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This is BBC World News Today with me Daniela Ritorto.
Hours before it was due to end, Israeli planes struck Gaza
after accusing Hamas of firing rockets across the border.
The Iraqi army goes on the offensive against Islamic State militants
but meets fierce resistance as it tries to recapture Tikrit.
The arrival of the National Guard in the Missouri town of Ferguson
has failed to stop another night of violent protests.
I refuse to allow criminals to define this neighbourhood and to
define what we can do to make this right.
The Israeli military says it's carried out air strikes in the
Gaza Strip in response to fresh Hamas rocket attacks,
breaking the latest ceasefire hours before it was set to expire.
These were the scenes in Gaza just a short time ago.
Hamas has denied firing any of the rockets.
Israeli officials say three rockets were fired towards the towns of
Beersheva and another two missiles were intercepted by the Iron Dome.
But Hamas has denied firing any of the rockets.
Israel has now ordered its delegation pull out of talks
in Cairo which were trying to broker a longer term truce.
The Palestinian delegation now also says the talks have reached
Both sides are blaming each other, let's here what they have to say.
Today's rocket attacks is a grave and direct violation of the
cease-fire that Hamas committed to. This is the 11th cease-fire that
Hamas has either rejected or violated and it is clear that a
cease-fire has to be a two-way street. It is not just that Israel
hold its fire, Hamas must hold its fire as well. Up until this moment
there is no progress and the situation is getting more
complicated. We have presented the Palestinian delegation position to
the Egyptian brothers a few hours ago and we are waiting for a final
answer. The Israeli delegation and maybe you have followed the
statements of the Israeli Prime Minister and they are now trying to
force what they want. This is impossible to accept as
Palestinians. With me now is Edgard Jallad from
the BBC's Arabic Service. Our correspondent Yolande Knell is
in Gaza for us. Thousands of people are fleeing the
Gaza Strip once again? Certainly people are leaving their homes.
There are neighbourhoods that have been targeted by Israel during the
military offensive that began on the 8th of July. People had really only
just returned to those homes in the past few days. Now we also have a
very clear picture of uncertainty that is emerging here in Gaza once
again. There were breaches of the cease-fire in the last few hours.
The expiry of the latest truce is supposed to be at midnight local
time but there have been about eight rockets fired from the Gaza Strip
into southern Israel, at least two of them intercepted by the Iron Dome
missile defence system and a series of Israeli air strikes -- air
up-and-downer Gaza strip mainly targeted urban areas and we have not
heard reports of serious injuries on either side but what is important is
the effect these are having on the talks that had been taking place in
Cairo, overseen by the Egyptians, taking place at the Egyptian
intelligence buildings and we knew there were big gaps remaining
between the two sides but now the Palestinians have reported that they
have reached a dead end and we know the Israeli delegation has left
Cairo. What has the intensity of the air strikes been like? Certainly it
has been karma for the last hour or so. There was a period where Gaza
took quite a pounding around sunset, looking across the Gaza
Strip from our rooftop position you could see the huge plumes of smoke
rising up in the area to the north and in the eastern border areas and
writes down to the south of the Gaza Strip there were a few light
injuries that were reported there, a couple of children were hurt. Hamas
has denied firing the rockets. Is there any chance they are telling
the truth and this is a rogue element? Well, there are obviously
other militant groups here in Gaza as well. Repeatedly when the truces
have proved to be shaky in the last couple of weeks it has been other
militant groups that have been responsible but they also have a
presence at the talks in Cairo. Israel says it holds Hamas
responsible for any rocket fire that comes from Gaza as it remains the
dominant political force here and in control of the Gaza Strip. For the
time being thank you very much. We will now get the analysis from
aired. It looks like the talks are over. Well, if you talk about
diplomacy, it is never over. Maybe yesterday it was like the opposite,
we were expecting a deal at the last minute and we were as journalists
preparing ourselves for positive breaking news and suddenly in just
ten minutes everything was back to square one. Now it is a matter of
immediate pressure. It is coordinated with some action on the
ground. I am not saying that the negotiations are on their way to
succeed or reach a point, on the contrary I cannot see why the
Israelis should give the Palestinians and Hamas what they
refused to give them years ago. There is no defeat here. The balance
of power is still in favour of the Israelis and Gaza is still the party
that will what will be destroyed. Israelis are still not suffering
from any casualties why they should now give Hamas what they refused to
them in the past? Do they have the upper hand? The balance is
definitely not established here, it is not equal between both parties.
Hamas confident that of course they have hit the Israelis hard this
time, much more than the previous two wars in the past years but if we
look at the situation now, regardless of the casualties, Hamas
is under extreme pressure because the situation is not sustainable
inside the Gaza Strip and people will start to turn against Hamas at
some point so they have to find something and they cannot just leave
the negotiations, giving up everything and leaving the Israelis
just saying they want peace. All of these talks only seem to have
achieved extending the cease-fire is for another few days here and there
but other than that they feel like a failure. We have to look at it from
a different angle as well. There is no appetite in both parties to carry
on fighting. As I said the Israelis have achieved what they wanted and
now they have thrown the ball -- ball into the hands of Hamas. They
can wait four months in this situation extending and extending.
On the other side Hamas is saying that at least now they did not give
up anything and they are trying to show the world and their people that
they are trying to get something out of this war so they have no choice
but trying to do something. Definitely both parties have no
interest in resuming the fighting, at least this is how we see now, the
picture. As always, thank you very much.
In Iraq, Government troops are now attempting to push Islamic State
fighters out of the city of Tikrit, the birthplace of Saddam Hussein.
Meanwhile the United Nations is mounting
a huge aid operation to reach more than half a million people who have
Many of the refugees have arrived in Dohuk near the Syrian border.
From there our correspondent Jeremy Cooke reports.
They say help is coming. It is desperately needed. In this wind
swept dust bowl in searing heat, the camps keep growing. In each tent is
a family and each family has time now to reflect on horror and loss.
This dad is called Henry, that is what the troops named him when he
was a translator for six years. Now he wants sanctuary for his whole
family, especially the kids. Where will you go? Anywhere. Any
country, Europe, Australia, Canada, America, anywhere. Children, there
are so many here, they have escaped and they are alive but they are
still traumatised and vulnerable after days without food and water.
The clinic is overwhelmed. From 50 patients a day it is now 500 and one
single doctor. Can you imagine a child is sick as these with no water
and no food and no drink, they are all vomiting and now you can see
this bed, one, two, three, three children on a single bed. This is
just one part of one camp and you really get the feeling that an
entire people have been displaced. Most of them are telling us that
they believe that they can never go home but how can they stay here?
Look at this family, this family, every child was ill. Hard to believe
but it can get even worse. The camps are so full that many are forced to
fend for themselves, out here, with temperatures nudging 50 Celsius. We
want a UN safe house for our children and our religion. You
understand? The camps are being improved and finally there is a
promise of a major aid effort. They will welcome shelter and food but
how can it begin to replace all that they have lost.
The capture of Mosul Dam by Kurdish forces is being described
as a major step forward in the fight against Islamic State militants.
Jim Muir is at the dam in northern Iraq, and sent this report.
This is the enormous lake that is backed up behind Mosul Dam, it is
something up to 11 billion cubic metres of water and feel was that
when the radicals took over the installation now might use it as a
weapon of mass destruction or it could get damaged because there
would be battles here in a few weeks. The Islamic radicals have
been pushed off but it was after quite a battle. All the approach
road show the fallout from that where positions have been hit by
mortar fire or blown apart by air power because the Americans have
been carrying out air strikes in support of this campaign by gorillas
and the government forces that are helping them. There have been
explosions from the south West over there and shooting. The fighting is
going on. You can see the guerrillas are very relaxed there. The battle
is going on further to the south west but in the meantime the dam
seems to be back in safe hands. It's been another night of unrest
in Ferguson in Missouri, the US town where black teenager Michael
Brown was shot and killed by a Last night the Governor of Missouri
called in the National Guard and President Obama called for
people to listen and not just shout, Michael Brown's family say getting
justice means arresting and charging Joining me now
from Ferguson is Yameesh Alsindoor. Despite the calls from Barack Obama
for calm last night was as violent as any other night with 31 arrests,
what is the mood like today? The mood today is calm right now because
it is daylight hours and this is typical of Ferguson now, having been
here more than a week, people are usually calm during the day and
there will be a few walking around protesting but the real issue comes
when it gets dark and people get rowdy and the police tell people to
go home and that is when we see clashes and violence and tear gas.
Right now Ferguson is calm but we cannot say it will be calm for long
because we do not know. You have been poor reporting on this -- you
have been reporting on this for some time so what is the reaction to the
Commons from the president? He says he understands the passion but
looting and attacking the police only raises attention. People really
agree with the president here. A lot of people that I talked to said that
the looters are really overshadowing the real message here and the real
message for people who are protesting is that they really want
an officer to be charged with the death of Michael Brown and they won
him to be charged with murder and they want people to know that these
protests are about police brutality and it is how black people are being
treated in America and it is about poor neighbourhoods and how poor
neighbourhoods are treated so people are really upset when looters come
along and take away from that message so people are very pleased
with what Barack Obama is saying and they are really hoping that there
will be changing Ferguson tonight. I can see people in military fatigues
uniforms behind you. What is it going to take for this to end, for
the protesters to go home and the police and the National Guard to go
home? If In my newspaper we did a story on that yesterday, and we
spoke to dozens of people about that. We asked people on both sides.
It comes down to whether this officer was going to be charged,
taken into custody and arrested. Then, people you might be calmed
down. People want to see action. Other people tell me that when
Michael Brown is laid to rest and his family are able to bury him,
that might bring some calm. Others say that it might be when the police
lead. -- lead. There are a lot of questions, about what it is going to
take for Ferguson to be calm, but for the majority of people that I
talk to, it is about indicting that offers around making sure that
justice is done, and justice, for them, is having this officer
indicted. Something like 80% of African-Americans say that this
issue has raised important issues about race. 37% of white people
thought the same in the same survey. And 47% of why people think that the
issue of race gets too much attention. I guess this shows you
how divided public opinion is on this. I am not surprised by those
statistics. USA Today did a study when the Trevon Martin case was
going on. In that case, like people said that it was a case of
providing, and are called into question race relations here. This
is typical of American society. Most times when there was a racial issue,
when there is somebody saying that they have been racially profiled by
the police, unfortunately, in most cases, blacks will say, this is
happening, we need to talk about this, and white people, identify as
white, but say no, that people are blowing this out of proportion and
that they are pulling the race card, so that is very typical of the
American public. -- they are playing the race card.
Now look at some of the day's the news.
The Liberian government says three African doctors receiving
the ebola drug ZMapp showing remarkable signs of improvement.
17 suspected ebola patients who had fled a quarantine centre
in the capital Monrovia at the weekend have now been found.
A court in India has ordered the release of an activist who's
Irom Sharmila was arrested in 2000 after going on an indefinite fast.
She demanded the repeal of a law allowing India's armed forces
to hold people without charge and shoot to kill in some situations.
She had been force-fed by the authorities
The American food manufacturer Heinz has recalled some baby food products
in China after local regulators said they
The company, known globally for its ketchup and baked beans,
said it had recalled four batches of a high-protein cereal product
Now, you might not have heard of Krautrock,
but in post-war Germany it had quite a following.
The musical movement had its roots in 1960s counter-culture
and it gave birth to bands such as Tangerine Dream, Can and
Kraftwerk, which had a big following right through the seventies.
It's also credited with inspiring a lot of modern dance music
Just in case you can't quite remember what they sounded like,
here's some Kraftwerk, from 1976, celebrating the joys of rail travel.
With me is the rock music writer David Stubbs.
His new book is Future Days: Krautrock
and the Building of Modern Germany.
It's the first large-scale survey of this type of music.
Can I ask you about the term, Krautrock? Some of the bands found
that insulting at the time. It was coined by a British journalist. But
it is a useful term. Although these bands were very diverse, what they
all had in common was various things. Firstly it was a tendency to
be innovative. They were the first post-war generation to come of age.
They kind of realised what had happened during the war. It had not
been mentioned by their fathers and grandparents or anybody in the
family. So there was a sense of new identity. Lots of people expressed
that through music. And not just Anglo-American blues. There were
American and UK soldiers posted in West Germany. There was a sense that
as well as being occupied in that sense, that they were kind of
culturally occupied because of things like the Beatles, just
imitating music from abroad. All of these bands where concerned with
creating music entirely new, which meant electronic music, which was
just beginning to come into play. It meant making music from scratch, as
if music had never been made before. That was what made it so
influential, because it was so innovative. We were watching a
little bit of Kraftwerk. You say that part of the title of the book
is building modern Germany. The irony is that these bands, in
Germany itself, they were very lightly regarded indeed. They only
got a hearing in France, initially, to be taken seriously, and then in
the UK. Initially, people in the UK thought that there was something
inherently unusual about Germans making music, hence the term,
Krautrock. It was seen as inherently comical. But there was much wider
respect for the music when David Bowie started taking it seriously,
he went to Berlin in the 70s. He thought that the people making these
records. And then there was a completely new attitude towards this
German music. If David Bowie says that it is cool, then it must be
cool. And what did the same to you? I didn't think it was a story that
had been properly told before. It is almost like a sort of posthumous,
most music tends to be celebrated as it is taking place, in its own time
and payday. But this was a music that, in its own era, was not taken
as seriously as it should have been. Neither time it started been taken
really seriously, it had kind of petered out for the most part, with
the exception of Kraftwerk. From the 70s, 80s, 90s, there have been wave
after wave, generation after generation, which has rediscovered
this music. Thank you for coming in and talking about the book. A
fascinating topic. New research suggests more of
Africa's elephants are being killed Nearly 35,000 elephants are
killed on the continent every year, And that if that rate of poaching
doesn't slow down, African elephants Our science correspondent Rebecca
Morelle reports. A giant that once thrived
across Africa, New research suggests they could
vanish from the continent forever. A trail of blood leading to a scene
that has become all too common. The animals' tusks have been hacked
off, their bodies left to rot. Poaching has soared in recent years,
fuelled by a rapidly growing The demand is
so high that a kilogram of ivory is The latest figures show that
the illegal ivory trade is having a devastating impact on Africa's
elephants. Since 2010, an average of 34,000
elephants have been killed annually. This means that every year 7%
of Africa's elephant population is being wiped out,
and that more animals are now dying At this safari park they say the
situation in Africa is critical. The fear is that one day
the only place left to see these Without these, a lot
of other animals will be affected They provide foot paths
for smaller animals, they knock food down for smaller animals, so not
only will elephants be affected, but a lot of other animals in the same
ecosystem will be affected as well. Conservationists say
urgent action is needed. Some ivory stockpiles are being
destroyed in an effort to curb the demand, but there are also calls
for greater protection for the animals on the ground,
and tougher penalties for poachers. If nothing is done and the
slaughter doesn't stop, scientists believe that Africa's elephants
could become extinct in 100 years. We have another animal story now,
something a bit more cute and cuddly. Cats and dogs are not known
to be the best of friends, but have a look at these. This is a three and
a half month cheetah cub which has a puppy for his best friend. The young
cheetah's mother had rejected him. It looks like a budding friendship
that seems to be a success. Don't forget you can see me, and the rest
of the team, on twitter. We look forward to hearing all of your
We will see a few more showers developing tomorrow. Probably not as
many as today. There is a good chance of staying dry, with sunny
spells. First thing in the morning, it will feel pretty