06/08/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kasia Madera.


A 72-hour truce in Gaza seems to be holding, but what now for the


residents returning home to bury their dead and rebuild their lives?


The international community continues its calls


The senseless cycle of suffering in Gaza and the West Bank as well


More gains in Iraq for the Islamic State - oilfields and a dam.


Are the fighters formerly known as ISIS,


fast becoming the best-resourced militant group in history?


We'll be talking live to UNICEF in Iraq.


Close encounters with a comet far, far away...


After a 6 billion kilometre journey, a European space probe sends back


its first close-up pictures from somewhere between the orbits


An aspirin a day keeps the doctor away, and, it seems, reduces


The 72-hour ceasefire in Gaza is in its second day -


the longest lull in fighting since the conflict began four weeks ago.


More than 1,900 people have died and hundreds of thousands have been


displaced, and many of them no longer have a home to return to.


The United Nations has been sheltering tens of thousands


of people in school buildings, but as our Middle East


correspondent Orla Guerin reports from Jabalia, some families are


facing fresh uncertainty about where they can find refuge.


Her report contains images you may find distressing.


Families who fled Israeli shelling now having to leave


a UN school where they thought they had found refuge.


At Jabalia Elementary Boys School, they told us UN staff said they


Today they announced on the school microphone there will


be no services, no food or water, said Mr Yousef.


Those who want to leave can leave, we are not responsible


Do any of you have homes left standing to go back to?


Well, these families say they are in effect being given no choice


They tell us they have been told there is accommodation available


in government schools, but they say these schools are close


to the Israeli border and to Palestinian training camps.


They say it is a front-line area and no place for children.


UN schools have sheltered almost 300,000 people during this conflict.


It is unclear why desperate families at the school were threatened with


That is not our policy, that is not what will happen.


Food for that area simply has not been


Similarly, I am checking on water but it should


But generations of this family were terrified of losing the roof


72 relatives now call this classroom home.


They are kicking us out of here, said Zainab.


Where should the women and children go?


They started packing hoping to join relatives at another UN school.


Two family members died there in shelling, but they said it was


Then they got word it was already full.


Nearby, we found five-year-old Mohammed who is paralysed.


His devoted mother Sara was trying to keep the flies off of his face.


She told us she is worried that he may not survive.


Indirect talks between Israeli and Palestinian representatives,


to negotiate an extension to the current ceasefire,


The Israeli government say its objectives in Gaza


and its aim to "return quiet and security" to the people


Our correspondent Wyre Davies reports from the Israel-Gaza border


on how locals feel about the chance of lasting peace.


In an era. An older daughter will never see her father again and her


two sons fantasise about becoming super egos so that they can bring


back their father. 36-year-old man, he was an Army reservist and killed


during a battle with militants inside Gaza. I had mixed feelings. I


did not want him to go down there but I understood there was no other


option for the sake of our country, because if we do not protect


ourselves, we are doomed. The sense of vulnerability is felt most


acutely in these areas near Gaza weather has been both a human and


economic cost. Here, crops have been lost and residents have fled. We


cannot let them win. We will remain here in the fields and with the


children that know how to go to a shelter when they are three years


old. This is the fourth war Israel has fought with Gaza in the space of


less than ten years. Whilst these Israeli communities right up against


the Gaza border support the actions of the government, they expect


another the Gaza border support the actions


of the government, they expect war in two or three years time because


the problems behind the crisis are not being addressed. Toksvig Egypt


in to extend the three-day cease-fire and the firepower of


Israel has been pulled back from Gaza but it is not in any position


to claim a victory says one of the biggest critics of the government.


As long as this siege on Gaza continues and as long as life in


Gaza will be like life in a cage, the life of Israel will not be


secure, this is a basic understanding. Benjamin Netanyahu


this evening spoke for the first time since the cease-fire was


announced. As you'll be played regrets every civilian casualty.


Every single one. We do not target them or seek them. The people of


Gaza are not our enemy. This woman has no desire for her children to


follow the path of their father and fight in Gaza but it is something


she knows might be inevitable. As those diplomatic efforts to find


a solution to a more permanent ceasefire continue in Cairo, there


have also been efforts elsewhere. In New York, the


United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon addressed the UN's General


Assembly at a special meeting He called for an end to the cycle


of violence. Do we have to continue like this?


Build and destroy continually. We can build again but this must be the


last team to rebuild. This must end now. They must come back to the


negotiating table. John Kerry too has been speaking


of the efforts by the United States In an exclusive interview with


the BBC, he said the US should be a major


player in the process of any Gaza peace deal and clarified that the US


does not speak directly to Hamas. In what was his first international


interview since the ceasefire, the US Secretary of State was asked


if he supported the Israeli We fully support Israel right to


defend itself and the fact that it was under attack by rockets and


tunnels and it had to take out Hamas. Hamas has behaved


unbelievably, shockingly in engaging in this activity and, yes, there has


been horrible collateral damage as a result and that is why the United


States are working hard with our partners in the region, with


visual, the Palestinian Authority, the Egyptians, to try to move


towards a cease-fire. Finally, that cease-fire is hopefully in place


that can allow all parties to common to the table and be able to not only


deal with the question of how you sustain a cease-fire but the more


critical underlying long-term issues as to how we are going to make


peace, how we are going to eliminate these rockets, how we are going to


demilitarise and move towards a different future and that is our


goal, this is an important beginning with the cease-fire and hopefully


the tops to get there. John Kerry speaking exclusively to the BBC.


He's the President of the Arab American Institute in Washington.


How can you bring both these sides together? There must be a role for a


third party and unfortunately the United States has not been able to


play that role because they often buckle under political pressure.


Several presidents have buckled. President Obama tried in 2011 and


then with pressure from Congress he folded and I believe that this


initiative from John Kerry, as tirelessly as he works in trying to


bridge the gap between the parties, at the end of the day, John Kerry's


proposals are too close to that of a shield for the Palestinians to exit


and so they broke down. Even though the US blamed additional in some


ways, the proposals were weak, so I think that you can only bridge gaps


decline a powerful country and a very poor and powerless country if


there is a third party that can balance the scales, the problem with


the US as they do not do that. They end up holding the courts for the


most powerful side. Now that leave the ship in Egypt has changed, their


relationship with Hamas has changed and so has their attitude to this


region. There is no love lost between myself and Hamas, I find


their ideology respectable and their tactics deplorable, the sabotage


peace in the 1990s with bombings and since they have entered government


their priority has been to be devastating to the Palestinian


people. As you'll's behaviour has been even more deplorable and what


we are witnessing right now from the Israelis as a clean-up operation,


you Queen of public opinion, so they will go on duty full offence to see


do not believe us, do not believe the lies and the media, it is all of


the fault of Hamas and so on. The problem is that extremist groups


like Hamas are born out of the spear and hopelessness and joblessness and


anger and occupation and what Israel is doing to Gaza only reinforces


those conditions and breeds more extremism. It is a huge problem but


the US by seeing it supports the rights of visual and giving them


more weapons in the wake of this assault does not provide the correct


it necessary to restrain Israel and said to the people in Gaza, you have


a friend outside who will stand with you, not with Hamas, but with the


people of Gaza. John Kerry said the civilians of Gaza were not the enemy


and Benjamin Netanyahu said they were not the enemy of Israel, it is


Hamas. When Hamas says that it will not demilitarise when someone tries


to take their weapons but instead take away their lives, what hope is


there for any kind of initiation? Very little and that is the great


tragedy. The statements from Hamas have been deplorable, but understand


that if Israel says that the people of Gaza are not our enemies but they


killed 1800 of them, but they left a couple of hundred thousand homeless


then Pat -- bombed the power plants and there was no power or clean


water, and for visual to come back and say that they were so good to


the people of Gaza by providing them with electricity and water, they


only had to do that because they would have been masses starvation


and dehydration. This is a country that has used its overwhelming power


indiscriminately and disproportionately and I believe has


committed war crimes but that does not dissolve Hamas. They have


committed crimes that have been wrong and they must be called to


account on that. But you cannot only coal one side to account as the


United States does, you have to call Israel to account as well. You have


to be fair to both sides and we have not been. Thank you for your


thoughts. Scientists


in Europe have been celebrating after an unmanned spacecraft


successfully caught up with a comet after travelling through the Solar


System for more than a decade. The Rosetta probe will orbit the


comet for at least a year and try to The probe at the moment is


at a distance of 550 million A little earlier I spoke with senior


scientific consultant Mark McCaughrean from the European Space


Agency's mission control in Germany. It has been a fantastic day here


today. The mission has been going on for ten years and ten years before


that to even build it. It is like we have been in the car for ten years,


people saying, are we there yet, and today we are there. We now see a


Comet that no one has ever seen in this detail before. We have now got


an intense period because we have to characterise and learn about this


Comet, what it is made of, what the surface structure is, before it gets


active. It is starting to get active as we speak, as it gets closer to


the sun it will get active. We have got to pick a landing site and then


drop a lander onto the surface, without hitting any boulders or


crevasse is. It is an incredibly structured comet, a lot going on


there, a lot of work still to do. Is it true that this could provide the


origins of our existence, this comet? They are treasure chest of


ice, locked up and left over from the birth of the solar system 4.6


billion years ago. By digging into one in more detail than has been


possible before, we can indeed go into answering these questions,


where did the solar system and planets come from, how where they


build up, and where did water on the earth, from? It was probably not on


the planet when it was very young, so it could have come from comets


later on. And complex molecules, the building blocks of life, they were


also on comets. This really is a Rosetta Stone, hence the name of the


mission. We think about dinosaurs when we think about the aqua one,


but this is something that could have brought life onto Earth? It is


one of the great contradictions, the solar system is an amazingly chaotic


and crazy place, things go on, planets move around and get hit by


things, which can be bad for you and in this case very good for you. We


congratulate you very much on your mission. We wish you all the best


for November. Thank you very much, we hope everybody follows along. It


is a great adventure for everybody. 50 people have been killed in the


rebel held city of Mo all in a rock. -- Mosul. A missile hit a


prison holding fighters from the jihadist group previously known as


ISIS. Thousands have fled into the mountains in the north-west of the


country after Islamic state jihadist overran a town. We can now speak to


a spokesperson from Unicef who is where many Iraqis fled after the


city of Mosul fell to the Islamic state. I know you are concerned in


particular about the children, but just describe what the situation is


on the ground. The situation is pretty grim. There is continuous


displacement of children and families, there is a mass exodus


that happened on Sunday where we estimate that at least 150,000


people were forced to flee overnight when the district was taken over. We


are very concerned about 25,000 children who are currently reported


stranded in the mountains in the area. These are children in dire


situations, they need everything, basically, food, water, shelter.


They are in desperate need and we cannot access them. Talk us through


the reports that 40 children have potentially died? That's right,


Unicef received reports officially that 40 children have died on their


way out of the area while they were leaving. They could have died for a


number of reasons, including severe dehydration and also health reasons.


It's very hot here. It could go up to 50 degrees. It's very difficult


for an adult, let alone a child who has been uprooted and forced to walk


for sometimes long hours in the sun. It is a pretty grim situation here.


In terms of the work of Unicef, how are you getting provisions through?


How you making contact and looking after these people? We have been


working around the clock with teams on the ground. Since the outbreak of


the crisis in June, we have had teams providing people with drinking


water and medicine for the children, shelter, tents and


blankets, with whatever is needed and whatever we can do, we are doing


it. But the needs are huge and they continue to increase every single


day. The crisis broke out in mid-June, and got stabilised for a


couple of weeks, and then on Sunday, we were into another crisis. It is


an emergency on top of another emergency. It is increasing the need


for children and their family every single day. We wish you the best of


luck, thank you for speaking to us. The Ebola outbreak has been declared


a national emergency in Nigeria, Africa's most populous country,


after a nurse became the second person to die


from the disease there. The World Health Organisation says


the death toll from the Ebola outbreak


in West Africa has risen to 932. It's convening a panel of experts


to examine the use of experimental Russian President Vladimir Putin has


banned or curbed agricultural imports


from countries imposing sanctions on The decree did not specify


which countries or which goods would be affected


but did say that the measures will Russia buys fruit


and vegetables from the EU worth A man arrested on suspicion


of leaking Michael Schumacher's medical files has been found hanged


in his cell. Swiss police say the man,


an who has not been named, was Ex-Formula One Champion Michael


Schumacher suffered a head injury in a skiing accident


in France last December and was An aspirin a day could keep some


cancers and heart diseases at bay. That is the message for people


in their 50s and 60s, from a group of researchers looking at


the drug's ability to stem disease. Scientists found that one low dose


tablet, 75mg, every day, taken for five to 10 years could


prevent 122,000 deaths from some cancers in the UK,


particularly bowel and stomach It's also well known for reducing


the chance of heart attacks. But aspirin does have side effects


and can cause internal bleeding so doctors say people should check


with their GP before they decide to It is a cheap, everyday medicine,


which can be bought over the counter. Many people already take


daily aspirin to avoid heart problems. Now there is further


evidence that the drug might help prevent cancer. The researchers


looked at a wide range of studies about aspirin. They found the drug


helped prevent cases and deaths from stomach, bowel and oesophageal


cancer. helped prevent cases and deaths from


stomach, bowel The risks included having stomach bleeds or stroke, but


the researchers believe on balance, many people aged between 50 and 65


would benefit from taking a low dose of aspirin every day for at least


five years. We think that individuals of this age should


consider seriously taking aspirin, they should consult their GP to get


advice about potential side effects, but overall, the benefits for most


individuals seem to far outweigh the risks. Official NHS advice does not


yet recommend taking aspirin to prevent cancer. Cancer Research UK


said aspirin is showing promise but it believes in port and answers are


still needed from other ongoing trials -- important answers are


still needed soap Doctors could have that information on who might suffer


side-effects. With me now is Dr David Wald,


he's a consultant cardiologist based here in London at


St Bartholomew's Hospital. He's also Chair of the Guidelines


and Practice Committee of Thank you for coming in to speak to


us. We have heard so much about aspirin but there are caveats in


this? Yes, like many preventative treatments, there is a trade-off


between the benefit and the hazard. For aspirin, the biggest problem is


bleeding. That's always been the case. And I been prescribing aspirin


for many years to prevent heart attacks and strokes, particularly in


people who have already had such an event, and there has always been a


risk of being those people. The issue is that the risk of aspirin


was clearly outweighed by the benefit in people who had had a


previous heart attack or stroke. In the general population, we have


known about the benefits but the risks and the hazards really made


the benefits marginal. Now what has changed with this new evidence is


that aspirin appears to have rather remarkable effects in preventing


certain cancers, in particular cancers of the gut. If you add the


information on cancer to what we already know on cardiovascular


disease, the evidence swing is clearly in favour of using aspirin


for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer. So the number of


people who would benefit compared to the number of people who could


suffer internal bleeding is outweighed? Pretty much. If 1000


people for example over the age of 50 took aspirin, you would prevent


about 50 cardiovascular disease events and cancer deaths combined,


for every eight serious bleeds coursed. And most of those bleeds


would not be fatal. And that is an important distinction. I understand


heart attack is thinning of the blood, but what it is with aspirin


and cancer? Perhaps surprisingly, the mechanism by which aspirin


prevents cancer is not known. That might mean to pricing because it is


such a well-known drug and it has been used for many years. There are


two theories. We know that aspirin reduces the effectiveness of


platelets in the blood to stick together. That is the mechanism of


the benefit in preventing heart attacks, it reduces the clock which


forms in the coronary artery. The cancer, it is possible that these


platelets also can carry cancer cells around, and if you block the


platelet, you could reduce the cancer. The caveat is always talked


your GP. Lots more on the website. Check out our details there.


Goodbye. Hello. Still some room for a time


overnight in the far north of Scotland, moving across the Northern


Isles. Elsewhere, it becomes dry, clear and that will lead to a sunny


start in the morning. Not quite as warm tomorrow but still warm, when


the sun makes an appearance. High pressure coming in overnight. It


will last into Thursday, of a fine day with that sunshine to begin.




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