19/08/2014 World News Today


19/08/2014

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This is BBC World News Today with me Daniela Ritorto.

:00:00.:00:00.

Hours before it was due to end, Israeli planes struck Gaza

:00:07.:00:14.

after accusing Hamas of firing rockets across the border.

:00:15.:00:18.

The Iraqi army goes on the offensive against Islamic State militants

:00:19.:00:21.

but meets fierce resistance as it tries to recapture Tikrit.

:00:22.:00:27.

The arrival of the National Guard in the Missouri town of Ferguson

:00:28.:00:31.

has failed to stop another night of violent protests.

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I refuse to allow criminals to define this neighbourhood and to

:00:54.:01:01.

define what we can do to make this right.

:01:02.:01:12.

The Israeli military says it's carried out air strikes in the

:01:13.:01:18.

Gaza Strip in response to fresh Hamas rocket attacks,

:01:19.:01:20.

breaking the latest ceasefire hours before it was set to expire.

:01:21.:01:22.

These were the scenes in Gaza just a short time ago.

:01:23.:01:30.

Hamas has denied firing any of the rockets.

:01:31.:01:34.

Israeli officials say three rockets were fired towards the towns of

:01:35.:01:37.

Beersheva and another two missiles were intercepted by the Iron Dome.

:01:38.:01:44.

But Hamas has denied firing any of the rockets.

:01:45.:01:46.

Israel has now ordered its delegation pull out of talks

:01:47.:01:49.

in Cairo which were trying to broker a longer term truce.

:01:50.:01:51.

The Palestinian delegation now also says the talks have reached

:01:52.:01:54.

Both sides are blaming each other, let's here what they have to say.

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Today's rocket attacks is a grave and direct violation of the

:01:59.:02:09.

cease-fire that Hamas committed to. This is the 11th cease-fire that

:02:10.:02:14.

Hamas has either rejected or violated and it is clear that a

:02:15.:02:18.

cease-fire has to be a two-way street. It is not just that Israel

:02:19.:02:23.

hold its fire, Hamas must hold its fire as well. Up until this moment

:02:24.:02:30.

there is no progress and the situation is getting more

:02:31.:02:35.

complicated. We have presented the Palestinian delegation position to

:02:36.:02:42.

the Egyptian brothers a few hours ago and we are waiting for a final

:02:43.:02:46.

answer. The Israeli delegation and maybe you have followed the

:02:47.:02:49.

statements of the Israeli Prime Minister and they are now trying to

:02:50.:02:53.

force what they want. This is impossible to accept as

:02:54.:02:54.

Palestinians. With me now is Edgard Jallad from

:02:55.:02:58.

the BBC's Arabic Service. Our correspondent Yolande Knell is

:02:59.:03:06.

in Gaza for us. Thousands of people are fleeing the

:03:07.:03:15.

Gaza Strip once again? Certainly people are leaving their homes.

:03:16.:03:21.

There are neighbourhoods that have been targeted by Israel during the

:03:22.:03:25.

military offensive that began on the 8th of July. People had really only

:03:26.:03:32.

just returned to those homes in the past few days. Now we also have a

:03:33.:03:36.

very clear picture of uncertainty that is emerging here in Gaza once

:03:37.:03:41.

again. There were breaches of the cease-fire in the last few hours.

:03:42.:03:45.

The expiry of the latest truce is supposed to be at midnight local

:03:46.:03:49.

time but there have been about eight rockets fired from the Gaza Strip

:03:50.:03:54.

into southern Israel, at least two of them intercepted by the Iron Dome

:03:55.:04:00.

missile defence system and a series of Israeli air strikes -- air

:04:01.:04:06.

up-and-downer Gaza strip mainly targeted urban areas and we have not

:04:07.:04:09.

heard reports of serious injuries on either side but what is important is

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the effect these are having on the talks that had been taking place in

:04:14.:04:18.

Cairo, overseen by the Egyptians, taking place at the Egyptian

:04:19.:04:22.

intelligence buildings and we knew there were big gaps remaining

:04:23.:04:27.

between the two sides but now the Palestinians have reported that they

:04:28.:04:31.

have reached a dead end and we know the Israeli delegation has left

:04:32.:04:35.

Cairo. What has the intensity of the air strikes been like? Certainly it

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has been karma for the last hour or so. There was a period where Gaza

:04:43.:04:49.

took quite a pounding around sunset, looking across the Gaza

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Strip from our rooftop position you could see the huge plumes of smoke

:04:55.:05:01.

rising up in the area to the north and in the eastern border areas and

:05:02.:05:05.

writes down to the south of the Gaza Strip there were a few light

:05:06.:05:08.

injuries that were reported there, a couple of children were hurt. Hamas

:05:09.:05:14.

has denied firing the rockets. Is there any chance they are telling

:05:15.:05:17.

the truth and this is a rogue element? Well, there are obviously

:05:18.:05:24.

other militant groups here in Gaza as well. Repeatedly when the truces

:05:25.:05:29.

have proved to be shaky in the last couple of weeks it has been other

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militant groups that have been responsible but they also have a

:05:33.:05:37.

presence at the talks in Cairo. Israel says it holds Hamas

:05:38.:05:40.

responsible for any rocket fire that comes from Gaza as it remains the

:05:41.:05:45.

dominant political force here and in control of the Gaza Strip. For the

:05:46.:05:51.

time being thank you very much. We will now get the analysis from

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aired. It looks like the talks are over. Well, if you talk about

:06:01.:06:07.

diplomacy, it is never over. Maybe yesterday it was like the opposite,

:06:08.:06:12.

we were expecting a deal at the last minute and we were as journalists

:06:13.:06:15.

preparing ourselves for positive breaking news and suddenly in just

:06:16.:06:21.

ten minutes everything was back to square one. Now it is a matter of

:06:22.:06:29.

immediate pressure. It is coordinated with some action on the

:06:30.:06:33.

ground. I am not saying that the negotiations are on their way to

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succeed or reach a point, on the contrary I cannot see why the

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Israelis should give the Palestinians and Hamas what they

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refused to give them years ago. There is no defeat here. The balance

:06:50.:06:55.

of power is still in favour of the Israelis and Gaza is still the party

:06:56.:07:08.

that will what will be destroyed. Israelis are still not suffering

:07:09.:07:11.

from any casualties why they should now give Hamas what they refused to

:07:12.:07:16.

them in the past? Do they have the upper hand? The balance is

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definitely not established here, it is not equal between both parties.

:07:22.:07:26.

Hamas confident that of course they have hit the Israelis hard this

:07:27.:07:30.

time, much more than the previous two wars in the past years but if we

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look at the situation now, regardless of the casualties, Hamas

:07:40.:07:42.

is under extreme pressure because the situation is not sustainable

:07:43.:07:48.

inside the Gaza Strip and people will start to turn against Hamas at

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some point so they have to find something and they cannot just leave

:07:56.:08:00.

the negotiations, giving up everything and leaving the Israelis

:08:01.:08:03.

just saying they want peace. All of these talks only seem to have

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achieved extending the cease-fire is for another few days here and there

:08:08.:08:11.

but other than that they feel like a failure. We have to look at it from

:08:12.:08:17.

a different angle as well. There is no appetite in both parties to carry

:08:18.:08:22.

on fighting. As I said the Israelis have achieved what they wanted and

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now they have thrown the ball -- ball into the hands of Hamas. They

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can wait four months in this situation extending and extending.

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On the other side Hamas is saying that at least now they did not give

:08:36.:08:40.

up anything and they are trying to show the world and their people that

:08:41.:08:45.

they are trying to get something out of this war so they have no choice

:08:46.:08:50.

but trying to do something. Definitely both parties have no

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interest in resuming the fighting, at least this is how we see now, the

:08:55.:08:59.

picture. As always, thank you very much.

:09:00.:09:12.

In Iraq, Government troops are now attempting to push Islamic State

:09:13.:09:14.

fighters out of the city of Tikrit, the birthplace of Saddam Hussein.

:09:15.:09:17.

Meanwhile the United Nations is mounting

:09:18.:09:18.

a huge aid operation to reach more than half a million people who have

:09:19.:09:22.

Many of the refugees have arrived in Dohuk near the Syrian border.

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From there our correspondent Jeremy Cooke reports.

:09:27.:09:29.

They say help is coming. It is desperately needed. In this wind

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swept dust bowl in searing heat, the camps keep growing. In each tent is

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a family and each family has time now to reflect on horror and loss.

:09:44.:09:56.

This dad is called Henry, that is what the troops named him when he

:09:57.:10:03.

was a translator for six years. Now he wants sanctuary for his whole

:10:04.:10:10.

family, especially the kids. Where will you go? Anywhere. Any

:10:11.:10:14.

country, Europe, Australia, Canada, America, anywhere. Children, there

:10:15.:10:19.

are so many here, they have escaped and they are alive but they are

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still traumatised and vulnerable after days without food and water.

:10:24.:10:28.

The clinic is overwhelmed. From 50 patients a day it is now 500 and one

:10:29.:10:37.

single doctor. Can you imagine a child is sick as these with no water

:10:38.:10:44.

and no food and no drink, they are all vomiting and now you can see

:10:45.:10:48.

this bed, one, two, three, three children on a single bed. This is

:10:49.:10:55.

just one part of one camp and you really get the feeling that an

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entire people have been displaced. Most of them are telling us that

:11:01.:11:04.

they believe that they can never go home but how can they stay here?

:11:05.:11:10.

Look at this family, this family, every child was ill. Hard to believe

:11:11.:11:16.

but it can get even worse. The camps are so full that many are forced to

:11:17.:11:22.

fend for themselves, out here, with temperatures nudging 50 Celsius. We

:11:23.:11:32.

want a UN safe house for our children and our religion. You

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understand? The camps are being improved and finally there is a

:11:40.:11:44.

promise of a major aid effort. They will welcome shelter and food but

:11:45.:11:48.

how can it begin to replace all that they have lost.

:11:49.:11:59.

The capture of Mosul Dam by Kurdish forces is being described

:12:00.:12:02.

as a major step forward in the fight against Islamic State militants.

:12:03.:12:05.

Jim Muir is at the dam in northern Iraq, and sent this report.

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This is the enormous lake that is backed up behind Mosul Dam, it is

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something up to 11 billion cubic metres of water and feel was that

:12:15.:12:17.

when the radicals took over the installation now might use it as a

:12:18.:12:23.

weapon of mass destruction or it could get damaged because there

:12:24.:12:27.

would be battles here in a few weeks. The Islamic radicals have

:12:28.:12:33.

been pushed off but it was after quite a battle. All the approach

:12:34.:12:38.

road show the fallout from that where positions have been hit by

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mortar fire or blown apart by air power because the Americans have

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been carrying out air strikes in support of this campaign by gorillas

:12:47.:12:52.

and the government forces that are helping them. There have been

:12:53.:13:00.

explosions from the south West over there and shooting. The fighting is

:13:01.:13:07.

going on. You can see the guerrillas are very relaxed there. The battle

:13:08.:13:16.

is going on further to the south west but in the meantime the dam

:13:17.:13:18.

seems to be back in safe hands. It's been another night of unrest

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in Ferguson in Missouri, the US town where black teenager Michael

:13:27.:13:29.

Brown was shot and killed by a Last night the Governor of Missouri

:13:30.:13:32.

called in the National Guard and President Obama called for

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people to listen and not just shout, Michael Brown's family say getting

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justice means arresting and charging Joining me now

:13:40.:13:42.

from Ferguson is Yameesh Alsindoor. Despite the calls from Barack Obama

:13:43.:14:00.

for calm last night was as violent as any other night with 31 arrests,

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what is the mood like today? The mood today is calm right now because

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it is daylight hours and this is typical of Ferguson now, having been

:14:14.:14:16.

here more than a week, people are usually calm during the day and

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there will be a few walking around protesting but the real issue comes

:14:23.:14:25.

when it gets dark and people get rowdy and the police tell people to

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go home and that is when we see clashes and violence and tear gas.

:14:30.:14:35.

Right now Ferguson is calm but we cannot say it will be calm for long

:14:36.:14:39.

because we do not know. You have been poor reporting on this -- you

:14:40.:14:43.

have been reporting on this for some time so what is the reaction to the

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Commons from the president? He says he understands the passion but

:14:51.:14:54.

looting and attacking the police only raises attention. People really

:14:55.:14:58.

agree with the president here. A lot of people that I talked to said that

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the looters are really overshadowing the real message here and the real

:15:03.:15:06.

message for people who are protesting is that they really want

:15:07.:15:09.

an officer to be charged with the death of Michael Brown and they won

:15:10.:15:14.

him to be charged with murder and they want people to know that these

:15:15.:15:19.

protests are about police brutality and it is how black people are being

:15:20.:15:23.

treated in America and it is about poor neighbourhoods and how poor

:15:24.:15:26.

neighbourhoods are treated so people are really upset when looters come

:15:27.:15:30.

along and take away from that message so people are very pleased

:15:31.:15:35.

with what Barack Obama is saying and they are really hoping that there

:15:36.:15:40.

will be changing Ferguson tonight. I can see people in military fatigues

:15:41.:15:45.

uniforms behind you. What is it going to take for this to end, for

:15:46.:15:50.

the protesters to go home and the police and the National Guard to go

:15:51.:15:58.

home? If In my newspaper we did a story on that yesterday, and we

:15:59.:16:02.

spoke to dozens of people about that. We asked people on both sides.

:16:03.:16:09.

It comes down to whether this officer was going to be charged,

:16:10.:16:15.

taken into custody and arrested. Then, people you might be calmed

:16:16.:16:18.

down. People want to see action. Other people tell me that when

:16:19.:16:25.

Michael Brown is laid to rest and his family are able to bury him,

:16:26.:16:29.

that might bring some calm. Others say that it might be when the police

:16:30.:16:39.

lead. -- lead. There are a lot of questions, about what it is going to

:16:40.:16:44.

take for Ferguson to be calm, but for the majority of people that I

:16:45.:16:48.

talk to, it is about indicting that offers around making sure that

:16:49.:16:52.

justice is done, and justice, for them, is having this officer

:16:53.:17:00.

indicted. Something like 80% of African-Americans say that this

:17:01.:17:02.

issue has raised important issues about race. 37% of white people

:17:03.:17:09.

thought the same in the same survey. And 47% of why people think that the

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issue of race gets too much attention. I guess this shows you

:17:14.:17:17.

how divided public opinion is on this. I am not surprised by those

:17:18.:17:33.

statistics. USA Today did a study when the Trevon Martin case was

:17:34.:17:38.

going on. In that case, like people said that it was a case of

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providing, and are called into question race relations here. This

:17:43.:17:46.

is typical of American society. Most times when there was a racial issue,

:17:47.:17:51.

when there is somebody saying that they have been racially profiled by

:17:52.:17:54.

the police, unfortunately, in most cases, blacks will say, this is

:17:55.:17:59.

happening, we need to talk about this, and white people, identify as

:18:00.:18:06.

white, but say no, that people are blowing this out of proportion and

:18:07.:18:08.

that they are pulling the race card, so that is very typical of the

:18:09.:18:13.

American public. -- they are playing the race card.

:18:14.:18:18.

Now look at some of the day's the news.

:18:19.:18:21.

The Liberian government says three African doctors receiving

:18:22.:18:23.

the ebola drug ZMapp showing remarkable signs of improvement.

:18:24.:18:25.

17 suspected ebola patients who had fled a quarantine centre

:18:26.:18:28.

in the capital Monrovia at the weekend have now been found.

:18:29.:18:31.

A court in India has ordered the release of an activist who's

:18:32.:18:36.

Irom Sharmila was arrested in 2000 after going on an indefinite fast.

:18:37.:18:40.

She demanded the repeal of a law allowing India's armed forces

:18:41.:18:44.

to hold people without charge and shoot to kill in some situations.

:18:45.:18:49.

She had been force-fed by the authorities

:18:50.:18:51.

The American food manufacturer Heinz has recalled some baby food products

:18:52.:18:57.

in China after local regulators said they

:18:58.:18:59.

The company, known globally for its ketchup and baked beans,

:19:00.:19:06.

said it had recalled four batches of a high-protein cereal product

:19:07.:19:08.

Now, you might not have heard of Krautrock,

:19:09.:19:20.

but in post-war Germany it had quite a following.

:19:21.:19:22.

The musical movement had its roots in 1960s counter-culture

:19:23.:19:25.

and it gave birth to bands such as Tangerine Dream, Can and

:19:26.:19:34.

Kraftwerk, which had a big following right through the seventies.

:19:35.:19:36.

It's also credited with inspiring a lot of modern dance music

:19:37.:19:39.

Just in case you can't quite remember what they sounded like,

:19:40.:19:43.

here's some Kraftwerk, from 1976, celebrating the joys of rail travel.

:19:44.:19:54.

With me is the rock music writer David Stubbs.

:19:55.:20:07.

His new book is Future Days: Krautrock

:20:08.:20:09.

and the Building of Modern Germany.

:20:10.:20:14.

It's the first large-scale survey of this type of music.

:20:15.:20:20.

Can I ask you about the term, Krautrock? Some of the bands found

:20:21.:20:40.

that insulting at the time. It was coined by a British journalist. But

:20:41.:20:45.

it is a useful term. Although these bands were very diverse, what they

:20:46.:20:49.

all had in common was various things. Firstly it was a tendency to

:20:50.:20:55.

be innovative. They were the first post-war generation to come of age.

:20:56.:20:59.

They kind of realised what had happened during the war. It had not

:21:00.:21:06.

been mentioned by their fathers and grandparents or anybody in the

:21:07.:21:09.

family. So there was a sense of new identity. Lots of people expressed

:21:10.:21:16.

that through music. And not just Anglo-American blues. There were

:21:17.:21:21.

American and UK soldiers posted in West Germany. There was a sense that

:21:22.:21:26.

as well as being occupied in that sense, that they were kind of

:21:27.:21:30.

culturally occupied because of things like the Beatles, just

:21:31.:21:35.

imitating music from abroad. All of these bands where concerned with

:21:36.:21:40.

creating music entirely new, which meant electronic music, which was

:21:41.:21:46.

just beginning to come into play. It meant making music from scratch, as

:21:47.:21:50.

if music had never been made before. That was what made it so

:21:51.:21:53.

influential, because it was so innovative. We were watching a

:21:54.:22:02.

little bit of Kraftwerk. You say that part of the title of the book

:22:03.:22:10.

is building modern Germany. The irony is that these bands, in

:22:11.:22:15.

Germany itself, they were very lightly regarded indeed. They only

:22:16.:22:21.

got a hearing in France, initially, to be taken seriously, and then in

:22:22.:22:31.

the UK. Initially, people in the UK thought that there was something

:22:32.:22:33.

inherently unusual about Germans making music, hence the term,

:22:34.:22:39.

Krautrock. It was seen as inherently comical. But there was much wider

:22:40.:22:44.

respect for the music when David Bowie started taking it seriously,

:22:45.:22:50.

he went to Berlin in the 70s. He thought that the people making these

:22:51.:22:56.

records. And then there was a completely new attitude towards this

:22:57.:23:00.

German music. If David Bowie says that it is cool, then it must be

:23:01.:23:07.

cool. And what did the same to you? I didn't think it was a story that

:23:08.:23:11.

had been properly told before. It is almost like a sort of posthumous,

:23:12.:23:18.

most music tends to be celebrated as it is taking place, in its own time

:23:19.:23:22.

and payday. But this was a music that, in its own era, was not taken

:23:23.:23:27.

as seriously as it should have been. Neither time it started been taken

:23:28.:23:32.

really seriously, it had kind of petered out for the most part, with

:23:33.:23:38.

the exception of Kraftwerk. From the 70s, 80s, 90s, there have been wave

:23:39.:23:45.

after wave, generation after generation, which has rediscovered

:23:46.:23:51.

this music. Thank you for coming in and talking about the book. A

:23:52.:23:52.

fascinating topic. New research suggests more of

:23:53.:23:59.

Africa's elephants are being killed Nearly 35,000 elephants are

:24:00.:24:01.

killed on the continent every year, And that if that rate of poaching

:24:02.:24:05.

doesn't slow down, African elephants Our science correspondent Rebecca

:24:06.:24:09.

Morelle reports. A giant that once thrived

:24:10.:24:12.

across Africa, New research suggests they could

:24:13.:24:14.

vanish from the continent forever. A trail of blood leading to a scene

:24:15.:24:20.

that has become all too common. The animals' tusks have been hacked

:24:21.:24:28.

off, their bodies left to rot. Poaching has soared in recent years,

:24:29.:24:36.

fuelled by a rapidly growing The demand is

:24:37.:24:38.

so high that a kilogram of ivory is The latest figures show that

:24:39.:24:42.

the illegal ivory trade is having a devastating impact on Africa's

:24:43.:24:47.

elephants. Since 2010, an average of 34,000

:24:48.:24:52.

elephants have been killed annually. This means that every year 7%

:24:53.:24:59.

of Africa's elephant population is being wiped out,

:25:00.:25:02.

and that more animals are now dying At this safari park they say the

:25:03.:25:05.

situation in Africa is critical. The fear is that one day

:25:06.:25:12.

the only place left to see these Without these, a lot

:25:13.:25:15.

of other animals will be affected They provide foot paths

:25:16.:25:26.

for smaller animals, they knock food down for smaller animals, so not

:25:27.:25:32.

only will elephants be affected, but a lot of other animals in the same

:25:33.:25:40.

ecosystem will be affected as well. Conservationists say

:25:41.:25:43.

urgent action is needed. Some ivory stockpiles are being

:25:44.:25:47.

destroyed in an effort to curb the demand, but there are also calls

:25:48.:25:50.

for greater protection for the animals on the ground,

:25:51.:25:56.

and tougher penalties for poachers. If nothing is done and the

:25:57.:25:59.

slaughter doesn't stop, scientists believe that Africa's elephants

:26:00.:26:02.

could become extinct in 100 years. We have another animal story now,

:26:03.:26:17.

something a bit more cute and cuddly. Cats and dogs are not known

:26:18.:26:22.

to be the best of friends, but have a look at these. This is a three and

:26:23.:26:27.

a half month cheetah cub which has a puppy for his best friend. The young

:26:28.:26:34.

cheetah's mother had rejected him. It looks like a budding friendship

:26:35.:26:39.

that seems to be a success. Don't forget you can see me, and the rest

:26:40.:26:44.

of the team, on twitter. We look forward to hearing all of your

:26:45.:26:51.

We will see a few more showers developing tomorrow. Probably not as

:26:52.:27:04.

many as today. There is a good chance of staying dry, with sunny

:27:05.:27:08.

spells. First thing in the morning, it will feel pretty

:27:09.:27:10.

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