02/11/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. Facing the


music in Cannes, the Greek Prime Minister goes into emergency talks


with the French and German leaders. Furious at his call for a Greek


vote on the euro bail-out plans. And on the eve of the full G20


summit, at the head of the Anglican Church calls on leaders to consider


the morality of banking and profit. We need to hone in on a number of


very specific questions that might be asked. Nobody has any solutions


of the night, but it is important to ask the right questions.


Also coming up, hope for peace in Syria. Seven months of protest and


bloodshed, Neisseria's Government says it will pull tanks from the


streets and talk to the opposition. A French satirical magazine is


firebombed for poking fun at his arm. The French Prime Minister says


the attack is unjustifiable, but was Charlie Hebdo asking for


trouble? 60 years on, the multi- Oscar-


winning musical An American in Paris is re-released. We will speak


to one of its stars, the French actress Leslie Caron.


Hello and welcome. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel says the


eurozone plan to save Greece from bankruptcy is not up for


renegotiation. In just half an hour, the German leader and President


Sarkozy of France will hold an emergency meeting with the Greek


prime minister George Papandreou, ahead of Thursday's G20 summit in


Cannes. They are furious with his announcement of a referendum on the


bail-out plan for Greece. The German Finance Minister has said


Greece may have to leave the eurozone completely if its voters


reject the deal. The BBC's Tanya Beckett is in Cannes ahead of that


meeting. How close are we to that dressing down for the Greek Prime


Minister? Very close. We have friends's and Nicolas Sarkozy with


the premier of China at the moment. The Chinese premier we think kept


him waiting for about ten minutes on the red carpet. The former


French prime minister -- finance minister, now head of the IMF, has


arrived. There was a press scrum through which she had to fight.


This is going to be a rather tense couple of days.


For the leaders of France and Germany, the shock of a Greek


referendum feels like betrayal. Board President's Sarkozy and Jan


slumber call made huge efforts to deliver last week's Eur rescue deal.


Tonight to they have summoned the Greek prime minister to Cannes to


urge him to stick with it. This is the man who has plunged the


European Union back into crisis. George Papandreou agreed last week


to what was called the ultimate rescue. Now it is unravelling


because he so insists the Greek people must accept or reject it


first in a referendum. There is no disguising Chancellor Mackle's


anger today. TRANSLATION: We agreed a plan for Greece last week, and as


far as the European Union is concerned we want to put this into


practice. But for this, we need clarity. The meeting tonight should


help with precisely this. Five days ago Europe was


celebrating a package of measures to say the euro. All the leaders


then agreed on and �86 billion loan to Athens, and a 50% white off or


reduction in the country's debt. Now the move to hold a referendum


has thrown everything into doubt. You can hear the frustration from


France's prime minister in Parliament today. TRANSLATION: The


Greeks must understand that Europe cannot spend long weeks waiting for


the response they will give at the referendum. The Greeks must say


quickly and unambiguously whether or not they are choosing to keep


their place in the eurozone. As the world's most powerful


leaders arrive here in Cannes and the presidents of the United States


in China will be here, the economic giants, it is clear that patients


with Greece is rapidly running out. Not just a money eurozone


governments, because the hall of the world has a stake in this. The


departing Europe crisis at is intensifying, raging uncertainty


and instability threatening economies right around the globe.


Protesters in Cannes are hoping to have their voices heard too. Their


complete - democracy in Greece is being sacrificed. They mocked


President Sarkozy and insist the world's leaders need to join them


taking the plunge to protect ordinary people as well as


promoting global growth. James Robbins, BBC News.


James Robbins reporting on the foundation for this summit. Joining


me now is the bureau chief for the Financial Times. He is based in


Brussels. It is going to be a difficult


couple of days. What can the Greek Prime Minister say to the leaders


of France and Germany and that they can say back to him? I don't think


there is much they can say. If they are going to press him hard on a


referendum, either do it quickly or not at all. They are very angry,


literally steaming. I think they are going to push him to call a


general referendum and do it very quickly so he can get it through


and they can get the money. So ask the right question to elicit the


right answer. Yes, there have already been calls to him saying


you have got to find a way to get out of this. We will see the


pressure on him. People in his party are saying we have to watch


very closely the language of what the referendum says. Does it say we


reject the 130 billion euros bail out, what does it say we support


the euro, we would like to support the EU? The wording will become


much more broad so it is harder to reject. But any delay is very


unwelcome, because the longer it goes on the more the likes of Italy,


will have to pay a very great deal for their dead. And there is a very


hard deadline coming up in mid- December. There is a bond that


Greece must pay and it does not have the money. Suddenly that is a


hard default. Everyone is afraid of this, that this is going to bring


down not only the eurozone but the global economy. The repercussions


are that people do not know. It is like Lehman Brothers where the


whole international system gets frozen up. Is there enough time now


for George Papandreou to unwind and get the money to Athens to pay that


Bond, and I do not know if this summit is going to resolve that.


The head of the Financial Times based in Brussels there. As you can


see, there is really very little room to manoeuvre and speed is of


the essence. It is a luxury we do not have here in Cannes.


The head of the Anglican Church said today the G20 leaders should


consider the morality of finance during their next few day's


discussions. Later we will be asking if politicians are really


hearing the voice of the so-called silent majority.


After seven months of violent crackdowns bond anti-government


protests, the Syrian Government says it will accept an Arab League


plan to end the bloodshed. More than 3,000 people have been killed


since the Arab Spring swept into Syria in March, and the new plan


includes an immediate halt to violence. The removal of tax from


the streets and the beginning of dialogue with the opposition. The


plan was agreed at an Arab League meeting in Egypt and we can get the


latest from our correspondent reported macro.


I suppose the important thing to establish his army said in Damascus


has signed up to this? The Syrian state television last night was


saying that Syria had agreed to the deal. We have not had much from


Damascus tonight, although apparently President Assad has


decided to set up a committee for this national dialogue. We have not


had the details or heard whether they say they have any reservations,


any technical reservations. Certainly the Arab League says they


have accepted it comprehensively, but the key is whether they


implement it. The Arab League says it will be monitoring what goes on.


I think the key about this agreement is it seems to have been


quite tightly drawn. I cannot see the weather room for manoeuvre is


for the Syrians to delay. So either way, I think this is again changes.


By this area does implement this agreement and take their tanks of


the streets and stop the violence from their side, release political


prisoners and start dialogue, or if they don't they will be at a


completely different diplomatic situation. I think that would


really test the patience of the Arab League. If the Arab League


takes tough action in Syria, that will take -- put pressure on the


rest of the world, bringing Russia and China backed the Security


Council saying are you going to veto again? So I think that


diplomatically, even if nothing changes on the ground, the position


has already changed the game. Jon Leyne, thank you very much.


The French Prime Minister says it was an justifiable. An arson attack


has destroyed the offices of the satirical magazine. But some say


Charlie Hebdo was asking for trouble. By announcing that its


latest issue was to be edited by the Prophet Mohammed, and placing a


caricature of him on the cover. The magazine's editor has blamed the


attack on "idiot extremists", and said that his son should not be


excluded from the freedom of the press. -- Islam should not be


excluded from the freedom of the press.


The attack comes on the same day that the satirical weekly published


a cartoon of the Prophet Mohammed on its front page. Police are


investigating what started the blaze. The fire broke out in the


middle of the night and caused extensive damage to Charlie Hebdo's


premises. Police suspect a petrol bomb was hurled on to the building.


Staff say that most of their equipment has been destroyed, and


they do not know if they will be able to publish next week's edition


of the newspaper. But this week's edition, the one which has caused


so much offence to Muslims, is already on the news stands.


The editor says he has no doubt that the attack was carried out by


Muslim extremists. He rejects accusations that by announcing that


the Prophet Mohammed was this week's guest editor, he was


deliberately seeking provocation. TRANSLATION: We are ready to face


justice when we go too far, which we do quite often. I wouldn't have


minded going to trial against angry Islamists, but what we have written


in the magazine shows that there is no reason to sue Charlie Hebdo, and


we will not be sued. The paper was taken to court in


2007 when Muslim groups -- by Muslim groups after a pre-printed


Danish cartoons which cost a fence around the Islamic world.


-- course caused offence. I am joined now by Nabila Ramdani,


a Paris-born writer specialising in Islamic affairs.


Charlie Hebdo has a history of being very irreverent and trying to


be provocative. Had you read its motives here? It is my opinion


provocative journalism. Charlie Hebdo is the very magazine which


published, the published in 2005 the Danish controversial cartoons


which were viewed as deeply offensive to not only Muslims in


Europe but indeed around the world. A survey could have predicted


trouble? Yes, and if you put the content of the magazine in the


context of Islam in France, this was clearly designed to cause


maximum offence. You are talking about a country which has 6 million


Muslims, the largest Muslim community in Europe, where Muslims


experience discrimination on a daily basis in every walk of life


including housing, education, and indeed religious expression. The


magazine is very much in the knowledge that reproducing the


image of the profit is against Islamic law. They say they are


trying to draw attention to what is happening with the Arab Spring, the


possible implementation of Sharia law in countries like Libya or


Tunisia. So it says it was trying to draw attention to matters that


need to be debated. But it is a very serious message that the


magazine is trying to send, which means that his lamp is indeed


incompatible with democracy. -- Islam is indeed incompatible with


democracy. That Islam can be questioned, is what it is trying to


say as well. The central issue is freedom of space and what we should


be allowed to say in the name of freedom of speech. The Interior


Minister made it clear that all the French -- it is a sacred freedom in


France to be able to express what you want. It has to be pointed out


that this very same material -- Minister is the same person who


described Ms -- Islam as a problem in France. France has very strong


laws against... It allows laws Holocaust denial and anti-Semitic


behaviour. Why do these laws not get extended against -- to protect


Islam from the same type of behaviour and criticism? We are not


talking about light hearted jocks... -- light-hearted jokes. One should


not condone in any circumstance law-breaking, especially by some in


heavily populated areas where it lives could have been put at risk.


But it still has to be pointed out that when minorities are protected,


why are these principles not extended to essentially a


magazine's it attempting to rubbish Now a look at some of the day's


other news: In the last hour a court in the


United States has found the former Russian arms dealer Viktor Bout


guilty on conspiracy charges. He was accused of attempting to sell


hundreds of surface-to-air missiles, thousands of assault rifles, land


mines and other explosives for use by Colombia's FARC rebels to


undercover agents. Bout was brought to the US last year following his


capture in Thailand in 2008 in a sting operation by American agents.


Russian investigators have found that a plane crash in September


which killed members of a top ice hockey team was caused by pilot


error. They said the pilots of the Yak-42 had only learned to fly a


jet with different control, and so accidentally activated the brakes


during take off. The Lokomotiv Yaroslavl team lost its staff and


all but one of their players in the crash.


The lawyers of the Wikileaks website founder Julian Assange say


they will appeal against the latest court decision to extradite him


from Britain to Sweden to answer allegations of sexual assault. 40-


year-old Julian Assange, who is an Australian national, was at the


High Court to hear two judges reject his claims that it would be


unfair and unlawful to extradite him to Sweden. Mr Assange could be


removed from Britain within ten days. He made this short statement


as he left the High Court. It's emerged today that the agent


for the three Pakistan cricketers convicted in the betting scam case


had already pleaded guilty before the trial started. Mazhar Majeed


admitted his part in the conspiracy to cheat and accept corrupt


payments during a pre-trial hearing in September. Reporting


restrictions were only lifted today, following the conviction of former


Pakistan cricket captain Salman Butt and fellow player Mohammed


Asif, who had denied the charges. All await sentencing.


It swept the Oscars 60 years ago - a dazzling technicolor musical


starring Gene Kelly and Leslie Caron. Such is its enduring appeal


that An American In Paris has now been re-released in a new digital


restoration. The film is about a struggling artist called Jerry


trying to make it big in the French capital. Along the way he falls in


love with the charming Lise. Kathy Harcombe went to meet the actress


She is an exciting goal. She is like a sunbeam. Secretly, I


discovered that this was something I wanted to do because up until


then, my ambition had to be a romantic ballet dancer. Suddenly


expressing myself with the words, I could see this was something I was


going to love her very, very much. One or seen it was particularly


difficult, when I had to shout at Gene Kelly, whose rushing up the


steps. If it means anything to you, I love you! It is pretty difficult


to say in life anyway, but I was extremely shy. A what was it like


dancing with Gene Kelly? The it was the best. He was a fantastic dancer


and a good friend. But he was for the vigorous, but you know, this is


ballet. Ballet is very rigorous. The number that was most


particularly difficult was the restrained number we do on this


side of the river when the first danced together. It does not look


like much, but it was sort of slow motion and that is particularly


difficult to do. I don't know, my heart is split. I love Paris, my


children live in England, I love England. I take every opportunity


to come to England, and I love New York mostly. I am very fond of the


York, and all of America. My mother Let us return to Our top storey.


Were leaders gathering for the G20 summit in Cannes.


The head of the Anglican Church Rowan Williams has said there needs


to be credible change in the financial world. The Archbishop of


Canterbury was making his first public statement about the protests


taking place outside St Paul's Cathedral in London. He told the


BBC the occupiers are saying something that needs to be said and


he has said governments should consider advancing the moral agenda


with a tax on financial transactions. It has triggered


awareness of the unfinished Business in the financial sector.


The unfinished business between government and banks. The need to


press for something that would deliver a just system.


seriously do you think those complaints should be taken? There's


articulated by the protesters and taken for what? One of the


difficulties is that we have not seen a unified theme. We need to


focus. We need to hone in on specific questions that might be


asked, particularly with the G20 summit.


The protests have divided public opinion as well as the church. The


protesters themselves say they represent the silent majority. Here


to discuss this is Oliver Kamm from the Times newspaper and Hugo Dixon


from Reuters Breaking Views. Just then to begin with this idea that


there when Williams has come around to that we should all be paying


attention to this morality agenda, to this deep sense of disquiet, at


least, about inequality. I think that, yes there is a need. There is


a need to reconnect Business and Finance a with morality and


certainly there is a big need to do that. As far as the growing


inequality in society is concerned, that is one of the things that is


important to debate, but from my perspective, it is important to


distinguish between inequality which comes through hard work and


inequality which comes through a corruption, or distorting the


system, or or unfairness of one sort or another. That is what role


when Williams was tried to call attention to. He talked of soaring


bonuses in the City and little changed banking practices following


the recession. The trees is that bonuses in the City are too high. -


- the truth is. What get people really angry is not only the way


the City and banking behaved in the run-up to the crisis, but the way


they have behaved since we had been in this crisis which started four


years ago it in 2007. They have still paid themselves bonuses, they


have not been apologetic and they have not been grateful for the fact


that everybody else has been bailing them out. Should financiers


have been of great for and should they be doing more to limit the


profits and bonuses they take when you look at what all of us are


facing economically? A I agree with that. There is a dysfunctional


finance will -- financial system. It's hard to use morality in turns


of the financial situation. It was not about individual breed and it


will not be resolved by a moral appeal to bankers's consciences.


it relevant to bring it forward now? The it is not immediately


relevant because the problems facing be advanced industrial


societies because banks are not lending enough to stimulate growth.


Is that not a problem? With the credit crunch and trying to


encourage banks to learn more, the last thing you want to do is lay


more blame at their door? We have a second layer of the credit crunch


that is starting. Solving this is a difficult technical matter and I


don't think the Archbishop had anything interesting to add to. I


don't believe this Robin Hood tax is the solution. There are some


solutions which would make things better, but I think if you move


away from the technical aspects and look at the broader thrust of what


people are worried about, it is relevant for the G20 leaders to


think about that and to address those concerns. My fear is you may


throw the baby away with the bathwater. A final thought - is the


tax to a ball or naive? It was presented by one of the greatest


economists of all time James Tobin. It will not work. It is easy to get


round. It will only work if it is initiated globally and that will


not happen. Thank you. That is all from the programme. Next we will


have the weather. That's it for now. It has been a windy day to day and


we will stick with that been overnight. Outbreaks of rain at


leading to a cloudy and mild start tomorrow, thanks to our were


suddenly wind direction. This war moving our overnight. It was built


across all of the UK. It will be a cloudy, wet and windy start.


Heaviest rain in the West, brightest conditions in the east.


Some sunshine developing tomorrow afternoon for northern areas, but


part of Lincolnshire and East Anglia Water and damp. It will be


breezy, particularly through south- western parts of England. For


Cornwall and Devon, a brightening up throughout the afternoon. It


will be a wet start for Wales. Some brightness returning and the far


north. For Northern Ireland, hit and miss. Scattered showers blowing


in and breezy conditions throughout the afternoon. Scotland will be


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