11/02/2018 Breakfast


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11/02/2018

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Hello.

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This is Breakfast, with Ben Thompson

and Naga Munchetty.

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A warning that UK charities

could have their government funding

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withdrawn if they don't

co-operate with authorities

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over safeguarding issues.

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It follows reports that some Oxfam

workers used prostitutes

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in Haiti in 2010.

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It's facing further

allegations this morning.

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Good morning.

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The damage caused by alcohol.

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A new parliamentary report says more

than one-third of child deaths

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and serious injuries through neglect

in England are linked

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to parental drinking.

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The Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

arrives in Myanmar to discuss

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the plight of Rohingya refugees

with the de facto leader

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Aung San Suu Kyi.

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Good morning.

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In sport.

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It's a "May Day" For Wales.

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England make it two wins out of two

with a hard-fought win over Wales

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at Twickenham after two

dries from Johnny May.

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Temperatures could be at a record

low for athletes in South Korea.

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We'll hear how Team GB

are kitted out to cope.

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But what about the temperatures

here? Nick has the weather.

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But what about the temperatures

here? Nick has the weather. Good

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morning. A much colder feel the

things today. Snow and hail in the

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north and west of the UK. I have all

of your Sunday weather and a look at

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the week to come. Thank you very

much, Nick.

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Good morning.

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First, our main story.

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Charities doing overseas aid work

will lose government funding

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if they fail to ensure

that vulnerable people

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are properly protected.

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That warning came from International

Development Secretary Penny

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Mordaunt.

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She described the behaviour of some

of Oxfam's workers in Haiti,

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who were accused of using

prostitutes in the aftermath

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of the 2010 earthquake,

as "horrific."

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The charity is also facing

new allegations about some

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of its workers in Chad.

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Andy Moore reports.

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After Haiti, now, new allegations

about the behaviour of some Oxfam

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workers in Chad in central Africa.

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They date back to 2006 and also

involved prostitutes.

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The head of mission in Chad

at the time was the same man

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who resigned from Oxfam five years

later because of the scandal in

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Haiti.

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Oxfam said it was shocked

and dismayed about the latest

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revelations from Chad.

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It said it couldn't corroborate

the information but it highlighted

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unacceptable behaviour

by a small number of people.

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The International Development

Secretary, Penny Mordaunt,

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has now sent a strong warning

to charities receiving EU money

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that those funds will be withdrawn

unless they can prove

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they are cooperating fully

on safeguarding issues.

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She said this.

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She called the behaviour by some

Oxfam workers in Haiti horrific

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and said it was just one

example of a wider issue

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on which her department

was already taking action.

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The former Secretary of State

for International Trade is also

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calling for tougher action.

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This is now an opportunity

for everyone to make sure

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that there are very clear,

not just guidelines,

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but actions,

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action, will be taken and money

will be withdrawn as well quite

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frankly if there is

inappropriate behaviour.

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Oxfam says that after Haiti,

it set up a dedicated safeguarding

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team to deal with such issues.

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The charity finds itself

at the centre of this particular

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scandal that the British

government said is one example

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of a wider problem.

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Andy Moore, BBC News.

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Time to speak to a political

correspondent. We heard some of

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these allegations just now.

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correspondent. We heard some of

these allegations just now.

This is

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an extremely strong statement from

her. She speaks to a wider problem

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that the department for

international development is dealing

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with. She speaks in strong terms,

saying it is horrific sexual

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exploitation and abuse continues to

exist in the aid sector of Britain.

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Oxfam received £32 million of

funding from the government last

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year. She says she will write to all

charities to get them to make sure

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they are safeguarding practices, and

any issues must be flagged to the

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relevant authorities. Any charities

that do not, they will cease to work

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with the government any longer.

Oxfam sacked four workers and had

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three resigned, but design denied

any cover-ups. -- denied. She does

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not want confidence undermined.

Thank you very much. Our political

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correspondent.

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More than a third of child deaths

and serious injuries caused

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by neglect in England are linked

to parents who drink too much

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alcohol, according to

a new parliamentary report.

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It also found that nearly

all councils have cut their budgets

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for alcohol support services.

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Our health correspondent,

Adina Campbell, has more.

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A dad of six, Josh Conolly knows

first-hand about the damage alcohol

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can have on a family. His father was

an alcoholic and died when he was

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nine.

I remember one example, he

smashed all the windows and was

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waiting a knife through the windows

and police came up and took them

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away. -- waving. At the same time

you are trying to deal with it all,

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you are trying to keep it a secret,

repressing it. You naturally get

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unhealthy coping mechanisms.

The

impact of parents abusing alcohol in

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England, outlined in a new

parliamentary report. Is found more

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than a third of child deaths and

injuries were linked to parents

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thinking alcohol. -- It found.

Alcohol was misused. And children

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with alcohol dependent parents had

feelings of stigma, shame, and

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guilt. The report also used data

from a Freedom of Information

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investigation which found almost all

councils in England are cutting back

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their budgets for this kind of care.

When we start to understand this, it

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is all based on trauma. If we

understand that, we can begin to

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break the cycles and prevent, you

know, addictions of the future.

The

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government says work is under way on

a new children of alcoholics

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strategy. That includes higher

duties to cheap alcohol. Josh has

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turned his life around, but he

believes many children will end up

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suffering in silence.

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suffering in silence. Adina

Campbell, BBC News.

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The Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

has met the Myanmar leader

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Aung San Suu Kyi for talks,

a day after saying Rohigya refugees

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should be allowed a safe

and dignified return.

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Nearly 700,000 Rohingya Muslims have

crossed the border into neighbouring

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Bangladesh, after a crackdown

by the Burmese military.

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Reeta Chakrabarti is travelling

with the Foreign Secretary,

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and sent this report.

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It does contain some flash

photography.

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There were smiles this morning as

Boris Johnson shook hands with Aung

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San Suu Kyi in the capital, but the

plight of the Rohingya people will

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be a difficult topic. Aung San Suu

Kyi suffered a spectacular fall from

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grace after failing to safeguard the

Rohingya

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grace after failing to safeguard the

Rohingya. Boris Johnson met some of

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the refugees on a tour of one of the

camps in Bangladesh yesterday and

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said international diplomacy needed

to focus on a safe and dignified

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return to home.

We need to find a

solution in Myanmar from Burma

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creating a safe and dignified return

for these people. That is what they

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want. They want to go back, but they

do not feel safe.

He admitted that

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right now that seemed a distant

prospect. Later today, Boris Johnson

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will be taken by the Myanmar

military nay tour of Rakhine State

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from where they fled, alleging

arson, rape, and murder. BBC News,

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Myanmar.

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Theresa May will deliver a major

speech within the next three weeks,

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outlining the future relationship

Britain wants to have

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with the EU after Brexit.

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It is being seen as important

as her Florence speech,

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which unlocked the first

stage of negotiations.

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She'll outline what the Government

is seeking in relation to security,

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trade and workers' rights.

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Israeli military described the

airstrikes there and talk yesterday

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as the biggest they have ever

undertaken -- they undertook.

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The government is proposing that

energy companies be allowed to see

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the personal data of some customers

at risk of being in fuel poverty.

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The idea is part of a consultation

looking at how best to protect

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people who could be struggling

to pay their bills.

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Our business correspondent,

Joe Lynam, explains.

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We all hate getting our energy

bills, but for some, it can push

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them into real financial

difficulties, known as fuel poverty.

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Now the government wants to find a

new way of automatically protecting

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up to 2 million energy users by

letting the players know more about

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them. It is launching a consultation

into something called data matching,

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which could allow them to share

personal information with energy

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supplies. But only with their

consent, and if users are getting

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state benefits and are in financial

trouble. Then they could

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automatically be put on a cheaper

safeguard tariff for their gas and

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electricity. 4 million people are

already on the lower rate. The

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energy watchdog, Ofgem, said it

could save £66 per year for each

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person on that lower tax rate if

this plan proceeds. That could the

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valuable as household energy bills

are rising. -- be.

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Now, Valentine's Day might still be

a few days off, but love was in the

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air at the cast and crew screening

of Idris Elba's new film, "Yardie."

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Take a look at this. This is the

moment Idris went down on one knee

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and proposed to his girlfriend,

Sabrina. Luckily, she said "Yes!"

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The couple have reportedly been

dating since early 2017. No

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pressure. Can you imagine doing that

in front of so many people!

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in front of so many people!

You have

to be sure. There was the cast and

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crew watching.

You have to be pretty

confident.

Good luck to them anyway.

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Congratulations!

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The main stories. British aid

agencies have been warned they could

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lose funding amid claims of horrific

behaviour within the sector.

Over

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one third of child deaths and

injuries through neglect in England

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are links to alcohol abuse by their

parents according to a new

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parliamentary report.

Also coming

up, up, up, and away, for the team

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at Click. They are investigating the

future of flying taxis.

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Here's Nick with a look

at this morning's weather.

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Nic is not the man for a flying taxi

at all. Shall we? You laughed, we

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heard you. Look at the scene behind

Hugh! Are never the man for

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anything. You are always the man,

you are weak and weatherman and we

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love you. Do you think we will be

seeing a lot of the scene behind

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you? Some of us will wake up to it,

the Southern uplands of Scotland

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where we saw snow overnight in in

the Pennines as well, more of that

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to come over the next couple of days

and in fact it has turned colder

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today and who will season snow

showers around as well. If an inland

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to relatively low levels towards

northern and western parts of the

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UK, some snow, compared with

yesterday Sampath, sunny spells

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around so it is and gloom but it is

going to feel colder across the

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around so it is and gloom but it is

going to feel colder across the UK

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today compared with yesterday. What

has happened? On the satellite, one

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area of cloud that brought

yesterday's weather is moving away

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and this speckled cloud on the

Atlantic tells you it is colder air

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coming in and there are showers

around. These lumps of white other

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snow showers coming into

particularly this morning western

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Scotland and Northern Ireland,

filtering through north-west

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England, into Wales and the

south-west. Any of these will be of

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snow and hail and some will drift

east during the days of the close --

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the some of you at three AM, dry

weather across eastern Scotland but

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even moving on through there but

accumulating snow particular for the

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hills of Western Scotland, Northern

Ireland, into the western side of

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the Pennines, the hills in Wales as

well and the odd winter the shower

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of sleaze, mainly HAL, maybe some

wet snow moving into western parts

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of England as well. Actually many

eastern areas will stay dry with

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some sunshine. The temperatures down

compared with yesterday. Some got

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into double figures then. Factoring

in the wind, it will feel colder

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still. The entry into the hills of

Scotland, some drifting. Maybe not

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feeling much above freezing.

Tonight, they will be at or below

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freezing so widespread frost and icy

conditions where the wintry showers

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continuing to the north-west.

Continuing tomorrow, particularly in

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the western Scotland, adding to the

snow we already have up and icy

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start. Through the day, few are

showers, a lot of fine weather

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through southern and eastern parts

of the UK, so soak up the sunshine

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because it will feel a little less

cold. Then another weather system

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comes in. We will watch this closely

Monday night in the Tuesday, a

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frontal system from the Atlantic.

Head of it, gale force winds

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developing in the west. It isn't

just rain, snow as particularly into

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Scotland where some will wake up to

a covering of snow on Tuesday to

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parts of northern England as well.

But that's a week which will be

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changeable, further with assistance

from the Atlantic with rain and snow

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at times, some disruptive snow as we

have established, particularly on

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Tuesday morning and it will often be

windy as well. Back to you. Do

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Tuesday morning and it will often be

windy as well. Back to you. Do you

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know of much as I moan about the

weather, it is a British pastime I

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don't feel bad about it, it must be

interesting, weeks like this a more

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interesting than saying OK, steady

temperatures, no wind, lovely

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weather. It is difficult to keep it

interesting, isn't it? That is

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right, we love this sort of weather,

changeable with a lot going on

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because there is a lot of

information to get across but we

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can't such fans of weather

presenters as high pressure when it

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is quiet although a lot of people

appreciate a bit of high pressure

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when we need a good few sunny days

and we haven't had many of those in

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recent summers. If you could arrange

that for the week after next, that

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would be great. Working on it! I

would take boring, unpredictable

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weather anyway, wouldn't you? Yes! I

tell you, it is chilly in

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Pyeongchang.

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The Winter Olympics are always

going to be a chilly affair but this

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year's games in Pyeongchang

are expected to be the coldest

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in more than 20 years.

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With temperatures plunging to around

minus 20 degrees Celsius,

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the biting cold has left some

presenters struggling to talk

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and others with make-up

freezing to their faces.

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Radzi Chinyanganya has more.

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First world problems still.

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Pyeongchang is situated in the

mountains at 700 metres above sea

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level which the locals claim is

perfect for healthy living. However,

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alongside that is the weather. The

very, very cold weather.

You are as

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cold as ice.

The Hyeon Chung area is

the coldest place in Korea --

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Pyeongchang. Because it is a

mountainous area, the average

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temperature in February is about -11

centigrade. It really is cold. In

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fact, take a look at this. Now, I

know it is supposed to be cold, it

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is the winter Olympics, but the

coldest on record was in 94 in

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Lillehammer. But hey, Norwegian

thermometers reached as low as -11

0:17:300:17:34

degrees. So if temperatures stay

this low, could that affect the 2018

0:17:340:17:41

Winter Olympics?

We continue to ask

the operators at which temperature

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is impossible to operate the game,

they say it is dependent on the

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situation.

Which is largely

determined by the amount of time the

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athlete spent outside in as freezing

climates because foreign Alpine race

0:18:030:18:06

it is less than two minutes on piste

but a cross-country skier, more like

0:18:060:18:12

two hours. Whatever the amount of

time, a crucial element is the kids

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the Olympians wear to cope with the

frosty conditions. So with around 60

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TNG athlete travelling here to

Pyeongchang, it is a lot of sports

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and a lot of kit -- Team GB. Four

years ago we were walking around in

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shorts and flip-flops in Sochi.

So

it is quite a shift, it is great to

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be a part of a winter games in which

it is actually cold. Everybody got

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110 items of kit, everyone gets

their own competition where and when

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the race village where so we have a

goosedown puffer jacket, woolly

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hats, scarf, gloves, hand warmers to

keep everyone toasty.

You actually

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think the cold maybe helpful?

Are

working through the cross country,

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the preparations they have done and

the work in the background getting

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their skis right is ideal for they

are having a great bit of time out

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on the track but for the guys on the

centre last night, they were feeling

0:19:080:19:12

good as well so we are in a great

shape, the cold weather is really

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looking to benefit Team GB.

For the

first time ever I will hope it stays

0:19:160:19:20

cold?

Absolutely!

Love look behind

the scenes.

0:19:200:19:27

-- Love a look behind the scenes.

0:19:270:19:29

Now it's time for The Film Review

with Jane Hill and Mark Kermode.

0:19:290:19:32

Hello and welcome to

The Film Review on BBC News.

0:19:420:19:46

To take us through this week's

cinema releases is Mark Kermode.

0:19:460:19:50

So, Mark, what do we have this week?

0:19:500:19:52

We have Black Panther,

which opens on Tuesday.

0:19:520:19:56

We have Pad Man, based

on a true, inspiring story.

0:19:560:20:01

And 50 Shades Freed -

it all comes to an end.

0:20:010:20:07

Black Panther, why isn't it

opening until Tuesday?

0:20:070:20:14

I presume it is because it will give

it a long opening weekend.

0:20:140:20:18

It has been eagerly awaited.

0:20:180:20:20

At the beginning of the film,

it is a technologically advanced

0:20:200:20:23

society and they must

keep their secrets away

0:20:230:20:26

from the rest of the world in case

it falls into the wrong hands.

0:20:260:20:32

Inevitably, to some extent, it does.

0:20:320:20:34

The movie pays great attention

to character and detail.

0:20:340:20:38

Here is a clip.

0:20:380:20:45

Remote system activated.

0:20:450:20:53

Wait, which side of the road is it?

0:20:550:20:59

Just drive.

0:20:590:21:01

Let's go!

0:21:010:21:09

Look at your suit.

0:21:100:21:18

You have been taking bullets.

0:21:180:21:26

Run around the track.

0:21:260:21:32

Where did he go?!

0:21:320:21:40

Show off.

0:21:420:21:44

That is the most generic stuff.

0:21:440:21:46

There's much more interesting

stuff in the film.

0:21:460:21:48

Its strengths are threefold.

0:21:480:21:52

It looks great.

0:21:520:21:53

The world of Wakanda

is superbly realised.

0:21:530:21:55

You really feel that you're in that

world and it is well evoked.

0:21:550:21:59

The second thing, it sounds great -

everything from the sharp dialogue

0:21:590:22:02

to the superb music keeps

the action moving along.

0:22:020:22:10

It really involves

you in the characters.

0:22:110:22:14

It is well played.

0:22:140:22:15

It is a really good cast.

0:22:150:22:17

But the most important thing is,

you believe in the world

0:22:170:22:20

of the film.

0:22:200:22:28

You believe in the characters

and you know and understand

0:22:280:22:31

the characters' motivation.

0:22:310:22:32

I am not a huge comic book fan.

0:22:320:22:35

The thing about this is,

it works on its own terms

0:22:350:22:38

as a standalone piece.

0:22:380:22:44

There has been a lot written

about the importance of this movie

0:22:440:22:47

at this moment but it will only work

if the film itself works

0:22:470:22:51

as a rip-roaring piece

of entertainment, and it does.

0:22:510:22:54

It is important, but I can

look at that and say,

0:22:540:22:57

as well documented on this

programme, action films

0:22:570:22:59

are not my thing, but they are

the thing of my other half.

0:22:590:23:07

Our debate will be, "Is it two hours

of my life I will never get back?"

0:23:090:23:15

and she will say, "No,

we have to go and see it!"

0:23:150:23:18

You get the spectacle,

all the stuff you want,

0:23:180:23:21

and it does look

and sound wonderful.

0:23:210:23:22

But you know the characters,

you like them and understand them.

0:23:220:23:26

This is a world where there are no

gender imbalances you often get.

0:23:260:23:29

Men and women are on an

equal playing field.

0:23:290:23:31

When they have the big fight

sequences, even I understood

0:23:310:23:34

who everyone was,

who they were fighting,

0:23:340:23:36

why they were fighting

and what they were trying to do

0:23:360:23:39

with their time.

0:23:390:23:42

As a piece of drama,

it is well laid out.

0:23:420:23:44

I really enjoyed it.

0:23:440:23:45

I might have a hope.

0:23:450:23:48

I am normally nudging, going, "What?

0:23:480:23:52

Who is this person?

0:23:520:23:53

Why are they doing that?"

0:23:530:23:54

If I can understand it,

anyone can understand it!

0:23:540:23:57

You give me hope.

0:23:570:23:58

Pad Man.

0:23:580:24:00

Sounds unusual?

0:24:000:24:01

It is a man in India

who invented a low-cost machine

0:24:010:24:04

for making sanitary pads.

0:24:040:24:11

He's credited with breaking

the taboo around menstruation.

0:24:110:24:14

The hears a newly-wed young man

who doesn't understand

0:24:140:24:18

why his new bride spends five days

every month out of the house.

0:24:180:24:26

Then he is appalled why the women

around him suffer every month.

0:24:260:24:31

He designs a machine to make

low-cost sanitary pads

0:24:310:24:37

which will not only protect

the health of the women

0:24:370:24:40

but provide employment.

0:24:400:24:41

But he does so in a culture

in which there is a lot of shame

0:24:410:24:45

around this subject.

0:24:450:24:46

The director of the film said

he wanted to make the story

0:24:460:24:49

as accessible as possible.

0:24:490:24:50

He does - it has slapstick comedy,

music sequences, laughs,

0:24:500:24:53

romance and tension.

0:24:530:24:56

It is a joyful and uplifting film.

0:24:560:25:01

It is telling the story which has

its roots in a real-life story.

0:25:010:25:05

It is a fictionalised version

of a real-life story but it does

0:25:050:25:08

stick close to the truth.

0:25:080:25:10

It is charmingly done and playing

to the widest possible audience

0:25:100:25:13

and succeeding in taking that story

and making it completely accessible,

0:25:130:25:16

and it is charming and uplifting.

0:25:160:25:19

Another hit.

0:25:190:25:22

Fantastic, wonderful story.

0:25:220:25:28

Based on a true story,

which is more than can be said

0:25:280:25:31

for 50 Shades Freed.

0:25:310:25:33

We do have Twilight

to thank for this.

0:25:330:25:35

The story is, having

tamed Christian Grey,

0:25:350:25:37

Anastasia must see if she can find

independence and happiness

0:25:370:25:39

within their marriage.

0:25:390:25:47

Here is a clip.

0:25:480:25:55

You do want to have

kids someday, right?

0:25:550:25:58

Someday, sure.

0:25:580:26:00

You don't really sound sure.

0:26:000:26:05

You know what I am sure about?

0:26:050:26:07

That's great steak.

0:26:070:26:09

Christian...

0:26:090:26:13

Do you not want to have kids?

0:26:130:26:17

Of course.

0:26:170:26:18

One day, just not now.

0:26:180:26:21

I'm not ready to share

you with anyone.

0:26:210:26:29

He doesn't want children.

0:26:320:26:33

I can tell her that now.

0:26:330:26:36

There is a narrative arc...

0:26:360:26:38

It is easy to sneer

at the Fifty Shades movies

0:26:380:26:41

because they are not very good.

0:26:410:26:42

The first one, they tried to do

something interesting,

0:26:420:26:44

but it was too restricted.

0:26:440:26:46

The second one stuck

to the ear-scraping dialogue

0:26:460:26:48

of the source.

0:26:480:26:52

It is badly written,

the actors are doing their best

0:26:520:26:55

with pretty intolerable dialogue.

0:26:550:27:03

James Foley is directing

on autopilot.

0:27:050:27:10

He has been given this

as a safe pair of hands.

0:27:100:27:13

It ends up looking like a promo

simply for a glamorous lifestyle

0:27:130:27:16

for fast cars and

designer apartments.

0:27:160:27:18

Although there is some kinky

fetishism, it is very peripheral.

0:27:180:27:21

What the film is interested

in is look at that private jet.

0:27:210:27:24

It is a film about possessions

and about those kind of aspirations.

0:27:240:27:32

In the end, it ends up looking

like a commercial or pop promo.

0:27:330:27:36

It makes you look back to the days

of Nine and A Half Weeks and think

0:27:360:27:41

"Wow, what a ground-breaking,

Citizen Kane-like movie that was!"

0:27:410:27:49

I don't know why people get angry,

because it is playing to a certain

0:27:510:27:55

audience who are devoted to it.

0:27:550:27:56

It will pack the audiences out

on the first weekend.

0:27:560:27:59

I am clearly not

the target audience.

0:27:590:28:02

As a cinemagoer, the first one

was the only one that was vaguely

0:28:020:28:05

interesting and the next

two are just dull.

0:28:050:28:10

Fantastically unremarkable.

0:28:100:28:14

You cannot criticise the cast.

0:28:140:28:18

If anybody gave you that dialogue

to read, Laurence Olivier

0:28:180:28:21

would struggle to deliver

some of those lines,

0:28:210:28:23

which are on the level of,

is everything all right?

0:28:230:28:29

Can I get you a latte?

0:28:290:28:30

LAUGHTER.

0:28:300:28:32

I think I will see Black Panther.

0:28:320:28:37

Have you seen Phantom Thread again?

0:28:370:28:39

The last time we met,

you had seen it four times.

0:28:390:28:42

No, I have not seen it again.

0:28:420:28:44

I love Johnny Greenwood's score.

0:28:440:28:49

He's been Oscar-nominated.

0:28:490:28:52

People say they don't

like the central character.

0:28:520:28:57

You are not meant to like him.

0:28:570:28:59

He is meant to be difficult.

0:28:590:29:01

Lesley Manville steals the show.

0:29:010:29:07

I think it is Paul Thomas Anderson's

best film since Punch Drunk Love

0:29:070:29:10

and they make a crack

romance double bill.

0:29:100:29:16

I would watch Phantom Thread again,

but alongside Punch Drunk Love.

0:29:160:29:21

There is something about it.

0:29:210:29:29

There was a debate whether

the costumes he designs

0:29:320:29:36

are deliberately not very good.

0:29:360:29:41

Everybody says he is a fabulous

dress designer but the first thing

0:29:410:29:45

he designs has somebody dressed up

like the Queen of Hearts.

0:29:450:29:48

But that is kind of

the point, I like it.

0:29:480:29:51

It's certainly a talking point.

0:29:510:29:55

The DVD, Loving Vincent.

0:29:550:29:58

It reminds me of our conversation

last week when I said "Can you watch

0:29:580:30:01

Blade Runner on a DVD?"

0:30:010:30:02

It is the same about Loving Vincent.

0:30:020:30:05

It is an extraordinary

achievement in technical terms.

0:30:050:30:09

An oil painted animated movie -

as far as I know, the world's first.

0:30:090:30:12

The narrative is a bit flimsy.

0:30:120:30:15

It is about going back to find out

what happened in Vincent van

0:30:150:30:18

Gogh's life.

0:30:180:30:21

I have seen it on the big screen

and the small screen and it has

0:30:210:30:26

the same - it is hypnotising,

like watching paintings

0:30:260:30:28

you know moving around.

0:30:280:30:35

Slightly odd, but stunning.

0:30:350:30:37

If you have it on DVD,

you can go back and watch it again

0:30:370:30:41

and marvel at the hours of work that

must have gone into creating it.

0:30:410:30:47

Six years of painting

to create the film.

0:30:470:30:50

Astonishing.

0:30:500:30:50

Thank you.

0:30:500:30:51

An interesting week.

0:30:510:30:52

A quick reminder, you can find

all the film news and reviews

0:30:520:30:56

across the BBC on the website.

0:30:560:30:57

All our previous programmes

are on the iPlayer as well.

0:30:570:31:00

That's it for this week.

0:31:000:31:01

Enjoy your cinemagoing.

0:31:010:31:02

Goodbye.

0:31:020:31:10

Hello.

0:31:250:31:26

This is Breakfast with Ben Thompson

and Naga Munchetty.

0:31:260:31:29

Good morning.

0:31:290:31:30

Here's a summary of today's main

stories from BBC News.

0:31:300:31:34

Charities doing overseas aid work

will lose funding if they fail

0:31:340:31:37

to ensure that vulnerable people

are properly protectedm,

0:31:370:31:39

the government has warned.

0:31:390:31:40

International Development Secretary,

Penny Mordaunt, has condemned

0:31:400:31:42

as "Horrific" the behaviour of some

of Oxfam's workers in Haiti,

0:31:420:31:45

who were accused of using

prostitutes in the aftermath

0:31:450:31:48

of the 2010 earthquake.

0:31:480:31:49

The charity is also facing

new allegations about some

0:31:490:31:51

of its workers in Chad.

0:31:510:31:59

More than a third of child deaths

and serious injuries caused

0:32:000:32:03

by neglect in England are linked

to parents who have a problem

0:32:030:32:06

with alcohol, according

to a new parliamentary report.

0:32:060:32:08

The study, which was commissioned

by a group of MPs, also found that

0:32:080:32:12

nearly all councils

in England have cut funding

0:32:120:32:14

to alcohol support services.

0:32:140:32:15

The Department of Health said

it was working to see what support

0:32:150:32:18

it could offer to families.

0:32:180:32:24

The Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

has met the Myanmar leader

0:32:240:32:27

Aung San Suu Kyi for talks,

a day after saying Rohigya refugees

0:32:270:32:30

should be allowed a safe

and dignified return.

0:32:300:32:32

Nearly 700,000 Rohingya Muslims have

crossed the border into neighbouring

0:32:320:32:35

Bangladesh, after a crackdown

by the Burmese military.

0:32:350:32:43

The Israeli military has described

the airstrikes it carried out

0:32:520:32:55

in Syria yesterday as probably

the biggest of their kind

0:32:550:32:57

in the last 30 years.

0:32:570:32:59

The attacks took place

after an Israeli military aircraft

0:32:590:33:01

was brought down.

0:33:010:33:02

A spokesman said 12 sites were hit,

including four Iranian targets.

0:33:020:33:05

The attacks took place

after an Israeli military aircraft

0:33:050:33:07

was brought down.

0:33:070:33:09

The government is proposing that

energy companies be allowed to see

0:33:090:33:12

the personal data of some customers

at risk of being in fuel poverty.

0:33:120:33:16

The idea is part of a consultation

looking at how best to protect

0:33:160:33:19

people who could be struggling

to pay their bills -

0:33:190:33:22

and suggests that they could be

moved onto special lower tariffs.

0:33:220:33:25

The government thinks as many as two

million people might

0:33:250:33:28

benefit from scheme.

0:33:280:33:36

Good morning.

Good morning.

We knew

it would be cold in Pyeongchang.

0:33:380:33:54

it would be cold in Pyeongchang. Now

it is too cold for the winter

0:33:540:33:56

Olympics.

They go

0:33:560:34:05

Olympics.

They go out in that for

2-3 hours at a time. The events last

0:34:210:34:24

an hour and three minutes. This, the

combination of the 15k and the

0:34:240:34:28

classic, we'll get onto that in a

second. The women's slope

0:34:280:34:34

snowboarding has been cancelled.

They will have a straight final,

0:34:340:34:37

with everyone through. We were

joking about it downstairs. We heard

0:34:370:34:40

from our reporter. Apparently it was

all part of the contingency plan. It

0:34:400:34:47

was in place following discussions

at the captaincy meeting. It was

0:34:470:34:53

agreed by all representatives and

nations present. And now for the

0:34:530:35:00

offence overnight.

0:35:000:35:01

Day two of the Winter Olympics

is well under way now.

0:35:010:35:04

The overnight action has seen

the USA's Red Gerard take gold

0:35:040:35:07

in the men's slopestyle

snowboarding.

0:35:070:35:11

They were easily done and run by the

time the big wind came through.

0:35:110:35:20

Yesterday's action in South Korea

saw Britain's Elise Christie

0:35:200:35:22

start her speed skating campaign

with victory in the heats.

0:35:220:35:25

Joe Lynskey reports.

0:35:250:35:28

Things are rarely friendly in a

skate race. It is a fight from the

0:35:300:35:35

start. The instinct was impeccable.

When she got there, they would not

0:35:350:35:40

catch her. The winter sprinter from

Britain was off and running.

She is

0:35:400:35:45

through!

She has three medals in

sights this month, but so much can

0:35:450:35:54

go wrong. No one is invincible.

I am

so nervous. Perhaps I will not do

0:35:540:35:58

this, I thought. But I was excited.

She returns to go for medals on

0:35:580:36:08

Tuesday. It does not get any

friendlier from here. An easier path

0:36:080:36:15

for Amy Fuller of Britain. There was

too much wind for the snowboarding.

0:36:150:36:19

She goes

0:36:190:36:29

She goes straight to the final along

with everyone else. This is Red

0:36:300:36:33

Gerard of the USA, born in 2000. The

17-year-old was never meant to do

0:36:330:36:37

this. Norway and Canada will

dominate, but this gold was set for

0:36:370:36:47

Red Gerard.

He get first is above

me. I do not know what is going on.

0:36:470:36:52

Inspiration, perhaps, for the

outsiders. Attention, Andrew

0:36:520:36:57

Musgrave. He is not far off of the

best of the world. Months spent on

0:36:570:37:03

snow.

0:37:030:37:08

snow. BBC News.

0:37:100:37:15

A big crash here stop some of the

medals hopes. Doing well so far. 15

0:37:200:37:33

kilometres of classic cross-country

skiing. And then freeze Garske it. I

0:37:330:37:39

did not know what that was. --

freestyle skiing. I had to look it

0:37:390:37:48

up, it is more controlled. You use

the edge of the ski to push along.

0:37:480:37:58

The shorter the length, more waxed,

the quicker...

You

0:37:580:38:06

the quicker...

You can get off and

out of the tracks and into the

0:38:060:38:09

mountain areas. We will see more...

Apparently they call it freestyle

0:38:090:38:12

because you are the cool kid.

I am

cool.

0:38:120:38:25

Wales coach, Warren Gatland, claims

the decision to disallow his side

0:38:250:38:28

a try in their 12-6

Six Nations defeat to England,

0:38:280:38:30

was a "terrible mistake."

0:38:300:38:31

England made it two wins out of two

with a 12-6 victory.

0:38:310:38:35

While Ireland kept up their perfect

start with a 56-19 win over Italy.

0:38:350:38:38

Our sports correspondent,

Joe Wilson, reports.

0:38:380:38:46

Don't be afraid to stand out in the

crowd at Twickenham. Most players

0:38:480:38:52

arrived in tracksuits, headphones to

drown out the distractions. Rhys was

0:38:520:39:00

playing for the first time. Cameras

everywhere. Two minutes played. A

0:39:000:39:06

high ball. Did not make it. Into the

hands of Owen Farrell, knowing where

0:39:060:39:10

he was kicking it. Jonny May did the

rest. His second try soon followed.

0:39:100:39:25

But watch Joe. Two Welsh players on

him but he got it away anyway. So,

0:39:250:39:29

how did Wales respond? A clever

kick.

0:39:290:39:36

kick. Confusion followed. The TV

official looking for control. "No,"

0:39:430:39:45

he said. Welsh penalties kept them

close. They needed a drive. This is

0:39:450:39:50

how close they came. The line was

there, along with Sam Underhill to

0:39:500:39:54

grab his men.

0:39:540:40:00

grab his men. 12-6 to England it

finished. England, two wins from

0:40:020:40:04

two, a perfect start to the Six

Nations. This game is exhausting and

0:40:040:40:10

enthralling. They will want a week

off. Ireland can reflect on three

0:40:100:40:15

tries conceded, but more positively

on the eighth they scored.

0:40:150:40:27

on the eighth they scored. Ireland,

Two wins from two, ending the

0:40:270:40:29

tournament at Twickenham, five weeks

away. Joe Wilson, BBC News.

0:40:290:40:32

England's women also made it two

wins out of two as they thrashed

0:40:320:40:36

Wales, 52-0.

0:40:360:40:36

Scotland, meanwhile,

were overpowered at home by France.

0:40:360:40:38

They went down 26-3.

0:40:380:40:46

Sergio Aguero scored four

second-half goals as Premier League

0:40:590:41:01

leaders Manchester City thrashed

Leicester 5-1 at the Etihad.

0:41:010:41:04

With the game at 1-1 at half-time,

the Argentine striker scored two

0:41:040:41:07

quick-fire goals after the break

and then took full advantage

0:41:070:41:10

of a Kasper Schmeichel

error for his hat-trick.

0:41:100:41:12

Aguero saved the best till last

though, this incredible strike

0:41:120:41:14

making it 5-1, a result that sees

City extend their lead at the top

0:41:140:41:18

to 16 points.

0:41:180:41:26

Celtic held a minute's silence ahead

of their Scottish Cup game

0:41:420:41:45

to remember their former player,

Liam Miller, who died on Friday

0:41:450:41:48

aged just 36.

0:41:480:41:48

The holders went on to beat

Partick Thistle, 3-2,

0:41:480:41:51

to reach the quarter-finals.

0:41:510:41:52

James Forrest scoring a hat-trick.

0:41:520:41:53

They're joined in the last eight

by Falkirk, Motherwell,

0:41:530:41:56

Hearts, Kilmarnock, and Morton.

0:41:560:42:04

We will get an update on what is

happening with the weather soon.

0:42:210:42:27

We will have that soon. Good

morning.

0:42:270:42:32

Nearly 700,000 Rohingya Muslims have

fled to neighbouring Bangladesh,

0:42:320:42:34

following a crackdown by the Burmese

military which began

0:42:340:42:37

in August last year.

0:42:370:42:38

Today, Foreign Secretary,

Boris Johnson, shook hands

0:42:380:42:40

with the Myanmar leader,

Aung San Suu Kyi, in the capital,

0:42:400:42:43

Nay Pyi Taw, but the plight

of the Rohingya people will be

0:42:430:42:46

a difficult topic.

0:42:460:42:47

So, how significant is this meeting?

0:42:470:42:49

Justin Wintle is a commentator

on Southeast Asian Affairs and has

0:42:490:42:52

written a biography of Ms Suu Kyi.

0:42:520:42:57

Good morning.

Good morning.

For

those of us not familiar with Aung

0:42:570:43:04

San Suu Kyi and why she is so now

pivotal in what happens in terms of

0:43:040:43:11

recognising what is happening to the

Rohingya Muslims, tell us about her

0:43:110:43:15

background and why there is

disappointment and expectation

0:43:150:43:18

surrounding her.

I am not sure she

is pivotal. She should be, but she

0:43:180:43:23

is not. Everyone knows she was a

Nobel peace laureate and stood up

0:43:230:43:28

courageously to the Burmese military

when

0:43:280:43:40

when Myanmar was Burma and was under

house arrest for a long time and got

0:43:400:43:44

the Nobel Peace Prize. She was let

out from house arrest 5-6 years ago.

0:43:440:43:57

She won a quasi-democratic election.

She could not be President as she

0:44:040:44:07

was married to an Englishman, but

she became de facto Head of State.

0:44:070:44:11

Now, there has been a lot of talk

about the Rohingya Muslims, an

0:44:110:44:14

emerging ethnicity in western

Myanmar, bordering Bangladesh. These

0:44:140:44:17

people were persecuted for decades

and decades, and it's got very nasty

0:44:170:44:22

this time, and the great

0:44:220:44:30

this time, and the great majority of

Rohingya, about 700,000 of a

0:44:370:44:39

million, picked up and went to

Bangladesh.

That is what Boris

0:44:390:44:42

Johnson is now addressing.

That is

correct.

This meeting has happened,

0:44:420:44:45

the handshake has happened. As I

said in my introduction to you, what

0:44:450:44:53

progress should, could, will be

made, do you think?

I do not know

0:44:540:44:57

what progress can be made. Boris

Johnson talked about a political

0:44:570:45:00

solution, and he said he will push

for, well, he said he would push for

0:45:000:45:05

the return of the Rohingya to

Myanmar with guarantees of their

0:45:050:45:09

safety. Anyone who thinks the

Burmese army, who control the

0:45:090:45:14

country still effectively, can

guarantee their safety, is barking

0:45:140:45:18

mad. The real aim should be a

humanitarian solution. And I think

0:45:180:45:25

that that would involve a

comprehensive resettlement of the

0:45:250:45:27

ranger elsewhere in a sensible,

humane way so that their communities

0:45:270:45:36

are kept in peace. But if they are

forced back if they have to go back

0:45:360:45:41

because the

0:45:410:45:51

because the international, you know,

community wants to sort of make a

0:45:570:46:00

point with the Myanmar government,

the same thing will happen again and

0:46:000:46:03

it will be horrible.

It is a sad

affair.

0:46:030:46:07

Here's Nick with a look

at this morning's weather.

0:46:070:46:10

Here's Nick with a look

at this morning's weather.

0:46:100:46:11

If he had a drab

0:46:110:46:13

If he had a drab Saturday it is a

sunny Sunday but there are snow

0:46:130:46:15

showers and a cold north-westerly

wind blowing across the UK.

0:46:150:46:18

showers and a cold north-westerly

wind blowing across the UK. Some of

0:46:180:46:19

us will wake up the snow after some

across Scotland last night, heavy

0:46:190:46:24

four a time. Speckled cloud on the

satellite indicates showers coming

0:46:240:46:28

in. They are coming from the west,

so western parts of the UK will see

0:46:280:46:33

most of these. Sundry Madaya going

to drift further east and a lot of

0:46:330:46:37

these showers even away from hills

will be falling snow or hail but

0:46:370:46:41

particularly in the hills of western

Scotland, Northern Ireland in the

0:46:410:46:45

north-west England we will see some

settling snow and the wind may be

0:46:450:46:49

drifting in the hills of western

Scotland we are creatures will be

0:46:490:46:52

barely above freezing -- where

temperatures. Eastern Scotland, this

0:46:520:46:57

is the picture at 3pm down the

eastern side of England but also

0:46:570:47:01

here, one or two showers drifting

through. Which snow or hail or sleet

0:47:010:47:05

coming through. What is certainly a

much colder feeling day compared to

0:47:050:47:10

yesterday, especially with the wind.

More like around two or three

0:47:100:47:14

degrees from Northern Ireland and

Scotland. Even into the hills,

0:47:140:47:17

closer to freezing. 87 across

southern England but not really

0:47:170:47:22

double figures for anyone. A feed of

the snow showers coming in towards

0:47:220:47:26

the western parts in particular,

adding to the snow we have on the

0:47:260:47:30

ground, especially in the hills, and

turning icy again with a widespread

0:47:300:47:34

frost going into Monday morning. You

know there is a cold filter things

0:47:340:47:38

on Monday morning, showers around

particularly in the western Scotland

0:47:380:47:42

but few elsewhere, warned the way a

fun trying. The wind still do more

0:47:420:47:47

to the south-westerly later in the

day so temperatures are going to be

0:47:470:47:51

quite as low -- are not going to be

quite as low. The system in the

0:47:510:47:56

Atlantic is coming Monday into

Tuesday to let look at that. Frontal

0:47:560:48:00

system, it tells the head of it in

the western coast is, and with it,

0:48:000:48:04

rain and snow. We could well see

some significant snow falling into

0:48:040:48:10

Scotland, especially in the hills

but not just, many in Scotland

0:48:100:48:13

waking to a covering of snow on

Tuesday morning and some parts of

0:48:130:48:17

northern England as well. Rain and

snow at times in the week ahead,

0:48:170:48:21

some of it disruptive. It will often

be windy with gales and places too.

0:48:210:48:26

Nick, thank you. It is just before

6:50 AM. It is time for click.

0:48:260:48:35

This is how a self-driving

car sees the world.

0:48:580:49:02

Lidar sensors feed the car

with a continuous 360-degree view

0:49:020:49:04

of its surroundings, along

with crucial depth information.

0:49:040:49:11

It is the key technology

for a successful autonomous drive.

0:49:110:49:18

This week, in the US,

a mighty court case got under way

0:49:180:49:22

as Google's autonomous

car spin-off company

0:49:220:49:24

Waymo and Uber locked horns

in a battle that could have seen

0:49:240:49:27

Uber's self-driving

taxi plans stall.

0:49:270:49:31

What was expected to be a three-week

battle over who had access

0:49:310:49:35

to the secret keys that make

autonomous cars work was suddenly

0:49:350:49:38

ended on Friday, as the two sides

agreed to stop locking horns

0:49:380:49:41

and work together.

0:49:410:49:43

An out-of-court settlement seems

to have sealed the deal.

0:49:430:49:48

With that possible roadblock

removed, Uber's plans to taxi us

0:49:480:49:50

around without a driver

are a step closer, and they're

0:49:500:49:53

not stopping there.

0:49:530:49:57

Uber continues to look

to the future of transportation,

0:49:570:50:01

which in just a few years might look

very different to the way

0:50:010:50:04

it looks now.

0:50:040:50:05

Dan Simmons has been looking up.

0:50:050:50:13

Even self-driving cabs

will get stuck in jams,

0:50:130:50:15

so this is Uber's vision.

0:50:150:50:18

When you're tight

for time, go by air.

0:50:180:50:21

It's ambitious and so

is the time scale.

0:50:210:50:26

Our goals is by 2022

to launch our first demonstrator

0:50:260:50:30

flights in Dallas and Los Angeles,

to show that as a proof of concept

0:50:300:50:33

that can work, and then work

to scale by 2023 and 2025,

0:50:330:50:37

so we're providing commercial

flights to a lot of our riders,

0:50:370:50:40

giving them a new way to travel.

0:50:400:50:46

One of Uber's partners,

Bell Helicopters, has shown

0:50:460:50:49

off its design for a four-seater

cabin, which could include a pilot.

0:50:490:50:52

Here's their 360-view

with the alternative set up -

0:50:520:50:55

four seats, four passengers.

0:50:550:50:59

The aircraft, like our cars,

would navigate automatically.

0:50:590:51:02

It's electric with a range

of about 60 miles, they say.

0:51:020:51:09

We've seen other designs

for air taxis of late,

0:51:090:51:12

including Chinese firm EHang's 184,

which recently shuttled actual

0:51:120:51:14

people in this autopiloted drone.

0:51:140:51:21

And this air cab by German firm

Volocopter, which uses 18 motors

0:51:210:51:25

and nine separate battery

packs - just in case.

0:51:250:51:32

While NASA and the FAA are working

on new air traffic control systems

0:51:320:51:35

for this type of craft

in the United States,

0:51:350:51:40

it's the FAA that will have to be

convinced self-piloting electric air

0:51:400:51:43

cabs are safe.

0:51:430:51:46

We will ask the applicants to come

forward with engineering proposals

0:51:460:51:49

and what tests they propose to do,

so that we can assure that

0:51:490:51:57

if there's a fire or a short

or if something goes wrong

0:51:590:52:02

during a flight, that somebody can

safely land and get away from that

0:52:020:52:06

aircraft before it does damage

to people on the aircraft,

0:52:060:52:08

or on the ground, for that matter.

0:52:080:52:10

So, will it work?

0:52:100:52:11

Here's Uber's case study.

0:52:110:52:12

We've landed in LA, traffic's

a nightmare and a taxi would take us

0:52:120:52:18

80 minutes.

0:52:180:52:19

Whereas the air trip

to the sky port,

0:52:190:52:21

plus a short transfer,

is less than half an hour.

0:52:210:52:24

And Uber says it could end up

costing about the same amount.

0:52:240:52:32

OK, there are many reasons why

self-flying taxis sound like a good

0:52:320:52:35

idea,

but when you're saving less than one

0:52:350:52:37

hour, Uber's dream will need to run

smoothly to deliver.

0:52:370:52:45

Apologies, Mr Simmons,

very busy airspace right now.

0:52:530:52:55

It's blade-to-blade up there.

0:52:550:52:58

BLEEP.

0:52:580:53:02

Unfortunately, the weather's

closing in, Mr Simmons.

0:53:020:53:04

We're not quite sure we're

going to be able to get

0:53:040:53:07

you in tonight.

0:53:070:53:08

BLEEP.

0:53:080:53:12

Really sorry, we're just

cleaning out the cabin.

0:53:120:53:16

BLEEP.

0:53:160:53:18

You're two kilograms

over, I'm afraid.

0:53:180:53:20

Might want to lose the penguin?

0:53:200:53:22

BLEEP.

0:53:220:53:26

Ah!

0:53:260:53:26

We're just recharging your taxi

at the moment, Mr Simmons,

0:53:260:53:30

it'll be a while.

0:53:300:53:31

At least that last one shouldn't be

too much of a problem.

0:53:310:53:35

Uber have teamed up with EV

specialists Charge Point

0:53:350:53:37

and are predicting a four-minute

charge up time.

0:53:370:53:39

Now, that would be special.

0:53:390:53:45

Sorry, you're running 17.5 seconds

late and the pilot's had to cancel.

0:53:450:53:48

Please do book again via the app.

0:53:480:53:52

But perhaps the most challenging

part of this project is to get us,

0:53:520:53:55

the public, comfortable

with the idea of taking an air taxi.

0:53:550:54:00

When we think about consumer

adoption of new technologies,

0:54:000:54:02

this is not a problem that's novel

or unique to air travel.

0:54:020:54:08

We saw this with elevators,

when they first came out,

0:54:080:54:12

and actually, in order to get

consumers comfortable with it,

0:54:120:54:14

an elevator operator

would remain in the elevator,

0:54:140:54:22

even after it was made electronic,

just to give consumers comfort.

0:54:240:54:28

We're going to be doing the same

with the autonomous vehicles right

0:54:280:54:32

now as we have safety

drivers staying in the car,

0:54:320:54:34

explaining this sort

of technology to riders,

0:54:340:54:36

and the same will be

true with our pilots.

0:54:360:54:39

We will be launching

with pilots who will serve not

0:54:390:54:42

only

as the operators of the flight,

0:54:420:54:43

but as an ambassador to get riders

comfortable with this

0:54:430:54:46

new mode of transport,

so soon enough they'll forget

0:54:460:54:51

about its novelty and get back

to their texting and making other

0:54:510:54:54

use of their time during transit.

0:54:540:54:56

Just like the Uber-Waymo court case

over who owns the specialist tech

0:54:560:54:59

that makes self-driving cars work,

the creation of the flying cab

0:54:590:55:02

will no doubt have its

own dogfight in court.

0:55:020:55:05

Perhaps that's another reason why

Uber's keen to get in early.

0:55:050:55:13

Flying high isn't fun

for everyone, though.

0:55:140:55:17

Ooh!

0:55:170:55:24

Hello, world.

0:55:240:55:25

Acrophobia, or fear of heights,

is one of the most common phobias,

0:55:250:55:29

but this virtual reality

therapy hopes to help.

0:55:290:55:31

Sweating again.

0:55:310:55:33

Chan here can confidently fly

a plane, but when it comes

0:55:330:55:36

to heights in general,

it's a different story.

0:55:360:55:41

Oh, no.

0:55:410:55:44

Oh, I've gotta move.

0:55:440:55:48

Oh, I can't do it.

0:55:480:55:50

Come back.

0:55:500:55:52

I can't move while I'm out there.

0:55:520:55:58

I need to be back here to do that.

0:55:580:56:00

I couldn't go up the ladder.

0:56:000:56:01

I just couldn't go up the ladder.

0:56:010:56:03

I couldn't go over high bridges.

0:56:030:56:05

If I drove to Wales,

I went round the long way as opposed

0:56:050:56:08

to going over the bridge.

0:56:080:56:10

I just don't like open heights

but I can jump in an aeroplane

0:56:100:56:13

and fly an aeroplane -

that's a completely different

0:56:130:56:16

environment.

0:56:160:56:16

In my head it is,

at least, for sure.

0:56:160:56:19

Welcome back.

0:56:190:56:19

Oh, God, it is dark.

0:56:190:56:22

Oh, it's dark.

0:56:220:56:23

How are you feeling?

0:56:230:56:25

Anxious, sweaty, nervous.

0:56:250:56:29

Even though you've been to

the process of doing this before...

0:56:290:56:32

Yeah.

0:56:320:56:33

..you still feel the same level

of anxiety doing that now,

0:56:330:56:37

Or would you say it's

dramatically reduced?

0:56:370:56:39

I'm way more confident.

0:56:390:56:40

I've got much more confidence

in doing it now than I did

0:56:400:56:43

the first time round.

0:56:430:56:44

Having taken part in this trial,

using VR to recreate the sensation

0:56:440:56:47

of being high up and dealing

with that, he feels to some extent

0:56:470:56:51

that he's overcome his phobia.

0:56:510:56:54

I was on holiday with some

friends, they were going

0:56:540:56:57

on the roller-coasters.

0:56:570:56:58

I talked about this VR thing

that we were doing and they said

0:56:580:57:05

"Well, then, you should be able

to come on the ride."

0:57:050:57:08

So I watched my family

and my friends go round a couple

0:57:080:57:11

more times and then just thought

"Well, I can do this."

0:57:110:57:14

If you look to your left,

you'll see a basket of light balls.

0:57:140:57:18

What I need you to do is throw

the light balls down

0:57:180:57:21

into the atrium.

0:57:210:57:25

I think VR can treat pretty much any

type of fear or phobia,

0:57:250:57:28

so it might be, for example,

a fear of a cat or a spider or dogs.

0:57:280:57:33

What VR can enable you to do

is relearn that actually

0:57:330:57:36

you are safe in the

situations you fear.

0:57:360:57:38

The beauty of VR is,

in fact, that disconnect.

0:57:380:57:40

When you're there, you know

actually you're not really

0:57:400:57:43

in that environment.

0:57:430:57:44

And that enables you to do things

you wouldn't normally do in the real

0:57:440:57:47

world, but all the scientific data

says that the learning that you make

0:57:470:57:51

in VR does transfer

into the real world.

0:57:510:57:53

So that's the potential,

it makes people much more willing

0:57:530:57:56

So that's the real potential in VR.

0:57:560:57:58

It makes people much more willing

0:57:580:57:59

to try things and to

actually engage in therapy.

0:57:590:58:02

Although I am slightly

terrified of roller-coasters,

0:58:020:58:04

I don't actually suffer

from a fear of heights,

0:58:040:58:06

but naturally,

I wanted to have a go.

0:58:060:58:09

OK, I did just suddenly get that

funny kind of tingy feeling

0:58:090:58:12

at my feet.

0:58:120:58:13

I hope I don't drop the cat.

0:58:130:58:17

But it was certainly

an immersive VR experience.

0:58:170:58:19

I believed at some points

I was looking down over a building.

0:58:190:58:23

I get how this could work and take

you to a certain level that

0:58:230:58:27

you could then do certain

things in the real world.

0:58:270:58:29

The concept here goes

further, though.

0:58:290:58:31

In this programme, you're

going to try a series of tasks.

0:58:310:58:34

Earlier this month,

it was announced that the UK's

0:58:340:58:36

National Health Service is invested

in this idea of using virtual

0:58:360:58:39

reality therapy to battle severe

mental health issues,

0:58:390:58:45

by putting sufferers in a virtual

environment they would struggle

0:58:450:58:47

with in the real world.

0:58:470:58:50

This immersive approach,

plus the availability of virtual

0:58:500:58:52

therapists, could more readily

provide more therapy to more people,

0:58:520:58:55

at a lower cost.

0:58:550:59:00

At the heart of all mental health

problems are difficulties

0:59:000:59:04

interacting in the world

and with VR, we can put people back

0:59:040:59:07

in the situations that trouble them

and coach them in the best ways

0:59:070:59:11

to think, feel and behave

in those situations.

0:59:110:59:15

We have got to test it,

we have got to trial and make sure

0:59:150:59:18

that things work, but

the potential is enormous.

0:59:180:59:22

That was Lara looking at how doctors

may soon be veering away

0:59:220:59:25

from traditional therapies

and prescribing a good dose

0:59:250:59:28

of virtual reality.

0:59:280:59:31

That's it for the short

cut of Click this week.

0:59:310:59:34

The full-length version is waiting

for you right now on iPlayer,

0:59:340:59:37

and we are waiting for

you on Facebook and on Twitter

0:59:370:59:40

throughout every week too.

0:59:400:59:46

We live @ BBCClick.

0:59:460:59:47

Thanks for watching

and we'll see you soon.

0:59:470:59:55

Hello.

1:00:091:00:09

This is Breakfast, with Ben Thompson

and Naga Munchetty.

1:00:091:00:12

A warning that UK charities

could have their government funding

1:00:121:00:15

withdrawn if they don't

co-operate with authorities

1:00:151:00:16

over safeguarding issues.

1:00:161:00:24

It follows reports that some Oxfam

workers used prostitutes

1:00:261:00:28

in Haiti in 2010.

1:00:281:00:29

It's facing further

allegations this morning.

1:00:291:00:37

Good morning.

1:00:401:00:43

The damage caused by alcohol.

1:00:431:00:44

A new parliamentary report says more

than one-third of child deaths

1:00:441:00:47

and serious injuries through neglect

in England are linked

1:00:471:00:50

to parental drinking.

1:00:501:00:58

The Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

arrives in Myanmar to discuss

1:00:581:01:01

the plight of Rohingya refugees

with the de facto leader

1:01:011:01:03

Aung San Suu Kyi.

1:01:031:01:05

Good morning.

1:01:051:01:05

In sport.

1:01:051:01:06

It's a "May Day" For Wales.

1:01:061:01:07

England make it two wins out of two

with a hard-fought win over Wales

1:01:071:01:11

at Twickenham after two

dries from Johnny May.

1:01:111:01:19

Temperatures could be at a record

low for athletes in South Korea.

1:01:231:01:26

We'll hear how Team GB

are kitted out to cope.

1:01:261:01:29

But what about the

temperatures here?

1:01:291:01:30

Nick has the weather.

1:01:301:01:31

Good morning. A much colder feel to

things today. Icy in places.

1:01:311:01:41

Snow and hail

in the north and west of the UK.

1:01:411:01:44

I have all of your Sunday weather

and a look at the week to come.

1:01:441:01:48

Thank you very much, Nick.

1:01:481:01:50

Good morning.

1:01:501:01:51

Charities doing overseas aid work

will lose government funding

1:01:511:01:54

if they fail to ensure

that vulnerable people

1:01:541:01:56

are properly protected.

1:01:561:01:57

That warning came from International

Development Secretary Penny

1:01:571:01:59

Mordaunt.

1:01:591:01:59

She described the behaviour of some

of Oxfam's workers in Haiti,

1:01:591:02:02

who were accused of using

prostitutes in the aftermath

1:02:021:02:05

of the 2010 earthquake,

as "horrific."

1:02:051:02:06

The charity is also facing

new allegations about some

1:02:061:02:09

of its workers in Chad.

1:02:091:02:10

Andy Moore reports.

1:02:101:02:17

After Haiti, now, new allegations

about the behaviour of some Oxfam

1:02:171:02:20

workers in Chad in central Africa.

1:02:201:02:22

They date back to 2006 and also

involve prostitutes.

1:02:221:02:24

The head of mission in Chad

at the time was the same man

1:02:241:02:28

who resigned from Oxfam five years

later because of the scandal in

1:02:281:02:31

Haiti.

1:02:311:02:39

Oxfam said it was shocked

and dismayed about the latest

1:02:421:02:45

revelations from Chad.

1:02:451:02:47

It said it couldn't corroborate

the information but it highlighted

1:02:471:02:49

unacceptable behaviour

by a small number of people.

1:02:491:02:51

The International Development

Secretary, Penny Mordaunt,

1:02:511:02:52

has now sent a strong warning

to charities receiving EU money

1:02:521:02:55

that those funds will be withdrawn

unless they can prove

1:02:551:02:58

they are cooperating fully

on safeguarding issues.

1:02:581:03:00

She said this.

1:03:001:03:01

She called the behaviour by some

Oxfam workers in Haiti "Horrific,"

1:03:011:03:04

and said it was just one

example of a wider issue

1:03:041:03:07

on which her department

was already taking action.

1:03:071:03:09

The former Secretary of State

for International Trade is also

1:03:091:03:12

calling for tougher action.

1:03:121:03:20

This is now an opportunity

for everyone to make sure

1:03:341:03:37

that there are very clear,

not just guidelines,

1:03:371:03:39

but actions, action,

will be taken and money will be

1:03:391:03:42

withdrawn as well quite frankly

if there is inappropriate behaviour.

1:03:421:03:45

Oxfam says that after Haiti,

it set up a dedicated safeguarding

1:03:451:03:48

team to deal with such issues.

1:03:481:03:50

The charity finds itself

at the centre of this particular

1:03:501:03:52

scandal that the British

government said is one example

1:03:521:03:54

of a wider problem.

1:03:541:03:56

Andy Moore, BBC News.

1:03:561:03:59

Let's speak now to our political

correspondent, Emma Vardy who's

1:03:591:04:02

in our London newsroom.

1:04:021:04:03

Emma, how significant

are these warnings?

1:04:031:04:09

What is most significant here is

that it shows concerns over the

1:04:091:04:16

behaviour of aid workers overseas is

not just limited to this scandal

1:04:161:04:19

over Oxfam. Penny Mordaunt said it

is despicable this exists in the aid

1:04:191:04:29

sector. Charities around the country

will receive these letters asking

1:04:291:04:33

them to ensure safeguarding, and to

make sure any issues are flagged to

1:04:331:04:40

the relevant authorities. It could

not be much clearer. Anyone that

1:04:401:04:45

does not stick to the letter of the

law will not get government funding.

1:04:451:04:50

Oxfam got £32 million of government

money last year. The swift action

1:04:501:04:54

pending boarded is taking shows she

knows the potential this has to

1:04:541:05:02

undermine public confidence in the

way foreign aid money is spent. --

1:05:021:05:05

penny

1:05:051:05:13

penny -- Penny Mordaunt.

1:05:131:05:14

More than a third of child deaths

and serious injuries caused

1:05:141:05:17

by neglect in England are linked

to parents who drink too much

1:05:171:05:20

alcohol, according to

a new parliamentary report.

1:05:201:05:22

It also found that nearly

all councils have cut their budgets

1:05:221:05:25

for alcohol support services.

1:05:251:05:26

Our health correspondent,

Adina Campbell, has more.

1:05:261:05:28

Dad of six, Josh Conolly,

knows first-hand about the damage

1:05:281:05:31

alcohol can have on a family.

1:05:311:05:32

His father was an alcoholic

and died when he was nine.

1:05:321:05:35

I remember one particular instant

he smashed all the windows

1:05:351:05:38

by the door and was waving a knife

through one of the windows

1:05:381:05:42

and police came up

and took him away.

1:05:421:05:44

At the same time you are trying

to deal with it all,

1:05:441:05:47

you are also trying to keep it

a secret, and so it's

1:05:471:05:50

about repressing it.

1:05:501:05:51

You naturally get an unhealthy

coping mechanism.

1:05:511:05:53

The impacts of parents abusing

alcohol in England are outlined

1:05:531:05:56

in a new parliamentary report.

1:05:561:05:57

It found more than a third of child

deaths and injuries through neglect

1:05:571:06:01

were linked to parents

thinking alcohol.

1:06:011:06:02

While nearly two thirds of all care

applications involved misuse

1:06:021:06:05

of alcohol or drugs.

1:06:051:06:06

And children with alcohol-dependent

parents had feelings of stigma,

1:06:061:06:08

shame, and guilt.

1:06:081:06:09

The report also used data

from a Freedom of Information

1:06:091:06:12

investigation which found almost

all councils in England are cutting

1:06:121:06:15

back their budgets

for this kind of care.

1:06:151:06:23

When we start to understand that

addiction and alcoholism

1:06:361:06:39

is all based on trauma,

it's all based on some kind

1:06:391:06:42

of trauma, if we understand that,

we can begin to break the cycles

1:06:421:06:45

and prevent, you know,

addictions of the future.

1:06:451:06:48

The government says work is under

way on a new Children

1:06:481:06:56

of Alcoholics Strategy in addition

to new higher duties

1:07:011:07:03

to target cheap alcohol.

1:07:031:07:04

Josh has turned his life around,

but he believes there are many

1:07:041:07:07

children who will end up

suffering in silence.

1:07:071:07:10

Adina Campbell, BBC News.

1:07:101:07:16

The Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

has met the Myanmar leader

1:07:161:07:19

Aung San Suu Kyi for talks,

a day after saying Rohigya refugees

1:07:191:07:22

should be allowed a safe

and dignified return.

1:07:221:07:24

Nearly 700,000 Rohingya Muslims have

crossed the border into neighbouring

1:07:241:07:27

Bangladesh, after a crackdown

by the Burmese military.

1:07:271:07:29

Reeta Chakrabarti is travelling

with the Foreign Secretary,

1:07:291:07:31

and sent this report.

1:07:311:07:39

There were smiles this morning

as Boris Johnson shook hands

1:07:431:07:46

with Aung San Suu Kyi

in the capital, Naypyidaw,

1:07:461:07:48

but the plight of the Rohingya

people will be a difficult topic.

1:07:481:07:52

The Burmese leaders has suffered

a spectacular fall from grace

1:07:521:07:54

in international public opinion

after failing to defend the rights

1:07:541:07:57

of the Rohingya.

1:07:571:07:58

Boris Johnson met some

of the refugees on a tour of one

1:07:581:08:01

of the camps in Bangladesh

yesterday, and said that

1:08:011:08:04

international diplomacy needed

to focus on a safe and dignified

1:08:041:08:06

return to home for them.

1:08:061:08:13

It's about finding a political

solution, finding an answer

1:08:131:08:15

in Myanmar from Burma,

creating the conditions for a safe,

1:08:151:08:18

dignified return for these people.

1:08:181:08:19

That's what they want.

1:08:191:08:21

They do want to go back,

but they don't feel safe.

1:08:211:08:24

But he admitted that right now that

seemed like a distant prospect.

1:08:241:08:31

Later today, Mr Johnson will be

taken by the Myanmar military

1:08:331:08:36

on a tour of the Rakhine State

from where the refugees fled,

1:08:361:08:39

alleging arson, looting, rape,

and murder by soldiers

1:08:391:08:41

and Buddhist mobs.

1:08:411:08:42

Reeta Chakrabati, BBC News,

Naypyidaw, in Myanmar.

1:08:421:08:50

The Israeli military has described

the airstrikes it carried out

1:08:501:08:53

in Syria yesterday as probably

the biggest of their kind

1:08:531:08:55

in the last 30 years.

1:08:551:08:57

The attacks took place

after an Israeli military aircraft

1:08:571:08:59

was brought down.

1:08:591:09:00

A spokesman said 12 sites were hit,

including four Iranian targets.

1:09:001:09:08

The government is proposing that

energy companies be allowed to see

1:09:181:09:21

the personal data of some customers

at risk of being in fuel poverty.

1:09:211:09:24

The idea is part of a consultation

looking at how best to protect

1:09:241:09:28

people who could be struggling

to pay their bills.

1:09:281:09:30

Our business correspondent,

Joe Lynam, explains.

1:09:301:09:32

We all hate getting our energy

bills, but for some,

1:09:321:09:34

it can push them into real

financial difficulties,

1:09:341:09:37

known as "fuel poverty."

1:09:371:09:38

Now the government wants to find

a new way of automatically

1:09:381:09:41

protecting up to 2 million energy

users by letting suppliers know

1:09:411:09:44

a lot more about them.

1:09:441:09:48

It's launching a consultation

into something called "data

1:09:481:09:50

matching,"

1:09:501:09:55

which could allow local authorities

to share personal information

1:09:551:09:57

with energy suppliers.

1:09:571:09:58

But only with their consent,

and if users are getting state

1:09:581:10:01

benefits and are in

financial trouble.

1:10:011:10:05

Then they could automatically be

placed on a cheaper safeguard tariff

1:10:051:10:08

for their gas and electricity.

1:10:081:10:11

4 million people are already

on that lower rate.

1:10:111:10:19

The energy watchdog,

Ofgem, says anyone placed

1:10:191:10:21

on the new safeguard tariff

could save £66 per year for each

1:10:211:10:25

if this plan proceeds.

1:10:251:10:31

That could be valuable as household

energy bills are rising.

1:10:311:10:36

Joe Lynam, BBC News.

1:10:361:10:38

We all know that drinking too much

alcohol can be damaging

1:10:381:10:41

to our own health, but as we've been

hearing this morning,

1:10:411:10:44

the effects on the children

of alcoholics can be devastating.

1:10:441:10:47

Let's talk to two people now

who have direct experience of this

1:10:471:10:50

problem, Jo Huey, whose

father was an alcoholic,

1:10:501:10:53

and Tod Sulivan, who also had

an alcoholic parent and now works

1:10:531:10:56

in the sector.

1:10:561:10:57

Good morning. Explain your

situation. The statistics are

1:10:571:10:59

staggering.

My father was an

alcoholic. Ever since I was as young

1:10:591:11:05

as I can remember, he was a drinker.

The home environment was very

1:11:051:11:10

difficult in terms of not knowing

what he was going to say, how he was

1:11:101:11:15

going to react and behave. What is

common is living on shells. You do

1:11:151:11:24

not know what he is going to do,

what he is going to say. I would

1:11:241:11:29

hope he would be pleased to see me,

but you never really knew what mood

1:11:291:11:33

he would be in. He would come

through the door and it is a

1:11:331:11:46

through the door and it is a case of

wondering if he is in a good mood,

1:11:491:11:52

should I back off, will this be

received in a good way? It creates

1:11:521:11:56

anxiety. You do not know what to do.

And for me, it was an emotionally

1:11:561:12:00

and physically abuse of home, a lot

of loneliness for me. And I felt

1:12:001:12:04

very disconnected. I did not feel

understood. I did not have a good

1:12:041:12:07

relationship with my dad. He was

absent. He spent a lot of time

1:12:071:12:11

drinking and sat in his car, in his

bedroom, and would not join us for

1:12:111:12:17

dinner, breakfast, anything like

that. He would very much separate

1:12:171:12:20

himself off.

One of the statistics

were looking out from this

1:12:201:12:25

parliamentary report into parental

alcohol misuse, it shows one third

1:12:251:12:30

of serious injuries of children in

England are caused by neglect by

1:12:301:12:35

parents who are drinking. Did you

ever get to that point?

For me, it

1:12:351:12:40

never got as far as Accident and

Emergency, GPs, everything in a home

1:12:401:12:53

of drinking is a secret. I would

guess those figures are low as

1:12:531:12:57

nothing is reported.

What she is

describing, that leads into adult

1:12:571:13:00

life as well. There are issues you

have to deal with. It is not just

1:13:001:13:04

what happens to children now, it is

how it impacts society moving

1:13:041:13:07

forward.

Absolutely. It does not

have to be a dramatic, obvious

1:13:071:13:11

situation at home where you would

expect services to get involved. My

1:13:111:13:15

father was very high functioning.

Services were never concerned. My

1:13:151:13:22

experiences were different to those.

The feelings and reactions I have

1:13:221:13:27

two things have carried on all

through my life. Understanding that

1:13:271:13:32

is huge.

How difficult is it to

identify these problems? In a family

1:13:321:13:37

unit, it is difficult to speak out.

Where do you go for help?

It is

1:13:371:13:43

really difficult. You have to

issues. If I am a child, I never

1:13:431:13:49

want to tell people my parent is

doing something wrong -- two issues.

1:13:491:13:52

We think our childhood is normal,

whoever we are. We do not want to be

1:13:521:13:58

seen as telling tales. But you do

not think your family is different

1:13:581:14:03

to anyone else. That is why it is

incredible to hear this other voice,

1:14:031:14:09

it is so powerful.

What difference

does this mean for you in your adult

1:14:091:14:14

life? Touching on that. How has it

manifested?

In so many ways. Living

1:14:141:14:20

in a home of addiction is complex.

So, there are things like becoming

1:14:201:14:26

overly responsible because you have

to help out in the home and do

1:14:261:14:30

things you never had to do with role

model parents. You can develop

1:14:301:14:38

anxiety, PTSD is very undiagnosed

and can affect you into your adult

1:14:381:14:43

life. Depression, loneliness, the

list goes on. In afraid of figures

1:14:431:14:48

of authority. Very black-and-white

thinking. Things like that.

We are

1:14:481:14:55

talking about this now. What needs

to be done? It is all well and good

1:14:551:14:59

the report is identifying these

issues. So...

It is about giving

1:14:591:15:05

opportunities for people who have

had these experiences to share them

1:15:051:15:08

so they feel less alone and less

afraid to come forward. Having

1:15:081:15:12

individual areas, strategies, for

dealing with it recognising each

1:15:121:15:16

individual area is different. A big

town is different to a coast, a

1:15:161:15:24

city, different communities, and

things like that. That is vital,

1:15:241:15:27

appreciate each community is

different. My belief is inside each

1:15:271:15:31

community they have what they need

to heal themselves. You just need to

1:15:311:15:35

ask the questions to figure that

out.

Thank you, both of you, for

1:15:351:15:39

coming in.

Thank you.

1:15:391:15:43

Let's have a look at the weather.

Good

1:15:431:15:47

Let's have a look at the weather.

Good morning, a colder day today, an

1:15:471:15:50

icy start in places with rain and

snow clearing overnight,

1:15:501:15:54

temperatures have dropped and ice on

untreated surfaces and where we're

1:15:541:15:58

getting wintry showers in the

north-west initially... Elsewhere

1:15:581:16:02

today there will be sunshine around,

an improvement for many compare the

1:16:021:16:06

two yesterday but some of these

showers on a cold feel in date. --

1:16:061:16:09

compared to. -- collar, cold feeling

date. The showers poised to move him

1:16:091:16:18

from the Atlantic -- cold feeling

day. A lot of these showers are

1:16:181:16:23

falling today as snow or hail in

these cold north-westerly winds.

1:16:231:16:27

Where you see the Greenland, these

are the clear areas to southern and

1:16:271:16:31

eastern parts where we're getting

sunshine -- green land. Showers

1:16:311:16:37

continue to pack into western

Scotland, in the hills, several

1:16:371:16:41

centimetres of snow accumulating and

the wind drifting into Northern

1:16:411:16:45

Ireland, north-west England and into

the Pennines and snow to low levels

1:16:451:16:49

as well, maybe some temporary

accumulations in places.

1:16:491:16:58

accumulations in places. Some sunny

spells. A colder day, temperatures

1:16:581:17:02

around three to seven. Into the

hills of northern England, Scotland

1:17:021:17:07

and Northern Ireland, around

freezing all day long. Overnight

1:17:071:17:13

while many southern and eastern

parts clear up, we continue with

1:17:131:17:16

showers moving into the north-west,

many falling as no. Accumulations

1:17:161:17:20

especially but not just into the

hills and icy conditions as the

1:17:201:17:26

temperatures dip -- as snow. A

frosty start, icy in places. The

1:17:261:17:31

snow showers are still there pushing

into western Scotland, easing later

1:17:311:17:35

in the date. For many it is a dry

sunny day on Monday, feeling less

1:17:351:17:40

cold as the wind pivots down to a

south-westerly later in the day --

1:17:401:17:45

later in the day. Monday night into

Tuesday night, initially the winds

1:17:451:17:50

will pick up, gales along western

parts but turning windier for a time

1:17:501:17:55

and then as the front moves across

the UK into Tuesday morning, rain,

1:17:551:17:59

sleet and snow and the risk of

significant snow into Scotland,

1:17:591:18:03

parts of northern England as Tuesday

begins perhaps with an impact on

1:18:031:18:07

travel. We'll keep you updated on

that. As the week plays out,

1:18:071:18:11

changeable, further weather systems

coming from the Atlantic at times

1:18:111:18:15

with rain and snow and particularly

snow in northern parts of the UK,

1:18:151:18:22

not just on hills, so destructive

snow and it will often be windy with

1:18:221:18:26

gales at times, especially in the

west and that's how your week is

1:18:261:18:29

shaping up.

Use of all the good

stuff for us! -- you say.

1:18:291:18:38

We love

1:18:381:18:38

We love talking about sleep on

Breakfast for obvious reasons. Is

1:18:381:18:41

this your dream job? Three days in

bed solid just watching box sets,

1:18:411:18:50

chilling out, doing not much else.

Perfect. Don't you get to the point

1:18:501:18:56

when you just want to do something

else, it is too much?

1:18:561:19:03

They're called pillownauts

and they're actually lounging around

1:19:031:19:05

so scientists can learn more

about the effects of zero gravity

1:19:051:19:08

on astronauts in space.

1:19:081:19:09

Hannah Meredith has

been to meet them.

1:19:091:19:11

This is the nearest I'll

be to being in space.

1:19:111:19:15

It's life but not as we know it.

1:19:151:19:20

These are two of ten volunteers

spending three days in a bit that is

1:19:201:19:24

tipped by minus six degrees.

1:19:241:19:27

The head lower than

the body to simulate

1:19:271:19:28

the effects of zero gravity.

1:19:281:19:30

Pillownauts is the term used

for healthy participants

1:19:301:19:32

that undertake bed rest studies

and they immitate being astronauts

1:19:321:19:35

but lying in bed.

1:19:351:19:36

On earth, our bodies are continually

working against gravity

1:19:361:19:38

but in space, weightlessness

creates problems.

1:19:381:19:46

They have muscle wasting

and develop osteoporosis.

1:19:461:19:48

They come back to earth prediabetic

and that is because they are being

1:19:481:19:52

so inactive in space, they are not

contracting their muscles.

1:19:521:19:55

The trial is running alongside

1:19:551:19:56

a project by the European Space

Agency.

1:19:561:19:58

Blood tests and muscle biopsies

monitor how the body is coping

1:19:581:20:01

but how are the pillownauts

themselves getting on?

1:20:011:20:05

You're slightly upside down so it's

not like literally hanging upside

1:20:051:20:08

down but there's a weird

distribution of sensation

1:20:081:20:11

in your body.

1:20:111:20:12

After a while I just got used to it

1:20:121:20:14

and then you didn't really

have any discomfort.

1:20:141:20:18

It just feels like

you're lying in bed.

1:20:181:20:20

I watched an entire

Netflix series yesterday.

1:20:201:20:22

That got me through the day.

1:20:221:20:25

Today, I've more freedom

with my arms so I'll be

1:20:251:20:28

writing my thesis.

1:20:281:20:29

Mars and Earth are neighbours

but it is estimated it

1:20:291:20:31

could still take nine months

for us to get there.

1:20:311:20:34

With Scientists wanting humans

on Mars by the 2030s,

1:20:341:20:37

they are working to make sure our

bodies can withstand the journey.

1:20:371:20:40

All the money's being funnelled

into these long-term bed rest

1:20:401:20:46

projects at the moment because we're

rapidly trying to develop the best

1:20:461:20:50

interventions we can to make sure

if we get an astronaut to Mars,

1:20:501:20:53

that they can

undertake their duties.

1:20:531:20:55

After three days in bed,

there will be three days

1:20:551:20:58

rehab to observe the

return-to-earth effect.

1:20:581:21:00

A small step in the world of space

exploration but all part

1:21:001:21:03

of the giant leap toward

manned missions to Mars.

1:21:031:21:06

Hannah Meredith, BBC News,

Nottingham.

1:21:061:21:09

That's not what I had in mind, I

thought it would be about duvets and

1:21:091:21:14

pillows.

It didn't look that

relaxing, did it?

Time to look at

1:21:141:21:20

the papers.

1:21:201:21:21

The astrophysicist Carol Mundell is

with us to tell us what's caught her

1:21:271:21:30

eye. Good morning. The first story

is in the Times, safety of a tower

1:21:301:21:37

blocks, in the light of Grenfell,

but this is slightly different?

This

1:21:371:21:43

is a very tall tower that's been

planned for London. Its 771 feet

1:21:431:21:48

tall. They only have one set of

stairs as a fire escape and the

1:21:481:21:56

safety inspectors have looked at

this and after Grenfell, it's very

1:21:561:21:59

topical, looking at the safety of

our skyscrapers, but there's lots of

1:21:591:22:04

technology in this tower, they are

pretty expensive if the sprinkler

1:22:041:22:10

systems work that's fine but the

idea is we should have built and

1:22:101:22:14

braces, so having two sets of stairs

in the modern day is a good thing.

A

1:22:141:22:19

similar issue when it came to

Grenfell because the issue was as it

1:22:191:22:23

was built, the tower was safe

because you could stay in place and

1:22:231:22:30

the fire would burn itself out, but

the modifications made since then...

1:22:301:22:34

The key area is very so in practice

you want belt and braces so if

1:22:341:22:39

anything fails there is another safe

way to get out.

If you're a designer

1:22:391:22:43

you want more floor space,

apartments and offices.

One set of

1:22:431:22:47

stairs isn't too much to argue.

The

world of beekeeping is always

1:22:471:22:54

fascinating, it feels like a very

Sundays story.

This is a lovely

1:22:541:22:58

story because it's very traditional

but also high-tech. This is a father

1:22:581:23:03

and son in Byron Bay and Australia

and they spent many years working on

1:23:031:23:06

a device to get the honey out of the

hive without having to disturb the

1:23:061:23:11

bees, because bees are in decline

and this is a worry for biodiversity

1:23:111:23:17

and a lot of our agriculture relies

on bees.

If you think about the

1:23:171:23:22

basic action of taking... You take

them out, kicked them out of their

1:23:221:23:26

home, raid their home and put them

back into replenish their home?

This

1:23:261:23:30

is a non-invasive way of doing this

so the cells in the beehive rotate,

1:23:301:23:34

the honey comes out, the bees don't

know anything about it and the other

1:23:341:23:38

part of this story is they thought

they would raise money by crowd

1:23:381:23:42

sourcing online and they have made

millions, so they are stunned

1:23:421:23:46

financially and they have helped the

bees so that's a great story.

This

1:23:461:23:50

device is on sale now?

For about

$380, people are buying it online

1:23:501:23:56

and they've raised literally

millions for this so hopefully it

1:23:561:23:59

will all of lotion I is the

industry.

We've talked a lot about

1:23:591:24:03

this this week -- hopefully it will

revolutionise. Early man and our

1:24:031:24:09

heritage. In the Observer we are

talking about Cheddar Gorge in

1:24:091:24:16

Somerset.

The ancient man was

discovered in 1901. Recently they

1:24:161:24:22

have found the DNA matches with a

gentleman in the village, which is

1:24:221:24:27

incredible, that link into history

and they've been able to reconstruct

1:24:271:24:30

what they think ancient man would

have looked like, dark skin, dark

1:24:301:24:36

hair and bright blue eyes so it

gives us an idea about the heritage

1:24:361:24:40

of our predecessors in terms of the

hunter gatherers around at the time.

1:24:401:24:44

Also the story about migration.

There's a great quote, it says

1:24:441:24:49

migration clearly has been the stand

standard agent for bringing about

1:24:491:24:54

cultural change. We think of it as

new but...

40,000 news, people move

1:24:541:24:59

and mix and that gives us greater

DNA diversity -- 40,000 years.

This

1:24:591:25:05

is from the Mail?

That's right.

The

development of a skin cancer

1:25:051:25:12

injection?

That's right. This is a

way to vaccinate patients that are

1:25:121:25:17

particularly susceptible to one of

the more deadly kinds of melanoma

1:25:171:25:20

and this new vaccine is particularly

effective they think for survival

1:25:201:25:24

rates after five years. Medics will

measure survival at one, five and

1:25:241:25:29

ten years. This is a way to target

the patients for whom this will be

1:25:291:25:34

most effective and potentially

immunise them against developing the

1:25:341:25:38

kind of aggressive skin cancer they

may be susceptible to. It actually

1:25:381:25:43

attacks or measures how cells behave

and how the immune system actually

1:25:431:25:47

responds to these cancer cells so

potentially very powerful for the

1:25:471:25:51

patients for whom it will be

relevant.

1:25:511:25:53

They are targeting it and it

diminishes the impact of when you're

1:25:531:25:58

being given medicine, it targets the

whole body?

That's right, it's

1:25:581:26:02

important the right people get it.

It won't be relevant for everyone

1:26:021:26:05

but for those that needed, this will

be very effective. Obviously with

1:26:051:26:10

all the same provisos to be safe in

the sun and those kinds of

1:26:101:26:14

conditions around skin cancer, this

a particular kind.

1:26:141:26:17

Can I pick your brains in astronomy

terms?

Please do.

Do we have the

1:26:171:26:24

blue suit and the red blood Moon in

the last couple of years, what is

1:26:241:26:28

the next big thing in the skies?

I think the next big thing will be

1:26:281:26:32

the first photograph of the event

horizon from a black hole.

Roll

1:26:321:26:39

back! What is that, event Horizon,

blackhole?

1:26:391:26:44

A black hole is a region in space

where gravity is so strong that not

1:26:441:26:49

even light can get out, we have

super black holes at the centre of

1:26:491:26:53

the Milky Way, it's a million times

the mass of the sun and it's the

1:26:531:26:57

size of the solar system and it is

sitting there with material spinning

1:26:571:27:01

around it. Last year scientists used

a network of radio telescopes around

1:27:011:27:05

the globe, they used the Earth as a

giant telescope, to peer into the

1:27:051:27:10

heart of the Milky Way to the centre

of the blackhole and they analysed

1:27:101:27:15

the data, it's very complex, they've

analysed the data for the last year

1:27:151:27:22

and they're hoping this year will be

the year when we can show the first

1:27:221:27:26

time the shadowing of that blackhole

as it shadows the material around

1:27:261:27:30

it. That for me is a state up

moment...

Which will happen?

We're

1:27:301:27:35

hoping in a few moments but we're

waiting to see how the data analysis

1:27:351:27:39

goes so watch this space. -- stay

up.

Thanks for the Tees, see you in

1:27:391:27:46

about an hour!

1:27:461:27:47

The Andrew Marr Show is back at nine

this morning on BBC One.

1:27:471:27:50

What's coming up, Andrew?

1:27:501:27:52

All across the papers, meltdown in

the charity sector, not just Oxfam

1:27:521:27:57

but Save the Children, many other

great British institutions under

1:27:571:28:00

fire and I'm joined by the Minister

in charge of that, the International

1:28:001:28:05

Development Secretary Penny Mordaunt

and I'm talking to Labour's Andrew

1:28:051:28:09

Whittingham and two of the arch

Remainers plotting in Parliament

1:28:091:28:12

against Brexit, Anna Soubry and

Chuka Umunna, and the leader of

1:28:121:28:17

Ukip, Henry Bolton, who's in trouble

around the relationship with his

1:28:171:28:22

former girlfriend and those tweets

so a busy hour at 9am.

It's always

1:28:221:28:26

busy, Andrew, thanks very much!

1:28:261:28:28

Coming up before the end

of the programme:

1:28:281:28:33

They've always had

the Royal seal of approval,

1:28:331:28:36

but Corgis fell out

of fashion for a while.

1:28:361:28:39

We'll hear how they've finally been

removed from an at risk list

1:28:391:28:43

thanks to the popularity

of the TV show The Crown.

1:28:431:28:48

Were going to have a dog on the sofa

as well.

1:28:481:28:51

Stay with us, headlines coming up.

1:28:511:28:54

Hello.

1:29:301:29:30

This is Breakfast with Ben Thompson

and Naga Munchetty.

1:29:301:29:33

Good morning.

1:29:331:29:33

Here's a summary of today's main

stories from BBC News.

1:29:331:29:38

Charities doing overseas aid work

will lose funding if they fail

1:29:381:29:41

to ensure that vulnerable people

are properly protectedm,

1:29:411:29:43

the government has warned.

1:29:431:29:44

International Development Secretary,

Penny Mordaunt, has condemned

1:29:441:29:46

as "Horrific" the behaviour of some

of Oxfam's workers in Haiti,

1:29:461:29:49

who were accused of using

prostitutes in the aftermath

1:29:491:29:51

of the 2010 earthquake.

1:29:511:29:52

The charity is also facing

new allegations about some

1:29:521:29:55

of its workers in Chad.

1:29:551:30:03

More than a third of child deaths

and serious injuries caused

1:30:081:30:11

by neglect in England are linked

to parents who have a problem

1:30:111:30:14

with alcohol, according

to a new parliamentary report.

1:30:141:30:16

The study, which was commissioned

by a group of MPs, also found that

1:30:161:30:20

nearly all councils

in England have cut funding

1:30:201:30:22

to alcohol support services.

1:30:221:30:23

The Department of Health said

it was working to see what support

1:30:231:30:26

it could offer to families.

1:30:261:30:28

The Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

has met the Myanmar leader

1:30:281:30:31

Aung San Suu Kyi for talks,

a day after saying Rohigya refugees

1:30:311:30:34

should be allowed a safe

and dignified return.

1:30:341:30:36

Nearly 700,000 Rohingya Muslims have

crossed the border into neighbouring

1:30:361:30:39

Bangladesh, after a crackdown

by the Burmese military.

1:30:391:30:47

The Israeli military has described

the airstrikes it carried out

1:30:491:30:53

in Syria yesterday as probably

the biggest of their kind

1:30:531:30:55

in the last 30 years.

1:30:551:30:57

The attacks took place

after an Israeli military aircraft

1:30:571:30:59

was brought down.

1:30:591:31:00

A spokesman said 12 sites were hit,

including four Iranian targets.

1:31:001:31:03

The attacks took place

after an Israeli military aircraft

1:31:031:31:05

was brought down.

1:31:051:31:12

The government is proposing that

energy companies be allowed to see

1:31:121:31:15

the personal data of some customers

at risk of being in fuel poverty.

1:31:151:31:18

The idea is part of a consultation

looking at how best to protect

1:31:181:31:22

people who could be struggling

to pay their bills -

1:31:221:31:25

and suggests that they could be

moved onto special lower tariffs.

1:31:251:31:28

The government thinks as many as two

million people might

1:31:281:31:30

benefit from scheme.

1:31:301:31:36

And now for the latest from the

winter Olympics. Interesting. The

1:31:361:31:46

weather claimed some events.

Some of

them have been cancelled. Whatever

1:31:461:31:52

way you look at it, it will be an

incredible performance for Musgrave.

1:31:521:31:57

He is currently in a silver medal

performance. How is it going?

1:31:571:32:14

performance. How is it going?

Well,

closing stages of the 30 kilometres

1:32:141:32:16

skiathalon. He was in silver medal

position, but a leader is out in

1:32:161:32:21

front. Quite

1:32:211:32:29

front. Quite a few skiiers in the

mix. Andrew is currently seventh. He

1:32:291:32:32

has just crossed the finish line.

Unfortunately, no medal for Andrew.

1:32:321:32:36

He does have his best events to

come, the 15 kilometre skiathalon.

1:32:361:32:43

He could yet get a medal. He

finishes in seventh. The last best

1:32:431:32:51

result was 29th, that was Andrew

himself back in Sochi in 2014. A

1:32:511:32:59

huge improvement for him. He will

take real confidence going into the

1:32:591:33:03

15 kilometre ski event.

1:33:031:33:16

15 kilometre ski event. I imagine it

is cold. A bit problematic for

1:33:181:33:21

today. Tell us what's been

cancelled.

It caused a huge problem.

1:33:211:33:24

Snow is falling. Visibility is not

great. With windchill, it is -32,

1:33:241:33:30

pretty chilly. I have all of my

layers on. It has caused absolute

1:33:301:33:33

schedule chaos.

1:33:331:33:39

schedule chaos. The men's 100 metre

final is not on, well, its

1:33:461:33:48

equivalent. It has been postponed.

This morning, the slope style

1:33:481:33:51

qualifiers

1:33:511:34:01

qualifiers for the women was

abandoned. All 27 competitors,

1:34:021:34:04

including Amy Fuller from Britain,

they go through to the final.

1:34:041:34:12

they go through to the final. Just

Amy Fuller representing Britain in

1:34:191:34:21

the slopestyle.

1:34:211:34:26

the slopestyle. 17-year-old Red

Gerard from the USA, a surprise

1:34:291:34:32

winner. No Britons. We failed to

poll by yesterday. Red Gerard was in

1:34:321:34:39

disbelief. He could not believe that

he got the gold medal. The wind is

1:34:391:34:43

causing problems. Events later on

tonight, we will have to see whether

1:34:431:34:47

they get affected by the conditions.

The men's downhill postponed, the

1:34:471:35:00

women's slopestyle, cancelled. It is

getting pretty cold.

Go have a hot

1:35:001:35:03

chocolate. That is it from

Pyeongchang.

1:35:031:35:09

We're here on the BBC News Channel

until 9am this morning,

1:35:091:35:12

and this is what is coming up before

the end of the programme.

1:35:121:35:16

The Travel Show team have been

to a theme park with a difference

1:35:161:35:20

in central Mexico

1:35:201:35:20

where they recreate illegal US

1:35:201:35:22

border crossings in attempt

to save young lives.

1:35:221:35:24

It's the biggest party on Earth,

and the lead role has

1:35:241:35:27

always gone to a Brazilian.

1:35:271:35:31

Until now.

1:35:311:35:31

We've been to meet the British woman

wowing the crowds as Rio's Carnival

1:35:311:35:35

Queen.

1:35:351:35:35

They've always had

the royal seal of approval,

1:35:351:35:37

but Corgis fell out

of fashion for a while.

1:35:371:35:40

We'll hear how they've finally been

removed from an "at-risk" list

1:35:401:35:43

thanks to the popularity

of the TV show "The Crown."

1:35:431:35:45

All that to come on

the BBC News Channel.

1:35:451:35:48

But this is where we say goodbye

to viewers on BBC One.

1:35:481:35:51

Bye for now.

1:35:511:35:59