23/02/2018 Breakfast


23/02/2018

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LineFromTo

Hello, this is Breakfast,

0:00:070:00:08

with Charlie Stayt and Naga

Munchetty.

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Alarming new research links mistakes

in patient medication to tens

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of thousands of deaths a year.

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As many as one in five drugs may be

given out in error across England.

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The Health Secretary, Jeremy Hunt,

calls the situation "appalling"

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and "totally preventable".

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Good morning, it's Friday

the 23rd of February.

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Also this morning:

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The armed officer whose job

it was to protect the Florida high

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school where a gunman shot dead 17

people has resigned after it emerged

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he failed to intervene.

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Why it's not just what we eat,

but when and how we eat it -

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new research reveals how snacking

on certain food and drinks

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damages our teeth.

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Workers in the UK are doing billions

of pounds worth of free overtime

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every year, but why,

and how do we compare

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to other countries?

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Good morning!

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And I'm curling in Perth this

morning on the ice where most

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of the British team train.

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They will today try to sweep

their way into the gold medal match

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at the Winter Olympics,

as Eve Muirhead and her team take

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on against Sweden in the semifinals.

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And Nick has the weather.

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Good morning. It is a cold and

frosty start this morning. High

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pressure in control, plenty of dry

weather for the weekend, increasing

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sunshine and blue sky but if you

think it is called yet, do have not

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seen anything yet! Wait until next

week! Your full forecast is coming

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up.

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Good morning.

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First, our main story -

for every five prescriptions handed

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out

in England, an error is made,

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and the government's warned these

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mistakes could be linked to hundreds

and potentially thousands

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of deaths a year.

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The Health and Social Care

Secretary, Jeremy Hunt,

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has described the findings

as "appalling".

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He cites the case of a 92-year-old

woman whose vital medication

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was stopped after her chart

was inadvertently swapped.

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Here's our health editor Hugh Pym.

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The report covers mistakes made in

the prescribing, dispensing and

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administering of medication in

England. These could involve GPs,

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pharmacist, care homes and

hospitals. Researchers are to be one

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of the first exercises of its kind.

It found that medication errors

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could cause around 1700 per year and

perhaps contribute up to 22,000

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deaths. The cost to the NHS could be

around £1.6 billion a year. It does

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note that the vast majority of

prescriptions dispensed on the NHS

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are safe and mistakes do occur in

all healthcare systems. The health

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and social care secretary Jeremy

Hunt said it was a far bigger

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problem globally and it has so far

been recognised. Causing appalling

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levels of harm and death. Plans to

tackle the problem include

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introducing electronic prescribing

systems in hospitals designed to cut

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mistakes. The National pharmacy

association said it welcomed the

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focus on reducing medication errors

but that a culture of learning

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rather than blame was needed.

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Hugh Pym, BBC News.

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An armed officer who was at

the Florida school where 17 people

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were killed has resigned after it

emerged he failed to intervene.

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Scott Peterson was facing suspension

after an investigation revealed

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he remained outside the building

and did not confront the gunman.

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Let's get more from our

North America correspondent,

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Peter Bowes.

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What is happening in terms of what

has emerged about what this man did?

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This has emerged from the sheriff of

the county and he has been looking

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at surveillance video and he refers

to this deputy, this police officer,

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who was working, he was in uniform,

he was armed, he was on the compass

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as the shooting happened and

apparently, he got to the building

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where the shooting took place around

90 seconds of the first shots being

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fired and then he didn't go inside.

In fact, he stayed outside for about

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four minutes, the actual shooting

lasted about six minutes. It is

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still something of a mystery as to

why he didn't essentially do his

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job. And go in and confront the

shooter and in fact the sheriff was

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asked what he would have liked to

have seen, the Deputy do, and is set

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to start, to have gone inside, to

have addressed the shooter, and to

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have shot him dead. Now, as to why

he didn't do that, the officer has

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not spoken to himself yet we don't

know his side of the story but we

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know that he was initially suspended

without pay, pending further

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investigation, but he actually chose

to resign from his job. Now clearly,

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these are some people will put the

whole debate about ones in schools

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and perhaps arming of teachers in

the new perspective because here was

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someone actually on the campus

trained to use a gun.

Peter, thank

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you.

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Theresa May is understood to have

agreed with senior ministers

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a position on Britain's future

relationship with the EU

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during talks at Chequers yesterday.

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Downing Street has given few

details, but some of those present

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have suggested that everyone

was happy with the outcome.

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One told the BBC that "there has

been an outbreak of unity for now".

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Number Ten says the Prime Minister

will set out "the way forward" next

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week after a discussion

by the full Cabinet.

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A fourth British tourist has died

of injuries he suffered

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in a helicopter crash

in the Grand Canyon nearly

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a fortnight ago.

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Jonathan Udall, who was

in his 30s and from

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Brighton, was on honeymoon

with his wife, Ellie Milward

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when the accident happened.

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His family has been

told of his death.

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Adina Campbell reports.

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Group two and Ellie Milward were on

their honeymoon, she has been left

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with critical injuries while her

friends online post, announcing his

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death, described him as strong and

brave. The helicopter crashed as it

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came into land at Arizona 's promote

quartermaster Canyon. Witnesses say

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it spun around twice before hitting

the ground and then bursting into

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flames. Police said bad weather

meant it was more than eight hours

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before the survivors could be flown

to hospital. Stuart Hill on the left

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is picked up here, along with his

brother Jason. Who also died at the

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scene. Their parents say the

brothers shared an incredible bond

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and would be deeply missed. Jennifer

Bara remains in a critical condition

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in hospital in Las Vegas, as does

the pilot Scott Bruce. Experts say

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possible causes of the crash include

a faulty tail rotor and gusty winds.

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But it may take many months to

determine why the helicopter came

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down with such terrible

consequences.

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Two people are still being

questioned after a suspected hit

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and run in Coventry which killed

two young brothers.

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A man in his 50s and a woman

in her 40s were arrested

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on suspicion of causing death

by dangerous driving

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and drink driving.

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A 2-year-old boy was pronounced dead

shortly after the incident,

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the death of his 6-year-old brother

was confirmed a couple

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of hours later.

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The family of the seriously ill boy

Alfie Evans has been given

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permission to appeal

against a High Court ruling allowing

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doctors to switch

off his life support.

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Alfie has an undiagnosed brain

disorder and doctors say there's no

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hope of recovery.

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On Tuesday, a judge ruled

in favour of his physicians,

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but his parents want to take him

to a hospital in Italy

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for further treatment.

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The way we eat and drink is almost

as much of a factor in tooth erosion

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as what we consume,

according to new research.

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Scientists at King's College London

found acidic food and drink can wear

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teeth down, especially

if people sip or nibble.

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Here's more from our health

correspondent Catherine Burns.

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Sitting, swilling, and nibbling -

researchers think one in six of us

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have habits like this and they are

bad news for your teeth. When it

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comes to dentist visit, the main

worries tend to be feeling sore gum

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disease but this report says we

should also be thinking about

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erosive tooth wear. It is when acid

eats away at the teeth, making

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Bencic get shorter.

If you tend to

play with things in your mouth or

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you chop fruit up slowly and

Schiphol on them over a few minutes

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as opposed to eat in as a whole

fruit, if you do this for years and

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he is on a daily basis you can cause

serious damage to your teeth and

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that serious damage can mean your

whole mouth needs to be rebuilt.

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Treatment takes an average of more

than 20 months at a cost of £4500 on

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the NHS and almost 14,000 privately.

Prevention is key. One part of it is

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cutting back on ascitic food and

drink. Some of the healthy choices

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we make might be good to us several

that they can erode your teeth. This

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report mentions adding of lemon lime

to your water, sugar free soft

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drink, drinking fruit teas and

snacking on fruit. Take these great

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example. If were a to eat 10 or 20

of them in one sitting it would be

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one of the better on your teeth. If

you were to eat the same in Mt over

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a longer period it would be a

sustained attack. The advice is to

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be aware of the overall eating

patterns and to consider snacks that

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are less acidic and higher in

Chelsea. -- calcium.

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It started out as a project to help

protect some of the world's most

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endangered wildlife,

but conservationists at Chester Zoo

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got more than they bargained

for when they teamed up

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with national park

rangers in Nigeria.

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In the course of the research,

they managed to capture some

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extraordinary footage

of the country's rare and most

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elusive species, as

Helen Briggs reports.

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Caught on camera in the road forests

of Nigeria's largest national park,

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red river hogs and nocturnal

visitors like the nocturnal cats.

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This is home to some of Africa's

most endangered animals

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and conservationists

are using hidden cameras

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to monitor them.

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Then you go through a lot

of camera trap images

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and it can be quite

a tedious process.

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A leaf blowing in the

wind, or just noises.

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You don't see a great deal,

and then you will get something

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like a golden cat.

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A perfect shot.

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Or you'll see a giant pangolin.

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You don't know what's in shot,

but there they are in full detail.

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Chester Zoo is working

with the local rangers to help

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protect the wildlife.

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The park is the stronghold

for a rare chimpanzee found only

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in Nigeria and

neighbouring Cameroon.

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With only a few thousand left

the wild, these images raise hopes

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that the great ape can

escape extinction.

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Let's take a look at today's papers.

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Morning, then. Let's look at the

front pages. If I do the... Good,

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the Guardian. Now, Justin Forsyth

has resigned as his role from

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UNICEF, the lead story in the

Guardian, in the wake of accusations

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of inappropriate behaviour towards

female staff while he was chief

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executive of Save the Children. He

said he is not resigning because of

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the mistakes made at the charity but

because of mistakes the damage aide

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organisation and humanitarian and of

course all of this in light of the

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reports of abuse by workers for

Oxfam in recent weeks -- aid. The

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picture you are seeing their --

there is oft are Newbould who was

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found dead, lying in the home of a

person she was staying with -- Tara

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Newbould. This is after a verdict

about her death, 37 injuries and no

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murder charge. On the front page of

the Daily Mail, plastic straws band,

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a lot of talk about the plastic

straws particularly being a real

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issue, Michael Gove says the ban

will happen within months,

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environmental damage they say by the

straws specifically in immense. You

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remember those blue planet pictures

with the turtle with a straw in its

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nose. Horrific. The Times, Oxfam

banned from work in Haiti. A

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beautiful photo of an owl. That's in

Dorset. It spends winter around the

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South coast before returning north

in the spring to breed. Marvellous.

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The front page of the daily mirror,

this is Max, we will meet his mum a

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little later on. MPs voting today on

whether to change the law on organ

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donation. This is about whether or

not you have to give your consent.

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We will look at some of the issues

attached to that but Max Johnson is

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one of those who has benefited from

a heart transplant. We will talk to

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his mum later on about the torturous

time and the lack of donors. We

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often talk about the rise of

celebrity and the power of

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celebrities have in terms of someone

might wear a cycling and an item of

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clothing can sell out within minutes

but now, celebrities are having

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supposedly an impact on the share

price of a company?

This is

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fascinating, we know the power of

social media when it comes to

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politicians whether President Trump

likes to use it but one of the first

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times it has had such a devastating

effect on the company and this is on

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the front page of all of the papers,

it is where you get the Kardashians

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ages but the four sisters on top of

the pages, but Kylie Jenner tweeted

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saying does anyone else not open

Snapchat anymore? Or is it me? This

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is so sad. It is in response of a

redesign of Snapchat.

Remind me of

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the difference of Instagram and

Snapchat?

Snapchat the picture

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disappears, it is a time limit.

Instagram the pictures stay on?

Yes.

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There was a huge soaring value of

the company but a suggestion from

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someone who has barely 22 million

followers, a simple tweet has

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knocked about $1 billion off the

value of the company. It is

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stunning.

It is directly

attributable to the comment?

Because

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they have been a redesign of the

site and how the website works and

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the application, a lot of people say

they do not like the changes to this

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is the manifestation of that, the

evidence that if a big user like

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Kylie Jenner has decided that she no

longer wants to use it, it could

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spell the end of the site but

nonetheless in the same set of

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figures to find out that their owner

pay packet last year of £638

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million. Even though there has been

a slump in the value of the shares

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as a result of the tweet, he still

walked away, Evan Speigel, the third

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highest pay-out, 638 million

dollars. Not a bad payday.

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This hairstyle is all the rage.

Early 80s.

It is back. The Telegraph

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says it is an extreme new trend

featuring closely shaven back and

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sides with a messy mop on the top.

Short back and sides with a bit on

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the top.

It is a combination of mine

and yours, is it? Mine is a bit

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short at the moment.

This one is

permed.

OK. It has been described to

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the

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the BBC as a curly perm teased with

short back and sides. The story is

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that schools are not happy with

them.

You should be a news

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journalist with hair like that.

I

have nothing on those fellows.

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That's a lot on top. How is your

hair this evening?

Charlie just

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needs a bit of wind. It is picking

up.

The weather...

It is

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needs a bit of wind. It is picking

up.

The weather...

It is best I

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carry

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up.

The weather...

It is best I

carry on.

This is what we are

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expecting. Before it turns Italy

called next week, this

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expecting. Before it turns Italy

called next week, this weekend,

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increasing sunshine. It will be

felt, but becomes more of an issue

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through the weekend.

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It will be bitterly cold. Some snow

next week. We will get to that in a

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moment. This is the big picture. Get

used to this. High pressure to the

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north. It is not changing. A flow of

air from the East into the UK. It is

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dragging cloud from the North Sea

into England after a frosty start.

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-7 in Oxfordshire. A few showers

near the coast. Cloud towards

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Northern Ireland. Most places are

dry. Sunny spells. Temperatures at

0:18:010:18:07

around 4-6. Feeling more cold in

that breeze. Tonight. Some areas of

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cloud. Lengthy clear spells. Dry

overnight. All about the temperature

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dipping away. Widespread frost

taking hold. Northern Ireland, just

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above freezing. Elsewhere,

especially the countryside, -7 going

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into tomorrow morning. Taking us

into the weekend. Increasing amount

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of sunshine, as I suggested earlier.

Patchy cloud. Northern Ireland, the

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far south-west of England. Most of

us have long sunny spells. Tomorrow,

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temperatures are very similar.

Sunday, it will be barely a cloud in

0:18:480:18:54

the sky. A gorgeous day if you like

blue skies and sunshine. A crisp day

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after a frosty start. Temperatures

nudging down a bit more on Sunday.

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Factor in the strengthening breeze

and it will feel below freezing.

0:19:050:19:10

Surround next week it will feel like

it is below freezing just about He

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UK. -- Throughout the. This is the

visual

0:19:160:19:27

visual representation of the breezes

in the UK. Next week, it is even

0:19:270:19:30

more cold. Italy cold, especially in

the windBitterly cold.

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There will be some disruption

because of the snow. A hard frost.

0:19:400:19:52

Icy conditions. Serious winter

weather next week. For the

0:19:520:19:54

short-term, just enjoy the sunshine.

It could cause disruption? I know

0:19:540:20:00

that yesterday you said we will have

to keep an eye on it. If this is

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normal... I mean, we are going into

metre

0:20:060:20:14

metre -- meteorological spring.

It

is very unusual for the start of

0:20:190:20:24

March. Some temperatures will not

get above freezing in the UK. Widely

0:20:240:20:29

across the UK it will be hovering

close to freezing for a top

0:20:290:20:36

temperature. Snow showers could be

possible. It could be in minus

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double figures during the day.

During the day?

Absolutely.

0:20:410:20:45

Absolutely. Bitterly, bitterly cold.

Minus double digits?

With windchill.

0:20:450:21:00

Temperatures should be 8-9 degrees.

This is considerably below average.

0:21:000:21:14

Snow is coming. Mainly in the east.

Not out of the question it could

0:21:210:21:25

fall in the form of showers just

about anywhere.

Thank you. You have

0:21:250:21:29

been warned.

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You're watching

Breakfast from BBC News.

0:21:290:21:31

The main stories this morning:

0:21:310:21:32

Should every adult in England be

made a potential organ donor?

0:21:320:21:35

That's the question MPs will be

considering today when they debate

0:21:350:21:38

a bill which could change

the system in England

0:21:380:21:41

to so-called "presumed consent."

0:21:410:21:42

Wales has already made

a similar decision where,

0:21:420:21:44

unless families strongly object,

it's assumed organs will be donated.

0:21:440:21:44

unless families strongly object,

it's assumed organs will be donated.

0:21:440:21:47

Fiona Lamdin reports.

0:21:470:21:47

It has been a year since this family

in south Wales lost their father.

0:21:470:21:53

Absolutely devastated. It is just

like someone ripped up my heart.

0:21:530:22:00

Scott was found unconscious in his

home. In hospital, a ventilator was

0:22:000:22:06

the only thing keeping alive. It was

then doctors asked Juana if he

0:22:060:22:10

wanted to donate his organs.

TRANSLATION:

I was quite shocked,

0:22:100:22:17

but it was the easiest, yes. I did

not have any hesitation at all.

Even

0:22:170:22:25

though her husband had never given

his permission for his organs to be

0:22:250:22:28

donated, two years ago, Welsh law

changed, and now presumes organ

0:22:280:22:34

concerned.

We recognise there was an

issue for our population. --

0:22:340:22:40

consent. The need and demand for

organ transplants was outstripping

0:22:400:22:44

the supply.

The latest figures show

that last year, more people in Wales

0:22:440:22:49

than anywhere else in the UK

consented to having their organs

0:22:490:22:53

donated. The overall consent rate

for Wales is 72%, compared to

0:22:530:23:01

England, at 64%, in Scotland, at

60%. But critics argue it has made

0:23:010:23:07

very little impact. Before the law

changed, there were 101 deceased

0:23:070:23:13

donors in Welsh hospitals compared

to just 104 donors once the law

0:23:130:23:17

changed. How has it helped are you?

TRANSLATION:

It brings a lot of

0:23:170:23:22

comfort knowing that three families

were able to have their loved ones

0:23:220:23:29

for a lot longer than they thought

that they were going to. Umm...

0:23:290:23:33

Children who may have lost their

parents. His death was not in vain.

0:23:330:23:42

And to me, that means more than

anything.

Scotland has already

0:23:420:23:45

announced it is planning to follow

Wales. Today in England, MPs will

0:23:450:23:51

debate the bill or the first time, a

bill that government is backing.

0:23:510:24:00

bill that government is backing. --

for the first time. Fiona Lamdin,

0:24:000:24:02

BBC News.

0:24:020:24:03

We'll have more on this after seven

when we'll hear two different

0:24:030:24:06

experiences of what it's like

waiting for an organ transplant.

0:24:060:24:09

We will speak to Emma whose son

needed a heart transplant. 106 days

0:24:090:24:23

before he got one. They thought he

would die. We'll have more on that.

0:24:230:24:27

You're watching

Breakfast from BBC News.

0:24:270:24:29

We are at an ice rink with all the

walk about the Olympics.

They all

0:24:290:24:42

know Eve here. This is where the men

and women train. Scotland invented

0:24:420:24:46

curling. This is one of 22 rinks

around the country here in Perth.

0:24:460:24:52

And this is one of the

0:24:520:24:58

And this is one of the sisters of

two of the men who could not make

0:25:000:25:03

the finals sadly. She is an

up-and-coming star. She will teach

0:25:030:25:06

me how to curl.

0:25:060:25:12

me how to curl. More from Perth

later on. Let's see how this stone

0:25:120:25:14

gets on. A work in progress. Time to

get the news,

0:25:140:28:37

in half an hour.

0:28:370:28:39

Plenty more on our website

at the usual address.

0:28:390:28:41

Now, though, it's back

to the Breakfast sofa.

0:28:410:28:43

Bye for now.

0:28:430:28:44

Hello, this is Breakfast

0:28:510:28:52

with Charlie Stayt and Naga

Munchetty.

0:28:520:28:55

It is 6:28 p.m..

0:28:550:28:58

-- am.

0:28:580:28:59

We'll bring you all the latest news

and sport in a moment,

0:28:590:29:02

but also

0:29:020:29:02

on Breakfast this morning...

0:29:020:29:03

He was in crisis?

He was desperate

for half. He never got it. -- help.

0:29:030:29:12

Tony Paine was jailed

0:29:120:29:13

after a mental health crisis.

0:29:130:29:14

On Monday, he took his own life.

0:29:140:29:16

His mother tells Breakfast he never

stood a chance in prison.

0:29:160:29:19

Also this morning, this is Molly.

0:29:190:29:21

She's the first dog

0:29:210:29:22

to be nominated for an NHS

Unsung Hero award.

0:29:220:29:25

She'll be here just after 8:00.

0:29:250:29:32

Owner of a lonely heart.

0:29:360:29:38

Owner of a lonely heart.

0:29:380:29:40

And after 9:00, it's not

so lonely for rock band

0:29:400:29:42

Yes.

0:29:420:29:44

Steve Howe and Geoff Downes will be

here

0:29:440:29:46

ahead of their 50th

anniversary tour.

0:29:460:29:52

Good morning.

0:29:520:29:52

Here's a summary of today's main

stories from BBC News.

0:29:520:29:58

For every five prescriptions handed

out in England and there is made and

0:29:580:30:02

the government has been warned these

mistakes could be linked to hundreds

0:30:020:30:05

and potentially thousands of deaths

a year.

0:30:050:30:07

The Health Secretary, Jeremy Hunt,

calls the situation "appalling"

0:30:070:30:11

And he cites the case over

92-year-old woman whose vital

0:30:110:30:15

medication was stopped after her

child was inadvertently swapped.

0:30:150:30:18

The armed officer whose job

it was to protect the Florida high

0:30:180:30:21

school where a gunman shot dead 17

people has resigned after it emerged

0:30:210:30:25

he failed to intervene.

