17/01/2012 World News Today


17/01/2012

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Welcome. Abandoning ship before the passengers as more bodies are found

:00:18.:00:23.

on the Costa Concordia, takes emerge of the furious row between

:00:23.:00:28.

captain and Coast Guard. TRANSLATION: Get back on board. I

:00:28.:00:33.

am co-ordinating. You must send somebody on board.

:00:33.:00:35.

Ratcheting up the pressure on Hungary, the EU launches

:00:35.:00:42.

proceedings against new undemocratic laws. Hungary is a key

:00:42.:00:47.

member of the European family. We do not want a Shadow of doubt in

:00:47.:00:53.

the respect of democratic values to remain over the country any longer.

:00:53.:00:56.

Locked up with no prospect of trial, the fate of thousands of Gaddafi's

:00:56.:01:00.

loyal fighters in Libya. Also coming up in the programme,

:01:00.:01:10.

the boxer whose words packed as much as his punch. I injured Ayston,

:01:10.:01:18.

I hospitalised a brick. I'm so bad, I made medicine sick. Muhammed Ali

:01:18.:01:21.

turns 70. And the brutal world of destination

:01:21.:01:23.

branding as South Tyneside decides it's no longer Catherine Cookson

:01:23.:01:33.
:01:33.:01:39.

Hello and welcome. Angry exchanges between the captain and the

:01:39.:01:42.

coastguard in the hours immediately after the Costa Concordia ran

:01:42.:01:45.

aground in Italy have emerged, offering an insight into the panic

:01:45.:01:50.

and chaos as the cruise liner started to sink. On the recording,

:01:50.:01:52.

the coastguard is heard repeatedly ordering Francesco Schettino to

:01:52.:01:55.

return to the ship he'd already abandoned, and find out how many

:01:55.:01:59.

people remained on board. Schettino's lawyer denies his

:01:59.:02:06.

client abandoned ship, insisting his actions saved hundreds of lives.

:02:06.:02:09.

Divers have now found five more bodies inside the ship, raising the

:02:09.:02:11.

confirmed number of dead to eleven. Matthew Price reports from the

:02:12.:02:21.

scene. Surrey, we join our correspondent

:02:21.:02:26.

in Italy now. On this cold and calm night, the

:02:26.:02:33.

work on the wreck behind me, it continues. In the course of this

:02:33.:02:39.

day, some fresh footage emerged, and as my colleague Matthew Price

:02:40.:02:44.

reports, it gave us a fuller sense of the nature of the drama that

:02:44.:02:50.

unfolded in this place on a night for the ship sank.

:02:50.:02:55.

In the darkness, scared and disorientated, they moved in their

:02:55.:03:01.

hundreds. Down the side of the ship. Each one dwarfed by the Costa

:03:01.:03:06.

Concordia as it lay, listing. Past the gash in ship's hole, where the

:03:06.:03:11.

water had a -- flooded in. At round about the same time, this

:03:11.:03:15.

astonishing conversation was taking place between the ship's captain

:03:15.:03:25.
:03:25.:03:39.

And here is the captain and, Francesco Schettino, the focus of

:03:39.:03:43.

police inquiries. He was remanded in custody again today, taken back

:03:43.:03:48.

to the cell where he is being held. Many believe it was his actions

:03:48.:03:54.

alone that caused this disaster. His lawyer says not. TRANSLATION:

:03:54.:03:58.

The captain defended his role on the direction of the ship after the

:03:58.:04:05.

collision in which the Captain's opinion saved thousands of lives.

:04:05.:04:08.

They Blues small holes in the side of the vessel to try to get better

:04:08.:04:17.

access. One priority, secured the ship's fuel surprise. -- fuel

:04:17.:04:23.

supply. This is the dining room, busy when the ship hit land. From

:04:23.:04:28.

above, it looks peaceful, but inside, in the darkness, bodies

:04:28.:04:32.

float along flooded corridors. We have just been told they have

:04:32.:04:38.

discovered five more bodies inside the ship. Four men and a woman, and

:04:38.:04:42.

although the rescuers say they still hoped to find survivors, that

:04:42.:04:47.

is now looking increasingly unlikely. More than 20 people are

:04:47.:04:54.

still believed to be missing. Among them this couple. A retired couple,

:04:54.:05:00.

parents will four from Minnesota. And this 5-year-old. Her father,

:05:00.:05:05.

who failed to make it to shore, had taken her up on the cruise as a

:05:05.:05:10.

special treat. And, somewhere in the vastness of his ship, she is

:05:10.:05:19.

waiting to be found. Let's go back to Alan. Are they

:05:19.:05:23.

hopeful they will find more survivors?

:05:23.:05:27.

Just before we came on air, the coastguard spokesman said they are

:05:27.:05:33.

very, very close now to completing the circle that half of the hole

:05:33.:05:39.

that you see sticking out of the water. The next denied the report

:05:39.:05:44.

that search had been completed. If that is the case, I think we are

:05:44.:05:48.

going to have to conclude very soon that there really are no more

:05:48.:05:53.

survivors on board. It really is unimaginable that anybody could

:05:53.:05:58.

have survived underneath the water. And in the course of the day, five

:05:58.:06:04.

bodies were found in the flooded area of the ship. These were four

:06:04.:06:09.

men, and a woman. It seemed they had gathered or were in some kind

:06:09.:06:14.

of master area where they were hoping to board a lifeboat. Earlier

:06:14.:06:18.

in the day, there were these controlled explosions in order to

:06:18.:06:23.

give rescue workers easier access to those key gathering points where

:06:23.:06:27.

they are finding bodies. Thank you very much.

:06:27.:06:29.

The EU has launched legal proceedings against Hungary for

:06:30.:06:32.

changes to the constitution which they say threatens the independence

:06:32.:06:35.

of the central bank, data protection and the judiciary.

:06:35.:06:37.

Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso says the disputed reforms

:06:37.:06:40.

breach the letter and spirit of EU law, and if Hungary doesn't make

:06:40.:06:48.

amendments, it will face court action. And the pressure isn't just

:06:48.:06:53.

political. Hungary needs a new credit line from the EU and IMF.

:06:53.:07:02.

David Chazan reports from Strasbourg.

:07:02.:07:09.

Welcoming the European Parliament's new President, Martin Schulz, this

:07:09.:07:12.

is the first session at Strasbourg but the spotlight was on the

:07:12.:07:16.

European Commission's announcement it was starting action against

:07:16.:07:22.

Hungary, over its controversial new constitution. The decisions we have

:07:22.:07:25.

taken today are of a rift -- are a reflection of our determination to

:07:26.:07:34.

make sure European law, both in spirit and otherwise, are fully

:07:34.:07:43.

respected. So, what exactly is the Commission objecting to? Its

:07:43.:07:45.

concern that the Hungarian government can wield undue

:07:45.:07:49.

influence over the central bank and it is for the independence of the

:07:49.:07:52.

country's judiciary because hundreds of judges could be forced

:07:53.:07:57.

to retire, leaving the way clear for government appointees. There

:07:58.:08:03.

are also concerns that the new Data Protection Authority would not be

:08:03.:08:08.

independent but subject to government control. When I got the

:08:08.:08:13.

first draft of this law, I wrote a letter to Hungary, really warning

:08:13.:08:18.

against putting endanger the independence of the judiciary.

:08:18.:08:26.

Unfortunately, the warnings were not listened to. Bid protests broke

:08:26.:08:29.

out on the streets of the Hungarian capital Budapest after the

:08:30.:08:34.

constitution came into force at the beginning of this month. Now the

:08:34.:08:38.

government could be fined or prosecuted at the European Court of

:08:38.:08:43.

Justice, but it seems willing to compromise before it comes to that.

:08:43.:08:49.

Are you prepared to amend this? have announced during the past

:08:49.:08:52.

couple of days and weeks we are going to handle it in the European

:08:53.:09:00.

manner, which is when you have any kind of assumption or you come to a

:09:00.:09:03.

point where it turns up the legal issue is not in line with European

:09:03.:09:08.

law, then it should be amended. the commission had to play top to

:09:08.:09:13.

get the Hungarians to back down. The fact is, Hungary cannot afford

:09:13.:09:18.

to lose support because it needs a loan to help it repay debt. But

:09:18.:09:24.

questions remain about whether the concessions will be enough. The

:09:24.:09:27.

Hungarian Prime Minister is now preparing to address the European

:09:27.:09:31.

Parliament. The last time he came here, he got a mauling over the

:09:31.:09:35.

constitution. Even if he is now willing to compromise, it may not

:09:35.:09:43.

be enough to appease left-of-centre groups.

:09:43.:09:50.

Now, let's go live to Budapest. Hungry's credit status is drunk

:09:50.:09:54.

status, so do financial imperatives trump everything else? They are

:09:54.:09:58.

very important indeed and the government has been putting a brave

:09:58.:10:02.

face on this today saying it will listen to these criticisms from the

:10:02.:10:06.

European Commission and will change them as necessary, so it is more of

:10:06.:10:10.

the same. It is a blow to hungry, but I think what it will do,

:10:10.:10:15.

especially with the central bank will, the most controversial piece,

:10:15.:10:20.

I expect it will change it to speed up the process of getting an IMF

:10:20.:10:24.

loan, although there are talks under way. This threat of

:10:24.:10:30.

proceedings is pretty rare, isn't it? Viktor Orban has be known as

:10:30.:10:35.

Europe's Hugo Chavez. How much dissent is there inside Hungary

:10:35.:10:40.

against these changes? It is important to remember that the

:10:40.:10:45.

government was elected by a massive majority and a lot of that support

:10:45.:10:49.

has been ebbed away. There have been anti-government demonstrations

:10:49.:10:52.

but there are pro-government demonstrations planned this weekend.

:10:52.:10:55.

The government feels the Commission and the critics are not respecting

:10:55.:11:00.

the will of the Hungarian people, but the opposition to this current

:11:00.:11:04.

government is growing within the country as well. Thank you.

:11:04.:11:06.

Now a look at some of the days other news:

:11:06.:11:09.

The Syrian government has rejected a call from Qatar for Arab league

:11:09.:11:12.

troops to be sent in to end the violence. The country's foreign

:11:12.:11:15.

ministry says the Syrian people reject any foreign intervention or

:11:15.:11:18.

attempt to infringe their country's sovereignty. An Arab League

:11:18.:11:26.

observer mission has so far failed to stem the killings. Lawyers for

:11:26.:11:31.

Hosni Mubarak say he was a just man, not a tyrant. The deposed leader

:11:31.:11:35.

once again arrived by ambulance to his trial in Cairo where he is

:11:35.:11:39.

accused of killing unarmed protesters during last year's

:11:39.:11:49.
:11:49.:11:53.

protests. He also faces charges of bribes. The BAFTAs have been

:11:53.:11:57.

dominated by The Artist. Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy has had 11

:11:57.:12:07.
:12:07.:12:10.

nominations, despite being shunned at the Golden Globes.

:12:10.:12:13.

Among the problems Libya's new authorities have to deal with is

:12:13.:12:16.

just what to do with Gaddafi loyalists. No accurate figure

:12:16.:12:19.

exists about how many have been detained. The UN believes there are

:12:19.:12:21.

around 7,000 of them. But as our correspondent Mark Lowen reports

:12:21.:12:24.

from Tripoli, with no functioning legal system, they face an

:12:24.:12:26.

uncertain future. It's barely three months since

:12:26.:12:31.

their liberation. Three months since they reduced him to this. A

:12:31.:12:36.

new order imposed. Their ruler crushed. But the euphoria of that

:12:36.:12:41.

day has begun to fade. He already goes unnoticed. And it's his

:12:41.:12:45.

supporters who are left locked up now. For thousands remain stuck in

:12:45.:12:50.

the country's cramped prisons with no functioning legal system. And

:12:50.:12:54.

they tell of serious abuse from guards. One shows me the scars

:12:54.:13:02.

where his arms were smashed with hammers. Put us on trial if

:13:02.:13:06.

necessary but I don't even know what I'm accused of, he says. "I

:13:06.:13:09.

don't understand what this revolution is. I'm 60 years old.

:13:09.:13:16.

This is making us hate the revolution." It's a pattern that is

:13:16.:13:18.

worryingly widespread, according to human rights campaigners, who say

:13:18.:13:23.

some Gaddafi supporters have been tortured to death in detention.

:13:23.:13:26.

this will continue, our community will divide against and with the

:13:26.:13:36.
:13:36.:13:36.

government. Like the past. We don't need this in the future. And what

:13:36.:13:40.

would happen if those divisions continue? We don't know. Maybe

:13:40.:13:45.

civil war, maybe anything. But the security will be disturbed in the

:13:45.:13:51.

country. Even the sick are segregated. This floor in Tripoli

:13:51.:13:53.

Hospital is for the pro-Gaddafi loyalists, while the

:13:53.:13:57.

revolutionaries are cared for upstairs. It's for their safety.

:13:57.:14:01.

The splits remain too deep. The fear of reprisal attacks still too

:14:01.:14:06.

great. That's partly why so many Gaddafi supporters are detained,

:14:06.:14:08.

according to the Justice Minister, who admits his government is

:14:08.:14:18.
:14:18.:14:20.

the one hand, we were afraid of them, that they might do something

:14:20.:14:23.

against the revolution, and on the other hand because we must protect

:14:23.:14:26.

them in case somebody attacks them in revenge. It's in these still

:14:26.:14:28.

staunchly pro-Gaddafi areas that the government's attempt at

:14:28.:14:32.

reconciliation will be judged. There are no tricolour

:14:32.:14:35.

revolutionaries' flags flying in this part of Tripoli. Those that

:14:36.:14:38.

sided with the uprising say they were long abused under the Gaddafi

:14:39.:14:45.

regime but the fear is that revenge could stalk the new Libya. It will

:14:45.:14:48.

take time for the wounds of civil war to heal, for a post-Gaddafi

:14:48.:14:53.

generation to grow up. Libya's ability to unite will be tested and

:14:53.:15:03.
:15:03.:15:13.

China's economy is slowing down. Let's have a look at the latest

:15:13.:15:19.

figures. Growth was at just over 9% last year. That is compared to the

:15:19.:15:27.

2010 figure of 10.4%. It is still higher than the 8% growth figure of

:15:27.:15:31.

the Chinese target -- government had set for last year. Let's go

:15:31.:15:36.

took Washington now and speak to make senior fellow at the

:15:36.:15:40.

Brooklands institute. The lowest level for 2.5 years. Does this mean

:15:40.:15:46.

that things are, broadly speaking, on course? Well, yes. The 9% gross

:15:46.:15:54.

rate is not bad. The Chinese government a more troubled by other

:15:54.:15:58.

statistics - China's export declined over the past few months,

:15:58.:16:04.

and also China's domestic situation, in particular the labour cost,

:16:04.:16:08.

increased also drastically. These are too troubling factors. More

:16:08.:16:14.

than that, there is a serious concern about the property bubble

:16:14.:16:19.

in the country. And, also at the inflation rate is going up. The

:16:19.:16:23.

Chinese economy is not in good shape. What is the ideal figure,

:16:23.:16:33.

according to the Chinese authorities, in terms of growth?

:16:33.:16:39.

one hand, China does not want to have overheating, and the Chinese

:16:39.:16:45.

government wants to slow down the economy. But there is another

:16:45.:16:49.

situation where you see the outflow of capital, people's confidence

:16:50.:16:56.

declining. The Chinese government is facing a Dover -- dilemma in

:16:56.:16:59.

looking at public opinion of how to assess the Chinese economic

:16:59.:17:07.

situation. It does have an economic implications for the global economy.

:17:07.:17:12.

Now, both China and the US have serious problems. What other

:17:12.:17:21.

strategies are being discussed to boost domestic consumption?

:17:21.:17:31.

thing is to try to have -- increase employment locally, and emphasised

:17:31.:17:36.

the service sector and also all kinds of service sectors. All these

:17:36.:17:42.

economic policies may have the side effects, so it is a difficult

:17:42.:17:47.

period that China is entering. Plus, China will have a leadership

:17:47.:17:57.
:17:57.:17:58.

succession. For many he's not only the greatest

:17:58.:18:01.

sportsman, but also entertainer, of all time. He coined the phrase

:18:01.:18:04.

"float like a butterfly, sting like a bee" to describe his unorthodox

:18:04.:18:07.

fighting style and today, Muhammad Ali has reached another major

:18:07.:18:10.

milestone. Despite his long battle with Parkinson's Disease he's

:18:10.:18:14.

celebrating his 70th birthday. Our Sports Editor David Bond looks now

:18:14.:18:24.
:18:24.:18:26.

at Ali's political and social legacy.

:18:26.:18:31.

Muhammad Ali in his prime - fast, brave and brash. Even in the early

:18:31.:18:40.

days, before he was world champion, it was clear he was different. This

:18:40.:18:45.

is Muhammad Ali at 70. Back in Kentucky to celebrate his birthday

:18:45.:18:50.

this weekend. Physically diminished by Parkinson's disease, but still

:18:50.:18:55.

displaying the same courage. Courage is only part of the legend.

:18:55.:18:59.

His three world titles confirmed his place in boxing history, but he

:18:59.:19:09.
:19:09.:19:15.

was also an entertainer. One more time! My only fault is I really

:19:15.:19:19.

don't and it -- I don't realise how great I really am. Not everyone

:19:19.:19:23.

found the sun -- funny side. In the 60s, his views on race and religion

:19:23.:19:29.

were controversial. The world needs a lot more Muhammad Ali's to be

:19:29.:19:36.

outspoken and brave. He was the boss, he was speaking. It is now

:19:36.:19:40.

more than 30 years since Muhammad Ali retired from the ring. Yet, he

:19:41.:19:47.

is still an inspirational figure to anyone in boxing. At 70, he remains

:19:48.:19:52.

the greatest sporting icon of our age. Young boxers are still in awe

:19:52.:19:57.

of him. For this group from a club in south London, watching just a

:19:57.:20:00.

few minutes of a classic Muhammad Ali fight is enough to leave them

:20:00.:20:05.

mesmerised. He is one of the biggest icons in boxing. He

:20:05.:20:10.

inspires loads and loads of people. I just watch some of his fights and

:20:10.:20:15.

I Pickup so much straightaway. Lighting the Olympic flame in

:20:15.:20:19.

Atlanta in 1996 showed the world his determination to face his

:20:19.:20:25.

biggest opponent head on. It took a sack full of guts to carry that

:20:25.:20:31.

Olympic flame up that ramp. The courage that he showed as an older

:20:31.:20:40.

man struggling with Parkinson's disease. It was perhaps a greater

:20:41.:20:47.

courage than he showed as a young man. Muhammad Ali has spent his

:20:47.:20:53.

lifetime defying expectations. His 70th birthday is another example of

:20:53.:21:00.

why he remains, for many, the greatest.

:21:00.:21:04.

Muhammad Ali, who is 70. She was a best-selling British

:21:04.:21:06.

author producing almost 100 novels set in her native South Tyneside,

:21:06.:21:12.

in the north east of England. But now Catherine Cookson has been

:21:12.:21:15.

dropped from the county's tourism branding because the council says

:21:15.:21:18.

it wants to attract new investment. So how important is destination

:21:18.:21:25.

branding for tourism? Here's Kathy Harcombe.

:21:25.:21:28.

Catherine Cookson was once at the most borrowed writer in Britain's

:21:29.:21:33.

libraries. Her hugely popular stories made into countless

:21:33.:21:39.

television dramas. Her survival tales of plucky characters in

:21:39.:21:43.

England's industrial north Mater a national literary heroine. For 25

:21:43.:21:47.

years, her fame was used to draw in tourists to the county of South

:21:47.:21:57.

Tyneside where she was born. Further south, Nottinghamshire has

:21:57.:22:00.

long been pulling in visitors with its historic connections to that

:22:00.:22:08.

champion of the cause, Robin Hood. Let's head east. There is a Robin

:22:08.:22:14.

Hood Museum, Robin Hood Delors, and a yearly Robin Hood pageant. Of

:22:14.:22:19.

course, the world of film has had a huge influence on tourism. New

:22:19.:22:23.

Zealand provided the setting for Sir Peter Jackson's big-screen

:22:23.:22:27.

versions of the Lord Of the Rings trilogy. The country's breathtaking

:22:27.:22:37.

landscape was the perfect place to recreate Middle Earth. And, if you

:22:37.:22:41.

fancy a sightseeing trip to Salzburg, it is hard to escape the

:22:41.:22:45.

city's connection to the classic Hollywood hit, the Sound of Music.

:22:45.:22:48.

The story of the family brings hundreds of thousands of tourists

:22:49.:22:53.

to the Austrian city every year. It might be Mozart but the locals most

:22:53.:22:58.

revered, but for the visitors, it is the story of the spirited Maria

:22:58.:23:00.

that really brings the hills are alive.

:23:01.:23:04.

Kathy Harcombe there. Joining me now from our central London studio

:23:04.:23:14.
:23:14.:23:14.

is the travel journalist and broadcaster Alison Rice.

:23:14.:23:18.

So many of Catherine Cookson's novels were about poverty and

:23:18.:23:26.

hardship. Not everyone in it South downside is happy that, after 25

:23:26.:23:30.

years, they had dropped the branding. Tourism, supposedly into

:23:30.:23:34.

South -- in South Tyneside, is worth �200 million a year. Although

:23:34.:23:39.

no one can ever workout comes from visitors who went there only

:23:39.:23:43.

because of Catherine Cookson. But, most areas, most destinations

:23:43.:23:49.

around the world, and certainly in Britain, like to brand themselves

:23:49.:23:55.

with someone from my chair or from the movies, or some legend --

:23:55.:24:00.

someone from literature. We spent most of our best leisure time

:24:00.:24:03.

watching television, going to movies or reading books. It makes

:24:04.:24:09.

sense that our most important measure Times, our holidays, we

:24:09.:24:14.

want to connect somehow with either celebrities all the books, movies

:24:14.:24:18.

and television programmes that we like. Look at Shakespeare country,

:24:18.:24:25.

or Scotland, or can it which is about Dickens country. And in

:24:25.:24:28.

February it is the bicentenary of Charles Dickens, and boy, are they

:24:28.:24:34.

making a big thing of it. It has really got to sink into the

:24:34.:24:37.

national Psyche, though, hasn't it? That is the problem with Catherine

:24:37.:24:41.

Cookson, she is well known here, but a different generation. Robin

:24:41.:24:46.

Hood is known by everyone. Yes, you are right. Although, Sherlock

:24:46.:24:50.

Holmes - I live near Baker Street and I can't walk down Baker Street

:24:50.:24:54.

with that at least some tourist looking for Sherlock Holmes's house.

:24:54.:24:59.

Of course, the movie that has come out again will only add to the

:24:59.:25:03.

people who want to see it. Walking down Fleet Street the other month,

:25:03.:25:06.

some tourists asked me for the Temple Church, which I thought was

:25:06.:25:13.

rather nice, and I realised it is all part of the Davin she code tour.

:25:13.:25:19.

And Salzburg for the Sound of Music, I spoke to someone earlier who said

:25:19.:25:23.

that coachloads of people went to see where the bomb Trapp family

:25:23.:25:33.
:25:33.:25:34.

left. Yes, I have seen the The Terrace going to see the tour in

:25:34.:25:38.

Greece as well from Mamma Mia. People want to walk in the

:25:38.:25:43.

footsteps. Trust me, if you go to an exotic beach with white sand,

:25:43.:25:46.

blue skies somewhere in an exotic destination, someone will come up

:25:46.:25:51.

to you at some point and tell you that they filmed James Bond there.

:25:51.:26:01.
:26:01.:26:02.

Yes, exactly! A reminder of our main news... Audio recordings from

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the capsized Italian cruise ship, the Costa Concordia, suggest the

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captain left the vessel while passengers were still being rescued.

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In a heated exchange a coastguard officer repeatedly ordered the

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captain, Francesco Schettino, to return to the ship. The captain

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denies any wrongdoing. Are in fact, his legal team say he

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was responsible for saving hundreds of lives. The European Commission

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has decided to take legal action against hungry because of new laws

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