20/09/2011 World News Today


The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 20/09/2011. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. The global


economy has entered a dangerous new phase - the International Monetary


Fund raises the alarm over weak growth in the US and Europe. The


fund calls for strong leadership to reduce the risk of economies


falling back into recession. A former Afghan President is killed


in a bomb attack at his Kabul home - officials say he was meeting with


the Taliban at the time. As the Palestinian leader presses


ahead with a bid for UN membership, Israel's Prime Minister says he's


Going into battle with song. The women whose voices consoled the


troops on the frontline of the Boat can. One of the most


influential global institutions, the International Monetary Fund is


predicting two more years of sluggish economic culture in much


of the Western world. The top economists singled out the euro-


zone as a major source of worry, saying that Europe needs to get its


act together and deal with the crisis or risk going back into


recession. We had this report from Washington.


The global economy is in trouble, that is the stark warning from the


International Monetary Fund. global economy has entered a


dangerous new phase. The recovery has weakened considerably. Down


sideways have increased sharply. Strong policies are needed, both to


improve the outlook and to reduce the risks. What are the findings of


the IMF's report on the global economy? The United States is


expected to grow just 1.5 % this year. The euro-zone will expand 1.6


%, and emerging economies like China are still seen robust


economic activity. If we don't act, that burden will ultimately fall on


our children's shoulders. If we don't act, but growing debt will


crowd out everything else. Grappling with America's debt


worries, Barack Obama revealed his plan for bringing down the deficit


this week. The IMF warns that too much austerity to sue and could


threaten recovery. A fiscal consolidation cannot be too fast.


It would kill growth. It cannot be too slow. It would kill credibility.


The speed must vary across countries, and the key continues to


be credible, medium-term consolidation. Worries that Greece


may default on its debt and destabilise the region led to a


gloomier forecast for Europe, a point underlined by the credit


rating downgrade for it to leave. As gloomy as the report from the


IMF sounds, it makes the point that policy makers have it in their


power to avoid the worst they take the right steps.


The wake-up call from the IMF comes on the day about Italy's or


creditworthiness downgraded by the Standards Agency. Silvio Berlusconi


dismissed the move has influenced by media stories rather than


economic reality and said that the main economic growth was because of


the governing coalition not dealing decisively with the country's


economic problems. David Lane, it to the Finance Correspondent for


the Economist magazine is with me now. -- The et Finance


Correspondent. Why does it any matter so much the two the rest of


us? The Italians are a major European economy, and it is the


third largest public sector debt in the world. It is pretty enormous.


What happens to the Italians matters to all others. That dwarfs


problems with Greece and when you look at the Italians, what they are


saying today as they do not have confidence in the Prime Minister,


Silvio Berlusconi. Over the summer, Silvio Berlusconi and his


government were behind the curve of. They reacted slowly and


insufficiently to the needs of dealing with public sector debt.


The Government lacks credibility. You could also say because of


Silvio Berlusconi being embroiled in sexual scandals and on trial for


judicial corruption, and a man who after all, was overheard saying


about he is a part-time Prime Minister, at a time when there is a


global financial economic crisis. He says that the attacks are


political as not economic saying that we have got it all as a


prospective. Far from it. The Italians are modest, their growth


is modest, in the last decade, so the Berlusconi has been in office


for eight-and-a-half years, the growth is less than 0.2 %. This


year, if all goes well, it will probably be around 0.7 %, which is


very weak growth. Is the advice is to cut more austerity, because that


is the problem with countries struggling at the moment, if you


cut, you reduce prospects further. This is the major problem


everywhere. One of the things about the Italians, with its huge debt


and the concerns on the deficit, spreads of Italian government bombs


against the German government bonds have widened. -- government bonds.


A member of government said that if Silvio Berlusconi was to go, the


spreads would shorten by about 1%. David Lane, thank you for talking


to us about the Italians and their prospects, had we can go to


Washington now, and our economics editor, to broaden the picture.


Let's look at the World economic Outlook published by the IMF, very


gloomy reading, at the same time that they are saying confidence is


key? Yes, that is the difficult balancing act that policy makers


and the IMF are having to strike. People spoke a few years ago about


why did nobody see the financial crisis coming? The IMF doesn't want


to be caught out again, they are raising the alarm about the state


of the global recovery and saying that policy makers need to act now


to avoid what they would call at downsize scenario and possibly not


just a period of slow, long slow growth, and issues in the US and


Europe. People need to avoid what you might call catastrophic


outcomes, but it is interesting to note that even the forecast they


have, when everything goes right, it is pretty bleak, compared to


past recoveries. Almost no country will grow, none of the advanced


major economies will grow by more than 2%, this year or next year.


After such a deep recession, that are deeply Prosser, and that seems


to be their rosy scenario, ate everything goes well. -- that is a


deeply bad prospect. They would like to think they have a crisp


answer on not just throwing up their hands and what they say is,


they do not want policy makers to say this is too difficult. They say


clearly, there are countries that have problems, although it is


regrettable, they have to go ahead with cutting the deficit, but that


makes it more important for countries like Germany and possibly


some others that have room to go bit more slowly with the death as


it cuts, to do that, and maybe have some stimulus to their economy. The


trick that they suggest, which is in line with what Barack Obama has


been suggesting in the United States is to propose long-term


reforms to entitlement programmes, pension programmes, benefit


programmes, but keep rising year after year. If you cut those, he


was saving money into the future and if you say you will do that, if


you put on to the books into law, reforms to those kinds of things,


then you buy some room to spend money on the economy, and that is


what they want the United States to do. They think some countries in


Europe can do that, but not countries like Italy. The bottom


line seems to be if countries do not take these actions and get


calibration is right, there is a fear of a lost decade ahead? --


calibration Crewe right. The more you talk about the lost decade, the


big risk is people get so depressed about the future, businesses and


consumers are already feel pretty low about the Rev slowdown recovery,


if they slash spending, because of a dismal future, that will bring on


the big risks that the IMF hopes to avoid. Thank you.


A former President of Afghanistan, President Burhanuddin Rabbani, has


been killed in a suicide attack on his home in Kabul. He was head of


the country's High Peace Council, a body trying to negotiate a


political end to the conflict in Afghanistan. Officials said that at


the time he does meeting members of the Taliban in his residence to us


to the US embassy. -- close to the US embassy.


President Burhanuddin Rabbani was an Islamic scholar that went on to


become a leading figure in the resistance to the Soviet invasion


of Afghanistan, and Bennett's President. His home, where he was


killed in today's bomb attack, was in the main to put back its own in


Kabul close to the US embassy. -- the main diplomatic zone. Roads


were blocked off by the police. He was meeting two members of the


Taliban at the time, and one of them had explosives concealed in


his turban. He was President from 1992 until 1996 when he was forced


to leave Kabul because of the Taliban takeover. In recent years


since the fall of the Taliban, he continued as head of his party


seeking a broad-based government. But President Karzai had passed him


with the heading be High Peace Council, having negotiations with


the Taliban. When the council was established, President Karzai said


it was the greatest hope for the Afghan people and wanted to bring


peace to Afghanistan, but the efforts to bring the Taliban into


negotiations have been fought with difficulty. Shortly after the news


of his killing, President Karzai met President Obama in New York.


is tragic and we want to extend our heartfelt condolences to you, his


family and the people of Afghanistan. Mr President, we both


believe that we will not be deterred from creating a path were


by a Afghanistan can live in freedom, safety, security and


prosperity. I do not think we can fill his pace easily. He was one of


the few people in Afghanistan with the distinction that we cannot


easily find in society. It is a terrible loss. As you rightly said,


this will not deter us from continuing on the part that we have


and we are determined to succeed. And the fact that President


Burhanuddin Rabbani was killed here in one of the most security the old


parts of the ball, it underlines the vulnerability of the capital.


Just days after the Taliban took over high-rise building overlooking


the US embassy and other prominent buildings, and held out for 20


hours. Let's look at our correspondent


outside the United Nations headquarters in New York. -- let's


speak to our correspondent. This comes just after Barack Obama spoke


about reducing America's death, bringing back money and troops from


Afghanistan, so how can they help Afghanistan at this point? That was


supposed to be very much the focus of the meeting with the President


Karzai, and I am sure they discuss the plan to hand over security to


the security forces in Afghanistan and remove troops by 2014, or at


least, most of them by 2014. You saw in his reaction to the


assassination of President Burhanuddin Rabbani that they would


not move from the plan and that they would continue with the chorus,


but it is a blow to the political part of it, the political strategy,


to draw up a Taliban in through this Peace Council. He Benfell,


NATO and the United States say that violence is decreasing, be seen to


be attacking at 12. -- even though. BBC reporters say that there is a


war in Kabul and the Taliban are winning out. If we look at to Libya,


we heard from the United States and other countries about more aid and


recognition for Libya. Yes, this is a week for Libya, really, it's


success in the NTC, and leaders speaking about the NTC, and the NTC


addressing the General Assembly, they have a new flag that has been


put up, and although the conflict is not over in Libya, the emphasis


at the United Nations is about post conflict, calling this success,


highlighting and planning for the next stage, and in all of the


speeches, that is what we saw. I spoke to one ambassador he said, I


think they all wrote the same speed. Thank you for keeping us up-to-date.


In Libya, dozens of families are fleeing Colonel Gaddafi's home town


as fighters loyal to the country's interim council prepared to launch


a fresh assaults to finally They are well drilled for civilians


and certainly have the firepower. Their shells are bombarding the


desert Gate's of Sir, striking the pro-Gadaffi positions -- searched.


Up at the front lines, they have taken control of another village on


the long, hard fought road. We pushed ahead to the edge of the


We have gone along this road a bit further and the National


Transitional Council forces here have been fighting just over this


hill and a few minutes ago, a couple of rockets came in so


everyone is very nervous. There is obviously a strong defence coming


back from the pro-Gadaffi lines forced. Every time they capture --


every town they capture needs meetings with the elders. Big


expectations after four decades under dictatorship. This was their


New Town being built by Gaddafi before the resolution. They have


made a switch of loyalty. Many people like Abdullah came here to


flee the fighting. Who are due support, the new people or Gaddafi?


Everybody. But something was not quite right. She used the old


salute. Gaddafi, no. They were probably saying rebels, no, just a


day earlier. We met another Abdullah who explained the reality


and his fears in a new era. time is really related to Gaddafi.


I cannot deny that. Is this why you get good houses? You can say that,


yes. I need those people to forget everything and forgive us. Every


day brings progress, but beyond the war, reconciliation will be key. If


revenge fills the vacuum, the new freedom may be short lived.


Now, look at some of the day's other news. Witnesses in the Yemeni


capital Sanaa say the city is now calmer following three days of


clashes between supporters and opponents of President Saleh. There


are reports that a cease-fire was negotiated by Yemen's vice-


president and Western ambassadors. Earlier, at least ten people were


killed during violence near the city's so called "Change Square".


As many as 60 people have been killed since Sunday.


Prosecutors in Turkey say an explosion that rocked the capital


Ankara today was a terrorist attack. Three people were killed and at


least 35 injured when a car bomb went off near a school in the


centre of the city. The explosion set a number of cars on fire and


damaged nearby buildings. The European Court of Human Rights


has ruled that the Russian government violated the rights of


the former oil giant, Yukos, when the company was liquidated in 2006.


Former Yukos managers are seeking $98 billion in compensation. The


judges said Russia violated property laws but cleared the


government of deliberately putting the firm out of business.


Japan's defence ministry has ordered an immediate investigation


into cyber-security after the country's biggest arms-maker


confirmed it's been targeted by hackers. Mitsubishi Heavy


Industries says at least eight separate viruses have been found in


its computer systems since the cyber-attack last month. It denies


any sensitive information has leaked.


It was a Cold War conflict that lasted two decades. The Vietnam war


left millions dead and ultimately ended in failure for the American


forces who tried to crush the Communists. But what about the


ordinary people caught up in the war? Batters the focus of Drought


and Rain, a dance study about the women who sang.


An unforgiving War - 20 years of brutal and bloody onslaught. These


are the men who risked their lives in the fight against communism. And


these are the women on the other side, whose stories were buried in


the chaos of conflict. The women who sang to consult their War ended


-- bear wounded fighters, bringing comfort with their voices. In this


work, the subject is about the memory after War. People told may


that the nature of human being is like this. We leave and we destroy


and we fight and they say that is the nature of human being which I


really do not believe. But these performers are not professional


dancers. They are the women themselves, from tiny villages in


the north, farming communities, steeped in the tradition of song.


TRANSLATION: We were very happy and eager to support the soldiers,


without any doubt and no regret. We were young then. We cared about


their soldiers. We had a lot of feeling for them. It is hard to


describe this as dance in the traditional sense. There is a great


economy of movement. But with every flick of the hand, every sweep of


the arm, is a great emotional intensity. Against the noise of War,


this stillness, this quietness, is very powerful. The enduring anguish


for these women who witnessed the horrors of the conflict first hand,


is plain to see. But so is the sense of duty. TRANSLATION: At our


people paid with tears, sweat and even blood so that we can have the


life that we lead today. I think of them with profound gratitude.


it was all over, when Saigon fell in 1975, it is said that almost


every family in Vietnam had someone to mourn. That was nearly four


decades ago but for these women, the horrors of that war will never


be forgotten. Chinese officials say 57 people


have died, more than one million have been evacuated from their


homes after torrential rain swept three provinces in the interior of


the country. A week of unusually heavy downpours


is wreaking havoc across central China. One in 12 million -- more


than 12 million people have been affected by the latest round of


torrential downpour. Flooding is believed to be the worst since


records began in 1847. In all, dozens of people across three


provinces have died. Many others have gone missing. One of the most


severely affected areas is a district of sick one province. It


endured 100 people. China is used to handling disasters on this scale.


China's weather Bureau is expecting even more rain fall in the coming


days. Asocial scourge more commonly


associated with Britain has hit France, binge drinking. Authorities


are particularly concerned about the under 25 year-olds who they say


are drinking to get drunk. A combination of lax parenting,


under-age parties and cheap booze is being banned. In Lille, the sale


of alcohol in shops has been banned after 10 o'clock in the evening.


The genteel cafe culture which has long defined the French way of life.


Yet, this more convivial drinking atmosphere that has dominated the


squares of French towns and cities has been rejected and replaced by


this: The barman might hold his liquor but the evidence suggests


more and more French young people love to get drunk.


It leads to violence, vandalism and increasingly, the kind of lewd


behaviour more commonly associated with a British town centre. The


French call it binge drinking. It is a British term for a growing


French problem. Previous generations here would drink to


socialise. The new younger generation drinks to excess. I have


already received a number of letters. The deputy mayor says


already they have pulled drunk people from the Rhone river, they


have had people who have drunk themselves into a coma and no end


off complaints from local residents. Compare the situation from today


and 1990. There is now twice more vehicle accidents, violence and


health problems associated with alcohol. They discovered the worst


behaviour comes from those who buy their alcohol at late-night


convenience stores so they have banned the shops from selling wine,


beer and spirits after 10 o'clock. TRANSLATION: How are we supposed to


pay the bills? Look at how much alcohol I have sitting here on the


shelves. The council makes no apologies and they have given the


police every power they need to reinforce the ban. But, if binge


drinking is one of the more obnoxious imports from Britain, it


appears it is here to stay. Across Leon, there is no shortage of cheap


spirits and beer and it will require more than a ban on the sale


of over-the-counter alcohol to keep late-night drinkers on the straight


and narrow. That is all from the programme.


Next, the weather. From me, Philippa Thomas and the rest of the


Hello. We have had a mixed bag of weather across the UK today. Rain,


showers and also some sunshine. Tomorrow, there will be some


sunshine but watch out for the chance of some blustery showers,


particularly in the north. It is all because of this weather system


pushing its way from the West tonight. It will be their first


thing in the south-east. After it clears the through, things should


brighten up nicely. It will be a fine day for much of the Midlands


and central southern England, dry, bright start and eventually for the


South East of England, the last of the rain will clear through. For


the south-west of England we start off on a dry bright note. Across


Wales, a fine morning across the afternoon. Across Northern Ireland,


a cloudy, wet and windy start, then that clears in the afternoon which


is dominated by showers. Further blustery showers pushing through


Download Subtitles