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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.
30 years on since the Falklands War between Argentina and Britain began,
the tensions remain. Britain says its up to the
islanders themselves to decide their future, the Argentine
president renews her country's claim on the territory.
A step forward, but still a long way to go. Aung San Suu Kyi's
supporters in Burma celebrate their sweeping victory in the
parliamentary by-elections. We hope that this will be the beginning of
a new era where there albeit more emphasis on the role of the people
and the everyday politics of our country.
Separatist rebels in Mali declare independence in the north of the
country as West African nations impose sanctions on the coup
leaders. Also coming up in the programme:
Can a nation's happiness index be measured?
The kingdom of Bhutan leads the way at a UN summit on how citizens'
well-being should be part of good economic development.
The enfant terrible of British art, Damien Hirst, gets his first
retrospective. Is there more to him than the ability to shock?
thing you have to have, is that people have to say well. I hate art
that you have to think about. Hello and welcome. 30 years ago
today, Britain and Argentina went to war over the Falkland Islands.
The Argentine military junta at the time, stunned the world when it
landed troops in Port Stanley. Britain retaliated, by sending a
naval task force to reclaim the territory. And after two and a half
months, the war ended in defeat for Argentina.
Today, both countries have been holding separate events to mark the
start of the conflict. British veterans gathered at a
memorial chapel, with the families of those who died. The UK lost 255
soldiers in the battle. And in Argentina, ceremonies have been
held across the country to remember the more than 650 troops who were
killed. The Argentine president, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner,
used one ceremony to call on Britain to discuss the sovereignty
of the islands. But the UK says it will only agree to sovereignty
talks if the islanders themselves ask them to do so. The BBC's World
Affairs Editor, John Simpson, reports from the Argentinian
I am terribly sorry. We had the pictures but not the sound. We hope
to bring back to you a little later in the programme. Meanwhile let's
press on with another major story. The parliamentary by-elections in
Burma on Sunday have been hailed by the pro-democracy leader, Aung San
Suu Kyi, as marking a new era for the people. Her party, the National
Leagure for Democracy, won nearly all the 45 seats up for grabs,
though official results are not in yet. However, most of the
parliament's 600 seats are held by backers of the military, so it's
not clear what impact Aung San Suu Kyi and her party will have on
Burma's future. There are rare moments in the story
of troubled countries when hope appears. In Burma today, you could
not mistake the surge of optimism. A landslide victory bought out the
crowds to Chiyo the woman they For a few moments, the slight
figure was lost from view in the press of bodies. Then she appeared.
Mindful that the powerful military would be listening, she urged
magnanimity and reminded them that this was a Democratic victory.
is not so much our triumph but a triumph for the people who decided
they must be involved in political processes of this country. We hope
this will be the beginning of a new era where there will be more
emphasis on the role of the people and the everyday politics of our
country. We hope that in future there will be more chances for many
more people and many more parties. Thank you. There are some in her
own party and supporters who believe that entering the by-
election as a be a mistake given that they would not deliver full
democracy. Today, thanks to the sweeping victory, Aung San Suu Kyi
will feel vindicated. Images like these will make Burma's
leaders nervous. They want something in return for reforming.
An end to punitive international sanctions. We have so much
opportunity to develop our country, but this sanction cost up Torness.
They need to abandon the sanction. In all likelihood these are fading
days of economic isolation, but remember the majority of people
were not voting this time around. For families like this one, the
next step must be a general election that will bring the
Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner -- Aung San Suu Kyi to power. She will
be our president. I believe it. she wins the chair, she can help a
lot to our people. That is what our people hope for the best.
When the cheering fades, the hard talking will begin with the
government. Those uncertain neck initiations will depend whether the
woman he carried the day can carry the country.
Earlier, I spoke to the UN's envoy to Burma, Vijay Nambiar. I asked
him if this vote raises expectations about the reform
process. In a sense, for the first time, the
fact that this election though a small by election, includes
political forces that have been excluded for 20 years. It therefore
has the potential of changing fundamentally a quality of
political diversity in the country. It will help bring a change that
has so far been irreversible. There is a potential for it becoming
irreversible as you go along, but there are still problems. There are
problems of the ongoing peace process, the humanitarian problems,
the questions of human rights as well as a serious Medes associate
economic development. Therefore the tasks have just begun. Sure enough,
I want to reiterate that because how much of a foothold is this
going to give Aung San Suu Kyi? Shall only have 40 odd seat out of
a Parliament where there are 600 seats. Yes, but it provides her
with a platform as she herself mentioned, the members are not
important. It provides an opportunity inside Parliament to
reach out to the persons who are now members of parliament including
those in the army and it provides her an opportunity to build on the
basis she has already established for a larger political collective
political future. Is she going to be able to weave this difficult
path in meeting those expectations, but also keeping a channel open to
the authorities, in particular the President? Yes, she has actually
expressed a confidence that she would be able to proceed in that
direction, meet up with the political leadership in a
constructive manner. She wants to work towards the larger issues that
confront the people. In the social and economic to ballot mental
concerns, it is the larger areas of peace recognition that she will
address. Now a look at some of the days
other news, and unemployment across the countries that use the euro,
The Argentine president has today renew her commitment to regain the
territory. I will World Affairs terror -- our world affairs
correspondent has been testing the mood in one us Aires.
Early morning. The elegant understated memorial to more than
600 Argentine dead in the war is about to input. Miguel is waiting
to pay his respects to friends and comrades. TRANSLATION: 30 years on,
so many lives loss for no reason. It was not worth a single life.
Captain Armando was one of the pilot. TRANSLATION: I am sorry that
22 Britons died. As professionals we had to do our job and that
caused casualties. After 30 years, attitudes remain unchanged. The
students were not even born then, but they all think the same way.
TRANSLATION: People were taken from us by M empire. Will there be
another war over the Falklands? Yes or no? No. Argentina could not do
it anyway. Ever since the collapse of the military regime here after
the Falklands war, successive civilian governments have been
cutting back savagely on military spending. No new players for 30
years, only just enough money to pay the wages. This is a country
which was chosen unilaterally to disarm itself. Now it is conducting
a diplomatic war to get the islands. Gabriella, political ally for the
government, thinks it is a success. It is the first time that we are in
the same way with Argentina in his claim. It is important to show that
there is support. This is the first time that this happened.
British doubt it. Most Latin American countries are apparently
saying quietly that they do not want to get involved. People in
Argentina would be mistaken if they thought Britain was retreating from
the scene or not interested in the region or weakening in any way in
our commitment to the people of the Falkland Islands. Critics of the
government here think the reason the diplomatic battle is heating up
is that Argentina's economy is in trouble on all of this provides
useful distraction. Even the critics think the islands belong to
Argentina. 30 years since the start there.
Let's look at other news in brief. Unemployment across the euro-zone
has gone up to almost 11% in February.
10.8% of people in Eurozone countries are unemployed. That's
the highest figure since the formation of the euro back in 1999.
The worst figures are in Spain, where 23.6% of people are out of
work. And there was bad news in France - manufacturing output is at
its worst level there for three years.
Kofi Annan has said there has been no process on the ground in
implementing a ceasefire which is a key condition of his ceasefire. He
has been briefing the UN Council. A rising death toll for military it
pro-reform protesters. I'm the three widows of Osama Bin Laden
have been given jail sentences for living in Pakistan illegally.
All five were captured during the raid on the compound where Osama
Bin Laden was found and killed. They will each serve 45 days.
The head of Russia's civil aviation agency has said that the plane that
crashed in Siberia on Monday appears to have not been properly
de Iced before it took off. 31 people were killed after the crash.
12 of those on board survived, but are in a serious condition in
hospital. The West African regional body has
impose sanctions on the soldiers to seize power in Mali de weeks ago.
The junta had been forced to promise a return to democratic rule,
but that was not enough. In Mali, rebels have captured the historic
trading town of Timbuktu giving them control of the north of the
The rapid advance in Mali has taken many by surprise. Heavily a dark --
armed, they have taken a position to gain ground. They are currently
in the ancient city of Timbuktu, which gives them for control of the
north of the country. Nearly 1,000 years old, the significance of the
city cannot be overestimated. Once a regional hub of, say, today it
still possesses a vast cultural well. -- harbour of Commerce. The
library told ancient manuscripts dating through the centuries. So
who are the rebels now control in Timbuktu and the rest of the North?
Well, they consist of a bewildering array of groups, including
Islamists but the majority are tour Rake, fighting a separatist cause.
They are less fighting for and the autonomous state -- they say they
are fighting for an autonomous state, and given that they control
the north, they will stop fighting and begin defending their territory.
Our objective is not to go farther than the borders. We do not want to
create problems for the government of Marley and the region. So from
the moment we have liberated our Tel Reyes -- territories, we have
achieved our objective, we will stop there. They may say they have
no intentions of destabilising the region, but nonetheless the
neighbouring countries are very I think that the prospect of power
falling into the hands of fundamentalists is a nightmare, not
only for us, but all the countries in the region and we will take all
measures to make sure the fundamentalists do not take power.
Back in the capital city, residents are bracing themselves for the
impact of the economic sanctions that have just been imposed by the
To talk some more is the veteran West African analyst, Kaye Whiteman.
Do you think the gains by the rebels in the north are
irreversible? Not irreversible, but they will be hard to undo. They do
have limited objectives anyway. imposition of sanctions on the
leaders of the coup, will this further complicate matters and
allow the rebels to exploit the confusion even more? Certainly will
not help, because the confusion is already considerable. But will they
want to move in on Bamako? At the moment they seem to want to
consolidate their own power having captured three major towns in
north-eastern Marley. They will probably want to consolidate that.
There also are Islamists with them who were not as important, but they
have another agenda. Their objectives could very well be that
they would like to take over the whole of the country, but I think
there is a more limited agenda. Traditionally, they are not known
as people having sympathies with Al co-leader -- Al-Qaeda or or more
Jihad est movements. They are seen as more moderate. One wonders why
they have this alliance with the Islamist fighters. I think the
Islamists are piggy-backing on their back. They are there because
of the fall of Gaddafi. They were in the army and they got kicked out
and took an awful lot of their arms there and establish themselves in
the north-east. This is the result, a direct consequence. Do you think
the actions could trigger similar actions elsewhere, like in Niger or
Mauritania? The name of what they consider their homeland stretches
to five or six different countries through Algeria, Libya, Mauritania
and Niger. That is important because of the Ukrainian. These are
things that remain to be seen. -- because of the uranium. What would
they base that on? Ethnically, of a uniform regardless of where they
live? If you look at the Kurdish groups, they speak a different
language dependent on whether they are in Turkey, Syria or Iraq?
have a definite culture of their own. They have their own language
with a different dialect. They are known as a different group in terms
of music, jury. By a quite homogenous, regardless of the
geographical to Eric -- territory - - are they quite a homogenous? Has
their homeland got a front really? That is the question. Now do you
think that bringing happiness to a country can really be measured in
any meaningful way? Well, the UN is hosting a special summit called by
the tiny Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan to discuss this. Bhutan
believes that any economic system must take happiness into account.
Last year, the UN adopted Bhutan's proposal to make happiness a
development indicator, using a model from the kingdom, that
defines the quality of life as a balance between the material and
the spiritual. One survey actually ranked the Bhutanese as the
"happiest" people in Asia, even though their average income is just
over $100 a month. Jeffrey Sachs is currently an economist at Columbia
University. He's also seeking to become president of the World Bank.
And he joins us now from the Happiness and Wellbeing Summit at
the UN in New York. Can governments really measure an individual or a
nation's happiness in any meaningful way that works for
economists? You s, they can. And many are already doing so -- yes
they can. Many global surveys do exactly that, they ask people in
different ways if they are happy. Were you happy yesterday? Or in a
somewhat different manner, how do you evaluate your life? Are you
satisfied with your life, all things considered? How do you feel
your life is going? So there are different types of happiness. There
is the mood, emotions, the ups and downs of the everyday. There is the
evaluative happiness and then the sense of purpose in happiness which
Aristotle put a virtue one. All of these things can be measured and
are being measured, and a tremendous amount is being learned
from the measurements. In terms of economics and economic development,
is there a link between how productive a country might be,
depending on how happy its people are? If you look at China, they
should be pretty happy, because they are productive. Well, in
general, there is a relationship that higher incomes are associated
with more happiness, but income is by no means the main determinant or
even a powerful determinant of overall happiness. Some poorer
countries have rank very high. The United States has had the
unfortunate reality of going 50 years since 1960 travelling the
gross national product per-person but having no movement of the
needle of happiness -- troubling. Income counts, but it isn't
everything. Public health also counts. There are social support
systems that can. What counts our trust in your government and
individuals in the community, and the resilience he of the community.
All of these factors have been demonstrated to play a major role
in how people feel about their lives, and governments can do
something about it. You have worked for many years with impoverished
communities around the world. Do you say that money is not
everything, go and be happy even if you are poor? You can't say that,
can you? Of course one does not say that. A low levels of income, the
need for basic needs is absolutely the life-and-death issue and is a
crucial source of happiness. Money counts a lot for very poor people,
but once the high incomes are reached, other things count. Even
along the path of development it is possible to have a more balanced
approach when it takes into account community, social support, mental
health and the honesty of government. They all play a very
important role. Very quickly, are you happy, Jeffrey? I am extremely
happy and very pleased that the world is taking up this issue in a
very realistic way today. Ending with a smile, thank you very much.
It's put a smile on my face as well. Damien Hirst is often seen as the
enfant terrible of contemporary British art. Loved and loathed in
equal measure, the Tate Modern Gallery in London is staging the
first major survey show of his work in the UK. Surprising perhaps for
the artist who, for the past 20 years or so, has so often been in
the headlines, whether it's over his pickled shark, rotting cow's
head or diamond encrusted skull. Our Arts Editor Will Gompertz has
Damien Hirst in front of the art work that made him famous, and
shaped his image as the bad boy of British art. But that was more than
20 years ago. Today, he has grown up and has grey hairs and is during
a career retrospective at Tate Modern. A greatest-hits show of
spot paintings and dead animals in formaldehyde. People have to go,
well! I hate art that you have to think about. I like art that grabs
you, like in the National History Museum -- Natural History Museum.
What is the difference between your work and a piece not in a museum?
Any thing done well his art. Somebody once said to me, how do
you know it is art? Is it in an art gallery? In 2008, Damien Hirst
bought these pieces and many others to Sotheby's for an unprecedented
auction of new works by living artists. It turned out to be a
momentous occasion. He ended up taking away over �100 million.
Meanwhile, on the other side of the Atlantic, the Leman brothers were
in the process of going bust. pushing the point too far to say
that making money is part of your We all need money to survive and
you have to respect money because there are so many people without it.
I became aware that she can definitely use money to get
people's attention. After I did my auction at Sotheby's I started to
get notice on the street by businessmen. Behind the scenes, you
are a generous man who supports a lot of artists, but your public
image is that you were a money- grabbing show off? Really? Really!
I think the image is important to who you are. I don't see it as an
image, it is what I represent. I would rather I wasn't just a money-
grabbing show of underneath. Damien Hirst told me it was strange having
a retrospective. And becoming part of the Establishment. In my mind, I
always thought I wanted to be upon. I wanted young think -- kids to
think I am called, stupid things like that. In the end you become
like an old fart. He's not still doing those animals in formaldehyde,
EC? That sort of thing. Damien Hirst said he was not the sort to
look back at his work. He prefers to look to the future and what he
sees as infinite possibilities. Which has always been his approach
A reminder of our main news: The Argentine President has reaffirmed
her country's claim to the Falkland Islands during a ceremony to mark
the 30th anniversary of the start of the Falklands war with Britain.
Well that's all from the programme. Next the weather. But for now from
me Zeinab Badawi and the rest of Hello there. Yes, the rumours are
true. After a mild weather, things are turning to snow. An ample
warning for tonight across the northern half of Scotland for heavy
snowfall as we head through the night. This weather front brings a
band of rain and the heavier it gets interacting with the cold it
will steadily turn to cold. Five or 10 centimetres away from the
immediate coast across northern Scotland, and later in the night
through the borders, and through the northern hills of England. To
up to five centimetres in the four cars. In the south, dry and mild,
but further north the temperatures fall away and it is likely to be I
see as well as Meli. Tomorrow, strong, biting winds across the
northern areas but in the south it turns cloudy and wet. As the
weather moves into southern England, the Midlands, we will see the cloud
feeling in and it will hold on to double-digit temperatures. Highs of
only five or six degrees in Scotland tomorrow. Snow falling
across the hills of northern England as we head through Tuesday
evening with strong winds, and we could see blizzard conditions. The