07/03/2012 World News Today


07/03/2012

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This is BBC World News today. Syria finally allows humanitarian aid

:00:14.:00:21.

into that devastated District of Baba Amr. The UN's humanitarian

:00:21.:00:25.

envoy makes a brief visit to Homs and calls for better access for aid

:00:25.:00:32.

agencies. It's not that easy to deal with some of the concerns out

:00:32.:00:41.

there but we are working on it. knockout blow. Why can't Mitt

:00:41.:00:49.

Romney win the fight. Clear evidence of ballot rigging in

:00:49.:00:53.

Russia's presidential election. was on the verge of crying when I

:00:53.:00:58.

saw such complete lawlessness but I realised there was no way to stop

:00:58.:01:05.

Can my nap: Helping some of the world's poorest people but should a

:01:05.:01:11.

growing economy like India still get aid from Britain.

:01:12.:01:18.

And, please don't step on my new Billy -- suede shoes. Prince Harry

:01:18.:01:28.
:01:28.:01:34.

shows off his reggae routine in Hello and welcome. The United

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Nations humanitarian chief has visited the Syrian city of Homs and

:01:40.:01:46.

the devastated District of Baba Amr. Government forces bombarded the

:01:46.:01:52.

district for nearly a month, killing dozens. Officials say Baba

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Amr was largely deserted today as many residents have already fled to

:01:57.:02:01.

areas where they can get humanitarian aid.

:02:01.:02:09.

Before setting off for the troubled city of Homs, the -- the UN

:02:09.:02:18.

humanitarian chief had a meeting. It wasn't clear whether Valerie

:02:18.:02:25.

Amos was hoping to see for herself the massive destruction which

:02:25.:02:30.

besieged Homs for a month. The Syrian Red Crescent has just been

:02:30.:02:33.

allowed in but not the international Red Cross. It has

:02:33.:02:37.

been waiting nearby since the last Friday was a huge clear-up

:02:37.:02:43.

operation has been going on. Valerie Amos also went seat seems

:02:43.:02:51.

like this. And verifiable petite -- footage showing patients at peak

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hospital apparently blindfolded and showing signs of torture. That is

:02:56.:03:01.

why many people wounded by security forces are not being taken to state

:03:01.:03:06.

hospitals. This makeshift field clinic is in another quarter of

:03:06.:03:11.

Homs which has seen much violence. People are patched up as best they

:03:12.:03:19.

can using any materials to hand. Valerie Amos is also not the only

:03:19.:03:25.

visitor in town. The lack the Russians, the Chinese want to see

:03:25.:03:29.

dialogue and the Syrian solution, not regime change imposed from

:03:29.:03:33.

outside. But as the situation worsens, the Chinese do not want to

:03:33.:03:38.

get caught out as they were in Libya last year. We have evacuated

:03:38.:03:44.

most of our workers from Syria. There are only about 100 personnel

:03:44.:03:49.

left. We will go back to those projects when the situation

:03:49.:03:53.

stabilises and There are conditions for peace for construction and

:03:53.:03:59.

development. The most crucial visit will be that of the UN Arab League

:03:59.:04:04.

envoy, Kofi Annan. He has the stature and experience and balanced

:04:04.:04:08.

approach that might just succeed against the odds. If he can't do it

:04:08.:04:14.

probably nobody else can. The dilemma about what can and

:04:14.:04:20.

cannot be done has been discussed in Washington today during tense

:04:20.:04:27.

exchanges. John McCain has clashed with Leon Panetta, the US Secretary

:04:27.:04:31.

of Defence. Can you tell us how long the killing will have to

:04:31.:04:40.

continue and how many civilian lives will be lost before military

:04:40.:04:50.

measures we propose. How many more have to die? I think the question,

:04:50.:04:56.

as you stated yourself, Senator, is the effort to try to build an

:04:56.:05:01.

international consensus as to what action we do take. That makes the

:05:01.:05:06.

most sense. What doesn't make sense is to take unilateral action. We

:05:06.:05:13.

are not divided here and we are not holding back. This administration

:05:13.:05:18.

has led in Iraq, Afghanistan and in the war on terrorism. We lead in

:05:18.:05:23.

Libya and we are leading in Syria. Let us look at the day's other

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news: Six British soldiers have been killed by a huge explosion in

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southern next than a stun. That deaths take the number of British

:05:33.:05:39.

personnel to over 400 -- Afghanistan. The vehicle has now

:05:39.:05:45.

been recovered. Prosecuted -- prosecutors in Norway

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have a formally charged Anders Behring Breivik who stands accused

:05:49.:05:53.

of terrorism and premeditated murder of 77 people. He is due to

:05:53.:05:59.

go on trial next month. The founder of the fresh company --

:05:59.:06:06.

