19/03/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today. Chaotic scenes in Malaysia as


relatives of the missing airline passengers are dragged screaming


from a news conference. The Malaysian government says it regrets


these scenes and can only imagine the anguish the families are going


through, with teams from 26 countries still finding nothing in


the search. Things turn nasty in Crimea as


Russia troops and pro-Russian militia smash their way into


Ukraine's naval headquarters in Sevastopol.


She was glamourous, she was daring and she was certainly one of a kind.


A rare peek into the private world of Marlene Dietrich. Hello, and


welcome. It's been a day of anger and distress on the ground, as a


massive international search continues for the missing Malaysian


airliner. There were harrowing scenes in Kuala Lumpur when some


relatives of Chinese passengers, still waiting for any information,


were dragged away from journalists crying and screaming. The BBC's


Jonah Fisher was there. His report contains a lot of flash photography


and some disturbing images. After 12 days with no news, the pain


for some is just too much to bear. Today, two Chinese relatives of


those on board came to the main hotel for journalists, determined to


have their voices heard. We do not know how long we have to wait, she


says, it has been 12 days without my son, where is he, why will they not


give me any answers? We have seen angry scenes like this in Beijing,


but until today, the Malaysians have kept the relatives away, and most


interviews have been with minders doesn't. This was not a message the


Malaysians want the world to hear, and a crudely stepped in and drag


the women kicking and screaming out of the room. Why are we being


stopped from speaking to the relatives? Excuse me, sir. BBC News.


Can you tell us why we are not allowed to speak to them? The


Malaysians are not used to having their authority challenge like this,


and when Fennessy prevailed, they issued an apology and said they


would investigate what happened. -- sanity prevailed. We understand the


concerns, and we are trying our very best, and it is hard to imagine,


even for me. Away from the media circus, the flight for MH370


continues. Satellite data has identified two arcs across Central


Asia and in the waters of the southern Indian Ocean. The southern


sector is now the focus of the search effort, with Australian and


American planes lying overhead. -- flying overhead.


We are watching every lead for you and our reporter has some new


information. There are some sources telling the BBC some interesting


things about the satellite transmissions. We heard about the


final satellite transmission made at 811 in the morning. We have not


heard about the other conditions that were detected at hourly


intervals. From that, investigators can infer a rough track, or heading,


for the aft craft -- the aircraft. They have a rough direction in which


direction the truck or they have a rough idea in which direction it was


heading -- they have a rough idea of which direction it was heading.


These transmissions could only have come from a moving aircraft, so it


seems to discount the period that it was parked up on the ground


somewhere and was sending out these transmissions. It was moving for


several hours. What more can you tell us about the direction where it


seems to be headed? The Australians have given us a lot of hard data on


this, and they seem to have very good indications of where it went


down. They seem to be searching a very limited area, still hundreds of


square miles, but at the end of the ark, so they have information that


went down at the end of its fuel endurance. There is a theory going


around on the internet that's when it got West of certain islands, it


headed due south for the South Pole, approximately. I put that Kerry to


one of my sources and the source apply -- I put that theory to one of


my sources and they said it was a reasonable theory. It narrows down


an absolutely massive search. We have been talking about the extent


of the search. Why did some of this information and, before? That is a


mystery. -- this information come out before. We have been hearing


from authorities that the plane that could be in any of these two arcs,


North or South. I think they could only be at the end of the two arcs


because of the geometry and the mathematics, and that certainly


seems to be with the Australians are assuming. They still have a huge


area to search all stop they said yesterday it could take weeks to


search. -- area to search. At least they know it is at the end of the


art and not at any intervening point along the way. That seems to be the


most tangible points so far. Thank you.


Tensions rose dramatically in Crimea today as hundreds of Russian troops


and pro-Russian militias stormed Ukraine's naval headquarters in


Sevastopol. Ukraine has demanded the release of its navy commander, after


he was led away. The Ukraine government now says it's making


plans to pull troops from Crimea. With me is Dmitry Linnik, London


bureau chief for Voice of Russia Radio, and Mary Kaldor, Professor of


Global Governance at the LSE, the London School of Economics. After


yesterday's Rands ceremony in the Kremlin, today, the grubby business


of taking territory bit by bit. At the main gate of Ukraine's Naval


Ace, Crimea in -- chromium volunteers. One flag taken down,


another goes up. The Russification of the Crimean Peninsula goes on.


Ukrainian servicemen could only look on and wonder what comes next. They


did not have to wait long. The intruders forced their way inside


the building. Symbols of Ukrainian rule were quickly removed. For those


to support Crimea joining Russia, a good days work. Everything is fine


says this member of a local self-defense units, not a drop of


blood has been spilt, not a single scratch, not a single bruise. Ships


of the Ukrainian Navy are still at the base, but they are stuck here,


and control has slipped away. As if to emphasise the point, the


commander of the Russian Black Sea fleet arrived at the Ukrainian


headquarters. Cheered by the crowds, the changing of the guard


was confirmed. The Ukrainian commander by contrast has been taken


into custody, and all that was left for many Ukrainian personnel was to


walk away. There was nothing we could do against the crowd, says


this Ukrainian captain. There were many promises from the Russian side,


but as you can see, there has been a takeover. Elster in the country,


Ukrainian troops are on manoeuvres. -- elsewhere in the country. The


government has dispatched its defence minister to Crimea to try to


ensure that the crisis does not enter a more dangerous phase. On


Independence Square in Kiev, they are starting to learn about the


limits of sovereignty. The government now describes to me as


occupied Ukrainian land, but in truth, there is nothing he can do to


affect realities on the ground. -- this private Crimea. The UN security


council is meeting to discuss the crisis, and our correspondent is at


the UN headquarters in York. What can we expect? This is the eighth


time the council is met to discuss Crimea and Ukraine. We are expecting


to get a statement from the assistant Secretary General for


human rights, who has been in Ukraine. The Security Council really


has moved into kind of Cold War mode in recent times, not being used as a


chamber in which to resolve crises, but a chamber in which to trade


accusations, and the rhetoric has been very strong up until now.


Talking to a queue to the mats, they expect it to be -- a few diplomats,


they expected to be ramped up even further. 14 of the 15 members have


been critical of Russia's actions. Thank you very much, and keep us in


touch with any updates. We can speak now to our guests. Thank you both


for coming in. Things are moving fairly quickly. The Ukrainian


government has said it is withdrawing troops from Crimea and


is going to withdraw from the independent state, the Moscow led


body, and it is due to appeal to the United Nations over Crimea as well.


Do you think there is any chance in the near term of Moscow and Kiev


establishing a working relationship? The signs are inflicting. The latest


moves by the Kiev government, Moscow is of course not agonising that, but


one move was to suspend the signing of the economic part of the


Association agreement with the EU, over which the whole thing erupted.


Now it has introduced a visa regime with Russia, which is again ironic,


because between two and 3 million Ukrainians actually work in Russia


and contribute quite substantially to Russia's GDP. On the other hand,


the acting premier has spoken to the east and south of the country,


telling them that there will be no problems with the Russian language,


that they are doing their best to be reasonable about things, about


moving forwards, about greater autonomy for the regions, so these


conflicting signals. And that is key, isn't it, to stop the situation


developing further. It is absolutely crucial, but I think the situation


is very dangerous. You cannot walk into the country, take it over and


hope that things will go smoothly. There is bound to be tensions. We


have seen today that the naval commander has been taken in Crimea.


There is going to be problems or those Ukrainians in Crimea who do


not want to become Russian citizens. Are they going to have rights to


their property, to their businesses? There are a whole series of problems


that need to be resolved before there is any kind of change, and to


do it in this dramatic and illegal way makes it extremely difficult and


tense. So when NATO says this is the most tense security crisis since the


Cold War, do you agree with that? I believe it is. We saw George at five


years ago, that was serious. -- we saw Georgia writers ago. On the


other hand, it is a compilation of several factors that made Russia do


what it did. The link between Russia and Crimea is unique, like nothing


else probably that we have seen. It means much more to Russia than the


Falklands needs to the UK. Meanwhile, the West is saying this


is illegitimate. What can or should the West, the outside world, do and


say to President Putin? If it is true that there is a link between


Crimea and Russia, this is not the way to do it. The Crimean people did


not ask for a referendum. But now that this has happened... Yes, they


did. On the after the intervention. Moving on to what can happen now,


what can Brussels and Washington do? We have heard the rhetoric, but what


can they do? They cannot go to war. That would make everything much


worse. We are clear about that. First of all, they have to be very


clear about Ukraine's territorial integrity. They were signatories to


the treaty that preserved the territory integrity when they gave


up nuclear weapons, so they have to be clear that there is no


intervention in eastern Ukraine. I am in favour of a smart sanctions on


individuals am and what I think is most important is to help sustain


Ukraine. I think we need a Marshall plan for Ukraine, so that it does


not... A Marshall plan for Ukraine, and the EU is saying they will


protect Ukraine. It started with the West saying to Russia, why don't you


help out? You think it might exacerbate the problem? It won't


exacerbate the problem, but Ukraine is a divided country, and there is


no arguing about it. It is not about Ukrainian people versus, I don't


know, Matt sin or what ever, it is not like that. -- Matt Putin stop


--. We saw a tweet from a dignitary that said, I am back in every sense


of the word. Is she a unifying figure for Ukraine? I am not so


sure. I am not so sure either, but what I do think is that these


protests did bring people together from East and West and they were


about human rights, and they were about corruption, and I think it is


terribly dangerous if we... What really worries me about this


intervention in Crimea is that it will exacerbate an frame what is


happening as a division between West and East it could be very dangerous.


We have to leave it there, but I think that is a very good point at


which to leave it. Thank you very much. Now a look at some of the days


other news. President Jacob Zuma of South Africa has been ordered to


repay some of the $23 million of public funds that have been spent on


his residence. The President insisted that the work was for


security reasons. At the Oscar Pistorius trial today the court


heard from a key police ballistics expert. He says the athlete was not


wearing his prosthetic legs when he shot his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp


- and that one bullet was fired, then there was a pause, and then


three more followed. Mr Pistorius denies murdering his girlfreind,


saying he thought she was an intruder. The Japanese car giant,


Toyota, has agreed to pay $1.2 billion to settle a criminal dispute


with the United States over safety. Toyota admitted misleading the


public over problems in its cars that could have caused sudden,


uncontrolled acceleration. One of Sweden's most prolific serial


killers has been released after authorities found that his eight


murder convictions were based on false confessions. Sture Bergwall


had been held in psychiatric detention for more than 20 years.


But he retracted his confessions six years ago, saying he made them when


he was heavily medicated and seeking attention. A shell dating back to


the First World War has exploded in the Belgian city of Ypres, killing


two people and seriously injuring at least one other. The device was set


off when workmen at a building site tried to excavate it. It's one of


the most important days in the British politicial calendar - the


Budget. Today the Chancellor,George Osborne, has chosen to favour savers


and pensioners, while continuing to limit rises in welfare spending. In


a minute, we'll consider the health of the British economy set against


international competitors. First this report from our political


correspondent Rob Watson. For the last four years, the famous red box


has contained mainly bad news as the government cut spending and raised


taxes and economy seemed stuck in reverse. But no George Osborne is


being cheered at least by his fellow conservatives. Britain is growing


faster than most other developed nations. His message is that


austerities working. The economy is continuing to recover and recovering


faster than forecast. We have set out our plan and together with the


British people, we held our nerve. With an eye on the general election


next year, Mr Osborne is hinting that the job is not done yet. It is


still one of the highest rates in Europe so today we take further


action to bring it down. The leader of the Labour Party said that if the


economy is recovering it does not feel like that to most people. At


the heart of the argument we will have over the next 14 months we will


ask whose recovery is it under the Conservatives? It is the recovery


for the few rather than the many. Certainly, Britain was Mac economy


is recovering with unemployment and inflation down but the question is


if and when it will turn into a feel-good factor for the voters. The


government hopes it will be awarded for any economic upturn despite the


austerities so far and the asperity to come. -- austerity to come. Sarah


Hewin is a senior economist at Standard Chartered and joins me now


from their offices in London. How would you rate the UK economy? It is


doing very well in an international context and we are one of the best


performing economies. That is always a lots of concern about the size of


the deficit but how big is the gap for Britain against other European


countries? We are doing a lot better than most other European Union


countries in terms of growth but we have a much larger deficit than


almost any other European Union country. This is because we went


into such a deep recession and our spending rose sharply to deal with


this through prices and we are only now starting to pull out. We have


the legacy of the financial crisis which is reflected in the very large


government borrowing requirement. Are you considering crisis countries


like Greece or Italy? Absolutely. If we look at countries that received


bailouts such as Greece and Ireland and Portugal and also Spain and


Italy who came close, all of those countries with the exception of


Spain are likely to have lower government borrowing requirements


this year than the United Kingdom. The Chancellor is saying that


Britain has turned the corner. Does this mean that austerities has


worked? The jury is still out on whether there was too much done and


we should have allowed the economy to grow. Economic growth is normally


the best way to solve government financial problems and there is the


view that austerities made to earlier with a recent that growth


has been slow. Only a third of spending cuts have happened so far


so over the next two years that is where the emphasis will be. Thank


you for joining us. She was smart, sultry and sophisticated - one of


the outstanding film stars of the 20th century. Marlene Dietrich's


career in music and the movies lasted decades. Now more than 250 of


her personal belongings are going up for auction, with one letter from


American author Ernest Hemingway expected to sell for more than


$50,000. Alistair Leithead reports. # See what the boys in the backroom


will have she was everything you would want in a movie star and she


was always mysterious. Her grandson is auctioning off a lot of Marlene


Dietrich 's personal items. It has been sitting in storage and things


like that. One of the most interesting pieces up for auction is


a letter written by Ennis Hemingway -- Ernest Hemingway. He says he is


on stage drunk and naked. The reason they claimed they never slept


together was that they were never single at the same time. She


reinvented herself to stay in touch with the world and she did motion


pictures and a cabaret and went to Las Vegas and workflows which she


looked fabulous in and created a new fashion style for women. It must be


strange having your grandmother as this sex symbol. Compared to some of


the people know it is a bit team but jihad a year reputation which was


deserved. She had girlfriends as well as men. She never got divorced


and always loved her husband and was very much an actress in the sense


that when she was in these relationships she was playing a


part. With Hemingway she was a parlour. Pal. -- a little bit of


personal glamorous yesterday. -- history. Ladybirds can reach speeds


of almost 60 mph and can travel at altitudes close to 5000 feet which


is close to the height of the highest mountain in the UK. A


reminder of our main news. The frustration felt by the families of


people aboard a missing airliner has lead to confrontation at a news


conference in Malaysia. No -- now sources say that signals received


could only have come from a moving aircraft. We hear that the


Australians a leading part of the search which is now narrowed down.


It will turn a good deal colder over the next few days and the change in


the weather will come because of this act of


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