14/02/2018 Breakfast


Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS


14/02/2018

The latest news, sport, business and weather from the BBC's Breakfast team.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 14/02/2018. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Dan Walker and Naga Munchetty.

0:00:060:00:11

A lack of trust among disabled

people over how their welfare

0:00:110:00:14

claims are assessed.

0:00:140:00:16

MPs find assessors submitted reports

that were riddled with errors

0:00:160:00:18

and regularly missed

quality targets.

0:00:180:00:26

Good morning.

0:00:350:00:36

It's Wednesday, the 14th February.

0:00:360:00:39

Also this morning:

0:00:390:00:41

Boris Johnson moves to reassure

voters who he says are angry

0:00:410:00:44

and alienated because of Brexit

in the first of a series of speeches

0:00:440:00:48

on Brexit from senior

cabinet members.

0:00:480:00:52

A new times table test is introduced

for thousands of eight and nine year

0:00:520:00:57

olds in England's primary schools

in a bid to raise numeracy levels.

0:00:570:01:01

Good morning. I am in Liverpool,

where the council is selling off

0:01:010:01:08

over 100 empty homes for just £1.

Houses like these. I will look at

0:01:080:01:14

whether this is one way we can solve

the housing shortage and I will take

0:01:140:01:18

you inside some of the houses.

0:01:180:01:20

And in sport: From the farm

to the curling sheet.

0:01:200:01:23

Great Britain's men beat Switzerland

in their opening match.

0:01:230:01:25

Team GB won silver four years ago,

but this is a new team, all of them

0:01:250:01:34

farmers.

0:01:340:01:35

There's black and then there's one

of the blackest substances

0:01:350:01:37

known to man.

0:01:370:01:38

What can vantablack be used for?

0:01:380:01:40

We'll tell you later.

0:01:400:01:44

And we have the dark Lord himself on

the weather forecast.

We can bring a

0:01:440:01:49

bit of colour to your forecast. Lots

of frost and sunshine to begin with,

0:01:490:01:54

but rain and hill snow on the way.

All the details in 15 minutes.

0:01:540:01:59

Good morning.

0:01:590:02:00

First, our main story:

0:02:000:02:02

A committee of MPs has said

there is a "pervasive lack of trust"

0:02:020:02:06

among disabled people

in how their welfare

0:02:060:02:08

claims are assessed.

0:02:080:02:08

The Commons' Work and Pensions

committee said reports by private

0:02:080:02:11

contractors were "riddled

with errors" and quality targets had

0:02:110:02:14

been "regularly missed".

0:02:140:02:14

Here's our disability news

correspondent Nikki Fox.

0:02:140:02:20

Anastasia Ashley is having a good

day. But it's not always like this.

0:02:200:02:25

Most days she is unable to get out

of the house. The 24-year-old has

0:02:250:02:30

multiple sclerosis. She used to work

full-time, but now she struggles to

0:02:300:02:35

get around. She applied for a

disability benefit and was assessed

0:02:350:02:41

at home by a healthcare professional

from a private company. She says she

0:02:410:02:46

told says she could only walk 20

metres, but when the report came

0:02:460:02:49

back it said she could walk further.

She didn't give me a physical

0:02:490:02:53

assessment. I was sat down the

entire time. I was very, very cross

0:02:530:02:59

about that.

Today's report

identifies a culture of mistrust

0:02:590:03:04

around the whole process. It says

assessors risk being viewed as at

0:03:040:03:08

best lacking competence and at worst

actively deceitful. The committee

0:03:080:03:13

says the government's Loe bar for

what is considered acceptable leaves

0:03:130:03:18

rooms for reports to be riddled with

obvious omissions.

Clearly the

0:03:180:03:22

system needs a major overhaul, but

there are some things government

0:03:220:03:25

could do better to improve it.

Automatic audio recording of

0:03:250:03:28

assessments for people, why not

share the assessment results with

0:03:280:03:32

the claimant at the point of claim a

decision?

The government says

0:03:320:03:36

assessments work for the majority of

people and it is committed to

0:03:360:03:40

improving transparency. What with

current contracts up for review and

0:03:400:03:44

targets being consistently missed,

the future of the system is unclear.

0:03:440:03:49

The Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

will address what he calls

0:03:490:03:52

the "grief and alienation"

of those who voted to stay

0:03:520:03:54

in the European Union

in a speech later today.

0:03:540:03:57

He says that people who voted

to leave the EU should

0:03:570:04:00

try to persuade worried remainers

to focus on the possible benefits

0:04:000:04:03

of, rather than their

fears over, Brexit.

0:04:030:04:05

Our political correspondent,

Leila Nathoo, is in Westminster this

0:04:050:04:08

morning.

0:04:080:04:15

What exactly is he expected to say

later?

We are expecting a very

0:04:150:04:20

conciliatory tone from him later. He

wants to reach out to people on both

0:04:200:04:24

sides of the debate, a recognition

that there are still divisions. He

0:04:240:04:30

says he understands the anxieties

amongst Remainers but he wants to

0:04:300:04:33

convince them that Brexit is about

hope and not fear. He also has

0:04:330:04:38

strong words for people he thinks

are trying to stop Brexit and wants

0:04:380:04:42

to warn them that they would be a

disastrous mistake, but this is a

0:04:420:04:46

first in a series of speeches we

will get from senior Cabinet

0:04:460:04:50

ministers over the coming weeks.

Number 10 is calling the series of

0:04:500:04:53

speeches the road to Brexit. Theresa

May will speak about security this

0:04:530:04:57

weekend and we will hear from the

Brexit secretary David Davis about

0:04:570:05:02

business, from the Cabinet office

secretary about devolution. This is

0:05:020:05:05

all a plan from Number 10 to reveal

more details about what exactly our

0:05:050:05:11

relationship with the EU will look

like in the future. Theresa May has

0:05:110:05:15

been under great pressure to reveal

that. There is no agreement yet

0:05:150:05:19

among Cabinet ministers on what

exactly the future relationship with

0:05:190:05:22

the EU will look like. Cabinet

ministers will gather for an away

0:05:220:05:26

day to try and flesh this out, what

in the speeches that we are

0:05:260:05:30

expecting to hear, including from

Liam Fox, we are going to get more

0:05:300:05:34

detail and they will be very closely

watched both here in Westminster and

0:05:340:05:39

Brussels for the exact arrangement

that the government wants to see.

0:05:390:05:47

Boris Johnson will also speak about

controlling immigration, but quite a

0:05:470:05:51

few MPs say the Home Office doesn't

have the resources to deal with any

0:05:510:05:55

changes to the system.

This is a

warning from the Home Affairs Select

0:05:550:05:59

Committee that there are no

preparations in place. Not enough

0:05:590:06:03

preparations in place for a new

immigration system post- except and

0:06:030:06:07

no clarity yet on what exactly the

government wants it the transition

0:06:070:06:11

period and beyond. Interestingly in

these speeches we will hear, the

0:06:110:06:15

Home Secretary Amber Rudd isn't

among them. The government has been

0:06:150:06:20

promising a draft policy of future

immigration that has been delayed

0:06:200:06:25

and MPs are also criticising that.

The Home Office says we are well

0:06:250:06:30

prepared, it is ridiculous to

suggest otherwise, but it is clear

0:06:300:06:34

that there is impatience now from

all sides for more flesh on the bone

0:06:340:06:39

of Brexit plans.

Thank you very much

and speak to you later.

0:06:390:06:45

The jury at the trial of the former

football coach Barry Bennell,

0:06:450:06:48

who's been found guilty of dozens

of sexual offences against boys,

0:06:480:06:51

will continue deliberations

on other charges today.

0:06:510:06:53

Yesterday, the jury

at Liverpool Crown Court returned

0:06:530:06:55

guilty verdicts on 36 counts

and asked for more time

0:06:550:06:58

to consider seven more.

0:06:580:06:59

Bennell, who appeared in court

via videolink due to illness,

0:06:590:07:02

declined to give

evidence in his defence.

0:07:020:07:09

Film star Minnie Driver has quit

as an Oxfam ambassador

0:07:090:07:12

following claims that staff working

for the charity in disaster zones

0:07:120:07:15

paid vulnerable local

people for sex.

0:07:150:07:16

The actress resigned after 20 years

with the aid agency,

0:07:160:07:19

saying in a statement

that she was "horrified"

0:07:190:07:21

by the allegations.

0:07:210:07:22

Oxfam said it was "grateful"

for Ms Driver's commitment,

0:07:220:07:25

and that it was more

determined than ever to learn

0:07:250:07:27

from its mistakes.

0:07:270:07:30

Hundreds of premature babies

could avoid brain damage

0:07:300:07:33

if their mothers were all given

a cheap drug during labour,

0:07:330:07:36

according to a new report.

0:07:360:07:38

The Royal College of Paediatrics

and Child Health says there are huge

0:07:380:07:41

regional disparities

in the proportion of mothers given

0:07:410:07:43

magnesium sulphate to reduce

the risk of cerebral palsy.

0:07:430:07:47

It claims providing the drug

could save the NHS £280 million

0:07:470:07:50

a year.

0:07:500:07:55

The actress Emma Watson has spoken

about her shock at realising

0:07:550:07:58

that there was no system

in place to help people

0:07:580:08:01

in the film industry who had

been sexually harassed.

0:08:010:08:03

She's one of a number of women

in the industry who've been

0:08:030:08:06

consulted by the British Film

Institute and BAFTA,

0:08:060:08:08

as it announces changes aimed

at tackling the problem.

0:08:080:08:11

Our entertainment correspondent

Colin Paterson has been looking

0:08:110:08:13

at the plans.

0:08:130:08:17

This Sunday it is the BAFTA awards

and ahead of British film is'

0:08:170:08:22

biggest night of the year, the

industry has announced a brand-new

0:08:220:08:25

plan aimed at tackling both sexual

harassment and bullying. It is a

0:08:250:08:30

direct response to the Harvey

Weinstein allegations.

You can talk?

0:08:300:08:34

Of course we can talk!

Emma Watson

was one of the many actresses asked

0:08:340:08:39

for input.

These principles are

important because up until recently

0:08:390:08:44

there were no guidelines, there was

no protocol for someone who had been

0:08:440:08:49

sexually harassed in the

entertainment industry. I know this

0:08:490:08:52

to be a fact because I've asked for

principles and asked to see

0:08:520:08:56

guidelines and no one could give

them to me.

To change this more than

0:08:560:09:00

40 organisations, including after

and the British Film Institute,

0:09:000:09:04

worked on a set of eight principles

which they want to be used across

0:09:040:09:09

the film, to the video games

industries. So what will actually

0:09:090:09:12

change? Every production must employ

two people trained to handle any

0:09:120:09:18

accusations of harassment. A

dedicated phone line will open in

0:09:180:09:22

April, offering free confidential

help. And PFI funding will only be

0:09:220:09:26

given to projects committed to the

changes. -- BFI.

This isn't about a

0:09:260:09:31

set of commands, it is about a set

of principles which everyone has

0:09:310:09:38

willingly and with huge enthusiasm

signed up to.

At last month's Golden

0:09:380:09:42

Globe awards almost all actresses

wore black to show solidarity for

0:09:420:09:46

the times up campaign calling for

change. The same is expected at the

0:09:460:09:51

Baftas. Those behind the

announcement hope such a stand would

0:09:510:09:56

be needed next year.

0:09:560:09:58

A heart-warming image of a gorilla

in the arms of one of her rescuers

0:09:580:10:02

has won the top prize

at the Wildlife Photographer

0:10:020:10:05

of the Year awards.

0:10:050:10:07

Chosen by almost 20,000 nature

fans, the winning snap

0:10:070:10:11

was taken by Canadian

photographer Jo-Anne McArthur.

0:10:110:10:15

Pikin, a lowland gorilla,

was being moved to a new home

0:10:150:10:18

by her caretaker in Cameroon.

0:10:180:10:20

It is a beautiful picture.

0:10:200:10:24

Other finalists included this image

of a polar bear and her cubs

0:10:240:10:27

emerging from their den.

0:10:270:10:35

This bird is a

lilac-breasted roller.

0:10:380:10:41

It doesn't look real!

0:10:410:10:45

Snapped hitching a ride

on a zebra in Kenya.

0:10:450:10:48

Have you ever seen a bird like that?

I have now!

0:10:480:10:54

This three-toed sloth was hanging

around in the Brazilian rainforest.

0:10:540:10:59

Was it Planet Earth II that this

loss was in?

0:10:590:11:05

And, finally, here's an underwater

image of a humpback whale

0:11:050:11:07

and her calf floating

in the waters off Tonga.

0:11:070:11:10

The winning images will be showcased

at the Natural History Museum

0:11:100:11:13

in London, until the end of May.

0:11:130:11:15

How are you feeling this morning?

0:11:150:11:16

Are you all right? I feel OK.

Those pictures might have warmed the

0:11:160:11:20

heart but perhaps you are in need of

a little pick me up.

0:11:200:11:29

Those words translated

into Italian mean tiramisu,

0:11:290:11:31

where they've just broken the record

for the longest ever coffee

0:11:310:11:39

flavoured desert, 266m in length.

0:11:390:11:43

30 pastry chefs in the town

of Villesse baked all day.

0:11:430:11:46

We don't know if all these people

who were watching got to sample it

0:11:460:11:50

when they'd finished.

0:11:500:11:51

I really want tiramisu for

breakfast.

0:11:510:11:55

I can't bear rich. Anything coffee

-based...

0:11:550:11:58

Honestly, it's not up there.

You big coffee bully.

0:11:580:12:05

You make this stuff up!

I like it picked me up, but I don't

0:12:050:12:11

like the Italian pick me up.

I could do tiramisu right under the

0:12:110:12:15

desk right now. A big slab.

There isn't any, in case you were

0:12:150:12:20

wondering. Good morning.

Are you a coffee found? I love

0:12:200:12:27

coffee, but coffee flavoured things,

I'm not a fan.

0:12:270:12:31

I didn't when I was younger, but now

I would be the first to grab the

0:12:310:12:36

coffee chocolate.

I will bring mine in at Christmas.

0:12:360:12:39

I will happily eat leftovers.

I will take all the strawberry ones

0:12:390:12:44

and bring in the coffee ones. Are we

curling this morning?

0:12:440:12:48

We are gripped by the curling this

morning! The men have done very well

0:12:480:12:54

and they already beat Switzerland

later and women are doing very well

0:12:540:12:58

as well. There is something about

curling.

0:12:580:13:00

The way they shout at each other,

trying to decipher what they are

0:13:000:13:05

actually saying.

It is all about tactics. And the

0:13:050:13:08

furious brushing.

Earlier we said it is one of those

0:13:080:13:13

sports where you watch AT think, I

could do that.

0:13:130:13:15

It's not like the snow jumping. You

think that. You think you could give

0:13:150:13:24

it ago and you completely mess it

up.

0:13:240:13:26

I would kick the stone.

Totally the wrong sport. Good effort

0:13:260:13:31

all the same. As I say, the women

have been doing very well and are

0:13:310:13:38

leading the Olympic Athletes from

Russia this morning.

0:13:380:13:41

There are lot of Muirheads out there

this morning.

0:13:410:13:52

Redemption for American

snowboarder Shaun White.

0:13:520:13:55

After a shock defeat in Sochi,

the Flying Tomato landed a third

0:13:550:13:58

Olympic halfpipe title,

with a mesmerising final run.

0:13:580:14:03

In the Champions League,

Manchester City beat Basel

0:14:030:14:05

and Tottenham recovered

from a dreadful start to earn

0:14:050:14:07

a draw against Juventus.

0:14:070:14:09

And England all-rounder Ben Stokes

is heading to New Zealand to join up

0:14:090:14:12

with the T20 squad.

0:14:120:14:13

He pleaded not guilty to charges

of affray at Bristol

0:14:130:14:16

magistrates court yesterday.

0:14:160:14:21

So we will be keeping across the

curling this morning. It's going to

0:14:210:14:25

be happening throughout the

programme and we are very excited.

0:14:250:14:28

Can I ask you, do you celebrate

Valentine's Day?

0:14:280:14:31

I do.

Have you left something for your

0:14:310:14:35

other half?

I can't tell you that. He'll be

0:14:350:14:38

watching.

That's true love, watching it at

0:14:380:14:43

this time.

OK. Lots of people are getting in

0:14:430:14:47

contact about how they are marking

Valentine's Day. Helen says she is

0:14:470:14:51

meeting her best friends for lunch.

I will have to make time for the

0:14:510:15:00

husband later.

She has her priorities correct!

0:15:000:15:04

Verity says it was her birthday

yesterday. Doesn't celebrate it. He

0:15:040:15:09

spoils me every day, but she bought

a packet of love hearts in his

0:15:090:15:12

lunchbox with his sandwiches.

Do you celebrate it? May be a

0:15:120:15:16

Chinese takeaway.

I don't do anything.

0:15:160:15:19

Nothing at all? Nope.

How is your partner about that?

0:15:190:15:24

Absolutely fine.

What about birthdays?

0:15:240:15:28

Yes. Christmas?

Yes. Chinese New Year, Easter, all

0:15:280:15:33

of that.

Not Valentine's Day. David said he

0:15:330:15:38

and his wife don't celebrate it. At

his youngest daughter was born on

0:15:380:15:42

the 14th of Edgar in 1997 and it is

her 21st birthday today. Happy

0:15:420:15:48

birthday, Joy!

0:15:480:15:52

Here's Matt with a look

at this morning's weather.

0:15:520:15:55

A twinkly romantic Sky.

A romantic

view across the water. This was the

0:15:550:16:02

scene last night in Cumbria, lovely

starry skies and those starry skies

0:16:020:16:06

led to a chilly start this morning.

0:16:060:16:09

Temperatures below freezing in many

areas, -4 on the outskirts of

0:16:090:16:14

Banbury and even into parts of

southern Scotland, -2. Some avoid

0:16:140:16:18

the frost, the blue is at or below

freezing. Avoiding it is bang and

0:16:180:16:24

the south-east because of the cloud

is today, avoiding it in the west.

0:16:240:16:29

Through the day, in the

0:16:290:16:35

Through the day, in the southern

half, outbreaks of rain coming and

0:16:360:16:38

going through the morning, turning

as snow for a while in the tops of

0:16:380:16:43

the Welsh hills and into the early

afternoon on the tops of the

0:16:430:16:46

Pennines. East Anglia and the

south-east largely dry. The northern

0:16:460:16:49

half, outbreaks reading to Northern

Ireland, 70 mph gusts developing in

0:16:490:16:54

the Hebrides, some in the Hebrides

-- spreading. Some in the east stay

0:16:540:17:07

dry throughout. Across the border a

windy day, outbreaks of rain and

0:17:070:17:11

hill snow spreading erratically

eased. -- across-the-board. Ten or

0:17:110:17:16

11 by the end of the day -- east.

Eastern areas will be chilly. Into

0:17:160:17:22

the night, outbreaks of rain and

hill snow and quickly depart into

0:17:220:17:27

the near continent, lingering

longest in East Anglia and the far

0:17:270:17:31

south-east allowing clear skies and

showers to push in, turning into

0:17:310:17:35

sleet and snow in Scotland and

Northern Ireland. In between

0:17:350:17:38

temperatures avoiding a frost but

one or two could get close enough

0:17:380:17:42

for icy patches into tomorrow. This

is tomorrow morning, low pressure

0:17:420:17:46

towards Iceland, winds coming in

from a westerly direction, not as

0:17:460:17:50

strong as they will be today but a

blustery bright day for many.

0:17:500:17:54

Sunshine and showers the name of the

game, southern and eastern areas, a

0:17:540:17:58

few showers, many staying dry, to

the north and west, sleet and snow

0:17:580:18:03

showers, covering the hills in

Scotland, Northern Ireland, the far

0:18:030:18:06

north of England. Rain in the south

as temperatures get to double

0:18:060:18:10

figures. Friday, another a frosty

start as winds fall light, a frosty

0:18:100:18:17

day for England and Wales but cloud

in over into western Scotland and

0:18:170:18:22

Northern Ireland later. I'll keep

you updated through the morning.

0:18:220:18:25

Back to Naga and Dan.

Thanks, Matt,

we will see you later.

0:18:250:18:30

Let's take a look at today's papers.

0:18:300:18:32

Let's take a look at today's papers.

0:18:320:18:33

This is one of the stories we were

talking about in our headlines, the

0:18:330:18:37

Daily Telegraph has Minnie Driver

quitting Oxfam after years of

0:18:370:18:40

working with the charity over the

recent allegations of the way the

0:18:400:18:44

money has been used to get

prostitutes in Haiti and some of the

0:18:440:18:49

other accusations made against

Oxfam. The main story, Boris says EU

0:18:490:18:55

laws intolerable after Grexit,

that's what we will talk about with

0:18:550:18:59

our reporter outside Westminster

this morning.

-- Brexit. Front page

0:18:590:19:05

of the Times, looking at Brexit,

Remainers risk a betrayal of Britain

0:19:050:19:11

over Brexit. Boris Johnson today

warning those attempting to reverse

0:19:110:19:15

it that their efforts will trigger

permanent feelings of betrayal.

0:19:150:19:22

Meghan Markle at Edinburgh castle

yesterday said the hen party is

0:19:220:19:26

sorted. And the lead story, Oxfam

aid worker had already been

0:19:260:19:30

investigated. Another line with

regards to the eight worker at the

0:19:300:19:38

centre of a scandal in Haiti.

She

wore a £2000 code yesterday. The

0:19:380:19:43

story with Minnie Driver on the

Mail. -- aid worker. Former coach

0:19:430:19:50

found guilty of sexually abusing

footballers, he will be in court

0:19:500:19:56

later.

The back pages have been

dominated by two images, we are back

0:19:560:20:00

in Champions League action, last

night Harry Kane dominating with the

0:20:000:20:05

glorious fight back.

2-0 down?

Absolutely.

It was a miserable

0:20:050:20:13

start.

I walked in after 17 minutes,

walked out, came back half an hour

0:20:130:20:18

later to get ready for bed...

Against Juventus, who have conceded

0:20:180:20:22

since November last year.

A great

result for Tottenham. The other

0:20:220:20:28

image dominating the back pages,

Elise Christie after crashing out in

0:20:280:20:34

the 5000 metres speedskating.

Heartbreaking for her. She has a few

0:20:340:20:39

days to come back and show her

metal.

It isn't all over for her by

0:20:390:20:44

a longshot shop so we will be an eye

on her so this also caught my eye

0:20:440:20:49

this morning. There's lots of way to

get your funding together for the

0:20:490:20:52

Olympics -- longshot. This guy in

the bobsleigh team did it through

0:20:520:20:59

gameshows, why not? Including the

Cuban Deal or no Deal, he won

0:20:590:21:05

£12,000, which has helped to fund

some of his equipment, some of which

0:21:050:21:10

is very expensive, so why not?

Love

that story. One online story I need

0:21:100:21:15

to share, there's a guy who claims

to be a time traveller, he's called

0:21:150:21:20

Loe, he is from the year 2030 and

there's various predictions he has

0:21:200:21:25

made. Donald Trump will get

re-elected -- he's called Neuer. He

0:21:250:21:30

also says that many forms of cancer

will be cured by 2030. We are still

0:21:300:21:36

using pennies but technology has

developed to the point where you can

0:21:360:21:40

independently run your home. The US

president in 2030 will be a figure

0:21:400:21:51

called Ilana Remikee, there will be

electric cars, and he is 50 but he

0:21:510:21:55

has used a drug to make him look

like a 25-year-old. He was asked to

0:21:550:22:01

take a lie detector test and he

passed.

Is he minted?

I don't know.

0:22:010:22:06

He would be if you could predict the

future. Happy Valentine's Day,

0:22:060:22:10

everyone!

0:22:100:22:18

everyone!

what is six times seven?

42.

I was always good at my six

0:22:220:22:26

times table.

0:22:260:22:28

Reciting times-tables was a feature

of school life for many of us

0:22:280:22:31

in years gone by.

0:22:310:22:32

Now the Government is set

to reintroduce timestables checks

0:22:320:22:35

for thousands of primary

school children in England

0:22:350:22:37

from this spring.

0:22:370:22:38

Opponents, including

some teaching unions,

0:22:380:22:39

are questioning the

educational benefits.

0:22:390:22:40

Our business correspondent

Nina Warhurst has been to test

0:22:400:22:43

the maths skills of some

people in Manchester.

0:22:430:22:45

My times tables, yeah, or some.

Your

dad is very confident, Harvey, do

0:22:450:22:50

you think he's going to be up for

it?

Know.

Start with an easy one,

0:22:500:22:55

two times seven.

14.

Dad, four times

six.

24.

Two times six.

12.

You're

0:22:550:23:08

confident you know you're times

tables, will start with a hard one,

0:23:080:23:11

seven sixes?

42.

89 is our?

72.

48

agricultural R?

Of...

0:23:110:23:25

Three times five?

15.

Two times

four?

Eight.

Good girl. Five times

0:23:320:23:44

five is?

25.

Eight times five?

40.

Two times eight?

16.

Four times

0:23:440:23:54

nine?

0:23:540:24:01

nine?

36.

You're getting too good,

well done. Nine times six?

54.

Ten

0:24:010:24:07

times for?

40.

My goodness, smashed

it, well done.

0:24:070:24:17

We can speak now to the Schools

Minister Nick Gibb.

0:24:170:24:20

How were you at school when it came

to maths?

Fine, but I won't be

0:24:200:24:25

answering any of your times tables

questions this morning. This is an

0:24:250:24:29

important initiative to make sure

every time leaves primary school

0:24:290:24:32

fluid in their multiplication

tables, just as we introduced the

0:24:320:24:37

phonic shift in 2012, that has led

to a huge improvement in reading

0:24:370:24:43

standards and this we suspect will

lead to a huge increase influence E

0:24:430:24:46

and arithmetic so when they do

secondary school they will be better

0:24:460:24:50

equipped to handle secondary school

mathematics -- huge increase in

0:24:500:24:57

fluency.

What's wrong now, is there

evidence they aren't making the

0:24:570:25:02

grade in secondary school?

I've been

visiting schools since 2005 and I

0:25:020:25:08

have noticed an improvement in the

number of children able to do their

0:25:080:25:12

multiple patient tables in primary

school. It is being taught, it is

0:25:120:25:15

being taught well, but we want to

make sure every single child knows

0:25:150:25:21

their multiplication tables by heart

and this check, introduced at the

0:25:210:25:26

end of Year 4, will enable schools

to identify those children still

0:25:260:25:29

struggling. The great prize here is

every single child leaving primary

0:25:290:25:35

school will know their tables by

heart, just as more and more

0:25:350:25:38

children leaving primary school are

fluent in reading.

To be able to

0:25:380:25:42

identify them at the end of Year 4,

are you saying the problem is

0:25:420:25:46

teachers aren't identifying them

now, the ones who do have problems

0:25:460:25:50

with times tables?

No, they are, but

we want a systematic approach right

0:25:500:25:55

through the school system so we can

be sure in the years ahead every

0:25:550:25:59

single child is leaving primary

school mastering their times tables.

0:25:590:26:03

I've been looking at, for example, a

few years ago the E and F grades of

0:26:030:26:09

GCSE papers and it was clear them

out those children struggling at the

0:26:090:26:13

age of 16 with GCSE maths, some of

their problems stemmed from not

0:26:130:26:17

being able to multiply, for example,

and if we can get those basics

0:26:170:26:21

sorted in primary school for every

single child, not just most

0:26:210:26:25

children, we will see a huge

improvement, particularly those

0:26:250:26:30

children from disadvantaged

backgrounds, those children who are

0:26:300:26:32

now struggling in mathematics at

secondary school, we can make sure

0:26:320:26:36

every child stars secondary school

able to cope with the secondary

0:26:360:26:40

school maths curriculum.

-- starts.

Can you guarantee this would create

0:26:400:26:46

more stress in the classroom, for

children, another layer of testing

0:26:460:26:49

and assessment, but also for

teachers?

We've been piloting this

0:26:490:26:53

check for the last two years, it's

very simple, it takes about five

0:26:530:26:57

minutes, it is onscreen. The

feedback from children is that they

0:26:570:27:01

enjoy taking it and it isn't an

accountability measure. The results

0:27:010:27:04

won't be published on a school by

school basis, it is simply a tool to

0:27:040:27:09

enable schools to identify children

still struggling and schools will be

0:27:090:27:14

able to look at their results and

compare them to the national figures

0:27:140:27:18

and the local authority figures but

we won't publish the figures by

0:27:180:27:22

school. It would be high stakes for

the school so it shouldn't add to

0:27:220:27:26

stress or workload for teachers.

Hash it won't be high-stakes. Isn't

0:27:260:27:37

Bakar and -- it won't be

high-stakes. With Boris Johnson,

0:27:370:27:41

should the cabinet be unified ahead

of this speech today? There appears

0:27:410:27:45

to be a lot of backstabbing and

mealy words so to speak in terms of

0:27:450:27:51

the last few weeks?

What Boris

Johnson will be saying in his

0:27:510:27:56

speech, I haven't read the full

speech, but what he will be saying

0:27:560:27:59

is we should be optimistic about the

future of our country outside

0:27:590:28:02

Europe. The country has differing

views on this issue and we now need

0:28:020:28:07

to come together as a country as a

whole to look ahead to see the great

0:28:070:28:11

opportunities that being outside the

European Union will present in terms

0:28:110:28:15

of global trade and projecting

Britain right across the world. That

0:28:150:28:19

is the essence of Boris Johnson's

speech today and it's the first of a

0:28:190:28:23

series of speeches by other members

of the cabinet that we'll see,

0:28:230:28:27

including the Prime Minister, who

will be speaking on this issue on

0:28:270:28:30

Saturday.

When you ask for the

country to come together as a whole,

0:28:300:28:34

what about the cabinet?

The cabinet

is united behind determining to get

0:28:340:28:38

for Britain a is excess or outcome

of our negotiations with Europe. We

0:28:380:28:43

want to take back control of our

laws, borders and money.

0:28:430:28:51

laws, borders and money. -- is a

successful outcome. We are united

0:28:520:28:54

behind that and I'm optimistic we

will secure a good trading deal with

0:28:540:28:58

the European Union after we leave,

which we will do in March 2019. We

0:28:580:29:02

have secured the passage of the EU

withdrawal bill in the Commons and

0:29:020:29:05

it's starting its passage in the

House of Lords and we have completed

0:29:050:29:09

the first stage of the negotiations

with the European Union in terms of

0:29:090:29:13

the negotiations about our terms of

exit.

Nick Gibb, thanks for joining

0:29:130:29:17

us on Breakfast this morning.

My

pleasure.

0:29:170:29:22

Steph is house hunting in Liverpool

for us this morning.

0:29:220:29:26

Good morning and good morning,

everybody. I'm in way the tree in

0:29:260:29:31

Liverpool where there are around 120

empty homes around here that have

0:29:310:29:35

been derelict, a lot of them for

more than a decade so what the

0:29:350:29:39

councils have been doing, because

they can't refurbish them

0:29:390:29:42

themselves, they have been selling

them off to families for £1 each.

0:29:420:29:46

You can buy one of these homes...

There are some rules, you have to be

0:29:460:29:51

a first-time buyer and live or work

in Liverpool, you have to be able to

0:29:510:29:55

do it up with your own cash and do

that within the first year or they

0:29:550:29:59

will take it off you and you can't

sell it for at least five years.

0:29:590:30:04

This is Mel's wonderful house she

has done up over the last several

0:30:040:30:07

months or so, we will look inside

and we will be chatting to Mel

0:30:070:30:11

later. She's done a wonderful job,

it looks gorgeous. This is Mel and

0:30:110:30:17

her daughter, Rosie. Give us a wave!

Rosie is a bit shy. I will be

0:30:170:30:22

talking to them later but first

let's get the news, travel

0:30:220:33:46

I will be back in half an hour.

0:33:460:33:52

Hello, this is Breakfast

with Dan Walker and Naga Munchetty.

0:33:520:33:56

We'll bring you all the news

and sport in a moment.

0:33:560:33:59

But also on Breakfast this morning:

0:33:590:34:01

Can you still recite

your times tables?

0:34:010:34:06

It was a feature of school

life for most of us,

0:34:060:34:09

now primary schools in England

are set to re-introduce testing.

0:34:090:34:13

Countdown's Rachel Riley will be

here to tell us why she thinks it's

0:34:130:34:17

so important If you think black

is black, think again.

0:34:170:34:20

We're going to show you the blackest

substance on earth!

0:34:200:34:23

It's been described as looking

like "a window peering

0:34:230:34:25

into the depths of outer space".

0:34:250:34:30

From women who drill through frozen

seas to gather food,

0:34:300:34:32

to villagers who scale sheer cliff

faces to get to church.

0:34:320:34:35

We take a look at the extreme

communities risking their lives

0:34:350:34:38

on a daily basis, just to get by.

0:34:380:34:45

Here's a summary of today's main

stories from BBC News.

0:34:450:34:48

A committee of MPs has said

there is a "pervasive lack of trust"

0:34:480:34:52

among disabled people

in how their welfare

0:34:520:34:54

claims are assessed.

0:34:540:34:55

The Commons' Work and Pensions

committee said reports by private

0:34:550:34:58

contractors were

"riddled with errors".

0:34:580:35:02

It recommends ministers take

the service back "in house"

0:35:020:35:04

when contracts end

with private firms.

0:35:040:35:06

The government says the majority

of claimants are happy

0:35:060:35:08

with their overall experience.

0:35:080:35:11

The Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

says he wants to reassure those

0:35:110:35:14

who feel angry and alienated

because of the Brexit vote.

0:35:140:35:19

In a speech later today

he will suggest that supporters

0:35:190:35:22

of Brexit try to persuade worried

remain voters that leaving

0:35:220:35:25

the European Union is a cause

for "hope, not fear".

0:35:250:35:28

His is the first of a number

of cabinet speeches

0:35:280:35:30

expected this week.

0:35:300:35:34

MPs have criticised the Home Office

for seriously underestimating,

0:35:340:35:38

what they described as the "immense

bureaucratic challenge"

0:35:380:35:40

posed by Brexit.

0:35:400:35:41

In a report published today,

the House of Commons home affairs

0:35:410:35:46

committee hits out at the Government

for long delays in publishing

0:35:460:35:49

a post-Brexit

immigration white paper.

0:35:490:35:51

The government has said it's

considering various options

0:35:510:35:57

and will set out its initial plans

"as and when they are ready".

0:35:570:36:00

The jury at the trial of the former

football coach Barry Bennell,

0:36:000:36:04

who's been found guilty of dozens

of sexual offences against boys,

0:36:040:36:07

will continue deliberations

on other charges today.

0:36:070:36:09

Yesterday, the jury

at Liverpool Crown Court returned

0:36:090:36:11

guilty verdicts on 36 counts

and asked for more time

0:36:110:36:13

to consider seven more.

0:36:130:36:16

Bennell, who appeared in court

via videolink due to illness,

0:36:160:36:18

declined to give

evidence in his defence.

0:36:180:36:25

The actress Emma Watson has

spoken of her shock,

0:36:250:36:27

at realising that there was no

system in place to help people

0:36:270:36:31

in the film industry who had

been sexually harassed.

0:36:310:36:33

She's one of a number of women

who've been consulted

0:36:330:36:36

by the British Film Institute

and BAFTA, as it announces changes

0:36:360:36:39

aimed at tackling the problem.

0:36:390:36:40

Now BFI funding will only be given

to projects committed

0:36:400:36:43

to the proposals.

0:36:430:36:46

Valentine's Day is traditionally

marked with gestures

0:36:460:36:48

of love and affection.

0:36:480:36:53

And with that in mind,

on the most romantic day of the year

0:36:530:36:58

pairs of Gentoo penguins at

the National Sea Life Centre

0:36:580:37:04

in Birmingham have been

treated to a serenade.

0:37:040:37:08

This is a violinist

from the Royal Birmingham

0:37:080:37:10

Conservatoire.

0:37:100:37:12

I think they are enjoying it, aren't

they?

0:37:120:37:15

They aren't attacking him, or

walking.

0:37:150:37:19

They want more!

There are roses on the shelf. Yeah.

0:37:190:37:25

A beautiful thing.

That's how you charm one of those

0:37:250:37:30

penguins.

It's like the Pied Piper!

0:37:300:37:40

We are talking curling.

I was more concerned that the

0:37:400:37:45

penguins would have a more romantic

day than me.

0:37:450:37:49

It's not all about you! How it's the

curling?

0:37:490:37:52

The men's curling is going very

well. Eating Switzerland in their

0:37:520:37:56

first heat. These are examples of

the stones they will be using in

0:37:560:38:01

Pyeongchang. -- beating.

They are impressive looking. How

0:38:010:38:06

heavy are they?

Only 470 pounds each, the one used

0:38:060:38:15

in Pyongyang.

Bargain! I did a piece on curling

0:38:150:38:20

sometime ago and I was told they

were £1000 each.

0:38:200:38:23

But they do last you 50 years, so

that's all right.

0:38:230:38:26

They are an investment.

They've been doing OK for them in so

0:38:260:38:32

far.

0:38:320:38:33

The men's team is a completely

new line-up to the one that took

0:38:330:38:37

silver four years ago

and they've already

0:38:370:38:38

provided nerve-shredding

entertainment.

0:38:380:38:39

Their match against Switzerland

swung to and fro, and they were tied

0:38:390:38:42

at 5-5, so it went to an extra end.

0:38:420:38:45

And GB skip Kyle Smith landed

the stone bang on target.

0:38:450:38:48

They'll play defending champions

Canada at 11 o'clock.

0:38:480:38:55

These are live pictures

from the women's opening match

0:38:550:38:57

against the Olympic

Athletes from Russia.

0:38:570:39:00

Great Britain leading

5-1, so heading for victory.

0:39:000:39:02

There's live coverage on BBC Two

and catch-up programmes

0:39:020:39:04

throughout the day.

0:39:040:39:11

Now, are you familiar

with the Flying Tomato.

0:39:110:39:14

He's otherwise known as Shaun White.

0:39:140:39:15

The American has become a three

time Olympic champion

0:39:150:39:18

after a dramatic halfpipe final.

0:39:180:39:19

He was in second place

going into the final run

0:39:190:39:22

and he produced some outstanding

twists and turns and huge air

0:39:220:39:25

to take gold.

0:39:250:39:30

It is very impressive. I had to look

up exactly why he is called the Red

0:39:300:39:37

Tomato and it is of course because

of his red hair! The women's slalem

0:39:370:39:43

will now take place on Friday.

Moving away from Pyeongchang.

0:39:430:39:50

The Champions League

returned last night

0:39:500:39:52

and Tottenham produced a brilliant

fightback against Juventus,

0:39:520:39:54

who were last season's

beaten finalists.

0:39:540:40:00

Spurs were 2-0 down inside ten

minutes but Harry Kane

0:40:000:40:03

and Christian Erikkson earned them

a draw, to take into the second leg

0:40:030:40:07

at Wembley next month.

0:40:070:40:08

Pep Guardiola said their midfielder

was extraordinary after his side

0:40:080:40:14

took a giant step towards the

quarter-finals. He scored twice in a

0:40:140:40:19

4-0 win at these all. -- Basel.

0:40:190:40:30

4-0 win at these all. -- Basel. Ben

Stokes will be of New Zealand today

0:40:300:40:32

to join up with England team, who

are currently struggling in the

0:40:320:40:35

Twenty20 Tri-Series.

0:40:350:40:42

That's after he entered a plea

of not guilty to charges of affray

0:40:420:40:46

at Bristol magistrates

court yesterday.

0:40:460:40:47

His case was adjourned to the local

Crown Court on March 12th but he's

0:40:470:40:51

not required to appear in person,

meaning he's available for the rest

0:40:510:40:54

of England's winter tour.

0:40:540:40:56

And finally, the British

teams may have only

0:40:560:40:58

started their Olympic

campaign, but this

0:40:580:40:59

morning, but curling fever has

already taken hold it seems!

0:40:590:41:02

Take a look at this.

0:41:020:41:03

Maybe it's a new way to start the

house work.

0:41:030:41:06

That's some technique. We need the

volume up on this.

0:41:060:41:10

Clean harder! It's absolutely

brilliant. In four years, I want to

0:41:100:41:17

see them in four years. Brilliant.

It is impressive!

0:41:170:41:24

We can give it ago and later. We've

0:41:240:41:26

It is impressive!

We can give it ago and later. We've

0:41:260:41:26

got the stones. Thanks very much. We

will have to weather shortly.

0:41:260:41:33

Film star Minnie Driver has quit

as an Oxfam ambassador

0:41:330:41:36

following claims that staff working

for the charity in disaster zones

0:41:360:41:39

paid vulnerable local

people for sex.

0:41:390:41:41

The actress resigned after 20 years

with the aid agency,

0:41:410:41:44

saying in a statement

that she was "horrified"

0:41:440:41:46

by the scandal.

0:41:460:41:47

Let's speak to our

correspondent Tom Burridge.

0:41:470:41:55

This will be a big blow. The front

page of many papers, Minnie drier

0:41:550:41:59

saying she doesn't want to be

involved with Oxfam any more.

She is

0:41:590:42:03

best known for her role in the film

Good Will Hunting and she has been

0:42:030:42:08

an ambassador of Oxfam for 20 years.

She says she was devastated by the

0:42:080:42:15

response of Oxfam. Some people

claimed Oxfam tried to cover up the

0:42:150:42:19

scandal and she said she was

horrified that senior members of

0:42:190:42:22

Oxfam staff reportedly held parties

with prostitutes in the wake of the

0:42:220:42:31

earthquake in Haiti in 2010. She

said it was a series of abhorrent

0:42:310:42:35

mistakes. She says she still wants

to do some charity work abroad,

0:42:350:42:39

helping people in place of a calf

cut in the developing world, but not

0:42:390:42:42

with Oxfam.

Also some reports in the

Sun about allegations against

0:42:420:42:50

International Rescue Committee is.

What more can you tell us about

0:42:500:42:53

that? It is a huge charity,

headquarter based in New York. The

0:42:530:42:57

head is David Miliband. What has

emerged overnight and into this

0:42:570:43:04

morning is that the Department for

International Development, the part

0:43:040:43:06

of our government which basically

distributes money to charities to

0:43:060:43:09

help people abroad, withheld

millions of pounds of funding from

0:43:090:43:15

the IRC relating to a programme

which the IRC was running in the

0:43:150:43:22

Democratic Republic of Congo. It did

so reportedly because of allegations

0:43:220:43:26

of fraud and sexual misconduct. The

charity has told us that there were

0:43:260:43:31

three allegations of sexual

exploitation within and other

0:43:310:43:34

organisation. I've asked the charity

to clarify what it means by that,

0:43:340:43:40

what was this other organisation and

what was its relationship to the

0:43:400:43:44

programme that the IRC was running.

It has yet to do so. The

0:43:440:43:48

International Rescue Committee says

that when the allegations came to

0:43:480:43:51

light in 2016, it fully investigated

them and kept the international...

0:43:510:43:57

The Department for International

Development fully informed. There is

0:43:570:44:00

no suggestion that this is a scandal

anything like the scale of the

0:44:000:44:03

scandal in boiling Oxfam at the

moment, but it shows that an extra

0:44:030:44:09

ray of light is being shone onto the

charity sector and especially work

0:44:090:44:13

abroad at any possible misdemeanours

in the past.

Thank you very much.

0:44:130:44:20

Let's find out what's happening with

the weather. That doesn't look

0:44:200:44:23

pretty!

0:44:230:44:23

the weather. That doesn't look

pretty!

0:44:230:44:25

Yes, let's get back. That's even

prettier. Clear skies last night

0:44:250:44:31

across parts of the UK. That made

for a lovely scene in Cumbria. But

0:44:310:44:37

with those clear skies overhead it

has meant temperatures have tumbled.

0:44:370:44:41

A widespread frost. Temperatures

drop as low as -4 in the outskirts

0:44:410:44:45

of Banbury. The coldest air in

Scotland shown by the blue colours,

0:44:450:44:53

avoiding the Anglia and the

south-east with the clout from

0:44:530:44:56

yesterday still lingering anger

cloud keeping temperatures up. Rain

0:44:560:45:02

through the day will bring a change

from the south. Sunshine through

0:45:020:45:06

much of the morning in the east, the

cloud from the west brings outbreaks

0:45:060:45:10

of rain with hill snow turning

heavier in the Pennines and the Peak

0:45:100:45:15

District and a covering of snow

before it turns back to rain.

0:45:150:45:19

Wettest conditions around the coast

and a windy day, widespread gales,

0:45:190:45:25

winds could touch 70 mph in the

Western Isles but in the north,

0:45:250:45:30

early occasional rain in Northern

Ireland will clear to sunny spells

0:45:300:45:33

but turning cloudy with snow and

rain in Scotland. Ten centimetres in

0:45:330:45:37

the snow here and there but at lower

levels, turning back to rain as

0:45:370:45:42

temperatures lift. Windy across the

board, severe gales for some but

0:45:420:45:47

temperatures lifting, still a chilly

day in eastern parts. Through the

0:45:470:45:52

night the rain and hill snow will

clear east, lingering longest in

0:45:520:45:56

East Anglia and the south-east so

into Thursday clear skies

0:45:560:46:00

developing, sleet and snow showers

in Scotland, Northern Ireland and

0:46:000:46:04

northern parts of England. Just

about avoiding the frost but some

0:46:040:46:08

could have icy patches in the

morning. This is the chart for

0:46:080:46:12

tomorrow morning, low pressure in

Iceland, our weather fronts push

0:46:120:46:16

east from today so we are back in

familiar territory with sunshine and

0:46:160:46:21

scattered wintry showers. Rain,

sleet and hill snow in Scotland and

0:46:210:46:25

Northern Ireland and rain and hail

in England and Wales but central and

0:46:250:46:29

eastern areas will be dry through

Thursday with good sunny spells.

0:46:290:46:33

Temperatures holding up reasonably

well in the sunshine. Cold night to

0:46:330:46:36

take us into Friday morning,

widespread frost in England and

0:46:360:46:40

Wales after lighter winds, clearer

skies through the night. Not a bad

0:46:400:46:44

day on Friday in England and Wales

for the half term, but for Scotland

0:46:440:46:49

and Northern Ireland, cloud in over,

rain in Northern Ireland and the

0:46:490:46:53

rain turning to snow in the hills in

Scotland once again -- cloud in

0:46:530:47:02

over.

0:47:020:47:03

You're watching Breakfast.

0:47:050:47:07

House prices are rising

by just over 5% a year,

0:47:070:47:09

with the average UK home now

costing more than £220,000,

0:47:090:47:12

according to the latest figures.

0:47:120:47:13

Despite the Government's promise

to build a million new homes

0:47:130:47:16

by 2020, there are still more

than 200,000 properties

0:47:160:47:19

across England and

Wales lying empty.

0:47:190:47:20

So in Liverpool they're trying

an unusual approach to tackling

0:47:200:47:23

the housing crisis.

0:47:230:47:24

Steph has gone to take a look.

0:47:240:47:32

Good morning.

Good morning, good

morning, everyone, I'm in Wavertree

0:47:330:47:39

in Liverpool and you can see around

me there are eight fair few derelict

0:47:390:47:44

homes here and a lot of these houses

have been so for around a decade --

0:47:440:47:49

a fair few. The council want to do

something and they haven't got the

0:47:490:47:53

money to refurbish so what they've

been doing is getting families in

0:47:530:47:57

the area to buy them for £1 each

with the view that they will then do

0:47:570:48:02

them up themselves. The rules for it

are you have to live and work in

0:48:020:48:06

Liverpool, you have to be a

first-time buyer, you have to do it

0:48:060:48:10

up yourself with your own cash and

if you don't do that in the first

0:48:100:48:14

year they will take the house. You

have to not sell it for five years

0:48:140:48:18

or so. This has been happening for

some time, now they have been slowly

0:48:180:48:22

selling them, they've allocated

around 100 homes in the area already

0:48:220:48:25

to families. Let's go inside and

meet Ilana Remikee, she's done a

0:48:250:48:29

cracking job with this house. This

is Mel and Rob's house --

0:48:290:48:39

is Mel and Rob's house -- Melmeet

Mel. We have Kieron from the

0:48:390:48:42

national Housing Federation. This

looks gorgeous, tell us about the

0:48:420:48:46

effort that's calling?

It's been

about seven months of non-stop

0:48:460:48:52

decorating and ripping walls down --

efforts -- effort that's gone in.

0:48:520:48:58

What was it like when you bought it?

It was a shell, you could see the

0:48:580:49:03

sky from where we are, the rain was

pouring down. It was awful.

What

0:49:030:49:10

made you do it?

Obviously you bought

it for £1 but you've had to spend

0:49:100:49:14

money on it, it isn't like you

walked into it and it was like this?

0:49:140:49:18

There's not many other way is that

you could be mortgage free. It's a

0:49:180:49:23

really good opportunity. It's hard

to get on the property ladder now

0:49:230:49:26

unless you save a deposit and we

thought we would rather use our

0:49:260:49:30

deposit to do something like this

than to be tied to a mortgage we'd

0:49:300:49:34

struggle with for the rest of our

lives.

Could you have afforded to

0:49:340:49:37

buy a house?

We could have got a

mortgage in all honesty but we would

0:49:370:49:42

have struggled every month and I

think we would have been stressed

0:49:420:49:45

out trying to make the payments, it

wouldn't have been easy at all with

0:49:450:49:48

three kids.

Given where you are,

obviously there's still a lot of

0:49:480:49:52

work to be done. I know you got a

neighbour doing theirs up, what does

0:49:520:49:56

it feel like being in the community

because there's still a lot to do?

0:49:560:50:00

It's exciting, every time you see a

shutter getting open and you see

0:50:000:50:04

work starting you get excited

because you feel the community is

0:50:040:50:07

coming together and we're building

our own community really.

Rosie, you

0:50:070:50:12

like your new house?

Yes.

She is

making me jealous with her

0:50:120:50:16

breakfast, it looks lovely. We have

Kieron from the national Housing

0:50:160:50:20

Federation. Tell us about the

scheme, what are your thoughts, is

0:50:200:50:24

this a way of solving the housing

shortage?

This is a great example

0:50:240:50:29

and Liverpool City Council need to

be commended but it's only a small

0:50:290:50:32

piece of the puzzle. Looking at the

north-west of England there's 40,000

0:50:320:50:36

empty homes and we are saying

Housing associations can work with

0:50:360:50:39

local authorities to solve the

problem. We know regeneration isn't

0:50:390:50:44

just about renovating property, it's

about providing the community,

0:50:440:50:52

transport and economic

infrastructure around it to ensure

0:50:520:50:55

people can live and thrive in their

communities.

It's not cheap to do up

0:50:550:50:59

areas where there is a lot of

derelict houses, and as Mel was

0:50:590:51:04

describing, in a right state?

Exactly. The work Mel and the other

0:51:040:51:09

residents have done is vital. It

shows money needs to be put into

0:51:090:51:13

these areas to ensure they can come

up and help the real communities and

0:51:130:51:19

we're saying housing associations

are a willing partner for local

0:51:190:51:22

authorities to ensure that happens.

Interesting. Thanks, Mel, for

0:51:220:51:27

letting us in. You're part of a

Channel 4 show tonight? You've been

0:51:270:51:31

doing a whole documentary, that will

be on at 9pm. That's called

0:51:310:51:36

Britain's Cheapest Street. You will

see some of the shots of Mel and her

0:51:360:51:42

partner, Rob, doing it up.

We've got

a question about the Palop shock

0:51:420:51:47

with jam on top, that has made me

hungry.

Legendary. We were saying,

0:51:470:51:53

has Rosie found a new way to eat one

of these? I think she has.

Can't

0:51:530:52:00

argue with it.

0:52:000:52:02

Look at this.

0:52:020:52:07

We haven't gone off air, we have

gone to black. That's how black this

0:52:070:52:14

new material is.

0:52:140:52:21

new material is. There's a bit of

depth to it, you can see that. It's

0:52:210:52:27

a crinkly piece of foil. If you saw

it crinkly... If you turned it round

0:52:270:52:33

you would see the crinkles on the

other side. That is so black...

0:52:330:52:39

There's a percentage somewhere,

99.96%. That's how much light it

0:52:390:52:45

absorbs.

The only thing darker is a

black hole.

0:52:450:52:48

It's been used on an amazing

new building which has just opened

0:52:480:52:51

at the winter Olympics

in South Korea.

0:52:510:52:53

Designed by a British architect

using materials created by British

0:52:530:52:56

scientists, the structure absorbs

99% of the light that hits it.

0:52:560:52:59

I tell you what, we can compare

this... I'm going to move this

0:52:590:53:04

towards Dan's suit jacket. Almost

makes you look great, doesn't it?

0:53:040:53:09

Look how dark it is. -- grey.

0:53:090:53:14

Breakfast's Graham Satchell reports.

0:53:140:53:16

It's the blackest building on earth.

This pavilion outside the Olympic

0:53:160:53:24

stadium in South Korea is coated

with aim mid reel called VBX2. It

0:53:240:53:31

absorbs 98% of the light.

-- with a

material. Wanted people to be

0:53:310:53:37

awestruck and starstruck by this

building, and to see it and stop in

0:53:370:53:41

their tracks.

The pavilion is the

brainchild of British architect Asif

0:53:410:53:49

Khan.

You feel drawn into it, you

want to plummet into its blackness.

0:53:490:53:56

Asif has peppered the building with

small lights to look like stars.

As

0:53:560:54:00

you walk around the building, you

get the effect of power laps so it

0:54:000:54:05

appears the stars are moving against

each other, as though you were

0:54:050:54:11

diving through the universe.

This

laboratory in southern England is

0:54:110:54:18

where

0:54:180:54:23

where VBX2 and Vantablack were

created.

0:54:250:54:27

It might look like paint but

Vantablack is made billions of

0:54:270:54:31

microscopic carbon nano tubes. It

absorbs 99.96% of the light. The

0:54:310:54:37

only thing darker would be a black

hole?

The only thing darker in the

0:54:370:54:41

universe is a black hole.

A back

hole that we know of that this time.

0:54:410:54:48

It's so black it changes the

dimension Haliti of an object. It

0:54:480:54:53

makes things look flat. --

dimensions.

You're seeing the lack

0:54:530:54:57

of photons being reflected back to

your eyes and so your eyes are no

0:54:570:55:01

longer able to make sense of what

you're seeing so therefore you see

0:55:010:55:05

it as a void or a very black area

that you can't make shape or sense

0:55:050:55:09

from.

Looking at black nothingness like

0:55:090:55:15

this is a rather odd sort of

experience. It is slightly

0:55:150:55:19

vertiginous, like you're standing on

the edge of an abyss looking into a

0:55:190:55:23

void. It's exciting and unsettling

at the same time.

0:55:230:55:30

Vantablack is used in space

exploration, in cameras and

0:55:350:55:38

telescopes to reduce the amount of

flair from the sun. It gives

0:55:380:55:42

astronomers a clear view of distant

stars and planets but using this

0:55:420:55:47

nanotechnology has only just

started.

The possibilities of

0:55:470:55:51

designing materials are kind of

quite limitless. I imagine coating

0:55:510:55:58

materials with nano materials,

imagine vehicles that slip in and

0:55:580:56:01

out of visibility, that's the sort

of world that we're talking about

0:56:010:56:04

here.

So a stunning building using

technology that has the potential to

0:56:040:56:12

revolutionise photography, space

exploration, architecture, design.

0:56:120:56:15

Graham Satchell, BBC News.

0:56:150:56:19

I feel like I need to go to that

building.

And have your mind warped.

0:56:190:56:24

It would feel like it would be a

complete mind warp.

You know when

0:56:240:56:29

you go to the toilet in the middle

of the night and then you turn the

0:56:290:56:34

light on and for the moment after

you switch it off, it is super black

0:56:340:56:38

and then your eyes get used to it.

I

was worried, Dan, but I will give

0:56:380:56:43

you that one.

I'll be honest, I was

slightly worried myself!

I tell you

0:56:430:56:48

what, you get to that age when you

got to go in the night!

0:56:480:56:52

Time now to get the news,

travel and weather where you are.

0:56:521:00:12

Vanessa is talking about cycle theft

on

1:00:121:00:14

Vanessa is talking about cycle theft

on BBC Radio London because a bike

1:00:141:00:16

is stolen in London every 90

seconds.

1:00:161:00:19

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Dan Walker and Naga Munchetty.

1:00:191:00:22

A lack of trust among disabled

people over how their welfare

1:00:221:00:25

claims are decided.

1:00:251:00:26

MPs find assessors submitted

reports that were riddled

1:00:261:00:28

with errors and regularly

missed quality targets.

1:00:281:00:36

Good morning, it's

Wednesday 14th February.

1:00:441:00:46

Also this morning:

1:00:461:00:49

Boris Johnson moves to reassure

voters who he says are angry

1:00:491:00:52

and alienated because of Brexit

in the first of a series of speeches

1:00:521:00:55

from senior cabinet members.

1:00:551:00:59

A new times table test is introduced

for thousands of eight and nine year

1:00:591:01:03

olds in England's primary schools

in a bid to raise numeracy levels.

1:01:031:01:09

Good morning.

1:01:091:01:14

In Liverpool the council has been

selling off derelict homes for £1

1:01:141:01:18

each. These are some of the ones

which have been renovated already as

1:01:181:01:23

planned to try and make sure we get

rid of the derelict homes in the

1:01:231:01:27

area. It could help the housing

shortage. We will have a look in

1:01:271:01:31

some of the houses later.

1:01:311:01:34

Good morning from a much warmer but

rather windy Pyeongchang. Get ready

1:01:341:01:39

to go mad for curling again because

both the men and women from Great

1:01:391:01:44

Britain begin their push for the

medals. The women are in action at

1:01:441:01:48

the moment and I will keep you

updated through the morning.

1:01:481:01:51

Mad for curling, will be be mad for

the weather?

1:01:511:01:54

I don't know how much love you will

have for a Valentine's Day later.

1:01:541:01:59

After a frosty and sunny start

there's rain and hill snow on the

1:01:591:02:02

way. The full forecast in 15

minutes.

1:02:021:02:05

Good morning.

1:02:051:02:05

First, our main story:

1:02:051:02:06

A committee of MPs has said

there is a "pervasive lack of trust"

1:02:061:02:10

among disabled people

in how their welfare

1:02:101:02:12

claims are assessed.

1:02:121:02:12

The Commons' Work and Pensions

committee said reports by private

1:02:121:02:15

contractors were "riddled

with errors" and quality targets had

1:02:151:02:18

been "regularly missed".

1:02:181:02:18

Here's our disability news

correspondent Nikki Fox.

1:02:181:02:26

Anastasia is having a good day.

1:02:261:02:28

But it's not always like this.

1:02:281:02:30

Most days she is unable

to get out of the house.

1:02:301:02:35

The 24-year-old has

multiple sclerosis.

1:02:351:02:37

She used to work full-time,

but now she struggles to get around.

1:02:371:02:42

She applied for a disability

benefit and was assessed

1:02:421:02:45

at home by a healthcare professional

from a private company.

1:02:451:02:52

Anastasia says she told the assessor

she could only walk 20 metres,

1:02:521:02:56

but when the report came back it

said she could walk further.

1:02:561:02:59

She didn't give me

a physical assessment.

1:02:591:03:01

I was sat down the entire time.

1:03:011:03:03

I was very, very cross about that.

1:03:031:03:05

Today's report identifies

a culture of mistrust around

1:03:051:03:07

the whole process.

1:03:071:03:10

It says assessors risk

being viewed as, at best,

1:03:101:03:15

lacking in competence and,

at worst, actively deceitful.

1:03:151:03:18

The committee says the government's

low bar for what is considered

1:03:181:03:23

acceptable leaves room

for assessment reports to be riddled

1:03:231:03:26

with obvious errors and omissions.

1:03:261:03:28

Clearly the system needs a major

overhaul, but there are some things

1:03:281:03:34

the government could do relatively

quickly to improve it.

1:03:341:03:37

Automatic audio recording

of assessments for people.

1:03:371:03:38

Why not share the assessment

results with the claimant

1:03:381:03:41

at the point of claimant decision?

1:03:411:03:43

The government says assessments work

for the majority of people and it's

1:03:431:03:46

committed to improving transparency.

1:03:461:03:47

But with current contracts up

for review and targets

1:03:471:03:49

being consistently missed,

the future of the system is unclear.

1:03:491:03:56

The Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

will address what he calls

1:03:561:03:59

the "grief and alienation"

of those who voted to stay

1:03:591:04:02

in the European Union

in a speech later today.

1:04:021:04:04

He says that people who voted

to leave the EU should

1:04:041:04:07

try to persuade worried remainers

to focus on the possible benefits

1:04:071:04:10

of, rather than their

fears over, Brexit.

1:04:101:04:14

Our political correspondent,

Leila Nathoo, is in Westminster this

1:04:141:04:16

morning.

1:04:161:04:20

Good morning. What are we expect in

from Boris Johnson today?

We are

1:04:201:04:28

expecting him to really give the

Barry Conser you treat time,

1:04:281:04:32

reaching out to both sides of the

debate -- conciliatory. Recognising

1:04:321:04:38

there are still divisions between

people in terms of the merits and

1:04:381:04:42

perils of Raqqa. He want to reassure

people who voted to remain who are

1:04:421:04:47

still anxious that it is about hope

and not fear, but he will have a

1:04:471:04:55

straw -- stark warning for those who

want to stop it and he will say that

1:04:551:04:59

will be a dangerous mistake. This is

the first in a series of speeches

1:04:591:05:04

the government is calling the road

to Brexit. Boris Johnson will be the

1:05:041:05:08

first Cabinet minister to give his

speech today. We will hear from

1:05:081:05:11

Theresa May on her speech on

security at the weekend and then

1:05:111:05:16

there will be speeches by Liam Fox,

David Davis the Brexit secretary and

1:05:161:05:21

the Cabinet office minister who will

speak about devolution. So there

1:05:211:05:25

will be a series of speeches at

Number 10 and it is promising they

1:05:251:05:28

will set out more detail on the

government's approach to Brexit. The

1:05:281:05:33

reason there has been under pressure

to set out what she wants from

1:05:331:05:37

Britain's future relationship with

the EU. There is no secret that

1:05:371:05:40

there are divisions at the highest

level of government. There will be

1:05:401:05:44

an away day to try to thrash out

differences, to come to settle on a

1:05:441:05:48

final position. But Downing Street

is promising that at the end we will

1:05:481:05:52

have an idea of the precise nature

of what the government actually

1:05:521:05:56

wants from Britain's departure from

the EU.

Should also talk about the

1:05:561:06:00

impact all of this will have

government resources, in terms of

1:06:001:06:03

offices. The Home Office will come

under more pressure I suppose when

1:06:031:06:08

it comes to how Immigration will pan

out?

Yes. There is a warning today

1:06:081:06:13

from MPs in the Commons home Select

Committee, which says it is already

1:06:131:06:19

too stretched, let alone making

plans for wrecks at macro later.

1:06:191:06:24

They haven't properly laid out for

plans for the immigration policy and

1:06:241:06:27

they say that is causing anxiety for

EU citizens. The Home Office as

1:06:271:06:31

preparations are under way and it is

ridiculous to use suggest otherwise,

1:06:311:06:35

what I think of the -- it's a sign

of the inpatients to set out the

1:06:351:06:42

Brexit plans.

Thank you.

1:06:421:06:44

The jury at the trial of the former

football coach Barry Bennell,

1:06:441:06:47

who's been found guilty of dozens

of sexual offences against boys,

1:06:471:06:50

will continue deliberations

on other charges today.

1:06:501:06:52

Yesterday, the jury

at Liverpool Crown Court returned

1:06:521:06:54

guilty verdicts on 36 counts

and asked for more time

1:06:541:06:57

to consider seven more.

1:06:571:06:58

Bennell, who appeared in court

via videolink due to illness,

1:06:581:07:01

declined to give

evidence in his defence.

1:07:011:07:04

Our reporter Andy Gill is outside

Liverpool Crown Court this morning,

1:07:041:07:09

remind us of the

background to the case?

1:07:091:07:17

Well, Barry Bennell is a football

coach who worked for a number of

1:07:171:07:23

clubs, Manchester City, who has been

accused as the prosecution has put

1:07:231:07:30

it of child molestation on an

industrial scale. The jury today

1:07:301:07:34

have seven more verdicts to reach,

including four charges against and

1:07:341:07:38

11th complainant. Yesterday 36

guilty verdicts against ten men,

1:07:381:07:45

some of those complainants were in

tears in court as the verdicts were

1:07:451:07:48

announced. Barry Bennell was

watching on CCTV from prison. He has

1:07:481:07:51

been too unwell to attend court. The

jury gave those 36 verdicts and at

1:07:511:07:59

the start of the proceedings he

pleaded guilty to seven offences of

1:07:591:08:03

child molestation. The crowns they

at home he had arcade games, a pool

1:08:031:08:09

table, exotic pets, where he invited

young men to stay overnight and

1:08:091:08:14

where he molested them. He said in

one police interview the jury heard

1:08:141:08:18

that he wanted the young men to like

him. He agreed he was manipulative,

1:08:181:08:24

but said that he wasn't evil. He

said that some of his accusers were

1:08:241:08:28

jumping on a bandwagon. Barry

Bennell is now looking at a fourth

1:08:281:08:32

jail term for child tax offences.

The jury will resume their

1:08:321:08:37

deliberations here at Liverpool

Crown Court at 10:15am.

Thank you

1:08:371:08:41

very much for the latest on that

story.

1:08:411:08:46

Minnie Driver has quit as an Oxfam

ambassador following claims that

1:08:461:08:50

staff working for the charity in

disaster zones paid vulnerable local

1:08:501:08:55

people for sex. She resigned after

20 years with the aid agency, saying

1:08:551:08:59

that she was horrified by the

allegations. Oxfam said he was

1:08:591:09:02

grateful for her commitment and that

he was more determined than ever to

1:09:021:09:07

learn from its mistakes.

1:09:071:09:08

Thousands of eight and

nine-year-olds are to be formally

1:09:081:09:10

assessed on their times tables

at primary schools in England.

1:09:101:09:15

The tests will be trialled at nearly

300 schools this spring,

1:09:151:09:18

before becoming mandatory in 2020.

1:09:181:09:20

Unions say they won't tell teachers

and parents anything about children

1:09:201:09:23

that they don't already know

but ministers say the tests

1:09:231:09:25

will identify those pupils

who need extra support.

1:09:251:09:30

This is an important initiative, to

ensure that every child leaves

1:09:301:09:37

primary school fluent in their

multiplication tables, just as the

1:09:371:09:42

phonic table we introduced in 2012.

That has led to a huge improvement

1:09:421:09:45

in reading standards and we expect

this will lead to a huge improvement

1:09:451:09:49

in children's fluency in

arithmetics, so when they start

1:09:491:09:53

secondary school they will be far

better equipped to handle the

1:09:531:09:57

challenges of secondary school

mathematics.

1:09:571:09:58

Hundreds of premature babies

could avoid brain damage

1:09:581:10:00

if their mothers were all given

a cheap drug during labour,

1:10:001:10:03

according to a new report.

1:10:031:10:07

The Royal College of Paediatrics

and Child Health says there are huge

1:10:071:10:10

regional disparities

in the proportion of mothers given

1:10:101:10:12

magnesium sulphate to reduce

the risk of cerebral palsy.

1:10:121:10:17

It claims providing the drug

could save the NHS £280 million

1:10:171:10:20

a year.

1:10:201:10:22

The actress Emma Watson has spoken

about her shock at realising

1:10:221:10:25

that there was no system

in place to help people

1:10:251:10:28

in the film industry who had

been sexually harassed.

1:10:281:10:31

She's one of a number of women

in the industry who've been

1:10:311:10:34

consulted by the British Film

Institute and BAFTA,

1:10:341:10:39

as it announces changes aimed

at tackling the problem.

1:10:391:10:41

Our entertainment correspondent

Colin Paterson has been looking

1:10:411:10:44

at the plans.

1:10:441:10:47

This Sunday it's the BAFTA awards

and ahead of British film's

1:10:471:10:50

biggest night of the year,

the industry has announced

1:10:501:10:52

a brand-new plan aimed

at tackling both sexual

1:10:521:10:54

harassment and bullying.

1:10:541:10:57

It's a direct response

to the Harvey Weinstein allegations.

1:10:571:11:01

Hello!

1:11:011:11:02

You can talk?

1:11:021:11:03

Of course we can talk!

1:11:031:11:07

Emma Watson was one of the many

actresses asked for her input.

1:11:071:11:10

These principles are important

because up until recently

1:11:101:11:13

there were no guidelines,

there was no protocol for someone

1:11:131:11:17

that had been sexually harassed

in the entertainment industry.

1:11:171:11:20

I know this to be a fact

because I've asked for principles

1:11:201:11:23

and I've asked to see guidelines

and no one could give them to me.

1:11:231:11:27

To change this, more

than 40 organisations,

1:11:271:11:29

including BAFTA and the

British Film Institute,

1:11:291:11:32

worked on a set of eight principles

which they want to be used

1:11:321:11:38

across the film, television

and video games industries.

1:11:381:11:40

So what will actually change?

1:11:401:11:41

Every production must employ two

people trained to handle any

1:11:411:11:44

accusations of harassment.

1:11:441:11:45

A dedicated phone line will open

in April, offering free confidential

1:11:451:11:48

help.

1:11:481:11:49

And BFI funding will only be given

to projects committed

1:11:491:11:51

to the changes.

1:11:511:11:55

This isn't about a set of commands,

it's about a set of principles

1:11:551:12:02

which everyone has willingly

and with huge enthusiasm

1:12:021:12:04

signed up to.

1:12:041:12:08

At last month's Golden Globe awards,

almost all actresses wore black

1:12:081:12:12

to show solidarity for the Times Up

campaign, calling for change.

1:12:121:12:15

The same is expected at the Baftas.

1:12:151:12:23

Those behind today's announcement

hope such a stand won't be

1:12:231:12:26

needed next year.

1:12:261:12:30

It's that time of the morning where

I think we need a little bit of

1:12:301:12:34

love. Apparently it's the day it for

it.

1:12:341:12:37

Here's a heart-warming image

of a gorilla in the arms of one

1:12:371:12:41

of her rescuers.

1:12:411:12:42

This won the top prize

at the Wildlife Photographer

1:12:421:12:44

of the Year awards.

1:12:441:12:45

Chosen by almost 20,000 nature

fans, the winning snap

1:12:451:12:48

was taken by Canadian

photographer Jo-Anne McArthur.

1:12:481:12:55

Pikin, a lowland gorilla,

was being moved to a new home

1:12:551:12:58

by her caretaker in Cameroon.

1:12:581:12:59

Other finalists included this image

of a polar bear and her cubs

1:12:591:13:03

emerging from their den.

1:13:031:13:04

Very nice.

1:13:041:13:07

This is a lilac-breasted roller.

1:13:071:13:12

It's hitching a ride

on a zebra, taken in Kenya.

1:13:121:13:16

That bird doesn't look real!

It does have a magical tone to it.

1:13:161:13:21

This three-toed sloth was hanging

around in the Brazilian rainforest.

1:13:211:13:24

And, finally, here's an underwater

image of a humpback whale

1:13:241:13:27

and her calf floating

in the waters off Tonga.

1:13:271:13:29

The winning images will be showcased

at the Natural History Museum

1:13:291:13:32

in London, until the end of May.

1:13:321:13:40

The way welfare claims for disabled

people are assessed is coming

1:13:401:13:43

in for criticism this morning.

1:13:431:13:48

Claimants were asked for their views

by the Work and Pensions Committee,

1:13:481:13:51

and it found what it calls

a "pervasive lack of trust".

1:13:511:13:54

It recommends ministers take

the service back in house

1:13:541:13:57

when contracts end

with private firms.

1:13:571:13:58

The government says the majority

of claimants are happy

1:13:581:14:01

with their overall experience.

1:14:011:14:03

Joining us now is Rob Holland

from the charity Mencap which works

1:14:031:14:06

with people with

learning disabilities.

1:14:061:14:09

Thanks very much for talking with

us. What has been happening in terms

1:14:091:14:13

of the way they've been assessed

that is coming under scrutiny?

1:14:131:14:19

We know working together with the

disability benefits Consortium that

1:14:191:14:23

many disabled people have a really

difficult to awful experience when

1:14:231:14:27

it comes to being assessed for

benefits so we carried out a survey

1:14:271:14:33

of 3000 disabled people and half

told us the assessment report didn't

1:14:331:14:37

accurately reflect the answers they

gave during their assessment.

These

1:14:371:14:40

assessments are being done by who?

They're being done by private

1:14:401:14:49

contractors, a source Maximus and

Capital and there being conducted by

1:14:491:14:55

health officials -- Assos Maximus

and Capital. But they might not know

1:14:551:15:04

anything about your condition. We

have the case of an assessor asking

1:15:041:15:09

someone, when did you catch Down's

syndrome? When might you recover

1:15:091:15:13

from an incurable disease? The

assessor might not know anything

1:15:131:15:18

about your disability.

That was

recorded by the person being

1:15:181:15:21

assessed obviously.

There's questions about accuracy and

1:15:211:15:23

I was reading some of the examples,

one person saying they were in bed

1:15:231:15:28

through the assessment and the

assessor was in a chair and when

1:15:281:15:31

they saw the assessment it said the

person was able to get out of the

1:15:311:15:35

chair and aided and they never sat

in the chair during the assessment.

1:15:351:15:39

Things like that I would imagine

leave no confidence in the system --

1:15:391:15:43

unaided.

Disabled people say they

have very little confidence and

1:15:431:15:47

trust in the system and that of

course is borne out in the number of

1:15:471:15:51

people that go on to challenge the

assessment decision and when they do

1:15:511:15:55

get to appeal stage actually more

often than not they are likely to

1:15:551:16:00

see the decision overturned in the

disabled person's favour. That tells

1:16:001:16:03

you really the assessment is not

accurate as it is.

What happens then

1:16:031:16:09

when you have Capita, the one

delivering... One of the bodies

1:16:091:16:16

delivering these assessors, it says

all our qualified healthcare

1:16:161:16:19

professionals are fully trained and

are dedicated to delivering a

1:16:191:16:23

professional and empathetic

assessment for all claimants. It

1:16:231:16:26

doesn't seem to think there's

anything wrong. Where's the link

1:16:261:16:30

missing in terms of educating these

bodies and making sure these

1:16:301:16:34

assessments are done properly and

thoroughly?

Half of the people we

1:16:341:16:39

surveyed said the assessor didn't

understand their disability or

1:16:391:16:42

health conditions so there's clearly

a need for better training.

Does

1:16:421:16:46

Mencap talk to the likes of Capita

to offer training and offer insight

1:16:461:16:51

into what's being missed?

We do try

to advise those assessors on how

1:16:511:16:58

they can make their processes more

accessible for disabled people. That

1:16:581:17:03

is certainly the case. But it's also

not just about the assessor but also

1:17:031:17:09

how they bring in specialist

evidence as well, so that might be a

1:17:091:17:17

specialist medical professional for

example, or it might be family,

1:17:171:17:22

friends, support workers, employers,

who can also provide that evidence

1:17:221:17:25

so you can build up the full picture

about how their ability affects them

1:17:251:17:31

on a day-to-day basis.

Better

qualified assessors I would imagine

1:17:311:17:35

are more expensive, so is there a

fear that if you pay for that back

1:17:351:17:39

could take away the money there is

available for benefits?

At the

1:17:391:17:47

moment the government is spending

millions of pounds administering the

1:17:471:17:50

appeals process, it spent £100

million over the last two years

1:17:501:17:54

fighting against disabled people in

the tribunal is challenging these

1:17:541:17:58

things. We think that money would be

better spent upfront to make sure

1:17:581:18:02

you get the assessment right first

time and disabled people don't have

1:18:021:18:05

to challenge it.

Rob, thanks for

talking to us. Rob Holland from

1:18:051:18:10

Mencap.

Let us know what you think about

1:18:101:18:12

that.

1:18:121:18:13

The headlines. That is the headline.

That pervasive amount of lack of

1:18:131:18:21

trust with disabled people over how

their welfare claims are assessed

1:18:211:18:27

according to a collection of MPs.

1:18:271:18:30

The Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

says supporters of Brexit must

1:18:301:18:35

reach

out to people who are angry

1:18:351:18:37

and despairing about leaving the EU

1:18:371:18:39

Naga has been saying today in your

house you don't do Valentine's Day

1:18:391:18:43

because there is love every day of

the year.

They're genuinely is, I

1:18:431:18:46

don't need a day to tell my partner

I love him.

-- there. And you don't

1:18:461:18:53

need the commercialisation?

No.

Isn't there a proper reason for it,

1:18:531:18:56

Saint Valentine, he protected

people, a priest or member of the

1:18:561:19:03

community, people wanted to be

married but it was against the law.

1:19:031:19:07

I like the historical aspect.

Lots

of people getting in contact about

1:19:071:19:11

how they're celebrating, Dan says

I'm going to work for hours in the

1:19:111:19:15

freezing cold with eight Pot

Noodles.

Is that you?

No, not me.

1:19:151:19:19

Ash a -- of

1:19:191:19:25

Hannah says she is getting a Subway

sandwiches.

This is my favourite.

1:19:251:19:32

Leezer said in bed watching BBC

Breakfast. -- Lisa.

1:19:321:19:38

Here's Matt with a look

at this morning's weather.

1:19:381:19:41

Good morning. Chilly start. Lovely

sunny start. Look at Lincolnshire a

1:19:421:19:48

short while ago

1:19:481:19:49

sunny start. Look at Lincolnshire a

short while ago but where you have

1:19:491:19:50

the clear skies, temperatures are at

or below freezing and we saw them

1:19:501:19:54

drop in the last hour to around -4

in a few spots. This is the general

1:19:541:19:59

theme where they are at the moment,

in parts of England and Scotland,

1:19:591:20:02

the blue colours show where

temperatures are below freezing, if

1:20:021:20:05

you don't have blue hue avoid the

frost. In eastern England because of

1:20:051:20:10

the cloud from yesterday -- blue you

avoid. While we have sunshine

1:20:101:20:16

through much of the morning, central

and eastern areas cloud in over.

1:20:161:20:20

Outbreaks of rain coming and going

in south-west England and Wales --

1:20:201:20:24

cloud in. Acting house styled of

course it is said

1:20:241:20:31

the coast. 60 mph gusts are

possible. Rain coming and going in

1:20:311:20:37

Northern Ireland. More snow over the

hills, ten centimetres in places.

1:20:371:20:45

Rain and sleet to lower levels later

on as temperatures rise but we could

1:20:451:20:50

see severe gale for, 60 or 70 mph

gusts in the west and a windy day

1:20:501:20:56

across the board. Chilly in the east

but in the west, sunshine in

1:20:561:21:00

Belfast, maybe in Plymouth, ten or

11 possible. The mildest day of the

1:21:001:21:05

week so far for some. The mild

weather sweeps out of the way as the

1:21:051:21:09

rain goes to the near continent into

tomorrow morning. Chillier

1:21:091:21:12

conditions on its way back in with

snow flurries to western Scotland

1:21:121:21:16

and Northern Ireland and a few

showers in the west. Clear skies

1:21:161:21:19

around to start Thursday, low

pressure to the north but the winds

1:21:191:21:24

coming in from the west instead of

the south and not as strong as

1:21:241:21:27

today. Brighter for many on Thursday

with good sunny spells, the best of

1:21:271:21:31

which to the south and east, more

showers to the north and west, a

1:21:311:21:35

mixture of rain, hail, sleet and

snow and a few centimetres possible

1:21:351:21:38

in Scotland. Something less chilly

holding on across the south. On

1:21:381:21:44

Friday morning a frosty start across

the south of the clear skies, but

1:21:441:21:48

further north, the cloud will gather

without breaks of rain and hill snow

1:21:481:21:51

again, the best weather on Friday

will be in England and Wales with

1:21:511:21:55

sunshine at times. Before I go,

let's give you a bit of romance,

1:21:551:21:59

Valentine's Day summary. Sunrise is

red, the sky will turn grey, after

1:21:591:22:05

the a frosty start, rain and snow on

the way. Who say I can't do romance?

1:22:051:22:11

That's not romantic.

I didn't do it

very well, did I?

Do it again with

1:22:111:22:16

some love.

How can you say that when

you don't like Valentine's Day and

1:22:161:22:20

you said when we were listening...

Someone hit a nerve.

Your husband

1:22:201:22:28

doesn't like pancakes.

Do you want

to know why?

He is a coeliac so he

1:22:281:22:33

has gluten problems. Thanks, Matt,

excellent weather.

I'm in the middle

1:22:331:22:38

of something so shall I slink off?

Very serious issue.

1:22:381:22:42

Yesterday we were live at Birmingham

airport as flights from British

1:22:441:22:47

holiday companies took off

for Tunisia for the first time

1:22:471:22:50

since a terror attack

nearly three years ago.

1:22:501:22:52

38 people were killed

when a gunman opened fire

1:22:521:22:54

on the beach at Sousse

in June, 2015.

1:22:541:22:56

Afterwards, the UK government

advised British citizens not

1:22:561:22:59

to visit the country.

1:22:591:23:00

That advice changed last summer

and yesterday the first

1:23:001:23:02

direct holiday flights arrived.

1:23:021:23:03

Our reporter, Emily Unia,

was onboard and we can now speak

1:23:031:23:06

to her live from Tunisia.

1:23:061:23:07

to her live from Tunisia.

1:23:071:23:08

We can talk to her live from

Tunisia. Emily, good to see you.

1:23:081:23:12

What was the mood like on the

flight, must have been trepidations

1:23:121:23:16

for the holidaymakers?

Yeah. Some of them were quite

1:23:161:23:23

anxious. I think a few didn't

realise they were on the first

1:23:231:23:27

flight back but others were

genuinely really excited and

1:23:271:23:29

enthusiastic. They were year-on-year

visitors to Tunisia and they were

1:23:291:23:33

quite disappointed they weren't able

to come during the travel ban, but

1:23:331:23:37

they understood the reasons

following the shootings. Actually

1:23:371:23:40

yesterday there was a mood of

celebration and that carried on

1:23:401:23:43

right on through to our arrival at

the airport. They handed out

1:23:431:23:47

flowers, there was music and

dancing, lots of drinks and cakes

1:23:471:23:51

and a real sense of delight that the

Brits were back. Visitor numbers are

1:23:511:23:55

still low and the beach behind me is

empty, the hotel I'm in is very

1:23:551:24:00

quiet. It is the low season, the

feeling is as the summer approaches

1:24:001:24:04

things will pick up and the first

plane load of Brits coming back this

1:24:041:24:08

week is seen as a good sign.

1:24:081:24:10

This time last year government

advised barred all but essential

1:24:121:24:15

travel to Tunisia. But now package

tourists are turning.

1:24:151:24:23

This couple are visiting Tunisia for

the first time. There on honeymoon

1:24:231:24:27

and the shootings on the beach in

2015 haven't put them off.

1:24:271:24:31

I think they'll have stepped

security up so I think will be

1:24:311:24:35

perfectly safe, there's no reason

for people to be worried. We're just

1:24:351:24:38

really excited to get out there and

see what it's like. You can't live

1:24:381:24:42

in fear otherwise you'd never do

anything.

1:24:421:24:45

The return of British visitors is

welcome news for Tunisians who are

1:24:451:24:50

working to put on a good show for

their guests. -- who were keen.

1:24:501:24:56

Since 2015, the tourist economy has

suffered. There was a 90% drop in

1:24:561:25:01

the number of British visitors in

the first four months of 2016.

1:25:011:25:06

Bookings were cancelled, hotels

closed and beaches lay empty. But

1:25:061:25:11

now security has improved a lot.

Most hotels have arches like this

1:25:111:25:14

one, they've got scanners inside and

there is a much more visible police

1:25:141:25:19

presence all around the resorts.

For businesses dependent on tourism,

1:25:191:25:23

the lifting of the travel ban and

the return of package holidaymakers

1:25:231:25:27

is building expectations of economic

revival.

It's looking great, it's a

1:25:271:25:32

start because all the big tour

operators are coming back.

1:25:321:25:35

Rescheduling all the flights and the

promotion will take some time. We

1:25:351:25:42

have very good forecasts for the

summer. It should be a great year,

1:25:421:25:46

but not perfect. I think it's a

start.

1:25:461:25:51

The hope now is one of the most

popular destinations for British

1:25:511:25:55

tourists will return to the top

spot.

1:25:551:26:01

And the mood among the business

owners here really is one of

1:26:011:26:05

cautious optimism because they've

still got a long way to go. Visitor

1:26:051:26:09

numbers really dropped off a cliff

edge at the start of 2016 following

1:26:091:26:13

those shootings and although they

have visitors from Algeria, lots

1:26:131:26:17

more from Russia and other European

countries, it really was the Brits

1:26:171:26:20

they were hoping to see return. The

fact you've now got these direct

1:26:201:26:24

flights coming back and later on in

the summer they believe they will be

1:26:241:26:28

starting to Sousse as well, there's

a feeling among the business owners

1:26:281:26:32

here that perhaps some good news is

just around the corner.

We certainly

1:26:321:26:37

wish everyone well. Word Emily,

thanks very much. -- Emily, thanks

1:26:371:26:44

very much.

1:26:441:26:46

Time now to get the news,

travel and weather where you are.

1:26:461:30:07

is stolen in London

every 90 seconds.

1:30:071:30:09

I'm back with the latest

from the BBC London newsroom

1:30:091:30:12

in half an hour.

1:30:121:30:13

Hello.

1:30:131:30:14

This is Breakfast, with Dan Walker

and Naga Munchetty.

1:30:141:30:17

A committee of MPs has said

there is a "pervasive lack of trust"

1:30:171:30:21

among disabled people

in how their welfare

1:30:211:30:22

claims are assessed.

1:30:221:30:28

The Commons' Work and Pensions

committee said reports by private

1:30:281:30:31

contractors were

"riddled with errors".

1:30:311:30:36

It recommends ministers take

the service back "in house"

1:30:361:30:38

when contracts end

with private firms.

1:30:381:30:40

The government says the majority

of claimants are happy

1:30:401:30:42

with their overall experience.

1:30:421:30:44

The Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

says he wants to reassure those

1:30:441:30:46

who feel angry and alienated

because of the Brexit vote.

1:30:461:30:50

In a speech later today

he will suggest that supporters

1:30:501:30:53

of Brexit try to persuade worried

remain voters that leaving

1:30:531:30:59

the European Union is a cause

for "hope, not fear".

1:30:591:31:02

His is the first of a number

of cabinet speeches

1:31:021:31:05

expected this week.

1:31:051:31:06

MPs have criticised the Home Office

for seriously underestimating,

1:31:061:31:08

what they described as the "immense

bureaucratic challenge"

1:31:081:31:10

posed by Brexit.

1:31:101:31:16

In a report published today,

the House of Commons home affairs

1:31:161:31:19

committee hits out at the Government

for long delays in publishing

1:31:191:31:22

a post-Brexit

immigration white paper.

1:31:221:31:23

The government has said it's

considering various options

1:31:231:31:25

and will set out its initial plans

"as and when they are ready".

1:31:251:31:29

The jury at the trial of the former

football coach Barry Bennell,

1:31:291:31:32

who's been found guilty of dozens

of sexual offences against boys,

1:31:321:31:35

will continue deliberations

on other charges today.

1:31:351:31:37

Yesterday, the jury

at Liverpool Crown Court returned

1:31:371:31:39

guilty verdicts on 36 counts

and asked for more time

1:31:391:31:42

to consider seven more.

1:31:421:31:48

Bennell, who appeared in court

via videolink due to illness,

1:31:481:31:51

declined to give

evidence in his defence.

1:31:511:31:53

Film star Minnie Driver has quit

as an Oxfam ambassador

1:31:531:31:55

following claims that staff working

for the charity in disaster zones

1:31:551:31:58

paid vulnerable local

people for sex.

1:31:581:32:03

The actress resigned after 20 years

with the aid agency,

1:32:031:32:05

saying in a statement

that she was "horrified"

1:32:051:32:08

by the allegations.

1:32:081:32:15

Oxfam said it was "grateful"

for Ms Driver's commitment,

1:32:151:32:18

and that it was more

determined than ever to learn

1:32:181:32:20

from its mistakes.

1:32:201:32:21

Thousands of eight and nine year

olds are to be formally assessed

1:32:211:32:24

on their times tables

at primary schools in England.

1:32:241:32:27

The tests will be trialed at nearly

300 schools this spring,

1:32:271:32:30

before becoming mandatory in 2020.

1:32:301:32:31

Unions claim they won't tell

teachers and parents anything

1:32:311:32:34

about children that they don't

already know, but ministers say

1:32:341:32:36

the tests will identify those pupils

who need extra support.

1:32:361:32:39

The actress Emma Watson has

spoken of her shock,

1:32:391:32:42

at realising that there was no

system in place to help people

1:32:421:32:45

in the film industry who had

been sexually harassed.

1:32:451:32:47

She's one of a number of women

who've been consulted

1:32:471:32:50

by the British Film Institute

and BAFTA, as it announces changes

1:32:501:32:53

aimed at tackling the problem.

1:32:531:32:55

Now BFI funding will only be given

to projects committed

1:32:551:32:57

to the proposals.

1:32:571:33:03

How i.e. Filling this morning?

Feeling good!

1:33:031:33:07

Do you need a pick me up?

Always need a pick me up. Did you

1:33:071:33:13

know that

1:33:131:33:18

know that in Italian pick me up

translates as tiramisu? 30 chefs

1:33:201:33:24

baked all day to produce this large

tiramisu. We aren't yet sure if

1:33:241:33:34

everyone standing alongside the

giant tiramisu got to sample it.

1:33:341:33:40

I need tiramisu this morning.

I and very anti- tiramisu.

1:33:401:33:46

You don't like food with coffee in

it.

1:33:461:33:48

It is on the list of the worst

deserts available.

1:33:481:33:51

Is there a long list? I used to be

very anti- trifle, but I am

1:33:511:33:58

bordering on welcoming it into my

life.

1:33:581:34:00

I am with you on trifle, but

tiramisu!

1:34:001:34:03

Shambolic.

Good morning. Have we curled?

1:34:031:34:09

We are still going strong! The

Russians made a bit of a comeback,

1:34:091:34:14

but we are still looking pretty

good. After the men's result we get

1:34:141:34:20

Switzerland as well. It turns out we

are all right at curling. People

1:34:201:34:25

have been glued to their screens. A

lot of people trying to get involved

1:34:251:34:29

with equipment around their house.

It is a very impressive sport. I

1:34:291:34:34

think when you are watching it from

home it's not like snowboarding or

1:34:341:34:39

the freestyle where you watch and

think, I will just watch it on the

1:34:391:34:43

TV. There is something about the

curling where you think, I could

1:34:431:34:48

give that a go.

I don't think I could do all of

1:34:481:34:52

those aerial acrobatics. But I can

see how you would get there. The

1:34:521:34:56

patients. You need so much

discipline and patients with

1:34:561:35:01

curling.

I feel like I couldn't break my neck

1:35:011:35:05

doing it. That's about the only

thing. The patients, as you say.

1:35:051:35:10

It's all about tactics. You think

it's just a case of drawing a large

1:35:101:35:15

rock on some smooth surface, but

it's not. You have to think about

1:35:151:35:20

where it's going to end up, where

the oppositions will leave their

1:35:201:35:23

stones. It is fascinating to watch.

And we will speak to a gold medal

1:35:231:35:28

winning curler a few years ago

later, talking us through the

1:35:281:35:34

skills.

Absolutely. And it is something that

1:35:341:35:40

takes a lot of skills. There a

completely new lineup with the men,

1:35:401:35:45

from the one that took silver four

years ago. They've already provided

1:35:451:35:49

nerve shredding entertainment. Their

match against Switzerland swung to

1:35:491:35:53

and fro this morning and they were

tied at 5-5. Kyle Smith landed the

1:35:531:36:00

stone bang on target and they will

play the defending champions Canada

1:36:001:36:04

at 11 o'clock.

1:36:041:36:08

Are you familiar with the flying

tomato, Sean White? He has become a

1:36:081:36:14

three-time Olympic champion after a

dramatic halfpipe final. He was in

1:36:141:36:19

second place going into the final

run and he produced some outstanding

1:36:191:36:22

twists and turns and huge air to

take gold. It really is an

1:36:221:36:27

incredible result.

1:36:271:36:29

Yet another skiing event

had to be cancelled

1:36:291:36:31

because of the high winds though.

1:36:311:36:33

The women's slalom should have

featured Britain's Alex Tilley

1:36:331:36:36

and Charlie Guest but it will now

take place on Friday.

1:36:361:36:41

Moving away from Pyeongchang now.

1:36:411:36:43

The Champions League

returned last night

1:36:431:36:45

and Tottenham produced a brilliant

fightback against Juventus,

1:36:451:36:47

who were last season's

beaten finalists.

1:36:471:36:50

Spurs were 2-0 down inside ten

minutes but Harry Kane

1:36:501:36:53

and Christian Erikkson earned them

a draw, to take into the second leg

1:36:531:36:56

at Wembley next month.

1:36:561:37:04

Manchester City boss Pep Guardiola

said midfielder Ilkay Goondogan

1:37:081:37:11

was "extraordinary",

after his side took a giant step

1:37:111:37:13

towards the quarter-finals.

1:37:131:37:14

He scored twice in

a 4-0 win at Basel.

1:37:141:37:17

It was a good performance. We are in

the Champions League. We were able

1:37:171:37:23

to go to the quarter-finals, OK, we

did better from last season and

1:37:231:37:28

that's the first step and after that

we will see. If we go to the

1:37:281:37:32

quarter-finals, Hal we arrive in a

moment.

1:37:321:37:36

Let's get more from Pyeongchang now.

I would say it is looking warmer

1:37:361:37:42

than last time I spoke to you, but

it's really not. Give us the latest

1:37:421:37:46

from Pyeongchang.

It really is. No

hat today! That's a real difference.

1:37:461:37:53

But the wind is casting behind the

mountains. As you said earlier it is

1:37:531:37:58

causing chaos again with the

schedule. Luckily for Great

1:37:581:38:01

Britain's curl is the curling takes

place inside, so the wind not a

1:38:011:38:05

problem for them. Great Britain's

women got their push for a medal

1:38:051:38:10

under way. They've won bronze in

Sochi and they are the reigning

1:38:101:38:14

European champions and it was a

really good start to the Olympics.

1:38:141:38:18

They are against the Olympic

Athletes from Russia. They were

1:38:181:38:21

completely dominant from the

beginning. They won it can- three

1:38:211:38:25

and were shaking hands after just

seven ends. That means that Eve

1:38:251:38:29

Muirhead and her gang go through and

they have done a magnificent first

1:38:291:38:36

performance, looking to add to their

first medal. The men play again

1:38:361:38:41

later and they will be playing the

defending champions Canada later in

1:38:411:38:47

the afternoon, so we will keep you

up-to-date with that. A lot of the

1:38:471:38:51

talk amongst Team GB and Team GB

fans in South Korea has been about

1:38:511:38:56

Elise Christie, because of course

she was going for three gold medals.

1:38:561:39:02

She is a three-time world champion,

that it was heartbreak for her last

1:39:021:39:07

night. She crashed out of the final

in the 500 metres and you can see

1:39:071:39:12

from the stands that there was

complete heartbreak on her face.

1:39:121:39:17

Let's hear what she had to say after

that final.

The beginning in the

1:39:171:39:23

sport it wasn't cool to really want

to win and you see these guys now,

1:39:231:39:27

they want to win and they are hungry

and motivated and even in the

1:39:271:39:31

qualifying of the finals. I'm really

proud to come out on top and

1:39:311:39:35

thankful to those guys because they

pushed me to get to this point, to

1:39:351:39:39

be able to do this kind of runs.

That's obviously not Elise Christie,

1:39:391:39:44

that is in fact the legendary Sean

White, who won his third Olympic

1:39:441:39:49

title in the men's halfpipe.

Absolutely lead it down in the final

1:39:491:39:53

run. He came fourth in Sochi and is

once again on the top of the tree

1:39:531:39:59

and he will not be letting go of

that Olympic title any time soon.

1:39:591:40:04

Brilliant stuff from Sean White. The

rest of the sport on a mountain,

1:40:041:40:08

especially the women's slalom, has

had to be postponed because of the

1:40:081:40:12

wind. It is much warmer, a little

bit of sun peeking through, but it

1:40:121:40:17

has been incredibly windy. Alex

Tilley and Charlie Guest will have

1:40:171:40:25

to wait until Friday to get their

Olympic campaign is under way.

Thank

1:40:251:40:28

you. I must say I do miss the hat!

It has just been amazing. The

1:40:281:40:35

weather is causing problems, but

still some great results so far and

1:40:351:40:40

it has been a pleasure to watch.

I do miss the hat! Thank you. The

1:40:401:40:47

Winter Olympics follows us at 9:15am

on BBC One this morning.

1:40:471:40:55

Britain is described

as the "loneliness capital

1:40:551:40:57

of Europe", so many of us are likely

to be affected by it at some point

1:40:571:41:01

in our lives.

1:41:011:41:02

A new BBC Radio 4 survey aims

to explore the nation's attitudes

1:41:021:41:05

and personal experiences

of loneliness.

1:41:051:41:07

We'll meet two of the people behind

the project in a moment,

1:41:071:41:10

but before we speak to them,

let's find out a little bit more.

1:41:101:41:14

At some point in our lives it's

likely that you or I will feel

1:41:141:41:18

lonely. It's not the same as being

the which can be fine, or even

1:41:181:41:21

relieved to get away from other

people. It's that feeling of having

1:41:211:41:25

no one you can really talk to. No

one who really understands you. We

1:41:251:41:29

can be surrounded by friends but

still feel lonely and it hurts.

1:41:291:41:34

Chronic loneliness is bad for our

health too. It can increase your

1:41:341:41:38

risk of heart disease and stroke by

almost a third and social isolation

1:41:381:41:42

might make us more susceptible to

everyday illnesses too, including

1:41:421:41:47

information on the body and reducing

our ability to fight in action.

1:41:471:41:50

BBC Radio 4 presenter Claudia

Hammond and Professor Pamela Qualter

1:41:501:41:53

from the University

of Manchester join us now.

1:41:531:41:58

Lovely to see you both this morning.

Why did you decide to look into this

1:41:581:42:03

issue?

Loneliness is such a huge,

important topic and it will affect

1:42:031:42:07

all of us at some point in our

lives. Often it is temporary and

1:42:071:42:11

that Sirte but he really matters

when it is chronic. -- and that's

1:42:111:42:16

OK. People often think it is older

people and that causes a lot of

1:42:161:42:20

misery, but it is all sorts of ages.

Adolescence, maybe new parents at

1:42:201:42:26

home, at all sorts of ages people

can feel lonely and you can feel

1:42:261:42:30

lonely even when you are surrounded

by other people. So you can feel

1:42:301:42:34

lonely in a marriage or lonely with

other family. One of the things we

1:42:341:42:40

could find out through the survey

that researchers haven't been able

1:42:401:42:44

to find out already, because we have

the opportunity to do it.

You helped

1:42:441:42:49

design the survey. The questions

need to be put in such a way where

1:42:491:42:54

people can feel free enough to

answer but not feel bad about

1:42:541:42:57

themselves.

Absolutely. We've

designed the survey so people can be

1:42:571:43:02

as honest with us as they want to

be.

It's hard to admit you are

1:43:021:43:06

lonely.

Yeah and we tap into the

stigma around loneliness. What we

1:43:061:43:09

find is people don't necessarily

want to talk about it, they don't

1:43:091:43:15

talk to their friends if they

ardently. So we've got a number of

1:43:151:43:19

tasks that tap into that.

Give us

some examples.

The idea that you

1:43:191:43:24

might be... Gosh... Can you think of

something?

We have tasks where

1:43:241:43:31

people have to identify different

facial expressions. We look and see

1:43:311:43:35

what they think about those, whether

one bit of the survey influences how

1:43:351:43:41

they and the and there are questions

about friendship and trust. It

1:43:411:43:45

really made me think about what I

look for in a friend and whether you

1:43:451:43:49

can trust your neighbours and your

community.

We talk a lot about it

1:43:491:43:55

and I suppose in the same way that

mental health becomes a far more

1:43:551:43:58

accessible topic, loneliness is as

well.

I think we've got a lot of

1:43:581:44:04

charities that do great work,

talking especially about older

1:44:041:44:09

people, something we forget is that

it is at its peak in adolescence as

1:44:091:44:14

well. We are the two points in time

where we see those peaks in

1:44:141:44:18

loneliness. What we don't know is

much about the timing in between.

1:44:181:44:21

The other points in older adolescent

and the survey taps into that.

It's

1:44:211:44:28

interesting you talk about

adolescence, because they are

1:44:281:44:30

probably the people least likely to

be alone, as in they are at school

1:44:301:44:35

or social groups, what emotionally

most likely are understandably

1:44:351:44:39

likely to feel alone, if that makes

sense. Because they are going

1:44:391:44:44

through so many different

experiences.

They are trying to find

1:44:441:44:47

their own identity, they are moving

away from the family as a source of

1:44:471:44:52

support to find their peer group as

the source of support and in that

1:44:521:44:56

they are trying to work out who they

are in the world. With the really

1:44:561:45:00

difficult time. You got all of those

things going on. You are going to

1:45:001:45:04

feel some level of loneliness and

that's why we this peak.

You can't

1:45:041:45:08

decide what you want on the

television, but what would you like

1:45:081:45:12

to see come out of the survey?

One

of the things we are looking at is

1:45:121:45:16

we want to know why is it that

everyone isn't lonely? In certain

1:45:161:45:20

situations some people feel lonely

and others don't. What is it that

1:45:201:45:24

prevents some people from being

lonely? We have to get some answers

1:45:241:45:28

to that. And what other solutions

some have found? There are solutions

1:45:281:45:34

that people have found and we want

people to fill it in, whether or not

1:45:341:45:38

they are feeling lonely. Anyone over

the age of 16 can fill it in because

1:45:381:45:43

then we can really work out what's

going on.

We spoke about happiness

1:45:431:45:46

yesterday and there was a doctor

running back survey in line with the

1:45:461:45:50

BBC and they were saying things like

exercise can make a big difference

1:45:501:45:53

and how you deal with wings... Bad

stuff happens on everyone's life,

1:45:531:45:58

but it has you deal with those

things which can make a big

1:45:581:46:01

difference.

Is it the same with

loneliness? Exactly the same. There

1:46:011:46:07

will be a whole host of different

solutions. Some will be exercise,

1:46:071:46:11

some will be destruction with work

or with other social relationships.

1:46:111:46:15

And it is about tapping into that in

the survey. We want to know what

1:46:151:46:19

those solutions are.

Thank you very

much.

1:46:191:46:24

If you want to find out more about

the loneliness experiment, you can

1:46:241:46:28

take part, go to the Radio 4

website. You just have to be 16 or

1:46:281:46:35

over.

If you missed that we will put

it on our social media later so you

1:46:351:46:39

can follow a direct link and

hopefully get involved. Thanks for

1:46:391:46:43

coming in.

1:46:431:46:44

Let's talk to Matt and find out

what's happening with the weather

1:46:441:46:47

this morning. That is a glorious

sky.

Happy Valentine's Day!

A wonky

1:46:471:46:54

heart cloud, isn't it? Allowed yeah,

almost.

1:46:541:47:02

almost.

-- a wonky heart-shaped

cloud, isn't it? Yeah, almost.

1:47:021:47:08

Red skies overhead, you know what

that means, lovely shot of the

1:47:081:47:12

morning in west Yorkshire, in

Marston in particular, similar for

1:47:121:47:17

many but a chilly start, clear skies

overnight with temperatures in parts

1:47:171:47:20

of the east and south of Scotland

still below freezing. Looking at the

1:47:201:47:26

temperatures for the past few hours,

blue is where the frost was. The

1:47:261:47:31

greens on the far eased of England,

cloud still lingering from last

1:47:311:47:35

night, and this cloud spreading in.

For the south, cloud, outbreaks

1:47:351:47:43

developing -- far east. Not a wet

day but hill snow around and for

1:47:431:47:48

late morning we will see a covering

of snow in the Pennines and the Lake

1:47:481:47:52

District and the fells before it

turns to rain later but some parts

1:47:521:47:56

of the east of England staying dry,

you might get away with it in the

1:47:561:48:00

West Midlands. Outbreaks for the

next few hours in Northern Ireland,

1:48:001:48:04

windy across-the-board, severe gales

in the west of Scotland and severe

1:48:041:48:09

snowfall, up to ten centimetres in

the Grampians, sigh of Highlands and

1:48:091:48:14

Southern Uplands and a mixture of

sleet and snow at lower levels later

1:48:141:48:19

as temperatures rise. 60-7 the mph

gusts of in some areas. Through the

1:48:191:48:30

night the milder air almost goes

away with this area of cloud and

1:48:301:48:35

rain to the near continent, clear

skies in the morning. The breeze

1:48:351:48:38

should keep the frost and be but

more showers into Thursday, they

1:48:381:48:41

will be wintry in Scotland and

Northern Ireland -- the breeze

1:48:411:48:48

should keep the frost at bay.

Brighter skies on Thursday. More of

1:48:481:48:53

you will see the sunshine. The best

of which will be in the south and

1:48:531:48:58

east of England and eastern

Scotland. Showers in the north and

1:48:581:49:00

west, sleet and snow in Scotland and

Northern Ireland, rain, hail and

1:49:001:49:06

sleet in western England and Wales.

A cold night on Friday morning. A

1:49:061:49:14

fine day for much of England and

Wales, good sunny spells before

1:49:141:49:18

cloud thickens in the west later.

After a bright start in Scotland and

1:49:181:49:22

Northern Ireland more rain and hill

snow on its way. More in half an

1:49:221:49:26

hour.

See you then, Matt.

1:49:261:49:30

Let's talk house prices, they are

arriving by just over 5% a year with

1:49:301:49:34

the average UK house now costing

£220,000 according to the latest

1:49:341:49:39

house price figures. This is despite

a government promised to build 1

1:49:391:49:43

million new homes by 2020. There are

still more than 200,000 properties

1:49:431:49:47

across England and Wales empty. In

Liverpool they're trying a rather

1:49:471:49:52

unusual approach to tackling the

crisis and Steph is checking it out

1:49:521:49:56

this morning. You're being nosy,

you're in and out of people's houses

1:49:561:50:01

bothering them this morning!

I'm not

bothering them, they love having me

1:50:011:50:06

here I'm sure! Good morning,

everyone. I'm in Wavertree in

1:50:061:50:11

Liverpool and here as you can see

there's quite a few derelict houses.

1:50:111:50:15

There's about 120 that Liverpool

City Council have decided they will

1:50:151:50:21

sell off for £1 so over the last

couple of years they've been selling

1:50:211:50:25

off some already, you can start to

see some that have been done up. If

1:50:251:50:30

you want one of these £1 houses you

have to live or work in Liverpool

1:50:301:50:34

already. You have to be a first-time

buyer. You can't sell the house for

1:50:341:50:39

five years and you have to do it up

with your own money. If you don't

1:50:391:50:43

get it done in a year, or at least

get some way to getting it done,

1:50:431:50:47

they can take the house back off you

so it's all about trying to

1:50:471:50:51

regenerate and use those derelict

houses. We're going to have a pop in

1:50:511:50:55

here to Mel and Rob's house, she's

done a cracking job, I have to say.

1:50:551:50:59

I love going in people's houses but

they do know I'm here! She has done

1:50:591:51:04

it all up and she's one of the

people who's been working on this

1:51:041:51:08

poor about seven months and she's

here with her kids, Rosie and Lola,

1:51:081:51:11

and we have Kieron from the National

Housing Federation -- or about. Mel,

1:51:111:51:16

tell me about this, what was the

house like when you got it, what did

1:51:161:51:20

you do when you got it?

-- for

about. It was a shell, we got it in

1:51:201:51:26

April, it had a hole in the roof,

you could stand here and see the

1:51:261:51:31

sky, it was damp and in a really bad

way.

Looking at it now, how much

1:51:311:51:35

effort has it taken?

A lot, non-stop

for about seven months, being here

1:51:351:51:40

everyday working on it all day long

to get it how it is now.

Obviously

1:51:401:51:44

getting this house for £1 has meant

you're able to get a house, you

1:51:441:51:50

don't have a mortgage, but you've

probably had to spend a fair bit on

1:51:501:51:54

it?

I think we've spent around

£40,000, maybe a bit more.

£40,000?

1:51:541:52:00

Yeah, £40,000.

For you is this the

best way to get a house, would you

1:52:001:52:05

have been able to get one otherwise?

Probably with our savings we would

1:52:051:52:09

have got a mortgage but we would

have struggled every month paying a

1:52:091:52:12

mortgage with one income and three

kids, it would have been really

1:52:121:52:16

hard.

Your house looks absolutely

gorgeous but obviously it's still in

1:52:161:52:20

a street where there are still

derelict houses, does that worry

1:52:201:52:24

you?

I'm really excited because I

think everyday use the new houses

1:52:241:52:27

getting started. Work is going on. I

think give it another year and it

1:52:271:52:33

will be completely transformed.

This

is a wonderful home for you and your

1:52:331:52:37

kids. Let me bring Kieron in from

the national housing association.

1:52:371:52:42

We've seen other schemes like this

in Stoke, how much do they help the

1:52:421:52:46

housing shortage problem?

They add

to the puzzle, they're part of that

1:52:461:52:50

jigsaw, but if you look at

Liverpool, it's a problem that is

1:52:501:52:55

pretty big. Looking at empty homes

in the north-west of England,

1:52:551:52:59

there's 40,000. Liverpool City

Council and the residents are

1:52:591:53:04

working here on that, but housing

associations can add with that and

1:53:041:53:07

work with local community groups and

local authorities to build desirable

1:53:071:53:11

areas and regenerate them.

Could we

see more projects like this?

1:53:111:53:15

Definitely. We need to come up with

ways of regenerating and using...

1:53:151:53:23

Also we need to build and we need to

work hand in hand to solve the

1:53:231:53:27

housing crisis.

Interesting, thanks

for your time this morning. You're

1:53:271:53:30

going to be on television tonight,

Mel, because you're part of the

1:53:301:53:35

Channel 4 documentary, Britain's

Cheapest Street on at 9pm on Channel

1:53:351:53:41

4. You can see the scene of you

walking in the house and the

1:53:411:53:45

problems you had when you first came

in.

Thanks, Steph, I see those

1:53:451:53:49

croissants are going down as well?

I

know. Rosie is really munching them

1:53:491:53:55

down!

Nothing wrong with that. Good

old Rosie!

1:53:551:53:59

Look at this.

1:53:591:54:03

It's a piece of crinkly tin foil

but on the other side it's black.

1:54:031:54:08

It is so black, the crinkles

have disappeared.

1:54:081:54:10

The only other thing

that is blacker than this material,

1:54:101:54:13

in the whole universe,

is a black hole.

1:54:131:54:15

Shall we show you why this is so

extraordinary? This is a piece of

1:54:151:54:20

foil. This black is painted onto a

piece of foil. You can see how

1:54:201:54:25

crinkly it is and you would imagine

if you turned it around you would

1:54:251:54:29

see it is crinkly but look at that,

it looks flat, it is absorbing so

1:54:291:54:35

much light, 99%.

More than 99%.

If

this was out of this plastic case,

1:54:351:54:42

if you shone a torch into this you

wouldn't see the light.

The reason

1:54:421:54:48

why it is in there is it is more

expensive than gold. It is called

1:54:481:54:53

banter black and a version of this

has been designed, used to design a

1:54:531:54:58

building in South Korea.

1:54:581:54:59

Designed by a British architect,

using materials created by British

1:54:591:55:02

scientists and the structure absorbs

99% of the light that hits it.

1:55:021:55:05

Breakfast's Graham Satchell reports.

1:55:051:55:06

It's the blackest building on earth.

1:55:061:55:13

This pavilion outside the Olympic

stadium in South Korea is coated

1:55:131:55:16

with a materia called VBX2.

1:55:161:55:22

It absorbs 98% of the light.

1:55:221:55:24

I wanted people to be literally

awestruck and starstruck by this

1:55:241:55:27

building, and to see it

and stop in their tracks.

1:55:271:55:30

The pavilion is the brainchild

of British architect Asif Khan.

1:55:301:55:32

You feel drawn into it,

you want to plummet

1:55:321:55:35

into its blackness.

1:55:351:55:43

Asif has peppered the building with

small lights to look like stars.

1:55:441:55:52

As you walk around the building,

you get the effect of parallax,

1:55:531:55:56

so it appears the stars

are moving against each other,

1:55:561:55:59

as though you were diving

through the universe.

1:55:591:56:01

This laboratory in southern

England is where VBX2

1:56:011:56:09

and Vantablack were created.

1:56:121:56:13

It might look like paint

but Vantablack is made billions

1:56:131:56:16

of microscopic carbon nano tubes.

1:56:161:56:18

It absorbs 99.965% of light.

1:56:181:56:26

The only thing darker

would be a black hole.

1:56:281:56:31

The only thing darker

in the universe is a black hole?

1:56:311:56:34

Is a black hole that we know

of that this time.

1:56:341:56:37

It's so black it changes

the dimensionality of an object.

1:56:371:56:40

It makes things look flat.

1:56:401:56:47

You're seeing the lack of photons

being reflected back to your eyes,

1:56:471:56:50

and so your eyes are no longer able

to make sense of what you're seeing

1:56:501:56:54

so therefore you see it as a void

or a very black area that you can't

1:56:541:56:59

make shape or sense from.

1:56:591:57:00

Looking at black nothingness

like this is a rather odd

1:57:001:57:03

sort of experience.

1:57:031:57:10

It's slightly vertiginous,

like you're standing on the edge

1:57:101:57:13

of an abyss looking into a void.

1:57:131:57:15

It's exciting and unsettling

at the same time.

1:57:151:57:17

Vantablack is used in space

exploration, in cameras

1:57:171:57:19

and telescopes to reduce the amount

of flair from the sun.

1:57:191:57:27

It gives astronomers a clear view

of distant stars and planets

1:57:321:57:35

but using this nanotechnology

has only just started.

1:57:351:57:40

The possibilities of

designing materials are,

1:57:401:57:42

kind of, quite limitless.

1:57:421:57:43

I imagine coating materials

with nano materials,

1:57:431:57:45

imagine vehicles that slip

in and out of visibility,

1:57:451:57:47

that's the sort of world that

we're talking about here.

1:57:471:57:55

So a stunning building

using technology that has

1:57:561:57:58

the potential to revolutionise

photography, space exploration,

1:57:581:58:00

architecture, design.

1:58:001:58:01

Graham Satchell, BBC News.

1:58:011:58:09

We need to go and see that building.

I need a suit made out of

1:58:131:58:18

Vantablack.

Even though this is

black, it looked entirely grey up

1:58:182:01:44

I'm back with the latest

from the BBC London newsroom

2:01:442:01:47

in half an hour.

2:01:472:01:50

Hello, this is Breakfast

with Dan Walker and Naga Munchetty.

2:01:502:01:52

A lack of trust among disabled

people over how their welfare

2:01:522:01:55

claims are decided.

2:01:552:01:56

MPs find assessors submitted

reports that were riddled

2:01:562:01:58

with errors and regularly

missed quality targets.

2:01:582:02:06

Good morning.

2:02:142:02:15

It's Wednesday the 14th of February.

2:02:152:02:17

Also this morning:

2:02:172:02:18

Boris Johnson moves to reassure

voters who he says are angry

2:02:182:02:20

and alienated because of Brexit

in the first of a series of speeches

2:02:202:02:23

from senior cabinet members.

2:02:232:02:31

A new times table test is introduced

for thousands of eight

2:02:352:02:38

and nine-year-olds in England's

primary schools in a bid

2:02:382:02:40

to raise numeracy levels.

2:02:402:02:44

Good morning from Liverpool, where

the council is selling of houses for

2:02:442:02:47

a pound. These empty houses have

been bought up from families who

2:02:472:02:53

want to renovate them into brand-new

homes. I will be taking you inside

2:02:532:02:56

some of them.

2:02:562:02:57

Good morning from a comparatively

balmy all bait. Both Team GB's men

2:02:592:03:07

and women have got off to a winning

start this morning. -- balmy

2:03:072:03:15

Pyeongchang.

2:03:152:03:17

And Matt has the weather.

2:03:172:03:21

After a brighter frosty start,

strong winds, rain, and hill snow on

2:03:212:03:25

the way. Your forecast is coming up

in the next 15 minutes. See you

2:03:252:03:28

then.

See you then, Matt.

2:03:282:03:32

First, our main story.

2:03:322:03:34

A committee of MPs has said

there is a "pervasive lack of trust"

2:03:342:03:37

among disabled people when it comes

to how their welfare

2:03:372:03:39

claims are assessed.

2:03:392:03:40

The Commons' Work and Pensions

committee said reports by private

2:03:402:03:42

contractors were "riddled

with errors" and quality targets had

2:03:422:03:45

been "regularly missed".

2:03:452:03:46

Here's our Disability News

Correspondent, Nikki Fox.

2:03:462:03:51

Anastasia is having a good day.

2:03:512:03:53

But it's not always like this.

2:03:532:03:54

Most days she is unable

to get out of the house.

2:03:542:03:57

The 24-year-old has

multiple sclerosis.

2:03:572:03:59

She used to work full-time,

but now she struggles to get around.

2:03:592:04:05

She applied for a disability benefit

and was assessed at home

2:04:052:04:07

by a health care professional

from a private company.

2:04:072:04:10

Anastasia says she told the assessor

she could only walk 20 metres,

2:04:102:04:15

but when the report came back it

said she could walk further.

2:04:152:04:17

She didn't give me

a physical assessment.

2:04:172:04:19

I was sat down the entire time.

2:04:192:04:21

I was very, very cross about that.

2:04:212:04:27

Today's report identifies

a culture of mistrust

2:04:272:04:28

around the whole process.

2:04:282:04:32

It says assessors risk

being viewed as, at best,

2:04:322:04:34

lacking in competence and,

at worst, actively deceitful.

2:04:342:04:39

The committee says the government's

low bar for what is considered

2:04:392:04:42

acceptable leaves room

for assessment reports to be riddled

2:04:422:04:44

with obvious errors and omissions.

2:04:442:04:49

Clearly the system needs a major

overhaul, but there are some things

2:04:492:04:52

the government could do relatively

quickly to improve it.

2:04:522:04:54

Automatic audio recording

of assessments for people.

2:04:542:04:56

Why not share the assessment results

with the claimant at the point

2:04:562:04:59

of claimant decision?

2:04:592:05:02

The government says assessments work

for the majority of people and it's

2:05:022:05:05

committed to improving transparency.

2:05:052:05:06

But with current contracts up

for review and targets

2:05:062:05:10

being consistently missed,

the future of the system is unclear.

2:05:102:05:17

The Foreign Secretary,

Boris Johnson, will address

2:05:172:05:19

what he calls the 'grief

and alienation' of those who voted

2:05:192:05:21

to Stay in the European Union

in a speech later today.

2:05:212:05:25

He says that people who voted

to leave the EU should

2:05:252:05:29

try to persuade worried remainers

to focus on the possible

2:05:292:05:31

benefits of, rather

than their fears over,

2:05:312:05:33

Brexit.

2:05:332:05:34

Our political correspondent,

Leila Nathoo, is in

2:05:342:05:36

Westminster this morning:

2:05:362:05:42

It's likely to annoy some people.

What exactly will Boris Johnson be

2:05:422:05:46

saying?

Boris Johnson was one of the

leading voices in the league

2:05:462:05:52

campaign in the referendum more than

18 months ago. Today he wants to

2:05:522:05:56

reach out to those who supported the

remaining side. -- leave campaign.

2:05:562:06:01

He wants to recognise that there are

divisions on the decision. But he

2:06:012:06:06

will say that Brexit should be about

hope, not fear, although he will

2:06:062:06:11

recognise the anxieties of those,

but he wants to stress the

2:06:112:06:13

opportunities presented by Brexit.

But he has a stark warning for those

2:06:132:06:17

who he thinks are out to thwart and

stop Brexit. He says if that

2:06:172:06:22

succeeds that would be a disastrous

mistake. This would be the first in

2:06:222:06:29

a series of speeches we will be

hearing from senior Cabinet

2:06:292:06:31

ministers over the next few weeks.

Boris Johnson will be the first of

2:06:312:06:34

those Cabinet ministers to set out

his stall today. Theresa May will be

2:06:342:06:37

giving a speech on security over the

weekend. Then we will hear from Liam

2:06:372:06:42

Fox, David Davis, who will be

talking about business, and the

2:06:422:06:48

Cabinet Office minister who will

talk about devolution. At the end of

2:06:482:06:52

the speech number ten has promised

we will be given an idea of the

2:06:522:06:56

detail of the plan the government

has for Britain's relationship with

2:06:562:07:01

the EU after Brexit. Lots of

pressure on Theresa May to flesh her

2:07:012:07:06

plan and, with bottom lines what she

wants to see from Britain's

2:07:062:07:11

relationship with the EU in the

future. And we are going to have a

2:07:112:07:14

good idea of that after the

speeches.

Thanks very much.

2:07:142:07:20

MPs have criticised the Home Office

for seriously underestimating,

2:07:202:07:22

what they described as,

the "immense bureaucratic

2:07:222:07:23

challenge" posed by Brexit.

2:07:232:07:24

In a report published today,

the House of Commons Home Affairs

2:07:242:07:27

Committee hits out at the Government

for long delays in publishing a

2:07:272:07:30

post-Brexit immigration white paper.

2:07:302:07:31

The government has said it's

considering various options

2:07:312:07:33

and will set out its initial plans

"as and when they are ready."

2:07:332:07:39

The jury at the trial of the former

football coach Barry Bennell,

2:07:392:07:42

who's been found guilty of dozens

of sexual offences against boys,

2:07:422:07:45

will continue deliberations

on other charges today.

2:07:452:07:49

Yesterday, the jury

at Liverpool Crown Court returned

2:07:492:07:50

guilty verdicts on 36 counts

and asked for more time

2:07:502:07:53

to consider seven others.

2:07:532:07:57

Bennell, who appeared in court

via videolink due to illness,

2:07:572:07:59

declined to give evidence

in his defence.

2:07:592:08:02

Our reporter Andy Gill is outside

Liverpool Crown Court this morning,

2:08:022:08:05

remind us of the background

to the case?

2:08:052:08:10

Give us the background to this.

2:08:102:08:17

Barry Ben Alexander former youth

football coach who worked for clubs

2:08:172:08:19

like Stoke city, Crewe Alexander,

and Manchester City. -- Barry

2:08:192:08:26

Bennell was a former youth football

coach. He was found guilty of 36

2:08:262:08:32

child six offences. Some of them

serious, involving ten victims. They

2:08:322:08:36

haven't reached verdicts on seven

charges including four including an

2:08:362:08:41

11th complainant. Some of the men

and their families were in tears in

2:08:412:08:45

court yesterday as the verdicts came

through. Bennell Is watching from

2:08:452:08:50

prison by a CCTV because he is too

unwell to get to court was seen

2:08:502:08:55

muttering when the verdicts were

read out. They say he had arcade

2:08:552:09:04

games, a pool table, exotic pets at

his home where he invited the young

2:09:042:09:08

players he was coaching, and in some

cases abused them. Some of the abuse

2:09:082:09:14

also happened on trips away and in

his car. The jury were told that

2:09:142:09:23

Bennell wanted them to like him. He

is now looking at a fourth jail term

2:09:232:09:30

for child six offences. The judge

has told the jury to come to a

2:09:302:09:38

unanimous decision on the remaining

charges. If they don't there will be

2:09:382:09:44

majority charges.

Thank you for bringing us up to

2:09:442:09:47

date.

2:09:472:09:48

Film star Minnie Driver has quit

as an Oxfam ambassador

2:09:482:09:50

following claims that staff working

for the charity in disaster

2:09:502:09:53

zones paid vulnerable

local people for sex.

2:09:532:09:55

The actress resigned after 20 years

with the aid agency,

2:09:552:09:57

saying in a statement

that she was "horrified"

2:09:572:09:59

by the allegations.

2:09:592:10:01

Oxfam said it was "grateful"

for Ms Driver's commitment,

2:10:012:10:03

and that it was more determined

than ever to learn

2:10:032:10:05

from its mistakes.

2:10:052:10:11

Hundreds of premature babies

could avoid brain damage

2:10:112:10:13

if their mothers were all given

a low-cost drug during labour,

2:10:132:10:16

according to a new report.

2:10:162:10:19

The Royal College of Paediatrics

and Child Health says there are huge

2:10:192:10:21

regional differences in the number

of mothers given magnesium

2:10:212:10:23

sulphate to reduce the risk

of cerebral palsy.

2:10:232:10:31

It claims providing the drug

could save the NHS £280

2:10:352:10:38

million a year.

2:10:382:10:42

The actress Emma Watson has

spoken about her shock,

2:10:422:10:45

at realising that there was no

system in place to help people

2:10:452:10:47

in the film industry who had

been sexually harassed.

2:10:472:10:50

She's one of a number of women

who've been consulted

2:10:502:10:52

by the British Film Institute

and BAFTA, as it announces changes

2:10:522:10:55

aimed at tackling the problem.

2:10:552:10:56

Our Entertainment Correspondent

Colin Paterson has been

2:10:562:10:57

looking at the plans.

2:10:572:10:59

This Sunday it's the BAFTA awards

and, ahead of British film's

2:10:592:11:01

biggest night of the year,

the industry has announced

2:11:012:11:03

a brand-new plan aimed at tackling

both sexual harassment and bullying.

2:11:032:11:06

It's a direct response

to the Harvey Weinstein allegations.

2:11:062:11:10

Hello!

2:11:102:11:11

You can talk?

2:11:112:11:12

Of course we can talk!

2:11:122:11:13

Emma Watson was one of the many

actresses asked for her input.

2:11:132:11:17

These principles are important

because up until recently

2:11:172:11:19

there were no guidelines,

there was no protocol for someone

2:11:192:11:22

that had been sexually harassed

in the entertainment industry.

2:11:222:11:27

I know this to be a fact

because I've asked for principles

2:11:272:11:29

and I've asked to see guidelines

and no one could give them to me.

2:11:292:11:37

To change this, more than 40

organisations, including BAFTA

2:11:372:11:40

and the British Film Institute,

worked on a set of eight principles

2:11:402:11:43

which they want to be

used across the film,

2:11:432:11:45

television and video

games industries.

2:11:452:11:47

So what will actually change?

2:11:472:11:51

Every production must employ two

people trained to handle any

2:11:512:11:54

accusations of harassment.

2:11:542:11:55

A dedicated phone line

will open in April, offering

2:11:552:11:57

free confidential help.

2:11:572:12:00

And BFI funding will only

be given to projects

2:12:002:12:02

committed to the changes.

2:12:022:12:06

This isn't about a set of commands,

it's about a set of principles

2:12:062:12:09

which everyone has willingly

and with huge enthusiasm

2:12:092:12:11

signed up to.

2:12:112:12:17

At last month's Golden Globe awards,

almost all actresses wore black

2:12:172:12:20

to show solidarity for the Times Up

campaign, calling for change.

2:12:202:12:25

The same is expected at the Baftas.

2:12:252:12:30

Those behind today's

announcement hope such a stand

2:12:302:12:32

won't be needed next year.

2:12:322:12:37

A heart-warming image of a gorilla

in the arms of one of her rescuers

2:12:372:12:41

has won the top prize

at the 'Wildlife Photographer

2:12:412:12:43

of the Year' awards.

2:12:432:12:51

Chosen by almost 20,000 nature fans,

the winning snap was taken

2:12:522:12:54

by Canadian photographer Jo-Anne

McArthur.

2:12:542:12:55

"Pikin", a lowland gorilla,

was being moved to a new home

2:12:552:12:58

by her caretaker in Cameroon.

2:12:582:13:00

There is nothing better than a

really good cuddle.

2:13:002:13:07

I think you might be right.

And that looks like a fabulous

2:13:072:13:11

cuddle.

2:13:112:13:13

Other finalists included this

image of a polar bear

2:13:132:13:16

and her cubs after

emerging from their den.

2:13:162:13:19

We always like to learn something

new.

2:13:192:13:21

This bird is a "lilac-breasted

roller" - snapped hitching

2:13:212:13:23

a ride on a zebra in

Kenya.

2:13:232:13:26

I did not know that.

Its colours are so intense.

2:13:262:13:31

It looks like it has been touched up

on photo shop.

2:13:312:13:39

This three-toed sloth

was hanging around in

2:13:462:13:48

the Brazilian rainforest.

2:13:482:13:49

And finally, here's an underwater

image of a humpback whale

2:13:492:13:51

and her calf floating

in the waters off Tonga.

2:13:512:13:54

The winning images will be showcased

at the Natural History Museum

2:13:542:13:56

in London, until the end of May.

2:13:562:14:02

I think they would be even more

stunning on the wall. Fabulous.

2:14:022:14:09

Do you know what 11 times 12 is?

2:14:092:14:11

Yes.

Go on, then.

2:14:112:14:16

Reciting times tables

was a feature of school life

2:14:162:14:18

for many of us in years gone by.

2:14:182:14:20

Did you enjoy it when you got

tested?

2:14:202:14:21

Always.

Me, too.

2:14:212:14:25

Now the Government is set

to reintroduce times tables checks

2:14:252:14:28

for thousands of primary school

children in England

2:14:282:14:30

from this spring.

2:14:302:14:32

Not everybody enjoyed it.

2:14:322:14:33

Opponents, including some teaching

unions, are questioning

2:14:332:14:35

the educational benefits.

2:14:352:14:36

Our business correspondent

Nina Warhurst has been to test

2:14:362:14:38

the maths skills of some

people in Manchester.

2:14:382:14:43

My times tables?

2:14:432:14:44

Yeah, awesome.

2:14:442:14:45

Your dad is very confident,

Harvey, do you think he's

2:14:452:14:48

going to be up to it?

2:14:482:14:49

Errr...

2:14:492:14:50

No.

2:14:502:14:51

Start with an easy one, two sevens.

2:14:512:14:53

14.

2:14:532:14:54

Dad, four sixes?

2:14:542:14:56

24.

2:14:562:14:56

Harvey, two sixes.

2:14:562:14:59

12.

2:14:592:15:00

Right, Anne, you are confident

you know your times tables.

2:15:002:15:02

Yes I am.

2:15:022:15:03

Right, we'll start with a hard

one, seven sixes are?

2:15:032:15:06

42.

2:15:062:15:07

Six eights are?

2:15:072:15:08

48.

2:15:082:15:09

Eight nines are?

2:15:092:15:10

72.

2:15:102:15:11

My goodness.

2:15:112:15:16

One times one is?

2:15:162:15:17

One.

2:15:172:15:18

Two times two is?

2:15:182:15:19

Four.

2:15:192:15:21

Three times five is?

2:15:212:15:29

15...

2:15:302:15:32

Some smart cookies there!

2:15:412:15:43

We're joined now by Countdown

mathematician Rachel Riley and maths

2:15:432:15:46

teacher Gary Chambers,

who you might recognise

2:15:462:15:47

from Educating Greater Manchester.

2:15:472:15:50

Good morning to you both. Your job

is about being brilliant maths and

2:15:502:15:55

getting the answers that no one on

the panel has got. Were you always

2:15:552:15:58

good at it?

I was, yes, and it is

one of those things you get a lot of

2:15:582:16:06

praise if you are good at, and

people see it as a difficult thing,

2:16:062:16:10

so you go on and do it more, and

that happen to me. But I think the

2:16:102:16:15

problem is some people get across

and get it wrong and turn off the

2:16:152:16:19

early as well.

Isn't that part of

the problem, it is either right or

2:16:192:16:23

wrong? It is not like English or

history were interpretation is

2:16:232:16:27

important. With maths, you show your

workings and get to the answer.

We

2:16:272:16:33

try to make our students, to make

the examiners work a little bit, so

2:16:332:16:36

if you can show the correct working,

there are marks available there as

2:16:362:16:40

well, so it is building from what

you can get down on paper, so even

2:16:402:16:47

if you only get part of it right,

you get some marks.

I'm sure some

2:16:472:16:51

pupils come to secondary school who

don't know their times tables. What

2:16:512:16:55

difficulties does that cause?

It

gives you a break in the formula, so

2:16:552:16:59

where they want to move on, it

causes a little bit of a handbrake

2:16:592:17:02

for them. So where you should be

doing the calculation, they struggle

2:17:022:17:06

on a certain part of it, and

something as simple as a

2:17:062:17:10

multiplication can stop the moving

onto something more complex, so it

2:17:102:17:13

is key in the big picture.

Rachel,

we were saying we enjoy being tested

2:17:132:17:18

at school, but did you ever play

that game, you stand up in the class

2:17:182:17:21

and your teacher starts doing loads

of times tables, and then you sit

2:17:212:17:25

down when you have lost your way,

the last one standing as the winner.

2:17:252:17:29

Did you do that?

I never did that, I loved it but I

2:17:292:17:34

wonder if those who don't see maths

as a strong point, it is just

2:17:342:17:37

another, almost saying, you are not

good enough.

The thing I'm loving

2:17:372:17:42

about this interview is you are so

positive about maths on the way you

2:17:422:17:45

speak about it. Away from having to

learn your times tables, I think the

2:17:452:17:49

most important thing forgetting the

country more numerate, because only

2:17:492:17:53

half of adults at the moment are the

right level of numerous either they

2:17:532:17:56

should be, is having a positive

attitude, and stop saying, I can't

2:17:562:18:00

do maths, it's not for me, and

passing that onto kids can. That

2:18:002:18:05

comes from parents and teachers, and

it passes on.

But there is a

2:18:052:18:09

negative side, a lot of people

watching this morning will be

2:18:092:18:14

saying, I don't need to know my

times tables to get through life, to

2:18:142:18:18

get my breakfast, to do my job.

The

data and common sense says actually

2:18:182:18:24

you do need maths and whether...

Lots of people use it without

2:18:242:18:29

thinking about it.

It is more about

having a feel for

2:18:292:18:36

having a feel for numbers, you just

said to me, do you know your 72

2:18:372:18:41

times table? I don't, but I know my

75 and my three, so I can work it

2:18:412:18:48

out.

We watch Countdown, we watch

you working out the maths when no

2:18:482:18:52

one else can do it. Do you think you

get that at it because you're always

2:18:522:18:57

working at it?

Absolutely. When I

applied for my job, I had an

2:18:572:19:02

interview, and I had just started a

maths Masters at Oxford, and I

2:19:022:19:05

hadn't used numbers for four years,

so I had to go back to my times

2:19:052:19:12

tables, and I was doing it in a book

as I was commuting, and the more you

2:19:122:19:18

do it, the more you get faster at

it. On some of the celebrities who

2:19:182:19:24

come onto the programme, they become

a Fuser stick about it because they

2:19:242:19:29

improve as they practice.

Gary, this

doesn't look like fun. It is not

2:19:292:19:36

like...

Speak for yourself!

I am

quite excited about it. But it isn't

2:19:362:19:43

the same as a beautiful piece of art

and thinking about how that was

2:19:432:19:47

constructed or a timeline in history

or the politics of an event. How do

2:19:472:19:52

you make this attractive and look

attractive so that you can practice

2:19:522:19:55

it and be inspired by it?

It is the

fantastic art of teaching. You have

2:19:552:20:00

to break things down. What is there

is irrelevant, it is the passion and

2:20:002:20:04

drive you put into it. You get these

young people to be inspired to get

2:20:042:20:08

involved, and once you start to

break things down, you can start to

2:20:082:20:12

piece things together, and people

start to learn. Everybody likes to

2:20:122:20:16

learn, and once you start to put

bits together and you make it

2:20:162:20:19

interesting if you set challenges,

you want to learn.

And you might

2:20:192:20:23

like what we're trying to do one

Breakfast later this year because

2:20:232:20:26

Naga is taking a challenge...

Three of us are going back to

2:20:262:20:34

school, and we have taken a

challenge, some accepted in some

2:20:342:20:38

refused.

I just said I was happy for others

2:20:382:20:41

to do it! I'm too busy to do my

maths GCSE a game.

2:20:412:20:46

Take a look at how we are going to

it.

2:20:462:20:54

it. We are going back to school.

In

four months, you are going to sit

2:20:572:21:02

the maths GCSE from real.

Expand and simplify. What does that

2:21:022:21:07

mean?

What did I get at school for

maths? De.

2:21:072:21:14

I haven't seen a maths paper for

years.

I does wonder if I am beyond

2:21:142:21:19

that point in my life and it is too

late.

We can do this, Tim!

2:21:192:21:24

Yes, we can!

That wasn't you saying, I am so

2:21:242:21:31

bored, on the desk?

What happens in the classroom stays

2:21:312:21:34

in the classroom!

Thank you both for coming in this

2:21:342:21:39

morning. Hints of anyone who is

starting again, learning again, what

2:21:392:21:41

would you say?

I would say, national

numerous it is having its first big

2:21:412:21:47

day on the 16th of March, you can go

online and do a health check of your

2:21:472:21:52

numerous E, they tell you how you

are doing, and there is all the help

2:21:522:21:56

and advice on there, otherwise

everyday maths, when you are at the

2:21:562:21:59

supermarket, use your brain first.

That applies to everything, use your

2:21:592:22:04

brain first!

Turn it into a game. Shall we play

2:22:042:22:10

with the weather? You often do, so

you might as well.

2:22:102:22:12

Here's Matt with a look

at this morning's weather.

2:22:122:22:16

10 degrees times minus 32

Fahrenheit, that equals... ?

2:22:162:22:22

Spot on! I like maths like that.

2:22:222:22:30

A very good morning to you. This was

a glorious sunrise in Oxton in

2:22:302:22:35

Nottinghamshire this morning. But a

hint of red in the sky. Look at the

2:22:352:22:44

blue in the charts today, but it is

diminishing from the South West as

2:22:442:22:48

we speak. And this is the cloud

responsible for that. Across the

2:22:482:22:52

southern half of the UK, the

sunshine is out, Central and eastern

2:22:522:22:57

areas turning hazy, and in the West,

occasional rain through the morning,

2:22:572:23:01

a little snow on the tops of the

hills but a covering of snow across

2:23:012:23:05

the Cumbrian fells, Pennines and

Peak District with rain to lower

2:23:052:23:07

levels as it pushes its way

eastwards. Strong winds across the

2:23:072:23:11

board today, touching gale force

around the coast of England and

2:23:112:23:14

Wales, may be severe in the West of

Scotland. As the cloud sprinted

2:23:142:23:22

across Scotland, we will see a

little snow across the Grampians,

2:23:222:23:28

the Highlands, the Southern uplands.

And a windy day for all, gales

2:23:282:23:32

around the coast, severe gales for

12 across Scotland, but note the

2:23:322:23:36

temperatures. 10 degrees in Belfast,

warm compared to of late. Into

2:23:362:23:44

tonight, a spell of heavy rain

spreads across England and Wales for

2:23:442:23:47

a time, almost clearing into

tomorrow morning, then we have some

2:23:472:23:51

clearer skies, starry skies for

some, a few showers towards the

2:23:512:23:55

West, sleet and snow for Scotland

and Northern Ireland, a coating of

2:23:552:23:58

snow here and there to start

Thursday. But at least we are into

2:23:582:24:02

something a little brighter. The

wind coming in from the West,

2:24:022:24:05

nowhere near as strong tomorrow as

today, but it will still be

2:24:052:24:09

blustery. The best of the sunshine

through the afternoon, to southern

2:24:092:24:14

and eastern parts of the country,

showers elsewhere, much as we have

2:24:142:24:17

seen earlier this week, hail and

sleet in southern areas, sleet and

2:24:172:24:23

snow for Scotland and Northern

Ireland, but temperatures not as low

2:24:232:24:25

as they were to start the week. Into

Friday, the wind will be light

2:24:252:24:31

across southern and eastern parts,

but after a bright start, Scotland

2:24:312:24:36

and Northern Ireland turn cloudy,

outbreaks of Rainford Northern

2:24:362:24:39

Ireland and a little hill snow for

Scotland. But temperatures still

2:24:392:24:41

across the South on Friday could be

into double figures. Cloud and rain

2:24:412:24:45

today, but a bit more sunshine for

the rest of the week.