0:30:250:30:27

Scott Peterson was facing suspension

after an investigation revealed he

0:30:270:30:31

remained outside the building and

did not confront the gunman. It

0:30:310:30:35

isn't known whether criminal charges

will be brought.

What I saw was a

0:30:350:30:41

deputy arrive at the west side

building 12 take up a position and

0:30:410:30:49

he never went in.

Was he there when

the shooter was still inside the

0:30:490:30:56

building?

Yes, he was.

What should

he have done?

Went in. Addressed the

0:30:560:31:02

killer. Killed the killer.

0:31:020:31:03

A fourth British tourist has died

of injuries he suffered

0:31:030:31:06

in a helicopter crash

in the Grand Canyon nearly

0:31:060:31:09

a fortnight ago.

0:31:090:31:09

Jonathan Udall, who was

in his 30s and from

0:31:090:31:12

Brighton, was on honeymoon

with his wife, Ellie Milward.

0:31:120:31:14

She and another British woman,

as well as the helicopter's pilot,

0:31:140:31:17

remain in a critical

condition in hospital.

0:31:170:31:19

Theresa May is understood to have

agreed with senior ministers

0:31:190:31:22

a position on Britain's future

relationship with the EU

0:31:220:31:24

during talks at Chequers yesterday.

0:31:240:31:26

Downing Street has given few

details, but some of those present

0:31:260:31:29

have suggested that everyone

was happy with the outcome.

0:31:290:31:31

One told the BBC that "there has

been an outbreak of unity for now".

0:31:310:31:35

Number Ten says the Prime Minister

will set out "the way forward" next

0:31:350:31:39

week after a discussion

by the full Cabinet.

0:31:390:31:43

Two people are still being

questioned after a suspected hit

0:31:430:31:46

and run in Coventry which killed

two young brothers.

0:31:460:31:48

A man in his 50s and a woman

in her 40s were arrested

0:31:480:31:52

on suspicion of causing death

by dangerous driving

0:31:520:31:54

and drink driving.

0:31:540:31:55

A 2-year-old boy was pronounced dead

shortly after the incident,

0:31:550:31:57

the death of his 6-year-old brother

was confirmed a couple

0:31:570:32:00

of hours later.

0:32:000:32:03

The family of the seriously ill boy

Alfie Evans has been given

0:32:030:32:06

permission to appeal

against a High Court ruling allowing

0:32:060:32:09

doctors to switch

off his life support.

0:32:090:32:10

Alfie has an undiagnosed brain

disorder and doctors say there's no

0:32:100:32:13

hope of recovery.

0:32:130:32:14

On Tuesday, a judge ruled

in favour of his physicians,

0:32:140:32:17

but his parents want to take him

to a hospital in Italy

0:32:170:32:20

for further treatment.

0:32:200:32:27

The way we eat and drink is almost

as much of a factor when it comes to

0:32:270:32:32

tooth erosion as what we consume.

This is according to new research.

0:32:320:32:37

It was found acidic food and drink

and where teeth down, especially if

0:32:370:32:41

people snack continually over the

day. It is because if you eat whole

0:32:410:32:45

fruit in wonder it is one acid

attack on your teeth but if you eat

0:32:450:32:49

segments over the day, it is a

sustained attack. Those are the main

0:32:490:32:53

stories.

0:32:530:32:55

Britain's women curlers

are in action in the semi-finals

0:32:550:32:57

at the Winter Olympics today.

0:32:570:33:00

For details on that and the rest

of this morning's sport,

0:33:000:33:03

Mike is at a curling

training centre in Perth.

0:33:030:33:08

This looks like a good one. This

looks good, Mike. Good morning. Come

0:33:080:33:13

on! Come on! Some great rushing to

try to get this red stone towards

0:33:130:33:21

the house in the middle, it isn't

quite going to carry but as you can

0:33:210:33:25

see at the moment in this particular

end, well done! The red is in the

0:33:250:33:29

house so the Redwood score one point

there. But that is why it is called

0:33:290:33:34

Bowling on the ice or chess on the

eyes and it is such an exciting day

0:33:340:33:39

because here in Perth they know the

British team, they are friends and

0:33:390:33:42

family of the team, this is the Eve

Muirhead and the men's team mostly

0:33:420:33:47

train, Perth, one of 22 cooling

centres around the UK, they will be

0:33:470:33:51

cheering on the Brits today at 11

o'clock to try to get into the gold

0:33:510:33:56

medal match. They are in the

semifinals. If they can get in, they

0:33:560:34:00

will be guaranteed Britain's fifth

medal at the Winter games and it

0:34:000:34:04

would be history making,

record-breaking, the best ever

0:34:040:34:06

Olympics. Having knocked out the

defending champions Canada a few

0:34:060:34:10

days ago, this time they take on

Sweden in the semifinal and if Eve

0:34:100:34:14

Muirhead and her team can win, they

will be going the gold on Sunday.

0:34:140:34:22

We had a really close game against

Sweden, we beat them in the European

0:34:220:34:27

final and we always have close games

when it comes to play-off games.

It

0:34:270:34:30

is a new part of the competition and

we will go away and regroup and try

0:34:300:34:35

to come out as strong as we can.

0:34:350:34:37

In the women's ski cross overnight,

Britain's Emily Sarsfield got

0:34:370:34:40

through her first heat on final's

day, thanks in part to that big

0:34:400:34:43

crash for one of her opponents.

0:34:430:34:45

But sadly, she was knocked

out in the next race.

0:34:450:34:48

Still, a great achievement

from Emily, given she's had no

0:34:480:34:50

funding and worked three jobs just

to compete at an Olympics.

0:34:500:34:58

To eventually get here after kind of

like a set of multiple knee

0:35:010:35:06

surgeries and whatever else it might

be and working three jobs in the

0:35:060:35:10

summer and stuff but it is huge to

be stood there on the landing today

0:35:100:35:14

and the big thing for me was to have

fun and ski Cross is such a cool

0:35:140:35:19

sport, I wanted to put it on the map

and I hope I have a little bit.

0:35:190:35:23

And there was a brilliant final

in the ski cross as Canada

0:35:230:35:27

continued their dominance

of the event.

0:35:270:35:28

First and second place for them -

Kelsey Serwa and Brittany Phelan

0:35:280:35:31

with gold and silver.

0:35:310:35:36

15-year-old Alina Zagitova won

Olympic athletes from Russia's first

0:35:360:35:40

gold medal in the women's

single figure skating.

0:35:400:35:42

Her compatriot Evgenia Medvedeva

thought she'd beaten her

0:35:420:35:44

and was left in tears

as she fell just short.

0:35:440:35:52

As you know, we like to make sure

you're across everything that's

0:35:530:35:56

going on in Pyeongchang.

0:35:560:36:01

This is rather lovely.

0:36:010:36:02

Well, Team GB snowboarder

Billy Morgan's daily commute

0:36:020:36:04

from the Olympic Village

to the slopes is pretty impressive.

0:36:040:36:07

Here he is on a scooter

making his way from his apartment

0:36:070:36:10

to the athletes' bus.

0:36:100:36:13

Impressive stuff -

so much so that his fellow

0:36:130:36:15

snowboarder

Jamie Nicholls decided to film

0:36:150:36:17

and edit it so we could all marvel

at Billy's skills.

0:36:170:36:20

He goes in the final of the big air

at one o'clock UK time tomorrow.

0:36:200:36:24

With balance like that,

he's sure to win gold!

0:36:240:36:32

Football briefly, oh dear, salty's

European dream is over I'm afraid,

0:36:330:36:38

they crashed out of the Europe

league last night after a 3-1

0:36:380:36:41

aggregate defeat against St

Petersburg. And Henriquesside had

0:36:410:36:46

led 1-0 in the first leg but

conceded three goals in a

0:36:460:36:50

disappointing performance at home.

Arsenal survived a real scare.

0:36:500:36:53

Leading 3-0 from the first leg

against Ostersunds FK of Sweden,

0:36:530:36:56

they conceded two goals

in the first half.

0:36:560:36:58

But to the relief of the Emirates'

crowd, Sead Kolasniac finally

0:36:580:37:01

secured the 4-2 win on aggregate,

and they're now through to the last

0:37:010:37:05

16.

0:37:050:37:13

Now, back to the curling in Perth

and let's see how it is done because

0:37:180:37:22

this is a rising star the Great

Britain, merely Smith said. But for

0:37:220:37:26

Billie Smedts. Her brother is in the

team. I was trying to concentrate on

0:37:260:37:31

the sport but I was advised --

admiring your skills. Can you show

0:37:310:37:35

me how you should send the stone on

its way using the back foot as your

0:37:350:37:40

anchor, the sliding 40s forward and

watch this. Poetry in motion,

0:37:400:37:43

curling in motion. It cannot go

beyond the blue line and there goes

0:37:430:37:48

the stone, releasing it just before

the blue line, and you get a bit of

0:37:480:37:52

curl, you hope to get it around at

the end towards the house. Happy

0:37:520:37:57

with that one? It is talk to you.

How was that? Fine.

How much

0:37:570:38:04

practices that take? Quite a lot.

Let's talk about your brothers, we

0:38:040:38:11

felt them because they were beaten

by the ridiculous Switzerland stone

0:38:110:38:14

scored five. How are they feeling?

I

have spoken to them a bit, they are

0:38:140:38:21

gutted but happy that they have had

a good time out there.

They have

0:38:210:38:25

enjoyed themselves. Scotland have

really helped Britain windmills over

0:38:250:38:29

the years in curling since it was

reintroduced in 1998 so what are the

0:38:290:38:34

chances of Eve Muirhead's side

today? Are lost to Sweden in the

0:38:340:38:38

round robin but seems to the big

occasion I feel.

The girls have a

0:38:380:38:43

good chance if they go out there and

give it their all, that is all you

0:38:430:38:48

can ask for. I think they will be

fine, if you give a good game should

0:38:480:38:52

have a really good chance of a medal

and a good team.

What has done the

0:38:520:38:56

curling in Scotland with 22 centres

indeed de Darrou now. How much are

0:38:560:39:00

they an inspiration for the likes of

you?

They have been a massive

0:39:000:39:05

inspiration, they are really strong,

everyone admires them, watches them,

0:39:050:39:08

and it makes them want to play they

have had a big impact on the sport.

0:39:080:39:13

It is one of those sports with the

new Fiat come around, every four

0:39:130:39:17

years, we all want to do it whether

in the kitchen using a cake tin, it

0:39:170:39:22

is ridiculous, but in England there

is only one brink, there is one in

0:39:220:39:25

Wales, and in Scotland 22. Do we

need more drinks. Can you show me, a

0:39:250:39:32

complete novice, how to deliver the

perfect stone? You have to get it

0:39:320:39:36

into the house at the end, what

would be your technique was to block

0:39:360:39:40

off the red.

You need to put your

right foot in the FAQ if you are

0:39:400:39:45

right-handed.

So take the... Group

of?

It is the sliding bits that is

0:39:450:39:53

the most. You have to lift your hips

a little bit. Then kind of pull

0:39:530:39:59

yourself back to the momentum is

with you and push out with the

0:39:590:40:03

stone, stone first.

I am way short

of the blue line but I will send it

0:40:030:40:11

down. The hardest thing is judging

whether it has enough power, doesn't

0:40:110:40:16

it? That may not be long enough. I

am sure Eve Muirhead's team will do

0:40:160:40:20

a cave. Actually, if you look at the

end it is not done too badly

0:40:200:40:25

although it is off the end. Too much

power, you see! Too much porridge!

0:40:250:40:31

Let's hope these's team will do

better. Thank you, we will look

0:40:310:40:37

forward to a more curling a little

later on. Keep practising.

0:40:370:40:43

The meeting at Chequers is over,

and the talk coming out

0:40:430:40:45

of the Brexit subcommittee

is that there is broad agreement

0:40:450:40:48

on the UK's future relationship

with the European Union.

0:40:480:40:50

So what does that mean exactly?

0:40:500:40:52

Well the details won't be revealed

publicly until next week

0:40:520:40:55

but Kathryn Simpson is an associate

professor of politics

0:40:550:40:57

from Manchester Metropolitan

University and is here to tell us

0:40:570:41:00

what we might expect.

0:41:000:41:02

We will interview Jeremy Hunt in

about one hour. He was not part of

0:41:020:41:08

the meeting, at this away day at

Chequers. Who was there and why were

0:41:080:41:13

the ones they're there and the ones

who weren't there not?

This comes

0:41:130:41:18

back on the confidence that the May

has had since the Munich Security

0:41:180:41:22

conference speech last Saturday and

it was the very much kinder focus a

0:41:220:41:26

clear vision and mandate and vision

really for Brexit so the focus has

0:41:260:41:33

been on the three Brexit ministers,

David Davis, Liam Fox and Boris

0:41:330:41:38

Johnson, but also trying to reunite

the Cabinet which has been so

0:41:380:41:42

discussed openly about how divided

they are.

Reading between the lines

0:41:420:41:46

then, the once there were the

troublemakers she had had problems

0:41:460:41:49

with?

You could put it that way in

some respects but really what it is

0:41:490:41:55

is the focus was very much on Brexit

and actually having the main kind of

0:41:550:41:59

organisations and departments there

who are dealing with Brexit to

0:41:590:42:03

actually have a clear vision on

doubling forward ahead of next

0:42:030:42:06

week's speech that the Prime

Minister will give on her vision for

0:42:060:42:10

Brexit.

One of the significance is

going to Chequers is it's a place in

0:42:100:42:14

theory they can have conversations

slightly out of the spotlight. They

0:42:140:42:18

don't have the shots of ministers

walking in and out of Downing Street

0:42:180:42:21

and people shouting questions at

them. It is slightly removed

0:42:210:42:25

possibly a different kind of talk

and we look at words coming out,

0:42:250:42:29

apparently, senior figures

describing it to the BBC as an

0:42:290:42:34

outbreak of unity for now.

Really

what Theresa May wants to bring is

0:42:340:42:39

showing leadership on the back of

kind of one of the best speeches she

0:42:390:42:43

has perhaps given in the last

Saturday, in her Munich Security

0:42:430:42:47

conference, but she wants to unite

the cabinet and we are looking on

0:42:470:42:50

the door of a gear until we leave

the European Union at March 2019 and

0:42:500:42:55

we have had mixed messages over the

last couple of months and we really

0:42:550:42:59

do need now to see the unity in

government among the main Brexit

0:42:590:43:03

departments and also really what the

vision is coming forward.

The phrase

0:43:030:43:08

an outbreak of unity for now, I take

that as quite threatening.

Sinister,

0:43:080:43:12

really.

We will give her a little

bit of leeway for now. For now.

0:43:120:43:20

There is constant debate about how

disunited the cabinet is and whether

0:43:200:43:24

we will have a general election in

the next couple of months but I

0:43:240:43:28

think Theresa May is wanting to get

on with the job as she often says

0:43:280:43:32

and also really trying to move

forward with Brexit negotiations as

0:43:320:43:36

we move into phase two and we are

trying to underpin some of the key

0:43:360:43:40

issues, trade, security operations.

The pattern of what has happened

0:43:400:43:46

thus far, previously we had stayed

of unity and then when you get

0:43:460:43:51

individual ministers, Jeremy Hunt is

one of them, individually they are

0:43:510:43:55

asked in some detail about what they

think and once you get past the

0:43:550:43:59

cliches of Brexit means Brexit, we

have been clear, things always do

0:43:590:44:03

start looking a little different,

don't they?

They have, so far, and I

0:44:030:44:08

think it was one of the issues and

one of the reasons perhaps why we

0:44:080:44:12

had the cheque is away day was

because to get away and get people

0:44:120:44:17

on message and stick to the message

going away into phase two. --

0:44:170:44:24

Chequers. One of the most difficult

part of negotiations actually. We

0:44:240:44:27

knew in December we had a dig blip

around the Irish border which has

0:44:270:44:32

been in some respects revolved but

as we try really to get to grips

0:44:320:44:36

with what the future relationship

with the EU is going to look like,

0:44:360:44:39

that kind of Winnie to have a real

clear message.

Thank you very much.

0:44:390:44:48

It is coming up to quarter to seven.

0:44:480:44:57

Very cold, but blue skies.

0:44:570:45:01

Very cold, but blue skies.

It will

become very cold. A cold wind this

0:45:010:45:10

weekend.

Dry and sunny weather to

come. Next week it will be more

0:45:100:45:14

cold. Significant windchill. Some

will get some snow. More on that

0:45:140:45:19

soon. The setup today. Cold wind

coming from the east not the

0:45:190:45:26

Atlantic. It is fairly settled. Some

areas of cloud. Clear spells to be

0:45:260:45:34

widespread frost. -7 in Oxfordshire.

A few showers near coastal counties.

0:45:340:45:47

Cloud around Northern Ireland and

western Scotland alike yesterday.

0:45:470:45:51

Breezy. Most places will be dry.

Broken cloud. Sunny spells. Tonight,

0:45:510:46:01

patchy cloud here and there. Lengthy

spells allowing temperatures to fall

0:46:010:46:04

away. Widespread and hard frost to

come tonight and into the weekend.

0:46:040:46:12

Northern Ireland, enough cloud and

breeze to keep temperatures above

0:46:120:46:18

freezing for many of us here.

Saturday, most waking up to a frosty

0:46:180:46:23

and sunny start. Patchy cloud in

Northern Ireland and the south-west

0:46:230:46:28

of England, north-east Scotland.

Lengthy sunny spells elsewhere. A

0:46:280:46:32

dry day to be similar temperatures.

3-6 degrees. --A dry day.

0:46:320:46:38

Strengthening. Barely a cloud in the

sky on Sunday. Wrap up and have a

0:46:380:46:46

walk and it will be a glorious day.

Temperatures are nudging down a bit

0:46:460:46:51

on Sunday. Factoring in the wind,

feeling closer to or below freezing

0:46:510:46:56

on Sunday. That is a trend

continuing into next week. Below

0:46:560:47:01

freezing throughout next week. What

about this for a chart? Some people

0:47:010:47:07

are calling this the "beast from the

east." Cold air from Siberia into

0:47:070:47:13

the UK. By Wednesday, temperatures

will be freezing. Colder than that

0:47:130:47:21

with the windchill. The increasing

chance of seeing some snow,

0:47:210:47:25

initially in the east of the UK.

Possible just about anywhere through

0:47:250:47:29

the week. More detail about that

later. Hard frost overnight. -5, -6.

0:47:290:47:36

With snow cover, it could be even

more cold. We have escaped a lot of

0:47:360:47:42

the prolonged cold that winter can

offer, but it looks like throughout

0:47:420:47:47

next week, it is looking very cold

across the UK. Keep watching for

0:47:470:47:51

more details about all of that.

Thanks very much, Nick! See you

0:47:510:48:00

later!

0:48:000:48:00

UK workers are doing billions

of pounds of unpaid overtime.

0:48:000:48:03

Ben's looking at why.

0:48:030:48:06

You would think that if you stayed

back, you would be paid more!

0:48:060:48:09

Yes, morning, everyone.

0:48:090:48:10

£31 billion.

0:48:100:48:11

That's how much free overtime

employers are getting out of us each

0:48:110:48:13

That's how much free overtime

employers are getting out of us each

0:48:130:48:14

year, according to a

new study by the TUC.

0:48:140:48:16

It's worked out that in effect,

the average person has been working

0:48:160:48:20

for free so far this

year, up until today.

0:48:200:48:22

According to the TUC's analysis

of official data we did two billion

0:48:220:48:25

hours of unpaid work in 2017.

0:48:250:48:27

If we'd been paid for it,

that would equate to £6,265

0:48:270:48:30

per person each year.

0:48:300:48:34

And we can see who is doing what.

0:48:340:48:36

The figures show company chief

executives are doing the least

0:48:360:48:38

unpaid overtime, with around 25%

of them working extra for free.

0:48:380:48:41

If we jump to the second highest,

that's general managers,

0:48:410:48:44

those working in finance,

marketing, sales, PR

0:48:440:48:46

and HR, for example.

0:48:460:48:47

45% of all managers

do unpaid overtime.

0:48:470:48:49

And finally, the highest,

we have heard about the pressures

0:48:490:48:52

faced by teachers, figures show

a staggering 53% of all teachers

0:48:520:48:55

and educational professionals

are working overtime and not

0:48:550:48:57

being paid for it.

0:48:570:49:05

So, do we need to look again at our

working culture?

0:49:050:49:08

I'm joined now by Professor

Cary Cooper, an expert

0:49:080:49:11

in workplace health.

0:49:110:49:12

It is nice to see you. Good morning.

Good morning.

It is a fascinating

0:49:120:49:17

subject. Are we working for free?

Are you surprised?

It has been going

0:49:170:49:23

on a long time, starting before the

recession in the Thatcher era. Fewer

0:49:230:49:31

people doing more work and feeling

less secure. It is the culture of

0:49:310:49:38

the organisations have created, the

long-hours culture. They feel it

0:49:380:49:44

means productive. Many studies show

if you work long hours consistently,

0:49:440:49:48

you get ill. This is important.

People are turning up to work... You

0:49:480:49:54

come early and stay late and send

e-mails that night and that is a

0:49:540:50:00

problem. The work day, when you

measure long hours, people do not

0:50:000:50:06

take into account the mobile phone

and what you do at night, on

0:50:060:50:10

weekends. It is work and we are not

getting paid for it. It is not just

0:50:100:50:15

a health issue, Ben, it is a

productivity issues.

0:50:150:50:24

productivity issues. France and

Germany have less hours. Germany has

0:50:260:50:28

35. But they have better

productivity.