French company which distributed Silicon gel which was of industrial

:06:06.:06:11.

strength has admitted the gel had not been medically proved but

:06:11.:06:16.

wasn't dangerous, he insisted. Apple has just unveiled a new I pat

:06:16.:06:22.

three which it says will take tablet like this to a whole new

:06:22.:06:28.

level. It will have a speedier process, sharper screen and an

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option for faster wireless broadband access.

:06:32.:06:38.

Let us get more on the fall-out of the Super Tuesday primaries held

:06:38.:06:45.

across America in the last 24 hours. No outright winner at all. Mitt

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Romney came through but not with a knockout blow to see him through

:06:49.:06:56.

with momentum or making the obvious contender to take on President

:06:56.:07:01.

Obama in November. Let us get the latest report.

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Smiles from the two leading candidates but this was a deeply

:07:05.:07:11.

split verdict. In Ohio, Mitt Romney one but only just after a nail-

:07:11.:07:16.

biting night. And after spending nearly four times as much as his

:07:16.:07:21.

main rival, Rick Santorum. We are counting at the delegates and it

:07:21.:07:24.

looks good and we are counting down the days until November and that

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looks even better. We have won races all over this country.

:07:31.:07:39.

Against the odds. When they thought, OK, he is finished, we keep coming

:07:39.:07:47.

back. The battle for the Republican nomination is set to drag on with

:07:47.:07:54.

voters torn between Mitt Romney, the strongest challenger, and Mr --

:07:54.:07:59.

Rick Santorum. How can Mitt Romney clinch the nomination? If he moves

:07:59.:08:05.

to the right to use -- Europe Conservative votes he might

:08:05.:08:08.

alienate their Republican centre ground. Rick Santorum could become

:08:08.:08:12.

his running mate but that would need a big dose of love and

:08:12.:08:18.

forgiveness on both sides after the bitterly fought campaign. The

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deadline is fast approaching. August is the Republican convention

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which decides the presidential candidate. Normally, the party has

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made up his mind well beforehand. Many Republicans worry that many --

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none of the candidates has their charisma to outshine Barack Obama.

:08:38.:08:44.

Some may even wish for an unknown challenged or to emerge and save

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the day -- challenger. Let us discuss the results. With

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their spokesperson for the tea- party .net. With me is an is Dorian

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of the United States. If I could come to you first, Kevin Jackson.

:09:02.:09:11.

Who does the tea party support given the for contenders? For the

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most part, we were not make an announcement of who we support but

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want the process to play out. Many in the organisation, certainly ours,

:09:25.:09:30.

will not make the announcement until the person wins. Would that

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not be a sensible and grown-up thing to do in the best interests

:09:35.:09:41.

of the Republican Party? Isn't it doing damage to your party?

:09:41.:09:46.

wouldn't say it is doing damage but it is doing their proper vetting of

:09:46.:09:53.

the candidate, something that had not occurred when Barack Obama got

:09:53.:10:00.

elected in 2008. When we look back to looking at the primaries, the

:10:00.:10:04.

real squeamish thing we will see his on the side of the left and the

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Democrats. Barbara Bush says it is the worst Prime re campaign she has

:10:09.:10:16.

ever witnessed. What do you make of it? Barbara Bush has said that of

:10:16.:10:26.
:10:26.:10:27.

almost every primary campaign. But she represents the Romany, a

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moderate side. If you look at who voted for Mitt Romney yesterday, it

:10:32.:10:39.

is people who are over 65 and earn over $100,000 a year and have a

:10:39.:10:44.

college education. That is my tinnies on a yacht and that wing of

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the party. Rick Santorum is attracting independence and

:10:49.:10:53.

Democrats and those amongst poorer people. The problem with the

:10:53.:11:01.

process is the longer they delay on spending their money on Barack

:11:01.:11:09.

Obama, they wear down each other. That is the point, isn't it? You

:11:09.:11:14.

need to focus all the guns on President Obama and pick somebody

:11:14.:11:22.

who can realistically beat him? is right on a couple of things. If

:11:22.:11:28.

the other candidates had faced Barack Obama earlier on, I don't

:11:28.:11:33.

think either Mitt Romney or Rick Santorum... The any person to have

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the naughty bits to face a Obama would probably have been newt

:11:38.:11:41.

Gingrich but he is right in one respect that we are spending time

:11:41.:11:49.

away from a bomber. I think that is a good thing. -- Barack Obama. At

:11:49.:11:53.

the appropriate time, we should start bombarding the nation with

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the facts about him and I think that is the problem for the left is

:11:58.:12:02.

that he has no way to run and hide. I will ask the question and I know

:12:02.:12:11.

the answer, there are no people on the right to are saying now, I

:12:11.:12:15.

would love to vote for Barack Obama because he has done such a great

:12:15.:12:21.

job. There are many defectors on his side. Isn't the uncomfortable

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truth that the tea party movement has Pete? No, people like to say

:12:26.:12:31.

that but it is far from the truth. The movement has evolved into

:12:31.:12:38.

something interesting. We have gotten away from the valleys and

:12:38.:12:42.

people thing that is the way to judge the movement. But that is

:12:42.:12:52.

like asking a senior to be judged from a show rather than an album.

:12:52.:13:02.
:13:02.:13:04.

Quite frankly, the talk of Capitol Hill on a daily basis... 10, --

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team. That is their problem for them. They won the political

:13:11.:13:15.

argument in 2010 and they got the energy for the Republicans to get

:13:15.:13:22.

control of the house. But what does it do next? It has to rely and the

:13:22.:13:27.

establishment. The tea party has not provided us with any serious

:13:27.:13:33.

presidential candidates. They have peaked politically in the sense

:13:33.:13:42.

that it now has to rely on the t o p to deliver and it can't. The tea

:13:42.:13:47.

party refuses to compromise, doesn't it? Tim believes the tea

:13:47.:13:51.

party has picked because we do not have a candidate but Mitt Romney

:13:51.:13:55.

should have had be sown at given that he has other Republican

:13:55.:14:05.
:14:05.:14:05.

machine behind him for some time. Rick Santorum and Newt Gingrich...

:14:05.:14:13.

As far as issues go, but he party is the reason why it politics in

:14:13.:14:19.

America has changed. We have thwarted much of the legislation.

:14:19.:14:25.

None of these Candy It's, after this long war, are going to be able

:14:25.:14:30.

to challenge Barack Obama and is it time to bring in a white knight to

:14:30.:14:38.

come around from behind a boulder? No one knows who that will be.

:14:38.:14:46.

Chris Christie, it won't be him. Jet Bush has calculated rightly he

:14:46.:14:52.

is too moderate for the Republicans now. The any candidate in the last

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24 hours who has said they will not rule themselves out his Sarah Palin.

:14:58.:15:02.

If there is a white knight, it has to appeal to the tea party base and

:15:02.:15:06.

not someone who moves the Republicans to the centre but can

:15:06.:15:11.

reach out at a convention. How does the return of Sarah Palin strike

:15:11.:15:17.

you? I don't think it is a possibility. What will tips this

:15:17.:15:21.

process more than anything is the selection of the price -- vice-

:15:21.:15:26.

presidential candidate on the side of the right. Names being kicked

:15:26.:15:33.

around dark Alan West, and pundits here say that the vice presidential

:15:33.:15:37.

candidate doesn't have that type of impact but I would disagree. This

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election will be so different in so many ways. The other thing people

:15:42.:15:50.

haven't conceded is that Barack Obama will appear to be stale bread.

:15:50.:15:56.

Nobody really has a lot of respect for one the vice presidential

:15:56.:16:06.
:16:06.:16:07.

candidate. There is not a cabinet position that one nominee they have

:16:07.:16:17.
:16:17.:16:23.

I cannot wait for this to shift. That the pattern have to confront

:16:23.:16:29.

the Republican machine. -- the tea party. The any side we can side

:16:29.:16:34.

with is the Republicans at this moment. Trust me, that Paul is

:16:34.:16:40.

coming. Kevin Jackson, we must leave it there. Thank you. Tens of

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thousands of people have marched in South Africa protesting against key

:16:43.:16:48.

government economic policies. The marches, organised by the Congress

:16:48.:16:51.

of South African Trade Unions, or COSATU, took place in more that 30

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town and cities with the largest in Johannesburg, Cape Town and Durban.

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Demonstrators are angry at plans for more expensive tolls on roads

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between Johannesburg and the capital, Pretoria, and also want

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authorities to rein in the practice known as labour-brokering, under

:17:02.:17:08.

which agencies offer workers short- term contracts at lower pay. From

:17:08.:17:18.
:17:18.:17:20.

Johannesburg, Milton Nkosi reports. Today is the day the city of

:17:20.:17:23.

Johannesburg came to a standstill. These protesters are sending a

:17:23.:17:27.

clear message to government. These scenes are reminiscent of the anti-

:17:27.:17:31.

apartheid demonstrations of the eighties and nineties, except today,

:17:31.:17:37.

they are marching against their own government. We are in the centre of

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Johannesburg. We are surrounded by thousands and thousands of poor --

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of protesters. These big laugh from the Congress of South African Trade

:17:46.:17:50.

Unions. They are here today to make a statement against the

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government's programme of electronic tolling systems. Today,

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COSATU is saying, enough is enough. I live in Pretoria. I work in

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Johannesburg and I use that route every day. I pay a high tax rates.

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It is ridiculous. I cannot afford it. I am here to make my mark.

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protest is about the gap between the haves and have-nots. They also

:18:28.:18:31.

came to protest against labour brokers. They are the

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intermediaries who hire staff on behalf of companies, and they do

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not want to pay benefits. The police were out in full force to

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make sure the match goes slowly and swears lay. Surely this must come

:18:47.:18:53.

as a wake-up call for the governing ANC? These people are not from the

:18:53.:19:02.

opposition parties. Opponents of Vladimir Putin have

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branded his election victory on Sunday as an insult to the Russian

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people. The League of Voters say they'll press on with

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demonstrations against him despite his triumph in Sunday's election,

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and the detention of hundreds of people at post election rallies.

:19:17.:19:24.

Daniel Sandford reports. A man walks up to a ballot box and stuffs

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them at least 10 ballot papers. One of many examples of intellectual

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fraud last Sunday. In the early hours of Monday morning, Moscow's

:19:40.:19:46.

polling station Number 2247, the election count was going well. The

:19:46.:19:50.

voter looked close. Observers thought the pars for Vladimir Putin

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and his rival looked about the same. It was what we thought just a

:19:56.:20:02.

technical procedure of counting how many vote on each pile. That is

:20:02.:20:10.

where it turned out to be very different from hour visual

:20:10.:20:14.

understanding and our counting. When the chairman formerly filled

:20:14.:20:20.

in the result, the official count gave Putin twice as many votes. No

:20:20.:20:24.

matter how many -- how much the observers complained, there were

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not able to get it revised. It is stories like this that led Russia's

:20:30.:20:33.

new monitoring group, the League of Voters, to say it would not

:20:33.:20:39.

recognise the election result and that it was an insult to society.

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TRANSLATION: Our country finds itself in an alarming situation, in

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which a large and active part of society had the doubt or refuses to

:20:50.:20:57.

acknowledge the legitimacy of the parliament and the President.

:20:57.:21:01.

woman from the polling station were only 230 residents were registered,

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but almost 1,000 voters were added to the list less than 24 hours

:21:07.:21:10.

before the poll. She film them arriving large rooms. The station

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recorded one of the highest vote of Vladimir Putin anywhere in Moscow.

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TRANSLATION: I was on the verge of crying when I saw such complete

:21:21.:21:26.

lawlessness. At the same time, I realised there was no law to stop

:21:26.:21:30.

it. They lead of 30 his estimate that the official 63 % that

:21:30.:21:34.

Vladimir Putin was awarded was wrong by about 10 percentage points.

:21:34.:21:40.

They believe he got 53 %. That means he still won the election in

:21:40.:21:44.

the first round. Should a nation which has its own

:21:44.:21:46.

nuclear and space programme and a growing economy receive generous

:21:46.:21:50.

international aid? It's a question being asked about the British

:21:50.:21:55.

government's policy of donating $450 million to India. The UK is by

:21:55.:21:57.

far the largest donor, spending nine times more than the United

:21:57.:22:02.

States does. But as David Loyn reports from the state of Bihar,

:22:02.:22:04.

Britain's International Development Department says it's moving away

:22:04.:22:06.

from providing handouts and into investing in the private sector and

:22:07.:22:16.
:22:17.:22:17.

public services. This is a scheme to help Indians

:22:17.:22:22.

apply for Indian government services. It is paid for by British

:22:22.:22:30.

aid money. It is even paying for a call centre. Estate helpline. This

:22:30.:22:34.

approach has its critics in India, who said that if Britain wants to

:22:34.:22:40.

help, I should give money to charity, not to fund Indian state

:22:40.:22:45.

services. India does not need British aid. There are Indians who

:22:45.:22:48.

need British aid. One solution could be for the British government

:22:48.:22:52.

to give aid directly to charities that are active on the ground,

:22:52.:22:57.

working with people. The complex dilemmas of India need more than

:22:57.:23:03.

charity. A country of great inequality, and are merging its --

:23:03.:23:06.

an emerging nuclear-armed superpower, but still home to a

:23:06.:23:12.

third of the poorest people in the world, malnourished children. Until

:23:12.:23:16.

recently, the government here Bihar was infamous for corruption. It has

:23:16.:23:20.

cleaned itself up and welcomes British technical support in making

:23:20.:23:26.

this work. I think it fulfils a very important role, which other

:23:26.:23:36.
:23:36.:23:37.

government programmes does not. It is very worthwhile. In the

:23:37.:23:43.

countryside, most of these farmers earned less than $1.25 a day, below

:23:43.:23:53.
:23:53.:23:53.

the globally defined poverty line. Transports gobble up their costs.

:23:53.:23:57.

This man's son died of polio. His earnings are Robson's a small

:23:58.:24:03.

production company emerged to buy his vegetables. It is hoping to win

:24:03.:24:08.

investment from British aid money. Soon, about half of Britain's large

:24:08.:24:13.

aid budget to India could going to projects like this. Investing in

:24:13.:24:17.

vegetable production. It is a radical departure from more

:24:17.:24:23.

traditional aid priorities such as health and education. It is paid

:24:23.:24:27.

but not as we know it. The test will be whether it cuts the number

:24:27.:24:33.

of India's poor. Prince Harry has scaled down his

:24:33.:24:36.

activities in Jamaica as a mark of respect to the six British troops

:24:37.:24:40.

killed in Afghanistan. He spent part of the day with the Jamaican

:24:41.:24:44.

Defence Force, watching them abseil and taking part in target practice.

:24:44.:24:53.

Peter Hunt sent this report. This was Captain Wales rather than

:24:53.:24:59.

Prince Harry, at a Jamaican army base. A serving officer had been

:24:59.:25:06.

told about the latest losses in Afghanistan. At the camp, a chance

:25:06.:25:11.

for a reunion with a fellow Sandhurst trainee. The Jamaican

:25:11.:25:16.

army was keen to show the Prince their new tower for training

:25:16.:25:20.

soldiers in at saving. Prince Harry was meant to be joining in here. In

:25:20.:25:29.

the words of one of his officials,... The British deaths in

:25:29.:25:32.

Afghanistan have, understandably, changed the tone of the visit.

:25:32.:25:37.

Harry still went to the firing range. Anyone with a camera want to

:25:37.:25:43.

stand at the other end? He is the soldier prince who has recently

:25:43.:25:47.

qualified as an Apache helicopter pilot, who wants to serve again in

:25:47.:25:51.

Afghanistan. Last night at a state dinner, the Prince paid tribute to

:25:51.:25:56.

the woman who is still Queen of Jamaica. She combines all her

:25:56.:26:00.

virtues as a leader and as the head of state with those of being a

:26:00.:26:07.

wonderful, caring grandmother. Their grandchildren are utterly

:26:07.:26:12.

devoted to her. It was Harry the Royal representing his wonderful

:26:12.:26:19.

grandmother who visited this youth project. Into the groove, he was

:26:19.:26:26.

soon on to the dance floor. A reminder of our main news:

:26:26.:26:28.

The United Nations humanitarian chief, Valerie Amos, has visited

:26:28.:26:31.

the Syrian city of Homs, including the devastated district of Baba Amr,

:26:31.:26:37.

after earlier meeting Syrian officials in Damascus. Syrian Red

:26:37.:26:39.

Crescent officials say Baba Amr is mostly deserted, with many

:26:39.:26:42.

residents having already fled to areas where they could get

:26:42.:26:52.
:26:52.:27:01.

humanitarian aid. After what has been a pretty cold

:27:01.:27:06.

day but frequent showers, tomorrow is looking more settled. They will

:27:06.:27:10.

be brighter skies around. Still breezy but with winds slowly easing,

:27:10.:27:16.

it will feel milder. High-pressure is starting to build through the

:27:16.:27:21.

next few days. It will block a lot of our weather fronts. Through

:27:21.:27:25.

Thursday, we will see a weather front feeding in a fair bit of

:27:25.:27:35.
:27:35.:28:09.

Fairly grey skies for Scotland. Damp and drizzly for western

:28:09.:28:13.

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