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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kasia Madera.
A 72-hour truce in Gaza seems to be holding, but what now for the
residents returning home to bury their dead and rebuild their lives?
The international community continues its calls
The senseless cycle of suffering in Gaza and the West Bank as well
More gains in Iraq for the Islamic State - oilfields and a dam.
Are the fighters formerly known as ISIS,
fast becoming the best-resourced militant group in history?
We'll be talking live to UNICEF in Iraq.
Close encounters with a comet far, far away...
After a 6 billion kilometre journey, a European space probe sends back
its first close-up pictures from somewhere between the orbits
An aspirin a day keeps the doctor away, and, it seems, reduces
The 72-hour ceasefire in Gaza is in its second day -
the longest lull in fighting since the conflict began four weeks ago.
More than 1,900 people have died and hundreds of thousands have been
displaced, and many of them no longer have a home to return to.
The United Nations has been sheltering tens of thousands
of people in school buildings, but as our Middle East
correspondent Orla Guerin reports from Jabalia, some families are
facing fresh uncertainty about where they can find refuge.
Her report contains images you may find distressing.
Families who fled Israeli shelling now having to leave
a UN school where they thought they had found refuge.
At Jabalia Elementary Boys School, they told us UN staff said they
Today they announced on the school microphone there will
be no services, no food or water, said Mr Yousef.
Those who want to leave can leave, we are not responsible
Do any of you have homes left standing to go back to?
Well, these families say they are in effect being given no choice
They tell us they have been told there is accommodation available
in government schools, but they say these schools are close
to the Israeli border and to Palestinian training camps.
They say it is a front-line area and no place for children.
UN schools have sheltered almost 300,000 people during this conflict.
It is unclear why desperate families at the school were threatened with
That is not our policy, that is not what will happen.
Food for that area simply has not been
Similarly, I am checking on water but it should
But generations of this family were terrified of losing the roof
72 relatives now call this classroom home.
They are kicking us out of here, said Zainab.
Where should the women and children go?
They started packing hoping to join relatives at another UN school.
Two family members died there in shelling, but they said it was
Then they got word it was already full.
Nearby, we found five-year-old Mohammed who is paralysed.
His devoted mother Sara was trying to keep the flies off of his face.
She told us she is worried that he may not survive.
Indirect talks between Israeli and Palestinian representatives,
to negotiate an extension to the current ceasefire,
The Israeli government say its objectives in Gaza
and its aim to "return quiet and security" to the people
Our correspondent Wyre Davies reports from the Israel-Gaza border
on how locals feel about the chance of lasting peace.
In an era. An older daughter will never see her father again and her
two sons fantasise about becoming super egos so that they can bring
back their father. 36-year-old man, he was an Army reservist and killed
during a battle with militants inside Gaza. I had mixed feelings. I
did not want him to go down there but I understood there was no other
option for the sake of our country, because if we do not protect
ourselves, we are doomed. The sense of vulnerability is felt most
acutely in these areas near Gaza weather has been both a human and
economic cost. Here, crops have been lost and residents have fled. We
cannot let them win. We will remain here in the fields and with the
children that know how to go to a shelter when they are three years
old. This is the fourth war Israel has fought with Gaza in the space of
less than ten years. Whilst these Israeli communities right up against
the Gaza border support the actions of the government, they expect
another the Gaza border support the actions
of the government, they expect war in two or three years time because
the problems behind the crisis are not being addressed. Toksvig Egypt
in to extend the three-day cease-fire and the firepower of
Israel has been pulled back from Gaza but it is not in any position
to claim a victory says one of the biggest critics of the government.
As long as this siege on Gaza continues and as long as life in
Gaza will be like life in a cage, the life of Israel will not be
secure, this is a basic understanding. Benjamin Netanyahu
this evening spoke for the first time since the cease-fire was
announced. As you'll be played regrets every civilian casualty.
Every single one. We do not target them or seek them. The people of
Gaza are not our enemy. This woman has no desire for her children to
follow the path of their father and fight in Gaza but it is something
she knows might be inevitable. As those diplomatic efforts to find
a solution to a more permanent ceasefire continue in Cairo, there
have also been efforts elsewhere. In New York, the
United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon addressed the UN's General
Assembly at a special meeting He called for an end to the cycle
of violence. Do we have to continue like this?
Build and destroy continually. We can build again but this must be the
last team to rebuild. This must end now. They must come back to the
negotiating table. John Kerry too has been speaking
of the efforts by the United States In an exclusive interview with
the BBC, he said the US should be a major
player in the process of any Gaza peace deal and clarified that the US
does not speak directly to Hamas. In what was his first international
interview since the ceasefire, the US Secretary of State was asked
if he supported the Israeli We fully support Israel right to
defend itself and the fact that it was under attack by rockets and
tunnels and it had to take out Hamas. Hamas has behaved
unbelievably, shockingly in engaging in this activity and, yes, there has
been horrible collateral damage as a result and that is why the United
States are working hard with our partners in the region, with
visual, the Palestinian Authority, the Egyptians, to try to move
towards a cease-fire. Finally, that cease-fire is hopefully in place
that can allow all parties to common to the table and be able to not only
deal with the question of how you sustain a cease-fire but the more
critical underlying long-term issues as to how we are going to make
peace, how we are going to eliminate these rockets, how we are going to
demilitarise and move towards a different future and that is our
goal, this is an important beginning with the cease-fire and hopefully
the tops to get there. John Kerry speaking exclusively to the BBC.
He's the President of the Arab American Institute in Washington.
How can you bring both these sides together? There must be a role for a
third party and unfortunately the United States has not been able to
play that role because they often buckle under political pressure.
Several presidents have buckled. President Obama tried in 2011 and
then with pressure from Congress he folded and I believe that this
initiative from John Kerry, as tirelessly as he works in trying to
bridge the gap between the parties, at the end of the day, John Kerry's
proposals are too close to that of a shield for the Palestinians to exit
and so they broke down. Even though the US blamed additional in some
ways, the proposals were weak, so I think that you can only bridge gaps
decline a powerful country and a very poor and powerless country if
there is a third party that can balance the scales, the problem with
the US as they do not do that. They end up holding the courts for the
most powerful side. Now that leave the ship in Egypt has changed, their
relationship with Hamas has changed and so has their attitude to this
region. There is no love lost between myself and Hamas, I find
their ideology respectable and their tactics deplorable, the sabotage
peace in the 1990s with bombings and since they have entered government
their priority has been to be devastating to the Palestinian
people. As you'll's behaviour has been even more deplorable and what
we are witnessing right now from the Israelis as a clean-up operation,
you Queen of public opinion, so they will go on duty full offence to see
do not believe us, do not believe the lies and the media, it is all of
the fault of Hamas and so on. The problem is that extremist groups
like Hamas are born out of the spear and hopelessness and joblessness and
anger and occupation and what Israel is doing to Gaza only reinforces
those conditions and breeds more extremism. It is a huge problem but
the US by seeing it supports the rights of visual and giving them
more weapons in the wake of this assault does not provide the correct
it necessary to restrain Israel and said to the people in Gaza, you have
a friend outside who will stand with you, not with Hamas, but with the
people of Gaza. John Kerry said the civilians of Gaza were not the enemy
and Benjamin Netanyahu said they were not the enemy of Israel, it is
Hamas. When Hamas says that it will not demilitarise when someone tries
to take their weapons but instead take away their lives, what hope is
there for any kind of initiation? Very little and that is the great
tragedy. The statements from Hamas have been deplorable, but understand
that if Israel says that the people of Gaza are not our enemies but they
killed 1800 of them, but they left a couple of hundred thousand homeless
then Pat -- bombed the power plants and there was no power or clean
water, and for visual to come back and say that they were so good to
the people of Gaza by providing them with electricity and water, they
only had to do that because they would have been masses starvation
and dehydration. This is a country that has used its overwhelming power
indiscriminately and disproportionately and I believe has
committed war crimes but that does not dissolve Hamas. They have
committed crimes that have been wrong and they must be called to
account on that. But you cannot only coal one side to account as the
United States does, you have to call Israel to account as well. You have
to be fair to both sides and we have not been. Thank you for your
in Europe have been celebrating after an unmanned spacecraft
successfully caught up with a comet after travelling through the Solar
System for more than a decade. The Rosetta probe will orbit the
comet for at least a year and try to The probe at the moment is
at a distance of 550 million A little earlier I spoke with senior
scientific consultant Mark McCaughrean from the European Space
Agency's mission control in Germany. It has been a fantastic day here
today. The mission has been going on for ten years and ten years before
that to even build it. It is like we have been in the car for ten years,
people saying, are we there yet, and today we are there. We now see a
Comet that no one has ever seen in this detail before. We have now got
an intense period because we have to characterise and learn about this
Comet, what it is made of, what the surface structure is, before it gets
active. It is starting to get active as we speak, as it gets closer to
the sun it will get active. We have got to pick a landing site and then
drop a lander onto the surface, without hitting any boulders or
crevasse is. It is an incredibly structured comet, a lot going on
there, a lot of work still to do. Is it true that this could provide the
origins of our existence, this comet? They are treasure chest of
ice, locked up and left over from the birth of the solar system 4.6
billion years ago. By digging into one in more detail than has been
possible before, we can indeed go into answering these questions,
where did the solar system and planets come from, how where they
build up, and where did water on the earth, from? It was probably not on
the planet when it was very young, so it could have come from comets
later on. And complex molecules, the building blocks of life, they were
also on comets. This really is a Rosetta Stone, hence the name of the
mission. We think about dinosaurs when we think about the aqua one,
but this is something that could have brought life onto Earth? It is
one of the great contradictions, the solar system is an amazingly chaotic
and crazy place, things go on, planets move around and get hit by
things, which can be bad for you and in this case very good for you. We
congratulate you very much on your mission. We wish you all the best
for November. Thank you very much, we hope everybody follows along. It
is a great adventure for everybody. 50 people have been killed in the
rebel held city of Mo all in a rock. -- Mosul. A missile hit a
prison holding fighters from the jihadist group previously known as
ISIS. Thousands have fled into the mountains in the north-west of the
country after Islamic state jihadist overran a town. We can now speak to
a spokesperson from Unicef who is where many Iraqis fled after the
city of Mosul fell to the Islamic state. I know you are concerned in
particular about the children, but just describe what the situation is
on the ground. The situation is pretty grim. There is continuous
displacement of children and families, there is a mass exodus
that happened on Sunday where we estimate that at least 150,000
people were forced to flee overnight when the district was taken over. We
are very concerned about 25,000 children who are currently reported
stranded in the mountains in the area. These are children in dire
situations, they need everything, basically, food, water, shelter.
They are in desperate need and we cannot access them. Talk us through
the reports that 40 children have potentially died? That's right,
Unicef received reports officially that 40 children have died on their
way out of the area while they were leaving. They could have died for a
number of reasons, including severe dehydration and also health reasons.
It's very hot here. It could go up to 50 degrees. It's very difficult
for an adult, let alone a child who has been uprooted and forced to walk
for sometimes long hours in the sun. It is a pretty grim situation here.
In terms of the work of Unicef, how are you getting provisions through?
How you making contact and looking after these people? We have been
working around the clock with teams on the ground. Since the outbreak of
the crisis in June, we have had teams providing people with drinking
water and medicine for the children, shelter, tents and
blankets, with whatever is needed and whatever we can do, we are doing
it. But the needs are huge and they continue to increase every single
day. The crisis broke out in mid-June, and got stabilised for a
couple of weeks, and then on Sunday, we were into another crisis. It is
an emergency on top of another emergency. It is increasing the need
for children and their family every single day. We wish you the best of
luck, thank you for speaking to us. The Ebola outbreak has been declared
a national emergency in Nigeria, Africa's most populous country,
after a nurse became the second person to die
from the disease there. The World Health Organisation says
the death toll from the Ebola outbreak
in West Africa has risen to 932. It's convening a panel of experts
to examine the use of experimental Russian President Vladimir Putin has
banned or curbed agricultural imports
from countries imposing sanctions on The decree did not specify
which countries or which goods would be affected
but did say that the measures will Russia buys fruit
and vegetables from the EU worth A man arrested on suspicion
of leaking Michael Schumacher's medical files has been found hanged
in his cell. Swiss police say the man,
an who has not been named, was Ex-Formula One Champion Michael
Schumacher suffered a head injury in a skiing accident
in France last December and was An aspirin a day could keep some
cancers and heart diseases at bay. That is the message for people
in their 50s and 60s, from a group of researchers looking at
the drug's ability to stem disease. Scientists found that one low dose
tablet, 75mg, every day, taken for five to 10 years could
prevent 122,000 deaths from some cancers in the UK,
particularly bowel and stomach It's also well known for reducing
the chance of heart attacks. But aspirin does have side effects
and can cause internal bleeding so doctors say people should check
with their GP before they decide to It is a cheap, everyday medicine,
which can be bought over the counter. Many people already take
daily aspirin to avoid heart problems. Now there is further
evidence that the drug might help prevent cancer. The researchers
looked at a wide range of studies about aspirin. They found the drug
helped prevent cases and deaths from stomach, bowel and oesophageal
cancer. helped prevent cases and deaths from
stomach, bowel The risks included having stomach bleeds or stroke, but
the researchers believe on balance, many people aged between 50 and 65
would benefit from taking a low dose of aspirin every day for at least
five years. We think that individuals of this age should
consider seriously taking aspirin, they should consult their GP to get
advice about potential side effects, but overall, the benefits for most
individuals seem to far outweigh the risks. Official NHS advice does not
yet recommend taking aspirin to prevent cancer. Cancer Research UK
said aspirin is showing promise but it believes in port and answers are
still needed from other ongoing trials -- important answers are
still needed soap Doctors could have that information on who might suffer
side-effects. With me now is Dr David Wald,
he's a consultant cardiologist based here in London at
St Bartholomew's Hospital. He's also Chair of the Guidelines
and Practice Committee of Thank you for coming in to speak to
us. We have heard so much about aspirin but there are caveats in
this? Yes, like many preventative treatments, there is a trade-off
between the benefit and the hazard. For aspirin, the biggest problem is
bleeding. That's always been the case. And I been prescribing aspirin
for many years to prevent heart attacks and strokes, particularly in
people who have already had such an event, and there has always been a
risk of being those people. The issue is that the risk of aspirin
was clearly outweighed by the benefit in people who had had a
previous heart attack or stroke. In the general population, we have
known about the benefits but the risks and the hazards really made
the benefits marginal. Now what has changed with this new evidence is
that aspirin appears to have rather remarkable effects in preventing
certain cancers, in particular cancers of the gut. If you add the
information on cancer to what we already know on cardiovascular
disease, the evidence swing is clearly in favour of using aspirin
for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer. So the number of
people who would benefit compared to the number of people who could
suffer internal bleeding is outweighed? Pretty much. If 1000
people for example over the age of 50 took aspirin, you would prevent
about 50 cardiovascular disease events and cancer deaths combined,
for every eight serious bleeds coursed. And most of those bleeds
would not be fatal. And that is an important distinction. I understand
heart attack is thinning of the blood, but what it is with aspirin
and cancer? Perhaps surprisingly, the mechanism by which aspirin
prevents cancer is not known. That might mean to pricing because it is
such a well-known drug and it has been used for many years. There are
two theories. We know that aspirin reduces the effectiveness of
platelets in the blood to stick together. That is the mechanism of
the benefit in preventing heart attacks, it reduces the clock which
forms in the coronary artery. The cancer, it is possible that these
platelets also can carry cancer cells around, and if you block the
platelet, you could reduce the cancer. The caveat is always talked
your GP. Lots more on the website. Check out our details there.
Goodbye. Hello. Still some room for a time
overnight in the far north of Scotland, moving across the Northern
Isles. Elsewhere, it becomes dry, clear and that will lead to a sunny
start in the morning. Not quite as warm tomorrow but still warm, when
the sun makes an appearance. High pressure coming in overnight. It
will last into Thursday, of a fine day with that sunshine to begin.