11/03/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kasia Madera.


Possible new clues about the location of the missing Malaysia


Airlines plane. Military radar shows the Malaysian


airlines plane changed course, heading West before it vanished.


In another development, Interpol have identified two Iranians who


used the stolen passports. The CIA does not rule out terrorism. Also


coming up, the number of people killed in drone strikes crippled


according to the UN support. -- UN report.


And, British jugglers, tightrope walkers and trapeze artists are to


be given the same recognition as performers in the world of music and


theatre. Hello and welcome.


We start with perhaps a few more clues about what happened to flight


MH 370 before it vanished four days ago. The Malaysian military says it


has radar -- we know that the plane lost


contact with civilian authorities between Malaysia and Vietnam but now


the Norwegian military says they have radar evidence that suggests


the plane headed west and could have made it as far as the Malacca


Straits, hundreds of colour mutters away. But with still no sighting,


there's confusion about how and why it vanished. Interpol says they


don't believe there are any terrorism links to its fate.


Jonathan Head reports. Dozens of planes, and maps. But no wreckage.


They have been scanning these seas for four days. Now they are being


forced to consider an extraordinary possibility, that the plane deviated


hundreds of miles off course without being detected. The search area has


been doubled. One Mr Lee has been solved, the identities of the two


men travelling on stolen passports. Both of them Iranians have been


disclosed and any links to terrorism dismissed. In the past 24 hours UCD


story changing, as the belief becomes more certain that these


individuals were probably not terrorists. We were in school


together. Hamlet is a young Iranian living in Kuala Lumpur. He has asked


to keep his identity heaven. -- Mohammed is a young Iranian. He said


his friend had flown from Iran and wanted to go to Europe to seek


asylum. We went to the village shop and printed a ticket, then I saw the


ticket and I said, this is not your name. And then he said, I have


another passport. After that I do not want to continue this story. I


just said OK. Is there any possibility in his mind that his


friend could have had anything to do with the disappearance of the plane?


He was just looking for freedom. He was looking for a better life. He


wanted to live in freedom. All of those fears that the stolen


passports have perhaps been used by terrorists to board the ill-fated


airliner had ended here in an ordinarily Kuala Lumpur suburb and


with a simple tale of young men from a troubled country in search of


something better. Let's discuss the suggestion that the plane veered


course. From Washington we're joined by


Stephen Trimble, Americas Managing Editor of Flight-global, which


provides online aviation news. What do you make of this suggestion that


radar shows the plane actually, not necessarily did a U-turn but


certainly changed direction. They have been seeing almost since day


one that militarily radar detected a slight U-turn or even a full U-turn


by the aircraft around the time that or just shortly before it dropped


off radar. The suggestions today that it then continued somehow


across Malaysia into the Straits of Malacca seem very interesting, it is


also troubling. Why do you think it is travelling? The suggestion is


that when it's turned it could have actually been flying for up to an


hour. It certainly had enough fuel to fly for several more hours. But


the idea of an aircraft the size of a 777 flying across a populated


landmass at any altitude and not being detected either just by people


listening and hearing something they were not expecting Apple altitude or


especially by middle tele- radar -- militarily radar is unusual. For


them to show up again on the other side in the Malacca Straits in


militarily radar is also very strange. Almost inexplicable.


Doesn't let go with what the search vessels have not found in the South


China Sea? We have been looking at the map, the fact that because


nothing was found there then it could potentially be that it did


turn around. It seems that there is now an excavation at the moment. One


explanation could be that it is still in the South China Sea and we


just have either recovered the degree or it is not big enough to be


visible. That is still a possibility. If it did reach the


Straits of Malacca that raises a whole new list of questions about


how it got across Malaysia. An aircraft the size of a 777 is very


hard to hide. Governments do not like their fact that size crossing


into their airspace. Unidentified, without the transponder, it all


seems very strange. What is happening with the transponder? Why


are we not getting any information from that? All we know is that the


transponder stopped working almost at the same time that it dropped off


radar. What that means is that it is anybody's guess. It could have been


turned off or it stopped working. It could have been damaged or lost. But


we do not know. Thank you very much for giving us some of your inside.


As you say, it is worrying and we will continue to monitor that. Like


I say we will continue to monitor this. You can look at the map of the


plane deviated. Now to Ukraine, diplomatic efforts


to settle the crisis are proving unsuccessful. In a crossfire of


words, the US Secretary of State, John Kerry, told Russia's Foreign


Minister that it was unacceptable that Russian forces were taking


matters into their own hands in Crimea. While Russia called the


United State's one million dollar pledge to Kiev illegal. And now


Ukraine's acting president is calling for the creation of a


national guard to help defend the country. The BBC's Diplomatic


Correspondent Bridget Kendall reports.


Pro-Russian forces consolidating their grip on Ukraine's Crimean


peninsula. This large military convoy presumably Russian was on the


move just outside the port city of Sevastopol. Pro-Russian Cossacks are


among the self-defence forces manning checkpoints. There are also


patrols at the main cranium airport in the capital where it seems that


you flights from Kiev have all been cancelled. The only planes landing


now come from Russia. And they are getting ready for Sunday 's


referendum, hastily arranged and Dorsey planned to break away from


Ukraine and possibly join Russia. A step welcomed in Moscow but


condemned as illegitimate in Kiev and Western capitals. Today a copy


of the ballot paper was on display. It gives Crimean voters to choices,


joined Russia straightaway or possibly later. Meanwhile in


southern Russia be hosted Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych has made


another appearance. To scotch rumours that he had suffered a heart


attack and had announced that the band of the Nationalists and


neofascists he claims have seized power in Kiev with the help of


Western backers. TRANSLATION: I would like to ask the western


masters of these dark forces, have you gone blind? Have you lost your


memory? Have you forgotten what fascism is? As for Ukraine's new


authorities, they are continuing to brace themselves. Calling for


military veterans to join the reserves to help defend the country


if necessary. The house most worrying of all is the ratcheting up


of tensions between the West and Russia, a meeting between President


Putin and his Foreign Minister yesterday it clear there is no


foreign ground. This was later confirmed by the Americans. The US


Secretary of State John Kerry last met face-to-face with the Russian


Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in Rome on Thursday. This book again


today on the phone but there was no indication that they made any


headway. As Ukrainian troops begin on their side in the cranium border


the scene is set for further escalation. The West no debates


targeted sanctions against Russia to be imposed within days of nothing


changes. Our World Affairs Editor, John


Simpson describes a tense standoff at a military base in northern


Crimea. This is a curious situation, I am standing more or less in front


of an air defence base belonging to the Ukrainian forces. We are


standing a little bit away from it so as not to upset the Russian


troops who have taken it over to much. They have been fairly relaxed


but we managed to get a call through to the commanding officer, who came


out to speak to us. The Ukrainian officer, very nervous indeed. It


must have taken him some courage to walk out and walk past the Russian


soldiers and speak to us. He would not be interviewed on camera, you


would not be interviewed on a tape recorder. He did not even give us


his name, all he would say is that things were extremely tense inside,


he said his men had their weapons and had plenty of ammunition but


they were clearly extremely tense and nervous about what might happen.


Then quite shortly after he started talking to us a Russian, probably an


officer but with no markings, came over very politely and said


something to him in a quiet voice. And he turned and went away. That


was it. He is now back inside, the tension is palpable but we cannot


see any of it from the outside here. John Simpson reporting from Crimea.


Tension rising ahead of Sunday's referendum. We will continue to


monitor the events in Ukraine. The United Nations says 45 civilians


were killed last year in drone strikes, an increase on the year


before. In a new report, the UN Human Rights Council is calling on


governments to carry out independent investigations into any allegations


of civilian deaths. Our Security Correspondent, Gordon Corera has


been looking at the report. Drones have become an increasingly


common tool of war, a means for targeted killing from the error. But


our government is open enough about the innocents who are caught up when


their weapons are unleashed? Now a new study has provided details of


what has happened in dozens of incidents in which civilians have


been injured or killed. A UN special investigator has investigated 30


strikes in different countries, modelling what happened and how


civilians were affected. He believes the idea that only combatants are


killed as wrong and that mistakes must be acknowledged. Where things


go wrong we regard them as essential for promoting reconciliation,


promoting reparation, that those who have been responsible take


responsibility and make public the results of their own enquiries. The


team have used advanced computer forensics to recreate the strikes,


in Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia, Gazza and Pakistan. They examine evidence


about who was killed and how. Last year he says 45 civilians were


killed in 19 confirmed drone strikes in Afghanistan. One strike was in


Yemen, it killed the Al-Qaeda militants but to villagers also


died. One was a cleric who denounced Al-Qaeda. His brother-in-law


witnessed the attack. TRANSLATION: It was the most frightening sound I


have heard in my whole life, with all of the wars we have seen in this


country between the north and South. It felt like the mountain have


fallen on us. Although there have been a few voices of dissent at home


the US has been at the forefront of using drones to after Al-Qaeda.


Crippling the readership in Pakistan. President Obama has


justified his increased use of drone strikes seeing they are self defence


against terrorists planning to attack Americans but he has conceded


there must be near certainty that civilians will not be killed before


any strike takes place. The loans are a new weapon in the earth here


to stay. What the UN investigator is calling for is greater debate and


legal clarity about how they are used and openness about what the


costs really are. Now a look at some of the day's


other news: Protesters have clashed with police in the Turkish cities of


Ankara and Istanbul on Tuesday after the death of a 15-year-old boy. In


Istanbul, police fired tear gas at protesters, who gathered outside an


Istanbul hospital to mourn the death of a teenager. The boy, Berkin


Elvan, who died after a long coma, was hit in the head by a police gas


canister during anti-government protests in June.


In the last few hours the Libyan Prime Minister, Ali Zeidan, has been


ousted by parliament after MPs said a tanker laden with oil from a


rebel-held port broke through a naval blockade and escaped to sea.


The North Korean-flagged tanker had docked there without government


permission to take on the cargo. The defence minister has been appointed


as interim Prime Minister. A powerful US Senator has made


explosive accusations against the CIA. The head of the US Senate


Intelligence Committee, Dianne Feinstein, has accused it of


interfering with a computer network which was set up to help Congress


investigate allegations of CIA abuses during the Bush


administration. This is what she told the Senate. Based in what the


director has informed us, I have grave concerns that the CIA search


may well have violated the separation powers principles


embodied in the United States Constitution. Including the speech


and debate clause. It may have undermined the constitutional


framework essential to effective Congressional oversight of


intelligence activities or any other government function. That was


Senator Dianne Feinstein. The BBC's Rajini Vaidyanathan is in


Washington. These are really big accusations. Potentially the CIA


could have violated federal law 's, according to the Senator? That is


exactly what she is saying. It is quite remarkable. You might hear


about leaks and accusations coming out against the CIA, but it is very


rare that you get a powerful senator standing on the Senate floor making


these accusations. Her claims all surround the work of her committee,


the Senate Intelligence Committee, which is looking into accusations


and allegations that the Bush administration used torture and


interrogation techniques. She is accusing the CIA tampering with


their investigation. And what are the CIA saying about this? They are


denying the accusations, they are saying that they are not spying on


the committee or the Senate. I should elaborate more about what


exactly they are talking about. As part of the investigation, computer


files, millions of files of CIA records and e-mails, or handed over


to the Senate committee on a secure computer network. What Senator


Dianne Feinstein is accusing the CIA of his unauthorised access of this.


She says they went into the secure computers to see what this committee


was up to and look at some of the reports. She also says they removed


hundreds of files. Quite strong accusations, and the director of the


CIA says that these accusations could not be further from the truth.


They are not spying on the committee or the Senate, and he was confident


the authorities would review things appropriately. Thank you very much.


Five and a half million children in Syria have been affected by the


country's civil war. A report by Unicef also says that at least


10,000 children have been killed in the conflict. The UN's children's


charity warns that unless there is an immediate end to the fighting, a


whole generation of children will be lost. With the story, here's Paul


Wood. Hundreds of thousands of Syrian


children are growing up in refugee camps. Here in Lebanon, there is a


permanent refugee population. A generation spending childhood in


squalor and deprivation. Refugees are just one aspect of the crisis of


quite staggering proportions. The Unicef report as a series of


horrifying statistics. 1 million children are refugees in foreign


countries, another 3 million have lost their homes within Syria. Some


3 million as well have had their educations disrupted. Another


million children are cut off, under siege, unable to get humanitarian


aid. And 2 million need counselling for psychological trauma. A Unicef


School is a taste of the normal life they have lost. Even young children


work to support their families. This nine-year-old girl used to pick


potatoes, $4 for a day's work. It is tiring, she says. She would like to


go home to Syria. Home for the past year and a half has been this tent,


shared with 13 brothers and sisters. Her father says he had to send his


children out to work. Somebody had to bring bread for the family, he


says. It is a tragedy. Refugee children grow up too fast. This


woman was married off aged 13 because her parents were destitute.


She was badly beaten and returned home. She once trained of becoming a


lawyer. I have no more dreams, she says. No more ambitions. My life has


changed, nothing will ever be the same. Inside Syria, conditions are


often far worse than in the refugee camps. The Civil War is entering its


fourth year. Unicef says Syria's children cannot afford another year


like the one just passed. People in Spain have been marking


the 10th anniversary of the Madrid train bombings, which killed 191


people and injured more than 1,800, in the worst terror attack in


Spanish history. Memorial events have been taking place in the


Spanish capital, from where our correspondent Tom Burridge reports.


It felt like the normal daily commute. But this morning was not.


Because ten years ago was a day in Madrid like no other. Bombs placed


on packed commuter trains during the morning rush-hour, 191 people died.


More than 1800 injured. Today, at the scene of one of the attacks,


Madrid's main train station, they remembered. Music, flowers and a


balloon for each person killed. This woman lost 34-year-old son.


TRANSLATION: They have taken our lives and destroyed us forever.


Across town at the Capitol's main cathedral, a more real service.


Relatives of victims, survivors, politicians and McCain. -- and their


king. In many respects, today was a show of unity in Spain, a moment of


common grief. Ten years ago, in the days following the attacks, the


country was split. The then government insisted for three days


that the Basque militant group was responsible, when there was strong


evidence to suggest that Islamist extremists were to blame. Vote is


punished as party at the subsequent general election. Surrounded by the


police, the seven alleged Al-Qaeda inspired ringleaders blew themselves


up in a flat three weeks later. Ten years on, it was not a time to break


-- it was not a time to debate but a chance to remember the victims on


one of the most violent days in Spain's recent past.


Ever felt tempted to run away and join the circus? Well now you can


take the dream a step further and even get a degree. The National


Centre for Circus Arts is, for the first time here in Britain,


introducing a degree in circus studies. The idea to get circus


skills into the mainstream actually places the UK in line with many


other countries. So what is it like to study circus arts? And do


students manage to find enough work at the end of the course?


Circus is... A theatrical experience. Circus is dangerous.


Creating a relationship with the audience. Beautiful, intelligent,


hard. How far can you push yourself? I am a juggler, that is my


specialisation. I use these clubs. I was always quite a hyperactive


child. I am dyslexic, academic work was something I never excelled at.


The National Centre has given me the opportunity to do what I love and


make a living out of it. We are trying to set up a new company, it


feels like it is already starting while I am at university. It is so


exciting. What we are really trying to do here


is grow a culture of circus in the UK. We believe that it is an art


form that deserves to be centre stage, and by becoming the National


Centre for Circus Arts, it gives us the recognition, brings us into the


fold. It does actually cost a lot to train a circus artist, but we have


generous supporters and sponsors, which mean that we have got


bursaries available and we keep the costs as low as possible. You need


to look like you're only just holding your balance. When you see


the things our students do, when you see how they amaze people when they


are performing, you see the joy and wonder they create, that cancer is


any critic. -- that cancer Mac any critic.


It is two ropes suspended in shapes. I have always been a crazy physical


person, running around, climbing trees, jumping on stuff. You have


got something that is physically challenging, which is a great


feeling. Doing something engaging for your body, as well as being able


to perform. It is really great when you're in a show and somebody goes,


that is disgusting, how did she do that! Or you can hear audible gasps.


I got rope burn on my neck. It is tiring. Let's go home, get in Bath.


With my feet firmly on the ground, from me and the team, had by. Thank


you for watching. Hello. Over the next few days we


will stick with sunshine. Essentially, it will be dry.


Sunshine coming and going. Some places will see brighter skies, for


others there is a little more cloud around. The reason for the changes


courtesy of our, switching further


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