04/01/2016 World News Today


04/01/2016

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attempt to reduce the flow of migrants. Last year, Sweden accepted

:01:24.:01:32.

more than 150,000 new arrivals. Denmark in turn has decided to

:01:33.:01:36.

tighten their borders with Germany. Richard Lister reports.

:01:37.:01:39.

It is the bridge that had a TV show named after it. Since it first

:01:40.:01:45.

linked with this edge-mac Sweden with Denmark 50 years ago, the

:01:46.:01:50.

Crossing has been a potent symbol of European integration and free

:01:51.:01:55.

movement. But not any more. Because from today, anyone crossing the

:01:56.:01:59.

bridge to Sweden by train is diverted here to a Danish airport

:02:00.:02:05.

for an ID check. Those without proper papers are turned back.

:02:06.:02:09.

Yesterday, half a kilometre of fencing was built at the station to

:02:10.:02:14.

reinforce the border and I knew controls at every other crossing

:02:15.:02:15.

into Sweden. I will probably be delayed by

:02:16.:02:24.

minutes to get to work and another 40 to get home. -- last year 163,000

:02:25.:02:32.

refugees requested asylum in Sweden. Compared to its population of 10

:02:33.:02:36.

million it has taken in more people than any other European country and

:02:37.:02:41.

says it can't cope. Now only refugees with identity papers, about

:02:42.:02:47.

40%, will be allowed in. It is a government the -- a decision the

:02:48.:02:52.

government took difficultly. In November the Deputy Prime Minister

:02:53.:02:56.

was in tears talking about the change. Those crossing to other

:02:57.:03:01.

was in tears talking about the life harder. Norway is expelling 400

:03:02.:03:07.

was in tears talking about the number is set to increase. Denmark

:03:08.:03:10.

says it is tightening its border with Germany. If the European Union

:03:11.:03:16.

can't protect there external borders, you will see more and more

:03:17.:03:21.

countries which will be forced into introducing temporary internal

:03:22.:03:27.

border control. Freedom of movement has long been one of the mainstays

:03:28.:03:32.

of the European object. Germany said today that principle appears to be

:03:33.:03:33.

in danger. -- the European project. Gunilla Fritze is a reporter

:03:34.:03:41.

with Swedish Television, About 10,000 people across this

:03:42.:03:53.

bridge every day and there will be delays and traffic as a result of

:03:54.:03:59.

the ID controls. When I took the early morning train we were

:04:00.:04:02.

the ID controls. When I took the minutes after schedule when we

:04:03.:04:06.

arrived at the airport and many travellers were frustrated and

:04:07.:04:14.

irritated. Everybody has to show ID or passport to staff at the airport

:04:15.:04:20.

platform and today the Danish Prime Minister said that they will have

:04:21.:04:26.

similar border controls between Denmark and Germany. The Swedish

:04:27.:04:30.

Immigration Minister said that he thinks the Danish government has

:04:31.:04:35.

taken the right decision today, even though the Danish Prime Minister

:04:36.:04:38.

said it is not a happy moment for Denmark.

:04:39.:04:42.

Earlier, the BBC's Jenny Hill joined us from Berlin.

:04:43.:04:44.

I asked her for more on Denmark stemming the migrant

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My understanding is that as of today, for the next ten days or so,

:04:48.:04:57.

the Danish government intends to carry out spot checks at Denmark's

:04:58.:05:03.

southern border with Germany. If they find people without valid

:05:04.:05:07.

passports they will be asked if they are willing to apply for asylum in

:05:08.:05:11.

Denmark rather than travel on to Sweden. If they are willing to do so

:05:12.:05:17.

they will be allowed to register in Denmark and carry on. If not they

:05:18.:05:22.

will be turned back at the German border. A very fluid situation.

:05:23.:05:26.

Denmark's concern is that it is caught in the middle. We have been

:05:27.:05:30.

told that in the last three months or so some 90,000 people have

:05:31.:05:35.

travelled through it from Germany. The vast majority have gone on to

:05:36.:05:40.

seek asylum in Sweden. Denmark's concern is that if many of those

:05:41.:05:44.

people are turned away at the border they will end up in Denmark looking

:05:45.:05:50.

to seek asylum. This is all about Denmark looking to reduce the number

:05:51.:05:55.

of people coming in to reduce a bottleneck situation. -- what will

:05:56.:06:01.

it mean for Germany if Denmark shuts down or titans that border with

:06:02.:06:07.

Germany? Ineffective the effect could be negligible because those

:06:08.:06:17.

people could go on to Sweden. The decision has caused dismay in Berlin

:06:18.:06:21.

for political regions. Angela Merkel has been leading calls for Europe to

:06:22.:06:28.

try to solve the refugee crisis and take a coordinated approach and that

:06:29.:06:31.

scenario seems to be diminishing fast as countries like Denmark and

:06:32.:06:38.

