28/11/2011 World News Today


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Thousands turn out to vote for the first time in post revolutionary


Egypt. Despite irregularities, there's optimism that these


elections will see a new start for Egypt. I am so happy. If you ask


anybody here, he will tell you that we are all happy, very happy and


this is the first step in realising the goals of the revolution, this


is it, this. A momentous task for the Democratic


Republic of Congo. Voters face violence and delays in just the


second elections since the end of the civil war. Not cinematic enough


for me? Flamboyant and controversial - we


pay tribute to the British film director Ken Russell, who's died at


And suppressed in the Soviet era, now honoured in Moscow - tributes


to the Russian composer Sophia Hello and welcome. We are outside


one of the 1,000 polling stations where Egyptians have been voting in


large numbers. Despite the bin -- uncertainty and insecurity leading


up to this, Egyptians turned out in large numbers. Voting had to be


extended by two hours. If all goes according to the new plan, polling


stations across nine places should be closing now, but there's another


day of voting tomorrow in what is the first days of voting in a very


long process of voting in parliamentary elections. It is


meant to put Egypt on the path to a new representative civilian


government. But will it achieve it? Let's take a look at what happened


This is what happened at one polling station in a district of


Cairo. The first voters were queuing to hours before it was due


to open and they had to wait almost two hours more while some details,


like bringing in ballot papers, was Apart from a row about queue-


jumping, it was peaceful. The army, not the still despised police,


handled security. He told them to form an orderly line. And then they


were ready to vote. It is the first time in my life, me and my wife and


my son, we are going to get today because it feels like a good day.


This day will be historic. ballot papers were enormous. This


district had 122 names to choose from. No one seemed to mind. They


used to have elections under the old regime, but they were always


fixed so most people did not bother to vote. Not today. TRANSLATION:


First time, I wanted to be good for everyone, whoever wins I just hope


they don't stay forever. Getting a free vote was a big part


of the revolution for a lot of Egyptians and it is finally


happening. There are still serious questions, though, about the amount


of power the Army wants to retain after civilian politicians are


elected. In the street, the Muslim Brotherhood, the front-runners,


were getting on the vote. Face- saving want a proper democracy.


Many secular the Egyptians believe that is not true. Sorting out the


economy is the key to political stability here, whoever wins.


700,000 new people enter the workforce every year. Many never


find a proper job. In his second hand bookshop, this man has seen it


all. He remember that -- remembers the king deposed in 1952 whose


successors still rule the country. TRANSLATION: Don't worry, the army


will deliver the government to civilians. The protesters still


hemmed in Tahrir Square tried to stop an election they said would be


for the violence. Now they are deeply divided about voting at all.


This date is not perfect, but it Egypt may get high marks and the


high turnout, but there were certainly complaints about the


voting. Some of the parties and candidates said there were many


irregularities, including the distribution of campaign leaflets,


but what will be the verdict from Tahrir Square? Fees are the images


coming from Tahrir Square tonight. -- these are. It has been the scene


of clashes for more than a week. There has been intense discussion


on whether to boycott these elections. Even Tahrir Square is


divided on what to do next. We are joined by two young Egyptians who


have spent a lot of time in Tahrir Square. Thank you for joining us on


the BBC. You left the square today devote, why? It has been one of the


toughest decisions I've had to make. The way I thought of things, a lot


of people are going to vote anyway. If they were going to do that, I


needed to go it and put my vote somewhere. If there had been a big


movement saying we should stop the elections, I would have done that.


But this hasn't happened. It didn't happen because of the short time we


had. Now you're a voter, how does it feel to cast your ballot?


still confused if I made the right choice or not. Some people might


think this is giving legitimacy to the military, which is something I


don't agree on at all. But on the other hand, I would like to vote


because I want the country to be secular so I am voting for that.


You decided not to vote. Why did you make that choice? I think it is


for reasons like him. I see these elections as a legitimate ties


shown -- legitimisation prices for the military. If you look at the


conditions under which the elections are being held, so soon


after the clashes, it seems rather inappropriate perhaps. But with


respect to run him, it was largely a personal decision. I just don't


think it is appropriate to have elections while we still have the


main demand of ending military rule immediately. Now that you see there


seems to have been a large turnout, will you begin to change your mind


if some Egyptians think it is a process that should be given a


choice -- chance? No, absolutely not. The elections, whether one


participates or not, won't change the fact that ultimately we are


still under military rule, and this is the main demand we are in the


square for now. You do look worried whether you have made the right


decision. Will you go back to the Square tomorrow or tonight? I am


sleeping in the Square tonight. Spending the night? Yes, I left to


vote and then went back. What can't achieve? Many Egyptians say it has


done a great job, let's move on. has achieved some stuff, but we


need much, much more. We want the regime to step down. It is about


time. Especially after the massacre, how many people they killed. They


are staying and ruling after all that. We still have a lot estate --


say and I am staying until the military go, or they kick us out.


Thank you both very much for making time to talk to us. That is very


much a snapshot of what Egypt is now after its revolution that


toppled Hosni Mubarak. A divided nation and a nation not sure...


Asking what has happened to the revolution and will this process


really bring Egypt to a better political future. It is still being


run by a military council so the onus is on them to prove it.


Egyptians did their part today by voting. Back to London.


United Nations reports have accused the Syrian authorities of gross


systematic human rights violations. It is because of the way they have


been dealing with recent anti- government demonstrations. The


report alleges torture, sexual violence and enforced disappearance


were used by the government and security forces.


The Emir of Kuwait has accepted the resignation of the country's


government amid a crisis over corruption allegations.


Tomorrow the Prime Minister is due to be questioned in Parliament


about the alleged payment of bribes to pro-government MPs. Earlier this


month, protesters stormed parliament after the government


tried to prevent him facing questions.


Tributes have been pouring in from across the football world for the


former Wales manager Gary Speed, who was found dead at his home


yesterday. His career started at Leeds United and he represented his


country 85 times before becoming Welsh manager in 2010.


The OECD has warned the eurozone could be entering another recession


and has cut his global growth forecast. It said the eurozone


would shrink in the fourth quarter this year by 1% and boy 0.4% in the


first quarter of 2012. Italy's footballers are being encouraged to


do their bet -- bit in these tough economic times. Today has been


deemed by a Bond update in that country and the aim is to encourage


investors, including footballers, to purchase government bonds.


It's an enormous challenge in an enormous country. Voters in the


Democratic Republic of Congo have gone to the polls for just the


second time since the civil war ended eight years ago. The


presidential and parliamentary ballot has been beset with


organisational difficulties and marred by violence. Five people


died in clashes in the city of Lubumbashi after a truck carrying


ballot papers and several polling stations were attacked. And reports


from Kananga say residents angered by delays set fire to polling


stations there. Will Ross was out following events in the capital


Umbro has at the ready for Congo's big day. -- umbrella as at the


ready. The downpour may have slowed down the stream of voters and made


the journey harder, but in his young democracy people are


determined to choose their leaders. A change from the years of


dictatorship many remember. Some were surprised the election went


ahead given all the speculation that it would be postponed as


things were not ready. With 60,000 of these foreign stations dotted


across this vast country, the electoral commission has a daunting


challenge. You could say the voters are also not having it easy. To get


an idea of the size of the task under way here, have a look at this


table. There's no ballot paper, it is actually a ballot booklet. A


vast document, 13 pages of it, on each page dozens of candidates for


the National Assembly. Overall, there are 18,000 candidates vying


for positions in the parliament. There are only 500 posts.


International observers have turned up, but will struggle to get an


accurate picture from right across the nation. Prior to the poll,


there had been a flurry of calls for calm. Some of the campaigns


turned violent. They could still be trouble ahead as it is expected to


be a tight race between the two in main Presidential candidates,


Joseph de Villa, and a man old enough to be his grandfather,


Etienne Tshisekedi. Final results With me now is Daniel Balint-Kurti


- former West Africa expert at Chatham House, now head of the DRC


team at Global Witness. How do you think this ballot has gone? There


have clearly been a number of problems. The question is what


happens now? Whether the elections to a much more violent and what is


essential is to see whether voters accept the results. The results


will be announced on December 6th. That will be a really big test for


the Congo. Whoever is seen to be the victor in these elections, will


he be regarded as legitimate? priority must be to avoid further


violence because it has already reaped so much havoc on the


functioning of the country. How do you avoid that? When you say


whether the elections are deemed correct or not, what would define


whether there will be further diamonds -- violence? The behaviour


of the key candidates is very important. It has been worrying


because we have seen the main opposition candidate, Etienne


Tshisekedi, calling for violence. Even before the election he


announced that he was the legitimate President of Congo. He


called on people to rise up against the security forces. His behaviour


will be key. Whether the process will be violent or whether Congo


can remain stable and get through this in one piece. No country in


Africa is isolated politically, Congo obviously not during its past


-- because of its past. Eight other armies were drawn into the country.


It is closely watched. Yes, between 1996 and 2003, millions of people


died because of fighting in Congo. It drew in the armies of many


countries. Congo is enormously important for Africa. It is a


massive country, two thirds the size of western Europe, and it has


a lot of natural resources. It has about a third of the world's cobalt,


16% of the world's diamonds. Investors are very interested in


Congo. What happens in Congo affects the continent. And yet it


seems we have seen a lack of interest from Europe and the United


States. Is that fair? And perhaps with everything that is going on in


the Arab world and everything with the European economy, there's a lot


to compete for attention with Congo. It is a very, very important


country. Its minerals are important to the world. They are wanted by


The British film director Ken Russell has died at the age of 84.


During his career he became known for controversial films including


women and love, which won has several Oscar nominations including


one for Russell himself as best director -- Women In Love. He also


directed controversial religious drama The Devils and The Who's a


Ken Russell's portrait of the composer Elgar, one of the series


of acclaimed arts documentaries he made for the BBC in the 1960s. They


were beautiful to look at, seductive to listen to and


thoroughly self-indulgent. They marked him out as a film-maker of


At the BBC, he learnt his craft as a director and has developed his


trademark style, a flamboyant and visually extravagant.


He moved into cinema, where his second major feature, Women In Love


was acclaimed as a masterpiece. shan't save them, father, there is


no knowing where they are. Exposing political chicanery and the evils


of the state, and I would plead guilty. But as time went on his


films got more extreme. The Devils reflected his fascination with sex


and religion and was widely panned. I started to make films around that


time, around 7172. He also disturbed may. -- 71 or 72. Whether


you like it or disliked it, you had a strong reaction either way, and


this is great. Tommy, made in 1975, was typically overblown. It there


followed more than 30 years in which his films became


progressively less successful and his financial difficulties


Eye Centre scrip to Channel 4 the other day,. It came back six months


later signed by somebody I had never heard of saying "thank you


for your script ." I nearly went mad! Not cinematic enough for me!


He was, and his films remain the work of a genius. As a genius, he


was extraordinary, and like all geniuses, sometimes his films were


much less than genius. Action. Music. Better to remember his


successes, like the musical the Boy friend starring Twiggy, a reminder


that Russell, all those self- indulgent at times, could also be


-- all those self-indulgent. The Life and Work of the director Ken


Has died at the age of 84. At least 11 people are known to have died at


more than 30 are still missing after a bridge collapsed in


Indonesia. The accident happened on Saturday on Borneo island and it is


understood that the cable snapping was the cause. The bridge resembled


the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco and its collapse sent


cars, buses and motorcycles into the river.


The chocolate company Nestle has announced it will investigate child


labour in its supply chain in West Africa. The company's decision came


within days of the BBC investigation showing that child


labour is widespread in cocoa farms and the Ivory Coast. Campaigners


say the chocolate industry has known about these are pieces for


years but failed to address them. Humphrey Hawksley has this report.


Three weeks ago, we filmed these children cutting cocoa pods in the


Ivory Coast. The work is dangerous. They are kept out of school. It is


illegal. One said he had not seen his family for three years.


Cocoa is the raw product that makes chocolate. And far away from the


poverty of West Africa, Nestle, of the world's biggest food company,


has declared that the present situation cannot go on. It is clear


that the way cocoa is cultivated Today, in the type of environment


it is done, with the use of child labour, with the number of


intermediaries in that supply chain, is not sustainable.


Cocoa's journey to our chocolate shops is complicated and filled


with middlemen. Nestle will track the cocoa from


the remotest parts of the bush through checkpoints and pay-offs to


the warehouse. Sacks of cocoa a ride in this


warehouse with no label as to exactly where it was grown or under


what conditions. It is here that cocoa begins its international


journey, that ends up in chocolate shops all around the world.


They are locked into containers to be shipped to Europe and America,


and the global business is worth more than $90 billion a year.


Yet once through the chocolate factories, most rappers don't even


say how the cocoa was farmed or whether it has been tainted by


child labour -- most chocolate wrappers do not save. Campaigners


want Nestle's audit to lead to real change. They need to tell us how


that research will be put into the public domain, it not die on the


boardroom table or a filing cabinet somewhere, and have that research


is going to, in the end, result in a slave three, traffic free


chocolate bars around this country and around the world. Nestle says


to end abuses like this, it will have to start paying more for cocoa.


The search for child labour begins next month, with the first results


She is one of the most highly rated living composers of classical music,


and Sophia Gubaidulina is one of the few women to have achieved such


status. Now the Russian composer is 80, and her music is being given


celebratory performances around the world. Alexander Kan, the BBC


Russian Service cultural editor, has been to rehearsals offer


concerts at the Barbican Centre in London and has this assessment of


her importance. There is a bittersweet flavour to


the Gubaidulina birthday celebrations. During the Sixties,


Seventies and Eighties she could not travel outside the USSR. Her


work was not published and hardly ever performed. Her greats men to


Shostakovich only grudgingly approved of her avant-garde


approach and encouraged her to continue down her pass. Now the


finest musicians and the world are paying tribute to her work. I am so


happy and so moved to see how deeply appreciated and loved she is,


not only by all of us musicians but by the audience, it really grasps,


almost instinctively, what her music is about.


The musician performs Gubaidulina's Second Violin Concerto, dedicated


to the famous violinist. The music focuses around Sofia, goddess of


wisdom, represented by the only violin in the orchestra, battered


the soloist. -- that of the soloist. The main Sophia is also the link


between the composer and the musician. -- the name of Sofia.


Today Gubaidulina's music is widely performed and celebrated by the


world's leading musicians. The famous Russian conductor and


artistic director of this orchestra is proud to be the first performer


of the number of Sophia Gubaidulina's mate -- major works.


The fire of life is there. It excites me, her imagination. Then


that my small world also becomes more active, because her


imagination and her sonority, she can create, provokes something in


my own system, which starts to think and also be inflamed. This is


what is a sign of great composition. Even with the support of musicians


as prominent as him, Gubaidulina's music remains better-known in the


West than her homeland. The situation, however, changes. Over


the last weeks, the composer, who has lived in Germany for the last


20 years, was in Moscow and her home city for a series of


celebratory concerts. You will not leave the room having heard


Gubaidulina's music untouched. It is a really life-changing


experience, and that is what great A reminder of our main news,


Egyptians have been voting in the first parliamentary jet --


elections since President Mubarak was toppled last February. Long


queues have been seen across the country and voting had to be


extended to cope with the numbers and delays. The US State Department


has reacted positively to the vote, saying the signs are quite positive.


The British film director Ken Russell has died at the age of 84.


He began his career making arts films for BBC Television before


going on to make feature films including Women In Love, which won


has seven Oscar nominations including Best Director. In later


years, his film-making efforts were rather low-budget affairs, most of


them containing his trademark flamboyance.


That is all from the programme. Next, the weather, but for now,


Hello. Through the day today wins have strengthened and we have


continued to see rain in the north and west. Into tomorrow, continuing


on a similar theme with very windy and wet weather a round, due to low


pressure in the Atlantic which will drive the weather throughout this


week. We have heavy rain to the north and west and tightly-packed


isobars bringing strong wins with them. With the rainfall in what


already saturated ground across parts of north west Scotland we


have an ample warning. Potential disruption to south-west Scotland


due to localised flooding tomorrow. The heavy rain moves across parts


of England and Wales during the morning combined with strong,


squally, gusty winds for the afternoon across northern England.


During daylight hours for East Anglia and the South East, it will


stay dry but overcast, turning colder for the afternoon. Certainly


a colder feel to the afternoon across south-west England,


beginning to dry out the crap -- a touch by 3pm. Across Wales the wins


he's at this stage but still cloudy and wet weather around. For


Northern Ireland, brightness to come here with a chilly feel,


temperatures 7 or eight degrees, slightly lighter wind in the


afternoon and the showers could be wintry across the hills of Scotland,


where temperatures later in the day will really struggle, four or five


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