09/04/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas. Athlete and


murder suspect Oscar Pistorius comes under the fiercest questioning yet


about the death of his girlfriend. In the court today, the prosecution


played video of Pistorius firing bullets into a watermelon - before


showing a graphic photograph of Reeva Steenkamp's head. As I picked


Reeva up, my fingers touched her head, I don't have to look at a


picture, I know what her head looked like.


Are the pings now conclusive? More evidence pointing to the crash site


of Malaysia Airlines flight MH370. Also coming up - Oil blockades,


strikes and militias - we look at Libya's chances of holding together


as regional rivalries continue to threaten stability.


And welcome to Spanish speaking California - we look at a new


Hispanic majority in the state - could the rest of America follow the


trend? Hello and welcome. It's been another


gripping, distressing day at the Oscar Pistorius trial in South


Africa. The athlete faced the toughest questioning yet about his


version of events, on the night he shot dead his girlfriend Reeva


Steenkamp. There were gasps in court as a graphic photo of the victim


lying on the bathroom floor was shown, and the chief prosecutor told


Pistorius it was time 'he had a look at it'. The South African athlete,


who denies murder, insists he shot her by mistake. Our correspondent


Milton Nkosi has been following today's events in Pretoria. Over to


you. Yes, we only from Pretoria tonight. We witnessed in the


building behind me this seems you were describing when the


prosecutor, Gerrie Nel, lead into Oscar Pistorius, he was relentless


and ruthless. He asked him to take responsibility for shooting and


killing Reeva Steenkamp. For two days he has been a fragile


figure in court. Today the prosecution decided it was time to


remind people that the real victim is. As usual, no images of Oscar


Pistorius giving evidence but here is the prosecutor now, launching


into a prosecution. You are repeating it three times, what was


your mistake? The mistake was I took a life. You shot and killed her.


Will you take responsibility for that? I do. Say it then, say it, say


you shot and killed Reeva Steenkamp. I did milady. That was just the


start. Amateur footage of the stories with friends at a firing


range. It exploded, and I write? You know the same happened to the head


of Eva Steenkamp? To reinforce the point, a photo of her head wind came


up in court. The story is's relatives were distraught. The


mother of Reeva Steenkamp simply bowed her head. -- Oscar


Pistorius's relatives. As I picked Reeva up, my fingers touched her


head, I do not have two at a picture, I was there. His lawyer


objected. I think it is and called for, I see no basis for that. The


athlete broke down, sobbing. The focus then moved to the toilet door,


the when he shot through four times. He told the court he had done so


accidentally. I did not intend to shoot anyone. If I could think


before I had a moment to comprehend what was happening, I believed that


someone was coming out of the toilet. This goes to the heart of


the case, if Oscar Pistorius is forced to admit he fired


deliberately, the prosecution can prove it is murder.


In that report you would have seen that there was a graphic picture


which we have banned because there was a gasp in court when a picture


of fatally wounded Reeva Steenkamp was shown on the screens in court.


That is what the prosecutor is trying to drive home here, he is


trying to make Oscar Pistorius be the accused, rather than the


victim, which we saw in the last few days. Remember, this was just day


one of the cross examination. If there was no jury, it could be


argued that the prosecution's toughness might have errant Oscar


Pistorius sympathy but this is not a jury trial? Yes, indeed. Said that


figure does not have a jury system. It is a judge and two assessors


listening to the case. We are listening to the prosecution taking


Oscar Pistorius out of the comfort zone where he was led by the


defence. It is bringing him smack into the centre of the story as the


culprit. They are trying to prove he shot and killed Reeva Steenkamp with


intent. The nickname for the prosecutor, Gerrie Nel, is a pit


bull and he lived up to that reputation. Thank you very much.


A sixteen year old student has carried out a mass stabbing in the


United States. Police say nineteen students and one staff member were


injured in the attack today at a high school near Pittsburgh,


Pennsylvania. Rajini Vaidyanathan has the latest.


The morning of ten at Franklin Regional high School. Shortly after


seven o'clock, a student armed with two names went on a stabbing spree.


I want him to school and saw kids running. I was told to get out. I


looked out the window and I saw a kid holding his stomach and running.


