19/03/2014 World News Today


19/03/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today. Chaotic scenes in Malaysia as

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relatives of the missing airline passengers are dragged screaming

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from a news conference. The Malaysian government says it regrets

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these scenes and can only imagine the anguish the families are going

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through, with teams from 26 countries still finding nothing in

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the search. Things turn nasty in Crimea as

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Russia troops and pro-Russian militia smash their way into

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Ukraine's naval headquarters in Sevastopol.

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She was glamourous, she was daring and she was certainly one of a kind.

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A rare peek into the private world of Marlene Dietrich. Hello, and

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welcome. It's been a day of anger and distress on the ground, as a

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massive international search continues for the missing Malaysian

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airliner. There were harrowing scenes in Kuala Lumpur when some

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relatives of Chinese passengers, still waiting for any information,

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were dragged away from journalists crying and screaming. The BBC's

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Jonah Fisher was there. His report contains a lot of flash photography

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and some disturbing images. After 12 days with no news, the pain

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for some is just too much to bear. Today, two Chinese relatives of

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those on board came to the main hotel for journalists, determined to

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have their voices heard. We do not know how long we have to wait, she

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says, it has been 12 days without my son, where is he, why will they not

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give me any answers? We have seen angry scenes like this in Beijing,

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but until today, the Malaysians have kept the relatives away, and most

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interviews have been with minders doesn't. This was not a message the

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Malaysians want the world to hear, and a crudely stepped in and drag

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the women kicking and screaming out of the room. Why are we being

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stopped from speaking to the relatives? Excuse me, sir. BBC News.

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Can you tell us why we are not allowed to speak to them? The

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Malaysians are not used to having their authority challenge like this,

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and when Fennessy prevailed, they issued an apology and said they

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would investigate what happened. -- sanity prevailed. We understand the

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concerns, and we are trying our very best, and it is hard to imagine,

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even for me. Away from the media circus, the flight for MH370

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continues. Satellite data has identified two arcs across Central

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Asia and in the waters of the southern Indian Ocean. The southern

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sector is now the focus of the search effort, with Australian and

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American planes lying overhead. -- flying overhead.

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We are watching every lead for you and our reporter has some new

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information. There are some sources telling the BBC some interesting

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things about the satellite transmissions. We heard about the

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final satellite transmission made at 811 in the morning. We have not

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heard about the other conditions that were detected at hourly

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intervals. From that, investigators can infer a rough track, or heading,

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for the aft craft -- the aircraft. They have a rough direction in which

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direction the truck or they have a rough idea in which direction it was

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heading -- they have a rough idea of which direction it was heading.

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These transmissions could only have come from a moving aircraft, so it

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seems to discount the period that it was parked up on the ground

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somewhere and was sending out these transmissions. It was moving for

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several hours. What more can you tell us about the direction where it

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seems to be headed? The Australians have given us a lot of hard data on

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this, and they seem to have very good indications of where it went

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down. They seem to be searching a very limited area, still hundreds of

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square miles, but at the end of the ark, so they have information that

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went down at the end of its fuel endurance. There is a theory going

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around on the internet that's when it got West of certain islands, it

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headed due south for the South Pole, approximately. I put that Kerry to

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one of my sources and the source apply -- I put that theory to one of

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my sources and they said it was a reasonable theory. It narrows down

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an absolutely massive search. We have been talking about the extent

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of the search. Why did some of this information and, before? That is a

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mystery. -- this information come out before. We have been hearing

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from authorities that the plane that could be in any of these two arcs,

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North or South. I think they could only be at the end of the two arcs

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because of the geometry and the mathematics, and that certainly

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seems to be with the Australians are assuming. They still have a huge

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area to search all stop they said yesterday it could take weeks to

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search. -- area to search. At least they know it is at the end of the

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art and not at any intervening point along the way. That seems to be the

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most tangible points so far. Thank you.

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Tensions rose dramatically in Crimea today as hundreds of Russian troops

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and pro-Russian militias stormed Ukraine's naval headquarters in

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Sevastopol. Ukraine has demanded the release of its navy commander, after

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he was led away. The Ukraine government now says it's making

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plans to pull troops from Crimea. With me is Dmitry Linnik, London

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bureau chief for Voice of Russia Radio, and Mary Kaldor, Professor of

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Global Governance at the LSE, the London School of Economics. After

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yesterday's Rands ceremony in the Kremlin, today, the grubby business

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of taking territory bit by bit. At the main gate of Ukraine's Naval

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Ace, Crimea in -- chromium volunteers. One flag taken down,

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another goes up. The Russification of the Crimean Peninsula goes on.

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Ukrainian servicemen could only look on and wonder what comes next. They

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did not have to wait long. The intruders forced their way inside

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the building. Symbols of Ukrainian rule were quickly removed. For those

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to support Crimea joining Russia, a good days work. Everything is fine

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says this member of a local self-defense units, not a drop of

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blood has been spilt, not a single scratch, not a single bruise. Ships

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of the Ukrainian Navy are still at the base, but they are stuck here,

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and control has slipped away. As if to emphasise the point, the

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commander of the Russian Black Sea fleet arrived at the Ukrainian

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headquarters. Cheered by the crowds, the changing of the guard

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was confirmed. The Ukrainian commander by contrast has been taken

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into custody, and all that was left for many Ukrainian personnel was to

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walk away. There was nothing we could do against the crowd, says

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this Ukrainian captain. There were many promises from the Russian side,

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but as you can see, there has been a takeover. Elster in the country,

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Ukrainian troops are on manoeuvres. -- elsewhere in the country. The

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government has dispatched its defence minister to Crimea to try to

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ensure that the crisis does not enter a more dangerous phase. On

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Independence Square in Kiev, they are starting to learn about the

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limits of sovereignty. The government now describes to me as

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occupied Ukrainian land, but in truth, there is nothing he can do to

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affect realities on the ground. -- this private Crimea. The UN security

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council is meeting to discuss the crisis, and our correspondent is at

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the UN headquarters in York. What can we expect? This is the eighth

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time the council is met to discuss Crimea and Ukraine. We are expecting

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to get a statement from the assistant Secretary General for

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human rights, who has been in Ukraine. The Security Council really

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has moved into kind of Cold War mode in recent times, not being used as a

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chamber in which to resolve crises, but a chamber in which to trade

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accusations, and the rhetoric has been very strong up until now.

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Talking to a queue to the mats, they expect it to be -- a few diplomats,

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they expected to be ramped up even further. 14 of the 15 members have

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been critical of Russia's actions. Thank you very much, and keep us in

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touch with any updates. We can speak now to our guests. Thank you both

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for coming in. Things are moving fairly quickly. The Ukrainian

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government has said it is withdrawing troops from Crimea and

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is going to withdraw from the independent state, the Moscow led

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body, and it is due to appeal to the United Nations over Crimea as well.

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Do you think there is any chance in the near term of Moscow and Kiev

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establishing a working relationship? The signs are inflicting. The latest

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moves by the Kiev government, Moscow is of course not agonising that, but

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one move was to suspend the signing of the economic part of the

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Association agreement with the EU, over which the whole thing erupted.

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Now it has introduced a visa regime with Russia, which is again ironic,

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because between two and 3 million Ukrainians actually work in Russia

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and contribute quite substantially to Russia's GDP. On the other hand,

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the acting premier has spoken to the east and south of the country,

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telling them that there will be no problems with the Russian language,

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that they are doing their best to be reasonable about things, about

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moving forwards, about greater autonomy for the regions, so these

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conflicting signals. And that is key, isn't it, to stop the situation

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developing further. It is absolutely crucial, but I think the situation

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is very dangerous. You cannot walk into the country, take it over and

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hope that things will go smoothly. There is bound to be tensions. We

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have seen today that the naval commander has been taken in Crimea.

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There is going to be problems or those Ukrainians in Crimea who do

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not want to become Russian citizens. Are they going to have rights to

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their property, to their businesses? There are a whole series of problems

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that need to be resolved before there is any kind of change, and to

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do it in this dramatic and illegal way makes it extremely difficult and

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tense. So when NATO says this is the most tense security crisis since the

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Cold War, do you agree with that? I believe it is. We saw George at five

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years ago, that was serious. -- we saw Georgia writers ago. On the

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other hand, it is a compilation of several factors that made Russia do

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what it did. The link between Russia and Crimea is unique, like nothing

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else probably that we have seen. It means much more to Russia than the

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Falklands needs to the UK. Meanwhile, the West is saying this

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is illegitimate. What can or should the West, the outside world, do and

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say to President Putin? If it is true that there is a link between

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Crimea and Russia, this is not the way to do it. The Crimean people did

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not ask for a referendum. But now that this has happened... Yes, they

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did. On the after the intervention. Moving on to what can happen now,

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what can Brussels and Washington do? We have heard the rhetoric, but what

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can they do? They cannot go to war. That would make everything much

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worse. We are clear about that. First of all, they have to be very

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clear about Ukraine's territorial integrity. They were signatories to

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the treaty that preserved the territory integrity when they gave

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up nuclear weapons, so they have to be clear that there is no

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intervention in eastern Ukraine. I am in favour of a smart sanctions on

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individuals am and what I think is most important is to help sustain

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Ukraine. I think we need a Marshall plan for Ukraine, so that it does

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not... A Marshall plan for Ukraine, and the EU is saying they will

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protect Ukraine. It started with the West saying to Russia, why don't you

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help out? You think it might exacerbate the problem? It won't

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exacerbate the problem, but Ukraine is a divided country, and there is

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no arguing about it. It is not about Ukrainian people versus, I don't

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know, Matt sin or what ever, it is not like that. -- Matt Putin stop

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--. We saw a tweet from a dignitary that said, I am back in every sense

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of the word. Is she a unifying figure for Ukraine? I am not so

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sure. I am not so sure either, but what I do think is that these

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protests did bring people together from East and West and they were

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about human rights, and they were about corruption, and I think it is

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terribly dangerous if we... What really worries me about this

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intervention in Crimea is that it will exacerbate an frame what is

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happening as a division between West and East it could be very dangerous.

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We have to leave it there, but I think that is a very good point at

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which to leave it. Thank you very much. Now a look at some of the days

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other news. President Jacob Zuma of South Africa has been ordered to

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repay some of the $23 million of public funds that have been spent on

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his residence. The President insisted that the work was for

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security reasons. At the Oscar Pistorius trial today the court

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heard from a key police ballistics expert. He says the athlete was not

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wearing his prosthetic legs when he shot his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp

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- and that one bullet was fired, then there was a pause, and then

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three more followed. Mr Pistorius denies murdering his girlfreind,

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saying he thought she was an intruder. The Japanese car giant,

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Toyota, has agreed to pay $1.2 billion to settle a criminal dispute

:16:49.:16:51.

with the United States over safety. Toyota admitted misleading the

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public over problems in its cars that could have caused sudden,

:16:55.:16:56.

uncontrolled acceleration. One of Sweden's most prolific serial

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killers has been released after authorities found that his eight

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murder convictions were based on false confessions. Sture Bergwall

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had been held in psychiatric detention for more than 20 years.

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But he retracted his confessions six years ago, saying he made them when

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he was heavily medicated and seeking attention. A shell dating back to

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the First World War has exploded in the Belgian city of Ypres, killing

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two people and seriously injuring at least one other. The device was set

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off when workmen at a building site tried to excavate it. It's one of

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the most important days in the British politicial calendar - the

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Budget. Today the Chancellor,George Osborne, has chosen to favour savers

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and pensioners, while continuing to limit rises in welfare spending. In

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a minute, we'll consider the health of the British economy set against

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international competitors. First this report from our political

:17:51.:17:53.

correspondent Rob Watson. For the last four years, the famous red box

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has contained mainly bad news as the government cut spending and raised

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taxes and economy seemed stuck in reverse. But no George Osborne is

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being cheered at least by his fellow conservatives. Britain is growing

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faster than most other developed nations. His message is that

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austerities working. The economy is continuing to recover and recovering

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faster than forecast. We have set out our plan and together with the

:18:32.:18:38.

British people, we held our nerve. With an eye on the general election

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next year, Mr Osborne is hinting that the job is not done yet. It is

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still one of the highest rates in Europe so today we take further

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action to bring it down. The leader of the Labour Party said that if the

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economy is recovering it does not feel like that to most people. At

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the heart of the argument we will have over the next 14 months we will

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ask whose recovery is it under the Conservatives? It is the recovery

:19:21.:19:30.

for the few rather than the many. Certainly, Britain was Mac economy

:19:31.:19:33.

is recovering with unemployment and inflation down but the question is

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if and when it will turn into a feel-good factor for the voters. The

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government hopes it will be awarded for any economic upturn despite the

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austerities so far and the asperity to come. -- austerity to come. Sarah

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Hewin is a senior economist at Standard Chartered and joins me now

:20:14.:20:18.

from their offices in London. How would you rate the UK economy? It is

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doing very well in an international context and we are one of the best

:20:27.:20:33.

performing economies. That is always a lots of concern about the size of

:20:34.:20:38.

the deficit but how big is the gap for Britain against other European

:20:39.:20:44.

countries? We are doing a lot better than most other European Union

:20:45.:20:50.

countries in terms of growth but we have a much larger deficit than

:20:51.:20:53.

almost any other European Union country. This is because we went

:20:54.:20:59.

into such a deep recession and our spending rose sharply to deal with

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this through prices and we are only now starting to pull out. We have

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the legacy of the financial crisis which is reflected in the very large

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government borrowing requirement. Are you considering crisis countries

:21:13.:21:19.

like Greece or Italy? Absolutely. If we look at countries that received

:21:20.:21:25.

bailouts such as Greece and Ireland and Portugal and also Spain and

:21:26.:21:31.

Italy who came close, all of those countries with the exception of

:21:32.:21:36.

Spain are likely to have lower government borrowing requirements

:21:37.:21:41.

this year than the United Kingdom. The Chancellor is saying that

:21:42.:21:47.

Britain has turned the corner. Does this mean that austerities has

:21:48.:21:58.

worked? The jury is still out on whether there was too much done and

:21:59.:22:00.

we should have allowed the economy to grow. Economic growth is normally

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the best way to solve government financial problems and there is the

:22:11.:22:18.

view that austerities made to earlier with a recent that growth

:22:19.:22:27.

has been slow. Only a third of spending cuts have happened so far

:22:28.:22:30.

so over the next two years that is where the emphasis will be. Thank

:22:31.:22:39.

you for joining us. She was smart, sultry and sophisticated - one of

:22:40.:22:43.

the outstanding film stars of the 20th century. Marlene Dietrich's

:22:44.:22:45.

career in music and the movies lasted decades. Now more than 250 of

:22:46.:22:53.

her personal belongings are going up for auction, with one letter from

:22:54.:22:56.

American author Ernest Hemingway expected to sell for more than

:22:57.:23:18.

$50,000. Alistair Leithead reports. # See what the boys in the backroom

:23:19.:23:26.

will have she was everything you would want in a movie star and she

:23:27.:23:33.

was always mysterious. Her grandson is auctioning off a lot of Marlene

:23:34.:23:43.

Dietrich 's personal items. It has been sitting in storage and things

:23:44.:23:51.

like that. One of the most interesting pieces up for auction is

:23:52.:23:59.

a letter written by Ennis Hemingway -- Ernest Hemingway. He says he is

:24:00.:24:16.

on stage drunk and naked. The reason they claimed they never slept

:24:17.:24:19.

together was that they were never single at the same time. She

:24:20.:24:33.

reinvented herself to stay in touch with the world and she did motion

:24:34.:24:38.

pictures and a cabaret and went to Las Vegas and workflows which she

:24:39.:24:44.

looked fabulous in and created a new fashion style for women. It must be

:24:45.:24:50.

strange having your grandmother as this sex symbol. Compared to some of

:24:51.:24:59.

the people know it is a bit team but jihad a year reputation which was

:25:00.:25:03.

deserved. She had girlfriends as well as men. She never got divorced

:25:04.:25:08.

and always loved her husband and was very much an actress in the sense

:25:09.:25:12.

that when she was in these relationships she was playing a

:25:13.:25:16.

part. With Hemingway she was a parlour. Pal. -- a little bit of

:25:17.:25:42.

personal glamorous yesterday. -- history. Ladybirds can reach speeds

:25:43.:25:58.

of almost 60 mph and can travel at altitudes close to 5000 feet which

:25:59.:26:02.

is close to the height of the highest mountain in the UK. A

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reminder of our main news. The frustration felt by the families of

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people aboard a missing airliner has lead to confrontation at a news

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conference in Malaysia. No -- now sources say that signals received

:26:27.:26:31.

could only have come from a moving aircraft. We hear that the

:26:32.:26:42.

Australians a leading part of the search which is now narrowed down.

:26:43.:26:50.

It will turn a good deal colder over the next few days and the change in

:26:51.:27:05.

the weather will come because of this act of

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