15/11/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kirsty Lang.


The Wall Street protest camp that started a global movement is


cleared. Police evicted the Occupy protesters from Zuccotti Park but


they vow to return. This movement ignited and international movement


and it Shoji there is a hunger and need and desire and timeliness that


it is wanted -- and it shows you. Turkey threatens to turn the lights


off in Syria, warning that there will be no more electricity if the


regime doesn't stop feeding off the blood of its own people. We're


inside Burma to mark one year since the release of Aung San Suu Kyi.


But how much real change has there been?


Also coming up in the programme: The story of a remarkable recovery.


10 months after being shot in the head, US Congresswoman Gabrielle


Giffords talks for the first time about her ordeal. I feel pretty


And did beloved novelist Jane Austen meet an untimely end? We'll


be talking to the crime writer who Hello and welcome. The original


"Occupy Wall Street" camp in downtown New York has been


dismantled by the police. The tented camp, which was set up in


September to protest against the financial sector and economic


inequality, has inspired similar demonstrations around the world The


Occupy movement has gone global with over 800 camps in 82 countries.


Here in London, civic authorities have relaunched legal action to


evict the camp outside St Paul's Cathedral. An overnight police


operation in New York cleared the protesters out of Zuccotti Park.


From there, we have this report. As Manhattan slept, the police moved


in. Evicting protesters from the epicentre of the occupied wall


Street movement. -- Occupied Hall Street movement. Protesters were


mood because the conditions were dirty and unhygienic. Protesters


have complained against corporate greed and the widening gap between


rich and poor. Last night there were angry confrontations between


the protesters and the police. police pushed a big group of us.


The woman in front of me had a whole lot of people behind her and


could not back off and they started beating her with batons. I went to


help her, and five of us were sprayed with pepper spray. The mood


was tense. The police blocked off the roads leading to the park as


the eviction was under way. From the beginning I said the City had


two principal goals, guaranteeing public health and safety, and


guaranteeing the protesters their First Amendment rights. But when


those two goals Clash, their health and safety of the public and our


first response must be the priority. The protesters are angry about


being evicted, although they have been told they can go back without


any tents, so this is the end of the incumbent, so they are already


planning to move somewhere else in the city. You can take the park,


but you cannot take the spirit that was created in that Park. They


moved to another park near by, regrouping as dawn broke. Then the


crowd marched back towards Zuccotti Park where they had been forced to


leave. There was pepper spray, a sound canon. I was told the


conviction has only emboldened protesters. We cannot be evicted,


because you cannot evict ideas off economic justice and democracy.


They are continuing to take hold throughout the city regardless of


what they do. They are trying to get back in the park they were


evicted from. The police are funnelling them into this


barricaded area and the protesters say they have a constitutional


right to be here. Whatever happens next, the protesters feel that


their power for anti-capitalist mission -- message has been heard.


But their right to free speech is colliding with what the authorities


are prepared to tolerate. Similar disaffection with western market


economies is also being voiced in the new member states of the


European Union. Over 20 years after the fall of communism the sheen of


capitalism is beginning to wear thin, that's according to a survey


by the European Bank for Development and Reconstruction. The


report has found that the economic crisis is hitting ordinary


households in Eastern Europe far harder than in western countries.


To discuss that, I'm joined by the bank's Director of Communications


Jonathan Charles. Why has the crisis hit hard in the East?


think everywhere, not just eastern Europe, but in Western Europe,


democracy is under great pressure. That is hardly surprising given the


depth of the economic crisis but if you look at Central Europe and


countries like Hungary and what has gone on in the Baltic states, in


Latvia, they have seen a big contraction in their economies but


people are disaffected. It is hardly surprising when you see a


contraction of that sort. I was discussing this today with a former


Hungarian Prime Minister and he was making the point that people had


high hopes for the future when the Berlin Wall came down in 1989. They


look forward and thought capitalism was the answer was -- the answer to


their prayers, but now they discover it is very painful and


they wonder how much longer they will have to wait before they


become like Western Europe. The case of high expectations.


surveyed 38,000 people, but did anyone suggest an alternative? As


in a man -- presumably they did not want to return to communism. They


want to stick with the democracy that they don't like the way it


works. For many democracy is an abstract concept. It is clear that


what people value in a democracy is when it delivers economic gain, and


if they see a reverse, they start to question the whole idea.


they prepared to trade that off, less liberty for more economic


gain? There was a question that we half asked, would you rather live


in a democracy that is not delivering growth or summer that is


not very democratic but his guaranteeing growth and people


seemed willing to make the trade, so it shows how important


capitalism and economic growth is because at least they put more


store on that than they did on democracy. I know you're all so did


the survey in five Western European countries. What did they say?


were keen to see how what was going on in the region we serve, the


former communist countries, compared to what is going on


Western Europe. One of the country's we looked at was Italy


and there we saw only a 38 % support level for the market


economy. People were clearly questioning what was going on in


the market economy. Hardly surprising looking at there are


pupils. 68 % supported democracy, so only two thirds. There was a low


level of support for the market economy in France and the UK.


was it highest? Not surprisingly, Sweden and Germany, to countries


where growth has been relatively strong despite the economic crisis.


But there are issues. If we look ahead to 2012 we are seeing a


serious few months ahead. Very painful for West and eastern Europe.


There will be a question on how it impacts on democracy because


government will be cutting costs, cutting expenditure to get the


budget deficit in order and where will that leave democracy? That is


something we may look at in another survey in 12 months. Possibly


dangerous times ahead. Jonathan Charles, thank you very much.


In Spain, voters are predicted to punish the ruling Socialist Party


in this week's general election, for failing to pull the country out


of the current economic crisis. The conservative opposition is


promising economic recovery and new jobs, but, under pressure from the


EU to continue with sweeping austerity measures, can the Popular


Party really turn Spain's fortunes around? Sarah Rainsford's report


This was once a Spanish boom town. Today it is a symbol of the


country's crisis. This man took me to see why. This is the wooden door


factory he worked at until Spain's construction craze crash, wiping


There is no opportunities here today, nothing. This place was


totally dependent on doors, and Spain's deep economic crisis is a


major burden for the Socialist government on the campaign trail.


But led by Alfredo Perez Rubalcaba, the Socialists are still asking to


fight the election to use scare tactics to rally support, warning


that the conservative Popular Party plans to decimate the welfare state


The people who are suffering most in this crisis are our traditional


voters, the Socialist electorate. So it is hard to convince them. But


what we are saying is, things are tough now, but they will be much


For proof, they point to Castilla La Mancha. Pharmacists here have


not been paid for dispensing prescription medicines in six


months. The regional government is run by the Popular Party. They


insist it is tending to a sick economy after years of reckless


spending under the Socialists. Above all, the opposition is


framing itself as the party of change. Policy plans are


deliberately vague. We need new policies and a new government. That


is the way to make things change and took start building the


confidence and trust we need. the entire euro-zone the crisis,


voters know whoever wins the election will have to take tough


decisions. There are going to be bigger spending cuts. Both main


parties are promising to create jobs, but in this climate varies


deep scepticism that anyone can deliver on that. -- there is deep


scepticism. Most know the fate of spade -- Spain is now linked to


outside forces, leaders and investors watching closely to see


if a new government can turn the Now a look at some of the day's


other news. The Office of the Italian President


says Mario Monti has succeeded in forming a new government. He is


expected to meet the President and name his cabinet on Wednesday.


Mario Monti, a former European Commissioner, has received the


backing of Italy's main political parties. In Norway, the trial has


begun of three men who're accused of plotting to carry out a bomb


attack on the offices of the Danish newspaper which printed cartoons of


the Prophet Mohammed. The group - all Norwegian residents - are


accused of collecting bomb ingredients in a basement flat.


Prosecutors say the plot was agreed with Al-Qaeda in Pakistan. All


three men have pleaded not guilty. A group of six Somali men accused


of hijacking a French couple's yacht have gone on trial in Paris.


It's the first case of alleged Somali piracy to be heard in the


French courts. Lawyers for several of the men say their clients were


fishermen who were forced to take part.


Turkey's prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, has warned Syria's


president Assad that the future of Syria cannot be built on the blood


of the oppressed. Mr Erdogan's latest condemnation of Syria came


amid increasing diplomatic and economic pressure on Damascus over


the suppression of anti-government protests. Turkey has also announced


the cancellation of plans for oil exploration in Syria and has


threatened to cut electricity supplies.


Meanwhile, the violence inside Syria is intensifying. At least 70


people are reported to have been killed in clashes on Monday.


The remains of an armoured personnel carrier of the Syrian


army burns in the southern district This, according to the opposition


is the result of an attack by a former soldiers who are said to


have defected and joined the opposition. It is not possible to


independently verified this. Thus, if true, it would be another sign


of how Syria is descending into civil war. A prospect which alarms


and neighbouring countries, including Turkey. Its prime


minister, a former ally, now one of the most outspoken critics of the


Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. The future cannot be built on the


blood of oppressed people. Otherwise, history will remember


such leaders as those feeding on blood. President Assad, you on your


way to open a page. Those who are cursed for cruelty and oppression


The violence so far this week has been particularly intense. Today,


the funerals took place here in the southern district, of more than 20


people killed on Monday. 34 members of the security forces were also


killed in clashes here. Apparently we soldiers who had defected.


Battles which are becoming ever The opposition inside Syria is


growing in confidence. As soldiers joined the fight against a


government. And, as key parts of the international community,


including the Arab League, offer She survived being shot in the head


at point blank range, and now with her husband, a former astronaut, at


her side, the American Congresswoman Gabriel Giffords has


been speaking about her ordeal. She said she couldn't remember much of


the attack in which six others were killed. Steve Kingstone has the


From this to this. A recovery that almost defies belief. 10 months


after she was shot in the head at point-blank range, Gabriel Giffords


faces the camera. -- Gabrielle Giffords. How do you feel? Pretty


good. Strong, strong. She is a remarkable survivor, but this is


the moment a congresswoman learned others had died in the shooting.


They died. It is sad. This was her back in January. Being sworn in as


a third term congresswoman. And here she was in Arizona a week


later, meeting constituents outside a supermarket. Moments after this


picture was taken, the gunmen Killing six people and wounding 14.


A bullet passed through the congresswoman's skull. This


intimate footage was filmed by her husband. We see Gabrielle Giffords


of relearning how to walk. And how to talk. Her speech therapy even


includes 1980s pop music. Girls just want to have fun. But there


are said backs as well. However remarkable, the recovery is far


from complete. She was asked by ABC News if she would run for election


next year. She wants to get better. You think, I will go back to


Congress if I get better. millions she is already an


inspiration, wherever the journey leads. Britain has demanded that


Burma released more political prisoners. Some were due to be


released this week but it appears to have been delayed. Andrew


Mitchell has become the first British government minister to


visit Burma in decades and he said that, while reforms being


introduced are grounds for cautious optimism, much more needs to be


done. David Loyn sent this exclusive report.


Burma's military dictators built themselves a 20 lane highway at a


heart of their new capital. Nobody uses it much. Nobody here other


than the for -- the Civil Service - - servants forced to move when the


government moved. But there is changed in the air. Behind the


walls of this absurdly large building, a new parliament is in


session for -- session. We have a democratic system now. We have a


parliament and we can discuss political or economic matters for


the good of the country. It all began with a new President's sworn


in in 2nd March surprised his country with the pace of change.


Nobody yet would call this a democracy but there are signs that


what was just a rubber-stamp for a military dictatorship is turning


itself into a real parliament. Britain is Burma's largest donor.


This visit by the International Development Secretary is a chance


to test reform policies. He met the Speaker, one of the key architects


of reform. Speaking to a foreign journalist for the first time, he


told me there is no turning back. TRANSLATION: The reform process is


genuine and irreversible. But it will take more than better debates


in Parliament and more freedom -- freedom for the media and trade


unions. Sabia Western sanctions will remain well and sang Suji's


party cannot stand in elections, hundreds of political prisoners


remain in prison and ethnic conflicts rage. -- or Aung San Suu


Kyi. It underlines the point that there is plenty of grounds for


optimism. But still a long way to go before the international


community can be able to signal that deep progress has been made.


The workers waiting for a bus in their soul this new capital hope


that things are getting better. -- soul this.


It was a miracle for one family and it could give hope to many more.


Doctors in London have cured a baby boy of a life threatening disease


which was destroying his liver. They used a ground-breaking new


procedure, implanting cells which acted as a temporary Liver to allow


the damaged organ to recover. It could have far reaching


consequences. Meet a medical marvel. It is hard


to imagine now, but six months ago this boy was close to death, a


virus destroying his liver. Now it is working normally. His parents


say that their only child has been given back to them. It was great.


Once he had the treatment, after 48 hours things started slowly to get


better. What saved his life was not a transplant but deep frozen human


liver cells. Scientists at King's College Hospital coated the cells


with a chemical found in algae to put it -- prevent the boy's body


from rejecting them. He was given a single injection of Liver cells.


Their protective coating was porous, allowing toxins to flow in, be


processed, and waste products and vital proteins to flow out. Immune


cells were too big to enter so could not destroy the tissue. After


two weeks, his liver had started to recover. A key benefit over a liver


transplant is that the boy will never need drugs to stop the


rejection of the liver. Only a few months back I saw this


child, who was so sick, on a breathing machine, and we think


that we have given him another chance of life. Seeing him now,


with an nearly normal liver, it is remarkable. Many patients died


before receiving a liver transplant so it is hoped that the treatment


that saved this boy may yet help many others.


She is arguably England's most famous female novelist but almost


200 years after her untimely death at 41 it is being suggested that


Jane Austen may have been poisoned. Crime writer Lindsay Ashford claims


to have uncovered evidence that arsenic may have killed her,


evidence which she has incorporated into her new novel, The Mysterious


Death Of Miss Austen. I am joined by Lindsay Ashford and also Deirdre


Le Faye, who has written extensively on Jane Austen. Lindsay


Ashford, what led you to believe that Jane Austen may have been


poisoned? It started when I went to live in Chawton in Hampshire, where


Jane Austen lived. Most of reading some of her letters in which she


described her symptoms and one particular phrase jumped out. She


describes her face as being black and white and every wrong colour.


As a crime writer I have researched poisons extensively and it occurred


to me that this was very simple -- similar to the Simpsons of arsenic


poisoning. -- symptoms. But the visiting American told me about a


lock of her hair in the Jane Austen Museum. Apparently the people who


bought their hair in the 1940s, who donated it to the museum, haddock -


- had it tested far arsenic and the test was positive. Putting these


two things together, I thought, there must be something in this.


The more I researched arsenic, the more I thought, yes, the symptoms


she described, there is a lot of correlation between arsenic


poisoning and what she described. Do you think she was actually a


murdered or could she have ingested it accidentally? It is unlikely but


not impossible that she was murdered. It of course it is a


scenario I have created for my fictional book. Certainly there are


other possibilities. We know that arsenic was very widespread in the


early 19th century. It occurred in wallpaper, candles, you can buy it


for rat poison. It was also used in medicine. One of the most popular


medicines at the time contained arsenic. It was given for


rheumatism and we know that Jane Austen had rheumatism. Deirdre Le


Faye, do you think this is possible, that Jane Austen could perhaps by


accident have ingested enough arsenic to kill her? No, frankly. I


agree that arsenic was very widely available and widely used and she


may well have taken some in medicine because we don't know what


medicines she took. She was ill for quite a few months and the local


apothecary was supposed to be treating her but he did not keep


any notes about his patients. But certainly arsenic was used. I


believe it was used to because it was almost a cosmetic because in


small doses it makes your hair glossy and a nice pale skin. What


about the point about her skin having these peculiar coloured


blotches? She says that in her letters, and most people to date


have taken it as meaning Addison's disease, which apparently does do


this to you, when the Reinaldo and above the kidneys fails and your


blood does not get cleaned and it is reflected in your face.


Addison's disease apparently gives a brawl last appearance, a healthy


outdoors look, which is quite different from be symptoms Jane


Austen described. All of the medical theories fault on the use


facial symptoms she reported. Lupus, Hodgkin's disease, a form of typhus


have all been suggested but none of them quite cover the symptoms,


especially the skin this coloration. I am sure this discussion will go


on and on. I am afraid this is all we have time for.


A quick reminder of our main stories. The police in New York


have cleared anti-Wall Street demonstrators from a park in the


financial district where they have been camping since September. But


lawyers for the protesters have obtained a temporary court order


allowing them to remain. Turkey's Prime Minister has warned


Syria's President that the future of Syria cannot be built on the


blood of its people. Pressure is building on Dunn at -- Damascus


after the suppression of government -- anti-government protests. For me,


Today the cloud broke in many places, giving a fine and bright


afternoon. It is likely to reform through the night, so getting off


to a grey, overcast start to things. We are still holding on to this


high-pressure across Scandinavia but whether France are trying to


move in off the road Latics. -- weather fronts are trying to move


in off the Atlantic. With some sunshine in Newcastle, highs of 10


degrees, through Lincolnshire, the East Midlands and the south-east


corner, dry, fine and bright. Further west we had some thicker


cloud and we will see some spots of rain across the south-east England.


South Wales, a bitter -- on the grey and damp side. We might see a


bit of a showery rain over Northern Ireland. Across Scotland, still


some bright this towards the north- west. Inverness, the potential for


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