09/05/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Alice Baxter.


Intense fighting in eastern Ukraine as President Putin visits Crimea,


recently annexed by Russia. At least 20 people are thought to


have died as Ukraine's government takes on pro-Russia separatists in


Mariupol. Here at the police station seems to be the most serious


incident so far in this city. There are still birdies on the streets


waiting to be taken away. -- buddies. In Crimea, President Putin


joins a military show of strength to mark the anniversary of the victory


over Nazi Germany. Also coming up: Nigeria's abducted


school girls - did the government fail to act on warnings about the


raid? We'll be talking to a Nigerian presidential spokesman.


First day at work in a care home - we'll find out how the former


Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi has fared as he starts


community service. And how do you stop students


cheating in exams? Harvard University's asking them to promise


not to. Hello, and welcome. More than 20


people, thought to be mainly pro-Russian demonstrators, have been


killed in the eastern Ukrainian city of Mariupol. The government says its


troops responded when activists tried to take over the police


headquarters. Our correspondent Richard Galpin and cameraman Tony


Fallshaw were caught up in the crossfire on the streets of the


city. Their report contains images you may find distressing.


GUNFIRE. Video the BBC believes to be showing


victory Day in Mariupol turning into a bloodbath. Ukrainian troops


fighting a pitch battle with pro-Russian separatists in the city


centre. The military brings in reinforcements as the battle


intensifies. But pro-Russian activists rush out onto the streets,


trying to stop the reinforcements going through. This man makes a


fatal error, walking out into the middle of the street. He is shot in


the chest. When we arrived on the scene, we discovered the battle had


been over this building, the police headquarters, which according to


officials had been occupied by pro-Russian rebels who refuse to


leave. The fighting here at the police station seems to be the most


serious incident so far here in this city. There are still bodies on the


streets waiting to be taken away. In the aftermath of the intense


fighting, people gathered outside in a state of shock. They were


pro-Russian, and said the killing here was indiscriminate. This woman


tells me "Only Russia, no-one else, can now protect them." "Why hasn't


President Putin come here so far?" She says. The Ukrainian military


seems to be stepping up its operation to push the pro-Russian


rebels out of this city. But it won't be easy, and there are many


other towns and cities which have yet to be cleared.


Vladimir Putin has marked one of Russia's most important


anniversaries by making his first visit to Crimea since the former


Ukrainian region voted to join Russia in March. On the day when


Russians celebrate the country's victory over Nazi Germany, he told a


cheering crowd in Sevastopol that 2014 would go down in history as the


year when Crimeans decided to be together with Russia. Daniel


Sandford was there. President Vladimir Putin, the first


Russian leader in almost 70 years to expand his territory, arriving today


in Crimea. CHEERING.


As Russian air force jets roared overhead in triumph. It was the


first time he had come here since he annexed the peninsula less than two


months ago. TRANSLATION: I am sure that 2014 will be written into the


history of this city and our whole country as the year when the people


who live here made the firm decision to be together with Russia. And then


he stepped out into the crowd of tens of thousands of delighted


patriotic Sevastopol residents. With its long history as the home of the


Black Sea fleet, this is Crimea's most Russian city. It was a display


of defiance by President Putin, coming to Sevastopol in the face of


international opposition to his annexation of Crimea, knowing full


well that the people here supported what he did.


MARCHING BAND PLAYS. Today was victory Day in Crimea and


across the old Soviet Union, the day people celebrate the defeat of Nazi


Germany. But with Crimea gone and parts of his country in flames, the


Ukrainian Prime Minister said today history was repeating itself, with


its people facing a different form of fascism. Daniel Sandford, BBC


News, Sevastopol. With me now is a Russian


commentator. Let's begin with events in Mariupol.


Sad and symbolic perhaps that we saw this happening on today of all


days, victory Day. The details remain sketchy, but how far does


this show is key is trying to take back control of eastern Ukraine?


That is exactly what it shows, and it shows how difficult this is as a


joke that the military in Kiev. Part of the problem is that the local


people don't want to cooperate. There is huge entity kilos feeling


there. It is very difficult. Right-mac we're seeing in that


report cheering crowds in Crimea, welcoming President Putin as he made


this speech. We have seen President Putin very visibly there. To what


degree can we draw parallels with what is happening in Crimea in terms


of Britain's involvement and support of what is happening. We can now


join the news that is an interesting question. The


contrast was so clear. On the one hand, you have Putin using victory


Day to go down to Crimea and basking in his triumphant, to the universal


approval of the crowds. In eastern Ukraine, you had as somebody pointed


out, no Vladimir Putin. He did not say, even in his speech in Crimea in


his speech at Moscow, he did not mention Ukraine. I think that is


hugely significant. It does suggest that all of the talk of Russia and


Vladimir Putin in particular ability to intervene in eastern Ukraine is


actually not true. That is not his preference. Right-mac in recent


days, we have seen this softening of talent when it comes to his rhetoric


regarding eastern Ukraine and the upcoming referendums. What you think


we can read into that softening of tone? Is this an impact of these


economic sanctions we have seen with people and organisations close to


the only Briton? There are certainly officials who


would like to think that. I do not share that view, and I do not share


the view either that Vladimir Putin has done a U-turn on his views of


Ukraine in general. I tend to think that Britain had one priority in


Ukraine, and that was Russia's security. -- in Britain. Actually


going into Ukraine, he would damage that security. Ukraine enhanced its


security because it keeps Russia's on its black sea bass. In eastern


Ukraine, the risks are so colossal that I think it would take a huge


amount, a much greater level of disorder in eastern Ukraine,


Professor can-mac would intervene. Right-mac looking ahead on Sunday,


we are expecting the referendums on succession. We are no longer in


expecting money car keys. But you think will happen during those


referendums? Kharkiv. Vladimir Putin has flagged that he asked for the


referendums to be delayed. He was under no obligation to endorse the


results. That leaves open some possibilities. Interesting. Many


thanks for coming in. The human rights group Amnesty


International alleges the Nigerian authorities were warned in advance


about a raid on a school but failed to act. The attack led to the


abduction of more than 200 schoolgirls. Meanwhile, British and


US teams have arrived in Nigeria to help with the search for the girls.


Here's our security correspondent, Gordon Corera.


Bring back! Our girls! Passions run high at a protest


outside the Nigerian High Commission in London today. Anger at both Boko


Haram for kidnapping the schoolgirls, and the Nigerian


government for its slow response. They are innocent children! Boko


Haram, what have we done to you? It is a total, total disgrace what the


government has done. It was three weeks ago. They could have done


something three weeks ago. Today, more reasons for anger. Amnesty


International claimed that the Nigerian authorities received four


hours' warning about the raid on the school, but still failed to act. And


the father of one abducted girl claimed in an interview with the BBC


that some of the teachers had made sure their daughters at the school


were safe. The staff who are working there, they have daughters at school


there, and none of their daughters were kidnapped because they had the


information earlier, and they sent away their daughters home. They left


the rest of the daughters there, and then Boko Haram came in and


kidnapped them. Bring back our girls.


Four weeks on, and anger over the abduction of the girls is growing


here and around the world. With it, demands for action. Britain and


other countries have sent small teams to help, but it's not clear


how much they will really be able to do. Part of the role of those


British and American teams is to help in the search for the girls


taken from Chibok. This will involve using high-tech intelligence,


including satellite and aerial reconnaissance, maybe also drones.


But it has been a month. The search area is huge, and includes difficult


terrain, especially the Sambisa Forest, where Boko Haram have their


hideouts. Foreign teams will also be trying to improve security to


prevent more abductions, and trying to persuade the Nigerians to adopt a


more subtle counter-insurgency strategy. But their poor human


rights record mean there are limits on how far Britain and America can


cooperate with them. So despite the arrival of foreign help, the


Nigerians are still in charge, and it's still not clear what they want


to or are able to do. We can now go live to Abuja and


speak to Doyin Okupe, the spokesman for the Nigerian President Goodluck


Jonathan. Thanks for joining us. Let's begin with the allegation made


in that report by Amnesty International saying it believes the


Nigerian military government had advanced warning of more than four


hours of the attack on the school. Yet reinforcements were not sent.


How do you respond? Thank you. This news broke a couple of hours ago,


and I have had the opportunity to consult with the authorities in


Abuja. They have actually demanded this statement. They have said this


is untrue. I believe in the next couple of minutes, I am sure the


defence headquarters will be making an official statement on this


matter. From what I know, you will recall that a couple of months ago,


Amnesty International also did come up with some negative information


about the Nigerian army during the episode where several thousands of


people were killed. Amnesty International insisted that these


people do this, and evidence pointed out that that was not true. The


evidence initially put together by Amnesty International turned out to


be false. If you go by that record, I am not surprised that this is also


one of the antics trying to spoil the Nigerian military. I understand


you refute the claim being made, but they have also said that


reinforcements were not sent on this occasion because of a reported fear


of engaging with the often better equipped armed groups. Why is Boko


Haram better equipped than the Nigerian government? Why are they so


powerful? Who is them? Thank you very much. This is a statement that


has often been repeated. You must understand that the Nigerian army is


a professional army, and is a highly disciplined army. In the Army, the


greats of equipment and machinery that soldiers can carry during the


affair. -- grades. Boko Haram is undisciplined and does not conform


to international rules of engagement and can carry rocket propelled


grenades and machine guns. This is not allowed under international law,


not because they are not responsible to anyone, they can do that. The


Nigerian army still has the capability to overpower them as in


every case. The Nigerian army prevailed. That is why they we're


ready to push them out of the States in order to run the state. They are


better armed. But what people are seeing a rocket propelled grenades


that nobody uses in any professional area.


Mr Okupe, I want to ask you briefly about the globalisation of the


search for the girls. President Girdler Jonathan has recently


accepted help from the United States, Britain, China and France.


Is that an admission that your own efforts have been ineffective? That


is not correct. Most world leaders have considered the fact that


wherever there is insecurity brought about by terrorists, the whole world


should come together and fight it together. After all, the flight that


crashed in Malaysia, MH370, it wasn't because the Malaysian


government was incapable, it was because of empathy, people brought


what they could to help. This is not about the Nigerian government or


military. We are all against this menace and we are fighting together.


And I think it is to change now, unless there are other ulterior


motives, why would people want to put down the Nigerian government?


The United States, Great Britain, France and Canada have agreed to


work together and we should be using this instead of looking for ways to


bring down the Nigerian government. Mr Okupe, many thanks for joining me


here on the programme. Now a look at some of the day's


other news. The leaders of the warring factions


in South Sudan have both arrived in Ethiopia for face-to-face peace


talks. Rebel leader Riek Machar has already met with the Ethiopian Prime


Minister, who is mediating the talks. South Sudan's President Salva


Kiir is also in Addis Adaba. A ballistics expert at the murder


trial of South African athlete Oscar Pistorius has questioned the


prosecution's version of how he shot his girlfriend. Defence witness Tom


Wolmarans said wounds show Reeva Steenkamp may have been standing


when first shot, and still falling when the last shot hit her. That


contradicted evidence by the prosecution's police ballistics


expert, who said Ms Steenkamp sat on a magazine rack, attempting to


protect her head with her arms when the last shot hit her. More from


South Africa now. The ruling ANC is headed for a comfortable win as


vote-counting in the elections drew to a close. With nearly 99% of South


Africa's voting districts counted, the African National Congress had


over 62% percent of the vote - slightly lower than its result in


2009. The BBC's Andrew Harding reports from South Africa.


Elections over, and it is back to work in a country anxious for


change. Many businesses, big and small, say they are struggling here


in South Africa. With an unskilled workforce, restrictive labour laws


and mixed messages from government. I think they need to create an


atmosphere that is pro-business, that allows small entrepreneurs to


enter the market and flourish. It would be good to see corruption


disappear. I think corruption is the rot of everything and from there,


everything else just goes pear-shaped. And a better education


system to provide more educated workers? It would be great. It would


be helpful. So can the governing ANC deliver? Today, it is celebrating a


reduced but decisive election victory and is promising to use that


mandate to push through a big pro-business reform programme,


focusing on investment and infrastructure. It is going to be, I


think, quite an exciting and robust development of the economy in South


Africa, as long as we stick to the plans that we have, which I think


are very good plans. But there is the problem. After the bloodshed of


Marikana, tensions remain high in the crucial mining sector. The


Government seems reluctant to confront its trade union partners, a


recipe perhaps for more uncertainty. I think it will be more of the same.


And I think it will be a tough job for us in Parliament to hold the ANC


accountable, to keep it on its toes, and to make sure that, where


possible, it does implement those critical policy interventions. The


public have made it clear in this election that they have not yet lost


faith in the ANC, but the Government will now be under growing pressure


to deliver on tackling unemployment and corruption. That is the problem,


jobs. At my age now, I am 40 years old, it has been ten years not


working. So I think they will be more jobs than this one. So maybe


our poverty might be a little bit nicer. So things might get better?


Thank you very much, sir. Some optimism, then, and lots of hard


work ahead. Italy's former Prime Minister Silvio


Berlusconi has completed the first day of the community service he was


ordered to do after being found guilty of tax fraud. David Willey


has more from Rome. The media turned out in force to


watch Mr Berlusconi begin his first four-hour weekly stint at the care


home for the elderly. His bodyguards weren't allowed inside. The former


Italian Prime Minister had been warned by justice authorities not to


give interviews and he arrived and left without saying a word. He was


originally sentenced to four years in prison, but this has been


commuted to community service. One protester shouted out that the media


magnate ought to be in jail. A regular volunteer at the care home


was unhappy about all the publicity Mr Berlusconi still gets, despite


his conviction for fraud. Italian criminal law is lenient to offenders


over 70 years of age. Mr Berlusconi has been stripped of his seat in


parliament after his conviction for tax fraud by one of his media


companies. Yet he still intends to lead the political campaign on


behalf of his Forza Italia party in the forthcoming European elections.


And now, how do you stop students cheating in exams and stealing


essays from the internet? There's been growing concern about the


so-called Google generation's academic habits and now Harvard


University is going to introduce an "honour code" in which students will


promise not to cheat. The Ivy League university faced a major scandal two


years ago, with dozens of students disciplined for sharing answers in a


take-home politics exam. Joining me is Mike Reddy, from the


University of Wales. He's a member of the academic network of the


Plagiarism Advisory Service in the UK, and an advisor to Turn-it-in, a


company which has created software to help detect student plagiarism.


Many thanks for joining me. So honour codes, "I promise not to


cheat" , they are hardly binding. Do they work? It is Don McCabe, from


brokers University, he has done research over the last few decades


and has found there is a small amount in the difference plagiarism


and academic offences in universities with honour codes, but


he has also found that unless there is an ethos or a culture of honesty,


introducing an honour code at a late stage isn't in any way affected.


Give us a sense of the scale of the problem. How big an issue is


Internet plagiarism now when it comes to academic work in


University, across the globe? You have do remember we are in a very


different culture to when I went to university, when you would have to


wade through shelves of abstracts and wait weeks for a paper to come


back. Now you can get 50 papers in five seconds with a click and a few


presses on a keyboard. So it is a very different culture and obviously


we need to make use of the Internet, it is a fantastic resource but


unfortunately it has a dark side to and it makes it easier to copy and


paste. But also easier to detect. It is a truly international problem.


And presumably other problem is a lot of the students are Parmar


Internet savvy these days than their lecturers and teachers? --far more


Internet savvy. This is a good point, we need to be engaging in


teaching with these technologies because students are used to using


them in their everyday lives. They take them for granted where it still


seems like magic to me. The thing for us old fuddy-duddies is to keep


learning and talking and developing. There is a conference in Newcastle


this year, the International Plagiarism Conference, where people


come from all over the world to discuss new ways of educating


students to prevent Majorism and collusion as a possible offence.


Presumably, there is the problem that we can create software to


detect the problem but then students will get better at plagiarising.


Does this call for a reassessment in the way in which we grade students


or assess students, that we need a new way of testing them? There is a


movement called Assessment For Learning, where they say it


shouldn't just be a measurement of your performance but wait for you to


load while doing the assessment. It an interesting point about students


getting better at plagiarising. It is like getting better at driving.


Universities are like teaching you for your driving test, you never


afterwards drive... Mr Reddy, I am sorry, we have to leave it there.


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