06/08/2014 World News Today


06/08/2014

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 06/08/2014. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me, Kasia Madera.

:00:00.:00:09.

A 72-hour truce in Gaza seems to be holding, but what now for the

:00:10.:00:13.

residents returning home to bury their dead and rebuild their lives?

:00:14.:00:15.

The international community continues its calls

:00:16.:00:17.

The senseless cycle of suffering in Gaza and the West Bank as well

:00:18.:00:27.

More gains in Iraq for the Islamic State - oilfields and a dam.

:00:28.:00:39.

Are the fighters formerly known as ISIS,

:00:40.:00:40.

fast becoming the best-resourced militant group in history?

:00:41.:00:42.

We'll be talking live to UNICEF in Iraq.

:00:43.:00:44.

Close encounters with a comet far, far away...

:00:45.:00:46.

After a 6 billion kilometre journey, a European space probe sends back

:00:47.:00:49.

its first close-up pictures from somewhere between the orbits

:00:50.:00:51.

An aspirin a day keeps the doctor away, and, it seems, reduces

:00:52.:01:00.

The 72-hour ceasefire in Gaza is in its second day -

:01:01.:01:25.

the longest lull in fighting since the conflict began four weeks ago.

:01:26.:01:29.

More than 1,900 people have died and hundreds of thousands have been

:01:30.:01:32.

displaced, and many of them no longer have a home to return to.

:01:33.:01:39.

The United Nations has been sheltering tens of thousands

:01:40.:01:42.

of people in school buildings, but as our Middle East

:01:43.:01:44.

correspondent Orla Guerin reports from Jabalia, some families are

:01:45.:01:47.

facing fresh uncertainty about where they can find refuge.

:01:48.:01:49.

Her report contains images you may find distressing.

:01:50.:02:01.

Families who fled Israeli shelling now having to leave

:02:02.:02:06.

a UN school where they thought they had found refuge.

:02:07.:02:11.

At Jabalia Elementary Boys School, they told us UN staff said they

:02:12.:02:14.

Today they announced on the school microphone there will

:02:15.:02:28.

be no services, no food or water, said Mr Yousef.

:02:29.:02:30.

Those who want to leave can leave, we are not responsible

:02:31.:02:33.

Do any of you have homes left standing to go back to?

:02:34.:02:37.

Well, these families say they are in effect being given no choice

:02:38.:02:44.

They tell us they have been told there is accommodation available

:02:45.:02:49.

in government schools, but they say these schools are close

:02:50.:02:51.

to the Israeli border and to Palestinian training camps.

:02:52.:02:56.

They say it is a front-line area and no place for children.

:02:57.:03:01.

UN schools have sheltered almost 300,000 people during this conflict.

:03:02.:03:06.

It is unclear why desperate families at the school were threatened with

:03:07.:03:09.

That is not our policy, that is not what will happen.

:03:10.:03:16.

Food for that area simply has not been

:03:17.:03:19.

Similarly, I am checking on water but it should

:03:20.:03:23.

But generations of this family were terrified of losing the roof

:03:24.:03:31.

72 relatives now call this classroom home.

:03:32.:03:40.

They are kicking us out of here, said Zainab.

:03:41.:03:43.

Where should the women and children go?

:03:44.:03:51.

They started packing hoping to join relatives at another UN school.

:03:52.:03:55.

Two family members died there in shelling, but they said it was

:03:56.:03:58.

Then they got word it was already full.

:03:59.:04:06.

Nearby, we found five-year-old Mohammed who is paralysed.

:04:07.:04:09.

His devoted mother Sara was trying to keep the flies off of his face.

:04:10.:04:15.

She told us she is worried that he may not survive.

:04:16.:04:29.

Indirect talks between Israeli and Palestinian representatives,

:04:30.:04:31.

to negotiate an extension to the current ceasefire,

:04:32.:04:33.

The Israeli government say its objectives in Gaza

:04:34.:04:37.

and its aim to "return quiet and security" to the people

:04:38.:04:40.

Our correspondent Wyre Davies reports from the Israel-Gaza border

:04:41.:04:43.

on how locals feel about the chance of lasting peace.

:04:44.:05:03.

In an era. An older daughter will never see her father again and her

:05:04.:05:12.

two sons fantasise about becoming super egos so that they can bring

:05:13.:05:19.

back their father. 36-year-old man, he was an Army reservist and killed

:05:20.:05:24.

during a battle with militants inside Gaza. I had mixed feelings. I

:05:25.:05:31.

did not want him to go down there but I understood there was no other

:05:32.:05:37.

option for the sake of our country, because if we do not protect

:05:38.:05:42.

ourselves, we are doomed. The sense of vulnerability is felt most

:05:43.:05:48.

acutely in these areas near Gaza weather has been both a human and

:05:49.:05:58.

economic cost. Here, crops have been lost and residents have fled. We

:05:59.:06:04.

cannot let them win. We will remain here in the fields and with the

:06:05.:06:11.

children that know how to go to a shelter when they are three years

:06:12.:06:17.

old. This is the fourth war Israel has fought with Gaza in the space of

:06:18.:06:22.

less than ten years. Whilst these Israeli communities right up against

:06:23.:06:27.

the Gaza border support the actions of the government, they expect

:06:28.:06:28.

another the Gaza border support the actions

:06:29.:06:30.

of the government, they expect war in two or three years time because

:06:31.:06:34.

the problems behind the crisis are not being addressed. Toksvig Egypt

:06:35.:06:39.

in to extend the three-day cease-fire and the firepower of

:06:40.:06:44.

Israel has been pulled back from Gaza but it is not in any position

:06:45.:06:48.

to claim a victory says one of the biggest critics of the government.

:06:49.:06:54.

As long as this siege on Gaza continues and as long as life in

:06:55.:06:59.

Gaza will be like life in a cage, the life of Israel will not be

:07:00.:07:03.

secure, this is a basic understanding. Benjamin Netanyahu

:07:04.:07:09.

this evening spoke for the first time since the cease-fire was

:07:10.:07:14.

announced. As you'll be played regrets every civilian casualty.

:07:15.:07:22.

Every single one. We do not target them or seek them. The people of

:07:23.:07:28.

Gaza are not our enemy. This woman has no desire for her children to

:07:29.:07:33.

follow the path of their father and fight in Gaza but it is something

:07:34.:07:34.

she knows might be inevitable. As those diplomatic efforts to find

:07:35.:07:39.

a solution to a more permanent ceasefire continue in Cairo, there

:07:40.:07:42.

have also been efforts elsewhere. In New York, the

:07:43.:07:44.

United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon addressed the UN's General

:07:45.:07:47.

Assembly at a special meeting He called for an end to the cycle

:07:48.:07:50.

of violence. Do we have to continue like this?

:07:51.:08:07.

Build and destroy continually. We can build again but this must be the

:08:08.:08:11.

last team to rebuild. This must end now. They must come back to the

:08:12.:08:16.

negotiating table. John Kerry too has been speaking

:08:17.:08:19.

of the efforts by the United States In an exclusive interview with

:08:20.:08:22.

the BBC, he said the US should be a major

:08:23.:08:25.

player in the process of any Gaza peace deal and clarified that the US

:08:26.:08:29.

does not speak directly to Hamas. In what was his first international

:08:30.:08:32.

interview since the ceasefire, the US Secretary of State was asked

:08:33.:08:34.

if he supported the Israeli We fully support Israel right to

:08:35.:08:48.

defend itself and the fact that it was under attack by rockets and

:08:49.:08:53.

tunnels and it had to take out Hamas. Hamas has behaved

:08:54.:09:01.

unbelievably, shockingly in engaging in this activity and, yes, there has

:09:02.:09:07.

been horrible collateral damage as a result and that is why the United

:09:08.:09:10.

States are working hard with our partners in the region, with

:09:11.:09:15.

visual, the Palestinian Authority, the Egyptians, to try to move

:09:16.:09:24.

towards a cease-fire. Finally, that cease-fire is hopefully in place

:09:25.:09:27.

that can allow all parties to common to the table and be able to not only

:09:28.:09:30.

deal with the question of how you sustain a cease-fire but the more

:09:31.:09:36.

critical underlying long-term issues as to how we are going to make

:09:37.:09:40.

peace, how we are going to eliminate these rockets, how we are going to

:09:41.:09:46.

demilitarise and move towards a different future and that is our

:09:47.:09:50.

goal, this is an important beginning with the cease-fire and hopefully

:09:51.:09:56.

the tops to get there. John Kerry speaking exclusively to the BBC.

:09:57.:09:59.

He's the President of the Arab American Institute in Washington.

:10:00.:10:09.

How can you bring both these sides together? There must be a role for a

:10:10.:10:18.

third party and unfortunately the United States has not been able to

:10:19.:10:26.

play that role because they often buckle under political pressure.

:10:27.:10:29.

Several presidents have buckled. President Obama tried in 2011 and

:10:30.:10:33.

then with pressure from Congress he folded and I believe that this

:10:34.:10:40.

initiative from John Kerry, as tirelessly as he works in trying to

:10:41.:10:43.

bridge the gap between the parties, at the end of the day, John Kerry's

:10:44.:10:50.

proposals are too close to that of a shield for the Palestinians to exit

:10:51.:10:54.

and so they broke down. Even though the US blamed additional in some

:10:55.:11:00.

ways, the proposals were weak, so I think that you can only bridge gaps

:11:01.:11:05.

decline a powerful country and a very poor and powerless country if

:11:06.:11:10.

there is a third party that can balance the scales, the problem with

:11:11.:11:15.

the US as they do not do that. They end up holding the courts for the

:11:16.:11:20.

most powerful side. Now that leave the ship in Egypt has changed, their

:11:21.:11:25.

relationship with Hamas has changed and so has their attitude to this

:11:26.:11:31.

region. There is no love lost between myself and Hamas, I find

:11:32.:11:37.

their ideology respectable and their tactics deplorable, the sabotage

:11:38.:11:42.

peace in the 1990s with bombings and since they have entered government

:11:43.:11:49.

their priority has been to be devastating to the Palestinian

:11:50.:11:54.

people. As you'll's behaviour has been even more deplorable and what

:11:55.:11:58.

we are witnessing right now from the Israelis as a clean-up operation,

:11:59.:12:03.

you Queen of public opinion, so they will go on duty full offence to see

:12:04.:12:10.

do not believe us, do not believe the lies and the media, it is all of

:12:11.:12:17.

the fault of Hamas and so on. The problem is that extremist groups

:12:18.:12:22.

like Hamas are born out of the spear and hopelessness and joblessness and

:12:23.:12:27.

anger and occupation and what Israel is doing to Gaza only reinforces

:12:28.:12:34.

those conditions and breeds more extremism. It is a huge problem but

:12:35.:12:39.

the US by seeing it supports the rights of visual and giving them

:12:40.:12:45.

more weapons in the wake of this assault does not provide the correct

:12:46.:12:48.

it necessary to restrain Israel and said to the people in Gaza, you have

:12:49.:12:54.

a friend outside who will stand with you, not with Hamas, but with the

:12:55.:13:00.

people of Gaza. John Kerry said the civilians of Gaza were not the enemy

:13:01.:13:04.

and Benjamin Netanyahu said they were not the enemy of Israel, it is

:13:05.:13:11.

Hamas. When Hamas says that it will not demilitarise when someone tries

:13:12.:13:17.

to take their weapons but instead take away their lives, what hope is

:13:18.:13:23.

there for any kind of initiation? Very little and that is the great

:13:24.:13:27.

tragedy. The statements from Hamas have been deplorable, but understand

:13:28.:13:32.

that if Israel says that the people of Gaza are not our enemies but they

:13:33.:13:39.

killed 1800 of them, but they left a couple of hundred thousand homeless

:13:40.:13:44.

then Pat -- bombed the power plants and there was no power or clean

:13:45.:13:49.

water, and for visual to come back and say that they were so good to

:13:50.:13:52.

the people of Gaza by providing them with electricity and water, they

:13:53.:13:57.

only had to do that because they would have been masses starvation

:13:58.:14:04.

and dehydration. This is a country that has used its overwhelming power

:14:05.:14:08.

indiscriminately and disproportionately and I believe has

:14:09.:14:12.

committed war crimes but that does not dissolve Hamas. They have

:14:13.:14:17.

committed crimes that have been wrong and they must be called to

:14:18.:14:22.

account on that. But you cannot only coal one side to account as the

:14:23.:14:27.

United States does, you have to call Israel to account as well. You have

:14:28.:14:31.

to be fair to both sides and we have not been. Thank you for your

:14:32.:14:32.

thoughts. Scientists

:14:33.:14:36.

in Europe have been celebrating after an unmanned spacecraft

:14:37.:14:38.

successfully caught up with a comet after travelling through the Solar

:14:39.:14:40.

System for more than a decade. The Rosetta probe will orbit the

:14:41.:14:43.

comet for at least a year and try to The probe at the moment is

:14:44.:14:46.

at a distance of 550 million A little earlier I spoke with senior

:14:47.:14:51.

scientific consultant Mark McCaughrean from the European Space

:14:52.:14:57.

Agency's mission control in Germany. It has been a fantastic day here

:14:58.:15:17.

today. The mission has been going on for ten years and ten years before

:15:18.:15:27.

that to even build it. It is like we have been in the car for ten years,

:15:28.:15:32.

people saying, are we there yet, and today we are there. We now see a

:15:33.:15:35.

Comet that no one has ever seen in this detail before. We have now got

:15:36.:15:41.

an intense period because we have to characterise and learn about this

:15:42.:15:46.

Comet, what it is made of, what the surface structure is, before it gets

:15:47.:15:51.

active. It is starting to get active as we speak, as it gets closer to

:15:52.:16:00.

the sun it will get active. We have got to pick a landing site and then

:16:01.:16:05.

drop a lander onto the surface, without hitting any boulders or

:16:06.:16:11.

crevasse is. It is an incredibly structured comet, a lot going on

:16:12.:16:14.

there, a lot of work still to do. Is it true that this could provide the

:16:15.:16:18.

origins of our existence, this comet? They are treasure chest of

:16:19.:16:27.

ice, locked up and left over from the birth of the solar system 4.6

:16:28.:16:30.

billion years ago. By digging into one in more detail than has been

:16:31.:16:35.

possible before, we can indeed go into answering these questions,

:16:36.:16:37.

where did the solar system and planets come from, how where they

:16:38.:16:41.

build up, and where did water on the earth, from? It was probably not on

:16:42.:16:46.

the planet when it was very young, so it could have come from comets

:16:47.:16:52.

later on. And complex molecules, the building blocks of life, they were

:16:53.:16:58.

also on comets. This really is a Rosetta Stone, hence the name of the

:16:59.:17:03.

mission. We think about dinosaurs when we think about the aqua one,

:17:04.:17:08.

but this is something that could have brought life onto Earth? It is

:17:09.:17:14.

one of the great contradictions, the solar system is an amazingly chaotic

:17:15.:17:18.

and crazy place, things go on, planets move around and get hit by

:17:19.:17:22.

things, which can be bad for you and in this case very good for you. We

:17:23.:17:28.

congratulate you very much on your mission. We wish you all the best

:17:29.:17:34.

for November. Thank you very much, we hope everybody follows along. It

:17:35.:17:44.

is a great adventure for everybody. 50 people have been killed in the

:17:45.:17:48.

rebel held city of Mo all in a rock. -- Mosul. A missile hit a

:17:49.:18:02.

prison holding fighters from the jihadist group previously known as

:18:03.:18:09.

ISIS. Thousands have fled into the mountains in the north-west of the

:18:10.:18:12.

country after Islamic state jihadist overran a town. We can now speak to

:18:13.:18:19.

a spokesperson from Unicef who is where many Iraqis fled after the

:18:20.:18:25.

city of Mosul fell to the Islamic state. I know you are concerned in

:18:26.:18:32.

particular about the children, but just describe what the situation is

:18:33.:18:37.

on the ground. The situation is pretty grim. There is continuous

:18:38.:18:41.

displacement of children and families, there is a mass exodus

:18:42.:18:44.

that happened on Sunday where we estimate that at least 150,000

:18:45.:18:50.

people were forced to flee overnight when the district was taken over. We

:18:51.:18:57.

are very concerned about 25,000 children who are currently reported

:18:58.:19:01.

stranded in the mountains in the area. These are children in dire

:19:02.:19:06.

situations, they need everything, basically, food, water, shelter.

:19:07.:19:11.

They are in desperate need and we cannot access them. Talk us through

:19:12.:19:16.

the reports that 40 children have potentially died? That's right,

:19:17.:19:24.

Unicef received reports officially that 40 children have died on their

:19:25.:19:30.

way out of the area while they were leaving. They could have died for a

:19:31.:19:36.

number of reasons, including severe dehydration and also health reasons.

:19:37.:19:43.

It's very hot here. It could go up to 50 degrees. It's very difficult

:19:44.:19:48.

for an adult, let alone a child who has been uprooted and forced to walk

:19:49.:19:54.

for sometimes long hours in the sun. It is a pretty grim situation here.

:19:55.:20:01.

In terms of the work of Unicef, how are you getting provisions through?

:20:02.:20:04.

How you making contact and looking after these people? We have been

:20:05.:20:08.

working around the clock with teams on the ground. Since the outbreak of

:20:09.:20:15.

the crisis in June, we have had teams providing people with drinking

:20:16.:20:18.

water and medicine for the children, shelter, tents and

:20:19.:20:22.

blankets, with whatever is needed and whatever we can do, we are doing

:20:23.:20:27.

it. But the needs are huge and they continue to increase every single

:20:28.:20:31.

day. The crisis broke out in mid-June, and got stabilised for a

:20:32.:20:38.

couple of weeks, and then on Sunday, we were into another crisis. It is

:20:39.:20:43.

an emergency on top of another emergency. It is increasing the need

:20:44.:20:47.

for children and their family every single day. We wish you the best of

:20:48.:20:50.

luck, thank you for speaking to us. The Ebola outbreak has been declared

:20:51.:20:54.

a national emergency in Nigeria, Africa's most populous country,

:20:55.:20:57.

after a nurse became the second person to die

:20:58.:20:59.

from the disease there. The World Health Organisation says

:21:00.:21:02.

the death toll from the Ebola outbreak

:21:03.:21:05.

in West Africa has risen to 932. It's convening a panel of experts

:21:06.:21:10.

to examine the use of experimental Russian President Vladimir Putin has

:21:11.:21:13.

banned or curbed agricultural imports

:21:14.:21:22.

from countries imposing sanctions on The decree did not specify

:21:23.:21:24.

which countries or which goods would be affected

:21:25.:21:29.

but did say that the measures will Russia buys fruit

:21:30.:21:32.

and vegetables from the EU worth A man arrested on suspicion

:21:33.:21:35.

of leaking Michael Schumacher's medical files has been found hanged

:21:36.:21:45.

in his cell. Swiss police say the man,

:21:46.:21:47.

an who has not been named, was Ex-Formula One Champion Michael

:21:48.:21:50.

Schumacher suffered a head injury in a skiing accident

:21:51.:21:55.

in France last December and was An aspirin a day could keep some

:21:56.:21:58.

cancers and heart diseases at bay. That is the message for people

:21:59.:22:07.

in their 50s and 60s, from a group of researchers looking at

:22:08.:22:11.

the drug's ability to stem disease. Scientists found that one low dose

:22:12.:22:16.

tablet, 75mg, every day, taken for five to 10 years could

:22:17.:22:21.

prevent 122,000 deaths from some cancers in the UK,

:22:22.:22:28.

particularly bowel and stomach It's also well known for reducing

:22:29.:22:31.

the chance of heart attacks. But aspirin does have side effects

:22:32.:22:37.

and can cause internal bleeding so doctors say people should check

:22:38.:22:41.

with their GP before they decide to It is a cheap, everyday medicine,

:22:42.:22:58.

which can be bought over the counter. Many people already take

:22:59.:23:02.

daily aspirin to avoid heart problems. Now there is further

:23:03.:23:06.

evidence that the drug might help prevent cancer. The researchers

:23:07.:23:10.

looked at a wide range of studies about aspirin. They found the drug

:23:11.:23:14.

helped prevent cases and deaths from stomach, bowel and oesophageal

:23:15.:23:16.

cancer. helped prevent cases and deaths from

:23:17.:23:18.

stomach, bowel The risks included having stomach bleeds or stroke, but

:23:19.:23:23.

the researchers believe on balance, many people aged between 50 and 65

:23:24.:23:28.

would benefit from taking a low dose of aspirin every day for at least

:23:29.:23:34.

five years. We think that individuals of this age should

:23:35.:23:37.

consider seriously taking aspirin, they should consult their GP to get

:23:38.:23:41.

advice about potential side effects, but overall, the benefits for most

:23:42.:23:45.

individuals seem to far outweigh the risks. Official NHS advice does not

:23:46.:23:52.

yet recommend taking aspirin to prevent cancer. Cancer Research UK

:23:53.:23:55.

said aspirin is showing promise but it believes in port and answers are

:23:56.:23:59.

still needed from other ongoing trials -- important answers are

:24:00.:24:03.

still needed soap Doctors could have that information on who might suffer

:24:04.:24:05.

side-effects. With me now is Dr David Wald,

:24:06.:24:07.

he's a consultant cardiologist based here in London at

:24:08.:24:10.

St Bartholomew's Hospital. He's also Chair of the Guidelines

:24:11.:24:11.

and Practice Committee of Thank you for coming in to speak to

:24:12.:24:23.

us. We have heard so much about aspirin but there are caveats in

:24:24.:24:27.

this? Yes, like many preventative treatments, there is a trade-off

:24:28.:24:31.

between the benefit and the hazard. For aspirin, the biggest problem is

:24:32.:24:36.

bleeding. That's always been the case. And I been prescribing aspirin

:24:37.:24:41.

for many years to prevent heart attacks and strokes, particularly in

:24:42.:24:43.

people who have already had such an event, and there has always been a

:24:44.:24:46.

risk of being those people. The issue is that the risk of aspirin

:24:47.:24:52.

was clearly outweighed by the benefit in people who had had a

:24:53.:24:56.

previous heart attack or stroke. In the general population, we have

:24:57.:24:59.

known about the benefits but the risks and the hazards really made

:25:00.:25:04.

the benefits marginal. Now what has changed with this new evidence is

:25:05.:25:09.

that aspirin appears to have rather remarkable effects in preventing

:25:10.:25:12.

certain cancers, in particular cancers of the gut. If you add the

:25:13.:25:18.

information on cancer to what we already know on cardiovascular

:25:19.:25:22.

disease, the evidence swing is clearly in favour of using aspirin

:25:23.:25:27.

for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer. So the number of

:25:28.:25:30.

people who would benefit compared to the number of people who could

:25:31.:25:34.

suffer internal bleeding is outweighed? Pretty much. If 1000

:25:35.:25:40.

people for example over the age of 50 took aspirin, you would prevent

:25:41.:25:46.

about 50 cardiovascular disease events and cancer deaths combined,

:25:47.:25:52.

for every eight serious bleeds coursed. And most of those bleeds

:25:53.:25:56.

would not be fatal. And that is an important distinction. I understand

:25:57.:26:01.

heart attack is thinning of the blood, but what it is with aspirin

:26:02.:26:06.

and cancer? Perhaps surprisingly, the mechanism by which aspirin

:26:07.:26:10.

prevents cancer is not known. That might mean to pricing because it is

:26:11.:26:13.

such a well-known drug and it has been used for many years. There are

:26:14.:26:19.

two theories. We know that aspirin reduces the effectiveness of

:26:20.:26:23.

platelets in the blood to stick together. That is the mechanism of

:26:24.:26:28.

the benefit in preventing heart attacks, it reduces the clock which

:26:29.:26:33.

forms in the coronary artery. The cancer, it is possible that these

:26:34.:26:39.

platelets also can carry cancer cells around, and if you block the

:26:40.:26:42.

platelet, you could reduce the cancer. The caveat is always talked

:26:43.:26:48.

your GP. Lots more on the website. Check out our details there.

:26:49.:26:49.

Goodbye. Hello. Still some room for a time

:26:50.:26:59.

overnight in the far north of Scotland, moving across the Northern

:27:00.:27:02.

Isles. Elsewhere, it becomes dry, clear and that will lead to a sunny

:27:03.:27:07.

start in the morning. Not quite as warm tomorrow but still warm, when

:27:08.:27:11.

the sun makes an appearance. High pressure coming in overnight. It

:27:12.:27:16.

will last into Thursday, of a fine day with that sunshine to begin.

:27:17.:27:18.

Cooler

:27:19.:27:19.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS