04/04/2012 World News Today


04/04/2012

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 04/04/2012. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.

:00:08.:00:10.

Another deadly suicide attack in Mogadishu - Somalia's Olympics

:00:10.:00:13.

Chief and the President of the country's football federation are

:00:13.:00:23.
:00:23.:00:24.

among ten people killed. Shortages begin to bite as the

:00:24.:00:30.

international community repeats calls for the Mali coup leaders to

:00:30.:00:33.

give up power. Mitt Romney edges closer to the

:00:33.:00:35.

Republican presidential nomination as President Obama's team turn

:00:35.:00:45.
:00:45.:00:47.

their fire on him. Too broke to compete - how Greece's

:00:47.:00:49.

austerity could stop athletes in their tracks.

:00:49.:00:52.

Also coming up in the programme: The Russians who've developed a

:00:52.:00:56.

taste for politics. Pushing for policies with a bit

:00:56.:01:05.

more bite - we meet the newcomers who've decided to take charge.

:01:05.:01:09.

When the protests began after the parliamentary elections, I read on

:01:09.:01:12.

Facebook that new people should run for office.

:01:12.:01:15.

And our master butchers' ancestors - beating lions to the best cuts of

:01:15.:01:25.
:01:25.:01:29.

Hello and welcome. At least ten people have been killed in an

:01:29.:01:33.

explosion at Somalia's National Theatre. Among the dead are the

:01:33.:01:35.

presidents of the Somali Olympic committee and the country's

:01:35.:01:39.

football federation. Prime Minister Abdiweli Mohamed Ali narrowly

:01:39.:01:43.

escaped the blast. He told the BBC a female suicide bomber was

:01:43.:01:47.

responsible. The Islamist group Al- Shabaab, linked to Al Qaeda, says

:01:47.:01:51.

it carried out the attack, and promised more to come. But, under

:01:51.:01:54.

fire from the African Union, and Kenyan and Ethiopian forces, how

:01:54.:01:56.

does Al Shabaab still present such a potent threat? Peter Biles

:01:56.:02:06.
:02:06.:02:11.

Just a few bricks ago, Somalia's National Theatre reopened for the

:02:11.:02:15.

first time in 20 years. It was a moment of optimism, but today, as

:02:15.:02:19.

ministers, MPs and local dignitaries gathered at a theatre,

:02:19.:02:24.

an explosion tore apart this Mogadishu landmark. The Prime

:02:24.:02:28.

Minister was addressing an audience of 200 people when the bomb went

:02:28.:02:34.

off. I am safe, and most of my Cabinet

:02:34.:02:42.

is safe and secure. However, some Somalis at the ceremony lost their

:02:42.:02:46.

lives. There are conflicting accounts of

:02:46.:02:49.

what happened. The transitional government says a female suicide

:02:49.:02:54.

bomber was responsible. But the militant Islamist group out to bat

:02:54.:03:00.

says the explosives were planted before hand. -- Al-Shabaab.

:03:00.:03:06.

I don't know what to say but there are a lot of casualties.

:03:06.:03:09.

Among them were two sports officials, the president of the

:03:09.:03:12.

Somali Olympic Committee and the head of the Football Association.

:03:12.:03:17.

Both of them died in the bombing. In London, where David Cameron

:03:17.:03:21.

hosted an international conference on Somalia in February, the British

:03:21.:03:24.

Prime Minister has condemned the latest attack.

:03:24.:03:28.

The Al-Shabaab fighters, often said to be inspired by Al-Qaeda, have

:03:28.:03:32.

been on the back foot in recent months. They were driven out of

:03:32.:03:36.

Mogadishu and forced into adopting guerrilla tactics. But their

:03:36.:03:39.

ability to stage an attack in the heart of the capital served as a

:03:39.:03:42.

reminder that this is still one of the most dangerous countries on

:03:42.:03:45.

earth. Richard Dowden is the director of

:03:45.:03:50.

the Royal African Society and joins us from Central London.

:03:50.:03:55.

How much of Somalia does Al-Shabaab control?

:03:55.:04:01.