Sweden are acting in their own national security interests.

:06:39.:06:41.

If the first trading day of the year is anything to go by,

:06:42.:06:44.

US stocks have joined a global sell-off, on jitters about China's

:06:45.:06:49.

economic slowdown AND escalating tensions in the Middle East.

:06:50.:06:55.

In China itself, trading on the Shanghai index was stopped,

:06:56.:06:58.

after it plunged seven per cent, its biggest decline since August.

:06:59.:07:06.

Japan's Nikkei tumbled more than three per cent.

:07:07.:07:08.

with Germany's Dax tumbling 4.3 per cent.

:07:09.:07:14.

Well, let's focus on what's happening in the US.

:07:15.:07:17.

Michelle Fleury is at the New York Stock Exchange for us.

:07:18.:07:23.

Good afternoon. Can you tell us the latest of what is happening? Looking

:07:24.:07:33.

at the indexes now both the S and P and the Dow Jones are down around

:07:34.:07:42.

2%. We are talking about the first trading day of the year, the last

:07:43.:07:47.

time the Dow Jones has been this bad was about 80 years ago, which gives

:07:48.:07:52.

you a sense of how much investors have retreated at the start of 2016.

:07:53.:08:00.

How significant is it for the New York Stock Exchange when China has a

:08:01.:08:05.

trading day like it just has? I think it is not just here on Wall

:08:06.:08:10.

Street that it makes a difference. We are talking about China as the

:08:11.:08:14.

world's second-largest economy so what drove that downward as fears of

:08:15.:08:19.

a slowdown there which could have a knock-on effect on global economic

:08:20.:08:28.

growth. China is about demand. If it is slowing down will people around

:08:29.:08:31.

the world want to sell as much to China as they have been, that

:08:32.:08:41.

spooked investors. The time on the New York Stock

:08:42.:08:42.

Exchange there is 2:08pm. I am just hearing right now that

:08:43.:08:56.

Rafa Benitez has been sacked by Real Madrid football club. Let's listen

:08:57.:09:01.

in for a bit. Zinedine Zidane, some people have said they expect him to

:09:02.:09:06.

be put in place and he is speaking at the moment. We will bring you

:09:07.:09:12.

some details as they come in. I can tell you that this was scheduled,

:09:13.:09:18.

people were instructed to tune in, and the president, Fiorentina

:09:19.:09:29.

Paredes, says it was a response to the rumours that Rafa Benitez would

:09:30.:09:33.

be fired, to be replaced by Zinedine Zidane. I will bring you details on

:09:34.:09:35.

what he is saying. A diplomatic crisis is spreading

:09:36.:09:46.

across the Middle East following Saudi Arabia's execution

:09:47.:09:48.

of a prominent Shia Muslim cleric. The death of Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr

:09:49.:09:50.

prompted an attack on the Saudi embassy in Tehran and similar

:09:51.:09:53.

protests by Shia communities Adel al-Jubeir told Reuters

:09:54.:09:55.

that the execution of Nimr al-Nimr We will be cutting off to placate --

:09:56.:10:12.

diplomatic, air travel and commercial relations with Iran and

:10:13.:10:17.

we will have a travel ban. The rings and there allies have been pushing

:10:18.:10:25.

and noting terrorism and recruiting people, inciting, providing weapons

:10:26.:10:31.

and explosives to people and Nimr al-Nimr was one of them. He is as

:10:32.:10:36.

much of a religious figure as Osama Bin Laden was, he is not. He was

:10:37.:10:41.

agitating and organising cells, providing them with weapons and

:10:42.:10:47.

money, he was involved in attacks against Saudi security forces. In

:10:48.:10:51.

short he was a terrorist. We will not allow Iran to destabilise a

:10:52.:10:57.

region, we will not allow them to do harm to our citizens or those of our

:10:58.:11:01.

allies so we will react. A number of Arab nations have joined

:11:02.:11:07.

Saudi Arabia in taking diplomatic Here's our International

:11:08.:11:10.

Correspondent, Lyse Doucet. In Tehran today more angry

:11:11.:11:14.

protests over the execution Sheikh Nimr's image now arises

:11:15.:11:25.

from the growing crowds filling the streets across the region

:11:26.:11:29.

in Shia communities. The cleric was known for fiery

:11:30.:11:31.

speeches in defence of minority He was executed on Saturday

:11:32.:11:33.

for sedition and violence. A verdict the Saudi

:11:34.:11:38.

justice ministry defended He speaks with

:11:39.:11:39.

simultaneous translation. TRANSLATION: As a spokesman of the

:11:40.:11:51.

judicial power of Saudi Arabia I am not concerned with other voices. As

:11:52.:12:00.

a judicial branch we apply the Sharia law according to the facts

:12:01.:12:06.

that we see in front of us. But the voices grow larger. In Iraq the

:12:07.:12:12.

follow up was violent. Two Sunni mosques attacked and retaliation

:12:13.:12:19.

killings. But rain has followed Saudi Arabia in ordering all Iran

:12:20.:12:24.

and diplomats to leave. -- Bahrain. The UAE is limiter limiting --

:12:25.:12:33.

limiting their numbers. The roots of this go back to a seven setter --

:12:34.:12:38.

seventh century battle over who should lead the Muslim community

:12:39.:12:42.

after the death of Muhammad. The faith was divided into two branches,

:12:43.:12:47.

Sunni and Shia. The question of leadership became intensely

:12:48.:12:53.

political with the 1979 Iranian revolution. Iraq has pledged to

:12:54.:12:58.

export its revolution, threatened its neighbours, but last year's deal

:12:59.:13:05.

to dislike -- dismantle its nuclear programme they were returning to the

:13:06.:13:10.

diplomatic fold. They had just been accepted by the Americans into the

:13:11.:13:18.

plan to solve the Syrian crisis. If this escalates and there is some

:13:19.:13:24.

kind of war directly between Iran and Saudi Arabia - currently it is a

:13:25.:13:33.

proxy war- then we have to worry hugely. Iran and Saudi Arabia are on

:13:34.:13:39.

opposite sides in the border in Syria and Yemen.

:13:40.:13:41.

opposite sides in the border in region is being dragged into an even

:13:42.:13:46.

greater The British Prime Minister has

:13:47.:14:03.

dismissed a video featuring a British Islamists as propaganda. An

:14:04.:14:09.

English-speaking child is also seen in the video before five captives,

:14:10.:14:17.

thought to be Syrian, are shot dead. The latest propaganda video from the

:14:18.:14:20.

group calling itself Islamic The latest propaganda video from the

:14:21.:14:25.

A masked killer cut -- taunting Britain and addressing its Prime

:14:26.:14:30.

Minister in a British accent. How strange it is that a leader of a

:14:31.:14:36.

small island threatens us with planes. Today the Prime Minister

:14:37.:14:41.

gave his response. It is desperate stuff from an organisation that

:14:42.:14:47.

really does do the most utterly disk you -- despicable act and people can

:14:48.:14:53.

see that again today, but this organisation is losing territory and

:14:54.:14:58.

ground. This film is not that unusual. It is part of a stream of

:14:59.:15:01.

big and directed at different countries. The videos are often

:15:02.:15:05.

brutal and sometimes featured children. The child as young as

:15:06.:15:10.

five, who also may be British, is also in the latest video. IS has

:15:11.:15:16.

lost ground recently, for example here in Ramadi, but experts are not

:15:17.:15:20.

sure that this new video is a sign that they are in retreat. Islamic

:15:21.:15:26.

State is very much part of the landscape in the Levant, it is going

:15:27.:15:30.

to be around for a few years yet, and the idea that it is desperate is

:15:31.:15:36.

to be around for a few years yet, misleading the situation. Here at

:15:37.:15:39.

MI5 headquarters analysts will have spent the last 24 hours poring over

:15:40.:15:43.

every detail of the latest video, comparing it to the details they

:15:44.:15:48.

have on file about known jihadists to try to confirm the killer's

:15:49.:15:54.

identity. Hundreds of Britons are in Syria but speculation focused on

:15:55.:16:00.

this man. He fled Britain whilst on police bail in 2014. Tonight a

:16:01.:16:04.

former associate told the BBC they had no doubt the voice was his. His

:16:05.:16:09.

sister told the BBC she at first thought it was him but is now less

:16:10.:16:15.

sure. I was in a bit of a state of shock because I believed the audio

:16:16.:16:21.

to resemble the voice of my brother, but I think, having viewed the short

:16:22.:16:28.

clip in detail, I wasn't entirely convinced, which sort of put me at

:16:29.:16:34.

ease. Whoever he is the mast man seems to be emulated and Hadi

:16:35.:16:40.

Emwazi, Jihadi John, killed in a joint strike in November. He may

:16:41.:16:47.

have been tracked down here at the heart -- with the help of informers.

:16:48.:16:52.

Five men alleged to be spies are shown killed, another sign of the

:16:53.:16:54.

brutality of life under IS. The US Justice Department is suing

:16:55.:17:12.

Volkswagen over the emissions scandal. Last year Volkswagen

:17:13.:17:22.

device. device.

:17:23.:17:29.

One of Poland's deadliest-ever cold snaps killed a

:17:30.:17:40.

Temperatures fell to minus 18 degrees centigrade.

:17:41.:17:43.

The freezing weather's made conditions especially

:17:44.:17:45.

difficult for migrants living in temporary accommodation.

:17:46.:17:46.

High winds and heavy rain are battering Scotland,

:17:47.:17:48.

with dozens of flood warnings in place across the country.

:17:49.:17:51.

Aberdeenshire is one of the many areas to be affected.

:17:52.:17:53.

The latest high winds and downpours came as Scotland continues to clean

:17:54.:17:56.

There's a big standoff underway in the US State of Oregon -

:17:57.:18:13.

Federal agents are trying to bring a peaceful end to the occupation of

:18:14.:18:18.

a wildlife refuge by self-styled militiamen.

:18:19.:18:19.

It all follows a rally in the town of Burns in support

:18:20.:18:23.

of two ranchers - a father and son - jailed for lighting fires on federal

:18:24.:18:26.

About 100 armed protesters occupied the headquarters

:18:27.:18:31.

of the Malheur National Wildlife Reserve.

:18:32.:18:33.

Let's get some more background now on the militiamen

:18:34.:18:35.

This will be a base for Patriots across the country to be housed here

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and we plan to stay for several years.

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I am 100% willing to lay my life down to fight against tyranny in

:18:58.:19:03.

this country. I don't know what to say, it seems

:19:04.:19:22.

like over reach for having burned 127 acres.

:19:23.:19:30.

That is what we are up here for, the constitution.

:19:31.:19:39.

It is sort of frightening when there is people making threats.

:19:40.:20:03.

This is the power of America right here, people gathered together. It

:20:04.:20:10.

doesn't need to stop here, we need you to get arms and come to this

:20:11.:20:16.

wildlife refuge. Let's hear from James Cook, based

:20:17.:20:21.

just outside the National wildlife refuge.

:20:22.:20:26.

The situation is that some of these men, some of them armed, have taken

:20:27.:20:31.

over this wildlife refuge. It is a curious target haps on the face of

:20:32.:20:36.

it, it doesn't seem like an obvious symbol to the outside world of

:20:37.:20:42.

government oppression. It is a bird century which has been here since

:20:43.:20:47.

1908, but they say it is a crucial symbol, really, of what the federal

:20:48.:20:52.

government has been doing in terms of its interactions with local

:20:53.:20:56.

ranchers. They complain the federal government has been interfering in

:20:57.:21:00.

their affairs come has been tampering with their rights in this

:21:01.:21:06.

land, and that is at the heart of all this, an argument about who has

:21:07.:21:10.

the right to the land. The ranchers insist the federal government has no

:21:11.:21:14.

right to be involved on this land whatsoever. As for what has been

:21:15.:21:18.

happening today, it has been relatively quiet. A number of people

:21:19.:21:24.

are down in the buildings below us, we were strongly discouraged from

:21:25.:21:27.

going down to speak to them. We were told that their leader, whose father

:21:28.:21:35.

was involved in a full -- former stand-off with the government in

:21:36.:21:42.

Nevada, says he will come and speak to us but in the meantime we have

:21:43.:21:45.

been strongly discouraged from going down to the site. Interestingly,

:21:46.:21:52.

there has been no sign whatsoever of the police or any federal agents

:21:53.:21:53.

here. They were formed 55 years ago

:21:54.:22:05.

and have already won four Grammys. I started while I was young,

:22:06.:22:48.

about 12, making noise. And when I stopped she said, oh,

:22:49.:23:01.

carry on, carry on, my boy. When we met Paul Simon,

:23:02.:23:14.

because we first met So we stood behind

:23:15.:23:16.

microphones and we started to sing, so there

:23:17.:23:37.

was many people trying We practised until 12 midnight

:23:38.:23:41.

and then we went to sleep. When we got into the studio

:23:42.:23:45.

and sang the whole song, he said, this is what

:23:46.:23:48.

I was looking for. So it's finished, we are

:23:49.:23:50.

going to repeat this. When we are on stage

:23:51.:24:38.

singing it is easier, it was a wonderful moment

:24:39.:24:53.

to receive the Grammy Award. And a reminder of news breaking, the

:24:54.:25:01.

but we say thank you to all people, And a reminder of news breaking, the

:25:02.:25:39.

Spanish football giant Real Madrid has fired Rafa Benitez, its manager,

:25:40.:25:45.

after seven months, replacing him with former player Zinedine Zidane

:25:46.:25:51.

Zidane. The club president made the decision -- announced the decision

:25:52.:25:57.

at a news conference. Zinedine Zidane has said it is the best club

:25:58.:26:01.

in the world. That is all from me for now. Goodbye.

:26:02.:26:13.

Another day for the umbrellas tomorrow. We needed them today,

:26:14.:26:17.

shower after shower, some sunshine and then another shower. Some

:26:18.:26:22.

rumbles of thunder, a big area of low pressure parked across the UK,

:26:23.:26:25.

ever so

:26:26.:26:27.

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