17/01/2012 World News Today


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Welcome. Abandoning ship before the passengers as more bodies are found


on the Costa Concordia, takes emerge of the furious row between


captain and Coast Guard. TRANSLATION: Get back on board. I


am co-ordinating. You must send somebody on board.


Ratcheting up the pressure on Hungary, the EU launches


proceedings against new undemocratic laws. Hungary is a key


member of the European family. We do not want a Shadow of doubt in


the respect of democratic values to remain over the country any longer.


Locked up with no prospect of trial, the fate of thousands of Gaddafi's


loyal fighters in Libya. Also coming up in the programme,


the boxer whose words packed as much as his punch. I injured Ayston,


I hospitalised a brick. I'm so bad, I made medicine sick. Muhammed Ali


turns 70. And the brutal world of destination


branding as South Tyneside decides it's no longer Catherine Cookson


Hello and welcome. Angry exchanges between the captain and the


coastguard in the hours immediately after the Costa Concordia ran


aground in Italy have emerged, offering an insight into the panic


and chaos as the cruise liner started to sink. On the recording,


the coastguard is heard repeatedly ordering Francesco Schettino to


return to the ship he'd already abandoned, and find out how many


people remained on board. Schettino's lawyer denies his


client abandoned ship, insisting his actions saved hundreds of lives.


Divers have now found five more bodies inside the ship, raising the


confirmed number of dead to eleven. Matthew Price reports from the


scene. Surrey, we join our correspondent


in Italy now. On this cold and calm night, the


work on the wreck behind me, it continues. In the course of this


day, some fresh footage emerged, and as my colleague Matthew Price


reports, it gave us a fuller sense of the nature of the drama that


unfolded in this place on a night for the ship sank.


In the darkness, scared and disorientated, they moved in their


hundreds. Down the side of the ship. Each one dwarfed by the Costa


Concordia as it lay, listing. Past the gash in ship's hole, where the


water had a -- flooded in. At round about the same time, this


astonishing conversation was taking place between the ship's captain


And here is the captain and, Francesco Schettino, the focus of


police inquiries. He was remanded in custody again today, taken back


to the cell where he is being held. Many believe it was his actions


alone that caused this disaster. His lawyer says not. TRANSLATION:


The captain defended his role on the direction of the ship after the


collision in which the Captain's opinion saved thousands of lives.


They Blues small holes in the side of the vessel to try to get better


access. One priority, secured the ship's fuel surprise. -- fuel


supply. This is the dining room, busy when the ship hit land. From


above, it looks peaceful, but inside, in the darkness, bodies


float along flooded corridors. We have just been told they have


discovered five more bodies inside the ship. Four men and a woman, and


although the rescuers say they still hoped to find survivors, that


is now looking increasingly unlikely. More than 20 people are


still believed to be missing. Among them this couple. A retired couple,


parents will four from Minnesota. And this 5-year-old. Her father,


who failed to make it to shore, had taken her up on the cruise as a


special treat. And, somewhere in the vastness of his ship, she is


waiting to be found. Let's go back to Alan. Are they


hopeful they will find more survivors?


Just before we came on air, the coastguard spokesman said they are


very, very close now to completing the circle that half of the hole


that you see sticking out of the water. The next denied the report


that search had been completed. If that is the case, I think we are


going to have to conclude very soon that there really are no more


survivors on board. It really is unimaginable that anybody could


have survived underneath the water. And in the course of the day, five


bodies were found in the flooded area of the ship. These were four


men, and a woman. It seemed they had gathered or were in some kind


of master area where they were hoping to board a lifeboat. Earlier


in the day, there were these controlled explosions in order to


give rescue workers easier access to those key gathering points where


they are finding bodies. Thank you very much.


The EU has launched legal proceedings against Hungary for


changes to the constitution which they say threatens the independence


of the central bank, data protection and the judiciary.


Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso says the disputed reforms


breach the letter and spirit of EU law, and if Hungary doesn't make


amendments, it will face court action. And the pressure isn't just


political. Hungary needs a new credit line from the EU and IMF.


David Chazan reports from Strasbourg.


Welcoming the European Parliament's new President, Martin Schulz, this


is the first session at Strasbourg but the spotlight was on the


European Commission's announcement it was starting action against


Hungary, over its controversial new constitution. The decisions we have


taken today are of a rift -- are a reflection of our determination to


make sure European law, both in spirit and otherwise, are fully


respected. So, what exactly is the Commission objecting to? Its


concern that the Hungarian government can wield undue


influence over the central bank and it is for the independence of the


country's judiciary because hundreds of judges could be forced


to retire, leaving the way clear for government appointees. There


are also concerns that the new Data Protection Authority would not be


independent but subject to government control. When I got the


first draft of this law, I wrote a letter to Hungary, really warning


against putting endanger the independence of the judiciary.


Unfortunately, the warnings were not listened to. Bid protests broke


out on the streets of the Hungarian capital Budapest after the


constitution came into force at the beginning of this month. Now the


government could be fined or prosecuted at the European Court of


Justice, but it seems willing to compromise before it comes to that.


Are you prepared to amend this? have announced during the past


couple of days and weeks we are going to handle it in the European


manner, which is when you have any kind of assumption or you come to a


point where it turns up the legal issue is not in line with European


law, then it should be amended. the commission had to play top to


get the Hungarians to back down. The fact is, Hungary cannot afford


to lose support because it needs a loan to help it repay debt. But


questions remain about whether the concessions will be enough. The


Hungarian Prime Minister is now preparing to address the European


Parliament. The last time he came here, he got a mauling over the


constitution. Even if he is now willing to compromise, it may not


be enough to appease left-of-centre groups.


Now, let's go live to Budapest. Hungry's credit status is drunk


status, so do financial imperatives trump everything else? They are


very important indeed and the government has been putting a brave


face on this today saying it will listen to these criticisms from the


European Commission and will change them as necessary, so it is more of


the same. It is a blow to hungry, but I think what it will do,


especially with the central bank will, the most controversial piece,


I expect it will change it to speed up the process of getting an IMF


loan, although there are talks under way. This threat of


proceedings is pretty rare, isn't it? Viktor Orban has be known as


Europe's Hugo Chavez. How much dissent is there inside Hungary


against these changes? It is important to remember that the


government was elected by a massive majority and a lot of that support


has been ebbed away. There have been anti-government demonstrations


but there are pro-government demonstrations planned this weekend.


The government feels the Commission and the critics are not respecting


the will of the Hungarian people, but the opposition to this current


government is growing within the country as well. Thank you.


Now a look at some of the days other news:


The Syrian government has rejected a call from Qatar for Arab league


troops to be sent in to end the violence. The country's foreign


ministry says the Syrian people reject any foreign intervention or


attempt to infringe their country's sovereignty. An Arab League


observer mission has so far failed to stem the killings. Lawyers for


Hosni Mubarak say he was a just man, not a tyrant. The deposed leader


once again arrived by ambulance to his trial in Cairo where he is


accused of killing unarmed protesters during last year's


protests. He also faces charges of bribes. The BAFTAs have been


dominated by The Artist. Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy has had 11


nominations, despite being shunned at the Golden Globes.


Among the problems Libya's new authorities have to deal with is


just what to do with Gaddafi loyalists. No accurate figure


exists about how many have been detained. The UN believes there are


around 7,000 of them. But as our correspondent Mark Lowen reports


from Tripoli, with no functioning legal system, they face an


uncertain future. It's barely three months since


their liberation. Three months since they reduced him to this. A


new order imposed. Their ruler crushed. But the euphoria of that


day has begun to fade. He already goes unnoticed. And it's his


supporters who are left locked up now. For thousands remain stuck in


the country's cramped prisons with no functioning legal system. And


they tell of serious abuse from guards. One shows me the scars


where his arms were smashed with hammers. Put us on trial if


necessary but I don't even know what I'm accused of, he says. "I


don't understand what this revolution is. I'm 60 years old.


This is making us hate the revolution." It's a pattern that is


worryingly widespread, according to human rights campaigners, who say


some Gaddafi supporters have been tortured to death in detention.


this will continue, our community will divide against and with the


government. Like the past. We don't need this in the future. And what


would happen if those divisions continue? We don't know. Maybe


civil war, maybe anything. But the security will be disturbed in the


country. Even the sick are segregated. This floor in Tripoli


Hospital is for the pro-Gaddafi loyalists, while the


revolutionaries are cared for upstairs. It's for their safety.


The splits remain too deep. The fear of reprisal attacks still too


great. That's partly why so many Gaddafi supporters are detained,


according to the Justice Minister, who admits his government is


the one hand, we were afraid of them, that they might do something


against the revolution, and on the other hand because we must protect


them in case somebody attacks them in revenge. It's in these still


staunchly pro-Gaddafi areas that the government's attempt at


reconciliation will be judged. There are no tricolour


revolutionaries' flags flying in this part of Tripoli. Those that


sided with the uprising say they were long abused under the Gaddafi


regime but the fear is that revenge could stalk the new Libya. It will


take time for the wounds of civil war to heal, for a post-Gaddafi


generation to grow up. Libya's ability to unite will be tested and


China's economy is slowing down. Let's have a look at the latest


figures. Growth was at just over 9% last year. That is compared to the


2010 figure of 10.4%. It is still higher than the 8% growth figure of


the Chinese target -- government had set for last year. Let's go


took Washington now and speak to make senior fellow at the


Brooklands institute. The lowest level for 2.5 years. Does this mean


that things are, broadly speaking, on course? Well, yes. The 9% gross


rate is not bad. The Chinese government a more troubled by other


statistics - China's export declined over the past few months,


and also China's domestic situation, in particular the labour cost,


increased also drastically. These are too troubling factors. More


than that, there is a serious concern about the property bubble


in the country. And, also at the inflation rate is going up. The


Chinese economy is not in good shape. What is the ideal figure,


according to the Chinese authorities, in terms of growth?


one hand, China does not want to have overheating, and the Chinese


government wants to slow down the economy. But there is another


situation where you see the outflow of capital, people's confidence


declining. The Chinese government is facing a Dover -- dilemma in


looking at public opinion of how to assess the Chinese economic


situation. It does have an economic implications for the global economy.


Now, both China and the US have serious problems. What other


strategies are being discussed to boost domestic consumption?


thing is to try to have -- increase employment locally, and emphasised


the service sector and also all kinds of service sectors. All these


economic policies may have the side effects, so it is a difficult


period that China is entering. Plus, China will have a leadership


succession. For many he's not only the greatest


sportsman, but also entertainer, of all time. He coined the phrase


"float like a butterfly, sting like a bee" to describe his unorthodox


fighting style and today, Muhammad Ali has reached another major


milestone. Despite his long battle with Parkinson's Disease he's


celebrating his 70th birthday. Our Sports Editor David Bond looks now


at Ali's political and social legacy.


Muhammad Ali in his prime - fast, brave and brash. Even in the early


days, before he was world champion, it was clear he was different. This


is Muhammad Ali at 70. Back in Kentucky to celebrate his birthday


this weekend. Physically diminished by Parkinson's disease, but still


displaying the same courage. Courage is only part of the legend.


His three world titles confirmed his place in boxing history, but he


was also an entertainer. One more time! My only fault is I really


don't and it -- I don't realise how great I really am. Not everyone


found the sun -- funny side. In the 60s, his views on race and religion


were controversial. The world needs a lot more Muhammad Ali's to be


outspoken and brave. He was the boss, he was speaking. It is now


more than 30 years since Muhammad Ali retired from the ring. Yet, he


is still an inspirational figure to anyone in boxing. At 70, he remains


the greatest sporting icon of our age. Young boxers are still in awe


of him. For this group from a club in south London, watching just a


few minutes of a classic Muhammad Ali fight is enough to leave them


mesmerised. He is one of the biggest icons in boxing. He


inspires loads and loads of people. I just watch some of his fights and


I Pickup so much straightaway. Lighting the Olympic flame in


Atlanta in 1996 showed the world his determination to face his


biggest opponent head on. It took a sack full of guts to carry that


Olympic flame up that ramp. The courage that he showed as an older


man struggling with Parkinson's disease. It was perhaps a greater


courage than he showed as a young man. Muhammad Ali has spent his


lifetime defying expectations. His 70th birthday is another example of


why he remains, for many, the greatest.


Muhammad Ali, who is 70. She was a best-selling British


author producing almost 100 novels set in her native South Tyneside,


in the north east of England. But now Catherine Cookson has been


dropped from the county's tourism branding because the council says


it wants to attract new investment. So how important is destination


branding for tourism? Here's Kathy Harcombe.


Catherine Cookson was once at the most borrowed writer in Britain's


libraries. Her hugely popular stories made into countless


television dramas. Her survival tales of plucky characters in


England's industrial north Mater a national literary heroine. For 25


years, her fame was used to draw in tourists to the county of South


Tyneside where she was born. Further south, Nottinghamshire has


long been pulling in visitors with its historic connections to that


champion of the cause, Robin Hood. Let's head east. There is a Robin


Hood Museum, Robin Hood Delors, and a yearly Robin Hood pageant. Of


course, the world of film has had a huge influence on tourism. New


Zealand provided the setting for Sir Peter Jackson's big-screen


versions of the Lord Of the Rings trilogy. The country's breathtaking


landscape was the perfect place to recreate Middle Earth. And, if you


fancy a sightseeing trip to Salzburg, it is hard to escape the


city's connection to the classic Hollywood hit, the Sound of Music.


The story of the family brings hundreds of thousands of tourists


to the Austrian city every year. It might be Mozart but the locals most


revered, but for the visitors, it is the story of the spirited Maria


that really brings the hills are alive.


Kathy Harcombe there. Joining me now from our central London studio


is the travel journalist and broadcaster Alison Rice.


So many of Catherine Cookson's novels were about poverty and


hardship. Not everyone in it South downside is happy that, after 25


years, they had dropped the branding. Tourism, supposedly into


South -- in South Tyneside, is worth �200 million a year. Although


no one can ever workout comes from visitors who went there only


because of Catherine Cookson. But, most areas, most destinations


around the world, and certainly in Britain, like to brand themselves


with someone from my chair or from the movies, or some legend --


someone from literature. We spent most of our best leisure time


watching television, going to movies or reading books. It makes


sense that our most important measure Times, our holidays, we


want to connect somehow with either celebrities all the books, movies


and television programmes that we like. Look at Shakespeare country,


or Scotland, or can it which is about Dickens country. And in


February it is the bicentenary of Charles Dickens, and boy, are they


making a big thing of it. It has really got to sink into the


national Psyche, though, hasn't it? That is the problem with Catherine


Cookson, she is well known here, but a different generation. Robin


Hood is known by everyone. Yes, you are right. Although, Sherlock


Holmes - I live near Baker Street and I can't walk down Baker Street


with that at least some tourist looking for Sherlock Holmes's house.


Of course, the movie that has come out again will only add to the


people who want to see it. Walking down Fleet Street the other month,


some tourists asked me for the Temple Church, which I thought was


rather nice, and I realised it is all part of the Davin she code tour.


And Salzburg for the Sound of Music, I spoke to someone earlier who said


that coachloads of people went to see where the bomb Trapp family


left. Yes, I have seen the The Terrace going to see the tour in


Greece as well from Mamma Mia. People want to walk in the


footsteps. Trust me, if you go to an exotic beach with white sand,


blue skies somewhere in an exotic destination, someone will come up


to you at some point and tell you that they filmed James Bond there.


Yes, exactly! A reminder of our main news... Audio recordings from


the capsized Italian cruise ship, the Costa Concordia, suggest the


captain left the vessel while passengers were still being rescued.


In a heated exchange a coastguard officer repeatedly ordered the


captain, Francesco Schettino, to return to the ship. The captain


denies any wrongdoing. Are in fact, his legal team say he


was responsible for saving hundreds of lives. The European Commission


has decided to take legal action against hungry because of new laws


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