20/09/2013 World News Today


20/09/2013

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zainab Badawi. Syria hands over

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arsenal to international inspectors. me, Zainab Badawi. Syria hands over

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But is it revealing everything? me, Zainab Badawi. Syria hands over

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the northern town of Azaz. Has the comes as competing rebel groups

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the northern town of Azaz. Has the Sure like tried to overcome deep

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the northern town of Azaz. Has the historic poll after the Civil War.

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coalition on the cards for Angela -- Sri Lanka. Also, is another grand

:00:35.:00:47.

coalition on the cards for Angela And New Zealand on the verge of

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Hello and welcome. Syria has taken the first step in complying with

:00:48.:01:05.

international demands for it to the first step in complying with

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weapons, so they can eventually the first step in complying with

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destroyed. Of course, there is a long way to go before it can be

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established if Syria is acting in good faith and in a transparent

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manner. The Organisation for the based in the Hague, have received

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what they're calling "an initial declaration" from Syria of its

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government is believed to have declaration" from Syria of its

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tonnes of toxic substances. Richard UN inspectors collected samples

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tonnes of toxic substances. Richard the site of the chemical weapons

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attack in Damascus last month. They included the nerve agent sarin had

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been used. Their analysis of the trajectory of the rockets fired

:01:51.:01:58.

been used. Their analysis of the government was responsible. Although

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they still deny this, the Syrian authorities have now started handing

:02:00.:02:04.

details of their chemical weapons community. So it can be removed

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details of their chemical weapons destroyed. Even if this does happen,

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Syria will still be awash with conventional weapons. More than

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Syria will still be awash with years of fighting has left much

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Syria will still be awash with estimated more than 120,000 people

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have died, many others have been seriously injured. Now the Deputy

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Prime Minister of Syria has admitted the regime and rebels have fought

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themselves to a stalemate and has indicated there could be a call

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themselves to a stalemate and has a cease-fire. In an interview with

:02:45.:02:49.

the Guardian newspaper, he said neither the armed opposition or

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the Guardian newspaper, he said regime is capable of defeating the

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other side and he stressed that regime is capable of defeating the

:02:55.:03:02.

regime which change, saying that nobody feared that the regime in its

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hassling government forces may get more help from the West. In the

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hassling government forces may get of weapons supplies aimed at tilting

:03:26.:03:30.

the balance in their favour. But casualties and that is precisely

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what Syria can no longer cope with clinics and hospitals have been

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what Syria can no longer cope with damaged. Medical staff have been

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an interview with the Guardian newspaper, the Deputy Prime Minister

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of Syria has said that neither side is winning and that the struggle for

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This comes as reports are being is winning and that the struggle for

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heard that jihadist fighters from a group known as Isis are battling

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with the main rebel force, the Free Syria Army. With me is the president

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of the Quilliam Foundation, he fighters. Thank you for joining

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of the Quilliam Foundation, he On this issue of Isis, which stands

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for the Islamic state for Iraq and Syria. Who are they exactly? Be

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for the Islamic state for Iraq and to be Al-Qaeda from a chain of

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command perspective. -- be used to be Al-Qaeda from a chain of

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be. There is a lot of questions about what part of Al-Qaeda they

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belong to. But they are in the creation of Al-Qaeda. And their

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objective is what? They believe creation of Al-Qaeda. And their

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are going to re-establish their creation of Al-Qaeda. And their

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ways. It is important that this creation of Al-Qaeda. And their

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established in Syria? They think what is going on in Syria is kind of

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like signs of a prophecy, so they interpretation of some verses of

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Koran and they think this is what is happening now. How many fighters are

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there under Isis? Well, there are thousands in terms of numbers. Up to

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significant presence in Iraq as well. It is still an ongoing process

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of recruitment because a lot of people, they had a dispute about

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leadership, especially the foreign fighters. Most of them, 70% or

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leadership, especially the foreign numbers are still increasing. A

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leadership, especially the foreign of these fighters in are not Syrian

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then? No. The vast majority are communications with any of the

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leaders of Isis? It is part of our work. We have to create some sort

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leaders of Isis? It is part of our channels to give us access. It is

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leaders of Isis? It is part of our know about them? Have they made

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leaders of Isis? It is part of our this is the most, I believe, savage

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of them just killing many people. this is the most, I believe, savage

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Everybody. What happens now? How does this fit in with the Free

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Syrian Army? They are saying that, we cannot fight Assad forces on

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Syrian Army? They are saying that, one hand and also on the other hand

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fight these jihadist? I don't think it is true. I heard that but the

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reality on the ground, I don't think there is any way that the Free

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Syrian Army, especially now, can Islamic state in Iraq in certain

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places because of the relation between, there is that the middle

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level. But with the state itself, I don't think they can work together.

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jihadists, you are talking about? I am talking about the Islamic state

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in Iraq. The Free Syrian Army, they think they should not exist. They

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already engage with them and I do not believe they are going to reach

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any sort of agreement in peace. Sooner or later they have to go

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against each other, head to head, without any doubt. That will add

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another challenging layer to peace in Syria. Thank you for talking

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another challenging layer to peace us. Now let's look at some of the

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day's other news. Two separate attacks on military bases in Yemen

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least 30 soldiers died in a car bombing. Another ten were killed

:09:27.:09:34.

military headquarters in the town of Mayfaa. Hassan Rouhani will meet the

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French president on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York

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next week. The announcement comes amid speculation that Mr Rowhani

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might also meet the US president, marking a major thaw in relations

:09:50.:09:58.

Greenpeace has God on the Russian government to release one of its

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ships after armed forces stormed government to release one of its

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in the Arctic. The activists say their ship was in international

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waters, Russia said it was violating an exclusion zone around an oil

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waters, Russia said it was violating reports, reconciliation is still

:10:28.:10:34.

Celebrations for what the Sri Lankan government calls a new era. In what

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used to be the rebel capital, it is staging a great wedding for fighters

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who have come over to its side. staging a great wedding for fighters

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are happier now, we spend 18 months changed ourselves. We started a

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are happier now, we spend 18 months New development, two, with the

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government spending huge sums to provide the economy in the North,

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but there are priced the Tamil people face is an increased military

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presence. There is a sense of fear here. We have been speaking to

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people and soldiers have shown up, there is a police car nearby and now

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no-one wants to speak to us. A rare voice speaking out is this woman,

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who admits that her son in law was a cat max three rebel but said the

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army arrested the whole family four TRANSLATION: They were just five and

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three years old when they were taken. I have to believe they are

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still alive, that is what keeps taken. I have to believe they are

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going. Otherwise, I would kill The Tamil Tigers became notorious

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for suicide attacks during their 30 year battle for independence. They

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finally succumbed to a massive army offensive four years ago. Both sides

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were accused of atrocities, the rebels of using Tamil civilians

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were accused of atrocities, the indiscriminate shelling, and this

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summer's hopes of reconciliation. This is the same area today read the

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Sri Lankan army defeated the Tamil Tiger rebels. -- this is the same

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area today where the Sri Lankan Tiger rebels. -- this is the same

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defeated the Tamil Tigers. The UN believes up to 40,000 people were

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killed in the fighting here, mostly because of army shelling. This time

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later, the shellacking government is independent investigation. Hugely

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popular in the South, the president feels little pressure to act and is

:12:55.:13:00.

Commonwealth summit. His military dismissed accusations that they

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committed a massacre. TRANSLATION: Not everybody can buy that. Unlike

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in other countries, this war was rebels, not against the civilian

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elections. The land is united now, says one Tamil, but people's minds

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voting in the country's general Germans are just two days away from

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voting in the country's general European and world stage - both

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politically and economically. Let's cross live now to our correspondent

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Katya Adler, in the German capital have affected the whole of Europe

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Katya Adler, in the German capital Berlin Wall, between East and West,

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and now again the world is watching Germany. You have got political

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and now again the world is watching business leaders, international

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markets, watching and hoping that the biggest economy in Europe is

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going to emerge rejuvenated after the elections and save the still

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struggling eurozone. But we are finding on the streets of Germany

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that Germans have more domestic issues on their minds, also linked

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to the economy, and with a whole list of woes. Despite those, as

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to the economy, and with a whole said, Angela Merkel is still needing

:15:02.:15:07.

Earlier I spoke to a well-known economic journalist here in Germany

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and I asked her this secret to Germans call her money, just doing

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having lots of time to have visions or spectacular things in mind, she

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just works for herself, and that seems to be very familiar with the

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German way of living and working. Comforting, not too aggressive,

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German way of living and working. is it a Kevin -- a clever play? She

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does neutralise opponents, but she does have to work with another party

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after these elections, there will be a coalition. It will either be a

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grand coalition with the social Democrats or a smaller one with

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grand coalition with the social Liberal Democrats. She would like to

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coalition, they will have to have a dominated by the social Democrats,

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and that would be the best way to solve the problems ahead for the

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next two years. At home and abroad? consensus between the political

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parties to do the problems together, to solve the things which emerge

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abroad together, but on the domestic basis, it had been a different

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polls suggesting it might scrape into Parliament. How would that

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affect the debate? It will be a wake-up call, even Germans have

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but you do not think they are good. European commission and the European

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but you do not think they are good. of anti-voters, which is unusual.

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but you do not think they are good. people have the impression they

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On paper and its reputation abroad, Germany is Europe's biggest economy

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and a wealthy export nation, but Germans know that looks can be

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deceptive. You have rising poverty, Germans know that looks can be

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deceptive. You have rising poverty, Germany boasts very impressive

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employment figures, that there is no national minimum wage, so poverty in

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poverty as well, 3 million children live in poverty. The cost of living

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is skyrocketing. This is squeezing the middle classes, and increasing

:18:20.:18:26.

numbers of families so they are finding it hard to put food on the

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Across Germany, you see more and more food dished vision centres

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Across Germany, you see more and this springing up on a voluntary

:18:37.:18:41.

basis, local shops donate food to people who need it in the area.

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basis, local shops donate food to centre is called Body and Soul.

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basis, local shops donate food to come here to get food not just for

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yourselves but for your by the granddaughter. I have been here

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yourselves but for your by the a year, because I lost my job, a

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librarian, a scientific librarian. I need the money for my flat, because

:19:13.:19:17.

the rent is very high, and that need the money for my flat, because

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why I am here. What about you? One can be surprised a former librarian

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is here, a former student, you have academic degrees. You do not find

:19:30.:19:36.

work. Do you have friends in the same situation? Yes, it is difficult

:19:36.:19:42.

to find a job when you do not have experience of. That is why I am

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here. Outside Germany, people think it is such a wealthy country, you

:19:49.:19:54.

are not going to get people like degrees, who need to come in and get

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food, this is the wealthiest economy country, but if you study somebody

:20:00.:20:13.

like me, it is very difficult to get a job. How do you feel about the

:20:13.:20:20.

future? Hopefully you have a long, healthy life have a few, do you

:20:20.:20:25.

future? Hopefully you have a long, the elections as a new beginning for

:20:25.:20:51.

Pollsters say that up to a third of openly. Many people that we chatted

:20:51.:21:17.

Pollsters say that up to a third of not made up their mind, so the

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political parties are scrambling not made up their mind, so the

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votes, because the polls show it is such a tight race between a party

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coalition, every vote counts. When it comes to the Chancellor, the

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polls say Angela Merkel will get the third term, but you outlined some of

:21:35.:21:41.

country which is seen as the big powerhouse of Europe. Has she got

:21:41.:21:46.

any big ideas of how to tackle those problems? It is interesting about

:21:46.:21:54.

Angela Merkel, she is so successful, she has bucked the trend in the

:21:54.:22:00.

Angela Merkel, she is so successful, We have seen governments fall, but

:22:00.:22:04.

Angela Merkel, she has been in power for eight years, she is riding so

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high. The secret of her success for eight years, she is riding so

:22:06.:22:13.

that she says absolutely nothing. If you followed the election campaign,

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and before, she is a master of appearing on German TV or at rallies

:22:17.:22:29.

and appearing calm, collected, in control, but actually saying very

:22:29.:22:33.

little. Many Germans say they like presidential, she does not have

:22:33.:22:40.

little. Many Germans say they like political opponents, and that is

:22:41.:22:41.

well received. But what she has political opponents, and that is

:22:41.:22:46.

post leave, nobody is sure, she political opponents, and that is

:22:46.:22:50.

not seen as an ideologue, much more of a pragmatist, somebody who goes

:22:50.:23:02.

science. She is seen as a careful scientist. Do not expect a big bang

:23:02.:23:06.

after this election, a big change in the course of German politics,

:23:06.:23:12.

either at home or abroad. Everybody is leaving Angela Merkel will be at

:23:12.:23:17.

the helm, but we do not know who will be at her side in coalition. We

:23:17.:23:21.

will be keeping you up-to-date with that. To have a look. We will be

:23:21.:23:28.

having an election special on Sunday night from 4pm on the BBC News

:23:28.:23:34.

take pride in, it is their sporting success, and there is expectation

:23:34.:23:52.

that they will clinch a major title in the world of yachting. They are

:23:52.:23:56.

just one win away from taking the in the world of yachting. They are

:23:56.:24:18.

just one win away from taking the past USA. They have, yes, the race

:24:18.:24:20.

40 miles an hour, but with speed in is starting in the next couple of

:24:20.:24:39.

40 miles an hour, but with speed in mind. When the wind picks up, they

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left off and hydrofoil across the bay. It is like Formula 1 racing on

:24:41.:24:50.

dangerous, there was an accident in the build-up to this race which

:24:51.:24:58.

dangerous, there was an accident in to one sailor losing his life. It

:24:58.:25:00.

depends on the wind. If the wind speed is too high, and if the tide

:25:00.:25:03.

is too high, the boats will not speed is too high, and if the tide

:25:03.:25:10.

happened yesterday. It was one race that the Kiwis needed in order to

:25:10.:25:14.

win. The Americans won the first race, taking it to 8-2. The second

:25:14.:25:20.

race was cancelled. The wind builds up here. All of the racing is close

:25:20.:25:24.

watching. The finishing line is up here. All of the racing is close

:25:25.:25:30.

there, which makes it exciting. up here. All of the racing is close

:25:30.:25:35.

of these cameras all over them, audio feeds, so you can hear the

:25:35.:25:39.

sailors as they are deciding their tactics and strategy. You can see

:25:39.:25:43.

how close the boats get as they tactics and strategy. You can see

:25:43.:25:48.

around the bay. It is very calm behind you, but it sounds very

:25:48.:25:53.

exciting. USA are on their home ground, anybody cheering on New

:25:53.:26:01.

Zealand? Oh, yes, most of the people Zealand colours, half of New Zealand

:26:01.:26:07.

has come to San Francisco! It has been an amazing Grace. They have

:26:07.:26:13.

taken a huge lead. The Americans have been clawing it back. The

:26:13.:26:21.

they started with -2, as a result of being accused of cheating, so they

:26:21.:26:28.

had a mountain to climb. But it depends on the wind. In the two

:26:28.:26:33.

races planned today, we are hoping they will both take place. But the

:26:33.:26:41.

My programme editor is from New Zealand, so I can tell you who is

:26:41.:26:42.

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