Who is to blame?

0:50:280:50:32

Managers? You have to be at your

desk, stay until 830. Do people

0:50:320:50:41

think that they have to stay and

they will look great?

It is both.

0:50:410:50:50

Everyone thinks that long hours are

productive. It is not. They just

0:50:500:50:57

feel insecure. They think that if

they show face time, come early,

0:50:570:51:01

come even if they have the flu. They

think that they will not be made

0:51:010:51:10

redundant later on and they will

look highly committed. It is a

0:51:100:51:13

mixture of both. But experiments in

Sweden, they did it in Goethenberg.

0:51:130:51:24

30 hours against 40 hours. They were

more productive and had less

0:51:240:51:30

sickness days at 30 hours. We have

an

0:51:300:51:38

an issue of hours in terms of using

more flexible hours. More and more

0:51:380:51:41

people giving a service -based

economy want to work in a flexible

0:51:410:51:44

manner.

Say you go into work and

work really productively for four

0:51:440:51:54

hours and go home. Your boss

wouldn't like it.

They are not

0:51:540:51:57

looking at the bottom line, they are

looking at face time. That is not

0:51:570:52:02

healthy for the economy. Most people

want service. It could affect

0:52:020:52:09

productivity. Many managers want

face time,

0:52:090:52:16

face time, they want people there to

manage them there. We have to change

0:52:190:52:22

that attitude with managers.

It is

nice to see you. Many people are

0:52:220:52:26

talking. Kate says you should be

able to go off early if you have

0:52:260:52:34

something. It is about people

bending over backwards to be

0:52:340:52:39

indispensable.

Thank you.

0:52:390:52:43

The Brecon Beacons in South Wales

offers some of the most stunning

0:52:430:52:46

views in the UK, so it's perhaps not

surprising visitor numbers have

0:52:460:52:49

doubled over the past five years.

0:52:490:52:51

It is very cold this morning, of

course!

0:52:510:52:53

However, all those extra footsteps

have been having quite an impact

0:52:530:52:56

on the pathways that

criss-cross the mountain range.

0:52:560:52:58

Now The National Trust needs

volunteers to help with repairs.

0:52:580:53:01

Breakfast's Tim Muffett

is there for us.

0:53:010:53:03

People are worried about the

pathways.

It encompasses 500 square

0:53:030:53:05

miles. At their heart is the

mountain range which you can see. It

0:53:050:53:09

is incredibly cold. This pathway

leads to the

0:53:090:53:17

leads to the highest peak. You can

see some work going on into the

0:53:170:53:27

downsides of the huge popularity.

The number of visitors has rocketed

0:53:270:53:30

coming to see these views. There is

a consequence.

0:53:300:53:36

With each step, the views get

better.

It is just a beautiful

0:53:360:53:40

place.

The path, more war and

eroded. -- worn. Pen Y Fan in the

0:53:400:53:52

Brecon Beacons in South Wales. At

880 metres above sea level, it is

0:53:520:53:55

the highest mountain in southern

Britain. But the path to the top has

0:53:550:53:59

become a victim of its own success.

In the last five years it has

0:53:590:54:04

doubled, in upwards of 350,000

visitors now just on this one path

0:54:040:54:08

each year.

Rob Reith helped create

this partly in 1986.

The height of

0:54:080:54:16

this path 30 years ago would have

been a waste. They have worn it out

0:54:160:54:22

like motorway.

So, Rob and his team

of volunteers are carrying out a

0:54:220:54:30

huge repair job.

We are trying to

build up the path. There was a gully

0:54:300:54:35

beginning to start and water would

follow the gully, making it deeper

0:54:350:54:39

and wider. So we are feeling it in.

-- filling. A lot of people coming

0:54:390:54:48

here are not experienced walkers. We

do not want them to get lost.

It is

0:54:480:54:54

not just footsteps that are the

problem, but rain and snow.

We

0:54:540:55:00

encourage them to bring water so

that it will run down the side of

0:55:000:55:06

the mountain rather than on the

paths. It is very rewarding.

Get to

0:55:060:55:11

the top and it is easy to see why so

many people want to walk this route.

0:55:110:55:17

The views are incredible. You can

see all the way across mid Wales and

0:55:170:55:25

parts of Gloucestershire, Somerset,

and Devon. This spring, a helicopter

0:55:250:55:32

will airlift tons of gravel high

rocky mountain City Hall path can be

0:55:320:55:37

improved.

0:55:370:55:44

improved. -- higher up the mountain

so the whole path can be.

We have 70

0:55:440:55:49

kilometres to look after and we have

done just over 15 kilometres.

Yeah,

0:55:490:55:56

some of the team are here this

morning. Joe, tell me, what will

0:55:560:56:01

happen if this work is not done?

You

risk erosion. So many people walk up

0:56:010:56:08

each year and it has a big impact.

It is fantastic to have them come

0:56:080:56:13

here. We have support for this work

so it is critical we do it.

Carry

0:56:130:56:17

on. If you want to volunteer, go to

the National Trust website and

0:56:170:56:21

register their peak and not just

turn up. But you will be welcome. --

0:56:210:56:26

there. There are many sites across

Northern Ireland and Wales.

0:56:260:56:34

Volunteers are always very, very

welcome to be a lot of hard work to

0:56:340:56:38

be done. You can see why people come

here. -- welcome.

0:56:380:56:45

Get warm and have

0:56:451:00:05

I'm back with the latest

from the BBC London Newsroom

1:00:051:00:08

in half an hour.

1:00:081:00:09

Plenty more on our website

at the usual address.

1:00:091:00:11

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Charlie Stayt and Naga

1:00:121:00:14

Munchetty.

1:00:141:00:15

Alarming new research links mistakes

in patient medication to tens

1:00:151:00:17

of thousands of deaths every year.

1:00:171:00:19

As many as one in five drugs may be

given out in error across England.

1:00:191:00:23

The Health Secretary, Jeremy Hunt,

calls the situation "appalling"

1:00:231:00:26

and "totally preventable".

1:00:261:00:29

Good morning, it's Friday

the 23rd of February.

1:00:411:00:43

Also this morning:

1:00:431:00:47

The armed officer who was at

the Florida high school where 17

1:00:471:00:50

were shot dead has resigned

for failing to intervene.

1:00:501:00:53

His sheriff said it

was a failure of duty.

1:00:531:00:59

Wembley in law enforcement arise at

an active shooter, we go in and

1:00:591:01:05

address the target. That is what

should have been done.

1:01:051:01:09

A fourth British tourist has died

following the helicopter crash

1:01:091:01:12

in the Grand Canyon.

1:01:121:01:13

Jonathan Udall was on honeymoon.

1:01:131:01:15

His wife remains in

a critical condition.

1:01:151:01:17

Why it's not just what we eat,

but when and how we eat it -

1:01:171:01:21

how snacking on certain food

and drinks damages our teeth.

1:01:211:01:25

The owner of British Airways has

results out this morning.

1:01:251:01:33

I'm up a curling centre in the

Olympic Park at the Pyeongchang

1:01:411:01:44

Olympics where Eve Muirhead and that

curling team again there quest for a

1:01:441:01:49

medal in the semifinals later on

this morning. More at 730.

1:01:491:01:52

And Nick has the weather.

1:01:521:01:57

With high pressure in control, lots

of dry and increasingly sunny

1:01:571:02:00

weather over the next few days. A

frosty start this morning but you

1:02:001:02:05

are -- if you think it is cold now,

wait until next week. Winter is

1:02:051:02:10

about to roll back into life.

1:02:101:02:14

-- roar back.

1:02:141:02:15

Good morning.

1:02:151:02:15

First, our main story.

1:02:151:02:16

For every five prescriptions

handed out in England,

1:02:161:02:18

an error is made, and

the government's been warned these

1:02:181:02:21

mistakes could be linked to hundreds

and potentially thousands

1:02:211:02:24

of deaths a year.

1:02:241:02:25

The Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt has

described the findings

1:02:251:02:27

as "appalling".

1:02:271:02:28

He cites the case of a 92-year-old

woman whose vital medication

1:02:281:02:31

was stopped after her chart

was inadvertently swapped.

1:02:311:02:33

Our health editor Hugh

Pym has the details.

1:02:331:02:35

The report covers mistakes

made in the prescribing,

1:02:351:02:37

dispensing and administering

of medication in England.

1:02:371:02:39

These could involve GPs,

pharmacists, care homes

1:02:391:02:41

and hospitals.

1:02:411:02:45

The research is one of the first

exercises of its kind.

1:02:451:02:50

It found that medication errors

could cause around 1,700 deaths

1:02:501:02:53

per year and perhaps contribute

to up to 22,000 deaths.

1:02:531:02:57

The cost to the NHS could be around

£1.6 billion a year.

1:02:571:03:02

It does note that the vast majority

of prescriptions dispensed

1:03:021:03:05

on the NHS are safe and mistakes do

occur in all healthcare systems.

1:03:051:03:09

The Health and Social Care Secretary

Jeremy Hunt said it was a far bigger

1:03:091:03:13

problem globally than has

so far been recognised,

1:03:131:03:21

causing appalling levels

of harm and death.

1:03:211:03:23

Plans to tackle the problem include

introducing electronic prescribing

1:03:231:03:25

systems in hospitals

designed to cut mistakes.

1:03:251:03:32

The National Pharmacy Association

said it welcomed the focus

1:03:321:03:35

on reducing medication errors,

but that a culture of learning,

1:03:351:03:37

rather than blame, was needed.

1:03:371:03:39

Hugh Pym, BBC News.

1:03:391:03:41

An armed officer who was at

the Florida school where 17 people

1:03:411:03:44

were killed has resigned after it

emerged he failed to intervene.

1:03:441:03:47

Scott Peterson was facing suspension

after an investigation revealed

1:03:471:03:50

he remained outside the building

and did not confront the gunman.

1:03:501:03:58

Earlier we spoke to Peter Bowes.

1:04:011:04:05

This has emerged from the sheriff

of Broward County, and he has been

1:04:051:04:08

looking at surveillance video

and he refers to this deputy,

1:04:081:04:11

this police officer,

who was working, he was in uniform,

1:04:111:04:14

he was armed, he was on the compass

as the shooting happened

1:04:141:04:17

-- he was armed, he was

on the campus as the shooting

1:04:171:04:20

happened and apparently,

he got to the building

1:04:201:04:23

where the shooting

1:04:231:04:23

took place around 90 seconds

of the first shots being fired

1:04:231:04:26

and then, he didn't go inside.

1:04:261:04:28

In fact, he stayed outside

for about four minutes -

1:04:281:04:31

the actual shooting

lasted about six minutes.

1:04:311:04:33

It is still something of a mystery

as to why he didn't essentially

1:04:331:04:36

do his job and go in and confront

the shooter and in fact,

1:04:361:04:44

seen the deputy do,

and he said just that -

1:04:471:04:50

to have gone inside,

to have addressed the shooter,

1:04:501:04:52

and to have shot him dead.

1:04:521:04:54

Now, as to why he didn't do that,

the officer has not spoken

1:04:541:04:57

to himself yet so we don't

know his side of the story

1:04:571:05:01

but we know that he was initially

suspended without pay pending

1:05:011:05:04

further investigation,

but he actually chose to resign

1:05:041:05:06

from his job.

1:05:061:05:07

Now, clearly, there are some people

will put the whole debate about guns

1:05:071:05:12

in schools and perhaps the arming

of teachers in a new perspective

1:05:121:05:15

because here was someone actually

on the campus trained to use a gun.

1:05:151:05:19

Peter, thank you.

1:05:191:05:26

It is five minutes past seven.

1:05:271:05:28

RBS has just released

their latest results.

1:05:281:05:30

Ben has the details.

1:05:301:05:35

Really significant news this morning

because this is the first profit

1:05:351:05:38

from the bank in about 10 years

since it was bailed out at the

1:05:381:05:42

height of the financial crisis, the

first pre-tax full-year profit for

1:05:421:05:46

the bank reported profits of £2.2

billion, compared to a loss of £4

1:05:461:05:52

billion this time last year and it

has been such a difficult slog for

1:05:521:05:56

RBS since the financial crisis, you

may remember in 2008 they racked up

1:05:561:06:01

massive losses of £24 billion, the

biggest corporate loss in UK

1:06:011:06:06

history. So they have been trying to

put things right since and it has

1:06:061:06:12

taken them a long time, they have

been struggling and faced all kinds

1:06:121:06:15

of problems, payments, claims of

getting into risky mortgages in the

1:06:151:06:21

United States, all sorts of legal

issues but they are finally out, I

1:06:211:06:26

have been speaking to them this

morning and they told me it is a

1:06:261:06:30

symbolic moment and I've put in the

past behind them. There is not yet

1:06:301:06:34

dividends if are an investor, you

won't get a dividend but the

1:06:341:06:38

timeline is creeping closer. They

are keen to point out they are no

1:06:381:06:42

longer a bad bank, you'll remember

that phrase to describe a lot of the

1:06:421:06:46

banks of the height of the GFC so

they have been cutting costs and

1:06:461:06:50

trying to keep it on an even keel

but the big question is whether the

1:06:501:06:54

government can sell the stake that

we as taxpayers own in the bank, we

1:06:541:06:58

are still owned 21% of it, but they

are keen to stop selling it back to

1:06:581:07:04

private hands but of course they may

end up doing that at a loss,

1:07:041:07:08

remember, the government bought

shares at 500 and 2p just over £5,

1:07:081:07:11

are currently trading at £2 78 so if

they did sell, they would sell at a

1:07:111:07:17

loss.

Of nearly 50%. It is

interesting with Lloyds, Snapchat we

1:07:171:07:23

were talking about that. The power

of celebrity perhaps it comes to

1:07:231:07:28

Snapchat's share price.

This is

fascinating. Snapchat is a social

1:07:281:07:34

network site where you can send

pictures and the pictures disappear,

1:07:341:07:38

popular with young people and

celebrities and so much so we have

1:07:381:07:41

had a tweet overnight from one of

the Kardashian family, you will see

1:07:411:07:45

it there, so this is the tweet

alone, 56,000 retweets, that was

1:07:451:07:58

enough to knock $1 billion off the

value of Snapchat. Because there has

1:07:581:08:03

been a lot of changes to how the

site works, people do not like it,

1:08:031:08:07

so suggesting someone so influential

in social media circles will stop

1:08:071:08:12

using it is enough to what the money

off.

She has been attributed solely

1:08:121:08:15

the knocking this off the share

price?

Yes, a lot of users don't

1:08:151:08:20

like it so someone with a lot of

influence suggesting she is no

1:08:201:08:24

longer using it means it could

affect other people to do the same

1:08:241:08:27

and it has been an to knock $1

billion of its value.

The Power!

1:08:271:08:36

The fourth British tourist has died

of injuries from a crash in the

1:08:371:08:42

Grand Canyon. The man was on his

honeymoon at the time that the crash

1:08:421:08:48

happened.

1:08:481:08:48

Jon Udall and Ellie Milward

were on their honeymoon.

1:08:481:08:50

She has now been left

with critical injuries,

1:08:501:08:54

while her friends' online post,

announcing Mr Udall's death,

1:08:541:08:56

described him as strong and brave.

1:08:561:09:01

The Eurocopter EC130 crashed as it

came into land in Arizona's remote

1:09:011:09:05

Quartermaster Canyon.

1:09:051:09:08

Witnesses say it spun around twice

before hitting the ground and then

1:09:081:09:11

bursting into flames.

1:09:111:09:15

Police say bad weather meant

it was more than eight hours before

1:09:151:09:18

the survivors could be

flown to hospital.

1:09:181:09:24

Stuart Hill, on the left,

is pictured here along

1:09:241:09:26

with his brother Jason,

who also died at the scene.

1:09:261:09:29

Their parents say the brothers

shared an incredible bond

1:09:291:09:37

and would be deeply missed.

1:09:381:09:40

Jennifer Barham remains

in a critical condition in hospital

1:09:401:09:42

in Las Vegas, as does

the pilot, Scott Booth.

1:09:421:09:45

Experts say possible causes

of the crash include a faulty tail

1:09:451:09:48

rotor and gusty winds.

1:09:481:09:49

But it may take many months

to determine why the helicopter came

1:09:491:09:52

down with such

terrible consequences.

1:09:521:09:53

Adina Campbell, BBC News.

1:09:531:10:01

Two people are still being

questioned after a suspected

1:10:021:10:05

hit and run in Coventry

which killed two young brothers.

1:10:051:10:08

A man in his 50s and a woman

in her 40s were arrested

1:10:081:10:11

on suspicion of causing death

by dangerous driving

1:10:111:10:13

and drink driving.

1:10:131:10:14

A 2-year-old boy was pronounced dead

shortly after the incident.

1:10:141:10:17

The death of his 6-year-old brother

was confirmed a couple

1:10:171:10:20

of hours later.

1:10:201:10:23

The family of the seriously ill boy

Alfie Evans has been given

1:10:231:10:27

permission to appeal

against a High Court ruling allowing

1:10:271:10:29

doctors to switch

off his life-support.

1:10:291:10:31

Alfie has an undiagnosed brain

disorder and doctors say there's no

1:10:311:10:34

hope of recovery.

1:10:341:10:35

On Tuesday, a judge ruled

in favour of his physicians,

1:10:351:10:37

but his parents want to take him

to a hospital in Italy

1:10:371:10:40

for further treatment.

1:10:401:10:44

The way we eat and drink is almost

as much of a factor in tooth erosion

1:10:441:10:48

as what we consume,

according to new research.

1:10:481:10:51

Scientists at King's College London

found acidic food and drink can wear

1:10:511:10:54

teeth down, especially

if people snack continually.

1:10:541:10:56

Here's more from our health

correspondent, Catherine Burns.

1:10:561:11:04

-- those are the main stories.

1:11:131:11:17

Should every adult in England be

made a potential organ donor?

1:11:171:11:20

That's the question MPs will be

considering today when they debate

1:11:201:11:23

a bill which could change

the system in England

1:11:231:11:25

to so-called 'presumed consent'.

1:11:251:11:27

Wales has already made

a similar decision where,

1:11:271:11:29

unless families strongly object,

it's assumed organs will be donated.

1:11:291:11:32

Scotland is introducing similar

rules, while Northern Ireland

1:11:321:11:34

is keeping the current system.

1:11:341:11:35

Fiona Lamdin reports.

1:11:351:11:41

It has been a year since this family

in South Wales lost their father.

1:11:411:11:45

TRANSLATION:

Absolutely devastated.

1:11:451:11:51

Absolutely devastated.

1:11:511:11:51

It is just like someone

ripped up my heart.

1:11:511:11:55

Scott Duckworth was found

unconscious in his home.

1:11:551:11:57

In hospital, a ventilator

was the only thing keeping alive.

1:11:571:12:02

-- In hospital, a ventilator was

the only thing keeping him alive.

1:12:021:12:05

It was then doctors asked Joanna

if he wanted to donate his organs.

1:12:051:12:08

I was quite shocked,

but it was the easiest, yes.

1:12:081:12:11

I did not have any

hesitation at all.

1:12:111:12:19

Even though Joanna's husband had

never given his permission

1:12:211:12:23

for his organs

to be donated, two years ago,

1:12:231:12:26

Welsh law changed, and now

presumes organ consent.

1:12:261:12:32

So we recognised that there

was an issue for our population,

1:12:321:12:37

that the need and the demand

for organs and organ transplants

1:12:371:12:40

was outstripping the supply.

1:12:401:12:41

The latest figures show that last

year, more people in Wales

1:12:411:12:44

than anywhere else in the UK

consented to having their organs

1:12:441:12:47

donated.

1:12:471:12:51

The overall consent rate for Wales

is 72%, compared to England

1:12:511:12:58

at 64%, and Scotland, at 60%.

1:12:581:13:01

But critics argue it has

made very little impact.

1:13:011:13:03

Before the law changed,

there were 101 deceased donors

1:13:031:13:07

in Welsh hospitals, compared to just

104 donors once the law changed.

1:13:071:13:10

How has it helped are you?

1:13:101:13:12

-- How has it helped you?

1:13:121:13:15

It brings a lot of comfort,

knowing that three

1:13:151:13:19

families were able to

have their loved ones for a lot

1:13:191:13:23

longer than they thought

that they were going to.

1:13:231:13:28

Children who may have

lost their parents.

1:13:281:13:33

His death was not in vain.

1:13:331:13:34

And to me, that means

more than anything.

1:13:341:13:39

Scotland has already announced

it is planning to follow Wales.

1:13:391:13:42

Today in England, MPs will debate

the bill for the first time,

1:13:421:13:48

a bill that government is backing.

1:13:481:13:50

Fiona Lamdin, BBC News.

1:13:501:13:56

Listening to that story with us,

1:13:561:13:59

Jim Lynskey, who is waiting

for a heart transplant,

1:13:591:14:01

and Emma Johnson, who has been

campaigning to get the organ

1:14:011:14:04

donation rules changed to an opt-out

system after her son needed

1:14:041:14:07

a heart transplant.

1:14:071:14:08

very good morning to you. Jim,

welcomed by the way. I know you are

1:14:081:14:14

a little nervous in this situation

but tell us a little bit, first of

1:14:141:14:19

all people see that you are awaiting

a heart transplant and have various

1:14:191:14:22

paraphernalia with you.

Explain your

situation. This is a left ventricle

1:14:221:14:26

assisted device it is quite a rare

sort of heart pump it is keeping me

1:14:261:14:31

alive until I can receive a donor

heart.

It is something you where all

1:14:311:14:36

of the time keeping your heart

going?

Overnight as well, there is

1:14:361:14:40

no getting away from it

unfortunately but it is the sort of

1:14:401:14:45

state that the organ donation system

is in at the moment. Three people

1:14:451:14:49

are thought to be dying per day. I

am thankful I can live with this and

1:14:491:14:54

not be that unfortunate.

What are

you living with? From the age of 80

1:14:541:14:58

had succession of cardiac arrest?

I

had to at age eight and a further

1:14:581:15:05

one at 17. And then I got no money

which unfortunately attacked my

1:15:051:15:08

heart.

Because you had, was at viral

meningitis?

Yes, I got it with my

1:15:081:15:16

twin sister when I was born, Grace

Kellaway Arms guard but

1:15:161:15:19

unfortunately this has happened now.

I have to remain positive and

1:15:191:15:23

hopefully with this opt out system

coming into place today, fingers

1:15:231:15:27

crossed.

1:15:271:15:33

How long have you been waiting?

I

have been waiting three years, which

1:15:331:15:39

doesn't sound like ages, but for

someone so

1:15:391:15:45

someone so young with the blood

types I have, my height, etc, it is

1:15:491:15:52

unusual I have not been able to

access a heart.

Do you know what,

1:15:521:15:56

three years

1:15:561:16:03

three years sounds like ages to me.

Not

1:16:031:16:04

three years sounds like ages to me.

Not even in a funny way. 22. A

1:16:041:16:06

seventh of your life. What have you

been told in terms of how long you

1:16:061:16:10

will have to wait? It is awful, you

have to wait for someone to die.

It

1:16:101:16:15

is difficult. It is a fragile

subject to promote. I try to promote

1:16:151:16:21

it with a social media account I

have called saveninelives. It is not

1:16:211:16:26

which scheme are we

1:16:261:16:36

which scheme are we operating, can

we opt out, etc, it is about talk

1:16:361:16:38

about it with your loved ones. Could

it be a soft opt-out system?

1:16:381:16:42

Families can reject consent, which

is frustrating for patients like

1:16:421:16:45

myself. It is not

1:16:451:16:51

myself. It is not whether you are or

are not an organ donor, it is have

1:16:551:16:58

you had that conversation.

Tell us

about your son, Max, Emma. You had a

1:16:581:17:02

long wait for Max for a donor. Tell

us about how this opt in or consent

1:17:021:17:13

process could have benefited.

He

went on the urgent heart transplant

1:17:131:17:18

list mid January of last year after

he was diagnosed with violated

1:17:181:17:25

cardiomyopathy with his heart

becoming too big, unable to pump

1:17:251:17:32

blood properly. -- dialated. He also

had the same type of mechanical pump

1:17:321:17:40

he is describing. It

1:17:401:17:46

he is describing. It acted as a

bridge to transplant to try to keep

1:17:481:17:50

him relatively safe under the

circumstances until an organ donor

1:17:501:17:53

could be found. So we went on the

list in mid-January and then we...

1:17:531:18:04

The wait had begun and we waited and

we waited and we prayed and we

1:18:051:18:09

hoped. And finally we got the call

on the second of August that a donor

1:18:091:18:13

had been found. Umm, so, it was a

long time to wait because Max was in

1:18:131:18:18

a very precarious situation. He was

up and down between the

1:18:181:18:21

high-intensity units, the intensive

care unit, so the hardest thing

1:18:211:18:28

about waiting for an organ was not

knowing where or if one would come

1:18:281:18:43

in time. So I believe that if the

law can change to an opt-out, that

1:18:431:18:47

it will almost act as a catalyst for

a change of culture just as Jim

1:18:471:18:51

said. I hope it raises awareness so

more people talk about what their

1:18:511:18:54

wishes would be should the worst

happened to a loved one.

Yes, Emma,

1:18:541:18:58

can you share a few things? We saw a

lovely picture of Max. And people

1:18:581:19:02

will be asking how is he now? The

other thing people will be curious

1:19:021:19:06

about is your relationship and what

people can tell us about the donor.

1:19:061:19:12

It is a good news story in some way.

People have had a bereavement and do

1:19:121:19:19

something extraordinary.

We found

out who our donor family were in

1:19:191:19:25

mid-October. You are allowed to

write a thank you letter and pass it

1:19:251:19:31

the transplant co-ordinator. You can

put first names, but not full names.

1:19:311:19:36

So we had done that. It took us a

long time to write the letter

1:19:361:19:41

because there are just not the words

in the English language which can

1:19:411:19:45

express just how grateful and

indebted we felt. We knew that there

1:19:451:19:48

was a family out there who had made

that brave decision to donate. And

1:19:481:19:54

then,

1:19:541:20:04

then, umm, the little girl's name

was Keira and her family got in

1:20:111:20:14

touch because of the Mirror Campaign

and they put two and two together to

1:20:141:20:18

work out who we were. We are now in

touch with our donor family and are

1:20:181:20:22

building a lovely bond. And we are

just overawed by their courage and

1:20:221:20:28

humanity towards others. And even

now they continue to help others

1:20:281:20:31

because they are setting up a

charity called Inspired By Keira to

1:20:311:20:35

encourage organ donation. My husband

and I, we feel as if we have almost

1:20:351:20:43

gained a spiritual daughter with

Keira. We feel like we have gotten

1:20:431:20:47

to know her. We know there are

similarities between Keira and Max

1:20:471:20:54

in their personalities. And Max is

just thriving. He is adjusting to

1:20:541:21:01

medication and certain minor side

effects, but, umm, all in all, he is

1:21:011:21:08

doing really. He is loving life. --

brilliantly. He is free from all of

1:21:081:21:17

the

1:21:171:21:27

the machinery like drips and machine

battery packs. He was almost like a

1:21:321:21:35

bionic boy with all the stuff he had

to shuffle around with. Just getting

1:21:351:21:40

from his bed to the play room was a

major achievement. So, to see him

1:21:401:21:43

back at school... After Easter he

will be going back full-time. And he

1:21:431:21:47

has just been signed off from his

physiotherapy. He gave a

1:21:471:21:55

presentation at his school about his

story.

1:21:551:22:03

story.

I tell you what, it is so

moving going through that. Thank you

1:22:031:22:07

for that. This is your story as

well. You were nodding all the way

1:22:071:22:14

through. It is important to

emphasise, the donor family, that

1:22:141:22:16

relationship, how much it means for

both families.

Yes. It remains very

1:22:161:22:23

private in the beginning stage. But

it is a beautiful thing when you can

1:22:231:22:29

meet your donor family. It is quite

rare but it is amazing if you get to

1:22:291:22:35

do so. I think it is amazing that

such a young

1:22:351:22:45

such a young girl, Keira, you know,

was able to donate and save another

1:22:451:22:48

young boy's life. And I think it is

easy to forget that infants are

1:22:481:22:52

involved in organ donation. And, you

know, there is no age, no ethnicity,

1:22:521:22:57

that this does not apply to. I think

everyone watching this today does

1:22:571:23:02

need to have the chat if they can

with their loved ones and hopefully

1:23:021:23:06

save more lives like we have heard

today.

1:23:061:23:13

today.

And Keira actually saved four

lives. People don't know how many.

1:23:221:23:25

You mentioned your campaign, Nine

Lives. People think one person saves

1:23:251:23:28

another. At she saved so many.

It is

remarkable. Thank you for your time,

1:23:281:23:33

Emma and Jim. We wish you all of the

best. Keep in touch when things

1:23:331:23:40

change with your circumstances.

Thank you for having me.

Than QE,

1:23:401:23:44

thank you very much.

-- thank you.

1:23:441:23:51

Here's Nick with

1:23:511:23:52

Here's Nick with a look at this

morning's weather. The picture

1:23:521:23:55

behind me indicates we are expecting

a lot of sunshine. Some cloud today,

1:23:551:24:01

but increasing sunshine on the

weekend to be a cold wind, but

1:24:011:24:04

getting more colds next week. Next

week, snow showers as it turns

1:24:041:24:10

bitterly cold. More about that in a

moment. The big picture. High

1:24:101:24:15

pressure is close by. Influencing

the UK. Fairly settled. It is an

1:24:151:24:22

easterly flow. Cold and getting

colder. Widespread frost this

1:24:221:24:27

morning. Sunny spells possible.

Along the coast you could get some

1:24:271:24:34

light showers. Cloud in Northern

Ireland and western parts of

1:24:341:24:39

Scotland. Many places will have

broken cloud, sunny spells, enough

1:24:391:24:44

of a breeze to make it feel colder

than this. 3-6. Tonight, patchy

1:24:441:24:52

cloud floating around. Lengthy clear

spells. Again, temperatures will do

1:24:521:24:57

away with widespread frost

developing into the more morning.

1:24:571:25:00

The low today is -7. Some spots the

same tomorrow morning. Cloud and a

1:25:001:25:07

breeze holding at or above freezing

for many of us here. Tomorrow, more

1:25:071:25:11

in the way of sunshine. Patchy

cloud, more towards Northern Ireland

1:25:111:25:17

and the far south-west of England to

be many places having lengthy sunny

1:25:171:25:21

spells for Saturday. -- England.

Temperatures feeling more cold than

1:25:211:25:26

these numbers suggest. Another hard

frost for Sunday morning. Even more

1:25:261:25:30

sunshine on Sunday. The wind arrows

are still coming in from the east

1:25:301:25:37

and south-east. On Sunday, the

actual temperature will do away a

1:25:371:25:41

degree or so, but when you factor in

the wind, it will feel closer to or

1:25:411:25:46

even below freezing. And that trend

very much continues into next week.

1:25:461:25:51

The air is coming from the Arctic,

Siberia, chilly, feeling even more

1:25:511:25:57

cold late on Sunday and through next

week. All of the blues spreading

1:25:571:26:02

through Europe and the UK. Snow

showers developing as well. Next

1:26:021:26:06

week is looking very cold. For a

time, temperatures not getting much

1:26:061:26:11

above freezing by date. The wind

making it feel colder. -- day.

1:26:111:26:17

Showers with snow developing on

Monday and Tuesday, especially in

1:26:171:26:21

the east of the UK. Frost as well.

The winter weather is roaring back.

1:26:211:26:27

Can we make this official, can

1:26:271:26:34

Can we make this official, can you

say "We need to get thermals out?"

1:26:361:26:40

"We need to get thermals out." It is

official. It is very, very cold.

1:26:401:26:46

"We need to get thermals out." It is

official. It is very, very cold.

1:26:461:26:55

Mine haven't come off! Time to get

the news, travel, and

1:26:551:30:21

in half an hour.

1:30:211:30:24

Hello, this is Breakfast

with Charlie Stayt and Naga

1:30:271:30:30

Munchetty.

1:30:301:30:30

Here's a summary of this morning's

main stories from BBC News.

1:30:301:30:35

GPs, pharmacists, hospitals and care

homes may be making millions

1:30:351:30:38

prescription errors a year

and the government's been warned

1:30:381:30:41

these mistakes could be linked

to hundreds and potentially

1:30:411:30:43

thousands of deaths in England.

1:30:431:30:44

The Health Secretary,

Jeremy Hunt, has described

1:30:441:30:46

the findings as "appalling".

1:30:461:30:47

He cites the case of a 92-year-old

woman whose vital medication

1:30:471:30:50

was stopped after her chart

was inadvertently swapped.

1:30:501:30:59

An armed officer who was

at the Florida school,

1:31:001:31:03

where 17 people were killed,

has resigned after it emerged

1:31:031:31:05

he failed to intervene.

1:31:051:31:06

Scott Peterson was facing suspension

after an investigation

1:31:061:31:09

revealed he remained outside

the building and did not

1:31:091:31:11

confront the gunman.

1:31:111:31:12

It's not yet known whether criminal

charges will be brought.

1:31:121:31:20

RBS has reported its full profit

after being bailed out at that

1:31:281:31:31

height of the crisis 10 years ago,

making £2.2 billion last year have

1:31:311:31:37

two loss of 4 billion year before.

The bank could now be reprivatised

1:31:371:31:42

after the government selling off the

stake it owns but the share prices

1:31:421:31:46

still well below the price the

government paid in 2008.

1:31:461:31:49

A fourth British tourist has died

of injuries he suffered

1:31:491:31:51

in a helicopter crash

in the Grand Canyon nearly

1:31:511:31:54

a fortnight ago.

1:31:541:31:54

Jonathan Udall, who was

in his 30s and from

1:31:541:31:57

Brighton, was on honeymoon

1:31:571:32:05

with his wife, Ellie Milward.

1:32:061:32:07

She and another British woman,

as well as the helicopter's pilot,

1:32:071:32:10

remain in a critical

condition in hospital.

1:32:101:32:12

Theresa May is understood to have

agreed with senior ministers,

1:32:121:32:15

a position on Britain's future

relationship with the EU

1:32:151:32:17

during talks at Chequers yesterday.

1:32:171:32:19

Downing Street has given few details

but some of those present

1:32:191:32:22

have suggested that everyone

was happy with the outcome.

1:32:221:32:24

One told the BBC that "there has

been an outbreak of unity for now".

1:32:241:32:28

Number Ten says the Prime Minister

will set out "the way forward" next

1:32:281:32:32

week after a discussion

by the full Cabinet.

1:32:321:32:34

The way we eat and drink is almost

as much of a factor in tooth erosion

1:32:341:32:38

as what we consume,

according to new research.

1:32:381:32:40

Scientists

1:32:401:32:41

at King's College London found

1:32:411:32:42

acidic food and drink

can wear teeth down -

1:32:421:32:45

especially if people snack

continually over the day.

1:32:451:32:47

That's because if you eat

fruit whole, in one go,

1:32:471:32:49

it's one acid attack on your teeth -

but if you eat it slowly it's

1:32:491:32:53

a sustained attack.

1:32:531:32:57

Nick will have the weather.

1:32:571:33:01

There will be some snow on the way.

It will be very cold. We will keep

1:33:011:33:06

you updated in a few minutes.

Festival, looking at curling today

1:33:061:33:12

because it is that point in the

Winter Olympics where Britain's

1:33:121:33:18

curlers are in action. The

semifinals are later today, about 11

1:33:181:33:20

AM this morning.

1:33:201:33:24

Mike is at a curling

training centre in Perth.

1:33:241:33:27

Just been doing quite well. I take

it back to the curling brush, you

1:33:271:33:32

are not just there to sweep?

I can

do a bit of both, look at me multi-

1:33:321:33:37

skilling. It is perfection! Into the

house, knocks the yellow one out of

1:33:371:33:44

the way, a brilliant delivery and it

would score the red team one point.

1:33:441:33:49

We are playing at one of the main

curling rinks in Scotland, 22 rinks

1:33:491:33:55

in Scotland, we are excited because

the British team led by Eve Muirhead

1:33:551:34:00

trains along with a man is here and

so today around 11 AM they will be

1:34:001:34:05

off the ice glued to the TV hoping

that Eve and her team can make

1:34:051:34:10

history getting into the gold medal

match which would guarantee them a

1:34:101:34:14

gold or silver medal, it would be

their first medal, making it the

1:34:141:34:17

best ever Olympic Games so no

pressure, Eve and your team but

1:34:171:34:21

let's hope they can do it. They face

Canada who beat them 8-6 in one of

1:34:211:34:29

their round-robin matches but Eve

Muirhead's team really do rise to

1:34:291:34:32

the occasion and the pressure. All

hopes will be that they can beat

1:34:321:34:38

Sweden in the semifinal and then

gold on Sunday.

1:34:381:34:44

We had a really close

game against Sweden,

1:34:441:34:46

we beat them in the European final

and we always have close games

1:34:461:34:50

when it comes to play-off games.

1:34:501:34:52

It is a new part of the competition

and we will go away and regroup

1:34:521:34:56

and try to come out

as strong as we can.

1:34:561:35:01

If you imagine the excitement and

detention. -- we can join Kat at the

1:35:011:35:14

venue. I am, at the Olympic curling

venue here in the park in

1:35:141:35:22

Pyeongchang, much warmer than up in

the mountains but I have been over

1:35:221:35:26

the last few days but this is the

place to be if you are a Team GB

1:35:261:35:30

Winter sports fan, Eve Muirhead and

the girls coming for a fifth medal

1:35:301:35:34

of these games for Team GB which

would make the most successful games

1:35:341:35:37

the team has ever had. The update

you on that later, we are looking

1:35:371:35:42

forward to that in 2.5 hours but let

us bring you up-to-date with some of

1:35:421:35:46

the other headlines.

1:35:461:35:48

In the women's ski cross overnight,

Britain's Emily Sarsfield got

1:35:481:35:50

through her first heat on final's

day, thanks in part to that big

1:35:501:35:54

crash for one of her opponents.

1:35:541:36:02

She is competing at her first

Olympic Games after 12 years of

1:36:061:36:10

trying.

1:36:101:36:10

To eventually get here after kind

of like a set of multiple knee

1:36:101:36:14

surgeries and whatever else it might

be and working three jobs

1:36:141:36:17

in the summer and stuff,

but it is huge to be stood

1:36:171:36:20

there on the landing today

and the big thing for me was to have

1:36:201:36:24

fun and ski cross is such a cool

sport, I wanted to put it on the map

1:36:241:36:29

and I hope I have a little bit.

1:36:291:36:37

It is a very cool sport, my

favourite to watch.

1:36:371:36:40

And there was a brilliant final

in the ski cross as Canada

1:36:401:36:43

continued their dominance

of the event.

1:36:431:36:45

First and second place for them -

Kelsey Serwa and Brittany Phelan

1:36:451:36:48

with gold and silver.

1:36:481:36:49

15-year-old Alina Zagitova won

Olympic athletes from Russia's first

1:36:491:36:51

gold medal in the women's

single figure skating.

1:36:511:36:55

Her compatriot Evgenia Medvedeva

thought she'd beaten her

1:36:551:36:57

and was left in tears

as she fell just short.

1:36:571:37:03

She beat the favourite. She thought

she had done enough but it just was

1:37:031:37:11

not enough.

1:37:111:37:18

A great figure skating competition,

though, Robin Cousins was telling me

1:37:191:37:22

earlier the best it has seen in any

games ever that we have enjoyed the

1:37:221:37:26

action. It is all eyes on the ice at

the curling centre, 2.5 hours to go

1:37:261:37:31

into Eve Muirhead and the girls take

to the ice, the curling countdown is

1:37:311:37:35

on with us! I am sure it is on as

well in Perth. It is, very much so,

1:37:351:37:42

not just the semifinal by the

critical stage of this game is well

1:37:421:37:46

and guess who's turn it is to go to

the end and delivered the next

1:37:461:37:50

stone? Mind. A friend here will

sweep for me. As I go, I have one of

1:37:501:37:56

my shoes, the slippy site, let me

tell you about the history, curling

1:37:561:38:01

disappeared from the Winter Olympics

for many years between 1924 and

1:38:011:38:07

indeed 1998 when it came back. We

are not sure why disappeared but

1:38:071:38:13

imagine if it had not, all of those

metals that Scotland would have won

1:38:131:38:17

the Great Britain. Let's deliver

this crucial Redstone. There we are,

1:38:171:38:22

a challenge getting down with one

slippy issue. But reform shoe. The

1:38:221:38:29

anchor goes in here and my friend

will sweep for me. Ready? Ready!

1:38:291:38:38

Ready in the house for this

momentous... And winning stone, not

1:38:381:38:45

quite the technique to fall onto

your tummy outlook, straight for the

1:38:451:38:50

house, come on. You can do it.

Putting the cat among the pigeons

1:38:501:38:58

there. Interesting end, we could

say. Let's hope when it comes to

1:38:581:39:03

Great Britain but we can do that to

Sweden with the final stone today.

1:39:031:39:08

Mike, it doesn't matter about the

technique, it is all about the

1:39:081:39:13

result. You are marvellous! I think

he threw at hoping to the best, if

1:39:131:39:17

you chuck it really hard.

Interesting technique, not one we've

1:39:171:39:22

seen so far in the Winter Olympics.

Effective, it is effective. He just

1:39:221:39:28

fell over! Oh, dear. I cannot!

Sorry. We knew it would happen. We

1:39:281:39:39

knew it would happen. He is

shuffling his way to the side. More

1:39:391:39:45

on that later. He has actually just

fallen over again. 11 AM I believe

1:39:451:39:52

the semifinal of the curling takes

place. And Nick will keep us updated

1:39:521:39:57

on the weather, we will talk about

this a lot, it will get cold in the

1:39:571:40:02

coming days. Nickel update us in

about seven or eight minutes. But

1:40:021:40:05

before Nick will update us.

1:40:051:40:12

As we've been hearing,

1,700 deaths every year could be

1:40:121:40:15

linked

to mistakes made with medication

1:40:151:40:16

given to patients in England.

1:40:161:40:18

The Health Secretary has

described the figures

1:40:181:40:20

as "appalling".

1:40:201:40:20

Well Jeremy Hunt joins us

from our London newsroom.

1:40:201:40:23

I think we can agree with you that

these figures are appalling. Thank

1:40:231:40:26

is looking to us. Can you give us a

little more detail as to what is

1:40:261:40:30

happening? The impact of this, I

know you have written today in the

1:40:301:40:34

Daily Telegraph and woken the case

of a 92-year-old mother whose

1:40:341:40:40

medication had, her child was

inadvertently swapped with another

1:40:401:40:42

and it led to catastrophic results,

can you tell us more detail, please?

1:40:421:40:48

Good morning. This is an important

report by the universities of

1:40:481:40:53

Sheffield Manchester and York that

collaborated on it. They are very

1:40:531:40:58

clear that the NHS rates when it

comes to medication are no worse

1:40:581:41:04

than in the United States or other

EU countries. In fact the World

1:41:041:41:08

Health Organization says we are a

leader in trying to tackle these.

1:41:081:41:12

But despite that, we are seeing 4-5

deaths every single day because of

1:41:121:41:19

errors in prescription or dispensing

or the monitoring of medication. And

1:41:191:41:23

it is very important to say this

isn't about blaming. This all nurses

1:41:231:41:27

or pharmacist who worked incredibly

hard under a huge amount of pressure

1:41:271:41:31

but it is about having the culture

we have the checks in place to stop

1:41:311:41:36

this happening -- blaming doctors

all nurses. One thing we are

1:41:361:41:41

announcing today is decriminalising

dispensing errors because if you are

1:41:411:41:46

a pharmacist, one way to make sure a

pharmacist doesn't want to be open

1:41:461:41:50

about the dispensing error is if it

is a criminal act and we need people

1:41:501:41:54

to be open about what is coming

wrong the big and put the checks in

1:41:541:41:58

place.

Decriminalising something,

why do we just try to stop it from

1:41:581:42:01

happening in the first place?

Exactly, one of the ways we can do

1:42:011:42:06

this is with proper ID systems so

the problem with doing prescriptions

1:42:061:42:11

on a paper based system is happening

in too much of the NHS -- IT

1:42:111:42:15

systems. On a IT system you can have

electronic warning that comes up and

1:42:151:42:23

says maybe if you have a pregnant

mother this type of medicine could

1:42:231:42:27

be dangerous. You can do that with

electronic systems so we said today

1:42:271:42:33

will make £75 million available to

help hospitals move to e-prescirbing

1:42:331:42:40

systems and we want to have

pharmacist in the system because of

1:42:401:42:45

these happen in primary care and

they tend to happen with older

1:42:451:42:49

patients, often with dementia who

have a number of things wrong with

1:42:491:42:52

them so they are taking out a

cocktail of medicines which

1:42:521:42:55

sometimes don't agree with each

other and if you can have a

1:42:551:42:58

pharmacist working inside AGP pro

is, they can go through the patients

1:42:581:43:02

that are on multiple medicine and

try to iron out where some of the

1:43:021:43:07

problems maybe.

But with a couple of

questions, £75 million in systems in

1:43:071:43:14

computer systems, how many hospitals

will it supposedly ease the load

1:43:141:43:18

off, and the pharmacist, how much

will it cost?

We want to move

1:43:181:43:29

will it cost?

We want to move to

full e-systems, it will be a

1:43:291:43:31

catalyst because most hospitals will

have an ITE investment program

1:43:311:43:35

anyway so you want to urge them to

have a priority because of the

1:43:351:43:40

incident and we have budgeted for

2000 pharmacist to be in GP

1:43:401:43:45

surgeries so one pharmacist will

cover approximately four GP surges

1:43:451:43:48

which we think could make a

difference and I think it is

1:43:481:43:53

important to say this isn't just

about deaths, there is also the

1:43:531:43:56

awful harm that happens, I met a

patient a few weeks ago who

1:43:561:44:02

should've had her dosage reduced for

her medicine and it didn't happen

1:44:021:44:05

and she stayed on steroids I think

the eight years, the result is that

1:44:051:44:09

for the rest of her life she will

have to be fed through it up. There

1:44:091:44:14

is appalling human misery when we

get this wrong but it is important

1:44:141:44:18

for people at home to note that the

NHS is leading the way in tackling

1:44:181:44:22

this, it is a problem all over the

world and we want to blaze a trail

1:44:221:44:26

in schools in this out and in fact

we are having fantastic support from

1:44:261:44:30

doctors, nurses, pharmacist, who all

agree that this is something that is

1:44:301:44:34

long overdue for us to tackle.

Do

you know I think something else that

1:44:341:44:38

people will be screaming at their TV

screens this morning, they will be

1:44:381:44:42

thinking a couple of days ago I

heard the NHS in England has nearly

1:44:421:44:46

100,000 jobs unfilled. And we

constantly hear about funding

1:44:461:44:52

pressures that the NHS is facing and

doctors and nurses are facing, and

1:44:521:44:57

it is inevitable, isn't it, even

they get off the reassurance that

1:44:571:45:00

people want to hear, the sticks will

happen unless it is properly funded

1:45:001:45:04

and properly staffed.

We have 43,000

more clinicians in the NHS and when

1:45:041:45:10

I became health secretary and went

-- we are massively increasing the

1:45:101:45:14

number of doctors and nurses were

trained and we need more staff and

1:45:141:45:18

to put more funding and as we deal

with pressures of an ageing

1:45:181:45:21

population but if you talk to

doctors and pharmacists, they say

1:45:211:45:24

that yes, those are real pressures.

Also, the problem is that when we

1:45:241:45:29

make a mistake we have to worry that

we are going to be criminalised and

1:45:291:45:33

lose our job and we cannot do the

thing that we really want to do

1:45:331:45:37

which is to understand why the

mistake was made, to be open and

1:45:371:45:41

transparent about it and to learn

from it so it doesn't happen again

1:45:411:45:44

and getting the culture right and

Dame Judi Moore, who runs the

1:45:441:45:48

University Hospital Birmingham has

Dunmore than most trust in reducing

1:45:481:45:52

medication error, she tweeted this

morning that getting the culture

1:45:521:45:56

right so that doctors and nurses and

pharmacist are able to learn when

1:45:561:46:00

things go wrong, that is one of the

absolutely critical things.

1:46:001:46:09

Brexit. We have been following the

wager at Chequers. -- away day. Why

1:46:091:46:17

were you not there?

I have to go to

committees to do with health and

1:46:171:46:26

pensioners in Spain. This goes to

the full cabinet on Tuesday with all

1:46:261:46:30

members able to discuss it. It

sounds like good progress was made

1:46:301:46:33

to bite a unified cabinet's can you

be comfortable saying that? We are

1:46:331:46:41

unified on the big issues. There are

details that need to be worked

1:46:411:46:49

through. The country wants us to

work through that. The big call

1:46:491:46:52

Theresa May made was by voting to

leave the EU, the people of this

1:46:521:46:58

country said they want full control

of laws and borders, not to be

1:46:581:47:03

paying huge sums of money to the EU

every year. There has always been

1:47:031:47:07

unity about that. Now we need to get

this right for individual sectors

1:47:071:47:15

like the automotive sector, the

agricultural sector. That is the

1:47:151:47:20

point of the discussions.

The

Foreign Secretary was at this

1:47:201:47:24

cabinet meeting and has said the

UK's weekly gross contribution to

1:47:241:47:29

the NHS will rise at the end of the

post-Brexit transition period. Do

1:47:291:47:35

you agree?

To the EU?

To the NHS. It

will rise to £438 million after the

1:47:351:47:46

transition period. Do you remember

£350 million on the buses?

I think,

1:47:461:47:52

you know, we will have a Brexit

dividend because, uh, the net

1:47:521:48:00

contribution to the EU is £100

million per week. I would argue we

1:48:001:48:04

look at the pressures of the NHS and

social care system as one of the

1:48:041:48:08

first ports of call, but that is

obviously a decision for the Prime

1:48:081:48:12

Minister and the Chancellor.

£438

million, do you agree with the

1:48:121:48:16

Foreign Secretary?

That is the gross

figure. We have contributions we

1:48:161:48:20

make the farmers, research, other

things we need to support people

1:48:201:48:25

with. I think the net figure is a

more realistic figure to look at.

1:48:251:48:29

But, umm, you know, in ten years'

time we will have 1 million more

1:48:291:48:38

over 75s in this country. We wanted

to have the highest standard of

1:48:381:48:42

healthcare and every old person to

be treated with dignity. Thinking

1:48:421:48:48

about how we find that is on the

mind of everyone. Jeremy Hunt,

1:48:481:48:52

Health Secretary, thank you so much.

A look at the weather. We have all

1:48:521:48:59

of the details.

1:48:591:49:00

A look at the weather. We have all

of the details. Good morning. A

1:49:001:49:03

frosty start. -7 in rural

Oxfordshire. This is a picture from

1:49:031:49:09

Berkshire this morning. Holes in the

cloud with sunshine. Weekend

1:49:091:49:14

weather, blue skies. Very chilly. It

will feel cold in the wind on the

1:49:141:49:27

weekend. Cold air heading into the

UK. Snow is increasingly possible.

1:49:271:49:30

The big picture for Friday. High

pressure is close by. Influencing us

1:49:301:49:34

with an easterly flow. The Atlantic

weather systems. Not worrying about

1:49:341:49:38

those for a while ago the weather is

coming from the east. Light showers

1:49:381:49:43

affecting eastern England for today.

Cloud to Northern Ireland, western

1:49:431:49:50

Scotland, Cornwall, and Devon. Many

places being blue skies. Good sunny

1:49:501:49:54

spells coming through on a mainly

dry day. The breeze is freshening up

1:49:541:49:59

compared to recent days. Highs of

3-6 degrees. Tonight, patchy cloud.

1:49:591:50:05

Some of that will fade away leaving

increasingly clear whether

1:50:051:50:09

overnight. You can see land. Under

clear skies, temperatures dipping

1:50:091:50:14

away. Widespread frost. Cold in the

countryside. -6, -7. Cloud and

1:50:141:50:22

breeze in Northern Ireland to keep

us above freezing. The start of the

1:50:221:50:28

weekend. Saturday. Patchy cloud.

Some in Northern Ireland, western

1:50:281:50:34

Scotland, the north-east of England.

But many places will have a lot of

1:50:341:50:38

blue sky on Saturday. Fine and dry

but chilly in the wind. A similar

1:50:381:50:45

picture on Sunday. More of us will

have cloud free skies on Sunday.

1:50:451:50:49

Gorgeous weather with a blue sky and

a crisp and frosty start. A

1:50:491:50:55

south-westerly in the west of the UK

impact in the feel of the weather.

1:50:551:50:59

The temperature is actually lower.

But with the wind, it will feel like

1:50:591:51:04

it is just below freezing. It will

stay that way throughout next week

1:51:041:51:08

with windchill factor is becoming

very significant. You may have heard

1:51:081:51:13

about the "beast from the east."

Blue arrows coming from Siberia. The

1:51:131:51:20

wind from the east will be very

cold. The increasing chance of

1:51:201:51:24

seeing snow. The Met Office has

issued the first yellow weather

1:51:241:51:27

warning for snow affecting eastern

part of the UK starting late on

1:51:271:51:33

Monday into Tuesday. Anyone could

see it next week. A hard frost

1:51:331:51:37

overnight as well. The winter

weather is roaring back next week.

1:51:371:51:42

Thank you very much. We will speak

to you later.

1:51:421:51:48

British Airways have just made

1:51:481:51:51

British Airways have just made an

announcement.

I have had time to

1:51:511:51:53

look through them.

1:51:531:51:58

look through them. IAG which owns

British Airways, Iberia, they give

1:52:071:52:09

us a sense of how airlines are

doing. There is a lot to contend

1:52:091:52:13

with for airlines. Last year some

went bust and there are cheaper

1:52:131:52:16

rivals between the UK and the US,

the transatlantic route. There have

1:52:161:52:21

been technical problems at BA. And

also, check-in chaos and uncertainty

1:52:211:52:28

around Brexit. What does it mean?

1:52:281:52:34

Let's speak to the boss,

Willie Walsh.

1:52:341:52:36

He's Chief Executive

of International Airlines Group that

1:52:361:52:38

owns BA and Iberia.

1:52:381:52:39

Good morning. Good morning.

We will

talk first of all about these

1:52:391:52:44

results. A good set of figures. You

made that clear in your statement to

1:52:441:52:49

be you noted prices for tickets are

going up. People have to pay more.

1:52:491:52:53

Is that down to falling competition?

Berlin has gone under and you can

1:52:531:52:58

charge more?

It is a good set of

results. We did not say prices are

1:52:581:53:03

going up. That is misunderstood. We

said we expect unit revenue to

1:53:031:53:08

improve. Prices actually came down

in 2017. Unit revenue is a

1:53:081:53:14

combination of the average fare but

also the seat factor, how many seats

1:53:141:53:19

we feel on aircraft. We were filling

more last year. That was driving the

1:53:191:53:28

overall performance of the business.

It is on the back of reduced fares

1:53:281:53:32

in 2017.

Let's talk about some of

the issues that affected you as an

1:53:321:53:38

airline this year. The massive IT

failure caused by a power failure.

1:53:381:53:43

You said it cost you £75 million of

compensation and putting that right.

1:53:431:53:47

It also cost you many angry

customers.

It did. We apologise in

1:53:471:53:53

the past. We learned many lessons.

We had shared those lessons with

1:53:531:54:02

other companies. No airline wants to

see that. But we have overcome that.

1:54:021:54:10

The performance of the airline has

been quite strong in 2017 and we

1:54:101:54:15

expect that to improve

significantly. We are investing a

1:54:151:54:18

lot of money in services. We are

pleased to see customer satisfaction

1:54:181:54:23

scores are responding to that. We

are seeing a good improvement in the

1:54:231:54:28

response we get from customers.

Whenever we speak to the bosses of

1:54:281:54:31

their alliance, Brexit, a big issue

for all firms, but it is important

1:54:311:54:38

for you because you fly to Europe.

-- airlines. How have things changed

1:54:381:54:42

for you?

I am very pleased with the

words spoken both on the EU side and

1:54:421:54:47

the side of the UK in terms of the

UK continuing to be connected to

1:54:471:54:52

Europe. I have always felt that

would be the baseline, if you like.

1:54:521:54:56

I am confident a comprehensive deal

will be agreed between the two. UK

1:54:561:55:08

customers and consumers have

benefited significantly and will

1:55:081:55:13

continue to benefit from good

competition and open access to all

1:55:131:55:16

markets.

One of the big things that

will determine how well you can do

1:55:161:55:20

is Heathrow. There have been so many

debates over the expansion, the

1:55:201:55:24

extra runway. Yesterday you said the

chances of it being finished on time

1:55:241:55:30

and on budget are close to zero.

What do you need to see happen? It

1:55:301:55:34

is the biggest airport in the

country and nearly the world. How do

1:55:341:55:40

we keep that top spot?

One of the

biggest in the world. It is the most

1:55:401:55:44

expensive. To expand Heathrow, it

needs to be done with greater

1:55:441:55:49

efficiency. We have to consider the

UK in a post- Brexit environment. We

1:55:491:55:55

need good efficient structure. We

need better infrastructure. Quality

1:55:551:56:03

could improve, but prices through

Heathrow are completely

1:56:031:56:07

unacceptable. We need to see a more

competitive situation, not less. We

1:56:071:56:13

support the expansion at Heathrow if

it can be done at a reasonable cost

1:56:131:56:19

with no increase in the charges to

customers as a result of that

1:56:191:56:23

expansion.

OK, it is good to talk to

you. Thank you for explaining all of

1:56:231:56:28

that. We will talk again as the

negotiations continued. Thank you.

1:56:281:56:35

That is it from me. I will have more

after 8am.

It looks like he was on

1:56:351:56:44

the back of

1:56:442:00:09

Hello this is Breakfast, with

Charlie Stayt and Naga Munchetty.

2:00:102:00:17

The Health Secretary tells BBC

Breakfast that four or five people a

2:00:172:00:20

day are dying because of mistakes

with their prescriptions. Jeremy

2:00:202:00:22

Hunt calls the situation appalling

and totally preventable, and says

2:00:222:00:24

the issue is linked to hundreds more

deaths across England.

2:00:242:00:31

Good morning it's Friday 23rd

February. Also this morning, The

2:00:452:00:55

armed officer who was at the Florida

high school where 17 were shot dead,

2:00:552:00:58

has resigned for failing to

intervene - his Sheriff said it was

2:00:582:01:00

a failure of duty.

When we in law

enforcement arrived at an active

2:01:002:01:03

shooter, we go in and address the

target and that is what should have

2:01:032:01:06

been done.

2:01:062:01:15

A fourth British tourist has died

2:01:152:01:17

following the helicopter crash

in the Grand Canyon,

2:01:172:01:19

Jonathan Udall was on honeymoon,

2:01:192:01:21

his wife remains in a critical

condition.

2:01:212:01:23

Why it's not just what we eat,

2:01:232:01:25

but when and how we eat it how

snacking on certain food

2:01:252:01:28

and drinks damages our teeth.

2:01:282:01:29

Banking giant RBS reports its first

2:01:292:01:30

full-year profit in 10 years

2:01:302:01:32

since being bailed out by taxpayers

during the financial crisis.

2:01:322:01:35

I'll have the details shortly.

2:01:352:01:37

I am at the curling centre, Eve

Muirhead and the Great Britain

2:01:372:01:41

female curling team are going in

their semifinal in two hours' time,

2:01:412:01:46

trying to win a fifth medal of the

games in Team GB.

And the weather

2:01:462:01:50

forecast.

Good morning, this

weekend, plenty of sunshine, if it

2:01:502:01:54

is warmer weather that you want, you

can whistle(!) frosty this morning,

2:01:542:02:00

cold, and getting colder next week

and some of us will cease no. -- and

2:02:002:02:06

some of us will see snow.

2:02:062:02:11

The Health Secretary has told this

programme that four to five people

2:02:192:02:21

are dying every day in England due

to mistakes over their

2:02:212:02:23

prescriptions. Jeremy Hunt says the

level of harm revealled by a report

2:02:232:02:26

commmissioned by the government is

"appalling" and its important that

2:02:262:02:28

the NHS learns from its mistakes.

We

are seeing four to five deaths every

2:02:282:02:30

single day because of errors in

dispensing or prescription or the

2:02:302:02:35

monitoring of medications and it is

very important to say this is not

2:02:352:02:38

about blaming doctors or nurses or

pharmacists, worked incredibly under

2:02:382:02:42

huge pressure, but it is about

having a culture where we have

2:02:422:02:47

checks in place to stop this

happening, and where we are able to

2:02:472:02:50

learn from mistakes.

2:02:502:02:53

An armed officer who was

at the Florida school,

2:02:532:02:55

where 17 people were killed,

has resigned after it emerged

2:02:552:02:58

he failed to intervene.

2:02:582:02:59

Scot Peterson was facing suspension

after an investigation

2:02:592:03:01

revealed he remained outside

the building and did not

2:03:012:03:03

confront the gunman.

2:03:032:03:04

Our North America correspondent

Peter Bowes told us how

2:03:042:03:06

the officer was found out.

2:03:062:03:14

This has emerged from the sheriff

of Broward County, and he has been

2:03:162:03:20

looking at surveillance video

and he refers to this deputy,

2:03:202:03:22

this police officer,

who was working, he was in uniform,

2:03:222:03:24

he was armed, he was on the campus

as the shooting happened

2:03:242:03:27

and apparently, he got

to the building where the shooting

2:03:272:03:30

was taking place around 90 seconds

of the first shots being fired

2:03:302:03:33

and then, he didn't go inside.

2:03:332:03:34

In fact, he stayed outside

for about four minutes,

2:03:342:03:36

the actual shooting lasted

about six minutes.

2:03:362:03:38

It is still something

of a mystery as to why he didn't

2:03:382:03:41

essentially do his job and go

in and confront the shooter.

2:03:412:03:47

In fact, the sheriff was asked

what he would have liked

2:03:472:03:51

to have seen the deputy do,

and he said just that,

2:03:512:03:53

to have gone inside,

to have addressed the shooter,

2:03:532:03:55

and to have shot him dead.

2:03:552:04:03

Now, as to why he didn't do that,

well, the officer has not spoken

2:04:042:04:07

for himself yet so we don't

know his side of the story

2:04:072:04:10

but we know that he was initially

suspended without pay pending

2:04:102:04:13

further investigation,

but he actually chose

2:04:132:04:14

to resign from his job.

2:04:142:04:21

Now, clearly, there are some people

will put the whole debate about guns

2:04:212:04:24

in schools and perhaps the arming

of teachers in a new perspective

2:04:242:04:28

because here was someone actually

on the campus

trained to use a gun.

2:04:282:04:36

RBS has figures out this morning,

Ben has been looking through them.

2:04:392:04:42

First time RBS has reported

full-year profit in ten years. This

2:04:422:04:48

goes back to the financial crisis

when it had such a tough time, big

2:04:482:04:52

turnaround from them in 2008, racked

up a loss of £24 billion, it is loss

2:04:522:04:58

in UK corporate history. Ten years

on, back on an even keel, symbolic

2:04:582:05:04

moment this morning, putting the

past behind us, if you are an

2:05:042:05:10

investor you will not yet get a

dividend, but it has managed to get

2:05:102:05:13

rid of the bad bit of the bank which

had all the debts in it, that is

2:05:132:05:17

quite a moment to draw a line under,

they have been tried to cut costs

2:05:172:05:20

and turn around fortunes. Dynamic as

is this over, still facing a lot of

2:05:202:05:26

litigation particularly in the

United States for being involved in

2:05:262:05:29

risky mortgages and a big scandal

related to how it dealt with some

2:05:292:05:33

small firms. -- I don't think this

is just quite over. We as taxpayers

2:05:332:05:44

own 71% of RBS, the question is

whether it is in a position to be

2:05:442:05:50

sold back. The government bought

shares at just over £5, they are

2:05:502:05:55

trading at £2.78, so it would be at

a loss.

Half the price. Another

2:05:552:05:59

share price that has taken a bit of

a knock, Snapchat.

This is

2:05:592:06:04

fascinating! This shows the power of

social media, this is a tweet from

2:06:042:06:10

one of the reality stars in the

family of Kim Kardashian,

2:06:102:06:18

57,000 people tweeting that, that

knocked $1 billion from the value of

2:06:202:06:28

Snapchat! For the uninitiated, it is

a smartphone app that allows you to

2:06:282:06:34

send pictures to each other,

pictures that disappear, they have

2:06:342:06:37

changed the app and a lot of people

don't like it. Suggesting that

2:06:372:06:42

somebody so influential in the world

of social media not using it, does

2:06:422:06:45

not bode well. $1 billion knocked

off.

Could you have predicted this?

2:06:452:06:53

It shows how the world is changing.

The influence these people have,

2:06:532:06:57

like it or not, you can knock $1

billion off the value of a company

2:06:572:07:03

overnight, pity powerful, if you ask

me!

2:07:032:07:06

A fourth British tourist has died

of injuries he suffered

2:07:112:07:14

in a helicopter crash

in the Grand Canyon

2:07:142:07:16

nearly a fortnight ago.

2:07:162:07:17

Jonathan Udall, who was in his

30s and from Brighton,

2:07:172:07:19

was on honeymoon with his wife,

Ellie Milward when

2:07:192:07:21

the accident happened.

2:07:212:07:22

His family has been

told of his death.

2:07:222:07:24

Adina Campbell reports.

2:07:242:07:28

Jon Udall and Ellie Milward

were on their honeymoon.

2:07:282:07:30

She has now been left

with critical injuries,

2:07:302:07:32

while her friends' online post,

announcing Mr Udall's death,

2:07:322:07:35

described him as strong and brave.

2:07:352:07:40

The Eurocopter EC130 crashed as it

came into land in Arizona's remote

2:07:402:07:43

Quartermaster Canyon.

2:07:432:07:44

Witnesses say it spun around twice

before hitting the ground and then

2:07:442:07:47

bursting into flames.

2:07:472:07:48

Police say bad weather meant

it was more than eight hours before

2:07:482:07:51

the survivors could be

flown to hospital.

2:07:512:07:56

Stuart Hill, on the left,

2:07:562:07:58

is pictured here along

with his brother Jason,

2:07:582:08:00

who also died at the scene.

2:08:002:08:02

Their parents say the brothers

shared an incredible bond

2:08:022:08:04

and would be deeply missed.

2:08:042:08:05

Jennifer Barham remains

in a critical condition

2:08:052:08:07

in hospital in Las Vegas,

2:08:072:08:09

as does the pilot, Scott Booth.

2:08:092:08:12

Experts say possible causes

of the crash

2:08:122:08:15

include a faulty tail

rotor and gusty winds.

2:08:152:08:20

But it may take many months

2:08:202:08:21

to determine why

the helicopter came down

2:08:212:08:23

with such terrible consequences.

2:08:232:08:24

Adina Campbell, BBC News.

2:08:242:08:32

Two people are still being

questioned after a suspected

2:08:352:08:37

hit-and-run in Coventry,

which killed two young brothers.

2:08:372:08:39

A man in his 50s,

and a woman in her 40s,

2:08:392:08:42

were arrested on suspicion

of causing death by dangerous

2:08:422:08:44

driving and drink driving.

2:08:442:08:45

A two-year-old boy was pronounced

dead shortly after the incident,

2:08:452:08:49

the death of his six-year-old

brother was confirmed

2:08:492:08:51

a couple of hours later.

2:08:512:08:59

The way we eat and drink is almost

as much of a factor in tooth

2:09:022:09:06

erosion as what we consume,

according to new research.

2:09:062:09:08

Scientists at King's

College London found acidic

2:09:082:09:09

food and drink can wear teeth down

2:09:092:09:11

especially if people

snack continually.

2:09:112:09:12

Here's more from our Health

Correspondent, Catherine Burns.

2:09:122:09:20

Sipping, swilling, and nibbling,

2:09:202:09:22

researchers think one in six of us

have habits like this,

2:09:222:09:25

and they are bad

news for your teeth.

2:09:252:09:28

When it comes to dentist visits,

2:09:282:09:29

the main worries tend to be

fillings or gum disease,

2:09:292:09:31

but this report says

we should also be thinking

2:09:312:09:34

about erosive tooth wear.

2:09:342:09:35

It is when acid eats away

at the teeth,

2:09:352:09:37

making them chip or get shorter.

2:09:372:09:45

If you tend to play with things

in your mouth, or you if you tend

2:09:462:09:49

to chop pieces of fruit up slowly

and nibble on them over a few

2:09:492:09:53

minutes as opposed to just eating

them as a whole fruit,

2:09:532:09:55

if you're doing these behaviours

on a daily basis for years

2:09:552:09:58

and years and years,

you can cause serious

2:09:582:10:00

damage to your teeth,

and that serious damage can mean

2:10:002:10:02

that your whole mouth

needs to be rebuilt.

2:10:022:10:04

Treatment takes an average

of more than 20 months

2:10:042:10:07

at a cost of £4500 on the NHS

and almost £14,000 privately.

2:10:072:10:09

Prevention is key.

2:10:092:10:10

One part of that is cutting back

on acidic food and drinks.

2:10:102:10:13

Some of the healthy choices we make

might be good for us overall,

2:10:132:10:16

but they can erode your teeth.

2:10:162:10:18

This report mentions adding a slice

of lemon or lime to your water,

2:10:182:10:21

sugar-free soft drinks,

drinking fruit teas,

2:10:212:10:22

and snacking on fruit.

2:10:222:10:23

Take these grapes, for example.

2:10:232:10:24

If you were to eat ten or 20

of them in one sitting,

2:10:242:10:28

that would be one acid attack

on your teeth.

2:10:282:10:30

If you were to eat the same amount

over a longer period of time,

2:10:302:10:33

that would be a sustained attack.

2:10:332:10:35

The advice is to be aware of overall

eating patterns and to consider

2:10:352:10:38

snacks that are less acidic

and higher in calcium.

2:10:382:10:46

Catherine Burns, BBC News.

2:10:472:10:55

Last September, conditions

at Liverpool prison were described

2:10:592:11:00

as the worst inspectors

had ever seen.

2:11:002:11:05

A report said inmates were living

in "squalid" conditions

2:11:052:11:07

and there was a rise

in incidents of self-harm.

2:11:072:11:09

The prison says it's investing

in more specialist staff,

2:11:092:11:11

but since the inspection,

three prisoners have

2:11:112:11:13

taken their own lives.

2:11:132:11:14

Breakfast's Jayne McCubbin has been

to meet Janet Paine,

2:11:142:11:16

whose son Tony was found dead

in his cell earlier this week.

2:11:162:11:24

On Monday, Tony took his own life at

Liverpool prison, a man his mother

2:11:282:11:33

told me had never harmed anyone but

himself.

He didn't deserve to be

2:11:332:11:39

there.

He was in crisis.

He was

desperate for help and he never got

2:11:392:11:47

it Tony Paine s troubled with

schizophrenia since he was 19.

On

2:11:472:11:53

three consecutive days you was taken

to hospital in a crisis, first an

2:11:532:11:59

overdose, next, self harm, then

found naked in the street by police.

2:11:592:12:02

On each occasion he was discharged

by Mersey care NHS Trust. A week

2:12:022:12:08

later he was jailed for afraid,

after he was found throwing tiles

2:12:082:12:11

off the roof of a house. Two weeks

ago, his mother received this

2:12:112:12:17

letter, in it he begged for help,

saying that he was self harming and

2:12:172:12:21

he had been assaulted.

Desperate,

desperate, and that is when he said,

2:12:212:12:28

you don't understand, you don't

understand, I'm going to drop dead

2:12:282:12:30

in here. If he had got help he would

never have gone up on the roof, he

2:12:302:12:37

would not have gone to court, he

would not have been in jail, and he

2:12:372:12:41

would not now be in a body bag.

Mersey care told us while they

2:12:412:12:45

couldn't comment on Tony's death,

they would co-operate with any

2:12:452:12:49

review. The prison has passed

condolences to his family and have

2:12:492:12:52

said they have invested in

specialists after provide training

2:12:522:12:57

for prison safety officers. But it

has highlighted an abject failure to

2:12:572:13:01

offer a safe environment.

It is a

hole, it is filthy, but it is not

2:13:012:13:10

just about that, it is the way they

are treated, locked up 23 hours a

2:13:102:13:14

day, treated like animals. They need

to get specialist care, they need

2:13:142:13:17

that place knocking down.

The chair

of the prison officers Association

2:13:172:13:22

who works here at Walton has told me

that overnight there is only one

2:13:222:13:25

mental health nurse on duty, that

might rise to two during the day but

2:13:252:13:30

that is to look after almost 1000

inmates. 60% of whom have complex

2:13:302:13:36

mental health needs. That clearly is

not enough. He agreed with Tony's

2:13:362:13:41

mother, he should never have been

imprisoned. Hours before Tony took

2:13:412:13:45

his own life, a probation officer

came to the family home, to approve

2:13:452:13:49

him for release on tag, into the

care of his mother. She e-mailed her

2:13:492:13:54

son to share the good news.

He might

be home for the end of the month,

2:13:542:14:00

cheer up, love, love you, see you

soon, that is what I said. And I

2:14:002:14:05

still don't know whether he got it.

2:14:052:14:08

Janet Paine speaking

to Jayne McCubbin.

2:14:092:14:11

And Jayne is here now.

2:14:112:14:17

This is so raw, he died on Monday,

and so many questions that she wants

2:14:172:14:23

answered, even as she is in shock

from what happened.

Desperate for

2:14:232:14:28

answers, there will be an

independent ombudsman investigation,

2:14:282:14:33

there will be an inquest, and she

wants to know whether her son was

2:14:332:14:36

filed. With the mental health care

that he did or did not receive. We

2:14:362:14:41

cannot call that now but we know

this, we know that the hospital

2:14:412:14:45

trust looking after him has seen a

dramatic reduction in the number of

2:14:452:14:49

beds per patient in the last ten

years, it has gone from 27 beds in

2:14:492:14:57

patient beds per patient to 47. We

know that this is a problem across

2:14:572:15:02

the country, increasingly difficult

for people to access in patient

2:15:022:15:06

care, we know that there has been

17% budget cuts in HMP Liverpool in

2:15:062:15:11

the last nine years, and we know

that on average that is 22% in with

2:15:112:15:15

the prisons and we know because the

National Audit Office has told us

2:15:152:15:18

that since those cuts there has been

an increase in self harm, suicide,

2:15:182:15:23

violence in prisons. The government

is addressing this, desperately

2:15:232:15:26

trying to recruit 2500 more prison

officers by this summer. In

2:15:262:15:33

Liverpool, 90 more prison officers

than last year all receiving

2:15:332:15:36

specialist mental health training.

Tony's mother is afraid that while

2:15:362:15:40

all of this is going on, more people

will be wrongly imprisoned instead

2:15:402:15:45

of putting to hospital and there

will be more death.

2:15:452:15:48

Let's find out what is happening

with the weather, it is going to get

2:15:562:16:00

much colder? Yes, looking closer at

next week where temperatures by day

2:16:002:16:03

will not

2:16:032:16:04

next week where temperatures by day

will not be getting much above

2:16:042:16:05

freezing if at all across a large

part of the UK. We will get to that

2:16:052:16:08

in a moment. I just want to talk

about the weekend, there will be

2:16:082:16:11

plenty of sunshine around, lots of

blue skies with a cold wind but ever

2:16:112:16:15

colder next week and a threat of

smoke I guarantee I think for some

2:16:152:16:18

of us there will be some snow next

week probably starting Monday into

2:16:182:16:22

Tuesday in the form of snow showers

in the east. The reason why,

2:16:222:16:27

high-pressure close by, sadly

saddled at the moment, around this

2:16:272:16:30

area of high pressure our weather is

coming from the east and it will

2:16:302:16:33

turn ever colder and bring in those

snow showers next week. A lot of dry

2:16:332:16:37

weather for Friday and the weekend,

one or two light showers are

2:16:372:16:43

affecting eastern parts of England

today, maybe Scotland, cloud in

2:16:432:16:47

Northern Ireland, western Scotland,

eastern England into the far

2:16:472:16:50

south-west compared with elsewhere.

Elsewhere, large breaks in the cloud

2:16:502:16:53

and good sunny spells. Around three

to 6 degrees for the temperature so

2:16:532:16:58

everyday this week temperatures have

been

2:16:582:17:09

coming down a little bit and the

process continues into the weekend.

2:17:152:17:17

We started today, rural Oxfordshire,

-7, widespread frost, there will be

2:17:172:17:19

again tonight and every night for

the next week at least we are

2:17:192:17:22

expecting frost and those

temperatures going into tomorrow

2:17:222:17:24

morning, lower in the countryside as

ever, parts of Northern Ireland

2:17:242:17:26

staying above freezing, more cloud

and breeze here. Tomorrow, a frosty

2:17:262:17:28

start but are largely sunny start,

some cloud brushing north-east

2:17:282:17:30

Scotland and into Northern Ireland

perhaps the far south-west of

2:17:302:17:32

England but these are the

exceptions, otherwise mainly Sunni,

2:17:322:17:36

three to 6 degrees. Through the

weekend, Sunday as well, the breezes

2:17:362:17:40

with us so that does make it feel

colder even though there will be

2:17:402:17:45

plenty of sunshine around and

probably by Sunday even more. But

2:17:452:17:49

when you look at the temperatures

for Sunday they come down a little

2:17:492:17:53

bit, another degree also shaved off

them but in the wind it will feel

2:17:532:17:58

widely as if it is at or below

freezing, the wind-chill becoming

2:17:582:18:01

more important through the weekend

and very significant into next week

2:18:012:18:04

as well, talk in the papers about

the beast from the east, what does

2:18:042:18:08

that mean? It just means the weather

coming from the east, all of the

2:18:082:18:13

blues across Europe into Monday, the

arrows indicating

2:18:132:18:26

where that is coming from, back to

the Arctic and Siberia, so what we

2:18:382:18:40

expect next week is very cold

weather, bitter wind, wind chill

2:18:402:18:43

into minus double figures in some

spots, and snow showers across

2:18:432:18:45

eastern part in Italy, hard frost at

night as well.

2:18:452:18:47

We are going into March next week

but no sign of spring next week.

2:18:472:18:50

That is how it is looking, back to

you. Nick, can you give us some more

2:18:502:18:53

detail about the kind of

temperatures... Sorry, we have a dog

2:18:532:18:55

in the studio! Dog walkers across

the country will have to decide

2:18:552:18:57

whether or not to have codes on

their dogs.

2:18:572:18:59

Absolutely, and your caps, some

people put their cats out that night

2:18:592:19:02

but you want to think about keeping

in when it is bitterly cold.

2:19:022:19:05

Wednesday next week looks at the

coldest day where widely

2:19:052:19:06

temperatures by day will be hovering

close to freezing, maybe a degree

2:19:062:19:09

also either side of freezing, but

this is the important factor, it is

2:19:092:19:15

the wind coming in from the east

and, for some, the wind-chill factor

2:19:152:19:17

will make it feel like it is minus

double figures. Even if you have a

2:19:172:19:23

furry coat, that has got an impact

and of course we have some snow to

2:19:232:19:27

content with as well so we are

ramping up the possibility of

2:19:272:19:37

disruption next week, so pretty

serious winter weather.

2:19:372:19:38

We have been talking about it for a

few days, it is on the cards next

2:19:382:19:42

week. Molly, have you got it? Years

down! What does that mean?!

Pay

2:19:422:19:44

attention? Yes, paying attention!

2:19:442:19:45

down! What does that mean?!

Pay

attention? Yes, paying attention!

2:19:452:19:47

Let's introduce you properly!

2:19:472:19:53

Molly is rather special, nominated

for an award?

Yes, Unsung Hero,

2:19:532:20:00

nominated for special mention, she

is the first animal ever nominated.

2:20:002:20:05

What has she been nominated for,

what has she done?

She is a pets as

2:20:052:20:11

therapy dog, she comes to the ward

where I work. I work for Kent and

2:20:112:20:18

Medway NHS and social care

partnership trust and we are one of

2:20:182:20:21

the largest providers in England for

mental health.

How does this work in

2:20:212:20:27

practice? It is the beginning of the

day, Molly arrives, what happens?

2:20:272:20:32

She comes to work with me when I

work a shift and also on my days off

2:20:322:20:36

and she greets the patients, I work

with dementia patients, specialise

2:20:362:20:41

in dementia, and they just love her.

The patients we get come into

2:20:412:20:48

hospital, very anxious, sometimes it

is their first time in a hospital,

2:20:482:20:52

away from their families, and to see

a friendly dog is so reassuring, and

2:20:522:20:57

if they have got communication

problems they just/ the dog, they

2:20:572:21:01

play games with the dog, and it

takes away their anxiety.

A lot of

2:21:012:21:08

the concern when it comes to

dementia patients is around

2:21:082:21:10

engagement, isn't it, how much

interaction they are having not only

2:21:102:21:13

with the people around them but the

world itself, and there is a danger,

2:21:132:21:18

that so many families worry about,

that their loved one is isolated and

2:21:182:21:23

remained isolated, so Molly helps at

least have them interact with

2:21:232:21:26

something?

Yes, because a lot of

people have had dogs, they are used

2:21:262:21:31

to having dogs, or used to cats and

dogs, and having a dog, a friendly,

2:21:312:21:43

smiling face, you don't need to talk

to a dog, you can just/ it.

How was

2:21:432:21:46

Molly bought into this in terms of,

did you have to go through a

2:21:462:21:49

temperament checked or anything?

We

have always had a therapy dog at

2:21:492:21:51

work, the gentleman retired and I

thought, I think Molly could do

2:21:512:21:54

this. She did a temperament and

health check and was assessed by a

2:21:542:21:59

vet and she passed, and then I

started bringing her in on my days

2:21:592:22:03

off and the patient's loved her, so

sometimes now she will stay for the

2:22:032:22:09

whole shift, and she gets to see

everyone.

So, you mentioned the

2:22:092:22:15

tangible difference you can see in

people...

Absolutely.

Describe that

2:22:152:22:21

a bit more for us?

There have been

studies in blood pressure and I have

2:22:212:22:26

seen this happen, you can have a

patient that is anxious and agitated

2:22:262:22:29

and you cannot get their blood

pressure, they will sit and stroke

2:22:292:22:34

Molly and they will calm down and

you can get their blood pressure

2:22:342:22:37

taken and it just shows that they

are so much more calm.

How does it

2:22:372:22:43

affect Molly? One of the things I

was concerned about are the kid bits

2:22:432:22:48

and treats, because look at that

adorable face! If you look -- it she

2:22:482:22:52

looks at you like that...

We

encourage the patience to treat her

2:22:522:22:56

with her own tweets but sometimes

she does get the odd biscuit!

2:22:562:23:00

Anecdotally I suppose people have

known for years and years the

2:23:002:23:05

benefits of pet ownership, a dog or

other pets, but it feels like there

2:23:052:23:09

is a new thinking about, within

health care...

I think so, and the

2:23:092:23:16

RCN are bringing in guidelines...

Royal College of Nursing?

Yes, to

2:23:162:23:21

try and formalise it, they are

looking at it at the moment to try

2:23:212:23:24

to get more people to bring their

dogs into the workplace.

But they

2:23:242:23:28

have to be the right temperament?

Molly is enjoying sitting here...

2:23:282:23:33

You cannot resist!

You do not want them jumping up and

2:23:332:23:38

running around, they have to be

quite calm.

Molly is having that

2:23:382:23:42

impact!

Molly should be here every day I

2:23:422:23:47

think! She is lovely! Thank you so

much for bringing Molly in and good

2:23:472:23:52

luck with all the work you are

doing. Who is she looking at over

2:23:522:23:56

their?

That is my husband!

That is

where the attention is!

2:23:562:24:02

Congratulations on the nomination.

We have a one in three chance of

2:24:022:24:07

winning, we will find out tonight.

Good luck! Thank you very much.

2:24:072:24:13

Business Live will be coming up on

Breakfast, but here on Breakfast it

2:24:132:24:18

is looking beautiful, but called in

the Brecon Beacons this morning and

2:24:182:24:21

Tim Islam to find out the effects of

rising visitor numbers on the

2:24:212:24:26

environment. Morning, Tim.

It is so called this morning but

2:24:262:24:32

fresh and bracing, we are embracing

the positives because this is such a

2:24:322:24:36

popular spot. The Brecon Beacons

National Park, some 500 square miles

2:24:362:24:42

but their heart is the Brecon

Beacons Mountain range and that is

2:24:422:24:44

where we are this morning. Visitor

numbers here have rocketed, many,

2:24:442:24:50

many people use this path, numbers

have doubled over the last five

2:24:502:24:54

years but there is a consequence and

you can see the repair work being

2:24:542:24:57

done here this morning, urgent

repair work because much farther up

2:24:572:25:01

the path it is a road it, there is

quite a lot of damage as well. Let's

2:25:012:25:07

have a quick chat to Joe, what are

you doing this morning, how

2:25:072:25:10

important is it you get this work

done

2:25:102:25:17

done and get volunteers involved?

This work is essential, we are

2:25:222:25:24

carrying out critical repair work to

the pats to cater for thousands more

2:25:242:25:26

people who come here, which is

fantastic, and this work cost a

2:25:262:25:29

significant amount of time and money

every year so we are looking to

2:25:292:25:31

boost that this year with this

appeal and ask for support, really.

2:25:312:25:36

You need people to come along and

help you do this work? There are

2:25:362:25:40

tonnes of gravel, some will be

airlifted by helicopter later this

2:25:402:25:43

spring and you need people to help

lay it and fix the bad?

We have

2:25:432:25:48

hundreds of volunteers helping each

year, we have an airlift in the

2:25:482:25:51

spring so we are looking to repair

about 600 metres of pass, it all

2:25:512:25:58

need people's support and input to

do that.

If you don't do the work,

2:25:582:26:01

what will happen?

When we look back

30 years, we have been doing this

2:26:012:26:07

for 30 years, these pats were 40

metres wide, two metres deep, it was

2:26:072:26:12

a huge mess, so we are keen to

protect the landscape and continue

2:26:122:26:16

to allow people to enjoy visiting

it. Even on a day like this!

Huh,

2:26:162:26:23

you do great work you, what do you

do?

Just a bit of drainage work to

2:26:232:26:27

keep water off the path, that is

what we are trying to do.

350,000

2:26:272:26:33

people are visiting now every year?

It is great to see people coming up

2:26:332:26:38

here, the impact is quite

significant so we are trying to work

2:26:382:26:43

on that.

You can rearm, doing a

cracking job. Volunteers are needed,

2:26:432:26:47

if you are interested in taking part

in register on the National Trust

2:26:472:26:51

website. We will have more details

on this later, but first the news,

2:26:512:26:55

weather and travel where you are.

2:26:552:30:17

I'm back with the latest

from the BBC London

2:30:172:30:19

newsroom in half an hour.

2:30:192:30:20

Bye for now.

2:30:202:30:23

Hello.

2:30:272:30:28

This is Breakfast with Charlie Stayt

and Naga Munchetty.

2:30:282:30:33

The main stories this morning...

2:30:332:30:35

The Health Secretary has told this

programme that four to five people

2:30:352:30:38

are dying every day in England due

to mistakes over

2:30:382:30:40

their prescriptions.

2:30:402:30:41

Jeremy Hunt says the level of harm

revealed by a report commmissioned

2:30:412:30:44

by the Government is appalling,

and it's important that the NHS

2:30:442:30:47

learns from its mistakes.

2:30:472:30:48

We are seeing four to five deaths

every single day because of errors

2:30:482:30:52

in prescription or dispensing

or the monitoring of medications.

2:30:522:30:56

And it's very important to say this

is not about blaming doctors

2:30:562:30:59

or nurses or pharmacists,

who work incredibly hard under

2:30:592:31:01

a huge amount of pressure,

but it is about having a culture

2:31:012:31:05

where we have the checks in place

to stop this happening

2:31:052:31:08

and where we are able

to learn from mistakes.

2:31:082:31:16

And armed officer at the Florida

School where

2:31:182:31:21

And armed officer at the Florida

School where 17 people were killed

2:31:212:31:22

has resigned after it emerged he

failed to intervene. Scott Peterson

2:31:222:31:26

was facing suspension after an

investigation revealed he remained

2:31:262:31:30

outside the building and did not

confront the gunman full Sabitzer is

2:31:302:31:33

not yet known whether criminal

2:31:332:31:34

charges will be brought.

2:31:342:31:39

What I saw was a deputy arrive

at the west side of building 12,

2:31:392:31:42

take up a position,

and he never went in.

2:31:422:31:49

REPORTER: Was he there

when the shooter was still

2:31:492:31:51

inside the building?

2:31:512:31:52

Yes, he was.

2:31:522:31:53

What should he have done?

2:31:532:31:54

Went in.

2:31:542:31:55

Addressed the killer.

2:31:552:31:56

Killed the killer.

2:31:562:31:59

RBS has reported its first full-year

profit since being bailed out

2:31:592:32:02

by taxpayers at the height

of the financial crisis, ten years

2:32:022:32:09

ago.

2:32:092:32:10

It made £2.2 billion last year,

compared to a loss of £4 billion

2:32:102:32:13

the year before.

2:32:132:32:14

It could now pave the way

for the bank to be re-privatised,

2:32:142:32:17

with the Government selling off

the stake it still owns.

2:32:172:32:19

But RBS's share price

is still well below the price

2:32:192:32:22

the Government paid in 2008.

2:32:222:32:23

A fourth British tourist has died

of injuries he suffered

2:32:232:32:25

in a helicopter crash

in the Grand Canyon

2:32:252:32:27

nearly a fortnight ago.

Jonathan Udall, who was in his

2:32:272:32:30

30s and from Brighton,

was on honeymoon with his wife,

2:32:302:32:33

Ellie Milward.

2:32:332:32:36

She and another British woman,

as well as the helicopter's pilot,

2:32:362:32:38

remain in a critical

condition in hospital.

2:32:382:32:46

Theresa May is understood to have

agreed a position on the future

2:32:462:32:50

relationship of Britain with the EU

during talks at Chequers yesterday.

2:32:502:32:55

Few details have been revealed but

there are suggestions that everyone

2:32:552:32:58

was happy with the outcome. It has

been reported there has been an

2:32:582:33:04

outbreak of unity Finau. The Prime

Minister will set out the way

2:33:042:33:07

forward next week after discussion

with the full Cabinet. Let's have a

2:33:072:33:16

look at some of these images. They

are some of the world's 's

2:33:162:33:21

endangered animals. Why are we

showing you bees? They were captured

2:33:212:33:26

by researchers, or the images are.

-- viz. It is hoped these pictures

2:33:262:33:32

caught using infrared technology

will help to raise the profile of

2:33:322:33:38

the species and improve survival

rates.

2:33:382:33:43

And coming up here

on Breakfast this morning...

2:33:432:33:47

There's a stunning view from

the Brecon Beacons this morning.

2:33:472:33:53

Very cold this morning but

magnificent. Finding out about an

2:33:542:34:03

urgent campaign with erosion caused

by increased visitor numbers. We'll

2:34:032:34:09

be talking to two barristers about

writing historical miscarriages of

2:34:092:34:16

justice.

2:34:162:34:20

It's 50 years since

rock-band Yes was formed.

2:34:202:34:23

Current members Steve Howe

and Geoff Downs will be on the sofa

2:34:232:34:26

ahead of their new tour.

2:34:262:34:29

Britain's women curlers

are in action in the semi-finals

2:34:302:34:33

at the Winter Olympics today.

2:34:332:34:37

We are hoping for a medal, aren't

we?

2:34:372:34:48

Mike is at a curling training centre

2:34:482:34:49

in Perth.

2:34:492:34:51

You have been impressive on the ice.

This is where medals are made. Look

2:34:512:35:00

at the excitement explanation that

they dominate Great Britain's

2:35:002:35:02

chances at the Winter Olympics will

stop down there we have a very

2:35:022:35:08

important person, a silver medallist

at Sochi. This is all part of the

2:35:082:35:13

tactics. If I do this to Greg, that

means, knock them out. Watch this

2:35:132:35:21

slide! So graceful will stop that

hope he can not be yellow out of the

2:35:212:35:26

way. Eve Muirhead who also trains on

this ice trains here today. As they

2:35:262:35:40

go in the semifinal today against

Sweden, hoping to get through to the

2:35:402:35:44

gold medal match was that will take

the tally for Great Britain up to

2:35:442:35:48

five, a record for the winter

Olympics. Sweden did beat them in

2:35:482:35:54

the round robin match.

We had a

really close game against Sweden in

2:35:542:36:01

the round robin. We beat them in the

European final.

We always have close

2:36:012:36:06

games. It is a new part of the

competition and we will be grouped

2:36:062:36:10

and try to come out as strong as we

can.

This is where the team off and

2:36:102:36:19

trains. By 11 o'clock this morning

we will be watching the television

2:36:192:36:24

to see what happens.

This is where

the action will take place I have

2:36:242:36:30

come down from the mountains where

the snow is to the Olympic Park

2:36:302:36:35

where the ice sports are taking

place this is the Olympic curling

2:36:352:36:39

centre where Eve Muirhead and the

girls will be in action in about two

2:36:392:36:43

and a half hours' time. Can they

deliver a fifth medal for Britain,

2:36:432:36:47

making it the most successful games

Team GB has ever had? Let me bring

2:36:472:36:52

you up to date with some of the

other headlines from day 14 of the

2:36:522:36:56

Winter Olympics, particularly where

the Team GB is concerned.

2:36:562:37:02

In the women's ski cross overnight,

Britain's Emily Sarsfield got

2:37:022:37:07

through her first heat on finals

day.

2:37:072:37:09

That was thanks

2:37:092:37:10

in part to a big crash

for one of her opponents.

2:37:102:37:12

But sadly, she was knocked

out in the next race.

2:37:122:37:15

Still, a great achievement

from Emily given she's had no

2:37:152:37:17

funding and worked three jobs just

to compete at an Olympics.

2:37:172:37:21

A great performance from herd to

perform well in the final.

To

2:37:212:37:27

eventually get here after like the

upset of multiple knee surgeries and

2:37:272:37:31

whatever else it might be, working

three jobs in the summer and stuff,

2:37:312:37:35

it is huge to be stood on that line

today. The big thing for me was to

2:37:352:37:40

go out there and have fun. Ski cross

is a sport. Wanted to put it on the

2:37:402:37:46

map and hope I have a little bit. --

I wanted to put it.

She was looking

2:37:462:37:53

forward to competing in her first

Olympics. It is such a great

2:37:532:37:58

spectator sport. She has brought it

to a British audience. The Canadians

2:37:582:38:04

won a gold and silver, continuing

their dominance in the sport.

2:38:042:38:14

Kelsey Serwa and Brittany Phelan

2:38:142:38:15

with gold and silver.

2:38:152:38:18

15-year-old Alina Zagitova

won Olympic athletes

2:38:182:38:20

from Russia's first gold medal.

2:38:202:38:23

It came in the women's

single figure skating.

2:38:232:38:31

Her compatriot Evgenia Medvedeva

thought she'd beaten her

2:38:312:38:32

and was left in tears as she fell

just short.

2:38:322:38:35

The 15-year-old picked her to the

European title last month and she

2:38:352:38:41

did so again. Such a great

competition in the women's figure

2:38:412:38:45

skating. According to Robin cousins

it has been the best figure skating

2:38:452:38:52

contest he has ever seen. The

women's curlers won a bronze in

2:38:522:38:58

Sochi four years ago, they are

hoping to go one, maybe even two

2:38:582:39:02

better this time. Is it too early to

talk about curling gold? Probably.

2:39:022:39:08

Let's get through semifinal first.

We certainly don't want to tempt too

2:39:082:39:15

much freight. Great Britain won gold

in 1924 and then it went out of the

2:39:152:39:21

Olympics. They won gold in 2002. As

you just mentioned, the silver for

2:39:212:39:28

the men in Sochi. Part of that team

was Greg Drummond. Thank you for

2:39:282:39:34

joining us. Take us into the

pressure cooker. Three hours at a

2:39:342:39:38

time on the ice in the final. What

was it like for you? What did it

2:39:382:39:43

take?

Winning the silver four years

ago, it took hard work and

2:39:432:39:49

determination. It is a long time to

hold your concentration. I have

2:39:492:39:55

every faith in the girls. They have

been around the world know what they

2:39:552:39:59

are doing. They have experience on

their side and I expect the game to

2:39:592:40:03

go down to the wire.

Did you have

some tricks and think about certain

2:40:032:40:09

things to keep that focus?

Different

people have different things. I am a

2:40:092:40:14

cool guy and take everything in my

stride but I tried to embrace the

2:40:142:40:19

moment. I am sure the girls will do

the same to keep them ticking along.

2:40:192:40:24

We saw the fine margins, the way the

men were knocked out by the five

2:40:242:40:30

scoring is down by Switzerland. Do

think eve rises to the big occasions

2:40:302:40:35

this much she has proven enough

times over the years that when it

2:40:352:40:38

comes down to crunch time she has

experience on her side for that she

2:40:382:40:43

is reliable when it comes down to

delivering high-pressure shots. What

2:40:432:40:50

is it about the sport that makes it

special? One stone can change

2:40:502:40:56

everything.

It does come down to

millimetres and inches. It is the

2:40:562:41:01

difference between winning and

losing a game. The team that wins

2:41:012:41:04

today will be the team who can hold

their nerve for the longest. There

2:41:042:41:10

will be mistakes from both teams. It

is about whoever capitalises on the

2:41:102:41:15

errors. I'm expecting a strong

performance from the girls.

Does it

2:41:152:41:21

matter they lost to Sweden in the

round robin?

No, it doesn't.

2:41:212:41:29

Scotland actually edges the

head-to-head by one game. They have

2:41:292:41:34

big three and four ranked in the

world playing against each other.

I

2:41:342:41:39

have been practising all morning.

You need a good, speedy, smooth

2:41:392:41:44

start. Off with the grip, so I am

dangerous and loose on the ice now.

2:41:442:41:51

You anchor yourself. If I give you

the microphone, you can talk me

2:41:512:41:56

through it. I will try not to

bellyflop. You have Greg Drummond,

2:41:562:42:03

Olympic silver medallist, with the

perfect, sliding technique. A push

2:42:032:42:09

off and on to your sliding foot. We

are away will stop slightly further.

2:42:092:42:16

The bellyflop has to be in action

again.

It is not illegal but advice

2:42:162:42:23

would be to stay on your feet.

Where

has it gone? Is it into the house?

2:42:232:42:32

Just a little bit heavy.

I want to

get the grip back on quickly. We

2:42:322:42:40

will see you later. Stop watching.

Go away.

He has a shuffle technique

2:42:402:42:47

on the ice, like he has broken his

ankle or something.

2:42:472:42:55

We will be talking about teeth, as

you might imagine. We think we know

2:42:562:43:06

about what is good and bad for our

teeth. There is evidence out this

2:43:062:43:11

morning about particularly fruit and

how we eat it and how it affects

2:43:112:43:14

what it might be doing to our teeth.

Explain. It is supposed to be good

2:43:142:43:20

for us. Fruit looks good and is

healthy and tasty full if we eat it

2:43:202:43:26

too frequently, regularly snacking

on it through the day, it will have

2:43:262:43:29

an effect because fruit contains

acid. We are cautious about -- be

2:43:292:43:35

cautious about how frequently we

have it. If you restrict it to

2:43:352:43:40

mealtimes are not snacking on it,

that will be good for you.

What

2:43:402:43:46

difference does it make?

If you

think of your tooth like a sand

2:43:462:43:55

castle, full of Crystal full every

time you have something that is not

2:43:552:43:58

good for your teeth, like sugar, and

fruit, some of the sand is washed

2:43:582:44:06

away. If the waves come frequently,

the Sandcastle dissolves. In between

2:44:062:44:12

each wave of acid, you can have

saliva waving your teeth. The amount

2:44:122:44:20

of time between each acid attack

becomes really important. If you

2:44:202:44:25

wait a long period of time, the

saliva can help your teeth again

2:44:252:44:29

will stop rinsing it away is good.

Brushing your teeth is not great to

2:44:292:44:37

begin with. You have softened the

enamel and you need to wait a while

2:44:372:44:42

for the saliva to replenish it. If

you have something sweet, that is

2:44:422:44:48

not acidic. With chocolate, brushing

the sugar away is good. If you have

2:44:482:44:54

a busy drink, you don't want to

brush away straight afterwards.

But

2:44:542:45:00

you can drink some water? Fine. Lots

of people think, when you wake up in

2:45:002:45:06

the morning, hot water or cold water

with lemon is supposed to be

2:45:062:45:10

refreshing and good for the

digestive system.

Supposed to be but

2:45:102:45:14

not good for your teeth. Especially

hot drinks will do the idea of fruit

2:45:142:45:22

tees and drinks like that, more acid

can come out of it.

The problem is,

2:45:222:45:28

all the healthy stuff we eat, try to

cut down on caffeine. I drink loads

2:45:282:45:33

of fruit teas and try to eat five

day in your telling us we cannot do

2:45:332:45:37

it.

I am telling you you cannot do

it constantly for that you cannot

2:45:372:45:41

nibble and snag all the time for

that you can drink water as much as

2:45:412:45:44

you like will stop -- snack.

2:45:442:45:51

you like will stop -- snack.

What

about something like a smoothly?

2:45:512:45:53

That is quite concentrated. If you

drank that in a few minutes would

2:45:532:45:59

drag it down and rinsed afterwards,

fine. -- drank it down. If you are

2:45:592:46:05

slipping, it is like a fizzy drink.

How will you get this message across

2:46:052:46:13

in school where children are

encouraged to have fruit

2:46:132:46:16

occasionally? They don't eat in

class. Even people who go to work.

2:46:162:46:22

You have some nuts or dried fruit or

something with you to write the day

2:46:222:46:26

to stave off hunger.

The idea of

grazing is not good for dental

2:46:262:46:32

health at all. The idea of staving

off hunger. Have a glass of water.

2:46:322:46:37

It fills you up enough. If I can

push the children thing. There is no

2:46:372:46:41

reason why a child should have fizzy

drinks and fresh fruit juice.

No

2:46:412:46:44

reason at all. You can have fruit

segments.

Yes, that is good for that

2:46:442:46:52

they're not going to be middling on

grapes and orange segments all day.

2:46:522:46:59

I assume in your work you must see

some shocking things, particularly

2:46:592:47:03

children's teeth.

We have looked at this before. What

2:47:032:47:06

kind of thing are you seeing?

My patients are generally adults,

2:47:062:47:10

but my job is to restore teeth, we

have seen teeth which have lost the

2:47:102:47:15

pressure enamel coating. They are no

longer bright, they are sensitive,

2:47:152:47:20

weak and breaking away. We are

spending time, money and effort to

2:47:202:47:24

restore teeth so they look normal

and are not sensitive. It is taking

2:47:242:47:28

a lot of time and it damages the

teeth because I am drilling the

2:47:282:47:32

teeth more to try to restore what is

left. Some people come to us and we

2:47:322:47:36

need to take their he'd heard

because they have eroded them away.

2:47:362:47:39

We know what is good and bad teeth

pretty well, but I have people in

2:47:392:47:43

the waiting room with a can of fizzy

drink. A bottle of fizzy drink, a

2:47:432:47:48

bottle of fruit juice. It is readily

available and they like it. It is

2:47:482:47:52

the message of starting young,

getting the children drinking water,

2:47:522:47:59

not fruity drinks, not fresh fruit

juices. Making that a habit and

2:47:592:48:02

recognising that is good behaviour

as a parent or an adult to transmit

2:48:022:48:07

across.

Thank you very much, Martin, and for

2:48:072:48:10

bringing in the giant toothbrush and

the enormous teeth.

2:48:102:48:19

the enormous teeth. We are talking

about hot drinks first thing in the

2:48:192:48:21

morning, we will need them all day

for a

2:48:212:48:23

morning, we will need them all day

for a few days?!

2:48:232:48:25

Hot water bottles and other things.

It is turning frosty this morning,

2:48:252:48:31

thanks to one of our Weather

Watchers in North Yorkshire for

2:48:312:48:33

showing us how she can look like

first or frost could look like

2:48:332:48:36

sheep. Sunshine on the way for the

weekend, at least in the short term

2:48:362:48:40

there is a lot of quiet and

increasingly sunny weather. A cold

2:48:402:48:45

wind this weekend before it gets

even colder next weekend. Some of us

2:48:452:48:49

will get snow showers may be as

early as Monday into Tuesday. With

2:48:492:48:53

the risk of disruption from those

into eastern parts of the UK. Let's

2:48:532:48:57

look at the weather setup,

high-pressure close by. We are under

2:48:572:49:01

the influence of out into the UK.

The high pressure is coming in from

2:49:012:49:06

the east. Not just today, into the

weekend and next week as well. It

2:49:062:49:11

brings a lot of dry weather, with

the exception of maybe the odd

2:49:112:49:15

shower into Lincolnshire. Some cloud

drifting from the east further

2:49:152:49:23

inland. Many places today will see

not much cloud, we will get good,

2:49:232:49:29

sunny spells and temperatures will

top out at around three to 6

2:49:292:49:33

degrees. Breezy to the south and

west of the UK particularly, that is

2:49:332:49:37

where it feels Goldust. Good holds

in the cloud over night. Where you

2:49:372:49:41

have back, the temperature dips

away. This morning as low as -7 in

2:49:412:49:46

rural Oxfordshire, there will be

some spots in the countryside

2:49:462:49:49

dipping just as low tonight. Maybe

Northern Ireland with Breeze and

2:49:492:49:53

cloud above freezing, going into

Saturday morning.

2:49:532:49:58

Saturday morning, we have advertised

lots of sunshine for the weekend.

2:49:582:50:01

Patchy cloud to Northern Ireland for

the first part of the day, perhaps

2:50:012:50:05

throughout the weekend in north-east

Scotland, but long, sunny spells for

2:50:052:50:11

many. Some Democrats temperatures

feeling similar to today. --

2:50:112:50:19

temperatures feeling similar to

today. The wind indicates it is

2:50:192:50:24

breezy. That impacts the feel of the

weather. Temperature may be around

2:50:242:50:28

three or four, when you factor in

the wind it will feel closer to you

2:50:282:50:32

all below freezing, not just on

Sunday but that looks like being an

2:50:322:50:36

issue all the way through next week.

It is turning much colder. We have

2:50:362:50:40

not yet got into the very cold aye

arriving through Monday and into

2:50:402:50:44

next week from Siberia into much of

next week. Particularly on Wednesday

2:50:442:50:51

the daytime temperatures might not

be much above freezing. Factoring in

2:50:512:50:55

the wind and it might feel like

double figures in some spots, and

2:50:552:51:00

some snow. The Met Office has issued

weather warnings for parts of

2:51:002:51:04

eastern Scotland and eastern England

Monday into Tuesday. We expect some

2:51:042:51:08

snow showers here initially, they

develop anywhere into the week. And

2:51:082:51:15

hard frosts. A week or so of this

weather. Many others have not

2:51:152:51:19

experienced this prolonged cold

spell so far this winter, and the

2:51:192:51:24

irony is we are entering March next

week.

2:51:242:51:27

That is

2:51:272:51:27

week.

That is how it is looking, very cold

2:51:272:51:29

weather.

Thank you, Nick. Make sure you wrap

2:51:292:51:34

up next week.

2:51:342:51:35

Investigating murders decades old,

re-examining evidence that's

2:51:352:51:37

remained untouched for years

in the hope of overturning

2:51:372:51:39

wrongful convictions -

it sounds like the stuff

2:51:392:51:41

of crime fiction.

But a new BBC documentary

2:51:412:51:43

series is doing just that.

2:51:432:51:45

In Murder, Mystery and My Family two

top barristers team up with family

2:51:452:51:49

members to scrutinise old British

murder cases to find out

2:51:492:51:51

whether there's enough doubt to have

them formally reopened.

2:51:512:51:57

Let's take a look at one

of the stories featured

2:51:572:51:59

on the programme.

2:51:592:52:01

One of those women

is my grandmother.

2:52:012:52:04

Nine minutes later, a warder posted

up two notices on the prison door.

2:52:042:52:09

Judgment of death had been carried

out on Edward Devlin,

2:52:092:52:11

23, and Alfred Burns,

22, for the murder of

2:52:112:52:13

Mrs Beatrice Rimmer.

2:52:132:52:21

While police held back the crowd,

a small, grey-haired woman,

2:52:242:52:28

Burns's widowed mother,

Mrs Allan Burns, walked alone

2:52:282:52:34

to the gate, stood for two minutes

looking at the sign,

2:52:342:52:42

then friends led her away weeping.

2:52:422:52:50

This is so sad.

2:52:502:52:53

Well, joining us now are barristers

Jeremy Dein and Sasha Wass,

2:52:532:52:56

who lead the investigations.

2:52:562:53:02

Good morning. I think you can see

just from that clip, even though

2:53:022:53:07

they are a fair while ago, these

cases you could bring, the emotional

2:53:072:53:13

impact is significant?

It is

immediate. The relations of those

2:53:132:53:17

who have been hanged are reliving

the investigation as the programme

2:53:172:53:22

develops, that is what gives it the

power, in a way.

How much warning of

2:53:222:53:28

a given in terms of the upheaval

this could perhaps cause?

None, I

2:53:282:53:34

think. At the beginning when we met

the contributors we said that

2:53:342:53:38

sometimes when there is a modern day

investigation, new scientific

2:53:382:53:42

analysis can actually prove someone

is guilty when there may have been a

2:53:422:53:46

doubt beforehand. So be warned them

that might be the position. They

2:53:462:53:51

want to go on that journey. And all

the way through the programme and

2:53:512:53:56

the investigation, which Jeremy and

I carry out, we update the family.

2:53:562:54:00

That is very much part of the

closure that they have.

That the

2:54:002:54:05

emotion they showed was

extraordinary, bearing in mind they

2:54:052:54:08

did not know the individuals, with

the exception of one family member.

2:54:082:54:12

It was quite incredible watching

them observe the investigation.

It

2:54:122:54:17

is probably worth outlining both

your credentials, in a way. Some

2:54:172:54:21

people might think it is a bit of

television, it has that element, but

2:54:212:54:28

you have very serious credentials,

the work you have done in the past.

2:54:282:54:31

What cases have you been involved

in? About I have been a criminal

2:54:312:54:36

defence barrister since 1982, for

the last 20 years

my speciality has

2:54:362:54:41

been an homicide cases. I defended

an homicide cases. That is what I

2:54:412:54:48

have done. These are death penalty

cases, which gave it something

2:54:482:54:52

extra.

I prosecute and defend in

equal measure. I have defended

2:54:522:54:59

murders, I was the junior in the

Rosemary West case, I have

2:54:592:55:02

prosecuted cases of murder, fraud,

historic sexual abuse.

Given the

2:55:022:55:09

areas you have worked in an bat is

still what you do, is part of you

2:55:092:55:13

concerned about doing this as a

television production? You are

2:55:132:55:17

involved in a real court process

where you fight in court, you get a

2:55:172:55:22

result, it could go either way. You

do not have that.

2:55:222:55:31

do not have that.

You would have

imagined it was the same as our day

2:55:312:55:33

job. It was not, we became the

investigators. We were not receiving

2:55:332:55:36

information from other

investigators, we were talking to

2:55:362:55:38

experts and looking at real

evidence.

Is Mr being quite

2:55:382:55:42

interesting considering you are

usually on the receiving end of that

2:55:422:55:46

evidence -- it must have been quite

interesting. Has it improved your

2:55:462:55:51

day jobs in terms of the way you

approach them?

Everything improves

2:55:512:55:56

our day jobs, being a barrister is

all about life. This is television

2:55:562:56:01

but it is about issues of paramount

importance. It is about criminal

2:56:012:56:05

Justice, strong defence, the death

penalty. It has many, many facets of

2:56:052:56:14

central importance.

What are the

consequences, say, if a family finds

2:56:142:56:20

out a relative was wrongly accused,

wrongly convicted, wrongly killed?

2:56:202:56:26

It will be open to family members to

try and pursue the outcome through

2:56:262:56:31

the courts. It is very complex as to

whether they will be able to or not.

2:56:312:56:37

What they get out of this is

closure, Sasha?

The family members

2:56:372:56:43

benefited, whatever the result, of

going through the evidence again and

2:56:432:56:48

finding it close hand at close

quarters. They were happy the

2:56:482:56:53

process had been undertaken,

whatever the outcome.

Can I ask you

2:56:532:56:58

about the sensitivities? There was a

very elderly lady who was killed in

2:56:582:57:01

her own home in that clip.

Alice

Rimmer. She was 54, she was not that

2:57:012:57:09

elderly!

Apologies. She was killed,

that remains a fact. Somebody killed

2:57:092:57:14

her in a very brutal way. Where do

you deal with the sensitivities of,

2:57:142:57:20

if you like, her family members? The

people who were accused of these

2:57:202:57:26

crimes and their families believe it

was wrongly, clearly this is a

2:57:262:57:31

mission for them, but there is

another side of those people who

2:57:312:57:35

will be watching thinking, this is

my family you are talking about?

2:57:352:57:39

There are two sides to every

criminal case. It is difficult to

2:57:392:57:43

remember the victims when you're

talking about miscarriages of

2:57:432:57:47

justice. People concentrate on

whether the defendant has been

2:57:472:57:51

wrongly convicted. But the

consequences of finding there has

2:57:512:57:55

been an unsafe conviction can have

catastrophic effects on the victims

2:57:552:58:00

and their relations. We bought that

in mind all the way. But because of

2:58:002:58:05

the way the programme is slanted the

concentration is on the defendant.

2:58:052:58:10

But victims want justice, if there

has been a wrong verdict it is

2:58:102:58:14

important for the victims as for the

defender for it to materialise. The

2:58:142:58:18

focus is on the trial process and

how defective it was and how

2:58:182:58:24

fallible it was, and the development

of the criminal justice process.

It

2:58:242:58:28

raises questions about the death

penalty.

If ever there was a series

2:58:282:58:33

that demonstrates that the death

penalty should be abolished

2:58:332:58:37

worldwide, this is it. It is a truly

horrific concept.

There has been

2:58:372:58:42

lots talk recently about how much

evidence is presented to defence and

2:58:422:58:48

prosecution, it is one of the issues

in the criminal process. What is

2:58:482:58:52

apparently the investigations I saw

you do is this was in the 1950s,

2:58:522:58:56

there was a whole different set of

rules?

Absolutely. We realised how

2:58:562:59:02

today we take for granted things

like tape-recorded interviews, the

2:59:022:59:08

fact there are procedures for

identification parades, the fact

2:59:082:59:12

that defence is all should be given

material to assist them. None of

2:59:122:59:17

that existed.

And rules regulating

the police, there were very few

2:59:172:59:21

rules regulating the police. It was

a free for all in those days. In one

2:59:212:59:25

of the cases a street vagrant was

picked up for murder, was said to

2:59:252:59:29

have confessed within a couple of

hours and was hanged a couple of

2:59:292:59:32

weeks later. He was an alcoholic and

could barely talk.

An intriguing

2:59:322:59:37

series. Thank you for joining us.

2:59:372:59:39

Murder, Mystery and My Family starts

on Monday on BBC One at 9:15am.

2:59:392:59:43

It is just coming up to nine

o'clock. We will take you to the

2:59:432:59:47

Brecon Beacons in south Wales,

offering up some beautiful scenery,

2:59:472:59:52

albeit rather bracing. Tim is there

with some people who have been

2:59:522:59:55

working hard?

Good morning. The temperatures are

2:59:552:59:59

low but the scenery is stunning on

the Brecon Beacons. The National

2:59:593:00:03

Park encompasses 500 square miles,

at their heart is the Brecon Beacons

3:00:033:00:07

mountain range. You can see it in

the distance. The pathway we are on

3:00:073:00:12

leads to some of the highest peaks.

More and more people are treading

3:00:123:00:15

this power. That is good news,

because these views are incredible,

3:00:153:00:20

but the National Trust, who run and

maintain this land, have some urgent

3:00:203:00:24

work going on, as you can see behind

me. They need more volunteers to

3:00:243:00:31

sign up and help out. This is why.

3:00:313:00:35

With each step,

the views get better.

3:00:353:00:37

It's just a beautiful place.

3:00:373:00:38

The path, more worn and eroded.

3:00:383:00:39

There's some places

where it's a bit loose.

3:00:393:00:42

Pen y Fan in the Brecon

Beacons in South Wales.

3:00:423:00:44

At 886 metres above sea level,

it's the highest mountain

3:00:443:00:47

in southern Britain.

3:00:473:00:50

But the path to the top has become

a victim of its own success.

3:00:503:00:55

In the last five years,

it's doubled, the increase

3:00:553:00:57

for footfall, so we're in upwards

of 350,000 visitors now just

3:00:573:01:01

on this one path each year.

3:01:013:01:05

Rob Reith helped create

this pathway in 1986.

3:01:053:01:09

I mean, the height of this path 30

years ago would have been

3:01:093:01:12

right past my waist.

3:01:123:01:13

With the constant walkers going up

and down, they've worn the path out.

3:01:133:01:16

Becoming like a motorway.

3:01:163:01:19

So Rob and his team of volunteers

are carrying out a huge repair job.

3:01:193:01:24

We're trying to build up the path.

3:01:243:01:26

There was a gully just

beginning to start and water

3:01:263:01:29

would follow that gully,

making it deeper and wider.

3:01:293:01:32

So we are backfilling it

in and building it back up again.

3:01:323:01:38

A lot of people who come here aren't

experienced walkers.

3:01:383:01:41

So a good path for them

that they feel confident

3:01:413:01:46

on and don't get lost

3:01:463:01:48

on is really helpful.

3:01:483:01:51

It's not just footsteps that

are the problem, but rain and snow.

3:01:513:01:54

We're encouraging the rainwater

to run down the culvers

3:01:543:01:56

and side of the mountain

3:01:563:01:59

rather than on the paths.

3:01:593:02:01

It's very rewarding.

3:02:013:02:02

It's a neverending job.

3:02:023:02:06

Get to the top, and it's so easy

to see why so many people

3:02:063:02:09

want to walk this route.

3:02:093:02:12

The views are incredible.

3:02:123:02:14

You can see right across mid-Wales,

to the south-west, parts

3:02:143:02:16

of Swansea Bay, and right

across to south-west England

3:02:163:02:18

as well, parts of Gloucestershire,

Somerset, and Devon.

3:02:183:02:26

This spring, a helicopter

will airlift tonnes of gravel higher

3:02:263:02:28

up the mountain so the whole path

can be improved.

3:02:283:02:32

Rob and his volunteers

have quite a task ahead.

3:02:323:02:36

We've got over 70 kilometres

on the central Breacon Beacons

3:02:363:02:39

to look after, so...

3:02:393:02:44

And we have done just

over 15 kilometres.

3:02:443:02:46

Keep going!

3:02:463:02:47

Yes!

3:02:473:02:50

He is doing a fine job with his

pickaxe. How important is it that

3:02:583:03:06

this work gets done?

Extremely

important. If we did not keep the

3:03:063:03:10

path clear for all the people who

came up here, enjoying the mountains

3:03:103:03:16

erosion would become pretty severe

quite quickly.

I will let you carry

3:03:163:03:21

on. Rob, we saw him in the report.

Are you confident you will get it

3:03:213:03:26

all done, will you get enough

volunteers signed up?

We are

3:03:263:03:30

hopeful. We will doing a stone drain

because we don't want the water to

3:03:303:03:37

overflow onto the path.

If it

doesn't happen, it will be much

3:03:373:03:42

harder for people to walk here.

We

want to cater for all levels of

3:03:423:03:48

walkers on the Brecon Beacons.

Access to the Brecon Beacons, via

3:03:483:03:55

the main roads, has become much

quicker. Distances are much shorter.

3:03:553:04:00

It has brought more people to the

area.

That is a good thing but there

3:04:003:04:06

is a consequence. You carry on full

if you are interested in

3:04:063:04:10

volunteering register first with The

National Trust website and your

3:04:103:04:13

support will be most welcome. There

are projects in other parts of

3:04:133:04:20

Wales, Northern Ireland and England

as well. In Scotland, The National

3:04:203:04:25

Trust Scotland look after the sides

there as well. On a cold morning

3:04:253:04:29

like this embracing activity. I will

leave you with views of Rob and the

3:04:293:04:35

team at work. Respect for them

working in the cold weather today.

3:04:353:04:40

It looks absolutely stunning. I have

probably stopped quite often to look

3:04:403:04:46

at the view. Probably more stopping

than digging.

3:04:463:04:53

We'll be speaking to two members

of Yes when we get back ahead

3:04:533:05:01

of their 50th anniversary tour.

3:05:043:05:11

Good morning from BBC London news.

3:05:113:05:12

I'm Alex Bushill.

3:05:123:05:14

Detectives investigating two murders

in Camden earlier this week

3:05:143:05:16

have arrested an 18 year old man.

3:05:163:05:17

He was arrested in Camden

on suspicion of two counts

3:05:173:05:20

of murder and one count

of grievous bodily harm.

3:05:203:05:23

The police say both murders

on Bartholmew and Malden Road

3:05:233:05:24

are being treated as linked.

3:05:243:05:26

The expansion of Night Overground

services in North London

3:05:263:05:28

begins from this evening.

3:05:283:05:29

The extended service will now serve

Canonbury and Highbury

3:05:293:05:31

& Islington stations.

3:05:313:05:32

It means the Night Overground

will link with the Victoria Line

3:05:323:05:35

night-tube for the first time.

3:05:353:05:36

Let's have a look at

the travel situation now.

3:05:363:05:39

On the Tube, there are minor

delays on the Jubilee line

3:05:393:05:41

TFL rail has severe delays too.

3:05:493:05:50

On the trains...

3:05:503:05:52

Southern, Gatwick Express

and Thameslink have

3:05:523:05:53

delays of up to ten mins.

3:05:533:05:57

And Greater Anglia have delays

of up to ten minutes

3:05:573:06:00

between Romford

and Liverpool Street.

3:06:003:06:02

On the roads, the Blackwall Tunnel

is slow northbound

3:06:023:06:04

from Blackwall Lane.

3:06:043:06:10

Chelsea Embankment is closed

westbound for roadworks

3:06:103:06:12

from Chelsea Bridge

to Battersea Bridge

3:06:123:06:16

Let's take a look

at today's weather.

3:06:163:06:18

A cold morning but

plenty of sunshine.

3:06:183:06:20

A chance of some cloud

from the east as the day goes on.

3:06:203:06:23

Remaining chilly.

3:06:233:06:27

Top temperature of 5 Celsius.

3:06:273:06:31

That's it for this morning.

3:06:313:06:36

I'll be back with the

lunchtime news at 1:30pm.

3:06:363:06:42

They may have had a few line-up

changes through the years,

3:06:423:06:45

but five decades after the band Yes

first formed, their music

3:06:453:06:47

is still going strong.

3:06:473:06:49

Perhaps most famous for their 80s

hit Owner of a Lonely Heart,

3:06:493:06:52

they've established themselves

as one of the most successive

3:06:523:06:54

progressive rock groups ever.

3:06:543:06:55

In a moment, we'll chat to some of

today's members about preparations

3:06:553:06:58

for an anniversary tour.

3:06:583:07:04

Good morning, gentlemen.

3:07:043:07:06

First here's the band in action.

3:07:063:07:07

# It's the beginning

of a new love in sight

3:07:073:07:13

# You've got the way

to make it all happen

3:07:133:07:17

# Set it spinning

turning round about

3:07:173:07:20

# Create a new dimension

3:07:203:07:25

# When we are winning

we can stop and shout

3:07:253:07:27

# Making love towards perfection.#

3:07:273:07:35

Steve and Geoff are with us this

morning. We were talking about Jan.

3:07:503:07:56

Very rock and roll. How things have

changed. Was that the Royal Albert

3:07:563:08:03

Hall?

I think it was in Bristol. We

did a show about three years ago

3:08:033:08:08

will stop it was from there.

3:08:083:08:16

will stop it was from there.

It was

one of the last tours that Chris did

3:08:163:08:20

with us. It was nice to see him.

What now is happening in terms of

3:08:203:08:26

Yes?

It is kind of an evolutionary

thing. Kept going and going and

3:08:263:08:35

taking short breaks. The line-up

might change and we would get back

3:08:353:08:39

together. This person would leave.

Has it been a twisty, bitter story,

3:08:393:08:47

or has it been one of gentle

evolution?

People leave

3:08:473:08:58

evolution?

People leave sunshine --

sometimes because they want to do

3:08:583:09:02

different music. Other times, there

is a bit of intrigue, there can be

3:09:023:09:07

problems. People don't like a record

we made or they do not like the

3:09:073:09:13

tour. On balance it has to go that

way.

It has always been a musician's

3:09:133:09:21

band. Musicianship has been to the

fore. With the Brits the other

3:09:213:09:26

night, it is a lot about the

vocalists. A band like Yes has been

3:09:263:09:33

about musicians.

3:09:333:09:40

about musicians.

The Foo Fghters are

recognised as well. A lot of people

3:09:403:09:43

like to see that, proper bands.

There are a lot of bands from the

3:09:433:09:53

70s. I saw that picture from the

70s, the early line-up for that

3:09:533:09:58

there have been a lot of line-ups

but they all had the same purpose.

3:09:583:10:03

Things have a habit of coming full

circle. People are buying vinyl

3:10:033:10:07

again. Are people coming back to

Yes? Our new people finding out

3:10:073:10:14

about what you do?

A lot of those

albums were made with vinyl in mind

3:10:143:10:20

because that was the only medium

that was available. You look at some

3:10:203:10:23

of the music like, Close To The

Edge, it was two sides of the album

3:10:233:10:33

because that is the way things were

done but things have changed now.

It

3:10:333:10:37

is great that people want vinyl.

They want something to hold in your

3:10:373:10:43

hand. Not just a stream or download.

We are pleased this format has come

3:10:433:10:51

back.

I doubt whether the sets will

come back.

A lot of money made by

3:10:513:10:57

these bands is through touring. --

cassette tapes.

We are back starting

3:10:573:11:05

on the 13th of March when we're in

Bristol. We finish in London on the

3:11:053:11:10

25th of March. We have a fan

convention. We have two nights at

3:11:103:11:16

the London Palladium. There are

different acts and cover bands. Put

3:11:163:11:23

together by the Scottish Fanclub,

which put this together.

We gave

3:11:233:11:29

them carte blanche. Will you be at

this convention?

We will be showing

3:11:293:11:35

up to rehearse towards the end of

it.

You are talking earlier about

3:11:353:11:40

the style of music. We are looking

at some of the old clips will. I am

3:11:403:11:44

fascinated by the crossover between

younger and newer artists. Other

3:11:443:11:48

people you have met along the way

who are, downright safe, unlikely

3:11:483:11:54

fans of Yes or that style of music.

-- dare I say it. More, the fact, as

3:11:543:12:05

I mentioned earlier about being a

musician, bands with some unlike

3:12:053:12:12

Steve, for instance, a guitarist

might be very influenced by him. A

3:12:123:12:18

lot of new generation of resistance

look to bands like Yes, Genesis, the

3:12:183:12:25

big bounce from the 70s, the UK

bands, as iconic musicians.

--

3:12:253:12:32

bands. Mick Jagger has said he will

never stop. Elton John has said he

3:12:323:12:38

will do a goodbye tour but it will

take three years. You are in peak

3:12:383:12:43

condition. You look great but you

need energy to be on tour and do

3:12:433:12:48

this.

What is the secret? I do not

think it is a big secret will stop

3:12:483:12:53

it is a natural secret. We went with

a natural lifestyle early on, in the

3:12:533:13:01

early 70s. We have benefited from

that, understanding the balance of

3:13:013:13:06

food and getting rid of excesses.

Are you trying to encourage the

3:13:063:13:11

other members of the band?

There was

a short period when all of Yes were

3:13:113:13:19

vegetarians. That lasted six weeks.

I carried on and a few of the other

3:13:193:13:23

guys did but most of the band went

back to having more regular food. It

3:13:233:13:28

is worth having good food. That is

all I can say. Lovely to use see you

3:13:283:13:35

this morning.

3:13:353:13:41

And you can catch Yes on tour

across the UK from the 13th

3:13:413:13:44

to the 23rd of March.

3:13:443:13:46

That's it from us today.

3:13:463:13:47

Until then, have a lovely day.

3:13:473:13:51

The important hurling semifinal on

later. We

3:13:513:13:55

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