09/05/2014 World News Today


09/05/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Alice Baxter.

:00:00.:00:07.

Intense fighting in eastern Ukraine as President Putin visits Crimea,

:00:08.:00:15.

recently annexed by Russia. At least 20 people are thought to

:00:16.:00:19.

have died as Ukraine's government takes on pro-Russia separatists in

:00:20.:00:28.

Mariupol. Here at the police station seems to be the most serious

:00:29.:00:34.

incident so far in this city. There are still birdies on the streets

:00:35.:00:38.

waiting to be taken away. -- buddies. In Crimea, President Putin

:00:39.:00:41.

joins a military show of strength to mark the anniversary of the victory

:00:42.:00:43.

over Nazi Germany. Also coming up: Nigeria's abducted

:00:44.:00:49.

school girls - did the government fail to act on warnings about the

:00:50.:00:53.

raid? We'll be talking to a Nigerian presidential spokesman.

:00:54.:00:58.

First day at work in a care home - we'll find out how the former

:00:59.:01:01.

Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi has fared as he starts

:01:02.:01:06.

community service. And how do you stop students

:01:07.:01:09.

cheating in exams? Harvard University's asking them to promise

:01:10.:01:10.

not to. Hello, and welcome. More than 20

:01:11.:01:31.

people, thought to be mainly pro-Russian demonstrators, have been

:01:32.:01:34.

killed in the eastern Ukrainian city of Mariupol. The government says its

:01:35.:01:39.

troops responded when activists tried to take over the police

:01:40.:01:43.

headquarters. Our correspondent Richard Galpin and cameraman Tony

:01:44.:01:46.

Fallshaw were caught up in the crossfire on the streets of the

:01:47.:01:51.

city. Their report contains images you may find distressing.

:01:52.:01:57.

GUNFIRE. Video the BBC believes to be showing

:01:58.:02:01.

victory Day in Mariupol turning into a bloodbath. Ukrainian troops

:02:02.:02:05.

fighting a pitch battle with pro-Russian separatists in the city

:02:06.:02:11.

centre. The military brings in reinforcements as the battle

:02:12.:02:16.

intensifies. But pro-Russian activists rush out onto the streets,

:02:17.:02:19.

trying to stop the reinforcements going through. This man makes a

:02:20.:02:26.

fatal error, walking out into the middle of the street. He is shot in

:02:27.:02:34.

the chest. When we arrived on the scene, we discovered the battle had

:02:35.:02:37.

been over this building, the police headquarters, which according to

:02:38.:02:40.

officials had been occupied by pro-Russian rebels who refuse to

:02:41.:02:47.

leave. The fighting here at the police station seems to be the most

:02:48.:02:51.

serious incident so far here in this city. There are still bodies on the

:02:52.:02:59.

streets waiting to be taken away. In the aftermath of the intense

:03:00.:03:02.

fighting, people gathered outside in a state of shock. They were

:03:03.:03:07.

pro-Russian, and said the killing here was indiscriminate. This woman

:03:08.:03:13.

tells me "Only Russia, no-one else, can now protect them." "Why hasn't

:03:14.:03:21.

President Putin come here so far?" She says. The Ukrainian military

:03:22.:03:25.

seems to be stepping up its operation to push the pro-Russian

:03:26.:03:31.

rebels out of this city. But it won't be easy, and there are many

:03:32.:03:35.

other towns and cities which have yet to be cleared.

:03:36.:03:42.

Vladimir Putin has marked one of Russia's most important

:03:43.:03:46.

anniversaries by making his first visit to Crimea since the former

:03:47.:03:49.

Ukrainian region voted to join Russia in March. On the day when

:03:50.:03:56.

Russians celebrate the country's victory over Nazi Germany, he told a

:03:57.:03:59.

cheering crowd in Sevastopol that 2014 would go down in history as the

:04:00.:04:03.

year when Crimeans decided to be together with Russia. Daniel

:04:04.:04:12.

Sandford was there. President Vladimir Putin, the first

:04:13.:04:16.

Russian leader in almost 70 years to expand his territory, arriving today

:04:17.:04:21.

in Crimea. CHEERING.

:04:22.:04:24.

As Russian air force jets roared overhead in triumph. It was the

:04:25.:04:29.

first time he had come here since he annexed the peninsula less than two

:04:30.:04:35.

months ago. TRANSLATION: I am sure that 2014 will be written into the

:04:36.:04:39.

history of this city and our whole country as the year when the people

:04:40.:04:43.

who live here made the firm decision to be together with Russia. And then

:04:44.:04:53.

he stepped out into the crowd of tens of thousands of delighted

:04:54.:04:59.

patriotic Sevastopol residents. With its long history as the home of the

:05:00.:05:03.

Black Sea fleet, this is Crimea's most Russian city. It was a display

:05:04.:05:09.

of defiance by President Putin, coming to Sevastopol in the face of

:05:10.:05:12.

international opposition to his annexation of Crimea, knowing full

:05:13.:05:15.

well that the people here supported what he did.

:05:16.:05:22.

MARCHING BAND PLAYS. Today was victory Day in Crimea and

:05:23.:05:26.

across the old Soviet Union, the day people celebrate the defeat of Nazi

:05:27.:05:32.

Germany. But with Crimea gone and parts of his country in flames, the

:05:33.:05:35.

Ukrainian Prime Minister said today history was repeating itself, with

:05:36.:05:38.

its people facing a different form of fascism. Daniel Sandford, BBC

:05:39.:05:39.

News, Sevastopol. With me now is a Russian

:05:40.:05:55.

commentator. Let's begin with events in Mariupol.

:05:56.:06:04.

Sad and symbolic perhaps that we saw this happening on today of all

:06:05.:06:08.

days, victory Day. The details remain sketchy, but how far does

:06:09.:06:13.

this show is key is trying to take back control of eastern Ukraine?

:06:14.:06:18.

That is exactly what it shows, and it shows how difficult this is as a

:06:19.:06:22.

joke that the military in Kiev. Part of the problem is that the local

:06:23.:06:28.

people don't want to cooperate. There is huge entity kilos feeling

:06:29.:06:32.

there. It is very difficult. Right-mac we're seeing in that

:06:33.:06:39.

report cheering crowds in Crimea, welcoming President Putin as he made

:06:40.:06:45.

this speech. We have seen President Putin very visibly there. To what

:06:46.:06:49.

degree can we draw parallels with what is happening in Crimea in terms

:06:50.:06:55.

of Britain's involvement and support of what is happening. We can now

:06:56.:06:56.

join the news that is an interesting question. The

:06:57.:07:10.

contrast was so clear. On the one hand, you have Putin using victory

:07:11.:07:16.

Day to go down to Crimea and basking in his triumphant, to the universal

:07:17.:07:21.

approval of the crowds. In eastern Ukraine, you had as somebody pointed

:07:22.:07:29.

out, no Vladimir Putin. He did not say, even in his speech in Crimea in

:07:30.:07:36.

his speech at Moscow, he did not mention Ukraine. I think that is

:07:37.:07:42.

hugely significant. It does suggest that all of the talk of Russia and

:07:43.:07:48.

Vladimir Putin in particular ability to intervene in eastern Ukraine is

:07:49.:07:51.

actually not true. That is not his preference. Right-mac in recent

:07:52.:07:59.

days, we have seen this softening of talent when it comes to his rhetoric

:08:00.:08:04.

regarding eastern Ukraine and the upcoming referendums. What you think

:08:05.:08:09.

we can read into that softening of tone? Is this an impact of these

:08:10.:08:14.

economic sanctions we have seen with people and organisations close to

:08:15.:08:19.

the only Briton? There are certainly officials who

:08:20.:08:23.

would like to think that. I do not share that view, and I do not share

:08:24.:08:25.

the view either that Vladimir Putin has done a U-turn on his views of

:08:26.:08:31.

Ukraine in general. I tend to think that Britain had one priority in

:08:32.:08:35.

Ukraine, and that was Russia's security. -- in Britain. Actually

:08:36.:08:42.

going into Ukraine, he would damage that security. Ukraine enhanced its

:08:43.:08:48.

security because it keeps Russia's on its black sea bass. In eastern

:08:49.:08:53.

Ukraine, the risks are so colossal that I think it would take a huge

:08:54.:08:57.

amount, a much greater level of disorder in eastern Ukraine,

:08:58.:09:02.

Professor can-mac would intervene. Right-mac looking ahead on Sunday,

:09:03.:09:06.

we are expecting the referendums on succession. We are no longer in

:09:07.:09:12.

expecting money car keys. But you think will happen during those

:09:13.:09:27.

referendums? Kharkiv. Vladimir Putin has flagged that he asked for the

:09:28.:09:31.

referendums to be delayed. He was under no obligation to endorse the

:09:32.:09:36.

results. That leaves open some possibilities. Interesting. Many

:09:37.:09:42.

thanks for coming in. The human rights group Amnesty

:09:43.:09:44.

International alleges the Nigerian authorities were warned in advance

:09:45.:09:48.

about a raid on a school but failed to act. The attack led to the

:09:49.:09:52.

abduction of more than 200 schoolgirls. Meanwhile, British and

:09:53.:09:56.

US teams have arrived in Nigeria to help with the search for the girls.

:09:57.:09:59.

Here's our security correspondent, Gordon Corera.

:10:00.:10:05.

Bring back! Our girls! Passions run high at a protest

:10:06.:10:08.

outside the Nigerian High Commission in London today. Anger at both Boko

:10:09.:10:13.

Haram for kidnapping the schoolgirls, and the Nigerian

:10:14.:10:19.

government for its slow response. They are innocent children! Boko

:10:20.:10:28.

Haram, what have we done to you? It is a total, total disgrace what the

:10:29.:10:31.

government has done. It was three weeks ago. They could have done

:10:32.:10:34.

something three weeks ago. Today, more reasons for anger. Amnesty

:10:35.:10:37.

International claimed that the Nigerian authorities received four

:10:38.:10:40.

hours' warning about the raid on the school, but still failed to act. And

:10:41.:10:45.

the father of one abducted girl claimed in an interview with the BBC

:10:46.:10:49.

that some of the teachers had made sure their daughters at the school

:10:50.:10:54.

were safe. The staff who are working there, they have daughters at school

:10:55.:10:57.

there, and none of their daughters were kidnapped because they had the

:10:58.:11:00.

information earlier, and they sent away their daughters home. They left

:11:01.:11:08.

the rest of the daughters there, and then Boko Haram came in and

:11:09.:11:13.

kidnapped them. Bring back our girls.

:11:14.:11:19.

Four weeks on, and anger over the abduction of the girls is growing

:11:20.:11:22.

here and around the world. With it, demands for action. Britain and

:11:23.:11:25.

other countries have sent small teams to help, but it's not clear

:11:26.:11:29.

how much they will really be able to do. Part of the role of those

:11:30.:11:33.

British and American teams is to help in the search for the girls

:11:34.:11:37.

taken from Chibok. This will involve using high-tech intelligence,

:11:38.:11:39.

including satellite and aerial reconnaissance, maybe also drones.

:11:40.:11:45.

But it has been a month. The search area is huge, and includes difficult

:11:46.:11:48.

terrain, especially the Sambisa Forest, where Boko Haram have their

:11:49.:11:54.

hideouts. Foreign teams will also be trying to improve security to

:11:55.:11:57.

prevent more abductions, and trying to persuade the Nigerians to adopt a

:11:58.:12:00.

more subtle counter-insurgency strategy. But their poor human

:12:01.:12:05.

rights record mean there are limits on how far Britain and America can

:12:06.:12:11.

cooperate with them. So despite the arrival of foreign help, the

:12:12.:12:14.

Nigerians are still in charge, and it's still not clear what they want

:12:15.:12:16.

to or are able to do. We can now go live to Abuja and

:12:17.:12:26.

speak to Doyin Okupe, the spokesman for the Nigerian President Goodluck

:12:27.:12:36.

Jonathan. Thanks for joining us. Let's begin with the allegation made

:12:37.:12:41.

in that report by Amnesty International saying it believes the

:12:42.:12:45.

Nigerian military government had advanced warning of more than four

:12:46.:12:51.

hours of the attack on the school. Yet reinforcements were not sent.

:12:52.:12:59.

How do you respond? Thank you. This news broke a couple of hours ago,

:13:00.:13:06.

and I have had the opportunity to consult with the authorities in

:13:07.:13:11.

Abuja. They have actually demanded this statement. They have said this

:13:12.:13:19.

is untrue. I believe in the next couple of minutes, I am sure the

:13:20.:13:24.

defence headquarters will be making an official statement on this

:13:25.:13:30.

matter. From what I know, you will recall that a couple of months ago,

:13:31.:13:36.

Amnesty International also did come up with some negative information

:13:37.:13:42.

about the Nigerian army during the episode where several thousands of

:13:43.:13:47.

people were killed. Amnesty International insisted that these

:13:48.:13:54.

people do this, and evidence pointed out that that was not true. The

:13:55.:14:04.

evidence initially put together by Amnesty International turned out to

:14:05.:14:08.

be false. If you go by that record, I am not surprised that this is also

:14:09.:14:19.

one of the antics trying to spoil the Nigerian military. I understand

:14:20.:14:25.

you refute the claim being made, but they have also said that

:14:26.:14:31.

reinforcements were not sent on this occasion because of a reported fear

:14:32.:14:35.

of engaging with the often better equipped armed groups. Why is Boko

:14:36.:14:41.

Haram better equipped than the Nigerian government? Why are they so

:14:42.:14:46.

powerful? Who is them? Thank you very much. This is a statement that

:14:47.:14:53.

has often been repeated. You must understand that the Nigerian army is

:14:54.:14:58.

a professional army, and is a highly disciplined army. In the Army, the

:14:59.:15:05.

greats of equipment and machinery that soldiers can carry during the

:15:06.:15:16.

affair. -- grades. Boko Haram is undisciplined and does not conform

:15:17.:15:19.

to international rules of engagement and can carry rocket propelled

:15:20.:15:26.

grenades and machine guns. This is not allowed under international law,

:15:27.:15:32.

not because they are not responsible to anyone, they can do that. The

:15:33.:15:38.

Nigerian army still has the capability to overpower them as in

:15:39.:15:44.

every case. The Nigerian army prevailed. That is why they we're

:15:45.:15:54.

ready to push them out of the States in order to run the state. They are

:15:55.:16:03.

better armed. But what people are seeing a rocket propelled grenades

:16:04.:16:05.

that nobody uses in any professional area.

:16:06.:16:12.

Mr Okupe, I want to ask you briefly about the globalisation of the

:16:13.:16:18.

search for the girls. President Girdler Jonathan has recently

:16:19.:16:22.

accepted help from the United States, Britain, China and France.

:16:23.:16:30.

Is that an admission that your own efforts have been ineffective? That

:16:31.:16:37.

is not correct. Most world leaders have considered the fact that

:16:38.:16:42.

wherever there is insecurity brought about by terrorists, the whole world

:16:43.:16:48.

should come together and fight it together. After all, the flight that

:16:49.:17:00.

crashed in Malaysia, MH370, it wasn't because the Malaysian

:17:01.:17:06.

government was incapable, it was because of empathy, people brought

:17:07.:17:10.

what they could to help. This is not about the Nigerian government or

:17:11.:17:15.

military. We are all against this menace and we are fighting together.

:17:16.:17:23.

And I think it is to change now, unless there are other ulterior

:17:24.:17:26.

motives, why would people want to put down the Nigerian government?

:17:27.:17:31.

The United States, Great Britain, France and Canada have agreed to

:17:32.:17:39.

work together and we should be using this instead of looking for ways to

:17:40.:17:46.

bring down the Nigerian government. Mr Okupe, many thanks for joining me

:17:47.:17:50.

here on the programme. Now a look at some of the day's

:17:51.:17:57.

other news. The leaders of the warring factions

:17:58.:18:01.

in South Sudan have both arrived in Ethiopia for face-to-face peace

:18:02.:18:05.

talks. Rebel leader Riek Machar has already met with the Ethiopian Prime

:18:06.:18:08.

Minister, who is mediating the talks. South Sudan's President Salva

:18:09.:18:21.

Kiir is also in Addis Adaba. A ballistics expert at the murder

:18:22.:18:24.

trial of South African athlete Oscar Pistorius has questioned the

:18:25.:18:27.

prosecution's version of how he shot his girlfriend. Defence witness Tom

:18:28.:18:30.

Wolmarans said wounds show Reeva Steenkamp may have been standing

:18:31.:18:32.

when first shot, and still falling when the last shot hit her. That

:18:33.:18:36.

contradicted evidence by the prosecution's police ballistics

:18:37.:18:38.

expert, who said Ms Steenkamp sat on a magazine rack, attempting to

:18:39.:18:42.

protect her head with her arms when the last shot hit her. More from

:18:43.:18:55.

South Africa now. The ruling ANC is headed for a comfortable win as

:18:56.:18:58.

vote-counting in the elections drew to a close. With nearly 99% of South

:18:59.:19:01.

Africa's voting districts counted, the African National Congress had

:19:02.:19:05.

over 62% percent of the vote - slightly lower than its result in

:19:06.:19:08.

2009. The BBC's Andrew Harding reports from South Africa.

:19:09.:19:10.

Elections over, and it is back to work in a country anxious for

:19:11.:19:14.

change. Many businesses, big and small, say they are struggling here

:19:15.:19:17.

in South Africa. With an unskilled workforce, restrictive labour laws

:19:18.:19:21.

and mixed messages from government. I think they need to create an

:19:22.:19:24.

atmosphere that is pro-business, that allows small entrepreneurs to

:19:25.:19:29.

enter the market and flourish. It would be good to see corruption

:19:30.:19:35.

disappear. I think corruption is the rot of everything and from there,

:19:36.:19:38.

everything else just goes pear-shaped. And a better education

:19:39.:19:41.

system to provide more educated workers? It would be great. It would

:19:42.:19:48.

be helpful. So can the governing ANC deliver? Today, it is celebrating a

:19:49.:19:54.

reduced but decisive election victory and is promising to use that

:19:55.:19:57.

mandate to push through a big pro-business reform programme,

:19:58.:19:59.

focusing on investment and infrastructure. It is going to be, I

:20:00.:20:05.

think, quite an exciting and robust development of the economy in South

:20:06.:20:09.

Africa, as long as we stick to the plans that we have, which I think

:20:10.:20:18.

are very good plans. But there is the problem. After the bloodshed of

:20:19.:20:23.

Marikana, tensions remain high in the crucial mining sector. The

:20:24.:20:26.

Government seems reluctant to confront its trade union partners, a

:20:27.:20:33.

recipe perhaps for more uncertainty. I think it will be more of the same.

:20:34.:20:40.

And I think it will be a tough job for us in Parliament to hold the ANC

:20:41.:20:44.

accountable, to keep it on its toes, and to make sure that, where

:20:45.:20:47.

possible, it does implement those critical policy interventions. The

:20:48.:20:53.

public have made it clear in this election that they have not yet lost

:20:54.:20:57.

faith in the ANC, but the Government will now be under growing pressure

:20:58.:20:59.

to deliver on tackling unemployment and corruption. That is the problem,

:21:00.:21:07.

jobs. At my age now, I am 40 years old, it has been ten years not

:21:08.:21:12.

working. So I think they will be more jobs than this one. So maybe

:21:13.:21:16.

our poverty might be a little bit nicer. So things might get better?

:21:17.:21:22.

Thank you very much, sir. Some optimism, then, and lots of hard

:21:23.:21:32.

work ahead. Italy's former Prime Minister Silvio

:21:33.:21:35.

Berlusconi has completed the first day of the community service he was

:21:36.:21:38.

ordered to do after being found guilty of tax fraud. David Willey

:21:39.:21:48.

has more from Rome. The media turned out in force to

:21:49.:21:51.

watch Mr Berlusconi begin his first four-hour weekly stint at the care

:21:52.:21:57.

home for the elderly. His bodyguards weren't allowed inside. The former

:21:58.:22:04.

Italian Prime Minister had been warned by justice authorities not to

:22:05.:22:07.

give interviews and he arrived and left without saying a word. He was

:22:08.:22:14.

originally sentenced to four years in prison, but this has been

:22:15.:22:21.

commuted to community service. One protester shouted out that the media

:22:22.:22:29.

magnate ought to be in jail. A regular volunteer at the care home

:22:30.:22:32.

was unhappy about all the publicity Mr Berlusconi still gets, despite

:22:33.:22:40.

his conviction for fraud. Italian criminal law is lenient to offenders

:22:41.:22:47.

over 70 years of age. Mr Berlusconi has been stripped of his seat in

:22:48.:22:50.

parliament after his conviction for tax fraud by one of his media

:22:51.:22:55.

companies. Yet he still intends to lead the political campaign on

:22:56.:22:59.

behalf of his Forza Italia party in the forthcoming European elections.

:23:00.:23:09.

And now, how do you stop students cheating in exams and stealing

:23:10.:23:14.

essays from the internet? There's been growing concern about the

:23:15.:23:16.

so-called Google generation's academic habits and now Harvard

:23:17.:23:19.

University is going to introduce an "honour code" in which students will

:23:20.:23:26.

promise not to cheat. The Ivy League university faced a major scandal two

:23:27.:23:29.

years ago, with dozens of students disciplined for sharing answers in a

:23:30.:23:36.

take-home politics exam. Joining me is Mike Reddy, from the

:23:37.:23:42.

University of Wales. He's a member of the academic network of the

:23:43.:23:45.

Plagiarism Advisory Service in the UK, and an advisor to Turn-it-in, a

:23:46.:23:48.

company which has created software to help detect student plagiarism.

:23:49.:23:56.

Many thanks for joining me. So honour codes, "I promise not to

:23:57.:24:04.

cheat" , they are hardly binding. Do they work? It is Don McCabe, from

:24:05.:24:08.

brokers University, he has done research over the last few decades

:24:09.:24:15.

and has found there is a small amount in the difference plagiarism

:24:16.:24:18.

and academic offences in universities with honour codes, but

:24:19.:24:22.

he has also found that unless there is an ethos or a culture of honesty,

:24:23.:24:26.

introducing an honour code at a late stage isn't in any way affected.

:24:27.:24:31.

Give us a sense of the scale of the problem. How big an issue is

:24:32.:24:36.

Internet plagiarism now when it comes to academic work in

:24:37.:24:41.

University, across the globe? You have do remember we are in a very

:24:42.:24:45.

different culture to when I went to university, when you would have to

:24:46.:24:50.

wade through shelves of abstracts and wait weeks for a paper to come

:24:51.:24:54.

back. Now you can get 50 papers in five seconds with a click and a few

:24:55.:25:01.

presses on a keyboard. So it is a very different culture and obviously

:25:02.:25:05.

we need to make use of the Internet, it is a fantastic resource but

:25:06.:25:08.

unfortunately it has a dark side to and it makes it easier to copy and

:25:09.:25:14.

paste. But also easier to detect. It is a truly international problem.

:25:15.:25:19.

And presumably other problem is a lot of the students are Parmar

:25:20.:25:22.

Internet savvy these days than their lecturers and teachers? --far more

:25:23.:25:28.

Internet savvy. This is a good point, we need to be engaging in

:25:29.:25:32.

teaching with these technologies because students are used to using

:25:33.:25:36.

them in their everyday lives. They take them for granted where it still

:25:37.:25:41.

seems like magic to me. The thing for us old fuddy-duddies is to keep

:25:42.:25:44.

learning and talking and developing. There is a conference in Newcastle

:25:45.:25:51.

this year, the International Plagiarism Conference, where people

:25:52.:25:57.

come from all over the world to discuss new ways of educating

:25:58.:26:03.

students to prevent Majorism and collusion as a possible offence.

:26:04.:26:07.

Presumably, there is the problem that we can create software to

:26:08.:26:14.

detect the problem but then students will get better at plagiarising.

:26:15.:26:18.

Does this call for a reassessment in the way in which we grade students

:26:19.:26:23.

or assess students, that we need a new way of testing them? There is a

:26:24.:26:29.

movement called Assessment For Learning, where they say it

:26:30.:26:32.

shouldn't just be a measurement of your performance but wait for you to

:26:33.:26:36.

load while doing the assessment. It an interesting point about students

:26:37.:26:41.

getting better at plagiarising. It is like getting better at driving.

:26:42.:26:45.

Universities are like teaching you for your driving test, you never

:26:46.:26:50.

afterwards drive... Mr Reddy, I am sorry, we have to leave it there.

:26:51.:26:57.

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