05/12/2017 BBC News at Six


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05/12/2017

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Tonight at Six.

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A new front in the battle against

the online grooming of children.

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Police warn that abusers are turning

to live streaming apps

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to manipulate children.

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We go undercover -

posing as a teenage girl -

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within minutes she's targeted.

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HE WHISPERS:

She's 14 and yet someone has just

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asked her to take her shirt and her

bra off.

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We have a special investigation -

and look at what parents can do.

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Also tonight.

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The terror threat in Britain -

an official report asks

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whether the Manchester bombing

could have been prevented.

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Theresa May is facing a backlash

from allies and opponents alike

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as she tries to rescue

the Brexit talks.

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The steelworker who's lost hundreds

of thousands from his pension pot.

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He blames incorrect

financial advice.

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While Root is at the crease

England still have a chance

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against Australia -

it could be a fightback

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for the history books.

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Coming up on Sportsday later

in the hour on BBC News.

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Will the IOC decide

on the ultimate sanction and

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ban Russia from the Winter

Olympics next year?

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Hello and welcome to

the BBC News at Six.

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A BBC investigation has found that

online streaming apps used

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by children to make live broadcasts

are being infiltrated by men

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trying to groom them.

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It comes as the National Crime

Agency says it arrested more

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than 190 men across the UK

in a single week in connection with

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sexual offences against children.

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In this special report

Angus Crawford discovered how

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quickly suspects try to target

children using the streaming apps -

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the latest front in the battle

against online sexual abuse.

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Meet this 20-year-old

online safety campaigner,

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who we've transformed

into 14-year-old Samira.

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She is going to try some of the most

popular live streaming apps to see

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what it's really like to be

a teenage girl online.

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First, Periscope, Twitter's live

video app used by children

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all over the world.

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So there are quite a few people,

within seconds - five, six,

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seven people joining.

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In minutes, the conversation

turned sexual.

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She is 14, and yet someone has just

asked her to take her

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shirt and her bra off.

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Next is Live.me, only launched

last year, now with more

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than 20 million users.

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Some send Samira direct messages

no one else can see -

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clearly trying to groom her.

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Omegle is a one-to-one video

chat app that randomly

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connects her to users

around the world.

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Most are men, some

expose themselves.

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I just said hi.

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He said, may I show it?

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I said, what?

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He has got it out.

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Pretty much as soon as I started,

all I said was hi.

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I'm 14 and a girl.

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And then I was inundated.

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Here is a guy going on cam.

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What's he doing?

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He was naked.

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He was naked?

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And you told him you were 14?

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Can you imagine if you had

been a 14-year-old girl?

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My first reaction would

be to be confused.

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For a second, it is nice having

the attention of the hearts,

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and then it gets quite

dark, quite quickly.

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And it is happening to real

children right now.

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Look at this broadcast on Periscope.

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Two girls we cannot identify,

around 11 years old.

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2000 people are watching.

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Some dare them to lift their shirts.

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Read the comments as men

ask them to go further.

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For those girls, it may

have seemed like fun,

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but it can be devastating.

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I found her inconsolable.

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This is an actress,

but the words are true.

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Those of a mother whose ten-year-old

daughter tried out Omegle for fun.

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He switched his webcam on.

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Showed her his private parts

and asked her to take photos

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of herself, which she did.

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He was never located.

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This mother says parents have

to talk to their children

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about the dangers.

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Hi, I'm Sam.

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That is also the message behind this

video launched today.

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But for some in law enforcement,

that is not enough.

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The tech companies

also need to do more.

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The industry has emerged rapidly.

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I think it is important to reflect

on how they are ensuring

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younger children are not

using their services

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and age verification,

maybe thinking about the moderation

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techniques they might be

able to use.

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No one from these app companies

would be interviewed.

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But Periscope says it does not

tolerate this behaviour.

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Omegle and Live.me did not

respond to our requests.

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When children can broadcast to

the world from their own bedrooms,

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whose job is it to keep them safe?

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And Angus is here now.

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You can imagine how worried parents

would be watching your report.

There

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are two important messages. The

first to parents, get to know these

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apps. Get to know how they can be

used safely and talk to your

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children and to their schools. The

other important message is a wake-up

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call for tech companies. They have

effectively created a means for

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children to broadcast from their

bedroom to the world but the world

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can look back into those bedrooms

and now the authorities are

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effectively saying it is time tech

companies policed this space

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properly and effectively.

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An independent review

into the security services has

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concluded that it's conceivable

that the Manchester terror attack

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could have been prevented.

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The report details how agents

received intelligence

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about the bomber, Salman Abedi,

before he killed 22 people

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at the Manchester Arena.

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Despite this, the assessment

concludes there is "no case

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for despair", saying most terror

plots are foiled.

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Here's our security

correspondent, Gordon Corera.

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Four terror attacks in three months,

with some of those responsible known

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to the authorities, raising

questions as to whether they could

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have been prevented. Today a review

said the bombing at Manchester Arena

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that killed 22 in May was the only

one that might have been stopped.

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The bomber Salman Abedi had been

known to the authorities in the past

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but was not under active

investigation, however data analysis

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of 20,000 former suspects flagged

him as one of a few dozen for

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further investigation but nine days

before a meeting about this he

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carried out his attack and in the

months leading up to that,

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intelligence came in which if

assessed differently may have made a

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priority.

In hindsight it is obvious

having received that intelligence

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MI5 should have opened an

investigation and who knows what

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that would have found. The fact is

they did not interpret the

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intelligence that way, the

opportunity was missed.

15-year-old

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Olivia Campbell-Hardy was killed in

Manchester. Her grandfather said he

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did not blame the security services.

They will do the best they can with

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the information they gather. Assess

the situation, make decisions and

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act on it. I will not fault anyone

for doing their job.

On the other

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attacks, in the case of London

Bridge, the ringleader was under

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active investigation but there were

no signs of what he planned. At

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Westminster Bridge, this man was a

former subject of interest but there

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were no formal warning signs and in

Finsbury park, not intelligence on

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the man charged. This year's attacks

were shocked to MI5 and the report

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makes clear there needs to be

changes. There are 126

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recommendations, perhaps the most

important that information from here

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needs to be shared more freely with

police and others. The Home

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Secretary said police would have the

money they needed.

We will announce

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the budgets for policing for 2017-18

and I am clear we must ensure

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counterterrorism has the resources

needed to deal with the threats we

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face.

As well as these attacks, nine

more plots have been stopped in the

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past year and officials warned the

threat remains unprecedented.

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Theresa May is under growing

pressure to find a way forward

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after Brexit talks broke down

yesterday over the future

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of Northern Ireland.

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A deal on this first phase

of negotiations has to be in place

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before next week's summit so talks

can move on to trade.

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Labour has called Theresa May's

efforts an embarrassment.

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Now, former Tory leader

Iain Duncan Smith says it's nearly

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time to walk away from the talks -

as our political

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editor Laura Kuenssberg.

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You can shake hands as much as you

like. Are you confident of a deal?

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But it does not mean there will be a

deal, the Spanish leader one of

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dozens she has to get onside.

There

are a couple of issues we need to

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work on, but I will be reconvening

in Brussels later this week.

It is

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this band they indeed right now, the

DUP's ten MPs, feeling their power

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in every step. They refuse to back

Theresa May's deal in Brussels over

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Ireland border which is they feel

will put Northern Ireland on a

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different path to the rest of the

UK.

The text we were shown late

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yesterday did not translate what we

had been told in general

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conversations into reality.

Would

you be willing to see the deal

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failed?

We do not want to see the

talks fail and we do not want to see

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no deal, we want a sensible Brexit.

Yesterday's collapse provoked

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arguments on all science with some

believing Scotland, Wales and some

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sectors of the economy should get

special status but in Dublin a clear

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message, not budging, clinging to

the agreement that the North and

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south with mirror each other's

regulations.

The ball is in London's

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court, the Prime Minister and the

European Commission and negotiating

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teams have asked for more time.

Number 10 believes it could be back

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on by the end of the week, sorted by

Christmas. But the failure yesterday

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meant a barrage of attacks in the

Commons.

What an embarrassment. If

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the price of the Prime Minister's

approaches the break-up of the union

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and reopening of bitter divides in

Northern Ireland the price is too

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high.

The suggestion we might depart

the European Union but leave one

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part of the UK inside the single

market and customs union is

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emphatically not something the UK

Government is considering.

But there

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is no agreement in camber that about

the -- in cabinet about what happens

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next. The former leader telling the

BBC it might be time to walk away.

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It is a game played out over power

and the answer boils down to who

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will call the shots on this? Right

now, we have to say not good enough,

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we cannot pay this price.

You are

saying to Brussels, back off, or we

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will walk?

The statement is more

straightforward, you need to change

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this process and to back off,

otherwise we get on with other

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arrangements.

The Prime Minister and

DUP are yet to talk directly today.

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Theresa May is not in total control

of her relationships with friends or

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rivals.

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Our Ireland correspondent

Chris Buckler is in Stormont now.

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This border issue is turning out to

be hugely complex, what are the

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prospects of the solution?

Everybody

has the same goal, nobody wants a

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hard border, customs posts, but how

you achieve that they cannot agree

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and the Irish government are

determined they had a deal that saw

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no regulatory differences between

the two parts, Northern Ireland and

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the Republic, but the DUP say they

will not accept differences between

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Northern Ireland and the rest of the

UK. One solution has been put

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forward by Ruth Davidson, for the

whole of the UK to stick to some

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rules and regulations the EU will

have. Some within government are

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against that because it could tie

their hands in the trade talks they

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are desperately trying to get to.

Meanwhile this has left

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relationships between Belfast and

Dublin antagonistic with the DUP

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accusing the Irish government of

putting Anglo Irish relationships in

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jeopardy and they are getting worse.

They accused the Irish government is

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stopping British negotiators from

letting them see the controversial

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text of the deal. As a result a

close focus on whatever words are

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put forward in the future. You get

the impression Theresa May is

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involved in two Brexit negotiations,

with the EU and with the DUP.

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Rail passengers are facing

the largest hike in

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fares in five years.

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Prices will rise by an average

of 3.4% on the 2nd January.

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Our transport correspondent,

Richard Westcott, is at Croydon

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station in south London.

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I am guessing there is a lot of

anger among commuters.

There

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certainly is, always when you talk

to people, nobody likes to pay more

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and it seems to be the time of year

when we find out what the rail fare

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rise will be starting in January and

then there is a row. An example of

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what it will mean, if you are a

commuter between Brighton and

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London, hit by strikes and delays on

that line, the annual ticket costs

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over £4000 and it will go up by

almost £150. Between Liverpool and

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Manchester, that ticket costs over

£3000 and will go up by more than

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£100. The average across Britain,

fares will go up by 3.4%. And the

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latest wage figures we have is the

average wage is going up by about

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2%, which is critical because

campaigners say for years rail fares

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have gone up higher wage rises and

it adds to the feeling of working as

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hard but being that little bit worse

off every year. The government and

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train companies would argue they are

investing billions in the network.

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There are new stations and new

trains coming on board and new

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seats, but every year I think we

will keep getting this row because

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of the bigger proportion of the

money used to pay for better

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equipment will come from ticket

cells. It will come into effect on

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January the 2nd.

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Our top story this evening:

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A new warning about the online

grooming of children

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through live streaming apps.

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Still to come:

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The low calorie liquid diet helping

to reverse Type 2 diabetes.

0:16:470:16:53

Coming up on Sportsday on BBC News

in the next 15 minutes.

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We'll look ahead

to tonight's Champions League

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matches with three British clubs

involved, including Manchester

0:17:000:17:03

United, who can book a place

in the knockout stage.

0:17:030:17:11

The financial regulator has taken

action after a BBC investigation

0:17:110:17:19

into misleading advice given

to British steelworkers,

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many have found their pensions have

been substantially reduced.

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Under a deal to save the troubled

plants, steelworkers have been given

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until December 22nd to sort

out their future

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pension arrangements.

0:17:290:17:30

But, as Sian Lloyd reports,

incorrect advice has resulted

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in some losing hundreds

of thousands of pounds.

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The giant Port Talbot

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Steelworks the biggest of the Tata

plants.

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The company said the old gold plated

British Steel pension

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scheme was unsustainable,

leaving workers here and at other

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sites a range of options, including

transferring out altogether.

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With around 130,000 workers

affected, huge pension pots

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and lucrative commissions

for financial advisors

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have been at stake.

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It's cost me in the region

of £200,000, so it's a lot of money.

0:18:060:18:09

Richard Bevan is one

of those workers.

0:18:090:18:11

After 39 years at the Trostre

Steelworks, near Llanelli,

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he wanted a secure future.

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He went to this local firm,

Celtic Wealth Management,

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who he thought were regulated

financial advisors, but they're not.

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They introduced clients to a firm

of regulated advisors

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based in the Midlands,

called Active Wealth UK.

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Between them, they failed to give

Richard a suitability report

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on which he could properly

base his decision and advised him

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to transfer his pension out

of the company scheme even though

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a recalculation was due

which would have substantially

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increased his pension pot.

0:18:390:18:40

We're aware that other

steelworkers are also unhappy

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about their treatment

by the two companies.

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I'm not a gullible sort of person,

but I've obviously been led

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into doing something that wasn't

right for me by a financial

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advisor, you know.

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And it's not a nice place

to be at the moment.

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Both companies deny

Richard's claims, but after

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we passed our findings

to the Financial Conduct Authority,

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the regulator intervened

and Active Wealth is no longer

0:19:090:19:11

allowed to give pensions advice.

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But this issue extends far beyond

the steelworkers of South Wales.

0:19:160:19:22

Gary Clement has worked

at the Scunthorpe Steelworks for 40

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years, he'd planned to retire at 55.

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He paid a team of financial

advisors, called Lighthouse,

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a fee of more than £10,000

for advice which included

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information about when he could

access his pension, which they've

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since admitted was wrong.

0:19:400:19:42

You go to a financial advisor

for financial advice.

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He says - this is what you do,

this is in your best interest.

0:19:460:19:49

You listen.

0:19:490:19:50

I don't believe they have anybody's

best interests at heart.

0:19:500:19:52

I believe it's just about money.

0:19:520:19:58

Gary has received a letter

from his advisors accepting

0:19:580:20:01

he wasn't given the correct

information, but they say

0:20:010:20:03

they believe he would have reached

the same decision to leave

0:20:030:20:05

the fund anyway.

0:20:050:20:09

Gary believes transferring out

of the scheme when he did has

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cost him hundreds of thousands.

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The City watchdog,

the Financial Conduct Authority,

0:20:140:20:15

is worried that steelworkers

are particularly at risk.

0:20:150:20:20

This is a group of people,

thousands of people,

0:20:200:20:23

who have to make a decision one way

or the other, that gives rise

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to particular complexities.

0:20:260:20:30

So, yes, they are particularly

vulnerable I think at this stage.

0:20:300:20:33

There is growing concern that

hundreds of steelworkers could be

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affected by a feeding frenzy

surrounding the British Steel

0:20:360:20:38

pension scheme and millions

of pounds of their hard-earned

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savings potentially at risk.

0:20:410:20:42

Sian Lloyd, BBC News, Port Talbot.

0:20:420:20:52

Treating Type 2 diabetes costs

the NHS billions of pounds a year.

0:20:560:20:59

The condition is normally controlled

with medication, but a new trial,

0:20:590:21:02

carried out in Newcastle

and Glasgow, has shown

0:21:020:21:09

be reversed through dieting.

0:21:090:21:10

Our health correspondent,

James Gallagher, has been

0:21:100:21:11

looking at the findings.

0:21:110:21:12

Isobel Murray thought she was facing

a lifetime of Type 2 diabetes,

0:21:120:21:15

but she's lost more than four stone

on the trial and has now completely

0:21:150:21:19

changed her relationship with food.

0:21:190:21:20

Her disease is in remission.

0:21:200:21:21

It's freedom to live your life again

and know that you're not in that

0:21:210:21:25

cycle any more and know that I can

control this, and I will

0:21:250:21:28

never go there again.

0:21:280:21:29

Never will I be taking

diabetic medication again.

0:21:290:21:30

She spent 17 weeks drinking these.

0:21:300:21:33

They're nutritionally balanced

soups and shakes to help

0:21:330:21:35

trigger weight loss.

0:21:350:21:38

And that's it, there's 200 calories

in a glass and you're allowed

0:21:380:21:41

four of them every day.

0:21:410:21:45

That's just sweet, really,

but that's your lot,

0:21:450:21:47

for up to five months.

0:21:470:21:50

How does the diet work?

0:21:500:21:56

The pancreas is critical

in Type 2 diabetes.

0:21:560:21:58

If excess body fat is stored

around the organ, then it

0:21:580:22:01

reduces the production

of the hormone insulin.

0:22:010:22:03

That leads to levels of sugar

in the blood getting

0:22:030:22:05

dangerously out of control.

0:22:050:22:08

Losing weight makes the fat cells

disappear and the pancreas

0:22:080:22:10

work properly again.