2:24:452:24:48

Thank you. We have had a poem sent

in. It says, dear Matt. I thank you

2:24:512:24:59

for this from the bottom of my

heart, let's make it clear right

2:24:592:25:02

from the start, forecasts from you

make the long days with buy, but

2:25:022:25:05

will I get my washing dry? It went

on where you are across the country!

2:25:052:25:12

I don't know where Erika is. I will

get her to look at the map and

2:25:122:25:17

sorted out.

Thank you very much for that.

2:25:172:25:21

Steph is given a nod to Valentine's

Day as well, she is house-hunting in

2:25:212:25:28

Liverpool this morning, but take a

look at what she is wearing this

2:25:282:25:31

morning. Taking the love to lots of

homeowners.

2:25:312:25:37

There we are, happy Valentine's Day,

everyone. Matt is right about the

2:25:372:25:41

weather, it is freezing here, but I

am in a way victory in Liverpool,

2:25:412:25:45

you can see around me lots of

derelict homes. -- Wavertree in

2:25:452:25:52

Liverpool. There are around 6000

empty homes in the region, so what

2:25:522:25:56

they have been doing over the last

couple of years is selling them off

2:25:562:26:00

for £1. You can buy one of them for

£1 under the proviso that you live

2:26:002:26:05

or work in Liverpool, that you are a

first-time buyer and that you use

2:26:052:26:10

your own cash to do it up and then

you would sell it for five years.

2:26:102:26:14

This is one of the fabulous ones

which Mel has bought and dunnock. We

2:26:142:26:17

are going to have look around. Later

on we can have a chat with her,

2:26:172:26:22

because it is fascinating to see

what she has done to it and how this

2:26:222:26:25

project might help things. If you

have a little look around, you can

2:26:252:26:31

see how nice it is. That is rosy and

Lola, good morning, girls! We're

2:26:312:26:38

going to be talking about the guys

and chatting about the house,

2:26:382:26:41

because this project could help to

solve the housing shortage that we

2:26:412:26:44

have across the UK. More from the

bit later, but first, the news,

2:26:442:26:47

travel and weather where you are

this morning.

2:26:472:26:50

Don't forget to stay tuned to see

one of the world's best teachers,

2:30:112:30:14

who teaches from Wembley.

2:30:142:30:15

one of the world's best teachers,

who teaches from Wembley.

2:30:152:30:20

Welcome back.

2:30:222:30:22

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Dan Walker and Naga Munchetty.

2:30:222:30:25

It felt weird, then, didn't it, no

music!

I was going to sing along,

2:30:252:30:32

but I thought best not to! Good

morning!

2:30:322:30:37

A committee of MPs has said there is

a pervasive lack of trust among

2:30:372:30:42

disabled people when it comes to how

their welfare payments are made.

2:30:422:30:47

Private contractors were riddled

with errors, the report says. It

2:30:472:30:50

recommends that the Government takes

the contracts back in-house when the

2:30:502:30:56

contracts end.

2:30:562:30:58

The Foreign Secretary,

Boris Johnson, says he wants

2:30:582:30:59

to reassure those who feel angry

and alienated because

2:30:592:31:02

of the Brexit vote.

2:31:022:31:03

In a speech later today,

he will suggest that supporters

2:31:032:31:05

of Brexit try to persuade worried

Remain voters that leaving

2:31:052:31:07

the European Union is a cause

for "hope, not fear".

2:31:072:31:10

His is the first of a number

of Cabinet speeches

2:31:102:31:12

expected this week.

2:31:122:31:15

MPs have criticised the Home Office

for seriously underestimating

2:31:152:31:17

what they described as the "immense

bureaucratic challenge"

2:31:172:31:20

posed by Brexit.

2:31:202:31:23

In a report published today,

the House of Commons Home Affairs

2:31:232:31:26

Committee hits out at the Government

for long delays in publishing a

2:31:262:31:29

post-Brexit immigration white paper.

2:31:292:31:30

The Government has said it's

considering various options

2:31:302:31:32

and will set out its initial plans

"as and when they are ready".

2:31:322:31:40

The jury at the trial of the former

football coach Barry Bennell, who

2:31:422:31:46

has been found guilty of dozens of

sexual offences against boys, will

2:31:462:31:51

continue deliberations on other

charges today. Yesterday, the jury

2:31:512:31:55

at Liverpool Crown Court returned

guilty verdicts on 36 counts and

2:31:552:31:59

asked for more time to consider

seven more. Then all, who appeared

2:31:592:32:05

via video link because of illness,

declined to give evidence -- Barry

2:32:052:32:11

Bennell, who appeared via video

link.

2:32:112:32:12

Film star Minnie Driver has quit

as an Oxfam ambassador

2:32:122:32:15

following claims that staff working

for the charity in disaster

2:32:152:32:17

zones paid vulnerable

local people for sex.

2:32:172:32:19

The actress resigned after 20 years

with the aid agency,

2:32:192:32:21

saying in a statement

that she was "horrified"

2:32:212:32:23

by the allegations.

2:32:232:32:24

Oxfam said it was "grateful"

for Ms Driver's commitment,

2:32:242:32:26

and that it was more determined

than ever to learn

2:32:262:32:29

from its mistakes.

2:32:292:32:31

Thousands of eight and

nine-year-olds are to be formally

2:32:312:32:34

assessed on their times tables at

primary schools in England. The

2:32:342:32:37

tests will be trialled at nearly 300

schools this spring, before becoming

2:32:372:32:43

mandatory in 2020. Unions say they

won't tell teachers and parents

2:32:432:32:46

anything about children that they

don't already know. But ministers

2:32:462:32:50

are saying the tests will identify

those pupils who need a little extra

2:32:502:32:54

support. The actress Emma Watson has

spoken of her shock at realising

2:32:542:32:58

there is no system in place to help

people in

2:32:582:33:07

people in the film industry who have

been sexually harassed. She is one

2:33:072:33:10

of a number of women who have been

consulted by the British film

2:33:102:33:12

Institute and Bafta as it announces

changes aimed at tackling the

2:33:122:33:14

project. Now BFI funding will only

be given to films that tackle the

2:33:142:33:17

proposals. I feel that we've learnt

a lot this morning... I never knew

2:33:172:33:21

that her Missoup was Italian for

pick me up -- tiramisu.

I never knew

2:33:212:33:28

that you didn't like coffee! I feel

that tiramisu can swing you around.

2:33:282:33:34

Only if it is the largest ever turn

Missoup.

And here is what we've got!

2:33:342:33:44

30 pastry chefs in the town

of Villesse baked all day.

2:33:442:33:47

We don't know if all these people

who were watching got to sample it

2:33:472:33:50

when they'd finished!

2:33:502:33:53

But it certainly would have been a

great pick me up.

Very impressive.

2:33:532:33:57

At the end of a wedding, that would

be great.

I hope nothing was wasted.

2:33:572:34:02

That's always the good thing, give

it away and enjoy. The thought of

2:34:022:34:06

coffee has made me cross my arms!

You've become all defensive!

2:34:062:34:13

Still to come on Breakfast

this morning...

2:34:132:34:14

Her pupils say she looks after them

just like their mum,

2:34:142:34:18

her colleagues are in awe

of her energy and enthusiasm.

2:34:182:34:22

We'll meet Andria, who's

in the running to be named the best

2:34:222:34:26

teacher in the world.

2:34:262:34:30

We will be talking to her on the

sofa.

2:34:302:34:33

If you think black

2:34:332:34:34

is black, think again.

2:34:342:34:35

We're going to show you the blackest

substance on Earth.

2:34:352:34:37

It's been described as looking

like a window peering

2:34:372:34:39

into the depths of outer space.

2:34:392:34:45

And Dan has another comparison,

which is also very accurate!

2:34:452:34:48

From women who drill through frozen

2:34:482:34:50

seas to gather food to villagers

who scale sheer cliff faces

2:34:502:34:52

to get to church.

2:34:522:34:53

We take a look at the extreme

communities risking their lives

2:34:532:34:56

on a daily basis just to get by.

2:34:562:35:02

Following us at 9:15am is the winter

Olympics, live, loads of coverage, a

2:35:022:35:07

bit of curling today, we saw Elise

Christie yesterday.

2:35:072:35:10

Kat Downes is in Pyeongchang,

and can bring us up-to-date

2:35:102:35:12

on all the latest from the Winter

Olympics.

2:35:122:35:14

We can show you where she is, she's

somewhere down there.

On the bottom

2:35:142:35:18

right of your screen, where the

funny cone shaped tent is, the

2:35:182:35:21

circus tent, there we go, that its

technical name, I'm sure! That is

2:35:212:35:26

where our very own cat bounce is

braving the cold. Slightly warmer,

2:35:262:35:29

no bobble hat today?!

Know-how

needed today, Naga, it's positively

2:35:292:35:36

tropical compared to the last few

days -- no hat needed. You saw the

2:35:362:35:41

sliding centre on the hill away to

my right, the good news for Britain

2:35:412:35:45

is that that skeleton riders, Lizzie

Yarnold and Laura deeds have been

2:35:452:35:52

topping the practice rights. Their

competition kicks off on Friday. The

2:35:522:35:57

curling competition has been running

from the start, curling goes on

2:35:572:36:00

through all of these games, and

Great Britain's teams got their game

2:36:002:36:04

under way as well, and a winning

start for both. Let's look at how

2:36:042:36:08

the winning -- the women got on.

Even your head, they are the

2:36:082:36:14

reigning European champions. They

beat the Olympic athletes from

2:36:142:36:21

Russia 10-3. The teams shaking hands

after just seven ends. Eve Muirhead

2:36:212:36:25

and the girls, the Olympic bronze

medallists from last time around,

2:36:252:36:31

winning there. The men, they have a

really good start to their

2:36:312:36:36

competition, beating Switzerland,

who won bronze at the World

2:36:362:36:39

Championship, so, a big win for

them. They don't want to take on the

2:36:392:36:45

defending Olympic champions, Canada,

later on -- they go on to take on.

2:36:452:36:49

That will be live from 11:05am. A

big match for Great Britain's men.

2:36:492:36:56

Eve Muirhead's Brothers, Thomas and

Glenn, are in that. It is a family

2:36:562:37:01

affair out in the eyes. A gold medal

on the half pipe, and what a gold

2:37:012:37:06

medal it was. The legendary Shaun

White of the USA, he won the gold.

2:37:062:37:12

He came fourth in so cheap, so he

really have a point to prove. This

2:37:122:37:15

is his third Olympic title. He is

back on top once again, laying it

2:37:152:37:22

down and the last run to claim that

title. He had to go blast, he had to

2:37:222:37:27

beat the Japanese athlete, and he

did. So go. That means all four

2:37:272:37:33

snowboarding medals so far have gone

to the USA. It was heartbreak

2:37:332:37:38

yesterday for Elise Christie, who

did not win her gold medal. She did

2:37:382:37:41

get through to the final, there were

such high hopes for her, she is the

2:37:412:37:45

three-time world champion when it

comes to short track speed skating,

2:37:452:37:48

but she crashed out in that final,

eventually finishing fourth after

2:37:482:37:53

the South Korean athlete was

eliminated. But she was absolutely

2:37:532:37:56

heartbroken. She has her two best

events yet to come, but she was so

2:37:562:38:00

gutted with that crash. Let's you

what she had to say after that race.

2:38:002:38:05

You know, I've got a few days to be

set. It's still about a week until

2:38:052:38:14

my other events. So, that's a

positive. I don't know... No, I just

2:38:142:38:19

can't see living with this feeling,

you know's I mean, it's out of my

2:38:192:38:24

control, I got knocked over and

that's that.

A really difficult

2:38:242:38:31

interview for Elise Christie after

that disappointment. That is just

2:38:312:38:34

the name of the game in the speed

skating, one false move from any of

2:38:342:38:38

the athletes and it's game over. It

is also because of the wind, it's

2:38:382:38:43

causing all kinds of havoc he in

South Korea. The ladies' slalom had

2:38:432:38:47

to be postponed until Friday. The

wind is howling across the course.

2:38:472:38:51

It means that Great Britain's Alex

Kelly and Charlie Guest will have to

2:38:512:38:55

wait a few days to get their Olympic

challenge underway. We have just

2:38:552:38:59

heard that the Olympic Park, down on

the coast where all the ice events

2:38:592:39:03

are taking place, including the

speed skating, curling and figure

2:39:032:39:07

skating, that had to be evacuated.

People who are in the venues can

2:39:072:39:11

stay and enjoy the sport, but anyone

hanging around outside has had to be

2:39:112:39:15

moved on because there were fridges

and drinks

2:39:152:39:23

and drinks cabinets blowing over,

the concessions stands for taking

2:39:232:39:25

off. The wind is something else.

Today, we're talking about the wind,

2:39:252:39:27

not the temperature is.

Gosh, that

sounds amazing, sounds fantastic.

2:39:272:39:29

Even despite that wind, they've

still... I don't blame them for

2:39:292:39:35

taking a little break. Kat gave us a

little detail about the curling.

2:39:352:39:40

Curling has only been part

of the modern Winter Olympics

2:39:402:39:42

since 1998, but it is one

of Britain's most successful

2:39:422:39:45

sports. This year seems to be no

exception, with both the men

2:39:452:39:48

and women's teams off

to a fantastic start,

2:39:482:39:50

winning their first

games this morning.

2:39:502:39:51

If you don't know your stones

from your skip, here's

2:39:512:39:53

Ben Croucher with an explainer.

2:39:532:39:55

Curling.

2:39:552:39:56

Take lawn bowls, replace the grass

for ice, the bowls for stones,

2:39:562:39:59

and you've got yourself a winter

sport that grips Great Britain.

2:39:592:40:01

The aim is to get more

of your stones near

2:40:012:40:04

the middle of the target -

or house, as it's known.

2:40:042:40:06

Getting there is more

like the coldest game of chess.

2:40:062:40:09

Always thinking two

or three moves ahead.

2:40:092:40:10

Each team has four members.

2:40:102:40:12

They each deliver two

stones over ten ends.

2:40:122:40:14

Matches can last up to three hours.

2:40:142:40:16

And with the house nearly 2.5

cricket pitches away,

2:40:162:40:20

and the stones weighing 20 kilos,

curling tests brain,

2:40:202:40:26

brawn and lungs as well.

2:40:262:40:30

Yes!

2:40:302:40:35

Come on!

2:40:352:40:36

Sit, sit!

2:40:362:40:41

That is seriously, seriously heavy!

Have a go.

Oh, yes!

2:40:412:40:45

We're joined by former curling

athlete Rhona Howie,

2:40:452:40:47

who was in the gold medal-winning

women's team at the Salt Lake City

2:40:472:40:50

Olympic Games in 2002.

2:40:502:40:58

It's fine here, I'm just holding it

up! These are really heavy! We would

2:40:582:41:02

us talking about Weatherstone is

from, I understand they are quarried

2:41:022:41:06

in two parts of the UK -- we were

just talking about where the stone

2:41:062:41:10

is from.

The granite stones come

from the Ayrshire coast in Scotland.

2:41:102:41:15

You can also get them from Wales as

well. These are the ones that are

2:41:152:41:19

used. Spoken like a true Scotswoman!

There are two types of granite in

2:41:192:41:26

there, there is a blue granite in

the other stone, it makes it a good

2:41:262:41:30

curling stone.

I just have one

question, do you have your own

2:41:302:41:34

personal one.

No, EU never get the

excise luggage to carry that!

You

2:41:342:41:39

don't have your own personal curling

stone Gazala no, the world curling

2:41:392:41:44

Federation produced all of the

Stones. I never knew that. It's not

2:41:442:41:47

quite a set of golf clubs! You can

talk golf, because the club is just

2:41:472:41:54

off the coast of Turnberry. We will

talk about 2002 and your memories of

2:41:542:41:59

that, that ignited the nation's love

of curling. What have you made of

2:41:592:42:03

the way that the two British teams

have started in Pyeongchang?

The

2:42:032:42:07

start is so important, especially

for the men, they had a tough first

2:42:072:42:11

day against Canada, two of the

strongest nations. It was great for

2:42:112:42:15

the men to get off to a win against

that alone. And for

2:42:152:42:25

that alone. And for Eve's team, you

know, they've been playing the

2:42:252:42:27

Olympic athletes from Russia. That

was a game that they should have

2:42:272:42:30

won, but it was good, clinical, they

played very well. You know, they got

2:42:302:42:32

after the start they wanted.

Even

your head has spoken about this, it

2:42:322:42:35

is her third Olympics, -- Eve

Muirhead. They were hurt by only

2:42:352:42:38

winning the bronze last time around.

They are regarded as one of the best

2:42:382:42:41

teams out there. It is a real

challenge to get it right on the big

2:42:412:42:45

occasion.

Absolutely. It is two

separate competitions. They have

2:42:452:42:50

nine games to play to get that

semifinal stage and then it is a

2:42:502:42:54

different competition, it is medals

at stake. The first competition is

2:42:542:42:57

to qualify for the top four. It is

just one game at a time. They have

2:42:572:43:02

certainly started

2:43:022:43:09

certainly started really well, very

good curling.

It is certainly a game

2:43:092:43:11

that captures the imagination.

Everyone is enjoying the shouts that

2:43:112:43:13

you hear and the commands that are

given. In the mix, there are some

2:43:132:43:16

couples which play together, and

this is allowed. Even when the

2:43:162:43:21

English-speaking teams are shouting,

I don't understand what they're

2:43:212:43:23

saying! Is there a code?

No, well,

are different terminology is used,

2:43:232:43:29

whether they are too sweet, whether

it is for a line. So, yes, it is

2:43:292:43:34

probably just curling terminology --

whether to sweep.

I have got the

2:43:342:43:40

brush here! Love curling is the

number one hashtag on social media

2:43:402:43:44

at the moment. People will be

getting into it today, and as the

2:43:442:43:48

competition progresses, the use of

the brush, what are you doing when

2:43:482:43:52

you are furiously doing that as it

goes down?

You are helping the line

2:43:522:43:56

and weight of the stone. It has a

pebble with a watering can nozzle

2:43:562:44:01

type, these three bubbles on the

ice, wind was weeping, you wear them

2:44:012:44:07

away, so the stone will travel

further and can also hold the light.

2:44:072:44:11

If you are a sweeper or extra work,

what are you, a slider -- a throw

2:44:112:44:18

up.

All four players throws two

stones each. I like being skipped, I

2:44:182:44:24

like the angles of the game, how

every game is different. I love the

2:44:242:44:29

technical, tactical side of the

game.

One of the things I worried

2:44:292:44:34

about, the shoes. So, you have to be

quite nifty on your feet, because

2:44:342:44:38

you're not allowed to touch the

stone, are you?

No, if you touch the

2:44:382:44:44

stone, it's removed.

I was feeling

the brush, is the same material

2:44:442:44:48

basically as the sofa! But it's

cleaner, for a start! But how do the

2:44:482:44:53

shoes feel underneath, what kind of

grips that they have?

If you are

2:44:532:44:58

right-handed, your left foot is the

Teflon, that's what you slide on.

2:44:582:45:04

Your right foot would be a grip. So,

your two shoes are very different.

2:45:042:45:10

Did you know that?! At the start,

you put yourself in a sort of clip

2:45:102:45:14

and you push yourself off before you

reach the stone. I've obsessively

2:45:142:45:18

watched hours of curling over the

years, I noticed that the shoes are

2:45:182:45:22

slightly different. We saw you back

in 2002, have you still been

2:45:222:45:25

together with the team from back

then, the gold medal winning team?

2:45:252:45:30

Oh, yes, we have reunions every so

often. We are spread all over the

2:45:302:45:33

country, but we do get together.

Do

you curl when you get together?

Oh,

2:45:332:45:39

no! We do social get-togethers.

2:45:392:45:47

no! We do social get-togethers.

It's

been love having you on. Catch! Do

2:45:472:45:49

you think there are real gold-medal

chances for both?

Absolutely,

2:45:492:45:50

definitely, no reason why not.

It's

been so good talking to you, thank

2:45:502:45:53

you so much, Rhona. Thank you for

bringing in your bits and pieces as

2:45:532:45:56

well. Matt, see, what you always

wondered about curling, you now

2:45:562:46:00

know!

2:46:002:46:04

I love curling and always have done

since I grew up as a wee lad in

2:46:042:46:08

Glasgow.

2:46:082:46:09

since I grew up as a wee lad in

Glasgow. IS of course is involved

2:46:092:46:12

and there is my tenuous link for the

moment and there was a frosty start.

2:46:122:46:20

This was in East Sussex, but the

sum, the frosted not get going. For

2:46:202:46:25

others it is disappearing. The blues

are shrinking on the map

2:46:252:46:30

particularly towards the south and

west where thick cloud is pushing in

2:46:302:46:33

and if we split the country into

starting with the southern half of

2:46:332:46:38

the UK, sunny start across the East

before clouding over but cloud in

2:46:382:46:42

the West will bring occasional rain

and some hill snow, and a covering

2:46:422:46:46

of snow across the Cumbrian fells

and the Peak District. Some heavy

2:46:462:46:50

bursts of rain are gathering towards

western coast later and the south

2:46:502:46:54

and east will stay dry, but a windy

day. Some of the stronger winds are

2:46:542:46:59

across western Scotland at around 60

or 70 mph. Northern Ireland sees

2:46:592:47:03

rain then brighter skies in the

afternoon but a cloudy day in

2:47:032:47:07

Scotland after a bright start with

significant snow across the

2:47:072:47:11

Grampians and the Southern uplands.

It will turn back to rain later long

2:47:112:47:15

-- later on as rain works its way

in. Chile across the eastern areas,

2:47:152:47:22

especially where the snow is falling

over the hills later. The smell of

2:47:222:47:27

wet weather overnight for England

and Wales -- there is a spell of wet

2:47:272:47:31

weather overnight for England and

Wales and it will disappear. Then

2:47:312:47:35

starry skies taking this into

Thursday and a small chance of

2:47:352:47:40

frost, but more sleet and snow

showers into Northern Ireland and

2:47:402:47:43

western Scotland. You can follow

Dier back going into the north of

2:47:432:47:49

the Atlantic. Not quite as cold as

how we started with, and in southern

2:47:492:47:56

and eastern areas not bad at all.

Morning rain in the far east of

2:47:562:47:59

England. Showers in the West, sleet

and snow in parts of Scotland and

2:47:592:48:07

Northern Ireland to give a coating

in places. A frosty start on Friday

2:48:072:48:11

are lots of sun for England and

Wales and northern Scotland not

2:48:112:48:15

faring badly but the cloud will

increase and there are outbreaks of

2:48:152:48:20

rain foremost and again over the

higher ground we will see snow but

2:48:202:48:23

temperatures lifting through the day

thanks to south-westerly winds. That

2:48:232:48:27

is how the rest of the week looks.

My ode to Valentine's Day will give

2:48:272:48:32

you a quick summary of what will

come.

2:48:322:48:35

Happy Valentine's Day. I will see

you tomorrow.

2:48:392:48:42

You remember your favourite teacher

at school.

Yes, Mrs King, Primary

2:48:442:48:50

three, straightaway.

That is where

you know you really deep like

2:48:502:48:55

someone -- really did like someone.

Mrs Towers was great. Why? She was

2:48:552:49:02

kind and she liked to play in the

Wendy house. That was primary

2:49:022:49:06

school, by the way. We are talking

about this for a reason.

2:49:062:49:14

Many of us remember with fondness

our favourite teacher and the impact

2:49:142:49:17

they had on our school lives.

2:49:172:49:18

Teachers just like our next guest,

2:49:182:49:19

Andrea Zafirakou, in fact.

2:49:192:49:23

Did I said that right? She has --

2:49:232:49:29

She's been named as a top ten

finalist in an annual search to find

2:49:292:49:32

the world's best teacher.

2:49:322:49:33

As we're going to hear

2:49:332:49:34

she's an inspiration,

not just to her pupils,

2:49:342:49:36

but also her colleagues

at her school in the deprived

2:49:362:49:39

London borough of Brent.

2:49:392:49:41

first of all, take a look at this.

I

found out in primary school I had

2:49:412:49:50

special needs, speech problems and

she said, look at your work, that is

2:49:502:49:55

your work. Do what you love. She is

like a hero to me. She really is.

2:49:552:50:02

She will push you to your full

potential, no matter what. She wants

2:50:022:50:06

everybody to achieve the best they

can. She said any individual can

2:50:062:50:12

achieve the best, and you believe

her and you think you can do it.

It

2:50:122:50:15

must be nice.

I love watching that.

It's fantastic.

You are on a short

2:50:152:50:22

list of ten, and to give you an

idea, this is a 70 countries, over

2:50:222:50:30

30,000 entered, and you are

officially one of the ten best

2:50:302:50:33

teachers in the world.

I find it

hard to hear it over and over again,

2:50:332:50:37

but that is right and there are ten

of us and we are celebrating. It is

2:50:372:50:42

amazing.

Tell us about the school

you work-out. This is one of the

2:50:422:50:49

reasons you have been nominated. To

say it is challenging for a teacher

2:50:492:50:52

there, many would say it is an

understatement.

I work at a school

2:50:522:50:58

in Brent, and we have our

challenges, and the main challenges

2:50:582:51:01

we experience is the deprivation we

have around the school, and that is

2:51:012:51:07

the key thing. But we overcome that

with the things we put in place.

I

2:51:072:51:11

don't want to be negative about this

but I want people to understand what

2:51:112:51:15

you do every day, not just in the

classroom but outside. In this area

2:51:152:51:20

there are concerns that many

children could be attracted or

2:51:202:51:22

bullied into gangs. There are

language issues as well which you

2:51:222:51:28

and the headteacher have tackled in

terms of learning languages. Tell us

2:51:282:51:31

why.

I feel it is so important to

ensure that when students come to

2:51:312:51:36

the school and their families that

they feel comfortable and welcomed

2:51:362:51:40

and when you have a community, and

we have 35 different languages in

2:51:402:51:45

the school, it is beautifully

diverse and they are able to feel

2:51:452:51:48

connected unable to feel like they

want to be there and it is a safe

2:51:482:51:54

place for them, and whatever happens

outside the school gates, don't

2:51:542:51:57

worry about that. We have got you in

school and we will look after you

2:51:572:52:01

and help you succeed and that is

what we do in the school.

You must

2:52:012:52:07

have an incredibly positive attitude

though. When you speak to teachers,

2:52:072:52:11

and it's something we cover a lot on

the programme, the system does not

2:52:112:52:15

seem to be working as well as it

could do. There is an issue with

2:52:152:52:19

funding in various parts of the

education system as well. How do you

2:52:192:52:24

accept that, get on with that, but

try and bring fun into the classroom

2:52:242:52:29

and involvement, and bring your

enthusiasm to the children sitting

2:52:292:52:31

in front of you every day?

At the

end of the day it's all about our

2:52:312:52:36

children, and every school teacher

will say that. We don't worry about

2:52:362:52:39

what is happening, it is how we can

support the kids. Teachers know what

2:52:392:52:44

is best for their students and at

the end of the day, it doesn't

2:52:442:52:49

matter, policies will come and go.

Our role is to make sure that every

2:52:492:52:53

child has a great experience.

We

were talking about maths GCSE today,

2:52:532:52:59

and times tables, in fact.

My

daughter is going through it.

Lots

2:52:592:53:04

of people will connect with you

about this. What do you make of the

2:53:042:53:08

whole testing or assessing eight and

nine-year-olds on times tables?

It's

2:53:082:53:14

really interesting. I would like to

say, what do the students think?

2:53:142:53:19

What do the teachers think?

Nobody

likes more testing, do they?

They

2:53:192:53:24

don't, but I like to think somebody

is looking at the children and their

2:53:242:53:26

mental health and making sure they

are ready and prepared. There are

2:53:262:53:30

lots of people who are working

together with schools to make sure

2:53:302:53:34

they come up with the best outcome.

It is a really difficult one. I see

2:53:342:53:40

my daughter at home and she says,

ma'am, can you test me and she asked

2:53:402:53:44

these questions and on the other

hand I think, is she OK? Is

2:53:442:53:50

everything OK with her? It's a

difficult one.

Did you have somebody

2:53:502:53:54

who inspired you at school? Did you

want to be like them?

I wouldn't say

2:53:542:53:58

I want to be like him because he was

fantastically bonkers, it was my

2:53:582:54:02

music teacher, and what I love about

him and this was Saint Marylebone's

2:54:022:54:07

School for girls, I loved his

passion and energy. He loved his

2:54:072:54:12

subject and he was a music teacher

and you did not know what you were

2:54:122:54:15

getting yourself into the moment you

crossed the door. Every time I left

2:54:152:54:19

the classroom I was like, wow, did I

go through that? He was a phenomenal

2:54:192:54:26

teacher and hopefully still is and

he is a person who inspired me but

2:54:262:54:30

I'm not a music teacher, I am an art

teacher, so it has been different

2:54:302:54:33

how my journey has gone.

You are

changing children's lives, that is

2:54:332:54:38

what you are doing.

We are.

Congratulations. It's not that, it's

2:54:382:54:43

down to lots of people, and Sheikh

Mohammed, who sponsors the award.

2:54:432:54:51

They get it, they understand the

importance of teachers and we

2:54:512:54:55

deserve the platform and we do an

amazing job. I am so honoured that I

2:54:552:54:59

am celebrating this on behalf of

teachers in the UK, across the

2:54:592:55:04

world, and I'm just so proud and

privileged.

It will be amazing. Do

2:55:042:55:09

come back and letters know what

happens.

I will.

When you will --

2:55:092:55:16

win. I know it's not about the

money, but there is £1 million for

2:55:162:55:19

the winner.

Yes, we are honoured. I

have my lovely boy who is on it and

2:55:192:55:28

thinking about projects and we have

got it in hand. This is great for

2:55:282:55:31

the school if we can get it, but we

will see what happens.

Great to be

2:55:312:55:37

recognised. Andria, thank you so

much.

2:55:372:55:38

The winner of The Global Teacher

Prize will be announced next month.

2:55:382:55:41

We will come back and revisit that.

We are talking about building new

2:55:412:55:46

homes.

2:55:462:55:51

Despite the Government's promise

to build a million new homes

2:55:522:55:54

by 2020, there are still more

than 200,000 properties across

2:55:542:55:57

England and Wales lying empty.

2:55:572:55:58

So, in Liverpool they're

trying an unusual approach

2:55:582:56:00

to tackling the housing crisis.

2:56:002:56:02

They are selling homes for £1 and

there is a new Channel 4 documentary

2:56:022:56:06

which has followed families on their

journey to find a dream home.

Rob

2:56:062:56:12

works shifts as a forklift truck

driver while Melanie stays at home

2:56:122:56:16

with children.

You are pretty heavy.

But home for almost two years has

2:56:162:56:21

been with Melanie's parents, and

their two young daughters and

2:56:212:56:24

teenage son have two bedroom. --

have two share a bedroom. Living

2:56:242:56:30

with parents have meant they have

been able to save up around £25,000.

2:56:302:56:35

They are spending it all to move

their family here.

Don't touch it.

2:56:352:56:43

Someone has just thrown a match on

it.

How is anybody going to even

2:56:432:56:48

move that now?

Just a few months

later the home is fully renovated

2:56:482:56:53

and that is where Steph is. Can you

hear us?

I can. Sorry, I was just

2:56:532:57:03

adopting -- adapting to the snow

that has come in this morning. It is

2:57:032:57:07

freezing. Let me get you inside the

house because you met Mel and Rob,

2:57:072:57:11

but we are in the street on which

they live and one of the vans has

2:57:112:57:15

turned up here and they will start

renovating one of the other houses

2:57:152:57:18

because there are something like a

houses here which shot up for sale

2:57:182:57:22

for a pound and a lot of them have

been sold. Around 100 families have

2:57:222:57:27

started on the process of renovating

them and you saw Mel's house in that

2:57:272:57:32

clip, so let's have a nose inside.

Her and Rob have done a cracking

2:57:322:57:36

job. Seven months and they have

transformed this into a wonderful

2:57:362:57:41

home. We can also meet some of the

neighbours here this morning. We

2:57:412:57:46

have Victoria here. And Rosie is

here as well, Mel's daughter. Good

2:57:462:57:50

morning to all of you. We just saw a

clip of you on the programme from

2:57:502:57:54

when you first got the house. Tell

us what it was like?

The house was

2:57:542:57:59

an empty shell and you could look up

and see the sky through the roof,

2:57:592:58:02

there was a big hole, it was damp,

there was no gas, central heating or

2:58:022:58:07

electrics, it was pretty awful.

It

is the similar for you as well?

Yes,

2:58:072:58:13

the back of the house didn't have a

roof, random holes in the ceilings,

2:58:132:58:20

and weird cuddly toys and dolls

which were a bit creepy. Similar. No

2:58:202:58:26

utilities or anything, so it really

was just a shell.

And for you as

2:58:262:58:33

well? What was it like?

Pretty much

a derelict property. There was

2:58:332:58:37

nothing, holes in the ceiling and

just nothing there am I like a

2:58:372:58:41

shell.

Now you have all managed to

transform it or you are part way

2:58:412:58:47

through the process. Tell us what it

has been like for you because it has

2:58:472:58:51

been seven months of work.

It's been

really hard. I had to do a lot

2:58:512:58:56

myself because we did not have a

massive budget to get someone in to

2:58:562:59:00

do everything so it has been

challenging and hard.

2:59:002:59:09

challenging and hard. You have to

get somebody in to do everything, so

2:59:092:59:12

it has been challenging.

You have

two really see beyond the houses

2:59:122:59:20

because we are living here now --

you have to do. There is work going

2:59:202:59:27

on but you do your part as well

because in the night-time it doesn't

2:59:272:59:35

feel great, but I think we see the

bigger picture of eventually these

2:59:352:59:39

streets will be just as sought-after

as the other streets further down.

2:59:392:59:43

Is this the only way you could

afford to get a house?

Pretty much.

2:59:432:59:48

It's the only way to get on the

property ladder is to take a massive

2:59:482:59:53

mortgage, or if we won the lottery,

but other than that we could not get

2:59:532:59:58

a four-bedroom house like we have

now.

Good luck with it, and it's

2:59:583:00:02

great to see the neighbours already

chatting to each other and all

3:00:023:00:05

hanging out. You are on this

programme is a night on Channel 4.

3:00:053:00:09

What was it like being filmed for a

documentary?

It was a strange

3:00:093:00:13

process because we were doing the

house up so we had all that trauma

3:00:133:00:21

and anything that happened, like

when you drop something or you spilt

3:00:213:00:25

paint, it wasn't forgotten and no

one would see it.

A camera in your

3:00:253:00:29

face. Welcome to my world. Thank you

so much chatting to me and good luck

3:00:293:00:34

with it all, and that programme is

on Channel 4 tonight at 9pm.

3:00:343:00:43

Britain's Cheapest Street.

Steph,

thank you very much and stay there

3:00:433:00:46

if it is starting to snow. Enjoy the

last croissant.

3:00:463:00:54

Rosie has got her eye on that again!

We had a few technical difficulties

3:00:543:01:01

there, you might have spotted that

the screen went black. Do not adjust

3:01:013:01:05

your telly when you see this, we are

shunning do it

3:01:053:01:08

with good reason. That is very

black, we can show you just how

3:01:083:01:13

black it is. Do you want to explain

how black it is? This has actually

3:01:133:01:18

been designed by a British

scientist, it is the new black, if

3:01:183:01:22

you like, the only thing that is

black and this is meant to be a

3:01:223:01:26

black hole. It absorbs over 99% of

light.

Lawsuit is very black, but it

3:01:263:01:37

looks great next to this. If I turn

this to the side, it is a crinkly...

3:01:373:01:44

It is black painted onto a crinkly

piece of foil. You would think that

3:01:443:01:48

when you saw it slept on, you'd

think you with the all of the Queen

3:01:483:01:53

course. You can't see a thing,

because it absorbs that much like.

3:01:533:01:58

It is more expensive than gold and

it has been used in one of the

3:01:583:02:02

buildings at Pyeongchang at the

Winter Olympics. It has been

3:02:023:02:06

designed by a British scientist.

Graham Satchell has been

3:02:063:02:09

investigating more about the

blackest of the black.

3:02:093:02:11

It's the blackest building on earth.

3:02:133:02:20

This pavilion outside

the Olympic Stadium

3:02:203:02:24

in South Korea is coated

with a material called VBX2.

3:02:243:02:27

It absorbs 98% of the light.

3:02:273:02:33

I wanted people to be literally

awestruck and starstruck by this

3:02:333:02:35

building, and to see it and stop

in their tracks.

3:02:353:02:41

The pavilion is the brainchild

of British architect Asif Khan.

3:02:413:02:46

You feel drawn into it, you want

to plummet into its blackness.

3:02:463:02:51

Asif has peppered the building with

small lights to look like stars.

3:02:513:02:58

As you walk around the building,

you get the effect of parallax,

3:02:583:03:00

so it appears the stars are moving

against each other,

3:03:003:03:05

as though you were diving

through the universe.

3:03:053:03:12

This laboratory in southern

England is where VBX2

3:03:123:03:15

and Vantablack were created.

3:03:153:03:23

It might look like paint,

but Vantablack is made billions

3:03:273:03:29

of microscopic carbon nano tubes.

3:03:293:03:31

It absorbs 99.965% of light.

3:03:313:03:34

The only thing darker

would be a black hole.

3:03:343:03:41

The only thing darker

in the universe is a black hole.

3:03:413:03:44

Is a black hole that we know

of that this time.

3:03:443:03:47

It's so black, it changes

the dimensionality of an object.

3:03:473:03:49

It makes things look flat.

3:03:493:03:52

You're seeing the lack of photons

being reflected back to your eyes,

3:03:523:03:56

and so your eyes are no longer able

to make sense of what you're seeing

3:03:563:04:01

so therefore you see it as a void,

or a very black area that you can't

3:04:013:04:05

make shape or sense from.

3:04:053:04:08

Looking at black nothingness

like this is a rather

3:04:083:04:12

odd sort of experience.

3:04:123:04:14

It is slightly vertiginous,

like you're standing on the edge

3:04:143:04:16

of an abyss looking into a void.

3:04:163:04:21

It's exciting and unsettling

at the same time.

3:04:213:04:28

Vantablack is used in space

exploration, in cameras

3:04:303:04:33

and telescopes to reduce the amount

of flair from the sun.

3:04:333:04:37

It gives astronomers a clear view

of distant stars and planets

3:04:373:04:40

but using this nanotechnology has

only just started.

3:04:403:04:45

The possibilities of

designing materials are,

3:04:453:04:47

kind of, quite limitless.

3:04:473:04:50

I imagine coating materials

with nano materials,

3:04:503:04:54

imagine vehicles that slip

in and out of visibility,

3:04:543:04:58

that's the sort of world that

we're talking about here.

3:04:583:05:01

So a stunning building

using technology that has

3:05:033:05:05

the potential to revolutionise

photography, space exploration,

3:05:053:05:07

architecture, design.

3:05:073:05:10

Graham Satchell, BBC News.

3:05:103:05:13

I found that fascinating.

I think

your analogy this morning of how

3:05:203:05:24

black that feels when you look at it

was brilliant.

What is a?

You said

3:05:243:05:29

that when you get up at night to go

to the loo and you turn the light on

3:05:293:05:33

because it's really bright, do your

business and turn it off and it's

3:05:333:05:36

really dark.

Until you're attuned to

read.

That's how black that feels --

3:05:363:05:43

when you attuned to it.

It's one of

those moments where is likely forgot

3:05:433:05:47

I was on television, announcing to

the nation!

3:05:473:05:49

Let's get a last, brief

look at the headlines

3:05:493:07:24

Have a good morning.

3:07:243:07:31

Welcome back.

3:07:323:07:33

Tropical forests, spectacular

islands, soaring mountain ranges

3:07:333:07:35

and frozen polar worlds are explored

in Earth's Natural Wonders, which

3:07:353:07:37

returns to our screens tonight.

3:07:373:07:41

I'm in! It sounds good! Yes, with

there! -- we are there.

3:07:413:07:47

It tells the stories of some

of our planet's most spectacular

3:07:473:07:50

places and how they've shaped

the lives of those who live there.

3:07:503:07:53

The first of three episodes

is called Surviving the Extreme,

3:07:533:07:55

where we meet 63-year-old Minnie

and her granddaughter Eva,

3:07:553:07:57

on one of the most hazardous

expeditions for food -

3:07:573:08:00

the mussel harvest.

3:08:003:08:01

Here's a clip.

3:08:013:08:02

Joining us now is executive producer

Jane Aldous and series

3:08:023:08:04

producer Russell Leven.

3:08:043:08:05

Let's have a look at some fantastic

pictures.

3:08:053:08:11

There are few places on earth where

you can walk under the sea like

3:08:163:08:19

this. But this is a perilous place

to be.

3:08:193:08:27

The ice above them is no longer

supported by sea water. And is

3:08:363:08:42

extremely unstable. The risk of it

collapsing at any moment is high.

3:08:423:08:50

STUDIO: That gives you an idea of

the programme. Jane and Russell are

3:08:503:08:55

here with us. Welcome to the

Breakfast is over. Russell, you went

3:08:553:08:59

down through that is. You are

cracking through two or three metres

3:08:593:09:03

of is, how dangerous is it to be

down that?

It is tied to extreme

3:09:033:09:09

tides. The ladies go down to collect

mussels. And at certain points of

3:09:093:09:13

the year, the tide drains in an

extreme way, leaving the sea bed

3:09:133:09:20

completely, you know, water free.

The ladies smashed through about 2-3

3:09:203:09:23

metres of is, they had under and

they have a very short window with

3:09:233:09:29

which to gather as many muscles as

they can.

Why a short window? The

3:09:293:09:34

tide comes back in

and three floods

the Chambers. The gap is normally

3:09:343:09:39

full of water, and the tide returns,

and it drains for about 45 minutes,

3:09:393:09:45

giving the ladies this window to

collect the muscles.

They've done it

3:09:453:09:50

for years, something which has

happened for centuries.

An age-old

3:09:503:09:55

process, practised by the Inuit

women of the community.

Do they know

3:09:553:09:59

exactly where the mussels are, or is

it potluck, or through experience,

3:09:593:10:04

this is in a certain area that they

breed?

Through experience and having

3:10:043:10:08

done it for many hundreds of years,

they have a fairly clear idea of

3:10:083:10:13

roughly where the mussels are,

obviously they move with the types

3:10:133:10:17

to a degree. There is an element of

potluck. Once they find them, there

3:10:173:10:22

are a load of mussels dambuster

quake Jane, you wouldn't put

3:10:223:10:25

yourself in that situation unless

you had to.

This series is looking

3:10:253:10:31

at reasons for the Bible, methods of

survival here. You go through some

3:10:313:10:37

extraordinary landscapes. What was

the highlight -- reasons for

3:10:373:10:39

survival.

I love that story. We were

keen in the second series to do

3:10:393:10:46

stories where women were doing

things, it wasn't all about men

3:10:463:10:49

doing all the hard work. That is an

amazing story, a hunter gatherer

3:10:493:10:53

story. Men hunt, women gather, that

is something that women do.

We have

3:10:533:10:59

pictures of some people going to

church in Ethiopia. You might think

3:10:593:11:03

going to church is a normal activity

which you might just walk down what

3:11:033:11:07

drive, but you talk about women,

this is people

3:11:073:11:19

this is people with babies on their

back climbing up sheer cliffs to get

3:11:193:11:21

there.

It is still linked as

arrival. These people believe that

3:11:213:11:23

if they don't get their children

baptised they won't have a good

3:11:233:11:26

start in life. One in five children

die in that area before their fifth

3:11:263:11:28

birthday. The women have to climb

with their babies, if it's a boy, 40

3:11:283:11:31

days after they've given birth. If

it's a girl, 80 days after they've

3:11:313:11:34

given birth.

Some remarkable filming

techniques as well. When you see

3:11:343:11:38

this, it looks as if the person

there is talking directly to the

3:11:383:11:41

viewer. Can you explain what was

happening that?

We were very keen

3:11:413:11:45

that when we told these stories,

although people's rise seemed very

3:11:453:11:50

different to ours,

3:11:503:11:55

different to ours, most people

wanted exactly the same thing. You

3:11:583:12:00

want to get your child into the best

school you can locally, these people

3:12:003:12:02

are doing the best they can to give

their kids the best start in life.

3:12:023:12:05

We wanted to feel connected to them.

This idea of filming with them

3:12:053:12:09

talking straight into the lens,

looking at the camera, gives you a

3:12:093:12:10

greater connection to them.

Can we

talk about some yaks, please?! You

3:12:103:12:14

take a very simple, it seems like a

simple job, a yak herder. This is

3:12:143:12:19

not a simple case of talking --

crossing from field to field.

The

3:12:193:12:25

whole series being about the simple

things we take for granted, but the

3:12:253:12:31

extraordinary lengths that people in

these places have to go to do these

3:12:313:12:35

simple things. The yak herding is a

great in point. To all intents and

3:12:353:12:42

purposes, it's kind of sheepdog

herding, its herding animals. The

3:12:423:12:45

difference being they are 15,000

feet up in the Himalayan mountains

3:12:453:12:49

and herding their yaks, around 200

animals, down 2000 feet in five days

3:12:493:12:58

to get down to summer pastures. It

involves some incredible passes,

3:12:583:13:01

some really steep drops they have to

move through.

It is staggering

3:13:013:13:07

television. As a family, I didn't

make my kids, but we love watching

3:13:073:13:12

blue planet, it is amazing TV. Jane

and Russell, thank you so much for

3:13:123:13:16

coming in.

3:13:163:13:16

And Earth's Natural Wonders

is on tonight on BBC One at 9pm.

3:13:163:13:19

That's it from us today.

3:13:193:13:20

I'll be back with Charlie

tomorrow from 6am.

3:13:203:13:22

Next on BBC One, Clare Balding's

here with the Winter Olympics,

3:13:223:13:25

including Britain's Amanda Lightfoot

in the women's Biathlon,

3:13:253:13:27

and the final of the women's

10,000-metre speed-skating.

3:13:273:13:29

Bye for now.

3:13:293:13:32