20/04/2012 World News Today


20/04/2012

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This is BBC World News Today, with me Zeinab Badawi in London.

:00:11.:00:14.

And I'm Jon Sopel, in Paris, where campaigning is coming to a close

:00:14.:00:17.

and voting is set to begin on Sunday for the first round of the

:00:17.:00:27.
:00:27.:00:28.

presidential election. Also coming up in the programme...

:00:28.:00:30.

A chilling account of mass murder in Norway.

:00:30.:00:33.

Anders Breivik tells an Oslo court how he shot dead 69 people on

:00:33.:00:35.

Utoeya Island. Hopes fade for survivors, after a

:00:35.:00:38.

passenger jet with 127 people on board crashes near the Pakistani

:00:38.:00:43.

capital Islamabad. A senior Chinese journalist tells

:00:43.:00:46.

the BBC that the police covered up the murder of British businessman

:00:46.:00:54.

Neil Heywood, because of his links to a powerful politician.

:00:55.:00:59.

And we say farewell to the man who taught us to Play In A Day.

:00:59.:01:09.
:01:09.:01:16.

Guitarist Bert Weedon has died, at Hello and welcome. There are only

:01:17.:01:19.

five hours of campaigning left for the first round of the French

:01:20.:01:22.

Presidential election and the two top contenders, Nicolas Sarkozy and

:01:22.:01:28.

Francois Hollande, are campaigning up until the last moment. Polls put

:01:28.:01:31.

Hollande just ahead of Sarkozy for the first round on Sunday and

:01:31.:01:36.

predict he will win in the second. Sarkozy's camp says it is still all

:01:36.:01:41.

to play for. Let us speak now to the BBC's Jon

:01:41.:01:51.
:01:51.:01:54.

Sopel, who is in Paris. He Nicolas Sarkozy people saying there is

:01:54.:02:03.

still a lot to play for. Absolutely. He is a great campaigner and it

:02:03.:02:07.

would be foolish to count anyone out at this stage. I remember that

:02:07.:02:11.

decade ago, there was an utter shock when we got the first-round

:02:11.:02:17.

results and saw that the socialist campaigner had not even made it

:02:17.:02:23.

through to the second round. The latest polls show that between 25 %

:02:24.:02:28.

and 40 % of French voters have still to make up their minds of how

:02:28.:02:33.

they will vote on Sunday. So, is there everything to play for? Yes,

:02:33.:02:38.

you bet. There is uncertainty and that makes it even more fascinating

:02:38.:02:44.

as to what will unfold. In French politics, on Friday evening,

:02:44.:02:48.

everyone stops to draw breath. There is no more campaigning to

:02:48.:02:58.

more or polls and all that matters is what happens on Sunday. A not

:02:58.:03:01.

since 1981 as the Socialist challenger won the French

:03:01.:03:07.

presidency. Last night, he dare to believe. Francois Hollande knows

:03:07.:03:12.

that the first round fought will be close, but the polls suggest he

:03:12.:03:16.

will win the run-off against Nicolas Sarkozy in a fortnight's

:03:16.:03:24.

time. One Sunday, the President's appeal to the revolutionary spirit

:03:24.:03:31.

of the country. Unemployment has risen and working class resentment

:03:31.:03:39.

has surrounded the President and he is sensitive to accusations that he

:03:39.:03:44.

he is not helping. He gives the impression that the more you work,

:03:44.:03:50.

the more you will get, but most people do not see it that way.

:03:50.:04:00.
:04:00.:04:03.

think he is helping the rich people. Critics say that both main

:04:03.:04:07.

candidates have been keeping quiet about the cuts which will be needed

:04:07.:04:14.

whichever one is elected. The real issue is that there will be strong

:04:14.:04:22.

noises coming from any party from the left on the right. A that is

:04:22.:04:27.

why perhaps up to one-third of the French people will vote for up to

:04:27.:04:32.

political extremes - on the one side D Communist Party and on the

:04:32.:04:42.
:04:42.:04:46.

other, the equivalent of a of the National Front. The two extremes do

:04:46.:04:51.

become part of the event. The National Front has built Nicolas

:04:52.:05:00.

Sarkozy to the right to an Francois Hollande has been built to the left.

:05:00.:05:07.

And he if the left is to win on a fortnight time, there could be big

:05:07.:05:17.
:05:17.:05:18.

changes on the way, with changes to the Eurozone situation with Germany.

:05:18.:05:22.

But other parties are very keen to get the young vote, which is seen

:05:22.:05:29.

crucial in this election. Let us speak to E three young people who

:05:29.:05:39.
:05:39.:05:39.

will be voting. You are supporting a one? You are supporting the

:05:39.:05:49.

Centre Party candidate and you are voting for or Francois Hollande?

:05:49.:05:53.

Now, at Nicolas Sarkozy appears to be unpopular and at the centre of

:05:53.:06:02.

so many problems, so why are you voting for him? I think he has

:06:02.:06:12.
:06:12.:06:14.

dealt very well with the crisis. The Eurozone crisis? Yes, I think

:06:14.:06:24.
:06:24.:06:25.

he did very well and I appreciated it. Every politician can recognise

:06:25.:06:32.

that he dealt good with it. At where you supporting someone who is

:06:32.:06:39.

likely to come nowhere in the election race? My politics are

:06:40.:06:44.

generally to the centre and I have not been convinced by any of the

:06:44.:06:52.

other candidates. A do you think it is interesting and French politics

:06:52.:06:59.

that the centre parties in France, whereas in Britain they are the

:06:59.:07:05.

third party, they may even, in 5th, be behind both the main parties of

:07:05.:07:08.

the Left and Right and the two extreme parties of the left and

:07:08.:07:16.

right? Yes, but that ensures that there is a way forward for the

:07:16.:07:24.

Centre Party in France in the future. So, what are the

:07:24.:07:28.

differences which mark you out from the Socialists or the right wing

:07:28.:07:37.

parties? Well, it is quite plain that you can make alliances with

:07:37.:07:47.

other parties and Kate policies which will appeal to our voters.

:07:47.:07:49.

But this the, Francois Hollande is ahead in the polls at the moment,

:07:49.:07:58.

but he does not appear to create a lot of excitement? I would

:07:58.:08:03.

disagree! I think a lot of people in France, particularly young

:08:03.:08:09.

people are looking for change. We are still having the problems of

:08:09.:08:12.

the economic crisis and with unemployment and we need dramatic

:08:12.:08:19.

change. But during the time of crisis, is a not best they you

:08:19.:08:23.

stick with someone who showed great leadership through it, Nicolas

:08:23.:08:33.
:08:33.:08:36.

Sarkozy? Not, I do not agree with that. He did not have good results

:08:36.:08:43.

from this. We are hearing from the International Monetary Fund that

:08:43.:08:53.
:08:53.:08:55.

that was not the case. Nor, at the economic growth was 1.7 % at the

:08:56.:09:05.
:09:06.:09:07.

end of 2011, which is not bad, given the economic crisis. But we

:09:07.:09:15.

have the trade deficit of 70 billion euros. Is it not a hard

:09:15.:09:23.

message to sell to people opposed to Nicolas Sarkozy, when you say

:09:23.:09:27.

unemployment has gone up by one million, but it could have been so

:09:27.:09:36.

much worse under somebody else. do not know, it is very hard to say.

:09:36.:09:40.

It is hard to say whether it would have been worse a better if

:09:40.:09:46.

Francois Hollande had been President at the time. But I think

:09:46.:09:56.

he showed leadership and the degree job. I used struggling to find, are

:09:56.:10:06.
:10:06.:10:07.

all your friends going to vote on Sunday? Yes, they will, but some of

:10:07.:10:17.
:10:17.:10:17.

them will be abstaining. Why is there such disaffection? That is

:10:17.:10:26.

the interesting thing about French politics. I think it is linked in

:10:26.:10:36.
:10:36.:10:37.

with the Fifth Republic. People feel a little bit lost, because

:10:38.:10:47.
:10:48.:10:49.

they're not sure what we can do. think a lot of people do not feel

:10:49.:10:51.

affected by the political system and a lot of them were are not

:10:51.:11:01.

going to Fort. It is evidence that young people do not really believe

:11:01.:11:09.

in politics. I do not think people want to have a fight. I do not want

:11:09.:11:15.

to fight for anything, but maybe we are not a generation who want to

:11:15.:11:21.

fight for some stuff, but just want to have jobs and get on with our

:11:21.:11:28.

lives. Thank you very much for joining us and I wish you all good

:11:28.:11:33.

luck. I know that not all three of you will be happy after the

:11:33.:11:40.

election. May well bring you coverage of these election results

:11:40.:11:46.

on Sunday on the BBC news channel. They do very much for joining us

:11:46.:11:53.

and was that not three very articulate young voters in Paris?

:11:53.:11:57.

Now a look at some of the day's other news. South Sudan has ordered

:11:57.:11:59.

the immediate withdrawal of its troops from the disputed border

:11:59.:12:02.

region of Heglig, which it seized last week from Sudan. The incursion

:12:02.:12:05.

had prompted fears of a return to full-scale war between the two

:12:05.:12:08.

neighbours. A statement issued by President Salva Kiir in South

:12:08.:12:10.

Sudan's capital, Juba, said the withdrawal would be completed

:12:10.:12:12.

within three days. Formula One teams have been

:12:12.:12:14.

practicing in Bahrain today, despite ongoing protests in the

:12:14.:12:19.

kingdom. Standing firm against demands to cancel Sunday's Grand

:12:19.:12:21.

Prix, the country's Crown Prince said that calling off the race

:12:22.:12:26.

would play into the hands of "extremists".

:12:26.:12:29.

Thousands of Egyptians have been gathering in Tahrir Square in Cairo,

:12:29.:12:34.

in a new protest demanding the handover of power to civilian rule.

:12:34.:12:37.

The demonstration, one of the largest in recent months, follows

:12:37.:12:40.

the disqualification of several leading presidential candidates.

:12:40.:12:42.

In the United States, a neighbourhood watch volunteer who

:12:42.:12:45.

shot dead unarmed black teenager Trayvon Martin in Florida has been

:12:45.:12:49.

granted bail. The judge has set bail at $150,000 for George

:12:50.:12:54.

Zimmerman. During the hearing, Mr Zimmerman told the teenager's

:12:54.:12:58.

parents that he was sorry for the loss of their son.

:12:58.:13:00.

Italy's former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi has made a rare

:13:01.:13:03.

appearance at the Milan court, where he is on trial for allegedly

:13:04.:13:09.

paying an underage prostitute for sex. He is accused of paying for

:13:09.:13:11.

sex with a 17-year-old, then abusing his powers by getting

:13:11.:13:21.
:13:21.:13:23.

police to release her when she was arrested for stealing. Mr

:13:23.:13:25.

Berlusconi, who resigned over the economic crisis, denies the charges.

:13:25.:13:29.

The man on trial for the murder of 77 people in Norway last summer,

:13:29.:13:31.

shocked the courtroom with grisly descriptions of his massacre on

:13:31.:13:33.

Utoya Island. Anders Breivik claimed he deliberately dehumanised

:13:33.:13:43.
:13:43.:13:46.

himself in order to carry out the killings. The at mishear it caught

:13:46.:13:53.

change to be. The country braced itself although few could have

:13:53.:14:02.

imagined what was to come. Threw out his detachment that is what has

:14:02.:14:07.

been most disturbing. Today he taught his killing speak as if it

:14:07.:14:14.

was the day at work. Under normal circumstances, I am a nice person.

:14:15.:14:20.

When he reached the island, he said, I do not want to do this, but then

:14:20.:14:30.

he thought, this is now or never. He killed 66 -- 67 on the island

:14:30.:14:40.
:14:40.:14:40.

and to other people drowned trying to escape. Anders Breivik went

:14:40.:14:46.

through a catalogue of what happened on the island. The details

:14:46.:14:51.

where horrific. At one point, he said that people where paralysed

:14:51.:14:56.

with fear in front of them. By putting more ammunition will Major

:14:56.:15:01.

stood there. I then shot them in their head. Then, he tricked people

:15:02.:15:06.

by asking if they had seen the terrorist. When they get close

:15:06.:15:13.

enough, I'd shot the first one in their head. Many who survived the

:15:13.:15:21.

attacks left the courtroom in shock. It's is really hard. I want to get

:15:21.:15:31.
:15:31.:15:33.

angry, but I just feel empty inside. I cannot explain the feeling.

:15:33.:15:39.

way's newspapers chose not to pay the trial on the front pages today.

:15:39.:15:49.
:15:49.:15:52.

Some people do not want to hear from him again, others feel. For

:15:52.:16:02.
:16:02.:16:13.

nine more weeks, they will pick a The scandal and controversy

:16:13.:16:16.

surrounding the mysterious death in China of the British businessman

:16:16.:16:18.

Neil Heywood deepened today. A former senior journalist working in

:16:18.:16:21.

the state media has told the BBC that the police in Chongqing knew

:16:21.:16:25.

that Mr Heywood was murdered but they covered it up. He claims the

:16:25.:16:27.

authorities panicked because of Neil Heywood's close connections to

:16:27.:16:31.

one of China's most powerful politicians, Bo Xilai. Earlier this

:16:31.:16:36.

month Bo Xilai's wife was detained as a suspect in Heywood's murder.

:16:36.:16:41.

From Chongqing, here's Damian Grammaticas.

:16:41.:16:47.

It is the question the point go away. How did Neil Heywood died

:16:47.:16:52.

here at this hotel in a secluded villa last November? The Communist

:16:52.:16:59.

Party and meshed in the scandal has promised the role of law will

:16:59.:17:02.

prevail. The party has said that the 41-year-old British businessman

:17:02.:17:12.

may have been murdered. His once powerful friend Joan Chen's chief

:17:12.:17:18.

Bo Xilai has been sacked. The word is his wife ordered the killing or

:17:18.:17:27.

was there when cyanide was slipped into Neil Heywood's drink. The area

:17:27.:17:34.

is home to more than 20 million and the rule was ruthless. Bo Xilai's

:17:34.:17:39.

signature policy was a crackdown on crime and he cracked down on Mafia

:17:39.:17:41.

gangs and many were arrested including businessman who were

:17:41.:17:51.
:17:51.:17:52.

forced to hand over their wealth. This man was a billionaire and was

:17:52.:17:57.

accused of crimes he did not commit and was tortured by henchmen. The

:17:57.:18:01.

police took this photo of him after he secured his own freedom by

:18:01.:18:06.

paying millions. When he fled to China he says his family were

:18:06.:18:14.

arrested as well. I was tortured for six days and nights he says. He

:18:14.:18:18.

is in a sum but was sentenced to 16 years in prison. There are

:18:18.:18:22.

thousands like him. The Bo Xilai and his deputies killed people to

:18:22.:18:30.

silence them. He deserves to die. Before Neil Heywood's deaf, Bo

:18:30.:18:35.

Xilai's disregard for the law did not bother the Communist Party. He

:18:35.:18:39.

was charismatic and populist and feted as a rising star. He spent

:18:39.:18:44.

billions on popular projects in the areas such as cheap housing for the

:18:44.:18:49.

poor and made it the fastest- growing population in China. He did

:18:49.:18:54.

great things for the people this woman says. She supports him and

:18:54.:18:59.

wants him reinstated. As you dig down through this story it seems

:18:59.:19:03.

that Bo Xilai's popularity had become a threat for the other man

:19:03.:19:08.

at the top of the Communist Party. He was building his own power voice

:19:08.:19:11.

and the death of Neil Heywood has provided them with the opportunity

:19:11.:19:20.

to bring him down. Will China Open not just Neil Heywood's case but

:19:20.:19:24.

hundreds more. This is the smack -- this businessman says he is too

:19:24.:19:28.

scared to come back until China has the rule of law and democracy. For

:19:28.:19:34.

now it still has the role of the Communist Party. Many say they are

:19:34.:19:44.
:19:44.:19:44.

victims too and they wonder if they will see justice. Police in

:19:44.:19:47.

Pakistan say there's little chance anyone could have survived after a

:19:47.:19:50.

passenger jet crashed while trying to land in bad weather near

:19:50.:19:53.

Islamabad. The Bhoja Air flight from Karachi was carrying 127

:19:53.:20:03.
:20:03.:20:05.

people. Are we to assume that everybody on

:20:05.:20:10.

board was killed, where their injuries on the ground? We have

:20:10.:20:17.

been receiving ambulances from the site. We have counted six in the

:20:17.:20:23.

last 15 minutes. Unfortunately no wounded. They have all been the

:20:23.:20:27.

remains of those who have been killed. Of 118 passengers and nine

:20:27.:20:33.

crew were on board the plane and it came down in bad weather just

:20:33.:20:40.

before it was due to land, just minutes before it was due to land.

:20:40.:20:44.

Eyewitnesses say it exploded on impact but others say they thought

:20:44.:20:51.

it was struck by lightning. Experts think it was either caught in a in

:20:51.:20:58.

a cute down draft during a very violent storm which was over the

:20:59.:21:03.

area at the time or it could have been struck by lightning. There are

:21:03.:21:09.

questions about the aircraft itself. We hear it was an old aircraft. It

:21:09.:21:14.

was a 737 that had been bought from another airline. We hear it was

:21:14.:21:18.

flight were free but as yet there are no real details. We have seen

:21:18.:21:22.

distressing scenes here of relatives to a waiting for

:21:23.:21:26.

something to be able to bury now because they have been told by the

:21:26.:21:30.

doctors that they do not expect to have any survivors. Every time one

:21:30.:21:36.

of those ambulances come we hear Wales and cries going up from the

:21:36.:21:44.

relatives. Thank you very much. The world's biggest prizes for

:21:44.:21:46.

conservation, known as the Nobel Prize for the environment have been

:21:46.:21:49.

awarded to six activists. Each Goldman Environmental Prize comes

:21:49.:21:54.

with $150,000. And this year it has been awarded for work at the

:21:54.:21:56.

grassroots, ranging from cleaning up Chinese industry to protecting

:21:56.:21:59.

the Arctic from oil exploration. One of the winners is the Kenyan

:21:59.:22:02.

activist Ikal Angelei, who is leading a campaign against the

:22:02.:22:05.

building of a huge dam in Ethiopia that she believes threatens Kenya's

:22:05.:22:15.
:22:15.:22:18.

Lake Turkana. She joins us now from Washington.

:22:18.:22:24.

First of all, congratulations. Thank you very much. Tell us, why

:22:24.:22:28.

were you so opposed to the building of this down. Our Government did

:22:28.:22:33.

not mention to us about the construction of the dam so the

:22:33.:22:40.

communities that depend on the river were not aware and then later

:22:40.:22:43.

on inquiring and talking to experts who work in the region and experts

:22:43.:22:49.

in the field, they helped us to understand how the control of flow

:22:50.:22:54.

or the stop of flow from the river would affect the lake and the coast

:22:54.:22:59.

is some -- ecosystem and damage the way of life of the people.

:22:59.:23:02.

important is this lake to the people, are we talking about

:23:02.:23:07.

hundreds of thousands in a? Hundreds of thousands of people.

:23:07.:23:13.

First, it is their identity. People there I able to identify with the

:23:13.:23:18.

lake and the livelihood and their culture and access to water. In

:23:18.:23:23.

that region especially the have problems just accessing water and

:23:24.:23:30.

the Daily date -- in the day-to-day life of communities. People have

:23:30.:23:34.

livestock and animals and over time that the change of climate we are

:23:34.:23:38.

looking for other ways of lively had to support the existing people

:23:38.:23:42.

who are suffering from the climate changes that we are experiencing.

:23:42.:23:47.

When you began your campaign, you found yourself fighting against

:23:47.:23:52.

many vested interests, government officials, business and so on, did

:23:52.:23:56.

you ever think you would succeed? Did you think you would have such a

:23:56.:24:02.

hard time? We did not have an option but to fight on. Our only

:24:02.:24:09.

option was to believe that we would succeed. Along the way, the belief

:24:09.:24:17.

in the success was greater. It grew. There were vested interests from

:24:17.:24:22.

the governments and development banks but we kept believing, step-

:24:22.:24:28.

by-step. In principle, you were not put -- opposed to development. The

:24:28.:24:32.

idea was to build a Hydro-Electric dam which would provide much-needed

:24:32.:24:35.

power to communities everywhere and you accept that sometimes there has

:24:35.:24:39.

to be a trade-off between maintaining the traditions and old

:24:39.:24:46.

lively goods in order Prew progress. We respect the need for energy, not

:24:46.:24:50.

just in Kenya and Ethiopia and with enough -- Africa but we also

:24:50.:24:55.

recognise we have alternatives. At what cost should we be looking for

:24:55.:24:59.

electricity or energy. We have alternatives, we have geothermal

:24:59.:25:04.

power, so energy, wind power. These options that governments should

:25:04.:25:09.

look into before they look at his story ecosystems. We have seen a

:25:09.:25:12.

humanity depending on these ecosystems for thousands of years

:25:12.:25:20.

and we needed in the future. the Carl Angelei, congratulations

:25:20.:25:25.

again and thank you very much for joining us live from Washington.

:25:25.:25:35.
:25:35.:25:45.

The guitarist, Bert Weedon, has died, he was 91. He became famous

:25:45.:25:48.

in the 1950s for his books called, Play The Guitar In A Day. The books,

:25:48.:25:52.

were popular with the likes of John Lennon and Pete Townshend and are

:25:52.:25:55.

still in print today! Lizo Mzimba looks back at the life of the man

:25:55.:25:58.

who taught the world to play the electric guitar. Good evening

:25:58.:26:01.

ladies and gentlemen. I want to play you a tune that is 1,000 years

:26:01.:26:03.

old. His name might well be instantly recognisable but he is

:26:03.:26:08.

regarded as many as one of music's most influential figures. The list

:26:08.:26:14.

of those whose early grounding in the guitar reads like a Who's Who

:26:14.:26:23.

of music. It Brian May, Pete Townshend, this lesson was not

:26:23.:26:27.

learned from him. Even Eric Clapton said he did not know any player who

:26:27.:26:33.

had not learned from these books. The book first came out in 1957 and

:26:33.:26:37.

sold millions and is still published today. It made the claim

:26:37.:26:43.

that people could learn to play the guitar in a day. I just do not know

:26:43.:26:47.

what it is about the guitar but to my mind it is the loveliest

:26:47.:26:52.

instrument of all. The violin is great, the hop is great, the cello

:26:52.:26:57.

is great and I love all those instruments but the guitar is

:26:57.:27:03.

number one with me. The DJ Mike Read had and regular spot dedicated

:27:03.:27:08.

to him on his Radio 1 show and he says it is hard to overestimate his

:27:08.:27:12.

importance. He marched on through their it generations inspiring

:27:12.:27:17.

generation after generation to play. His name came out again and again

:27:17.:27:23.

and even children today know him. He inspired so many people. He is a

:27:23.:27:28.

fantastic man. He will be remembered as someone who helped so

:27:28.:27:31.

many begin a lifelong relationship with the guitar. From professionals

:27:31.:27:35.

at the top of the industry to the thousands to his book are taught

:27:35.:27:42.

how to he simply play for pleasure. Lizo Mzimba on Bert Weedon who has

:27:42.:27:48.

died at the age of 91. That tends the addition of the programme but

:27:48.:27:57.

from me and the team, goodbye and from me and the team, goodbye and

:27:57.:28:01.

enjoy your weekend. It is a different day but the story

:28:01.:28:06.

remains the same. April showers are set to continue across the country.

:28:06.:28:10.

Some of those showers are heavy and slow moving. It is a similar story

:28:10.:28:14.

on Saturday and Sunday. There is still an area of low pressure

:28:14.:28:18.

drifting off into the North Sea with weather fronts spiralling

:28:18.:28:24.

around the low. On Saturday we may start of dry and Keat mist and fog

:28:24.:28:27.

across central and southern areas but showers are developing and they

:28:27.:28:31.

will be widespread in the middle of the afternoon. They will be

:28:31.:28:37.

particularly in northern England, in Lincolnshire and East Anglia. If

:28:37.:28:40.

you get caught in one of the showers, the temperatures will drop

:28:40.:28:44.

away quite suddenly. The further west you come, maybe those showers

:28:44.:28:49.

will be fairly isolated away from the area of low pressure so much of

:28:49.:28:53.

Cornwall and Devon, you will see a few showers but they will be

:28:53.:28:59.

isolated. The same in west Wales. In Northern Ireland a few showers

:28:59.:29:05.

drifting on to the north coast with brighter skies. Some of the showers

:29:05.:29:08.

in central and southern areas of Scotland will be pretty heavy and

:29:08.:29:14.

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