06/11/2013 World News Today


06/11/2013

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This is BBC new -- World News Today. Evidence emerges that Yassir Arafat

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may have died from polonium poisoning. Forensic tests on the

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bones of the former Palestinian leader said polonium Lemuel 's -

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polonium levels were many times higher than normal.

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Coming up, the bad black -- the backlash from Edward Snowden's

:00:33.:00:40.

spying revelations. And a new look for shop mannequins. A British

:00:41.:00:44.

retailer is to showcase larger sizes. Is it a publicity stunt or

:00:45.:00:47.

will they sell more clothes? Hello and welcome. Forensic tests on

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the body of the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat are reported to

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show unexpectedly high levels of radioactive polonium according to a

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team of Swiss experts. Mr Arafat died nine years ago but his body was

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exhumed last year amid claims he had been poisoned. His widow says he was

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the victim of a political assassination. We can go to the West

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Bank and speak to our correspondent. What more can you tell us about the

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report? This is a long report and I haven't had the chance to read all

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of it yet. It comes from the University Centre of legal

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medicine, a highly respected forensic medical institution. They

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have been looking into the possible causes of his death. A dose they

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were given belongings from the late Palestinian leader by his widow in

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conjunction with the news channel, Al-Jazeera, which was conducting an

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investigation as part of a documentary. They found traces of

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polonium and radioactive elements at that stage. Last year we saw

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dramatic action here where the remains of Yasser Arafat's worth

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exhumed and 20 samples were given to the team of scientists from

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sweetness -- Switzerland to conduct tests. There were samples given to

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French and Russian scientists as well. These are the Swiss findings

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and they suggest that 18 times the normal levels of radioactive

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polonium in his remains were found. They support the idea that the late

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Palestinian leader was poisoned There are caveats when you read this

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report. The evidence has deteriorated. It was eight years

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before it all started. There is a variation on the samples and the

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results are not as accurate as they would have liked. This is an

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impaired -- an important and sensitive story in the middle east.

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It is. If you talk to Palestinians, many remember those days. It was in

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2004 in October that Yassir Arafat fell mysteriously ill. His compound

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had been under attack. Part of it have been destroyed and then the

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news came that he had some kind of flu but his condition rapidly

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deteriorated. Egyptian and Tunisian doctors were unable to find the

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cause. There were these scenes when he was flown out by helicopter and

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taken to Paris where he finally died on the 11th of November. They are

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looking at how he may have died and who may have killed him, if that is

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indeed what happened. Also it is important to mention that Israel has

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come out strongly denying it had any involvement in Yassir Arafat's

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death. Thank you. Let us now bring you some reaction out of Israel It

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is a story that is moving. An Israeli Foreign Ministry

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spokesperson has told the BBC that this is more soap opera than

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science. He says the two investigative teams were

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commissioned by interested parties as to what happened. They never

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bothered to look for traces of radioactivity. He says the other

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huge hole in their theory is the outs -- absence of access to the

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French hospital where Yassir Arafat died and access to his files. There

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will be much more on this story that that is where we are at the moment

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with the report. To Russia now where the artistic

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director of the Bolshoi Ballet has been describing the moment he had

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acid thrown in his face earlier this year. An attack which nearly blinded

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him. A former top dancer at the Bolshoi has been tried of that

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assault along with two other men in a case that has revealed a bitter

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infighting at the world famous ballet company.

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He had been badly burnt and nearly blinded. This was the Bolshoi

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Ballet's artistic director and someone had thrown sulphuric acid it

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into his face. Now he had the chance to face his assailants. From the

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crush of TV cameras outside the court room, you could tell the drama

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inside would be as gripping as anything you had ever seen on the

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stage of the Bolshoi. That is because among those on trial here is

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one of the ballet troupe 's own dancers. Pavel Dmitrichenko is

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accused of organising the attack. He said he had seething resentment to

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his boss. He was described as a talented dancer who he had promoted

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but would turn against him. He angrily rejected click games by the

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dancer. He had taken bribes and had intimate relations with some of the

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ballet rage -- but -- ballerinas. The Bolshoi Ballet has always been

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one of the jewels in Russia's cultural crown. This court case is a

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huge embarrassment. It shines a spotlight on a murky backstage world

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of job -- jealousy, rivalry and revenge. That's comes as no surprise

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to those who know the Bolshoi Ballet well. There is so much jealousy

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inside the theatres but not in such a big thing like the Bolshoi. It is

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something huge and what we see now is criminal is. Geller macro Sergei

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Filin has had operations to save his site. He spoke of the excruciating

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pain he felt after the attack and said he would never forgive those

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who have carried it out. In the first big round of US

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elections since President Obama was returned to the White House, New

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York has elected its first democratic mayor for 30 -- 20 years.

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The proceeds Michael Bloomberg who is stepping down after three terms.

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In New Jersey, there has been a significant vote with a straight

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talking moderate Republican, Chris Christie, re-elected as state

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governor. That makes him a front runner to be the Republican

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candidate for the next elections in 2016.

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In Virginia, Terry McAuliffe has beaten off his conservative rival to

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become governor. It has been -- he has been a close eye -- ally of

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Hillary Clinton. Here in the UK, the three heads of

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the intelligent ache -- agencies are here to talk about their work in

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public for the first time tomorrow. The chiefs of MI5, MI6 and GCHQ were

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expected to face tough questions at Westminster over the extent of

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internets of -- surveillance. There have been questions raised in

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Germany, spec and the Netherlands. This is an issue that is not going

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away. -- Spain. You have received accolades for the

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way you have tried to use technology. I have always seen you

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as an evangelist for the Internet. We are looking at a real backlash

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against the Internet -- against the internets, against spying. Our

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information networks are like nuclear power. We see the technology

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is taking on the values and intentions of the users. It is the

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same way in which the internets can create value and be used extensively

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for surveillance. What do you think when you see Angela Merkel voicing

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her outrage and distaste? She came from a state where surveillance is

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chilling. If somebody hacks my phone, I will get really mad. Europe

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as to be viewed within its full context. I worked for Hillary

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Clinton for many years and had to tussle more than once with the

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surveillance firms that worked in and around Munich for selling

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sophisticated surveillance gear The French have been very angry about

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reports. They get the crown jewel themselves further and proficiency

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in this area. Let's be honest, a lot of different countries are doing

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this. When we have these revelations like from Edwin Snowden, is your

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reaction to -- Edward Snowden, Israel -- is your reaction that you

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knew this all in -- all along? The questions are reasonable. They are

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valid. Shouldn't people like you raise questions thinking that the

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public should know more about what is happening in terms of their

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communications being monitored? Philip -- Hillary Clinton showed

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real leadership. We need to have a global dialogue about the balance

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between privacy -- privacy and security. Security without freedom

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is oppressive. Freedom without security is fragile. We need to

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figure out how we can reconcile the -- these two things. Do you detect a

:11:59.:12:04.

different reaction on both sides of the Atlantic? In the states, is that

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sends of security Paramount? It has shifted. There are responses to the

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attack that were warranted after 9/11. The US is in a state of

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perpetual war. We have to keep our country safe. The response from

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everyday Americans was as loud as it was from people in Europe and so

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what I think a conclusion is that have to have an executive

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oversight, judicial oversight and more congressional oversight over

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these programmes. The technologies are not going away. Twitter is about

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to go public, to sell shirts -- shares. This is the next big thing.

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Doesn't that lead to concerns about monetising content? You are a

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commodity more than a citizen, aren't you? I believe these

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companies ought to have the right to build business models -- around

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personal data, around communications and other such things. This is and

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should have the freedom to say that they don't want it. Bureaucrats in

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Brussels, Washington, London, say they need to regulate this so the

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people who use the platforms have fair shake, it is controversial I

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can't let you leave without asking you about Hillary Clinton. You know

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her so well. I know you think she would make a good President. The

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question is it whether she wants to go through that back in 2016. She

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hasn't made a decision yet. I am very biased. I have an

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11-year-olds, an eight-year-old daughter and a six-year-old son I

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would love them to grow up in a country with Hillary Clinton as

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President and I would not like them to grow up in a country with one of

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these crazy right wing people. Run, Hillary, run.

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The former boyfriend of Amanda Knox, Raffaele Sollecito, has been giving

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evidence in an Italian court at a retrial hearing. The 29-year-old is

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back in court for the appeal trial in Florence, which sees the former

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lovers accused of killing British student, Meredith Kerchner in Italy

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six years ago. But Amanda Knox has refused to leave her home city of

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Seattle. Alan Johnston reports. In this seemingly endless case, yet

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another day in court. And an important one. Amanda Knox could not

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be compelled to attend and she has stayed at home in America, but her

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co-accused, her former boyfriend, Raffaele Sollecito, was present to

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give dramatic testimony. The prosecution said he and Amanda Knox

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were involved in forcing Amanda Kirchner into sexual acts that

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spiralled out of control, a game that ended in a brutal murder. But

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he insisted it wasn't true, and he is not a merciless killer.

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TRANSLATION: there is no sense in thinking I had any interest in

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committing an atrocious act on a 20-year-old girl. This has no

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foundation in reality. This has been going on for too many years. My life

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has changed completely. It is more than six years since Meredith

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Kercher was murdered. Her promising life cut short at the age of just

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21. All this time, her family have you forced to wait and says, for

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some sense that justice has been done. And while they wait, Amanda

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Knox is defending herself in the court of public opinion. Appearing

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on television in America and elsewhere, denying any involvement

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in the killing. Her lawyers say her case has received a boost today

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There has been a new examination of this knife. The defence will claim

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the latest DNA tests supports that this is not the murder weapon, and

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it cannot link Amanda Knox to the killing. But the prosecution will

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bitterly contested that argument and the court room wrangling will go on

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into the New Year. When you look in shop windows at the

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mannequins used to model clothes, they're usually conventionally

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pretty and relatively thin. Today the British clothing chain

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Debenhams has said it's going to introduce larger mannequins. It says

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British high street fashion has been showcased for too long on dummies

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that are three sizes too small, and it hopes women will be more likely

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to buy clothes that will look good on them. The standard dress size for

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British mannequins on the high Street is an eight or ten. A far cry

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from the average which is more likely to be 16. Debenhams has

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decided to make body image is more realistic by becoming the first

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retailer to bring in a size 16 manikin for their clothes.

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Beautiful, famous and slim. Driven by the fashion industry and

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celebrity culture, pressure on women to be thin, many argue, is at and at

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worst, potentially dangerous. One High St retailer has decided to

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act. Debenhams has launched a new size 16 manikin to appear alongside

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its standard size ten. The retailer says it has a moral obligation to

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reflect the clothes size of its shoppers, but it makes commercial

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sense with similar strategies producing huge amounts of positive

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publicity. It is important to be as inclusive as we can. We started this

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activity four years ago when principles launched a model that was

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in a wheelchair. And also swimwear shops and lingerie. Not all our

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customers are a size eight and five at ten tall. That is the theory in

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the boardroom, but what do shoppers thing? It is clear, we are not all

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size eight and ten. I would not even dare to see if there is anything in

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my size, because it intimidates me. You get a more realistic view of

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what it will look like. Debenhams is trying to seize the moral high

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ground when it comes to female body image. But with more serious issues

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worth addressing, like equal pay, forced marriage or even Twitter

:19:20.:19:24.

abuse, is this debate about mannequins simply an unhelpful

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distraction? Presenting realistic female body images to consumers

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says the government, is important. Today it came out in favour of the

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size 16 manikin. A range of issues affect women. This is an important

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one, particularly when you look at the rising rates of eating disorders

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and the impact this lack of body confidence can have. But it is not

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the only issue. It is one of many things we're working on in

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government. The debate on how close are presented mannequins is likely

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to continue as the average British woman now wears a size 16. So far,

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no other retailers have plans to follow Debenhams.

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With me is Amber Jane Butchart, fashion historian and associate

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lecturer at the London College of Fashion. Is this something to be

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applauded, this note of realism Definitely. Debenhams have been

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Trailblazers on the high Street in this regard. They stopped

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airbrushing in their editorial campaigns. All these initiatives are

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great, and I hope it will signal a brighter, more diverse future for

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the British high street. I suppose what will matter and whether

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Debenhams sees its clothes sales going up. It does have two have

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profit out of this manoeuvre? That is true. But a study has been

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published in Cambridge which found if women are looking at fashion

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images on a wider range of models, models they perceive to be more like

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themselves, not some unattainable ideal, they are more likely to buy

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clothing from these images. When you are looking at Vogue or any of the

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other magazines, they are still skinny models. They are

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aspirational. So when you say you see something closer to you in the

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store, you want it to be more like you? I think so, yes. There is a

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lack of diversity across a number of areas. I was at a conference last

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week at the London College of fashion which celebrated ageing

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which is something the fashion industry ignores, largely. Ethnicity

:21:45.:21:50.

is always an issue during the international collections this

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season. High-profile models sent an open letter to the people who run

:21:56.:22:00.

fashion week saying, these catwalks are largely white, there is not

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enough diversity across a number of different areas. Is Debenhams being

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a trailblazer or has this been tried in other markets, in other

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countries? There is a particular department store in Sweden that has

:22:15.:22:18.

used a range of different mannequins for about ten years. This kind of

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circulated online a few months ago, some images from 2010. They were

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using a variety of size ten, size 16 models, similar to the Debenhams's

:22:31.:22:37.

sizes. It got a range of reactions. People were saying it was promoting

:22:38.:22:41.

obesity, which is a crazy idea. It was missing the point. To say

:22:42.:22:48.

someone is the average size is promoting obesity, it shows a lack

:22:49.:22:52.

of awareness. We are talking about women, women's images and

:22:53.:23:00.

mannequins. Do men not have the problem with that image? It is

:23:01.:23:05.

predominantly a female issue. But body issues among men are growing as

:23:06.:23:12.

well. It is becoming more and more something that men will think about.

:23:13.:23:16.

They are all tall, slim mannequins in the windows of men's stores as

:23:17.:23:24.

well? Yes, you get things on the physique you have the dedicated your

:23:25.:23:31.

entire life to getting. That is equally not a normal body shape It

:23:32.:23:35.

is something that if it reaches the same proportions, will have to be

:23:36.:23:39.

addressed in the fashion industry as well.

:23:40.:23:42.

Thanks for coming to talk this through.

:23:43.:23:46.

Now a look at some of the other news.

:23:47.:23:52.

The levels of gases in the atmosphere that drive global warming

:23:53.:23:55.

have increased to a record high That's according to the latest data

:23:56.:23:58.

from the World Meteorological Organization. It says atmospheric

:23:59.:24:01.

CO2 grew more rapidly last year than its average rise over the past

:24:02.:24:04.

decade. And concentrations of both methane and nitrous oxide also broke

:24:05.:24:08.

previous records. A series of small explosions outside

:24:09.:24:11.

the regional Communist Party headquarters in Taiyuan in Shanxi

:24:12.:24:14.

province in northern China have killed at least one person and

:24:15.:24:16.

injured several others. No explanation has been given for the

:24:17.:24:20.

incident, but tensions in China are high after a car ran into a crowd in

:24:21.:24:23.

Tiananmen Square in Beijing last week. The government called that

:24:24.:24:27.

incident a terrorist attack. The Colombian government and the

:24:28.:24:30.

leftist Farc rebels have announced an agreement on the conditions and

:24:31.:24:33.

guarantees for the Marxist guerrillas participation in formal

:24:34.:24:35.

politics after their eventual demobilisation. The announcement was

:24:36.:24:39.

made in the Cuban capital, Havana, where the two parties have been

:24:40.:24:42.

holding peace talks since November 2012.

:24:43.:24:49.

When Captain Cook first sailed to the Pacific he brought back sketches

:24:50.:24:54.

of some of the unusual creatures he'd seen on his voyage. These were

:24:55.:24:59.

later turned into paintings, giving the British public their first ever

:25:00.:25:02.

glimpse of the Kangaroo and the dingo. The works, which were first

:25:03.:25:06.

shown at the Royal Academy back in 1773, have now been saved for the

:25:07.:25:11.

nation thanks to generous donation. Our Arts Editor Will Gompertz

:25:12.:25:17.

reports. A kangaroo looking back. The dingo

:25:18.:25:21.

walking in the Australian landscape. Two animals previously

:25:22.:25:27.

unfamiliar to those living in the UK, including George Stubbs, the

:25:28.:25:31.

celebrated artist who painted them. He worked from skins and information

:25:32.:25:36.

brought back by Captain Cook. There were collected by the scientist

:25:37.:25:41.

Sergio is a ranks. George Stubbs, was a very good anatomist, was

:25:42.:25:47.

presented with this drying, shrivelled skin of a kangaroo. He

:25:48.:25:51.

could not make head nor tail of it. He's sown it up, moistened it so it

:25:52.:25:57.

was viable. Blew it up and saw it really did have these small arms and

:25:58.:26:03.

this huge tail and these whopping, great legs. They were in a private

:26:04.:26:08.

collection, but now have been acquired by the National Maritime

:26:09.:26:14.

Museum in London, much to the annoyance of the National Gallery of

:26:15.:26:19.

Australia. The kangaroo on Australia's earliest coat of arms

:26:20.:26:25.

was based on George Stubbs's image. The National Maritime Museum raise

:26:26.:26:31.

the ?5.5 million needed to buy them. It will put them on public display

:26:32.:26:37.

along with the rest of the collection relating to Captain

:26:38.:26:41.

Cook's great voyages. That is all now, next we have a weather update.

:26:42.:26:44.

Thanks for watching. It has been a dull and damp day

:26:45.:27:06.

across England and Wales. Heavy pulses of rain for Wales and the

:27:07.:27:07.

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