19/03/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with the me Zeinab Badawi. A huge


manhunt is under way in France as a gunman kills four people including


three children at a Jewish school in Toulouse. Police are linking the


shooting with the killing last week of three soldiers of North African


origin. I consider all the peoples of this school as my children. I


cannot describe how I feel. This assertion nation does not just a


concerned the Jewish community but the whole of France. The whole


nation has been touched and heard. One year on since NATO began its


bombing campaign in Libya, what effect did it have and what now for


the country after the end of the Gaddafi regime? Government forces


and its three Syria army opponents clashed in a suburb of Damascus as


well as Syria's second city Aleppo. Also coming up: in the name of so-


called honour - why one-fifth of young British Asians still think


physical punishment should be used on a woman they believe has


dishonoured her family. I thought the only way I will get out is


through the upstairs window or by killing myself. And we have a


special report on whether a truth and reconciliation process South


African-style could help the once divided communities in the Northern


Good evening. There is shock across France at the clinical nature of


the attack in Toulouse that left four dead outside a Jewish school,


including three children. The murders were carried out by a


master gunmen on a black motor scooter. He is also suspected of


killing three French paratroopers of North African origin last week.


Police believe they are looking for the same man. President Sarkozy has


described it as a tragedy and has placed the region on the highest


terror alert level. The Monday morning school run that


descended into panic and terror. As parents were dropping children at


the gates of the Ozar Hatorah this morning, a lone gunman called up on


a scooter and opened fire. He shot everyone in front of him, said the


parents, and then chased the children into the school grounds.


Among the four dead was 30-year-old rabbi Jonathan Santa and his two


sons. 29 year-old barrack told me he'd just finished chatting to his


friend at the school gates, seconds later the rabbi was dead.


TRANSLATION: he shot one bullet into the air and hit the tree.


After that he shot the father and children in front of them. I ran


straight into the school but he followed us and opened fire again.


When he left he started shooting again. The 4th victim was also a


child between 8 and 10 years old. Witnesses said one of the gunman's


weapon jammed. I had just arrived when we heard shooting. We were all


frightened and shocked. This evening, there were prayers in the


cathedral of Notre dam as different faiths came together to condemn the


attack. The President Nicolas Sarkozy who have postponed a busy


re-election campaign to travel to Toulouse has called for a minutes'


silence across the country tomorrow. TRANSLATION: this assassination


does not just concerned the Jewish community but the whole of France.


The whole nation has been touched and hurt. You must believe it.


Police profilers have been building a picture of the suspect and his


movements following two previous attacks in the Toulouse region in


over a week. On Thursday three paratroopers have gone down outside


a base 30 miles away. Tonight police have revealed all three


cases are connected. On each case and the gunmen escaped on a scooter,


his face hidden by his helmet and in all three incidents he carried


automatic weapons. Anti-terrorist police have taken over this


investigation and are sifting through hours of film from CCTV


that captured both the attacks and the escape. The gunman's knowledge


of the roads suggest he is local. One witness revealed the man has a


tattoo on his face. The motive? That is less clear but the victims


have been of Jewish, black or North African descent. The police know


they are working against the clock. Surveillance and of security has


been stepped up at all Jewish schools and places of worship while


soldiers are being told not to wear uniform outside their base. The


identity of the government remains a mystery but police speculate they


are searching for a man or men with links to the far right and with


considerable military training. Betty Ehrenberg is the executive


director of the US branch of the World Jewish Congress and she joins


us now. This is obviously a terrible tragedy that has happened,


but do you see this as an anti- Semitic attack or something wider


than that? This particular attack was an anti-Semitic attack because


the gunmen targeted a Jewish school. Nevertheless, as the reporter has


told us, when one faith with his attack, are there faith groups


understand quite well that they are all under attack and that is why


they have got together in an inter- faith session at the Notre Dame,


that is why Inter faith groups and meet and talk about this and try to


come to terms with this together because when one is under attack,


we are all under attack. What kind of motives would you describe to


the tragedy that has happened? is definitely the person who


perpetrated this attack is a racist, he wanted to harm innocent


civilians, innocent children at a school, innocent children at a


Jewish school, which he targeted from all the other places nearby


and it is definitely a message to ethnic groups of all minorities


that they are not safe and not secured. This tragedy is that there


are those who harbour heated, who harbour animosity and he work out


their problems with attacks and violence rather than trying to come


to terms to live together in peace with others. The World Jewish


Congress monitors these kinds of hate crimes. Just give us the


context of how this fits into the wider picture? Are they on the


increase? We monitor these kinds of attacks all over the world. We


unfortunately have seen an uptake in the anti-Semitic attacks and


anti-Christian attacks around the world, and in certain areas, anti-


Muslim attacks. We are seeing a radicalisation and extremists who


are trying to hurt other members of ethnic groups rather than try to


really foster an atmosphere of tolerance and working together and


it really pains us a great deal to see what is happening. Thank you.


A year ago today the NATO bombing campaign began in Libya with a


stated objective to protect us civilians. It was seen as the


turning point in the popular uprising to overthrow Colonel


Gaddafi but there are still questions about what is called


collateral damage, that is when innocent victims get killed or


injured. A report by Amnesty International says NATO has felt to


investigate why more than 50 civilians were killed in the air


strikes. Last March when Colonel Gaddafi's


tanks went on the outskirts of Benghazi, ready to crush the


popular uprising, NATO's bombing campaign came not a moment too soon


for the rebels trying to overthrow the regime. Charged by the Security


Council with protecting the civilian population, some accused


NATO of being an official her force for the rebels. Destroying hundreds


of Gaddafi's tanks and paving the way for the fall of Tripoli. In a


new report, Amnesty International says that 55 civilians were killed


as a result of NATO bombing, including many women and children.


Amnesty also accused NATO of failing to conduct investigations


into what it calls the forgotten victims. Most Libyans especially in


the eastern city of Benghazi you the NATO campaign as a success,


which saved thousands of civilians from Colonel Gaddafi's bench for


armies and celebrations are planned in some cities. Five months after


the death of Colonel Gaddafi, Libya is still a country in turmoil.


Central government is weak, there are still too many weapons on the


streets and more than 8,000 people from both sides are thought to


still be missing or disappeared. It is a year since the revolution


in Libya began and I have been assessing the past year with Faraj


Najem. A London-based Libyan writer and historian and I put it to him


that even though the Gaddafi era was over, Libya were still in a


fragile state. They have passed the electoral roll now they are going


for the election to elect their national assembly, but despite all


the teething problems, they are going. When you look at Benghazi,


and number of people there, influential people, say they want a


federation. They do not want to remain part of a Libya that remains


now. One thing we have to agree on his federation is not something new.


Libyans were the first to federate their estate and this went on to


1963 and then they decided to do away with this system. They want to


go back to it decades later and the leadership in Tripoli is not happy.


But people in Benghazi say this is not all bad. America is a


Federative country. They imitated our system. You think it is


inevitable that there will be a federation in Libya? I do not think


so but the beauty about it is there is a dynamism, a movement, a debate,


people are speaking loudly. What about the brother in law of Gaddafi,


also his former head of intelligence, just been apprehended.


What will happen to him? Personally I hope that he should be sent to


the Hague because he is not an ordinary criminal, he is an


international criminal. But also the crimes he committed in Libya.


Everybody wants him. Where will he and a Christmas he should end up in


the Hague. The Libyans have sent delegates to Mauritania. But I wish


he will go to the Hague to expose him, to find out what he has.


People looking at the revolutions in Tunisia and Libya saying the is


a mess are getting a stronger hand there. I do not think so. They are


not doing as good as they are in Tunisia or Egypt. Recently we saw


the election, the business brother had only got one seat out of 28. It


is an indication that the Islamists will not be special. When you look


at Libya a year on, what do you think? Much better than Gaddafi.


Much better without him. It is better.


A look at some of the day's other news. A judge has resigned from the


Khmer Rouge genocide trial. The Swiss judge, Laurent Kasper-


Ansermet, accused his Cambodian counterpart of blocking efforts to


investigate new suspects. He is the second international judge to


resign in six months. Italian police have arrested dozens


of people on suspicion of money laundering and corruption in an


anti-Mafia operation. 16 of those being held are judges who are


alleged to have taken bribes to issue financial hoardings in favour


of the Camorra, a crime syndicate that operates around Naples.


But loyal. Sergeant Robert bales, the US soldier accused of killing


16 Afghan civilians, says meeting his client in person was man of the


most emotional meetings of his life. John Henry Brown held talks with


the soldier who is being held in isolation after being flown back


from Afghanistan. Fabrice Muamba is showing small


signs of improvement in a London hospital. He has been held there


after collapsing on the pitch during an FA Cup tie on Saturday.


The player's heart stopped and did not resent beating on his own fog


Fresh fighting between pro and anti government forces in Syria have


been taking place in the capital, Damascus and Aleppo. According to


Syrian state TV, four people were killed in clashes today. The


violence in Damascus took place in the wealthy al-Mezze district of


the city. This comes at a time when the International Committee of the


Red Cross says it's making progress in negotiations with Russia on


securing its support for getting humanitarian aid into the needy


civilians caught up in the conflict in Syria. Jon Donnison reports. The


aftermath of what witnesses say was a major gun battle in the early


hours of this morning. In an upmarket neighbourhood of Damascus.


Opposition groups say rebel fighters from the three Serie army


was trying to attack a house belonging to a senior figure in the


Syrian military. Often there was then apparently a firefight, a


security force at, trying to force them from the apartment they were


hiding. Several fighters were killed including at least one


security officer. This is the most serious fighting of this kind so


close to the centre of power. It comes after three bomb attacks over


the weekend, two in Damascus and one in Syria's second city. Anti-


government activists accuse the Syrian leadership of staging the


explosions. There is a mass popular uprising in Syria. But there was


also an armed insurgency. Meanwhile, after a visit to Moscow by the head


of the International Red Cross, Russia and the aid agency are


urging the Syrian government and its opponents to agree without


delay today the humanitarian ceasefires. Clearly, one of


priority is to cease humanitarian ceasefire, and explain to him it


has become more urgent because if it cannot be done, we have more


intense fighting and no access to evacuate wounded citizens. The idea


is to start with two hour ceasefire is a date when our aid workers in


and the injured out. But such windows are rare. Opposition groups


release video showing what they say was more government shelling. There


was also violence reported in the north. And in the east. It comes as


a small team are working for the international envoy to Syria, Kofi


a man, visited her to look at setting up a team of observers. As


things stand, they will have their work cut out.


An investigation by the BBC's Panorama programme has found that a


fifth of young British Asians think that if a woman's behaviour brings


what they regard as dishonour upon her family, she deserves to be


punished physically. The kind of behaviour we're talking about


includes girls and young women disobeying their father, going out


in the evening unaccompanied and wanting to leave a marriage. Jane


This national helpline is for women being threatened and suffering


domestic violence are because of honour. In the four years since it


was set up, calls to the service had doubled. We don't know the true


figure. Anything between 10 and 12 on the killings a year in this


country. I don't know how many other unmarked graves they are in


this green and pleasant land and that suggests to me we are


underestimating the issue. Qawal came to this country from Pakistan


but was abused by her husband and his family.


TRANSLATION: My mother in law hit me so hard in the face that a blood


poured from my ear. Once I was locked upstairs for 13 days and I


thought, the only way I will get out is through the window or by


killing myself. In a poll, 69% of young British Asians agreed


families should live according to honour. At first, only 6% said it


was right to physically punish a woman who brings dishonour on her


family. But that went up to 18%, nearly one in five, when it


presented with a specific list. Disobeying a father, marrying


someone unacceptable or wanting to end a marriage. Jasvinder Sanghera,


a British-born Sikh, set up a helpline. I have yet to see


community leaders, religious leaders, Asian councillors,


politicians, give real leadership on this. They know this is


happening and, to know that a significant abuse in your community


is happening, and not demonstrate real leadership on this is


extremely irresponsible. Many experts argue the root cause of on


the crime lies in the forced marriage and the government is


considering making it a criminal offence. But there are worries that


more needs to be done within certain communities to change


attitudes and protector of vulnerable women.


To talk some more about this, we're joined by Ayesha Gill, a board


member of End Violence Against Women Coalition who has also


advised the police on gendered forms of violence against women in


the UK. Just put this survey into context for us. One-fifth say it's


all right for women to be punished that way but is that an


improvement? We don't really know. It suggested it was compared to


SURVEY conducted in August 2006, where one in 10 young people of a


similar age suggest that it was acceptable to use violence where


women had transgressed from honour codes. It would suggest it has gone


up? Yes, that's right, but my concern would be to look at the


methodology behind the percentages in terms of geographical location,


social class, social economic backgrounds, geography. And


migration experience. They may play a part in the currency or reference


to the value of so-called honour in communities where violence may be


prevalent. Is there something which transcends social class, economic


status? Do you tend to find it lower down in the socio-economic


groups? It cuts across the classes, religion, social groups, and it's


important we recognise this a form of violence against women and girls


do not only occur in South Asian it unities but also in Gypsy and


travelling communities, so the notion on is not subbing specific


to South Asian communities. How do you combat it? Better education?


The committee has got to stand up and speak. There has to be public


awareness. Better integration of education awareness in that schools.


And colleges. But also, work within committees as well in recognising


particular forms of violence against women, challenging those


notions of acceptability that motions Clapham of honour, forced


marriage, -- thought of honour. So young people can then be empowered


and challenge those attitudes within those communities so


violence will not be so prevalent. Sadly, for those women who were


experienced violence, what about the resources and facilities to


help them? There's a lot to do, it's a postcode lottery in terms of


specialist services, and services are being cut by the recession and


a credit crunch, and there is not enough investment so my plea to the


Prime Minister would be to invest in a specialist services in terms


of protection so that women and girls can be safe to exit violent


relationships if they need to. is sadly a global problem, too, so


all governments. Estate accountability and due diligence.


Thank you for talking to us. Politicians and people in both the


Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland have come a long way in


bridging their differences since the height of the conflict in


Northern Ireland. Behind the scenes, work is under way to determine


whether a truth and reconciliation process like the one in South


Africa would be possible. Our Special Correspondent Fergal Keane


has been given exclusive access to a unique experiment.


In a place once traumatised by political violence, an


extraordinary group has come together. Here, a former senior IRA


man chatting to a police officer, his organisation once wanted to


kill. This man is a top policemen from the Irish Republic. Sitting


near him, a former loyalist prisoner. It's very easy to be


angry with people you don't know but when you get in touch with the


person's humanity and you get to know them as a person, history


shows that everything is possible. They have come here from a place


with a political settlement but with still bitter divisions over


Here they met witnesses from the Truth and Reconciliation Committee.


What is a victim? Who was a victim? A victim is someone who was


violated. South Africa's truth commission named names, and was


emotionally highly charged. There is no consensus for anything like


this in Ireland but from one influential figure, agreement, some


truth process is needed. Could you see, as a Republican, the IRA


taking part in some kind of truth commission? Very much so, yes, I


could. Even if it meant same painful truths. It's about conflict,


you know, and conflict, at the end of the day, it's about killing


people and stuff like that. It's very painful things. But the devil


is in the detail. No group wants to see its members publicly named and


blamed. And there are strong political opposition to public


inquiries and amnesties for those who inflicted violence. Compromise


is only half the story. It means discussions like this are tentative.


Part of a much longer process aimed at creating trust and, for the


first time in Irish history, the possibility of a shared memory.


course it is contentious, the blame game. But if people could create


the Good Friday and Belfast Agreement, they can come up with a


way of getting past this. Then the island jail, where Nelson Mandela


and others were imprisoned. Here, the prison cells where men spent


decades of their lives. Yet emerged, with a message of reconciliation.


This is a brave journey, old enemies here working together to


try and find an answer. A question which divides politicians and


confound governments. How old do you answer the demand from the


victims of violence for the truth about the past? The answer to that


question may be some time coming but it is central to creating an


enduring peace. Truth and reconciliation.


A reminder of our main news. There are growing suspicions in


France that the same man was behind the murders at a Jewish school


today and two previous incidents, in and around Toulouse. It's now


been revealed that the same weapon was used each time. And also the


same black scooter, a stolen Yamaha on which the killer escaped.


Today's killing of one teacher and three children follows that of


three soldiers last week. That is Hello there. This week's weather is


dominated by high pressure so no signs of the rain where we do need


it. Tomorrow, there will be more cloud around, a great start across


much of the country but, with that cloud not as cold, you can see the


high pressure does building to the south, pushing these weather fronts


back northwards through the day on Tuesday, so although there could be


light rain and drizzle in the north-west for the morning, by the


afternoon, it starts to fade away. In the afternoon, we develop some


bricks and the cloud in northern areas of England with temperatures


of 13-14 degrees. Another dry day across the south-east corner,


slightly more cloud around for tomorrow but, having said that, we


will see those temperatures rising to 14 Celsius. More overcast across


south-west England with a top temperature of 13 Celsius. A south-


westerly breeze for the afternoon bringing more cloud across west


Wales, in land and the cloud will break up and some sunshine will be


around. The afternoon, Northern Ireland, more brightness, and


temperatures of 13-14. Still keeping thick cloud for western


Scotland but it should be bright for the afternoon and, with that


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