25/04/2014 World News Today


The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 25/04/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi.


Russia is not doing enough to defuse the standoff in eastern Ukraine says


the west - and they are threatening to impose more sanctions against


Moscow. Regardless, Russia flexes its military muscles.


Dozens are reported dead after a series of bombings at a political


rally in Baghdad will stop And climbers begin leaving Everest base


camp, in the face of a strike by Sherpa guides, following a deadly


avalanche. Remembering the ground-breaking


events that played a role in ending apartheid in South Africa - we talk


to the impresario whose global spectaculars are the subject of a


new film. Hello and welcome. The war of words


between Ukraine and Russia is reflecting the continuing


hostilities between the two countries as the interim government


in Kiev accuses Moscow of stoking the tensions in the east of Ukraine.


Ukraine's prime minister says Russia seems to want to start world war


three. President Obama says the West is considering further sanctions


against Russia. But President Putin says it is the Ukrainian government


that is carrying out bloody crimes against its own people. The BBC's


Nick Childs has more. Smoke billows over an eastern Ukrainian airbase.


This is unverified footage. There have been reports of a military


helicopter being hit by a rocket propelled grenade. Whatever this is,


it's likely to add to the sudden, new escalation in tensions here. An


armed pro-Russian activist, seemingly very much back in charge


outside the eastern Ukrainian town of Sloviansk. A day after


short-lived Ukrainian army raids raised the political and diplomatic


temperature in this tense stand-off, another significant notch. The


Americans are laying the blame for images like these more squarely than


ever at Russia's door. This is a full throated effort to actively


sabotage the democratic process through gross, external


intimidation. Russia has put its faith in distraction, deception and


destabilisation. For seven days, Russia has refused to take a single,


concrete step in the right direction. But as the diplomatic war


intensifies, Russia's Foreign Minister has hit back with some


accusation of its own. TRANSLATION: The West, and this is


how it all began, wants to seize control of the Ukraine, because of


its own political ambitions, not the interests of the Ukrainian people.


Just what the Ukrainian military's raids have really achieved, is


unclear. They certainly angered Moscow enough for it to order new


military manoeuvres, according to one report, within a kilometre of


the Ukrainian border. The move prompted this from Ukraine's interim


Prime Minister, Arseniy Yatsenyuk. Attempts at Russian military


aggression on the territory of Ukraine will cause military conflict


in the European area, he told a Cabinet meeting. And Russia already


wants to start the third World War, he said. With no apparent resolution


to the stand-off on the ground, does all this bring a direct


confrontation between Ukraine and Russia closer? And if so, what will


the international fallout be? In a separate development, Ukraine's


interior ministry has said armed separatists in the eastern city of


Sloviansk have seized a bus carrying international observers from the


OSCE, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe. The


Swedish Foreign Minister, Carl Bildt, tweeted: Extremely concerned


with OSCE inspectors being abducted in Eastern Ukraine. Including one


Swede. They must be released immediately. Lets speak to the BBC's


David Stern - he's in the capital Kiev. Any word on these abducted


monitors? Apparently, according to Western news agencies, the local


pro-Russian activists have confirmed that they have taken or detained as


they put it, these observers. These are not political observers, they


are military observers. They are from OSCE member states as part of a


bilateral military inspection. Anything which involves the


detaining of international observers does add to the mix here and raises


the tension even more. Apparently there were seven members of OSCE


states and five Ukrainian military members as well. Local authorities


accuse them of having a spy among them and that is why they were


detained. That adds greatly to the tension in the eastern part of the


country. Who is actually in control of Sloviansk? The separatists or


Ukrainian forces? In the city itself it is definitely the separatists,


the pro-Russian gunmean. The Ukrainians would say it is the


Russian government who is in control, they are orchestrating the


seizure of government buildings. It seems clear that are now Ukrainian


forces there, they are on the outskirts of the town and are


creating a to cut off the town without bringing any danger to the


civilian population. This is a very sensitive pocket -- sensitive


operation. Thank you very much. A stream of climbers has been


leaving Mount Everest base camp over fears that the route is not safe.


This follows the avalanche last month -- last week. Sherpa guides


have also demanded better compensation for the work they do.


Climbers tackling Everest would normally be putting the skier or on,


but this year they will not get the chance. The avalanche last Friday


killed 13 Sherpa games and buried three others. The Mirror -- morale


is still low. No reports of fresh ice falls on the same path I raising


concerns about whether any climbers will go up here at all. Having been


there and seen the conditions myself and the repeated avalanches, not


snow avalanches but ice, graziers breaking off and coming down. I know


for certain that those conditions are not safe. The Sherpa is now it


is not safe. The government knows it is not safe. Anyone who crosses


those ice flows at this season are doing great risk to themselves as


climbers and to the Sherpas. The discussion over compensation to


Sherpas still remains. The government has said it will do all


to help. It has ushered climbers their permits will remain valid for


five years meaning those who do not want to take the risk can come


back. But not everyone has left. TRANSLATION: There are still many


smaller groups at the peace camp now. We have a new company and have


spent so much money already, who will bear the costs? If other groups


want to climb Mount Everest, we are ready to pursue the track. That is a


big if. It keeps getting bigger as more teams pull out.


To Iraq and now were a series of bomb attacks have hit a campaign


rally. We hope to hear from Baghdad first of all but let us show you


these pictures. I should warn you they are quite disturbing. This is


in the aftermath of the first explosion. There is gunfire and then


this happens... The bombs went off as thousands of supporters of Shia


political party had gathered in eastern Baghdad. The party is a


political wing of Shia group. The Prime Minister is seeking a third


term in office. In the late hours of this afternoon between four o'clock


and five o'clock, when the gathering of groups were leaving the stadium


were the leagues of the righteous, as Shi'ite group who not only are


directly backed by Iran, they make no secret of it. They also made


public statements about their collusion in the military campaign


in Syria. That was part of their electioneering tool. The display


pictures of their marchers, about 70 of them. How many were fighting in


the first place one has to ask? That is the question for a number of the


cine groups inside Iraq. Also the Muslim extremist groups. There is no


way to know who is responsible for these attacks but one would draw


conclusions. As soon as the supremely dirt of the group finished


his address, -- supreme leader of the group, finished his address and


left the first explosion went off. Then the second bomb went off. Both


were car bombs. The third one was also meant to create as much chaos


and havoc as possible which was an IED on the roadsides just on the


exit where people were getting out of the stadium. That was the latest


from Baghdad. From the moment it was founded in 2007, the Taliban have


proved to become a formidable force. At the height of their power in 2008


they can trolled to huge swathes of territory in the north-west


Pakistan. -- the controlled. Today it has been pushed back to just


tribal area. I will be joined in the studio by a world news presenter.


With the Prime Minister and are saying that he would not conduct any


military campaign against the Taliban, he only wants to have


talks, does that mean we will see the end of their pilot campaign? The


talks are on but the objective of the talks is unclear. Some people


say it is to split the Taliban. Others say they are trying to do a


deal. The Army, who have lost 5000 men over the last four years by


fighting the Taliban, are not in the mood for compromise. They do not


want to lose on the negotiating table what they have one the


battlefield. The army are determined they have made progress and will not


want to give it up. Looking at the Taliban in Afghanistan, how far are


the two Taliban is linked? It is very complicated. The militants can


move across borders at will and the armies of Pakistan and indeed


America are unable to do so. This has been exploited by both Taliban


movements. They are separate and have different agendas. They have


cooperated before and will do so in the future. How far will the


departure of foreign combat troops help them stop their campaign, have


they been principally fighting to remove the foreign presence or do


they want to introduce Sharia law to Afghanistan? The signs are they are


preparing to fight hard against whoever is in couple. No doubt that


will bolster the Pakistani Taliban on the other side of the border.


This last remaining area has probably 20,000 Pakistani Taliban is


in there. Is the Army going to move in there and cleared the area? It


would be extremely violent if the dead. There would be bombs in


Pakistani cities if the dead but that is talk of it happening. What


is it like there? The Army have sort of control. They have done a lot of


infrastructure work. The Taliban are there in some spots. But the Army


have done a huge amount of infrastructure work, roads and


electricity and people are returning. Their morale is strong,


they feel they have made a big success against the Taliban and are


consolidating their gains. Thank you. Divers in South Korea have


discovered the bodies of 48 girls in life jackets from the Sewol ferry


that sank earlier this month. Officials described how the girls


had all squeezed into a single room meant to hold 30 people. Divers said


the process is being slowed down by floating objects inside the


wreckage. They also have to break open windows to access the lower


levels of the ferry. President Obama is taken a tough stance on North


Korea in his tour of South Korea. Mr Obama said North Korea poses a


direct military threat to the United States and the concerns that it is


preparing to conduct another nuclear test. The underwater search for the


missing Malaysia Airlines plane could expand from its area it has


been focusing on in the Indian Ocean. A submersible has completed


95% of its search in the area where possible signals from the plane's


flight recorder were heard on eight April. -- eighth April. Delays


dogging World Cup preparations have been challenging for organisers but


the fever general secretary insists that the event is on track to stop


delays in stadium contract them at all venues have marred seven years


of preparations, causing FIFA to criticise the hosts. It is 20 years


this Sunday since the first multi-racial elections took place in


South Africa, and a new film marks how many countries around the world


united to celebrate the end of apartheid. The film, One Humanity,


will be premiered simulatenously in London and Johannesburg this


weekend. It focuses on two star-studded global television


broadcasts - the Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute at Wembley Stadium


in London and the International Tribute for a Free South Africa.


Hundreds of millions watched the shows worldwide, which included some


of the biggest names in popular music. Let's take a look at an


extract. This felt like a very special event. I felt emotionally


connected to it. So I wanted to be a part of it.


We, as individual musicians, are just musicians, but we were


endorsing something together, so it was very nice, because it had that


little twist. We knew that Mandela was inside and we knew that there


was apartheid. I was not very well versed on the political side of it,


but I knew how I felt. He was labelled as a terrorist by Margaret


Thatcher, so anybody that was supporting Mandela was supporting


terrorists. So, from that perspective, we were being


rebellious. That was Annie Lennox. We also help from Peter Gabriel and


Chrissie Hynde, talking about why they championed the anti-apartheid


cause. With me is the man behind those historic broadcasts, British


journalist Tony Hollingsworth. For those who do not remember, what did


the 70th birthday tribute to Norse Mandela involve? It was 100


countries on television, 600 million people watched it, 83 artists


involved, all demanding the release of Mandela from prison, in 1988, on


his 70th birthday. And within some 16 months of that, his lawyer asked


me to stage a second event which would be after his release, that he


would attend, and that was to celebrate his release but to give


him a platform to speak to the world, and remind the world that his


release was not the end of apartheid and that they should be pushing


until free elections, which of course are being celebrated this


Sunday, their 20th anniversary. It was a mammoth operation that you


undertook. What were your motives at the time? Why did you want to do


this? It was a terrible thing. It was an inhuman system, apartheid,


and it needed to be dismantled. I was given opportunities in the 80s,


so many other things had already been done, and the International


Solidarity movement have been built since 1946, since the 1946 United


Nations, when a motion was put down against racist South Africa, and


that was when it was put on the international agenda, that there was


this racist system in South Africa, and since then, boulder by boulder,


the International Solidarity movement was built that objected and


protested against apartheid. We were able to get on top of the mountain


and broadcast this appeal for him to be released, on his 70th birthday,


but so much had been done already that we were getting on top of the


mountain. We had briefly from some of the artists involved. Did they


all except very quickly and say, yes, we are going to take part in


this? It takes a long time. People talk about snowballs, but they do


not tell you that you have to push them up will. But there was a


snowball effect. -- uphill. This film that is being given its


premiere on Sunday, One Humanity, it is been done by a if African


director who has created a celluloid tapestry that weaves in the


performances we had in 1988 and 1990 with the real history of how the


international solidarity movement was built, and it is a wonderful,


dramatic way of telling the story. And we gave it its premiere in


Pretoria on April 27, the 20th anniversary, and simultaneously at


Bath that in London as well. It is a lovely story that he has created --


at BAFTA. Looking back but now looking forward, do you think all of


that hope and optimism has been vindicated, that there is a brighter


next 20 years for South Africa? Yes, absolutely. I think there is.


What people forget is that what was won 20 years ago, is enjoyed by here


every day. It is not something that you take on on day one and it goes


away, you enjoy every single day. Every time I am in South Africa, I


mix with a wonderful mature people, and those human rights and the


democracy that is here, it might be new and young, only 20 years old,


but it is a wonderful thing to behold, compared with what it was.


Did you get the sense that you are part of history? A little part. I


was part of a tipping point, that is all. Lots of work had been done,


well before we were doing that. It was a moment in history, an


important moment. In 1985, Gorbachev got in and started negotiating with


Ronald Reagan and by the time you got to 1987, the Cold War is ending


and as this film tells, with the Cold War ending, no longer could be


apartheid regime justifies itself as being fighting communism in southern


Africa, so the support went for the regime, and all of the protest


movements could then win through. Thank you very much for joining us


live. It is the best selling puzzle toy of all time and has confounded


many a generation. Including, it must be said, myself. Well now the


Rubik's cube is celebrating its 40th birthday. Symphonies, artwork, and


competitions have been inspired by the toy which has had global sales


of 350 million. A new exhibition celebrating the history of the Rubik


cube opens in New Jersey this weekend - to be followed by a


national tour of the US. From New York, here's the BBC's Neda Tawfik.


The Rubik's cube is as symbolic of the 80s as Pac-man or Madonna. For


some, this toy brings back a flood of memories. ?? YELLOW the Rubik's


cube. 25 million Americans have made it part of their lives. This exhibit


at the Liberty Science Centre just outside of New York celebrates 40


years of the Rubik's cube. From its humble beginnings to its renewed


fame. The puzzle became an addictive phenomenon. There are tutorials for


solving it. Even robots that work it out. But, for those doing it the


old-fashioned way, it is worth remembering that it took inventor


Erno Rubik a month to solve it, his first time. The best feeling if


you're doing well, if you succeed, it is the best feeling that you can


do something without any outside help. The cube has an astonishing 43


quintillion combinations. That is 43, with 18 zeros behind it. And


three generations later, it is still a test of patience, intelligence and


speed. Anthony, you are one of the world's fastest speed cubers. Can


you show me just how fast you can solve this? Absolutely. Ready, set,


go. Anthony solves the Rubik's cube in just ten seconds. You can even do


this blindfold, right? Can you show us how it's done? Yeah. After


studying the pattern for a minute, it takes him 32 seconds to complete


the puzzle. The Rubik's cube is the world's best selling puzzle toy. One


billion have been manufactured and and one out of seven people around


the world have tried it. All testament to the fact that whilst it


might be frustratingly complicated to solve, its appeal is simple. It


is tactile, it is fun to hold, you see people just having fun playing


with it even though they are not try to solve it. It appeals to the sense


of vision because of the popping colours. It appeals to something in


our brain that all of us want to restore order to chaos. This iconic


toy has had a fun ride, one that just keeps on going.


Celebrating 40 years of the Rubik 's cube. I am going to dig mine out and


have another go. That is all from the programme. From me and the team,


goodbye and enjoy your weekend. Now the weather.


Good evening. It is a wet end to the working week. As you start the


weekend, the wind will be picking up. Some blustery showers around as


well, but it is not all doom and gloom. Most of us should see some


sunshine at some stage. Pretty horrible on the roads across


northern England and Scotland tonight. Then the next batch of rain


is coming in


Download Subtitles