24/02/2012 World News Today


24/02/2012

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 24/02/2012. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News today with me, Zeinab Badawi. Crisis talks on

:00:15.:00:19.

Syria deliver a stern warning to the Government to implement a

:00:19.:00:24.

ceasefire or face sanctions. Despite the absence of Russia and

:00:24.:00:30.

China, Britain says progress has been made. A real determination to

:00:30.:00:36.

tighten a diplomatic and economic stranglehold on the regime. The is

:00:36.:00:41.

the Syrian government beginning to listen? The Red Cross says it is

:00:41.:00:47.

negotiating in the City of Homs to evacuate the wounded.

:00:47.:00:51.

More protests in Afghanistan and Pakistan against the burning of the

:00:51.:00:56.

Koran at a US military base in Afghanistan. Will the anger

:00:56.:01:01.

subside? The UN's nuclear watchdog says Iran

:01:01.:01:04.

is increasing its Iranian -- uranium enrichment programme. Also

:01:04.:01:10.

coming up, it is that time of year again. Hollywood's big weekend

:01:10.:01:14.

starts now. We take a look at the foreign films that might be taking

:01:14.:01:24.
:01:24.:01:24.

home an Oscar. And how this South African music

:01:24.:01:28.

legend boosted school attendance by returning at 60 years of age to

:01:28.:01:38.
:01:38.:01:41.

finish is studying. -- finish his studying.

:01:41.:01:45.

Urgent talks aimed at stopping the violence in Syria have been taking

:01:45.:01:49.

place in Tunisia. The International Conference has called on the Syrian

:01:49.:01:53.

government forces to introduce a ceasefire immediately and allow aid

:01:53.:02:02.

in or face a range of new sanctions. A official declaration is expected

:02:02.:02:05.

shortly. -- an official declaration. In the last half-hour it has been

:02:05.:02:09.

said that the Red Cross has been associating with the authorities

:02:09.:02:15.

and opposition to evacuate those of urgent need of assistance in Homs.

:02:15.:02:20.

There are reports that the evacuation has begun.

:02:20.:02:26.

Baba Amr in Homs today where Syrians are being shelled by their

:02:26.:02:30.

own government. On one street, people gather to send a message to

:02:30.:02:35.

the conference in Tunisia to intervene. "Help us, militarily or

:02:35.:02:43.

not a tall,'s says one banner. And more footage. Jubilant opposition

:02:43.:02:46.

fighters with remnants of an armoured vehicle they say they

:02:46.:02:55.

destroy it. They won the outside world to arm them. At the

:02:55.:03:00.

conference in Tunis, the array of foreign ministers opposed to

:03:00.:03:04.

President Assad is impressive yet even powerful countries like the

:03:04.:03:07.

United States have to admit that they are helpless to stop the

:03:07.:03:12.

violence. The problem is, who is not in the Conference Room. Russia

:03:12.:03:17.

and China refused to come, and without any allies of President

:03:17.:03:23.

Assad, there is no way to getting to agree to a ceasefire. Outside, a

:03:23.:03:30.

small, noisy protest of pro President Assad demonstrators

:03:31.:03:35.

briefly disrupted proceedings, a reminder that not everyone is

:03:35.:03:40.

against the Syrian President. Ever since Russia and China blocked a UN

:03:40.:03:42.

presence -- UN resolution criticising Syria, the outside

:03:42.:03:47.

world has been split. Until that changes, giving authority to do

:03:47.:03:53.

anything in Syria will be very difficult. We have now reached the

:03:53.:03:57.

point where this is clearly a criminal regime. Yes, of course,

:03:57.:04:02.

all our efforts so far, but the Security Council, trying to agree a

:04:02.:04:06.

resolution, based on the Arab League plan, involving a cessation

:04:06.:04:12.

of violence, those efforts have been frustrated by Russia and China.

:04:12.:04:16.

To tackle the violence in Syria there are no easy options. Any

:04:16.:04:20.

ceasefire would need President Assad's consent, calling for

:04:20.:04:24.

humanitarian corridor as is also tricky. They would need armed

:04:24.:04:28.

protection. On the opposition could also be dangerous. It might just

:04:28.:04:32.

make the bloodshed worse. -- arming of the opposition.

:04:32.:04:38.

Meanwhile, it is a waiting game. As far as humanitarian aid goes, all

:04:38.:04:41.

the conference can do is prepare for a future when Syria's Borders

:04:41.:04:46.

will not be closed, by stockpiling a day in neighbouring countries and

:04:47.:04:56.
:04:57.:04:57.

keeping up the diplomatic pressure. -- stockpiling aid.

:04:57.:05:07.
:05:07.:05:09.

A spokesman for the Syrian National Council joins us now. The SNC chief

:05:09.:05:12.

has said that the conference does not meet the aspirations of the

:05:12.:05:17.

serene people. Why? We are looking for military support for the Syrian

:05:17.:05:21.

people. We are calling for the international community to impose a

:05:21.:05:26.

safe zone and a humanitarian corridor. There is no action, there

:05:26.:05:31.

is no implementation, and there is no mechanism to put this idea on

:05:31.:05:37.

the ground. This is why the Saudi minister of foreign affairs even

:05:37.:05:40.

was upset by the outcome of the conference. This is the first time

:05:40.:05:43.

you see that the Arab League is in advance of the international

:05:44.:05:49.

community, in advance of the United States and Europe. The Arab League

:05:49.:05:52.

is appealing for the international community to intervene and help us

:05:52.:05:59.

here. You can see... If I can get some clarification from year, to

:05:59.:06:03.

intervene and help the Syrian people. What kind of intervention

:06:03.:06:11.

are you talking about? -- clarification from you. We are very

:06:11.:06:15.

clear. We need to impose a limited no-fly zone above the designated

:06:15.:06:22.

safe zone areas. At the same time, if the situation continues, the

:06:22.:06:27.

international community has the right to create a humanitarian

:06:27.:06:32.

corridor as and seek assistance for the cities in need. Light in Lech -

:06:32.:06:41.

- Homs and other areas. We need to prevent civilians by all necessary

:06:41.:06:45.

means. This is something the international community asked to

:06:45.:06:50.

respond to. Can I ask you, have you been calling at the conference for

:06:50.:06:58.

the Syrian National Council, before the opposition forces to be armed?

:06:58.:07:02.

We are calling on the international community to help and support for

:07:02.:07:07.

Free Syrian Army. The only forces on the ground to were helping the

:07:07.:07:14.

Syrians and protecting against them -- against the militia is the Free

:07:14.:07:17.

Syrian Army. But they have become the heroes of the Syrian people.

:07:18.:07:22.

This is why we have to help them and support them by arming them and

:07:22.:07:28.

helping them by communication, to help them to organise themselves to

:07:28.:07:34.

be in better shape. We see photographs coming from Baba Amr,

:07:34.:07:38.

and other areas, where we are right side and we cannot help our

:07:38.:07:43.

brothers. The only force is the Free Syrian Army and this is why we

:07:43.:07:51.

need to support them and are on them. A thank you for joining us.

:07:51.:07:57.

We are also joined by Shashank Joshi, an associate fellow at the

:07:57.:08:03.

Royal United Services Institute. On the matter of the Syrian National

:08:03.:08:11.

Council, William Hague says that it is time for them to be officially

:08:11.:08:13.

recognised as one of the main representatives of the Syrian

:08:13.:08:19.

people. Will that happen soon? think it will. There is immense

:08:19.:08:24.

fear or that the fragmentation in the opposition groups will sabotage

:08:24.:08:29.

any chance of a political transition. In a way, it legitimate

:08:29.:08:33.

its President Assad's claimed that he has done so much to advance that

:08:33.:08:37.

there is no alternative to the dictatorship. One of the urgent

:08:37.:08:41.

demands is that the SNC not only solidify is its own internal

:08:41.:08:45.

divisions but that it also settles once-and-for-all the issue of who

:08:45.:08:52.

is the legitimate representative of the Syrian people. The SNC has

:08:52.:08:57.

competitors. Inside Syria, there are those who think that the SNC is

:08:57.:09:02.

detached from the ground realities and any Western efforts to push the

:09:02.:09:05.

SNC above other groups as the only legitimate organisation is quite

:09:06.:09:11.

risky. Within ACAS also described the regime as a criminal one. We

:09:11.:09:14.

have also seen Hillary Clinton talking about the Syrian National

:09:14.:09:22.

Council, asking them what they stand for. -- William Hague has

:09:23.:09:25.

also described. Could you legitimately describe them with

:09:25.:09:35.

farms? There is more scepticism here. There is more scepticism

:09:35.:09:39.

about the SNC then there was about the transitional council in Libya

:09:39.:09:42.

last year. The Syrian Muslim Brotherhood is dormant in the SNC

:09:43.:09:46.

and it is more or conservative and opaque than its counterpart in

:09:46.:09:52.

Egypt, for example. There is concern over Sunni fundamentalists

:09:52.:09:59.

to name be part of the general -- who may be part of the uprising.

:09:59.:10:03.

Western governments are terrified that weapons provided will end up

:10:03.:10:08.

in the arms of groups like Al-Qaeda in Iraq. Briefly, humanitarian

:10:08.:10:12.

corridors. Apparently there are talks between the Red Cross and Red

:10:12.:10:17.

Crescent, is that a sign that the regime is softening? It is a sign

:10:17.:10:23.

that it is making tactical concessions to avoid pressure.

:10:23.:10:28.

That you for talking to us. At least 12 people have been killed as

:10:28.:10:32.

anti-American protests continue in Afghanistan over the burning of

:10:32.:10:37.

Korans at a US base. That means that 80 Afghans and two American

:10:37.:10:43.

soldiers have died in four days of process. There have been anti-US

:10:43.:10:48.

demonstrations in Lahore, Karachi, the Shala and Islamabad in Pakistan.

:10:48.:10:57.

Earlier, NATO's top commander appealed for calm and restraint.

:10:57.:11:01.

As feared, protesters took to the streets after Friday prayers.

:11:01.:11:09.

Denting their fury for a 4th day in a row. -- venting their fury. In

:11:09.:11:13.

the city of Herat, religious leaders are accused of fanning the

:11:13.:11:19.

flames and directing the violence. Police fired above four at

:11:19.:11:23.

demonstrators who attacked a local Reconstruction Office, and tried to

:11:23.:11:30.

reach the US consulate. There were protests around the country. In the

:11:30.:11:35.

south-east, a NATO convoy went up in flames. That will please the

:11:35.:11:39.

Taliban, who have been exploiting the Koran controversy, urging

:11:39.:11:47.

Afghans to target NATO forces. General John Allen, NATO's taught

:11:47.:11:52.

military commander, is trying to limit the fall-out. -- top military

:11:52.:11:57.

commander. He made an emotional visit to a base where two US

:11:57.:12:00.

visitors were killed by an Afghan colleague who sided with the

:12:00.:12:04.

protesters. These other moments when you reach down inside and grip

:12:04.:12:09.

the discipline that makes you a United States soldier. And you get

:12:09.:12:15.

through the pain, and you get through the anger and you remember

:12:15.:12:21.

why we're here. We're here for our friends. We're here for our

:12:21.:12:26.

partners. We're here for the Afghan people. Among the Afghan people,

:12:26.:12:31.

and the Afghan security forces, many are demanding tougher action

:12:31.:12:35.

against the troops who burned their holy book.

:12:35.:12:40.

I asked this army commander on duty in Kabul what should happen to

:12:40.:12:48.

those responsible. The TRANSLATION: Hang them.

:12:48.:12:53.

Trouble flared in the capital, too, with protests in several districts.

:12:53.:12:58.

Security forces struggled to control their own streets. Then the

:12:58.:13:03.

police did some burning of their own, taking down a white Taliban

:13:03.:13:10.

flak and setting it alight. By nightfall, the death toll had risen

:13:10.:13:16.

to a dozen. Having asked for forgiveness, NATO say they want to

:13:16.:13:20.

move on. This has been another day of protest and another day of

:13:20.:13:25.

bloodshed. Tonight, security forces around the country remain on alert.

:13:25.:13:30.

So far, the angle on the streets has not been cooled by the

:13:30.:13:37.

apologies from senior American military officials. Or from

:13:37.:13:43.

