06/01/2012 World News Today


06/01/2012

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 06/01/2012. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today. I'm Zeinab Badawi. The Syrian

:00:10.:00:13.

authorities say they will strike back with an iron fist, after an

:00:13.:00:18.

apparent suicide bombing in Damascus. Syrian media claim dozens

:00:18.:00:22.

are dead or injured, and blame terrorists. But how credible are

:00:22.:00:27.

those claims? There was a very strong sense that

:00:27.:00:30.

the Syrian authorities wanted to display what had happened. There

:00:31.:00:33.

were crowds of people chanting pro- regime slogans in support of Bashar

:00:34.:00:37.

al-Assad. The British government says there's

:00:37.:00:40.

no urgent need to remove sub- standard breast implants but it

:00:40.:00:48.

will cover costs for women who had their surgery under the NHS.

:00:48.:00:51.

A key moment for Turkey - its former army chief is arrested over

:00:51.:00:56.

an alleged plot to topple the government a few years ago.

:00:56.:00:59.

Also coming up in the programme: The African National Congress marks

:00:59.:01:03.

its centenary. As South Africa's ruling party prepares for a weekend

:01:03.:01:13.
:01:13.:01:17.

of celebrations, we ask where next And the new sound of 2012. We meet

:01:17.:01:27.
:01:27.:01:34.

the winner of the BBC's search for Hello and welcome. It's difficult

:01:34.:01:36.

to verify events in Syria, because journalists can not operate

:01:36.:01:39.

independently, but according to the Syrian Interior Ministry around two

:01:39.:01:42.

dozen people and many more were injured in a suicide bombing in

:01:42.:01:49.

Damascus today. The bombing comes two days before the Arab League is

:01:49.:01:52.

due to consider the initial report of its monitoring mission in the

:01:52.:01:57.

country. The Syrian opposition claim the authorities staged the

:01:57.:02:00.

bombing to bolster their claims that terrorists and armed gangs are

:02:00.:02:09.

behind the killings in Syria. Mike Wooldridge has more.

:02:09.:02:13.

Another scene of devastation in the centre of Damascus. The wreckage of

:02:13.:02:18.

a bus said to be carrying a policeman. Other vehicles with

:02:18.:02:28.

shattered windows, multiple Syrian state television and

:02:28.:02:32.

breaking the news, the reporter says the blast happened in an area

:02:32.:02:35.

heavily populated, especially before Friday prayers with people

:02:35.:02:41.

going shopping. They were targeted in addition to security personnel.

:02:41.:02:46.

The television calls it the work of a suicide bomber, a terrorist

:02:46.:02:51.

explosion. Anger at the scene in the aftermath. The interior

:02:51.:02:56.

minister said a suicide bomber targetted cars and pedestrians and

:02:56.:03:02.

detonated explosives to kill as many people as possible. It comes

:03:02.:03:06.

two weeks after the authorities say there was an attack by suicide

:03:06.:03:11.

bombers in Damascus on buildings associated with security forces.

:03:11.:03:16.

The attack killed 44 people. The government blamed Al-Qaeda,

:03:16.:03:22.

opposition say the regime was behind it. It shows the escalation

:03:22.:03:27.

of the violence in Syria and its changing nature. Whether today's

:03:27.:03:30.

explosion will lead to similar claim and counter-claim is not

:03:30.:03:35.

clear. The main armed group fighting the government indicates

:03:35.:03:38.

it was not involved. It coincides with increasing controversy over

:03:38.:03:42.

the effectiveness of the Arab League observer mission currently

:03:42.:03:49.

in Syria. The President's government is accused of misleading

:03:49.:03:52.

the Arab League monitors by not taking them to some of the most

:03:52.:03:57.

vocal anti- government areas. On Thursday, a group of observers to

:03:57.:04:00.

break away from the government minders to visit a suburb in

:04:00.:04:06.

Damascus. These pictures filmed by BBC Arabic show the monitors in

:04:06.:04:10.

orange vests being encircled as they are here by with his accounts

:04:10.:04:17.

from angry grieving citizens. This man has said his son was shot by a

:04:17.:04:20.

sniper and stabbed to death as he was leaving a mosque during

:04:20.:04:27.

protests. The observers did not witness any violence but these

:04:27.:04:32.

pictures seem to show the same suburb later that day with people

:04:32.:04:38.

fleeing in panic as gunfire breaks out. Some Arab League countries

:04:38.:04:42.

admit the 100 strong mission may have fallen short in its duty and

:04:42.:04:50.

agrees to send 40 more observers. Ian Black is the Middle East Editor

:04:50.:04:53.

for The Guardian newspaper. He was allowed to visit the scene two

:04:53.:04:56.

hours after the blast and he told the BBC a little earlier about what

:04:56.:05:04.

he was able to see. The most striking evidence I saw

:05:04.:05:10.

were the remains of a man who had blown himself up. There was part of

:05:10.:05:17.

a head and some feat, a grisly scene. And other identifiable bits

:05:17.:05:24.

of a human body in a plastic bag by one of the buses which was targeted.

:05:24.:05:31.

By the time I and other journalists were taken to the place to see it,

:05:31.:05:37.

there were no other bodies there, they had been removed, as had to

:05:37.:05:47.

the injured. There were other what appeared to be body parts,

:05:47.:05:53.

unidentifiable to the non expert eye but human remains which were

:05:53.:05:58.

shown to the media to be filmed repeatedly, and there was a strong

:05:58.:06:04.

sense the Syrian authorities wanted to do display what had happened.

:06:04.:06:09.

There were crowds of people chanting slogans, pro regime

:06:09.:06:15.

slogans in support of Bashar al- Assad. Hostility to those traitors

:06:15.:06:20.

he carried out the crime. It has to be said it took place in an

:06:20.:06:26.

ordinary neighbourhood of Damascus. A Guardian reporter talking about

:06:26.:06:33.

the attack in Damascus today. Some of the other news: Binyamin, tens

:06:33.:06:37.

of thousands have held street protest putting pressure on the

:06:37.:06:40.

President to honour his agreement to step down next month.

:06:40.:06:47.

The protesters called on authorities to release prisoners.

:06:47.:06:51.

Supporters of the President held a separate protest near by.

:06:51.:06:56.

The latest US employment figures showed they are better than

:06:56.:07:00.

President Obama might have hoped for. There were 200,000 new jobs to

:07:00.:07:05.

bring unemployment down to 8.5%, the lowest in three years.

:07:05.:07:10.

Further protests across Nigeria against the controversial removal

:07:10.:07:14.

of a fuel subsidy by the government. It has doubled the cost of petrol.

:07:14.:07:19.

Hundreds gathered in the capital but were prevented from entering

:07:19.:07:23.

eagle square by armed police and soldiers.

:07:23.:07:26.

The World Boxing Association will investigate the ringside appearance

:07:26.:07:30.

of an unknown man who seemed to speak to officials during Amir

:07:30.:07:35.

Khan's defeat. He pasted photographs of the incident on his

:07:35.:07:41.

Twitter feet. He said it took a long time to announce a fight after

:07:41.:07:44.

the fight was finished. Britain's government says there is no

:07:44.:07:47.

evidence to recommend the urgent removal of faulty breast implants

:07:47.:07:50.

given to thousands of women in the UK. However, it says it will cover

:07:50.:07:54.

the costs of removal for the small minority of women who had their

:07:54.:07:56.

surgery under the National Health Service but not if was done

:07:56.:08:06.
:08:06.:08:09.

privately. Our medical correspondent Fergus Walsh reports.

:08:09.:08:13.

These breast implants are being filmed with medically tested

:08:13.:08:16.

silicone, a company in North Lanarkshire is the only British

:08:16.:08:21.

firm which makes them. The French Poly Implant Prothese implants had

:08:21.:08:27.

industrial grade silicone and were banned. Health officials in the

:08:27.:08:32.

Czech Republic followed France's lead recommending women have the

:08:32.:08:38.

implants removed as a precaution. The official line is there is no

:08:38.:08:43.

need for removal but the NHS will pay for replacement implants if

:08:43.:08:48.

cancer patients are suffering anxiety. It's important not to

:08:48.:08:51.

exaggerate the reasons to be worried but if women are worried we

:08:51.:08:56.

will support them. I expects and the expert group want to see

:08:56.:09:01.

private providers offer the same standard of care. It's thought

:09:01.:09:08.

40,000 or more UK women have Poly Implant Prothese implants. 95% done

:09:08.:09:13.

privately for breast enlargement. 5% were done by the NHS for breast

:09:14.:09:20.

reconstruction after cancer. Karen is desperate to have her Poly

:09:20.:09:25.

Implant Prothese implants removed, one has ruptured. Ministers say

:09:25.:09:29.

private clinics are morally obliged to help patients like her but there

:09:29.:09:34.

are no legal powers to force them. I don't know where it has left me.

:09:34.:09:41.

I do not have the funds to have them removed. I must walk around...

:09:41.:09:46.

It could get worse. The issue comes down to an assessment of risk.

:09:46.:09:51.

Every woman undergoing implant surgery is told there is a danger

:09:51.:09:55.

of complications and that increases the longer the implants stay in.

:09:55.:09:59.

Eventually, they may need to be replaced. The government review

:09:59.:10:03.

group considered whether the Poly Implant Prothese implants carried

:10:03.:10:07.

additional an acceptable risks that would require the removal. They are

:10:07.:10:12.

very robust. This surgeon says private clinics should pay for

:10:12.:10:17.

replacements but women must not be abandoned by the NHS. They did not

:10:17.:10:22.

know the risk that they would be implanted with non-medical great

:10:22.:10:26.

implants, the NHS picks up the bill for smoking and alcohol related

:10:26.:10:32.

diseases. We all know smoking and alcohol can cause problems and yet

:10:32.:10:36.

the NHS picks up the bill. Government's decision means women

:10:36.:10:41.

who cannot persuade private clinics to help them will have to pay for

:10:41.:10:44.

replacements like bees or simply live with their Poly Implant

:10:44.:10:50.

Prothese implants. The former head of the Turkish

:10:50.:10:54.

armed forces has been arrested as part of an investigation into an

:10:54.:11:00.

attempt to overthrow the government. A prosecutor said he should be

:11:00.:11:05.

remanded in custody after he testified in court in Istanbul.

:11:05.:11:09.

General Ilker Basbug is the highest ranking of to be linked to the

:11:09.:11:18.

investigation. Prosecutors say the network plan to topple the Islamist

:11:18.:11:23.

government in a 2003. There are carry 400 suspects on trial over

:11:23.:11:27.

several alleged anti- government plots by the military and the

:11:27.:11:34.

secular establishment. A London- based Turkish analyst and research

:11:34.:11:39.

associate at the Foreign Policy Centre in London. He joins me. So,

:11:39.:11:43.

this is quite a key moment for Turkey when you have a former head

:11:43.:11:49.

of the army being asked by a civilian court to undergo these

:11:49.:11:54.

charges. Yes, no matter what angle we look at it, it's a historical

:11:54.:12:01.

moment. Just as any historical moment, the glass is half full or

:12:01.:12:07.

half empty. It signifiers the normalisation of democracy in

:12:07.:12:11.

Turkey when an accusation can be brought against a leading military

:12:11.:12:17.

officer and they do have to stand before the law. It raises serious

:12:17.:12:21.

questions though about Turkish judiciary and how the cases handled

:12:21.:12:29.

and put questions. It will be a key test for the Turkish government as

:12:29.:12:33.

to whether the trial will be conducted properly if Turkey wishes

:12:33.:12:40.

to impress upon its critics it is a modern secular state. Indeed. A lot

:12:40.:12:45.

of the problems with the court case or the prose is issues are not

:12:45.:12:53.

necessarily the problems relating to A E K A. It needs reform and the

:12:53.:12:59.

EU has been critical on various occasions. Effaces criticisms not

:12:59.:13:03.

only at international level in showing the ultimate goal is

:13:03.:13:07.

democracy but also at the domestic level. There are questions and

:13:07.:13:13.

certain parts of Turkish society that see the court case as a

:13:13.:13:21.

punishment. With the recent issue with the bombings and listed by the

:13:21.:13:27.

military and did it apologise for the bombings. In Turkey, the

:13:27.:13:33.

military are the custodians of the secular nature of the state and the

:13:33.:13:38.

president with his roots, it is not a him of trying to undermine his

:13:38.:13:43.

secular opponents? It really isn't. They have spent enough time in

:13:44.:13:47.

office for us to be able to assess the agenda and attitude and

:13:47.:13:51.

political theology. The critics would raise questions whether or

:13:51.:13:59.

not the case symbolises a making it more like Russia. A strong party

:13:59.:14:07.

and a strong ruler. Even that would be a dubious reading of the

:14:07.:14:12.

situation. He denies all the charges and says Huckerby accused

:14:12.:14:16.

by the government which appointed me head of the military in Turkey.

:14:16.:14:22.

Yes, the accusation is not that he was necessarily trying to overthrow

:14:22.:14:26.

the government but that he gave permission to misinformation

:14:26.:14:32.

campaigns being run by the Office against the government. The

:14:32.:14:36.

accusations a quite specific and manageable. The overall case

:14:36.:14:40.

involving hundreds of people includes serious allegations

:14:40.:14:44.

including organisation of armed groups to overthrow the government.

:14:44.:14:48.

The plot thickens. Indeed. Thank you.

:14:49.:14:52.

Hungary's centre-right government is continuing to defend the new

:14:52.:14:55.

constitution it has introduced which critics claim a roads

:14:55.:15:00.

democracy in the country. Alarm is expressed internationally and the

:15:00.:15:06.

EU is examining whether the charges -- changes break EU law. With one

:15:06.:15:10.

rating agency downgrading Hungary's credit status to junk, the

:15:10.:15:15.

government might be forced to renegotiate some or all of the

:15:15.:15:25.
:15:25.:15:27.

changes if it is to get a possible We found little cheer on this tramp

:15:27.:15:32.

across the Danube. No wonder, hungry's economy is in a slump and

:15:32.:15:41.

some here accuse the government of turning back democracy -- Hungary's.

:15:41.:15:45.

So this is all the fuss is about? Ministers are not shy of showing

:15:45.:15:50.

off their new constitution, as for the idea it is anti-democratic...

:15:50.:15:55.

That is a supposition charge, even the question itself is a bizarre

:15:55.:16:04.

one. In the heart of Europe we are finally getting back on track to an

:16:04.:16:07.

organic development of the country which was disrupted by communism.

:16:07.:16:12.

That is not how they see it. Tens of thousands turned out to protest

:16:12.:16:18.

the new laws this week, claiming the independence of the judiciary

:16:18.:16:22.

and the central bank are threatened. At the Public TV station some

:16:22.:16:28.

journalists are run hunger-strike in protest. They are restricting

:16:28.:16:32.

the constitutional Code, the freedom of press, dismantling

:16:32.:16:37.

democracy, they are trying to set up a kind of tyranny, a regime

:16:37.:16:41.

which is unprecedented in Europe. This row could not have come at a

:16:41.:16:45.

worse time, the economy here is in dire straits. The government says

:16:45.:16:51.

it needs some 20 billion euros of international loans to help pay its

:16:51.:16:56.

bills. But the legal changes the government has just forced through

:16:56.:17:04.

put such loans in jeopardy. At Budapest's food banks there is

:17:04.:17:08.

concern over what that might mean for Hungary's poor. International

:17:08.:17:12.

criticism of the new constitution has put loan negotiations on hold

:17:12.:17:18.

at a time when poverty here is increasing. Back over the Danube

:17:18.:17:24.

and this once affluent but the higher is heading into the unknown.

:17:24.:17:28.

-- empire. Ministers say they will do all they can to satisfy

:17:28.:17:31.

international investors but will they have to give up their

:17:31.:17:40.

The African National Congress has been the party of some of South

:17:40.:17:42.

Africa's most iconic figures, like Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo and

:17:42.:17:44.

Walter Sisuslu. Well, this weekend the ANC marks its centenary with

:17:44.:17:46.

three days of celebrations attended by African leaders along with

:17:46.:17:47.

veterans of the anti-apartheid movement. As our Africa

:17:48.:17:49.

correspondent Andrew Harding reports, the old liberation party

:17:49.:17:59.
:17:59.:18:10.

is now facing an entirely different We have come to fix Burke, a small

:18:10.:18:14.

struggling South African town -- Fichsburg. Sewage on the streets,

:18:14.:18:20.

one tap shared by a whole neighbourhood. This is raw sewage?

:18:20.:18:27.

How long has it been like this? almost 10 years. Anger is growing

:18:27.:18:32.

here, people expected more from freedom and the governing ANC.

:18:32.:18:37.

Vincent says the ruling party is corrupt, bloated and it is time for

:18:37.:18:44.

change. The ANC now has collapsed. They cannot even provide a Amin's

:18:44.:18:48.

of services to the people. We want them to lose power peacefully

:18:48.:18:54.

because we didn't want to be any situation like happened in both

:18:54.:19:01.

Libya and Egypt and Tunisia. It has been a long, momentous journey for

:19:01.:19:06.

the ANC, forged during the struggle against racial oppression, the

:19:06.:19:10.

greatest liberation movement led years of street protests, armed

:19:10.:19:16.

rebellion and negotiation before its leader became South Africa's

:19:16.:19:23.

first Democratic president. And now the party is celebrating its 100

:19:23.:19:31.

the birthday. Present Jacob Zuma leads the festivities. This is a

:19:31.:19:38.

bittersweet moment for the ANC. The party seems to be way -- weighed

:19:38.:19:42.

down by corruption, infighting and incompetence. Yet look how popular

:19:42.:19:48.

they still are. That is because history and loyalty still count for

:19:48.:19:57.

a great deal here. Many have perished, died, collapsed. Not the

:19:57.:20:06.

ANC. But is the party of revolution losing its touch? At a golf

:20:06.:20:10.

tournament for ANC elite a man in prison with Nelson Mandela

:20:10.:20:16.

acknowledges mistakes. There is a bit of corruption, paps it is worse

:20:16.:20:22.

in our country because we have not yet delivered the services fully to

:20:22.:20:28.

the people of South Africa. But for all its faults, the ANC keeps

:20:28.:20:33.

winning elections. Back in Fichsburg in a shack by a sewer,

:20:33.:20:41.

and it says simply they gave us freedom. -- Anna. She said I would

:20:41.:20:48.

die voting for the ANC. A new singing talent has been

:20:48.:20:52.

compared to soul greats like Otis Redding and Marvin Gaye. High

:20:52.:21:00.

praise. He is an unassuming 24 year-old singer from London who has

:21:00.:21:05.

won the BBC Sound of 2012 award. Michael Kiwanuka came top of the

:21:05.:21:09.

poll of music industry insiders as the most exciting new artist of the

:21:09.:21:13.

year. He said he felt honoured and humbled to have one. We went to

:21:13.:21:23.

Michael Kiwanuka may have won the accolade of the sound of 2012 but

:21:23.:21:27.

his music and its timeless quality will probably feel -- would it feel

:21:27.:21:36.

as at home in the 1970s as it does today -- the BBC Sound of 2012. I

:21:36.:21:43.

never expected to win. It will be a great platform for me for as many

:21:43.:21:47.

people as possible to hear it, a dream for any musician. I feel so

:21:47.:21:55.

honoured, happy and humble to be part of it. Over the past few

:21:55.:21:58.

months the 24 year-old has certainly been winning high-profile

:21:58.:22:08.

And the north London singer- songwriter is already earning

:22:08.:22:13.

favourable comparisons to artists like Bill rivers and Marvin Gaye. -

:22:13.:22:20.

- Bill Withers. He uses recording equipment to create a classic,

:22:20.:22:25.

vintage sound. The list is put together by asking more than 180

:22:25.:22:30.

people, ranging from music writers to DJs and bloggers, to name their

:22:30.:22:33.

favourite new artists. Recent winners who have gone on to become

:22:33.:22:43.
:22:43.:23:00.

Some have said it has become too mainstream at the cost of more

:23:00.:23:06.

independent music. One panellist disagrees. The record companies are

:23:06.:23:11.

aware this could help and it gives an enormous boost to an artist's

:23:11.:23:15.

career in the early stages. But to get the top of the list, people do

:23:15.:23:18.

not vote for anything, they vote for what is good and if you get to

:23:18.:23:23.

the top of the list you have to be pretty good. With so many convinced

:23:23.:23:26.

of Michael's potential great things are now expected from him over the

:23:26.:23:36.
:23:36.:23:41.

I am sure you will hear a lot more from Michael. Let's get more from

:23:41.:23:46.

BBC Radio 1 DJ Huw Stephens. You know so much more about these

:23:46.:23:51.

performers so don't show me up! I have enjoyed listening to some of

:23:51.:24:01.
:24:01.:24:06.

them. Do you think the right person I think he is brilliant, the top

:24:06.:24:08.

five is eclectic and hopefully people will listen to these artists

:24:08.:24:13.

for the first time. He was the only Brit in that top the list, wasn't

:24:13.:24:18.

he? The rest were American and Swedish. Very much reminiscent of a

:24:18.:24:23.

bygone era, he almost looks a bit like Al Green, doesn't he? Otis

:24:23.:24:27.

Redding, Marvin Gay kind of tradition... A strong, vintage

:24:27.:24:34.

sound. People like that. Sometimes people do not need forward-thinking

:24:34.:24:39.

of music. Skrillex does forward- thinking dug step, he is in the

:24:39.:24:49.
:24:49.:24:59.

list. He came No. Two? Frank ocean? That was an explosive song. I like

:24:59.:25:05.

him. He is established, isn't he? Quite popular already. The rules of

:25:05.:25:09.

getting in this list is you cannot have had a Top 20 single but they

:25:09.:25:14.

are all signed, they are tipped for great things for the year ahead.

:25:14.:25:19.

Who was your favourite? Mine was Nikki and the dove, a Swedish duo

:25:19.:25:29.
:25:29.:25:37.

who were around number five. -- Let's see why you like to them... -

:25:37.:25:47.
:25:47.:25:47.

They are raised Swedish duo and the Swedes do pop very well, don't

:25:47.:25:54.

they? ABBA, yes! They are my favourites, I think. Do you think

:25:54.:25:59.

this list tells us about how a taste in music might be changing?

:25:59.:26:03.

People seem to like the voice. Adding that is why Michael Kiwanuka

:26:03.:26:10.

did so well, I am sure we will hear a lot more from him -- I think.

:26:10.:26:16.

There is forward-thinking hip hop from Azealia Banks, forward-

:26:16.:26:20.

thinking soul music, dub step, it is an interesting list. Between all

:26:20.:26:24.

of these five artists there is a 1000 other brilliant musicians who

:26:24.:26:30.

why am sure we will hero over the next year. I look forward to it. I

:26:30.:26:38.

have learned a lot from you just now. Thank you! That is all from us.

:26:38.:26:48.
:26:48.:27:03.

Today we saw some sunshine and much lighter winds. It felt quite

:27:03.:27:06.

pleasant and it will be more at the same tomorrow. Decent spells of

:27:06.:27:10.

sunshine with the breeze picking up as we head through the day. Through

:27:10.:27:14.

the night, a weather front will sink southwards and introduce

:27:14.:27:20.

patchy cloud and outbreaks of rain and drizzle. The winds tomorrow

:27:20.:27:23.

will bring scattered showers into northern areas of Scotland with a

:27:23.:27:26.

few of those feeding into north- west England and the Midlands lated

:27:26.:27:34.

in the day. They will be really isolated but not too heavy. Through

:27:34.:27:37.

eastern England and southern counties of England as well breezy

:27:37.:27:45.

conditions through the day but a lot of dry weather and sunshine. If

:27:45.:27:50.

you are heading out it should be very nice. South-west England and

:27:50.:27:54.

Wales, sunny spells, maybe some a road showers for northern areas of

:27:54.:27:57.

Wales through the afternoon. A bright, breezy afternoon for

:27:57.:28:01.

Northern Ireland with highs of seven to 80 degrees. It is in

:28:01.:28:05.

Scotland where the winds will continue to strengthen perhaps

:28:05.:28:08.

touching gusts of gale force and some of the showers and the North

:28:08.:28:12.

and the Northern Miles could be on the B-side. As we had do Saturday

:28:13.:28:16.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS