26/12/2017 Breakfast


26/12/2017

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LineFromTo

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Steph McGovern.

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Universities are warned

they must protect free speech

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and allow students to both hear

and challenge contorversial views.

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The Universities minister says

academic institutions should be

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places which open

minds, not close them.

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Good morning.

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It's Tuesday the 26th of December.

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Also this morning -

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The Boxing Day sales have used to be

big news for bargain-hunters,

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but new BBC research suggests

that the traditional post-Christmas

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spending spree is losing its appeal.

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In sport - the Boxing Day

test is under way.

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The task for England is to avoid

a 5-0 whitewash in the Ashes series

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but so far, Melbourne

is being kinder to Australia.

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Some parts of the UK officially had

a White Christmas but what can

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we expect this Boxing Day?

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Philip has the weather.

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Good morning. Yes. At least for

some, there was a white Christmas. I

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will have all the details on whether

many more of you will see something

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a bit like this.

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Good morning.

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First, our main story.

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The Universities Minister,

Jo Johnson, will use a speech today

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to give his clearest warning yet

that academic institutions must

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protect free speech.

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He'll say students must be able

to both hear and challenge

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controversial views

during their years of study.

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Some universities and student groups

have refused entry to speakers,

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Edward Curwen reports.

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The body said it would not allow

legitimate debate to be stifled.

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Millions are expected to head out

to the Boxing Day sales,

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marking the start of a what has

traditionally been a crucial period

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for retailers across the UK.

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Our reporter John McManus

is on Oxford Street in London.

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There aren't many people here. 300

shops are here on Oxford Street. I

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counted less than ten people here

this morning who are waiting for the

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shops to open at nine o'clock for

the Boxing Day sale. We know that

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many people out across the high

streets today trying to grab a

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bargain but perhaps those Boxing Day

sales are not as spectacular as they

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were in the past. A survey has

said... INAUDIBLE. A BBC survey has

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said some of the shine had been

taken of the Boxing Day sales

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because of the Black Friday sales

before Christmas. INAUDIBLE.

Sorry

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about the line. Basically, because

we have been shopping a lot on Black

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Friday and the run-up to Christmas,

it is not looking like a big deal

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with the Boxing Day sales. We will

be speaking about it later on. We

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will get the line sorted with John

as well.

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The Royal Navy says there has been

an increase in the number of Russian

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ships travelling through,

or near the UK's territorial waters

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over the festive period.

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On Christmas Day, HMS

St Albans was sent to escort

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a Russian warship through

the North Sea as it passed close

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to UK waters.

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Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson

said he will not "tolerate any

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form of aggression".

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A British woman being held

on suspicion of drug-smuggling

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will appear in court

in Egypt later this morning.

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Laura Plummer was arrested

in October when officials found 290

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tramadol tablets in her suitcase,

which are legal in the UK,

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but not in Egypt.

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The shop assistant from Hull claims

she was carrying the pills

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for her Egyptian partner,

who suffers from back pain.

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A tropical storm that was

threatening southern Vietnam has

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weakened and is expected to

dissipate within the next 48 hours.

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Yesterday, hundreds of thousands

of people were told they may need

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to evacuate their homes

as forecasters warned

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that up to 200 centimetres

of rain could fall.

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A 20-year-old man will appear before

magistrates this morning charged

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with murder after a fatal stabbing

in a restaurant in Middlesbrough

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on Christmas Eve.

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Efreeqi Mohamed Siddig is accused

of killing 41-year-old

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Mazhar Ali from Stockton-on-Tees

who died in hospital yesterday.

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The NHS has promised to cut back

on prescribing gluten-free biscuits,

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pasta and anti-dandruff shampoo.

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A study by the Taxpayers Alliance

has found many items

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which are prescribed by GPs

in England are available

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in supermarkets - often

at a much cheaper price.

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Nick Quraishi reports.

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The taxpayers Alliance has

highlighted a number of items it

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says was prescribed the NHS last

year. They include this sunscreen, a

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nonbranded version is available for

half the price. Branded gluten-free

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biscuits, significantly more

expensive than the supermarket

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equivalent. Argue present, away from

the NHS. -- ibuprophen.

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In response, and NHS England a

spokesman said...

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The health service says it is

already reviewing ten items it

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claims are ineffective, unnecessary

and inappropriate for prescriptions.

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If you've enjoyed a day

of festive excess -

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eating and drinking

a little too much -

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perhaps the most you want to do

to exert yourself is to try

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and reach for the remote control.

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So - spare a thought

for the competitors

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of the Wingsuit Flying World Cup.

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They spent most of their Christmas

jumping out of planes or balloon

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as Tim Allman explains.

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You know what they say -

what goes up must come down.

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A principle they understand

all too well at the

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Wingsuit Flying World Cup.

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Teams from around the globe

competing in this extreme

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and hair-raising sport.

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TRANSLATION:

I travelled

more than 400 kilometres

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to see this.

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We arrived here early

in the morning, just to watch

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the wingsuit flying show.

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It's spectacular!

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You can say that again.

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A couple of skydivers perform

a 360-degree rotating nosedive.

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While others piggybacked

from their teammates.

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But not everybody was happy

with how things turned out.

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TRANSLATION:

I think our performance

this time didn't reflect our real

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strength.

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We will get to our best

through regular competition.

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I hope we perform better next time.

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The Chinese team

finished third overall,

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behind the winners, France,

and the United States,

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who came second.

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It is a non-profit

event, and the local

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school received a cheque

worth more than $30,000.

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So some charitable spirit,

combined with a little

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heart-stopping terror.

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How can you get more

festive than that?

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It has officially been a white

Christmas in the UK for some,

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with areas of Cumbria

and the south of Scotland

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recording light snowfall.

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The last officially white Christmas

was recorded three years ago,

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when parts of the Northern

Isles in Scotland saw some snow.

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More wintry showers are expected -

we'll get the latest from Phil

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in the weather centre

in ten minutes.

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Lovely pictures from yesterday.

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Out of all the photographers waiting

to snap a picture of the royal

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family at the Christmas Day

service in Sandringham,

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it was a mum from Norfolk

who managed to capture

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the perfect image.

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This photograph taken

by Karen Anvil has now been used

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by journalists from

all over the world.

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She says she hopes its sale

will help with her daughter's

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university costs.

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That picture is on a lot of the

front covers this morning. We will

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look at the papers later.

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For many people Christmas can

be a very lonely time,

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but there are hundreds of volunteers

across the UK trying to help those

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who feel isolated.

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Children from the Ahmadiyya Muslim

Youth Association are writing

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Christmas cards, visiting care

homes and giving out food

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to those in need.

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Joining us now are the head

of the organisation Abdul Lodhi

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and the Yorkshire regional youth

leader Nadeem Ahmed.

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Yesterday we were out all over the

country.

Visiting care homes and

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spending time with elderly members

and just doing all sorts of welfare

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activities, leading homeless people.

We don't actually celebrate

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Christmas ourselves at it is a time

where we joined the nation, as the

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majority do, to show solidarity and

that is how we get involved, I

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serving a local community in any way

possible. Yesterday we were in

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Yorkshire. I was with Nadeem.

Did

you get a good reception?

As you

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know, these people get lonely

towards Christmas. We just go there

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to put a smile on their face and as

an act of charity. We go out of our

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way, at our own expense, and spend

the whole day with them. We provide

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a free taxi service. There is no

public transport here. So we go out

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in our own cars and go to these

centres, pick them up and take them

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to their reception where they have

every Christmas Day and replayed

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bingo. We provide toiletries and

sleeping bags for the homeless

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people that attend and give gifts to

the orphans that are also there.

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Basically, as Muslims, it turns, we

are duty-bound to provide assistance

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and it is our right to fill the

rights of God and to have filled the

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rights of man.

Is that the reason

you do it?

This is purely driven by

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our faith. As practising Muslims, it

is our obligation to serve humanity

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and mankind. It is not just

Christmas, we do at all throughout

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the year. We plan our activities, we

get all our youth members involved,

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to practise their faith at this

level. Not just, we can say Islam

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means peace but we try to practise

what we preach. It is a way of

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showing it, by helping those who are

most vulnerable and this is ongoing

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throughout the year. Not just in the

winter, around Christmas time, but

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throughout the year. Children as

young as the age of seven and up

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until 40 in the Ahmadiyya Muslim

Youth Association get involved.

It

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works both ways. We were talking

yesterday about loneliness at

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Christmas and it can be really

tough. Especially if you have some

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of your youth teams meeting the

elderly.

They get really happy

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seeing the young members. There is

so much people can do, especially

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young members, invest their time. --

in their spare time. To see the

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young people take part in these

activities, I think it is

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encouraging for me to see as an

organiser, that these guys want to

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do this. This is all driven by their

faith and true teachings of Islam

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and it is how we are all brought up

within our community.

Nadeem.

Are

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senior citizens have given a lot to

this country. There is no point

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sitting at home. We might as well

get engaged. We go out and visit and

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meet these people as well and we get

a good response from them and they

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acknowledged us as well.

I bet you

do. You have the big clear up coming

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up as well.

To conclude our winter

campaign, on New Year's Day we get

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together, we have over 130 branches

across the UK and we just encourage

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everyone to engage the local council

and work with them, identify an area

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that needs attention for clearing up

and that's it. Our members go out

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and they just clear the roads.

It's

just picking up rubbish, basically.

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Yes, across various areas. We work

with many organisations but it is

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mainly with the council because they

help us with giving us equipment and

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things like that. It is great.

Again, a lot of the youth members

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come out in the early hours of the

morning and we spend a few hours

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every morning on New Year's Day and

it's great to see for think probably

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around, -- it is great to see. We

get lots of people. These guys come

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out and clear up with a smile on

their faces.

When you have finished

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that, you can come and do my house.

Thank you so much, good luck with

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everything. Time to find out what is

happening with the weather.

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Full of festive cheer, still?

Yes!

On a personal night, going back to

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that previous item, if you are

suffering from loneliness, from own

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personal experience I can tell you

that going out and litter picking in

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your local community is a great way

of breaking down those momentous

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barriers and getting people to say

hello and how are you and all the

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rest of it. It works very well. And

there is plenty of litter out of

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there, I can assure you. Enough of

the public service broadcast. We

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were talking about when she weather

getting into the central belt last

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night. Lo and behold, a white

Christmas. . It is pretty confined,

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but lots of folk up and down the

eight and the higher ground on

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either side of the eight workup

today covering this morning, several

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centimetres in some locations. --

the M8. There are plenty of reasons

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to be out and about today, the sport

is on some shops are open, so be

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aware of the ice issue. That threat

of snow pulling away into the North

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Sea but leaving behind a peppering

of showers which will become

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increasingly wintry across the

northern half of Scotland as we go

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through the day. Showers to be had

as we go into Northern Ireland

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across the high ground of northern

England. Generally speaking it is a

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much brighter and much fresher they

then we have had lately. No more

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than ten or 12. As you can see, it

is actually start. Make the most of

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the relatively bright start in the

south-west, because I lunchtime we

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should have the first signs of more

wet and windy weather piling into

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the south-western quarter and

becoming ever more extensive across

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good parts of the southern half of

the UK as we get through the UK.

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Yesterday, this was ten or 11 or 12

territory. The wind freshening up as

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well. Away from that zone, there is

plenty of sunshine around. 12

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isolated showers but they will be

the exception to a dry rule in that

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central swathe of the British Isles.

These showers becoming increasingly

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wintry, and they will be coming down

to low levels. Now we are not done

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with the wintry stuff just yet. All

of that cold air is lurking there.

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All this moisture coming in

underneath. Look at this. A

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conversion. As that cool a row on

the Northern Ireland western flanks

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of the low pressure sinks down

towards the peaks and the Pennines,

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coming into the Welsh hills and into

the Midlands, and then for

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Wednesday, we'd just wished that

threat of snow a little bit further

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south and a little bit further east.

Lots of wet weather in there as

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well. If you stay with the rain, my

word, that is 35 or 45 millimetres

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of rain. Once that is gone, there is

a bright day and actually won as

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well. Lots of weather going on at

the moment. I will be back tomorrow,

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probably telling you about slow for

the southern half of the UK. Then it

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gets a bit unsettled those who go

into that second half of the week

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with the fronts coming in from the

Atlantic.

Philip, I must ask, how

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was the BBC Christmas canteen

dinner? Yesterday?

It was right

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upper there, along with all the

other years I have dragged the

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family in. That makes it sound like

it is against their will, actually,

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they volunteer me to work so they

can come in and enjoy the

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hospitality of the BBC.

Well, that

says lots about your cooking. Thank

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you.

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You're watching

Breakfast from BBC News.

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The main stories this morning:

Universities are warned

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by the government they must allow

students to hear controversial views

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in order to protect free speech.

0:18:570:18:58

Boxing Day bargain hunting

could be losing its appeal,

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according to new BBC research,

as shops open their doors

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for the traditional sales.

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Let's take a look at

this morning's papers.

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No papers yesterday, of course.

These are the first ones which have

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lots of pictures of the royal family

this morning. Holly joins us to go

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through the sport pages as well.

This is the picture on a lot of the

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front covers this morning. What is

interesting about this is that it is

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not an official photographer which

took this, despite lots of Karachi

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on the Sandringham estate yesterday

to capture the pictures of the royal

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families on the way the church

service. -- paparazzi. This was

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actually taken by Karen, he was

there with her iPhone. -- who was.

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Meghan Markle was the focus of lots

of people there yesterday. She got

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on with her first official trip with

the royal family. The story next to

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it on the Times this morning, just

talking about universities opening

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their minds of students, not closing

them. This is to do with that story

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were talking about this morning from

the universities minister, Joe

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Johnson, who is morning academic --

warning academic institutions today

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that they should allow free speech,

so allow any controversial speakers

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to be a will to speak within

academic settings. The Daily

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Express, that picture again of the

royal couple there. The story there

0:20:300:20:34

about Boxing Day sales, they say £4

billion will be spent in the shops

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today. We will be talking this

morning about how that will compare

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to previous years. There is some

speculation that, actually, we are

0:20:410:20:46

not looking too attractive for the

Boxing Day sales. The Daily

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Telegraph, this is a story this

morning which is connect it to the

0:20:510:20:56

Christmas Charity appeal. They say

the homeless were denied food left

0:20:560:21:01

to waste. Michael Gove has said that

much, much more must be done to

0:21:010:21:05

tackle food waste. Producers are

incentivised to send their surplus

0:21:050:21:12

food to green energy plants rather

than to charities to feed the

0:21:120:21:15

vulnerable. Lots of stories about

the royal family and a couple of

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others. And sport, it is all about

cricket?

It is, though we haven't

0:21:180:21:22

had much action over the past few

days, so lots of the back pages are

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dominated by pale blue. We are

talking about Boxing Day sales as

0:21:260:21:30

well. This time it is the January

sales we are referring to and I

0:21:300:21:34

don't there will be many bargains.

Reading the headlines, unstoppable,

0:21:340:21:37

is the Premier League over already?

Man City miles ahead of anybody

0:21:370:21:43

else. They are looking ahead to how

much they will be spending. This

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caught my eye. During the Ashes, it

seems they are managing to have a

0:21:470:21:53

bit of fun down under despite the 29

or 30 degrees heat. Jonny Bairstow,

0:21:530:21:56

Tom Curren and Stuart Broad enjoying

Christmas festivities with Santa

0:21:560:22:00

Claus in the background as well.

They were only going to get away

0:22:000:22:09

with that on Boxing Day, they would

criticise them to Christmas Day. Did

0:22:090:22:13

you have a good day yesterday?

Yes,

I ate far too much, like everybody

0:22:130:22:17

else, but it was lovely. It was

really nice to relax and see family

0:22:170:22:21

and eat far too much turkey.

You

didn't fancy throwing yourself into

0:22:210:22:24

the sea, did you? Lots of people

seem to have done that yesterday. It

0:22:240:22:29

is really interesting. I go to the

Boxing Day version, up in the

0:22:290:22:33

north-east where I am from, and all

the people who, in various costumes,

0:22:330:22:37

will run into the ocean.

It is

incredible. Who wants to do that on

0:22:370:22:42

Christmas morning?

Lots of people,

apparently. There is a group of

0:22:420:22:47

people dressed as mermaids. It must

be absolutely Baltic. Hundreds of

0:22:470:22:55

Christmas swimmers, they say,

enjoying a festive dip, singing as

0:22:550:22:58

they ran in. You would have to sing,

just to...

Just to keep your mind

0:22:580:23:03

off it. I think I will stick to the

onesie.

Yes, the onesie in front of

0:23:030:23:08

the telly. Now, more about cricket?

Well, talking about being cold, that

0:23:080:23:15

isn't a problem for the England team

in Australia. They are into their

0:23:150:23:19

fourth test now, the penultimate

test. But already, as we know, the

0:23:190:23:23

series has already gone to

Australia. They have won the Ashes.

0:23:230:23:27

We just need a bit of pride, don't

we? It can't be 5-0?

Can you

0:23:270:23:34

imagine? This is the concern now, a

whitewash, which has happened in the

0:23:340:23:38

past and it is something England

will be trying to avoid.

0:23:380:23:41

England have some work to do

if they're to avoid going 4-0 down

0:23:430:23:46

in the series.

0:23:460:23:47

David Warner punished

the England bowlers again,

0:23:470:23:49

making a century.

0:23:490:23:50

The tourists did recover slightly,

taking two wickets between lunch

0:23:500:23:52

and tea, and another

in the final session,

0:23:520:23:55

but Tom Curran's debut hasn't gone

as he'd have liked and Australia

0:23:550:23:58

are now 208/3.

0:23:580:24:03

Football's festive fixtures continue

with eight games today,

0:24:030:24:05

leaders Manchester City play

Newcastle tomorrow but in this

0:24:050:24:07

afternoon's early kick-off,

Tottenham meet Southampton

0:24:070:24:09

with Harry Kane looking to break

a record held by Alan Shearer.

0:24:090:24:12

Kane's hat-trick in Saturday's win

over Burnley put him level

0:24:120:24:15

with Shearer on 36.

0:24:150:24:20

Manchester United's task today

is to narrow the huge 14-point gap

0:24:230:24:26

between themselves and Manchester

City at the top of the table.

0:24:260:24:29

They're at home to Burnley today.

0:24:290:24:31

United slipped up at the weekend,

allowing Leicester to equalise

0:24:310:24:34

in injury time, but Burnley manager

Sean Dyche knows that doesn't

0:24:340:24:37

mean his side will

get an easy ride.

0:24:370:24:46

They still look a high-quality group

of players to me. I was there

0:24:460:24:51

recently, about to dig in and get a

win, actually, but that is a mark of

0:24:510:24:56

a good side. If it is not quite fair

day or the other team are playing

0:24:560:25:00

well, still out with a result. I do

think we are going there expecting

0:25:000:25:04

it to be anything other than a tough

game.

0:25:040:25:06

In the late kick-off,

Liverpool host bottom of the table

0:25:060:25:09

Swansea, who are still looking

for a new manager after sacking

0:25:090:25:12

Paul Clement last week.

0:25:120:25:13

Liverpool's last game was their 3-0

draw with Arsenal on Friday,

0:25:130:25:16

so they've had an extra day

to recover for this match -

0:25:160:25:19

but manager Jurgen Klopp knows

a side in trouble is a dangerous

0:25:190:25:23

one.

0:25:230:25:23

They are under pressure. And that's

clear, because they are fighting for

0:25:230:25:30

the league, 100%. We will be ready

and we will perform.

0:25:300:25:40

Just one game in the Scottish

Premiership this afternoon with

0:25:400:25:43

champions Celtic away to Dundee. We

will be keeping an eye on England

0:25:430:25:48

over in Melbourne to see how they

are getting on, but fingers crossed,

0:25:480:25:51

we don't want another whitewash.

Yes, that would be embarrassing.

0:25:510:25:55

Are the Boxing Day sales

still enough to get us off the sofa

0:25:550:25:59

and down to the shops?

0:25:590:26:00

With Black Friday forcing many

retailers to cut prices as long ago

0:26:000:26:04

as November, the majority

of shoppers surveyed by BBC Radio

0:26:040:26:06

4's You & Yours programme said

the sales had lost their sparkle,

0:26:060:26:09

as Samantha Fenwick reports.

0:26:090:26:21

Savinda and her daughter Jotie meet

up every weekend to go shopping and

0:26:210:26:26

look for bargains.

I have waited

with people outside, and then gone

0:26:260:26:32

into the store, and found lovely

bargains.

But this Boxing Day, the

0:26:320:26:37

high street sales don't have the

same appeal.

Sales are on all the

0:26:370:26:43

time and I'm always getting emails

from shops saying, you can it

0:26:430:26:47

cheaper beforehand and things like

that. So I don't be doing anything

0:26:470:26:52

like that, I'll be in bed.

They are

here again, the sales and the

0:26:520:26:59

queues. You can't afford to miss a

good light in these days. Some

0:26:590:27:03

all-night cures receive a morning

surprise, a cuppa to warm them up

0:27:030:27:08

for the battle ahead.

The post-

Christmas sales, a festive tradition

0:27:080:27:12

in the UK. Retailers called it the

golden quarter, the discount

0:27:120:27:16

starting on Boxing Day when

important part of the three months

0:27:160:27:19

at the end of the year. Retailers

hope to boost their profits and

0:27:190:27:22

shoppers to get a bargain.

You can

get almost anything at these sales.

0:27:220:27:27

It has changed over the years,

though. This is the Boxing Day sale

0:27:270:27:31

only five years ago. Shoppers didn't

cube quite a sedately as in the

0:27:310:27:36

1950s. But would they do the same

today? We asked more than 1000

0:27:360:27:40

shoppers what they thought of the

Boxing Day sales, and more than half

0:27:400:27:44

of them think they have lost the

appeal they once had. Virtually

0:27:440:27:47

nobody we survey said they would be

getting up early this morning to

0:27:470:27:51

beat the queues. They have in

overshadowed by other sales that run

0:27:510:27:54

throughout the year. Particularly

Black Friday. This year, over 40% of

0:27:540:28:00

us bought something on Black Friday,

and that means we spent a lot of

0:28:000:28:04

Christmas money already on the can't

spend money twice. Shoppers expect

0:28:040:28:07

things to be discounted and

discounted heavily, and if retailers

0:28:070:28:10

don't offer great deals, shoppers go

somewhere else. Yet despite this

0:28:100:28:14

apparent addiction to discounting,

62% of people we survey believe that

0:28:140:28:20

if a shop always has a sale on, it

devalues the brand. Jenny Parky is

0:28:200:28:26

the co-founder of Country Attire, an

online shop selling 180 different

0:28:260:28:30

brands.

It can be extremely damaging

for a brand to always be on sale. It

0:28:300:28:36

is important to be very strategic

about when you discount. The brands

0:28:360:28:40

which are doing well never really

have blanket discount sales. They

0:28:400:28:43

are the ones which are really

forensic as to what pricing they go

0:28:430:28:48

out, and when they go.

Have you got

everything you need?

Nothing is more

0:28:480:28:54

frustrating than when you buy

something for price and the prices

0:28:540:28:57

are constantly getting slashed down.

It feels as though they must be

0:28:570:29:01

struggling. How can they afford to

sell it so cheap?

Retailers are

0:29:010:29:04

struggling. On petition to get

shoppers spending is as fierce as

0:29:040:29:09

ever. Online and on the high-street.

And with family budgets predicted to

0:29:090:29:14

get tighter next year, it looks like

the year-round sale is here to stay.

0:29:140:29:26

An incredible hat. Snapper is here

to tell us more.

Good morning. He

0:29:260:29:30

was giving us a round of applause

with his legs.

They are cracking,

0:29:300:29:34

these hats, aren't they? On the

topic of sales, this is something I

0:29:340:29:39

talk about a lot on this programme

with retailers struggling, it does

0:29:390:29:43

feel, doesn't it, like we just of

sales or the time. Constant sales

0:29:430:29:47

all year round. They may have

started before Black Friday but

0:29:470:29:52

there is a real impetus on Black

Friday and from Black Friday right

0:29:520:29:55

up until Christmas, right up until

today.

They will be on sale. If you

0:29:550:29:59

look at your box, there will be lots

of different sales offering you 30%

0:29:590:30:05

of this 40% of that, and you wonder

how some of them can actually do

0:30:050:30:10

that. What they are doing, I think

they are trying to get us to buy

0:30:100:30:14

more stuff at a discount --

discounted price. That is how they

0:30:140:30:17

make their money back on the sales

they have going on.

Is there a

0:30:170:30:21

difference, in terms of generations,

between how people spend during the

0:30:210:30:24

sales and the festive period?

Our

survey shows it is merely a people

0:30:240:30:28

who are shopping in the sales, but

the Black Friday sales and the

0:30:280:30:32

people that we have asked, we asked

them if they thought they might be

0:30:320:30:36

shopping today in the post-

Christmas sales, and it is mainly

0:30:360:30:39

people under 35. The other

difference that we have seen since

0:30:390:30:42

five years ago when we saw people

queueing up at Next, people are

0:30:420:30:47

shopping online, so they are using

their tablets and their phones. They

0:30:470:30:51

are checking out deals. So if you

are going to go and look for

0:30:510:30:56

something today, look online first,

see where it has got that will act

0:30:560:31:00

at the best price and either buy it

online or go to a shop and buy

0:31:000:31:04

there, because that will save you

lots of time.

0:31:040:31:14

Yesterday went online and there were

so many e-mails and you get sucked

0:31:140:31:18

in. It is easy to get sucked in.

You

think you are getting a bargain.

Do

0:31:180:31:25

you fall for it?

Yes. We are meant

to know better.

0:31:250:32:00

Hello, this is Breakfast

with Steph McGovern.

0:32:000:32:02

Good morning.

0:32:020:32:02

Here's a summary of today's main

stories from BBC News.

0:32:020:32:11

The Universities Minister,

Jo Johnson, will issue his clearest

0:32:110:32:14

warning yet that universities must

protect free speech.

0:32:140:32:16

He will say students must be able

both to hear and challenge

0:32:160:32:19

controversial views

during their years of study.

0:32:190:32:21

Some universities and student groups

have refused entry to speakers

0:32:210:32:24

advocating disputed points of view.

0:32:240:32:25

The body representing British

universities said it would not allow

0:32:250:32:28

legitimate debate to be stifled.

0:32:280:32:34

Millions of shoppers are expected

to head out to the Boxing Day sales

0:32:340:32:37

today, marking the start

of a what has traditionally been

0:32:370:32:40

a crucial period for

retailers across the UK.

0:32:400:32:42

But the majority of shoppers

surveyed by BBC Radio

0:32:420:32:45

4's You & Yours programme believe

online shopping and early

0:32:450:32:48

Black Friday deals have

made the post Christmas

0:32:480:32:50

sales less appealing.

0:32:500:32:58

A 20-year-old man will appear before

magistrates this morning charged

0:32:580:33:01

with murder, after a fatal stabbing

in a restaurant in Middlesbrough

0:33:010:33:04

on Christmas Eve.

0:33:040:33:05

Efreeqi Mohamed Siddig is accused

of killing 41-year-old

0:33:070:33:09

Mazhar Ali from Stockton-on-Tees

who died in hospital yesterday.

0:33:090:33:18

A British woman being held

on suspicion of drug-smuggling

0:33:180:33:20

will appear in court

in Egypt later this morning.

0:33:200:33:23

Laura Plummer was arrested

in October when officials found 290

0:33:230:33:25

tramadol tablets in her suitcase,

which are legal in the UK,

0:33:250:33:28

but not in Egypt.

0:33:280:33:29

The shop assistant from Hull says

she was carrying the pills

0:33:290:33:32

for her Egyptian partner,

who suffers from back pain.

0:33:320:33:47

The Royal Navy says there has been

an increase in the number of Russian

0:33:470:33:50

ships travelling through,

or near the UK's territorial waters

0:33:500:33:53

over the festive period.

0:33:530:33:54

On Christmas Day, HMS

St Albans was sent to escort

0:33:540:33:57

a Russian warship through

the North Sea as it passed close

0:33:570:34:00

to UK waters.

0:34:000:34:00

Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson

said he will not "tolerate any

0:34:000:34:03

form of aggression".

0:34:030:34:14

Dr Who fans were given a glimpse

of the first ever female Doctor

0:34:140:34:18

in action in last night's

Christmas special.

0:34:180:34:20

Jodie Whittaker appeared

in the final two minutes

0:34:200:34:22

of the episode, which saw

the departure of Peter Capaldi,

0:34:220:34:24

as well as the show's

writer Steven Moffatt.

0:34:240:34:32

Now on Breakfast, it's a white

Christmas for Sarah Keith-Lucas

0:34:320:34:35

and Nick Miller, as they take a look

back at the year in weather.

0:34:350:34:42

This time, we have come

to a winter wonderland.

0:34:420:34:44

Or have we?

0:34:440:34:46

Look very closely in the next

half-hour, because all is not

0:34:460:34:48

as it seems.

0:34:480:34:49

So...

0:34:490:34:50

Let it snow, let it

snow, let it snow.

0:34:500:34:52

Welcome to Weather World!

0:34:520:34:57

Also on the programme,

2017's biggest storms.

0:34:570:34:59

Tropical deluge, floods that carry

a house and everything in it.

0:34:590:35:02

Safe from the storm,

near impossible escapes.

0:35:020:35:04

And even record rain cannot

stop another wildfire

0:35:040:35:06

crisis in California.

0:35:060:35:16

Humber, west or south-west,

five or six...

0:35:160:35:25

Plus, we celebrate 150 years

of the Shipping Forecast,

0:35:270:35:31

its distinctive tones loved

by sailors and landlubbers alike.

0:35:310:35:42

And weather, but not as we know it.

0:35:420:35:44

I will be taking a deeper look

into space weather and the impact

0:35:440:35:47

it can have here on Earth.

0:35:470:36:03

This time on Weather World,

we are having some fun.

0:36:030:36:05

We have come to a company

in Gloucestershire, Snow Business,

0:36:050:36:08

which for 35 years has been making

real and fake snow on demand.

0:36:080:36:15

It is mostly for film

and television.

0:36:150:36:17

They are the biggest winter effects

company in the world.

0:36:170:36:20

Some of their work includes

the James Bond films and Star Wars.

0:36:200:36:23

Later I will be looking

at the materials they use

0:36:230:36:26

to make this snow.

0:36:260:36:29

I am off to meet Darcey, the owner,

and he is going to show me how

0:36:290:36:34

you create a wintry scene.

0:36:340:36:35

We've got a fairly green scene now,

but we are going to transform it

0:36:350:36:39

into something more

white and wintry.

0:36:390:36:40

I can't wait to see

what it will look like.

0:36:400:36:43

How are we going do this?

0:36:430:36:51

We have a brand-new machine,

we have some specially torn paper

0:36:510:36:54

which locks together,

we spray it with water so it sticks

0:36:540:36:57

to anything it lands on.

0:36:570:36:58

We can transform this

into a winter scene.

0:36:580:37:02

Let's get started, then.

0:37:020:37:03

MUSIC.

0:37:030:37:08

This looks amazing.

0:37:180:37:19

It's as if we have

stepped into Narnia.

0:37:190:37:21

How do you create the

illusion of falling snow?

0:37:210:37:24

For that, we have a special machine,

which mixes a fluid with air

0:37:240:37:28

to create snowflakes.

0:37:280:37:30

Wow!

0:37:300:37:34

I feel like I'm in a

snowstorm in Lapland.

0:37:340:37:38

So, creating this kind of snow

is a really big business.

0:37:380:37:41

In fact, you are the world

leaders in winter effects.

0:37:410:37:46

How did you get into this?

0:37:460:37:48

Purely by chance.

0:37:480:37:48

I worked for a company which made

paper and a film company came along

0:37:480:37:52

wanting a lovely,

biodegradable snow.

0:37:520:37:54

And they got us to make paper snow.

0:37:540:37:56

It turned out to be a world beater.

0:37:560:38:00

So, this is artificial snow.

0:38:000:38:01

And a little bit later

on we are going to take a look

0:38:010:38:05

at how they also make

real snow here as well.

0:38:050:38:07

This is real snow.

0:38:070:38:11

But there is still

something unusual here.

0:38:110:38:23

Our weather review of

the year begins in January

0:38:230:38:25

on Greek island beaches.

0:38:250:38:27

Rarely does Arctic weather on this

scale reach so far deep into Europe.

0:38:270:38:30

And the bitter temperatures

brought fears for migrants,

0:38:300:38:32

at camps such as this one in Serbia,

with calls for them to be moved

0:38:320:38:36

to better, warmer conditions.

0:38:360:38:37

Then disaster in Italy.

0:38:370:38:39

29 people are killed

in the deadliest avalanche

0:38:390:38:41

in a century.

0:38:410:38:43

Amazingly, some survived,

rescued more than two days later.

0:38:430:38:48

February in the UK,

and Storm Doris blows in,

0:38:480:38:52

with high winds and

some lucky escapes.

0:38:520:39:02

And here is another

remarkable escape.

0:39:020:39:04

In Peru, as a mudslide churns up

the debris of what was once

0:39:040:39:07

somebody's home, a woman emerges.

0:39:070:39:16

Slowly she's able to

scramble her way to help.

0:39:160:39:18

But the flooding here did claim

the lives of about 100 people

0:39:180:39:22

in the first few months of the year.

0:39:220:39:24

Disaster in Colombia in April.

0:39:240:39:25

Torrential rain sends a mudslide

into the town of Mocoa.

0:39:250:39:28

More than 250 died here.

0:39:280:39:29

In Chile in January,

a different problem.

0:39:290:39:31

Drought, heat, strong

winds, then fire.

0:39:310:39:40

This was the town of Santa Olga,

destroyed by wildfires,

0:39:400:39:43

said to be the worst

in the country's modern history.

0:39:430:39:46

Severe drought hit hard in Africa.

0:39:460:39:47

This is Somalia, where a disaster

was declared in February.

0:39:470:39:54

Whether it's drought

or political unrest or both,

0:39:540:39:56

millions across east Africa

started the year facing

0:39:560:39:59

starvation and famine.

0:39:590:40:05

In California, after years

of drought, a remarkable

0:40:050:40:07

transformation took place.

0:40:070:40:08

Flooding rain from a succession

of winter storms all

0:40:080:40:10

but obliterated the drought.

0:40:100:40:11

So much water so quickly that

car-swallowing sinkholes appeared.

0:40:110:40:14

Any hope that the soaking start

to the year would offer long-term

0:40:140:40:17

relief went up in flames,

as we will see later

0:40:170:40:20

in the programme.

0:40:200:40:30

We often show pictures

of the aurora borealis,

0:40:300:40:32

or the Northern Lights.

0:40:320:40:33

This is the southern

hemisphere equivalent,

0:40:330:40:35

the aurora australis,

putting on a spectacular display

0:40:350:40:37

above New Zealand in May.

0:40:370:40:45

When and where we see the light

depends on the behaviour of the sun,

0:40:450:40:49

and trying to predict what the sun

will be doing has created

0:40:490:40:52

an emerging area of

science - space weather.

0:40:520:40:54

Matt Taylor has been

finding out about it.

0:40:540:40:57

Imagine a few hours without traffic

lights or your smartphone.

0:40:570:41:03

Sounds appalling, doesn't it?

0:41:030:41:04

Add to that trains, flights,

your weekly shop, even money.

0:41:040:41:07

And not just for hours.

0:41:070:41:08

Potentially days,

weeks or even months.

0:41:080:41:10

It could become a reality.

0:41:100:41:11

It is all down to the impact that

space weather could have

0:41:110:41:15

on things like this.

0:41:150:41:16

Satellites shown here

at the Science Museum in London.

0:41:160:41:18

The systems on it,

as well as electricity grids

0:41:180:41:21

all around the globe.

0:41:210:41:22

To the purists, space weather is not

strictly meteorology,

0:41:220:41:24

but it is driven by the same thing,

and that is the sun.

0:41:240:41:28

In this case it is all about coronal

mass ejections and solar flares.

0:41:280:41:31

To tell us about those I am joined

by Professor Tim Horbury,

0:41:310:41:34

from the Imperial College London.

0:41:340:41:36

Professor, tell us more

about what solar flares and coronal

0:41:360:41:38

mass ejections are.

0:41:380:41:39

Most of us think of the sun

as a fairly boring yellow globe

0:41:390:41:43

in the sky.

0:41:430:41:44

But as we study it more we realise

it is a dynamic object.

0:41:440:41:47

Solar flares are enormous releases

of energy from the sun.

0:41:470:41:50

They accelerate particles to high

energies which can arrive

0:41:500:41:52

at the Earth and damage satellites,

and they also release enormous

0:41:520:41:55

amount of energy,

coronal mass ejections.

0:41:550:41:57

This matter floods out

through the solar system and can

0:41:570:42:00

arrive at the Earth and impact us.

0:42:000:42:02

You are the head of a mission

investigating the sun.

0:42:020:42:04

What does that involve?

0:42:040:42:09

It is called Solar Orbit,

being built by the ESA

0:42:090:42:11

at the moment.

0:42:110:42:12

We will be going closer

to the sun than ever before,

0:42:120:42:15

closer than Mercury.

0:42:150:42:16

We'll be measuring what comes

off the sun and travels

0:42:160:42:19

past our spacecraft

on its way towards the Earth.

0:42:190:42:21

And it's the magnetic fields

which are important when it comes

0:42:210:42:24

to impact on Earth, isn't it?

0:42:240:42:26

Yes.

0:42:260:42:26

At Imperial College London,

we're building the instrument

0:42:260:42:28

which will measure those

magnetic fields in space,

0:42:280:42:30

and when those fields arrive

at the Earth and interact

0:42:300:42:33

with the Earth's magnetic field,

and it is those interactions

0:42:330:42:36

which drive things like the aurora

and geomagnetic storms.

0:42:360:42:38

Will this help us ultimately

forecast space weather?

0:42:380:42:41

Solar Orbiter itself is not

a space weather mission,

0:42:410:42:43

but it is designed to study

the fundamental physics of what's

0:42:430:42:46

going on in the sun

and inter-planetary space

0:42:460:42:48

and by understanding that

that we hope to do better space

0:42:480:42:51

weather forecasting in the future.

0:42:510:42:52

Thank you.

0:42:520:42:56

We will find out later

in the programme a bit more

0:42:560:42:59

about forecasting space weather

and the impact it can have

0:42:590:43:01

here on Earth.

0:43:010:43:03

At the start of the programme

I said, look very closely this time

0:43:030:43:07

on Weather World, because all

is not as it seems.

0:43:070:43:10

It might look like I have

entered an icy cave,

0:43:100:43:13

but there isn't any ice in here.

0:43:130:43:14

And none of this is real.

0:43:140:43:22

It is another fake

winter environment.

0:43:220:43:23

Paul is here to tell

us how they made this.

0:43:230:43:26

What materials have you used?

0:43:260:43:29

We use a lot of different

materials here.

0:43:290:43:31

Plastic, paraffin wax,

recycled packaging material,

0:43:310:43:32

litter as well.

0:43:320:43:33

With LED lighting we can bring it

all together and give you the effect

0:43:330:43:37

that you see here.

0:43:370:43:40

The materials that are used to make

something look wintry in film

0:43:400:43:43

and television, they have evolved

over time, haven't they?

0:43:430:43:46

What was used in the

early days of film?

0:43:460:43:56

In the very early days of black

and white film they didn't have any

0:43:560:44:00

materials at all.

0:44:000:44:01

They had to wait for it to snow.

0:44:010:44:03

That was time-consuming,

and it was also dangerous.

0:44:030:44:05

Three members died from the cold

while they were filming Way Out

0:44:050:44:09

East.

0:44:090:44:09

That wasn't good.

0:44:090:44:10

Later they made it with

different materials.

0:44:100:44:12

Laurel and Hardy used painted

cornflakes, which was effective.

0:44:120:44:14

By the time we got

to The Wizard of Oz,

0:44:140:44:17

they were using white asbestos.

0:44:170:44:18

Obviously that's really bad,

but they didn't know

0:44:180:44:20

it was dangerous at the time.

0:44:200:44:22

You use things which are good

for the environment

0:44:220:44:25

and good for people.

0:44:250:44:25

What are the good

materials going forward?

0:44:250:44:27

We're developing materials

like this, which is a glitter,

0:44:270:44:30

which is made from cellulose.

0:44:300:44:31

So within a couple of weeks

or so that will biodegrade.

0:44:310:44:34

Now, normal glitter,

which is being banned in cosmetic

0:44:340:44:37

use by the Government,

would just wash off your body

0:44:370:44:39

when you come back from your

festival, down the drain and out

0:44:390:44:43

to sea where it gets eaten

by plankton and fish

0:44:430:44:45

and unfortunately by us again.

0:44:450:44:47

This is gone in a week or two.

0:44:470:44:51

It has the texture of icing sugar

but you can see the glitter.

0:44:510:44:56

What else are you using?

0:44:560:44:58

We are using things like this,

which is powder frost.

0:44:580:45:00

This is pure cellulose.

0:45:000:45:01

You could eat it if you wanted to,

though it wouldn't taste very nice.

0:45:010:45:05

Once that washes into the soil that

completely biodegrades.

0:45:050:45:08

It is no more harmful

to the environment than dead leaves.

0:45:080:45:12

Of course, the least harmful thing

to the environment is real snow.

0:45:120:45:15

We haven't had much of that yet,

but it can be made on demand,

0:45:150:45:19

and Sarah will be finding out

about that later on.

0:45:190:45:22

Now, from snow to extreme heat.

0:45:220:45:24

Our weather review of the year

continues with a scorching summer

0:45:240:45:26

in southern Europe.

0:45:260:45:27

Wildfires led to thousands

being evacuated from campsites

0:45:270:45:29

in France, spending the night

on beaches near St Tropez.

0:45:290:45:32

Portugal in June, and a catastrophic

forest fire kills more

0:45:320:45:35

than 60 people.

0:45:350:45:37

It is the country's worst disaster

for more than a quarter

0:45:370:45:40

of a century.

0:45:400:45:45

When a flash flood rages

through a major city,

0:45:450:45:48

disaster strikes.

0:45:480:45:49

In August, a massive downpour

sends muddy water surging

0:45:490:45:51

through the streets

of Sierra Leone in West Africa.

0:45:510:45:53

And then a mountainside collapses

in an avalanche of mud,

0:45:530:45:56

burying whole communities

as they slept.

0:45:560:46:04

Hundreds of people are killed,

thousands lose their homes.

0:46:040:46:06

Now, more snow, and your BBC

Weather Watcher pictures

0:46:060:46:09

of the wintry weather which swept

across the UK in early December.

0:46:090:46:12

The most widespread

December snow since 2010.

0:46:120:46:15

You can become a Weather

Watcher by signing up

0:46:150:46:17

at bbc.co.uk/weatherwatchers.

0:46:170:46:21

Still to come on Weather World,

we head to the Alps to discover how

0:46:270:46:31

sometimes, the old ways

are still the best, especially

0:46:310:46:33

when it comes to

predicting an avalanche.

0:46:330:46:36

This time on Weather World,

Sarah and I are looking at how

0:46:390:46:42

they make snow for the film

and television industry.

0:46:420:46:45

We have seen fake snow,

the material they use,

0:46:450:46:47

but now this is real snow.

0:46:470:46:49

This may look like something

which came from the clouds,

0:46:490:46:51

but actually, it came

from this metal box.

0:46:510:46:54

Darcey, explain to me how

we are about to make real snow

0:46:540:46:57

inside this box, then?

0:46:570:47:06

The box is a cryogenic chamber.

0:47:060:47:08

A gun fires water, and adds

compressed air, and the water

0:47:080:47:11

is smashed into tiny, tiny pieces.

0:47:110:47:13

We also fire liquid nitrogen.

0:47:130:47:14

So the smashed water

is like a cloud inside a box,

0:47:140:47:17

with liquid nitrogen,

freezing it down to -20,

0:47:170:47:19

so it falls like snow

inside the box.

0:47:190:47:30

Wonderful.

0:47:300:47:31

Let's close these

doors and get started.

0:47:310:47:33

So, Darcey, this has been churning

away now for about 90 minutes now.

0:47:330:47:36

Shall we crack open the doors

and have a look at the snow inside?

0:47:360:47:47

Yes, indeed!

0:47:500:47:52

Wow, check this out!

0:47:520:47:53

Look at that snow.

0:47:530:48:02

I can tell you, that is soft

and fluffy and freezing cold.

0:48:020:48:05

It feels just like real snow.

0:48:050:48:08

Is it exactly the same

as naturally occurring snow??

0:48:080:48:12

It's exactly the same

as natural snow.

0:48:120:48:14

So once you've made all of this snow

here, how do you transport it

0:48:140:48:17

to a film set?

0:48:170:48:19

We literally shovel it

into a refrigerated truck and we set

0:48:190:48:22

the temperature at the perfect

temperature to keep it

0:48:220:48:24

in top condition.

0:48:240:48:25

And do people tend to like to use

more real snow or fake snow?

0:48:250:48:29

They think they want to use

real snow, but fake snow

0:48:290:48:32

is faster and warmer.

0:48:320:48:33

You can imagine, if you lie on this

all day you'll get pneumonia.

0:48:330:48:36

If you lie in the fake snow all day,

it's lovely and warm and cosy.

0:48:360:48:40

Thank you so much for showing us

around and showing us how this snow

0:48:400:48:44

is manufactured here.

0:48:440:48:45

For now, where is Nick?

0:48:450:48:47

Heavy snow in February led

to avalanches in Afghanistan

0:48:510:48:53

and the French Alps, both resulting

in several fatalities.

0:48:530:48:56

Sarah Thornton travelled to Austria,

where heavy snow in the first part

0:48:560:48:59

of this ski season has meant

predicting avalanches

0:48:590:49:01

is especially important.

0:49:010:49:08

Every year, hundreds of thousands

of people descend here to the Alps

0:49:080:49:11

looking for some winter fun,

but for the thrill seekers,

0:49:110:49:15

and especially those

who like to go off-piste,

0:49:150:49:17

avalanches are an

ever-present threat.

0:49:170:49:19

The main methods of protection date

back decades and there's not

0:49:190:49:22

a computer in sight.

0:49:220:49:28

I put the shovel on the top

and I pound like 30 times,

0:49:280:49:31

with different intensity.

0:49:310:49:32

Now, here we can see

the first crack.

0:49:320:49:34

After the 27th time of pounding...

0:49:340:49:42

You're saying it took quite a few

times for you to pound this and get

0:49:490:49:53

this crack here?

0:49:530:50:07

Here in the Tyrol, they're concerned

about two key danger

0:50:090:50:12

patterns for avalanches.

0:50:120:50:13

Early season snow forming a weak

ground-level layer and forecast

0:50:130:50:16

winds leaving fresh powder around.

0:50:160:50:17

But the team say on-piste

skiers are protected.

0:50:170:50:19

They have the avalanche barriers,

they have in the morning

0:50:190:50:22

the avalanche commission,

who is opening the runs

0:50:220:50:24

or completely closing

the runs if it's unsafe.

0:50:240:50:36

Off-piste skiers and snowboarders

are most at risk from avalanches.

0:50:360:50:40

There are high-tech gadgets that can

help save anyone caught up

0:50:400:50:43

in an avalanche, but it's low-tech

tools that keep people away

0:50:430:50:46

from danger in the first place.

0:50:460:50:48

Some of the biggest weather

headlines of 2017 came

0:50:480:50:50

during a record-breaking

Atlantic hurricane season.

0:50:500:50:52

Texas, in August, where Harvey

becomes the first major hurricane

0:50:520:50:55

to hit the USA in nearly 12 years.

0:50:550:50:57

Scientists have estimated Harvey

dropped 127 billion tons of water,

0:50:570:51:00

no other tropical cyclone has

produced so much rain in the USA.

0:51:000:51:03

Hurricane Irma is next,

slamming into the Caribbean.

0:51:030:51:05

It's getting really intense now

in the centre section.

0:51:050:51:21

More than 100 people are known

to have died as a result of Irma.

0:51:210:51:34

It's September and there's another

category five hurricane

0:51:340:51:38

in the Caribbean, Maria.

0:51:380:51:45

With ten consecutive hurricanes,

this was one of the costliest

0:51:450:51:48

Atlantic seasons on record.

0:51:480:51:51

August, and Typhoon Hato slams

into China with the same terrifying

0:51:510:51:54

mix of destructive wind

and torrential rain as a hurricane.

0:51:540:52:06

The Pacific typhoon season was much

less active than normal.

0:52:060:52:09

Even so, there were several powerful

systems, including this one

0:52:090:52:12

in Vietnam, in November.

0:52:120:52:16

But as a cyclone's every twist

and turn is tracked minute

0:52:160:52:19

by minute, the annual monsoon deluge

in south-east Asia goes

0:52:190:52:22

on for months, causing

the worst floods in decades.

0:52:220:52:25

In India, the eastern state

of Bihar is hit hardest.

0:52:250:52:28

In total, millions of people

are forced from their homes and more

0:52:280:52:34

than 1,000 are killed.

0:52:340:52:45

This is what's left behind

after a flash flood in Pakistan's

0:52:450:52:54

most populated city, Karachi.

0:52:540:52:55

The monsoon rains bring

much-needed moisture for crops,

0:52:550:52:57

but they always come

with a human cost.

0:52:570:53:00

In September, the weather

in space was as tumultuous

0:53:000:53:05

as it was on Earth.

0:53:050:53:07

So much so that it led

to radio blackouts.

0:53:070:53:09

Nasa recorded the biggest solar

flare for over a decade.

0:53:090:53:12

But why should a flare

have such an impact?

0:53:120:53:14

Matt's been to Cambridge

to get the answer from

0:53:140:53:17

the British Antarctic Survey.

0:53:170:53:18

So Antarctica is a brilliant

place to observe space?

0:53:180:53:20

It is, actually.

0:53:200:53:21

It's very, very radio quiet,

so we can pick up radio signals

0:53:210:53:24

in the Antarctic which

we can't do elsewhere.

0:53:240:53:27

We detect special types of radio

waves and those charged particles,

0:53:270:53:30

when accelerated at high energies,

pose a risk of damage to satellites.

0:53:300:53:33

In fact, they are called killer

electrons, because they've been

0:53:330:53:36

known to kill

spacecraft in the past.

0:53:360:53:37

One of the largest solar flares ever

to be witnessed was the Carrington

0:53:370:53:41

event, named after the British

astronomer who observed it in 1859.

0:53:410:53:44

He sketched what he'd seen

on the sun, telegraph systems

0:53:440:53:47

went haywire worldwide.

0:53:470:53:47

Scientists have estimated that

something similar today could cost

0:53:470:53:50

billions, if not trillions,

given our ever increasing reliance

0:53:500:53:52

on satellite technology.

0:53:520:53:54

Colour-coded here, you can see

the radiation belts,

0:53:540:54:01

the regions of high energy charged

particles, electrons.

0:54:010:54:03

They're trapped in the

Earth's magnetic field.

0:54:030:54:05

Geostationary orbit is out here,

in the outer edge, and the GPS

0:54:050:54:08

satellites, they fly pretty much

through the heart of this radiation

0:54:080:54:11

belt here, where the

radiation is most intense.

0:54:110:54:16

Ideally you want the satellites

to be stationed in between

0:54:160:54:19

the radiation belts?

0:54:190:54:22

There's a gap between inner

and outer belt where the radiation

0:54:220:54:25

is much lower, but there are periods

where that region gets filled

0:54:250:54:28

with high energy charged particles

and that's a high-risk period

0:54:280:54:31

for those spacecraft.

0:54:310:54:35

And that can have a big

impact on daily life

0:54:350:54:37

here on Earth, can't it?

0:54:370:54:39

Well, if you think that we rely more

and more on our satellites

0:54:390:54:42

for mobile phones, for TV,

for internet, for all kinds

0:54:420:54:45

of communications, banking,

that kind of stuff, yeah,

0:54:450:54:47

it's a really important major part

of our life in the modern world.

0:54:470:54:51

So next time you gaze skywards

or simply pick up your smartphone,

0:54:510:54:54

just think how seemingly small

changes in the sun could cause

0:54:540:54:57

sudden and drastic changes

to the way you live your life.

0:54:570:55:00

November marked 150 years

of the shipping forecast.

0:55:000:55:02

The shipping forecast

for the next 12 hours.

0:55:020:55:04

The disturbance near the Hebrides

is almost stationary...

0:55:040:55:17

Produced by the Met Office

on behalf of the Maritime

0:55:170:55:20

and Coastguard Agency,

it's believed to be the longest

0:55:200:55:22

running forecast of

its kind in the world.

0:55:220:55:24

That crucial forecast data

is produced daily here at the Met

0:55:240:55:27

Office.

0:55:270:55:28

There was just a feeling

that there was too much risk

0:55:280:55:31

of loss of life...

0:55:310:55:32

Catherine Ross, the chief archivist,

showed me the first weather charts

0:55:320:55:35

from 150 years ago.

0:55:350:55:39

What they did rather cleverly

was basically put pins

0:55:390:55:42

through the paper, and so you can

kind of see just about these little

0:55:420:55:45

pinpricks here, and that meant

they were always plotting the same

0:55:450:55:48

information in the same place.

0:55:480:55:50

And you can see how they changed

from having no maps to very detailed

0:55:500:55:53

maps and it was known

as the storm warning service,

0:55:530:55:56

but it became known

as the iconic shipping forecast.

0:55:560:55:59

Humber - west or south-west, five

or six, occasionally four later.

0:55:590:56:02

The shipping forecast is not just

for mariners but it's also listened

0:56:020:56:05

to by hundreds of thousands of us

every day on Radio 4.

0:56:050:56:08

South-west, five to seven.

0:56:080:56:09

Occasional rain, good,

occasionally moderate.

0:56:090:56:13

And that's a flavour of the bulletin

which is broadcast four times a day.

0:56:130:56:16

At 5:20am it needs to be

exactly nine minutes long,

0:56:160:56:19

so on a calm day I can take my time

in describing the weather conditions

0:56:190:56:23

for the 31 different sea areas,

whereas on a stormy day I'll have

0:56:230:56:27

to speak much quicker in order

to fit all that information

0:56:270:56:30

into the same nine-minute window.

0:56:300:56:31

Storm warnings in October

as the remnants of Hurricane Ophelia

0:56:310:56:34

hit Ireland and the UK.

0:56:340:56:35

Ophelia was the easternmost major

hurricane ever recorded

0:56:350:56:37

in the Atlantic.

0:56:370:56:40

This roof was ripped

from a school in Ireland.

0:56:400:56:43

The government here

called the situation

0:56:430:56:44

a "national emergency".

0:56:440:56:52

And Ophelia had a stranger side

to it, turning the sky an eerie

0:56:520:57:01

orange because of Saharan dust swept

up on the storm's path to the UK.

0:57:010:57:05

But when it comes to air pollution,

this is just about as bad

0:57:050:57:08

as it gets.

0:57:080:57:16

Delhi, in November, and the smog

so thick and toxic it's said

0:57:160:57:28

to produce effects equivalent

to smoking 50 cigarettes a day.

0:57:280:57:30

In the USA, more tropical rain

and flooding and this remarkable

0:57:300:57:33

view of a house being swept along

a river in New Hampshire,

0:57:330:57:37

as Tropical Storm Philippe hit

the east coast of the USA

0:57:370:57:40

at the end of October.

0:57:400:57:46

But over in California,

fire, as months of hot,

0:57:460:57:48

dry weather followed last

winter's record rain,

0:57:480:57:50

plunging the state right back

into wildfire crisis.

0:57:500:57:52

In December, fires hit

the south of the state,

0:57:520:57:55

near Los Angeles.

0:57:550:57:56

The largest burning an area

the size of New York.

0:57:560:58:02

In the UK, Storm Caroline

arrives in December.

0:58:020:58:12

Scotland bears the brunt with winds

of up to 90 miles per hour,

0:58:120:58:16

but colder air that follows Caroline

is felt across the UK,

0:58:160:58:19

blanketing large areas of snow.

0:58:190:58:20

The most in seven years.

0:58:200:58:21

Not everyone is a fan of snow.

0:58:210:58:23

But if it's the very first

time you've seen it,

0:58:230:58:26

you can't help but be excited,

even if you're a dog.

0:58:260:58:29

Truffle, the Yorkshire

cocker spaniel puppy,

0:58:290:58:31

trying to get to grips

with the white stuff.

0:58:310:58:33

And that's it for this time

from our Weather World Winter

0:58:330:58:36

Wonderland.

0:58:360:58:37

And for highlights from our

previous programmes,

0:58:370:58:38

go to bbc.co.uk/weatherworld.

0:58:380:58:39

There's one thing I want to know

about fake and real snow.

0:58:390:58:42

Which is the best

for a snowball fight?

0:58:420:58:45

Let's find out!

0:58:450:58:45

Bring it on!

0:58:450:58:46

They are quite hard, aren't they?

0:58:460:58:49

Yours are harder!

0:58:490:58:50

Come on, Sarah!

0:58:500:59:04

You're not even trying!

0:59:040:59:09

Oh!

0:59:090:59:14

That's right in my ear!

0:59:140:59:16

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Steph McGovern.

1:00:211:00:23

Universities are warned they must

protect free speech -

1:00:231:00:26

and allow students to both hear

and challenge controversial views.

1:00:261:00:28

The Universities minister says

academic institutions

1:00:281:00:30

should be places that open

minds not close them.

1:00:301:00:32

Good morning, it's Tuesday

the 26th of December.

1:00:321:00:43

Also this morning:

1:00:431:00:54

The Boxing Day sales used to be

a big deal for bargain-hunters,

1:00:541:00:57

but new BBC research suggests

that the traditional post-Christmas

1:00:571:01:00

spending spree is losing its appeal.

1:01:001:01:02

In sport -

1:01:021:01:06

Avoiding an Ashes whitewash

is England's task now

1:01:061:01:08

but Australia have dominated

the opening day of the fourth

1:01:081:01:11

Test in Melbourne.

1:01:111:01:11

David Warner with his first century

of the series.

1:01:111:01:20

Some parts of the UK officially had

a White Christmas but what can

1:01:201:01:24

we expect this Boxing day?

1:01:241:01:25

Philip has the weather.

1:01:251:01:33

At least for some, there was a white

Christmas. I will have all the

1:01:331:01:39

details on whether many more of you

will see something at it like this

1:01:391:01:42

in just a few minutes.

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Good morning.

1:01:451:01:46

First, our main story.

1:01:461:01:47

The Universities Minister,

Jo Johnson, will use a speech today

1:01:471:01:50

to give his clearest warning yet

that academic institutions must

1:01:501:01:55

protect free speech.

1:01:551:01:56

He'll say students must be able

to both hear and challenge

1:01:561:01:59

controversial views

during their years of study.

1:01:591:02:01

Some universities and student groups

have refused entry to speakers,

1:02:011:02:03

Edward Curwen reports.

1:02:031:02:09

Time spent at university must open

minds, not close them. That is the

1:02:091:02:16

view of Jo Johnson, the universities

minister, who will today set out a

1:02:161:02:20

firm defence on free speech in

campuses. Speaking at a Jewish

1:02:201:02:24

festival in Birmingham, he says that

students must be free to challenge

1:02:241:02:27

each other's' views and those

seeking to stifle those who don't

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agree with them must be stopped. The

debate comes after speakers from

1:02:311:02:36

speakers from the state of Israel to

chant -- transgender rights, have

1:02:361:02:39

been stopped. Others have demanded

so-called safe spaces where they

1:02:391:02:45

went here about issues they might

find upsetting. Mr Johnson will say

1:02:451:02:49

this cannot be tolerated.

Reiterating universities have an

1:02:491:02:53

obligation to protect free speech

and encourage frank and rigourous

1:02:531:02:56

debate. From next April, and --a new

body representing universities says

1:02:561:03:08

it will not allow legitimate debate

to be stifled. The challenge will be

1:03:081:03:11

deciding where to draw the line

between extremist speech and a frank

1:03:111:03:15

exchange of views.

1:03:151:03:17

Millions are expected to head out

to the Boxing Day sales,

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marking the start of a what has

traditionally been a crucial period

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for retailers across the UK.

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Our reporter John McManus

is on Oxford Street in London.

1:03:251:03:36

You can see some people queueing.

There are a few people here. Not 45

1:03:361:03:43

minutes ago that the queues are

starting to build up. People used to

1:03:431:03:51

camp out overnight in order to get

their hands firstly on these sales.

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Many people begin their online

shopping on Christmas Day. They

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unwrap their online discount and go

online to start shopping. Online has

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taken some of the buzz out of it and

we know that many people prefer to

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shop on Black Friday, could you

start day that happens before

1:04:211:04:24

Christmas. -- the discount day.

Retailers will have two look at

1:04:241:04:30

where they target their discounts,

before or after Christmas. -- will

1:04:301:04:34

have to look. We know that much of

the purchasing that goes on here

1:04:341:04:42

over the next week comes from non-

British people, foreign visitors,

1:04:421:04:46

tourists, taking advantage of the

weak pound to grab a bargain and in

1:04:461:04:51

particular, Chinese visitors who

account for quite a lot of spending

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at high end shops like Selfridge's

where we are this morning. Retailers

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count on that.

1:04:581:05:04

We will be talking about this

throughout the programme. If you are

1:05:041:05:10

out and about, perhaps you are a

sales yourself, let us know.

1:05:101:05:15

The Royal Navy says there has been

an increase in the number of Russian

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ships travelling through,

or near the UK's territorial waters

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over the festive period.

1:05:211:05:22

On Christmas Day, HMS

St Albans was sent to escort

1:05:311:05:34

a Russian warship through

the North Sea as it passed close

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to UK waters.

1:05:371:05:38

Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson

said he will not "tolerate any

1:05:381:05:40

form of aggression".

1:05:401:05:41

A 20-year-old man will appear before

magistrates this morning charged

1:05:411:05:44

with murder, after a fatal stabbing

in a restaurant in Middlesbrough

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on Christmas Eve.

1:05:471:05:48

Efreeqi Mohamed Siddig is accused

of killing 41-year-old

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Mazhar Ali from Stockton-on-Tees

who died in hospital yesterday.

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A British woman being held

on suspicion of drug-smuggling

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will appear in court

in Egypt later this morning.

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Laura Plummer was arrested

in October when officials found 290

1:05:591:06:01

tramadol tablets in her suitcase,

which are legal in the UK,

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but not in Egypt.

1:06:041:06:05

The shop assistant from Hull says

she was carrying the pills

1:06:051:06:08

for her Egyptian partner,

who suffers from back pain.

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The NHS has promised to cut back

on prescribing gluten-free biscuits,

1:06:151:06:18

pasta and anti-dandruff shampoo.

1:06:181:06:29

A study by the TaxPayers' Alliance

has found many items,

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which are prescribed by GPs

in England, are available

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in supermarkets - often

at a much cheaper price.

1:06:351:06:37

Nick Quraishi reports.

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The TaxPayers' Alliance has

highlighted a number of items it

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says were prescribed

on the NHS last year.

1:06:431:06:45

They include this sunscreen.

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A nonbranded version

is available for half the price.

1:06:461:06:49

Branded gluten-free biscuits,

significantly more

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expensive than a

supermarket equivalent.

1:06:531:06:58

Ibuprofen, 30% cheaper

away from the NHS.

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And Colgate toothpaste,

over-the-counter it is 70% cheaper.

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The TaxPayers' Alliance says...

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In response, an NHS

England spokesman said...

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The health service says

it is already reviewing ten items it

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claims are ineffective, unnecessary

and inappropriate for prescriptions.

1:07:321:07:37

Nick Quraishi, BBC News.

1:07:371:07:40

How did you spend

your Christmas Day?

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Eating?

1:07:421:07:42

Drinking?

1:07:421:07:42

Bit of telly?

1:07:421:07:43

How about jumping out of a plane

wearing only a floppy suit?

1:07:431:07:49

That's what the competitors

at the Wingsuit Flying World Cup got

1:07:491:07:52

up to as Tim Allman explains.

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You know what they say -

what goes up must come down.

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A principle they understand

all too well at the

1:08:011:08:03

Wingsuit Flying World Cup.

1:08:031:08:04

Teams from around the globe

competing in this extreme

1:08:041:08:07

and hair-raising sport.

1:08:071:08:14

TRANSLATION:

I travelled

more than 400 kilometres

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to see this.

1:08:161:08:30

We arrived here early

in the morning, just to watch

1:08:301:08:33

the wingsuit flying show.

1:08:331:08:34

It's spectacular!

1:08:341:08:34

You can say that again.

1:08:341:08:36

A couple of skydivers perform

a 360-degree rotating nosedive.

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While others piggybacked

from their teammates.

1:08:381:08:40

But not everybody was happy

with how things turned out.

1:08:401:08:42

TRANSLATION:

I think our performance

this time didn't reflect our real

1:08:421:08:45

strength.

1:08:451:08:46

We will get to our best

through regular competition.

1:08:461:08:48

I hope we perform better next time.

1:08:481:08:57

The Chinese team

finished third overall,

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behind the winners, France,

and the United States,

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who came second.

1:09:001:09:01

It is a non-profit

event, and the local

1:09:011:09:03

school received a cheque

worth more than $30,000.

1:09:031:09:06

So some charitable spirit,

combined with a little

1:09:061:09:08

heart-stopping terror.

1:09:081:09:08

How can you get more

festive than that?

1:09:081:09:21

It looks like great fun.

1:09:211:09:23

It has officially been a white

Christmas in the UK for some,

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with areas of Cumbria

and the south of Scotland

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recording light snowfall.

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The last officially white Christmas

was recorded three years ago,

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when parts of the Northern

Isles in Scotland saw some snow.

1:09:381:09:41

More wintry showers are expected -

we'll get the latest from Phil

1:09:411:09:44

in the weather centre

in ten minutes.

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Lovely pictures from yesterday.

1:09:461:09:53

Out of all the photographers waiting

to snap a picture of the royal

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family at the Christmas Day

service in Sandringham,

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it was a mum from Norfolk

who managed to capture the perfect

1:09:591:10:02

image on her phone.

1:10:021:10:03

This photograph taken

by Karen Anvil has now been used

1:10:031:10:06

by journalists from

all over the world.

1:10:061:10:08

She says she hopes its sale

will help with her daughter's

1:10:081:10:11

university costs.

1:10:111:10:20

A great story. All of the

photographers with their

1:10:201:10:27

professional cameras and up comes

Karen with her iPhone managing to

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snap it.

1:10:311:10:33

After recovering from

a life-threatening brain tumour,

1:10:331:10:35

Kiko Matthews gave up her job

as a teacher and chose

1:10:351:10:38

to live her life to the full

and take on new challenges.

1:10:381:10:41

Now she plans to sail solo

across the Atlantic.

1:10:411:10:44

Let's take a look at how her

training's been going.

1:10:441:10:48

I learned over the years that

worrying is a waste of time. Meyer,

1:10:481:10:54

God. Feeling a bit sick and a bit

drowsy and miserable. It is all

1:10:541:11:00

going on, it is ramping up, we are

on the home straight. My health, I

1:11:001:11:04

think, is going in the right

direction. Breakfast. Overcome the

1:11:041:11:08

challenges, at it more resilience. I

did at doing 52 K on my first stint.

1:11:081:11:14

Serious decisions to make. Only --

Buckingham Palace! Is not about

1:11:141:11:19

having lots of money to do things.

It is not about having lots of

1:11:191:11:23

skills. It is not about knowing

loads of people. If we put our minds

1:11:231:11:27

to it, if we are positive, we can do

it.

1:11:271:11:30

And Kiko joins us now.

1:11:301:11:33

Merry Christmas. Seeing that

training, how is it going?

It is

1:11:331:11:43

unbelievable, the training, just

everything. It has been an insane

1:11:431:11:46

journey.

Tell us why you have

decided to do it. It is extreme.

1:11:461:11:52

Yes. It is not your everyday. There

is the cherry on the top which is

1:11:521:12:00

the catalyst, my mum said someone

would make a good boyfriend. The

1:12:001:12:09

attention seeking... The other more

serious reason is I wanted to raise

1:12:091:12:16

money for the hospital to say thank

you to save my life. It is important

1:12:161:12:22

people challenge themselves because

it bring things to their

1:12:221:12:28

development. You can do anything if

you are positive and you work

1:12:281:12:32

together. Having not road before in

my life and having raised the sort

1:12:321:12:41

of money to do it, I was hoping it

would be big enough evidence that

1:12:411:12:47

she can do anything.

We are seeing

some pictures. How are you feeling

1:12:471:12:52

about it now?

I'm really excited. I

live in the end of January. I have

1:12:521:12:56

been doing so much training. I'm

looking forward to going out there.

1:12:561:13:03

I'm sure they will be some hairy

moments that feeling like it is

1:13:031:13:08

time.

What is the training involved?

What do you have to do a part from

1:13:081:13:13

rolling?

Physically, the training

is, I go to the gym. -- rowing. I

1:13:131:13:23

have an instructor. Over the summer,

I work on my back. Out in the sea on

1:13:231:13:30

the beat back and I have joined a

few rowing clubs in London, low key.

1:13:301:13:38

I cycle to my meetings. Anything

that is enjoyable.

I feel like you

1:13:381:13:46

should be doing something while you

are sat on the so far.

Don't

1:13:461:13:50

encourage it.

Have you always been

active? I know you are saying you

1:13:501:13:55

have always been somebody who is

highly motivated and likes a

1:13:551:13:58

challenge but how different is it to

your life before?

School finished

1:13:581:14:03

and I didn't do anything at uni,

hated the gym. I have always had a

1:14:031:14:08

bike but never anything serious. I

have just done sport enjoyment,

1:14:081:14:13

really, rather than anything. I am

not a sports fanatic. But do like

1:14:131:14:18

it.

And then when you got ill, did

it make you feel like it was

1:14:181:14:22

something like time to take it up?

Perpetuity tumour caused my muscles

1:14:221:14:29

to disappear. -- tumour. I could

barely get up the stairs and being

1:14:291:14:33

someone who is quite strong

naturally to having to quake myself

1:14:331:14:36

out of the bath and use my hands and

thanks to get up the stairs, I

1:14:361:14:43

became better and wanted to focus on

health and do something that would

1:14:431:14:49

challenge my body. It was just

incredible to see the difference

1:14:491:14:53

between being really ill and not

being ill and I wanted to make the

1:14:531:14:57

most of that.

I eat when you were

ill, you could never imagined a day

1:14:571:15:02

that you are about to row across the

Atlantic.

To be honest, I didn't

1:15:021:15:07

know it existed. The knowledge of

that only came about when I met a

1:15:071:15:14

guy who owns the boat. When I was

ill, nothing else, I wasn't thinking

1:15:141:15:20

about anything else, to be honest.

How was your health now?

Perfect.

1:15:201:15:28

The tumour returned in August. I had

it removed again admit training

1:15:281:15:32

which was incredible. -- need

training. It is related to my

1:15:321:15:39

hormones. They were a bit wobbly. --

mid-training. We are waiting to see

1:15:391:15:49

if it is long-term.

1:15:491:16:00

story. Good luck with it. Keep it up

dated, knowing us, will be knocking

1:16:001:16:02

at your door, trying to get you to

do live crosses from the boat. Thank

1:16:021:16:08

you very much and have a lovely rest

of your Christmas season.

1:16:081:16:12

It's 07:17 and you're watching

Breakfast from BBC News.

1:16:121:16:14

The main stories this morning:

Universities are warned

1:16:141:16:16

by the government they must allow

students to hear controversial views

1:16:161:16:19

in order to protect free speech.

1:16:191:16:24

Boxing Day bargain hunting

could be losing its appeal,

1:16:241:16:27

according to new BBC research,

as shops open their doors

1:16:271:16:29

for the traditional sales.

1:16:291:16:33

Here's Phillip with a look

at this morning's weather.

1:16:331:16:39

It was a white Christmas, officially

come yesterday? In some parts of UK,

1:16:431:16:48

a bit of snow?

We got there eventually. The

1:16:481:16:54

traditionalists probably wanted this

kind of scene earlier in the day. We

1:16:541:16:57

were suggesting at this time

yesterday that there was something

1:16:571:17:00

just coming down through Scotland

which could deposit this kind of

1:17:001:17:03

snow, and it has been through the

central belt and the high ground on

1:17:031:17:08

either side which generated an awful

lot of which is from our Weather

1:17:081:17:11

Watchers this morning. I think we're

already seeing some of that snow

1:17:111:17:15

turning to rain, pulling away

through the north-east of England,

1:17:151:17:18

the south-east and the borders, but

it leaves behind the prospect of

1:17:181:17:22

ice. The day will be a much cooler,

fresher, brighter day for many than

1:17:221:17:26

has been the case lately. Quite a

peppering of showers across the

1:17:261:17:29

northern parts of Scotland. Watch

out for that ice with the lying

1:17:291:17:35

snow. There is a bit of fun to be

had, provided you are not in your

1:17:351:17:40

car. Plenty of showers coming in

through Northern Ireland and to the

1:17:401:17:44

northern parts of England at the

moment. Further south than that,

1:17:441:17:47

lots of dry, fine and bright weather

to be had, still a sparkling of

1:17:471:17:51

showers through Wales, the Midlands,

and the south-west of England. I

1:17:511:17:54

would urge in the south-western

quarter to make the most of the dry

1:17:541:17:58

weather in between the showers this

morning, because around about

1:17:581:18:01

lunchtime, we will see the first

signs of this wet and windy weather

1:18:011:18:04

beginning to push in a cross that

south-western quarter, and some of

1:18:041:18:08

the rain quite heavy. It is going to

help keep the temperature is up,

1:18:081:18:12

eight or nine or 10 degrees, that

wind going all the while. Further

1:18:121:18:17

east, you are really on borrowed

time across the Midlands and East

1:18:171:18:20

Anglia, the rain heading towards you

and indeed into the north of Wales.

1:18:201:18:24

Further north than that, northern

parts of England, Northern Ireland

1:18:241:18:27

and southern Scotland, a decent

afternoon in prospect. In the

1:18:271:18:31

northern parts of Scotland showers

turning increasingly wintry. There

1:18:311:18:35

comes the rain. Here is the

additional one. We've got some snow

1:18:351:18:43

likely as that whole system moves

further to the east, so it will open

1:18:431:18:46

the door for a mix on the northern

and western flanks of that low of

1:18:461:18:51

the rain to convert to snow. I don't

just mean the higher ground in the

1:18:511:18:55

Peak District and Wales. Ten

centimetres, perhaps, for some. It

1:18:551:18:59

could be at lower levels that we

will see someone treats their

1:18:591:19:02

getting into the Midlands and East

Anglia, down towards the Chilterns.

1:19:021:19:08

Once that system is the way we have

a really bright day on our hands

1:19:081:19:12

across a good part of the British

Isles. You will notice again that it

1:19:121:19:17

is about two or six degrees. No more

than double figures. That will lead

1:19:171:19:22

a son after a chilly night,

Wednesday and Thursday, offer a

1:19:221:19:25

decent day on Thursday. No fronts to

speak of until later in the day. We

1:19:251:19:30

will start to see the first signs of

another transition, as if we haven't

1:19:301:19:34

had enough, into something a good

deal more unsettled, coming in from

1:19:341:19:38

the Atlantic this time, which will

probably do us for the next few days

1:19:381:19:42

once that weather front has got its

way in. So make the most of the dry

1:19:421:19:46

and bright weather because it

probably won't last. We will talk

1:19:461:19:49

about the snow later on today and

indeed through the rest of the day

1:19:491:19:53

for the rest of our bulletins.

A quick question, as a man who knows

1:19:531:19:59

lots about outdoor life, I'm going

to the football later,

1:19:591:20:02

Middlesbrough, how many layers do I

need?

Where are they playing?

At

1:20:021:20:05

home.

You will need plenty. You have

probably got used to nine or 10

1:20:051:20:12

degrees, but think single figures.

Because you'll be sitting around,

1:20:121:20:16

must you are getting very

enthusiastic, I am afraid the cold

1:20:161:20:20

will really get into you. Especially

up in the Ira area.

Single figures,

1:20:201:20:25

that his T-shirt weather for us from

the north.

Yes, all right, easy,

1:20:251:20:29

Tiger. If you wear a T-shirt, don't

blame me. You've had your forecast.

1:20:291:20:34

And good luck as well, being a

Middlesbrough fan.

Cheeky monkey!

1:20:341:20:39

Let's take a look at

this morning's papers.

1:20:411:20:42

Let's take a look at

this morning's papers.

1:20:421:20:45

Holly

this morning's papers.

1:20:451:20:45

Holly joins

this morning's papers.

1:20:451:20:46

Holly joins us

this morning's papers.

1:20:461:20:46

Holly joins us as

this morning's papers.

1:20:461:20:46

Holly joins us as well.

this morning's papers.

1:20:461:20:47

Holly joins us as well. Good

this morning's papers.

1:20:471:20:47

Holly joins us as well. Good

morning, Holly. Have you seen this

1:20:471:20:49

picture of the royal family?

This

was everywhere yesterday.

Obviously

1:20:491:20:53

lots of Heppell are trying to

capture the royal family walking to

1:20:531:20:56

the church service on the

Sandringham estate yesterday. Lots

1:20:561:20:59

of photographers, we had reporters

there as well. The best picture, the

1:20:591:21:03

one that is being used by most of

the newspapers, was taken by Karen,

1:21:031:21:08

so, she happened to be there with

her daughter and she snapped this on

1:21:081:21:12

her phone. It is great.

I love how

happy she was, if you saw her

1:21:121:21:17

Twitter feed. She was so pleased

with herself. Just when down to see

1:21:171:21:21

she could catch a glimpse, and to

this lovely picture which ended up

1:21:211:21:25

on the front pages.

The other

photographers must be furious about.

1:21:251:21:27

They are out of a job.

Let's look at

some of the other stories on the

1:21:271:21:33

Daily Mirror. That same photo, and a

lovely story about a baby girl who

1:21:331:21:38

fought back from the brink of death

and has spent her first Christmas at

1:21:381:21:42

home, they gorgeous little Santa

outfit. She was born one year ago

1:21:421:21:45

with a heart defect and she was sent

to a hospice. Surgeons saved her,

1:21:451:21:50

and her mother says she is her

little miracle. You have to love

1:21:501:21:54

stories like that at this time of

year. That is a lovely story. The

1:21:541:22:00

Times, this morning, a picture of

Meghan Markle, obviously lots of

1:22:001:22:04

people wondering how she would fit

in with the royal family on her

1:22:041:22:07

first official trip, the Christmas

service in Sandringham, and that

1:22:071:22:11

story we have been talking about

this morning. Universities must open

1:22:111:22:14

minds, not close them. This is about

the universities minister, Joe

1:22:141:22:19

Johnson, who is giving a speech

later talking about how we must

1:22:191:22:23

allow, I suppose, controversial

figures to speak at universities and

1:22:231:22:26

let people make up your own minds. I

tell you what, what we certainly

1:22:261:22:31

don't want to see as the cricket

going anywhere other than where it

1:22:311:22:35

ousted.

I'm not going to be bringing

you the news. I think we will be

1:22:351:22:40

focusing on their antics. This is of

course Tom Curren, Stuart Broad, and

1:22:401:22:46

Jonny Bairstow, enjoying some this

disease. This was before they got

1:22:461:22:51

into the fourth test. -- enjoying

some festive at ease. Most of the

1:22:511:22:55

back ages this morning would later

by pale blue. If you are not a

1:22:551:23:01

Manchester City fan you be sick of

the sight of this. This was a very

1:23:011:23:05

big story, dominating all December.

Manchester City absolutely

1:23:051:23:07

dominating the Premier League. What

can we expect in the next few

1:23:071:23:13

months?

Well, things can change

quite easily.

Exactly. I was talking

1:23:131:23:17

about how I'm going to Middlesbrough

later. There is a great story here,

1:23:171:23:21

in this newspaper this morning. This

is a parrot called Rocco owned by a

1:23:211:23:30

Manchester United fan named Mike. A

sickly, the parrot gets very heavily

1:23:301:23:34

involved in the football is on. It

opens B is for everybody watching

1:23:341:23:37

the foot while, and it gives various

views on what it thinks is going on.

1:23:371:23:41

I won't repeat what it says because

it can be a little bit rude. But

1:23:411:23:46

that is what you want, that is what

you need. The parrot that can bring

1:23:461:23:50

Euboea.

I don't think even a parrot

could help them down in Melbourne,

1:23:501:23:54

mind you. I am not bringing good

news. One of these days I will have

1:23:541:23:58

good news. It has been incredible

battle this morning. We have been

1:23:581:24:01

watching it might. Honestly, it has

been one of those series where we

1:24:011:24:05

are just so concerned at this point

that they could be a whitewash.

1:24:051:24:08

Australia have already won the

Ashes, just remember that. But now

1:24:081:24:12

it is all about pride. And the

opening day of the fourth test has

1:24:121:24:15

not done England any favours. It

really wasn't the start they would

1:24:151:24:19

have wanted. David Warner punishing

the England bowlers again, making a

1:24:191:24:24

century on day one. The tourists did

recover, taking two wickets between

1:24:241:24:29

lunch and tea. Another came in the

final session. Tom Curren's debut

1:24:291:24:34

and England's bowling attack didn't

go as they would have liked.

1:24:341:24:37

Australia's total climbed rapidly.

1:24:371:24:40

The oustanding batsman

of the series, Captain Steve Smith,

1:24:401:24:43

has scored yet another half-century

and Australia closed the day

1:24:431:24:45

on 244-3.

1:24:451:24:51

Let's talk about the football, as

the festive fixtures continue. Eight

1:24:511:24:56

games today the leaders, Manchester

City, will play Newcastle tomorrow.

1:24:561:25:00

This afternoon's early kick-off,

Tottenham meet Southampton, with

1:25:001:25:05

Harry Kane looking to beat a record

held by Alan Shearer. He is

1:25:051:25:09

currently level with him on 36 goals

in the calendar year. Manchester

1:25:091:25:14

United's task today is to narrow

that 14 point gap between themselves

1:25:141:25:18

and Man City at the top of the

table. They are at home to Burnley.

1:25:181:25:22

United slipped up on the weekend,

allowing war so to equalise in

1:25:221:25:26

injury time, but only manager Shaun

Di stars -- doesn't think that will

1:25:261:25:30

mean his side gets an easy ride.

1:25:301:25:32

They still look a high-quality

group of players to me.

1:25:321:25:35

I was there recently,

about to dig in and get a win,

1:25:351:25:38

actually, but that's

the mark of a good side.

1:25:381:25:41

If it's not quite their day

or the other team are playing well,

1:25:411:25:44

they're still out for a result.

1:25:441:25:46

I don't think we're going there

expecting it to be anything other

1:25:461:25:49

than a tough game.

1:25:491:25:51

And there's just one game

in the Scottish Premiership this

1:25:511:25:54

afternoon, with champions

Celtic away to Dundee.

1:25:541:25:55

Serena Williams said she'd get back

on the tennis circuit pretty

1:25:551:25:58

quickly, after giving birth

to her first child -

1:25:581:26:01

and she's announced her return.

1:26:011:26:07

She'll play an exhibition

match against Jelena Ostapenka

1:26:071:26:09

in Abu Dhabi next week,

it'll be four months

1:26:091:26:12

since her daughter Alexis arrived.

1:26:121:26:13

Williams hasn't played since she won

the Australian Open in January

1:26:131:26:16

and although she hasn't yet

decided whether she'll be

1:26:161:26:18

defending her title,

the tournament organisers have said

1:26:181:26:21

it's very likely.

1:26:211:26:26

Isn't she incredible?

Her child in

the four-month old, unbelievable.

1:26:261:26:31

Now, you a Boxing Day shopper?

If I

am to be honest I avoid it at all

1:26:311:26:37

costs.

Apparently that is true of a

lot of people.

1:26:371:26:40

Are the Boxing Day sales

still enough to get us off the sofa

1:26:401:26:43

and down to the shops?

1:26:431:26:45

With Black Friday forcing many

retailers to cut prices as long ago

1:26:451:26:48

as November, the majority

of shoppers surveyed by BBC Radio

1:26:481:26:51

4's You & Yours programme said

the sales had lost their sparkle,

1:26:511:26:54

as Samantha Fenwick reports.

1:26:541:26:57

Savinda and her daughter Joti meet

up every weekend to go shopping

1:26:571:27:00

and look for bargains.

1:27:001:27:03

I've waited with people

outside, and then gone

1:27:031:27:05

into the store, and

found lovely bargains.

1:27:051:27:10

But this Boxing Day,

the high street sales don't

1:27:101:27:12

have the same appeal.

1:27:121:27:17

Sales are on all the time and I'm

always getting emails

1:27:171:27:20

from shops saying, you can get

it cheaper beforehand

1:27:201:27:23

and things like that.

1:27:231:27:24

So I won't be doing anything

like that, I'll be in bed.

1:27:241:27:35

NEWSREEL: They are here again,

the sales and the queues.

1:27:351:27:37

You can't afford to miss a good

bargain in these days.

1:27:371:27:40

Some all-night queuers receive

a morning surprise -

1:27:401:27:42

a cuppa to warm them up

for the battle ahead.

1:27:421:27:45

The post-Christmas sales,

a festive tradition in the UK.

1:27:451:27:48

Retailers called it the golden

quarter, the discounts

1:27:481:27:50

starting on Boxing Day -

an important part of the three

1:27:501:27:53

months at the end of the year.

1:27:531:27:55

Retailers hope to boost

their profits and shoppers

1:27:551:27:57

to get a bargain.

1:27:571:27:58

You can get almost

anything at these sales.

1:27:581:28:09

It has changed over

the years, though.

1:28:091:28:11

This is the Boxing Day sale

only five years ago.

1:28:111:28:13

Shoppers didn't queue quite

a sedately as in the 1950s.

1:28:131:28:16

But would they do the same today?

1:28:161:28:18

We asked more than 1000 shoppers

what they thought of the Boxing Day

1:28:181:28:22

sales, and more than half of them

think they have lost the appeal

1:28:221:28:25

they once had.

1:28:251:28:26

Virtually nobody we survey

said they would be

1:28:261:28:28

getting up early this

morning to beat the queues.

1:28:281:28:31

They have been overshadowed

by other sales that run

1:28:311:28:33

throughout the year.

1:28:331:28:34

Particularly Black Friday.

1:28:341:28:38

This year, over 40% of us bought

something on Black Friday,

1:28:381:28:41

and that means we spent a lot

of Christmas money already

1:28:411:28:44

and we can't spend money twice.

1:28:441:28:45

Shoppers expect things

to be discounted and

1:28:451:28:47

discounted heavily, and if retailers

don't offer great deals,

1:28:471:28:50

shoppers go somewhere else.

1:28:501:28:54

Yet despite this apparent

addiction to discounting,

1:28:541:28:56

62% of people we surveyed believe

that if a shop always has a sale on,

1:28:561:29:00

it devalues the brand.

1:29:001:29:01

Jenny Parker is the co-founder

of Country Attire, an online shop

1:29:011:29:04

selling 180 different brands.

1:29:041:29:07

It can be extremely damaging

for a brand to always be on sale.

1:29:071:29:10

It is important to be very strategic

about when you discount.

1:29:101:29:13

The brands which are

doing well never really

1:29:131:29:16

have blanket discount sales.

1:29:161:29:17

They are the ones which are really

forensic as to what pricing they go

1:29:171:29:21

at, and when they go.

1:29:211:29:30

Have you got everything you need?

1:29:301:29:32

Nothing is more frustrating

than when you buy

1:29:321:29:34

something for price and the prices

are constantly getting slashed down.

1:29:341:29:37

It feels as though

they must be struggling.

1:29:371:29:44

How can they afford

to sell it so cheap?

1:29:441:29:47

Retailers are struggling.

1:29:471:29:48

Competition to get shoppers spending

is as fierce as ever,

1:29:481:29:50

online and on the high street.

1:29:501:29:52

And with family budgets predicted

to get tighter next year,

1:29:521:29:55

it looks like the year-round

sale is here to stay.

1:29:551:30:05

I am surprised you didn't want one

of those hats yourself, Samantha

1:30:051:30:09

Kerr 's share our well, I am

tempted.

He is giving us a round of

1:30:091:30:13

applause.

I do think it is a

surprise, is it, that things are

1:30:131:30:17

calmer with the sales today given

how much we are seeing the retailers

1:30:171:30:20

discount things?

When you see

pictures of Boxing Day sales by

1:30:201:30:28

years ago, everyone was struggling

to get in. Now you see it on Black

1:30:281:30:32

Friday. Even in the UK when we have

wrought in these make it sales. That

1:30:321:30:39

is what we found in our survey. Even

if you look across Oxford Street

1:30:391:30:46

earlier run, fewer people there than

in the past.

If I go shopping and

1:30:461:30:55

there is no sale, I feel like I am

let down. Is there a difference

1:30:551:30:59

generation only in the way we treat

shopping and sales spending?

People

1:30:591:31:06

over 65 are less likely to shop in

sales and if they are going to go to

1:31:061:31:11

the sales, they will go to the shops

the way they traditionally always

1:31:111:31:14

have done. Younger people and those

under 35, they are going to be the

1:31:141:31:19

ones doing most of the sales

shopping and they will be doing it

1:31:191:31:23

online. Even if there are sales and

transactions going through today,

1:31:231:31:27

they are probably going through

tablets, laptops, using your mobile

1:31:271:31:31

phone. There are people going and

queueing outside. Those archive

1:31:311:31:37

shots of people queueing up with

cups of tea and having a jolly old

1:31:371:31:43

time, that might be a time of the

past.

They used to be legendary

1:31:431:31:49

queues.

Brown paper on the walls. It

was more of an event. As you say,

1:31:491:32:01

sales are on all year round. It's

not so special any more.

Lovely to

1:32:011:32:07

have you on the sale. -- on the

sofar. -- sofa.

1:32:071:32:19

Hello, this is Breakfast

with Steph McGovern.

1:32:361:32:38

Good Morning, here's a summary

of today's main stories from BBC

1:32:381:32:41

News.

1:32:411:32:43

The Universities Minister,

Jo Johnson, will issue his clearest

1:32:431:32:46

warning yet that universities must

protect free speech.

1:32:461:32:48

He will say students must be able

both to hear and challenge

1:32:481:32:51

controversial views

during their years of study.

1:32:511:32:53

Some universities and student groups

have refused entry to speakers

1:32:531:32:56

advocating disputed points of view.

1:32:561:32:57

The body representing British

universities said it would not allow

1:32:571:33:00

legitimate debate to be stifled.

1:33:001:33:12

Millions of shoppers

are expected to head out

1:33:121:33:14

to the Boxing Day sales today.

1:33:141:33:16

It marks the start of

a what has traditionally been

1:33:161:33:18

a crucial period for

retailers across the UK.

1:33:181:33:21

But the majority of shoppers

surveyed by BBC Radio 4's You &

1:33:211:33:24

Yours programme believe online

shopping and early Black Friday

1:33:241:33:26

deals have made the post Christmas

sales less appealing.

1:33:261:33:39

A British woman being held

on suspicion of drug-smuggling

1:33:391:33:41

will appear in court

in Egypt later this morning.

1:33:411:33:44

Laura Plummer was arrested

in October when officials found 290

1:33:441:33:47

tramadol tablets in her suitcase,

which are legal in the UK,

1:33:471:33:49

but not in Egypt.

1:33:491:33:51

The shop assistant from Hull says

she was carrying the pills

1:33:511:33:54

for her Egyptian partner,

who suffers from back pain.

1:33:541:33:58

The Royal Navy says there has been

an increase in the number of Russian

1:33:581:34:01

ships travelling through,

or near the UK's territorial waters

1:34:011:34:04

over the festive period.

1:34:041:34:05

On Christmas Day, HMS

St Albans was sent to escort

1:34:051:34:08

a Russian warship through

the North Sea as it passed close

1:34:081:34:11

to UK waters.

1:34:111:34:12

Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson

said he will not "tolerate any

1:34:121:34:14

form of aggression".

1:34:141:34:22

Dr Who fans were given a glimpse

of the first ever female Doctor

1:34:221:34:25

in action in last night's

Christmas special.

1:34:251:34:27

Jodie Whittaker appeared

in the final two minutes

1:34:271:34:29

of the episode, which saw

the departure of Peter Capaldi,

1:34:291:34:32

as well as the show's

writer Steven Moffatt.

1:34:321:34:45

A lot to look forward to.

1:34:451:34:47

Now on Breakfast, Alex Guljarani

and Jessica Creighton take a look

1:34:471:34:50

back at the year's

sporting highlights.

1:34:501:34:55

Hello, and welcome along to a look

back at what has been another

1:35:001:35:03

fantastic year in sport.

1:35:031:35:05

Yes, from the Women's Cricket World

Cup to the British and Irish Lions

1:35:051:35:08

tour of New Zealand and everything

else in between.

1:35:081:35:12

We'll have it all over

the next half an hour.

1:35:121:35:15

Some huge nights across the world,

and plenty of them in

1:35:151:35:18

this stadium behind us.

1:35:181:35:19

The World Athletics

and Para Athletics Championships

1:35:191:35:21

came to London this summer.

1:35:211:35:22

The quickest, the strongest,

the best in the business.

1:35:221:35:24

And for us, the last chance to see

some of them compete.

1:35:241:35:31

He's stood like a colossus over

this sport for so long.

1:35:351:35:40

The cameras trained on one man.

1:35:401:35:43

A moment of history, they hope.

1:35:431:35:44

One more time for Mo Farah.

1:35:441:35:50

Two of the sport's most iconic faces

bid farewell this summer.

1:35:501:35:54

Britain's shining knight,

Sir Mo Farah, at it again in London.

1:35:541:36:00

Gold in the 10,000 metres,

but his final outing

1:36:001:36:02

delivered a surprise -

silver!

1:36:021:36:04

But his status, secure.

1:36:041:36:07

There's no place like home.

1:36:071:36:08

I really enjoyed the journey,

and it's this moment that makes it

1:36:081:36:12

special and you won't forget.

1:36:121:36:14

While Farah will return

in the marathon, Usain Bolt

1:36:141:36:17

said goodbye for good.

1:36:171:36:18

But a golden farewell

it wasn't to be.

1:36:181:36:25

COMMENTATOR:

And Coleman's still got

the lead, and Gatlin wins it!

1:36:251:36:28

London ready to create more

superstars and stories that

1:36:281:36:31

captured the nation.

1:36:311:36:32

Take Isaac Makwala, not allowed

to compete due to illness.

1:36:321:36:34

He found a way, out on his own

against the clock, pressing his case

1:36:341:36:38

but no fairytale ending.

1:36:381:36:40

And what of Russia?

1:36:401:36:41

Still banned as a whole,

but eight neutral athletes

1:36:411:36:44

were allowed to compete.

1:36:441:36:47

Maria Lasitskene took gold.

1:36:471:36:49

A rare outing on top of the podium.

1:36:491:36:51

A place British

athletes seldom stood.

1:36:511:36:53

Though the relay teams

finished on a high.

1:36:531:36:56

The women's 4x100 picked up silver,

just in time to cheer on the men.

1:36:561:37:00

COMMENTATOR:

That should be gold!

1:37:001:37:05

A golden ending for Great Britain,

on top of the world as one,

1:37:051:37:09

of the greatest walked away.

1:37:091:37:13

All that followed yet another

impressive World Para Athletics

1:37:131:37:15

Championships for GB.

1:37:151:37:17

Hannah Cockroft took her tally

to ten world titles,

1:37:171:37:20

with another three in London.

1:37:201:37:22

Including the world

record over 100 metres.

1:37:221:37:26

That was one of 32 world records

over the Championships.

1:37:261:37:30

Sam Kinghorn getting

one in the 200 metres,

1:37:301:37:32

Hollie Arnold in the javelin.

1:37:321:37:35

While Britain's poster boy

Jonnie Peacock delivered yet again.

1:37:351:37:40

Like Peacock, Adam Peaty cannot

be stopped right now.

1:37:401:37:49

The medals and world

records keep piling up.

1:37:491:37:53

This year, it was Budapest -

his world titles retained,

1:37:531:37:56

the pace even quicker.

1:37:561:38:01

We've done a lot of speed work

this year, and I'm more

1:38:011:38:04

than happy to come here,

defend my title -

1:38:041:38:06

or attack my title, as they say.

1:38:061:38:08

If you are a kid watching this now,

you can be in the Olympics in four

1:38:081:38:13

or eight years' time,

don't let anything stop you.

1:38:131:38:15

Tom Daley also found

gold in Hungary.

1:38:151:38:17

The ten-metre platform crown capped

off another successful year for him

1:38:171:38:20

on the road to Tokyo.

1:38:201:38:21

COMMENTATOR:

That's has got

to be gold for Tom Daley.

1:38:211:38:28

All eyes in the footballing world

turn to the World Cup

1:38:281:38:31

in Russia next summer.

1:38:311:38:34

England will be there.

1:38:341:38:36

Northern Ireland just fell short

against Switzerland.

1:38:361:38:40

This year, it was a chance

for the women's game to shine.

1:38:401:38:45

The European Championship in

the Netherlands was an opportunity

1:38:451:38:48

for these England players

to get their hands

1:38:481:38:50

on a major trophy.

1:38:501:38:52

But by the end of the tournament,

no one could have

1:38:521:38:55

predicted the fallout.

1:38:551:38:59

England arrived in the

Netherlands in buoyant mood,

1:38:591:39:01

expectant of success.

1:39:011:39:02

Jody Taylor's goals,

five of them in total, helped get

1:39:021:39:05

England into the last four.

1:39:051:39:06

COMMENTATOR:

Taylor through

on the edge of the penalty area.

1:39:061:39:10

Lifts it over the goalkeeper

and into the net!

1:39:101:39:14

It's in.

1:39:141:39:15

It's in!

1:39:151:39:15

England lead France by 1-0.

1:39:151:39:17

Jody Taylor has got it.

1:39:171:39:22

Unfortunately, it all fell apart.

1:39:221:39:25

More semi-final heartache

for England's women.

1:39:251:39:27

But glory and defeat soon turned

for manager Mark Samson.

1:39:271:39:30

He was sacked after details

of inappropriate behaviour

1:39:301:39:33

with female players from his time

with Bristol emerged.

1:39:331:39:36

And after being cleared

of discrimination towards Eni Aluko,

1:39:361:39:39

an independent investigation found

he had made unacceptable,

1:39:391:39:43

ill-judged attempts at humour.

1:39:431:39:47

Mo Marley took the reigns,

and along with Wales,

1:39:471:39:49

both home nations are on course

to reach the World Cup in 2019.

1:39:491:39:54

Domestically, the women's game had

a one-season wonder -

1:39:541:39:57

the spring series,

and victory was Chelsea's.

1:39:571:40:00

Their men's team delivered up

the Premier League title, too.

1:40:001:40:03

An impressive start to life

in England for Antonio Conte.

1:40:031:40:06

Although his team were denied

a double by Arsenal.

1:40:061:40:12

COMMENTATOR:

There's

Giroud, pulling it back!

1:40:121:40:13

Arsenal have broke once more.

1:40:131:40:15

Arsene Wenger becoming

the most successful

1:40:151:40:16

manager in FA Cup history.

1:40:161:40:19

Jose Mourinho led Manchester United

to silverware, too -

1:40:191:40:23

the League Cup and Europa League

finding residence in

1:40:231:40:25

the north-west this summer.

1:40:251:40:27

While in Scotland, Celtic beat

all in front of them.

1:40:271:40:30

All major trophies

were theirs, as they went

1:40:301:40:32

on a 69-match unbeaten run.

1:40:321:40:36

A new record for the Scottish

champions, and a huge one

1:40:361:40:39

smashed over in Paris.

1:40:391:40:40

PSG signing the Brazilian superstar

Neymar from Barcelona

1:40:401:40:42

for an eye-watering £200 million.

1:40:421:40:47

Some investment there, and one

by the FA in England's future.

1:40:471:40:51

A year when England's youth teams

dominated major tournaments

1:40:511:40:54

the U19s won the Euros.

1:40:541:40:57

While the U17s and U20s

won the World Cup.

1:40:571:41:10

World champions in football,

and world champions in boxing.

1:41:101:41:13

Nine British men hold that honour,

but only one man made 2017 his own.

1:41:131:41:16

April 29th, and the home of football

became the home of Anthony Joshua.

1:41:161:41:20

Wembley Stadium transformed for one

of the biggest nights

1:41:201:41:22

in British boxing history.

1:41:221:41:36

Throughout my boxing career,

when I turned professional,

1:41:361:41:38

I thought of Wladimir Klitschko

would potentially be retired

1:41:381:41:41

by the time I become a champion.

1:41:411:41:43

Klitschko is very respectful,

and I took inspiration

1:41:431:41:45

from Klitschko, when I was looking

up to him before

1:41:451:41:48

I competed with him.

1:41:481:41:51

On how to conduct myself

outside of the ring.

1:41:511:41:57

The press conference wasn't the most

entertaining in terms of flipping

1:41:571:42:00

tables and disrespecting each other.

1:42:001:42:03

But it showed that's

not where it matters.

1:42:031:42:05

Where it matters is in the ring,

and that's why I say that fight

1:42:051:42:09

lived up to my expectations.

1:42:091:42:10

A night that Joshua,

the 90,000 inside and the millions

1:42:101:42:15

watching around the world,

will never forget.

1:42:151:42:16

Wladimir Klitschko defeated.

1:42:161:42:20

Six months later, and nearly 80,000

packed into Cardiff to see him

1:42:201:42:24

defend those titles against Carlos

Takam.

1:42:241:42:27

A record indoor attendance

for a boxing match.

1:42:271:42:31

This sets up for when the real

challengers present themselves,

1:42:311:42:33

and then you start cementing your

name in the history books.

1:42:331:42:38

I think that's what 2017 represents.

1:42:381:42:39

You've got here, don't lose focus,

because now the hard work begins.

1:42:391:42:43

2017 was also the year George Groves

finally became a world champion,

1:42:431:42:48

while Ryan Burnett became a unified

champion at bantamweight.

1:42:481:42:51

Across the Atlantic,

a circus like no other

1:42:511:42:55

rolled into Las Vegas.

1:42:551:42:59

Conor McGregor against

Floyd Mayweather.

1:42:591:43:04

Mixed martial arts superstar against

the self-proclaimed best-ever boxer.

1:43:041:43:12

And the boxer won.

1:43:121:43:25

In gymnastics, Ellie Downie

made history in Romania,

1:43:251:43:31

becoming the first British woman

to reach all five individual finals,

1:43:311:43:35

and the first to take home gold

in the all-around final.

1:43:351:43:37

She left with four medals in total,

and she wasn't the only

1:43:371:43:41

record-breaker, as Max Whitlock

defended his pommel

1:43:411:43:43

title in Montreal.

1:43:431:43:43

Another first for GB.

1:43:431:43:47

Oh my word.

1:43:471:43:48

Jonathan Rae was another man making

history, a third consecutive

1:43:481:43:51

World Superbike crown

for the Northern Irishman.

1:43:511:43:54

Bianca Walkden became a two-time

Taekwondo champion in South Korea.

1:43:541:43:57

She successfully defended

her heavyweight title.

1:43:571:44:01

While Jade Jones settled for bronze

in the featherweight division.

1:44:011:44:05

And the World Snooker Championship

crown couldn't be wrestled away

1:44:051:44:08

from the Jester from Leicester.

1:44:081:44:11

Your champion, Mark Selby.

1:44:111:44:13

APPLAUSE.

1:44:131:44:25

Lewis Hamilton knows what it

takes to be a winner,

1:44:321:44:35

and the three-time world champion

wanted more in 2017.

1:44:351:44:38

He got a new team

mate, for starters.

1:44:381:44:41

Valtteri Bottas replacing

the retiring world

1:44:411:44:43

champion Nico Rosberg.

1:44:431:44:46

One familiar face gone,

but another was lurking.

1:44:461:44:50

The season opener in Melbourne,

Australia, and Sebastian Vettel,

1:44:501:44:55

not Hamilton, was suddenly

the man to beat.

1:44:551:45:01

Shanghai, China and a

return for Hamilton.

1:45:011:45:04

This year's title challenge was set.

1:45:041:45:06

By the time they got

to Montreal and Race 7,

1:45:061:45:09

there was not much between them.

1:45:091:45:14

Three wins apiece.

1:45:141:45:17

Silverstone, and a

homecoming like no other.

1:45:171:45:20

Hamilton, a five-time winner now

with the British Grand Prix.

1:45:201:45:24

Up there with Jim Clark,

one of the greats.

1:45:241:45:29

The turning point in

the Championship came in Singapore.

1:45:301:45:33

Vettel on pole, but

crash - and big one.

1:45:331:45:35

The German, out.

1:45:351:45:37

So too Verstappen and Raikkonen.

1:45:371:45:41

Hamilton, swept to victory.

1:45:411:45:42

And in Mexico City, three

races later, his status

1:45:421:45:44

as champion was confirmed.

1:45:441:45:46

British dominance on four wheels

was replicated on two,

1:45:461:45:48

thanks to this man -

Chris Froome.

1:45:481:45:52

British dominance on four wheels

was replicated on two,

1:46:021:46:04

thanks to this man -

Chris Froome.

1:46:041:46:08

On that start line, I've got

a massive target on my back.

1:46:081:46:11

I know that every single rider

there is looking at me

1:46:111:46:14

and looking at how to beat me.

1:46:141:46:15

Even his own team-mates

fancied a go.

1:46:171:46:23

Geraint Thomas became the first

Welshman to wear yellow

1:46:231:46:26

at the Tour de France.

1:46:261:46:27

But he just kept it warm for Froome,

as by stage four, he was back

1:46:271:46:31

on top, although he didn't have it

all his own way.

1:46:311:46:39

It was such a close race.

1:46:391:46:45

There was a stage in the second week

of the Tour de France where I lost

1:46:451:46:49

the yellow jersey for a few days

to the Italian, Fabio Aru.

1:46:491:46:53

At that point, we didn't know

if I was going to get it back.

1:46:531:46:56

I mean, I certainly hoped I would.

1:46:561:46:58

But it could have gone either way,

right up until the very last stage.

1:46:581:47:05

So after over 2000 miles, the tour

came to a time trial in Marseille.

1:47:051:47:09

Three contenders,

Froome, Aru, Nibali.

1:47:091:47:11

And Froome came out on top.

1:47:111:47:19

I have won the Tour de France four

times, but each time,

1:47:191:47:22

rolling into Paris, I've just welled

up with tears.

1:47:221:47:25

It's just so emotional.

1:47:251:47:26

It marks the end of this

three-week journey.

1:47:261:47:28

You've had this massive challenge

and you've come out on top.

1:47:281:47:31

It's an amazing feeling,

having won the biggest

1:47:311:47:33

bike race in the world.

1:47:331:47:35

But he didn't stop there.

1:47:351:47:36

Attention soon turned

to Spain and the Vuelta.

1:47:361:47:38

Something that I've been trying

to do for a few years now,

1:47:381:47:41

and I've learnt where I've made

mistakes in the past.

1:47:411:47:44

Where I've fell short in the past,

and how to improve on that.

1:47:441:47:48

And some improvement it was,

as he became only the third man

1:47:481:47:51

to win both the Tour de France

and the Vuelta a Espana

1:47:511:47:54

in the same year.

1:47:541:47:58

I'm still hungry, still motivated

to keep trying to win

1:47:581:48:08

another Tour de France.

1:48:081:48:09

As long as the body is able to do

this, I am going to keep going.

1:48:091:48:14

But the year ended under a bit

of a cloud, after news of an adverse

1:48:141:48:18

drugs test at the Vuelta

came to light.

1:48:181:48:21

Froome had doubled the allowed

amount of a legal asthma medication

1:48:211:48:24

in his urine sample.

1:48:241:48:33

He has denied any wrongdoing,

and is cooperating with the sport's

1:48:331:48:36

authorities to explain the levels.

1:48:361:48:38

He says he took the greatest care

to ensure he did not use more

1:48:381:48:41

than the permissible dose.

1:48:411:48:45

British success wasn't limited

to individual brilliance in 2017.

1:48:451:48:48

In rugby union, the Six Nations

and Women's World Cup produced some

1:48:481:48:52

enthralling encounters,

but undoubtedly the story

1:48:521:48:54

of the year featured

the British and Irish Lions.

1:48:541:48:56

They went on the road

to face these guys -

1:48:561:49:00

the world champions,

the All Blacks.

1:49:001:49:10

New Zealand - beauty,

and plenty of beasts.

1:49:101:49:13

Nothing serene about

the welcome that greeted

1:49:131:49:14

Warren Gatland and his Lions.

1:49:141:49:16

Led again by Sam Warburton,

the captain had to recover

1:49:161:49:19

from injury first.

1:49:191:49:22

Six tough challenges to get

them warm came and went,

1:49:221:49:25

before the two giants

finally went head-to-head.

1:49:251:49:27

The All Blacks, ready

for the tourists and up

1:49:271:49:30

for the challenge.

1:49:301:49:30

The comeback, with a little help

from Sonny Bill Williams.

1:49:301:49:33

His early departure helping

the rampaging Lions get

1:49:331:49:35

back on level terms.

1:49:351:49:44

Now we've got to head

to Auckland and it's one each.

1:49:441:49:49

We didn't even celebrate

when the final whistle went.

1:49:491:49:52

We're evens now, they won the first

half, we won the second half.

1:49:521:49:56

We've got one more half of rugby.

1:49:561:50:02

80 minutes, winner takes all.

1:50:021:50:06

The All Blacks in charge

early, but the Lions

1:50:061:50:13

were never too far away.

1:50:131:50:15

Owen Farrell kicking them level

with time disappearing

1:50:151:50:17

and eventually, it did.

1:50:171:50:19

The match and series - drawn.

1:50:191:50:21

Given the schedule, given how tough

the tour was to come to New Zealand

1:50:211:50:25

and draw the series,

you have got to be proud of that.

1:50:251:50:31

The Lions home with

a share of the honours.

1:50:311:50:38

England nearly took them

all home in the Six Nations,

1:50:381:50:44

as their dominance under Eddie Jones

continued until the final.

1:50:441:50:46

Ireland ending their unbeaten

run of 18 matches.

1:50:461:50:50

But the championship

was already won.

1:50:501:50:52

England's women would go one better.

1:50:521:50:54

Grand Slam champions

with five wins from five.

1:50:541:51:00

The perfect preparation

for the defence of their World Cup

1:51:001:51:02

title and early performances

suggested they were at

1:51:021:51:04

their best in Ireland.

1:51:041:51:06

While the hosts and Wales

came unstuck, England

1:51:061:51:08

breezed into the last four.

1:51:081:51:09

A solid win over France and England

set up a final against New Zealand.

1:51:091:51:13

End to end action in Belfast,

but it wasn't to be England's day.

1:51:131:51:16

New Zealand, the new

world champions.

1:51:161:51:20

In club rugby, another triumphant

year in Europe for Saracens.

1:51:201:51:23

As they successfully defended

their European Champions Cup.

1:51:231:51:25

Exeter Chiefs won their first

ever top-flight title,

1:51:251:51:28

beating Wasps in the season finale.

1:51:281:51:29

The Pro12 would become a Pro14

in 2017 with two South African sides

1:51:291:51:33

entering the league.

1:51:331:51:47

But before that, Welsh side Scarlets

won the title, beating Munster.

1:51:471:51:54

It was World Cup year in rugby

league and England made it

1:51:541:52:00

to the final for the first time

in 22 years.

1:52:001:52:04

The hosts and defending champions

Australia though, just had too much

1:52:041:52:07

for Wayne Bennett's men.

1:52:071:52:13

The domestic season

went to familiar faces.

1:52:131:52:15

Hull FC kept the Challenge Cup under

lock and key their trophy

1:52:151:52:18

cabinet for another season.

1:52:181:52:20

Mahe Fonua went over twice

as they edged out Wigan Warriors

1:52:201:52:25

in a thrilling final at Wembley.

1:52:251:52:30

While in Super League's Grand Final,

Leeds Rhinos won their eighth title,

1:52:301:52:33

denying Castleford Tigers a first.

1:52:331:52:39

In the US Super Bowl 51,

treated as to the greatest comeback

1:52:391:52:42

in the NFL's history.

1:52:421:52:47

Tom Brady's New England Patriots

overcoming at 25-point deficit

1:52:471:52:56

in the final quarter to beat

the Atlanta Falcons in overtime.

1:52:561:52:59

Off the field, protest throughout

the season against racial prejudice

1:52:591:53:01

in the United States continued

into the new season.

1:53:011:53:04

Enable was crowned Horse

of the Year after winning six

1:53:041:53:07

major races in 2017,

including the Arc de Triomphe.

1:53:071:53:09

14-1 shot, 'One For Arthur',

won the Grand National.

1:53:091:53:12

Great Britain's eventers took home

gold at the European Championships.

1:53:121:53:14

Tina Cook, Ros Canter,

Gemma Tattersall and Nicola Wilson

1:53:141:53:17

winning GB first gold

medal since 2009.

1:53:171:53:19

And Elise Christie's preparation

for the Winter Olympics

1:53:191:53:21

saw her finish top of the world.

1:53:211:53:27

Three gold medals for the speed

skater at the World

1:53:281:53:31

Championships in Rotterdam.

1:53:311:53:38

2017 was a year that

Serena Williams will never forget.

1:53:381:53:41

It started with a seventh win

at the Australian Open.

1:53:411:53:46

Her sister Venus defeated

in the final, but she wouldn't

1:53:461:53:49

hold a grudge for long,

as Serena announced to the world

1:53:491:53:52

she was pregnant and had won

in Melbourne in the early stages.

1:53:521:53:55

Baby Alexis came into

the world in September.

1:53:551:54:00

Back on the court, Johanna Konta

tried to fill the void left

1:54:001:54:04

by serene at Wimbledon.

1:54:041:54:05

The British number one forced her

way past the world number one.

1:54:051:54:12

COMMENTATOR:

British

tennis history is made.

1:54:121:54:13

It's been 39 years since

a British woman can say,

1:54:131:54:16

I'm a Wimbledon semifinalist.

1:54:161:54:19

The next challenge lay

ahead of Venus Williams.

1:54:191:54:28

COMMENTATOR:

Venus Williams is back

in the Wimbledon final.

1:54:281:54:36

In the end, experience held

true in the semifinal,

1:54:361:54:39

but not in the final.

1:54:391:54:41

Garbine Muguruza

on top against Venus.

1:54:411:54:43

Andy Murray's year on the court

was one to forget.

1:54:431:54:45

Hampered with injuries, Murray bowed

out of Wimbledon to Sam Querrey.

1:54:451:54:48

Roger Federer swept all in front

of him to get his hands

1:54:481:54:52

on the famous trophy yet again.

1:54:521:54:53

The rest of the Majors were shared

out between himself and Rafa Nadal.

1:54:531:54:57

A hark to days gone by.

1:54:571:54:59

In golf, the day Sergio Garcia had

been waiting all his

1:54:591:55:02

career for, finally came.

1:55:021:55:03

His battle with Justin Rose

at the Masters was thrilling

1:55:031:55:05

and forced into a play-off.

1:55:051:55:09

A second major title

for Justin Rose fell,

1:55:091:55:12

as Garcia finally got his hands

on that elusive first.

1:55:121:55:24

Jordan Spieth's job for 2018

is to hunt down a career grand slam.

1:55:241:55:27

His victory at the Open leaves him

one short of all four,

1:55:271:55:36

just like Rory McIlroy,

who has had a year to forget.

1:55:361:55:39

But 2017 will be one

that Tommy Fleetwood

1:55:391:55:41

won't forget in a hurry.

1:55:411:55:42

The Southport golfer winning

the European Order of Merit.

1:55:421:55:45

I have played golf and played great

and I've come off the course and had

1:55:451:55:49

so much good stuff going on.

1:55:491:55:51

So I've just been very lucky really,

I've just had that, you know, one

1:55:511:55:55

of those years that's been amazing.

1:55:551:56:02

The home of English cricket

is steeped in history

1:56:021:56:04

and in 2017, England added

to Lord's iconic moment.

1:56:041:56:07

The women's team won more

silverware and James Anderson

1:56:071:56:09

cemented his legacy.

1:56:091:56:10

And all that was before

an Ashes Series Down Under.

1:56:101:56:13

The winter trip to Australia didn't

start as well as expected with vice

1:56:131:56:16

captain, Ben Stokes,

missing the action.

1:56:161:56:18

England's sights on retaining

the famous urn quickly vanished,

1:56:181:56:21

despite a positive start

to the first test, but Australia

1:56:211:56:23

simply do not lose in Brisbane.

1:56:231:56:25

Or in Adelaide.

1:56:251:56:37

An Ashes first, at day night Test

match, but under the floodlights,

1:56:371:56:54

no joy for England.

1:56:541:56:55

Another win in Perth and the famous

urn was once again in Aussie hands.

1:56:551:56:59

It's bitterly disappointing.

1:56:591:57:00

I think one of the most frustrating

things is we haven't been

1:57:001:57:03

blown away, we've not

been completely outplayed.

1:57:031:57:05

We've put up some really

good performances, just

1:57:051:57:07

not for long enough.

1:57:071:57:08

Simple as that really.

1:57:081:57:14

That came after a summer of success

for England's cricketers.

1:57:141:57:21

James Anderson became the first

English player to take 500 Test

1:57:211:57:23

wickets and take his place

among the greats.

1:57:231:57:28

Joe Root took over from

Alastair Cooke as test captain

1:57:281:57:30

and guided the team successfully

through two tricky series

1:57:301:57:33

with South Africa and West Indies.

1:57:331:57:39

Security was on high alert

during the Champions Trophy.

1:57:391:57:44

The tournament carrying

on despite the London attacks.

1:57:441:57:47

Pakistan entered the tournament

as the lowest-ranked side,

1:57:471:57:49

but finished on top,

beating England en route

1:57:491:57:51

to a finale win over

neighbours and rivals,

1:57:511:57:53

India.

1:57:531:57:54

The women's side

wouldn't come up short.

1:57:541:57:55

The World Cup arrived on these

shores and England made

1:57:551:57:58

sure it stayed here.

1:57:581:58:00

Although it didn't

start too brightly.

1:58:001:58:02

England upsetting the odds

with an opening day

1:58:021:58:04

victory over the hosts.

1:58:041:58:05

It would be the only

slip-up from England.

1:58:051:58:10

Taylor, Knight and Sciver

and Beaumont becoming

1:58:101:58:12

heroes of an England side,

destined to World Cup glory.

1:58:121:58:15

A scramble against South Africa

in the last four showed they had

1:58:151:58:18

the mettle to see it through.

1:58:181:58:21

COMMENTATOR:

Shrubsole has

done it for England...

1:58:211:58:28

And then, Anya Shrubsole blasted her

way through India in the final.

1:58:281:58:31

World Championship

status for England.

1:58:311:58:33

But what about the Ashes?

1:58:331:58:36

Well, they didn't enjoy

their winter in Australia.

1:58:361:58:38

Their Ashes tournament,

mix of one-day t20 and Test matches

1:58:381:58:41

went the way of their hosts.

1:58:411:58:43

What a year 2017 has been,

world champions all over the place

1:58:441:58:47

and one of them crowned BBC

Sports Personality of the Year.

1:58:471:58:50

Yes, Sir Mo Farah finishing the year

offered the famous trophy and hoping

1:58:501:59:02

to build on that success in 2018.

1:59:021:59:05

And what about next year -

the Winter Olympics,

1:59:051:59:08

the Commonwealth Games in Australia

and the football World Cup.

1:59:081:59:10

So much more to come.

1:59:101:59:12

Yes, a fantastic year ahead,

but for 2017, that's about it.

1:59:121:59:15

Thanks for joining us.

1:59:151:59:16

See you soon.

1:59:161:59:16

Hello.

2:00:182:00:24

This is Breakfast with Steph

McGovern. Universities have been

2:00:242:00:31

warned that they must allow free

speech and that they must be places

2:00:312:00:38

that open minds and not close them,

according to University Minister Jo

2:00:382:00:42

Johnson.

2:00:422:00:52

Good morning. It's Tuesday the 26th

of December. Also this morning:

2:00:522:00:58

The Boxing Day sales used to be

a big deal for bargain-hunters,

2:00:582:01:00

but new BBC research suggests

that the traditional post-Christmas

2:01:002:01:03

spending spree is losing its appeal.

2:01:032:01:05

It's the shot dominating this

morning's front pages. We will ask

2:01:092:01:17

the well-wishers who bagged the shot

of a lifetime how she did it.

2:01:172:01:23

We'll meet the 11-year-old boy whose

runs to raise funds for the hospital

2:01:232:01:26

which treated his younger brother

have attracted celebrity support.

2:01:262:01:28

In sport, avoiding an Ashes

whitewash is England's task now.

2:01:282:01:31

But Australia have dominated

the opening day of the fourth

2:01:312:01:33

Test in Melbourne -

David Warner with a

2:01:332:01:35

scintillating century.

2:01:352:01:38

Some parts of the UK officially had

a white Christmas, but what can we

2:01:382:01:43

expect this Boxing Day? Philip has

all the weather for us. Good

2:01:432:01:47

morning.

Yes, at last at least for

some there was a white Christmas. I

2:01:472:01:55

will have the details on whether

many more of you will see something

2:01:552:01:58

a bit like this in just a few

minutes.

Thank you, Phil.

2:01:582:02:01

Good morning.

2:02:012:02:02

First, our main story.

2:02:022:02:03

The Universities Minister,

Jo Johnson, will use a speech today

2:02:032:02:06

to give his clearest warning yet

that academic institutions must

2:02:062:02:08

protect free speech.

2:02:082:02:10

He'll say students must

be able to both hear

2:02:102:02:13

and challenge controversial views

during their years of study.

2:02:132:02:18

Some universities and student groups

have refused entry to speakers,

2:02:182:02:20

Edward Curwen reports.

2:02:202:02:23

Time spent at university must open

minds, not close them.

2:02:292:02:31

That's the view of Jo Johnson,

the Universities Minister,

2:02:312:02:33

who will today set out a firm

defence of free speech on campus.

2:02:332:02:36

Speaking at a Jewish cultural

festival in Birmingham,

2:02:362:02:38

he will say students must be free

to challenge each other's views,

2:02:382:02:41

and groups seeking to stifle those

who do not agree with them

2:02:412:02:44

must be stopped.

2:02:442:02:45

His defence of open debate comes

after speakers on subjects

2:02:452:02:48

from the state of Israel

to transgender rights have

2:02:482:02:50

faced bans, sometimes

by student unions, for having

2:02:502:02:52

views considered inappropriate.

2:02:522:02:59

Others have demanded

so-called safe spaces,

2:02:592:03:00

where they won't hear about issues

they may find upsetting.

2:03:002:03:03

Mr Johnson will say this

cannot be tolerated,

2:03:032:03:05

reiterating universities

have an obligation to protect free

2:03:052:03:06

speech and encourage frank

and rigorous debate.

2:03:062:03:10

From next April, a new regulator,

the Office for Students,

2:03:102:03:13

will have the power to fine

universities that fail

2:03:132:03:15

to uphold free speech.

2:03:152:03:18

The body representing British

universities said it would not allow

2:03:182:03:20

legitimate debate be stifled.

2:03:202:03:24

The challenge for university leaders

will be deciding where to draw

2:03:242:03:27

the line between extremist speech

and a frank exchange of views.

2:03:272:03:30

Edward Curwen, BBC News.

2:03:302:03:32

The Royal Navy says there has been

an increase in the number of Russian

2:03:332:03:43

ships travelling

2:03:482:03:49

through or near the UK's

2:03:492:03:50

territorial waters

2:03:502:03:51

over the festive period.

2:03:512:03:52

On Christmas Day, HMS St Albans

was sent to escort a Russian warship

2:03:522:03:55

through the North Sea as it passed

close to UK waters.

2:03:552:03:58

Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson

said he will not "tolerate any

2:03:582:04:00

form of aggression".

2:04:002:04:01

A British woman being held

on suspicion of drug-smuggling

2:04:012:04:04

will appear in court in Egypt

later this morning.

2:04:042:04:06

Laura Plummer was arrested

in October when officials found 290

2:04:062:04:09

Tramadol tablets in her suitcase,

which are legal in the UK,

2:04:092:04:11

but not in Egypt.

2:04:112:04:13

The shop assistant from Hull says

she was carrying the pills

2:04:132:04:15

for her Egyptian partner,

who suffers from back pain.

2:04:152:04:19

Millions are expected to head out

to the Boxing Day sales,

2:04:222:04:25

marking the start of a what has

traditionally been a crucial period

2:04:252:04:29

for retailers across the UK.

2:04:292:04:30

Our reporter John McManus

is on Oxford Street in London.

2:04:302:04:38

The queues are definitely forming?

They have started to arrive, as you

2:04:382:04:45

can see behind me, and there are

queues that way as well. There are

2:04:452:04:49

crash barriers in place at

Selfridge's. They haven't been

2:04:492:04:54

needed yet but perhaps they will

come into their own in an hour when

2:04:542:04:57

the doors open. But we do know that

these Boxing Day sales seem to have

2:04:572:05:01

lost some of their sparkle compared

to previous years. There used to be

2:05:012:05:06

people camping out overnight. That

wasn't the case last night. Why is

2:05:062:05:10

that? We know that many people shop

online, beginning their Boxing Day

2:05:102:05:14

shopping on Christmas Day in the

comfort of their own home, and we

2:05:142:05:18

know from the BBC survey that many

people feel that Black Friday has

2:05:182:05:21

taken some of the sheen away from

the Boxing Day sales, so perhaps

2:05:212:05:26

retailers will have to decide where

they target their discounts, either

2:05:262:05:29

before or after Christmas. But

retailers definitely hoping people

2:05:292:05:34

will come out and spend today. They

say across Britain £4 billion will

2:05:342:05:39

be spent today, and here in London

they are particularly relying on

2:05:392:05:44

foreign buyers, foreign tourists

coming here and spending their

2:05:442:05:47

money, perhaps taking advantage of

the weaker pound, especially in high

2:05:472:05:51

end shops like Selfridge's here. The

retail Association which covers the

2:05:512:05:56

West End of London say they expect

about a third of the purchases over

2:05:562:05:59

the coming week to be made by people

who are visiting London, so that is

2:05:592:06:05

a group that retailers are really

counting on. They want people to

2:06:052:06:08

come out today and perhaps bulk up

their fortunes.

2:06:082:06:12

John, thank you very much for your

time this morning.

2:06:122:06:16

The NHS has promised to cut back

on prescribing gluten-free biscuits,

2:06:162:06:19

pasta and anti-dandruff shampoo.

2:06:192:06:22

A study by the Taxpayers Alliance

has found many items

2:06:222:06:28

which are prescribed by GPs

in England are available

2:06:282:06:30

in supermarkets, often

at a much cheaper price.

2:06:302:06:32

Nick Quraishi reports.

2:06:322:06:33

The TaxPayers' Alliance has

highlighted a number of items it

2:06:332:06:35

says were prescribed

on the NHS last year.

2:06:352:06:39

They include this sunscreen.

2:06:392:06:40

A non-branded version

is available for half the price.

2:06:402:06:44

Branded gluten-free biscuits,

significantly more expensive

2:06:442:06:46

than a supermarket equivalent.

2:06:462:06:49

Ibuprofen, 30% cheaper

away from the NHS.

2:06:492:06:59

And Colgate toothpaste,

over-the-counter it is

2:07:052:07:06

a seventh of the cost.

2:07:062:07:08

The TaxPayers' Alliance says...

2:07:082:07:11

In response, an NHS

England spokesman said...

2:07:112:07:15

The health service says

it is already reviewing ten items it

2:07:272:07:29

claims are ineffective,

unnecessary and inappropriate

2:07:292:07:30

for prescription.

2:07:302:07:32

Nick Quraishi, BBC News.

2:07:322:07:35

It has officially been a white

Christmas in the UK for some,

2:07:372:07:39

with areas of Cumbria and the south

of Scotland recording

2:07:392:07:42

light snowfall.

2:07:422:07:47

Have a look at these pictures.

2:07:472:07:50

The last time we had an official

white Christmas was three years ago,

2:07:502:07:54

when parts of the Northern Isles

in Scotland saw some snow.

2:07:542:07:56

More wintry showers are expected -

we'll get the latest from Phil

2:07:562:07:58

in the weather centre

in ten minutes.

2:07:582:08:08

It is just coming up to eight

minutes past eight.

2:08:082:08:13

Last Christmas, 11-year-old George

decided he wanted to raise some

2:08:132:08:15

money for the hospital that helped

to save his younger brother's life.

2:08:152:08:18

Since then, he's run 110

miles with celebrities

2:08:182:08:20

including Sir Chris Hoy,

and has raised more

2:08:202:08:22

than £55,000.

2:08:222:08:26

We'll chat to George and his family

in a moment but first Mike Bushell

2:08:262:08:29

has been looking back

on his achievements so far.

2:08:292:08:31

A year ago, when George Mattias

set off on his journey

2:08:312:08:36

running a mile on Anglesey,

which was filmed on the camera

2:08:362:08:39

he got for Christmas,

he never imagined who'd join him

2:08:392:08:41

over the next 12 months.

2:08:412:08:46

Like the former Liverpool

captain Steven Gerrard.

2:08:462:08:47

What does it mean to you to be

an ambassador for Alder Hay?

2:08:472:08:51

It means an awful lot to me,

because I've spent a lot of time

2:08:512:08:54

at Alder Hey and I've

seen the children.

2:08:542:08:57

As word spread, Olympic champions

such as Rebecca Adlington

2:08:572:08:59

were queueing up to get involved.

2:08:592:09:02

Is everyone OK?

2:09:022:09:03

My legs are OK!

2:09:032:09:07

Sweating a little bit, I have got

a little bit of a sweat on.

2:09:072:09:13

The momentum was building,

as comedian John Bishop

2:09:132:09:14

supported the cause.

2:09:142:09:18

George is doing this

because his brother is in Alder Hey,

2:09:182:09:23

and if you want to know how good

Alder Hey is, look how

2:09:232:09:26

far ahead James is.

2:09:262:09:30

And even let George run down

the runway of Liverpool's John

2:09:302:09:32

Lennon Airport one morning.

2:09:322:09:33

When it was closed, of course.

2:09:332:09:35

And Coronation Street's

Alan Halsall joined in.

2:09:352:09:36

George has run over 100 miles now.

2:09:362:09:38

And each celebrity that

takes the challenge

2:09:382:09:40

nominates the next person.

2:09:402:09:43

George, ladies and gentlemen, James,

and the rest of the family,

2:09:432:09:46

I would like to nominate TV's Mike

Bushell.

2:09:462:09:49

Thanks, Dan, because this

was one of the highlights

2:09:492:09:51

of my sporting year.

2:09:512:09:53

And, like everyone else,

I was delighted to see George

2:09:532:09:59

get royal approval,

and the Fundraiser of the Year

2:09:592:10:04

title, at the Pride

of Britain Award.

2:10:042:10:10

And here is George

with his mum and dad,

2:10:102:10:12

and his younger brother,

James.

2:10:122:10:15

I've got to ask, George, have you

had a good Christmas?

Very nice.

And

2:10:152:10:20

was Santa kind to your?

Yes!

I am

very pleased to hear it. Mum and

2:10:202:10:27

dad, watching that, you must be very

proud.

For something started as a

2:10:272:10:34

small idea, to see it escalate in

the way that it did, be careful what

2:10:342:10:38

you start, I think!

And George is

basically a celebrity now! Why did

2:10:382:10:44

you decide to do it? It was all

about your brother, wasn't it?

When

2:10:442:10:49

James was little, he stopped

breathing, so we rushed him to Alder

2:10:492:10:56

Hey, and it took a few days, they

saved his life. And ever since, my

2:10:562:11:02

mum and dad have been supporting

Alder Hey. And I thought of a few

2:11:022:11:08

ideas to help them as well, and I

thought of a few ideas like

2:11:082:11:13

cupcakes, but I didn't really get

onto it. And I thought of doing

2:11:132:11:18

running. And it has gone really

well.

It has gone more than really

2:11:182:11:24

well, it has gone amazingly well!

Did you ever think you would end of

2:11:242:11:28

doing so many miles with so many

celebrities?

It is incredible really

2:11:282:11:32

with the amount of population who

have run with George on the amount

2:11:322:11:39

of people that want to do a run.

And

we can see a picture there of you

2:11:392:11:44

running with John Bishop. What has

it been like? You have a superstar

2:11:442:11:50

son here, and the wonderful James as

well.

It has been the most amazing

2:11:502:11:56

year. We have been to so many

various places, we have ran on the

2:11:562:12:00

one where Liverpool Airport, we ran

through a furniture store, it has

2:12:002:12:04

been passed fantastic. And getting

children involved as well, so the

2:12:042:12:10

boys' friends from school, we had

the local school in the summer to do

2:12:102:12:13

a run with George, and it has been

fantastic, and the celebrities as

2:12:132:12:19

well have been so supportive of

George and James.

I think it is

2:12:192:12:22

lucky they get to run with you,

George! And James, what do you feel

2:12:222:12:27

like about it all? You must be proud

of your big brother. Because he has

2:12:272:12:33

really helped you, hasn't he? And do

you like running, too? Yes. Have you

2:12:332:12:40

plans to do more, George?

We thought

of doing a marathon for every year

2:12:402:12:45

we've had James.

That's loads! A

marathon is really far. Do you like

2:12:452:12:50

running, then?

It's amazing. I find

it a great hobby, and I would love

2:12:502:12:57

to inspire more kids.

And Richard,

tell us what these plans for the

2:12:572:13:00

future will involve.

More running,

more people, and we have got some

2:13:002:13:07

people lined up to do it, obviously

we have Mike Bushell, and he has

2:13:072:13:13

nominated Naga

2:13:132:13:16

we have Mike Bushell, and he has

nominated Naga, so she is going to

2:13:162:13:18

do it.

She is quite fit!

So George

has read his total, it was a mile

2:13:182:13:25

for every month, which he has done,

that was 85. Now he wants to do a

2:13:252:13:30

marathon for every year, which is

208 miles, so that is the target for

2:13:302:13:35

2018.

So do you practice a lot,

George?

I just go for it.

And

2:13:352:13:41

running is a big part of it. Where

will you do your running, do you

2:13:412:13:45

know?

I do it anywhere, really.

What

has been your favourite place?

The

2:13:452:13:52

airport. It was really good, on the

runway.

It was closed.

It was so

2:13:522:13:58

fun, it felt like you were actually

a plane.

Did you feel like you were

2:13:582:14:02

going to take off! And you went to

the Pride of Britain awards?

I liked

2:14:022:14:13

meeting all the celebrities.

And

what has been your most fun thing,

2:14:132:14:16

James?

Running!

YouTube will be

likely Brownlee brothers! Will you

2:14:162:14:28

be competitive when you are older,

do you like to run? Do you know what

2:14:282:14:33

you want to do when you get older?

I

don't know yet.

Well, you have

2:14:332:14:39

plenty of time! Thank you for coming

in to talk to us this morning. You

2:14:392:14:42

are in the middle of your Christmas,

so I will let you go back to it.

2:14:422:14:46

Thank you for coming in, and good

luck with everything.

Thank you.

It

2:14:462:14:51

is just coming up to a quarter past

eight.

2:14:512:14:54

You're watching

Breakfast from BBC News.

2:14:542:14:55

The main stories this morning.

2:14:552:14:56

Universities are warned

by the Government they must allow

2:14:562:14:59

students to hear controversial views

in order to protect free speech.

2:14:592:15:02

Boxing Day bargain hunting

could be losing its appeal,

2:15:022:15:04

according to new BBC research,

as shops open their doors

2:15:042:15:06

for the traditional sales.

2:15:062:15:08

Here's Phil with a look

at this morning's weather.

2:15:162:15:19

Is it good weather for running?

Pretty bracing, you've got to keep

2:15:192:15:25

moving to not freeze up. Many of us

have been basking in ten or 12

2:15:252:15:31

degrees, but this is

2:15:312:15:32

have been basking in ten or 12

degrees, but this is what happened

2:15:322:15:33

have been basking in ten or 12

degrees, but this is what happened

2:15:332:15:33

overnight. A little snow came

through, as we were expecting, and

2:15:332:15:38

now that threat receding as the

whole activity moves off into the

2:15:382:15:41

North Sea. Still a few showers

across northern and western parts,

2:15:412:15:46

and ice is a risk, receding all the

while through the course of the

2:15:462:15:50

morning, but you have that lying

snow to contend with. This is how it

2:15:502:15:54

is if you are off to the sales.

Showers are there to be had from

2:15:542:16:01

Northern Ireland and particularly

into the North West of England, but

2:16:012:16:04

it is a much brighter day. If people

have been queueing for the start of

2:16:042:16:10

the sales, they will notice the

difference in temperatures. It was

2:16:102:16:13

ten or 11 degrees, but now it is

four or five. But you have the

2:16:132:16:19

chance of some sunshine if you are

not in the showers. The most obvious

2:16:192:16:25

change perhaps if you are down in

the southern half of Britain is the

2:16:252:16:29

transformation from this scene

captured by one of our weather

2:16:292:16:33

watchers looking across Torbay into

this scene, really wet and windy,

2:16:332:16:37

and that threat moving all the while

up into Wales, the Midlands, towards

2:16:372:16:43

East Anglia, getting towards the top

end of East Anglia, around early

2:16:432:16:46

evening. Notice the temperatures,

five, six, 7 degrees. All the while,

2:16:462:16:56

the showers turning more wintry

across the northern half of

2:16:562:17:01

Scotland. That is not the end of the

wintry theme. As the cold air is

2:17:012:17:08

allowed to move further south is

that massive cloud and wind and rain

2:17:082:17:13

moves into the North Sea, a real

transformation into something more

2:17:132:17:17

wintry for Wales, the peaks of the

Pennines and down into the Midlands,

2:17:172:17:22

so the start of Wednesday, that

could be wintry, there could be

2:17:222:17:30

lying snow in Wales and the

Midlands, and quite wet until the

2:17:302:17:34

whole system moves off into the

North Sea, and once it does, we are

2:17:342:17:37

all back into something a good deal

brighter but colder, and because it

2:17:372:17:42

is so cold, even across the moors in

the south-west, those showers could

2:17:422:17:47

indeed be wintry. So if all that

Christmas pudding has forced you to

2:17:472:17:52

think about getting out and into

this glorious weather, just be

2:17:522:17:58

aware, particularly over high

ground, the going could be

2:17:582:18:02

treacherous, and a little bit

wintry. But if you are staying lower

2:18:022:18:06

level like me, you will be in for a

glorious but chilly day.

2:18:062:18:12

That doesn't sound too shabby, thank

you very much.

2:18:122:18:18

And now we are going to get the

sport. The cricket hasn't been good,

2:18:222:18:28

but hopefully we will get some pride

now?

2:18:282:18:33

It hasn't been looking good.

Australia have already taken the

2:18:332:18:43

lead on the first day of the fourth

test, they are leading 3-0. England

2:18:432:18:50

are just looking to avoid a

whitewash, it is the second

2:18:502:18:53

consecutive series they would have

suffered that. But it is looking

2:18:532:18:59

like they will go 4-0 down.

2:18:592:19:03

It's fair to say Australia had

the best of day one,

2:19:032:19:06

of the fourth Ashes Test -

and our reporter Patrick Gearey

2:19:062:19:08

was watching in Melbourne -

Patrick that's really not the start

2:19:082:19:11

England would've wanted, is it?

2:19:112:19:12

I think right from the off, this was

always going to be a lot of

2:19:122:19:20

hard-working, from the moment

England were put into the field on a

2:19:202:19:25

warm day after losing the toss, it

looked from omen like David Warner

2:19:252:19:29

would score any amount of runs for

his side. They had a hundred before

2:19:292:19:35

lunch. England came in after the

interval and got rid of Cameron

2:19:352:19:38

Bancroft, and they thought they had

got rid of Warner on 99, but it was

2:19:382:19:42

a no ball, he was reinstated and the

very next delivery he got his 100,

2:19:422:19:49

and the MCG roared his approval, a

great celebration from Warner who

2:19:492:19:52

was obviously so relieved not to be

out on 99, which would be

2:19:522:19:56

frustrating for him. He didn't last

that much longer, caught behind off

2:19:562:20:00

James Anderson. Then the Paa Joe

went for 400 deliveries, and he

2:20:002:20:08

nearly got Shaun Marsh over the next

delivery, but the umpire's decision

2:20:082:20:16

was upheld. Steve Smith, the

immovable Australia captain, and

2:20:162:20:23

Marsh, went all the way to the

close. Smith got to the end of play

2:20:232:20:28

unbeaten perhaps even an beatable,

and that is the worry for in blood.

2:20:282:20:31

The pace of this game is pretty

slow. It looks like the team that

2:20:312:20:35

makes the most mistakes will lose,

and unfortunately for England so far

2:20:352:20:38

in this area is, that has very much

been them.

It is not looking good,

2:20:382:20:43

Patrick, thank you very much. Let's

take a look at the football.

2:20:432:20:53

More festive fixtures

with eight games today -

2:20:532:20:54

leaders Manchester City play

Newcastle tomorrow but in this

2:20:542:20:57

afternoon's early kick-off,

Tottenham meet Southampton with (TX

2:20:572:21:01

Harry Kane looking to break a record

held by Alan Shearer.

2:21:012:21:04

Kane's hat-trick in Saturday's win

over Burnley put him level

2:21:042:21:06

with Shearer on 36 goals

in the calendar year.

2:21:062:21:10

Manchester United's task today

is to narrow the 14-point

2:21:102:21:12

gap between themselves

and Manchester City

2:21:122:21:13

at the top of the table.

2:21:132:21:15

They're at home to Burnley today.

2:21:152:21:16

United slipped up at the weekend,

allowing Leicester

2:21:162:21:18

to equalise in injury time -

but Burnley manager Sean Dyche knows

2:21:182:21:21

that doesn't mean his side

will get an easy ride.

2:21:212:21:24

They still look a high-quality

group of players to me.

2:21:242:21:26

I was there recently, when they had

to dig in and get a win,

2:21:262:21:30

actually, against a Brighton side

that played very well.

2:21:302:21:32

But that's the mark of a good side.

2:21:322:21:36

You know, if it's not

quite their day or the other

2:21:362:21:39

team are playing well,

2:21:392:21:40

they still come out

of it with result.

2:21:402:21:42

So I don't think we're going there

expecting it to be anything

2:21:422:21:45

other than a tough game.

2:21:452:21:47

Everton's fortunes have

been on the up since

2:21:472:21:49

Sam Allardyce took over -

they're aiming to extend

2:21:492:21:51

their unbeaten Premier League run

to six games when they face

2:21:512:21:54

West Bromwich Albion away later.

2:21:542:21:55

In contrast, West Brom

are still without a win

2:21:552:21:57

in the league since August.

2:21:572:21:59

Definitely in that dressing room,

for me, there's enough quality.

2:21:592:22:01

They've just got to believe in it.

2:22:012:22:03

And a little bit of good fortune,

get a win somewhere along the line,

2:22:032:22:06

and suddenly one or two of these

players will blossom.

2:22:062:22:08

But there's one or two

still playing a little bit

2:22:082:22:11

hampered.

2:22:112:22:17

In the late kick-off, Liverpool host

bottom of the table Swansea, who are

2:22:172:22:20

still the king for a new manager

after sacking Paul Clement last

2:22:202:22:23

week. Liverpool's last game was

there a 3-3 draw with Arsenal on

2:22:232:22:28

Friday, so they have had an extra

day to recover, but manager Jurgen

2:22:282:22:32

Klopp knows a side in trouble can be

a dangerous one.

2:22:322:22:36

They are under pressure.

2:22:362:22:37

And that's clear, because they fight

for the league, 100%.

2:22:372:22:39

And that will not change

until Boxing Day.

2:22:392:22:41

But we will be ready.

2:22:412:22:42

And, yeah, we will perform.

2:22:422:22:52

Just one game in the Scottish

Premiership is often come up with

2:22:532:23:00

champions Celtic away to Dundee. The

Nicky Henderson trained Might Bite

2:23:002:23:04

is the favourite this afternoon, and

faces a strong field. He has only

2:23:042:23:12

raised twice since his victory 12

months ago, and has been beaten both

2:23:122:23:15

times. Now some great news from the

tennis world.

2:23:152:23:23

Serena Williams said she'd

get back on the tennis

2:23:232:23:25

circuit pretty quickly,

after giving birth

2:23:252:23:26

to her first child -

and she's announced her return.

2:23:262:23:28

She'll play an exhibition match

against Jelena Ostapenko

2:23:282:23:30

in Abu Dhabi next week -

it'll be four months

2:23:302:23:33

since her daughter Alexis arrived.

2:23:332:23:34

Williams hasn't played since she won

the Australian Open in January,

2:23:342:23:36

and although she hasn't yet decided

whether she'll be defending her

2:23:362:23:39

title, the tournament organisers

have said it's very likely.

2:23:392:23:46

She is an incredible force, Serena

Williams.

2:23:462:23:47

She is. She said, I will be back

quickly, no problem.

2:23:472:23:58

And I bet her rivals will say, this

is a chance to do a bit better.

2:23:582:24:02

I think as a tennis player, you

would love to play her, either of

2:24:022:24:07

the Williams sisters, just to be

part of that is incredible, but to

2:24:072:24:11

come back so quickly after giving

birth. I am struggling to think

2:24:112:24:14

about going back to the gym after

Christmas Day!

2:24:142:24:17

And have you this morning, which is

on all the front covers? This is a

2:24:172:24:25

picture of the royal family, this is

the two World Cup was there, Prince

2:24:252:24:30

William, Kate Middleton, Meghan

Markle and Prince Harry, walking

2:24:302:24:33

across the Sandringham estate to the

church service yesterday. Here's why

2:24:332:24:40

this is interesting.

2:24:402:24:42

Photographers from all over

the world wanted to get the perfect

2:24:422:24:44

picture of Meghan Markle

and the rest of the Royal Family

2:24:442:24:47

on their way to church yesterday.

2:24:472:24:48

But it was a lady called Karen

who had popped down the road

2:24:482:24:51

to Sandringham that got

the perfect shot.

2:24:512:24:53

She joins us now on

the line from Norfolk.

2:24:532:24:57

Good morning, Karen.

Hello.

Can you

believe it?

No, I can't believe it

2:24:572:25:03

at all. There I am!

And literally,

your picture is on every front

2:25:032:25:11

cover, pretty much, of all the

papers. How does that feel?

In one

2:25:112:25:16

word, overwhelming. I have had five

likes maybe an eight week before.

2:25:162:25:25

But it is a nice photo, I like it.

It is lovely, but it is bonkers, and

2:25:252:25:33

there is another word for you!

So

tell us how you managed to get that

2:25:332:25:38

shot. Paint the picture for us, how

did you get the perfect picture?

I

2:25:382:25:43

was with my daughter Rachel and my

friend Sara, and I literally, and I

2:25:432:25:48

hate to sound like a bit of a geek

here. But we were there early. I can

2:25:482:25:59

get a bit excitable, and the fact

that it was just lucky, it was pure

2:25:592:26:03

luck. I took it on my iPhone. And it

was just a great picture.

So you

2:26:032:26:13

shouted Merry Christmas, they turned

around and gave you a smile, and

2:26:132:26:16

then what happened? You put the

picture on Facebook and Twitter and

2:26:162:26:20

the like?

This is embarrassing, but

I couldn't remember if Meghan had an

2:26:202:26:30

H in her name or not. So I put her

name on the BBC website just to say,

2:26:302:26:37

Royals are attending, so I put my

picture in the comments, and the

2:26:372:26:42

rest, they say, is history.

Absolutely mad.

So are you able to

2:26:422:26:48

make any money from this picture?

There are a lot of photographers

2:26:482:26:51

hanging around who will have been

paid to get that shot.

Yes, I hope

2:26:512:26:55

so now. I didn't think like that

initially. So at first, people at

2:26:552:27:04

ABC and things were saying, can we

share your photo, we will give you

2:27:042:27:08

credit, and I was saying, yes, of

course. Because I didn't understand

2:27:082:27:12

it. And then I approached a Sky News

lady, and she said, no, you've got

2:27:122:27:20

to charge. And now I have a guy

looking after me. And hopefully this

2:27:202:27:30

will help my daughter. She wants to

go into some form of nursing, and I

2:27:302:27:37

want to be able to support her as

her mum.

Excellent. Karen, it is

2:27:372:27:43

lovely to talk to you, I know you

are in high demand today, so thank

2:27:432:27:47

you for giving us a few minutes, and

not charging us as well!

Take care,

2:27:472:27:55

goodbye.

What a great story! I bet

the photographers were annoyed! It

2:27:552:28:00

is just coming up to 8.20 eight.

2:28:002:28:05

It was the moment Dr Who fans

had been waiting for -

2:28:052:28:08

a glimpse of the first female

Doctor, Jodie Whittaker.

2:28:082:28:10

She's replaced Peter Capaldi

at the end of last night's

2:28:102:28:13

Christmas Special.

2:28:132:28:14

Let's take a look.

2:28:142:28:16

DRAMATIC MUSIC.

2:28:162:28:19

Oh, brilliant!

2:29:102:29:13

There we have it. The big moment.

2:29:172:29:21

Joining us now from

Chelmsford is entertainment

2:29:212:29:23

journalist Emma Bullimore.

2:29:232:29:24

She wasn't on the screen for long,

but was it worth it, do you think?

2:29:242:29:31

Absolutely. The expectations for any

doctor Who special will always be

2:29:312:29:35

sky high, and then you throw in the

fact that you are going to get a new

2:29:352:29:42

Doctor, it doesn't happen very

often. We didn't see a very long,

2:29:422:29:47

but it was fantastic.

And that marks

the end of a nearer four Peter

2:29:472:29:51

Capaldi and Stephen Moore fat. How

do you think they will be

2:29:512:29:54

remembered?

There have been amazing

moments over the years, but this was

2:29:542:30:01

a special goodbye from Steven

Moffatt. We had snow, we had a

2:30:012:30:08

reference from the first doctor, we

had the First World War, we had

2:30:082:30:15

Jenna,, it was a beautiful swan

song, and they wrote the whole

2:30:152:30:18

episode right up until the last

minute, and then a new era begins.

2:30:182:30:26

What are your thoughts on the new

era? There was controversy about the

2:30:262:30:29

gender of the Dr, but we seem to be

all over that now. What do you think

2:30:292:30:35

Jodie Whittaker brings to the part?

She is a fantastic actress, nobody

2:30:352:30:40

has debated that. It has always been

whether people can get on board with

2:30:402:30:43

a female doctor. Despite the tiny

backlash, people are really excited

2:30:432:30:50

for somebody different. She is

fantastic in the outfit, really

2:30:502:30:54

quirky and fun. She's going to bring

so much to the role. Bradley Walsh

2:30:542:30:58

is joining committees very popular,

it'll be interesting to see what he

2:30:582:31:02

does is the companion. People can't

wait for the new episodes in 2018.

2:31:022:31:08

How important is it for the survival

of Doctor Who, the fact that they do

2:31:082:31:12

regenerate the Doctor?

I just think

it adds some fun to it, doesn't it?

2:31:122:31:19

When they finished with the first

Doctor, what do you do? Do you

2:31:192:31:24

accept that there is no longer a

show, or do you try and a new life

2:31:242:31:31

into it? It is a chance for new

viewers to join, maybe if people

2:31:312:31:36

haven't watched Doctor Who before,

unbelievable but it is true! It is

2:31:362:31:41

unique to the show. A lot of people

will give it a go now if they

2:31:412:31:45

haven't been watching in the Peter

Capaldi ref. Why not have a go with

2:31:452:31:49

Jodie Whittaker? It will breathe new

life into it once again.

Do you

2:31:492:31:53

think it'll feel different? That

might worry some Doctor Who fans?

As

2:31:532:32:00

with every new Doctor, it will feel

completely different but exactly the

2:32:002:32:03

same, if you know what I mean. It'll

be a new actor and there will be new

2:32:032:32:09

storylines. That Doctor Who well,

the sense that anything can happen,

2:32:092:32:12

the fund, the humour, the drama, the

adventure, all of that is going to

2:32:122:32:16

be the same. If you have been a

long-standing Doctor Who fan,

2:32:162:32:20

nothing to worry about at all. Chris

Chuck Noll has already written for

2:32:202:32:24

the show and is a massive fan it, we

are in safe hands.

Emma, thank you

2:32:242:32:30

so much for your time.

2:32:302:32:31

And you can watch Doctor Who: Twice

Upon A Time on the BBC iPlayer.

2:32:312:32:37

Stay with us, headlines coming up.

2:32:372:32:40

Hello, this is Breakfast

with Steph McGovern.

2:33:052:33:07

Here's a summary of this

morning's main news:

2:33:072:33:10

The Universities Minister,

Jo Johnson, will issue his clearest

2:33:102:33:12

warning yet that universities must

protect free speech.

2:33:122:33:14

He will say students must be able

both to hear and challenge

2:33:142:33:17

controversial views

during their years of study.

2:33:172:33:19

Some universities and student groups

have refused entry to speakers

2:33:192:33:21

advocating disputed points of view.

2:33:212:33:30

The body representing British

universities said it would not allow

2:33:302:33:33

legitimate debate to be stifled.

2:33:332:33:43

Millions of shoppers

are expected to head out

2:33:432:33:44

to the Boxing Day sales today.

2:33:442:33:46

It marks the start of a what has

traditionally been a crucial period

2:33:462:33:49

for retailers across the UK.

2:33:492:33:50

But the majority of shoppers

surveyed by BBC Radio 4's You &

2:33:502:33:53

Yours programme believe online

shopping and early Black Friday

2:33:532:33:55

deals have made the post-Christmas

sales less appealing.

2:33:552:34:01

A British woman being held

on suspicion of drug-smuggling

2:34:012:34:03

will appear in court in Egypt

later this morning.

2:34:032:34:07

Laura Plummer was arrested

in October when officials found 290

2:34:072:34:10

tramadol tablets in her suitcase.

2:34:102:34:13

The tablets are legal

in the UK, but not in Egypt.

2:34:132:34:16

The shop assistant from Hull says

she was carrying the pills

2:34:162:34:19

for her Egyptian partner,

who suffers from back pain.

2:34:192:34:24

The Royal Navy says there has been

an increase in the number

2:34:242:34:27

of Russian ships travelling

through or near the UK's territorial

2:34:272:34:31

waters over the festive period.

On Christmas Day, HMS St Albans

2:34:312:34:33

was sent to escort a Russian warship

through the North Sea as it

2:34:332:34:38

passed close to UK waters.

2:34:382:34:40

Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson

said he "will not tolerate any

2:34:402:34:43

form of aggression".

2:34:432:34:53

It has been officially declared a

white Christmas in the UK for some,

2:34:532:34:57

with areas in Cumbria and the south

of Scotland recording light

2:34:572:35:02

snowfall. The last time we had an

official white Christmas was three

2:35:022:35:06

years ago, when parts of the

Northern Isles in Scotland saw a

2:35:062:35:09

little bit of snow. More wintry

showers are expected today.

2:35:092:35:12

Those are the main

stories this morning.

2:35:122:35:14

Now on Breakfast, if you've got any

gadgets or gizmos in your stocking,

2:35:142:35:17

you're going to want to pay

attention to this special

2:35:172:35:20

Christmas edition of Click.

2:35:202:35:22

'Twas the night before Clickmas,

and all through the smarthome,

2:35:322:35:35

not a gizmo was whirring,

not even a drone.

2:35:352:35:37

The stockings were full

with gadgets galore,

2:35:372:35:39

with virtual realities

primed to explore.

2:35:392:35:42

# The very next day you gave

it away

2:36:022:36:09

# This year,

to save me from tears

2:36:092:36:11

# I'll give it

to...#

2:36:112:36:13

And welcome to

the Clickmas special!

2:36:132:36:14

CHEERING.

2:36:142:36:17

And thank you very much

to John Culshaw for that excellent

2:36:172:36:19

rendition to start us off.

2:36:192:36:21

Would you believe it?

2:36:212:36:22

The gang's all here,

the halls are decked

2:36:222:36:24

with nifty gadgetry,

and it's time to get

2:36:242:36:26

this party started.

2:36:262:36:28

Ooh!

2:36:282:36:29

Look at that!

2:36:292:36:31

This is the Lyric Speaker,

and it streams music

2:36:312:36:33

from your smartphone from Spotify,

and it also picks up the lyrics

2:36:332:36:36

from Spotify and displays it

on the screen for you all to stare

2:36:362:36:40

at, rather than having

a sociable conversation.

2:36:402:36:43

And if you do want something to talk

about, you can talk about the fact

2:36:432:36:47

that this costs £3600.

2:36:472:36:48

Wow!

2:36:482:36:49

Yes, so there we go.

2:36:492:36:50

Does it play Mariah Carey?

2:36:502:36:51

Technically, it does,

but we can't afford the licensing.

2:36:512:36:56

Well, I tell you what,

I've got a Christmas

2:36:562:36:58

present for you, Spencer.

2:36:582:36:59

Fabulous.

2:36:592:37:00

You've always wanted

to be a Jedi Knight,

2:37:002:37:02

I know this in my heart.

2:37:022:37:04

Yes.

2:37:042:37:05

You have always wanted

to have a lightsabre battle.

2:37:052:37:07

Oh, yes.

2:37:072:37:08

With this augmented reality

Star Wars battling headset, you can.

2:37:082:37:10

Fabulous.

2:37:102:37:11

Can I try it now?

2:37:112:37:13

Yes, but you're going to have to go

over there, because I know

2:37:132:37:16

you and your waving arms,

you're going to knock

2:37:162:37:18

something over.

2:37:182:37:19

OK.

2:37:192:37:22

While I get lost in a galaxy far,

far away, Dan is getting lost

2:37:272:37:30

in his favourite video game.

2:37:302:37:35

Come on, come on!

2:37:402:37:41

Come on!

2:37:412:37:43

Come on, come on, come

on, come on, come on!

2:37:432:37:45

I've just crashed it!

2:37:452:37:49

HE LAUGHS.

2:37:492:37:50

It's a stunning game,

and I'd love to tell you it's just

2:37:502:37:53

like driving the real thing but...

2:37:532:37:55

I can't just yet.

2:37:552:38:00

This is the Nissan GT-R.

2:38:082:38:12

Its four-wheel drive

traction-control system lays down

2:38:122:38:18

almost all of the 550 horses

from the engine to the tarmac.

2:38:182:38:23

It has a top speed that

would make your nose bleed,

2:38:232:38:25

and been clocked from 0-60

in under three seconds.

2:38:252:38:27

I am ready to go again!

2:38:282:38:31

Sorry?

2:38:342:38:35

Oh, BLEEP!

2:38:462:38:47

Oh, BLEEP!

2:38:472:38:50

Oh, my...!

2:38:552:38:58

Yeah, you want to be a little bit...

2:38:592:39:02

So we've played the game, we've

driven the car, so how about...

2:39:062:39:16

...we do both?

2:39:162:39:20

This is a full-size, fully-specced

remote-controlled Nissan GT-R/C.

2:39:202:39:30

It's been made by the team at JLB

Design, and is driven by a standard

2:39:302:39:34

PlayStation controller.

2:39:342:39:35

Four robots control

the transmission, steering,

2:39:352:39:37

throttle and the brakes.

2:39:372:39:40

The six number-crunchers in the boot

calculate my adjustments

2:39:402:39:42

100 times a second.

2:39:422:39:47

So just to be clear, I'm going to be

driving that car with this,

2:39:472:39:54

while Rob chases it in the car that

we're in, so we don't

2:39:542:39:57

lose contact, obviously.

2:39:572:39:58

I know.

2:39:582:39:59

Bonkers.

2:39:592:40:01

This is £100,000 worth

of sports car, and I've got

2:40:022:40:10

to say, it's twitchy.

2:40:102:40:11

Just like the Grand Prix,

a bit of brake, there we go,

2:40:112:40:14

in we go, in we turn.

2:40:142:40:15

Just take a little bit of kerb.

2:40:152:40:20

He's got it round that corner!

2:40:202:40:21

He hasn't smashed the sports car!

2:40:212:40:23

This car has so much power,

and I literally have to just

2:40:232:40:26

dab my finger and it moves -

I mean, it really goes.

2:40:262:40:32

Incredible.

2:40:372:40:38

Wow!

2:40:382:40:39

I mean, just be able to control

something as powerful

2:40:392:40:41

as that is so much responsibility,

actually, but once you get into it,

2:40:412:40:44

you get focused on the car,

it's just incredible.

2:40:442:40:48

We should all have one of these

for Christmas, shouldn't we?

2:40:482:40:51

Oh, well.

2:40:552:40:56

Nice to dream.

2:40:562:40:59

Dan!

2:41:002:41:01

That looked amazing!

2:41:012:41:02

Pointless!

2:41:022:41:03

But amazing!

2:41:032:41:05

Yeah.

2:41:052:41:06

And terrifying.

2:41:062:41:07

It was absolutely

terrifying, Spence.

2:41:072:41:09

I think we created a new emoji

when we filmed that.

2:41:092:41:11

Oh, I say!

2:41:112:41:12

But we flushed it away,

it's OK, it's fine.

2:41:122:41:14

Right, well!

2:41:142:41:15

Good!

2:41:152:41:16

Now, in an attempt - moving on -

in an attempt to add some substance

2:41:162:41:20

to this Christmas debacle,

we've decided to cross

2:41:202:41:22

to a familiar friend

using the power of telepresence,

2:41:222:41:27

Mr Dave Lee in San Francisco.

2:41:272:41:30

ROBOT SINGS IEVAN POLKKA.

2:41:302:41:40

Hey, Dave, wow.

2:41:422:41:43

Nice wheels!

2:41:432:41:46

This is a serious upgrade

on the old telepresence bot,

2:41:462:41:51

I suppose you're now a serious news

correspondent, aren't you?

2:41:512:41:54

Thanks, Spen.

2:41:542:41:55

It's finally the robotic upgrade

that I feel I deserve.

2:41:552:41:57

So tell us about your 2017.

2:41:572:42:01

You're right there in the heart

of it all in Silicon

2:42:012:42:03

Valley, San Francisco.

2:42:032:42:04

What's this year been like for you?

2:42:042:42:06

I feel like this year, Spen,

the things that made the big

2:42:062:42:09

companies really good and profitable

and rich is now the same

2:42:092:42:12

thing that's giving

them serious headaches.

2:42:122:42:14

We've seen the algorithms fight

back, causing all sorts

2:42:142:42:18

of problems with fake news,

propaganda from the Russians,

2:42:182:42:22

and various issues that Facebook

and YouTube and Google

2:42:222:42:26

and all of these companies

are suffering from, and this year

2:42:262:42:28

has been them trying to deal

with that, and I don't

2:42:282:42:31

think they have managed

it at all, frankly.

2:42:312:42:37

Over here in what I call the rest

of the world, everyone's

2:42:372:42:39

looking at Silicon Valley,

and it almost looks like these large

2:42:392:42:42

companies could topple

because of these kind of scandals.

2:42:422:42:44

But what is the feeling

like in Silicon Valley?

2:42:442:42:47

Are people actually worried,

or are they just getting

2:42:472:42:50

on with the next new crazy service?

2:42:502:42:58

I think they're more grumpy

about this than worried.

2:42:582:43:00

I think Silicon Valley feels that

when Washington has a go

2:43:002:43:03

at them about fake news,

or when the rest of the world thinks

2:43:032:43:06

they're not doing a good

enough job, they think

2:43:062:43:08

they're being picked

on, is the sense I get

2:43:082:43:11

from many companies.

2:43:112:43:11

They feel like it's something

that isn't their fault

2:43:112:43:20

and that they will be

able to fix it, but it

2:43:202:43:23

could just take some time,

2:43:232:43:24

or indeed we may just have to learn

that these networks aren't

2:43:242:43:27

going to be perfect all the time.

2:43:272:43:28

So that's the sense I get.

2:43:282:43:30

I think they hope that as we go

into Christmas and the new year,

2:43:302:43:33

we might move on from this issue

and stop talking

2:43:332:43:36

about it quite so much.

2:43:362:43:37

But I don't think people

will forget, I think people

2:43:372:43:39

are going to be talking about this

well into 2018.

2:43:392:43:42

Ho, ho, ho!

2:43:422:43:43

Merry Clickmas!

2:43:432:43:44

What have you got there?

2:43:442:43:45

This is my friend, Anki.

2:43:452:43:46

I thought it would bring some fun

to the Clickmas table.

2:43:462:43:49

Look, it even recognises me.

2:43:492:43:50

Hello, Anki!

2:43:502:43:51

And it's a coding robot!

2:43:512:43:52

It can say phrases, it can

play educational games

2:43:522:43:54

and it can even do that.

2:43:542:43:56

Let's have a look at what it

gets up to on the table.

2:43:562:43:59

Don't worry, it's not going to eat

those chocolate coins of yours!

2:43:592:44:02

Does it mine for bitcoins?

2:44:022:44:03

It mines for chocolate

coins, at this moment.

2:44:032:44:05

Robots are the best!

2:44:052:44:06

OK, team, the food's nearly ready -

I reckon about 15 minutes, OK?

2:44:062:44:09

Great!

2:44:092:44:10

What's this?

2:44:102:44:11

Well, I know you said not

to bring you anything.

2:44:112:44:14

Mmm.

2:44:142:44:14

And this is no criticism

to your cooking.

2:44:142:44:16

Mmm.

2:44:162:44:17

But this is some 3D-printed

Christmas dinner

2:44:172:44:19

while we're waiting.

2:44:192:44:20

Oh, wow!

2:44:202:44:21

OK, that looks delicious.

2:44:212:44:22

Beef, brussels sprout and cranberry.

2:44:222:44:23

Seriously, they're all

different flavours?

2:44:232:44:25

Yep.

2:44:252:44:26

Yes, that is beefy.

2:44:262:44:27

Oh, God, why do sprouts exist?

2:44:272:44:29

I don't know, and I feel nervous,

like it's my own cooking.

2:44:292:44:32

I'm trying to find out

what it tastes like.

2:44:322:44:34

And cranberry, which obviously

goes with beef so well.

2:44:342:44:36

Can I?

2:44:362:44:37

I think you should try some.

2:44:372:44:39

All right.

2:44:392:44:40

Let's get the beef first.

2:44:402:44:41

Oh, wow, look at that.

2:44:412:44:42

That's just the consistency of beef.

2:44:422:44:44

So what do you think?

2:44:452:44:46

Mmm.

2:44:462:44:47

That's the sprouts, actually.

2:44:472:44:48

Um...

2:44:482:44:50

They do look pretty similar.

2:44:502:44:52

That's definitely the cranberry.

2:44:522:44:53

So this...must be...

2:44:532:44:56

the beef.

2:44:562:45:00

Yeah!

2:45:002:45:02

How is it?

2:45:022:45:05

I mean, it is genius,

because it does taste kind

2:45:052:45:07

of like what you described.

2:45:072:45:08

The consistency needs a little work.

2:45:082:45:10

And it is stone cold, actually.

2:45:102:45:19

OK, well it was specially prepared

for us by Dovetailed,

2:45:192:45:23

who create home 3D food printers.

2:45:232:45:25

So you could even create something

2:45:252:45:26

like a brussels sprout that

tastes of chocolate.

2:45:262:45:28

Oh, that would be good.

2:45:282:45:30

Or you could do it the other way -

make something really nutritious.

2:45:302:45:33

Not chocolate that tastes

like brussels sprouts.

2:45:332:45:34

No, that would be ludicrous.

2:45:342:45:36

OK, fair enough.

2:45:362:45:37

Well, I'm thinking you may have

consumed a few calories here -

2:45:372:45:40

probably literally a few.

2:45:402:45:40

Yeah!

2:45:402:45:42

So just in case you want to burn off

those three calories...

2:45:422:45:44

Yes.

2:45:442:45:45

Well, here's my present for you.

2:45:452:45:47

Oh, OK.

2:45:472:45:48

Happy Clickmas - it's

a smart skipping rope.

2:45:482:45:50

Oh, a smart skipping rope!

2:45:502:45:51

It will count your skips.

2:45:512:45:52

Right.

2:45:522:45:53

And also every time you jump,

this light flashes.

2:45:532:45:55

Oh, my goodness!

2:45:552:45:56

Joyeux Noel!

2:45:562:45:58

So people can see all around how

hard you are working.

2:45:582:46:00

Well, goodness.

2:46:002:46:01

Thank you so much.

2:46:012:46:02

You're welcome.

2:46:022:46:03

Maybe you could go and have a skip

and in the meantime, you can take

2:46:032:46:07

a look at how your Christmas

groceries could be

2:46:072:46:09

heading to you very soon.

2:46:092:46:11

This is Ocado's Hatfield

fulfilment centre -

2:46:112:46:15

a place where humans work alongside

a process that already

2:46:152:46:17

looks pretty automated.

2:46:172:46:20

But the robots are coming.

2:46:202:46:22

Wow!

2:46:222:46:25

This grocery-picking robot

is being tested here,

2:46:352:46:37

and early next year she'll be making

an appearance at one of Ocado's

2:46:372:46:40

warehouses to do the job for real.

2:46:402:46:49

It has been trained to identify

2,000 of Ocado's 50,000 products

2:46:492:46:51

using computer vision.

2:46:512:46:56

And as long as those

products are non-porous -

2:46:562:46:58

so that means basically anything

that won't be damaged

2:46:582:47:00

by being picked up by this vacuum -

then it can take them out

2:47:002:47:04

of the picking box, take them

through the scanner,

2:47:042:47:06

and place them in the bagging area.

2:47:062:47:11

But this isn't the only

bot being tested here.

2:47:112:47:13

So I'm off to meet a man called

Panos and an arm called SoMa.

2:47:132:47:17

Hello!

2:47:172:47:20

Oh, I don't know whose

hand I shake first.

2:47:202:47:22

I'm going to go for yours.

2:47:222:47:25

OK, so whilst this robot looks

like its purpose is just

2:47:252:47:27

to have the human touch,

so it can pick things up that

2:47:272:47:30

are softer without damaging them,

it does also have another skill.

2:47:302:47:35

What this one has been taught to do

is the same thing a human would.

2:47:352:47:39

So to put their hand on it,

roll it along and do that.

2:47:392:47:43

Panos, can you help it

demonstrate, please?

2:47:432:47:47

Of course.

2:47:472:47:48

Wow!

2:47:482:47:49

That arm movement

is quite something.

2:47:492:47:50

It's got a few elbows there.

2:47:502:47:54

But it's grabbed it, and it has

picked it up successfully.

2:47:582:48:01

It can put it down.

2:48:042:48:06

Oh!

2:48:062:48:07

Thanks, happy Christmas to you, too!

2:48:072:48:10

Well, I've managed to get a sneak

peek behind the scenes to find out

2:48:142:48:18

a bit more about how you try to make

a hand seem more human.

2:48:182:48:21

Zaki, who has been working on this

project for a while,

2:48:212:48:24

what are the challenges you face?

2:48:242:48:25

One of the main challenges

is to actually get this hand

2:48:252:48:28

or glove to sense the forces that

a human has.

2:48:282:48:32

We as humans have a very delicate

sense of touch so we can handle

2:48:322:48:42

objects like apples.

2:48:442:48:45

So we have tried to reproduce that

by having a sort of electronic skin.

2:48:452:48:48

So this apple, apart

from being a bit squashed,

2:48:482:48:51

has obviously been approved

as being good.

2:48:512:48:52

So I'll take that.

2:48:522:48:54

I don't think I need to do

any shopping this week,

2:48:542:48:57

I am disappearing with

all the Ocado products!

2:48:572:48:59

Well, seeing as the robot couldn't

join us for Clickmas lunch,

2:48:592:49:01

I thought it was only fair it

got a cracker.

2:49:012:49:04

So let's see what it makes of it.

2:49:042:49:06

In what country will

you not find a vegetarian?

2:49:062:49:09

You don't know?

2:49:092:49:12

Turkey.

2:49:122:49:13

Cue laughing.

2:49:132:49:14

Does it not do laughing?

2:49:142:49:16

Wow, I have to say,

you get a great view

2:49:272:49:30

of London's West End from up here.

2:49:302:49:33

I'm on the roof of John

Lewis at the moment.

2:49:332:49:35

These aren't any old binoculars.

2:49:352:49:38

These are made by IQ,

and they are basically a combination

2:49:382:49:42

of a lens strapped to a smartphone

strapped to a viewer.

2:49:422:49:44

They allow you to record

what you are seeing so you can watch

2:49:442:49:49

it back later and share

it with friends.

2:49:492:49:54

Nice.

2:49:542:49:55

I'm freezing.

2:49:552:49:56

I say, barman...

2:49:562:49:57

Well, hello, Spencer!

2:49:572:49:58

If it isn't TV's Nick Kwek.

2:49:582:50:01

How are you?

2:50:012:50:02

Cold.

2:50:022:50:03

Can you whip me up something hot?

2:50:032:50:05

Here you go, a lovely hot chocolate.

2:50:052:50:11

Think you very much.

2:50:112:50:14

I say hot, because actually

that is a smart mug you are holding.

2:50:142:50:17

It connects to your mobile phone

with an app, and that

2:50:172:50:20

works like a thermostat.

2:50:202:50:21

You choose the desired

temperature of your drink,

2:50:212:50:23

and that keeps it warm all day long.

2:50:232:50:24

All day long!

2:50:242:50:26

At least until your smartphone's

battery dies, at which point

2:50:262:50:28

the power in the mug goes.

2:50:282:50:34

I'll try and drink it before then.

2:50:342:50:36

That will be £80.

2:50:362:50:37

Say what now?

2:50:372:50:38

£80.

2:50:382:50:39

£80!

2:50:392:50:40

What's that, production?

2:50:402:50:43

I'm needed back in

the hub right now...?

2:50:432:50:45

Spen!

2:50:452:50:46

Spen!

2:50:462:50:47

I hope you're enjoying the show.

2:50:472:50:49

Oh!

2:50:492:50:50

Good to be back inside.

2:50:502:50:52

Kate, what are you

doing with your hand?

2:50:522:50:55

I am making sweet, sweet music.

2:50:552:50:58

Can you not hear it?

2:50:582:51:00

It is wonderful.

2:51:002:51:02

This is the Remedy digital music

glove, and the way that it works,

2:51:022:51:05

it connects to an app in your phone,

and these four sensors

2:51:052:51:08

here turn on and off loops.

2:51:082:51:14

And these four sensors

initiate samples.

2:51:142:51:16

So you can choose lots of different

musical styles that you want.

2:51:162:51:19

Drum and bass, hip-hop, EDM.

2:51:192:51:23

Electronic dance music.

2:51:232:51:33

Yes, I'm familiar with that.

2:51:352:51:43

You can even put a bit of flange on.

2:51:432:51:45

This is what somebody

who with absolutely no

2:51:452:51:47

musical ability whatsoever,

I am sure you can tell, can create.

2:51:472:51:49

Kate Russell, everybody.

2:51:492:51:50

Fabulous.

2:51:502:51:51

Now it's time for my Christmas

present to you all.

2:51:512:51:54

And indeed to you at home as well.

2:51:542:51:55

Now, you might remember,

last week I got to talk art

2:51:552:51:58

with performance art superstar

Marina Abramovic, and during that

2:51:582:52:00

chat, we talked about how we immerse

ourselves in technology every week

2:52:002:52:03

and sometimes it's difficult to tear

ourselves away from it and live

2:52:032:52:06

what used to be called

a normal life.

2:52:062:52:08

Well, this was Marina's

answer to me.

2:52:082:52:10

I think this is her Christmas

message to us all.

2:52:102:52:15

You have to come to my world,

which I create something

2:52:202:52:22

called Abramovic method.

2:52:222:52:25

It's very simple.

2:52:252:52:27

You can do it in your own home.

2:52:272:52:29

You decide, one day a week,

that you take your phone

2:52:292:52:32

and your computer and switch them

off and you don't put

2:52:322:52:34

them, you don't put any

electronics around.

2:52:342:52:36

Sit in a chair and do nothing.

2:52:362:52:41

Doing nothing is the

beginning of something.

2:52:412:52:49

Because all what we do is put things

on us.

2:52:492:52:52

When you are surrounded

by entertainment you're

2:52:522:52:54

not being with yourself

alone, in silence.

2:52:542:52:55

So if I was to do that,

I can tell you, I would sit

2:52:552:52:59

there and then I would just wonder

what's going on.

2:52:592:53:01

And then I might get bored.

2:53:012:53:03

Being bored is important.

2:53:032:53:04

Is it?

2:53:042:53:05

Yes, because the bordeom is a sign

that something is wrong with you.

2:53:052:53:08

You have to get bored.

2:53:082:53:10

You have to go beyond the boredom.

2:53:102:53:11

Sit for six hours and do nothing and

see what happens to your boredom.

2:53:112:53:17

The boredom goes away.

2:53:172:53:20

You start seeing that actually

you are nervous, you are hysterical,

2:53:202:53:23

your breathing is raised.

2:53:232:53:24

Go another four hours.

2:53:242:53:26

You start breathing more slowly.

2:53:262:53:27

You start relaxing.

2:53:272:53:33

You start getting to

the centre of yourself.

2:53:332:53:37

It takes time.

2:53:372:53:38

It takes effort.

2:53:382:53:39

To relax is a huge work.

2:53:392:53:44

I really use technology to help make

life more efficient,

2:53:442:53:47

which means that messages come

in here and I can deal

2:53:472:53:49

with these messages while I am

walking somewhere else.

2:53:492:53:53

So I am conscious that

I've lost that peace,

2:53:532:53:55

I've lost the peace and quiet

of having a walk.

2:53:552:53:59

The thing is, every email you write,

you have done all the work,

2:53:592:54:02

you written all the emails that

you have in your computer

2:54:022:54:05

in the morning.

2:54:052:54:09

You can double back,

every email is not important.

2:54:092:54:11

And then what are

you doing next week?

2:54:112:54:21

That's the problem -

if one person, say me,

2:54:242:54:26

tries to do it differently,

the rest of the world still operates

2:54:262:54:29

at a much higher pace,

and I still get those messages back,

2:54:292:54:32

"Can you do this, can

you pop this in here?"

2:54:322:54:34

But can you imagine if you have

three days to live?

2:54:342:54:37

You would answer all these emails?

2:54:372:54:38

No.

2:54:382:54:39

Why don't you take every day

like the last day of your life?

2:54:392:54:42

I wouldn't get paid, though.

2:54:422:54:43

But, again, how much

we need of this to live,

2:54:432:54:48

how much simplicity can we have?

2:54:482:54:53

It's so important to question

everything, how we can

2:54:532:54:55

create our life in a minimal way,

and how many things

2:54:552:54:58

we need to adopt.

2:54:582:55:04

-- how many things we need that we

don't.

2:55:042:55:07

It is incredible.

2:55:072:55:08

That questioning, only

when you really put your life,

2:55:082:55:10

it is so important to question

everything.

2:55:102:55:12

Question how we can create our

life in a minimal way.

2:55:122:55:15

You know, my generation

is telegrams, Xerox and fax.

2:55:152:55:17

Virtual reality comes

like a bomb in my life.

2:55:172:55:19

The young generation,

the kids who were born with

2:55:192:55:21

the computers and the videogames,

these are the people who can

2:55:212:55:24

actually do something about it.

2:55:242:55:29

This is the target.

2:55:292:55:30

That kind of audience.

2:55:302:55:31

That is the future.

2:55:312:55:35

That was Marina Abramovic telling us

to throw away our technology,

2:55:372:55:39

which is a bit of a downer,

especially for us,

2:55:392:55:42

because that's all we know.

2:55:422:55:45

Well, Spencer, I think I've got

something that might cheer you up.

2:55:462:55:49

Technology isn't always that bad.

2:55:492:55:51

We've been going on about AR

all year, and, Kate,

2:55:512:55:53

if I could get a hand from you.

2:55:532:56:01

I got you a little seasonal

greeting, Spencer.

2:56:012:56:08

What witchcraft is this, Emily?

2:56:082:56:09

This is the AR Air Measure app,

creating a painting in AR.

2:56:092:56:12

You can do paintings,

measure things, all within AR.

2:56:122:56:14

And you just stick that anywhere

in space, and it's not really there.

2:56:142:56:17

It's not really there, everybody!

2:56:172:56:19

If you're wondering,

this a photo of the Click team

2:56:192:56:21

just after we finished our live show

in front of a live studio audience.

2:56:212:56:24

You can see that on TV

in a couple of weeks.

2:56:242:56:27

Here's a sneak peek

of the end of that show.

2:56:272:56:31

This is the spectacular

Star Wars ballet from Propel.

2:56:312:56:41

Of course, in true Click style, it

all ended in a fight to the death.

2:56:412:56:45

The lone survivor from

the audience took home one

2:56:452:56:47

of the Star Wars drones.

2:56:472:56:48

And that reminds me.

2:56:482:56:49

It's time for our Clickmas elfie.

2:56:492:56:51

Sticking with the theme of AR,

we'll be adding a bit of augmented

2:56:512:56:54

reality to the photo this year.

2:56:542:56:59

How this works is, we have the photo

printer attached to a smartphone.

2:56:592:57:03

I will need some help here, Dan.

2:57:032:57:04

Could you take the selfie, please?

2:57:042:57:06

You are in a better

position than me.

2:57:062:57:08

We need to put it on video mode.

2:57:082:57:10

This is a video selfie?

2:57:102:57:11

It is.

2:57:112:57:12

You will find out why in a moment.

2:57:122:57:14

All I have to say right now is that

when Dan presses the button, make

2:57:142:57:17

sure you move and make some noise.

2:57:172:57:19

We could say "Happy Clickmas",

or something else appropriate.

2:57:192:57:23

Three, two, one...

2:57:232:57:24

Happy Clickmas!

2:57:242:57:26

More moving, more moving...

2:57:262:57:27

Move in a really unnatural way.

2:57:272:57:29

The more you move,

the better it will look.

2:57:292:57:34

Who put that reindeer in the way?

2:57:342:57:36

So now we've got a still that looks

like that, which we can print.

2:57:362:57:40

That's unfortunate.

2:57:402:57:41

It's not a bad picture.

2:57:412:57:42

Let's print that still.

2:57:422:57:43

Hurrah!

2:57:432:57:47

Looks, the video's in there.

2:57:472:57:50

There you go, Spencer.

2:57:502:57:51

Your memento.

2:57:512:57:52

I like the way you framed it.

2:57:522:57:54

I'm sure that's what

it was designed for.

2:57:542:57:56

I'm going to have to

take a selfie of that.

2:57:562:58:00

Thank you, Spencer.

2:58:002:58:01

That's it for this week.

2:58:012:58:02

Thank you so much for watching.

2:58:022:58:04

On behalf of the whole

team, Merry Clickmas!

2:58:042:58:07

# The rooftop sees Santa,

who's laughing with glee

2:58:152:58:21

# He's trying to fit robots down

2:58:212:58:24

the chimney

2:58:242:58:27

# He finished the job

2:58:272:58:30

and the gifs were delivered

2:58:302:58:31

#

Around Rudolph's neck,

2:58:312:58:35

the GPS triggered

2:58:352:58:39

# And on Santa's

step counter the total was high

2:58:392:58:41

#

2:58:412:58:42

Merry Clickmas to all!

2:58:422:58:43

# Now where's my mince pie?#

Guys,

I think I've fallen over.

2:58:432:58:46

No-one told me there was a step.

2:58:462:58:51

There was some clever stuff in that!

2:58:592:59:02

That's it from us today.

2:59:022:59:03

I'll be back tomorrow.

2:59:032:59:06

Have a lovely Boxing Day.

2:59:062:59:10

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