12/12/2013 World News Today


12/12/2013

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.

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The interpreter who got it so very wrong at Nelson Mandela's memorial

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service says he suffered a schizophrenic attack on stage. He

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suffered from hallucinations. Thamsanqa Dyantyi stood side by side

:00:25.:00:26.

with world leaders, including President Obama. South Africa

:00:27.:00:33.

insists there was no security threat. Bangladesh executes an

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Islamist politician found guilty of crimes against humanity during the

:00:39.:00:40.

1971 war of independence. Also coming up. The number of women with

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breast cancer around the world rises, but a new study does reveal

:00:45.:00:48.

some promising news. And two films - 12 Years a Slave and

:00:49.:00:52.

American Hustle - receive seven nominations apiece for Golden Globe

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awards. They are a curtain raiser for the Oscars.

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Hello and welcome. Concern has been raised about the potential failure

:01:14.:01:17.

of proper screening at the memorial service for mental -- for Nelson

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Mandela. The man accused of faking sign language at the memorial

:01:25.:01:27.

service for Nelson Mandela has said he has schizophrenia, and saw angels

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at the event. Thamsanqa Dyantyi, who stood alongside world leaders

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including President Obama on the stage, said he sometimes reacted

:01:33.:01:35.

violently to his condition. Here's our Africa Correspondent Andrew

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Harding. Sharing the stage with Barack Obama, a man who now says he

:01:43.:01:49.

was in the middle of a schizophrenic episode. It was his erratic sign

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language that first raised concerns. Experts described it as gibbering.

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When the BBC tracked the man down to his Soweto home today the

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34-year-old said he was not a fraud, he was simply ill. While I

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was speaking I had a breakdown. I saw angels. They were coming from

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the sky. Photos proved that he had often worked at vestiges events. He

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says his illness has made him violent in the past. Today an

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official insisted world leaders had not been in any danger. You

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embarrassed about what happened? Nail I am not and I have no reason

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to be. But the scandal is an awkward distraction. As crowds queued for a

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second day to see the body of Nelson Mandela. It may seem like a

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relatively minor incident but inevitably people are making

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comparisons between Nelson Mandela and the current leadership. The

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revelations lead into a broader sense that South Africa may be

:03:06.:03:14.

losing its way. Joining me from Maryland outside

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Washington is former Secret Service Agent to President Barack Obama, Dan

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Bongino. He also served under George W Bush and his new book is called,

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Life Inside The Bubble: Why a Top-Ranked Secret Service Agent

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Walked Away From It All. Failure of proper screening, do you think? I do

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not think there is any question. I just want to make sure that the

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general public understand, because he was not properly screened, he

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literally was a fraud, does not mean that he was an imminent threat to

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the president. But there has clearly been a failure. But if this man is

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mentally ill and he himself has said he can act in an on-board it will

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way, do you think that that fact should have been made known? I am

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sorry about that. The line has sailed from Maryland. I do not think

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that we can restore it. But we did here he felt they had been a failure

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to properly screen the sign interpreter at that Nelson Mandela

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memorial service. But the South African government insisted there

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has been no security breach. In Bangladesh, the Islamist

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opposition leader, Abdul Kader Mullah, has been executed. He'd been

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found guilty of crimes against humanity during the 1971 war of

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independence. The Supreme Court had cleared the way for Mr Mullah's

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execution after judges rejected a last-minute appeal. Security had

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been stepped up throughout Bangladesh after the ruling, and

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this has led to violent protests by his Jamaat-e-Islami party

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supporters. With me is the BBC's World Service South Asia Editor,

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Ethirajan Anbarasan. What was he accused of actually doing during the

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War of Independence? He was accused of carrying out mass murder and rape

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in the suburbs of Dakar. When Bangladesh was trying to get away

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from Pakistan. The gym party were opposed to breaking away from

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Pakistan. So this tribunal was set up by the present government. They

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had pledged to try all those Bangladeshis accused of carrying out

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atrocities. Tens of thousands were people -- of people were killed in

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1971. This is the first execution after the courts found him guilty of

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carrying out atrocities. How effective was this tribunal? How

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transparent was it? There has been controversy about this, there is no

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doubt. Jamaat-e-Islami says it was a political elite motivated trial. And

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they did not follow proper procedures while carrying out the

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execution. The human rights people have said it fell short 's of

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international standards. -- fell short. The trial was said not to be

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up to international standards. But they're obviously web crimes

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committed and they must be a large body of opinion in Bangladesh that

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feels that they must have been justice. But now that he has been

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executed, what will the result we? As soon as the execution was carried

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out hundreds of people gathered to celebrate in the city centre. These

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people had been demanding the death penalty for Mr Mullah. So this trial

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did have widespread support because many Bangladeshi people had lost

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relatives. But how it has been carried out is the question. Soon

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after the execution there were classes -- clashes in some parts of

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Bangladesh. It is expected that there will be tensions. There is a

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political protest going on by the main opposition against the

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elections. They say they do not want to take part in elections under the

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present government. We have another protest by Jamaatee Islami. Thank

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you very much for explaining all that. Now some other news in brief.

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The Spanish government has insisted it will block plans for a referendum

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on independence for Catalonia. Catalan separatist parties agreed to

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hold the vote in November next year but the Spanish justice minister

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that it will not take place. The highest court in Australia has

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overturned a law regarding same-sex marriage.

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It ruled only federal legislation could redefine the marriage laws. It

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shatters the dreams of same-sex couples married in the territory in

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the past week. And the ongoing political crisis now in Thailand.

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The leader of the opposition party was in court today to face murder

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charges in connection with the military clamp-down when he was

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Prime Minister three years ago. Abhisit Vejjajiva denied the charges

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and was granted bail. More pressure was piled on the government of

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Yingluck Shinawatra. Demonstrators cut electricity to her office and

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demanded that police leave. Jonathan Head reports from Bangkok. Today the

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opposition leader was in court facing a charge of murder for

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ordering the use of lethal force against protesters trying to bring

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down his government when he was Prime Minister three and a half

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years ago. Back then it was supporters of the current Prime

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Minister who were on the streets of Bangkok. They had occupied parts of

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the city centre. He ordered the army to clear them out using weapons by

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direct the other protesters. He always argued it was necessary

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because of armed elements among the protesters. There were certainly

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some present, court here on camera. -- court on camera. But most of

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their weapons were improvised. Most of the big tins of army gunfire were

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unarmed protesters. In 2010 you ordered the army to use lethal

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force. That is because there was unarmed insurrection. The only

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violence that erupted at first was because the government brought in

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the red shirts. But this time the government can its supporters to one

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stadium well away from the centre of Bangkok. When clashes occurred it

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stopped its supporters from holding any rallies. Today 's

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anti-government movement still holding out, unmoved by the primer

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Mr's offered this week of an election. Some of them tried once

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again to break into her office, cutting the wire and eventually the

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power. But this is all symbolic. She is not there. For all their talk of

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establishing a rival administration is still a long way from their goal

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of restructuring plan and's physical system although their actions have

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certainly weakened it. It has not been a bad 12 months for

:11:33.:11:42.

president Putin of Russia. He has put pressure on Ukraine to prevent

:11:43.:11:47.

the defining a trade deal with Europe. He has met Pope Francis,

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been voted for the most powerful person in the world and got his

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ninth degree lap belt in tae kwon do. A lot for him to talk about at

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his annual state of the nation address as our correspondent

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explains. Always a grand Kremlin occasion, the

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President of Russia's vision of the year ahead, on occasion where

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President Putin outlines where he is taking Russia. For the Ukraine he

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said he would no pressure on the president to back out of a deal to

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secure closer ties with the European union. The latest news is that the

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Ukrainian president may change his mind again. President Putin said

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there was no rivalry between Russia and the European union over the

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Ukraine but other side say he's on the lookout to defend what he sees

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as Russia's vital interests. Like the Arctic north, increasingly a

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zone of geopolitical attention because of its rich resources onto

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the ice and the trade routes opened up by global warming. Just this week

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Mr Putin ordered plans to upgrade Russian military bases there to

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protect Russian claims from foreign interference. Also this week Mr

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Putin out of the blue declared he was abolishing respected Russian

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news agency. It is shocked staff who had no idea but it was coming.

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Perhaps it was relatively objective coverage of the UK -- of the

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Ukrainian protest which seal their fate. In the Kremlin today is an

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Putin said there was nothing wrong with conservative values which

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distinguish between good and evil. Increasingly his message seems to be

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that he once Russia to offer the world an alternative standpoint

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which challenges what he sees as Europe and America's over liberal

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attitudes. Some news now from a jet where we are feeling about a car

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bomb attack in the east of the country. -- eejit. It was detonated

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beside the Suez Canal. -- Egypt. There have been a string of attacks

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since the ousting of the Prime Minister in July.

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Figures out today say there have been an increase in the number of

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women diagnosed with breast cancer across the world. That's partly down

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to changes in lifestyles like greater alcohol consumption and a

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rise in obesity. The World Health Organisation says since 2008 the

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number of cases has increased by more than 20%. Breast cancer now

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represents one in four of all cancers in women globally. There's

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also positive news from a study which suggests that a particular

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drug can almost halve the number of breast cancer cases in high risk

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women after the menopause. Our health correspondent Branwen

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Jeffreys has the details. In the abnormal cells of breast

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cancer. Some women have a greater lifetime risk. A family history of

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the disease or some change which can act as a warning sign. This women

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saw her mother go through cancer treatment but now she is delighted

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there's hope for high-risk women like herself. For five years, she

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took the tablet and as part of the trial she did not know whether it

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was the tablet or the placebo. When I heard about the trial, I wanted to

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go on it and when I heard the results, I was absolutely amazed

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because it is fantastic. Women with a risk factor and who had gone

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through the menopause where included in this trial. But every one of

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those in high-risk women, they would usually be 43 cases over five years,

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but in those women get in those women getting the drug, it fell to

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20 with virtually no side effects. A reduced risk of 53%. One of the

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doctors told me the research came about through seeing how the drug

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was working. We have used this to treat breast cancer and we have seen

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in women using this, the risk of developing a second cancer was

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significantly lower. It is already one of the most successfully treated

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types of cancer but this research is another step towards preventing it

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in women whose families have often been devastated by the disease. With

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the results of the trial revealed, she knows she has help other women

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and no charities want guidelines for the NHS review. They see this

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research has shown the drug can make a difference to high-risk women,

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saving many the mental and physical ordeal of the fight with breast

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cancer. Nelson Mandela's legacy as the

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greatest South African of the modern era, some say ever, is assured. And

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as clouds in Pretoria pay their respects to him and file past his

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coffin in deference and grief this is all in stark contrast with the

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widespread discontent about the current leadership of South Africa.

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Our South Africa correspondent Nomsa Maseko has been looking at why many

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are fed up with Nelson Mandela's successors as leaders of the ANC

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including President Jacob Zuma himself.

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This is not what Nelson Mandela wanted for his people. A township in

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northern Johannesburg established in 1995, one year after South Africa's

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first democratic elections. People here feel let down. They were

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promised so much more when Nelson Mandela came to power. Let us build

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the future together and forge a better life for all South Africans.

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This woman has been living here for 15 years. She tells me that she is

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still waiting for the host provided by the government, fresh drinking

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water and electricity. That is what she voted for. Home video of recent

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trouble in the township. It had been brewing for months. There's a lot of

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anger here. I am angry that the government are just setting. The

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toilet does not flush, everything is very bad for us. The ANC can do

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nothing for the people. It is not just the failure of government to

:19:34.:19:36.

deliver basic services that is fuelling discontent. The scandal of

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President Jacob Zuma spending public money on his private home has

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angered many. I think there's a sense of burning rage at the of

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society, and the marginalised, the wrist to anger. If we do not help

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this, we can imperil the reconciliation. They there's little

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doubt that many South Africans are angry that their lives are not

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getting better as promised by Nelson Mandela and the ANC, but the

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question is, will become their discontent by turning their backs on

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the party? Maybe not in next year's collection but there's a growing

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realisation they must act urgently to avoid losing support.

