25/04/2014 World News Today


25/04/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi.

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Russia is not doing enough to defuse the standoff in eastern Ukraine says

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the west - and they are threatening to impose more sanctions against

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Moscow. Regardless, Russia flexes its military muscles.

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Dozens are reported dead after a series of bombings at a political

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rally in Baghdad will stop And climbers begin leaving Everest base

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camp, in the face of a strike by Sherpa guides, following a deadly

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avalanche. Remembering the ground-breaking

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events that played a role in ending apartheid in South Africa - we talk

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to the impresario whose global spectaculars are the subject of a

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new film. Hello and welcome. The war of words

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between Ukraine and Russia is reflecting the continuing

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hostilities between the two countries as the interim government

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in Kiev accuses Moscow of stoking the tensions in the east of Ukraine.

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Ukraine's prime minister says Russia seems to want to start world war

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three. President Obama says the West is considering further sanctions

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against Russia. But President Putin says it is the Ukrainian government

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that is carrying out bloody crimes against its own people. The BBC's

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Nick Childs has more. Smoke billows over an eastern Ukrainian airbase.

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This is unverified footage. There have been reports of a military

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helicopter being hit by a rocket propelled grenade. Whatever this is,

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it's likely to add to the sudden, new escalation in tensions here. An

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armed pro-Russian activist, seemingly very much back in charge

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outside the eastern Ukrainian town of Sloviansk. A day after

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short-lived Ukrainian army raids raised the political and diplomatic

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temperature in this tense stand-off, another significant notch. The

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Americans are laying the blame for images like these more squarely than

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ever at Russia's door. This is a full throated effort to actively

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sabotage the democratic process through gross, external

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intimidation. Russia has put its faith in distraction, deception and

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destabilisation. For seven days, Russia has refused to take a single,

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concrete step in the right direction. But as the diplomatic war

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intensifies, Russia's Foreign Minister has hit back with some

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accusation of its own. TRANSLATION: The West, and this is

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how it all began, wants to seize control of the Ukraine, because of

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its own political ambitions, not the interests of the Ukrainian people.

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Just what the Ukrainian military's raids have really achieved, is

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unclear. They certainly angered Moscow enough for it to order new

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military manoeuvres, according to one report, within a kilometre of

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the Ukrainian border. The move prompted this from Ukraine's interim

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Prime Minister, Arseniy Yatsenyuk. Attempts at Russian military

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aggression on the territory of Ukraine will cause military conflict

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in the European area, he told a Cabinet meeting. And Russia already

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wants to start the third World War, he said. With no apparent resolution

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to the stand-off on the ground, does all this bring a direct

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confrontation between Ukraine and Russia closer? And if so, what will

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the international fallout be? In a separate development, Ukraine's

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interior ministry has said armed separatists in the eastern city of

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Sloviansk have seized a bus carrying international observers from the

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OSCE, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe. The

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Swedish Foreign Minister, Carl Bildt, tweeted: Extremely concerned

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with OSCE inspectors being abducted in Eastern Ukraine. Including one

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Swede. They must be released immediately. Lets speak to the BBC's

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David Stern - he's in the capital Kiev. Any word on these abducted

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monitors? Apparently, according to Western news agencies, the local

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pro-Russian activists have confirmed that they have taken or detained as

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they put it, these observers. These are not political observers, they

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are military observers. They are from OSCE member states as part of a

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bilateral military inspection. Anything which involves the

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detaining of international observers does add to the mix here and raises

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the tension even more. Apparently there were seven members of OSCE

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states and five Ukrainian military members as well. Local authorities

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accuse them of having a spy among them and that is why they were

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detained. That adds greatly to the tension in the eastern part of the

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country. Who is actually in control of Sloviansk? The separatists or

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Ukrainian forces? In the city itself it is definitely the separatists,

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the pro-Russian gunmean. The Ukrainians would say it is the

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Russian government who is in control, they are orchestrating the

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seizure of government buildings. It seems clear that are now Ukrainian

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forces there, they are on the outskirts of the town and are

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creating a to cut off the town without bringing any danger to the

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civilian population. This is a very sensitive pocket -- sensitive

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operation. Thank you very much. A stream of climbers has been

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leaving Mount Everest base camp over fears that the route is not safe.

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This follows the avalanche last month -- last week. Sherpa guides

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have also demanded better compensation for the work they do.

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Climbers tackling Everest would normally be putting the skier or on,

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but this year they will not get the chance. The avalanche last Friday

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killed 13 Sherpa games and buried three others. The Mirror -- morale

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is still low. No reports of fresh ice falls on the same path I raising

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concerns about whether any climbers will go up here at all. Having been

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there and seen the conditions myself and the repeated avalanches, not

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snow avalanches but ice, graziers breaking off and coming down. I know

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for certain that those conditions are not safe. The Sherpa is now it

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is not safe. The government knows it is not safe. Anyone who crosses

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those ice flows at this season are doing great risk to themselves as

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climbers and to the Sherpas. The discussion over compensation to

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Sherpas still remains. The government has said it will do all

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to help. It has ushered climbers their permits will remain valid for

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five years meaning those who do not want to take the risk can come

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back. But not everyone has left. TRANSLATION: There are still many

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smaller groups at the peace camp now. We have a new company and have

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spent so much money already, who will bear the costs? If other groups

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want to climb Mount Everest, we are ready to pursue the track. That is a

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big if. It keeps getting bigger as more teams pull out.

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To Iraq and now were a series of bomb attacks have hit a campaign

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rally. We hope to hear from Baghdad first of all but let us show you

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these pictures. I should warn you they are quite disturbing. This is

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in the aftermath of the first explosion. There is gunfire and then

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this happens... The bombs went off as thousands of supporters of Shia

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political party had gathered in eastern Baghdad. The party is a

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political wing of Shia group. The Prime Minister is seeking a third

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term in office. In the late hours of this afternoon between four o'clock

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and five o'clock, when the gathering of groups were leaving the stadium

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were the leagues of the righteous, as Shi'ite group who not only are

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directly backed by Iran, they make no secret of it. They also made

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public statements about their collusion in the military campaign

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in Syria. That was part of their electioneering tool. The display

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pictures of their marchers, about 70 of them. How many were fighting in

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the first place one has to ask? That is the question for a number of the

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cine groups inside Iraq. Also the Muslim extremist groups. There is no

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way to know who is responsible for these attacks but one would draw

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conclusions. As soon as the supremely dirt of the group finished

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his address, -- supreme leader of the group, finished his address and

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left the first explosion went off. Then the second bomb went off. Both

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were car bombs. The third one was also meant to create as much chaos

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and havoc as possible which was an IED on the roadsides just on the

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exit where people were getting out of the stadium. That was the latest

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from Baghdad. From the moment it was founded in 2007, the Taliban have

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proved to become a formidable force. At the height of their power in 2008

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they can trolled to huge swathes of territory in the north-west

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Pakistan. -- the controlled. Today it has been pushed back to just

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tribal area. I will be joined in the studio by a world news presenter.

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With the Prime Minister and are saying that he would not conduct any

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military campaign against the Taliban, he only wants to have

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talks, does that mean we will see the end of their pilot campaign? The

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talks are on but the objective of the talks is unclear. Some people

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say it is to split the Taliban. Others say they are trying to do a

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deal. The Army, who have lost 5000 men over the last four years by

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fighting the Taliban, are not in the mood for compromise. They do not

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want to lose on the negotiating table what they have one the

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battlefield. The army are determined they have made progress and will not

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want to give it up. Looking at the Taliban in Afghanistan, how far are

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the two Taliban is linked? It is very complicated. The militants can

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move across borders at will and the armies of Pakistan and indeed

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America are unable to do so. This has been exploited by both Taliban

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movements. They are separate and have different agendas. They have

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cooperated before and will do so in the future. How far will the

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departure of foreign combat troops help them stop their campaign, have

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they been principally fighting to remove the foreign presence or do

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they want to introduce Sharia law to Afghanistan? The signs are they are

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preparing to fight hard against whoever is in couple. No doubt that

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will bolster the Pakistani Taliban on the other side of the border.

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This last remaining area has probably 20,000 Pakistani Taliban is

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in there. Is the Army going to move in there and cleared the area? It

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would be extremely violent if the dead. There would be bombs in

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Pakistani cities if the dead but that is talk of it happening. What

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is it like there? The Army have sort of control. They have done a lot of

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infrastructure work. The Taliban are there in some spots. But the Army

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have done a huge amount of infrastructure work, roads and

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electricity and people are returning. Their morale is strong,

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they feel they have made a big success against the Taliban and are

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consolidating their gains. Thank you. Divers in South Korea have

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discovered the bodies of 48 girls in life jackets from the Sewol ferry

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that sank earlier this month. Officials described how the girls

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had all squeezed into a single room meant to hold 30 people. Divers said

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the process is being slowed down by floating objects inside the

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wreckage. They also have to break open windows to access the lower

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levels of the ferry. President Obama is taken a tough stance on North

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Korea in his tour of South Korea. Mr Obama said North Korea poses a

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direct military threat to the United States and the concerns that it is

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preparing to conduct another nuclear test. The underwater search for the

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missing Malaysia Airlines plane could expand from its area it has

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been focusing on in the Indian Ocean. A submersible has completed

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95% of its search in the area where possible signals from the plane's

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flight recorder were heard on eight April. -- eighth April. Delays

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dogging World Cup preparations have been challenging for organisers but

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the fever general secretary insists that the event is on track to stop

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delays in stadium contract them at all venues have marred seven years

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of preparations, causing FIFA to criticise the hosts. It is 20 years

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this Sunday since the first multi-racial elections took place in

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South Africa, and a new film marks how many countries around the world

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united to celebrate the end of apartheid. The film, One Humanity,

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will be premiered simulatenously in London and Johannesburg this

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weekend. It focuses on two star-studded global television

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broadcasts - the Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute at Wembley Stadium

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in London and the International Tribute for a Free South Africa.

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Hundreds of millions watched the shows worldwide, which included some

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of the biggest names in popular music. Let's take a look at an

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extract. This felt like a very special event. I felt emotionally

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connected to it. So I wanted to be a part of it.

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We, as individual musicians, are just musicians, but we were

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endorsing something together, so it was very nice, because it had that

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little twist. We knew that Mandela was inside and we knew that there

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was apartheid. I was not very well versed on the political side of it,

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but I knew how I felt. He was labelled as a terrorist by Margaret

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Thatcher, so anybody that was supporting Mandela was supporting

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terrorists. So, from that perspective, we were being

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rebellious. That was Annie Lennox. We also help from Peter Gabriel and

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Chrissie Hynde, talking about why they championed the anti-apartheid

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cause. With me is the man behind those historic broadcasts, British

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journalist Tony Hollingsworth. For those who do not remember, what did

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the 70th birthday tribute to Norse Mandela involve? It was 100

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countries on television, 600 million people watched it, 83 artists

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involved, all demanding the release of Mandela from prison, in 1988, on

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his 70th birthday. And within some 16 months of that, his lawyer asked

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me to stage a second event which would be after his release, that he

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would attend, and that was to celebrate his release but to give

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him a platform to speak to the world, and remind the world that his

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release was not the end of apartheid and that they should be pushing

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until free elections, which of course are being celebrated this

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Sunday, their 20th anniversary. It was a mammoth operation that you

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undertook. What were your motives at the time? Why did you want to do

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this? It was a terrible thing. It was an inhuman system, apartheid,

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and it needed to be dismantled. I was given opportunities in the 80s,

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so many other things had already been done, and the International

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Solidarity movement have been built since 1946, since the 1946 United

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Nations, when a motion was put down against racist South Africa, and

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that was when it was put on the international agenda, that there was

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this racist system in South Africa, and since then, boulder by boulder,

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the International Solidarity movement was built that objected and

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protested against apartheid. We were able to get on top of the mountain

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and broadcast this appeal for him to be released, on his 70th birthday,

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but so much had been done already that we were getting on top of the

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mountain. We had briefly from some of the artists involved. Did they

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all except very quickly and say, yes, we are going to take part in

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this? It takes a long time. People talk about snowballs, but they do

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not tell you that you have to push them up will. But there was a

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snowball effect. -- uphill. This film that is being given its

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premiere on Sunday, One Humanity, it is been done by a if African

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director who has created a celluloid tapestry that weaves in the

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performances we had in 1988 and 1990 with the real history of how the

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international solidarity movement was built, and it is a wonderful,

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dramatic way of telling the story. And we gave it its premiere in

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Pretoria on April 27, the 20th anniversary, and simultaneously at

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Bath that in London as well. It is a lovely story that he has created --

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at BAFTA. Looking back but now looking forward, do you think all of

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that hope and optimism has been vindicated, that there is a brighter

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next 20 years for South Africa? Yes, absolutely. I think there is.

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What people forget is that what was won 20 years ago, is enjoyed by here

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every day. It is not something that you take on on day one and it goes

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away, you enjoy every single day. Every time I am in South Africa, I

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mix with a wonderful mature people, and those human rights and the

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democracy that is here, it might be new and young, only 20 years old,

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but it is a wonderful thing to behold, compared with what it was.

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Did you get the sense that you are part of history? A little part. I

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was part of a tipping point, that is all. Lots of work had been done,

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well before we were doing that. It was a moment in history, an

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important moment. In 1985, Gorbachev got in and started negotiating with

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Ronald Reagan and by the time you got to 1987, the Cold War is ending

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and as this film tells, with the Cold War ending, no longer could be

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apartheid regime justifies itself as being fighting communism in southern

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Africa, so the support went for the regime, and all of the protest

:23:37.:23:46.

movements could then win through. Thank you very much for joining us

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live. It is the best selling puzzle toy of all time and has confounded

:23:53.:23:55.

many a generation. Including, it must be said, myself. Well now the

:23:56.:24:00.

Rubik's cube is celebrating its 40th birthday. Symphonies, artwork, and

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competitions have been inspired by the toy which has had global sales

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of 350 million. A new exhibition celebrating the history of the Rubik

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cube opens in New Jersey this weekend - to be followed by a

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national tour of the US. From New York, here's the BBC's Neda Tawfik.

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The Rubik's cube is as symbolic of the 80s as Pac-man or Madonna. For

:24:32.:24:34.

some, this toy brings back a flood of memories. ?? YELLOW the Rubik's

:24:35.:24:38.

cube. 25 million Americans have made it part of their lives. This exhibit

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at the Liberty Science Centre just outside of New York celebrates 40

:24:43.:24:46.

years of the Rubik's cube. From its humble beginnings to its renewed

:24:47.:24:50.

fame. The puzzle became an addictive phenomenon. There are tutorials for

:24:51.:24:56.

solving it. Even robots that work it out. But, for those doing it the

:24:57.:25:01.

old-fashioned way, it is worth remembering that it took inventor

:25:02.:25:05.

Erno Rubik a month to solve it, his first time. The best feeling if

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you're doing well, if you succeed, it is the best feeling that you can

:25:09.:25:11.

do something without any outside help. The cube has an astonishing 43

:25:12.:25:14.

quintillion combinations. That is 43, with 18 zeros behind it. And

:25:15.:25:18.

three generations later, it is still a test of patience, intelligence and

:25:19.:25:23.

speed. Anthony, you are one of the world's fastest speed cubers. Can

:25:24.:25:27.

you show me just how fast you can solve this? Absolutely. Ready, set,

:25:28.:25:35.

go. Anthony solves the Rubik's cube in just ten seconds. You can even do

:25:36.:25:45.

this blindfold, right? Can you show us how it's done? Yeah. After

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studying the pattern for a minute, it takes him 32 seconds to complete

:25:57.:26:00.

the puzzle. The Rubik's cube is the world's best selling puzzle toy. One

:26:01.:26:03.

billion have been manufactured and and one out of seven people around

:26:04.:26:09.

the world have tried it. All testament to the fact that whilst it

:26:10.:26:11.

might be frustratingly complicated to solve, its appeal is simple. It

:26:12.:26:16.

is tactile, it is fun to hold, you see people just having fun playing

:26:17.:26:19.

with it even though they are not try to solve it. It appeals to the sense

:26:20.:26:23.

of vision because of the popping colours. It appeals to something in

:26:24.:26:27.

our brain that all of us want to restore order to chaos. This iconic

:26:28.:26:31.

toy has had a fun ride, one that just keeps on going.

:26:32.:26:38.

Celebrating 40 years of the Rubik 's cube. I am going to dig mine out and

:26:39.:26:45.

have another go. That is all from the programme. From me and the team,

:26:46.:26:50.

goodbye and enjoy your weekend. Now the weather.

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Good evening. It is a wet end to the working week. As you start the

:26:51.:27:02.

weekend, the wind will be picking up. Some blustery showers around as

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well, but it is not all doom and gloom. Most of us should see some

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sunshine at some stage. Pretty horrible on the roads across

:27:14.:27:15.

northern England and Scotland tonight. Then the next batch of rain

:27:16.:27:18.

is coming in

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