0:22:100:22:14

Doctors say 46% of patients

on the trial put their

0:22:140:22:16

Type 2 into remission.

0:22:160:22:20

We now have clear evidence that

weight loss of 10 or 15

0:22:200:22:23

kilograms is enough to turn

this disease around.

0:22:230:22:26

It's hugely exciting that we can do

that in routine practice,

0:22:260:22:29

with ordinary nurses,

ordinary dieticians,

0:22:290:22:30

ordinary GPs and ordinary patients.

0:22:300:22:32

Treating diabetes costs

the NHS £10 billion a year.

0:22:320:22:36

Type 2 is normally

controlled with medication,

0:22:360:22:46

but in the long-term the disease

causes damage throughout the body,

0:22:460:22:49

leading to organ failure,

blindness and limb amputations.

0:22:490:22:51

Isobel has enjoyed a normal diet

and kept the weight off

0:22:510:22:53

for nearly two years now.

0:22:530:22:54

I don't feel like a diabetic because

I don't think about it any more.

0:22:540:22:58

I've got my life back.

0:22:580:22:59

She says if she can beat

Type 2, then anyone can.

0:22:590:23:02

James Gallagher, BBC News.

0:23:020:23:07

Cricket, and England have

continued their fightback

0:23:070:23:08

in the second Ashes Test.

0:23:080:23:14

At the close of play

they were 176-4, still needing 178

0:23:140:23:18

to win, on what could be

a nail-biting final day.

0:23:180:23:29

Our sports correspondent,

Andy Swiss, reports from Adelaide.

0:23:320:23:34

Was this the day England's

flickering Ashes hopes

0:23:340:23:36

were gloriously rekindled?

0:23:360:23:37

First by the bowlers,

they had to skittle Australia

0:23:370:23:39

to have any chance and they did,

thanks to a five wicket masterclass

0:23:390:23:43

from Jimmy Anderson.

0:23:430:23:44

That still left England a record run

chase, 354, and after a good

0:23:440:23:47

start they faltered.

0:23:470:23:48

Both openers went before James Vince

wafted his wicket away,

0:23:480:23:50

and it seemed England's chances.

0:23:500:23:51

COMMENTATOR:

Edged and gone.

Handscomb takes the chance.

0:23:510:23:53

But under the floodlights

and the fiercest pressure,

0:23:530:23:55

Dawid Malan and Joe Root

hung in there.

0:23:550:23:57

Australia kept appealing,

England kept surviving - just.

0:23:570:23:59

It was pure sporting theatre.

0:23:590:24:00

But moments before

the close, Malan fell.

0:24:000:24:02

Australia are still favourites,

but England 178 runs

0:24:020:24:04

from something very special.

0:24:040:24:09

Well, this has been some

fightback from England.

0:24:090:24:15

Barely 24-hours ago they looked

beaten, the Ashes all but gone,

0:24:150:24:18

and yet they still have a chance

of a remarkable win.

0:24:180:24:22

Root will resume on 67.

0:24:220:24:32

If he can produce a captain's

innings, England just might conjure

0:24:330:24:36

one cricket's greatest comebacks.

0:24:360:24:37

Andy Swiss, BBC News, Adelaide.

0:24:370:24:38

This week we've been profiling five

contenders in the running to become

0:24:380:24:41

UK City of Culture 2021.

0:24:410:24:46

Tonight we look at

Stoke-on-Trent, most famous

0:24:460:24:48

for its ceramics industry.

0:24:480:24:49

The city is up against Coventry,

Paisley, Sunderland and Swansea.

0:24:490:24:52

The winner, to be announced

on Thursday, will host a year-long

0:24:520:24:55

celebration of arts and performance.

0:24:550:25:01

Sima Kotecha reports.

0:25:010:25:02

Six towns brought together

in the early 20th Century

0:25:020:25:04

to form Stoke-on-Trent.

0:25:040:25:06

Fondly known as The Potteries,

for centuries ceramics has been

0:25:060:25:10

at the heart of what they do here,

giving its bid as the City

0:25:100:25:13

of Culture a creative backdrop.

0:25:130:25:16

Today, hundreds of businesses

still make carefully crafted pieces

0:25:160:25:18

for a global clientele.

0:25:180:25:23

It's been sort of the last 300 years

that we've had a significant pottery

0:25:230:25:26

industry and when an industry

is that important and a city is that

0:25:260:25:31

reliant on a particular industry,

then it obviously has a big impact

0:25:310:25:34

on culture and everything

that's about us.

0:25:340:25:39

But other than pottery, what more

does the city have to offer?

0:25:390:25:45

Some of the people living

here in Stoke say that

0:25:450:25:48

its image is tainted

by its post-industrial past.

0:25:480:25:50

There are streets and roads

here lined with empty

0:25:500:25:52

warehouses and factories,

arguably giving an impression

0:25:520:25:54

of a city that is tired and old.

0:25:540:26:02

The art sector bills itself as rich,

vibrant, unique, a contradiction

0:26:020:26:05

to any negative perception.

0:26:050:26:06

It's a rough diamond,

isn't it and that's part

0:26:060:26:08

of its industrial heritage.

0:26:080:26:09

It's one of the reasons

we all love it, to be honest.

0:26:090:26:12

It's got this gnarly beauty

that appeals to us all.

0:26:120:26:15

It's one of the reasons why it's

brilliant to make art here.

0:26:150:26:17

Artists can afford to come to this

city and live here and make work

0:26:170:26:21

and find spaces to make

that work in.

0:26:210:26:23

Famous faces from here include

singer Robbie Williams,

0:26:230:26:31

the footballer, Sir Stanley Matthews

and designer of the Spitfire,

0:26:310:26:33

Reginald Mitchell.

0:26:330:26:34

But a huge mosaic in the centre,

made up of thousands of local faces,

0:26:340:26:38

aims to celebrate its identity

as the city of the people.

0:26:380:26:41

We're people who really understand

how to make art just from the ground

0:26:410:26:43

we're standing on and that's

the miraculous thing about the city.

0:26:430:26:46

That's why we think,

as a hidden gem of the UK,

0:26:460:26:49

that we need to be recognised.

0:26:490:26:52

Stoke-on-Trent has a colourful past,

but this place wants a future, too.

0:26:520:26:54

They hope the City of Culture tag

will fire up that future just

0:26:540:26:59

as much as the kilns did

in the pottery past.

0:26:590:27:02

Sima Kotecha, BBC

News, Stoke-on-Trent.

0:27:020:27:12

Time for a look at the weather.

Here's Sarah Keith Lucas.

0:27:150:27:17

Thank you. We have lots going on in

terms of the weather through the

0:27:190:27:23

course of this week. Storm Caroline

has been named by the Met office,

0:27:230:27:28

sitting in the Atlantic at the

moment, it will move in towards

0:27:280:27:31

northern parts of the UK during the

course of Thursday. Storm Caroline

0:27:310:27:36

likely to bring gusts of 80mph and

strongest winds to the north of

0:27:360:27:41

Scotland. We will see significant

disruption to travel, I think. Back

0:27:410:27:44

to the here and now. A much quieter

picture out there at the minute.

0:27:440:27:49

Lots of cloud up-and-down the

country. The cloud producing rain

0:27:490:27:53

for the north-west of Scotland

elsewhere the odd patches of

0:27:530:27:57

drizzle. It will be mild tonight,

temperatures not far off what they

0:27:570:28:02

have been this afternoon. Across

England and Wales tomorrow we should

0:28:020:28:05

see breaks in the cloud. A little

bit of brightness breaking through.

0:28:050:28:09

A few spots of drizzle to the west

and persistent rain for Scotland and

0:28:090:28:13

Northern Ireland and pushing into

the north-west of England. Mild but

0:28:130:28:17

windy day on Wednesday. The winds

will pick up on Wednesday night when

0:28:170:28:21

we will see gales or severe gales

particularly around these Irish Sea

0:28:210:28:27

coasts aged cross Scotland too and

also pretty heavy bursts of rain

0:28:270:28:29

working in and heading

south-eastwards across the country.

0:28:290:28:34

Thursday the strongest of the winds

in association with Storm Caroline,

0:28:340:28:39

80mph possible across the north of

Scotland and through the central

0:28:390:28:43

lowlands there could be severe

gales. Rain will clear from the

0:28:430:28:46

south-east. More sunshine, but a

real drop in temperatures. Back into

0:28:460:28:50

single figures for all of us. Once

Storm Caroline clears to the

0:28:500:28:57

north-east we have a northerly flow

of air. It will turn colder as

0:28:570:29:00