I watched into the parking lot and there was this kid lying down


holding his side and there was a teacher on top screaming for help


stop it took police have to narrow to contain the attacker as he roams


classrooms. Parents rushed to the scene. Panic, your stomach just


drops. You don't know what is going on and what is happening. Every day


she walks out, I worry about something like that for her and


other kids. I was so glad to you she was low-key, but I gather some other


kids were not so lucky. Most of the victims ranged between 14 and 17.


Some are being treated for serious injuries, many others sustained


Scouts that lack cuts and bruises as they scrambled to escape. They all


have knife winds, awards are to the lower abdomen will stop this in to


have a pattern, mostly to the right abdomen. A 16-year-old student was


taken away by police. They are looking into reports about as


threatening phone call from the suspect to classmates the night


before. But for now their motive is unclear.


The team searching for Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 has picked up


further signals consistent with a plane's flight recorder. The


Australian navy ship Ocean Shield has recorded two more transmissions


from the same area of the Indian Ocean as those heard over the


weekend. Search co-ordinators say they're now optimistic that the


remains of the aircraft - which disappeared a month ago - will be


found. Peter Roberts is Senior Research Fellow in Maritime Studies


at RUSI - The Royal United Services Institute. He's in our Southampton


studio. Welcome to world news today. How confident are you that this


means the site has been found? I think we can be certain we have


found the area where the black box is. Whether this means that is the


crash site, I think that is unlikely. There may be did police.


We have almost certainly find the black box recorder or at least


localised it. We're still talking about hundreds of square miles. You


presume that the black box will be inside the main body of the wreckage


or somewhere else? That is a distinct possibility. We will not


see a whole fusilade or pull wings being recovered. During any impact


events and as it moved through the ocean, it will be broken up by the


large seas and this will be disbursed over a large easier,


perhaps hundreds of miles. The important thing is the signal from


the black box. We have an admission finally from the search team that


this is the black box recorder signal itself and that is important.


Either not possibilities it could be animal life, like dolphins emitting


those sounds? -- are they are not. The reason this frequency is picked


is because it is not similar to any other marine mammals or frequencies


at which they transmit. The only similarity is with dolphins as you


say but that is a fixed term nature of the signal which discounts that.


The closest thing to it is that it could have been an inadvertent


signal from one of the ships around it. Having heard that Ocean Shield


and other ships have turned off all nonessential equipment, they have


now discounted that. We will probably see a further statement


coming to see that this is without doubt the black box. Thank you very


much for joining us. In eastern Ukraine, pro-Russia


activists continue to occupy government buildings in the cities


of Donetsk and Luhansk, despite the decision of Ukrainian authorities


earlier this week to launch what they call an anti-terrorist


operation against armed separatists. Today, Ukraine's Interior Minister,


Arsen Avakov, told journalists in Kiev that the crisis in eastern


Ukraine will be resolved within 48 hours - either through negotiations


or by force. The BBC's Steve Rosenberg has just filed this report


with the separatists in Donetsk. This is the so-called provisional


government of the People's Republic of Donetsk. They have been holding a


question and answer session for journalists and said they intend to


press ahead with their referendum on regional sovereignty. They maintain


three countries are ready to recognise this independent country,


they refused to say which ones. They are holding a dialogue with the


authorities here. Earlier today, the governor of this region topped about


this meeting. He said he had met representatives of the pro-Russian


activists and topped but how to resolve the stand-off peacefully.


Meanwhile, President Putin has warned Ukraine it might have to pay


those imports of Russian gas in advance. The Russian president said


his state-owned supplier, Gazprom, had the right to demand prepayment


if Ukraine doesn't clear its arrears - which he says amount to $2.2


billion. Let's look at both these issues with the BBC's David Stern


who's in the Ukrainian capital Kiev. First - this 48 hour ultimatum from


Kiev to the separatists - what does it mean? It is not quite clear. They


have said they could resort to force, but this could be a read or


special operations. It is not certain. It does raise some concerns


because any use of force could escalate the situation. The


authorities have said they will try to resolve this peacefully and they


are entering talks. Prior to this they said they would do this without


bloodshed. In another city where the government building was occupied, be


cleared it without a shot being fired and the detained 70


activists. Tensions are rising there, as you heard. Guards are


barricaded in the state security building and apparently they are


well armed. So even if they use force, will it be successful, given


that they are barricaded in these buildings? Another issue which could


affect everyone in you clean, if Russia does the price of gas are


cuts of? Indeed. Everyone looks towards Russia for a number of


reasons, there are concerns or accusations that the Russians are


building up troops on the border. But Russia has a number of tools to


bring pressure on you clean. -- only you clean. One of them is the gas


cards. -- on Ukraine. Its industry is heavily dependent on gas saw any


decrease in supply will affect the economy adverseley. Thank you very


much. Now a look at some of the days other


news. A bomb has ripped through a bustling


market in the Pakistani capital Islamabad, killing at least twenty


two people and injuring more than eighty. The bomb is said to have


been hidden in a fruit box. It's the deadliest attack in Islamabad in six


years. Eighteen people have been killed in


a series of car bomb attacks in the Iraqi capital Baghdad. More than


seventy were injured in the blasts, which appear to have targeted mainly


Shi-ite neighbourhoods. Italy says it has rescued


four-thousand African migrants from boats trying to reach Europe in the


past forty-eight hours. Rescues included a group of more than a


thousand people spotted off Sicily as their boats ran into trouble. The


Italian Interior Minister Angelino Alfano said the situation was


getting worse as people-traffickers appear to be stepping up their


trade. Security experts are urging computer


users to change their passwords after what has been described as a


catastrophic flaw was discovered in vital security software. The bug,


nicknamed Heartbleed, was in OpenSSL - software used by hundreds of


thousands of websites to ensure secure communication.


India's marathon election goes on. In the Northeast, hundreds of


thousands of people stood in line for hours today to vote in the


second phase of the country's national elections. North-east India


is a region affected by insurgencies and Sanjoy Majumder explains voters


there often feel remote from the capital, Delhi.


We are very close to the Burmese border, the border of Myanmar, from


where I am. Nagaland shares a border with Myanmar. You still see a lot of


soldiers about. This is a part of the country which hosted the longest


running insurgency in India. An insurgency which has been calmed for


some time because of the cease-fire which was signed in the 1990s. But


the underground militants still have a lot of influence. A lot of people


I spoke to basically said, you know, there is still a lot of areas that


they control. So, this is an area where India has put in a lot of


control over the years. And there is a general sense of unease. There's


also one other thing. There is a market not very far from where I am


called the Hong Kong market. Everything you see there is from


China. From toys, electronic goods, clothes. That is the other big worry


here that India has. That its giant Asian neighbour... This neighbour is


increasing its presence here in Nagaland and in this entire region.


And perhaps its own influence is a bit tenuous.


And voting in India concludes on the 12th of May with counting starting


on the 16th. Two Libyan oil terminals have


reopened this week after rebels agreed to partially lift their oil


blockade in a deal reached with the government. The Justice Minister


said that the eastern terminals of Zueitina and Hariga are now in


government hands. Two more ports are due to reopen in the next few weeks.


Traders are watching the negotiations closely, keen to know


when Libyan oil is going to re-enter the market, as these port closures


have caused major disruption. In the past eight months, oil exports have


dropped by 80% as a result of the blockade by militiamen, who are


seeking greater regional autonomy. The country's current output stands


at around 150,000 barrels per day. And here's a crucial figure. The two


re-opened ports could increase Libya's crude oil exports


dramatically by about 200,000 barrels per day.


And that stand-off over oil demonstrates for us both Libya's


potential, and the forces which could tear it apart. I'm joined now


by Fadeel Lameen, the Chairman of the National Dialogue Preparatory


Committee for Libya, a group which has a mandate from the government,


but describes itself as independent. Does everyone want to join your


conversation? Absolutely. We have seen that we have taken over 25


cities, and towns, and we're heading to other towns. Everybody is excited


by this opportunity to put together the second Libyan state where


everybody has the opportunity to create a sense of unity, and a sense


of understanding that is needed for the country to move forward. Is it


hard to learn to have dialogue with open conversation has been repressed


for decades? Absolutely. That is why we have been talking, and nobody has


been listening to each other. We have reached a point right now where


we have finally decided that just shouting and trying to impose their


point of view will not work. They have to come to the table, talk to


each other, reach a consensus on how they will live together and build a


future together. When we look at Libya, there are so many provinces.


You have that traditional tension between Tripoli and Benghazi. Did


you have quite a challenge? We do, but we have been there. We started


in the east of the country. We went to a place which is a tough town.


And we went to Benghazi. And we moved through the South and West. We


all found that Libyans want one country, and the entirety of the


Libyan soil is in their minds. They want justice and reconciliation, and


they want security, but they want to do it together. Do they need help


from the international community or do they have to do this for


themselves? The conversation, they have to do themselves. But they need


the help from the international community because they cannot do it


alone. Whatever agreement they reach will have to be supported and


appreciated, and guaranteed by the international community. They have


to feel the international community is behind them and will not let the


Libyan people down. As we said, oil is both the promise for Libya. You


are so rich. But it is a curse because different factions want


control. That is true. That is what we will talk. How to split this


well. It will not be a regional issue because it is a national


treasure and National resort is that has to be distributed to build the


prosperity of the Libyan people, no matter where they are. It is not a


geographical issue. Otherwise, it becomes too localised and nobody


except the one who has the oil fleet in their own backyard can benefit


from the work. Very good to have you with us, thank you.


Now a story about the changing face of America. In March, Hispanics were


projected to become the largest ethnic group in California,


overtaking whites for the first time in the state's history. That's a


demographic turnaround that's only happened in one other US state - New


Mexico. And where California leads, America often follows, as Alistair


Leithead reports from Los Angeles. Behind-the-scenes of America's most


popular local TV station. And it is in Spanish. KMEX Channel 34 is in


Los Angeles, where the Hispanic population is already bigger than


any other ethnic group. The whole of California is now passing that


landmark. This is the first step of many... In what will definitely be a


century that will be... Significantly altered by Hispanic


opinion, Hispanic public opinion, and Hispanic... Political


involvement. But it goes beyond the Spanish language. And the biggest


media market out there is Latino. Most are young and speak English.


Brand-new stations like El Rey know their target audience. The face of


the network... Will resemble the face of the country. This is the


people's network. It isn't the first time Hispanics have outnumbered


non-Hispanic whites. Less than 200 years ago, Outer, or Upper


California, as it was known back then, was part of Mexico. This is


one of the remaining Spanish missions. Built by the colonisers to


bring Christianity to the Native Americans. After Mexican


independence in 1821, these became privately owned ranchos to try to


attract Mexican settlers. But after just 25 years the United States


invaded. And won a war which went on to create California as its 31st


state. Then came the gold rush, and the proportion of Hispanics here


dropped dramatically. Today, you are as likely to see McDonald's as you


are a Mexican fast food joint in LA. The two cultures have quite


obviously been growing together for years. It is the new normal. The


eyes of the world are on California. This morning, the children that went


to schools in Los Angeles, over 72% of the children are now... Latino


origin children. They are the future cops. They are the nurses. They are


the doctors. They are the lawyers. They are the soldiers. They are...


Your future citizens. And don't the politicians know it? Hi, I'm Tim


Donnelly. I'm running for governor. This Tea Party Republican wants


illegal immigrants deported. But also wants the Latino vote. That


makes it awkward. California isn't keeping up with its changing face.


Latinos lag behind in political representation and education.


Something their news channel is trying to change.


The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge's son Prince George hosted his first


ever official function on Wednesday when he joined a group of New


Zealand toddlers for a royal play date. Our royal correspondent was


there. He was not afraid to assert himself but then that is perfectly


normal for an eight-month-old boy. He is crawling and people watching


said there were moments when he seemed to be not far short of


walking. For George, it was something new, a brief but at times


boisterous start to what will potentially be the a lifetime of


being the centre of attention. He had been brought by his mother to a


specially arranged playgroup at Government House. Ten babies of


roughly the same age as him. At first he seemed a little bashful,


more interested in his mother's hair than his new playmates. But then a


girl caught his eye. Not an entirely successful encounter - she retired


in tears. George tried again with another child. He spotted a toy he


wanted so he reached out and grabbed it. Once again, Mum had to come to


the rescue. He was his own little man. He went


into the middle of the circle of toys. He hunted out the biggest toy.


He propped himself up and owned the place, basically.


George at eight months, starting to learn about the world around him,


though still oblivious to what his own future holds. For now, he seemed


happiest playing with his rattle. Now he has completed his sort of


semi-first public engagement, he can relax. He will not be seen again in


public until he leaves New Zealand with his mother and father in about


a week's time. A good start and many more to come.


Thank you for being with us here. Goodbye.


Good evening. It turned out to be a pretty decent day from many parts of


the British Isles, with temperatures in excess of 16 in


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