12/12/2013 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.


The interpreter who got it so very wrong at Nelson Mandela's memorial


service says he suffered a schizophrenic attack on stage. He


suffered from hallucinations. Thamsanqa Dyantyi stood side by side


with world leaders, including President Obama. South Africa


insists there was no security threat. Bangladesh executes an


Islamist politician found guilty of crimes against humanity during the


1971 war of independence. Also coming up. The number of women with


breast cancer around the world rises, but a new study does reveal


some promising news. And two films - 12 Years a Slave and


American Hustle - receive seven nominations apiece for Golden Globe


awards. They are a curtain raiser for the Oscars.


Hello and welcome. Concern has been raised about the potential failure


of proper screening at the memorial service for mental -- for Nelson


Mandela. The man accused of faking sign language at the memorial


service for Nelson Mandela has said he has schizophrenia, and saw angels


at the event. Thamsanqa Dyantyi, who stood alongside world leaders


including President Obama on the stage, said he sometimes reacted


violently to his condition. Here's our Africa Correspondent Andrew


Harding. Sharing the stage with Barack Obama, a man who now says he


was in the middle of a schizophrenic episode. It was his erratic sign


language that first raised concerns. Experts described it as gibbering.


When the BBC tracked the man down to his Soweto home today the


34-year-old said he was not a fraud, he was simply ill. While I


was speaking I had a breakdown. I saw angels. They were coming from


the sky. Photos proved that he had often worked at vestiges events. He


says his illness has made him violent in the past. Today an


official insisted world leaders had not been in any danger. You


embarrassed about what happened? Nail I am not and I have no reason


to be. But the scandal is an awkward distraction. As crowds queued for a


second day to see the body of Nelson Mandela. It may seem like a


relatively minor incident but inevitably people are making


comparisons between Nelson Mandela and the current leadership. The


revelations lead into a broader sense that South Africa may be


losing its way. Joining me from Maryland outside


Washington is former Secret Service Agent to President Barack Obama, Dan


Bongino. He also served under George W Bush and his new book is called,


Life Inside The Bubble: Why a Top-Ranked Secret Service Agent


Walked Away From It All. Failure of proper screening, do you think? I do


not think there is any question. I just want to make sure that the


general public understand, because he was not properly screened, he


literally was a fraud, does not mean that he was an imminent threat to


the president. But there has clearly been a failure. But if this man is


mentally ill and he himself has said he can act in an on-board it will


way, do you think that that fact should have been made known? I am


sorry about that. The line has sailed from Maryland. I do not think


that we can restore it. But we did here he felt they had been a failure


to properly screen the sign interpreter at that Nelson Mandela


memorial service. But the South African government insisted there


has been no security breach. In Bangladesh, the Islamist


opposition leader, Abdul Kader Mullah, has been executed. He'd been


found guilty of crimes against humanity during the 1971 war of


independence. The Supreme Court had cleared the way for Mr Mullah's


execution after judges rejected a last-minute appeal. Security had


been stepped up throughout Bangladesh after the ruling, and


this has led to violent protests by his Jamaat-e-Islami party


supporters. With me is the BBC's World Service South Asia Editor,


Ethirajan Anbarasan. What was he accused of actually doing during the


War of Independence? He was accused of carrying out mass murder and rape


in the suburbs of Dakar. When Bangladesh was trying to get away


from Pakistan. The gym party were opposed to breaking away from


Pakistan. So this tribunal was set up by the present government. They


had pledged to try all those Bangladeshis accused of carrying out


atrocities. Tens of thousands were people -- of people were killed in


1971. This is the first execution after the courts found him guilty of


carrying out atrocities. How effective was this tribunal? How


transparent was it? There has been controversy about this, there is no


doubt. Jamaat-e-Islami says it was a political elite motivated trial. And


they did not follow proper procedures while carrying out the


execution. The human rights people have said it fell short 's of


international standards. -- fell short. The trial was said not to be


up to international standards. But they're obviously web crimes


committed and they must be a large body of opinion in Bangladesh that


feels that they must have been justice. But now that he has been


executed, what will the result we? As soon as the execution was carried


out hundreds of people gathered to celebrate in the city centre. These


people had been demanding the death penalty for Mr Mullah. So this trial


did have widespread support because many Bangladeshi people had lost


relatives. But how it has been carried out is the question. Soon


after the execution there were classes -- clashes in some parts of


Bangladesh. It is expected that there will be tensions. There is a


political protest going on by the main opposition against the


elections. They say they do not want to take part in elections under the


present government. We have another protest by Jamaatee Islami. Thank


you very much for explaining all that. Now some other news in brief.


The Spanish government has insisted it will block plans for a referendum


on independence for Catalonia. Catalan separatist parties agreed to


hold the vote in November next year but the Spanish justice minister


that it will not take place. The highest court in Australia has


overturned a law regarding same-sex marriage.


It ruled only federal legislation could redefine the marriage laws. It


shatters the dreams of same-sex couples married in the territory in


the past week. And the ongoing political crisis now in Thailand.


The leader of the opposition party was in court today to face murder


charges in connection with the military clamp-down when he was


Prime Minister three years ago. Abhisit Vejjajiva denied the charges


and was granted bail. More pressure was piled on the government of


Yingluck Shinawatra. Demonstrators cut electricity to her office and


demanded that police leave. Jonathan Head reports from Bangkok. Today the


opposition leader was in court facing a charge of murder for


ordering the use of lethal force against protesters trying to bring


down his government when he was Prime Minister three and a half


years ago. Back then it was supporters of the current Prime


Minister who were on the streets of Bangkok. They had occupied parts of


the city centre. He ordered the army to clear them out using weapons by


direct the other protesters. He always argued it was necessary


because of armed elements among the protesters. There were certainly


some present, court here on camera. -- court on camera. But most of


their weapons were improvised. Most of the big tins of army gunfire were


unarmed protesters. In 2010 you ordered the army to use lethal


force. That is because there was unarmed insurrection. The only


violence that erupted at first was because the government brought in


the red shirts. But this time the government can its supporters to one


stadium well away from the centre of Bangkok. When clashes occurred it


stopped its supporters from holding any rallies. Today 's


anti-government movement still holding out, unmoved by the primer


Mr's offered this week of an election. Some of them tried once


again to break into her office, cutting the wire and eventually the


power. But this is all symbolic. She is not there. For all their talk of


establishing a rival administration is still a long way from their goal


of restructuring plan and's physical system although their actions have


certainly weakened it. It has not been a bad 12 months for


president Putin of Russia. He has put pressure on Ukraine to prevent


the defining a trade deal with Europe. He has met Pope Francis,


been voted for the most powerful person in the world and got his


ninth degree lap belt in tae kwon do. A lot for him to talk about at


his annual state of the nation address as our correspondent


explains. Always a grand Kremlin occasion, the


President of Russia's vision of the year ahead, on occasion where


President Putin outlines where he is taking Russia. For the Ukraine he


said he would no pressure on the president to back out of a deal to


secure closer ties with the European union. The latest news is that the


Ukrainian president may change his mind again. President Putin said


there was no rivalry between Russia and the European union over the


Ukraine but other side say he's on the lookout to defend what he sees


as Russia's vital interests. Like the Arctic north, increasingly a


zone of geopolitical attention because of its rich resources onto


the ice and the trade routes opened up by global warming. Just this week


Mr Putin ordered plans to upgrade Russian military bases there to


protect Russian claims from foreign interference. Also this week Mr


Putin out of the blue declared he was abolishing respected Russian


news agency. It is shocked staff who had no idea but it was coming.


Perhaps it was relatively objective coverage of the UK -- of the


Ukrainian protest which seal their fate. In the Kremlin today is an


Putin said there was nothing wrong with conservative values which


distinguish between good and evil. Increasingly his message seems to be


that he once Russia to offer the world an alternative standpoint


which challenges what he sees as Europe and America's over liberal


attitudes. Some news now from a jet where we are feeling about a car


bomb attack in the east of the country. -- eejit. It was detonated


beside the Suez Canal. -- Egypt. There have been a string of attacks


since the ousting of the Prime Minister in July.


Figures out today say there have been an increase in the number of


women diagnosed with breast cancer across the world. That's partly down


to changes in lifestyles like greater alcohol consumption and a


rise in obesity. The World Health Organisation says since 2008 the


number of cases has increased by more than 20%. Breast cancer now


represents one in four of all cancers in women globally. There's


also positive news from a study which suggests that a particular


drug can almost halve the number of breast cancer cases in high risk


women after the menopause. Our health correspondent Branwen


Jeffreys has the details. In the abnormal cells of breast


cancer. Some women have a greater lifetime risk. A family history of


the disease or some change which can act as a warning sign. This women


saw her mother go through cancer treatment but now she is delighted


there's hope for high-risk women like herself. For five years, she


took the tablet and as part of the trial she did not know whether it


was the tablet or the placebo. When I heard about the trial, I wanted to


go on it and when I heard the results, I was absolutely amazed


because it is fantastic. Women with a risk factor and who had gone


through the menopause where included in this trial. But every one of


those in high-risk women, they would usually be 43 cases over five years,


but in those women get in those women getting the drug, it fell to


20 with virtually no side effects. A reduced risk of 53%. One of the


doctors told me the research came about through seeing how the drug


was working. We have used this to treat breast cancer and we have seen


in women using this, the risk of developing a second cancer was


significantly lower. It is already one of the most successfully treated


types of cancer but this research is another step towards preventing it


in women whose families have often been devastated by the disease. With


the results of the trial revealed, she knows she has help other women


and no charities want guidelines for the NHS review. They see this


research has shown the drug can make a difference to high-risk women,


saving many the mental and physical ordeal of the fight with breast


cancer. Nelson Mandela's legacy as the


greatest South African of the modern era, some say ever, is assured. And


as clouds in Pretoria pay their respects to him and file past his


coffin in deference and grief this is all in stark contrast with the


widespread discontent about the current leadership of South Africa.


Our South Africa correspondent Nomsa Maseko has been looking at why many


are fed up with Nelson Mandela's successors as leaders of the ANC


including President Jacob Zuma himself.


This is not what Nelson Mandela wanted for his people. A township in


northern Johannesburg established in 1995, one year after South Africa's


first democratic elections. People here feel let down. They were


promised so much more when Nelson Mandela came to power. Let us build


the future together and forge a better life for all South Africans.


This woman has been living here for 15 years. She tells me that she is


still waiting for the host provided by the government, fresh drinking


water and electricity. That is what she voted for. Home video of recent


trouble in the township. It had been brewing for months. There's a lot of


anger here. I am angry that the government are just setting. The


toilet does not flush, everything is very bad for us. The ANC can do


nothing for the people. It is not just the failure of government to


deliver basic services that is fuelling discontent. The scandal of


President Jacob Zuma spending public money on his private home has


angered many. I think there's a sense of burning rage at the of


society, and the marginalised, the wrist to anger. If we do not help


this, we can imperil the reconciliation. They there's little


doubt that many South Africans are angry that their lives are not


getting better as promised by Nelson Mandela and the ANC, but the


question is, will become their discontent by turning their backs on


the party? Maybe not in next year's collection but there's a growing


realisation they must act urgently to avoid losing support.


The preparations are well underway for Nelson Mandela's funeral ends


Sunday. -- on Sunday. Our correspondent has stopped along the


way. This is still a place of extreme


poverty. When I first visited here during the days of apartheid, it was


an independent homeland, a place where the white government could not


black people they did not want leading in white South Africa. One


of the consequences of that action was to strengthen the position of


Nelson Mandela's ANC. It was always a stronghold of the party and from


the 1980s onwards it would become a launching pad for the rebellion.


This would culminate in the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 and then


the elections which took place in 1984. 20 years after Nelson


Mandela's election, there have been improvements to people's likes here.


Electricity provision and new schools, but also protests against


the authorities because people feel their lives have not changed enough.


None of that has been directed against Nelson Mandela. He is not so


much a global icon here but a local hero. How do you feel about the


death of Madiba? I am still very sad because he is gone and he gave us so


much. We are as we are now because of him. He gave us freedom. He


showed us a lot of things and still does a lot of things. Now he is


gone, how do you feel about the future of South Africa? Even the


president, I am not sure now. I am sure that it will... I am not sure.


Gauging the opinion on the Eastern Cape Wear Nelson Mandela's funeral


will take place. It's that time of year again, the


film awards season in Hollywood. The Golden Globe nominations are


announced today. A film about slavery in America and another about


con-men in the 1970s feature heavily. 12 Years a Slave and


American Hustle both picked up seven nominations each. The Golden Globes


are often seen as a guide to which films will do well at the Oscars.


Let's discuss these nominations with a film critic for screen


International. Run through the nominations, Best film, Best actor


and so on. I don't have them in front of me! I cannot really list


them like that for you. We can go through some things you would like


to ask me? 12 Years A Slave, Steve McQueen, a British director for that


film and hugely praised. I think Steve McQueen had the reputation


among our people and now he has made the epic of the year, and


emotionally wrenching film about the most important issue in American


history. How could this not get the nominations. The awards are


absolutely logical this year, at least the nominations. And then a


completely different film, American hustle. -- American Hustle. That


also got seven nominations. I think it is fantastic. It shows that


profound human foolishness can have a grace about it. Bravely,


corruption, lots of sex. Audiences can laugh in the cinema about things


they can do nothing about in real life. It is fun and when it is done


well, the audience and the awards respond. I am convinced that Amy


Adams will get the Academy award for the role. She is fantastic. There


are some surprising omissions, and I am thinking about The Butler. That


is glaring in its mission? Awards people tend not to vote for producer


of scientific dead, hardly wine scene would probably not get any


awards. -- Harvey Weinstein. It is completely overshadowed. What about


Idris Elba nominated for best actor for the film about Nelson Mandela


which premiered in London on the day it was announced he had dry? This is


the film of the moment. I think it is likely he will win the award.


Robert Redford is also nominated, and otherwise it might have been


seen as his year, but Idris Elba is the favourite.


Thank you for taking us through the nominations and that is all for the


programme, Next the weather. But for now, goodbye.


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