19/08/2014 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Daniela Ritorto.


Hours before it was due to end, Israeli planes struck Gaza


after accusing Hamas of firing rockets across the border.


The Iraqi army goes on the offensive against Islamic State militants


but meets fierce resistance as it tries to recapture Tikrit.


The arrival of the National Guard in the Missouri town of Ferguson


has failed to stop another night of violent protests.


I refuse to allow criminals to define this neighbourhood and to


define what we can do to make this right.


The Israeli military says it's carried out air strikes in the


Gaza Strip in response to fresh Hamas rocket attacks,


breaking the latest ceasefire hours before it was set to expire.


These were the scenes in Gaza just a short time ago.


Hamas has denied firing any of the rockets.


Israeli officials say three rockets were fired towards the towns of


Beersheva and another two missiles were intercepted by the Iron Dome.


But Hamas has denied firing any of the rockets.


Israel has now ordered its delegation pull out of talks


in Cairo which were trying to broker a longer term truce.


The Palestinian delegation now also says the talks have reached


Both sides are blaming each other, let's here what they have to say.


Today's rocket attacks is a grave and direct violation of the


cease-fire that Hamas committed to. This is the 11th cease-fire that


Hamas has either rejected or violated and it is clear that a


cease-fire has to be a two-way street. It is not just that Israel


hold its fire, Hamas must hold its fire as well. Up until this moment


there is no progress and the situation is getting more


complicated. We have presented the Palestinian delegation position to


the Egyptian brothers a few hours ago and we are waiting for a final


answer. The Israeli delegation and maybe you have followed the


statements of the Israeli Prime Minister and they are now trying to


force what they want. This is impossible to accept as


Palestinians. With me now is Edgard Jallad from


the BBC's Arabic Service. Our correspondent Yolande Knell is


in Gaza for us. Thousands of people are fleeing the


Gaza Strip once again? Certainly people are leaving their homes.


There are neighbourhoods that have been targeted by Israel during the


military offensive that began on the 8th of July. People had really only


just returned to those homes in the past few days. Now we also have a


very clear picture of uncertainty that is emerging here in Gaza once


again. There were breaches of the cease-fire in the last few hours.


The expiry of the latest truce is supposed to be at midnight local


time but there have been about eight rockets fired from the Gaza Strip


into southern Israel, at least two of them intercepted by the Iron Dome


missile defence system and a series of Israeli air strikes -- air


up-and-downer Gaza strip mainly targeted urban areas and we have not


heard reports of serious injuries on either side but what is important is


the effect these are having on the talks that had been taking place in


Cairo, overseen by the Egyptians, taking place at the Egyptian


intelligence buildings and we knew there were big gaps remaining


between the two sides but now the Palestinians have reported that they


have reached a dead end and we know the Israeli delegation has left


Cairo. What has the intensity of the air strikes been like? Certainly it


has been karma for the last hour or so. There was a period where Gaza


took quite a pounding around sunset, looking across the Gaza


Strip from our rooftop position you could see the huge plumes of smoke


rising up in the area to the north and in the eastern border areas and


writes down to the south of the Gaza Strip there were a few light


injuries that were reported there, a couple of children were hurt. Hamas


has denied firing the rockets. Is there any chance they are telling


the truth and this is a rogue element? Well, there are obviously


other militant groups here in Gaza as well. Repeatedly when the truces


have proved to be shaky in the last couple of weeks it has been other


militant groups that have been responsible but they also have a


presence at the talks in Cairo. Israel says it holds Hamas


responsible for any rocket fire that comes from Gaza as it remains the


dominant political force here and in control of the Gaza Strip. For the


time being thank you very much. We will now get the analysis from


aired. It looks like the talks are over. Well, if you talk about


diplomacy, it is never over. Maybe yesterday it was like the opposite,


we were expecting a deal at the last minute and we were as journalists


preparing ourselves for positive breaking news and suddenly in just


ten minutes everything was back to square one. Now it is a matter of


immediate pressure. It is coordinated with some action on the


ground. I am not saying that the negotiations are on their way to


succeed or reach a point, on the contrary I cannot see why the


Israelis should give the Palestinians and Hamas what they


refused to give them years ago. There is no defeat here. The balance


of power is still in favour of the Israelis and Gaza is still the party


that will what will be destroyed. Israelis are still not suffering


from any casualties why they should now give Hamas what they refused to


them in the past? Do they have the upper hand? The balance is


definitely not established here, it is not equal between both parties.


Hamas confident that of course they have hit the Israelis hard this


time, much more than the previous two wars in the past years but if we


look at the situation now, regardless of the casualties, Hamas


is under extreme pressure because the situation is not sustainable


inside the Gaza Strip and people will start to turn against Hamas at


some point so they have to find something and they cannot just leave


the negotiations, giving up everything and leaving the Israelis


just saying they want peace. All of these talks only seem to have


achieved extending the cease-fire is for another few days here and there


but other than that they feel like a failure. We have to look at it from


a different angle as well. There is no appetite in both parties to carry


on fighting. As I said the Israelis have achieved what they wanted and


now they have thrown the ball -- ball into the hands of Hamas. They


can wait four months in this situation extending and extending.


On the other side Hamas is saying that at least now they did not give


up anything and they are trying to show the world and their people that


they are trying to get something out of this war so they have no choice


but trying to do something. Definitely both parties have no


interest in resuming the fighting, at least this is how we see now, the


picture. As always, thank you very much.


In Iraq, Government troops are now attempting to push Islamic State


fighters out of the city of Tikrit, the birthplace of Saddam Hussein.


Meanwhile the United Nations is mounting


a huge aid operation to reach more than half a million people who have


Many of the refugees have arrived in Dohuk near the Syrian border.


From there our correspondent Jeremy Cooke reports.


They say help is coming. It is desperately needed. In this wind


swept dust bowl in searing heat, the camps keep growing. In each tent is


a family and each family has time now to reflect on horror and loss.


This dad is called Henry, that is what the troops named him when he


was a translator for six years. Now he wants sanctuary for his whole


family, especially the kids. Where will you go? Anywhere. Any


country, Europe, Australia, Canada, America, anywhere. Children, there


are so many here, they have escaped and they are alive but they are


still traumatised and vulnerable after days without food and water.


The clinic is overwhelmed. From 50 patients a day it is now 500 and one


single doctor. Can you imagine a child is sick as these with no water


and no food and no drink, they are all vomiting and now you can see


this bed, one, two, three, three children on a single bed. This is


just one part of one camp and you really get the feeling that an


entire people have been displaced. Most of them are telling us that


they believe that they can never go home but how can they stay here?


Look at this family, this family, every child was ill. Hard to believe


but it can get even worse. The camps are so full that many are forced to


fend for themselves, out here, with temperatures nudging 50 Celsius. We


want a UN safe house for our children and our religion. You


understand? The camps are being improved and finally there is a


promise of a major aid effort. They will welcome shelter and food but


how can it begin to replace all that they have lost.


The capture of Mosul Dam by Kurdish forces is being described


as a major step forward in the fight against Islamic State militants.


Jim Muir is at the dam in northern Iraq, and sent this report.


This is the enormous lake that is backed up behind Mosul Dam, it is


something up to 11 billion cubic metres of water and feel was that


when the radicals took over the installation now might use it as a


weapon of mass destruction or it could get damaged because there


would be battles here in a few weeks. The Islamic radicals have


been pushed off but it was after quite a battle. All the approach


road show the fallout from that where positions have been hit by


mortar fire or blown apart by air power because the Americans have


been carrying out air strikes in support of this campaign by gorillas


and the government forces that are helping them. There have been


explosions from the south West over there and shooting. The fighting is


going on. You can see the guerrillas are very relaxed there. The battle


is going on further to the south west but in the meantime the dam


seems to be back in safe hands. It's been another night of unrest


in Ferguson in Missouri, the US town where black teenager Michael


Brown was shot and killed by a Last night the Governor of Missouri


called in the National Guard and President Obama called for


people to listen and not just shout, Michael Brown's family say getting


justice means arresting and charging Joining me now


from Ferguson is Yameesh Alsindoor. Despite the calls from Barack Obama


for calm last night was as violent as any other night with 31 arrests,


what is the mood like today? The mood today is calm right now because


it is daylight hours and this is typical of Ferguson now, having been


here more than a week, people are usually calm during the day and


there will be a few walking around protesting but the real issue comes


when it gets dark and people get rowdy and the police tell people to


go home and that is when we see clashes and violence and tear gas.


Right now Ferguson is calm but we cannot say it will be calm for long


because we do not know. You have been poor reporting on this -- you


have been reporting on this for some time so what is the reaction to the


Commons from the president? He says he understands the passion but


looting and attacking the police only raises attention. People really


agree with the president here. A lot of people that I talked to said that


the looters are really overshadowing the real message here and the real


message for people who are protesting is that they really want


an officer to be charged with the death of Michael Brown and they won


him to be charged with murder and they want people to know that these


protests are about police brutality and it is how black people are being


treated in America and it is about poor neighbourhoods and how poor


neighbourhoods are treated so people are really upset when looters come


along and take away from that message so people are very pleased


with what Barack Obama is saying and they are really hoping that there


will be changing Ferguson tonight. I can see people in military fatigues


uniforms behind you. What is it going to take for this to end, for


the protesters to go home and the police and the National Guard to go


home? If In my newspaper we did a story on that yesterday, and we


spoke to dozens of people about that. We asked people on both sides.


It comes down to whether this officer was going to be charged,


taken into custody and arrested. Then, people you might be calmed


down. People want to see action. Other people tell me that when


Michael Brown is laid to rest and his family are able to bury him,


that might bring some calm. Others say that it might be when the police


lead. -- lead. There are a lot of questions, about what it is going to


take for Ferguson to be calm, but for the majority of people that I


talk to, it is about indicting that offers around making sure that


justice is done, and justice, for them, is having this officer


indicted. Something like 80% of African-Americans say that this


issue has raised important issues about race. 37% of white people


thought the same in the same survey. And 47% of why people think that the


issue of race gets too much attention. I guess this shows you


how divided public opinion is on this. I am not surprised by those


statistics. USA Today did a study when the Trevon Martin case was


going on. In that case, like people said that it was a case of


providing, and are called into question race relations here. This


is typical of American society. Most times when there was a racial issue,


when there is somebody saying that they have been racially profiled by


the police, unfortunately, in most cases, blacks will say, this is


happening, we need to talk about this, and white people, identify as


white, but say no, that people are blowing this out of proportion and


that they are pulling the race card, so that is very typical of the


American public. -- they are playing the race card.


Now look at some of the day's the news.


The Liberian government says three African doctors receiving


the ebola drug ZMapp showing remarkable signs of improvement.


17 suspected ebola patients who had fled a quarantine centre


in the capital Monrovia at the weekend have now been found.


A court in India has ordered the release of an activist who's


Irom Sharmila was arrested in 2000 after going on an indefinite fast.


She demanded the repeal of a law allowing India's armed forces


to hold people without charge and shoot to kill in some situations.


She had been force-fed by the authorities


The American food manufacturer Heinz has recalled some baby food products


in China after local regulators said they


The company, known globally for its ketchup and baked beans,


said it had recalled four batches of a high-protein cereal product


Now, you might not have heard of Krautrock,


but in post-war Germany it had quite a following.


The musical movement had its roots in 1960s counter-culture


and it gave birth to bands such as Tangerine Dream, Can and


Kraftwerk, which had a big following right through the seventies.


It's also credited with inspiring a lot of modern dance music


Just in case you can't quite remember what they sounded like,


here's some Kraftwerk, from 1976, celebrating the joys of rail travel.


With me is the rock music writer David Stubbs.


His new book is Future Days: Krautrock


and the Building of Modern Germany.


It's the first large-scale survey of this type of music.


Can I ask you about the term, Krautrock? Some of the bands found


that insulting at the time. It was coined by a British journalist. But


it is a useful term. Although these bands were very diverse, what they


all had in common was various things. Firstly it was a tendency to


be innovative. They were the first post-war generation to come of age.


They kind of realised what had happened during the war. It had not


been mentioned by their fathers and grandparents or anybody in the


family. So there was a sense of new identity. Lots of people expressed


that through music. And not just Anglo-American blues. There were


American and UK soldiers posted in West Germany. There was a sense that


as well as being occupied in that sense, that they were kind of


culturally occupied because of things like the Beatles, just


imitating music from abroad. All of these bands where concerned with


creating music entirely new, which meant electronic music, which was


just beginning to come into play. It meant making music from scratch, as


if music had never been made before. That was what made it so


influential, because it was so innovative. We were watching a


little bit of Kraftwerk. You say that part of the title of the book


is building modern Germany. The irony is that these bands, in


Germany itself, they were very lightly regarded indeed. They only


got a hearing in France, initially, to be taken seriously, and then in


the UK. Initially, people in the UK thought that there was something


inherently unusual about Germans making music, hence the term,


Krautrock. It was seen as inherently comical. But there was much wider


respect for the music when David Bowie started taking it seriously,


he went to Berlin in the 70s. He thought that the people making these


records. And then there was a completely new attitude towards this


German music. If David Bowie says that it is cool, then it must be


cool. And what did the same to you? I didn't think it was a story that


had been properly told before. It is almost like a sort of posthumous,


most music tends to be celebrated as it is taking place, in its own time


and payday. But this was a music that, in its own era, was not taken


as seriously as it should have been. Neither time it started been taken


really seriously, it had kind of petered out for the most part, with


the exception of Kraftwerk. From the 70s, 80s, 90s, there have been wave


after wave, generation after generation, which has rediscovered


this music. Thank you for coming in and talking about the book. A


fascinating topic. New research suggests more of


Africa's elephants are being killed Nearly 35,000 elephants are


killed on the continent every year, And that if that rate of poaching


doesn't slow down, African elephants Our science correspondent Rebecca


Morelle reports. A giant that once thrived


across Africa, New research suggests they could


vanish from the continent forever. A trail of blood leading to a scene


that has become all too common. The animals' tusks have been hacked


off, their bodies left to rot. Poaching has soared in recent years,


fuelled by a rapidly growing The demand is


so high that a kilogram of ivory is The latest figures show that


the illegal ivory trade is having a devastating impact on Africa's


elephants. Since 2010, an average of 34,000


elephants have been killed annually. This means that every year 7%


of Africa's elephant population is being wiped out,


and that more animals are now dying At this safari park they say the


situation in Africa is critical. The fear is that one day


the only place left to see these Without these, a lot


of other animals will be affected They provide foot paths


for smaller animals, they knock food down for smaller animals, so not


only will elephants be affected, but a lot of other animals in the same


ecosystem will be affected as well. Conservationists say


urgent action is needed. Some ivory stockpiles are being


destroyed in an effort to curb the demand, but there are also calls


for greater protection for the animals on the ground,


and tougher penalties for poachers. If nothing is done and the


slaughter doesn't stop, scientists believe that Africa's elephants


could become extinct in 100 years. We have another animal story now,


something a bit more cute and cuddly. Cats and dogs are not known


to be the best of friends, but have a look at these. This is a three and


a half month cheetah cub which has a puppy for his best friend. The young


cheetah's mother had rejected him. It looks like a budding friendship


that seems to be a success. Don't forget you can see me, and the rest


of the team, on twitter. We look forward to hearing all of your


We will see a few more showers developing tomorrow. Probably not as


many as today. There is a good chance of staying dry, with sunny


spells. First thing in the morning, it will feel pretty


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