24/11/2011 World News Today


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Egypt's military says sorry for the deaths of protestors in the past


week's unrest and insists that Monday's parliamentary elections


will go ahead. But some protestors are not convinced and are are


refusing to leave Cairo's Tahrir More talks at the EU's top table,


but beneath the apparent unity, big differences exist between France


and Germany on how to stabilise the euro. The Harry Potter author JK


Rowling tells the inquiry into UK media ethics that press intrusion


hounded her out of her home. Also coming up in the programme... We


have a special report from the Syrian/ Turkish border. How safe


are Syrian anti-government protestors who've crossed into


Turkey? The assumption is that agents of Syrian intelligence were


waiting for him, grabbed him and perhaps took him back over the


Syrian border. Most people round here think that he's been killed


already. And the first novel of beat generation writer Jack Kerouac


is finally published more than 40 Hello and welcome. After six days


of violence in which nearly 40 people have died, Egypt's ruling


military has insisted that parliamentary elections will go


ahead as planned on Monday. But protestors in Cairo's Tahrir Square,


the symbolic heart of the Egyptian revolution, are not placated.


Although a truce has been brokered by Muslim clerics, there are still


large crowds in the square demanding the military leadership


step down immediately. Jon Leyne reports from Cairo. The state of


Egypt four days before what should be a triumphant celebration of


democracy. The troops on the streets, barbed-wire surrounds the


Interior Ministry. Overnight there was the latest in a series of


truces between police and protesters. But nobody is


optimistic it will hold. On state TV two generals appeared. For the


first time they offered an apology for the deaths of protesters. They


insisted they were not like the former regime, they did not want to


hold on to power. But in the city of Ismailiyah, they sent tanks out


during the night as demonstrations continued across Egypt. The


opposition claimed live fire is now being used against them, the army


firmly deny they had shot any protesters. After last night's


apology, two more generals appear today to insist elections on Monday


will go ahead. TRANSLATION: We will not relinquish power because of a


slogan chanting crowd. Being in power is not a blessing, it is a


curse. Meanwhile, parliamentary elections are still scheduled for


Monday. There is almost no campaigning going on, but the bosom


but there had are among the parties who do want them to happen -- of


the Muslim Brotherhood. -- the Muslim Brotherhood. We need can't,


we need to bring the quietness back to Egypt because we are losing


money every day. In Tahrir Square there are mixed opinions about the


election but determination that they won the generals to go and


hand over power to a civilian government. The generals have


apologised but they also made it clear they are not about to give up


power. The crowds here have not been pacified by anything they have


heard, they made it clear they are not going anywhere either. We could


be in for a long stalemate. Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, which expects


to do well in the election, says next Monday's poll must go ahead.


The group is the largest to be represented in the election. It's


also Egypt's oldest and largest Islamist organisation and has


influenced similar movements across the Arab world. In previous


elections, the group ran candidates as independents to get round a ban


on religious parties. In 2005, its candidates won 88 seats, a fifth of


the total, and far outstripping the legal opposition, which won only 14


seats. After the fall of President Mubarak, the group was legalised.


And standing as the Freedom and Justice Party, it's said it will


contest up to half the seats in next week's elections. Joining us


now from Cairo is Kamal Al Helbawy, spokesperson for the Muslim


Brotherhood. Is it fair to say the Muslim brothers have done a deal


with the military? I do believe that the Muslim Brotherhood played


the role the area efficiently with the military and with the people of


Egypt. Now they are coming to elections, the people understand


they are the most organised group in Egypt and they are heading to


get there with other is a must so at least 50 per cent of the vote.


Nobody disputes you will have a strong showing but the specific


question is the protesters out in Tahrir Square now, many of them


secularists, say they are concerned a new transitional government may


have to answer to the military in some way. What is your view on the


role of the military now in Egypt? Should it be enshrined in any new


constitution? I believe the military role should be shrinking


in the future and the more participation from the


revolutionary and civilian powers in growing the future and shaping


the future of Egypt, not only in implementation. I wrote and spoke


on Arabic Television about the role in the future and the co-operation


between the revolutionary and the army. And at least 19 people from


the revolutionary should be collected who was quite genuine and


trusted by the people to participate in working for the


future and resolutions with the military council and not to leave


all the burden on the shoulders of the Military Council as happened


during the last 10 months since the fall of Mubarak. The military have


said they will hand over to win national salvation government. Who,


in your view, would be right to lead that government? We've heard


different names. Who would be acceptable to you? For me every one


of them is acceptable because it is a transition period and it will not


continue more than a few months and it will be very busy but I do


believe any potential candidate, if they accepted to play the role of


the transitional period to lead this government, they will have no


role to play in the future of Egypt, or participate in elections as


candidates. And remove so can lead but will have no right to


participate in the presidential elections. Another name was


mentioned but I think he did not approve that and they wanted to


stay behind until the presidential The leaders of France and Germany


are proposing changes to the European Union treaties to tighten


control over the eurozone. President Sarkozy and the German


Chancellor Angela Merkel also expressed their strong support for


Italy's interim prime minister, Mario Monti, after the three met in


Strasbourg today. France and Germany are keen to present a


united front, however, they disagree on the role of the


European Central Bank in helping stabilise the eurozone. From


Or on the Franco-German border in a city synonymous with the idea of


European unity -- unity, they want to send a message to the markets


that Italy is in safe hands and has the support of its allies. But what


is this new triumvirate going to do to try to present the eurozone


crisis spinning out of control? TRANSLATION: Faced with the gravity


of the situation we have told Mario Monti that France and Germany will


propose changes to the treaty over the next few days to improve


eurozone confidence. We hope Italy will join us. The idea of a treaty


change will not be welcomed by everyone. Many are focusing on


trying to persuade Germany to ease its opposition to allow the


European Central Bank to use it unlimited firepower to protect


countries which are struggling to service their debts. No sign yet of


Mrs Merkel budging. TRANSLATION: Were modifying the


treaty we are talking about fiscal union, political co-operation, it


is a different story, we have proposals, which have nothing to do


with the ECB. Plenty for Mario Monti to ponder as he embarks on


the enormous task of trying to turn the Italian economy around. His


country is too big to fail but too big to bail. The eurozone needs him


to deliver. TRANSLATION: We have shared our


thoughts on this and we agree the health of the eurozone his priority.


It is fundamental duras days, that the eurozone integrate. -- the euro


stays. They will meet again in Rome and then there is another Euro-


summit in a couple of weeks amid a feeling that time is beginning to


run out. Now a look at some of the days other news... -- day's. The


Yemeni president may have signed a deal to step down, but the violence


continues in the capital Sanaa. At least five people were killed and


several wounded when gunmen loyal to the president opened fire on


thousands of protesters objecting to his being given immunity from


prosecution. President Saleh has condemned the attacks and ordered


an investigation into the violence. Large international supermarket


chains like Tesco and Walmart can now set up shop in India following


a ruling by the government. Supporters of the move say it will


increase competition and quality while reducing prices. Opponents


believe it will squeeze out India's smaller and poorer traders. The


leaders of Hamas and Fatah say they have narrowed their differences


after talks in Cairo. The work in session between Mahmoud Abbas and


the political leader of Hamas was the first since Hamas took control


of Gaza in 2007, leaving Fatah with just the West Bank to control.


American Samoa's football team have won their first international match


after 30 consecutive defeat. They beat Tonga in their first


qualifying match for the 2014 World Cup. In his previous 13 matches


they conceded 229 goals, scored just 12 and suffered a world record


31-0 defeat to Australia in a World Cup qualifier 10 years ago. They


have done well now. A succession of the rich and famous, like the actor


Hugh Grant, have been appearing before the Leveson Inquiry into


media ethics here in London this week. Today the Harry Potter author,


JK Rowling, was the main witness at the inquiry. She told the committee


that press intrusion into her personal life was so great that she


felt she was hounded out of her first home. The government


appointed Lord Leveson to carry out the inquiry into media practices


after a phone and e mail hacking standard engulfed newspapers here,


especially in the Rupert Murdoch news empire. Nicholas Witchell has


more. She has written books which have captivated millions, yet for


JK Rowling there is an absolute rule, that heroin children are


entitled to complete privacy. Unfortunately as she told the


inquiry... A significant section of press in my view have seen it


almost as a challenge. Many times she said she felt trapped at home


by photographers. She recalled an incident after the birth of her


son... We were besieged for one week, then I believe the


photographers had gone. For the first time in a week I was able to


get out of the house with my daughter and the baby. We were


long-nosed, on this occasion I saw the photographer taking the picture


from across the street, I pulled my daughter behind me because it


ignored. I rather absurdly gave chase, how I thought I could out


run a twentysomething a paparazzo while pushing a buggy... My


daughter was saying calm down, don't be silly, it does not matter.


But it mattered hugely to meet. Much of the media did excellent


work, she said, but there was a section which seemed to have few


scruples. The attitude seems to be utterly Cavalier. In difference.


What does it matter? You are famous. You're asking for it. JK Rowling


said if you fought back again some papers you could expect retribution.


In the case of the actress Sienna Miller, the risk could amount to


physical danger. She told the inquiry how, for years, she had


faced almost daily pursued by photographers. She said at times it


I would find myself at 21 running down the street at midnight with


ten big men chasing me and the fact they had cameras in their hands


meant that was legal, but if you take them away, you have a pack of


men chasing a woman and that's a very intimidating situation to be


in. Photographers seemed to know her movements and reporters her


secrets. They accused her family of leaking information. Her phone was


being hacked, in fact. When she finally saw the notes kept by Glenn


Mulcaire, this is what she found. Dates referring to very personal


things within my life. All my telephone numbers, the three I had


changed in three months and my access numbers, PIN numbers and


password for my e-mail that was later used to hack it. The whole


experience, she said, had created distrust and anxiety and left her


feeling violated. The Arab League has given Syria one day to agree to


allow an observer mission into the country or face sanctions. The


country's been suspended from the Arab League because of a violent


crackdown against anti-Government protesters. The leader of the


opposition Free Syrian Army has told the BBC that the President's


regime will fall soon. The colonel has given a rare interview to our


editor John Simpson, who is in south-east turkey. -- Turkey. The


border between Turkey on this side and Syria, a closed country on the


brink of civil war. It looks quiet enough, but refugees slip across


all the time, among them soldiers who have rebelled against the


Syrian Government. But even though they are under Turkish protection


now, they are not necessarily safe. There are seven refugee camps in


this area. Many of the people who now live in them have been here for


several months. A senior Syrian officer, who defected, lived here


until late September. Then he went out by bus to do some shopping in


the nearby town. Somewhere round here the colonel disappeared. The


assumption is that agents of Syrian intelligence were waiting for him,


grabbed hum, and perhaps took him back over the Syrian border. Most


people around here think that he's been killed already. Syrian


refugees still come here to shop, but they tend to be more wary now.


Some don't want to show their faces on camera. They all seem to know


about the disappearance of the colonel. The Turkishing police keep


an eye on us. Though, in the end, they let us go on filming. And the


Turkish army makes it hard to contact the leader the the Syrian


rebels, who has come across the border. He and all the defecting


soldiers are held in this one camp. While we were filming the pictures


of the soldiers, the Turkish army came and arrested us and a judge


had to get us freed. The only way we could interview the colonel was


via the internet. It was all done very much at the last minute and it


was pretty bizarre. We set up in a nearby farmyard and the chief of


the Free Syrian Army appeared. The first time he's been interviewed on


camera. TRANSLATION: We assure everyone that the President of


Syria is finished. The Syrian nation is determined to bring this


dictator down. Will it happen? TRANSLATION: God willing, God


willing, very soon. The system is rotten to the core. It may look


strong on the outside, but at the heart it's weak. Inside Syria, the


Free Syrian km army will be more and -- Army, will be more and more


important as the situation gets worse. It's not civil war there yet,


but it seems to be heading that way. The Rory Peck Awards pay tribute to


the freelance camera operators who risk their lives literally, to


bring you pictures from difficult and dangerous places. This year's


Sony Professional Impact Award went to a disturbing undercover


documentary about the lives of impoverished children in Zimbabwe.


Fill maker, Jezza Neumann said it was the toughest shoot he had ever


been on. This school in Zimbabwe has 1,000 pupils. 350 of them are


orphans. They are keen to learn, but the vast majority of their


families can't afford the school fees, so one day they are forced to


Jezza Neumann isn't supposed to be filming this. He has permission to


make a documentary about the childhood of a South African


colleague. What they are actually doing could get them deported or


thrown in jail. To get these shots, the camera's on the ground and


Jezza Neumann is pretending to tie up his shoelaces. He's interrogated


in total 12 times. But it's the Zimbabweans there filming who Jezza


Neumann worries about most. I did feel our contributors were at


severe risk and they are the ones that the authorities would actually


go after and the ones who are Nineyear-old Esther cares for her


dying mother. Her father has already died of AIDS. HIV positive


herself, she is also looking after The most heart-breaking moment


comes when they return to see Esther and she tells them that her


mother has died. Here's a young child who tells us mat ter of


factly, that her -- matter of factly, that her mother has died.


That is how she delivers it. The other sadness is she actually says


it's a relief, because it means she no longer has to look after her


mother as well as teen know. Tino. This story does have a happy ending.


Viewers were so moved by the plight of Esther and the other children,


that donations poured in. She and Tction ino no longer have to look


after -- and Tino no longer have to look after themselves. The American


writer Jack Kerouac, who died more than 40 years ago, is best known


for his book On The Road. It became the Bible for the Beat Generation


in America, but his very first novel, written while he was at sea


in the Second World War has never been published until now. It's


called The Sea Is My Brother: The Lost Novel in one moment I'll


discuss the book with Stuart Evers, but first we'll hear a little of


Jack Kerouac himself reading from his book On The Road. I was trflg


west one time at the junction of the -- travelling west one time at


the junction of the state line of you tar and I saw -- Utah and I saw


the of God with his forefinger pointing straight at me. Through


halos and gold folds his right hand would say "Boy, go across the


ground. Go home from man. Go grown alone. Go role your bones alone. Go


there and be little beneath my sight." Also, "And of this world


you report yourself well and truly." That was Jack Kerouac


reading there. Stuart Evers joins me now. This new published novel,


The Sea Is My Brother: The Lost Novel, you have actually read it


and it has just come out today? Yeah. It's an interesting book.


Like with many of his books it's very auto buy graphical and it


talks about him being in the merchant Marines, but what is


interesting for people who know and love him, it is not very polished


or as zipy perhaps as -- wouldn't expect that. Give him a


break, he wrote it when he was 21? There are flashes of the Jack


Kerouac that people have come to love and adore within the book.


There is lots of youthful kind of indiscretions within the text,


which doesn't make it perhaps the kind of literary event that perhaps


we might think it is. It tells you a little about how he was


developing perhaps as a writer. is a very interesting book in terms


of his obsessions that came through, the outsidism and America and the


concept of looking for things outside of a real sense of a place


and looking for something support spiritual. You are in your 30's, so


why do you think his writing has such enduring appeal? What is it?


William S Burroughs said this book sold one million pairs of Levis and


they are the last bastion of cool in as much they are famous for


their lifestyle. Even as much as their actual output. It was about


the Beat era. Why was that so important? It was a precursor to


rock'n'roll and it came around at the time when he wrote On The Road.


You can imagine there is a real sea change in America and you can


imagine anyone trying to get hold of his book and following in his


footsteps. There is something about him that appeals to the rebel in


all of us? Yes, absolutely. He did things that nobody else had ever


done. He wrote about them certainly. It's still as poignant and as


exciting now as it was then. book came out today. You must be a


fast reader? I got it two weeks ago. Are you a bit of a rebel too?


quite too. Thank you very much. That is all from the programme.


Next it's the weather, but for the moment from me, and the rest of the


moment from me, and the rest of the team, goodbye. There are two sides


to autumn weather, the mild and misty, the quiet or the wild and


windy. That's what we have at the moment. This area of deep pressure


is just off the north-west of the United Kingdom, giving strong winds


across northernmost parts. The winds are increasing for us all, so


blustery day for us all. It is pushing cold air across the country.


Another band will work south during the day and gusty winds on these as


well. Tending to weaken though just to a line of showers, as it reaches


further south. That's where it will be sitting at around 3pm. Ahead of


it though, there will be plenty of sun before the thicker cloud and a


few showers get in much later in the day. That band of showers also


stretching right into parts of south-west England and moving


through Wales, with the blustery winds. Brighter conditions follow


on behind. It could be quite a spell of heavy rain across northern


England, but it will brighten in the afternoon. A few showers


following on to the north and west of Northern Ireland. Breezy and


chilly feeling in the afternoon and yes, this is snow. Central


highlands into the crammians. Snow above 150 metres. Settling above


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