14/02/2012 World News Today


14/02/2012

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 14/02/2012. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me, Tanya Beckett. Violence flares

:00:15.:00:18.

on the state of Bahrain. Police used tear gas and stun grenades as

:00:18.:00:26.

the proposed new government try to mark the first anniversary of pro-

:00:26.:00:29.

democracy protests. Officials in Thailand say a man

:00:29.:00:32.

they believe to be from Iran is seriously hurt after trying to

:00:32.:00:38.

throw a bomb at police in Bangkok. Back to square one. Eurozone

:00:38.:00:42.

finance ministers' council meeting after concerns over the spotlight

:00:42.:00:51.

latest austerity plans. Also coming up in the programme: Barack Obama

:00:51.:00:54.

welcomes to the White House, the man expected to become China's next

:00:54.:01:01.

president, our Internet matchmaking sides all that they promised?

:01:01.:01:11.
:01:11.:01:16.

The science of seeking someone Hello and welcome. One year ago

:01:16.:01:18.

today, protesters in Bahrain inspired by the Arab Spring began

:01:18.:01:21.

an uprising, a challenge to the Sunni Muslim dominated rulers from

:01:21.:01:28.

the majority Shia community. Today, anniversary was marked by a ten

:01:28.:01:30.

stand off and clashes between activists and the security forces.

:01:31.:01:34.

-- tense stand off. Thousands of riot police took up positions in

:01:34.:01:38.

the capital, Manama. In particular, Pearl Roundabout, which last year

:01:39.:01:41.

became a symbol of Bahraini resistance. Here is Security

:01:41.:01:51.
:01:51.:01:59.

Correspondent, Frank Gardner. Bahrain's uprising. Thousands of

:01:59.:02:05.

mainly Shia Muslim protesters have tried to converge year. They are

:02:05.:02:09.

ringed by security forces. They have several villages under lock

:02:09.:02:13.

them, determined to stop these protesters from blocking traffic in

:02:13.:02:18.

setting up a protest camp. Given the large numbers involved, it is a

:02:18.:02:21.

relief to the protest is not more violent. It is still a stark

:02:21.:02:26.

reminder that the Sunni Muslim population have deep-rooted

:02:26.:02:35.

grievances that need addressing. it any kind of democracy that

:02:35.:02:38.

appointed Prime Minister for 40 years? We understand that people

:02:38.:02:43.

should be represented in the parliaments. Frustration are

:02:43.:02:47.

amongst Shi'ite villagers is obvious. The government blames

:02:47.:02:51.

opposition parties for the failure of negotiations. The opposition has

:02:51.:02:56.

been calling for reform for you but it has rejected every reform

:02:56.:02:59.

initiative since February. It is hard to see that in a productive

:02:59.:03:05.

liked. Bahrain's King Hammett commissioned an international

:03:05.:03:08.

investigation into human rights abuses last year. It called for

:03:08.:03:14.

sweeping reforms which it has promised to enact. Senior lawmakers

:03:14.:03:16.

and policemen have been brought in from outside with cameras installed

:03:17.:03:21.

in police stations. These demonstrators say that despite

:03:21.:03:25.

earlier promises, some of those sacked for taking part in protests

:03:25.:03:29.

have still not been reinstated. Bahrain's Shi'ite majority does

:03:29.:03:32.

suffer discrimination and the government has been slow to address

:03:32.:03:36.

this. The security forces were heavily criticised last year for

:03:36.:03:40.

excess of brutality. Despite nightly clashes with men in

:03:40.:03:45.

government, vandals, they have issued some restraint. They have

:03:45.:03:51.

come under constraint -- attack from Molotov cocktails and tear gas

:03:51.:03:57.

and have not always come out on top. The attacks are set to continue.

:03:57.:04:03.

We will speak to a reporter in just a minute. Mohammed is a resident in

:04:03.:04:06.

Sanabis village on the outskirts of Manama. Can you tell us what

:04:06.:04:16.
:04:16.:04:24.

happened here today, please? though. -- Hello. We wanted to go

:04:24.:04:29.

to the town scare but the police forces gave us a chance to do so. -

:04:29.:04:33.

- Square. We understand that a great number of people were

:04:33.:04:43.
:04:43.:04:43.

arrested. Is that what you which is as well? And number of people were

:04:43.:04:49.

arrested. Police attacking homes and knocking down doors to enter

:04:49.:04:57.

homes to arrest people. There had been people in the streets and

:04:57.:05:07.
:05:07.:05:14.

people are shouting. My cousin was in a house there. There was an arm

:05:14.:05:24.
:05:24.:05:38.

tank and seven men were arrested. - armed. What is the protesters

:05:38.:05:46.

immediate objective? We wanted to go into the town square but their

:05:46.:05:52.

tanks were everywhere, seven armed tanks were moving inside the

:05:52.:05:57.

village. Muhammad, thank you very much.

:05:57.:06:02.

I am joined now by our security correspondent, Frank Gardner. We

:06:02.:06:05.

were hearing their from one of the protesters. What is the government

:06:05.:06:10.

line on this? You would probably have to ask them. In a way, Bahrain

:06:10.:06:15.

has dodged a bullet today. It was always going to be a day of clashes

:06:15.:06:19.

with the first anniversary of the uprising. This time last year, it

:06:19.:06:24.

resulted in multiple deaths. The security forces were not prepared

:06:24.:06:26.

for the massive outpouring of demonstrators and shot several of

:06:26.:06:30.

them dead. There were then funerals with more people dying at the

:06:30.:06:36.

funerals and a terrible cycle of violence. They seem to be much

:06:36.:06:40.

better prepared. The deployed in force but seemed to show some

:06:40.:06:46.

restraint, which is hard to believe given the footage. In these

:06:46.:06:50.

villages, they have legitimate political grievances, but at the

:06:50.:06:53.

same time, there probably undermining their cause in the eyes

:06:53.:06:58.

of the rest of the country through this vandalism. Twitter is

:06:58.:07:03.

absolutely alive with people on both sides of it, with the protest

:07:03.:07:07.

are saying, help us, we're freedom fighters. The rest of the country

:07:07.:07:11.

saying, these people are vandals. They are setting fire to property

:07:11.:07:17.

and attacking police. They are firing darts at police. There are

:07:18.:07:23.

two sides to this and Bahrain is a very polarised place. There is very

:07:23.:07:26.

little common ground between the two. You have been covering the

:07:26.:07:30.

story for a long time. Is this the beginning of a new cycle of

:07:30.:07:37.

violence? I do not think it is. If anything, it is an enormous release

:07:37.:07:44.

no one was killed today. -- relief. I think it is an urgent reminder to

:07:44.:07:49.

the government that it has not much time and it needs to sit down. It

:07:49.:07:53.

is an urgent reminder to the main opposition party that they have to

:07:53.:07:57.

find some kind of common ground. Both sides are blaming the other.

:07:57.:08:01.

The government have said that they have offered through the Crown

:08:01.:08:04.

Prince's initiative, a fully elected parliament. They have

:08:04.:08:07.

offered to change electoral boundaries to make it more

:08:07.:08:11.

democratic and so on. The opposition are saying we're not

:08:11.:08:15.

seeing any substantive concessions and it is all lip-service. They are

:08:15.:08:18.

both quite a far we're part and there is no question that they are

:08:19.:08:22.

people on the monarchy who would very much like the current state of

:08:22.:08:26.

affairs to continue. They would like to continue the upper hand and

:08:26.:08:29.

there is a hard line caucus within the monarchy who do not want to

:08:29.:08:37.

give up any concessions to the Shi'ite majority, who are perhaps

:08:37.:08:41.

not the majority of residents over all but are a majority of Bahrain

:08:41.:08:48.

nationals. Hardliners are saying, give them nothing, and give them

:08:48.:08:53.

the full punishment. I have seen posters saying hang of protesters.

:08:53.:08:57.

At the same time, there are moderates within the government who

:08:57.:09:00.

are saying that we cannot survive like this. 20 years from now, we

:09:00.:09:04.

will be gone if we continue like this, so we have to find common

:09:04.:09:11.

ground. Police in Thailand say a man they

:09:11.:09:15.

believed to be an Iranian has lost both his legs and a bomb explosion.

:09:15.:09:19.

Witnesses say the man was about to throw the bomb at police when it

:09:19.:09:24.

exploded. The man who was taken to hospital was one of five people

:09:24.:09:27.

injured in a series of explosions and a busy commercial centre of

:09:27.:09:34.

Bangkok. The areas where the explosions

:09:34.:09:39.

occurred were sealed off as the authorities tried to piece together

:09:39.:09:43.

the train of events. The first blast had been up in a house close

:09:43.:09:49.

to the centre of Bangkok. Then, one of the men inside had tried to fail

:09:49.:09:54.

-- hail a taxi. It failed to stop and he appears to after a bomb at

:09:54.:10:00.

the vehicle. There was then a third explosion. This same man had

:10:00.:10:03.

attempted to throw another expose about police. He missed and the

:10:03.:10:10.

device blew up causing him serious injury. We discovered the injured

:10:10.:10:16.

man's passport. It is an Iranian passport. It shows he entered

:10:16.:10:23.

Thailand and then to Bangkok last Wednesday. He had bombs. He used

:10:23.:10:29.

them three times and we are trying to defuse bombs inside the house.

:10:29.:10:33.

Officials are not prepared to speculate but these explosions, one

:10:33.:10:36.

month after security measures were stepped up following warnings of

:10:36.:10:42.

possible terrorist threat. Also in January, Thai authorities found a

:10:42.:10:47.

large supply of bomb-making materials near the capital. The

:10:48.:10:52.

American embassy said there could be attacks in Bangkok. There is no

:10:52.:10:56.

sign of who the attackers might have been targeting, but with a

:10:56.:11:00.

suspected link to Iran, Israel already saying this was an

:11:00.:11:07.

operation sponsored by it Tehran. The head of the eurozone countries

:11:07.:11:11.

has called off an EU finance ministers meeting scheduled for

:11:11.:11:13.

Wednesday because Greece has still not met all the necessary

:11:13.:11:18.

conditions. Instead of a face-to- face meeting, it will now just be a

:11:18.:11:23.

conference call. What sort of assurances is he

:11:23.:11:29.

looking for? There are two conditions he still wants Greece to

:11:29.:11:36.

meet. They are, first of all, they have to find an extra 325 million

:11:36.:11:39.

euros in savings on top of the austerity package that the

:11:39.:11:46.

parliament passed on Sunday night. Secondly, the euro group once

:11:46.:11:49.

written pledges from the main political leaders fear that they

:11:49.:11:54.

will implement the austerity measures and cuts before elections

:11:54.:11:59.

in April. Added pressure for Greece and the euros on is aware that if

:11:59.:12:03.

the pressure is increased on this country, they feel, the European

:12:03.:12:07.

Union feels, that Greece will deliver more than it has in the

:12:07.:12:11.

past because there is a lot of frustration at the haste of pace

:12:11.:12:20.

here in Greece. Time is of the essence here because we're talking

:12:20.:12:25.

of 20th March as the next repayment that has to be met. Is there a

:12:25.:12:29.

sense that this could in the end prove counter-productive and be

:12:29.:12:33.

could be reaching that point now? It could certainly backfire in

:12:33.:12:37.

terms of the order many great people here who feel incredibly

:12:37.:12:40.

frustrated that the barrage of austerity cuts that had been forced

:12:40.:12:44.

upon them. There is already a growing sense of anti-European

:12:44.:12:48.

sentiment here and the feeling that Greece's financial future is very

:12:48.:12:51.

much in the hands of the European Union now. Particularly in the

:12:51.:12:55.

hands of Germany and there is a lot of anti-German sentiment around

:12:55.:12:59.

that a lot. Yet more pressure and more demands will go down very

:12:59.:13:06.

badly with the Greek public. The government are very aware they are

:13:06.:13:09.

relying entirely on his bail-out and it is a vital lifeline for this

:13:09.:13:18.

country to avoid bankruptcy next month. The reckoning is that more

:13:18.:13:22.

pressure to implement the cuts, for them to not just the there will

:13:22.:13:27.

simply do so, will mean that they will go along with it because the

:13:27.:13:32.

daylight is so essential. The next take a look at some of the day's

:13:32.:13:35.

other news. Chinese leaders have told visiting

:13:35.:13:38.

European officials that Beijing wants to do more to help Europe is

:13:38.:13:44.

of its debt problems. The Prime Minister Wen Jiabao did not give

:13:44.:13:49.

any other assurances regarding money.

:13:49.:13:53.

Italian prosecutors have appealed against the decision last year to

:13:53.:13:57.

throw out the murder conviction of Amanda Knox and her former

:13:57.:14:01.

boyfriend for the killing of the British student, Meredith Kercher.

:14:01.:14:04.

At the time, the Italian appeals court said the evidence did not

:14:04.:14:08.

hold up. The High Court is expected to issue its decision towards the

:14:08.:14:13.

end of the year. With football, one of the world's

:14:13.:14:18.

best-known clubs, Glasgow Rangers, has entered financial

:14:18.:14:21.

administration. The Scottish champions have faced financial

:14:21.:14:24.

difficulties for some time and are awaiting the verdict of a tax

:14:25.:14:30.

tribunal. Rangers where Uefa Cup runners-up four years ago and have

:14:30.:14:37.

won the Scottish title a record 54 times.

:14:37.:14:43.

He is China's tomorrow man. The current vice-president is widely

:14:43.:14:47.

tipped to take over as China's leader. As befits a leader in

:14:47.:14:50.

waiting, he is honing his international diplomacy with a

:14:50.:14:54.

visit to the United States. It comes when ties between Beijing and

:14:54.:15:00.

Washington, the two worlds biggest economies, a strained because of

:15:00.:15:04.

human rights. President Obama today welcomed him to the White House

:15:04.:15:09.

saying the US sought the White -- China's piece for rise as positive,

:15:09.:15:18.

although with it, comes more TRANSLATION: If nothing goes wrong

:15:19.:15:25.

for them, these men will but the President's next year. In their

:15:25.:15:31.

first meeting they set the tone. President Obama welcomed Wen Jiabao

:15:31.:15:38.

with a cabinet. With power and prosperity comes increased

:15:38.:15:43.

responsibility. We want to work with China to make sure everyone is

:15:43.:15:48.

working by the same walls of the world when it comes to the economic

:15:48.:15:56.

system, ensuring there is a balanced trade flow. It also means

:15:56.:16:00.

that on critical issues like human rights we will continue to

:16:00.:16:06.

emphasise what we believe is the importance of recognising the

:16:06.:16:11.

aspirations and right of all people. The Chinese leader was more guarded.

:16:11.:16:17.

TRANSLATION: At the main purpose of my visit is to implement the

:16:17.:16:24.

important agreement that was reached and to do some work on a

:16:24.:16:34.

work relationship and leave it in the right direction so we can build

:16:34.:16:44.
:16:44.:16:45.

a relationship on mutual respect. From there Oval Office meeting took

:16:45.:16:48.

talks with Cabinet members, there was a lot of substance on the

:16:48.:16:57.

agenda. The Obama administration went above protocol to show respect.

:16:57.:17:02.

There was also a lavish lunch at the state apartments. For the

:17:02.:17:06.

United States, this is about building a rapport and getting a

:17:06.:17:11.

better sense of how the Chinese vice-president inks and operates.

:17:12.:17:20.

For him, it is a chance to show how he operates on the world stage.

:17:20.:17:28.

know you will be visiting I you were, where you visited when you

:17:28.:17:32.

were a governor. I understand you are also going to Los Angeles.

:17:32.:17:40.

it is a carefully choreographed visit to show that Xi Jinping is a

:17:40.:17:45.

man of the people and will potentially make a good leader.

:17:45.:17:48.

Andrew Billo is Senior Program Officer for Policy in the Asia

:17:48.:17:53.

Society's New York Public Programs Office. One is always looking for

:17:53.:17:58.

some sort of change in relations between China and the US, all

:17:58.:18:03.

attempts at political one this. Are we getting there with this new

:18:03.:18:12.

future leader? Absolutely. I think this is a critical visit, in light

:18:12.:18:18.

of the potential leadership change in China and the US. It does bode

:18:18.:18:23.

very well. What do you think is most important in the US-China

:18:23.:18:29.

relationship? Trade has been there for a long time and the issue of

:18:29.:18:33.

the currency strength, or tackled it really. Is that still top of the

:18:33.:18:41.

agenda? Yes. The trade and currency issues will continue to be in the

:18:41.:18:48.

political arena in the election year. Fundamentally, both countries

:18:48.:18:55.

have the same interests, which are economically based. They had

:18:55.:19:04.

concerns for the coming months and years. They need to look to each

:19:04.:19:08.

other to learn and recognise that despite the differences between the

:19:08.:19:13.

two countries, fundamentally, both share a common interest. Do you

:19:13.:19:20.

think that there was room on the agenda to discuss, for example, the

:19:20.:19:24.

European financial crisis and Syria, or do you think the United States

:19:24.:19:30.

is more interested in honing its own interests and relationship with

:19:30.:19:39.

China? At this point, given that Zayd Jin Ping is not President, it

:19:39.:19:48.

is an opportunity to focus on their relationship. The more pressing

:19:48.:19:54.

issues regarding Syria I think will be left off the agenda in favour of

:19:54.:20:01.

looking at how in light of the situation, the potential of both

:20:02.:20:06.

leaders to work together and understand each other. Did you see

:20:06.:20:15.

a fundamental difference in personal style? Yes. The Chinese

:20:15.:20:20.

vice-president is an insider. His father was a senior member of the

:20:20.:20:30.

Communist Party in China. President Obama is a Washington outsider who

:20:30.:20:36.

came from a diverse background. Once they had these differences, I

:20:36.:20:40.

think be vice-president, whose daughter studies in the United

:20:40.:20:47.

States, has an understanding of American culture. Thank you for

:20:47.:20:57.
:20:57.:21:03.

joining us. As millions of couples around the

:21:03.:21:06.

world celebrate Valentine's Day, thousands of them will attest to

:21:06.:21:08.

the seemingly scientific match- making abilities of internet dating

:21:08.:21:11.

sites. Online dating is growing at a phenomenal rate with many sites

:21:11.:21:14.

claiming their algorithms can help singles find their perfect match.

:21:14.:21:16.

However, one American psychology professor says such algorithms are

:21:16.:21:18.

not scientifically valid and despite some sites boasting

:21:18.:21:20.

thousands of success stories, the science behind match-making can't

:21:20.:21:30.
:21:30.:21:39.

yet be taken seriously. Joining eight is the managing director of

:21:39.:21:49.
:21:49.:21:51.

one of our popular website. Sir, How does the process work? It is

:21:51.:21:57.

less about the up orisons and what they don't like, it is about what

:21:57.:22:06.

they like. So oh you are looking for a profile that is replicated?

:22:06.:22:15.

We are not mathematical geniuses, it so weak employ a third party

:22:15.:22:25.
:22:25.:22:27.

tall that makes recommendations. I am joined by Eli Finkel, an

:22:27.:22:29.

Associate Professor of Social Psychology at Northwestern

:22:29.:22:38.

University in Chicago. Do you think there is anything in this? I think

:22:38.:22:43.

that it is probably Banque, although I did not here at the

:22:43.:22:47.

entirety of the previous speaker. I should make an important

:22:47.:22:57.
:22:57.:22:58.

distinction. Do I think an algorithm can detect who like, but

:22:59.:23:08.
:23:09.:23:11.

that is not the goal of online dating. But goal is to get off-line,

:23:11.:23:21.

develop a relationship that has the potential to be long-term. So, are

:23:21.:23:23.

you saying you don't think there is any scientific structure that can

:23:23.:23:30.

be applied to online dating? I am not saying that it will. In fact,

:23:30.:23:34.

over the last 80 years, relationship scientists who use the

:23:34.:23:40.

empirical evidence have discovered all sorts of things about what

:23:40.:23:44.

predicts relationship will bring in the long run, but that work is

:23:44.:23:49.

being largely ignored by the algorithm matching sites. Does that

:23:49.:23:54.

relate to a couple who are already together, or does that relate to

:23:54.:24:00.

finding to people who fit? Where would the online dating services

:24:00.:24:05.

dismiss this? There are three things you can use to put it

:24:06.:24:10.

relationship well-being. Firstly, independent information about

:24:10.:24:20.

people. Secondly, personal dynamics. Thirdly, things they have in common.

:24:20.:24:25.

The problem with the way the current match an algorithm site

:24:25.:24:32.

work, they rely on the first of those three, and it turns out that

:24:33.:24:37.

although you can identify who is likely to be a bad relationship for

:24:37.:24:41.

almost anybody using methods like that, you cannot use methods like

:24:41.:24:46.

that to detect which two people are uniquely compatible. That is

:24:46.:24:52.

interesting. There is information it is difficult for a website to

:24:52.:24:58.

get access to. I agree. We do not match on hard attributes, so we go

:24:58.:25:08.
:25:08.:25:08.

down the behavioural algorithm. We also believe in testing and

:25:08.:25:15.

chemistry, meeting up for a quick coffee, for example. When our

:25:15.:25:19.

members do come to wasn't so they have found love, we do not asked

:25:19.:25:23.

them whether or not it was the algorithm. Do you have any proof

:25:23.:25:29.

measuring your success. We don't, but a study front end to end would

:25:29.:25:35.

be interesting. When people meet in a bar, for example, the environment

:25:35.:25:45.
:25:45.:25:45.

is different. So you are a part - that so you are up against a lot of

:25:45.:25:55.
:25:55.:25:56.

competition. We are, but we will continue using behavioural

:25:56.:26:04.

algorithms when it comes to matching. Thank you.

:26:04.:26:09.

A reminder of our main news - there has been a massive security

:26:09.:26:14.

operation in Bahrain to stop protesters marking the first

:26:14.:26:18.

anniversary of the uprising. The authorities have sealed off roads

:26:18.:26:25.

and deployed armoured vehicles in the capital and outside the city.

:26:25.:26:29.

But least in Thailand say a man who they suspect is an Iranian has had

:26:29.:26:32.

both his legs blown off after attempting to throw a bomb at

:26:32.:26:38.

police. A man was one of by people injured in three explosions in a

:26:38.:26:44.

busy district of Bangkok. The first occurred at a house where it is

:26:44.:26:49.

thought that three Iranians were living. That is all from the

:26:49.:26:59.
:26:59.:27:07.

programme. That's it for now. Well, what does your Ballantyne --

:27:07.:27:14.

Valentine's Day evening were the have in store? High pressure is

:27:14.:27:20.

sitting to the West. Weather fronts will try to push in. There are

:27:20.:27:29.

north-westerly winds. As they come in from the north-west, there will

:27:29.:27:35.

be some brighter skies in central and eastern part as we had to the

:27:35.:27:41.

afternoon. However, there will be cloud across the East and South

:27:41.:27:51.
:27:51.:27:57.

East. Three central and -- fruit central areas, it will stay bright.

:27:57.:28:07.

Northern Ireland will be fairly cloudy with highs of nine degrees.

:28:07.:28:15.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS