31/10/2011 World News Today


31/10/2011

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This is BBC World News today. 7 billion and counting, the Very

:00:15.:00:23.

Special babies born on the day the UN marked a population milestone.

:00:23.:00:33.
:00:33.:00:33.

But how will the planet cope? kind of world has 7 million -- 7

:00:33.:00:40.

billion people born into? The United Nations cultural agency,

:00:40.:00:45.

UNESCO, approves Palestine as a member.

:00:45.:00:51.

Another resignation at St Paul's Cathedral in London. This time the

:00:51.:00:54.

Dean over the continuing anti- capitalist protests.

:00:54.:01:04.

Two Russian oligarchs battle over Chelsea Football Club in the courts.

:01:04.:01:09.

Also coming up: They have come a long way from being seen as

:01:09.:01:15.

computer geek's Tories. But is the art establishment ready

:01:15.:01:24.

to embrace video games as art? And the hidden treasures of Islamic

:01:24.:01:34.
:01:34.:01:43.

art get a new home at New York's Welcome. Today, 31st October, is

:01:43.:01:48.

the date chosen by the United Nations to mark the arrival of the

:01:48.:01:51.

world's 7 billionth occupant. Exactly who that is is something we

:01:52.:01:56.

will never know for sure, but when the clock struck midnight there

:01:56.:02:06.
:02:06.:02:07.

were many new arrivals showered with celebration.

:02:07.:02:12.

It is more about symbols than exact sums when it comes to global

:02:12.:02:18.

population. The UN has declared that in each country one of baby

:02:18.:02:22.

born on 31st October becomes the seven billionth person. There are

:02:22.:02:30.

many tiny candidates. The Philippines contribution to the 7th

:02:30.:02:36.

-- to the 7 billion is Danica Mae Camacho. Blissfully unaware of her

:02:36.:02:41.

celebrity status. Born into a crowded public hospital in Manila,

:02:41.:02:45.

she was greeted with a chocolate cake and speeches. Family planning

:02:46.:02:55.

is a controversial issue in this Catholic country. Her mother has

:02:55.:03:00.

decided to public -- critics who birth control.

:03:00.:03:05.

A quarrel is brewing in the far east of Russia were local

:03:05.:03:09.

politicians have dis -- declared another candidate as the first to

:03:09.:03:15.

be borne up on Monday. Russia's regions are competing to show how

:03:15.:03:22.

they are boosting the country's dwindling population.

:03:22.:03:27.

India has the opposite problem. India struggles with it a skewed

:03:27.:03:32.

sex ratio because of the cultural preference for boys. In the Uttar

:03:32.:03:36.

Pradesh officials said they would be appointing seven Dales born on

:03:36.:03:42.

Monday to symbolise the 7 billion. China is also dogged by a shortage

:03:42.:03:50.

of goals. But the government deems it so draconian family planning

:03:50.:03:54.

policy has paid dividends, helping to boost its economy. Its problem

:03:54.:04:00.

is now not in Nong -- not enough young Chinese to support its

:04:00.:04:05.

elderly population. There is also the urgent issue of

:04:05.:04:14.

inequality. 20 -- plenty of food but 21 billion people who are

:04:14.:04:23.

hungry. Lavish lifestyles for some and polys -- policy for others.

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Children die every day from drinking dirty water.

:04:29.:04:33.

So, 7 billion and counting and for many the key question, how to

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manage the Earth's scarce resources so that babies born now have a

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bright future? Let us speak to Simon Ross from

:04:44.:04:49.

Population Matters how worried should we be? I think population is

:04:49.:04:55.

really important, I think it does underpin diverse as see, climate

:04:55.:05:01.

change, resource such as food and energy. It is something I think we

:05:01.:05:08.

should be acting to address right now. It is the speed also in which

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the population has doubled. Backing 80 No 5, it was just 1 billion.

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Things have come on so fast. What is the model of where it will peak

:05:21.:05:31.
:05:31.:05:34.

he? The un projection is that it will peak at around 10 billion.

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That is not certain and it depends on what we do now to spread family

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planning and encourage people to have a smaller families. And in

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terms of economic development, what are the fact is there? Presumably

:05:50.:05:55.

for some countries it has fed that growth but in other countries it

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will not. We are seeing a growing population and growing per capita

:06:03.:06:07.

consumption in countries that are industrialising. That is what makes

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it scary in terms of resources and the environment. We need to do more

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than just wait. Does it drop other issues like it GM foods for

:06:19.:06:29.
:06:29.:06:30.

example? Given the fact that we know that -- what exists in terms

:06:30.:06:35.

of population, is that a strong argument for GM? Growing

:06:35.:06:38.

consumption, growing population pressures us down roads we might

:06:38.:06:44.

not want to go down like a buyer feels, like nuclear, like GM foods,

:06:44.:06:50.

which have negative side-effects that we would rather avoid. With

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the more that we can do to redress population the less likely we need

:06:55.:07:00.

to take those measures. Astonishing to think that in the Ice Age the

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human population was nearly extinct, look at where we are now. Do you

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think human ingenuity will save us and provide a solution to this

:07:09.:07:13.

growing population? I think human ingenuity has done a lot and will

:07:13.:07:18.

do a lot more. The real concern is that we cannot do without water and

:07:18.:07:23.

we find it difficult to do without fossil fuels which will not last

:07:23.:07:27.

for ever. The more we do to industrialised agriculture, the

:07:27.:07:33.

more we despoil the soil and stare up problems for the future. I am

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pessimistic that there will be another rabbit out of the hat that

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means this will not be a problem. Let us have a look at some of the

:07:42.:07:52.
:07:52.:07:55.

avenues now: The interim government in Libya has appointed a new prime

:07:55.:08:00.

minister. Libya's new transitional

:08:00.:08:04.

authorities have asked NATO to keep a presence in the country.

:08:04.:08:11.

The Greek prime minister, George Papandreou, says that Greece will

:08:11.:08:20.

be holding a referendum next week. The German government has tried to

:08:20.:08:24.

deflect responsibility for an accountancy blunder that appeared

:08:24.:08:33.

to increase its debt by 55 billion euros.

:08:33.:08:38.

A Russian maternity home has paid to families compensation of

:08:38.:08:42.

$100,000 each for accidentally switching their daughters at birth

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12 years ago. Their story has captivated Russia and made

:08:46.:08:51.

headlines when the story came to light as the result of a paternity

:08:51.:08:56.

dispute. The girls do not want to swap parents.

:08:56.:09:01.

Unesco has voted in favour of membership from the Palestinians. A

:09:01.:09:06.

move that boosts the Palestinian bid for recognition of statehood.

:09:06.:09:09.

The vote caused the United States to announce they were cutting off

:09:09.:09:15.

funding, including a payment of $60 million for next month for the

:09:15.:09:25.
:09:25.:09:27.

organisation. As they went around the table in

:09:27.:09:37.

Paris today, it rapidly became clear who was going to win. The nos

:09:37.:09:47.
:09:47.:09:47.

vastly outnumbered by the Yes from everyone else.

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Rudder it -- Russian Federation, yes. Then came the announcement.

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Ladies and gentlemen, the general conference has voted to adopt the

:09:59.:10:04.

draft resolution and admit Palestine as a member of UNESCO.

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Followed by jubilation from the Palestinian delegation. After

:10:09.:10:14.

decades of waiting, Palestine has formally been admitted to be a UN

:10:14.:10:18.

body as a state. To back in Ramallah, the Palestinian

:10:18.:10:23.

government was quick to claim victory. We believe that the

:10:23.:10:28.

acceptance of Palestine in UNESCO and the positive and overwhelming

:10:28.:10:35.

voting is an indicator to the growing international support to

:10:35.:10:41.

the Palestinian requirement from the international community to be

:10:41.:10:50.

recognised as a stake in the borders of 1967. A few kilometres

:10:50.:10:55.

away in Jerusalem and the reaction was less enthusiastic. That will

:10:55.:10:58.

not change the situation on the ground in any way and it will only

:10:59.:11:05.

make it much more difficult, and indeed Trickey, to actually renew

:11:05.:11:12.

constructive negotiation. Today's was a small but significant victory

:11:13.:11:19.

in their battle for recognition. The countries that voted yesterday,

:11:19.:11:23.

including France, Russia and China and, have all made a statement that

:11:23.:11:29.

they support the Palestinian bid for UN recognition. Next come the

:11:29.:11:32.

consequences. UNESCO protects hundreds of ancient and beautiful

:11:32.:11:37.

places around the world, including the old city of Jerusalem. Its

:11:37.:11:42.

world is funded in large part by American money, money that

:11:42.:11:45.

Washington is now almost certain to withdraw.

:11:45.:11:50.

It has been called the Battle of the oligarchs. A courtroom showdown

:11:50.:11:56.

between two of the richest men in Britain. One is Roman Abramovich

:11:56.:12:06.
:12:06.:12:10.

the other is Boris Berezovsky. Roman Abramovich arrived at court

:12:10.:12:15.

clicking remark -- relaxed and confident. He is the third richest

:12:15.:12:20.

person in the UK with an estimated fortune of over �10 billion. He

:12:20.:12:25.

bought Chelsea Football Club in 2003 and has the ear of the Russian

:12:25.:12:33.

Prime Minister. Suing him is 65- year-old Boris Berezovsky. He is

:12:33.:12:37.

worth �500 million and although he was politically powerful in the 90s,

:12:38.:12:44.

he fell out with a Vladimir Teuton and some now lives in England in

:12:44.:12:54.
:12:54.:12:55.

exile. He is suing for breach of trust and contract. Roman

:12:55.:12:58.

Abramovich denies the allegations and says the two men whenever

:12:59.:13:04.

business partners but that he paid Boris Berezovsky as a sort of power

:13:04.:13:14.
:13:14.:13:21.

Roman Abramovich's riches means he leads a very lavish life himself.

:13:21.:13:25.

This is a case about two men who got extremely rich after the

:13:25.:13:29.

collapse of the Soviet Union and the power struggles in modern

:13:29.:13:33.

Russia. Neither of the participants in this case is particularly

:13:33.:13:39.

popular among the Russian public. Both represent the kind of Russia

:13:39.:13:43.

many of us would rather not associate with. The secret,

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security obsessed, obscenely wealthy. Roman Abramovich is

:13:48.:13:55.

usually very private and publicity- shy. But hearing caught between his

:13:55.:13:57.

cross-examinations and the publication of all his witness

:13:57.:14:03.

statements in English and Russian light is being shared up on the man,

:14:03.:14:09.

his money and the manner in which he does his business.

:14:09.:14:14.

At least 12 people have been killed after unusually early snowstorms in

:14:14.:14:18.

the north-east of America. More than 3 million homes have been left

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without power. The worst storms stretch from Maryland to

:14:24.:14:28.

Massachusetts. So it begins again. The winter

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weather has come early to America's north-east. New Englanders are

:14:33.:14:38.

digging themselves out and it is only Hallowe'en. Over the weekend

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more than a third of its dense snow fell at, settling on trees that had

:14:43.:14:48.

not lost their leaves and causing tremendous damage. This is day

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three with no lights, we have seasoned -- senior citizens that

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are suffering, children that are suffering. No heat, no food, no

:14:58.:15:08.
:15:08.:15:08.

power and it is only October. jet was stuck on the tarmac in

:15:08.:15:14.

Connecticut for hours. The pilot pleaded for help. I have got a

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diabetic on here with the issues. I have got to get some help. Power

:15:21.:15:25.

lines he is still run above ground so when those branches come down,

:15:25.:15:30.

so do your electricity cables. Nobody wants to pay to put the

:15:30.:15:34.

cables underground. It has become a difficult political sell to say it

:15:34.:15:38.

makes sense to spend more money today to get a good infrastructure

:15:38.:15:42.

for decades into the future that will allow us both to get economic

:15:42.:15:48.

benefits but also health, safety, better living standards. When

:15:48.:15:52.

people talk about America's on reliable infrastructure, this is

:15:52.:15:56.

the have this sort of thing they mean. Many Americans feel that

:15:56.:16:06.

winter weather should not make them A building block computer-game is

:16:06.:16:11.

the first winner to recognise the art of video games. One craft

:16:11.:16:18.

created by Mojang a firm in Sweden, it allows users to construct

:16:18.:16:22.

buildings from blocks in a limitless world. It has won the

:16:22.:16:27.

first ever GameCity prize at the final of the GameCity festival in

:16:27.:16:32.

Nottingham. One of Europe's biggest festivals. It has not been released

:16:32.:16:39.

officially but in winning the award, Minecraft beat off stiff

:16:39.:16:42.

competition from international gaming giants like Microsoft and

:16:42.:16:47.

Nintendo. Judging panels said it was selected on its ability to

:16:47.:16:53.

encourage gamers to become more creative. Let's discuss if video

:16:53.:16:59.

games can be considered an art form. Ekow Eshun joins us. In what you

:16:59.:17:07.

have seen, is this art? I would say that for me video-games, most of

:17:07.:17:12.

video games do not reach the standard of art. My definition of

:17:12.:17:20.

art would be work that sets a ha -- higher bar and ask questions about

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the human condition, the deepest things that exist within us. Most

:17:27.:17:32.

cold for forms, video-games, a Hollywood movies, books, TV shows

:17:32.:17:40.

do not reach that bar. Many don't but some do but is it within video

:17:40.:17:45.

gaming are to produce works of art? It is within video gaming to

:17:45.:17:50.

produce that. I do not think they have yet and that is to say we are

:17:50.:17:56.

in a middle of a generational shift. In these last 20 years we have had

:17:56.:18:01.

sets of people growing up playing video games, as an integral part of

:18:01.:18:05.

their life experience and their work and their enthusiasm for that

:18:05.:18:10.

has influenced all sorts of things. If you look at movies, they are

:18:10.:18:15.

influenced by video games. The next step is games that themselves reach

:18:15.:18:20.

beyond some of the demarcations of the genre and ask the questions

:18:20.:18:25.

about how we love. Is it something to do with the people designing

:18:25.:18:30.

these games that perhaps they do not have a broad enough artistic

:18:31.:18:35.

base to cross reference some of those things. If you take music or

:18:35.:18:38.

literature where you can see that common thread dating back hundreds

:18:38.:18:48.

of years. They probably take issue with that. It is a new form and so

:18:48.:18:53.

it is finding its way. There are arguments to say that computer

:18:53.:18:58.

games are like Architecture, that you as the character are involved

:18:58.:19:02.

in this immerse it environment, you are the person finding their way

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round and to some extent you are the one who makes the rules,

:19:06.:19:13.

discovers... Are you excited by it? Absolutely. One of the fascinating

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things is you can play a game for 50 hours, that is a different

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experience to watching a film or reading a book. Somewhere along the

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way we will get to a point where you will discover deep experiences

:19:28.:19:33.

and truth that they come out of those games. Thank you very much

:19:33.:19:39.

for coming in. Let's turn to St Paul's Cathedral

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because the dean has resigned. The second prominent figure to be

:19:44.:19:50.

brought down around the crisis of the anti-capitalist protest taking

:19:50.:19:54.

place on the doorstep. The protests have prompted the cathedral to

:19:54.:20:01.

close its doors for the first time since the Second World War.

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Only hours from his magnate -- resignation, Graeme Knowles body

:20:06.:20:10.

language betrayed the pressure he was under. Visibly uncomfortable as

:20:10.:20:14.

he asked protesters to give St Paul's the space to pursue social

:20:14.:20:21.

justice in its own way. I find it quite difficult that you see him --

:20:21.:20:25.

Essien that I do not hold the same views as you because I do not use

:20:25.:20:30.

the same methods of expressing my views as you. Today the news that

:20:30.:20:34.

has shocked the whole church. A statement from the Dean read by a

:20:34.:20:39.

colleague saying he was going with immediate effect. It has become

:20:40.:20:44.

increasingly clear to me that as criticism of the cathedral has

:20:44.:20:50.

mounted in the press, media and in public opinion, my position as Dean

:20:50.:20:55.

of St Paul's was becoming untenable. Protesters said they had not wanted

:20:55.:21:02.

to force the Dean out. In times where there are certain amounts of

:21:02.:21:08.

pressure going around, I think in some cases a good show of honour to

:21:08.:21:13.

resign. Very shocked. Everyone is really shocked. I am saddened he

:21:13.:21:20.

has had to step down. What we want to do is get back to the issues

:21:20.:21:25.

that is what he and the bishop said. On October 15th when protesters

:21:25.:21:28.

were barred by police from the Stock Exchange, the cathedral

:21:28.:21:33.

appeared to offer them Zack trip. A week into the occupation, the

:21:33.:21:38.

cathedral suddenly closed citing health and safety concerned. On

:21:38.:21:42.

27th October, Canon Charles Frazier resigned saying he could not

:21:42.:21:46.

sanction the use of force to a bit the protesters. Today came the most

:21:46.:21:50.

dramatic development of all, the Dean of England's principal

:21:50.:21:55.

Cathedral forced out of office by a public protest. The Bishop of

:21:55.:22:00.

London will take over the Dean's duties. He said the resignation was

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tragic and saddened and shocked him. He made clear that the cathedral's

:22:04.:22:10.

policy would not change. I am not taking a softer line at all. I

:22:10.:22:15.

think as people were saying to me yesterday, the campsite has to

:22:15.:22:19.

disappear at some point, scaled- down. The cathedral is very prudent

:22:20.:22:25.

and sensible in exploring the legal territory. Graeme Knowles spoke of

:22:25.:22:29.

facing insurmountable issues and there is no sign tonight that the

:22:29.:22:33.

protesters will leave. The Dean's departure might do little to ease

:22:33.:22:41.

St Paul's agony. There is no debate about one of the

:22:41.:22:44.

finest collections of Islamic art in the world which has now been

:22:44.:22:48.

given a new home at me York's Metropolitan Museum of Art. Drawn

:22:48.:22:54.

from the Middle East, North Africa, Europe and Asia the artifacts

:22:54.:22:59.

devote the rich diversity of his love. The museum is hoping its new

:22:59.:23:02.

galleries will help dispel stereotypes about Muslim culture in

:23:02.:23:12.
:23:12.:23:18.

We must recognise that we live in a nation where a widespread

:23:18.:23:23.

consciousness about Islamic world really did not exist until 10 years

:23:23.:23:29.

ago. And that awareness came at one of the darkest hours in American

:23:29.:23:39.
:23:39.:23:39.

A decade after New York was attacked by Muslim extremists, the

:23:39.:23:44.

City's pre-eminent museum has unveiled a new gallery which traced

:23:44.:23:50.

the full course of Islamic civilisation. We have one of the

:23:51.:23:56.

biggest collections of Islamic art in the Western world, some 12,000

:23:56.:24:00.

pieces. Are gonna waste and 1,400 years from the earliest origins of

:24:00.:24:08.

Muslim culture, through the variations across the world. Most

:24:08.:24:14.

of this collection was taken off display in 2003. Some in the Muslim

:24:14.:24:18.

community suspected this was done in retaliation for the attacks of

:24:18.:24:23.

9/11. Not so, says the Metropolitan Museum of Art, old galleries need

:24:23.:24:29.

to be reconfigured and new ones painstakingly built. This is an

:24:29.:24:35.

eight-year process. So many were involved. We had so many

:24:35.:24:39.

Conservatives, architects, engineers, every kind of person you

:24:39.:24:43.

can imagine right down to the people who were marbling pieces of

:24:43.:24:49.

what last week. A team of Moroccan artisans was even brought to New

:24:49.:24:54.

York to create an exquisite courtyard. It shows people that

:24:54.:24:58.

artists of this scale are still alive, still working. Are did not

:24:58.:25:08.
:25:08.:25:10.

Apart from being a major addition to the map's permanent collection,

:25:10.:25:14.

these new art galleries are part of a concerted effort in cultural

:25:14.:25:19.

diplomacy. It is hoped the artistic riches on display might go some way

:25:19.:25:23.

to improving the relations between the US and the Moslem world over

:25:24.:25:32.

the past 10 years. It is our midst and took a decade and help people

:25:32.:25:40.

with world culture. Showing things in a broader perspective. Sarah

:25:40.:25:45.

Sayeed from the into a centre of New York says the opening of these

:25:45.:25:47.

new galleries is a major breakthrough for Muslims in this

:25:47.:25:52.

city. Having a gallery like this will really help to broaden and

:25:52.:25:56.

deepen people's perceptions of who Muslims are. There is a real

:25:56.:26:00.

opportunity here. It is wonderful that this gallery is opening at

:26:00.:26:10.
:26:10.:26:13.

A reminder of Alamein years: countries across the world have

:26:13.:26:17.

been holding events to mark the birth of the seven billionth person

:26:17.:26:22.

on the planet. The UN says all the children born on 31st October could

:26:22.:26:27.

be considered the seven billionth baby. The Philippines was the first

:26:27.:26:30.

country to declare such a baby, Danica May Camacho he was born in

:26:30.:26:35.

the capital Manila. The US is stopping its financial

:26:35.:26:39.

contributions to UNESCO after the Palestinians were admitted to the

:26:40.:26:44.

organisation. The motion to admit the Palestinians was passed by a

:26:44.:26:49.

majority despite strong opposition from the US and Israel. Next the

:26:49.:26:59.
:26:59.:27:00.

weather. But from me and the rest It has been another very mild day

:27:00.:27:05.

across the country. A bit on the cloudy side. There were some rain

:27:05.:27:08.

in the West. That will clear tonight and for many, tomorrow will

:27:08.:27:13.

be a dry day. Tonight rain all courtesy of this weather front. It

:27:13.:27:18.

will be heavy for a time but it is Clearing eastwards and we have a

:27:18.:27:23.

window of dry weather following. It will stay cloudy tomorrow in the

:27:23.:27:27.

south-east corner. Some showers in the north and west but in between

:27:27.:27:31.

we have sunshine. Four North East England it will be dry and bright

:27:31.:27:37.

with highs or 14 or 15 degrees. A bit overcast in parts of East

:27:37.:27:42.

Anglia and south-east England. But sunny spells tomorrow for the south

:27:42.:27:47.

coast and wards parts of Devon and Cornwall. The breeze coming in from

:27:47.:27:52.

the south with temperatures of 14 and 15 degrees. Across Wales, the

:27:52.:27:56.

cloud thick enough at times for one or two isolated showers but for

:27:56.:28:01.

Northern Ireland, it will be a fine day. A big cooler with temperatures

:28:01.:28:07.

of 12 Celsius. A scattering of showers across western Scotland.

:28:07.:28:13.

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