President Obama himself. I've been talking to Martine Von

:13:43.:13:46.

Balart from the Afghanistan analyst network based in Kabul, and she

:13:46.:13:51.

told us she did not believe that the protests would gain momentum.

:13:51.:13:56.

Today was probably going to be the worst day of all because it is a

:13:56.:13:59.

Friday and it is the easiest to mobilise people, to get angry

:13:59.:14:03.

crowds together. There was violence but there was also a lot of

:14:03.:14:10.

restraint. The violence was limited to a few areas, and it actually

:14:10.:14:16.

seems like it is somehow waning. If it continues like this, it will go

:14:16.:14:21.

on for a few more days but it will probably not get much worse. NATO

:14:21.:14:27.

is appealing for calm and saying to people, let's see what the

:14:27.:14:31.

investigation yields. If anybody is found guilty of misconduct, it is

:14:31.:14:37.

highly unlikely that any punitive action will be taken against them.

:14:37.:14:43.

That is a problem. At the moment, people are letting themselves be

:14:43.:14:53.
:14:53.:14:54.

calmed down. By their leaders, by the Milans and by the Government.

:14:54.:14:59.

People do expect punishment, because they think that some huge

:14:59.:15:07.

mistake has been made and an insult has been done. That will strut the

:15:07.:15:15.

motions, but it will probably not be as he did and will not have the

:15:15.:15:21.

same spark when it comes together. On the whole, you do not believe

:15:21.:15:25.

that this incident is really going to have a long lasting impact on

:15:25.:15:29.

military operations by foreign forces in Afghanistan, it's not

:15:29.:15:36.

going to intensify opposition to their presence? It will not be like

:15:36.:15:45.

that directly but it is very much part of a gradual decline in trust.

:15:45.:15:49.

People are really not sure why they are here and what their intentions

:15:49.:15:53.

are. People find it difficult to believe that this was unintentional.

:15:53.:15:56.

Are you surprised that after more than a decade of foreign troops in

:15:56.:16:01.

Afghanistan, that they are not better attuned to the cultural and

:16:01.:16:06.

religious sensibilities of the people there? You would have hoped

:16:06.:16:10.

it would have been better after 10 years but watching how the

:16:10.:16:15.

international community functions, I can understand how it happened.

:16:15.:16:18.

The international community has been here for 10 years but they

:16:18.:16:22.

have not accumulated the knowledge of 10 years. They seem to be

:16:22.:16:27.

learning things over and over again. Or not learning it at all. It

:16:27.:16:37.
:16:37.:16:43.

The United Nations says the number of people displaced by fighting in

:16:43.:16:49.

Mali has risen by almost 120,000. The fighting started last month

:16:49.:16:53.

when it Tuareg fighters joined a group of rebels and attacked towns

:16:53.:16:58.

and army bases. Doctors treating a member of the

:16:58.:17:03.

Dutch royal family, Prince Johan Friso, say that she may never

:17:03.:17:07.

regain consciousness following a skiing accident. He suffered

:17:07.:17:11.

massive brain damage after being trapped in an avalanche last week.

:17:11.:17:14.

He is the second son of Queen Beatrix.

:17:14.:17:19.

A retired British businessman, Christopher Tappin, has been

:17:19.:17:21.

extradited to the United States following a long legal battle. He

:17:21.:17:26.

is accused of conspiring to sell missile parts to our land. He has

:17:26.:17:32.

always insisted she was the victim of an American sting operation. --

:17:32.:17:42.
:17:42.:17:46.

And Iran has dramatically stepped up its efforts to produce higher

:17:46.:17:51.

grade uranium enriched -- enriched uranium and has denied

:17:51.:17:55.

investigators access to facilities. The conclusion will be seen

:17:55.:17:59.

inevitably by many in the West as a defined move by Tehran and could

:17:59.:18:05.

also increase alarm surrounding and an's nuclear ambitions. Joining me

:18:05.:18:11.

now as a former or arms inspector who headed the United States search

:18:11.:18:17.

for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. Charles, this report says

:18:17.:18:21.

around has boosted its capacity to enrich uranium which will fuel

:18:21.:18:27.

worries it has a weapons programme in the making. This is bad news and

:18:27.:18:31.

frankly surprising because they would have thought and Iran would

:18:31.:18:36.

want to drag out the negotiations progress. What the IAEA is

:18:36.:18:40.

reporting is that is not only boosting its programme to develop

:18:40.:18:46.

enriched uranium but it has refused to answer any questions surrounding

:18:46.:18:50.

alleged Westernisation programmes, that is, activities specifically

:18:50.:18:54.

designed for weapons. By not allowing the agency access to the

:18:54.:18:57.

facilities, the greatly add to the suspicion that in fact they have

:18:57.:19:02.

taken the decision to build a nuclear weapon.

:19:02.:19:06.

The IAEA report says it has increased the number of centrifuges

:19:07.:19:11.

and is prepared to expand at uranium enrichment. It will be

:19:11.:19:16.

harder for and now it to deny that it is trying to develop nuclear

:19:16.:19:21.

weapons. That is correct. It also contributes to the problem of

:19:21.:19:27.

timing. The amount of time between when Tehran it takes an unambiguous

:19:27.:19:30.

action that shows it can build a nuclear weapon to the time where

:19:30.:19:35.

they can actually build a nuclear weapon is getting very short. It is

:19:35.:19:42.

called the breakout time. As a result of this, the Israelis and

:19:42.:19:45.

the Americans are becoming more pressurised to do something before

:19:45.:19:54.

it is too late. This news from that IAEA, is that likely to intensify

:19:54.:19:58.

calls for a tougher stand on an? From an Israeli perspective,

:19:58.:20:06.

certainly. The Israelis believe, and I would not they have

:20:06.:20:13.

experience in building clandestine nuclear weapons, but they are and

:20:13.:20:17.

have called for the United Nations to speak on this on 5th March. Are

:20:17.:20:21.

they going to allow more time to see what happens with sanctions?

:20:22.:20:26.

Apparently, the Iranians do not seem to be swayed by the sanctions

:20:26.:20:34.

so far. Thank you for talking to us.

:20:34.:20:39.

A high school in the South African township of Soweto has seen a 20%

:20:39.:20:45.

rise in attendance since a famous jazz musician return to school.

:20:45.:20:51.

Sipho 'Hotstix' Mabuse Plans to set his secondary school Certificate in

:20:51.:20:55.

the coming months. He hopes to encourage youngsters from deprived

:20:55.:21:05.
:21:05.:21:07.

backgrounds not to abandon Among the biggest names in the

:21:08.:21:17.

music business, Sipho 'Hotstix' Mabuse. One of South Africa's

:21:17.:21:20.

proudest exports and the international jazz scene. For him

:21:20.:21:27.

even now, practises a priority, but so too is making up for lost time.

:21:27.:21:33.

Not everyone gets a welcome like this but still a novelty, he is

:21:33.:21:37.

returning to the classroom and a country where 50% of youngsters do

:21:37.:21:41.

about the school before the 18th. Many of the kids here are his

:21:41.:21:47.

neighbours. There frequently were the way -- he was lured away by

:21:47.:21:52.

jazz, at a time when education was second at -- segregated along

:21:52.:22:01.

racial lines. If they were not out of bounds, they were deliberately

:22:01.:22:11.
:22:11.:22:13.

ensure that schools only teacher and Afrikaans.

:22:13.:22:17.

Now back and spared the uniform along with other mature students,

:22:17.:22:22.

exams are just around the corner. What has inspired this musician to

:22:22.:22:26.

return? The answer? The sight of barefoot children taking themselves

:22:26.:22:34.

to school. When I went to families of these children, I found that

:22:34.:22:44.
:22:44.:22:49.

they were so impoverished it was It was just one of those

:22:49.:22:57.

experiences that I could not believe people could live like that.

:22:57.:23:01.

The children were willing to go to school and that was encouraging.

:23:01.:23:05.

you think that was an experience that made you think I am going to

:23:05.:23:11.

do something? Absolutely. This 60- year-old may be an inspiration as

:23:11.:23:15.

his school has seen a 20% increase in attendance since he arrived, but

:23:15.:23:19.

there are still 1 million youngsters and South Africa who

:23:19.:23:29.
:23:29.:23:31.

have turned their backs and secondary education.

:23:31.:23:35.

Education is one of the biggest hurdles in the new South Africa.

:23:35.:23:39.

Despite a second chance for people like this, there is a younger

:23:39.:23:49.
:23:49.:23:53.

He is a good skipper at 60! In Los Angeles, preparations are under way

:23:53.:23:57.

for Sunday night's Oscars ceremony. They principally on the English-

:23:57.:24:00.

language pictures but one category is reserved for foreign language

:24:00.:24:06.

films. A Belgian film is in the running.

:24:06.:24:11.

It is a dark crime drama setting is the backdrop of the illegal animal

:24:11.:24:21.

growth hormone crate. Israel's entry into the Foreign Language

:24:21.:24:27.

Film category comes with a Footnote. It is a tale of father and son

:24:27.:24:32.

scholars. For many foreign-language films, the nomination alone gives a

:24:33.:24:36.

tremendous publicity boost to films which may have otherwise been

:24:36.:24:43.

ignored. It creates more awareness and curiosity. It gives these were

:24:43.:24:53.
:24:53.:25:04.

the films a chance to stand out. The Holocaust has often been

:25:04.:25:07.

nominated in the Oscars ceremony. Based on a real-life story, this

:25:07.:25:12.

film chronicles the plight of a group of Jews in World War II: to

:25:12.:25:17.

escape the Nazi is by a hiding in the sewers. Canada is up for an

:25:17.:25:22.

Oscar with the French-language film set in a Montreal classroom, which

:25:22.:25:26.

tells of an Algerian immigrant teacher whose children have been

:25:26.:25:31.

nominated -- traumatised by the suicide of his predecessor. Los

:25:31.:25:35.

Angeles is the home to the largest Iranian population in North America,

:25:35.:25:40.

more than 600,000 according to one estimate. Oscars night is turning

:25:40.:25:44.

into a very big event indeed for many in this community because for

:25:44.:25:50.

the first time in 40 years, an Iranian film is up for an Oscar. It

:25:50.:25:59.

is called a separation and it may well win. It explores the clash

:25:59.:26:05.

between social classes and the religious and non-religious -- the

:26:05.:26:11.

non-religious and conflict resolution in Tehran. An Oscar

:26:11.:26:14.

trophy would be viewed as a reward that could really help the

:26:15.:26:20.

country's besieged film-making community. I cannot make any

:26:20.:26:28.

predictions. Whatever happens to this film will make the cinematic

:26:28.:26:35.

community very happy. A separation is viewed as the dumb to beat and

:26:35.:26:42.

is seen as the favourite to win the Academy Award. -- film.

:26:42.:26:47.

Before we go, while we have been on air, the Red Cross in Syria say at

:26:47.:26:50.

first Group of seven when the people have been evacuated from

:26:50.:27:00.
:27:00.:27:03.

Homs. That is all from us. Next, The last of our very mild air is

:27:03.:27:06.

holding on across southern areas but it will slowly get squeezed

:27:06.:27:10.

away as this cold front continues to move southwards. High pressure

:27:10.:27:14.

builds from the West keeping most of our weather fronts at bay.

:27:14.:27:20.

Saturday looks mostly nice. Some decent sunshine, particularly for

:27:21.:27:24.

central and eastern areas. First Saturday morning, cloud comes in

:27:24.:27:28.

from the south-west but we have the sunshine though it will be if

:27:28.:27:31.

chilly start to the day. Temperatures recovering in the

:27:31.:27:37.

sunshine. The winds will be lighter. Here, it is actually still feeling

:27:37.:27:42.

pretty pleasant. South-eastern areas, highs of 13 Celsius, still

:27:42.:27:47.

mild for the time of year. South- west England and parts of South

:27:47.:27:52.

Wales will see the westerly wind continuing to feed in. Misty and

:27:52.:27:58.

foggy conditions through Bristol and the Channel. Temperatures

:27:58.:28:03.

slowly climbing into a high single digits. In Northern Ireland, after

:28:03.:28:08.

a bright start, sky slowly cloud over from the West. Scotland are

:28:08.:28:11.

still win the although perhaps not this promise today but it will

:28:11.:28:16.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS