20/04/2017 Breakfast


20/04/2017

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Hello - this is Breakfast, with Sally Nugent and Charlie Stayt.

:00:07.:00:09.

The party leaders hit the campaign trail for the 2017 general election.

:00:10.:00:15.

Jeremy Corbyn will say that Labour will stand up for British people

:00:16.:00:18.

against what he calls a rigged system, when he makes his first

:00:19.:00:21.

official speech of the election this morning.

:00:22.:00:25.

Last night, on the campaign trail, Theresa May told voters in Bolton

:00:26.:00:29.

they faced a choice between her "strong and stable leadership"

:00:30.:00:32.

Good morning - it's Thursday 20th April.

:00:33.:01:03.

Scientists discover drugs that could stop conditions

:01:04.:01:09.

like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's in their tracks.

:01:10.:01:24.

I am anti-US Air Force Base in South Korea where huge military exercises

:01:25.:01:28.

are under way. We'll hear about the new research

:01:29.:01:30.

that suggests cycling to work cuts the risk of heart disease

:01:31.:01:33.

and cancer by almost half. A slowing global economy has been

:01:34.:01:36.

blamed for austerity and the financial crisis but data

:01:37.:01:39.

out this week suggests the world's I'll have more on why

:01:40.:01:42.

and what it means for you. Serena Williams reveals she's

:01:43.:01:46.

expecting her first child the 23-time grand slam champion

:01:47.:01:50.

making the announcement on social media and wont play

:01:51.:01:52.

for the rest of the year, It could be good

:01:53.:01:55.

news for this woman. The new star of British tennis,

:01:56.:01:58.

Johanna Konta, speaks exclusively A cloudy day for England and Wales,

:01:59.:02:10.

even the odd spot of drizzle. A good deal brighter in Northern Ireland.

:02:11.:02:13.

Jeremy Corbyn says he'll stand up for the British people

:02:14.:02:19.

who "are the true wealth creators, held back by a system rigged

:02:20.:02:23.

by a system rigged for wealth extractors".

:02:24.:02:24.

That's what the Labour Leader will tell voters in the first formal

:02:25.:02:28.

Here's our political correspondent Alex Forsyth.

:02:29.:02:41.

The campaigning can start in earnest, now the election date

:02:42.:02:45.

has been set - and the party leaders are wasting no time.

:02:46.:02:48.

Jeremy Corbyn's pitch is as the antiestablishment party.

:02:49.:02:54.

He'll promise not to play by the rules.

:02:55.:02:56.

And say Labour will stand up for British people in a system

:02:57.:03:01.

rigged to favour the rich - a message he hinted at it

:03:02.:03:04.

Are we going to be a country that works only to make

:03:05.:03:12.

This election will be fought on the streets of this country,

:03:13.:03:19.

up and down, in town halls, in streets, on beaches,

:03:20.:03:22.

Theresa May wants to exploit when she sees as Jeremy Corbyn's

:03:23.:03:28.

weakness, choosing the Labour held seat of Bolton for her first visit.

:03:29.:03:34.

She said only the Conservatives can deliver the security

:03:35.:03:37.

It's a choice between strong and stable leadership under

:03:38.:03:44.

the Conservatives, or weak and unstable coalition of chaos,

:03:45.:03:48.

Expect the campaign messages to come thick and fast from every party

:03:49.:03:56.

The race is on, the battle lines drawn - and they know just

:03:57.:04:02.

what is at stake: Not just their futures,

:04:03.:04:04.

Our political correspondent Chris Mason joins us

:04:05.:04:11.

In the morning. This is an important day, isn't it, for Jeremy Corbyn?

:04:12.:04:26.

They are saying it is as first official speech but nonetheless all

:04:27.:04:30.

eyes will be on him later this morning. You will hear lots of

:04:31.:04:36.

references to the word first, I suspect, as various defence are

:04:37.:04:41.

branded as the first. The rhetoric, the language being cranked up as we

:04:42.:04:46.

count down. Now the vote has happened here in the Commons, there

:04:47.:04:50.

is the sense that the dataset and it can all start formally even though

:04:51.:04:54.

MPs will sit in the chamber for the next week or so. Jeremy Corbyn's big

:04:55.:05:01.

pitch is to say that Labour is 1 million miles behind in the opinion

:05:02.:05:04.

polls but they are offering something different. They say it is

:05:05.:05:12.

a foregone conclusion in the media that Labour is going to lose but

:05:13.:05:16.

they stand up for ordinary people so it should not be. Theresa May will

:05:17.:05:19.

return to the theme of strong and stable leadership. Liberal Democrats

:05:20.:05:24.

will continue to make the argument for the UK staying as close to the

:05:25.:05:29.

European Union as possible. We have to wait until we see the official

:05:30.:05:34.

manifestoes. These are the early opening gambits and then we wait?

:05:35.:05:40.

Just imagine a bunch of people, often quite young, hunched over

:05:41.:05:46.

computers, typing furiously because normally manifestoes, the

:05:47.:05:49.

collections of promises, are monks, even years in the making. Here they

:05:50.:05:55.

have to cobble something together in the best part of a week, ten days, a

:05:56.:06:01.

fortnight. A lot of promises we are familiar with. The Conservatives,

:06:02.:06:05.

likely to promise that if they are elected, they will take the UK out

:06:06.:06:09.

of the European single market and away from the European Union courts

:06:10.:06:15.

and we'll get on with Brexit and do what they have been saving it from

:06:16.:06:19.

their perspective, I hope to have a bigger majority to do it. A whole

:06:20.:06:23.

blizzard of promises to come our way in the coming weeks, a political

:06:24.:06:30.

palaver under way again. It is nirvana for nerds like me but some

:06:31.:06:34.

people, it can be a long seven weeks. A political palaver, I quite

:06:35.:06:38.

like that. We'll take a detailed look at how

:06:39.:06:39.

the parties are performing in the polls at ten past

:06:40.:06:42.

seven this morning. Chris is never a nerd, he just

:06:43.:06:47.

called himself a nerd. It's emerged President Trump's

:06:48.:06:54.

armada of warships sailing to north Korea amid tensions over

:06:55.:06:56.

Pyongyang's nuclear ambitions went We are going to bring you much more

:06:57.:07:10.

from this with our correspondence, Steve Evans in South Korea later on

:07:11.:07:12.

this morning. Services in and out of one

:07:13.:07:14.

of London's busiest train stations are expected to return

:07:15.:07:17.

to normal this morning, after a fire caused serious delays

:07:18.:07:19.

and cancellations yesterday. Network Rail said engineers worked

:07:20.:07:22.

overnight to restore services to Euston, which serves

:07:23.:07:24.

the West Coast mainline through the Midlands,

:07:25.:07:27.

North West England and Scotland. The station was shut for much

:07:28.:07:29.

of yesterday when a fire next to the track damaged signalling

:07:30.:07:32.

and cut power to the station. Scientists have discovered drugs

:07:33.:07:45.

which may be able to stop Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and a wide

:07:46.:07:47.

range of degenerative brain Clinical trials are planned,

:07:48.:07:50.

but the findings so far have been described as exciting,

:07:51.:07:56.

important and potentially a major This is particularly exciting

:07:57.:08:04.

because these drugs are already used to treat other conditions and this

:08:05.:08:07.

means really can -- we can move to testing and people much faster than

:08:08.:08:13.

we would for other drugs and their processes. Even though this is not

:08:14.:08:17.

an overnight process, it might be a few years rather than decades when

:08:18.:08:21.

these can be helping people with dementia and a movement towards the

:08:22.:08:24.

treatment we so desperately need for these devastating conditions.

:08:25.:08:26.

And we'll be finding out more about these drugs with the lead

:08:27.:08:29.

researcher later in the programme, that's just after six thirty.

:08:30.:08:32.

Test results on victims of an attack in Syria earlier this month confirm

:08:33.:08:36.

the nerve agent, sarin, or a similar substance was used -

:08:37.:08:39.

according to the global chemical weapons watchdog,

:08:40.:08:41.

The attack killed at least 87 people.

:08:42.:08:49.

The Syrian government has denied using chemical weapons.

:08:50.:08:51.

Police may now have to shoot at terrorists who use cars

:08:52.:08:54.

as weapons, a senior officer has said.

:08:55.:08:56.

The national lead for armed policing Simon Chesterman,

:08:57.:08:58.

said the tactics of armed officers will have to change

:08:59.:09:01.

following a string of attacks involving vehicles.

:09:02.:09:03.

In the past, police have been told not to shoot drivers of moving

:09:04.:09:06.

Cycling to work could halve the risk of developing heart disease

:09:07.:09:11.

and cancer, according to new research published today

:09:12.:09:13.

Scientists at the University of Glasgow, who analysed data

:09:14.:09:17.

from more than 250,000 people, said walking reduced the risk

:09:18.:09:20.

Our reporter Vishala Sri-Pathma has more.

:09:21.:09:27.

The commute to work, for some, is the only exercise

:09:28.:09:29.

For those of us that cycle to the office,

:09:30.:09:34.

Experts from the University of Glasgow say it reduces the risk

:09:35.:09:41.

of developing cancer and heart disease.

:09:42.:09:43.

In fact, cycling to work is linked to a 45% lower risk of developing

:09:44.:09:47.

cancer, and a 46% lower threat of cardiovascular disease.

:09:48.:09:54.

That compares to driving or even taking public transport.

:09:55.:09:57.

It also means you are less likely to die younger.

:09:58.:10:00.

Walking has its benefits too, although it's not

:10:01.:10:02.

You have to walk a total of two hours a week at an average speed

:10:03.:10:09.

of three mph for the health benefits to kick in.

:10:10.:10:13.

So we need to make it easier for people to cycle.

:10:14.:10:16.

So we need to increase cycle lanes, we need to have cycle -

:10:17.:10:19.

city hire schemes, subsidised bike schemes, have people have showers

:10:20.:10:22.

at work, so they do not feel sweaty when they get to work.

:10:23.:10:25.

There's a whole host of things to make it easier for the average

:10:26.:10:29.

And if we can do that, more people will be on bikes,

:10:30.:10:33.

and we're going to improve public health, just like places

:10:34.:10:36.

like Amsterdam and Copenhagen have done.

:10:37.:10:38.

Cancer Research UK says it is evidence that you do not need

:10:39.:10:45.

to join a gym or run the marathon, and that everything they get you hot

:10:46.:10:49.

and out of breath can help make a difference.

:10:50.:10:52.

The American tennis player Serena Williams has announced

:10:53.:11:01.

Now, we're not 'kidding' around with this next item.

:11:02.:11:05.

These little Nigerian Dwarf Goats were filmed wearing the specially

:11:06.:11:08.

constructed nightwear by a farm in the US state of Maine.

:11:09.:11:17.

It is a goat in pyjamas. Obviously it had just been born, they are a

:11:18.:11:27.

bit chilly at night, it is springtime, the farmers wanted to

:11:28.:11:31.

keep them warm and they have kind of got a goat onesie. It is a Nigerian

:11:32.:11:39.

dwarf goat. They are so cute. I love the way they jump. Talking of goats,

:11:40.:11:46.

we have got our own goat. The greatest of all time. Serena

:11:47.:11:51.

Williams is about to have a baby goat. Should we explain that? Serena

:11:52.:12:00.

Williams, a widely regarded as the greatest, greatest female tennis

:12:01.:12:05.

player of all time. It is often how she is referred to. She is having a

:12:06.:12:11.

baby goat. You started it. I was just following. She is pregnant.

:12:12.:12:18.

When she won the Australian Open earlier this year 's, the 23rd Grand

:12:19.:12:23.

Slam title, that is the most number of majors on the one by anyone in

:12:24.:12:27.

the open year of the women's game, she was probably eight weeks

:12:28.:12:34.

pregnant. While people were staying at home, she was winning the

:12:35.:12:41.

Australian Open. This was the picture that she posted on social

:12:42.:12:43.

media yesterday. That means she wont play

:12:44.:12:50.

for the rest of the year, It's expected the next tournament

:12:51.:12:53.

she'll play in will be the French Open

:12:54.:12:58.

championship in 2018. Andy Murray made a winning return

:12:59.:12:59.

to competitive tennis after a month The world number one

:13:00.:13:02.

beat Gilles Muller at Sam Warburton will lead the British

:13:03.:13:06.

and Irish Lions on their tour Coach Warren Gatland has

:13:07.:13:10.

defended his selection of the 41-man squad, saying nationality didn't

:13:11.:13:17.

come into his thinking. Barcelona are out of

:13:18.:13:24.

the Champions League, after a goalless draw with Juventus,

:13:25.:13:27.

who reached the semi-finals Monaco beat Borussia Dortmund

:13:28.:13:31.

in the other quarter-final. Manchester United can

:13:32.:13:39.

secure their place in the last four They play Belgian side

:13:40.:13:47.

Anderlecht at Old Trafford, looking to build on a 1-all draw

:13:48.:13:50.

from the first leg. Jose Mourinho is earmarked as a way

:13:51.:13:59.

to get back into the leg. It is their big chance.

:14:00.:14:02.

Here's Matt with a look at this morning's weather.

:14:03.:14:07.

Good morning. Let's get Thursday on the way with some fairly cloudy

:14:08.:14:20.

conditions. Most well and truly frost free. Cloudy start but mainly

:14:21.:14:27.

dry. A bit of a damp start. One of two showers across the far west of

:14:28.:14:32.

Scotland. Cloudy at the moment but a bit of sunshine to the east of

:14:33.:14:36.

Scotland. Damp on the ground in north-west England. Some rain

:14:37.:14:41.

through the night through the South Pennines. It will ease off in

:14:42.:14:48.

intensity, fairly light and patchy through the morning but across the

:14:49.:14:51.

south and into East Anglia, a bit of a chilly start but there is a

:14:52.:14:55.

morning sunshine. A fair bit of cloud to can pay with what we saw

:14:56.:15:02.

yesterday. Generally, England and Wales are cloudy compared to

:15:03.:15:05.

yesterday. A bit of afternoon sunshine. One or two light showers.

:15:06.:15:13.

We'll continue to see some rain and its East of Scotland, north-east

:15:14.:15:15.

England where we see that temperatures up to 17 degrees. We

:15:16.:15:21.

finished the day with a bit of a breeze blowing across northern

:15:22.:15:24.

Scotland, with outbreaks of rain through the night and some showery

:15:25.:15:29.

rain into Northern Ireland and north-west England and Wales. Cloudy

:15:30.:15:33.

skies and a frost free night with temperatures holding up quite

:15:34.:15:39.

nicely. Into tomorrow, expect more rain across Scotland and Northern

:15:40.:15:43.

Ireland. Reverse fortunes around again. Passing showers in the north

:15:44.:15:49.

of England and Wales before things turn and Scotland turns brighter but

:15:50.:15:53.

the weather front to set parades the milder south, with 18 or 19,

:15:54.:15:57.

the weather front to set parades the temperatures falling back well down

:15:58.:16:00.

into single figures by the end of the day. The air works its way to

:16:01.:16:05.

the south as we go through Friday and into the weekend, with the high

:16:06.:16:08.

pressure still close by to the weather front does not have much on

:16:09.:16:13.

it as it hits the South and only one or two showers and the forecast,

:16:14.:16:16.

primarily across some eastern areas. More of a breeze but further west,

:16:17.:16:20.

lighter winds, should feel quite pleasant. Chile into Sunday and on

:16:21.:16:26.

Sunday, this is what we will see. It turns wet and windy on Sunday.

:16:27.:16:34.

Potentially some gale force winds, and as the low precious zips off

:16:35.:16:40.

towards Scandinavia, and early heads up, it will feel cold late April and

:16:41.:16:45.

it could be a bit wintry for some Woodlands sums over hills.

:16:46.:16:58.

You're watching Breakfast from BBC News.

:16:59.:17:00.

Jeremy Corbyn vows to prove the establishment wrong

:17:01.:17:07.

as he launches his prime ministerial bid on the first full day

:17:08.:17:10.

Theresa May begins her campaign in Labour heartlands telling voters

:17:11.:17:14.

only she can deliver strong and stable government.

:17:15.:17:18.

It really has started, hasn't it? Thank goodness you're here to

:17:19.:17:27.

distract us all from it! It's going to ruin our lives for the next

:17:28.:17:29.

several weeks! Let's have a look at

:17:30.:17:30.

this morning's papers. Talking about the issue as to what

:17:31.:17:40.

will be in the manifesto. Those in the Daily Mail say they already

:17:41.:17:48.

know, they claim what they think will be in the manifesto. The Tory

:17:49.:17:54.

manifesto will be significantly different this time around two 2015.

:17:55.:17:58.

On the front page of the Guardian, Bill Gates has said that many lives

:17:59.:18:03.

may be lost if the Tories cut foreign aid. He says that the UK

:18:04.:18:09.

will lose influence if they tear up their pledge on foreign aid. Bill

:18:10.:18:17.

Gates has given a lot of time to this, one of his great passions. In

:18:18.:18:23.

relation to the idea that Labour and the SNP, according to the Tories, it

:18:24.:18:31.

has been denied that it is a coalition of chaos. The Daily

:18:32.:18:37.

Express is talking about a story we are discussing this morning, a new

:18:38.:18:40.

drug which could potentially have great side-effects for those with

:18:41.:18:46.

dementia. It is an antidepressant that has been called and encouraging

:18:47.:18:56.

development. A lot of people will be talking about what any change in

:18:57.:19:05.

government might mean for the economy, the IMF has said that

:19:06.:19:11.

posterity is over, governments across the rich world increased

:19:12.:19:20.

spending. Whether the UK government does that is anyone's guess. Overall

:19:21.:19:25.

they are saying that it looks like things are changing in terms of the

:19:26.:19:28.

global economy. Another story I want to tell you about is how popular

:19:29.:19:35.

tequila has become! In which household? Possibly mine! They have

:19:36.:19:43.

rocketed from 46 million to 103 million. Shots of tequila, that is

:19:44.:19:52.

how we are getting through things! That is a huge jump. Can you match

:19:53.:20:00.

that? Sadly, no, probably good for this time of mourning. In the mail,

:20:01.:20:08.

the baby is due in the autumn, which means potentially she could return

:20:09.:20:13.

for the French open in 2018. But the Mail has suggested she may retire

:20:14.:20:20.

after giving birth to her first child at a Mail. If there is anyone

:20:21.:20:24.

who can come back, it is Serena Williams. She would be returning for

:20:25.:20:33.

months before her 37th birthday. A lot of men who have had children,

:20:34.:20:36.

obviously they haven't given birth, they have said that fatherhood,

:20:37.:20:43.

players such as Andy Murray and Novak Djokovic, they have said it

:20:44.:20:53.

gives them a new lease of life -- four. Did we see yesterday, Victoria

:20:54.:21:05.

Beckham was awarded her OBE. A momentous moment in her life, she

:21:06.:21:09.

has admitted she has only really got five friends. I quite like this

:21:10.:21:16.

idea. She says she has five proper friends who stick by her, quality

:21:17.:21:23.

over quantity. Does via sound about right? We've got that right here --

:21:24.:21:39.

five. Maybe except for Nigel no mates on the end of the sofa.

:21:40.:21:42.

As the UK gears up for a general election, voters in France

:21:43.:21:45.

are getting closer to deciding who their new President will be.

:21:46.:21:48.

This weekend's result will be closely watched as both left

:21:49.:21:51.

and populist candidates campaign hard on issues that could have big

:21:52.:21:54.

Breakfast's Graham Satchell has been on a French exchange

:21:55.:21:58.

between the twinned towns of Tredegar in South Wales

:21:59.:22:00.

We are on the West Coast of France. On board, a group of French and

:22:01.:22:16.

Welsh people whose towns have been twinned for almost 40 years. They

:22:17.:22:25.

share Rotary and a deep mistrust of traditional politics -- camaraderie.

:22:26.:22:34.

We are fed up with the old way of doing politics. Fed up and slightly

:22:35.:22:40.

confused, the French face a dizzying array of candidates for president,

:22:41.:22:44.

11 in all. What is astonishing about this election is the almost complete

:22:45.:22:50.

rejection of mainstream politics. The French President is very

:22:51.:22:54.

unlikely to come from either of the two parties that has won friends

:22:55.:23:02.

since the war. What happens is so new. -- run. The Welsh contingent

:23:03.:23:10.

come from Tredegar, the parts of south Wales are voted for by Rex it.

:23:11.:23:15.

Many in France have the same worries about the EU and immigration, its

:23:16.:23:22.

winery McCain is doing well. They say, what are the politicians doing

:23:23.:23:27.

for us? As far as the immigration is concerned, they think they are doing

:23:28.:23:31.

nothing. I think this is why a certain lady may be leading France

:23:32.:23:41.

soon. Dissatisfaction with the centre-left and centre-right has

:23:42.:23:46.

opened the door to Marine Le Pen and the far left candidate. The prospect

:23:47.:23:50.

of either at candidate actually winning has left some in a spin. To

:23:51.:23:59.

have Marine Le Pen, or the left candidate, would be extremely

:24:00.:24:04.

detrimental. Time for lunch. There is an alternative to the extremes, a

:24:05.:24:09.

new party at the centre with a candidate who has never stood for

:24:10.:24:16.

election before. Emmanuel Macron. He is... He is attractive, he has an

:24:17.:24:26.

attractive programme. I think many French people are not sure about

:24:27.:24:32.

him. Some days he says White, sometimes black, we don't know

:24:33.:24:36.

exactly what he thinks. And manual micron and Marine Le Pen are the

:24:37.:24:41.

front-runners in a close race. Read it and wants to take friends out of

:24:42.:24:49.

the EU, whereas Emmanuel Macron is a staunch supporter. -- Marine Le Pen

:24:50.:24:58.

-- Emmanuel Macron. Many here have watched it rakes it in Donald Trump,

:24:59.:25:03.

and say anything could happen -- watched Brexit. However, the people

:25:04.:25:11.

of Tredegar and Orvault will remain friends no matter what happens.

:25:12.:25:16.

Still to come this morning: Drugs which might be able to stop

:25:17.:25:20.

Alzheimer's and Parkinson's have been discovered by scientists.

:25:21.:25:22.

We'll speak to the lead researcher about its significance.

:25:23.:25:30.

Jeremy Corbyn has ruled out any post-election coalition

:25:31.:25:40.

with the Scottish National Party in the event of a hung parliament.

:25:41.:25:43.

The SNP has said it would be prepared to work with other parties

:25:44.:25:48.

But the Labour leader said he did not regard

:25:49.:25:51.

School meals should include fewer puddings and more fresh

:25:52.:25:59.

vegetables, according to a report published today.

:26:00.:26:01.

Obesity Action Scotland says improvements to school meals

:26:02.:26:06.

could play an important part in reducing childhood obesity.

:26:07.:26:08.

It wants to highlight the issue ahead of the council elections

:26:09.:26:11.

in two weeks time and wants candidates to commit

:26:12.:26:13.

New research suggests that cycling to work could almost halve people's

:26:14.:26:20.

risk of developing heart disease and cancer.

:26:21.:26:22.

Scientists at Glasgow University analysed data from more

:26:23.:26:25.

than 250,000 people over a period of five years,

:26:26.:26:27.

and compared people who had an "active" commute with those

:26:28.:26:29.

The overall message is Alicia gets more people on bicycles and we need

:26:30.:26:40.

to change the design of transport systems and cities to make it easier

:26:41.:26:45.

for people to get on their bicycles. This will cost money up front but it

:26:46.:26:50.

is likely to be substantially saving in terms of effect on public health

:26:51.:26:54.

and reduce pollution and congestion in cities so there are a number of

:26:55.:26:58.

wins associated with changing our transport system to make it easier

:26:59.:26:59.

for people. The all-male club of the Hall

:27:00.:27:02.

of Heroes at Stirling's Wallace After almost 115 years,

:27:03.:27:04.

the room of 16 busts including Sir Walter Scott

:27:05.:27:10.

and Robert the Bruce will see the addition

:27:11.:27:11.

of its first female members - the missionary Mary Slessor

:27:12.:27:14.

and Maggie Keswick Jenks, co- founder of the Maggies cancer

:27:15.:27:16.

centre. The monument itself is to William

:27:17.:27:31.

Wallace a Scottish Euro and the whole represents a number of

:27:32.:27:33.

different men's who have over the years contributed enormously.

:27:34.:27:38.

Visitors over the years have said to us, why are the only men in the Hall

:27:39.:27:41.

of heroes and no women and it really goes back to the fact that the

:27:42.:27:46.

original busts were installed between 1869 when the monument was

:27:47.:27:51.

built and 87 soldiers over 100 years since it has even been an additional

:27:52.:27:53.

cost of a man. Good morning. If fairly cloudy start

:27:54.:28:02.

to the day, outbreaks bricks arranged through western parts more

:28:03.:28:07.

persistent rain through Shetland will continue to seek further south

:28:08.:28:11.

lingering for a time. It's very a lot of dry weather with any process

:28:12.:28:16.

and shop supply the best and eastern parts. Muguruza your top temperature

:28:17.:28:22.

of between 15 and 17 Celsius. The rest of the afternoon and into

:28:23.:28:25.

overnight, leaving through October continue to move farther south

:28:26.:28:29.

becoming persistent through the Highlands. Elsewhere right and

:28:30.:28:36.

patchy rain with the least always fearing best and certainly not

:28:37.:28:41.

because it to come, mild. The rain tomorrow moves farther south and

:28:42.:28:45.

behind it and other fresh air is a mixture of some brightness and.

:28:46.:28:46.

I'll be back with another update at 6.55

:28:47.:28:48.

-- I'll. You can also tune in to BBC London radio. Goodbye for now.

:28:49.:28:56.

Hello this is Breakfast, with Sally Nugent and Charlie Stayt.

:28:57.:29:02.

Those of you setting off for work today may want to cycle

:29:03.:29:11.

We'll take a look at a study which says it cuts the risk

:29:12.:29:15.

of developing heart disease and cancer by almost half.

:29:16.:29:18.

Also this morning, you may remember the story

:29:19.:29:20.

of the BBC camera crew caught up in an explosion on Mount Etna.

:29:21.:29:23.

We'll bring you the story they were there to film.

:29:24.:29:31.

I went to meet Johanna Konta - the most successful

:29:32.:29:39.

female British tennis player since Virginia Wade.

:29:40.:29:44.

We talked about her love of the game and her hopes for the future.

:29:45.:29:50.

But now a summary of this morning's main news.

:29:51.:29:57.

The Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn says he'll stand up for the British

:29:58.:30:00.

people who are being held back by a system rigged in favour

:30:01.:30:03.

In his first major speech of the election campaign,

:30:04.:30:08.

says he rejects the idea the result is a "foregone conclusion".

:30:09.:30:12.

Meanwhile, Theresa May says "strong and stable" leadership

:30:13.:30:14.

is at the heart of her pitch to voters

:30:15.:30:20.

In a speech in Bolton, the Prime Minister

:30:21.:30:22.

warned of a potential "coalition of chaos" led by Mr Corbyn.

:30:23.:30:25.

Although the Labour leader ruled out forming a post-election alliance

:30:26.:30:28.

The billionaire philanthropist Bill Gates has warned Theresa May

:30:29.:30:31.

that reducing the government's commitment to foreign aid

:30:32.:30:33.

who's the founder of Microsoft - said British people would be proud

:30:34.:30:40.

of the spending, if they could see its impact.

:30:41.:30:45.

The Prime Minister has refused to say whether she will retain

:30:46.:30:53.

a pledge to spend at least 0.7%

:30:54.:30:55.

of national income on overseas development.

:30:56.:30:57.

We'll take a detailed look at how the parties are performing

:30:58.:31:00.

in the polls at ten past seven this morning.

:31:01.:31:04.

Scientists have discovered drugs which may be able to stop

:31:05.:31:07.

Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and a wide range of degenerative brain

:31:08.:31:09.

One of them is already safely given to people with depression. Clinical

:31:10.:31:19.

trials are planned. The finding is described as important and

:31:20.:31:20.

potentially a major step forward. In 10 minutes we'll be finding out

:31:21.:31:25.

more about these drugs with the lead Services in and out of one

:31:26.:31:29.

of London's busiest train stations are expected to return

:31:30.:31:36.

to normal this morning, after a fire caused serious delays

:31:37.:31:39.

and cancellations yesterday. Network Rail said engineers worked

:31:40.:31:41.

overnight to restore services to Euston, which serves

:31:42.:31:43.

the West Coast mainline through the Midlands,

:31:44.:31:46.

North West England and Scotland. The station was shut for much

:31:47.:31:48.

of yesterday when a fire next to the track damaged signalling

:31:49.:31:51.

and cut power to the station. Test results on victims of an attack

:31:52.:31:55.

in Syria earlier this month confirm the nerve agent, sarin,

:31:56.:31:59.

or a similar substance was used - according to the global chemical

:32:00.:32:02.

weapons watchdog, the OPCW. The attack killed

:32:03.:32:04.

at least 87 people. The Syrian government has denied

:32:05.:32:06.

using chemical weapons. American troops are taking part

:32:07.:32:10.

in a military exercise with South Korea today,

:32:11.:32:12.

an action which Pyongyang has The government in Washington

:32:13.:32:14.

says the eleven-day exercises were planned months ago,

:32:15.:32:20.

and happens every year. Called Operation Max Thunder,

:32:21.:32:31.

it involves about 80 aircraft, and about 500 South

:32:32.:32:34.

Korean officials. Cycling to work could halve the risk

:32:35.:32:36.

of developing heart disease and cancer, according

:32:37.:32:39.

to new research published today Scientists at the

:32:40.:32:42.

University of Glasgow, who analysed data from more

:32:43.:32:45.

than 250,000 people, said walking reduced the risk

:32:46.:32:47.

of the same conditions by a quarter. Cycling, even better. We will be

:32:48.:33:02.

discussing that later. John is here with all the support. Some happy

:33:03.:33:06.

news. Great news for Serena Williams. You might see her play

:33:07.:33:15.

again, I am sure she will be back. Because she is expecting her first

:33:16.:33:22.

child and that means when she won the Australian Open, she was about

:33:23.:33:25.

eight weeks pregnant which is just incredible. Not only she all but

:33:26.:33:30.

trophies, she is expecting at child. In this post on social media

:33:31.:33:34.

yesterday afternoon, she appeared to show off a bump

:33:35.:33:36.

with caption '20 weeks'. Her most likely return to action

:33:37.:33:47.

could be the French Open in 2018. Williams announced her engagement to

:33:48.:33:53.

the co-founder of Reddit in December.

:33:54.:33:55.

Andy Murray has made a winning return to competitive tennis

:33:56.:33:58.

after a month out with an elbow injury.

:33:59.:34:00.

The world number one took less than two hours to beat

:34:01.:34:03.

Gilles Muller at the Monte Carlo Masters.

:34:04.:34:05.

He last played on the ATP Tour in Indian Wells in March.

:34:06.:34:08.

British number three Kyle Edmund pushed defending champion

:34:09.:34:10.

Rafael Nadal to a deciding set before eventually going out.

:34:11.:34:13.

Nadal is aiming for his 10th Monte Carlo title.

:34:14.:34:18.

Sam Warburton will captain the British and Irish Lions

:34:19.:34:21.

on their tour to New Zealand this summer.

:34:22.:34:23.

Warburton led the Lions to a series victory in Australia four years ago

:34:24.:34:27.

and he knows this challenge will be far tougher than that.

:34:28.:34:34.

Every player from one to 20 through has to come through every Test match

:34:35.:34:43.

to take the win and I'm not saying it's easy, I wouldn't presume that,

:34:44.:34:49.

to beat them but the series should be tough, they got a great record at

:34:50.:34:53.

home. They are extremely tough to beat.

:34:54.:34:54.

Barcelona are out of the Champions League

:34:55.:34:56.

after they again failed to score against Juventus.

:34:57.:34:58.

It finished goalless at the Camp Nou last night

:34:59.:35:00.

in the second leg of their quarter-final -

:35:01.:35:02.

so the Italian side went through 3-nil on aggregate.

:35:03.:35:05.

That avenged their defeat to Barca in the 2015 final,

:35:06.:35:07.

Neymar clearly devastated at the final whistle.

:35:08.:35:13.

Monaco will be joining Juventus in the semi-finals.

:35:14.:35:15.

Former Chelsea and Manchester United striker Radamel Falcao

:35:16.:35:19.

was on the scoresheet as they beat Borussia Dortmund 3-1 on the night,

:35:20.:35:23.

Manchester United can secure their place in the semi-finals

:35:24.:35:40.

They play Anderlecht at Old Trafford

:35:41.:35:46.

looking to build on their 1-all draw from the first leg.

:35:47.:35:49.

Captain Wayne Rooney could return from injury.

:35:50.:35:51.

Winning the Europa League would guarantee United a place

:35:52.:35:53.

in next season's Champions League - even if they finish outside

:35:54.:35:56.

When you get into this level, the motivation has to be very high. We

:35:57.:36:11.

must equalise at least. They lack motivation and Anderlecht dream to

:36:12.:36:14.

go because we showed in Brussels that we had a stronger team.

:36:15.:36:22.

We've had one of the biggest shocks in World Snooker Championship

:36:23.:36:25.

The world number two and pre-tournament favourite

:36:26.:36:27.

Judd Trump has been knocked out in the first round.

:36:28.:36:30.

And the man that beat him...1000-to-one shot Rory McLeod.

:36:31.:36:32.

It's only the second time McLeod has made it in to the second

:36:33.:36:36.

round at the Crucible, in his 26 years as a professional.

:36:37.:36:39.

It goes to show, the success that comes in your later years if you

:36:40.:36:48.

persevere. Talking about Serena Williams having a they will --a baby

:36:49.:36:54.

and she will be 37 potentially when she returns. Will she continue? Why

:36:55.:36:59.

not? More and more sportsmen and women are enjoying success later.

:37:00.:37:07.

Later in the programme, we are talking to Joh Konta who is known

:37:08.:37:10.

for being a late developer, saying she did not get really great until

:37:11.:37:12.

her 20s. More a little bit later. Millions of people across the UK

:37:13.:37:20.

live with diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's

:37:21.:37:23.

and Multiple Sclerosis But today, scientists are announcing

:37:24.:37:24.

a major breakthrough. They've discovered two

:37:25.:37:29.

drugs that could help - and one is already

:37:30.:37:31.

used for depression. Joining us from our London

:37:32.:37:34.

newsroom is Giovanna Malucci who led

:37:35.:37:37.

the research. Could you explain to us in layman 's

:37:38.:37:46.

terms, if you could, the significance of your discovery?

:37:47.:37:54.

Thank you. A few years ago, we discovered a pathway in brain cells

:37:55.:37:58.

which leads to bad debt in mice, this is, but we know the pathways

:37:59.:38:03.

are also involved in many of the human diseases. Then we discovered a

:38:04.:38:09.

compound, an experimental compound that completely protected mice from

:38:10.:38:14.

two different types of brain disease but that was toxic to the pancreas

:38:15.:38:19.

is that was not possible to take forward. Although we had a great

:38:20.:38:22.

pathway and the potential to intervene, we didn't have the right

:38:23.:38:27.

compound. To what we have done is screen the library of essentially

:38:28.:38:32.

licensed and mostly brain penetrating safe compounds and we

:38:33.:38:37.

found two which are protected in two different mouse models of brain

:38:38.:38:41.

degeneration and the real advance here, it's the same pathway for the

:38:42.:38:45.

same effect but these are safe compounds which can be rapidly put

:38:46.:38:49.

into clinical trials so we are not promising a cure but we are seeing

:38:50.:38:53.

the discovery now puts us into a position to test whether this is a

:38:54.:38:59.

valid and possible benefit for patients quite quickly. Just give us

:39:00.:39:04.

an idea of the timescale. You are saying the trial could start right

:39:05.:39:10.

away? There is the barrier we need for funding and a small amount of

:39:11.:39:16.

paperwork, ethical approval but this is not a new lead compound which is

:39:17.:39:21.

ten, 20 years away. If we get it going, we can get these trials off

:39:22.:39:26.

the ground very soon. Tell us more about those trials. A lot of people

:39:27.:39:31.

listening to you talking would say, I love my family member, someone who

:39:32.:39:36.

is suffering, to be part of one of those trials and possibly in the

:39:37.:39:40.

future, benefit from what happens. Tell us more. They haven't happened

:39:41.:39:48.

yet. That is our next step. We will have discussions about setting goes

:39:49.:39:54.

up imminently. But they would be straightforward and there would

:39:55.:39:57.

simply be a daily dose basically and we would use trazodone first which

:39:58.:40:04.

is licensed antidepressant. It is used in the past dementia sometimes

:40:05.:40:10.

for agitation but we would use it in early to moderate disease and we

:40:11.:40:17.

would know as we did with the unfortunate failures of the other

:40:18.:40:21.

trials, within two or three years, you will know whether this is

:40:22.:40:25.

changing the disease course and have to emphasise, we are not expecting a

:40:26.:40:30.

cure. We will not cure these disorders but if we stop them in

:40:31.:40:34.

their tracks and we change the way their progress, we will radically

:40:35.:40:38.

change the course and the natural history of diseases like Alzheimer's

:40:39.:40:43.

and other dementia. People will still be able to hold onto a

:40:44.:40:48.

meaningful quality of life and stay out of institutional care. That is

:40:49.:40:53.

what we are hoping for. But we are still at the testing stage and the

:40:54.:40:57.

only thing we have is the rapidity of being able to do these trials

:40:58.:41:02.

which is a great excitement. When you have done the discovery work in

:41:03.:41:06.

mice, it's great to test it in humans but it is still in a testing

:41:07.:41:10.

stage. Take us forward from that point. After the trials have taken

:41:11.:41:16.

place, in theory, how soon could those products be available? There

:41:17.:41:23.

are two drugs. Trazodone is licensed, off-peak and readily

:41:24.:41:29.

available. The other is not yet but it's fairly far advanced in that it

:41:30.:41:33.

is in clinical trials for cancer in patients but that is not licensed. I

:41:34.:41:38.

don't know how long that would take but presumably of its safe and

:41:39.:41:43.

effective, that could also be not far away. Giovanna Mallucci, thank

:41:44.:41:57.

you very much to your research. The story goes, the Prime Minister

:41:58.:42:01.

decided to call a general election for June while on a walking holiday

:42:02.:42:03.

in Wales. The decision took the

:42:04.:42:06.

country by surprise. So, was it the beautiful

:42:07.:42:08.

surroundings of Snowdonia We've sent Holly Hamilton

:42:09.:42:10.

to the rural market town of Dolgellau

:42:11.:42:14.

to see how the locals feel about being at the centre

:42:15.:42:16.

of the election story so far, We are about as far away from the

:42:17.:42:26.

Westminster bubble as you can get but it is beautiful and as you say,

:42:27.:42:30.

this is how the story went, that Theresa May came here for a 5- day

:42:31.:42:34.

walking and thinking holiday and this is where she made that decision

:42:35.:42:39.

to go to the polls on June the eighth. The town has been quite

:42:40.:42:43.

happy to have had this guest and the fact she has made that decision. You

:42:44.:42:49.

are a business owner here. What is your reaction been to the fact that

:42:50.:42:53.

Theresa May came here to the town and made that decision? Regardless

:42:54.:42:59.

of your political stance, it's been fantastic for the town. Having

:43:00.:43:03.

Dolgellau's name in the national newspapers and social media has been

:43:04.:43:07.

fantastic. Beautiful as we are in southern Snowdonia, I'm not

:43:08.:43:12.

surprised she came here. This is real thinking country. It is some

:43:13.:43:16.

way you can have peace and quiet, there are a million and one walks

:43:17.:43:21.

you can go on, wander around if you want to make a big decision. Making

:43:22.:43:25.

a big decision somewhere like this, far away from the Westminster.

:43:26.:43:30.

David, are you looking forward to another election? I feel that we

:43:31.:43:36.

don't really need it. It's going to be very divisive and a challenge to

:43:37.:43:41.

the union. It will all be about Brexit again. I think it's a shame.

:43:42.:43:48.

How do people here feel about that? Specifically with Brexit because

:43:49.:43:52.

this is an area which is believed -- received a lot of funding. I think

:43:53.:43:58.

it will help but it's a great shame. Sharon, you also run a bed and

:43:59.:44:03.

Breakfast here. What has been your reaction? I think it's important

:44:04.:44:07.

that as a member of the general public and business owner, that you

:44:08.:44:12.

think about what is important and you need to listen to the

:44:13.:44:15.

manifestoes and you need to make your votes. You can't think it is a

:44:16.:44:19.

foregone conclusion. We need to understand what is important as an

:44:20.:44:24.

individual and business and the community. And make sure we votes.

:44:25.:44:27.

That's the important thing, that some are getting maybe a little bit

:44:28.:44:33.

of a voter fatigue but at the same time, people agree it is important

:44:34.:44:38.

to get out. Make sure you are registered, when you live overseas

:44:39.:44:41.

or are on holiday, make your vote count. Maybe a bit of advice from

:44:42.:44:46.

people here and possibly Theresa May that if you are looking to vote and

:44:47.:44:50.

take some time to have a think about it, come somewhere like this but

:44:51.:44:54.

getting a pretty sown -- pretty soon, it gets busy in the summer.

:44:55.:44:59.

It's beautiful. I hope that Holly comes back with a load of new ideas

:45:00.:45:04.

for the programme. Perhaps inspired for the surroundings. In summer,

:45:05.:45:08.

it's beautiful. You're watching

:45:09.:45:12.

Breakfast from BBC News. Jeremy Corbyn vows to prove

:45:13.:45:14.

the establishment wrong as he launches his prime ministerial

:45:15.:45:18.

bid on the first full day Theresa May begins her campaign

:45:19.:45:21.

in Labour heartlands telling voters only she can deliver strong

:45:22.:45:26.

and stable government. Here's Matt with a look

:45:27.:45:34.

at this morning's weather. Only he can tell us if Holly will

:45:35.:45:53.

get a tan in Snowdonia. Absolute Lynott, I'm afraid. Some stunning

:45:54.:45:58.

shots this morning, sunshine picking through the cloud. -- absolutely

:45:59.:46:10.

not. Some sunshine in the east of Scotland, great conditions across

:46:11.:46:13.

Scotland and Northern Ireland. The odd shower to the north and west of

:46:14.:46:17.

Scotland. Brightening up quite quickly over the next few hours,

:46:18.:46:24.

drizzle across greater Manchester and Merseyside will ease. We will

:46:25.:46:31.

see some rain and drizzle come and go. A dry start in chilly to the

:46:32.:46:36.

south and east of England, some frost across Kent at the moment. A

:46:37.:46:43.

cool morning. If you see some breaks of cloud later on, temperatures will

:46:44.:46:48.

lift up quite nicely. Some showers, fairly light across England and

:46:49.:46:54.

Wales. Sunny and bright conditions through the afternoon. Tonight,

:46:55.:47:05.

quite breezy across Scotland. Further outbreaks of rain in the

:47:06.:47:15.

north and west. Plenty of cloud around, stopping the frost.

:47:16.:47:19.

Temperatures lowest towards the south-west of England. A cool start

:47:20.:47:24.

here in the country side. Elsewhere, lots of cloud to begin with.

:47:25.:47:29.

Southern areas brightening up. Scotland working south, a few

:47:30.:47:32.

showers in northern England. Scotland brightening up towards the

:47:33.:47:36.

end of the day. This weather front will be in Northern Ireland and

:47:37.:47:41.

southern Scotland by the end of the day. Could get up to 19 in the

:47:42.:47:45.

south. Temperatures in single figures further north. That front

:47:46.:47:50.

pushing in on the weekend. High pressure in charge, not much

:47:51.:47:54.

rainfall on that weather front as it clears from the south. One or two

:47:55.:47:58.

showers on Saturday. Mostly dry with some sunny spells. The best in the

:47:59.:48:04.

west. Feeling pleasant in the sunshine. A cool start to Sunday, at

:48:05.:48:09.

daytime temperatures higher than those on Saturday. Some rain in

:48:10.:48:14.

northern Scotland, gales could develop later on. Eventually

:48:15.:48:17.

introducing colder weather for next week. That is how it's looking.

:48:18.:48:26.

Finance Ministers, central bankers and big business are gathering

:48:27.:48:29.

in Washington later today - an annual meeting that looks at how

:48:30.:48:32.

the economies of the world are working.

:48:33.:48:34.

Steph is looking at how that related to the prices we pay and the jobs

:48:35.:48:38.

There is some good news about how the global economy is doing.

:48:39.:48:42.

We spend a lot of time talking about the economy here -

:48:43.:48:46.

but actuallym the health of America, Europe and Asia has a massive impact

:48:47.:48:50.

on the prices we pay in the shops and the jobs and pay available here.

:48:51.:48:54.

Globally, we had been experiencing a bit of a slowdown in recent months

:48:55.:48:57.

due to a lot of things, politics, conflict and still a massive

:48:58.:49:01.

But data from the International Monetary Fund, which works

:49:02.:49:17.

with almost 200 countries promoting trade and reducing poverty,

:49:18.:49:20.

suggests the world's economy is finally picking up.

:49:21.:49:22.

Charlotte Harington from Fidelity International

:49:23.:49:23.

What are your thoughts on this? and why it matters.

:49:24.:49:28.

What are your thoughts on this? Things are getting better? Yes, the

:49:29.:49:32.

IMF have upgraded their outlook for both the UK and also globally. In

:49:33.:49:40.

the last 6-9 months, it has been marked with low unemployment rate

:49:41.:49:48.

rates and growing confidence. It has been quite turbulent few years with

:49:49.:49:55.

the politics going on in the UK, and more uncertainty in the general

:49:56.:50:02.

election. Why do you think this is occurring? It is not really a change

:50:03.:50:07.

to the structural long-term average growth rate, but it is a mini cycle

:50:08.:50:13.

upswing that we are seeing. Looking at how the UK is doing compared to

:50:14.:50:18.

countries around the world, how is it doing? If we look more to the

:50:19.:50:24.

future, it is slightly lagging globally. So far, the UK has

:50:25.:50:33.

surprised many. That is the result of a robust consumer. Looking at the

:50:34.:50:37.

global economy, what do you think are the important factors in future

:50:38.:50:42.

for us? Low interest rates have been a great support. The gradual

:50:43.:50:47.

normalisation of monetary policy in the US. Also, there are some risks.

:50:48.:50:56.

China remains a risk. Also this move to protectionism with the potential

:50:57.:51:00.

for trade terms. We will be watching those things which could potentially

:51:01.:51:05.

slow this down. I started off saying how the global economy has an impact

:51:06.:51:12.

in the UK, why is that? The UK has had quite a significant appreciation

:51:13.:51:19.

in the currency. That will see prices rise. At the same time, the

:51:20.:51:24.

Labour market is quite touch. Unemployment is very low. There is

:51:25.:51:28.

potential for wage growth. Those two factors combined, that will market

:51:29.:51:35.

the outlook for the consumer in the UK. Thank you very much for your

:51:36.:51:40.

time this morning. We will be discussing this more gust after

:51:41.:51:53.

seven o'clock this morning. A few months ago, you would never have

:51:54.:51:57.

thought you would be talking about the success of British tennis

:51:58.:51:58.

players. At just 25 years old,

:51:59.:51:59.

Johanna Konta isn't doing too She's the most successful British

:52:00.:52:02.

female tennis player since Virginia After winning the Miami Open last

:52:03.:52:06.

month, she's ranked number 7 But she doesn't plan to stop there -

:52:07.:52:09.

her dream, she says, She invited me to join her

:52:10.:52:13.

at the National Tennis Centre to chat about her love of the game,

:52:14.:52:18.

the LTA's Tennis for Kid's scheme My dream has always been to be

:52:19.:52:38.

number one in the world, to win titles and be at the top of the

:52:39.:52:43.

game. I am doing everything in my power to make that come true. We are

:52:44.:52:48.

here this morning with one of the fastest rising tennis dials in the

:52:49.:52:52.

world. She has her eyes firmly fixed on the number one spot. She has

:52:53.:53:06.

given us exclusive access look at that -- tennis stars. Hello, nice to

:53:07.:53:13.

see you! Congratulations! Welcome to, I guess it is my home in a way.

:53:14.:53:22.

I used to sleep there, so I literally used to live here. I

:53:23.:53:27.

actually lived pretty much on the tennis court. That's how you get

:53:28.:53:39.

good. I woke my dad up to get to practise at the crack of dawn. He

:53:40.:53:44.

told me I needed to invest energy into it, I needed to get up and

:53:45.:53:48.

trained before school. Once he realised I would be waking him up

:53:49.:53:52.

every morning, initially, he wondered, what have I got myself

:53:53.:53:58.

into? You said you want to be world number one? I do. That has been a

:53:59.:54:04.

dream of mine since I was a young girl. It continues to be my dream. I

:54:05.:54:08.

think it will be as long as I am playing this sport. I need to keep

:54:09.:54:12.

focusing on my work because I know that will bring the best out in me.

:54:13.:54:23.

What does that do? When my feet get too tight, it helps loosen me up.

:54:24.:54:29.

What is this doing? I am really just trying to loosen it up a bit. So

:54:30.:54:34.

that I'm not stiff as a bored when I start warming up. Is there still

:54:35.:54:43.

some way to go to make men's and women's tennis even? There has

:54:44.:54:50.

become so much more depth in our game -- board. It is becoming more

:54:51.:54:54.

exciting, but it is also important not to compare us to mean in terms

:54:55.:55:03.

of our tennis. We work in different ways, but we were just as hard and

:55:04.:55:07.

commit our lives to the sport, just as they do. It is a great time to be

:55:08.:55:14.

part of women's tennis and British tennis in general. It is a very

:55:15.:55:18.

exciting period and I am really enjoying it. I was wanted to be just

:55:19.:55:26.

the best version of myself. I'm sorry to say I did ask are the W

:55:27.:55:35.

question, Wimbledon. For a British tennis player, it must hang heavily

:55:36.:55:39.

on her shoulders. But those shoulders could do it! Staying on

:55:40.:55:43.

the sporting theme now. Still to come this morning,

:55:44.:55:49.

we'll meet the 9 year old who designed these mascots for

:55:50.:55:52.

the World Athletics Championships Jeremy Corbyn has ruled out any

:55:53.:55:55.

post-election coalition with the Scottish National Party

:55:56.:56:08.

in the event of a hung parliament. The SNP has said it would be

:56:09.:56:11.

prepared to work with other parties But the Labour leader

:56:12.:56:14.

said he did not regard School meals should include fewer

:56:15.:56:18.

puddings and more fresh vegetables, according

:56:19.:56:25.

to a report published today. Obesity Action Scotland says

:56:26.:56:27.

improvements to school meals could play an important part

:56:28.:56:29.

in reducing childhood obesity. It wants to highlight the issue

:56:30.:56:32.

ahead of the council elections in two weeks time and wants

:56:33.:56:34.

candidates to commit New research suggests that cycling

:56:35.:56:37.

to work could almost halve people's risk of developing heart

:56:38.:56:42.

disease and cancer. Scientists at Glasgow University

:56:43.:56:47.

analysed data from more than 250,000 people over

:56:48.:56:48.

a period of five years, and compared people who had

:56:49.:56:51.

an "active" commute with those The overall message is about getting

:56:52.:56:53.

more people on bicycles and we need to change the design of transport

:56:54.:57:03.

systems it cities to make it easier This will cost money up front

:57:04.:57:06.

but it is likely to be substantially saving in terms of the effect

:57:07.:57:12.

on public health and reduce pollution and congestion in cities

:57:13.:57:16.

so there are a number of wins associated with changing our

:57:17.:57:19.

transport system to make it easier Edinburgh University has been chosen

:57:20.:57:22.

as one of six centres which will be part of the new UK Dementia Research

:57:23.:57:32.

Institute. It's been created to develop ways

:57:33.:57:34.

of diagnosing and treating dementia. Researchers also hope

:57:35.:57:37.

to identify strategies which will help to improve care

:57:38.:57:39.

for people living with conditions, such as Alzheimer's,

:57:40.:57:41.

Parkinson's and Huntington's. Breakfast time weather now -

:57:42.:57:50.

and it's over to Anne A fairly cloudy start

:57:51.:57:52.

to the day, outbreaks of rain in short supply, the best

:57:53.:58:09.

in eastern parts. Top temperature between

:58:10.:58:11.

15 and 17 Celsius. Brightening up for Shetland is it a

:58:12.:58:25.

goes on. For the rest of the afternoon into this evening and

:58:26.:58:28.

overnight in this arena 9-darter continues to sink further south and

:58:29.:58:32.

some persistent rain for the north-west Highlands and the

:58:33.:58:34.

Hebrides, light and patchy win for north-west Highlands and the

:58:35.:58:37.

the site best with the east. The rain tomorrow moves

:58:38.:58:44.

behind it and other fresh air is a mixture of some brightness and.

:58:45.:58:49.

To the Highlands first - you'll find restrictions

:58:50.:58:52.

on the A9 in both directions at the Dalwhinnie junction.

:58:53.:58:54.

In Dundee one westbound lane of the Riverside Esplanade is closed

:58:55.:58:57.

while work is carried out on the V Museum.

:58:58.:58:59.

And in Dumfries and Galloway - on the A75, gas pipeline work

:59:00.:59:03.

is continuing west of the Dromore roundabout at Glen,

:59:04.:59:06.

between Dumfries and Crocketford, and that means traffic controls

:59:07.:59:08.

I'll be back with another update at 7.25.

:59:09.:59:16.

Plenty more on our website at the usual address.

:59:17.:59:19.

You're watching BBC breakfast. The campaign trail begins for the

:59:20.:59:52.

election. Jeremy Corbyn will say that Labour will stand up for

:59:53.:59:56.

British people against what he calls a week system when he makes his

:59:57.:59:59.

first official speech at the election this morning. Last night on

:00:00.:00:04.

the campaign trail, Theresa May told voters they faced a choice between

:00:05.:00:08.

her strong and stable leadership or a coalition of chaos. The

:00:09.:00:13.

campaigning is under way. The date is set. Politics is about to get

:00:14.:00:19.

loud yet again. The countdown to polling day, seven weeks from today.

:00:20.:00:37.

Good morning. It is Thursday the 20th of April.

:00:38.:00:40.

Hello, this is Breakfast, with Sally Nugent and Charlie Stayt.

:00:41.:00:43.

The party leaders hit the campaign trail for the 2017 general election.

:00:44.:00:47.

Jeremy Corbyn will say that Labour will stand up for British people

:00:48.:00:51.

against what he calls a rigged system, when he makes his first

:00:52.:00:54.

official speech of the election this morning.

:00:55.:00:56.

Also this morning: A breakthrough for brain diseases.

:00:57.:00:58.

Scientists discover drugs that could stop conditions

:00:59.:01:00.

like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's in their tracks.

:01:01.:01:02.

We'll hear about the new research that suggests cycling to work cuts

:01:03.:01:05.

the risk of heart disease and cancer by almost half.

:01:06.:01:08.

It's been a tough few years, but data out this week suggests

:01:09.:01:11.

the world's economy is getting back on its feet.

:01:12.:01:13.

I'll have more on why and what it means for you.

:01:14.:01:16.

And in sport: Serena Williams reveals she's expecting

:01:17.:01:18.

She made the announcement on social media, posting a picture

:01:19.:01:22.

And we'll be hearing from one of the stars of British tennis.

:01:23.:01:27.

Johanna Konta speaks exclusively to Breakfast about her dreams

:01:28.:01:29.

We are serving up a cloudy weather story for you but there will be some

:01:30.:01:37.

brightness here and there. Especially to the east of Scotland

:01:38.:01:40.

and north-east England. The forecast coming up in 15 minutes.

:01:41.:01:41.

Jeremy Corbyn will set out his pitch to voters this morning as he tries

:01:42.:01:47.

In a speech the Labour leader will say that he'll stand up

:01:48.:01:52.

for the British people who "are the true wealth creators,

:01:53.:01:54.

held back by a system rigged for wealth extractors".

:01:55.:01:57.

Last night, on the campaign trail, Theresa May said the public faced

:01:58.:02:00.

a choice between her "strong and stable leadership"

:02:01.:02:02.

Here's our political correspondent Alex Forsyth.

:02:03.:02:08.

The campaigning can start in earnest, now the election date

:02:09.:02:11.

has been set - and the party leaders are wasting no time.

:02:12.:02:15.

Jeremy Corbyn's pitch is as the antiestablishment party.

:02:16.:02:17.

He'll promise not to play by the rules.

:02:18.:02:19.

And say Labour will stand up for British people in a system

:02:20.:02:23.

rigged to favour the rich - a message he hinted at it

:02:24.:02:26.

Are we going to be a country that works only to make

:02:27.:02:37.

This election will be fought on the streets of this country,

:02:38.:02:44.

up and down, in town halls, in streets, on beaches,

:02:45.:02:47.

Theresa May wants to exploit when she sees as Jeremy Corbyn's

:02:48.:02:53.

weakness, choosing the Labour held seat of Bolton for her first visit.

:02:54.:02:56.

She said only the Conservatives can deliver the security

:02:57.:02:58.

It's a choice between strong and stable leadership under

:02:59.:03:03.

the Conservatives, or weak and unstable coalition of chaos,

:03:04.:03:06.

Expect the campaign messages to come thick and fast from every party

:03:07.:03:21.

The race is on, the battle lines drawn - and they know just

:03:22.:03:26.

what is at stake: Not just their futures,

:03:27.:03:28.

Our political correspondent Chris Mason joins us from

:03:29.:03:37.

Morning to you. Welcome to your home for the next seven weeks. LAUGHTER I

:03:38.:03:49.

wonder, from the words we have heard from Theresa May and Jeremy Tilse,

:03:50.:03:54.

is this the tone that is that, is this what we are going to hear? Yes,

:03:55.:03:59.

and we will hear those soundbites again and again -- Jeremy Corbyn. I

:04:00.:04:04.

can't believe we are talking about a general election and Westminster

:04:05.:04:07.

can't either. It gives you a sense of the pace and excitement. It

:04:08.:04:11.

already feels we are well into the campaign. There is still seven weeks

:04:12.:04:16.

to go. Big moment for Jeremy Corbyn as he sets out his stall,

:04:17.:04:21.

antiestablishment, acknowledging the opinion polls suggest he is 1

:04:22.:04:25.

million miles behind. He says he won't play by the normal rules of

:04:26.:04:28.

politics. He is fighting for ordinary people. I think we will

:04:29.:04:33.

have a similar set of language from Theresa May to what we heard in

:04:34.:04:37.

Alex's report from her visit to Bolton last night. Her argument is

:04:38.:04:44.

the Conservatives can offer stable leadership with a bigger majority

:04:45.:04:48.

because that is what it is about from her perspective. That will mean

:04:49.:04:53.

getting stuff through the Commons around Brexit much easier for the.

:04:54.:04:58.

What about policies, are we closer to getting any idea about what the

:04:59.:05:04.

party will offer? Imagine a bunch of young people, political nerds,

:05:05.:05:09.

looking at laptops, typing furiously, trying to rattle out a

:05:10.:05:12.

manifestos, promises which take months, even years to formulate, and

:05:13.:05:18.

they have to do it in days or weeks. I think what we will get is a

:05:19.:05:23.

solidified version of what the government has promised around

:05:24.:05:27.

Brexit, for instance, so withdrawing the UK from the courts of the EU and

:05:28.:05:32.

the single market. I think from Labour's perspective, a lot we have

:05:33.:05:36.

seen on the provision of free school meals for Rymer schoolchildren,

:05:37.:05:41.

imagine those things finding their way in. -- primary school children.

:05:42.:05:46.

The tone I think will be familiar but with a huge amount at stake,

:05:47.:05:50.

deciding the government in less than two months' time. Chris, almost

:05:51.:05:56.

unimaginable. Thank you very much indeed. I love the image of the

:05:57.:05:59.

nerds on the laptops writing manifestoes.

:06:00.:06:00.

We'll take a detailed look at how the parties are performing

:06:01.:06:03.

in the polls at 7:10am this morning.

:06:04.:06:05.

Services in and out of one of London's busiest train stations

:06:06.:06:08.

are expected to return to normal this morning,

:06:09.:06:10.

after a fire caused serious delays and cancellations yesterday.

:06:11.:06:12.

Network Rail said engineers worked overnight to restore services

:06:13.:06:15.

to Euston, which serves the West Coast mainline

:06:16.:06:17.

through the Midlands, north-west England and Scotland.

:06:18.:06:19.

The station was shut for much of yesterday when a fire next

:06:20.:06:22.

to the track damaged signalling and cut power to the station.

:06:23.:06:29.

Scientists have discovered drugs which may be able to stop

:06:30.:06:31.

Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and a wide range of degenerative brain

:06:32.:06:34.

One of them is already safely given to people with depression.

:06:35.:06:37.

Clinical trials are planned, but the findings so far have been

:06:38.:06:40.

described as exciting, important and potentially

:06:41.:06:42.

Speaking earlier on Breakfast, the lead researcher,

:06:43.:06:55.

There would be a daily dose. We would use a licensed antidepressants

:06:56.:07:07.

on it is used in the elderly. We are not expecting a cure, we cannot cure

:07:08.:07:13.

these disorders but if we stop them in their tracks and change the way

:07:14.:07:16.

they progress we will radically change the course and the natural

:07:17.:07:21.

history of diseases like Alzheimer's disease and dementia.

:07:22.:07:22.

Test results on victims of an attack in Syria earlier this month confirm

:07:23.:07:28.

the nerve agent, Sarin, or a similar substance was used,

:07:29.:07:31.

according to the global chemical weapons watchdog, the OPCW.

:07:32.:07:33.

The attack killed at least 87 people.

:07:34.:07:35.

The Syrian government has denied using chemical weapons.

:07:36.:07:41.

South Korean and American military forces are taking part in a joint

:07:42.:07:44.

military exercise, an action which North Korea

:07:45.:07:46.

Operation Max Thunder is a training practice involving aircraft

:07:47.:07:49.

carriers, fighter jets and military drills.

:07:50.:07:51.

Earlier we spoke to our correspondent Steve Evans at a US

:07:52.:07:54.

He told us more about the training practice.

:07:55.:08:15.

There are about 1000 American personnel involved and about 500

:08:16.:08:17.

It involves aircraft pretending to fight each other and also bombing

:08:18.:08:30.

targets on the ground, not with live ammunition. Despite its regularity,

:08:31.:08:35.

North Korea finds it very, very annoying. It says it is a rehearsal

:08:36.:08:42.

for invasion. China wants these exercises to stop, a moratorium to

:08:43.:08:48.

be put on it. What China suggests is stop these exercises on the one

:08:49.:08:53.

hand, and North Korea should put a moratorium on its nuclear programme

:08:54.:08:58.

on the other. It doesn't seem likely to happen but if there is to be a

:08:59.:09:04.

peaceable resolution, as vice president p says he wants, it would

:09:05.:09:10.

involve something like that. -- Mike Pence. At the moment the atmosphere

:09:11.:09:15.

is far from that, there is a tension which is building up and doesn't

:09:16.:09:21.

seem to be deflating. There is the row in South Korea about the

:09:22.:09:26.

presence of a lack of it at the Carl Vincent aircraft carrier strike

:09:27.:09:32.

group. The fact that it wasn't sent when President Trump said an Armada

:09:33.:09:36.

was on the way is causing consternation here with some people

:09:37.:09:42.

saying, if you can't believe what he says, if you can't trust what he

:09:43.:09:44.

says, what can you trust? Cycling to work could halve the risk

:09:45.:09:47.

of developing heart disease and cancer, according

:09:48.:09:50.

to new research published today Scientists at the University

:09:51.:09:52.

of Glasgow, who analysed data from more than 250-thousand people,

:09:53.:09:56.

said walking reduced the risk Our reporter Vishala

:09:57.:09:59.

Sri-Pathma has more. The commute to work, for some,

:10:00.:10:05.

is the only exercise For those of us that

:10:06.:10:08.

cycle to the office, Experts from the University

:10:09.:10:12.

of Glasgow say it reduces the risk of developing cancer

:10:13.:10:26.

and heart disease. In fact, cycling to work is linked

:10:27.:10:28.

to a 45% lower risk of developing cancer, and a 46% lower threat

:10:29.:10:32.

of cardiovascular disease. That compares to driving or even

:10:33.:10:34.

taking public transport. It also means you are less

:10:35.:10:37.

likely to die younger. Walking has its benefits

:10:38.:10:39.

too, although it's not You have to walk a total of two

:10:40.:10:42.

hours a week at an average speed of three mph for the health

:10:43.:10:47.

benefits to kick in. So we need to make it easier

:10:48.:10:52.

for people to cycle. So we need to increase cycle lanes,

:10:53.:10:55.

we need to have cycle - city hire schemes, subsidised bike

:10:56.:10:58.

schemes, have people have showers at work, so they do not feel sweaty

:10:59.:11:01.

when they get to work. There's a whole host of things

:11:02.:11:05.

to make it easier for the average And if we can do that,

:11:06.:11:08.

more people will be on bikes, and we're going to improve public

:11:09.:11:12.

health, just like places like Amsterdam and

:11:13.:11:15.

Copenhagen have done. Cancer Research UK says

:11:16.:11:16.

it is evidence that you do not need to join a gym or run the marathon,

:11:17.:11:21.

and that everything they get you hot and out of breath can

:11:22.:11:25.

help make a difference. The American tennis player

:11:26.:11:27.

Serena Williams has announced The world number two is expecting

:11:28.:11:37.

a baby in the autumn, which would mean that she was in

:11:38.:11:42.

the early stages of pregnancy when she won the Australian Open

:11:43.:11:46.

singles title in January. It is great news for her. 7:11am is

:11:47.:12:11.

the time and we have the weather coming up in a couple of minutes.

:12:12.:12:13.

The surprise announcement of a general election on June eighth

:12:14.:12:15.

has left political parties with just weeks to finalise manifestos,

:12:16.:12:18.

select candidates and deploy battle buses.

:12:19.:12:20.

And with local elections in May, it's going to be a busy time

:12:21.:12:23.

The Prime Minister apparently came up with the idea of an election

:12:24.:12:27.

while on an easter break in Snowdonia.

:12:28.:12:30.

Good morning to you, Holly. Good morning. That's right, we're not

:12:31.:12:41.

quite on the campaign trail but we've found a trail of our very own,

:12:42.:12:46.

and as the story goes, this of course is where Theresa May came to

:12:47.:12:50.

do a bit of thinking, a bit of walking, she decided on a five-day

:12:51.:12:54.

trip that we are indeed going back to the polls. She spent her time

:12:55.:13:00.

buying souvenirs, chatting to locals and getting her head together.

:13:01.:13:04.

Locals here we've spoken to have been happy that she decided to come

:13:05.:13:08.

here to make that decision and I been speaking to people like Brenda.

:13:09.:13:12.

You spoke to Theresa May in Snowdonia, up in the mountains. What

:13:13.:13:17.

was she like? She was interested in what I was doing, I had been out for

:13:18.:13:23.

a run, I was running down a steep hill and I just saw this group of

:13:24.:13:27.

people coming up, and I shouted, I don't know whether it is worse

:13:28.:13:31.

coming down or going up this hill, and I stopped and said, oh, hello,

:13:32.:13:36.

and realised it was Theresa May and her husband and a group of people

:13:37.:13:40.

behind. She asked me if I was going to run a marathon, I was training

:13:41.:13:45.

for a marathon on and I said, no, I am doing a local run, do you know

:13:46.:13:52.

it? She said she did and we had a bit of a chat about the route she

:13:53.:13:56.

was taking. It is a lovely, lovely route. So, did you mention the

:13:57.:14:02.

general election at that point? Oh, no, and I didn't mention Brexit or

:14:03.:14:06.

anything like that, and I think she was around just to relax, taking a

:14:07.:14:11.

lovely, lovely route just to chill out a bit. Which is the perfect

:14:12.:14:17.

place to do it, I must say. You are a pig farmer. Another election, how

:14:18.:14:22.

do you feel? Good, you know, the people want to vote someone in who

:14:23.:14:26.

will be positive to respect the wishes of the people, so it is the

:14:27.:14:30.

people's choice and I am pleased about it. I think a lot of people

:14:31.:14:34.

agree with you they are happy we are getting another election. We will

:14:35.:14:39.

speak now with Doctor Ellen from the University of Aberystwyth. We have

:14:40.:14:43.

another election, what has been the reaction from people? Quite varied,

:14:44.:14:49.

isn't it? There was initial shock, but the process has happened quickly

:14:50.:14:53.

with the announcement and a vote yesterday and campaigning is

:14:54.:14:57.

starting strongly, I think, across the UK. In Wales we also have a

:14:58.:15:01.

local election coming up on the fourth of May. We are at a different

:15:02.:15:06.

time here, having to prepare for that alongside the general election

:15:07.:15:10.

campaign starting up, but it's very exciting. We're seeing the political

:15:11.:15:17.

parties developing pictures early. Theresa May emphasising her strength

:15:18.:15:21.

of leadership and increasing her capacity to get the best vote for

:15:22.:15:26.

the UK in Brexit in getting a strong vote in this election, and on the

:15:27.:15:30.

other hand Jeremy Corbyn is trying to push the Labour Party as being

:15:31.:15:36.

much stronger, and being less establishment as he has been in the

:15:37.:15:42.

past. And I mean, we are not into that official campaign trail yet, it

:15:43.:15:46.

is already getting emotional, we have heard accusations of broken

:15:47.:15:49.

promises, and we can't trust Theresa May. It is the attempt to try to

:15:50.:15:54.

impact her reputation, she has strong credibility elections, a lot

:15:55.:15:58.

about the party image of the leader and the capacity to govern,

:15:59.:16:02.

especially around the economy, so they will play on the broken

:16:03.:16:07.

promises issue and try to talk about austerity policies in the UK.

:16:08.:16:12.

Theresa May will emphasise her strength in governing, trusting in

:16:13.:16:16.

her Dileep Britain to a stronger Britain and her capacity to go in --

:16:17.:16:22.

to lead Britain. It is forced on issues these days, so it will be

:16:23.:16:28.

interesting to see how it develops - a strong, pro-European, positive

:16:29.:16:33.

attitude around, you know, anti- Brexit vote in the Liberal

:16:34.:16:36.

Democrats, we might see a surge in their position during selection too.

:16:37.:16:43.

Thanks very much, we have a view -- a few weeks left in the campaign but

:16:44.:16:50.

if you want to think about it, come somewhere like this, I have heard it

:16:51.:16:54.

is very beautiful. Yes, who knows what you will dream out when you are

:16:55.:17:02.

out in Snowdonia? It is interesting hearing thoughts from people, as

:17:03.:17:08.

soon as we talk about a general election, we talk about polls. In

:17:09.:17:14.

the United States, there is a lot of scepticism about how useful and

:17:15.:17:18.

accurate polls. The last two or three times they have not always got

:17:19.:17:23.

it right. We are joined by the head of political research from

:17:24.:17:28.

Westminster. We mentioned that the polls aren't always the most

:17:29.:17:33.

reliable, but you have a new poll out today. Where do we stand? The

:17:34.:17:47.

results will be the same no matter what the Tigers the situation has

:17:48.:17:52.

improved for Theresa May said the announcement of the surprise general

:17:53.:17:56.

election. Polling people over the weekend, we saw the Conservatives at

:17:57.:18:01.

44%, that has now risen to 48%. Labour have risen by 1% to 25%.

:18:02.:18:08.

Every person in our survey who says they are intending to vote Labour,

:18:09.:18:14.

that means there are two who are intending to vote for Theresa May

:18:15.:18:21.

and her party. Underlying that there are a number of other good bits of

:18:22.:18:26.

news for the Conservatives. When we asked people whether Theresa May was

:18:27.:18:30.

right to do this U-turn and call a surprise election, four out of ten

:18:31.:18:35.

said it was the right decision, three out of ten said it was wrong.

:18:36.:18:39.

So she is winning that battle as well. We asked people whether she or

:18:40.:18:44.

Jeremy Corbyn would make a better Prime Minister, 53% now say Theresa

:18:45.:18:50.

May, whereas 15% said Jeremy Corbyn. It has been christened the Brexit

:18:51.:18:55.

election. What appears to matter to people the most? Brexit is on the

:18:56.:19:06.

top of most people's lists. Ditto the people put it in their top

:19:07.:19:11.

three. Bennett the usual suspects, immigration, health and the economy.

:19:12.:19:26.

As you pointed out in your introduction, the margin of error is

:19:27.:19:32.

low. It suggests that we should not focus too much on the specific

:19:33.:19:37.

percentages of the overall story, and that overall story is that it is

:19:38.:19:41.

a strong position for the Conservatives at moment. We saw Bill

:19:42.:19:46.

Gates pleading with the Tories today not to cut the foreign aid budget.

:19:47.:19:53.

How much do you think people are bothered about that? Do you think

:19:54.:19:58.

they care about it? We made two key findings in this area. Generally

:19:59.:20:03.

speaking, people do think it should be cut. The majority of people

:20:04.:20:09.

believe that overseas aid should be reduced. But it is also showing that

:20:10.:20:19.

they will leave we spend more both as percentages and as an absolute

:20:20.:20:22.

figure on aid. Ultimately, it doesn't really matter to people.

:20:23.:20:26.

This election will be fought on Brexit. After that on health,

:20:27.:20:33.

immigration, health and the economy. Overseas aid is not high on the

:20:34.:20:38.

list. In 2015, the polls made some significant mistakes. They led

:20:39.:20:43.

experts down the wrong path. What has changed between then and now?

:20:44.:20:47.

Allies is being done differently to make polling more accurate? We go

:20:48.:20:54.

back and look to see what we've done right and wrong. We did that in

:20:55.:21:00.

2015, and also in our previous polls over 16 years where we have

:21:01.:21:06.

consistently got things right. In 2015, we identified that we needed

:21:07.:21:10.

to do a better job of contacting certain groups in society. We did

:21:11.:21:15.

not have sufficient numbers. It was a small error but enough to make a

:21:16.:21:20.

big difference in a relatively close race. We have spent hundreds of

:21:21.:21:25.

thousands of pounds in the last year recruiting people to our site from

:21:26.:21:30.

those demographics. Anyone can sign up via our website. Thank you very

:21:31.:21:45.

much for your time. Do we allow margins of error with the weather?

:21:46.:21:57.

The viewers don't! Pretty great conditions for some this morning.

:21:58.:22:00.

This was the scene just a short while ago. Some spots of rain. Some

:22:01.:22:06.

sun breaking through the cloud. Some sunny spot is to get your day under

:22:07.:22:13.

way. Lovely blue skies in some areas. Eastern Scotland, a pretty

:22:14.:22:19.

decent day. A dry and bright day. Some more cloud in Scotland and

:22:20.:22:23.

Ireland, the odd shower here and there. A lot of dry weather, some

:22:24.:22:29.

sunshine pushing into eastern England. Grey and misty across the

:22:30.:22:33.

north, rainy this morning. Slowly starting to turn dry. Had she rain

:22:34.:22:37.

developing across Wales and the Midlands, edging south. Mostly dry

:22:38.:22:43.

for many. Starting to change across the south-east, down two -2 in Kent

:22:44.:22:49.

overnight. Some sunshine, but overall cloudy compared to

:22:50.:22:53.

yesterday. When you see sunshine across England and Wales it should

:22:54.:22:57.

feel pleasant, the warmest conditions into the afternoon in

:22:58.:23:00.

eastern Scotland and north-east England. 16- 17 degrees. Compared

:23:01.:23:05.

with yesterday, a milder day. Temperatures up on where they should

:23:06.:23:11.

be for this time of year. Looking at tonight, a windy night across far

:23:12.:23:15.

north Scotland. Outbreaks of rain, more persistent across the Highlands

:23:16.:23:20.

and Ireland. A shower in Northern Ireland, England and Wales, most

:23:21.:23:25.

areas dry. Lots of cloud around, the chilli is to conditions around Devon

:23:26.:23:30.

and Cornwall. Into Friday, wet and cloudy conditions across much of

:23:31.:23:35.

Scotland, especially in the west. Outbreaks of rain pushing into

:23:36.:23:38.

Northern Ireland and England later in the day. With some sunshine, got

:23:39.:23:43.

the warmest air. Up to 90 degrees across southern England. The

:23:44.:23:49.

dividing line bringing rain to England and Ireland later.

:23:50.:23:52.

Temperatures dropping across Scotland. Colder air working south.

:23:53.:23:58.

High pressure is close by. Not much in the way of rain across the South

:23:59.:24:02.

Coast. We will see a lot of dry weather across western areas. Some

:24:03.:24:06.

more cloud and breeze. Feeling cooler once again. Turning

:24:07.:24:14.

increasingly wet and windy across parts of Scotland later. More in

:24:15.:24:15.

around half an hour. On board, a group of French

:24:16.:24:22.

and Welsh people whose towns have -- As the UK gears up

:24:23.:24:29.

for a general election, voters in France are

:24:30.:24:31.

getting closer to deciding This weekend's result will be

:24:32.:24:34.

closely watched as candidates campaign hard on issues that could

:24:35.:24:38.

have big implications across Europe. Breakfast's Graham Satchell has been

:24:39.:24:41.

on a French exchange between the twinned towns

:24:42.:24:43.

of Tredegar in South Wales On board, a group of French

:24:44.:24:45.

and Welsh people whose towns have They share camaraderie and a deep

:24:46.:24:52.

mistrust of traditional politics. We are fed up with the old way

:24:53.:25:02.

of doing politics. Fed up and slightly confused,

:25:03.:25:11.

the French face a dizzying array of candidates

:25:12.:25:13.

for president, 11 in all. What is astonishing about this

:25:14.:25:15.

election is the almost complete The next French President is very

:25:16.:25:18.

unlikely to come from either of the two parties

:25:19.:25:27.

that has run Fance The Welsh contingent come

:25:28.:25:29.

from Tredegar, the part of south Many in France have the same worries

:25:30.:25:50.

about the EU and immigration, They say, what are

:25:51.:25:54.

the politicians doing As far as the immigration

:25:55.:25:58.

is concerned, they think I think this is why a certain lady

:25:59.:26:01.

may be leading France Dissatisfaction with the centre-left

:26:02.:26:06.

and centre-right has opened the door to Marine Le Pen

:26:07.:26:16.

and Jean-Luc Melenchon. The prospect of either

:26:17.:26:22.

candidate actually To have Marine Le Pen,

:26:23.:26:24.

or Mr Melenchon, would There is an alternative

:26:25.:26:35.

to the extremes, a new party at the centre with a candidate

:26:36.:26:41.

who has never stood He is attractive, he has

:26:42.:26:44.

an attractive programme. I think many French people

:26:45.:26:53.

are not sure about him. Some days he says white,

:26:54.:27:03.

sometimes black, we don't know Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen

:27:04.:27:06.

are the front-runners Marine Le Pen wants

:27:07.:27:09.

to take France out of the EU, whereas Emmanuel Macron

:27:10.:27:16.

is a staunch supporter. If one of these two wins,

:27:17.:27:32.

it will have a dramatic impact. Many here have watched

:27:33.:27:35.

Brexit and Donald Trump, Whatever the outcome,

:27:36.:27:37.

the people of Tredegar and Orvault Jeremy Corbyn has ruled out any

:27:38.:27:46.

post-election coalition with the Scottish National Party

:27:47.:27:58.

in the event of a hung parliament. The SNP has said it would be

:27:59.:28:02.

prepared to work with other parties But the Labour leader

:28:03.:28:05.

said he did not regard School meals should include fewer

:28:06.:28:10.

puddings and more fresh vegetables, according

:28:11.:28:16.

to a report published today. Obesity Action Scotland says

:28:17.:28:18.

improvements to school meals could play an important part

:28:19.:28:20.

in reducing childhood obesity. It wants to highlight the issue

:28:21.:28:23.

ahead of the council elections in two weeks time and wants

:28:24.:28:26.

candidates to commit New research suggests that cycling

:28:27.:28:29.

to work could almost halve people's risk of developing heart

:28:30.:28:36.

disease and cancer. Scientists at Glasgow University

:28:37.:28:40.

analysed data from more than 250,000 people over

:28:41.:28:42.

a period of five years, and compared people who had

:28:43.:28:44.

an "active" commute with those The overall message is about getting

:28:45.:28:46.

more people on bicycles and we need to change the design of transport

:28:47.:28:55.

systems in cities to make it easier This will cost money up front

:28:56.:28:58.

but it is likely to be substantially pollution and congestion in cities

:28:59.:29:08.

so there are a number of wins associated with changing our

:29:09.:29:12.

transport system to make it easier Edinburgh University has been chosen

:29:13.:29:14.

as one of six centres which will be part of the new UK Dementia Research

:29:15.:29:23.

Institute. It's been created to develop ways

:29:24.:29:24.

of diagnosing and treating dementia. Researchers also hope

:29:25.:29:27.

to identify strategies which will help to improve care

:29:28.:29:32.

for people living with conditions, such as Alzheimer's,

:29:33.:29:35.

Parkinson's and Huntington's. Breakfast time weather now -

:29:36.:29:42.

and it's over to Anne A fairly cloudy start for many this

:29:43.:29:55.

morning but not for all although any brightness or sunshine would be in

:29:56.:30:00.

short supply, the best and eastern parts this afternoon. Could see a

:30:01.:30:06.

top capture of up to 17 degrees. For the rest or cloud and rain and the

:30:07.:30:09.

north-west Highlands and more persistent rain through Orkney and a

:30:10.:30:13.

fresh wind shear. For the rest of the afternoon and overnight the rain

:30:14.:30:20.

moves farther south becoming persistent for the north-west

:30:21.:30:24.

Highlands and alike and patchy rain further south west and driest in the

:30:25.:30:27.

east but not a core switch to come, fairly mild. The rain continues

:30:28.:30:33.

tomorrow and behind it because there aren't fresher feel the messenger of

:30:34.:30:35.

aren't fresher feel the messenger of showers and some brighter spells.

:30:36.:30:38.

To the Highlands first - you'll find restrictions

:30:39.:30:42.

on the A9 in both directions at the Dalwhinnie junction.

:30:43.:30:44.

In Dundee one westbound lane of the Riverside Esplanade is closed

:30:45.:30:47.

while work is carried out on the V Museum.

:30:48.:30:49.

And in Dumfries and Galloway - on the A75, gas pipeline work

:30:50.:30:52.

is continuing west of the Dromore roundabout at Glen,

:30:53.:30:54.

between Dumfries and Crocketford, and that means traffic

:30:55.:30:56.

I'll be back with another update at 7.55.

:30:57.:31:10.

I'm back with the latest from the BBC London newsroom

:31:11.:31:12.

Plenty more on our website at the usual address.

:31:13.:31:15.

Hello, this is Breakfast, with Sally Nugent and Charlie Stayt.

:31:16.:31:20.

The Labour Leader Jeremy Corbyn says he'll stand up for the British

:31:21.:31:23.

people who are being held back by a system rigged in favour

:31:24.:31:27.

In his first major speech of the election campaign Mr Corbyn

:31:28.:31:31.

says he rejects the idea the result is a "foregone conclusion".

:31:32.:31:37.

Meanwhile, Theresa May says "strong and stable" leadership

:31:38.:31:39.

is at the heart of her pitch to voters.

:31:40.:31:44.

In a speech in Bolton last night, the Prime Minister warned

:31:45.:31:48.

of a potential "coalition of chaos" led by Mr Corbyn, despite the Labour

:31:49.:31:51.

leader ruling out forming a post-election

:31:52.:31:53.

The billionaire philanthropist Bill Gates has warned Theresa May

:31:54.:31:57.

that reducing the government's commitment to foreign aid

:31:58.:31:59.

In a speech in London, Mr Gates - who's the founder of Microsoft -

:32:00.:32:03.

said British people would be proud of the spending,

:32:04.:32:06.

The Prime Minister has refused to say whether she will retain

:32:07.:32:10.

a pledge to spend at least 0.7% of national income

:32:11.:32:13.

In just over half an hour we'll be speaking to MP Oliver Letwin

:32:14.:32:23.

and the Labour party's former director of policy,

:32:24.:32:25.

Scientists have discovered drugs which may be able to stop

:32:26.:32:37.

Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and a wide range of degenerative brain

:32:38.:32:39.

One of them is already safely given to people with depression.

:32:40.:32:43.

Clinical trials are planned, but the findings so far have been

:32:44.:32:46.

described as exciting, important and potentially

:32:47.:32:47.

Speaking earlier on Breakfast, the lead researcher,

:32:48.:32:58.

Giovanna Maluchi, told us clinical trials could start imminently.

:32:59.:33:02.

We would use a licensed antidepressant, it is used

:33:03.:33:14.

We are not expecting a cure, we cannot cure these disorders

:33:15.:33:17.

but if we stop them in their tracks and change the way they progress

:33:18.:33:21.

we will radically change the course and the natural history of diseases

:33:22.:33:25.

like Alzheimer's disease and dementia.

:33:26.:33:27.

Train services in and out of one of London's busiest station have

:33:28.:33:30.

largely returned to normal this morning, after a fire caused serious

:33:31.:33:33.

Network Rail said engineers worked overnight to restore

:33:34.:33:36.

Most major services are operating as normal, but a full service is not

:33:37.:33:40.

The station was shut for much of yesterday when a fire next

:33:41.:33:44.

to the track damaged signalling and cut power to the station.

:33:45.:34:03.

Debenhams is considering closing ten stores and ten regional warehouses.

:34:04.:34:08.

The plans could affect hundreds of jobs in part of a strategic review

:34:09.:34:12.

by the boss of the business. Remaining stores will be revamped to

:34:13.:34:15.

offer an extensive shopping experience.

:34:16.:34:18.

Test results on victims of an attack in Syria earlier this month confirm

:34:19.:34:21.

the nerve agent, Sarin, or a similar substance was used,

:34:22.:34:24.

according to the global chemical weapons watchdog, the OPCW.

:34:25.:34:26.

The attack killed at least 87 people.

:34:27.:34:28.

The Syrian government has denied using chemical weapons.

:34:29.:34:33.

American troops are taking part in a military exercise

:34:34.:34:35.

with South Korea today, an action which Pyongyang has

:34:36.:34:38.

The government in Washington says the eleven-day exercises

:34:39.:34:41.

were planned months ago, and happens every year.

:34:42.:34:43.

Called "Operation Max Thunder", the training practice involves

:34:44.:34:45.

about 80 aircraft, a thousand American personnel and about 500

:34:46.:34:48.

Cycling to work could halve the risk of developing heart disease

:34:49.:35:02.

and cancer according to new research published today

:35:03.:35:04.

Scientists at the University of Glasgow, who analysed data

:35:05.:35:07.

from more than 250-thousand people, said walking reduced the risk

:35:08.:35:10.

Walking isn't terrible. It is all good for you. Yes, absolutely. It is

:35:11.:35:29.

just the rain, when it falls from the sky, that's the problem. Tell us

:35:30.:35:35.

about this remarkable lady and a great bit of news. She got people

:35:36.:35:39.

talking yesterday when she took to social media and announced she is

:35:40.:35:43.

pregnant, which is fantastic for her, although not if you are a

:35:44.:35:47.

tennis fan and wanted to watch her play at Wimbledon. There are more

:35:48.:35:50.

important things than tennis. Of course. I will show you the post she

:35:51.:35:55.

put online. Overnight it was confirmed.

:35:56.:35:56.

She told the world via this post on Social media yesterday afternoon,

:35:57.:36:03.

in which she appeared to show off a bump with the caption "20 weeks."

:36:04.:36:07.

With the baby due in the Autumn her most likely return to action

:36:08.:36:10.

Williams announced her engagement to Reddit co-founder

:36:11.:36:14.

Andy Murray's made a winning return to competitive tennis after a month

:36:15.:36:19.

The world number one took less than two hours to beat Gilles Muller

:36:20.:36:24.

He last played on the ATP Tour in Indian Wells in March.

:36:25.:36:31.

British number three Kyle Edmund pushed defending champion

:36:32.:36:33.

Rafael Nadal to a deciding set, which is no embarassment coming up

:36:34.:36:37.

against the so called King of Clay, before eventually going out.

:36:38.:36:40.

Nadal's aiming for a 10th Monte Carlo title.

:36:41.:36:47.

The British and Irish Lions coach Warren Gatland has

:36:48.:36:50.

defended his selection for this summer's tour to New Zealand.

:36:51.:36:52.

The 41-man squad includes 16 England players, 12 from Wales,

:36:53.:36:55.

11 from Ireland and two from Scotland.

:36:56.:36:57.

Gatland said nationality didn't come into his thinking.

:36:58.:36:59.

Sam Warburton will captain the squad.

:37:00.:37:01.

He led the Lions to a series victory in Australia four years ago,

:37:02.:37:05.

and he knows this challenge will be far tougher than that.

:37:06.:37:07.

He has been unlucky. It is not just his position, there is a lot of

:37:08.:37:16.

discussion about Joe Launchbury, Ryan, the great brothers and many

:37:17.:37:21.

others left out. At the end of the day, selection is a matter of

:37:22.:37:25.

opinion and we might slightly disagree, but that's what makes it

:37:26.:37:27.

interesting. Barcelona have been knocked out

:37:28.:37:28.

of the quarter finals Their forward Neymar moved to tears

:37:29.:37:31.

after defeat to Juventus. 3-0 down from the first leg,

:37:32.:37:39.

Messi with the best chance. It finished goalless

:37:40.:37:42.

in Spain last night. So the Italian side into the semi

:37:43.:37:44.

finals as they avenge their defeat If you thought players only care

:37:45.:37:47.

about the big wages these days, that expression would

:37:48.:37:52.

suggest otherwise. Monaco will be joining the Italian

:37:53.:38:01.

side in the semi-finals. Have a look at this goal

:38:02.:38:03.

from the former Chelsea and Manchester United

:38:04.:38:06.

striker Radamel Falcao, as his side beat Borussia Dortmund

:38:07.:38:08.

3-1, 6-3 on aggregate. Manchester United can secure

:38:09.:38:13.

their place in the semi-finals They play Anderlecht at Old Trafford

:38:14.:38:15.

looking to build on their 1-all draw Captain Wayne Rooney

:38:16.:38:21.

could return from injury. Winning the Europa League

:38:22.:38:24.

would guarantee United a place in next season's Champions League,

:38:25.:38:26.

even if they finish outside When you get into this level,

:38:27.:38:29.

the motivation has to be very high. They lacked motivation

:38:30.:38:42.

and Anderlecht dreamed to go so I think it is a motivational

:38:43.:38:53.

question, because we showed in Brussels that we

:38:54.:38:56.

are a stronger team. We've had one of the biggest shocks

:38:57.:38:58.

in World Snooker Championship The world number two

:38:59.:39:01.

and pre-tournament favourite Judd Trump has been knocked

:39:02.:39:03.

out in the first round. And the man that beat him,

:39:04.:39:06.

1000-to-one shot Rory McLeod. It's only the second time McLeod has

:39:07.:39:09.

made it in to the second round at the Crucible,

:39:10.:39:12.

in his 26 years as a professional. What an upset. He must have been so

:39:13.:39:32.

chuffed and yet it is still very... Very orderly, absolutely. As it

:39:33.:39:38.

should be. I love that, super cool and calm. You have to keep your

:39:39.:39:43.

emotions under wraps when you are playing snooker. Calm and collected.

:39:44.:39:44.

Yes. Thank you. If you're going to work this

:39:45.:39:47.

morning, you may want to cycle in. Research by the University

:39:48.:39:50.

of Glasgow has found getting on your bicycle to the office means

:39:51.:39:53.

you're less likely to develop cancer We asked people in Manchester why

:39:54.:39:56.

they chose to commute on two wheels. I have been cycling to work for

:39:57.:40:16.

about two years. It started when I got a job in the city centre. I have

:40:17.:40:21.

always wanted to cycle to work. I have a nice route to work on the

:40:22.:40:26.

canal. It was a nice reason to get started. I have been riding a bike

:40:27.:40:30.

for nearly two years because work is about five miles away. It is faster

:40:31.:40:40.

than catching the bus. About five or six years. They have a bike to work

:40:41.:40:44.

scheme at the office. It is a good way to get a bike. It is cheap, it

:40:45.:40:49.

is good exercise and it clears your head in the morning. About 15 years,

:40:50.:40:55.

yes. It is just easier, healthier, cheaper. So long as I don't break

:40:56.:41:03.

down. I have to say, none of those people looked unhealthy. They all

:41:04.:41:05.

looked really healthy. We're joined now from Glasgow

:41:06.:41:06.

by Dr Jason Gill from the Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical

:41:07.:41:09.

Sciences, who carried out the research and Martin Key,

:41:10.:41:11.

campaigns manager at British Morning to you both. Jason, I am

:41:12.:41:22.

guessing you cycled in? I didn't this morning, it was very early,

:41:23.:41:27.

normally I would. What are the benefits of cycling, what is the

:41:28.:41:32.

science? We found in a large study of more than 260,000 people, people

:41:33.:41:38.

who cycle to work at a 40% lower risk of dying and similar reduction

:41:39.:41:45.

in cardiovascular and cancer as well. Why? We know physical activity

:41:46.:41:52.

has benefits, it reduces blood pressure and the level of light in

:41:53.:41:56.

your bloodstream. It makes your blood able to relax, it improves the

:41:57.:42:02.

way your body handles sugar, it reduces inflammation. A number of

:42:03.:42:06.

well-known mechanisms by which being active reduces the risk of adverse

:42:07.:42:11.

health event. If you are cycling into work your lifestyle in general

:42:12.:42:16.

is more likely to be healthy on the whole, you are likely to eat better.

:42:17.:42:22.

That is a valid point. We tried to adjust for these factors. In the

:42:23.:42:28.

analysis, we adjusted for age, because older people are likely to

:42:29.:42:33.

develop adverse conditions, sex, ethnicity, deprivation. We know that

:42:34.:42:36.

poor people are likely to develop these conditions. If people smoke,

:42:37.:42:42.

DMI, how heavy people are, aspects of diet, other activity. We adjusted

:42:43.:42:47.

for all of the factors we could think of which might influence the

:42:48.:42:52.

result and we found the association of cycling and these outcomes is

:42:53.:42:56.

over and above these effects after adjusting for these factors that

:42:57.:42:59.

could have influenced the result. Martin is here, British cycling, did

:43:00.:43:07.

you cycled it? I did, a couple of miles. It is a lovely morning. The

:43:08.:43:14.

reasons are clear why it would be good for you, cycling, exercise, but

:43:15.:43:19.

a lot of people might say why they wouldn't want to cycle. They may

:43:20.:43:23.

say, what about pollution, what about being knocked off my bike,

:43:24.:43:28.

road rage, what about the fact I will get to work looking like a

:43:29.:43:32.

mess. A lot of reasons people might say it is not great to cycle to

:43:33.:43:37.

work. And we know those reasons. Millions of people cycle. Relatively

:43:38.:43:42.

few people cycle to work. And for many reasons you mentioned. We need

:43:43.:43:46.

to help people build confidence. You might be happy to cycle on the

:43:47.:43:50.

weekend. When you get on a bike for the first time your confidence

:43:51.:43:54.

increases. Try cycling to work on a Sunday with family or friends. Try

:43:55.:44:00.

to learn a back route and that will increase your confidence. If you

:44:01.:44:04.

need to get going you will suddenly feel better. Another is packing on

:44:05.:44:08.

Sunday evening. When you wake up first thing, that means you won't

:44:09.:44:13.

check it out. You are ready to go. Does it require more of a mindset

:44:14.:44:17.

from your employer as well because clearly you need facilities? In most

:44:18.:44:23.

environments, you need something at the other end. To an extent, but it

:44:24.:44:29.

is not completely - the great thing is it is so accessible and you don't

:44:30.:44:33.

need special kit beyond a bike. There are always places to park your

:44:34.:44:37.

bike. There are lots of tips you can do. Rolling up your clothes so you

:44:38.:44:41.

can change at the office. If you don't have a shower, a baby wipe in

:44:42.:44:44.

can change at the office. If you the bathroom is - you can freshen

:44:45.:44:48.

up. Don't cycle very fast, don't sweat and you can get in in a good

:44:49.:44:53.

state. Did you cycle in your suit? I did, yes. It is perfectly possible.

:44:54.:44:58.

You only have to go and a few hundred miles and everyone cycles in

:44:59.:45:03.

suit and dresses. That is true. And Jason, your research looked at

:45:04.:45:07.

walking. And while it use great, it isn't as good as cycling at all?

:45:08.:45:16.

There are several reasons, people walk shorter distances, so people

:45:17.:45:20.

cycling to work cycled 30 miles a week, whereas walkers walked six

:45:21.:45:23.

miles a week and more activity gives you bigger benefit. Cycling is

:45:24.:45:28.

higher intensity. You get more out of breath. High intensity activities

:45:29.:45:32.

are beneficial. It is a combination of the fact that they do more and

:45:33.:45:37.

harder that gives the benefit. If you are walking and you take a

:45:38.:45:41.

longer route to work you will get a bigger benefit from going the

:45:42.:45:43.

shortest possible route. Thank you. I love what you said. If you cycle

:45:44.:45:55.

to work, you need something at the other end. Some facilities, or

:45:56.:46:04.

something. It makes it a bit nicer, doesn't it? Some decent weather

:46:05.:46:12.

around today! I think this shot behind me, it really sums up this

:46:13.:46:17.

morning for many. A fairly cloudy start to your day. Some breaks in

:46:18.:46:22.

the cloud. If you are about to cycle into work, you've got some sunshine

:46:23.:46:29.

overhead in the moment. -- at the moment. Some cloud, maybe one or two

:46:30.:46:37.

showers. Mostly staying dry. West of the Pennines, damp, drizzly and

:46:38.:46:42.

misty. North-east England brightening up quite shortly. Some

:46:43.:46:47.

rain southwards and into the Midlands. The coming few and further

:46:48.:46:52.

between. Staying dry through the day. Across east Anglia and the

:46:53.:46:56.

south-east, some sunshine. Some frost in Kent and Essex. Overall,

:46:57.:47:02.

this morning, cold. Some brighter breaks appearing through the cloud.

:47:03.:47:07.

Some of the sunniest conditions through the afternoon. Eastern

:47:08.:47:11.

Scotland, seeing the highest of the temperatures. Even with the cloud

:47:12.:47:17.

elsewhere, temperatures above where they should be for this time of

:47:18.:47:24.

year. A few showers in Northern Ireland and northern England. Many

:47:25.:47:30.

areas dry. Not too cold tonight. There some frost. A bit of a chilly

:47:31.:47:40.

start in the countryside. Lots of cloud across England and Wales,

:47:41.:47:44.

brightening up. We could see one or two showers. A damp morning across

:47:45.:47:50.

much of Scotland, some heavy bursts of rain. Pushing into Northern

:47:51.:47:54.

Ireland later. This is the weather front, a dividing line between mild

:47:55.:48:00.

air in the south. Further north, temperatures dropping back into

:48:01.:48:05.

single figures. Nothing desperately chilli. This weather front, that

:48:06.:48:10.

will bring much in the way of rain to southern areas. High pressure

:48:11.:48:15.

close by. That will bring the dry start to Saturday. A bit breezy to

:48:16.:48:22.

the north and east. Temperatures into double figures. Someday,

:48:23.:48:27.

warmer. Southern parts especially. Wet and windy across the North of

:48:28.:48:31.

Scotland. That's how it's working. More in half an hour -- looking.

:48:32.:48:45.

Debenham's have announced an overhaul of their stores this

:48:46.:48:49.

morning - revamping the look and layout -

:48:50.:48:51.

but that means SOME of the stores could be closed.

:48:52.:48:53.

The retailer Debenhams has announced it's looking to close 10 stores,

:48:54.:48:57.

10 regional warehouses and a central distribution centre.

:48:58.:48:59.

The department store says those left will be revamped,

:49:00.:49:01.

changing the layout, reducing clutter, adding more beauty

:49:02.:49:03.

It's all focused on shopping as an experience, not convenience -

:49:04.:49:08.

so we asked people yesterday if that's how they think

:49:09.:49:10.

We prefer high street stores. We think they should be brought back

:49:11.:49:21.

more into the mainstream. Independent stores, local high

:49:22.:49:25.

street stores. You do need department stores, but I think the

:49:26.:49:28.

essence of the community is the high street. It can be limiting, but you

:49:29.:49:37.

can get everything you need in one place. When you go in, they have

:49:38.:49:43.

everything you need. They have perfume, variety. I do prefer them.

:49:44.:49:49.

I don't prefer them, it is just more of a variety sometimes. If you can't

:49:50.:49:53.

get them in the high street, then you know you can get them in

:49:54.:49:55.

department stores. Catherine Shuttleworth

:49:56.:49:56.

is with retail and shopper marketing agency Savvy Marketing

:49:57.:49:59.

and joins me now. Going through the results, there's

:50:00.:50:09.

loads of stuff about social shopping, destination Digital. What

:50:10.:50:15.

does it mean? We have a chief executive who has come on board from

:50:16.:50:20.

Amazon. We are trying to get people to find reasons to go to shops and

:50:21.:50:26.

not purchase online. 95% of people purchase things online. They are

:50:27.:50:30.

trying to create more ways for us to have experiences in the stores --

:50:31.:50:35.

digital. Young people are kind of rejecting buying lots of stuff.

:50:36.:50:50.

Debenham's are trying to tap into what people like, eating, drinking,

:50:51.:50:57.

having an experience. Yes, people are going for experiences? They are.

:50:58.:51:10.

Yes, and we are spending time on different things. Debenham's have

:51:11.:51:17.

165 stores. Some of them are in town centres that have not had the kind

:51:18.:51:21.

of investment that they need. They need reasons to get people back into

:51:22.:51:24.

those stores. That is why they've announced this programme to invest

:51:25.:51:30.

in stores. They don't want people behind the scenes, they want people

:51:31.:51:34.

at the front of house, talking to customers. In America, a couple of

:51:35.:51:45.

big stores such as Sears are closing. Do you think our shopping

:51:46.:51:52.

habits are similar to Americans? It is true that our shopping experience

:51:53.:52:03.

is changing. Debenham's sell so much beauty stuff in the UK, they are

:52:04.:52:07.

responsible for about one third of all beauty products we purchase.

:52:08.:52:13.

They can create experiences for younger people around that. They are

:52:14.:52:16.

not saying which stores they are closing. They are saying there are

:52:17.:52:21.

ten which are essentially under review. They are going to be closing

:52:22.:52:25.

a huge facility in Northampton. It will be interesting to see which

:52:26.:52:33.

stores are closing. Their structure needs to change so that the

:52:34.:52:43.

despatching centres are able to function better. The man who is

:52:44.:52:48.

coming in from Amazon, he will no how to change the base of the

:52:49.:52:51.

business to make it more profitable. That will change starting with the

:52:52.:52:56.

back office. He will look at that with a new pair of eyes. Thank you

:52:57.:52:59.

very much for your time. A few months ago,

:53:00.:53:05.

you would never have thought you would be talking

:53:06.:53:07.

about the success of British tennis At just 25 years old,

:53:08.:53:10.

Johanna Konta isn't doing too She's the most successful British

:53:11.:53:13.

female tennis player since Virginia After winning the Miami Open last

:53:14.:53:22.

month, she's ranked number 7 But she doesn't plan to stop there -

:53:23.:53:25.

her dream, she says, She invited me to join her

:53:26.:53:29.

at the National Tennis Centre to chat about her love of the game,

:53:30.:53:34.

the LTA's Tennis for Kid's scheme I found out how she likes omelettes

:53:35.:53:38.

for breakfast, as well! My dream has always been to be

:53:39.:53:49.

number one in the world, to win titles and be

:53:50.:53:54.

at the top of the game. I'm doing everything in my power

:53:55.:53:59.

to make that come true. We are here this morning with one

:54:00.:54:05.

of the fastest rising tennis stars She has her eyes firmly fixed

:54:06.:54:08.

on the number one spot. Welcome to, I guess

:54:09.:54:22.

it is my home in a way. I used to sleep there,

:54:23.:54:35.

so I literally used to live here. I actually lived pretty much

:54:36.:54:40.

on the tennis court. I woke my dad up to get to practise

:54:41.:54:43.

at the crack of dawn. He told me I needed to invest energy

:54:44.:54:55.

into it, I needed to get up Once he realised I

:54:56.:55:01.

would be waking him up every morning, initially,

:55:02.:55:06.

he wondered, what have I got myself You said, very clearly,

:55:07.:55:09.

you want to be world number one? That has been a dream

:55:10.:55:19.

of mine since I was a young I think it will be as long

:55:20.:55:26.

as I am playing this sport. I need to keep focusing

:55:27.:55:32.

on my work because I know When my feet get too tight,

:55:33.:55:35.

it helps loosen me up. I am really just trying

:55:36.:55:45.

to loosen it up a bit. So that I'm not stiff

:55:46.:55:52.

as a board when I Is there still some way

:55:53.:55:55.

to go to make men's There has become so much

:55:56.:56:04.

more depth in our It is becoming more exciting,

:56:05.:56:12.

but it is also important not to compare us to mean

:56:13.:56:15.

in terms of our tennis. We work in different ways,

:56:16.:56:18.

but we were just as hard and commit our lives

:56:19.:56:21.

to the sport, just It is a great time to be part

:56:22.:56:23.

of women's tennis and British It is a very exciting

:56:24.:56:28.

period and I am really I always wanted to be just

:56:29.:56:32.

the best version of myself. Those children were so excited to

:56:33.:56:48.

see her, and she genuinely said, I know you're excited, but I am

:56:49.:56:50.

excited to see you, to! Just great. with the Scottish National Party

:56:51.:56:59.

in the event of a hung parliament. The SNP has said it would be

:57:00.:57:06.

prepared to work with other parties But the Labour leader

:57:07.:57:09.

said he did not regard School meals should include fewer

:57:10.:57:14.

puddings and more fresh vegetables, according

:57:15.:57:19.

to a report published today. Obesity Action Scotland says

:57:20.:57:21.

improvements to school meals could play an important part

:57:22.:57:24.

in reducing childhood obesity. It wants to highlight the issue

:57:25.:57:26.

ahead of the council elections New research suggests that cycling

:57:27.:57:32.

to work could almost halve people's risk of developing heart

:57:33.:57:40.

disease and cancer. Scientists at Glasgow University

:57:41.:57:43.

analysed data from more than 250,000 people over

:57:44.:57:46.

a period of five years, and compared people who had

:57:47.:57:48.

an "active" commute with those The overall message is about getting

:57:49.:57:52.

more people on bicycles and we need to change the design of transport

:57:53.:57:59.

systems in cities to make it easier This will cost money up front

:58:00.:58:02.

but it is likely to be substantially saving in terms of the effect

:58:03.:58:08.

on public health and reduce pollution and congestion in cities

:58:09.:58:11.

so there are a number of wins associated with changing our

:58:12.:58:14.

transport system to make it easier Edinburgh University has been chosen

:58:15.:58:17.

as one of six centres which will be part of the new UK Dementia Research

:58:18.:58:26.

Institute. It's been created to develop ways

:58:27.:58:28.

of diagnosing and treating dementia. Researchers also hope

:58:29.:58:32.

to identify strategies which will help to improve care

:58:33.:58:35.

for people living with conditions, such as Alzheimer's,

:58:36.:58:38.

Parkinson's and Huntington's. Breakfast time weather now -

:58:39.:58:45.

and it's over to Anne Good morning. If fairly cloudy start

:58:46.:59:01.

for many this morning but not for all, any brightness and is shown in

:59:02.:59:05.

short supply, the best of which are through eastern parts this

:59:06.:59:10.

afternoon. We could see a top temperature of 217 degrees. More

:59:11.:59:15.

clout in the west and outbreaks of rain any north-west and art through

:59:16.:59:21.

Orkney. Into this evening, the rain continues to move further south

:59:22.:59:25.

becoming persistent through the Highlands and Hebrides and in the

:59:26.:59:29.

south-west sunlight and patchy rain and the east best in terms of the

:59:30.:59:34.

driest weather, but he cold on it to come, fairly mild. Tomorrow the rain

:59:35.:59:39.

continues to work surface, behind it cooler and fresher air and a mixture

:59:40.:59:41.

of sunshine and solutions. In Lanarkshire - Traffic's slow

:59:42.:59:44.

on the northbound M74 between Junction 6 Hamilton and 5

:59:45.:59:48.

the Raith Interchange. Expect northbound delays

:59:49.:59:50.

on the M80 at J4a, Low Wood. Edinburgh City bypass is very

:59:51.:59:52.

slow in both directions Delays too at Newbridge

:59:53.:59:55.

on the southbound M9 and at Claylands, junction 2,

:59:56.:00:02.

on the eastbound M8. And in Dundee, one westbound lane

:00:03.:00:04.

of the Riverside Esplanade is closed while work is carried out on the V

:00:05.:00:07.

Museum. Plenty more on our website

:00:08.:00:13.

at the usual address. Hello, this is Breakfast,

:00:14.:00:15.

with Sally Nugent and Charlie Stayt. The party leaders hit the campaign

:00:16.:00:34.

trail for the 2017 general election. Jeremy Corbyn will say that Labour

:00:35.:00:39.

will stand up for British people against what he calls a rigged

:00:40.:00:46.

system, when he makes his first official speech

:00:47.:00:49.

of the election this morning. Last night, on the campaign trail,

:00:50.:00:50.

Theresa May told voters in Bolton they faced a choice

:00:51.:00:53.

between her "strong and stable leadership"

:00:54.:00:55.

or a "coalition of chaos". It is going on, polling day is seven

:00:56.:01:03.

weeks away. And we are live in slowed only. This is where Theresa

:01:04.:01:09.

May's long hike helped make up her mind.

:01:10.:01:28.

Good morning - it's Thursday 20th April.

:01:29.:01:36.

Scientists discover drugs that could stop conditions

:01:37.:01:43.

like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's in their tracks.

:01:44.:01:44.

We'll hear about the new research that suggests cycling to work cuts

:01:45.:01:47.

the risk of heart disease and cancer by almost half.

:01:48.:01:50.

The retailer Debenhams has announced it is looking to close 10 stores,

:01:51.:01:53.

10 regional warehouses and a central distribution centre.

:01:54.:01:55.

And in sport, Serena Williams reveals she's

:01:56.:01:58.

She made the announcement on social media, posting a picture

:01:59.:02:07.

And we'll be hearing from one of the stars of British tennis.

:02:08.:02:12.

Johanna Konta speaks exclusively to Breakfast about her dreams

:02:13.:02:15.

Good morning. Well, I'll be serving up just a little bit of sunshine.

:02:16.:02:29.

Overall, a fairly cloudy story for many of us and a touch of drizzle,

:02:30.:02:31.

too. Jeremy Corbyn will set out his pitch

:02:32.:02:35.

to voters this morning as he tries In a speech the Labour leader

:02:36.:02:42.

will say that he'll stand up for the British people

:02:43.:02:46.

who "are the true wealth creators, held back by a system rigged

:02:47.:02:48.

for wealth extractors". Last night, on the campaign trail,

:02:49.:02:50.

Theresa May said the public faced a choice between her "strong

:02:51.:02:53.

and stable leadership" Here's our political

:02:54.:02:55.

correspondent Alex Forsyth. The campaigning can start

:02:56.:03:01.

in earnest, now the election date has been set -

:03:02.:03:03.

and the party leaders Jeremy Corbyn's pitch

:03:04.:03:05.

is as the antiestablishment party. He'll promise not

:03:06.:03:13.

to play by the rules. And say Labour will stand up

:03:14.:03:21.

for British people in a system rigged to favour the rich -

:03:22.:03:23.

a message he hinted at it Are we going to be a country

:03:24.:03:26.

that works only to make This election is going to be fought

:03:27.:03:32.

on the streets of this country, up and down, in town halls,

:03:33.:03:43.

in streets, on beaches, Theresa May wants to exploit

:03:44.:03:46.

what she sees as Jeremy Corbyn's She said only the Conservatives can

:03:47.:03:52.

deliver the security It's a choice between strong

:03:53.:03:57.

and stable leadership under the Conservatives,

:03:58.:04:05.

or weak and unstable coalition Expect the campaign messages to come

:04:06.:04:07.

thick and fast from every party The race is on, the battle lines

:04:08.:04:16.

drawn - and they know just what's at stake -

:04:17.:04:24.

not just their futures, Our political correspondent Chris

:04:25.:04:25.

Mason joins us from Westminster. Good morning to you. Are we getting

:04:26.:04:39.

a sense of the tone of the next few weeks now? Good morning to you. I

:04:40.:04:46.

think we are. This might be Nirvana for nerds like me but I guess there

:04:47.:04:49.

will be a certain element of fatigue about the prospect of more political

:04:50.:04:55.

palaver over the next seven weeks. This morning, Jeremy Corbyn will be

:04:56.:04:59.

setting out his tone for the campaign, at knowledge of all the

:05:00.:05:02.

headlines that suggest he's 1 million miles behind, by saying he

:05:03.:05:06.

is the anti-establishment candidate, he is out there to try and prove the

:05:07.:05:10.

establishment and the media wrong. As for the Prime Minister, I think

:05:11.:05:14.

we will see repeated again and again the message we heard there in Alex's

:05:15.:05:18.

report. What we are also now being told is that whilst the reason me

:05:19.:05:23.

has said she won't do election debates, where she appears on stage

:05:24.:05:26.

alongside other political leaders, Downing Street to seem open to the

:05:27.:05:34.

idea that in some sort of TV format, perhaps a question time type affair,

:05:35.:05:39.

with David Dimbleby taking questions from a live audience. All of that

:05:40.:05:42.

negotiation is going on behind the scenes huddle whilst the political

:05:43.:05:46.

parties try to work out what their pitch to the country will be. Avenue

:05:47.:05:52.

we spoken about polities yet -- about policies yet?! No, would be

:05:53.:06:02.

the direct answer! Firstly, I think we have already got a reasonable

:06:03.:06:05.

sense of what the main parties will say because it is what they have

:06:06.:06:08.

been saying for all the last couple of years. But also, in offices

:06:09.:06:12.

around here right now, there are young, keen political types, perhaps

:06:13.:06:17.

potential future Prime Minister is, typing away furiously, having to

:06:18.:06:20.

write these manifestos, these bundles of promises. They normally

:06:21.:06:24.

take months and they have got to do them in a matter of days. This

:06:25.:06:27.

morning there has been some speculation that the Conservatives

:06:28.:06:31.

could ditch their plan for ring fencing a certain amount of money,

:06:32.:06:36.

0.7% of national income, for foreign aid. This morning, senior Cabinet

:06:37.:06:41.

ministers saying how proud they were to vote that threw in the Commons in

:06:42.:06:45.

the last couple of years. It doesn't mean the Conservatives will

:06:46.:06:48.

definitely stick to it but it shows the kind of discussions which are

:06:49.:06:54.

under way. So, scrap yourself in, seven weeks to go. Good luck is all

:06:55.:06:57.

I can say! In ten minutes... In ten minutes, we'll be

:06:58.:07:01.

speaking to MP Oliver Letwin and the Labour Party's former

:07:02.:07:04.

director of policy Torsten Bell. Train services in and out of one

:07:05.:07:07.

of London's busiest station have largely returned to normal this

:07:08.:07:10.

morning, after a fire caused serious Network Rail said engineers worked

:07:11.:07:13.

overnight to restore Most major services are operating

:07:14.:07:16.

as normal, but a full service is not Engineers say 100 metres of

:07:17.:07:33.

high-voltage cable destroyed in the fire still needs to be replaced.

:07:34.:07:38.

Scientists have discovered drugs which may be able

:07:39.:07:40.

to stop Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and a wide range

:07:41.:07:42.

One of them is already safely given to people with depression.

:07:43.:07:47.

Clinical trials are planned, but the findings so far have been

:07:48.:07:49.

described as exciting, important and potentially

:07:50.:07:51.

Speaking earlier on Breakfast, the lead researcher,

:07:52.:07:54.

Giovanna Mallucci, told us clinical trials could start imminently.

:07:55.:08:07.

There would be a daily dose, basically. We would probably use

:08:08.:08:13.

trazodone first, which is already used with the elderly. We cannot

:08:14.:08:17.

cure these things, but if we can stop them in their tracks and change

:08:18.:08:20.

the way they progress, we can radically change the course of the

:08:21.:08:23.

natural history of diseases like Alzheimer's and other dementias.

:08:24.:08:35.

South Korean and American military forces are taking part

:08:36.:08:37.

in a joint military exercise, an action which North Korea

:08:38.:08:40.

Operation Max Thunder is a training practice involving aircraft

:08:41.:08:43.

Our correspondent Steve Evans is at the US base in South Korea,

:08:44.:08:47.

This operation involves around 1000 American personnel and about 500

:08:48.:09:00.

from South Korea. There are also bases in Japan involved. It happens

:09:01.:09:04.

every single year, it involves a aircraft pretending to fight each

:09:05.:09:07.

other and also bombing targets on the ground, not with live

:09:08.:09:12.

ammunition. Despite its regularity, North Korea finds it very, very

:09:13.:09:15.

annoying, it says it's a rehearsal for invasion. China wants these

:09:16.:09:21.

exercises to stop, a moratorium to be put on it. What China suggests

:09:22.:09:30.

is, stop these exercises on the one hand, and North Korea should put a

:09:31.:09:33.

moratorium on its nuclear programme on the other. It doesn't seem likely

:09:34.:09:39.

to happen. But if there is to be a peaceful resolution, as vice

:09:40.:09:46.

president pence says he wants, it would involve something like that

:09:47.:09:49.

trash at the moment, though, the atmosphere is far from that. There

:09:50.:09:53.

is a tension which is building up and doesn't seem to be deflating.

:09:54.:10:00.

There is the row in South Korea about the presidents, or the lack of

:10:01.:10:11.

it, of the USS Carl Vinson aircraft carrier strike group. The fact that

:10:12.:10:16.

it wasn't sent, when President Trump said an armada was on the way, is

:10:17.:10:18.

causing consternation here. Some people say, if you cannot believe

:10:19.:10:21.

what he says, what can you trust. The department store Debenhams is

:10:22.:10:42.

considering closing up to ten stores.

:10:43.:10:47.

Police may now have to shoot at terrorists who use cars

:10:48.:10:49.

as weapons, a senior officer has said.

:10:50.:10:51.

The national lead for armed policing Simon Chesterman,

:10:52.:10:53.

said the tactics of armed officers will have to change

:10:54.:10:55.

following a string of attacks involving vehicles.

:10:56.:10:57.

In the past, police have been told not to shoot drivers of moving

:10:58.:11:00.

Cycling to work could halve the risk of developing

:11:01.:11:07.

heart disease and cancer, according to new research

:11:08.:11:11.

published today in the British Medical Journal.

:11:12.:11:12.

Scientists at the University of Glasgow who analysed data

:11:13.:11:15.

from more than 250,000 people said walking reduced the risk of the same

:11:16.:11:18.

Our reporter Vishala Sri-Pathma has more.

:11:19.:11:26.

The commute to work, for some, is the only

:11:27.:11:29.

Well, for those of us that cycle to the office,

:11:30.:11:34.

Experts from the University of Glasgow say that it reduces the risk

:11:35.:11:41.

of developing cancer and heart disease.

:11:42.:11:43.

In fact, cycling to work is linked to a 45% lower risk

:11:44.:11:47.

of developing cancer, and a 46% lower threat

:11:48.:11:50.

That compares to driving or even taking public transport.

:11:51.:11:58.

It also means you're less likely to die younger.

:11:59.:12:02.

Walking has its benefits, too, although it's not

:12:03.:12:04.

You have to walk a total of two hours a week at an average speed

:12:05.:12:09.

of 3mph for the health benefits to kick in.

:12:10.:12:12.

So, we need to make it easier for people to cycle.

:12:13.:12:16.

So, we need to increase cycle lanes, we need to have cycle -

:12:17.:12:19.

city hire schemes, subsidised bike schemes, have people

:12:20.:12:22.

have showers at work, so they don't feel sweaty

:12:23.:12:25.

There's a whole host of things to make it easier

:12:26.:12:28.

And if we can do that, we get more people will be on bikes,

:12:29.:12:34.

and we're going to improve public health, just like places like

:12:35.:12:37.

Charities have welcomed the findings.

:12:38.:12:43.

Cancer Research UK says it's evidence that you don't need

:12:44.:12:45.

to join a gym or run the marathon, and that everything they get you hot

:12:46.:12:49.

and out of breath can help make a difference.

:12:50.:12:58.

lots of election news at the moment and some things which might make you

:12:59.:13:04.

scared when you watch the news. But the...

:13:05.:13:07.

Every now and again we show you some cute animal pictures on Breakfast.

:13:08.:13:10.

These little Nigerian dwarf goats were filmed wearing

:13:11.:13:21.

specially-constructed nightwear by a farm in the US state of Maine.

:13:22.:13:29.

The pyjamas are designed to keep the newborns extra warm.

:13:30.:13:35.

I challenge you to make the "leap" from this story to the next one, the

:13:36.:13:48.

election! Things that make you happy...? No, not feeling it, sorry!

:13:49.:13:54.

Politicians around the UK will be dusting down their rosettes,

:13:55.:13:57.

getting their soap boxes ready and preparing for a fast and furious

:13:58.:14:00.

Already this morning, we have an idea of some of the key themes

:14:01.:14:04.

that the parties hope will persuade YOU to back them on June 8th.

:14:05.:14:13.

researchers will be toiling away right now, writing those manifestos.

:14:14.:14:18.

Let's discuss them with Torsten Bell, former director

:14:19.:14:20.

of policy for Labour, and the Conservative MP and former

:14:21.:14:22.

Both were heavily involved in writing their party's manifestos

:14:23.:14:25.

In your case, Oliver Letwin, many times previously as well. First up,

:14:26.:14:33.

good morning, by the way, boast of you. A manifesto, and we have got to

:14:34.:14:40.

wait a while because they are being written as we speak, is a manifesto

:14:41.:14:46.

a pledge? Yes. It is as simple as that, if you sated in the manifesto,

:14:47.:14:52.

Oliver Letwin, this is a thing that the Government will do? Well, yes.

:14:53.:14:58.

My view is that the manifesto most matters because of its effect after

:14:59.:15:02.

the election, rather than during it. I suspect even you and certainly

:15:03.:15:06.

most of your viewers are not going to read the manifestos in this

:15:07.:15:12.

election. They will hear things on the radio and the television and

:15:13.:15:15.

they will see things on the iPad, but the manifesto will be real

:15:16.:15:17.

important when somebody is elected to government, because it does

:15:18.:15:22.

constitute a programme and they are committed to it. It particularly

:15:23.:15:26.

matters when they are trying to get some controversial things through.

:15:27.:15:29.

One big thing we will see in the Conservative manifesto this time,

:15:30.:15:33.

almost certainly, is having Conservative MPs being elected on a

:15:34.:15:36.

promise to extend grammar schools. Whereas previously they would have

:15:37.:15:39.

said that was not a manifesto commitment and it would have been

:15:40.:15:42.

very hard to get through Parliament. So these things do matter, even

:15:43.:15:47.

though as Oliver says, not every single person in the country will

:15:48.:15:50.

read every line of the manifesto! With your experience within the

:15:51.:15:53.

Labour Party, having worked on election campaigns before, as we sit

:15:54.:15:57.

here on what is effectively the first day of campaigning, and in

:15:58.:16:01.

just a couple of hours, Jeremy Corbyn will be making his first

:16:02.:16:05.

speech, what do you think are the key and we will be expecting to see

:16:06.:16:06.

from him? Boyd the election you already saw in

:16:07.:16:21.

microcosm yesterday, we will see Theresa May and having their saying

:16:22.:16:30.

vote for me for strong ladyship and delivering Brexit, but the general

:16:31.:16:32.

tone, if you want strong leadership vote for Theresa May, that is what

:16:33.:16:35.

she was saying in Bolton yesterday and what she will be saying most

:16:36.:16:40.

days. Jeremy Corbyn will be saying why don't you vote for a change,

:16:41.:16:44.

vote for a party that will stand up for working people, and those two

:16:45.:16:50.

things will clash. In some ways it is an odd election, but in other

:16:51.:16:54.

ways elections fit into forms. If you are the government party you are

:16:55.:16:57.

arguing why not go forward rather than backwards, and if you are the

:16:58.:17:00.

opposition party you arguing, isn't it time for a change? The British

:17:01.:17:06.

public funds for one of those. Oliver Letwin, Jeremy Corbyn

:17:07.:17:08.

pitching himself as the antiestablishment candidate, we saw

:17:09.:17:11.

it in America with Trump, and I am not comparing them directly, but can

:17:12.:17:16.

you see comparisons there, where some people might think I will buy

:17:17.:17:22.

into that? I can see that the Labour Party will be arguing for a change.

:17:23.:17:26.

That is what oppositions to win elections and I think it is true

:17:27.:17:32.

that Jeremy Corbyn is not a typical figure of the British political

:17:33.:17:34.

establishment, that is certainly true. I think actually he may want

:17:35.:17:40.

to downplay that. They will be very interesting to see just how that

:17:41.:17:45.

goes. I suspect that Theresa May will be doing exactly what Thorsten

:17:46.:17:48.

has suggested, putting to the public that she is a strong leader, there's

:17:49.:17:53.

a big task for the nation airhead and she is therefore a good person

:17:54.:17:57.

to lead it, and asking for a mandate to that. It may be that Corbin

:17:58.:18:02.

Bryant 's Mike responds would be to try to argue that he could be the

:18:03.:18:05.

strongly there instead. There will be very interesting to say whether

:18:06.:18:08.

he put it that way all weather on the contrary he says he would rather

:18:09.:18:15.

have a complete rupture, and not go through with Brexit at all. It is in

:18:16.:18:24.

contrast to the last election where Ed Miliband's position was perfectly

:18:25.:18:27.

clear the contrast was perfectly clear. Can I pick up on the issue

:18:28.:18:34.

you said about May, a lot of people have said that a strong leader would

:18:35.:18:39.

be happy to debate in any public forum. Why is she scared of doing a

:18:40.:18:44.

television debate? I don't think it is a question of being scared, I

:18:45.:18:49.

think it is what is this your advantage to persuade people, is it

:18:50.:18:54.

the direct approach or a debate? If you had come to the Commons in the

:18:55.:18:59.

last year Le Saux and watched the ruse of May and Jeremy Corbyn across

:19:00.:19:03.

the dispatch box, you would see that she is not scared of debate with

:19:04.:19:09.

him, and I am a biased spectator, but almost any unbiased spectator

:19:10.:19:12.

would agree that she is better at the baiting than he is, just

:19:13.:19:15.

technically. But that is not the issue, how do you get your message

:19:16.:19:20.

across West, and on that basis she and others were planned their

:19:21.:19:24.

election campaigns. Thorsten, you will be well aware of these figures

:19:25.:19:29.

and I am sure the Labour Party is, about Jeremy Corbyn's personal

:19:30.:19:32.

polling, which at the moment is pretty desperate in relation to

:19:33.:19:36.

Theresa May, who would make a better Prime Minister. How does he get

:19:37.:19:41.

around that issue, does he just ignore the polls? That seems to be

:19:42.:19:45.

the principle that they argue. You have lots of politicians and

:19:46.:19:51.

pollsters who tell you what Jeremy Corbyn -- what the public think

:19:52.:19:56.

about Jeremy Corbyn and Theresa May come I am not going to argue that.

:19:57.:20:01.

Yes, the public have a sense of instability and they want security

:20:02.:20:05.

but they also want change. In the country, last month we saw earnings

:20:06.:20:08.

starting to fall after a fairly decent few years, and that looks

:20:09.:20:12.

like it will be set to last for the next year or so as prices rise

:20:13.:20:17.

faster than wages. That is what the resolution foundation where I work

:20:18.:20:20.

now, we're working on, and that is why there is this tension between

:20:21.:20:24.

Theresa May offering strong leadership, but also saying she will

:20:25.:20:28.

deliver change. That is the balancing actual have to try to

:20:29.:20:30.

strike in her manifesto and it is also the place where the Labour

:20:31.:20:33.

Party and Jeremy Corbyn will be trying to tap into the energy.

:20:34.:20:38.

People satisfied with the weather country Works or do they want

:20:39.:20:43.

change? I think that is right, everybody more or less recognises

:20:44.:20:46.

that there is a large group of our fellow citizens who are not quite at

:20:47.:20:52.

the absolute sort of worst conditions of life, where benefits

:20:53.:20:56.

kick in, and you are out of work and all those terrible things, but at

:20:57.:21:01.

the same time are very far from being well-off, and who really do

:21:02.:21:06.

feel under pressure as families, what Theresa May calls just about

:21:07.:21:12.

managing group. We have now rebadged, ordinary working families.

:21:13.:21:16.

It is the same people. These are people who I think we all agree are

:21:17.:21:22.

facing pretty tough circumstances, so I think the election in

:21:23.:21:25.

considerable part will be about who do people trust most to deliver a

:21:26.:21:30.

change for those people. We will have to live there. Thank you for

:21:31.:21:36.

your time. Oliver Letwin and Fulston bell. Something tells me the tone of

:21:37.:21:40.

that discussion seems very chummy. It might change. Seven weeks today

:21:41.:21:47.

is when we will be voting in the general election. Here is met with

:21:48.:21:48.

the weather. Fairly cloudy Thursday ahead for

:21:49.:21:57.

many, but for those in parts of north-west England, Midlands and

:21:58.:22:02.

Wales, it is a bit grey and misty and damp, some Dresler ramp and not

:22:03.:22:05.

the same everywhere. We have some sunshine, clear skies, and more

:22:06.:22:13.

especially eastern Scotland, there will be dry and reasonably bright

:22:14.:22:16.

and sunny weather all day long. Western Scotland fairly cloudy, one

:22:17.:22:20.

of two showers but most will stay dry, the same for Northern Ireland.

:22:21.:22:23.

Northern England, the north-east will brighten up very shortly but it

:22:24.:22:27.

stay grey and misty for a while across southern parts of the UK. It

:22:28.:22:31.

is here at the moment that we have some spots of rain and drizzle.

:22:32.:22:37.

Ageing in the southern England. Very little rain around. Most Italy will

:22:38.:22:41.

stay dry. That's Lavrov sunshine through East Anglia and the

:22:42.:22:44.

south-east in the next few hours. They will start to cloud over here

:22:45.:22:47.

but elsewhere we will see more pics appearing in the cloud into the

:22:48.:22:52.

afternoon. We see those breaks in the cloud, able feel a touch milder.

:22:53.:22:57.

The best of the brightness, the Channel Islands, East of Scotland

:22:58.:23:01.

and North East England. 16 or 17 the high. They bit of wet weather in the

:23:02.:23:04.

far north and west in Scotland to finish the day. The night had wet

:23:05.:23:08.

and breezy weather will continue. We will see some showers into Northern

:23:09.:23:12.

Ireland and northern England. Further south it will stay dry

:23:13.:23:15.

overnight, a bit misty here and there but temperatures should hold

:23:16.:23:19.

on. Maybe a bit chilly to Devon and Cornwall and the Channel Islands and

:23:20.:23:23.

Hebrides and Shetland, most will start tomorrow around eight to 10

:23:24.:23:27.

degrees per fairly cloudy again. They were today, particularly on the

:23:28.:23:32.

hills in the West. Parisien too. Further south, the morning cloud

:23:33.:23:35.

will break up, some sunny spells developing. We will see temperatures

:23:36.:23:44.

left relative today, 18 or 19 but potentially across the South Trevin

:23:45.:23:49.

Wade to single figures. -- dropping away the single figures. It does

:23:50.:23:58.

mean a loss of try whether they can on Saturday. Ruse is across the

:23:59.:24:01.

East, Winslet has to the east. A cool start to Sunday. Try for

:24:02.:24:10.

those doing the London Marathon, a bit of cloud around, some sunny

:24:11.:24:14.

spells and turning wet and windy across the far north of Scotland.

:24:15.:24:18.

That will take is into next week, it will be quite chilly. You have been

:24:19.:24:19.

warned. You might remember a few weeks ago -

:24:20.:24:27.

the BBC camera crew who were caught Well, they all returned

:24:28.:24:31.

home safe and sound, and now, thankfully,

:24:32.:24:34.

we can bring you the story While such explosions

:24:35.:24:37.

are difficult to predict, researchers have devised

:24:38.:24:40.

a new method of detecting when volcanoes will erupt

:24:41.:24:42.

using satellite technology. Our science correspondent

:24:43.:24:44.

Rebecca Morelle reports. It's one of the most active OK now

:24:45.:24:55.

is in the world. And last month we experienced Mount Etna's devastating

:24:56.:25:02.

power, first-hand. We'd gone to see a lava flow, but the boiling hot

:25:03.:25:06.

rocks, mixed with icy meltwater underneath. The pressure built up,

:25:07.:25:16.

causing this. We were lucky to survive. This is sort of explosion

:25:17.:25:26.

is rare, and hard to predict. By contrast, though, the eruption from

:25:27.:25:29.

the crater that caused it can be forecast. That's because Etna's

:25:30.:25:38.

monitored 24-7 by scientists using an array of insurance. Mount Etna is

:25:39.:25:42.

one of the most thoroughly monitored volcanoes on earth but obviously

:25:43.:25:46.

there are many other volcanoes and many dangerous volcanoes, especially

:25:47.:25:50.

in poorer countries were monitoring is much more room in -- much more

:25:51.:25:55.

rudimentary or in many cases completely absent. But now a

:25:56.:25:59.

ground-breaking prop -- project will change that. At Leeds University,

:26:00.:26:04.

scientists are bad start using satellites to monitor every volcano

:26:05.:26:07.

on earth to provide an early eruption alert. For people using

:26:08.:26:13.

monitors -- use monitoring volcanoes, we are able to provide

:26:14.:26:19.

warning to people, it could really save lives. This will be a worldwide

:26:20.:26:23.

volcano watch, and this is how it works. Before a volcano erupts,

:26:24.:26:29.

magma against a rise from deep beneath the earth, causing the

:26:30.:26:35.

ground to swell. It's only a tiny movement, hardly noticeable, but it

:26:36.:26:39.

can be detected from space. The satellites can measure these

:26:40.:26:44.

changes, down to even if you've millimetres, and if anything is

:26:45.:26:48.

detected, it is a sign that the volcano might be about to explode.

:26:49.:26:53.

Our experience on Etna showed the dangerous that's volcanoes can pose,

:26:54.:26:57.

forecasting major eruptions there and elsewhere could be a game

:26:58.:27:03.

changer. By the end of this year, scientists should have all 1500 of

:27:04.:27:07.

the world was Michael Caine is under their watch. Rebecca Morelle, BBC

:27:08.:27:12.

News. A dangerous trip, amazing pictures. Time to get the news,

:27:13.:27:15.

travel and weather where you are this morning. See you

:27:16.:27:19.

Jeremy Corbyn has ruled out any post-election coalition

:27:20.:27:22.

with the Scottish National Party in the event of a hung parliament.

:27:23.:27:25.

The SNP has said it would be prepared to work with other parties

:27:26.:27:29.

But the Labour leader said he did not regard

:27:30.:27:34.

School meals should include fewer puddings and more fresh

:27:35.:27:43.

vegetables, according to a report published today.

:27:44.:27:44.

Obesity Action Scotland says improvements to school meals

:27:45.:27:47.

could play an important part in reducing childhood obesity.

:27:48.:27:50.

It wants to highlight the issue ahead of the council elections

:27:51.:27:53.

in two weeks time and wants candidates to commit

:27:54.:27:55.

risk of developing heart disease and cancer.

:27:56.:28:08.

Scientists at Glasgow University analysed data from more

:28:09.:28:10.

than 250,000 people over a period of five years,

:28:11.:28:12.

and compared people who had an "active" commute with those

:28:13.:28:17.

The overall message is about getting more people on bicycles and we need

:28:18.:28:25.

to change the design of transport systems in cities to make it easier

:28:26.:28:28.

This will cost money up front but it is likely to be substantially

:28:29.:28:33.

saving in terms of the effect on public health and reduce

:28:34.:28:36.

pollution and congestion in cities so there are a number of wins

:28:37.:28:39.

associated with changing our transport system to make it easier

:28:40.:28:42.

Edinburgh University has been chosen as one of six centres which will be

:28:43.:28:51.

part of the new UK Dementia Research Institute.

:28:52.:28:53.

It's been created to develop ways of diagnosing and treating dementia.

:28:54.:28:56.

Researchers also hope to identify strategies

:28:57.:28:58.

which will help to improve care for people living with conditions,

:28:59.:29:01.

such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Huntington's.

:29:02.:29:10.

Breakfast time weather now - and it's over to Anne

:29:11.:29:13.

A fairly cloudy start for many this morning but not for all although any

:29:14.:29:22.

brightness or sunshine would be in short supply,

:29:23.:29:24.

the best in eastern parts this afternoon which could see a top

:29:25.:29:27.

north-west Highlands and more persistent

:29:28.:29:40.

rain through Orkney and a

:29:41.:29:43.

For the rest of the afternoon and overnight the rain

:29:44.:29:47.

moves farther south becoming persistent for the north-west

:29:48.:29:50.

Highlands and patchy rain further south west and driest in the

:29:51.:29:55.

east but not a cold night to come, fairly mild.

:29:56.:29:59.

The rain continues tomorrow and behind it because there

:30:00.:30:02.

aren't fresher feel the messenger of showers and some brighter spells.

:30:03.:30:04.

Now, its over to Kaye Adams to find out what's happening

:30:05.:30:09.

on BBC Radio Scotland from nine o'clock.

:30:10.:30:10.

A group called Obesity Action Scotland is calling for improved

:30:11.:30:19.

school meals to be a major issue in the local elections.

:30:20.:30:22.

And any health concerns you have, get your calls in for Doctor Tom

:30:23.:30:29.

Now though, it's back to Sally and Charlie.

:30:30.:30:36.

Hello, this is Breakfast, with Sally Nugent and Charlie Stayt.

:30:37.:30:45.

Jeremy Corbyn will set out his pitch to voters this morning as he tries

:30:46.:30:48.

In a speech, the Labour leader will say that he'll stand up

:30:49.:30:56.

for the British people who "are the true wealth-creators,

:30:57.:31:00.

held back by a system rigged for wealth-extractors".

:31:01.:31:02.

Last night, on the campaign trail, Theresa May said the public faced

:31:03.:31:05.

a choice between her "strong and stable leadership"

:31:06.:31:06.

Our political correspondent Chris Mason joins us from Westminster.

:31:07.:31:12.

Take this through what you think might be happening between now and

:31:13.:31:19.

election day, seven weeks hence. I have been shredding my diary over

:31:20.:31:24.

the last 48 hours, out have gone all of the commitments we expected and

:31:25.:31:28.

in have tumbled a loose assembly of dates that will chart the time

:31:29.:31:32.

between now and those polling stations opening. This place,

:31:33.:31:36.

Parliament, will rumble on for the next ten days or so, then what is

:31:37.:31:41.

known as dissolution will happen, to put that into English MPs will no

:31:42.:31:55.

longer be MPs, they will just be candidates if they are deciding to

:31:56.:31:59.

run again. Then we will get a turbo-charging of what already feels

:32:00.:32:01.

like turbo-charged campaigning, we have about a month to register to

:32:02.:32:03.

vote, if you are not registered you have until made the 20th to do so.

:32:04.:32:06.

Then come the posters, battle buses, leaflets through your door and no

:32:07.:32:10.

end of discussion on TV, radio, unlike, everywhere you catalogue,

:32:11.:32:14.

and then seven weeks today is polling day.

:32:15.:32:17.

I hope you can make it fun! I will try my best!

:32:18.:32:22.

Train services in and out of one of London's busiest station have

:32:23.:32:25.

largely returned to normal this morning, after a fire caused serious

:32:26.:32:27.

Network Rail said engineers worked overnight to restore

:32:28.:32:30.

Most major services are operating as normal, but a full service is not

:32:31.:32:35.

Engineers say 100 metres of high voltage cable destroyed in the fire

:32:36.:32:41.

Scientists have discovered drugs which may be able

:32:42.:32:50.

to stop Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and a wide range

:32:51.:32:52.

One of them is already safely given to people with depression.

:32:53.:32:56.

Clinical trials are planned, but the findings so far have been

:32:57.:32:59.

described as exciting, important and potentially

:33:00.:33:00.

Speaking earlier on Breakfast, the lead researcher,

:33:01.:33:06.

Giovanna Mallucci, told us clinical trials could start imminently.

:33:07.:33:12.

There would be simply a daily dose and we would probably use a licensed

:33:13.:33:19.

antidepressant first, safe in the elderly, used in the elderly. We are

:33:20.:33:23.

not expecting cure, we are not going to cure these disorders but if we

:33:24.:33:26.

stop them in their tracks and we change the way they progress, we

:33:27.:33:30.

will radically change the course, the natural history of diseases like

:33:31.:33:34.

Alzheimer's and other dimensions. Test results on victims of an attack

:33:35.:33:39.

in Syria earlier this month confirm the nerve agent

:33:40.:33:44.

sarin, or a similar substance, was used,

:33:45.:33:50.

according to the global chemical The attack killed

:33:51.:33:52.

at least 87 people. The Syrian government has denied

:33:53.:33:55.

using chemical weapons. American troops are taking part

:33:56.:33:57.

in a military exercise with South Korea today,

:33:58.:34:00.

an action which Pyongyang has The government in Washington says

:34:01.:34:02.

the 11-day exercises were planned months ago,

:34:03.:34:07.

and happens every year. Called Operation Max Thunder,

:34:08.:34:09.

the training practice involves about 80 aircraft,

:34:10.:34:11.

1000 American personnel and about Cycling to work could halve the risk

:34:12.:34:13.

of developing heart disease and cancer,

:34:14.:34:23.

according to new research published today in the

:34:24.:34:25.

British Medical Journal. Scientists at the University

:34:26.:34:26.

of Glasgow, who analysed data from more than 250,000 people,

:34:27.:34:29.

said walking reduced the risk of the same

:34:30.:34:30.

conditions by a quarter. Our reporter Vishala

:34:31.:34:33.

Sri-Pathma has more. The commute to work,

:34:34.:34:35.

for some, is the only For those of us that

:34:36.:34:38.

cycle to the office, Experts from the University

:34:39.:34:43.

of Glasgow say it reduces the risk of developing cancer

:34:44.:34:48.

and heart disease. In fact, cycling to work

:34:49.:34:54.

is linked to a 45% lower risk of developing cancer,

:34:55.:34:58.

and a 46% lower threat That compares to driving or even

:34:59.:34:59.

taking public transport. It also means you are less

:35:00.:35:07.

likely to die younger. Walking has its benefits

:35:08.:35:09.

too, although it's not You have to walk a total of two

:35:10.:35:11.

hours a week at an average speed of 3mph for the health

:35:12.:35:20.

benefits to kick in. So we need to make it easier

:35:21.:35:23.

for people to cycle. So we need to increase cycle lanes,

:35:24.:35:25.

we need to have cycle - city hire schemes, subsidised bike

:35:26.:35:28.

schemes, have people have showers at work,

:35:29.:35:34.

so they don't feel sweaty There's a whole host

:35:35.:35:36.

of things to make it easier And if we can do that,

:35:37.:35:40.

we'll get more people on bikes, and we're going to improve public

:35:41.:35:49.

health, just like places like Cancer Research UK says it's

:35:50.:35:52.

evidence that you don't need to join a gym or run the marathon,

:35:53.:36:08.

and that anything that gets you hot and out of breath can help

:36:09.:36:11.

make a difference. Debenhams have announced an overhaul

:36:12.:36:13.

of their stores this morning - But that means some

:36:14.:36:17.

of the stores could be closed. The ones that are left could look

:36:18.:36:20.

significantly different. Yes, these are the results from

:36:21.:36:24.

Debenhams this morning, big high street name, been going the 200

:36:25.:36:27.

years, what we have heard this morning is from the new chief

:36:28.:36:31.

executive, a guy who has come from Amazon, and he has come in with a

:36:32.:36:34.

big turnaround plan because things have been fairly tough for them,

:36:35.:36:39.

like a lot of the big retailers, so what they are saying, they keep

:36:40.:36:44.

using this term social shopping, in other words we don't just want to go

:36:45.:36:48.

in and buy a top, we want to maybe have make-up done at the beauty

:36:49.:36:52.

counter, maybe have a glass of champagne, said they want to

:36:53.:36:56.

capitalise on that idea that we like social shopping, so that is how

:36:57.:36:59.

things will change in the stores, that is what they are saying. Ten

:37:00.:37:03.

struggling stores will be under review, they potentially could

:37:04.:37:06.

close, though that will not happen imminently. The other stores they

:37:07.:37:09.

say will change quite significantly and become more of this social

:37:10.:37:14.

shopping experience, which kind of goes back to the old days of the

:37:15.:37:22.

department store, but it is about capitalising on the fact that we

:37:23.:37:25.

like to do more than shop these days.

:37:26.:37:26.

Aren't we social shopping already? Yes, we are!

:37:27.:37:29.

I thought so! Thank you very much indeed.

:37:30.:37:33.

That brings you up to date, Matt will be here with the weather in

:37:34.:37:34.

about ten minutes time. But also coming up

:37:35.:37:40.

on Breakfast this morning... We'll meet the nine-year-old

:37:41.:37:42.

Blue Peter winner who designed Whiz Bee and Hero the Hedgehog

:37:43.:37:44.

for the World Athletics Championships in

:37:45.:37:46.

London in the summer. Charlie is on his way out to find

:37:47.:37:47.

them now. Not content with a successful career

:37:48.:37:51.

as a stockbroker, footballer, economist and rock musician,

:37:52.:37:53.

Jo Nesbo decided to write the I actually used Olivia. I actually

:37:54.:38:08.

physically lived pretty much on the tennis court! That is how you got so

:38:09.:38:09.

good! I went to meet Johanna Konta -

:38:10.:38:10.

the most successful female British In an exclusive interview,

:38:11.:38:13.

we talked about her love of the game She has a very specific hope to

:38:14.:38:25.

become world number one. And that could happen.

:38:26.:38:30.

I was just watching that thinking, now Serena Williams has announced

:38:31.:38:33.

she is going to have her first child, she will be away from the

:38:34.:38:37.

game for a little while, it opens the door for someone, some pretty

:38:38.:38:41.

big majors round the corner, Wimbledon in the summer.

:38:42.:38:46.

Big news from Serena, though. Yes, she has announced she is having

:38:47.:38:50.

her first child, which is amazing for her. She will be away from the

:38:51.:38:55.

game for a while, this is her first child so exciting times ahead Serena

:38:56.:39:03.

Williams. This is the post she put online yesterday, appearing to show

:39:04.:39:07.

a bump, with the caption, 20 weeks. A spokesperson confirmed the news

:39:08.:39:08.

last night. With the baby due in the autumn,

:39:09.:39:10.

she'll miss the next three grand slams, but could return

:39:11.:39:13.

for the French Open in 2018. Williams announced her

:39:14.:39:16.

engagement to fiancee Andy Murray's made a winning return

:39:17.:39:17.

to competitive tennis after a month The world number one took less

:39:18.:39:21.

than two hours to beat Gilles Muller He last played on the ATP Tour

:39:22.:39:26.

in Indian Wells in March. British number three Kyle Edmund

:39:27.:39:33.

pushed defending champion Rafael Nadal to a deciding set,

:39:34.:39:46.

which is no mean feat coming up against the so-called King of Clay,

:39:47.:39:50.

before eventually going out. Nadal's aiming for a tenth

:39:51.:39:52.

Monte Carlo title. British and Irish Lions

:39:53.:39:54.

coach Warren Gatland has defended his squad selection

:39:55.:39:56.

for this summer's He's named 16 England players,

:39:57.:39:57.

12 from Wales, 11 from Ireland England captain Dylan Hartley

:39:58.:40:02.

was left out, despite leading his side to back-to-back Six Nations

:40:03.:40:09.

titles. Dylan has been unlucky,

:40:10.:40:13.

but it's not just those positions, there's a lot of discussion

:40:14.:40:16.

about Joe Launchbury, Donnacha Ryan, two great brothers in teams have

:40:17.:40:21.

been left out. At the end of the day selection

:40:22.:40:23.

is just a matter of opinion, and we might slightly disagree,

:40:24.:40:27.

but that's what makes Barcelona have been knocked out

:40:28.:40:29.

of the quarter-finals Their forward Neymar moved to tears

:40:30.:40:35.

after defeat to Juventus. Messi had the best chance

:40:36.:40:42.

as they attempted to overturn a 3-0 In the end it finished

:40:43.:40:45.

goalless in Spain. All smiles for the Italian side, but

:40:46.:41:03.

heartbreak for Neymar there. You'd be thought the big players only care

:41:04.:41:07.

about the big wages these days, his expression there would suggest

:41:08.:41:08.

otherwise. Monaco will be joining the Italian

:41:09.:41:10.

side in the semi-finals. The former Chelsea and

:41:11.:41:13.

Manchester United striker Radamel Falcao with this header,

:41:14.:41:15.

as his side beat Borussia Dortmund Manchester United can secure

:41:16.:41:17.

their place in the semi-finals They play Anderlecht

:41:18.:41:21.

at Old Trafford, looking to build on their 1-1 draw

:41:22.:41:27.

from the first leg. Captain Wayne Rooney, in the green,

:41:28.:41:35.

looks set to return from injury. Winning the Europa League

:41:36.:41:38.

would guarantee United a place in next season's Champions League -

:41:39.:41:40.

even if they finish outside When you get into this level, I

:41:41.:41:48.

think the motivation has to be very high. And we must equalise at least

:41:49.:42:00.

in terms of that motivation and that dream to go. So I think it is

:42:01.:42:03.

motivation no question because we showed in Brussels that we are a

:42:04.:42:05.

stronger team. And we've had one of the biggest

:42:06.:42:08.

shocks in World Snooker The world number two

:42:09.:42:10.

and pre-tournament favourite Judd Trump has been knocked out

:42:11.:42:14.

in the first round. And the man that beat him,

:42:15.:42:17.

1000-1 shot Rory McLeod. It's only the second time McLeod has

:42:18.:42:23.

made it in to the second round at the Crucible,

:42:24.:42:25.

in his 26 years as a professional. Trump has never won

:42:26.:42:28.

the World title. He did not want to speak to anyone

:42:29.:42:35.

after he was eliminated. After trying for so long, Rory McLeod

:42:36.:42:39.

called the biggest win of his career so far. Success coming in his later

:42:40.:42:44.

years, we have been talking about it this morning, Serena Williams has

:42:45.:42:48.

enjoyed success in her later years, Jo Konta peaking a little later in

:42:49.:42:51.

her career. Jo Konta says lots of people wrote

:42:52.:42:55.

her off earlier in her career saying she had not developed quickly enough

:42:56.:42:57.

and was getting too old to become great, and here she is,

:42:58.:43:10.

poised at the moment, British number one, having just won the Miami open.

:43:11.:43:14.

And it is reflecting in the men's game is, Roger Federer, great

:43:15.:43:16.

success frame, Novak Djokovic, Andy Murray... Getting better all the

:43:17.:43:19.

time. It seems that is the way to win, start a family!

:43:20.:43:21.

As the UK gears up for a general election, voters in France

:43:22.:43:24.

are getting closer to deciding who their new President will be.

:43:25.:43:26.

This weekend's result will be closely watched as candidates

:43:27.:43:28.

campaign hard on issues that could have big implications

:43:29.:43:31.

Breakfast's Graham Satchell has been on a French exchange

:43:32.:43:34.

between the twinned towns of Tredegar in south Wales

:43:35.:43:36.

We are in Noirmoutier on the West Coast of France.

:43:37.:43:44.

On board le petit train, a group of French and Welsh people

:43:45.:43:47.

whose towns have been twinned for almost 40 years.

:43:48.:43:49.

They share friendship, camaraderie, and it turns out, a deep mistrust

:43:50.:43:55.

Everybody's fed up of what politicians say and they are going

:43:56.:44:00.

People are fed up with some old way of doing politics.

:44:01.:44:06.

The French face a dizzying array of candidates to be

:44:07.:44:12.

What is astonishing about this French election

:44:13.:44:17.

is the almost complete rejection of mainstream politics.

:44:18.:44:23.

The next French president is most unlikely to come from one of the two

:44:24.:44:26.

parties that has run France since the war.

:44:27.:44:28.

Our Welsh contingent comes from Tredegar,

:44:29.:44:40.

part of South Wales that voted for Brexit.

:44:41.:44:42.

In France, many have the same worries about the EU

:44:43.:44:45.

It's why the far-right leader Marine Le Pen is doing well.

:44:46.:44:51.

They say, what are the politicians doing for us?

:44:52.:44:54.

And they seem to think, as far as the immigration

:44:55.:44:56.

problem is concerned, that they are doing

:44:57.:44:58.

And this is why I think perhaps a certain lady may well be leading

:44:59.:45:04.

Dissatisfaction with the merry-go-round of centre left

:45:05.:45:12.

and centre right has opened the door to Marine Le Pen and Jean-Luc

:45:13.:45:17.

The prospect of one of them actually winning has left some in a spin.

:45:18.:45:25.

TRANSLATION: To have Marine Le Pen, for example, or Jean-Luc Melenchon

:45:26.:45:28.

would be extremely detrimental for all of us.

:45:29.:45:37.

There is an alternative to the extremes of right and left -

:45:38.:45:41.

a new party of the centre with a candidate who has

:45:42.:45:43.

never stood for election before - Emmanuel Macron.

:45:44.:45:48.

He has an attractive programme as well.

:45:49.:45:57.

I think many French people are not sure about him.

:45:58.:45:59.

We don't know exactly what he thinks.

:46:00.:46:06.

Macron and Le Pen are the front runners in what is a close race.

:46:07.:46:09.

Marine Le Pen wants to take France out of the Euro.

:46:10.:46:12.

Macron is a staunch supporter of the European Union.

:46:13.:46:20.

If one of these two wins, it will have dramatic impacts

:46:21.:46:23.

Many here have watched Brexit and Trump and say

:46:24.:46:30.

But whatever the outcome, the people of Tredegar and Orvault

:46:31.:46:35.

A Blue Peter competition to design mascots for

:46:36.:46:48.

the World Athletics Championships in London this summer attracted

:46:49.:46:50.

Charlie is down in the Blue Peter garden with the winning entry.

:46:51.:47:02.

Thanks very much. We are going to show you the mascots in a moment.

:47:03.:47:09.

They have never been seen before. Elinor won the competition. Good

:47:10.:47:16.

morning to you both. Tell us, how did you get involved? I saw on Blue

:47:17.:47:22.

Peter that there was a competition and I wanted to see what it was and

:47:23.:47:27.

I thought I could enter it to get a badge. What were your ideas? They

:47:28.:47:38.

were endangered species and they needed help. That was the theme. You

:47:39.:47:49.

had to invent two mascots. Yes. The two mascots, one for the Paralympic

:47:50.:47:53.

event and one for the World Championships. One for the IAAF

:47:54.:47:59.

which we will call Hero and one for the IPC which is Whizbee. Can you do

:48:00.:48:07.

drum roll 's? I would love to have that power! We can imagine it. Think

:48:08.:48:14.

of drum roll, take the camera over there. Just talk us through whom we

:48:15.:48:21.

have got here, Elinor. Who is this? Nearest to us. That is Hero. Hero

:48:22.:48:29.

the Hedgehog. Why did you choose that? Hedgehogs are brave and they

:48:30.:48:34.

need help because they are getting more rare. Further down the end, it

:48:35.:48:42.

is Whizbee, isn't it? Is he a buy or a girl? They don't have to be.

:48:43.:48:51.

Irrelevant question! What is Whizbee's story? People are

:48:52.:48:56.

destroying their homes. We need them to help us eat because loads of

:48:57.:49:01.

food... When they pollinate the flowers, that means they help us

:49:02.:49:08.

eat. Can you turn around, Whizbee? Wings on the back. Radzi, this is a

:49:09.:49:16.

big sporting occasion, fantastic thing for Blue Peter to be involved.

:49:17.:49:21.

Absolutely. I used to be a mascot back in the day. To see this come

:49:22.:49:26.

full circle is incredible. People around the world will see Elinor's

:49:27.:49:35.

design. You were inside the suit? I was Spike the lion. I was

:49:36.:49:43.

high-fiving Jessica Ennis. You name the athlete, I high-fived them. It

:49:44.:49:51.

is cool which is great conditions for a mascot. Do the suits get heavy

:49:52.:49:57.

in the rain? A little bit? One of the lovely things is you have had

:49:58.:50:03.

some praise from very big stars. They like your designs. Who is that?

:50:04.:50:14.

Well, Radzi. Radzi is one! Am I right in thinking Jessica Ennis-Hill

:50:15.:50:20.

was one of those who said lovely things about what you designed?

:50:21.:50:27.

Yeah. This is the first competition you have ever entered. And you have

:50:28.:50:33.

won. Brilliant. Congratulations. Thank you, Radzi. You are doing Blue

:50:34.:50:39.

Peter later today. 5:30pm. Find out the story about these incredible

:50:40.:50:43.

things. We have two competitions coming up in May and June.

:50:44.:50:50.

Wrestlemania. Wrestlemania? I like wrestling. I've got to go to

:50:51.:50:54.

wrestlemania. Part one is on later along with Richard Whitehead,

:50:55.:51:01.

Jessica Ennis-Hill and Elinor. We have light rain, drizzle. It soaks

:51:02.:51:07.

you through. That is my weather report. Now the details.

:51:08.:51:15.

A little bit damp with grey skies overhead. It is not the same

:51:16.:51:22.

everywhere. Some of you have lovely sunshine this morning. Not a huge

:51:23.:51:26.

amount. This is more typical, this shot. Grey skies overhead in

:51:27.:51:34.

Salford, as usual Billy McRae you saw. Showers and parts of Scotland

:51:35.:51:39.

at the moment. -- grey skies overhead in Salford, as you saw.

:51:40.:51:44.

Sunny skies in the borders. Western areas staying cloudy. It stays grey

:51:45.:51:53.

for longer across parts of north-west England, particularly

:51:54.:51:56.

Greater Manchester, Merseyside, Cheshire, the Peak District and

:51:57.:52:00.

Wales too with spots of rain. Cloud thickening in the south-west with

:52:01.:52:06.

some drizzle. The south-east corner, sunshine. The cloud will increase

:52:07.:52:10.

here. A chilly morning in southern areas. Whilst there will be some

:52:11.:52:17.

showers around, most places staying dry. Farther north, showers to the

:52:18.:52:22.

north and west of Scotland, quite a breeze. Eastern Scotland, Eastern

:52:23.:52:28.

England, cloud breaks. Across north-east England, eastern

:52:29.:52:35.

Scotland, highs of 16, 17. Tonight, the rain continues across North and

:52:36.:52:39.

West Scotland with the breeze and showers for Northern Ireland and

:52:40.:52:42.

northern England. Further south, most places will be dry, precious

:52:43.:52:47.

little rain in the South for gardens. With clear skies, Devon,

:52:48.:52:50.

Cornwall, the Channel Islands, chilly start. As it will be in

:52:51.:52:56.

Orkney and Shetland and the Hebrides. Damp start to Friday

:52:57.:53:00.

across Scotland, especially west of the hills. That rain pushes into

:53:01.:53:04.

Northern Ireland and across parts of England later. This weather front,

:53:05.:53:12.

to the south, sunny spells. Further north, it gets colder. The cold air

:53:13.:53:17.

pushes south on Friday night into Saturday. High-pressure close by.

:53:18.:53:23.

The weekend starts largely dry. Showers possible with the breeze in

:53:24.:53:26.

the east and feeling distinctly chilly. Temperatures lifting in the

:53:27.:53:30.

West to where they should be for the time of year. Sunday morning, cool

:53:31.:53:35.

in southern areas. Most places dry with variable amounts of cloud and

:53:36.:53:41.

good running weather for the London Marathon. Sunday night, be prepared

:53:42.:53:48.

next week is looking cold. On the hills, there could be a little bit

:53:49.:53:49.

of snow. Enjoy your day. At just 25 years old,

:53:50.:53:55.

Johanna Konta isn't doing She's the most successful British

:53:56.:54:05.

female tennis player After winning the Miami Open

:54:06.:54:08.

last month, she's ranked But she doesn't plan to stop there -

:54:09.:54:11.

her dream, she says, In an exclusive interview,

:54:12.:54:15.

she invited me to join her at the National Tennis Centre

:54:16.:54:19.

to chat about her love of the game, the LTA's Tennis for Kids scheme

:54:20.:54:22.

and her hopes for the future. My dream has always been to be

:54:23.:54:25.

number one in the world and to win titles and to really be at the top

:54:26.:54:30.

of the game. I am doing everything in my power

:54:31.:54:32.

to make it come true. We are here this morning with one

:54:33.:54:37.

of the fastest rising She has her eyes firmly fixed

:54:38.:54:39.

on that number one spot and she's given us exclusive access

:54:40.:54:48.

and a behind-the-scenes look around. Welcome to, I guess,

:54:49.:54:56.

my home, in a way. This is your home

:54:57.:55:15.

from home, isn't it? I actually physically lived pretty

:55:16.:55:18.

much on the tennis court. When I started waking my dad up

:55:19.:55:28.

at the crack of dawn to go running, He told me that if I wanted to be

:55:29.:55:33.

the best, I needed to invest time and energy into it and we need

:55:34.:55:40.

to get up in the mornings Once my dad realised that

:55:41.:55:43.

I was really going to be waking him up at the crack of dawn every

:55:44.:55:47.

morning, initially, he was a bit like, "Oh, no,

:55:48.:55:49.

what have I got myself into?" You said very clearly

:55:50.:55:52.

you want to be world number one. That's been a dream of mine

:55:53.:55:55.

since I was a young girl and that continues to be my dream and I think

:55:56.:55:59.

will always be, as long I need to keep focusing

:56:00.:56:03.

on my work because I know that If my feet become a bit too tight,

:56:04.:56:07.

I generally tighten You've got to remember, your body

:56:08.:56:12.

is like a system, the whole chain. Just trying to loosen it up a bit

:56:13.:56:16.

so I am not as stiff as a board Is there still some way to go

:56:17.:56:25.

to make men's tennis Do you feel like you are on an equal

:56:26.:56:30.

footing with the men now? So much more depth in our game

:56:31.:56:38.

and I do believe it is becoming But I think it is also important

:56:39.:56:43.

to not compare us to the men But we sure as hell work exactly

:56:44.:56:48.

the same, work just as hard and commit our lives to our sport,

:56:49.:56:58.

just like they do. You are a British

:56:59.:57:00.

female tennis player. I don't hear so much

:57:01.:57:03.

anymore people saying, "She came to Britain late,

:57:04.:57:05.

born somewhere else." Ever since I've moved here,

:57:06.:57:08.

I've spent my formative years here, I essentially grew into the tennis

:57:09.:57:21.

player, but also more importantly, It was never a case of me feeling

:57:22.:57:23.

more and more British. You are the most successful British

:57:24.:57:29.

woman on the tennis court In so many words, yes,

:57:30.:57:33.

it is interesting, although I have still got a way to go to match

:57:34.:57:43.

Virginia. She has got a Grand Slam title

:57:44.:57:46.

to her name and I think she was as high as number two

:57:47.:57:50.

in the world, so there It is an honour to be mixed

:57:51.:57:52.

in with names such as hers and also even current players,

:57:53.:57:59.

to be just alongside those names, it is a great time to be part

:58:00.:58:05.

of women's tennis and also British women's tennis and just

:58:06.:58:08.

British tennis in general. It is a very exciting period

:58:09.:58:10.

and I am just really enjoying it. I always just wanted to be just

:58:11.:58:14.

the best version of myself. That was great to get to know her a

:58:15.:58:25.

little bit more. Focused, determined.

:58:26.:58:31.

Makes a mean omelette! Random fact I found out about her this morning.

:58:32.:58:37.

Quite a year ahead. Now, the surprise announcement of a general

:58:38.:58:41.

election on the 8th of June has left critical parties just weeks to

:58:42.:58:44.

deploy their battle buses. And with local elections in May,

:58:45.:58:59.

it's going to be a busy The Prime Minister apparently

:59:00.:59:02.

came up with the idea of an election while on an Easter

:59:03.:59:05.

break in Snowdonia. So, we've sent Holly Hamilton

:59:06.:59:08.

to assess what people We are just about as far from the

:59:09.:59:13.

Westminster bubble as you can physically get. You are right, she

:59:14.:59:15.

came here for a five-day walking and thinking trip, not quite on the

:59:16.:59:20.

election campaign trail, more of a walking trail this morning. She

:59:21.:59:25.

decided that we are going back to the polls in seven weeks' time,

:59:26.:59:29.

seven weeks of campaigning to go, and decided we are going to have an

:59:30.:59:34.

election on the 8th of June. She bought souvenirs here and chatted to

:59:35.:59:38.

the locals and did a bit of rambling and I spoke earlier to Brenda who

:59:39.:59:43.

had a bit of a chat with her in the mountains.

:59:44.:59:47.

I had been out on a training run, running down a steep hell, I saw a

:59:48.:59:56.

group of people coming up and shouted, I don't know whether it is

:59:57.:59:59.

worse coming down the hill up the hill, then I realised it was Theresa

:00:00.:00:04.

May and her husband and a group of people behind. She asked me if I was

:00:05.:00:08.

going to run a marathon, I was training for a marathon, and I said,

:00:09.:00:13.

no, I'm doing a local run, do you know the area? She said, yes, she

:00:14.:00:18.

did. We just had a bit of a chat about the route she was taking, it

:00:19.:00:24.

is a lovely route. No mention of a general election at that point? Oh,

:00:25.:00:30.

no, and I did not mention Brexit or anything like that, she was there

:00:31.:00:33.

just to relax and she was taking a lovely route just to chill out a

:00:34.:00:39.

bit. That was Brenda, having a chat with

:00:40.:00:44.

Theresa May up in the mountains of Snowdonia. I have been speaking to

:00:45.:00:46.

more residents here who have welcomed the fact that Theresa May

:00:47.:00:51.

chose here to make that moment just decision. You are a local business

:00:52.:00:56.

only, having another election, what do you think? It is quite exciting,

:00:57.:01:00.

I'm glad it will be quick, no matter what you think of it, because it

:01:01.:01:03.

will have the least effect on businesses, it always goes quiet

:01:04.:01:08.

before an election so we want to be able to continue in our town, a

:01:09.:01:11.

tourist town, a beautiful place, we don't want people to stop coming

:01:12.:01:17.

here. But it will be interesting. I think people are quite excited at

:01:18.:01:20.

the chance to have another election, people are not tired of that yet?

:01:21.:01:25.

I'm not, I find it exciting, obviously you are perturbed about

:01:26.:01:28.

what the outcome could be, we want the country to be successful

:01:29.:01:32.

economically, but the excitement of an election is always... And this

:01:33.:01:36.

time there is such a lot of scope for things to maybe go in a

:01:37.:01:39.

direction we are not expecting, as well. It is not as predictable as we

:01:40.:01:46.

think, so I'm looking forward to seeing what happens in the sum of

:01:47.:01:49.

the more marginal areas, possibly. Seven weeks of it to go! David, we

:01:50.:02:01.

have come to Dolgellau, one of -- a beautiful part of the world, why did

:02:02.:02:04.

you think she came here to make the decision? It is a historic town,

:02:05.:02:08.

beautiful area with lovely walks, peaceful and tranquil, a good place

:02:09.:02:12.

to make a decision like that. Have you ever made a difficult decision

:02:13.:02:17.

walking around yet? Definitely, yes, one of them was to live here! I will

:02:18.:02:23.

ask no more! Sharon, you own a bed and Breakfast here, what was your

:02:24.:02:26.

reaction when you heard we are heading for another election?

:02:27.:02:39.

It is interesting, you come somewhere like this, you walk around

:02:40.:02:42.

and open your mind, things can change, so I think it is good

:02:43.:02:45.

because people need to find out what is going on, they need to get the

:02:46.:02:48.

information and get out there and vote. That is what is important,

:02:49.:02:50.

people getting excited about an election. People need to make sure

:02:51.:02:53.

they are registered, whether they are overseas or on holiday, make

:02:54.:02:55.

your vote count because you only get one chance. Two people who won't be

:02:56.:02:59.

voting because they are under age, you are not able to vote yet but are

:03:00.:03:05.

you excited by yet? I am excited, it will give the British people a

:03:06.:03:08.

chance to say who they want to lead us into Brexit negotiations and in

:03:09.:03:12.

my opinion if the polls are correct, and they have been inconsistent in

:03:13.:03:16.

recent times, it will give us more power in negotiating for Brexit, but

:03:17.:03:20.

as a younger person I am disappointed that once again we will

:03:21.:03:23.

be left out of the voting system and would be able to influence the

:03:24.:03:29.

result at the end of the election. Do you agree, would you like to be

:03:30.:03:33.

able to vote? I would personally love to be able to vote, it is a

:03:34.:03:37.

risky decision she has made but personally I think it is a risk

:03:38.:03:43.

worth taking. We, as young people, although we cannot vote, I think it

:03:44.:03:46.

is important that we encourage other people, 18 to 25, to go out there

:03:47.:03:55.

and vote and make sure that they do vote for the leader that they

:03:56.:04:03.

personally feel can deliver and establish a better UK for us. Lovely

:04:04.:04:10.

chatting to you both. We will speak about to Doctor Helen Royal from the

:04:11.:04:13.

University of Aberystwyth. Are you surprised to hear people are looking

:04:14.:04:18.

forward to another election year? The Brenda that has been on the news

:04:19.:04:23.

a lot certainly does not want to see another election, some of the

:04:24.:04:26.

parties have been caught out and that is understandable. There is a

:04:27.:04:30.

sense of excitement, snap elections are right in the UK and there is a

:04:31.:04:34.

lot at stake in this election, elections can be highly

:04:35.:04:38.

unpredictable but particularly in the current circumstances, Theresa

:04:39.:04:41.

May is trying to strengthen her position in the run-up to Brexit but

:04:42.:04:46.

also in those long negotiations, this is a long-term game for her,

:04:47.:04:48.

but there are political risks there and all

:04:49.:05:08.

political parties are putting forward their cases for what they

:05:09.:05:11.

are trying to achieve that the UK in this context. A lot to win for some

:05:12.:05:14.

of them, potentially, so we will see how things go. We have seven weeks

:05:15.:05:17.

to decide. If you are looking for somewhere to take a stroll and think

:05:18.:05:20.

you might vote for, I think I can recommend somewhere but I must say,

:05:21.:05:22.

apparently it gets very busy in the summer, so get here quick!

:05:23.:05:25.

We will take that advice. I don't know what you think but I think we

:05:26.:05:27.

should put the teenagers in charge. They were very wise,

:05:28.:05:30.

Jeremy Corbyn has ruled out any post-election coalition

:05:31.:05:35.

with the Scottish National Party in the event of a hung parliament.

:05:36.:05:38.

The SNP has said it would be prepared to work with other parties

:05:39.:05:40.

But the Labour leader said he did not regard

:05:41.:05:45.

School meals should include fewer puddings and more fresh

:05:46.:05:51.

vegetables, according to a report published today.

:05:52.:05:53.

Obesity Action Scotland says improvements to school meals

:05:54.:05:55.

could play an important part in reducing childhood obesity.

:05:56.:05:58.

It wants to highlight the issue ahead of the council elections

:05:59.:06:01.

in two weeks' time and wants candidates to commit

:06:02.:06:04.

The Scottish government said a review of nutritional standards

:06:05.:06:08.

New research suggests that cycling to work could almost halve people's

:06:09.:06:16.

risk of developing heart disease and cancer.

:06:17.:06:19.

Scientists at Glasgow University analysed data from more

:06:20.:06:22.

than 250,000 people over a period of five years,

:06:23.:06:24.

and compared people who had an "active" commute with those

:06:25.:06:28.

And the forecast - a cloudy day for most with some

:06:29.:06:36.

outbreaks of rain through some northern and western parts.

:06:37.:06:38.

Drier elsewhere with the brightest weather in the east.

:06:39.:06:40.

The rain will turn persistent in the northwest tonight and overnight.

:06:41.:06:42.

Light and patchy rain in the southwest.

:06:43.:06:44.

The east fairing best for the driest conditions and it

:06:45.:06:49.

Sally Magnusson will be here with the lunchtime summary at 1.30.

:06:50.:06:58.

From everyone on the Breakfast team in Glasgow, have a great day.

:06:59.:06:59.

around 1:30pm. Plenty more on our website, now, back to Sally and

:07:00.:07:02.

Charlie. Not content with being a footballer,

:07:03.:07:12.

a musician and economist, He's now an award-winning author

:07:13.:07:15.

who's sold 33 million 33 million.

:07:16.:07:18.

That is a lot! Not only is he only celebrating 20

:07:19.:07:25.

years since his first Harry Hole crime novel was published,

:07:26.:07:28.

but he has released another edition Good morning. The figures, the

:07:29.:07:38.

numbers, are astonishing. When you are writing your books, do you ever

:07:39.:07:42.

think about the back history, do you think of the scale of the work you

:07:43.:07:46.

are doing? I do think of the back story of how it has been, I do have

:07:47.:07:55.

like a storyline for Harry, but I never think about the number of

:07:56.:08:01.

readers, actually. When I started writing, my target group was two

:08:02.:08:05.

friends of mine that I wanted to impress, and that is kind of still

:08:06.:08:10.

my task, to have them go, well, the latest book was not that bad, Jo.

:08:11.:08:16.

You mentioned Harry Hole, who is your character. Those familiar with

:08:17.:08:20.

this book will know a bit about him but if they come to it fresh, he is

:08:21.:08:24.

a detective who stepped aside from police work and there is a story

:08:25.:08:29.

attached to that, possibly that emerges gradually, we will be

:08:30.:08:33.

careful what we say. At the start of the first, he is now working as a

:08:34.:08:39.

teacher at the police academy and he has finally settled down with the

:08:40.:08:47.

love of his life, Rachel, so he is waking up every morning, for the

:08:48.:08:50.

first time in his life, actually being happy. But Harry Hole has no

:08:51.:08:55.

experience in being happy so he is not very good at being happy, so

:08:56.:09:00.

this feeling is that every morning he is walking on this thin layer of

:09:01.:09:04.

ice and he can already hear the ice cracking. There is this one killer

:09:05.:09:14.

that got away. I don't know how you imagine those scenes, there are

:09:15.:09:18.

scenes in the book where I was happily reading it and you kind of

:09:19.:09:22.

torture your reader in a way because you read it and think, something

:09:23.:09:25.

terrible is going to happen, but then it is all calm, and when

:09:26.:09:29.

everything is really calm something horrific happens. How do you even

:09:30.:09:33.

think of those scenarios in which characters are killed off? It

:09:34.:09:40.

normally happens in the morning, around 7am, ATM, when I wake up.

:09:41.:09:48.

Being a writer, I have the ability of staying in bed, being the way,

:09:49.:09:52.

calling it works, because that is when you are waking with these ideas

:09:53.:10:00.

that come to you. It is a bizarre job to have, when you come up with

:10:01.:10:06.

ways of murdering people and you go, yeah, that is a good idea! And then

:10:07.:10:10.

you get up and get to work. There is a line in the book, I cannot

:10:11.:10:14.

remember which characters a sitcom he talks about the effect of being

:10:15.:10:18.

in or around very nasty crimes, the effect it has on your psychology in

:10:19.:10:23.

a long-term sense, you carry it with you. Does the same applied, in a

:10:24.:10:28.

way, to writing, or are you able to set aside the darkness of what you

:10:29.:10:32.

write and then skip away happily at the end of the day and do something

:10:33.:10:37.

else? Both yes and no, because it is a dark universe, and I do get tired,

:10:38.:10:49.

so it takes me about two years to write a novel like that, then I have

:10:50.:10:52.

to get away from Harry and his work because it is a dark place. But I'm

:10:53.:10:58.

in control and when I do research for my books, I speak to people who

:10:59.:11:03.

work in psychiatry, people who work in prisons and in the police, and

:11:04.:11:10.

they don't get to leave the universe, they are dealing with

:11:11.:11:14.

reality, I deal with fiction, that is a big difference. Harry Hole such

:11:15.:11:18.

an important character for you, you have said you already know his story

:11:19.:11:24.

arc, so you know where he is headed. I know many fans will want him to be

:11:25.:11:29.

headed to many, many more books. What can you tell us about that?

:11:30.:11:34.

What I can tell you is that there are going to be more books, but

:11:35.:11:41.

there will be an end and we are getting closer to that end, and when

:11:42.:11:46.

it is over, he will not resurrect. So there will be an ending. You are

:11:47.:11:53.

ahead of the curve in terms of our fascination particularly with

:11:54.:12:04.

television, Scandi noir, those kind of stories, you are ahead of the

:12:05.:12:07.

curve in terms of that with your writing. I am influenced as much by

:12:08.:12:14.

the American tradition of detective stories as by Scandinavian crime.

:12:15.:12:25.

But then again I and my colleagues owes so much to the previous

:12:26.:12:29.

Scandinavian writers from the 70s and 80s. One of the books have been

:12:30.:12:34.

made into a big film? Yes, they are working on the Snowman right now,

:12:35.:12:43.

the director of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy is working on that so we

:12:44.:12:49.

will see what happens. If you committed a crime and you had to

:12:50.:12:52.

choose a detective that you would least like on your case, trying to

:12:53.:12:57.

catch you, who would that be, across all fiction? Not allowed to use your

:12:58.:13:05.

own character. That is a difficult one! Sherlock Holmes is the first

:13:06.:13:09.

that comes to mind, of course. Very good. Lovely to see you this

:13:10.:13:11.

morning, thank you. Jo Nesbo's latest Harry Hole novel

:13:12.:13:13.

is called The Thirst. We'll be back tomorrow morning

:13:14.:13:15.

from 6am where we'll be joined by Lea Michelle,

:13:16.:13:19.

the star of the popular

:13:20.:13:22.