25/01/2017 BBC News at Six


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Tonight at Six - the thousands who sleep rough on our streets -


Latest figures on the homeless in England show it's more


than doubled since 2010 - we find out what it feels like.


It's horrible, it does torture you, and other people walk past


you like you're scum because you've had a problem in life.


We'll be looking at what's driving this sharp rise in numbers.


He promised a wall, now he says he's going start building it in months -


Donald Trump sets his plans on immigration control.


Reliving the horror of Italy's avalanche -


we speak to a couple who survived - as the search for five


Two girls born with a disorder no-one could explain -


now scientists unlock the causes - and offer hope to other families.


Now Usain Bolt loses one of his record nine gold medals


And coming up in the sport on BBC News,


Serena Williams says Britain's Johanna Konta can be


a future Grand Slam champion, after knocking her out in this


Good evening and welcome to the BBC News at Six.


There's been a sharp increase in the number of homeless people -


with more than half the councils in England recording a rise.


On a single night last year more than 4,000 people


were sleeping rough - that's according to


It amounts to a 16% jump on the year before -


campaigners say it's an appalling rate.


Our Midlands Correspondent Sima Kotecha reports


now from Birmingham - one of the areas with the largest


As the darkness creeps in, the wind chill begins to bite.


Those who have nowhere to go look for shelter.


Volunteers roam the streets, making sure nobody has died


The young man there, I'm just checking that he is


He's fine, he is fast asleep, so I'm not going to wake him up.


Paul is just checking up on a rough sleeper here.


He says he's in a lot of pain, severe pain, in fact.


So Paul has called an ambulance to make sure he's OK.


He says he was stamped on by a couple


of strangers in the middle of the night.


Minutes later, a paramedic arrived and he was taken to hospital


As dawn broke, a rough sleeper expressed his frustration.


It's horrible, of course it's horrible out here.


What are you supposed to do, you have no prospects, you know.


And people walk past you like you are scum


because you have had a problem in life.


There needs to be more help out there.


Some charities blame council cuts for putting more vulnerable


Local authority budgets have been reduced by around 20%


Which they say have led to fewer support services.


Homelessness is affected by austerity, the cuts that have


come down from nationally, the cuts to the NHS,


local authorities and also those in terms of benefit caps,


that has a huge impact on why people are on the streets.


Birmingham City council are doing a lot to try to reduce this


by partnership work, we are working with key agencies,


we are doing outreach, surgeries, and we are actually listening


At this centre, they come for relief from the cold.


This place is funded through private donations.


Paul, who was once homeless, came up with the idea.


A lot of these guys in here are skilled people that need a break.


We all deserve to have a kick start again.


And try to get our lives back on track.


And that's why places like this are so needed.


The government says by 2020 it will have invested


more than ?500 million on tackling homelessness.


But with a further squeeze on council spending expected


in April, there are concerns that hostels and shelters


What can be done about these rising numbers? It is not inevitable and we


know with political will you can solve it, in 1999 the labour


government said there were a certain number of people on the streets and


they could reduce it by two years, and they did. They said they would


eradicate rough sleeping once and for all, in 2008, they thought they


could, and then in 2008 we have the financial crash, policies of


austerity and welfare reform were introduced to deal with the economic


crisis and critics say, as you heard, that exacerbated the


homelessness crisis. The figures for those sleeping rough have been


increasing rapidly over the last few years. A couple of examples.


Christchurch in Dorset, no one star there in 2010 but today ten people


are on the streets. -- no one slept rough there in 2010. In Brighton,


down 144, and that 4000 figure that we have been quoted, that is an


estimate, probably underestimate of the numbers sleeping on any one


night across a year. Tens of thousands of people are bedding down


over the year. There have been schemes, the government is


supporting a private members bill which will put a duty on local


authorities to try and prevent homelessness. Something already


exists in Wales, and there is some money for that, some, but no one


thinks this is the answer to rough sleeping and in the end you have got


to find places for people to afford to be able to live in. Thanks for


joining us. Now that he is president


Donald Trump is wasting no time in returning to those pledges


he made during the Today he is announcing his plans


for immigration control - including the controversial promise


to build a wall between Our correspondent James Cook


reports from the border Donald Trump's vision of a fortress


America was at the heart of his controversial campaign


for the presidency. Now in office, he faces


the challenge of pulling up the drawbridge, by strengthening


and extending the existing barriers on his country's


frontier with Mexico. Ultimately it will come out of what


is happening with Mexico and we will stop those negotiations relatively


soon. When will construction begin? As soon as we can physically do it.


A few months? I would say so, yes. Mexico continues to resist any


effort to make it pay for the wall. Here in the Mexican


border city of Tijuana, business leaders are worried


about the impact on trade and sceptical about


the president's plans. The problem is that the majority


of Americans are not really And consequently the idea of a wall


seems to be appealing. But the truth of the matter is that,


you know, I think that is a symbol. This fence at the Pacific Ocean


is the very start of the land border between Mexico and the United


States, and President Trump has always said he wants


to build a much taller, much better, much bigger wall,


stretching all the way from here, nearly


2000 miles, to Texas. But even in liberal California,


there is backing for President Trump's hard line


on immigration, not least from these supporters who call


themselves The Trumpettes. I always say my Scripture


is Ezekiel 22:30. "I sought for a man


who would build a wall." And I was reading that the other day


and it just stuck out in my spirit And I pray for America and I pray


that God will shore up The president's exact plans are not


yet clear but it is reported he will sign orders suspending


the arrival of refugees and halting immigration from certain nations


where Muslims are in the majority. Mr Trump says this will be a big day


for national security. It will also be a big


test of his resolve. James Cook, BBC News,


on the US-Mexico border. Our North America Editor Jon


Sopel is in Washington. This is part of a security agenda


and we are learning more about what Donald Trump would like to do to


make America safer. Yes, there is a draft executive order which sounds


like a throwback to the George Bush era, talking of enhanced


interrogation techniques and extraordinary rendition,


waterboarding. The kind of methods which can be used against potential


terrorists outside of America, at Guantanamo Bay, reversing the


policies which have been introduced by Obama to stop torture which had


been voted on by Congress. This is controversial star. He will face


opposition from Republicans and Democrats and even maybe his own


Defence Secretary -- this is controversial stuff. Thanks.


The Prime Minister says the government will, after all,


publish a detailed policy document setting out its plans


Theresa May has been under pressure from Labour and some of her own MPs


to lay out her plans in what's called a White Paper.


Legislation to trigger the formal process of leaving the EU is set


Our Deputy Political Editor John Pienaar reports.


A once dominant PM out on his ear when Britain chose Brexit.


David Cameron's doing charity work now, today visiting


Are you worried about defeat Prime Minister?


Now, his successor's got her hands full with


And today Theresa May kept a half step ahead of her critics.


She'd outlined her Brexit game plan in a big speech.


And as the time came for questions...


She had held off promising MPs a policy paper but now...


I can confirm to the House that our plan will be set out


in a White Paper published in this House.


Could we know when this White Paper is going to be available to us?


Will they withdraw the threats to destroy the social structure


of this country by turning us into the bargain basement


But the Prime Minister's kept the initiative and the Brexit paper


is unlikely to tell MPs more than they know now.


It was an easy concession for Theresa May to make but Tory MPs


She is also keen to appear ahead of the game when she visits


Donald Trump in the White House later this week.


And she told MPs she won't duck policy differences.


I'm not afraid to speak frankly to a President of the United States.


I'm able to do that because we have that special relationship.


MPs queued to offer issues where she could take


He must abide by and not withdraw from the Paris


President Trump has repeatedly said he will bring back torture


When she sees him on Friday, will the Prime Minister make clear


that in no circumstances will she permit Britain to be dragged


Will the Prime Minister tell President Trump that she is not


prepared to lower our food and safety standards or to open


She and her government would stand their ground.


We will put UK interests and UK values first.


Another former Prime Minister's been in Brussels.


Tony Blair knows getting close to the White House


at the wrong time can end badly, and MPs on all sides are anxious


Rescue teams in Italy have found more bodies in the ruins


of a hotel that was struck by an avalanche last week.


In all 24 people were killed with five


Our Rome correspondent James Reynolds has been speaking


to two people who survived - and they say it's


How many of us will ever know what it's like to come back to life? On


Saturday these two people were appalled from the hotel. The couple


had been trapped underground for 59 hours -- were appalled. This


afternoon we met them at home, they tell be what happened when the


avalanche it. TRANSLATION: It felt like a bomb, I felt glass exploding


and it felt as if an entire wall had hit me. Somewhere underneath these


tonnes of snow and debris, they were jammed together in a tiny space.


TRANSLATION: I looked at Vincenzo Nibali is I was panicking, the first


thing he told me was, we have got to become. We just have to wait. I


touched him to see if we were OK, if we were injured. We were lucky, we


were alive. I thought we would be trapped for a week, I did not want


to tell her. After two days rescuers made contact with them. TRANSLATION:


When we heard a rescue it was as if an angel was talking to us. As if


someone had come to pick us up literally from under the ground, I


was born again. It was a miracle. I feel as if I'd been brought to the


world for a second time. And this time not by my mum, but by God. They


survive, but many others died. One week on, rescuers continue to search


for those still missing under the snow. James Reynolds, BBC News,


central Italy. The thousands who sleep


rough on our streets - latest figures on homelessness


in England show it's more the woman who was told to wear heels


at work or go home, turns out


she's far from being alone. Usain Bolt is stripped of one


of his nine Olympic gold medals, after his teammate Nesta Carter


was found guilty of doping, British scientists have identified


14 new developmental They sequenced the genes


of thousands of children with rare, undiagnosed conditions


from across the UK. Pinpointing the genes responsible


should lead to a greater understanding of the serious


disorders which affect the development of the brain and body -


and might eventually Our medical correspondent


Fergus Walsh reports. A big moment for these two families,


meeting for the first time. Ten-year-old Tamika and


nine-year-old Caitlin have the same newly identified genetic condition


called CDK 13 disorder. There are only 11


known cases in the UK. The girls are so alike,


they could be sisters. Living so close, we could have


easily bumped into each other. We could have gone home


with the wrong child. Looking at them,


it would have been easy. It's quite amazing to finally come


across somebody who also has a child so different to anybody else's child


and, yet, here we are To look at them, they are


so similar, aren't they? The developmental disorder


affects the girls' learning Tamika has good language skills,


Caitlin has only a few words. It definitely gives me hope that


Caitlyn's speech will form. This is where Caitlyn and Tamika's


genetic condition was identified, at the Wellcome Trust


Institute near, Cambridge. They mapped their genes and found


an identical fault in their DNA. But the mutation was not passed


on by their parents, Each of us inherit half our DNA


from our mother, through the egg Sometimes, when those


genes are passed on, spontaneous mutations occur


that cause rare developmental


disorders in children. The older the parents,


the more likely that is to happen. Scientists here have identified


14 new developmental disorders calculated that one in every 300


babies will be affected by a spontaneous


genetic condition, In the UK, that amounts to around


2000 children every year. The research, in the journal Nature


provides reassurance for many families


all over the country. The discoveries end the long odyssey


that these parents have had trying to find the underlying cause


of the child's condition. It provides them with the risk


of future pregnancies. Which, for these conditions,


is actually very low. And it provides opportunities


for research into the causes and possible therapies


that might be applied. Katja was told last year


that she had not passed And that gave her confidence


to have another child, Both families say being part of this


research has been hugely rewarding. It's like belonging to a club


or a new-found family. It has felt like we've been


for the whole nine years that But, now, knowing that there


are other families it's all changed. Laws to prevent women


being discriminated against when it comes to dress codes at work


aren't being enforced properly - The report was commissioned


after a receptionist was sent home When MPs began to investigate,


they were inundated with complaints She was told to wear


high heels on her first day Scarlet Harris is the women's


equality officer at the TUC. Melanie Bramwell runs


a recruitment agency. I caught up with them to hear


about dress code discrimination and how Nicola refused


to toe the line. When I realised that they were


insisting that all women wore high heels to portray their desired


image, it made me realise that, actually, my employer didn't want me


to just look smart and professional, they wanted me to look attractive


and I didn't want to be seen So, Scarlet, how


widespread is the issue? The committee found lots


and lots of women talking about their experiences


of being made to wear, not just high heels but a certain


types of make up, being asked to wear sheer blouses,


being asked to wear skirts The government said Nicola's


dress code was unlawful, But MPs said that the law wasn't


effective enough, leaving employers It is open to interpretation,


as we say, the word reasonable is used there and that is


open to interpretation. Is it so bad to ask a woman worker


to wear a heel when we ask male I think they are two


entirely different things. They took lots of evidence


from women saying they were going home with bleeding feet,


they were taking painkillers at night to be able to sleep


because they were in so much pain from the shoes they'd been


wearing during the day. That's just not comparable


to wearing a tie or a suit jacket. Some might say this is all a bit


of a storm in a teacup. They might very well do but you have


to look at the bigger picture. It should be about choice


there are plenty of women who like to wear heels to work


like to wear a face full This issue, the high heel thing,


is symbolic of a hangover from that 1950s kind of era where women


were only seen as secretaries and receptionists and now


we are running the companies. Let us wear what we want,


as long as we are smart. Usain Bolt has been stripped of one


of his nine Olympic gold medals - for the 4 by 100 metre relay


at Beijing in 2008 - Nestor Carter tested positive


for a banned stimulant It means Bolt no longer holds


the accolade of having won the triple-triple -


as Katie Gornall reports. In a sport measured


in fractions of a second, this was an astonishing


feat of longevity. COMMENTATOR: The triple triple!


He's done it. Usain Bolt's nine gold


medals at three different Now, through no fault of his own,


that history has been tarnished. The reason lies with


this man, Nesta Carter. Bolt's team-mate in the relay


at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. His start propelled Jamaica both


to gold and to a world record. But last year Carter's sample


from these Games was retested and today he was found


guilty of doping. Under the IOC rules the whole team


is now disqualified. It is an outcome that Bolt


has feared for some time. I asked him about it back in August


in his hometown of Kingston. At any point I lose one of my gold


medals it would be devastating. After all this hard work,


that this would happen. But I think the sport is in a really


bad place right now and the only It must be hard, as well,


because the triple triple Sadly, while Usain Bolt


stood clean, his rivals Justin Gatlin has been banned twice


for failing drugs tests. Tyson Gay has tested positive


for an anabolic steroid. And his fellow Jamaican Asafa Powell


has served a six-month ban. Today, Nesta Carter was found


to have taken the banned You can't rerun the race,


you can't get those medals back. And in the case of Bolt,


after what we saw in Rio, we now know that that was his last


Olympic Games, so it has gone from those nine medals, that


were unbelievable, to eight medals. But that is still unbelievable,


what he achieved in his career. He will now have to hand back one


of his precious medals, but he will still retire


with his legacy intact. It's been a mixture of weather today


but across the board called. This beautiful picture was sent in from


Cornwall. I'd like to be there rather than under the foggy skies


we've seen in the south-east of England today. This was Kettering in


Northamptonshire. You can see where we've had cloud and where sunshine.


This evening, there could well be some fog around. The wind lifts it


onto the hills overnight. There could be some will fog. The wind


will prevent a frost in most places tonight but cold air is still coming


in. Frost quite widely in Wales and the Glens of Scotland. With thicker


cloud and some drizzle, it could be quite icy first thing in the


morning. Once again, ice on untreated roads and pavements. Fog


sitting on the hills through tomorrow. But into the Peak


District. Brighter across Scotland with some sunshine coming through


here. A little cloudy across Northern Ireland. That wind really


has a difference. It will pull in dry air for the South tomorrow


afternoon. Temperatures will only get to 4 degrees. Add on the wind


and this is how it will feel. A change in the wind direction on


Friday. Not quite so cold. Some showers coming into the western side


of the country. Still feeling awfully cold.


Before we go - a look at what's coming up on the BBC News at Ten -


we will have a special report on the increase in knife


Scare tactics. Bigger the better. When did you start carrying knives?


12. Abuse. Torture. My life just stopped that day.


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