24/09/2013 World News Today


24/09/2013

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. "The monster of

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terrorism is defeated" - the words of Kenya's president, four days

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Kenyan forces are said to have killed five militants and captured a

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declared. The criminals find us unafraid, as we shall ever be.

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A rare glimpse of the attackers themselves. Forensic scientists

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A rare glimpse of the attackers now determining if any are American

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descend on the United Nations In New York. Will President Obama have

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descend on the United Nations In New historic meeting with his Iranian

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Himalayas to see how pollution from melting the glaciers which help

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Hello and welcome. Kenya's president Islamist militants who stormed a

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Nairobi shopping mall have been "shamed and defeated". He says five

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captured. There is still confusion, though. Kenya's Foreign Minister

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says that a British woman is among the attackers. Other ministers say

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six this morning. Some militants were said to be barricaded inside a

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casino. Others were thought to be holed up in the main supermarket,

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where fires continued to burn. The flames spread through the building

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where fires continued to burn. The Andrew Harding reports from Nairobi

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of us, least of all the affected. Our losses are immense. To the

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honour and memory of those who lost their lives in this attack, I have

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declared three days of national mourning, starting tomorrow, during

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defeated our attackers. That part of half-mast throughout the country.

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defeated our attackers. That part of our task is being completed by a

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The Kenyan president speaking there. Room by room, Kenyan troops moving

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militants, wary of booby-trapped. Here you can just make out a soldier

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And now, from inside the battle scarred shopping centre, a rare

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glimpse of the attackers themselves. claimed responsibility for the

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bloodshed, say it is genuine. A block away, the city is returning to

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life, many here wondering who is behind the carnage. Someone from

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information that we have, two or three Americans, and I think so

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information that we have, two or British-born woman? Yes, I think she

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That sounds like a reference to Samantha Lewthwaite, the widow of

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one of the London 7/7 bombers. But evidence she is involved. I heard

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loud, heavy gunfire. As to whether any women have taken part, this

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survivor insists he saw one black woman. She had a skirt to just below

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her knees, a headband. She was throwing a grenade at the cafe.

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her knees, a headband. She was you sure she was a woman? She looked

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like a woman. Meanwhile, purses you sure she was a woman? She looked

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mortuaries are preparing to receive more bodies. There is a deep concern

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that the death toll from four days of the purist terror could now rise

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As President Kenyatta declared three promised a full accountability for

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destruction, death, pain, loss and suffering, more harrowing stories

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have been emerging about those who were caught up in the shooting.

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have been emerging about those who The day after the assault. We still

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father. Jenna and her mother from Jenna Bauer, pictured here with

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father. Jenna and her mother from British boy was lucky to escape

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father. Jenna and her mother from sister, being led to safety by their

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mother. Lindsay Qatar, who lives in Nairobi but is originally from South

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Wales, was also out doing some outside, just down the steps, and

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Wales, was also out doing some her not to watch the news. And I saw

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was talking to her that the man behind her got shot as she was

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running with the baby. He probably saved her life. Over the past few

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days, Lindsay and her family had been able to hear the shots and

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explosions coming from the ongoing security operation at the Westgate

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Centre nearby. I just want to go home and take my family home. The

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situation now, the place is unsafe. It is going to happen again. We

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situation now, the place is unsafe. been warned it is going to happen

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again. And this time, maybe or maybe not, we will survive it, we might

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not. After the attack, most of the attention were brought to this

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hospital just nearby, and also the Amongst them, a number of addition

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National Civic been caught up in the siege. As well as medical treatment,

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some of the survivors have been receiving counselling for their

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trauma. But the Kenya Red Cross receiving counselling for their

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With me is Raffaello Pantucci, a senior research fellow at the Royal

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United Services Institute and expert in counter-terrorism. Thank you

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United Services Institute and expert coming in. We are still not clear

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about what has happened. But a lot of people were involved in setting

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information, I see the financial Times is now saying online that

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information, I see the financial militants had rented a shop in the

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Westgate mall as part of their planning, and had been smuggling in

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equipment. Everything we are hearing points to a long planned operation.

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Clearly an operation of this size and scale is something that requires

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a lot of reparation ahead of time. To get a cell of six people into

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this area, to have weapons and enough equipment to be able to

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sustain themselves for a long period of time, and detailed knowledge

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sustain themselves for a long period the site itself. This requires

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reconnaissance trips. So this is probably an operation that was

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planned for some time. And we know Somalia, but this is also important

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on the wider stage. There are a been threatening to do this for

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on the wider stage. There are a is also something Al-Shabab talks

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about a lot. It talks with the rhetoric of Al-Qaeda. The other

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element is that within Al-Shabab we have sued been seeing something

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element is that within Al-Shabab we power struggle happening of late, so

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it is possible we have seen that a group taking over the organisation

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is showing that it is running and group taking over the organisation

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able to conduct these sorts of international attention for days.

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services involved. It is something we look at Al-Shabab historically,

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they have previous form with using operations. In modern -- Mogadishu,

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there was an attack against the Supreme Court by Al-Shabab, and

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there was a Canadian national used in that. So they do have form of

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using these people, so it wouldn't be surprising. What you make of

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using these people, so it wouldn't way the Kenyan government forces

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have respond -- responded? They way the Kenyan government forces

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repeatedly declared this to be over when it is not quite. But from what

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we have seen, what do you make of their handling of this? They are

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dealing with a difficult and dynamic situation. They had a dedicated

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dealing with a difficult and dynamic who had been training of this for

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awhile and hold themselves up in what they saw was an easy place

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awhile and hold themselves up in secure, and they have hostages as

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perspective, this is a difficult situation. So they have had to

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even from what President Kenyatta has been saying, it is possible

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even from what President Kenyatta is not completely over, maybe some

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people have slipped out. So I think to do forensic examinations of how

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they conducted themselves is may be premature. Understood. Thank you for

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Iran's foreign ministry says the country could be at the beginning of

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a new era in relations with the West. There are hopes for progress

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during a meeting at the UN this West. There are hopes for progress

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about Iran's nuclear programme. West. There are hopes for progress

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a great deal of talk about whether Iran's new president Hassan Rouhani

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will meet the US leader Barack Obama - even for a moment, even in private

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- at some point today. Nick Bryant reports from the UN. The United

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gathering of over 100 world leaders, whether the length of your motorcade

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as part of your power. Barack Obama has become more reliant on diplomacy

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challenges of Syria and Iran. On resolution, enshrining the chemical

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weapons handover deal agreed with America and Russia. If we cannot

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agree even on this, then it will show that the United Nations is

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incapable of enforcing the most basic of international laws. This

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confronted by an Iranians president, basic of international laws. This

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walk-outs from the hall. Now a very Matt made Ahmadinejad, promoted

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walk-outs from the hall. Now a very different leader, Hassan Rouhani, is

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nuclear programme, that can serve different leader, Hassan Rouhani, is

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the possibility of a brief encounter towards a different relationship.

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the possibility of a brief encounter since the 1970s have the leaders of

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face-to-face. History may be in since the 1970s have the leaders of

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researcher on Iran at the Carnagie Endowment for International Peace.

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Washington. Thank you for joining us. President Obama they're saying

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meaningful agreement. Can we get to a meaningful agreement? What does he

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mean by that? Meaningful agreement would mean Iran making meaningful

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compromises on its nuclear programme in terms of capping its production

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exhibiting greater transparency in terms of capping its production

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exchange for meaningful sanctions relief from the United States, from

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the European Union and the United Nations. And what would leader to

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this would be some sort of meeting between the two leaders today, a

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feeling that everything is in play again. So even though we won't get a

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photograph, how important would again. So even though we won't get a

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a brief meeting be? If there is again. So even though we won't get a

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handshake or a meeting, it would significant diplomatic encounters

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between Washington and ter an since the 1979 revolution. I would make

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the argument that there has never be four been an administration in

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diplomacy with Iran than President secretary John Kenny -- John Kerry.

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And in Iran we have never had a group more amenable to diplomacy to

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Rouhani and his Foreign Minister. So opportunity which both sides are

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trying to seize. It could be that President Rouhani is being led to

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economic situation in Iraq. Does it matter what the motivation is as

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long as there is a result? That matter what the motivation is as

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Rouhani's mandate was to assure matter what the motivation is as

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well-being of Iranians citizens matter what the motivation is as

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reducing international sanctions. In order to do that, it would require a

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nuclear deal. The big question here President Rouhani. There is a lot of

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other actors at play here, including the US Congress, which would have to

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relief, Ayatollah, nay, the supreme leader who has long been cynical of

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with Obama and President Rouhani. leader who has long been cynical of

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discussions. This is probably the are quartered. There must be lively

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discussions. This is probably the in the last 50 years since the

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discussions. This is probably the revolution. I would describe it

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discussions. This is probably the think anyone necessarily thinks

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discussions. This is probably the overnight, but never before had

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discussions. This is probably the path towards some type of peace

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presented itself and I think the Obama Administration is taking it

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very seriously and they wanted to resolve. Thank you. Let's give you a

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brief look at some of the day's other news. Russian prosecutors

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brief look at some of the day's charged with piracy, a charge that

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carries a jail term of up to 15 years. The campaigners have been

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detained since their protest last Thursday. Two activists tried to

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platform in a protest against oil Lawyers for four men sentenced to

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death for raping and murdering a young woman on a Delhi bus have

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convictions. All death penalty cases in India must be confirmed by a

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higher court. It could take weeks or arguments, review evidence and

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consider the appeals before deciding whether to confirm the execution

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A powerful earthquake has struck the people. The quake was felt as far

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away as Karachi, forcing people people. The quake was felt as far

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Geological Survey measured the tremor at a magnitude of 7.4. The

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devastating suicide bombing at an Anglican church in Pakistan on

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Sunday, in which more than 80 people died, has led many to question the

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government's policy of trying to start a dialogue with the Taliban.

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In this report, a BBC reporter looks at the debate on how to bring an end

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In one violent moment, this family was torn apart. This Christian that

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lost six relatives in the attack on the church. TRANSLATION: There is no

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substitute for the brothers I lost. families here dealing with their

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sudden losses. Over 80 people are now known to have died when two

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suicide bombers blew themselves now known to have died when two

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amongst the congregation that had just finished Sunday Mass here.

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Christian protesters have since directed at the authorities are

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Christian protesters have since giving them protection but also

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Christian protesters have since politicians who have been calling

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TRANSLATION: The Prime Minister politicians who have been calling

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thousands of civilians and soldiers preparing ground for dialogue with

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thousands of civilians and soldiers violence, they feel here is that

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position. Whether it is Christians this country is still grappling

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position. Whether it is Christians of tiny cooking stoves in Pakistan,

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Bangladesh and India is causing of tiny cooking stoves in Pakistan,

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UN's climate panel - meeting in Stockholm - will say soot in the

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smoke darkens white glaciers, making them absorb more heat. Campaigners

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promote the use of new clean cooking protect millions of people from

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promote the use of new clean cooking disease. Our environment analyst,

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The Himalayas. People have had an centuries. No pollution is changing

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the landscape here. By heating the claimant. We travelled far into

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the landscape here. By heating the mountains to see how global warming

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is melting glaciers. We have come to join this scientist on a trek to a

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certain glacier. There it is, in the windswept distance, at 17,000 feet,

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a great slab of ice clinging to windswept distance, at 17,000 feet,

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mountain. The doctor and details to a satellite map of the glacier

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valley. All glacier is grow in winter but received in summer but he

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can tell from rock deposits that this glacier is shrinking overall

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deposits on the left bank and the right bank. These are deposits which

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have been left by the glacier after it has melted. We approached the

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glacier's gleaming snout, full of dust and rock. Scientists say the

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worldwide are shrinking like this and will continue to recede if

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greenhouse gases heat the planet as predicted. It matters. Here is why.

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Glacier is like this one further throughout the summer, precious

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water that is used for people to irrigate their fields. There is

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millions of people across northern India who depend on meltwater from

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the glacier 's. In the nearby town, they relied on clay seal meltwater

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to swell the famous apples during the dry season. The traders say

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to swell the famous apples during the glacier is disappear, their

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crops will suffer. Now scientists have identified a new threat to

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glaciers, smoke, the filthy smoke pollution cloud, stretching across

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the cloud fall on glacier 's and the Himalayas. City particles from

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the cloud fall on glacier 's and turn them darker, that makes them

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who cannot afford a modern cooker. well as the environment. This woman

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who cannot afford a modern cooker. TRANSLATION: The mud store turns my

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who cannot afford a modern cooker. house or lack, it makes me cough,

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Their neighbour purchased his four daughters a new clean stove as part

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of a British government aid scheme. He can protect women and glacier is

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from cooking smoke if there is a will. The picture on global climate

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sign that things will improve. about endangered species that we all

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baby pandas in China will make many animal lovers very happy. The cubs

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were shown to the public at the Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Base.

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Tiny and clinging to survival, just being born is a triumph for these

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pandas. 14 new arrivals in the past three months. At ten's giant Reading

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Centre in Chengdu, this year has been the most successful in two

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decades. They were all conceived artificially, pandas are notoriously

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bad at reproducing Natalie. It is Another, their habitat is shrinking,

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even here in the high mountains Another, their habitat is shrinking,

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Sichuan, you cannot escape the population. Tourists come by the

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millions and do not see any pandas. All that remains are the souvenirs

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animals in zoos. And only one panda born in captivity has ever been

:25:57.:26:01.

taken to the wild and reintroduced successfully. So China's breeding

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programme is not going to repopulate its parts with pandas. What it does

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do is keep the species alive and earn China a lot of money. To hire a

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pair of growing pandas, a zoo like per year, so these new arrivals

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pair of growing pandas, a zoo like extremely valuable. No wonder they

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Just to remind you of our main news. Kenya's president said the Nairobi

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completed. He has declared three days of national mourning. At least

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including five militants, 11 others, he says, are in custody. That is all

:26:45.:26:49.

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