17/11/2011 World News Today


17/11/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 17/11/2011. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

Mass protests hit the streets on two continents. Scuffles, tear gas

:00:14.:00:16.

and arrests, as thousands frustrated over the global economy

:00:16.:00:21.

voice their anger in America and Europe.

:00:21.:00:25.

Right move or wrong step: Burma gets the green light to chair the

:00:25.:00:35.
:00:35.:00:35.

ASEAN summit in 2014. A special report from the West Bank

:00:35.:00:37.

is critical of increasing violence between Jewish settlers and

:00:37.:00:40.

Palestinians. Also coming up in the programme:

:00:40.:00:43.

The stage play that's meant to shock - a Spanish play about

:00:43.:00:47.

religion sparks controversy. Are there some topics which are too

:00:47.:00:57.
:00:57.:01:05.

It's been called the age of protest - in New York's Wall Street,

:01:05.:01:09.

protesters are calling it their "Day of Action". Hundreds of people

:01:09.:01:12.

are demonstrating in Manhattan and across other major US cities to

:01:12.:01:15.

mark two months since the Occupy Wall Street movement began a

:01:15.:01:22.

campaign against economic inequality. In New York, riot

:01:22.:01:24.

police arrested people outside the New York Stock Exchange who were

:01:24.:01:29.

protesting about their eviction two days ago from a central city park.

:01:29.:01:32.

And the protests are being echoed across the Atlantic in Greece and

:01:32.:01:38.

Italy. Thousands of students have been protesting in Athens and Rome

:01:38.:01:42.

against austerity plans and rising unemployment.

:01:42.:01:45.

Well, in a moment, we'll be speaking to the BBC's

:01:45.:01:49.

correspondents in Athens and Rome, Mark Lowen and Alan Johnston. First,

:01:49.:01:59.
:01:59.:02:01.

let's go to New York and Caroline Hepker. In Manhattan, about 60

:02:01.:02:10.

people have been arrested so far, where we saw hundreds of people

:02:10.:02:15.

gathering to protest about economic insecurity and the greed of Wall

:02:15.:02:21.

Street. There were small skirmishes. In the park, the protesters have

:02:21.:02:26.

talked about rallying on to Brooklyn Bridge. They have also

:02:26.:02:33.

talked about taking over the subways. New York's transport

:02:33.:02:40.

authority will say they will do their utmost to protect the subway.

:02:40.:02:50.
:02:50.:02:52.

There has been sympathy for the protesters as well. Give us an idea

:02:52.:03:00.

of the profile of these Occupy Wall Street protesters. They are a very

:03:00.:03:06.

varied range of people. They are led by a small group of leaders,

:03:06.:03:11.

and they are being backed by a significant donations, but they are

:03:11.:03:19.

angry that the Mayor has managed to get rid of their tents and other

:03:19.:03:24.

things they have been using to stage this two months old protest.

:03:25.:03:30.

The protesters have also tried to prevent people from getting to the

:03:30.:03:37.

New York Stock Exchange. I spoke to a trader who works on the floor of

:03:37.:03:41.

that stock exchange. He said he had no trouble getting into work this

:03:41.:03:45.

morning. He even said he had empathy for the anger at the

:03:45.:03:49.

protesters have shown. He said they were simply directing their anger

:03:49.:03:54.

at the wrong people. He said the traders on the floor of the New

:03:54.:03:58.

York Stock Exchange, they are not the elite that the protesters angry

:03:58.:04:08.
:04:08.:04:18.

at. Let us cross to Athens now. This is an annual parade to mark a

:04:18.:04:28.
:04:28.:04:30.

student uprising in 1973. The protest began today in Athens

:04:30.:04:36.

Polytechnic. It snaked its way through the square, and up to their

:04:36.:04:45.

embassy. It ends there. As well as the commemoration aspect of the

:04:45.:04:51.

march, it is a huge demonstration against anti austerity measures.

:04:51.:05:01.

Fast crowds came out onto the streets today. -- fast. That said,

:05:01.:05:11.
:05:11.:05:15.

it was fairly peaceful. We were looking at pictures of those riot

:05:15.:05:25.
:05:25.:05:30.

police who were out in force clearly. Now to Rome. There is no

:05:30.:05:37.

more marching here in Rome. These were young people who are

:05:37.:05:45.

suspicious of Mario Monti's new administration. They are suspicious,

:05:45.:05:49.

as well, of the austerity programme to come. The young people are

:05:49.:05:54.

saying, why didn't you go after the people who caused the crisis in

:05:54.:06:00.

Italy? I think are, generally, you get the feeling that it Italy is

:06:00.:06:04.

ready to give Mario Monti a chance. Polls are suggesting that most

:06:04.:06:14.
:06:14.:06:36.

people have faith in him. William has written about this and joins us

:06:36.:06:46.

from Durham, North Carolina. Is this anger going anywhere? You have

:06:46.:06:53.

to take it country-by-country. If you look at Italy and Greece, they

:06:53.:07:03.
:07:03.:07:12.

are very specific demands there. In the United States, protesters are

:07:12.:07:17.

being somewhat more generic. They are protesting against social

:07:18.:07:22.

conditions. That is one of the inadequacies of the American people.

:07:22.:07:28.

They have focused attention on the growing inequality of income of

:07:28.:07:33.

wealth, which has become a problem that our economy, society and

:07:33.:07:43.

politics. Do you think these protests will have a lasting impact

:07:43.:07:50.

on the way that politicians do their business, or will it just be

:07:50.:07:58.

situation as normal? In Italy and Greece, and other European

:07:58.:08:05.

countries as well, as the crisis spreads, you will have an extended

:08:05.:08:12.

process of trying to come to grips with the imperatives of austerity

:08:12.:08:18.

verses genuine show socked -- genuine social hardships people are

:08:18.:08:24.

experiencing. In the United States, even if the movement fades, it will

:08:24.:08:34.
:08:34.:08:42.

leave a residue. America it did have the effect of crystallising

:08:42.:08:47.

sentiments that were shared about the growth of inequality of wealth

:08:47.:08:53.

bus stop Americans can stand for much greater inequality than would

:08:53.:08:58.

be acceptable in most European countries, but even here, enough is

:08:58.:09:08.
:09:08.:09:12.

enough. We let lead to new political methods? -- will it.

:09:12.:09:16.

sceptical. There is a danger in the United States that protesters's

:09:17.:09:20.

tactics will get in the way of their message, and politicians who

:09:20.:09:26.

might be inclined to react to the message may be forced to distance

:09:26.:09:32.

themselves from the tactics of the movement, if the movement starts to

:09:32.:09:42.
:09:42.:09:46.

shut down transit systems and bridges and things like that.

:09:46.:09:49.

Now a look at some of the day's other news: Fears continue to grow

:09:49.:09:56.

over Iran's nuclear programme. Six leading world powers have agreed a

:09:56.:09:59.

draft resolution on Iran at a meeting of the United Nations

:09:59.:10:01.

nuclear agency, the IAEA. The resolution expresses "deep and

:10:01.:10:03.

increasing concern" about Iran's nuclear programme.

:10:03.:10:06.

The emir of Kuwait has ordered the security forces to take all

:10:06.:10:08.

necessary measures to maintain order. Several thousand protesters

:10:08.:10:11.

briefly occupied Parliament on Wednesday. Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad

:10:11.:10:19.

Al-Sabah said no violation of state institutions would be tolerated.

:10:19.:10:22.

Japan has banned shipments of rice from an area near the crippled

:10:22.:10:25.

Fukushima nuclear plant, after it was found to have radiation levels

:10:25.:10:28.

above safety limits. The sample came from a farm in Fukushima City,

:10:28.:10:30.

around sixty kilometres from the nuclear plant. The Japanese

:10:30.:10:35.

government says none of the rice had yet been sold.

:10:35.:10:41.

Scientists may have established how a mountain range came to exist

:10:41.:10:51.
:10:51.:10:54.

under the Antarctic. The mountain's are thought to be 1 billion years

:10:54.:10:57.

old. There have been further signs that

:10:57.:11:02.

Burnett is gradually being welcomed back into the international fault.

:11:02.:11:11.

Leaders gathered for the summit on the Indonesian island of Bali. They

:11:11.:11:20.

have agreed that Burma cannot chair the group in 2014. Meanwhile, one

:11:20.:11:24.

year Ron from third release of the pro-democracy leader, our

:11:24.:11:26.

international development correspondent has been to Burma to

:11:26.:11:33.

meet her. Burmese people support this man

:11:33.:11:39.

with something close to reverence - - this woman. Conditions that

:11:39.:11:45.

prevented her party from a standing in elections were lifted. It is

:11:45.:11:51.

expected that people will decide to register again as a party. There is

:11:51.:11:59.

no doubt which way the leader will vote. I am not entirely sure of the

:11:59.:12:04.

reasons why people think it is not the right time to register. On the

:12:04.:12:10.

whole, I think the majority of allow people going for re

:12:10.:12:16.

registration is fine. What reforms are we going -- what reforms are

:12:16.:12:26.
:12:26.:12:27.

going on here? How do you see Burma changing? There you while! -- duo

:12:27.:12:37.
:12:37.:12:37.

are! -- you are. This is the first of Burmese generation that may not

:12:37.:12:41.

have to grow up under a dictatorship. There is no doubt in

:12:42.:12:48.

deep affection and that she is held here. She is on the eve of making

:12:48.:12:52.

the most important political decision of her life. The issue is

:12:52.:12:56.

the speed of which these reforms are being implemented, and it is

:12:56.:13:02.

part of that that she will stand in these by-elections and wins. Issue

:13:02.:13:07.

goes to parliament with the strength of that mandate, that will

:13:07.:13:17.
:13:17.:13:22.

help to transform politics and Burma. -- if she goes. It is not

:13:22.:13:30.

about the past. It is about the future. What the leaders are doing

:13:30.:13:35.

now, by confirming the resignation, we are trying to ensure that the

:13:36.:13:42.

process of change continues. The momentum is maintained. The leader

:13:42.:13:48.

they call here the lady looks like she is running for office already.

:13:48.:13:55.

The cost has been great. The young -- the long years of seclusion has

:13:55.:14:01.

been great, but she has not suffered. I have never seen it as

:14:01.:14:06.

suffering. I find it embarrassing when people talk about my suffering.

:14:06.:14:12.

People have died, and it seems to be that no one still alive has a

:14:13.:14:22.
:14:23.:14:31.

lot to complain. She told me the new President is a good listener.

:14:31.:14:38.

What do you think of this move to let Burma chaired the 2014 summit?

:14:38.:14:44.

You can't be stuck in the past, can you? It is important to look into

:14:44.:14:53.

the future. But you also need to live with the past. This is an

:14:53.:15:03.
:15:03.:15:11.

important message. There is a necessity to see consistent human

:15:11.:15:21.
:15:21.:15:25.

rights. This is very important. They need to remember what happened

:15:25.:15:31.

in the past. But surely you also have to look at progress, and not

:15:31.:15:35.

just what has happened in the past? There have been a recent overtures

:15:35.:15:39.

by the government in Burma to try and reach out to their former

:15:39.:15:49.
:15:49.:15:56.

Yes, I witnessed a lot of progress in Myanmar. This is important. We

:15:56.:16:02.

need to encourage the current President. I think the President

:16:02.:16:09.

has been consistent in the resurrection. Progress has to be

:16:09.:16:18.

welcomed, recognised, but also continue reminding... Can you state

:16:18.:16:23.

quite clearly, do you think the fact that Burma has been invited to

:16:23.:16:31.

chair ASEAN 2014, is it the right step or the wrong move?

:16:31.:16:37.

understand but let the not respond to that question because it is a

:16:37.:16:42.

political question. I think that the new authorities are in the

:16:42.:16:48.

right direction. But more time is needed. There is still a lot of

:16:48.:16:53.

political prisoners in Myanmar prisons. I visited myself.

:16:53.:17:00.

Prisoners who have suffered torture and mistreatment. There are many

:17:00.:17:04.

human rights situations that you cannot at this moment forget. I

:17:04.:17:08.

think that the government is going in the right direction, I recognise

:17:08.:17:14.

that. This is my message to the United Nations, a report to the new

:17:14.:17:20.

United Nations on that. But also to remind of the importance that a

:17:20.:17:28.

transition to democracy, to have success they need to sort out human

:17:28.:17:36.

There's been a big rise in Jewish settler violence against

:17:36.:17:40.

Palestinians living in the West Bank. The United Nations says the

:17:40.:17:43.

number of attacks by settlers against Palestinians resulting in

:17:43.:17:48.

injury or property damage has gone up roughly threefold in the last

:17:48.:17:58.
:17:58.:17:59.

These are olive farmers from the Palestinian village, clashing with

:17:59.:18:03.

Jewish settlers last month. The Israeli army intervened. The

:18:03.:18:07.

Palestinians say they were forced to leave their trees. They say

:18:07.:18:17.

settlors then set their fields on A few days later, Nidam Qaraweq

:18:17.:18:24.

shows me the damage. He tells me these settlers attacked him with

:18:24.:18:29.

sticks. As to his trees, he says they are wholly to him, sold you

:18:29.:18:36.

can't put a value on them. The situation around the villages

:18:36.:18:38.

especially tense, after two Palestinians there were convicted

:18:39.:18:42.

of murdering a family of five settlers, including three children,

:18:42.:18:47.

in March. But settler related violence is on the increase across

:18:47.:18:51.

the West Bank. The UN that says the number of Palestinians being

:18:51.:18:58.

injured in settler attacks has roughly tripled since 2009. Some

:18:58.:19:01.

settlers have guns, which the Israeli government allows them to

:19:01.:19:11.
:19:11.:19:12.

legally own. But it is the Israeli army that often has to intervene.

:19:12.:19:18.

We go to the Palestinian village which sits right next to a Jewish

:19:18.:19:26.

settlement. It is a regular point of friction. These clashes between

:19:26.:19:30.

Palestinians and Jewish settlers are happening on a weekly, if not

:19:30.:19:34.

daily basis at the moment. The Israeli army had intervened,

:19:34.:19:38.

they've been firing tear gas towards the Palestinians. They are

:19:38.:19:41.

on the side of the Jewish settlement. But the officer in

:19:41.:19:47.

charge here has tow the boat sides are as stupid as the other. And

:19:47.:19:51.

Nitzan Alon, a man who has just left his post as Israeli army

:19:51.:19:54.

commander in the West Bank, says he's worried about a rise in Jewish

:19:54.:19:58.

extremism, even calling it terrorism. But settler leaders say

:19:58.:20:05.

he's wrong. I think that Commander Alon is exaggerating and making

:20:05.:20:10.

mistake, not being careful with his words. Or Palestinians, continued

:20:10.:20:13.

settlement expansion, illegal under international law, is an obstacle

:20:13.:20:18.

to peace. Is a viable Palestinian state requires tens of thousands of

:20:18.:20:28.
:20:28.:20:29.

settlers to leave. That would not happen easily. A spokesman for the

:20:29.:20:33.

Israeli government joins us now from Jerusalem. Does the Israeli

:20:34.:20:38.

government categorically condemn any kind of violence by Jewish

:20:38.:20:43.

settlers against innocent and unarmed Palestinians? Most

:20:43.:20:47.

definitely yes. We've been doing so for quite some time. President

:20:47.:20:52.

Perez, Prime Minister Netanyahu, the Speaker of our Parliament - all

:20:52.:20:55.

across the board the police leaders and military leaders, this

:20:55.:20:59.

vigilante violence is unacceptable and we condemn it and act against

:20:59.:21:03.

it. The United Nations says the level of inaction by the Israeli

:21:03.:21:07.

police is shameful for a country that says it uphold the rule of law.

:21:07.:21:11.

It says 90 % of complaints by Palestinians result in nothing

:21:11.:21:18.

being done, nobody is indicted. shared that report with the Israeli

:21:18.:21:22.

police a short time ago. They said it's not true, that every complaint

:21:22.:21:25.

made his thoroughly investigated, but that a tactical and

:21:25.:21:29.

intelligence level. I would remind you that some two months ago we

:21:29.:21:34.

established a special police task force of some 60 officers who are

:21:34.:21:36.

permanently bared, designed to stamp out this sort of vigilante

:21:36.:21:41.

violence. It is unacceptable. We as a society and country do not want

:21:41.:21:45.

to see this vigilante violence. Anything done outside the rule of

:21:45.:21:48.

law will not be tolerated. You said you talked to the Israeli police,

:21:48.:21:52.

then give us the correct figure because the UN says 90 % of

:21:52.:21:57.

complaints result in nobody being indicted. What is the number of

:21:57.:22:01.

people being indicted? I don't have that figure. I can tell you that

:22:01.:22:05.

every complaint made his thoroughly investigated. But nobody is ever

:22:05.:22:09.

indicted, that's the point. That is not correct. People have been

:22:09.:22:13.

arrested, put in jail, people have been put in front of legal

:22:13.:22:18.

proceedings. We have no tolerance policy. My Prime Minister, there

:22:18.:22:21.

was a terrible incident in northern Israel where a mosque was attacked.

:22:21.:22:24.

My Prime Minister stood up and said it was unacceptable. This is not

:22:24.:22:34.
:22:34.:22:40.

Jewish, this is not Israeli, we A satirical play about the life of

:22:40.:22:44.

Jesus Christ is causing controversy following its premiere in France.

:22:44.:22:48.

The play, called Golgota Picnic, has been denounced by Catholic

:22:48.:22:51.

groups who staged street protests, while others have demonstrated in

:22:51.:22:55.

favour of freedom of speech. The play's director welcomes the debate

:22:55.:23:05.
:23:05.:23:06.

between culture and blasphemy. We will be discussing this. This play

:23:06.:23:09.

intends to shock. A modern depiction of Jesus Christ - the

:23:09.:23:17.

stage littered with Big Macs and a very present day falling angel. The

:23:17.:23:20.

French opening follows a run for six months in Madrid with no

:23:20.:23:24.

trouble. But now Catholic groups in Toulouse petitioned to censor the

:23:24.:23:28.

play but were denied. Shock tactics didn't always have a place on the

:23:28.:23:32.

stage. The UK passed the Theatres Act in 1968 abolishing censorship.

:23:33.:23:36.

A change brought on by the prominence of the Angry Young Men

:23:36.:23:40.

playwrights. John Osborne was one of the early writers who fought for

:23:40.:23:50.
:23:50.:23:53.

a theatre that reflects society. But with the freedom have come the

:23:53.:23:58.

protests. In 2006 Jerry Spinger: The Opera could hide behind the law,

:23:58.:24:05.

in the face of protests who called the play blasphemous. The career of

:24:05.:24:08.

director Peter Brook has spanned the changes and for him freedom on

:24:08.:24:17.

stage is necessary. Look at every television programme, look at every

:24:17.:24:20.

newspaper and you can't get away from the themes of clashing

:24:20.:24:30.
:24:30.:24:35.

interests, clash of civilizations, With religion at centre stage,

:24:35.:24:37.

Golgota Picnic will continue to gain supporters and protesters,

:24:37.:24:47.
:24:47.:24:53.

waiting for its next resurrection I have been joined in the studio by

:24:53.:24:59.

the playwright and former theatre critic. It is very difficult to

:24:59.:25:03.

strike a balance between freedom of speech but also blasphemy. I don't

:25:03.:25:08.

think it is. Isn't it? It's the age-old battle of fundamentalists

:25:08.:25:14.

who feel that religion, or religious belief and doctrine, is

:25:14.:25:22.

this very fragile thing which is subject to terrible, inexplicable

:25:22.:25:29.

ABTA. And that it must be stopped, that religion must be revealed.

:25:29.:25:33.

Christianity is a very strong plant. If there are some people who for

:25:33.:25:38.

whatever reason want to smear or mark it, religion will survive.

:25:38.:25:43.

Surely you shouldn't mock people's beliefs, you should respect them.

:25:43.:25:51.

Not necessarily. I do think from what I've read of the play that it

:25:51.:25:56.

sounds very infantile, silly. set out to shock. Exactly. It seems

:25:56.:26:01.

to set out to shock in the crudest, most juvenile fashion. I haven't

:26:01.:26:07.

seen it so I don't know. Nor have I, I may be quite wrong. But I think

:26:07.:26:14.

the freedom to criticise religion and perhaps from the viewpoint of

:26:14.:26:18.

fundamentalists, that is to market in an unacceptable way. I think

:26:18.:26:23.

that is quite wrong. How typical of the general public do you think

:26:23.:26:28.

theatregoers are and playwrights such as yourself are? I don't think

:26:28.:26:31.

there is such a thing as a typical theatre-goer or a typical play

:26:31.:26:38.

right. I completely understand the attitude of the fundamentalist.

:26:38.:26:43.

Jerry Springer rehearsed the same arguments. They've been going on

:26:43.:26:48.

for many years here and I'm sure abroad. I think probably they are a

:26:48.:26:52.

little more fragile in their attitudes in Paris and France.

:26:53.:26:58.

few seconds things have become more relaxed for your protests over the

:26:58.:27:04.

years? A little. Which pleases you, no doubt. I'm so glad to hear that.

:27:04.:27:11.

Thank you very much indeed. That is all from the programme. Next is the

:27:11.:27:21.
:27:21.:27:28.

weather. From the team here on It's been a mild day today,

:27:28.:27:32.

especially if you had some sunshine. But rain returns to Northern

:27:32.:27:35.

Ireland and western Scotland and other parts of the West overnight,

:27:35.:27:38.

with still some outbreaks of rain tomorrow and still a brisk wind.

:27:38.:27:42.

Low pressure from the Atlantic reading the weather fronts in our

:27:42.:27:46.

direction, high to the east has now pulled away somewhat. It is

:27:46.:27:49.

allowing the wetter weather to come in. There will be heavier bursts in

:27:49.:27:53.

the rain to western Scotland during Friday, but central and eastern

:27:53.:27:57.

areas are looking dry with further sunny spells. A fine afternoon

:27:57.:28:02.

across much of northern England. It is mild again, 13 or 14 degrees.

:28:02.:28:06.

Sunny spells across East Anglia and the south-east, the temperature a

:28:06.:28:10.

degree or two higher than we've had today, but it will be on the breezy

:28:10.:28:13.

side. We look to the south-west, and yet there is a chance,

:28:13.:28:18.

especially during the first part of the day, for a bit of patchy, light

:28:18.:28:22.

rain or drizzle. There is a brisk towards the south and west of Wales

:28:22.:28:26.

as well. North-west England brightening up, Northern Ireland

:28:26.:28:29.

blustery again but not quite as windy as today. The rain tomorrow

:28:29.:28:33.

isn't going to be as heavy as it was today, just like and patchy.

:28:33.:28:38.

Outbreaks of rain for Western and Central Scotland. Across the North-

:28:38.:28:43.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS