02/07/2014 World News Today


02/07/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:07.

Nicolas Sarkozy lashes out at the decision to place him

:00:08.:00:10.

under formal investigation for influence-peddling.

:00:11.:00:12.

The former French president says parts of the judiciary are

:00:13.:00:16.

Mr Sarkozy - who is keen to run for president again - is giving his

:00:17.:00:21.

side of the story after appearing in a Paris court over allegations

:00:22.:00:24.

Clashes in East Jerusalem after a Palestinian teenager is

:00:25.:00:30.

killed - in revenge, some say - for the murder of three Israeli youths.

:00:31.:00:36.

Say His mother speaks to the BBC. They told me someone was kidnapped

:00:37.:00:43.

on the way to the mosque. I telephoned his phone. It was

:00:44.:00:45.

switched off. Iraq's prime minister,

:00:46.:00:46.

Mouri al-Maliki, warns that the declaration

:00:47.:00:48.

of an Islamic state by militants We'll be speaking to Iraq's

:00:49.:00:51.

Ambassador to the United States. And the dream of winning a second

:00:52.:00:57.

Wimbledon is over for Andy Murray. The defending champion crashes

:00:58.:01:00.

out in the quarterfinals. The former French President Nicolas

:01:01.:01:17.

Sarkozy is fighting back - the day after he was questioned

:01:18.:01:23.

for fifteen hours by police, and placed under formal investigation

:01:24.:01:26.

over alleged influence peddling. It's the first time a former head

:01:27.:01:29.

of state has been held in custody, and it's a big setback for a man

:01:30.:01:34.

eager to run again for president. Here's what Mr Sarkozy has been

:01:35.:01:38.

saying in his interview with He says that 'part

:01:39.:01:40.

of the judiciary is being used for political ends', echoing

:01:41.:01:46.

his supporters' claims that he is And the former President insists

:01:47.:01:49.

that he 'never did anything that was against the principles of the

:01:50.:01:56.

French Republic', From Paris, Hugh Schofield reports on Mr Sarkozy's

:01:57.:02:01.

legal predicament tonight. A grim faced and exhausted Nicolas

:02:02.:02:08.

Sarkozy, at two in the morning after He has been placed under formal

:02:09.:02:12.

investigation, criminal charges of influence-peddling and

:02:13.:02:17.

corruption are looming ever closer. The former president spent

:02:18.:02:23.

the morning at his Paris home He had been preparing a political

:02:24.:02:26.

comeback later this year, but those Everything we know about

:02:27.:02:32.

Nicolas Sarkozy suggests he will not He has fought off criminal

:02:33.:02:40.

proceedings before and he is no doubt determined to do it again,

:02:41.:02:45.

especially as from his point of view, it is all part of a deliberate

:02:46.:02:48.

ploy by politically motivated elements in the judiciary to derail

:02:49.:02:57.

his presidential ambitions. Ever since he left office in 2012,

:02:58.:03:01.

Nicolas Sarkozy has been dogged by a series of investigations,

:03:02.:03:04.

centring on how he raised money Supporters have said all along

:03:05.:03:08.

it is a campaign of harassment. Every time Nicolas Sarkozy makes

:03:09.:03:15.

a public appearance, every time we talk about his return to politics or

:03:16.:03:18.

give him a chance to speak publicly, As if someone wanted to prevent

:03:19.:03:22.

his comeback. Speaking today,

:03:23.:03:29.

Prime Minister Manuel Valls says talk of a left-wing plot

:03:30.:03:32.

against Sarkozy was ridiculous. I am not going to discuss

:03:33.:03:37.

a possible political plot. Judges carry out

:03:38.:03:42.

their work independently Nicolas Sarkozy is no

:03:43.:03:45.

stranger to struggle. He thrives as the outsider

:03:46.:03:51.

from the establishment, But this latest blow will test him

:03:52.:03:54.

severely. If he is to make his comeback,

:03:55.:04:01.

he must prepare for a long Hundreds of Palestinians have

:04:02.:04:04.

clashed with Israeli police in east Jerusalem after a Palestinian

:04:05.:04:10.

teenager was found dead in a forest. It's thought the 17-year-old was

:04:11.:04:14.

kidnapped earlier today and murdered in revenge for the deaths last month

:04:15.:04:17.

of three Israeli teenagers. The Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin

:04:18.:04:22.

Netanyahu called the Palestinian Christian Fraser reports from

:04:23.:04:24.

East Jerusalem. Where Israeli police recovered this

:04:25.:04:34.

morning the remains of a body, a young man who had been beaten

:04:35.:04:38.

and set alight. He was Mohammed Abu Khudair,

:04:39.:04:42.

the 17-year-old Palestinian schoolboy that neighbours say was

:04:43.:04:44.

kidnapped by Israeli settlers. His home is in East Jerusalem

:04:45.:04:52.

and it now marks a makeshift front line in the running battles with

:04:53.:04:56.

Israeli soldiers. Inside the house,

:04:57.:05:00.

the grieving relatives. Among them Mohammed's mother who

:05:01.:05:04.

had the grim task of identifying They told me someone was kidnapped

:05:05.:05:07.

on the way to the mosque. The confrontations with soldiers are

:05:08.:05:17.

treated as an everyday occurrence Young men risking lives, throwing

:05:18.:05:29.

stones in the direction of snipers. All of these guys are relatives

:05:30.:05:42.

and they are boiling. The patience wears thin

:05:43.:05:52.

on all sides. Suddenly,

:05:53.:05:56.

the house becomes the focus Flash bangs,

:05:57.:05:58.

rubber bullets and pandemonium. This is the cycle of violence,

:05:59.:06:06.

that eye for an eye mentality that in this region

:06:07.:06:11.

can quickly spiral out of control. The Palestinian anger is underpinned

:06:12.:06:17.

by the feeling on their side that It is incumbent on the Israeli

:06:18.:06:19.

authorities that they condemn and pursue the perpetrator

:06:20.:06:23.

of this crime as they would had it Of course, earlier

:06:24.:06:26.

in the week it was an Israeli child, three of them, abducted

:06:27.:06:32.

and murdered, say Israel, by Hamas. This cabinet minister told me

:06:33.:06:38.

he considers today's murder It shames our country, he said,

:06:39.:06:40.

and if it is proven to be Israelis responsible,

:06:41.:06:47.

I consider it a terrorist attack. Tonight, there is rising tension in

:06:48.:06:51.

the West Bank, in East Jerusalem and The Middle East's longest

:06:52.:06:54.

conflict is simmering again. Iraq's prime minister,

:06:55.:07:06.

Nouri al-Maliki, has warned that the declaration of an Islamic state

:07:07.:07:08.

by a Sunni militant group poses Members of ISIS are still

:07:09.:07:16.

on the offensive, after declaring that they are forming an Islamic

:07:17.:07:19.

state across Iraq and Syria. Meanwhile, military analysts here in

:07:20.:07:22.

London have told the BBC that Iran has supplied Iraq with jets to help

:07:23.:07:25.

it push back the Islamist threat. Lukman Faily is the Iraqi ambassador

:07:26.:07:30.

to the United States Welcome to the show. What does the

:07:31.:07:45.

Iraqi government need militarily and it's getting it from the USA? We are

:07:46.:07:52.

getting a lot of support from the United States in relation to some of

:07:53.:07:59.

the logistics. However, remain game changer had been in relation to

:08:00.:08:07.

drones and we want to work to defeat this terrorist organisation. Are

:08:08.:08:12.

drones being used, American drones, to hit jihadi targets? At this

:08:13.:08:19.

moment, no. They are for data collection. There is cooperation

:08:20.:08:24.

going on in trying to understand the scale of the operation. We have been

:08:25.:08:29.

working strongly with the United States. We have said thank you for

:08:30.:08:34.

all of the help, we appreciate it but we require more to deal with the

:08:35.:08:38.

urgency and to drastically change the situation on the ground. What

:08:39.:08:46.

more do you need? Primarily a supremacy, for example the cat

:08:47.:08:50.

intelligence and understanding the targets. We are concerned ourselves

:08:51.:08:57.

but we think there are enough targets which the United States can

:08:58.:09:00.

influence and significantly change the situation on the ground. To the

:09:01.:09:05.

benefit of the democratically elected government. You have said in

:09:06.:09:09.

the last few days that what we see now is the aftermath of the slow

:09:10.:09:15.

response to the situation in Iraq. Are you partly blaming the United

:09:16.:09:20.

States for not helping you earlier? No. We are not blaming the United

:09:21.:09:25.

States. This situation has been going on for some time in Syria.

:09:26.:09:30.

Syria is a complicated geopolitical problem to the region. And globally.

:09:31.:09:36.

What we are seeing is that the United States can help us to

:09:37.:09:38.

significantly change the situation on the ground and we have a strategy

:09:39.:09:43.

with the United States and with no one else. They are our strategic

:09:44.:09:50.

partner of choice. But if they do not give you enough of what you

:09:51.:09:55.

think you need to defeat ISIS? Where might Iraq turn? We have not shied

:09:56.:10:03.

away from stating that we have a threat to the integrity of Iraq

:10:04.:10:06.

which means we as an elected government are obliged to seek

:10:07.:10:10.

support from whomever is available on the ground to help us to defeat

:10:11.:10:14.

these terrorist organisations. Everyday patted by, it will

:10:15.:10:20.

strengthen their narrative in the region and we want to eliminate that

:10:21.:10:26.

narrative. So that might mean turning to President Assad for more

:10:27.:10:31.

help? No. Syria have conducted their own straight. We certainly do not

:10:32.:10:37.

want to have close collaboration but we both have a common enemy in ISIS.

:10:38.:10:47.

We need to remove the tumour and we need to work closely with the

:10:48.:10:51.

international community including the United States. United States,

:10:52.:10:59.

John Kerry said he wants to see President Malachy moving towards

:11:00.:11:07.

unity government. What do you say about those conditions that are

:11:08.:11:14.

being set? -- President Maliki. We have had extensive discussions with

:11:15.:11:18.

the White House. We are always having these discussions. We support

:11:19.:11:26.

the United States' position. We are asking for a quick formation of the

:11:27.:11:32.

government to reflect that what we have in Iraq is not an internal

:11:33.:11:37.

issue. We have a terrorist organisation invading and therefore

:11:38.:11:40.

the quick formation of a government will help. The United States are

:11:41.:11:47.

supporting that call and we are working strongly together in that

:11:48.:11:51.

objective. You have said this is a war of survival. You must fear that

:11:52.:11:57.

your state, the Iraqi state, is falling apart. We have been seeing

:11:58.:12:04.

that this is the largest threat Iraq has faced since its foundation. We

:12:05.:12:10.

are seeing that this is a threat to Iraq and the region. And eventually

:12:11.:12:16.

globally because of the geopolitical importance and the wealth of Iraq in

:12:17.:12:21.

changing the energy sector. The stakes are very high. Thank you very

:12:22.:12:25.

much for your time. A teenager,

:12:26.:12:33.

believed to be one of three men from south Wales who've become

:12:34.:12:35.

jihadists in Syria, has told the BBC The 17 year old left Britain

:12:36.:12:38.

in February to join his older brother in Syria; he says

:12:39.:12:42.

he has no plans to return home. A quiet, shy teenager,

:12:43.:12:45.

just a few months ago, Aseel Muthana was living in Cardiff

:12:46.:12:48.

and studying for his A-levels. We have people

:12:49.:12:52.

from all over the world here. His brother Nasser left home

:12:53.:12:55.

for Syria in November. This video shows him appealing

:12:56.:12:58.

for others to join him. His brother did so in February, now

:12:59.:13:01.

a man we believe is Aseel Muthana "I never planned to return to the

:13:02.:13:05.

UK." He defends ISIS?s killing

:13:06.:13:16.

of others saying if the state uses Abdul is a close friend of Aseel's

:13:17.:13:19.

family. He cannot believe the casual way

:13:20.:13:26.

that he talks about killing people. Well, I was a bit shocked that Aseel

:13:27.:13:31.

as a 17-year-old, saying the way that we execute and

:13:32.:13:34.

removing heads from bodies, we are He talks about seeing dead bodies,

:13:35.:13:41.

is that the teenager that you know? An 18-year-old man has been arrested

:13:42.:13:48.

as police investigate links to Aseel,

:13:49.:13:56.

and the other Cardiff jihadis. What many people here

:13:57.:14:00.

in Cardiff are still struggling to understand is exactly how these

:14:01.:14:02.

young men came to be radicalised? Could more have been done to stop

:14:03.:14:06.

them The Advisory Board of Mosques today

:14:07.:14:09.

called for tighter checks on who was Some feel those controls have

:14:10.:14:15.

been missing in Cardiff. Maybe we need to be

:14:16.:14:22.

a bit more careful Either it be in our place

:14:23.:14:24.

of worship or an event we organise. Are we checking who we are

:14:25.:14:30.

allowing into our mosques? That needs to be done

:14:31.:14:33.

by the community. The police cannot do that for us,

:14:34.:14:35.

we need to do that as a community. The police have been trying to track

:14:36.:14:39.

radical groups in Cardiff for years. The Home Secretary suggested greater

:14:40.:14:42.

surveillance powers may follow. But officers say they simply

:14:43.:14:44.

cannot keep hold of everyone. 50 years ago today,

:14:45.:14:51.

after an epic political battle, President Lyndon Johnson passed

:14:52.:14:55.

the Civil Rights Act into law. It faced huge opposition

:14:56.:14:58.

from politicians determined to maintain segregation in the Southern

:14:59.:15:01.

states of America, and from groups like the Ku Klux Klan who took to

:15:02.:15:05.

the streets that summer. Half a century on,

:15:06.:15:09.

the group still has the ability to make its presence felt, as Aleem

:15:10.:15:12.

Maqbool reports from Arkansas. The Ku Klux Klan is alive

:15:13.:15:19.

and well in America today. They may still be a around,

:15:20.:15:24.

but KKK rallies That is not to say they are not

:15:25.:15:26.

still dangerous We hate the Jews, and

:15:27.:15:31.

if you support them and sympathise Of late, white supremacists have

:15:32.:15:36.

shown that they can still terrorise. What happened to this

:15:37.:15:42.

family is proof of that. She turned up at a horrifying scene

:15:43.:15:45.

outside a local Jewish centre. I said, that is my son

:15:46.:15:50.

and my father lying there are dead. When I looked at the doors,

:15:51.:15:54.

there were bullet holes. And it hit me.

:15:55.:16:01.

They had been shot. Both her father

:16:02.:16:05.

and her son were killed that day. They weren't Jewish

:16:06.:16:09.

but were attending There is no doubt

:16:10.:16:12.

the gunman was motivated by hate. Police say a man with

:16:13.:16:17.

at least one shot gun... At his arrest, Fraser Glenn Miller

:16:18.:16:20.

screamed Nazi slogans. He had never hidden his views

:16:21.:16:26.

before and at one point he had been a so-called

:16:27.:16:29.

Drand Dragon in the Ku Klux Klan. One God, one race, one nation, so

:16:30.:16:33.

help us God Almighty, white power! The police say until the shooting,

:16:34.:16:41.

he had not done anything to warrant arrest

:16:42.:16:44.

and had a right to express himself. There are thought to be over 650

:16:45.:16:48.

different white supremacist To some extent, civil liberties

:16:49.:16:51.

groups protect their right to exist. As you drive into the town

:16:52.:16:59.

of Harrison in Arkansas, this is the huge sign that you see

:17:00.:17:02.

by the roadside put up But the sheriff says there is

:17:03.:17:05.

nothing he can do about it because of the rights to freedom

:17:06.:17:10.

of speech and expression. In the town, I met one

:17:11.:17:14.

of the men really helping to shape He told me those of us who weren't

:17:15.:17:17.

white were little more than animals. And I asked him

:17:18.:17:23.

about the recent anti-Semitic attack Even though I teach that ultimately,

:17:24.:17:26.

the people that we call Jews today are the terrorist that will be taken

:17:27.:17:32.

out, it is the angels' job, I see them to be

:17:33.:17:36.

as adverse threats of our race, Those views are exactly what

:17:37.:17:44.

the shooter talked about. That is because it is true

:17:45.:17:49.

and the people realise it. In America, inciting racial

:17:50.:17:51.

hatred is not a crime. In fact,

:17:52.:17:57.

the KKK is offered protection by the law, but however low the numbers

:17:58.:18:00.

these days, angry rhetoric turning to violence is a problem this

:18:01.:18:04.

country still has the deal with. Colombia have been one of the bright

:18:05.:18:15.

sparks of this World Cup, with a quarter final match against the

:18:16.:18:18.

host nation coming up on Friday. But the euphoria of their current

:18:19.:18:21.

success is also tinged with sadness, Fans have been paying tribute to

:18:22.:18:26.

the defender Andres Escobar, who was shot dead on this day 20

:18:27.:18:31.

years ago after scoring Latin American football expert

:18:32.:18:35.

Tim Vickery explains what happened. So many guns in Colombian society

:18:36.:18:43.

at that time, so many murders. At that time, the murder

:18:44.:18:46.

statistics were extraordinary. He got into a row with some people

:18:47.:18:51.

who may be bodyguards linked to the drugs trade, but I don't think

:18:52.:18:55.

there's any great conspiracy theory. It was just

:18:56.:19:00.

a row that ended up with a gun being Initially, it was very,

:19:01.:19:03.

very hard for Colombia to deal with It was called by some citizens,

:19:04.:19:11.

the crazy country. The absolute banality of violence

:19:12.:19:17.

of which Escobar was yet another statistic, but this time, appearing

:19:18.:19:21.

in front of the whole world. So,

:19:22.:19:24.

it was Colombia's very dirty linen Escobar is still represented

:19:25.:19:30.

in this squad here. Faryd Mondragon,

:19:31.:19:38.

the Colombian reserve goalkeeper, he came on for the last few minutes

:19:39.:19:41.

of the group game against Japan. He is now

:19:42.:19:45.

the oldest player ever to play So, Mondrogon is here, not only

:19:46.:19:47.

as reserve goalkeeper, but also as a link between this generation

:19:48.:19:57.

and that fabulous generation with a So in one form or another,

:19:58.:20:02.

Andres Escobar is represented here in Brazil as Colombia reach

:20:03.:20:09.

the quarter finals for Thomas Sparrow is BBC Mundo's

:20:10.:20:12.

correspondent in Washington, he is from Colombia

:20:13.:20:17.

and is a huge football fan. You remember this happening, what

:20:18.:20:32.

did it feel like them to be in Columbia? I was only young at the

:20:33.:20:42.

time, I was ten, but I can clearly remember the shock, the sense of

:20:43.:20:46.

hopelessness that was felt among Columbians when they heard that one

:20:47.:20:52.

of their biggest heroes had been killed. I remember reading in the

:20:53.:20:57.

newspaper about how many journalists said they felt ashamed for the first

:20:58.:21:03.

time in their lives by the fact that they were Colombian. It was the

:21:04.:21:09.

shame, the sense of deep, deep sadness. It was shame that Escobar

:21:10.:21:18.

had been killed. So now, as we watch teams progress in the World Cup, how

:21:19.:21:21.

much extra hangs on this game, this team? It is an interesting

:21:22.:21:28.

coincidence that Colombia is marking these milestones, the anniversary of

:21:29.:21:31.

the death of Escobar, and then the first quarterfinal appearance ever,

:21:32.:21:40.

and the first one reminds us of the worst days of the Colombian

:21:41.:21:42.

violence, and the second one, the match this week, that reminds us of

:21:43.:21:52.

the extent to which Colombia is feeling proud and feeling hopeful of

:21:53.:21:55.

a country that it is still violent and has many problems, but

:21:56.:21:58.

nevertheless, things can be different. This is a time when

:21:59.:22:07.

people are talking about a peace process? Yes, and obviously, the

:22:08.:22:12.

violence in the 1990s, this is part of all that, and Colombia is trying

:22:13.:22:19.

to learn from that experience to not forget what happened in those days,

:22:20.:22:23.

but to show that Colombia is a new country, to a certain extent, a

:22:24.:22:29.

different country. Can Colombia beat Brazil? Colombia is extremely

:22:30.:22:36.

hopeful that they can keep being a surprise in this World Cup. Colombia

:22:37.:22:41.

is paralysed by football now, it is basically the only thing the

:22:42.:22:45.

Columbians are talking about, and I cannot start to imagine how they

:22:46.:22:49.

will feel if Colombia managed to achieve what many people think is

:22:50.:22:53.

impossible and that is to eliminate the host nation of the World Cup.

:22:54.:23:05.

We'll finish on tennis, with Andy Murray who's finished

:23:06.:23:07.

at the tennis, at the Wimbledon championship, that is.

:23:08.:23:10.

Last year he was Wimbledon's golden boy, the first British singles

:23:11.:23:12.

Today his fortunes have turned around dramatically.

:23:13.:23:15.

Let's go over to our Sports reporter John Watson.

:23:16.:23:26.

He lost to Grigor Dimitrov, a man seeded a lot higher than him. The

:23:27.:23:44.

defending champion admitted that he worked a bit harder on court, tried

:23:45.:23:49.

a little harder to get Grigor Dimitrov to make some more mistakes.

:23:50.:23:55.

We have seen two huge upsets in the last two days, the first was Rafael

:23:56.:24:02.

Nadal going out to a player ranked 144 in the world, the young

:24:03.:24:10.

Australian, and today, Grigor Dimitrov knocking at Andy Murray.

:24:11.:24:17.

The younger players are looking to be coming through. Andy Murray will

:24:18.:24:22.

return to the hard court in the United States, looking to return to

:24:23.:24:28.

action as soon as possible, but it is a huge upset as far as Andy

:24:29.:24:35.

Murray is concerned. Novak Djokovic, he was in action today, he would

:24:36.:24:40.

move to the semifinals, it was quite a tough match for him over Marin

:24:41.:24:47.

Cilic, but we will not see the top four seed competing in the

:24:48.:24:50.

semifinals, Novak Djokovic is through, Roger Federer is through,

:24:51.:24:55.

the seven times Wimbledon champion, he remains on course for a record

:24:56.:25:01.

eighth Wimbledon final. We will see who will make up the final spot in

:25:02.:25:06.

the semifinals, the 19-year-old from Australia, he is up against Milos

:25:07.:25:11.

Raonic at the moment, there into their fourth set, it depends on who

:25:12.:25:18.

goes through from that match. Tell us about Andy Murray?s diagnosis of

:25:19.:25:21.

his own performance, he had to go in front of the cameras immediately and

:25:22.:25:28.

explain himself. Yes, it is always very difficult coming off to face

:25:29.:25:31.

the cameras immediately, but he was very honest in his assessment of how

:25:32.:25:36.

he played. He wished that he had worked a bit harder in forcing

:25:37.:25:40.

Grigor Dimitrov to make some mistakes. The nature of the defeat,

:25:41.:25:44.

it was almost as if nobody would really expect him to go out in

:25:45.:25:50.

straight sets as he did, and perhaps he could have pushed harder against

:25:51.:25:54.

Grigor Dimitrov, but as it is, Andy Murray will have to think long and

:25:55.:25:58.

hard about his performance here at Wimbledon. We had lots of home

:25:59.:26:03.

support, but it is difficult to try and retain your title. Out of

:26:04.:26:08.

21st-time winners, only four have gone on to defend their title the

:26:09.:26:11.

following year. That would show how hard it would be on Andy Murray, but

:26:12.:26:16.

with that home environment and playing Grigor Dimitrov, Grigor

:26:17.:26:20.

Dimitrov has made it this far in a Grand Slam, so a big disappointment

:26:21.:26:22.

for Andy Murray. Don't forget you can keep

:26:23.:26:30.

across all the latest action There you'll find all

:26:31.:26:33.

the match stats and analysis on the quarter final matches,

:26:34.:26:36.

including Andy Murray's shock exit. A reminder of the top story, Nicolas

:26:37.:26:50.

Sarkozy?s television interview after being arrested by police.

:26:51.:27:00.

Good evening, tomorrow, a change on the way, for many of us, cloudy, but

:27:01.:27:09.

bright and also an increasing breeze across the Atlantic, so fresh. In

:27:10.:27:14.

the next few days, ferries weather fronts coming in this direction, so

:27:15.:27:16.

that will

:27:17.:27:17.

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