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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kirsty Lang.
The Wall Street protest camp that started a global movement is
cleared. Police evicted the Occupy protesters from Zuccotti Park but
they vow to return. This movement ignited and international movement
and it Shoji there is a hunger and need and desire and timeliness that
it is wanted -- and it shows you. Turkey threatens to turn the lights
off in Syria, warning that there will be no more electricity if the
regime doesn't stop feeding off the blood of its own people. We're
inside Burma to mark one year since the release of Aung San Suu Kyi.
But how much real change has there been?
Also coming up in the programme: The story of a remarkable recovery.
10 months after being shot in the head, US Congresswoman Gabrielle
Giffords talks for the first time about her ordeal. I feel pretty
And did beloved novelist Jane Austen meet an untimely end? We'll
be talking to the crime writer who Hello and welcome. The original
"Occupy Wall Street" camp in downtown New York has been
dismantled by the police. The tented camp, which was set up in
September to protest against the financial sector and economic
inequality, has inspired similar demonstrations around the world The
Occupy movement has gone global with over 800 camps in 82 countries.
Here in London, civic authorities have relaunched legal action to
evict the camp outside St Paul's Cathedral. An overnight police
operation in New York cleared the protesters out of Zuccotti Park.
From there, we have this report. As Manhattan slept, the police moved
in. Evicting protesters from the epicentre of the occupied wall
Street movement. -- Occupied Hall Street movement. Protesters were
mood because the conditions were dirty and unhygienic. Protesters
have complained against corporate greed and the widening gap between
rich and poor. Last night there were angry confrontations between
the protesters and the police. police pushed a big group of us.
The woman in front of me had a whole lot of people behind her and
could not back off and they started beating her with batons. I went to
help her, and five of us were sprayed with pepper spray. The mood
was tense. The police blocked off the roads leading to the park as
the eviction was under way. From the beginning I said the City had
two principal goals, guaranteeing public health and safety, and
guaranteeing the protesters their First Amendment rights. But when
those two goals Clash, their health and safety of the public and our
first response must be the priority. The protesters are angry about
being evicted, although they have been told they can go back without
any tents, so this is the end of the incumbent, so they are already
planning to move somewhere else in the city. You can take the park,
but you cannot take the spirit that was created in that Park. They
moved to another park near by, regrouping as dawn broke. Then the
crowd marched back towards Zuccotti Park where they had been forced to
leave. There was pepper spray, a sound canon. I was told the
conviction has only emboldened protesters. We cannot be evicted,
because you cannot evict ideas off economic justice and democracy.
They are continuing to take hold throughout the city regardless of
what they do. They are trying to get back in the park they were
evicted from. The police are funnelling them into this
barricaded area and the protesters say they have a constitutional
right to be here. Whatever happens next, the protesters feel that
their power for anti-capitalist mission -- message has been heard.
But their right to free speech is colliding with what the authorities
are prepared to tolerate. Similar disaffection with western market
economies is also being voiced in the new member states of the
European Union. Over 20 years after the fall of communism the sheen of
capitalism is beginning to wear thin, that's according to a survey
by the European Bank for Development and Reconstruction. The
report has found that the economic crisis is hitting ordinary
households in Eastern Europe far harder than in western countries.
To discuss that, I'm joined by the bank's Director of Communications
Jonathan Charles. Why has the crisis hit hard in the East?
think everywhere, not just eastern Europe, but in Western Europe,
democracy is under great pressure. That is hardly surprising given the
depth of the economic crisis but if you look at Central Europe and
countries like Hungary and what has gone on in the Baltic states, in
Latvia, they have seen a big contraction in their economies but
people are disaffected. It is hardly surprising when you see a
contraction of that sort. I was discussing this today with a former
Hungarian Prime Minister and he was making the point that people had
high hopes for the future when the Berlin Wall came down in 1989. They
look forward and thought capitalism was the answer was -- the answer to
their prayers, but now they discover it is very painful and
they wonder how much longer they will have to wait before they
become like Western Europe. The case of high expectations.
surveyed 38,000 people, but did anyone suggest an alternative? As
in a man -- presumably they did not want to return to communism. They
want to stick with the democracy that they don't like the way it
works. For many democracy is an abstract concept. It is clear that
what people value in a democracy is when it delivers economic gain, and
if they see a reverse, they start to question the whole idea.
they prepared to trade that off, less liberty for more economic
gain? There was a question that we half asked, would you rather live
in a democracy that is not delivering growth or summer that is
not very democratic but his guaranteeing growth and people
seemed willing to make the trade, so it shows how important
capitalism and economic growth is because at least they put more
store on that than they did on democracy. I know you're all so did
the survey in five Western European countries. What did they say?
were keen to see how what was going on in the region we serve, the
former communist countries, compared to what is going on
Western Europe. One of the country's we looked at was Italy
and there we saw only a 38 % support level for the market
economy. People were clearly questioning what was going on in
the market economy. Hardly surprising looking at there are
pupils. 68 % supported democracy, so only two thirds. There was a low
level of support for the market economy in France and the UK.
was it highest? Not surprisingly, Sweden and Germany, to countries
where growth has been relatively strong despite the economic crisis.
But there are issues. If we look ahead to 2012 we are seeing a
serious few months ahead. Very painful for West and eastern Europe.
There will be a question on how it impacts on democracy because
government will be cutting costs, cutting expenditure to get the
budget deficit in order and where will that leave democracy? That is
something we may look at in another survey in 12 months. Possibly
dangerous times ahead. Jonathan Charles, thank you very much.
In Spain, voters are predicted to punish the ruling Socialist Party
in this week's general election, for failing to pull the country out
of the current economic crisis. The conservative opposition is
promising economic recovery and new jobs, but, under pressure from the
EU to continue with sweeping austerity measures, can the Popular
Party really turn Spain's fortunes around? Sarah Rainsford's report
This was once a Spanish boom town. Today it is a symbol of the
country's crisis. This man took me to see why. This is the wooden door
factory he worked at until Spain's construction craze crash, wiping
There is no opportunities here today, nothing. This place was
totally dependent on doors, and Spain's deep economic crisis is a
major burden for the Socialist government on the campaign trail.
But led by Alfredo Perez Rubalcaba, the Socialists are still asking to
fight the election to use scare tactics to rally support, warning
that the conservative Popular Party plans to decimate the welfare state
The people who are suffering most in this crisis are our traditional
voters, the Socialist electorate. So it is hard to convince them. But
what we are saying is, things are tough now, but they will be much
For proof, they point to Castilla La Mancha. Pharmacists here have
not been paid for dispensing prescription medicines in six
months. The regional government is run by the Popular Party. They
insist it is tending to a sick economy after years of reckless
spending under the Socialists. Above all, the opposition is
framing itself as the party of change. Policy plans are
deliberately vague. We need new policies and a new government. That
is the way to make things change and took start building the
confidence and trust we need. the entire euro-zone the crisis,
voters know whoever wins the election will have to take tough
decisions. There are going to be bigger spending cuts. Both main
parties are promising to create jobs, but in this climate varies
deep scepticism that anyone can deliver on that. -- there is deep
scepticism. Most know the fate of spade -- Spain is now linked to
outside forces, leaders and investors watching closely to see
if a new government can turn the Now a look at some of the day's
other news. The Office of the Italian President
says Mario Monti has succeeded in forming a new government. He is
expected to meet the President and name his cabinet on Wednesday.
Mario Monti, a former European Commissioner, has received the
backing of Italy's main political parties. In Norway, the trial has
begun of three men who're accused of plotting to carry out a bomb
attack on the offices of the Danish newspaper which printed cartoons of
the Prophet Mohammed. The group - all Norwegian residents - are
accused of collecting bomb ingredients in a basement flat.
Prosecutors say the plot was agreed with Al-Qaeda in Pakistan. All
three men have pleaded not guilty. A group of six Somali men accused
of hijacking a French couple's yacht have gone on trial in Paris.
It's the first case of alleged Somali piracy to be heard in the
French courts. Lawyers for several of the men say their clients were
fishermen who were forced to take part.
Turkey's prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, has warned Syria's
president Assad that the future of Syria cannot be built on the blood
of the oppressed. Mr Erdogan's latest condemnation of Syria came
amid increasing diplomatic and economic pressure on Damascus over
the suppression of anti-government protests. Turkey has also announced
the cancellation of plans for oil exploration in Syria and has
threatened to cut electricity supplies.
Meanwhile, the violence inside Syria is intensifying. At least 70
people are reported to have been killed in clashes on Monday.
The remains of an armoured personnel carrier of the Syrian
army burns in the southern district This, according to the opposition
is the result of an attack by a former soldiers who are said to
have defected and joined the opposition. It is not possible to
independently verified this. Thus, if true, it would be another sign
of how Syria is descending into civil war. A prospect which alarms
and neighbouring countries, including Turkey. Its prime
minister, a former ally, now one of the most outspoken critics of the
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. The future cannot be built on the
blood of oppressed people. Otherwise, history will remember
such leaders as those feeding on blood. President Assad, you on your
way to open a page. Those who are cursed for cruelty and oppression
The violence so far this week has been particularly intense. Today,
the funerals took place here in the southern district, of more than 20
people killed on Monday. 34 members of the security forces were also
killed in clashes here. Apparently we soldiers who had defected.
Battles which are becoming ever The opposition inside Syria is
growing in confidence. As soldiers joined the fight against a
government. And, as key parts of the international community,
including the Arab League, offer She survived being shot in the head
at point blank range, and now with her husband, a former astronaut, at
her side, the American Congresswoman Gabriel Giffords has
been speaking about her ordeal. She said she couldn't remember much of
the attack in which six others were killed. Steve Kingstone has the
From this to this. A recovery that almost defies belief. 10 months
after she was shot in the head at point-blank range, Gabriel Giffords
faces the camera. -- Gabrielle Giffords. How do you feel? Pretty
good. Strong, strong. She is a remarkable survivor, but this is
the moment a congresswoman learned others had died in the shooting.
They died. It is sad. This was her back in January. Being sworn in as
a third term congresswoman. And here she was in Arizona a week
later, meeting constituents outside a supermarket. Moments after this
picture was taken, the gunmen Killing six people and wounding 14.
A bullet passed through the congresswoman's skull. This
intimate footage was filmed by her husband. We see Gabrielle Giffords
of relearning how to walk. And how to talk. Her speech therapy even
includes 1980s pop music. Girls just want to have fun. But there
are said backs as well. However remarkable, the recovery is far
from complete. She was asked by ABC News if she would run for election
next year. She wants to get better. You think, I will go back to
Congress if I get better. millions she is already an
inspiration, wherever the journey leads. Britain has demanded that
Burma released more political prisoners. Some were due to be
released this week but it appears to have been delayed. Andrew
Mitchell has become the first British government minister to
visit Burma in decades and he said that, while reforms being
introduced are grounds for cautious optimism, much more needs to be
done. David Loyn sent this exclusive report.
Burma's military dictators built themselves a 20 lane highway at a
heart of their new capital. Nobody uses it much. Nobody here other
than the for -- the Civil Service - - servants forced to move when the
government moved. But there is changed in the air. Behind the
walls of this absurdly large building, a new parliament is in
session for -- session. We have a democratic system now. We have a
parliament and we can discuss political or economic matters for
the good of the country. It all began with a new President's sworn
in in 2nd March surprised his country with the pace of change.
Nobody yet would call this a democracy but there are signs that
what was just a rubber-stamp for a military dictatorship is turning
itself into a real parliament. Britain is Burma's largest donor.
This visit by the International Development Secretary is a chance
to test reform policies. He met the Speaker, one of the key architects
of reform. Speaking to a foreign journalist for the first time, he
told me there is no turning back. TRANSLATION: The reform process is
genuine and irreversible. But it will take more than better debates
in Parliament and more freedom -- freedom for the media and trade
unions. Sabia Western sanctions will remain well and sang Suji's
party cannot stand in elections, hundreds of political prisoners
remain in prison and ethnic conflicts rage. -- or Aung San Suu
Kyi. It underlines the point that there is plenty of grounds for
optimism. But still a long way to go before the international
community can be able to signal that deep progress has been made.
The workers waiting for a bus in their soul this new capital hope
that things are getting better. -- soul this.
It was a miracle for one family and it could give hope to many more.
Doctors in London have cured a baby boy of a life threatening disease
which was destroying his liver. They used a ground-breaking new
procedure, implanting cells which acted as a temporary Liver to allow
the damaged organ to recover. It could have far reaching
consequences. Meet a medical marvel. It is hard
to imagine now, but six months ago this boy was close to death, a
virus destroying his liver. Now it is working normally. His parents
say that their only child has been given back to them. It was great.
Once he had the treatment, after 48 hours things started slowly to get
better. What saved his life was not a transplant but deep frozen human
liver cells. Scientists at King's College Hospital coated the cells
with a chemical found in algae to put it -- prevent the boy's body
from rejecting them. He was given a single injection of Liver cells.
Their protective coating was porous, allowing toxins to flow in, be
processed, and waste products and vital proteins to flow out. Immune
cells were too big to enter so could not destroy the tissue. After
two weeks, his liver had started to recover. A key benefit over a liver
transplant is that the boy will never need drugs to stop the
rejection of the liver. Only a few months back I saw this
child, who was so sick, on a breathing machine, and we think
that we have given him another chance of life. Seeing him now,
with an nearly normal liver, it is remarkable. Many patients died
before receiving a liver transplant so it is hoped that the treatment
that saved this boy may yet help many others.
She is arguably England's most famous female novelist but almost
200 years after her untimely death at 41 it is being suggested that
Jane Austen may have been poisoned. Crime writer Lindsay Ashford claims
to have uncovered evidence that arsenic may have killed her,
evidence which she has incorporated into her new novel, The Mysterious
Death Of Miss Austen. I am joined by Lindsay Ashford and also Deirdre
Le Faye, who has written extensively on Jane Austen. Lindsay
Ashford, what led you to believe that Jane Austen may have been
poisoned? It started when I went to live in Chawton in Hampshire, where
Jane Austen lived. Most of reading some of her letters in which she
described her symptoms and one particular phrase jumped out. She
describes her face as being black and white and every wrong colour.
As a crime writer I have researched poisons extensively and it occurred
to me that this was very simple -- similar to the Simpsons of arsenic
poisoning. -- symptoms. But the visiting American told me about a
lock of her hair in the Jane Austen Museum. Apparently the people who
bought their hair in the 1940s, who donated it to the museum, haddock -
- had it tested far arsenic and the test was positive. Putting these
two things together, I thought, there must be something in this.
The more I researched arsenic, the more I thought, yes, the symptoms
she described, there is a lot of correlation between arsenic
poisoning and what she described. Do you think she was actually a
murdered or could she have ingested it accidentally? It is unlikely but
not impossible that she was murdered. It of course it is a
scenario I have created for my fictional book. Certainly there are
other possibilities. We know that arsenic was very widespread in the
early 19th century. It occurred in wallpaper, candles, you can buy it
for rat poison. It was also used in medicine. One of the most popular
medicines at the time contained arsenic. It was given for
rheumatism and we know that Jane Austen had rheumatism. Deirdre Le
Faye, do you think this is possible, that Jane Austen could perhaps by
accident have ingested enough arsenic to kill her? No, frankly. I
agree that arsenic was very widely available and widely used and she
may well have taken some in medicine because we don't know what
medicines she took. She was ill for quite a few months and the local
apothecary was supposed to be treating her but he did not keep
any notes about his patients. But certainly arsenic was used. I
believe it was used to because it was almost a cosmetic because in
small doses it makes your hair glossy and a nice pale skin. What
about the point about her skin having these peculiar coloured
blotches? She says that in her letters, and most people to date
have taken it as meaning Addison's disease, which apparently does do
this to you, when the Reinaldo and above the kidneys fails and your
blood does not get cleaned and it is reflected in your face.
Addison's disease apparently gives a brawl last appearance, a healthy
outdoors look, which is quite different from be symptoms Jane
Austen described. All of the medical theories fault on the use
facial symptoms she reported. Lupus, Hodgkin's disease, a form of typhus
have all been suggested but none of them quite cover the symptoms,
especially the skin this coloration. I am sure this discussion will go
on and on. I am afraid this is all we have time for.
A quick reminder of our main stories. The police in New York
have cleared anti-Wall Street demonstrators from a park in the
financial district where they have been camping since September. But
lawyers for the protesters have obtained a temporary court order
allowing them to remain. Turkey's Prime Minister has warned
Syria's President that the future of Syria cannot be built on the
blood of its people. Pressure is building on Dunn at -- Damascus
after the suppression of government -- anti-government protests. For me,
Today the cloud broke in many places, giving a fine and bright
afternoon. It is likely to reform through the night, so getting off
to a grey, overcast start to things. We are still holding on to this
high-pressure across Scandinavia but whether France are trying to
move in off the road Latics. -- weather fronts are trying to move
in off the Atlantic. With some sunshine in Newcastle, highs of 10
degrees, through Lincolnshire, the East Midlands and the south-east
corner, dry, fine and bright. Further west we had some thicker
cloud and we will see some spots of rain across the south-east England.
South Wales, a bitter -- on the grey and damp side. We might see a
bit of a showery rain over Northern Ireland. Across Scotland, still
some bright this towards the north- west. Inverness, the potential for