25/11/2013 World News Today


The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 25/11/2013. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. The biggest protest


in Ukraine in ten years over the government's snub to the European


Union. Opposition figures accused Russia of bullying the government


into backing down on a trade deal with the EU. We ask the president of


a former Soviet republic if that is the choice between the West or


Moscow. He wrote's welcome for Iran's


nuclear negotiators after I deal is signed that will see crippling


sanctions eased within weeks. We look at the carrot and stick behind


the diplomacy. 50 years on we hear how one


photographer managed to capture the moment President Kennedy's assassin


was himself shot dead. Protesters remain outside the


primaries to's office in Ukraine tonight following the largest


anti-government demonstrations since the Orange Revolution in 2004. They


are angry at the government's decision to drop a trade and


cooperation deal with the European Union, and within the past hour


Ukraine's imprisoned opposition leader, Yulia Tymoshenko says she is


going on hunger strike until the president signed the deal. Ukraine


is torn between its old Northern Master, Russia, and its western


neighbours in Europe. Ukraine's government has come under intense


recent pressure from Moscow which has been threatening economic


sanctions if Kiev signs the trade pact with the EU. Russia has its own


customs union with Kazakhstan and Belarus, and once other former


Soviet republics like Ukraine to sign up. More than 100,000


Ukrainians have been making their voices heard over the past two


days, numbers not seen since 2004 and 2005 during the pro-democracy


Orange Revolution. Once again the anger in the


Ukrainian capital of Kiev spilled over into scuffles and minor


violence. The protesters here feel they are fighting for the future of


the country, a European future, not a Russian future. They have been


shocked into action by their government's decision to postpone an


agreement to build closer ties with the European Union.


TRANSLATION: We came to the streets to show them we're not afraid. If


they do not sign it will be a catastrophe for this government. It


will not be a catastrophe for the Ukraine because it will be signed


eventually by this president or the next. You will get what we want.


The country is divided on whether Ukraine's future should be with the


European Union Russia. Those who favour Europe, like the heavyweight


boxing champion turned politician, are certainly the most vocal at the


moment. Yesterday's much bigger rally also ended in clashes between


protesters and the police. At one point the crowd swelled to 100,000,


and in scenes reminiscent of the Orange Revolution nine years ago,


the demonstrators started setting up permanent encampments in the city


centre, and attempts to secure a foothold for much bigger protests in


the days ahead. No one knows whether the people of Ukraine have the


desire or the energy to rise up again.


We're joined now from Kiev by Lesya Orobets an opposition MP from the


Batkivshchyna Party in Ukraine. Lesya Orobets, do you think these


protests will be able to get the government to change its mind and


signed that trade deal with the EU? We can pray and hope for that.


Thousands of Ukrainians gather, peaceful right now, but I have


breaking news. Right now the fight between 20,000 people who gathered


in the centre of the capital and militia, special forces, are beating


each other. We are informed about dozens of people beaten severely,


and gas and batons were used against peaceful civilians.


This is going on right now? We do use social networks like


Facebook to coordinate our reactions, so I am informed right


now that people are being suppressed. What was the


official... It was the provocation of special services agents in the


headquarters of these for gathering, and they were surrounded


by people, and police attacks people.


Thank you very much for giving us that update. And Yulia Tymoshenko,


one of your party leaders, we have heard she has gone on strike. Tell


us about that. The Ukrainian nation does support


the position of Yulia Tymoshenko. We should bear in mind the


responsibility for not signing the agreement lies upon a single person,


the president to stop. Why do you not try to see your aim


is achieved through Parliament and not on the street? There has been a


democratic election in Ukraine. For months we have been trying to


push hard the pro-European laws. There was a disaster as


parliamentary majority failed to support any rule which was known to


be a European one. The parliamentary session ended up with nothing. The


thing that we need is the extraordinary session of the


Parliament this Wednesday. But I do not know what will happen after


these extraordinary events when police are beating peaceful


civilians. And a former president of the


Ukraine says he wants the European Union to speak up much more.


Yes, and right now we have had the president who has made a public


statement and our goal to stop. -- one hour ago. From his political


language, he says, give us money. European money are known to be


allocated for certain reforms, and for the Ukrainian government,


rushing money is more welcome because it can be used for corrupt


purposes. The only thing that can solve the situation is the threat of


sanctions. Such as blocking the foreign accounts with money stolen


from planning project by state officials.


We cannot go down with corruption allegations which I'm sure the


president would refute strongly. Lesya Orobets, thank you very much


for talking to us. The demonstrations going on in Ukraine


over the country's possible closer ties with the EU have exposed


difficulties for some former sovereign republics with how they


pursue their foreign relations. Do they look westwards towards possible


EU membership and links with 1991 was when you got your


independence will stop. I would say that looking at this


excess of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania becoming among the most


liberal democracies in Europe having left, and doing it through a process


of integration, we have been in the EU and NATO for almost ten years,


something as minor as an association agreement... We signed our agreement


in 1995, but this is seen as a threat, a first step towards moving


towards the West. Following fairly closely, I get a feeling that the


Russian government is taking Samuel Huntington's clash of civilisations


not as a description but rather as a prescriptive way of doing things,


and looking at this in civilisation of terms which I think is all wrong.


There were no objections to the three countries, are three countries


signing an association agreement on was 20 years ago. There was a little


bit of opposition to our joining the EU, but nothing of the sort.


Why has it got to the stage where the Chancellor of Germany has had to


say, it is not an either or relationship full stop it is not


Russia or the West. But for some countries, it seems to be precisely


that. In the technical side of trade


relations, it is either or. You are open completely to one side or the


other. That is the nature of trade agreements. But clearly there is no


pressure at all from the European Union to break off cultural ties to


any other country, that is an absurd allegation.


Do you think that the EU, as I said to the former president in the


Ukraine, he might want the EU to speak up more loudly. Do you think


the EU should be speaking up more? I think that the European Union


leadership has to figure out exactly how to respond. This is just a


matter of days. We have been negotiating this agreement for two


years. It is all done in good faith, and suddenly they say, we're not


going to do this. Promised only a's point of view, it is clear that we


do not stop our relations. On the other hand, we have put a lot of


work into this whole issue. It is a negotiation process, and at the last


moment someone says we are not going to do it.


Briefly, what do you think will happen now? How do you think events


will unfold? It is hard to predict. Firstly, it


is important we continue the process with two countries that are well


along, that is Moldova and Georgia stop. They cannot fall into the


shadow of these events. Then we should see how Ukraine will approach


these issues, because their problems are not going to Galway simply by


giving into the kinds of pressure they have been under. It is quite


clear from these demonstrations and public attitudes that a substantial


percentage of Ukrainians would like to develop the kind of relationship


with the EU that the others will get. They will want these free


travel to the European Union. It is clear from this reaction people are


far more upset than many of us thought they would be.


Thank you very much indeed. And you alluded to the fact that Estonia is


driving within the EU. Like you very much.


Thailand has been rocked by anti-government sentiment. In the


last few hours, the Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra has


invoked special powers after demonstrators forced their way into


key ministries. Tens of thousands have been calling for her government


to resign, accusing her of being a puppet for her brother, the former


Prime Minister, Taksin Shinawatra. The street protests that began a


month ago here burst out into new areas of the city, targeting


ministries, television stations and the police headquarters. The goal


this time is to force the government to resign. So often in


Thailandrecent past, the police try to avoid confrontation. Once again


the mood is heated and unpredictable. Elsewhere the crowds


converged on various ministries, I'm into disrupt the government's work


as much as possible. This was the Foreign Ministry earlier in the day.


Later it was stormed and occupied. The first apartment to fall into the


demonstrators' cans was this, the finance ministry, really argue the


government Miss uses the budget. The police were conspicuous by their


absence and the mood was almost festive, but there are still at a


two Taksin Shinawatra was intense elsewhere.


TRANSLATION: They have to get out. They are traitors who do nothing for


the little people. No reflection here of the genuine


popularity that Mr Taksin Shinawatra enjoys in much of the rest of the


country. This man is a traditional power broker for the Democrats had


no stranger to corruption scandals. He has now abandoned Parliament and


is calling for what he sounds like an all-out insurrection.


TRANSLATION: Rise up and sees all government places in a civilised way


so that the regime can't work any more.


Not for the first time we are seeing government departments occupied and


the business of government paralysed. There is no end to this


long-running crisis because so many people have lost faith in their


institutions and their system of democracy. How this will end is


anybody's guess. But it is hard to see it ending well.


EU sanctions on Iran could be lifted as early as next month, as part of a


nuclear deal with world powers. The six-month interim deal agreed in


Geneva has prompted a fall in oil prices on markets. But Israel's


prime minister has warned the agreement is an "historic mistake".


Emily Buchanan has more. Whatever the international verdict


on the deal, in Iran there was jubilation. Greetings to the


Ambassador of peace, said the posters, as the country's Foreign


Minister arrived home. Amongst the crowd, there was no sense of Iran


bowing to pressure. In Geneva, all sides appeared relieved after days


of intense negotiations. For Iran, the hope that crippling sanctions


can at last be lifted. For the international community, a vital


step forward in curbing Iran's nuclear ambitions. Under the


preliminary agreement, Iran would neutralise its stockpile of 20%


enriched uranium, and would halt the enrichment of uranium John 5%, which


is well low the threshold needed for nuclear weapon is -- beyond 5%. The


Israelis are calling it an historic mistake, making the world a more


dangerous place. The key will be detailed verification that Iran


sticks to its promises. The British foreign secretary said the deal was


bound to have its critics but it was a necessary first step. We are right


to test to the full Iran's readiness to act in good faith, to work with


the international community and enter into international agreements.


If they do not abide by those commitments, they will bear a heavy


responsibility. If we did not take the opportunity to attempt such an


agreement, we ourselves would be guilty of a grave error. The French


say sanctions could be partially lifted as soon as next month. All


sides have taken a big political risk with this deal, and it will be


months before the real outcome is clear.


With me now to examine the dynamics behind the diplomacy that unlocked


this deal, we are joined by the former Iranian Diplomat and analyst


Mehrdad Khonsari. And also here is the veteran foreign and diplomatic


commentator Edward Mortimer, who was Communications Director for the UN


Secretary General, Kofi Annan. Was it the stick of sanctions that


essentially unblocked this deal? I think there is no question, it was


the pressure that the Iranian regime could not bear any more. And the


fact that contrary to conventional wisdom, people say that sanctions


don't work, they have in fact worked in the case of Iran. It is the


Iranian economy being on the verge of a knock-down, really, that has


forced the government to seek a different alternative -- the verge


of a meltdown. When you are looking at diplomatic endeavours, you have


to have a bit of carrot and stick? Of course, but if the stick takes


the form of sanctions, it gives you a carrot in the form of partially


lifting sanctions. So this becomes an incentive and this is how the


dynamics have worked in this case. The Iranians are suffering from


sanctions, clearly, so the idea of these being lifted, or an escape


from sanctions becomes a very powerful carrot. I just want to look


at the personalities and how they worked this time. I know the EU


foreign policy chief, Baroness Cathy Ashton, says, I have a style that is


not very much out when it comes to diplomacy, very patient, speak


softly but firmly and had a very good rapport with the Iranians. How


important is this nullity? -- important is personality? It is very


important. In the case of the Iranian negotiators, he came to the


meetings with a different agenda, a different demeanour, looking to


solve the problem and work towards it. His predecessor, who has a very


important job as the head of the atomic energy agency in Mr Rohani's


government, he was working under a different set of instructions. So


the fact that Rohani was elected, the agenda changed and the agenda


was to try to come with a different demeanour, a different approach,


look to resolve this solution, this situation, as opposed to prolonging


it. And that is what made this work. The personality of resident Hassan


Rouhani, you are saying it is more westward looking, he studied in


Scotland, that kind of thing -- president Hassan Rouhani. I think


the necessity that the government Iran felt, that they could no longer


pursue antagonism as a poster showing goodwill and a wants to


resolve this. - as opposed to showing goodwill. Personalities can


only have an effect within a given framework. Hassan Rouhani is an


interesting personality but one wonders whether he would have been


allowed it to -- allowed to stand had come any not decided they needed


to change tack at the cars sanctions are too strong and affecting them


too badly. Looking at the Americans, you have John Kerry, a lot of people


speak of him as a one term Secretary of State, Barack Obama can't be


elected again boast they might be looking at some kind of for


themselves. To what extent the factors like that help? It is very


important. President Obama, from the very beginning, he was looking for a


way of trying to initiate some kind of ongoing relationship with the


Iranian regime, to try to resolve things. Obviously he was turned


back. The hand of friendship was turned back. I think Mr Kerry is


lucky that he has emerged on the scene at a time when the Iranian


government has, for absolutely practical reasons... He sees the


need for that and is moving in that direction. With your textbook look


at diplomatic breakthroughs, how does this fit in? I think it is a


case where, the political stars were aligned and then the skilled


diplomacy, the big virtue that comes through in this case is patience.


Catherine Ashton and the people representing President Obama, Bill


Burns and Sullivan, and the Iranian working in the White House, all


these people have been at this for five years. And they had to wait


until the ducks came into a row. It is no good being in too much of a


hurry if you want to achieve results.


Thank you very much for your insights on that diplomacy.


Two days after President John F Kennedy was killed, the man arrested


on suspicion of carrying out the assassination was himself shot dead.


This image of Jack Ruby firing a gun at Lee Harvey Oswald is one of the


most famous of the 20th century. This image of Jack Ruby firing a gun


at Lee It was taken by the photographer for the Dallas


Times-Herald, Bob Jackson, and won him the Pulitzer Prize for


Photography. Times-Herald, Bob Jackson, and won


him the Pulitzer He now lives in Denver, Colorado, and he spoke to


the BBC about taking the shot of a lifetime - and why being a


split-second slower than a competitor made all the difference.


-- it won him the Pulitzer Prize for Photography.


The police said, we are going to bring him down. You have about five


minutes to get into position. I pre-focused my camera. All of a


sudden somebody comes out to my right. Two steps, real fast. The


police stepped out, Ruby went that were, fired and I punched the


shutter. It was almost two o'clock by the time I got back to the paper.


They called me over and they said, do you have anything as good as


this? And it was Jack B's picture, which was already on The Wire. Jack


always like to get a pie. He was standing on this little concrete


wall behind us. I really think that is why he fired his camera when he


did. Because he saw it happening first. I went in, I ran my film, the


chief photographer is right outside the door. I remember letting out


some sort -- him letting out some sort of a yell and that is when we


realised we had beaten competition. We had rearranged for me to unload


my cameras. -- we had prearranged. As we turned the corner onto


Houston, we heard the first shot. It appears as though something has


happened in the motorcade route. After the first shot, there were two


more closer together. I looked right up at the depositary. I saw two men


looking up above them and there was a rifle resting on the ledge, and he


drew it in. I just thought, I missed the picture there. And it was pretty


depressing. Even if I had had film in the camera, I don't think I could


have sworn it up, focused and shot fast enough.


After the assassination, I continued on as a news photographer. I had


always had dreams of working for a big magazine and covering world


events. Photographer Bob Jackson. That's all


from the programme. Next, the weather. But for now, from me and


the rest of the team, goodbye. Expect frost and some folk tonight.


Where the skies stay clear for any length of time. -- and some


Download Subtitles