17/05/2012 World News Today


17/05/2012

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 17/05/2012. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox. Greece swears in a

:00:10.:00:16.

new Parliament - but only for one day - as fresh elections loom.

:00:16.:00:19.

After 16 years on the run and countless months of legal

:00:19.:00:21.

preparation, the trial of former Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic

:00:21.:00:28.

is adjourned after just 48 hours. A new row over an old dispute.

:00:28.:00:34.

Queen Sofia of Spain cancels a visit to Britain over Gibraltar.

:00:34.:00:39.

Gibraltar is like a colony in Spain and for it's not good business to

:00:39.:00:43.

have a colony now. Also coming up in the programme:

:00:43.:00:48.

Handover complete - the Olympic torch is on its way to London after

:00:48.:00:58.

the flame is passed over to the British delegation in Greece.

:00:58.:01:02.

And the end of a voice synonymous with the disco era of the 1970s and

:01:02.:01:12.
:01:12.:01:20.

'80s - Donna Summer dies at the age Hello, and welcome. As the turmoil

:01:20.:01:23.

over its economy intensifies, Greece swore in 300 Members of

:01:23.:01:26.

Parliament today - including 21 members of Golden Dawn - one of the

:01:26.:01:29.

most extremist nationalist parties to take seats in a European

:01:29.:01:39.
:01:39.:01:39.

Parliament since the Second World War. But none of those MPs will be

:01:40.:01:44.

in power for more than 24 hours - as no party has enough votes to

:01:44.:01:46.

form a government. Greece's political chaos coincides with

:01:46.:01:49.

growing alarm about capital flight, with reports of hundreds of

:01:49.:01:59.
:01:59.:02:03.

millions of euros being withdrawn from banks. Matthew Price reports.

:02:03.:02:08.

It is a government with little part in a country with dwindling options.

:02:08.:02:12.

They swore in a cabinet of technocrats, whose task is to guide

:02:12.:02:17.

priest to its second election in as many months. This is becoming too

:02:17.:02:22.

much of a ritual and one which has cost increase time. For two years,

:02:22.:02:28.

Greeks have been withdrawing large sums for -- from their banks, to

:02:28.:02:33.

pay bills and also to try to ensure the money is safe if the country is

:02:33.:02:37.

forced out of the euro. It is not to run on the banks, but some fear

:02:37.:02:43.

that is not far off. We hear so many scenarios, this man said, we

:02:43.:02:49.

just don't know what the truth is. I don't have any hope, another said,

:02:49.:02:58.

things are just going to get worse. This afternoon, is seen yet EU

:02:58.:03:02.

leaders held a conference call, among them the new French President.

:03:02.:03:06.

There are signs that Francois Hollande is prepared to be bowled

:03:06.:03:12.

in reshaping Europe's response to this crisis. British prime minister

:03:12.:03:16.

David Cameron, before that call had told the eurozone to find a

:03:17.:03:24.

solution at, and fast. Five that Europe has a effective eurozone

:03:24.:03:30.

with an effective fireball, as system of fiscal burden sharing and

:03:30.:03:34.

supportive Monetary Policy, for we are in uncharted territory which

:03:34.:03:40.

carries huge risks for everybody. In New York, the President of the

:03:41.:03:45.

European Commission address the United Nations Assembly. He called

:03:45.:03:48.

for continued economic reform in Europe but also for renewed

:03:48.:03:56.

investment in transport, energy. P caution those predicting the break-

:03:56.:04:03.

up of the EU. The EU is more than just a construction, it is the

:04:03.:04:13.

product of peace which is... It political project is what unites us

:04:13.:04:17.

beyond momentary difficulties. in Spain today, those momentary

:04:17.:04:22.

difficulties were increasing. The government had to pay more to

:04:22.:04:25.

borrow money. Not helpful in a country where the banking system is

:04:25.:04:30.

in need of massive government funding to stay afloat. Spain's

:04:30.:04:33.

leaders believe the longer the great crisis goes on, the greater

:04:33.:04:39.

the chance that they and others will be dragged down further. This

:04:39.:04:43.

is a slow-moving story. No one knows where it is heading. It is

:04:44.:04:47.

that which is so unnerving. Panagiotis Gripios is a Partner at

:04:47.:04:51.

a Greek company, Solar Production, in Athens. He joins me now via a

:04:51.:05:01.
:05:01.:05:02.

webcam. How worried are you today? I am not

:05:02.:05:07.

as worried as every creek that lives in the country, but I believe

:05:07.:05:11.

all European people of forehead as well because this crisis is a

:05:11.:05:16.

global phenomenon. Is it better for Greece to be in or out of the

:05:16.:05:26.

eurozone? I believe that we should state in the European Community,

:05:26.:05:35.

with the EU -- with the euro currency. The banks need to help

:05:36.:05:38.

the people and they need to communicate and co-operate with

:05:38.:05:44.

each other among the European countries. So, you are prepared to

:05:45.:05:48.

take the austerity, but Europe needs to be more patient with

:05:48.:05:56.

Greece? Of course. Greece has proved that it can do whatever it

:05:56.:06:06.
:06:06.:06:06.

needs to get better and better. However, we all need to be together

:06:06.:06:12.

as one European team, I believe. How is this crisis affecting your

:06:12.:06:17.

business? I do find it difficult to raise money, or to pay your

:06:17.:06:27.
:06:27.:06:29.

employees? It is difficult to get the funds from the banks. They do

:06:29.:06:39.
:06:39.:06:45.

not give as easily as they used to give money to people. We now

:06:45.:06:50.

construct small plants for production from electricity. So

:06:50.:06:57.

banks need to provide the necessary money, that funds, for that. But

:06:57.:07:03.

they don't. They are very suspicious of the project, even

:07:03.:07:08.

though this project is a renewable energy project which is the future

:07:08.:07:14.

of the world, I believe. It does seem as if hundreds of millions,

:07:14.:07:20.

maybe even 1 billion euros has been withdrawn from banks by a Greek

:07:20.:07:26.

people, worried that about what might happen. Had he taken cash out

:07:26.:07:32.

and transferred it to bounce outside Greece? No, I have not. I

:07:32.:07:35.

believed in Greece and I want to believe that the banks will change

:07:35.:07:41.

their attitude to people and we all need to help Greece get better. You

:07:41.:07:48.

may as well, the British and other European countries. Thank you very

:07:48.:07:53.

much indeed for joining us. Now a look at some of the day's

:07:53.:07:56.

other news. Ministers in France's new Socialist government have cut

:07:56.:08:00.

their own pay by 30%. President Hollande, whose salary is also cut,

:08:00.:08:03.

had promised the reduction during his election campaign, saying it

:08:03.:08:06.

was intended to set an example. At their first cabinet meeting, the

:08:06.:08:10.

new government made its main concern to tackle the European debt

:08:10.:08:12.

crisis. Two days after his controversial

:08:12.:08:15.

re-election, the head of Syria's main opposition bloc, Burhan

:08:15.:08:18.

Ghalioun, is resigning. He led the Syrian National Council by

:08:18.:08:21.

consensus rather than being elected, since it was founded in October

:08:21.:08:24.

last year. Ghalioun was re-elected as the main opposition group's

:08:24.:08:27.

chief in a vote held in Rome on Tuesday.

:08:27.:08:30.

In Georgia, three people have been arrested after a gay-rights march

:08:31.:08:34.

in the capital Tbilisi turned violent. It was the first such

:08:34.:08:37.

protest in Georgia and marked the International Day Against

:08:37.:08:41.

Homophobia. But dozens of members of a conservative religious group

:08:41.:08:45.

blocked their way and a fight broke out.

:08:45.:08:48.

Medical experts in Britain have suggested everyone over the age of

:08:48.:08:51.

50 be given the cholesterol- reducing drugs known as statins.

:08:51.:08:55.

The move comes after a new study in the Medical Journal the Lancet

:08:55.:08:59.

found they could reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes by such a

:08:59.:09:02.

margin that even healthy people would benefit.

:09:02.:09:06.

Just two days after it started, the war crimes trial of Ratko Mladic

:09:06.:09:09.

has been delayed indefinitely through a prosecution error. The

:09:09.:09:12.

presiding judge made the decision after it emerged that the

:09:12.:09:15.

prosecution had not passed some 7,000 pages of evidence to Ratko

:09:15.:09:20.

Mladic's lawyers. The defence has asked for six months to process the

:09:20.:09:24.

material. Mr Mladic faces 11 charges of war crimes and crimes

:09:24.:09:31.

against humanity arising from the Bosnian conflict. This report from

:09:31.:09:41.
:09:41.:09:42.

the BBC's Allan Little in the Hague. Today was devoted to the most

:09:42.:09:48.

notorious massacre of the entire war, the killings in Srebrenica in

:09:48.:09:57.

four days in 19... They swat and will remain genocide. He listened

:09:57.:10:01.

we ate reaction as the prosecutor said that the facts of the crime

:10:01.:10:05.

had not been in dispute. The case would focus on his criminal

:10:05.:10:11.

responsibility. The Srebrenica on Clive had been surrounded for three

:10:11.:10:17.

years. By the summer of 1995, 40,000 people were crowded into the

:10:17.:10:25.

town. Serb forces overran the wrong place on July 11th. The court saw

:10:25.:10:32.

video of the main street. 7000 Muslim men and boys were rounded up.

:10:32.:10:38.

In three days, 7000 were murdered by firing squad and their bodies

:10:38.:10:47.

disposed of in mass graves. The B R S carried out then murderous orders

:10:47.:10:49.

with incredible discipline, organisation and military

:10:49.:10:55.

efficiency. The court heard that in January this year for the employers

:10:55.:11:02.

submitted a plea of alibi on the Srebrenica massacres, claiming that

:11:02.:11:06.

when the massacres took place, at the general what in Belgrade at a

:11:06.:11:10.

wedding. The prosecutor said it was inconceivable that killing on that

:11:10.:11:14.

scale could have taken place without his knowledge and advice he

:11:14.:11:20.

gave authority. General Mladic sat passively, listening carefully,

:11:20.:11:27.

listening carefully throughout. It's a tiny outcrop of rock on the

:11:27.:11:30.

southernmost point of Spain, but the issue of who should own

:11:30.:11:33.

Gibraltar has sparked another in a long series of diplomatic spats

:11:33.:11:36.

between Madrid and London. Gibraltar was handed to Britain by

:11:36.:11:40.

Spain as part of the Treaty of Utrecht almost 300 years ago, but

:11:40.:11:43.

many Spaniards believe it should be handed back. The latest dispute has

:11:43.:11:47.

caused Queen Sofia to cancel a visit to the UK on Friday for a

:11:47.:11:50.

lunch celebrating Queen Elizabeth's Diamond Jubilee. The BBC's Tom

:11:50.:11:58.

Burridge reports from Madrid. It is eight years old Royal

:11:58.:12:04.

celebration in Britain. And Queen Elizabeth will next host fellow

:12:04.:12:09.

heads of state for lunch this Friday. But Spain's Queen has now

:12:09.:12:14.

pulled out at the last minute over a growing row between London and

:12:14.:12:19.

Madrid. The dispute is over a tiny slice of land on the southern tip

:12:19.:12:25.

of Spain. Spain and Gibraltar to Britain in 1713. People here tell

:12:25.:12:29.

you they are very British and if you are from mainland Britain, it

:12:29.:12:33.

can seem like home. However, the Spanish government believes the

:12:33.:12:38.

land should be handed back to Spain. That is why when British royals

:12:38.:12:44.

planned to visit the territory, it angers Madrid. Spain's foreign

:12:44.:12:48.

minister had publicly criticised the trip of Princess Ed -- Prince

:12:49.:12:54.

Edward then next month. Some think the Government should have other

:12:54.:12:59.

priorities. TRANSLATION: It is not something I get worked up about.

:12:59.:13:06.

What is true is that in historic terms it is Spanish territory.

:13:06.:13:12.

me it is a good idea not to go to London for the celebration because

:13:12.:13:15.

Gibraltar is like a colony in Spain and for me it is not a good

:13:15.:13:21.

business to have a colony now. TRANSLATION: In cities response to

:13:21.:13:26.

a pass provocation from the British government or the royal family, in

:13:26.:13:30.

normal times it would be the right way to react, but I think Spanish

:13:30.:13:35.

people have something bigger to worry about witches unemployment

:13:35.:13:40.

and the financial situation. Now a row over fishing in the waters

:13:40.:13:44.

surrounding Gibraltar has escalated the dispute, with Queen Sofia

:13:44.:13:49.

announcing she will not attend the lunch at winter council. It seemed

:13:49.:13:53.

the Queen was leant on by Spain's government because it felt the trip

:13:53.:13:59.

to London was not appropriate. The Interior Ministry says Spanish

:13:59.:14:02.

police will escort Spanish fishermen in the water around

:14:02.:14:08.

Gibraltar. People living in Gibraltar will welcome the royal

:14:08.:14:14.

visit but some people here in Spain wished that they would stay away.

:14:14.:14:19.

We can speak to Stephen Constantine, who specialises in Gibraltar at the

:14:19.:14:24.

University of Lancaster. It is the latest in a series of disputes but

:14:24.:14:28.

do you detect a hardening of attitude under the new government

:14:28.:14:32.

in Spain? I think the new government also coincide with the

:14:32.:14:36.

worsening of the situation inside Spain so it is reasonable to

:14:36.:14:41.

suppose that the government, in that situation, is ratcheting up,

:14:41.:14:46.

just as Franco had done in the past, the differences that Spain and

:14:46.:14:51.

Britain have in relation to Gibraltar. We should relate the two

:14:51.:14:54.

things very closely together. Britain says it is up to the people

:14:54.:14:59.

of Gibraltar to decide and it seems the people of reporter are adamant

:14:59.:15:06.

that it should remain British. Does that cut any ice in Spain, up when

:15:06.:15:16.
:15:16.:15:19.

you consider other islands on the I think the reference is often

:15:19.:15:29.
:15:29.:15:30.

raised by people from Gibraltar. They have a very specific identity.

:15:30.:15:35.

There are many people from Britain but a considerable number of people

:15:35.:15:45.
:15:45.:15:48.

go back centuries. There has also been a strong relationship between

:15:48.:15:55.

Spain, the mainland and Gibraltar. That relationship was rather more

:15:55.:16:01.

intimate than people care to remember. There has been an

:16:01.:16:05.

association with Gibraltar before which many of the Spanish

:16:05.:16:12.

dignitaries had attended. The people of Gibraltar and the

:16:12.:16:22.
:16:22.:16:22.

Governor of Gibraltar were close to Spain but things changed

:16:22.:16:31.

dramatically after the Second World War. 1958 was the first time that

:16:31.:16:38.

Frankel indicated displeasure. That became obvious when the Queen

:16:38.:16:44.

herself in 1954 it made a visit to Gibraltar as Queen of Gibraltar,

:16:44.:16:49.

that did spark off a massive dispute between Britain and Spain.

:16:49.:16:58.

The people of Gibraltar were caught in the middle of that. The

:16:58.:17:05.

strangeness has always been there. Princess Anne visited end 2004 and

:17:05.:17:11.

that caused another controversy. The King of Spain did not attend

:17:11.:17:19.

the wedding of Prince Charles and Diana. Are there issues of

:17:19.:17:24.

Conservatives been about smuggling, cigarettes and other contraband?

:17:24.:17:29.

There are. That has always been an issue between the people of

:17:29.:17:34.

Gibraltar and Spain. There is a long tradition of smuggling across

:17:34.:17:43.

the frontier. The police here themselves try to control that. The

:17:43.:17:48.

there has been co-operation between the police forces on either side

:17:48.:17:54.

but when the politics of this situation hot up they find that the

:17:54.:18:00.

controls over the passage of people to and from Gibraltar and Spain

:18:00.:18:05.

becomes more intense. At the Mall and there is a lot of searching of

:18:05.:18:11.

the vehicles going to and from. A lot of time this is genuinely

:18:11.:18:17.

searching for contraband. Sometimes it is just pressure. We are out of

:18:17.:18:27.
:18:27.:18:27.

time but I'm due for joining us. The Olympic flame is now in British

:18:27.:18:30.

hands. It was passed to the Princess Royal, Princess Anne,

:18:30.:18:33.

herself a former Olympic athlete, at a ceremony in Athens. The BBC's

:18:33.:18:40.

Chris Eakin is at the Panathenaic Stadium. The Olympic flame better

:18:40.:18:48.

get used to this. It was an damp send off from Athens. Despite that,

:18:49.:18:52.

the London 2012 delegation insist it will not dampen the impact of

:18:52.:19:01.

the arrival of the claim in the UK. This is an amazing moment for us,

:19:01.:19:05.

it is blighting the touch paper of the 70 defuse that is going to

:19:05.:19:08.

detonate with the great pyrotechnics of the opening

:19:08.:19:14.

ceremony. As the president of the British Olympic Association the

:19:14.:19:19.

Princess Royal has been a central figure in the preparations for the

:19:19.:19:28.

London Games. Back in 1976, Princess Anne became the first

:19:28.:19:32.

member of the Royal Family to compete in the Olympics in Montreal.

:19:32.:19:38.

She is known as a fierce competitor, proud of her sporting heritage. I

:19:38.:19:44.

presume you would have loved to have competed in a home Olympics?

:19:44.:19:50.

would have found it very difficult I suspect to do it on my home patch.

:19:50.:19:56.

I would take to be doing it now, it has gotten worse. Because of the

:19:56.:20:03.

pressures? I think so, so much, for many, the pressures. I think it has

:20:03.:20:10.

got into some of the athletes. Tomorrow, the flame starts its

:20:10.:20:14.

journey back to the UK now in British hands. Could this be the

:20:14.:20:21.

moment when the Olympic Games really take off? The Queen of Disco,

:20:21.:20:25.

Donna Summer, famous for such 70's classics such as Love To Love You

:20:25.:20:29.

Baby, has died in Florida. She was 63. She became a star just as disco

:20:29.:20:33.

was taking off, and came to define the era with a string of hits.

:20:33.:20:43.
:20:43.:20:50.

David Sillito looks back at her life and her music. It was in 1977

:20:50.:20:57.

the sound of the future. The synthesisers with Donna Summer's

:20:57.:21:05.

voice was the birth of electronic dance music. Donna Summer had grown

:21:05.:21:12.

up in Boston and then moved to Germany. It was there she met a

:21:12.:21:18.

music producer experimenting with synthesisers. This song was, for

:21:18.:21:26.

its time, more than racy. It was sexy, and fabulous to dance to.

:21:26.:21:32.

became known as the queen of this goal. She had one of the key

:21:32.:21:40.

records in electronic dance music. She had 29 hit singles and today

:21:40.:21:46.

her family said she was a woman of many gifts, the greatest being her

:21:46.:21:52.

face. Her Christian faith help her recover from the pressures of fame

:21:52.:21:58.

during the disco era and made her uncomfortable with some of her

:21:58.:22:07.

older songs. There was some anti- gay controversy but as the years

:22:07.:22:11.

went on all was forgotten and she performs some of her old songs

:22:11.:22:17.

again. She would remain the Queen of this goal. Donna Summer who has

:22:17.:22:27.
:22:27.:22:30.

died at the age of 63. For the first time in the United States

:22:30.:22:34.

ethnic-minority babies make-up the majority of those born in the

:22:34.:22:42.

country. They made up more than half of the babies born in the

:22:42.:22:47.

first half of 2011. Birth rates are falling sharply among white

:22:47.:22:54.

Americans who had 10% fewer babies than in 2010. That is compared to a

:22:54.:23:00.

decline of 6% for minorities. All were all, ethnic minorities now

:23:00.:23:09.

make up more than 36 % of the US population. We are joined by the

:23:09.:23:12.

Corps Director of Immigration Studies at New York University. How

:23:12.:23:18.

important a tipping point is this, do you think? It is significant in

:23:18.:23:25.

terms of a symbolic moment pointing to a very different American future.

:23:25.:23:31.

That is in terms of demography, ethnicity and in terms of the

:23:31.:23:36.

immigrant origin groups that now it will very firmly constitute the

:23:36.:23:44.

American majority, moving forward. What is white now, then? When we

:23:44.:23:49.

read that white babies are in the minority, who are we talking about?

:23:49.:23:54.

We are talking about the old European origin and United States.

:23:54.:24:00.

The English, Irish, Scots, Germans. Those were really be big immigrant

:24:00.:24:06.

groups over the last 200 years. Their descendants came to enter

:24:06.:24:12.

this broad category that we call quite. I think we are seeing an new

:24:12.:24:17.

America that is increasingly off quite with the New ethnicities and

:24:17.:24:23.

immigrant origin groups constituting a larger share of the

:24:23.:24:29.

population. You look at, for example, Hispanic birth rates and

:24:29.:24:36.

they do seem to be rising, don't they? Yes, they do. However, half

:24:36.:24:42.

of all Hispanics in the US consider themselves white. Also, the story

:24:43.:24:48.

in the US is that immigrant groups, over time, their fertility rates

:24:48.:24:54.

tend to gravitate towards those of the majority population. Hispanics

:24:54.:25:00.

now have larger families but this is true warmly of one generation.

:25:00.:25:05.

Moving forward, they will, like all other Americans, have similarly

:25:05.:25:09.

declining fertility rates. Do we see that in the black American

:25:09.:25:15.

fertility rates as well? The black American fertility rate is

:25:15.:25:20.

relatively stable. The most fascinating story in terms of the

:25:20.:25:26.

black American evolution is that today, here in New York City, half

:25:26.:25:32.

of all black people are immigrant origin. Over the last two

:25:32.:25:37.

generations twice as many blacks have come to the US as immigrants

:25:37.:25:42.

as during the entire slavery period. Looking ahead, we are not looking

:25:42.:25:47.

at a dominant non-white adult population yet but what do you for

:25:47.:25:54.

a seat for 50 or 100 years down the line? We need to be careful because

:25:54.:25:57.

there is a difference between science and science fiction.

:25:57.:26:04.

Predicting what will happen to populations 100 years of -- 100

:26:04.:26:14.
:26:14.:26:19.

years from now, that is just imagination. Today's Gate shows

:26:20.:26:29.

that in deep child and emerging adult population it is already dead

:26:29.:26:34.

case but America will be the Orly post-industrial democracy in the

:26:34.:26:42.

world where shortly have of the adult population will be applauded

:26:42.:26:51.

city of languages and graces. -- plus city of languages and braces.

:26:51.:27:01.
:27:01.:27:07.

That is all from us here for now. Goodbye. A low. Plenty of rain

:27:07.:27:12.

across the country tonight. There will be a killer feel in the

:27:12.:27:18.

freshening easterly breeze. This weather front will give damp

:27:18.:27:21.

conditions to parts of Scotland, Northern Ireland and northern

:27:21.:27:26.

England. To start Friday the north England. To start Friday the north

:27:26.:27:27.

England. To start Friday the north of Scotland and England will be

:27:28.:27:33.

bright but cloud will be thickening as we go on into the afternoon.

:27:33.:27:38.

Still some damp conditions in the North of England in the afternoon

:27:38.:27:43.

but further south it should be drier and brighter. Some sunshine

:27:43.:27:48.

in the east. There will be rain moving up from the south after 4

:27:48.:27:53.

o'clock. Cloud will break in the South West to bring brightness or

:27:53.:27:58.

sunshine. Plenty of cloud in Wales but again hence of sunshine if you

:27:58.:28:03.

are lucky. For Northern Ireland it is mainly dull and damp with

:28:03.:28:07.

disappointing temperatures. The far north of Scotland will continue to

:28:08.:28:12.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS