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attempt to reduce the flow of migrants. Last year, Sweden accepted
more than 150,000 new arrivals. Denmark in turn has decided to
tighten their borders with Germany. Richard Lister reports.
It is the bridge that had a TV show named after it. Since it first
linked with this edge-mac Sweden with Denmark 50 years ago, the
Crossing has been a potent symbol of European integration and free
movement. But not any more. Because from today, anyone crossing the
bridge to Sweden by train is diverted here to a Danish airport
for an ID check. Those without proper papers are turned back.
Yesterday, half a kilometre of fencing was built at the station to
reinforce the border and I knew controls at every other crossing
into Sweden. I will probably be delayed by
minutes to get to work and another 40 to get home. -- last year 163,000
refugees requested asylum in Sweden. Compared to its population of 10
million it has taken in more people than any other European country and
says it can't cope. Now only refugees with identity papers, about
40%, will be allowed in. It is a government the -- a decision the
government took difficultly. In November the Deputy Prime Minister
was in tears talking about the change. Those crossing to other
was in tears talking about the life harder. Norway is expelling 400
was in tears talking about the number is set to increase. Denmark
says it is tightening its border with Germany. If the European Union
can't protect there external borders, you will see more and more
countries which will be forced into introducing temporary internal
border control. Freedom of movement has long been one of the mainstays
of the European object. Germany said today that principle appears to be
in danger. -- the European project. Gunilla Fritze is a reporter
with Swedish Television, About 10,000 people across this
bridge every day and there will be delays and traffic as a result of
the ID controls. When I took the early morning train we were
the ID controls. When I took the minutes after schedule when we
arrived at the airport and many travellers were frustrated and
irritated. Everybody has to show ID or passport to staff at the airport
platform and today the Danish Prime Minister said that they will have
similar border controls between Denmark and Germany. The Swedish
Immigration Minister said that he thinks the Danish government has
taken the right decision today, even though the Danish Prime Minister
said it is not a happy moment for Denmark.
Earlier, the BBC's Jenny Hill joined us from Berlin.
I asked her for more on Denmark stemming the migrant
My understanding is that as of today, for the next ten days or so,
the Danish government intends to carry out spot checks at Denmark's
southern border with Germany. If they find people without valid
passports they will be asked if they are willing to apply for asylum in
Denmark rather than travel on to Sweden. If they are willing to do so
they will be allowed to register in Denmark and carry on. If not they
will be turned back at the German border. A very fluid situation.
Denmark's concern is that it is caught in the middle. We have been
told that in the last three months or so some 90,000 people have
travelled through it from Germany. The vast majority have gone on to
seek asylum in Sweden. Denmark's concern is that if many of those
people are turned away at the border they will end up in Denmark looking
to seek asylum. This is all about Denmark looking to reduce the number
of people coming in to reduce a bottleneck situation. -- what will
it mean for Germany if Denmark shuts down or titans that border with
Germany? Ineffective the effect could be negligible because those
people could go on to Sweden. The decision has caused dismay in Berlin
for political regions. Angela Merkel has been leading calls for Europe to
try to solve the refugee crisis and take a coordinated approach and that
scenario seems to be diminishing fast as countries like Denmark and
Sweden are acting in their own national security interests.
If the first trading day of the year is anything to go by,
US stocks have joined a global sell-off, on jitters about China's
economic slowdown AND escalating tensions in the Middle East.
In China itself, trading on the Shanghai index was stopped,
after it plunged seven per cent, its biggest decline since August.
Japan's Nikkei tumbled more than three per cent.
with Germany's Dax tumbling 4.3 per cent.
Well, let's focus on what's happening in the US.
Michelle Fleury is at the New York Stock Exchange for us.
Good afternoon. Can you tell us the latest of what is happening? Looking
at the indexes now both the S and P and the Dow Jones are down around
2%. We are talking about the first trading day of the year, the last
time the Dow Jones has been this bad was about 80 years ago, which gives
you a sense of how much investors have retreated at the start of 2016.
How significant is it for the New York Stock Exchange when China has a
trading day like it just has? I think it is not just here on Wall
Street that it makes a difference. We are talking about China as the
world's second-largest economy so what drove that downward as fears of
a slowdown there which could have a knock-on effect on global economic
growth. China is about demand. If it is slowing down will people around
the world want to sell as much to China as they have been, that
spooked investors. The time on the New York Stock
Exchange there is 2:08pm. I am just hearing right now that
Rafa Benitez has been sacked by Real Madrid football club. Let's listen
in for a bit. Zinedine Zidane, some people have said they expect him to
be put in place and he is speaking at the moment. We will bring you
some details as they come in. I can tell you that this was scheduled,
people were instructed to tune in, and the president, Fiorentina
Paredes, says it was a response to the rumours that Rafa Benitez would
be fired, to be replaced by Zinedine Zidane. I will bring you details on
what he is saying. A diplomatic crisis is spreading
across the Middle East following Saudi Arabia's execution
of a prominent Shia Muslim cleric. The death of Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr
prompted an attack on the Saudi embassy in Tehran and similar
protests by Shia communities Adel al-Jubeir told Reuters
that the execution of Nimr al-Nimr We will be cutting off to placate --
diplomatic, air travel and commercial relations with Iran and
we will have a travel ban. The rings and there allies have been pushing
and noting terrorism and recruiting people, inciting, providing weapons
and explosives to people and Nimr al-Nimr was one of them. He is as
much of a religious figure as Osama Bin Laden was, he is not. He was
agitating and organising cells, providing them with weapons and
money, he was involved in attacks against Saudi security forces. In
short he was a terrorist. We will not allow Iran to destabilise a
region, we will not allow them to do harm to our citizens or those of our
allies so we will react. A number of Arab nations have joined
Saudi Arabia in taking diplomatic Here's our International
Correspondent, Lyse Doucet. In Tehran today more angry
protests over the execution Sheikh Nimr's image now arises
from the growing crowds filling the streets across the region
in Shia communities. The cleric was known for fiery
speeches in defence of minority He was executed on Saturday
for sedition and violence. A verdict the Saudi
justice ministry defended He speaks with
simultaneous translation. TRANSLATION: As a spokesman of the
judicial power of Saudi Arabia I am not concerned with other voices. As
a judicial branch we apply the Sharia law according to the facts
that we see in front of us. But the voices grow larger. In Iraq the
follow up was violent. Two Sunni mosques attacked and retaliation
killings. But rain has followed Saudi Arabia in ordering all Iran
and diplomats to leave. -- Bahrain. The UAE is limiter limiting --
limiting their numbers. The roots of this go back to a seven setter --
seventh century battle over who should lead the Muslim community
after the death of Muhammad. The faith was divided into two branches,
Sunni and Shia. The question of leadership became intensely
political with the 1979 Iranian revolution. Iraq has pledged to
export its revolution, threatened its neighbours, but last year's deal
to dislike -- dismantle its nuclear programme they were returning to the
diplomatic fold. They had just been accepted by the Americans into the
plan to solve the Syrian crisis. If this escalates and there is some
kind of war directly between Iran and Saudi Arabia - currently it is a
proxy war- then we have to worry hugely. Iran and Saudi Arabia are on
opposite sides in the border in Syria and Yemen.
opposite sides in the border in region is being dragged into an even
greater The British Prime Minister has
dismissed a video featuring a British Islamists as propaganda. An
English-speaking child is also seen in the video before five captives,
thought to be Syrian, are shot dead. The latest propaganda video from the
group calling itself Islamic The latest propaganda video from the
A masked killer cut -- taunting Britain and addressing its Prime
Minister in a British accent. How strange it is that a leader of a
small island threatens us with planes. Today the Prime Minister
gave his response. It is desperate stuff from an organisation that
really does do the most utterly disk you -- despicable act and people can
see that again today, but this organisation is losing territory and
ground. This film is not that unusual. It is part of a stream of
big and directed at different countries. The videos are often
brutal and sometimes featured children. The child as young as
five, who also may be British, is also in the latest video. IS has
lost ground recently, for example here in Ramadi, but experts are not
sure that this new video is a sign that they are in retreat. Islamic
State is very much part of the landscape in the Levant, it is going
to be around for a few years yet, and the idea that it is desperate is
to be around for a few years yet, misleading the situation. Here at
MI5 headquarters analysts will have spent the last 24 hours poring over
every detail of the latest video, comparing it to the details they
have on file about known jihadists to try to confirm the killer's
identity. Hundreds of Britons are in Syria but speculation focused on
this man. He fled Britain whilst on police bail in 2014. Tonight a
former associate told the BBC they had no doubt the voice was his. His
sister told the BBC she at first thought it was him but is now less
sure. I was in a bit of a state of shock because I believed the audio
to resemble the voice of my brother, but I think, having viewed the short
clip in detail, I wasn't entirely convinced, which sort of put me at
ease. Whoever he is the mast man seems to be emulated and Hadi
Emwazi, Jihadi John, killed in a joint strike in November. He may
have been tracked down here at the heart -- with the help of informers.
Five men alleged to be spies are shown killed, another sign of the
brutality of life under IS. The US Justice Department is suing
Volkswagen over the emissions scandal. Last year Volkswagen
One of Poland's deadliest-ever cold snaps killed a
Temperatures fell to minus 18 degrees centigrade.
The freezing weather's made conditions especially
difficult for migrants living in temporary accommodation.
High winds and heavy rain are battering Scotland,
with dozens of flood warnings in place across the country.
Aberdeenshire is one of the many areas to be affected.
The latest high winds and downpours came as Scotland continues to clean
There's a big standoff underway in the US State of Oregon -
Federal agents are trying to bring a peaceful end to the occupation of
a wildlife refuge by self-styled militiamen.
It all follows a rally in the town of Burns in support
of two ranchers - a father and son - jailed for lighting fires on federal
About 100 armed protesters occupied the headquarters
of the Malheur National Wildlife Reserve.
Let's get some more background now on the militiamen
This will be a base for Patriots across the country to be housed here
and we plan to stay for several years.
I am 100% willing to lay my life down to fight against tyranny in
this country. I don't know what to say, it seems
like over reach for having burned 127 acres.
That is what we are up here for, the constitution.
It is sort of frightening when there is people making threats.
This is the power of America right here, people gathered together. It
doesn't need to stop here, we need you to get arms and come to this
wildlife refuge. Let's hear from James Cook, based
just outside the National wildlife refuge.
The situation is that some of these men, some of them armed, have taken
over this wildlife refuge. It is a curious target haps on the face of
it, it doesn't seem like an obvious symbol to the outside world of
government oppression. It is a bird century which has been here since
1908, but they say it is a crucial symbol, really, of what the federal
government has been doing in terms of its interactions with local
ranchers. They complain the federal government has been interfering in
their affairs come has been tampering with their rights in this
land, and that is at the heart of all this, an argument about who has
the right to the land. The ranchers insist the federal government has no
right to be involved on this land whatsoever. As for what has been
happening today, it has been relatively quiet. A number of people
are down in the buildings below us, we were strongly discouraged from
going down to speak to them. We were told that their leader, whose father
was involved in a full -- former stand-off with the government in
Nevada, says he will come and speak to us but in the meantime we have
been strongly discouraged from going down to the site. Interestingly,
there has been no sign whatsoever of the police or any federal agents
here. They were formed 55 years ago
and have already won four Grammys. I started while I was young,
about 12, making noise. And when I stopped she said, oh,
carry on, carry on, my boy. When we met Paul Simon,
because we first met So we stood behind
microphones and we started to sing, so there
was many people trying We practised until 12 midnight
and then we went to sleep. When we got into the studio
and sang the whole song, he said, this is what
I was looking for. So it's finished, we are
going to repeat this. When we are on stage
singing it is easier, it was a wonderful moment
to receive the Grammy Award. And a reminder of news breaking, the
but we say thank you to all people, And a reminder of news breaking, the
Spanish football giant Real Madrid has fired Rafa Benitez, its manager,
after seven months, replacing him with former player Zinedine Zidane
Zidane. The club president made the decision -- announced the decision
at a news conference. Zinedine Zidane has said it is the best club
in the world. That is all from me for now. Goodbye.
Another day for the umbrellas tomorrow. We needed them today,
shower after shower, some sunshine and then another shower. Some
rumbles of thunder, a big area of low pressure parked across the UK,