24/04/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kirsty Lang. Tonight - Murdoch


Junior takes the stand. Calls for government resignations, as the


scale of his family's ties to the Sudan - is it a war in all but


name? As border skirmishes continue between North and South, a call for


restraint from China is met by more angry rhetoric. He hares declared


war against Bcell for of it is Sudan One. -- he has.


The death-toll mounts in Syria raising more doubts about the


viability of the UN peace plan. Also coming up in the programme: A


holiday with a twist or just a twisted holiday? Why are tourists


attracted to sites of death and destruction? We look at the growth


of so called dark tourism. And now you see her, now you don't - the


extraordinary moment a teenage girl fell through the pavement into an


Well come. Britain's minister for culture is facing calls for his


resignation after links between the Murdoch empire and the British


Government came under intense scrutiny today at the inquiry into


press standards. James Murdoch has been repeatedly asked about his


dealings with Jeremy Hunt. He was responsible for the final decision


on the controversial BSkyB takeover that News Corporation were so keen


to win. This has flash photography.


The company which he once led has been accused are having to close a


relationship with various public officials. Tonight, after a day of


evidence from James Murdoch, the suggestion is there was too close a


relationship with office of a Cabinet minister.


At the Royal Courts of Justice, Mr Murdoch stepped forward to give


evidence under oath. I swear that the evidence a chubby the truth,


the whole truth and nothing but the truth. He was taken to phone


hacking and time and again, he claimed ignorance of the scale of


wrong doing at the company he had headers. That is not what I recall.


That was not what I it was told. That is not what they communicated


to me for stopped that was it on phone hacking. He either couldn't


remember all claimed ignorance. Then to the question of News


International's political links and to the company's bid in 2010 to


take control of BSkyB television. It should have been the crowning


moment of James Murdoch's career and it seemed to be going so well.


Vince Cable had been relieved of responsibility for the decision


after making unguarded remarks. Two days after that, Mr Murdoch found


herself at a pre-Christmas dinner at the home of Rebekah Brooks. One


of the guests was David Cameron. Had he discussed the BSkyB bid with


the Prime Minister? I expressed the hope that things would be dealt


with in a way that was appropriate and judicial. The crucial figure


for News International was Jeremy Hunt, the Culture Secretary. He had


a legal obligation to act impartially. The picture at the


inquiry was of a ministerial office that was in contact with News


International. Council quoted from Consort -- private e-mails. We are


in a good place tonight. Q are being given private information


about the Secretary of State's current view. -- You are being


given. It is a private view. Councils pointed out that Jeremy


Hunt was acting in a Kuala sigh a judicial capacity. He was in effect


a judge. This judge was in contact through his special adviser with


another. You having covert interactions, weren't you? I never


saw them as covert and I would have expected that his advisers were


communicating with other parties around this transaction as well.


another, Frederic Michel said he had obtained a copy of what Mr Hunt


would be telling the House of Commons the following day. Managed


to get some info on the plans for tomorrow. Although, absolutely


illegal. What do you make of that? I thought it was a joke. The


exclamation mark there, it is a joke. Tonight, as James Murdoch


departed, Downing Street said the Prime Minister had full confidence


in Jeremy Hunt. For his part, Mr Hunt declined to comment. I will


His father will be giving evidence tomorrow. Saddam and South Sudan


seemed to be moving closer and closer to all out war. Perhaps they


may already be there. South Sudan's president on a visit to China


thinks so. China has called for Sudan and his neighbour, South


Sudan, to show restraint in the conflict of their disputed border


and the United Nations has condemned an aerial bombardment in


The army is preparing for the possibility of an all out war with


Sudan. It has reinforced along the border and the south Sudanese


military say they know it Sudan is doing the same thing. Tuber macro


is no longer in control. A trigger for this latest crisis that the


fighting has not stopped. The country's president, on a visit to


China, said this was a decisive moment. Our neighbour has declared


war on South Sudan. A Monday, Bentiu was hit. The main target may


have been a bridge a one civilian was killed in a market. It has been


condemned by the United Nations. The south Sudanese say they have


been more aerial bombardments but there has been no ground fighting


since Sunday. The battle for the oil fields was extremely popular


here, as it was on the other side of the body in Sudan. Bentiu is a


frontline town and no one thinks they have seen the last of the


fighting. The cost of the fighting is high. South Sudan's archbishop


has warned political leaders could create a war that both countries


don't want. World leaders are calling on both sides to court --


to pull back from the brink but it does seem to be working.


Just before we came on air, James said us there is a date.


South Sudan's president says Saddam has declared war on his country. --


Sudan. South Sudanese troops are no longer in a Heglig oil field bet


there has been Ariel and apartments and some ground clashes. I am


joined by her Hilde F Johnson. What is the situation? It is a big


concern because the chances are -- tensions have escalated. We


reported new bombardments today in to new locations. The ones today,


we are on the way to verify. This is a major concern and we condemn


these attacks the stock -- these attacks. As far as the reports go,


we have yet to verify that. We are seeing a calming in some ways with


aerial bombardment and that has to seize. You have been in this region


for a considerable period of time. How damaging would a new conflict


be and how can that be avoided? Clearly, very damaging. On the


ground, people would like to see a complete end to any escalation of


the war. There is a strong desire for peace and there is a strong


desire for peace among the leadership. So if we would like to


see -- we would like to see independence that was declared on


9th July last year and hope it can lead to a new chapter for these


people and see peace come. What that implies is both sides need to


restrain from any further attacks and we need to see both sides


willing to come to be a negotiating table and sort out their


differences. So far, the president of Sudan has said the glaciation is


not possible. Attention is clearly high and lots of international


efforts to get both sides to restrain, so far don't seem to be


working. The African unions have been


meeting to discuss this and joining me is Erastus Mwencha. Thank you


for joining us. What did the AU decide today? First of all, the


consul of the African Union, has expressed grave concern on the


situation along the border between South and North sedan. Also this


situation on the human terrain aspect. Also, the Council condemns


the occupation and the variable -- aerial bombardment that is going on


in a South Sudan. In the view of the you, who is the aggressor in


this case? The North or the south. Who is in the wrong? There is a


history that has been built on. First of all, the two countries,


the council noted that concern that they have not been going along with


the agreements that they completed. They have continued to engage in


talks. There was a very good at this fear at the beginning of March


when there was a new atmosphere to engage in talks that would lead to


implementation and result in some of the outstanding issues.


Outstanding issues. This is key, isn't it? The African Union left a


lot of outstanding issues when you oversaw this agreement. Don't you


think more should have been done to resolve the issues of the border of


access to oil, before the South got its independence? If that would


have been possible, yes. Obviously, there are priority is to ensure


that the two countries can co-exist side by side and the political


aspect of it, first of all allow and the people of South Sudan to


take legitimate decisions as to whether they want it to be one


nation or separate nations. This was equally important but now that


is behind us. What is important is the road map that the councillors


have agreed to, to address the crisis. We have asked the two


states to seize the hostilities within 48 hours. Ask them to go


back to the negotiating table and Rooker the road map there should be


completed in three months. More importantly, to implement the


agreements that they have agreed and also an implementation


mechanism would have to be agreed. Thank you very much.


The other news now and a bomb has exploded at the main robbery


station in Lahore in Pakistan. Two people have been killed and more


than 25 injured. The attack happened minutes after a busy trade


has pulled into the station. Israel has legalised the status of


three settler outposts in the West Bank. The settlements, Sansana,


Bruchin and writer Lem are home to 800 people. They have condemned the


decision. -- Rechelim. Robert Mueller has visited lemon -- Yemen


and promised the US would do more to put down a Islamist insurgency.


He told the Yemeni President that the Americans would use for force


A pro-government TV station in serious says a car bomb has


exploded, blamed on armed terrorists. There are clashes


reported in several parts of the capital, these are the latest UN


verified images from the suburb of Douma. The Koffi -- the UN envoy


could fire a man is going to update the situation soon. -- Kofi Annan.


This is Douma, a suburb just north- east of Damascus. It has defied the


government for months. Heavy weapons that should have been


withdrawn two weeks ago under the UN plan are still being used. And


the troops and armoured vehicles which should also have gone are


still there as well. Just a day earlier, a handful of UN observers


was in Douma, completely swamped by a huge crowd of anti- regime


protesters. Furthermore, they were burying their dead in mass graves.


Local activist groups named 40 people they said were killed in a


government attack on Monday, mostly by shelling, some, they said,


summarily executed. The attack also came a day after a brief visit from


the UN observers. State media said security forces pursued what they


called armed terrorist groups, who had been attacking systems. --


citizens. Clearly, the tiny advance party of UN observers cannot be


everywhere all the time. They are not just trying to monitor as much


as they can but also setting up contact and procedures for the full


deployment of 300 who should be overriding bit by bit in the coming


weeks. It is this still kind of act -- same kind of activities, meeting


with parties, looking at the logistics that will be necessities


for the larger nations coming in. All the groundwork activities are


being done, and in the process, observing the situation.


evidence so far suggests that when the monitors are there on the


ground, the violence dies down. But sending unarmed observers into an


unstable situation is clearly a gamble. The hope is that by being


there, they will tilt the balance away from conflict and towards


dialogue. In around an hour, Kofi Annan is


due to deliver his latest update to the UN Security Council. Do we know


what he is going to say? We do, because unusually, his spokesman


has given a preview from Geneva on UN TV on what his boss is going to


be telling the council in 45 minutes. It is pretty robust. The


spokesman says the sector -- the ceasefire is extremely fragile,


when UN monitors enter conflict areas, the guns are silent but when


they leave, the exchanges start again. He also said that there are


credible reports of Syrian forces approaching people that the UN


monitors have met and then sometimes, those people may perhaps


be killed. Strong language, and of course what Kofi Annan is going to


do, I understand, his call for the deployment of the additional 270


monitors to be speeded up and have done as quickly as possible.


Presumably now there will be some doubt over that, because some


member states will be saying, should we really be putting these


UN monitors at risk in this sort of situation? My understanding is that


the UN as it is at the moment is going to be proceeding with the


deployment. The problem is something that Kofi Annan himself


separately identified in a speech to the University in Sweden. He


said that the use of UN staff to monitor a conflict, as in the case


of Syria, can offer no guarantee of protection without strong


international backing. What you have here is the UN Security


Council divided between the US and European powers, who would like to


take more robust action against the European -- the Syrian government,


and then Russia and China, who do not want to interfere any further


in what they see is an internal affair.


Anders Breivik has been confronted him caught by some of the people


who witnessed and survived the attacks in Norway in which he


killed 77 people. He had to listen as a security guard explained how


he saw a car bomb exploded in the centre of Oslo, the blast killed


the 38 of Breivik's victims. -- the first eight. For the past


five days, the court has heard nothing but the testimony of Anders


Behring Breivik himself. But today, it wants to start hearing the other


side. An explosives expert taking the witness stand to give details


of the car bomb Breivik built to attack the main government offices


in Oslo. He showed this video of a test explosion by the military,


demonstrating just how powerful Breivik's bomb was. It had the


potential to kill hundreds. The actual car bomb last July killed


eight people, and left nine others seriously injured. When Breivik


drove the van containing the bomb up to the government buildings here,


he was not able to park in the exact location where he knew he


would cause the maximum damage. And it was mid- afternoon on a Friday,


during the summer holiday. So the offices were pretty empty. Some of


those who were inside the government offices and survived


have also been giving evidence in court today. TRANSLATION: We had to


read by the police and stickier video footage. -- notified the


police. We had to make sure it did not get damaged so we secured the


servers with plastic. That was crucial as it showed Breivik


walking away from the van before it blew up. The Police able to trace


him through the registration number, but they could not stop him before


he carried out his second attack on Utoeya Island.


Spending your summer break is surrounded by death and brutality


and terror may not sound like everyone's idea of a holiday, but


the number of travellers who talk site of Dravid cheap -- tragedy is


growing. There is even a term for it, and dark tourism, and each year


more than 1.5 million people walk through the gates at Poland's


Auschwitz memorial to learn about the Holocaust. In New York,


tourists flocked to the World Trade Center site. And 100 years since


Titanic sank, cruises retrace the original route. Tourists dressed in


period costume get the chance to wine and dine just like all those


people who lost their lives at sea. To discuss that I am joined by


Professor John Lennon at the Glasgow Caledonian University who


coined the term dark tourism in 1996. Why did you coin the term? Is


it because it was something you? was a good umbrella catch-all term


for something that I realised was a significant phenomenon. Visitation


and fascination with site associated with death, with mass


killing, with incarceration, assassination, seemed to exert a


curious fascination over visitors. And the more deeply you burrow into


that, the more you see the Connectivity visitors have with


such sites is not purely because I loved one has passed away their or


because there is a family connection, rather, such sites have


become part of the tourist's eye to a very. Something they will do, if


they are visiting Poland, they will go to Auschwitz -- tourist's


itinerary. Is it aspirational? So people want to learn about history?


Or is it rather more morbid than that? I did the motivations are


mixed. There is genuine historical interest -- I think the motivations


are mixed. In many times, such site become the repository of the


history. If he wants to understand about the Khmer Rouge, he will not


find out on the history syllabus, but you would expect to find some


details in the area where the massacres happened. Getting the


history right wed the history is not ideological and based on


primary sources is quite important. There is also a darker fascination


that is close to where his am. Death is something we all have in


common. -- it is close to the voyeurism. We all fascinated with


death, it comes across in literature, film, and tourist


behaviour at such a site which seems to be enduring and not going


away. Where is the line between it been it a bit tacky and morbid,


like going to the world trying to do and buying a T-shirt saying you


have been to grown -- ground zero, or actually learning about an


important historical events like the historic -- the Holocaust or


the killing fields? I am not a moral arbiter of taste. But there


is a scale of activity of what you do in these sites, there is genuine


reflection and historical interest at one end of it, and there is also


share mess -- shameless, order size Asian and entertainment at the


other end. -- shameless commodity making. People would hope that they


get some insights into what we are capable of as the human race. It


would seem, however many times we visit site of mass killing or


incarceration, it does not seem to stop that happening again. So we do


not learn. It would seem, depressingly, not the case.


A teenage girl has had a remarkable explained -- escape after the


pavement collapsed beneath her what she was walking along a road in


Xi'an in China. She dropped into an underground cavern and the whole


incident was captured on CCTV. An ordinary view of an ordinary


street, until this happens. And in case you blinked and missed that,


here it is again. Now you see her, but you do not. Running water had


created a cavity under the pavement. A passing taxi driver saw her


disappear and rushed over to see if she could help. He saw her clinging


to an underground cable and climbed down after her. TRANSLATION: He


said he called out to her but she did not respond. I shook her a


little and she came to. A crowd gathered and soon the rescue


services arrived. Down in the gloom, the cabbie, the Tote the terrified


teenager as a ladder was lowered. - - there can be comforted the


terrified teenager. TRANSLATION: The ladder kept moving, it was


flimsy and she was screaming so I told her to get out first.


Eventually, she did. The teenager was shaken and dirty but apparently


not injured by her subterranean ordeal. A moment later, out came


her gallant rescuer. But it may be some time before either of them


take the pavement for granted again. Before we go, a reminder of the


main news. At the inquiry into media ethics in Britain, James


Murdoch, the son of the media tycoon Rupert Murdoch, has been


facing questioning on the family's interest on -- interests in British


politics. E-mails were produced showing close contact between the


News Corporation and the culture minister Jeremy Hunt as they were


considering buying BSkyB. Taina's President has urged the two


Sudans to back off the descent into war and choose a pass -- path of


peace into Beijing. That is all for now, at next the


Whilst we have still got a few showers around, it is all going


downhill tonight and into tomorrow. We have got some heavy rain and


strong winds across much of the country, quite a deep low of moving


in of the Atlantic. Here it is through the day on Wednesday, it is


A very wet start across many southern areas, the really tricky


drive to work tomorrow morning. As we head into the afternoon, that


moves across northern England. Torrential downpours, and as a


result it will feel quite cold out there. A strong wind and


temperatures are nine degree. Following on from the main band of


wind, a mixture of sunshine and showers. When you get some she


sunshine, there is just enough energy in the sun to give 12


degrees. But for showers could be heavy and sundry with some hail and


the temperatures will then plummet. But heavy and thundery. North Wales,


thicker cloud. Northern Ireland, of grey day, the rain will come and go.


The best of dry and bright weather across the Western Isles tomorrow.


We have got to strong winds, eastern Scotland has rain and hail


snow and very windy. Through the night, the band pushes northwards,


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