Probably not the right word. They did control a lot of the South and

:04:01.:04:05.

south-west until recently, but now they have been displaced from that

:04:05.:04:10.

by the invasion from Kenya and Ethiopia. I think they operate,

:04:10.:04:16.

they can easily go back to being an underground movement, but until

:04:16.:04:19.

recently, they controlled a lot of the South and parts of the capital

:04:20.:04:29.

as well. Recently, the Ethiopian has managed to drive them out of a

:04:29.:04:33.

place where they could shell the city. The city has been much safer

:04:33.:04:38.

recently. But why is it impossible for Kenyan

:04:38.:04:41.

and Ethiopian and African Union forces to actually defeat Al-

:04:41.:04:48.

Shabaab? This... The Somalis... How to put

:04:48.:04:55.

this? They did defeat the Americans, who tried to invade in 1991, 1992,

:04:55.:05:02.

and only lasted a year. It ended in the black cork down incident. They

:05:02.:05:08.

have been fighting since about 1989. There are a lot of skill for

:05:08.:05:13.

fighters there, where as Kenya has had absolutely no war experience,

:05:13.:05:18.

and the Ethiopians have had some but not of this type, of an urban

:05:18.:05:28.
:05:28.:05:28.

fighting. The Somalis fighting at home, and they have experience

:05:28.:05:33.

behind them and are extremely good at these sorts of tactics.

:05:33.:05:35.

How pure are the motives of Ethiopia and Kenya? Are they

:05:35.:05:39.

fighting because out a bad represent a threat to their nation

:05:40.:05:45.

states as well? -- because Al- Shabaab represents a threat.

:05:45.:05:49.

I'm not convinced that Al-Shabaab is a threat to Kenya or Ethiopia in

:05:49.:05:58.

that way. I think it is an internal Somali force that has become funded

:05:58.:06:03.

by Saudi Arabian money, I suspect, as many of these movements are in

:06:03.:06:11.

Africa. I think they are not able to hold ground any more, Al-Shabaab,

:06:11.:06:16.

but they can create these nasty attacks.

:06:16.:06:20.

Thank you theme for joining us. 6,000 kilometres to the west is

:06:20.:06:23.

Mali - until a fortnight ago a relatively stable West African

:06:23.:06:26.

country, fighting a rebellion in its northern region. But since Army

:06:26.:06:28.

officers seized power in a coup, rebel fighters have made important

:06:28.:06:31.

territorial gains. Thousands of refugees have now fled their homes

:06:31.:06:34.

to escape the violence around cities like Timbuktu and Gao. As

:06:34.:06:36.

the crisis in Mali has deepened, the international community has

:06:36.:06:39.

urged the coup leaders to give up power. Mike Wooldridge has this

:06:39.:06:47.

report. In Mali's capital, this, the face

:06:47.:06:53.

of the crisis. People queuing to beat the shortages that are likely

:06:53.:07:00.

to impact on daily life. A West African organisation and the

:07:00.:07:04.

African Union had the sanctions they imposed will convince the

:07:04.:07:08.

military junta to step down by today. So far, the junta has other

:07:08.:07:13.

ideas. Its leader is calling for the country's feature to be decided

:07:13.:07:19.

at a national convention tomorrow. TRANSLATION: The conclusion of this

:07:19.:07:23.

conference should be accepted by everybody in order to put a stop to

:07:23.:07:27.

political considerations and the rapidly with the security situation

:07:27.:07:30.

in the north and the integrity of our national territory.

:07:30.:07:34.

For now, the northern half of the country remains effectively in the

:07:34.:07:40.

hands of the rebels, who swept through its main towns when the

:07:40.:07:45.

junta said its main aims were to prevent this. Some labels - recruit

:07:45.:07:49.

rebels are said to have links to Al-Qaeda.

:07:49.:07:57.

Including in the historic city of Timbuktu, as it mayor told the BBC.

:07:57.:08:03.

There are armed people going around. I have seen 15-year-old people with

:08:03.:08:09.

rifles and weapons. They are roaming the streets and pillaging.

:08:09.:08:15.

The stakes are high for the organisations, with their past

:08:15.:08:23.

success here in Togo, for example. Last year the presidential problems

:08:23.:08:28.

in Ivory Coast was a bigger challenge. The victor of that, as

:08:28.:08:36.

the chair of the organisation, is overseeing the Mali crisis.

:08:36.:08:39.

The President has called for the activation of the West African

:08:40.:08:45.

blocks' security force of around 3,000. But that could take weeks.

:08:45.:08:49.

Mali's envoy to the UN pleaded for support from the Security Council,

:08:49.:08:53.

calling the situation indescribable, and that is country was threatened

:08:53.:09:01.

with partition. Here we have the spokesperson for

:09:01.:09:06.

the organisation on the phone. Despite the sanctions, despite the

:09:07.:09:10.

course for these two leaders to hand over, you're not having much

:09:10.:09:20.
:09:20.:09:30.

success, are you? Yes, we are. I believe the military

:09:30.:09:35.

junta does not have much time to gamble.

:09:36.:09:41.

How much time do they have? Already several deadlines have passed.

:09:41.:09:49.

they haven't. We have a process for the sanctions. From the reports in

:09:49.:09:59.
:09:59.:10:01.

the media, the queues suggest the sanctions are beginning to bite. I

:10:01.:10:11.
:10:11.:10:12.

am glad that the rebels have How much support do you think the

:10:12.:10:17.

captain has, the leader of this chunter?

:10:17.:10:27.
:10:27.:10:30.

It is within the junta. He has the few people around him. I doubt if

:10:30.:10:38.

he enjoys any other support beyond his immediate supporters. Of course,

:10:38.:10:48.
:10:48.:11:02.

in West Africa, he does not enjoy I think the support is limited to

:11:02.:11:12.
:11:12.:11:13.

the military junta. Thank you for joining us.

:11:13.:11:17.

It looks as if Mitt Romney will become the Republican nominee to

:11:17.:11:25.

take on Barack Obama in November. The former Massachusetts governor

:11:25.:11:27.

won all the latest primaries in Wisconsin, Maryland and Washington

:11:27.:11:30.

DC. And Barack Obama is now targeting him in his presidential

:11:30.:11:33.

campaign. So does this mean game over for the other candidates? Our

:11:33.:11:38.

correspondent Steve Kingstone reports from Washington.

:11:38.:11:43.

It is not official yet, but this 65-year-old multi-millionaire will

:11:43.:11:47.

be the Republican challenger to Barack Obama. That is what Mitt

:11:47.:11:51.

Romney thinks, and it is what the President thinks, too. Just listen

:11:51.:11:56.

to his words this week during a speech on entitlement reform.

:11:56.:12:00.

Governor Romney has said he hoped a similar version of this plan from

:12:00.:12:04.

last year would be introduced as a bill on day one macro of this

:12:04.:12:07.

Parliament. It was the first time he had

:12:07.:12:11.

singled out Mr Romney by name, an unmistakable sign that the general

:12:11.:12:21.
:12:21.:12:21.

The air war has already begun. The Obama campaign portrays Mr Romney

:12:21.:12:26.

as a puppet of the or industry. And the when the camp fires back, say

:12:26.:12:34.

the President is to blame for soaring petrol prices. In

:12:34.:12:38.

Washington, the candidate ignored his Republican rivals and targeted

:12:38.:12:43.

the real opponent. The President did not cause the

:12:43.:12:48.

economic crisis. But he did make it worse. He delayed the recovery and

:12:48.:12:57.

he made it anaemic. Then, the clearest possible

:12:57.:12:57.

statement of what Mitt Romney stands for. Free enterprise has

:12:57.:13:02.

done more to lift people out of poverty, to help build a strong

:13:02.:13:05.

middle-class, to help educate our kids and to make our lives better

:13:05.:13:12.

than all of the government's programmes put together.

:13:12.:13:15.

Technically, there are three other republicans contesting the

:13:15.:13:20.

nomination. But the incumbent and his opponent had already moved on.

:13:20.:13:24.

When you strip away the spin and the slurs, the battle for the White

:13:24.:13:28.

House will come down to an old- fashioned ideological divide

:13:28.:13:31.

between a president who thinks that government can help to solve

:13:31.:13:35.

America's problems and a Republican challenger who says government is

:13:35.:13:39.

the problem. Tim Stanley is a journalist and

:13:39.:13:43.

historian of the United States, who joins us from Washington.

:13:44.:13:50.

Mitt Romney has got 21 wins now either Rick Santorum's 11. Is there

:13:50.:13:52.

a sense of inevitability about this?

:13:53.:13:57.

There certainly has. Mommy has half the delegates he needs to get the

:13:57.:14:02.

nomination. -- Romney. He is getting endorsements from important

:14:02.:14:06.

people, like the Cenotaph Florida. A lot of pressure is going to start

:14:06.:14:10.

to be put on Rick Santorum to drop out. At the end of the month, we

:14:10.:14:15.

have got some big contests in big states, and it is likely the state

:14:15.:14:20.

of Pennsylvania will go to Santorum. But Romney will win places like New

:14:20.:14:26.

York, putting him closer to the nomination. Yes, Romney is the one.

:14:26.:14:29.

There is a tea-party favourite. Are more of the tea party movement

:14:29.:14:34.

coming in behind Mitt Romney now? No. That has not started to happen

:14:34.:14:38.

yet. More of them voted for him in Maryland, although that was not

:14:38.:14:43.

terribly competitive. If you look at Bromley's support, he is trapped

:14:43.:14:46.

in what you might call a demographic prison. He is popular

:14:46.:14:51.

among people who earn more than $100,000 per year, people you are

:14:51.:14:55.

over 65 and people who say they are moderate or somewhat conservative.

:14:55.:14:59.

He still fails to draw support from tea-party people, and part of his

:14:59.:15:03.

problem is going to be he is going to have to spend a lot of time

:15:03.:15:06.

appealing not only to moderate and independent and Democrats, he is

:15:06.:15:09.

also going to have to spend a lot of time still reaching out to

:15:09.:15:12.

people on the right of American politics.

:15:12.:15:22.
:15:22.:15:24.

And he is prettily, isn't it, but And I do not think it will be that

:15:24.:15:31.

began issue. The Democrats will look mean if they play upon it. I

:15:31.:15:36.

think foreign-made, it is a plus overall. He can play the card

:15:36.:15:41.

saying, I am from a religious minority, I am from a people who

:15:41.:15:48.

understand pursue -- understand persecutions. I do not think the

:15:48.:15:51.

Mormon and all will be played in this election in the way we expect.

:15:51.:15:57.

Briefly, it will cost a lot of money. Who is going to be the

:15:57.:16:04.

number two? We do not know who that is going to be yet. We cannot

:16:04.:16:09.

possibly say. Many people who would should be, they are halfway through

:16:09.:16:14.

Senate terms that they want to complete. It is more likely to be

:16:14.:16:18.

someone like Rick Santorum, but I would not advise anyone to place

:16:18.:16:24.

money on anyone at this moment. Stanley, thank you.

:16:24.:16:28.

The man suspected of masterminding the September 11th attacks has been

:16:28.:16:37.

referred to trial. He has been charged with terrorism, hijacking

:16:37.:16:41.

aircraft and a number of other accounts, along with four others.

:16:41.:16:46.

The case will be heard at a military -- at a military tribunal.

:16:46.:16:50.

French anti-terror police have raided properties of suspected

:16:50.:16:59.

Islamist militants. Prosecutors have confirmed they are charging 13

:16:59.:17:07.

people who were detained last week. Hundreds of demonstrators have

:17:07.:17:11.

crowded around a court in Ankara for the opening of a trial of two

:17:11.:17:20.

retired generals who allegedly staged a coup in 1980.

:17:20.:17:30.

Yahoo! Has confirmed it is to cut 2000 staff, 14 % of the workforce.

:17:30.:17:34.

They say this is to make the company's smaller and more

:17:34.:17:40.

profitable. It was saved them around $375 million.

:17:40.:17:45.

It is a month since Vladimir Putin was re-elected Russia's President.

:17:45.:17:50.

Since his victory, this huge anti- government street protests which

:17:50.:17:56.

have dominated live in the Russian capital seem to have petered out.

:17:56.:17:59.

Russians' interest in politics has not disappeared, and Muscovites

:17:59.:18:03.

have been finding other ways to put pressure on the authorities, as

:18:03.:18:08.

Steve Rose and Beck reports. A boxing hall might seem an odd

:18:09.:18:12.

place for municipal council meeting. Then again, this is about to become

:18:12.:18:18.

a bit of a battle ground. First, they argue over who gets to be the

:18:18.:18:22.

chair man. The man with the microphone represents the old guard.

:18:22.:18:28.

He says he is in charge. His opponents do not agree. They are

:18:28.:18:32.

part of a new wave of opposition activists who were getting elected

:18:32.:18:37.

in Moscow at municipal level, and trying to change the way politics

:18:37.:18:42.

is done. The party of power is about to back -- is about to bite

:18:42.:18:47.

back, quite literally. This is fat to be again a trip's first

:18:47.:18:52.

experience of local politics -- this is Vladimir Garnachuk's first

:18:52.:18:57.

experience of local politics. He did not expect to be bitten!

:18:57.:19:01.

District councils like this one have few powers, but it appears

:19:01.:19:07.

Russians are getting interested in politics on their doorstep. A few

:19:07.:19:11.

months ago, local government meetings in the share attracted

:19:11.:19:20.

little attention and few visitors. Now, this is people power at the

:19:20.:19:29.

grassroots level. Away from the council chamber, Vladimir Garnachuk

:19:29.:19:36.

campaigns on local issues. Opposite says school, which the authorities

:19:36.:19:41.

plan to turn into a centre for drug addicts. Vladimir is trying to stop

:19:41.:19:46.

it, but he never planned to go into politics. TRANSLATION: I had never

:19:46.:19:50.

heard of municipal councils, but when the street protests began

:19:50.:19:54.

after that rigged parliamentary election, I read on face but that

:19:54.:20:01.

new people should run for office. - - I read on Facebook. It is not

:20:01.:20:04.

only by becoming councillors that the Russians are trying to change

:20:04.:20:09.

their country. In Zhukovsky, near Moscow copyboy have been protesting

:20:09.:20:14.

about the destruction of the local forest. Trees are being cut down to

:20:14.:20:19.

make way for a road. This issue has brought big crowds onto the streets

:20:19.:20:24.

of a small town. It is a sign that Russians are determined to make

:20:24.:20:34.
:20:34.:20:34.

their voices heard. The Greek Athletics Federation says

:20:34.:20:37.

it has suspended all domestic sporting activities because there

:20:37.:20:43.

is no money. There are fears that unless budget cuts are reversed,

:20:43.:20:46.

participation in the London Olympics could be at risk. We can

:20:46.:20:51.

speak to Mark Lowen in Athens. A humiliation for any country, let

:20:51.:20:57.

alone Greece! Yes. This was where it all began. The Olympics began

:20:57.:21:02.

here in the eighth century BC. This was also where the first modern

:21:02.:21:07.

Games was held. Just imagine if the Greek Athletics Federation were to

:21:07.:21:12.

pull out of this summer's London Olympics whatever humiliation that

:21:12.:21:19.

would be, a sign of how deep the country has fallen. The sign is

:21:19.:21:22.

that they are suspending domestic sporting activities because of the

:21:23.:21:30.

budget a source at the federation said if the government does not

:21:30.:21:34.

intervene to resolve the budget crisis, pulling out of the London

:21:34.:21:39.

Olympics would still be an option. How much of a Gambetta is this? Is

:21:39.:21:44.

there any suggestion the Greek government will say, OK, we will

:21:44.:21:52.

make an exception, because of national pride? Absolutely. It

:21:52.:21:59.

could be a game of hide States. -- high-stakes. We will have to wait

:21:59.:22:03.

and see. The board of the federation will meet in a few weeks.

:22:03.:22:07.

They have appealed to the Minister of Culture. We will have to see

:22:08.:22:13.

what the government says. They want to avoid any further humiliation

:22:13.:22:16.

after the deep financial crisis this country is still going through.

:22:16.:22:21.

European championships are coming up, and the London Olympics in July.

:22:21.:22:27.

I think they would do anything they can to avoid having to pull out of

:22:27.:22:32.

their games. The prospect of that shows just how deep this financial

:22:32.:22:42.
:22:42.:22:43.

crisis is affecting all aspects of Greek society. The team going to

:22:43.:22:51.

London is half the size of that in Beijing. Mark Lowen, thank you very

:22:51.:22:56.

much. A discovery on frozen place near

:22:56.:23:01.

the Arctic sea in northern Siberia has provided scientists with an

:23:01.:23:05.

incredibly well-preserved specimen of a 10,000-year-old mammoth. There

:23:05.:23:09.

are signs that the juvenile animal was attacked by lions and butchered

:23:09.:23:19.
:23:19.:23:33.

by humans. After thousands of years lying

:23:33.:23:38.

frozen in the grand, it is twisted and contorted. Now lie in on its

:23:38.:23:42.

back, its head has flopped to one side and its legs stick a pin the

:23:42.:23:51.

air. Its stake strawberry blonde hair is exquisitely preserved.

:23:51.:23:54.

Extraordinary. Professor Daniel Fischer is at the Museum of

:23:54.:23:58.

Palaeontology at the University of Michigan. Tell it us how important

:23:58.:24:08.

this says. -- tell us how important this is. It is an extremely

:24:08.:24:12.

important specimen. In part, because of the quality of tissue

:24:12.:24:17.

preservation. Even a part of the animal are missing, what is there

:24:17.:24:21.

is extremely well-preserved. It is also important for the story it

:24:21.:24:24.

tells, the story you can reconstruct from the evidence of

:24:24.:24:31.

what remains. The cuts that our human ancestors appeared to have

:24:31.:24:37.

been interested in consist of meat and bones from the main core of the

:24:37.:24:42.

body. There have been removed. That part of the animal has been

:24:42.:24:47.

butchered. We see evidence of this in terms of the entry incisions

:24:47.:24:56.

into the hide, and some cut marks on some of the bones. That humans

:24:56.:25:02.

were waiting, I think, for Lyons, or they sued these Lions away that

:25:02.:25:07.

had killed this mammoth. Is that something may perhaps did

:25:07.:25:11.

frequently? They relied on more ferocious animals to kill food and

:25:11.:25:18.

then butchered them afterwards? That is one possibility. This is

:25:18.:25:22.

all inference at the moment, based on the patterns of damage that we

:25:22.:25:29.

see on the carcass of this animal and on some things we do not see

:25:29.:25:39.
:25:39.:25:42.

that we would expect. Lyons typically enter a carcass in the

:25:42.:25:47.

region of the Bailey, the aim has all the neck, but these regions are

:25:47.:25:57.
:25:57.:26:01.

not blemished. There are incisions at a very different replaced. --

:26:01.:26:07.

There are incisions that are very differently placed. This mammoth

:26:08.:26:12.

was only about two-and-a-half years old. Is there any suggestion that

:26:12.:26:16.

there was some sort of ritual involved here by our ancestors when

:26:16.:26:26.

it came to butchering an animal than eating it? I suppose this is a

:26:26.:26:31.

matter of opinion and inference. I actually think there is probably a

:26:31.:26:38.

utilitarian explanation for most of what we see. I do not see the need

:26:38.:26:47.

to call on ritual aspects of it. The inference we have generated is

:26:47.:26:53.

lions were responsible for the initial pursued to, that is based

:26:53.:27:00.

on singing deep scratch marks -- seeing deep scratch marks. They can

:27:00.:27:03.

only really have been produced by the claws of a large cat-like

:27:03.:27:13.
:27:13.:27:16.

animal. I am sorry, Professor, we are told time. Remarkable images.

:27:16.:27:22.

Viewers in the UK can see the full programme on BBC Two at 9 o'clock

:27:22.:27:26.

tonight. Viewers around the world can find out more on the BBC

:27:26.:27:36.
:27:36.:27:46.

website. That is it from me and the Hello. Finally, the weather front

:27:46.:27:51.

we have had slipping southwards been the snow and disruption across

:27:51.:27:58.

the UK is clearing away. A dry day to come tomorrow. Even the chance

:27:58.:28:02.

of decent sunshine. Through the night, the weather front will clear

:28:02.:28:07.

away from the south, taking with it the strong winds. First thing on

:28:07.:28:12.

Thursday, cloudy through the southern half of the UK. Further

:28:12.:28:20.

north, a week weather front also been ploughed and some outbreaks of

:28:20.:28:27.

rain. -- bringing cloud. Through the southern counties of England, a

:28:27.:28:32.

largely cloudy start to the day. That will break up and allow

:28:32.:28:42.
:28:42.:28:44.

sunshine to break through. Sunny skies developing through northern

:28:44.:28:50.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS