01/12/2011 World News Today


01/12/2011

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox. Split on imposing

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immediate oil sanctions but the EU continues to tighten the diplomatic

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pressure on to run. The European Union is not only

:00:23.:00:28.

significant -- signalling an intensification of our approach but

:00:28.:00:37.

doing a lot of effort as well. Syria's political leadership in

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exile. Repression in the name of security

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- Amnesty International's verdict on Saudi Arabia's response to the

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Arab Spring. Looking for that early morning

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caffeine hit? How strong is too strong?

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Where there is discord, may we bring harmony.

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And Meryl Streep defends her portrayal of Margaret Thatcher,

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:01:18.:01:25.

described by one of her friends as Hello and welcome. The diplomatic

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screw on to run was tightened further today as EU foreign

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ministers agreed on new sanctions. 180 companies and individuals have

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been added to the original target list but they stopped short of

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imposing sanctions on the Iranian oil industry. It comes at a time of

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heightened diplomatic tensions following the ransacking of the

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British embassy in Tehran on Tuesday. James Reynolds reports

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from Brussels. European Union foreign ministers

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had this meeting in their diaries long before the British compound in

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Tehran were attacked. But it gave them much greater urgency.

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Sanctions have been agreed on 180 additional entities associated with

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Iran's nuclear programme for the Iranian republic shipping lines or

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the Revolutionary Guards, so it is a major extension of the EU

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sanctions. Tuesday's embassy attacks are still

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David. At the British Government believes that protesters had links

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with elements of Iran's conservative establishment. The

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West is trying to work out ways to deal with the hardliners.

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We are already dealing with what comes next. Sales of crude oil line

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did not -- the pockets of the regime and feed its nuclear

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ambitions. For some, the pressure should focus

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here, on Iran's oil fields. The Islamic Republic is one of the

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world's largest exporters of oil. At this summit some ministers

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suggested and of -- and oil embargo but others are posted. The EU and

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Iran to a lot of business together but Iran's key market is in Asia

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and China in particular so more European sanctions can only have a

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limited impact. So the West has agreed to, despite concentrate on

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stopping Iran's ability to build nuclear weapons. Iran says its

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ambitions are entirely peaceful. Almost 200 companies are now on the

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sanctions list. Let's speak to Dr Mehrdard Khonsari,

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a former Iranian diplomat and a specialist in Middle Eastern

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affairs. They stopped short of imposing oil sanctions but what

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ability to month -- to manoeuvre does Britain have now to bring

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European ministers around to tighten the sanctions? What would

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really make a difference and where Britain has taken a lead is the

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sanctions placed on the Iranian Central Bank. While other countries

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are now resistant in terms of wanting to discuss or at -- a

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sanction on oil, but if they were to follow Britain in imposing

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sanctions on the central bank, that in effect would curtail the flow of

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oil from Iran to the Europeans. It would not allow for any mechanism

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for Iran to be compensated financially and they can't deal

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with this in cash so Iran would effectively be left to selling its

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oil to China and Russia and friends of those countries. In terms of

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what Europe imports, I think it is 6 %, so a significant amount,

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particularly in the straitened economic circumstances. Greece and

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Italy will not want that, will they? The position which Saudi

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Arabia has taken in recent months regarding other issues concerning

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its bilateral relations with Iran could easily compensate for what

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will be taken out of the Iranian market, so that is not really an

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issue. What is an issue is the will to notch it up a step further, to

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elevate matters to levels that at which they have never been.

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worried is the Iranian leadership about this action? They would be

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quite worried were actions to be intensified to this level, but at

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the level they have been breached, that is the little they predicted

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when they ransacked the British Embassy. They have -- they knew

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there would be repercussions, and when they rejected the

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International Atomic Energy Agency recommendations. They expected a

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certain intensification of sanctions but they will not still

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think that it will never get to the point when Orwell experts will be

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removed. William Hague was very clear to separate the International

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Atomic Energy Agency Report and the British Agency for -- the British

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Consulate. When it comes to the nuclear issue they are quite united

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in Iran but Ayatollah Khamanei is more hostile to Britain than others

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in the government. A final thoughtful stop in terms of the

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Iranian economy and domestic pressure from within, presumably

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this plays into that as well. is no question that the Iranian

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economy is in a terrible state. It has got worse annually and it has

:07:25.:07:35.
:07:35.:07:36.

now reached new levels. Additional sanctions will her to it. -- her at.

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-- will hurt. In anticipation of this progression, the Iranian

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regime have tried to divert attention away from the main

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problems, the economy and a disenchanted population which

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yearns to follow in the footsteps of their brethren in the Arab world.

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Thank you very much. Syria's main opposition group, the

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Syrian Free Army -- and the Syrian Free Army have joined forces to

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work against President Al-Assad. The agreement came as the UN Human

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Rights chief said that Syria was in a state of civil war, with at least

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4,000 people killed. We place the figure at 4,000 but

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information coming to us is that it is a much more than that. I have

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said that, as soon as there were more and more defectors threatening

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to take up arms, said that in August that there would be a civil

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war. That is how I am characterising this. Let's go to

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Istanbul and speak to Jonathan Head at a meeting between the free

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Syrian army and the Syrian National Council. How significant is this?

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We have to see. I think it was a necessary step. The free Syrian

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army is a new factor in the Syrian crisis, although it has been around

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in name since July. It is only in the last few weeks that we have

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seen bold attacks launched in its name at that are going after unit

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serve government forces in Syria. That has raised to be -- the

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spectre of civil war. Most people putting pressure on Assad are

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trying to work through the Syrian National Council as the unified

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voice of the opposition. The Syrian army -- the three Syrian army seems

:09:54.:10:04.
:10:04.:10:06.

to be a wild card. -- three Syrian army. Its operations inside Syria

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seems to go against the recommendations of the other group

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that there should be mainly three operations. Now the groups have

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come together and they have said that they will work together on the

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same political platform based on three -- non-violent struggle but

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they will use force to defend civilians. It is turning his

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movement into something more like a government in waiting, which is

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want -- what and those countries depressing Assad want to see.

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Amnesty International has accused Saudi Arabia of launching a new

:10:54.:10:58.

wave of repression in response to the Arab Spring. Thousands have

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been arrested and it said that trials were grossly unfair. Saudi

:11:04.:11:14.
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Arabia said that it was based on incorrect information.

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The US Secretary of State had dinner tonight -- last night with

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Aung San Suu Kyi, the opposition leader in Burma. It is the first

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visit to Burma by an American head of think -- member state since 1965.

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She called for the release of all political prisoners.

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Dominique Strauss-Kahn has described his encounter with a New

:11:41.:11:46.

York hotel maid as consensual but stupid. But former head of the

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Eyemouth was charged with sexual assault over the incident but the

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charges were later dropped. -- the former head of the international

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money -- International Monetary Fund. He said that the maid had

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given him a suggestive look as he emerged naked from the shower and

:12:03.:12:08.

he had taken it as an invitation. The French President Nicolae

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Sarkozy has been painting a bleak future of the economic future of

:12:14.:12:19.

his country and Europe. He told his audience into long that a new cycle

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of debt reduction was beginning. -- in Toulon. Christian Fraser joins

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us lido from Paris. This was a speech to his reporters but he will

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have quite a tough task winning a round the French public, with more

:12:39.:12:44.

power has been given back to public? Yes, this has to be seen in

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a domestic setting, four months from an election, he is lagging

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behind in polls from the Socialist candidate. He was talking about the

:12:57.:13:02.

economic crisis and why he has had to take some of the decisions in

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recent weeks like the austerity measures and changes to the French

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pension system. He said the economic crisis was on a scale

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unseen in three-quarters of a century. Them that was almost an

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acknowledgement that European leaders have not gone fast enough

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and far enough. -- there was almost. He said there would have to be a

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new debt reducing cycle. He said there would be an immense

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revolution driven by new technologies, a knowledge economy,

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and higher education. In terms of the country's credit rating and the

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banks, are we looking at some significant public sector support?

:13:48.:13:54.

Yes, I think there will have to be a change in the way that France

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looks at the budgets and obviously you hinted at that should -- the

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treaty change in regards to what Germany wants to see, tighter

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regulation and fiscal discipline on national budgets. He said tonight

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but France has not balanced the budget for 30 years and things had

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to change. There had to be a new pattern of tax and spend. One of

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the things that came out of the speech, he rejected the idea of a

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fiscal union with penalties for governments that digress. Decisions

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made by bureaucrats in Brussels seems to be the model advocated by

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the Germans. He said Europe needed for more democracy, it is more

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democratic when the politicians decide. The rebuilding of Europe is

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not some march towards a federal superstate. Angela Merkel is coming

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later on the week and it seems they raised an agreement that they would

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need to be a treaty change that looks at how governments tax and

:14:56.:15:06.
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Per for many, it is the quick start the day, a shot of coffee to clear

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our sleepy brain. How much caffeine is in our drinks? A new British

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study has found coffee is can have so much caffeine only one cup

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exceeds the daily recommended a man for pregnant women.

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Over the last decade, the number of coffee shops has exploded. Do you

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know what you drinking? Glasgow University researchers found a huge

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difference in the caffeine hit from 20 off for thought health Thais-up

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off The thief fourth fourth closest to that was Starbucks with 51

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:16:06.:16:09.

An espresso from an independent patisserie had 322 milligrams. Did

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customers know how strong it was? It is six times stronger than some

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other coffee is. Is it? That is good coffee. I like it. I like

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strong coffee. I do get a bit shaky. This one, I do not taste of how

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strong it is. You cannot tell. much caffeine is dangerous to

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unborn babies but researchers say pregnant women have no idea how

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much they are drinking. They should not have more than 200 milligrams

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of caffeine per day which is four cups of coffee. Data shows if you

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went to certain coffee houses you could get that and more with one

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shot of expressive. All the more reason to make coffee houses

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display caffeine levels. We thought we would put it to dip test. -- to

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the test. You are a flat white drinker meaning you like coffee

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with lots of milk. No, it is a beverage that takes its name from

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Australia and New Zealand. A silky, a velvety coffee that is on the

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menu at Starbucks and Costa Coffee. It is delicious. I drink a lot of

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espresso. This one here from a high-street chain, will that very

:17:45.:17:55.
:17:55.:17:56.

much compared to another from a local deli? The research says that

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the shots differ. The biggest difference is do you add another

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shot when you buy your coffee? Different coffees have different

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caffeine levels. It is a plant. It has different levels of caffeine.

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So, your height will be sensational, something like this. Is this your

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traditional espresso? This is a tradition of, seven grams is the

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traditional. British consumers are trading up. We're seeing consumers

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liking stronger coffee. The extra shot is becoming a greater part of

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drinking. So, that will give you a buzz. Absolutely. In terms of the

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recommended amount of caffeine, where does that stand question mark

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200 milligrams. One of these is a shot from Starbucks. 51 milligrams

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of caffeine reported, I am no expert but that is the medical

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prognosis, 200 milligrams is the maximum pregnant women should have.

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They could have four of those. Research suggests few women would

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go that far. And something stronger than that? Less water. It does not

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change the impact. Not at all. you think with the advice coming

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out that we could ultimately see may be a chart of how strong the

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coffee is like chillies in the supermarket? Potentially but our

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research shows literally consumers are sensible when it comes to

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caffeine. Because our body tells us question mark yes, and we have done

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research with pregnant women. of pregnant females decrease the

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amount of coffee in T. It is a storm in a coffee cup.

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Realistically, most consumers are clear they should not be having

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huge amounts of caffeine, particularly if pregnant.

:20:20.:20:30.
:20:30.:20:52.

I ask the right honourable gentleman whose fault is that?

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I the only one Margaret Thatcher but she has had many imitators over

:20:56.:21:01.

the years. Teachers cannot teach when there is no heating. Meryl

:21:01.:21:06.

Streep is taking a turn up to wear the blue suit. What did she want to

:21:06.:21:14.

bring to what is already a well worn part? I wanted to in some way

:21:14.:21:21.

capture whatever it was that drew people to her and whatever it was

:21:21.:21:30.

that made people have a special venom for her as a public figure.

:21:30.:21:38.

You turn if you want to, the lady's not for turning affair. The most

:21:38.:21:43.

difficult thing I had to do was find the breath to not only make my

:21:43.:21:47.

points but to make sure you didn't get your point in at any point, and

:21:47.:21:57.

another thing. Milk has gone up. 49 pence a pint. Meryl Streep place

:21:57.:22:02.

two macro Margaret Thatcher's. The political powerhouse, and a

:22:02.:22:06.

fictionalised version depicting a frail old lady with dementia having

:22:06.:22:10.

visions of heard of it -- deceased husband. To play one character in

:22:10.:22:16.

different ways is not easy. There is an element, a Shakespearean

:22:17.:22:24.

element to it, Lear or Hammett. I love you! Will Gompertz, oh my

:22:24.:22:32.

God! I said it secretly, liam macro The Gulls. Concerned with the

:22:32.:22:41.

endgame. And how power diminishes. In every capacity. He is a man who

:22:41.:22:45.

knows Margaret Thatcher World. He found the performance totally

:22:45.:22:48.

convincing but was uncomfortable about the portrayal of his boss in

:22:49.:22:55.

old age with Failing Mental Health. This will be controversial.

:22:55.:23:00.

Margaret Thatcher is depicted as a fee bill old lady, lonely and

:23:00.:23:05.

hallucinating. I found it painful to watch. If it was about my mother,

:23:05.:23:11.

I would be unhappy about it. I do think you can defend it as work of

:23:11.:23:19.

art. Was it difficult doing it when she is still alive? If we did it in

:23:19.:23:25.

the right way, yes, it would be OK. Members of my family, who have had

:23:25.:23:32.

dementia and friends, there is a feeling the walls are more

:23:32.:23:38.

permeable between the present and the past. Meryl Streep has been

:23:38.:23:41.

nominated for more Oscars than any other actress. It has been a while

:23:41.:23:51.
:23:51.:23:59.

since she last won. The Iron Lady We can beat this disease,'s's vow

:23:59.:24:07.

as he marked World Aids Day. A disproportionate number of of

:24:07.:24:17.
:24:17.:24:27.

Americans living in the southern They don't want to talk about it in

:24:27.:24:30.

the church or at home. People do not want to talk about it in the

:24:30.:24:37.

south. With numbers being high in the south, there is a need for

:24:37.:24:40.

people to say we have a problem and need to address it up front. That

:24:40.:24:49.

hasn't happened yet. The cemeteries in South Carolina are littered with

:24:49.:24:55.

secrets. Scores of those buried he died from HIV Aids but such is the

:24:55.:24:59.

stigma of the disease in the south but many took the true cause of

:24:59.:25:05.

their death to the grave. I have lost my sister, my niece, cousins,

:25:05.:25:12.

in-laws. The reverent has lost eight of her family to Hib Aids and

:25:12.:25:18.

is determined the tragic truth be told. I try not to cry. Life still

:25:18.:25:26.

goes on. A pasture -- pastor in the church, she is one of the few to

:25:26.:25:34.

speak out about a disease which has affected African-Americans. When

:25:34.:25:41.

people find out by hand out condoms, that shook clover. How can I be a

:25:41.:25:46.

pastor, a woman of God, and gives them a condom. I sit them that I

:25:46.:25:51.

would prefer to reach you eight -- preacher you a condom than preach

:25:51.:25:57.

at your funeral. The response has been vastly different elsewhere.

:25:57.:26:01.

Legesse spoke up right to wait and so public health officials had to

:26:01.:26:07.

respond. This journalist is the author of a shame to die. A book

:26:07.:26:14.

which chronicles the Aids epidemic in the south. The prognosis going

:26:14.:26:19.

forward is unless there is a major shift in the cultural attitudes, it

:26:19.:26:24.

will continue to plague the south. We have two test was to have a

:26:24.:26:32.

short drive, a clinic treats 450 people who are HIV-positive. Staff

:26:32.:26:36.

say it is an uphill battle getting those at highest risk to seek

:26:36.:26:41.

advice and treatment. What we have seen his people wait longer to get

:26:41.:26:46.

tested and they can into the system sicker and that adds to the

:26:46.:26:55.

epidemic because the amount of virus in the community is higher.

:26:55.:27:02.

don't want anybody to experience this. If I can prevent one family

:27:02.:27:06.

going through the agony we went through losing someone to this

:27:06.:27:16.
:27:16.:27:31.

That is it. Coming up, the weather. Hello, south-east England gets rain

:27:31.:27:35.

overnight but elsewhere eight frost under clear skies. A cold start to

:27:35.:27:43.

Friday, some patchy ice with showers overnight. This is the

:27:43.:27:47.

weather front bringing the rain, it pulls away quickly on Friday. Sunny

:27:47.:27:52.

skies following on behind. Much of southern, central and eastern UK

:27:52.:27:57.

has a bright day. In the West, cloud increases with shower was

:27:57.:28:04.

breaking out. It is fine and dry in the North East. After early rain

:28:04.:28:10.

clears, the rest of the day gives plenty of sunshine. A stunning day

:28:10.:28:15.

across the south-east, temperatures held down in single figures. The

:28:15.:28:20.

south-western looks dry, a cloud increasing across the west of Wales,

:28:20.:28:25.

showers breaking out in the afternoon. A similar picture in a

:28:25.:28:30.

north-west England and Northern Ireland. We notice the wind picking

:28:30.:28:34.

up across western Scotland, especially in the north-west.

:28:34.:28:39.

Outbreaks of rape and in the east of Scotland drive through the day.

:28:39.:28:46.

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