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The preparations are well underway for Nelson Mandela's funeral ends

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Sunday. -- on Sunday. Our correspondent has stopped along the

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way. This is still a place of extreme

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poverty. When I first visited here during the days of apartheid, it was

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an independent homeland, a place where the white government could not

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black people they did not want leading in white South Africa. One

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of the consequences of that action was to strengthen the position of

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Nelson Mandela's ANC. It was always a stronghold of the party and from

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the 1980s onwards it would become a launching pad for the rebellion.

:21:29.:21:32.

This would culminate in the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 and then

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the elections which took place in 1984. 20 years after Nelson

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Mandela's election, there have been improvements to people's likes here.

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Electricity provision and new schools, but also protests against

:21:50.:21:54.

the authorities because people feel their lives have not changed enough.

:21:55.:21:59.

None of that has been directed against Nelson Mandela. He is not so

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much a global icon here but a local hero. How do you feel about the

:22:05.:22:12.

death of Madiba? I am still very sad because he is gone and he gave us so

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much. We are as we are now because of him. He gave us freedom. He

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showed us a lot of things and still does a lot of things. Now he is

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gone, how do you feel about the future of South Africa? Even the

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president, I am not sure now. I am sure that it will... I am not sure.

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Gauging the opinion on the Eastern Cape Wear Nelson Mandela's funeral

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will take place. It's that time of year again, the

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film awards season in Hollywood. The Golden Globe nominations are

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announced today. A film about slavery in America and another about

:23:10.:23:12.

con-men in the 1970s feature heavily. 12 Years a Slave and

:23:13.:23:18.

American Hustle both picked up seven nominations each. The Golden Globes

:23:19.:23:21.

are often seen as a guide to which films will do well at the Oscars.

:23:22.:23:31.

Let's discuss these nominations with a film critic for screen

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International. Run through the nominations, Best film, Best actor

:23:38.:23:44.

and so on. I don't have them in front of me! I cannot really list

:23:45.:23:51.

them like that for you. We can go through some things you would like

:23:52.:23:56.

to ask me? 12 Years A Slave, Steve McQueen, a British director for that

:23:57.:24:04.

film and hugely praised. I think Steve McQueen had the reputation

:24:05.:24:11.

among our people and now he has made the epic of the year, and

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emotionally wrenching film about the most important issue in American

:24:16.:24:21.

history. How could this not get the nominations. The awards are

:24:22.:24:30.

absolutely logical this year, at least the nominations. And then a

:24:31.:24:35.

completely different film, American hustle. -- American Hustle. That

:24:36.:24:43.

also got seven nominations. I think it is fantastic. It shows that

:24:44.:24:49.

profound human foolishness can have a grace about it. Bravely,

:24:50.:24:57.

corruption, lots of sex. Audiences can laugh in the cinema about things

:24:58.:25:01.

they can do nothing about in real life. It is fun and when it is done

:25:02.:25:08.

well, the audience and the awards respond. I am convinced that Amy

:25:09.:25:17.

Adams will get the Academy award for the role. She is fantastic. There

:25:18.:25:26.

are some surprising omissions, and I am thinking about The Butler. That

:25:27.:25:39.

is glaring in its mission? Awards people tend not to vote for producer

:25:40.:25:44.

of scientific dead, hardly wine scene would probably not get any

:25:45.:25:56.

awards. -- Harvey Weinstein. It is completely overshadowed. What about

:25:57.:26:08.

Idris Elba nominated for best actor for the film about Nelson Mandela

:26:09.:26:13.

which premiered in London on the day it was announced he had dry? This is

:26:14.:26:21.

the film of the moment. I think it is likely he will win the award.

:26:22.:26:30.

Robert Redford is also nominated, and otherwise it might have been

:26:31.:26:35.

seen as his year, but Idris Elba is the favourite.

:26:36.:26:41.

Thank you for taking us through the nominations and that is all for the

:26:42.:26:45.

programme, Next the weather. But for now, goodbye.

:26:46.:26:50.

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