

and I have made it very clear to

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Oxfam what we need to see from them.

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We'll have the latest

from Oxfam's headquarters

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on the increasing scandal.

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Also this lunchtime:

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Jacob Zuma still clinging to power.

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The ANC says it has decided to sack

him as South Africa's President,

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but there's no agreement

about when he should go.

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British package holiday-makers take

off for Tunisia for the first time

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since the terrorist attack three

years ago which left 38 people dead.

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Team GB's Elise Christie crashes out

of the women's 500 metres speed

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skating final at the winter

Olympics.

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And Prince Harry and Meghan Markle

are visiting Edinburgh this

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lunchtime on their first

trip to Scotland.

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Coming up in the sport: England lose

again in the T20 tri- Nations

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series, and their chances of

reaching the final and now out of

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their hands.

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Good afternoon and welcome

to the BBC News at One.

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The Charity Commission has taken

the most serious action

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it can against Oxfam,

and begun a statutory inquiry

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into its procedures.

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It will investigate the handling

of claims that Oxfam

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staff used prostitutes

as they carried out disaster

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relief in the aftermath

of the earthquake in Haiti in 2010.

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Oxfam's deputy chief executive

Penny Lawrence resigned yesterday

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in relation to the charity's

response to the allegations.

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Our correspondent Matt Cole is at

Oxfam's headquarters in Oxford.

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Good afternoon. There is a lot for

the leaders here at Oxfam to think

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about as they face the possible loss

of Government funding. The EU

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Commission could take away its £30

million a year funding if it isn't

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happy that Oxfam's house is back in

order, and now there is this most

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serious investigation by the

charities commission.

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This crisis is already claimed one

senior figure, Oxfam's now former

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chief executive Penny Lawrence, but

her resignation has far from drawn a

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line under the matter, with the

organisation now facing the most

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serious form of investigation the

Charity Commission can undertake, a

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statutory inquiry which could lead

to the suspension of trustees or the

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freezing of bank accounts. And there

is more pressure from the

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Government.

I take these things very

seriously. I know people will be

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worried about the charity, worried

about the money.

As Oxfam

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fights for its future, there are

some claiming it had ample

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opportunity to avoid this scandal.

Helen Evans spent three years at

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Oxfam's head of safeguarding, but

says as she unearthed the scale of

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the problem, the charity failed to

respond with sufficient resources.

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We had one in ten saying they had

experienced unwanted sexual

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touching, sexual assault. This was

staff on staff. We went to

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beneficiaries who received aid from

us. I was extremely concerned by

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those survey results.

Oxfam says it has new safeguarding

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measures in place, better checks

now, but the biggest fight it might

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face is to maintain public

confidence, that most precious

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commodity that if lost severely

hampers its ability to raise money

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and help those most in need. The

Labour MP Peter Kyle was formerly an

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aid worker. He worries people with

an agenda to oppose international

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aid spending might exploit the

situation.

I am deeply concerned.

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Let's not beat around the bush. This

scandal could bring Oxfam to its

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knees. The organisation could

implode, and the people who will

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suffer the most through this will be

the people who depend, the thousands

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of people, who are extraordinarily

vulnerable, who depend on the work

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that organisations like Oxfam does.

As Oxfam waits to learn more details

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of the statutory inquiry into its

failings, it at all other aid

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agencies are being told by the

Government they must step up and

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provide statements of assurance

about the policies and procedures.

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What is being dubbed a significant

also being planned. All major

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charities will discuss how the

sector as a whole will face these

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problems.

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Leaders here at Oxfam have until the

end of the week now to offer

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assurances to the Government that

they can deal with future

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allegations, but there are already

more allegations coming through with

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concerns being raised, albeit

uncorroborated, that there has been

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abuse here in UK shops of young

volunteers, too. Much more for

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bosses here to think about. Back to.

Matt Coles, thank you.

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The president of Haiti has condemned

the actions of some staff from Oxfam

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as outrageous and dishonest,

accusing them of using the country's

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earthquake in 2010 to sexually

exploit people in need.

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Will Grant is in the capital

Port-Au-Prince, and has been talking

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to former Oxfam employees

in the country.

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A girl, a street

corner, a parked car.

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In the poorest country

in the Americas, buying sex is easy.

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It's a common scene on any

given night in Haiti.

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Girls, some just teenagers,

risking their lives

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for a few dollar bills.

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Ordinarily, international aid

agencies help tackle the problem.

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Oxfam, however, is

now embroiled in it.

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We've spent the past few

days speaking to former

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Oxfam employees in Haiti.

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Most are too scared to show

their faces on camera,

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fearful of retribution

for speaking out.

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They all confirmed the stories

about Oxfam in 2011,

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in particular its disgraced country

director Roland van Hauwermeiren.

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TRANSLATION:

Some expats

come to Haiti to work.

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Others come to party and look

for girls every night.

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The drivers picking up

the girls had no choice.

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It was their job and

they were told to do it.

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Another former security guard

claimed young and underage girls

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were among the victims.

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I can tell you for sure

there were sex parties

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at the house, he told me.

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Young people would often come

to the office looking

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for the director, and I'm sure these

people weren't there for work.

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For its part, the Haitian government

confirmed to the BBC

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that it is prepared to open a full

investigation into the allegations.

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It may be what happened

at Oxfam was just the tip

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of the iceberg, they said.

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We will start with the Oxfam

allegations to open a broad

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investigation into NGOs

operating in Haiti.

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Other Haitians working

in the charity sector agree

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that the problems go

beyond Oxfam alone.

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After the earthquake, organisations,

international organisations,

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received money, a lot of money.

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What is the result?

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I will not say zero, zero,

but you cannot see the result.

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Oxfam is facing perhaps the biggest

challenge of its history,

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it international reputation

in serious jeopardy.

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If it's going to take

time to rebuild its name

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in the United Kingdom,

in Haiti it may never fully recover.

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Will Grant, BBC News,

Port-au-Prince.

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In the past hour, the governing

African National Congress

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in South Africa has decided

to recall Jacob Zuma

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from the position of president.

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The party's secretary general

said Mr Zuma had agreed

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in principle to resign,

but that talks were continuing.

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Jacob Zuma has come under

mounting pressure to go

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following several corruption

scandals.

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Pumza Fihlani is in Johannesburg.

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To say that this situation is

protracted is to put it mildly. What

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is going on?

That is certainly

right, and we wish we had a straight

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answer. Coming out of that 15 minute

press conference, it seems that the

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African National Congress has said

to the president that they want him

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to go, except they have not put a

deadline to it. So here's

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effectively been fired but told he

can still think about it and come

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back when you have made a decision

about whether you want to go or not.

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But it is a very serious matter, and

one not opposition on the sideline

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of the ANC process have been

watching carefully, and they have

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said that if the ANC is not willing

to push Jacob Zuma out, they would

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do it themselves.

Pumza Fihlani,

thank you very much indeed.

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More than 200 people have become

the first to fly on a British

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package holiday to Tunisia

since the terrorist attack

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in the country in 2015.

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The Foreign Office advised

against all but essential travel

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to Tunisia after 38 people,

30 of them British, were murdered

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by an Islamist gunman on a beach.

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But that advice has now been eased,

and this morning a flight took off

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from Birmingham airport.

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John Maguire reports from there.

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With its idyllic white beaches and

pristine Mediterranean coastline,

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Tunisia was a hugely popular draw

for British tourists, attracting

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around 430,000 a year. But then came

the attack in June 2015, when a

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gunman killed 30 Britons and another

eight holiday-makers on a beach.

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So-called Islamic State said it was

behind the shootings by a Tunisian

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student in Sousse which came just

three months after 22 people were

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killed in the capital Tunis. Tunisia

says it has made huge steps in

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counterterrorism since the attacks.

Almost three years on, tour operator

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Thomas Cook has for the first time

resumed its package holidays,

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travelling to the resort Hamamet,

one hour north of Sousse. This

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morning 20 passengers were the first

to return on an early-morning from

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Birmingham.

We were staying in the

hotel down the road when the last

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attack happened, but we love the

country, so as soon as we knew there

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was another flight going, we decided

to come back.

If we had been

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bringing our children, we probably

wouldn't be going, but as it is just

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the two of us, we didn't feel it was

a concern.

It's probably more

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dangerous staying in London than it

is going out there.

This first

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package holiday will take people to

a country that has worked extremely

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hard over the last couple of years

with international help to make

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itself as secure as possible for

tourists. It is a country that will

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be very pleased to see visitors back

in large numbers once again. And

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industry experts say that Tunisia

has been desperate to see travel

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restrictions lifted.

The authorities

were getting frustrated. What do we

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have to do to get holiday-makers

back? Eventually, of course, they

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can the Government here that they

would be able to make things as safe

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as possible for British

holiday-makers, and that is why you

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have got hundreds of people heading

back in from today.

We have also

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customers from our German, Belgium

and French operations who have

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remained, because their countries

did not impose any restrictions, so

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it is interesting to go out and get

a feel for what was happening on the

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beaches, were customers aware of the

situation, did they feel safe and

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secure?

Two flight have arrived today.

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Departures from Birmingham and

Manchester, with other UK airports

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to follow. One survivor from the

Sousse attacks says British

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holiday-makers are badly needed, and

will be hugely welcome.

They were

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forming human shields in front of

people they didn't even know, and

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they are such wonderful, open,

kind-hearted people, and we couldn't

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have been better looked after.

These travellers who have chosen to

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go back today are stoic, optimistic,

and also being warned by the Foreign

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Office to be vigilant. Tunisia

remains in the state of emergency,

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and its tourism industry a long way

from recovery.

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John Maguire, BBC News, Birmingham

Airport.

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American government investigators

have been appointed to examine

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the Grand Canyon helicopter crash

which killed seven people,

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including three British tourists.

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27-year-old Becky Dobson, her

boyfriend Stuart Hill and his

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brother Jason died in the crash.

Their parents have described the

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siblings is wonderful songs and

inseparable. The four survivors,

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including the pilot, are still in

hospital in Las Vegas. James Cook

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reports.

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Stuart Hill, a car salesman

in Brighton, died celebrating

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his 30th birthday along

with his girlfriend,

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Becky Dobson, who was 27.

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Stuart's brother, Jason Hill,

a lawyer in the 20, also died.

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He was 32 years old.

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His girlfriend,

Jennifer Barham, survived.

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So did newlyweds Jon Udall

and Ellie Milward, seen

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here on the left at their wedding

with Becky and Stuart.

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The helicopter, a Eurocopter

EC130 operated by tour

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firm Papillon Airways,

crashed in the Grand Canyon just

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before sunset on Saturday.

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Bad weather meant it was nearly nine

hours before the three surviving

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passengers and pilot could be flown

to hospital in Las Vegas.

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Family and friends have now arrived

here, along with investigators.

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The purpose during the on-scene

investigation is to gather

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perishable information,

that's information

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that will no longer

0:14:250:14:26

be available to us once

the wreckage has been disturbed.

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So our plan at this time

is to continue to document

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the wreckage in situ before it's

recovered to a secure

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facility in Arizona.

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The focus here is on treating

the survivors, not just

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for their physical injuries,

but also trying to help them

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with the trauma they've endured.

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But there are also questions

for the helicopter company

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and the tour operator about why

three passengers were

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apparently unable to escape.

0:14:500:14:51

James Cook, BBC News, Las Vegas.

0:14:510:14:59

The time is quarter past one.

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Our top story this lunchtime:

The Charity Commission begins

0:15:020:15:04

a statutory inquiry into Oxfam

following the scandal involving

0:15:040:15:06

aid workers in Haiti.

0:15:060:15:08

And coming up: secret

succession plans.

0:15:080:15:10

The Commonwealth begins

to consider who might succeed

0:15:100:15:12

the Queen as its head.

0:15:120:15:18

Coming up in sport: A head

injury forces footballer

0:15:180:15:20

Ryan Mason to retire

after deciding it's too risky

0:15:200:15:23

to carry on playing.

0:15:230:15:24

He won one England

cap, and is just 26.

0:15:240:15:32

History has repeated itself

at the Winter Olympics for Britain's

0:15:340:15:37

speedskater Elise Christie,

who crashed out of the 500 metres

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short-track final in Pyeongchang,

four years after the same thing

0:15:410:15:44

happened at the Games in Sochi.

0:15:440:15:47

The 27-year-old fell

on the penultimate lap after making

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contact with a competitor

as she jostled for a medal position.

0:15:490:15:53

The gold was taken by

Italy's Arianna Fontana.

0:15:530:15:57

Our Sports Correspondent,

Andy Swiss, is in PyeongChang.

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Yes, Jane, Elise Christie came here

to Pyeongchang hoping to put behind

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her what happened in so cheap. And

those hopes were high. She's now a

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triple world champion, Britain's

biggest medal hope of these games.

0:16:190:16:22

But almost unbelievably, it was the

same old story.

0:16:220:16:26

Racing for redemption. Until now,

Elise Christie's Olympic story had

0:16:260:16:34

been one of heart break.

Disqualified from all her events in

0:16:340:16:39

Sochi, now here in Pyeongchang

hoping to write a very different

0:16:390:16:43

chapter.

Elise Christie has

successfully negotiated the first

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hurdle of the day.

The early signs

were encouraged. In the

0:16:460:16:51

quarterfinals, she set a new Olympic

record. A picture of relaxation in

0:16:510:16:55

between rounds. And she duly made it

into the final.

Elise Christie!

A

0:16:550:17:01

five way battle for Olympic glory.

Away they go, the final is on, they

0:17:010:17:10

get away first time.

From the very

start, Christie was trying to play

0:17:100:17:12

catch up. Stuck in fourth place,

could you find a way through? With

0:17:120:17:15

time running out, she spied a gap

and went for it. But what followed

0:17:150:17:19

was all too familiar.

Greste tries

to make it on the inside... And

0:17:190:17:24

Christie crashes out! Christie as

out of it once again. It's a photo

0:17:240:17:30

finish on the line.

Once again,

Christie's hopes were sent sliding

0:17:300:17:34

into the crash barriers. It was

Sochi Autodrom again. And as Italy's

0:17:340:17:40

Arianna Fontana went on to clinch

victory, Christie once again was

0:17:400:17:45

left in tears. Can you believe it,

another Olympics and another tumble

0:17:450:17:49

for Elise Christie. She still has

two events to come, but her Gaines

0:17:490:17:54

have started in disappointment.

Yes,

I know I'm supposed to be prepared

0:17:540:18:01

for this, but... It still hurts, you

know? Obviously it's still almost a

0:18:010:18:06

week until... So, that's a positive.

And, I don't know... No, I just

0:18:060:18:15

can't see living with this feeling,

you know? I got knocked over, and

0:18:150:18:23

that's that.

The question now,

though, is whether Britain's biggest

0:18:230:18:27

medal hope can pick herself up on a

day of deja vu.

0:18:270:18:34

Yes, you have to feel for Elise

Christie. You can see just how

0:18:340:18:39

devastated she was in that

interview. She feels she was knocked

0:18:390:18:42

over by one of her rivals. But what

this means is that Team GB are still

0:18:420:18:47

waiting for their first medal of

these games. For Elise Christie, it

0:18:470:18:54

is another very personal

disappointment.

Andy, thank you very

0:18:540:18:57

much. Andy Swiss in Pyeongchang.

0:18:570:19:01

The BBC has learnt that

the Commonwealth has secretly begun

0:19:010:19:03

considering who might succeed

the Queen as its head.

0:19:030:19:06

The role isn't hereditary,

and so won't automatically pass

0:19:060:19:08

to the Prince of Wales

on the Queen's death.

0:19:080:19:10

However, there is no formal process

for deciding a successor.

0:19:100:19:12

Our Diplomatic Correspondent,

James Landale, is here.

0:19:120:19:19

And this is only recently emerged,

James. How does this work and what

0:19:190:19:22

do we know is going on?

This is the

debate that nobody really wants to

0:19:220:19:27

have, certainly not in public.

You'll never find this issue on any

0:19:270:19:31

agenda of any formal Commonwealth

body, even this high level group of

0:19:310:19:35

senior figures within the

Commonwealth that was set up and is

0:19:350:19:38

meeting today to look at the whole

governments of the Commonwealth,

0:19:380:19:41

this was not part of their formal

mandate. However, whenever you get

0:19:410:19:46

senior members of the Commonwealth

together, one of the issues that

0:19:460:19:48

comes up is the succession. That is

because the Queen is 91 years old,

0:19:480:19:52

and we have the big meeting of

Commonwealth heads of government in

0:19:520:19:55

a couple

0:19:550:20:01

of months' time here in the UK, and

it is one of those issues that

0:20:070:20:10

people talk about on the margins.

The reason they have to talk about

0:20:100:20:13

it is because it is not hereditary.

It's not something that goes from

0:20:130:20:15

the monitor the ad to the throne.

Now, if you talk to be but they say,

0:20:150:20:19

look in theory, the Commonwealth can

choose anybody. But in practice

0:20:190:20:20

there is no realistic alternative to

the Prince of Wales, as far as they

0:20:200:20:23

know, at the time of speaking. But

one of the issues they are having to

0:20:230:20:26

look at is, well, if that's the

case, if the Commonwealth were to

0:20:260:20:29

make that decision that it should be

the Prince of Wales, should it be a

0:20:290:20:33

one-off decision, or should they

establish a new procedure which

0:20:330:20:39

establish a new procedure which says

it is always in the future going to

0:20:410:20:43

be, whoever is head of state in the

United Kingdom? Because it

0:20:430:20:45

essentially goes to the heart of the

Commonwealth's debate about what it

0:20:450:20:48

is, what it means, its identity,

what is this network? Is it too

0:20:480:20:51

Anglo centric? Should it be focused

elsewhere in the world these days?

0:20:510:20:53

Should it move on? Should accuse the

opportunity of when the Queen has

0:20:530:20:56

gone to say, let's go in a new

direction? Ostensibly it's also

0:20:560:21:00

about techniques and procedures, but

there is also a broader debate about

0:21:000:21:04

what the Commonwealth is. I James

Landale, thank you.

0:21:040:21:07

The rate of inflation

held steady last month,

0:21:070:21:09

with the Consumer Prices Index

unchanged from December, at 3%.

0:21:090:21:11

The rate, reported by the Office

for National Statistics,

0:21:110:21:13

is close to the six-year high

of 3.1% set in November.

0:21:130:21:16

Most economists were expecting

to see a small fall.

0:21:160:21:18

A further rise in interest

rates could now happen

0:21:180:21:20

in the coming months,

as our Economics Correspondent,

0:21:200:21:22

Andy Verity, reports.

0:21:220:21:28

If you go down to the shops today,

beware of the odd surprise -

0:21:280:21:31

like fruit, up 7.2%.

0:21:310:21:34

Or coffee, up 7.5%

compared to a year ago.

0:21:340:21:38

More recently, those food prices

have started to fall,

0:21:380:21:40

but not by enough to slow down

the overall rise in the cost

0:21:400:21:43

of living for ordinary households.

0:21:430:21:46

I think people are digging deeper

into their pockets now

0:21:460:21:49

and thinking carefully

about what they are

0:21:490:21:51

spending their money on.

0:21:510:21:53

Everything's gone up, hasn't it?

0:21:530:21:54

Just everything's so expensive.

0:21:540:21:55

You're working all these

hours in the workplace

0:21:550:21:57

and everything, and for what?

0:21:570:21:59

By the time you've paid your

wages and everything,

0:21:590:22:01

and you pay your rent,

your gas, your bills, your electric,

0:22:010:22:03

you're left with nothing.

0:22:030:22:05

The difficulty is, prices have gone

up, but my wages haven't.

0:22:050:22:07

I haven't had a pay increase in line

with inflation for about six years.

0:22:070:22:13

The buying power of the average

income has barely risen

0:22:130:22:15

in the last decade -

the worst for living

0:22:150:22:18

standards in 200 years.

0:22:180:22:19

So, when will that

squeeze come to an end?

0:22:190:22:22

So the squeeze on living standards

is going to start to recede this

0:22:220:22:26

year as inflation comes down.

0:22:260:22:30

And then from 2019 onwards,

the OBR is forecasting

0:22:300:22:33

that the increase in wages

will actually exceed the general

0:22:330:22:35

increase in the price levels,

so you should start to see real

0:22:350:22:38

wages beginning to increase

from 2019 onwards.

0:22:380:22:42

Prices are still rising faster

than the Bank of England would like.

0:22:420:22:45

The price of goods went up by 3.2%.

0:22:450:22:48

The price of services rose by 2.8%.

0:22:480:22:52

But there are signs that that

inflationary pressure is easing.

0:22:520:22:56

The cost of raw materials which make

the goods that we buy

0:22:560:22:59

in the shops rose by 3.5%.

0:22:590:23:03

That's the lowest it's

been in 18 months.

0:23:030:23:06

Oil is bought and sold in dollars,

and the pound's been

0:23:060:23:09

strengthening against the dollar,

which has helped to slow down

0:23:090:23:11

price rises at the pumps.

0:23:110:23:13

But against other currencies,

the pound hasn't grown as strongly,

0:23:130:23:16

so import prices won't stop

rising just yet.

0:23:160:23:19

The sterling has strengthened

against the dollar, but that's

0:23:190:23:21

largely because the dollar's been

weak.

0:23:210:23:23

And if we look at sterling

against the euro -

0:23:230:23:26

which is much more important

in terms of where we get our

0:23:260:23:29

imports from in the UK -

it hasn't strengthened

0:23:290:23:32

nearly so much.

0:23:320:23:32

So, no, we think that exchange rate

impact is going to continue

0:23:320:23:35

for a few months more.

0:23:350:23:36

In the City, they're now betting

the Bank of England will raise

0:23:360:23:39

interest rates again

in the next few months.

0:23:390:23:41

It is expected by most

to happen in May.

0:23:410:23:43

Andy Verity, BBC News.

0:23:430:23:46

The England cricketer Ben Stokes has

indicated a not guilty plea

0:23:490:23:52

after being charged with affray

following a fight outside a

0:23:520:23:54

nightclub in Bristol last September.

0:23:540:23:56

Jon Kay is at Bristol

Magistrates' Court.

0:23:560:24:04

Explain what's been happening, Jon?

Yes, Jane, five months after that

0:24:050:24:11

alleged incident outside a nightclub

in Bristol, Ben Stokes returned to

0:24:110:24:15

this city to appear here at the

Magistrates' Court. It was a very

0:24:150:24:19

short hearing, only lasted about 12

minutes. And during the hearing, the

0:24:190:24:23

England all-rounder was asked to ban

up behind a sheet of glass, and he

0:24:230:24:27

was asked how he would be pleading

to a single charge of affray. He

0:24:270:24:32

answered, not guilty. Two men who

were charged alongside him, Ryan

0:24:320:24:38

Hale and Ryan Ali, who are both in

their 20s and from Bristol and are

0:24:380:24:43

also charged with affray, they too

said they would be pleading not

0:24:430:24:46

guilty to the same count. The men

were told by the judge hear that all

0:24:460:24:50

three would go to trial at Bristol

Crown Court with an initial hearing

0:24:500:24:54

in the middle of next month, on the

12th of March. However, just moments

0:24:540:24:57

after Ben Stokes left ear, the

England and Wales Cricket Board

0:24:570:25:01

issued a statement saying they had

been told that he wouldn't have to

0:25:010:25:09

attend that next hearing in person,

he doesn't have to be in court in

0:25:090:25:11

the middle of March. And so tomorrow

he will fly to New Zealand to join

0:25:110:25:14

his England team-mates. We are told

initially that will be for training.

0:25:140:25:17

There are no plans at the moment for

him to play in the T20 Tri-Series.

0:25:170:25:22

Alternately the decision will be up

to the England management. Ben

0:25:220:25:25

Stokes left this court and made no

comment to the journalists who were

0:25:250:25:29

waiting outside.

Jon Kay, thank you.

0:25:290:25:31

The Government has revealed

new software that it claims can

0:25:310:25:34

detect and immediately block

online jihadist videos.

0:25:340:25:35

The Home Secretary, Amber Rudd,

has travelled to Silicon Valley

0:25:350:25:38

in California to discuss the tool

with technology companies,

0:25:380:25:42

as well as other efforts

to tackle extremism.

0:25:420:25:45

Dave Lee reports

from San Francisco.

0:25:450:25:50

Created by an artificial

intelligence company based

0:25:500:25:52

in London, and funded with more

than £500,000 of Government money,

0:25:520:25:56

the tool draws upon a vast database

of material posted online

0:25:560:25:59

by the so-called Islamic State.

0:25:590:26:02

We have two videos -

one of which is legitimate

0:26:020:26:06

news content, the other

is terrorist propaganda.

0:26:060:26:10

Now, to my naked eye,

I actually can't tell

0:26:100:26:12

the difference between the two.

0:26:120:26:14

But fortunately, down at the bottom,

this is very low probability

0:26:140:26:17

of being terrorist content.

0:26:170:26:21

But this one is much higher.

0:26:210:26:23

Now, what that means is,

if you were to be in charge of some

0:26:230:26:29

kind of video upload platform,

you could use this when anyone

0:26:290:26:31

clicks to upload a video,

and flag this video for review,

0:26:310:26:34

and let this one through

without any problems.

0:26:340:26:39

Using this technique,

the software creators believe

0:26:390:26:42

they can spot up to 94%

of IS content posted online,

0:26:420:26:47

with an accuracy of 99.995%.

0:26:470:26:50

Anything the software is unsure

about is flagged for human review.

0:26:500:26:55

I've had a demonstration of it,

and I know a lot of other

0:26:550:26:58

people have as well.

0:26:580:26:59

And it's a very convincing example

of the fact that you can

0:26:590:27:02

have the information that you need

to make sure that this

0:27:020:27:05

material doesn't go online

in the first place.

0:27:050:27:07

The Home Secretary says this

is a tool to help small

0:27:070:27:09

companies, ones which may not

have the resources to tackle

0:27:090:27:12

extremism properly.

0:27:120:27:13

But if they don't want

the Goverment's help,

0:27:130:27:15

they may soon be forced to take it.

0:27:150:27:19

We're not going to rule out

taking legislative action

0:27:190:27:21

if we need to do it.

0:27:210:27:22

But I remain convinced that the best

way to take real action,

0:27:220:27:25

to have the best outcomes,

is to have an industry-led form

0:27:250:27:28

like the one we've got.

0:27:280:27:31

This has to be in conjunction,

though, of larger companies working

0:27:310:27:34

with smaller companies.

0:27:340:27:36

Advocates of an open internet often

push back against this kind

0:27:360:27:39

of software because it can lead

to false positives -

0:27:390:27:43

that's content being blocked

when it shouldn't be.

0:27:430:27:45

Yet it is estimated that more

than 400 different web servers

0:27:450:27:48

were used to spread propaganda

in 2017 - and so the task is less

0:27:480:27:56

about blocking jihadis online today,

but instead predicting

0:27:560:27:58

where they might be

on the internet tomorrow.

0:27:580:28:00

Dave Lee, BBC News, Silicon Valley.

0:28:000:28:04

Prince Harry and Meghan Markle

are visiting Edinburgh today as part

0:28:040:28:07

of their public engagements

in the run-up to

0:28:070:28:09

their wedding in May.

0:28:090:28:10

They've been at the city's

castle, and heard the 1pm

0:28:100:28:18

gunfire at the garrison.

0:28:180:28:19

Our Royal Correspondent,

Nicholas Witchell,

0:28:190:28:20

is in Edinburgh this lunchtime.

0:28:200:28:24

How is the visit going down, Nick?

Hi, Jane. Well, yes, we've seen them

0:28:240:28:31

in south London and Nottingham in

England, in Cardiff, and now in

0:28:310:28:38

Edinburgh. All part of Meghan

Markle's introduction to the UK,

0:28:380:28:41

three months ahead of the wedding.

They have left here to go to a

0:28:410:28:45

social cafe which helps homeless

people, then they will be going to a

0:28:450:28:48

reception for young people at the

Palace of Holyrood house. But the

0:28:480:28:52

visit began here at Edinburgh's most

famous landmark.

0:28:520:28:57

Edinburgh Castle, and they welcome

to Scotland on a date when the

0:28:570:29:00

temperatures were not far from zero,

and felt rather less. A day, then,

0:29:000:29:05

for a good, warm coat. And there was

Meghan Markle, wrapped up in

0:29:050:29:11

something with a touch of tartan

about it. As for Harry, well, he's

0:29:110:29:15

used to the bracing temperatures.

Just think of all the time the rules

0:29:150:29:19

spent at Balmoral. It is chilly,

said Meghan, as she greeted the

0:29:190:29:24

crowds.

I got to meet Meghan today,

and she is absolutely beautiful, I'm

0:29:240:29:29

so excited.

They the future of the

rural family, Meghan and Harry,

0:29:290:29:33

William and Kate, they are the

future.

Waiting for the couple just

0:29:330:29:38

outside because all gates, the band

of Her Majesty's Royal Marines

0:29:380:29:41

Scotland, there to welcome Harry,

recently appointed captain general

0:29:410:29:47

of the Royal Marines in succession

to his grandfather. A relatively

0:29:470:29:51

brief visit, but important. It's all

part of Meghan Markle's

0:29:510:29:55

familiarisation with the different

parts of the UK, and a chance to

0:29:550:29:59

underline Scotland's importance to

the Royal Family. Nicholas Witchel,

0:29:590:30:02

BBC News, Edinburgh.

0:30:020:30:05

Time for a look at the weather.

0:30:050:30:07

Here's Chris Fawkes.

0:30:070:30:07

Here's Chris Fawkes.

0:30:070:30:12

Hi, Jane. We've had some or -- more

wintry weather. You get a sense of

0:30:120:30:20

curtains of snow sprinkling over the

landscape. The hills in Lewis in the

0:30:200:30:25

Outer Hebrides. We have seen quite a

bit of snow already today across

0:30:250:30:28

northern parts of the country.

Further south, it has generally been

0:30:280:30:31

more rain that's been falling, and a

winteriness for one or two across

0:30:310:30:35

parts of Wales. The rest of the

afternoon, I will weather front

0:30:350:30:39

becomes slow moving across the

eastern counties of England, a dull,

0:30:390:30:43

damp and chilly end of the day.

Further West, sunshine working in.

0:30:430:30:52

Overnight, that front really does

drag its heels for a time across

0:30:520:30:56

East Anglia and south-east England,

but the skies are clear behind that,

0:30:560:30:59

and with clearing skies, down by the

temperatures. We are looking at a

0:30:590:31:04

widespread frost developing, leading

to icy stretches on untreated roads

0:31:040:31:08

first thing Wednesday morning.

Wednesday it self, another Atlantic

0:31:080:31:11

front is going to be moving into the

British Isles, bumping into that

0:31:110:31:15

cold air once again, and we will

start to see some of that turn into

0:31:150:31:19

snow. The snowy

0:31:190:31:25

snow. The snowy weather is mainly

going to be across the hills in the

0:31:260:31:28

north of the UK. Parts of Scotland,

may be the north-east of England, we

0:31:280:31:31

could see some accumulation. 2-5

centimetres across the Highlands and

0:31:310:31:34

Southern uplands, localised

disruption possible. The winds are

0:31:340:31:36

going to be very gusty. Gusty winds

further south as well, 50-60 mph.

0:31:360:31:42

Although the day starts off on a

bright note across the East, the

0:31:420:31:46

cloud works in throughout the day.

The thickest cloud is further rest,

0:31:460:31:51

-- further west. The rain turning

heavier later on. Eventually, mild

0:31:510:31:55

are pushing into western areas, the

cold are northern and eastern parts.

0:31:550:32:03

The charts for Thursday, weather

front is moving out of the way, and

0:32:030:32:07

a build of pressure, a ridge of high

pressure building in across England

0:32:070:32:10

and Wales. The weather should be

largely dry with sunshine for most

0:32:100:32:14

on Wednesday. Further north, in

Northern Ireland and Scotland,

0:32:140:32:19

further sunshine and wintry showers.

Further snow in the hills. Mild in

0:32:190:32:24

the south, 10-11d. Further north,

the cold weather still with us in

0:32:240:32:29

Scotland, temperatures 5 degrees or

so. Through Friday and into the

0:32:290:32:33

weekend, generally the weather's go

into becoming recently settled, and

0:32:330:32:37

is forecast to turn milder through

the weekend and into next week, with

0:32:370:32:42

temperatures in two double figures.

Mild into next week, however, there

0:32:420:32:46

could be a change to colder

conditions later month. It's one of

0:32:460:32:50

those. We'll keep you up-to-date

with the details over the coming

0:32:500:32:54

days and weeks.

0:32:540:32:54

with the details over the coming

days and weeks. Thanks, Chris.

0:32:540:32:56

A reminder of our main

story this lunchtime:

0:32:560:32:58

The Charity Commission begins

a statutory inquiry into Oxfam

0:32:580:33:00

following the scandal involving aid

workers in Haiti.

0:33:000:33:03

That's all from the BBC News at One.

0:33:070:33:09

So, it's goodbye from me,

and on BBC One we now join the BBC's

0:33:090:33:12

news teams where you are.

0:33:120:33:14

Have a good afternoon.

0:33:140:33:31