23/06/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Philippa Thomas.


The US Supreme Court kills off President Obama's plan to reform


The President had hoped to use his executive powers


to remove the threat of deportation from several million


illegal immigrants who currently live and work


It is heartbreaking for the millions of immigrants who made their lives


here, who have raised families here, who hoped for the opportunity


to work, pay taxes, serve in our militarily.


Democrats in the US Congress stage an unprecedented protest


after proposals for gun control are blocked again


An historic moment in Colombia as a ceasefire brings to an end a


50 year conflict between the government and the Farc rebels.


Millions of people across the UK are voting on whether to leave


It's the country's biggest ever referendum.


And summoning up the Glastonbury spirit - the legendary music


festival looks set to live up to its reputation as a weekend


President Obama has suffered a setback in his plan to spare


millions of people living illegally in the US from being deported.


The US Supreme Court has blocked the presidential initiative


with the judges deadlocked four to four.


Mr Obama's plan was strongly opposed by many conservative lawmakers.


But speaking at the White House a short while ago, he said


immigration reform will get done sooner or later,


despite what he described as a "heartbreaking" development.


In the end, it is my firm belief that immigration


We don't have to wall ourselves off from those who may not


look like us right now, or pray like we do,


Because being an American is about something more than that.


What makes us American is our shared commitment to an ideal that


All of us have a chance to make of our lives will we will.


Barbara Plett-Usher is in Washington for us.


First, tell us who is affected? Commonly people? Roughly 4 million


people. These are the illegal immigrants, but they have children


who are US it is in and they would not have had a criminal record. They


have been here at least since 2010, many from much longer. They have


established lives, some of them have worked. But they are living with a


permanent sense of insecurity. What exactly is being blocked?


What would have happened if these illegal immigrants would have been


able to sign up to a programme that would have fared then the threat of


deportation, while the whole issue of their status would finally be


settled. Crucially, they would have been given work permits. That


programme has been stopped. Republicans lawmakers challenge that


saying Obama did not have the authority to do something like that


and he had overstepped his powers. This doesn't mean that these 4


million people will be immediately deported, that is definitely not a


priority and there are lots of other illegal immigrant in the country.


But it does mean they might have the extra security that Mr Obama was


trying to give them. What happens next for President


Obama? The dream of administration reform


is over. This is the end of his attempts to tweak immigration policy


with executive actions. He's been doing that because his attempts to


get a comprehensive overhaul of immigration policy in Congress was


blocked by Republicans. Essentially, it moved to the next administration


which means this will become even more of a hot button issue in the


presidential election. It already is, and voters are presented with


two Stark choices. Donald Trump says he will deport all illegal immigrant


and build a wall lob can border. Hillary Clinton says she will try to


build on Mr Obama's efforts. -- Donald Trump will build a wall


against the Mexican border. Thank you very much.


Democratic Party politicians in Washington are ending


their sit-in protest at the US House of Representatives -


a surprise mass action which went on throughout the night.


They were urging Congress to vote on gun control legislation -


a move that's been strongly resisted by members of the majority


Aleem Maqbool, in Washington, explains why this is


suchan emotive issue - two weeks after the mass shooting


in which a gunman killed forty nine people in a Florida nightclub.


It is one of the most dramatic demonstrations


The house speaker stood little chance of getting order.


It was all started hours earlier, by a man who stood


beside Martin Luther King in America's civil rights


We're calling on the leadership of the house to bring common-sense


gun control legislation to the house floor.


You can help us win this battle, America.


And when the TV cameras were turned off in the Republican-controlled


house, the politicians staging the city and streamed events


They wanted Republicans to agree to hold a vote on gun control,


and said they would not leave until it happened.


Late into the night as TV networks started to broadcast feeds


from the phones of protesting politicians, the chaos continued.


One Republican representative rushed at Democrats,


shouting it was radical Islam and not guns that was the problem -


It's a sad, inappropriate use of time.


They should be reprimanded for breaking the House rules.


Pillows, blankets, pizza and doughnuts were all brought


into the chamber as Democrats settled in for the night.


But as extraordinary as these scenes have been,


the question is how effective will all of this be in helping


and the appalling scourge of gun violence here?


And in the last few minutes, we've heard there will be a vote


in the upper chamber of Congress, the Senate, about a bill proposing


that gun sales be delayed or stopped if the buyers are named


A court in the US city of Baltimore has found a police officer not


guilty of the murder of a young black man whose death sparked days


Freddie Gray died in April last year following severe spinal injuries


sustained while shackled on the floor of the police


van, which was driven by Officer Caesar Goodson.


The judge said there was insufficient evidence


that the officer gave Mr Gray what he called a "rough ride".


The Colombian government and Farc rebels are about to sign a joint


ceasefire in a huge step towards ending 50 years of conflict.


It was agreed after three years of peace talks in Cuba.


The details of the deal are to be made public shortly.


Farc is one of the oldest guerrilla armies in the world.


Will Grant gained rare access to one of the Farc's camps


in eastern Colombia, to meet some of the fighters


The heavily armed guerillas lead us to their camp,


deep in the jungle, before they talk.


Because, despite an impending peace deal, they're still considered


an enemy of the state until they lay down their weapons.


Five decades of civil war pitted the Farc and several other militant


groups against the government, and each other.


Partly inspired by the Cuban Revolution, the Farc say


they represent the rights of the rural.


-- of the Rauball poor. -- rural poor.


More than 220,000 people were killed, and millions more displaced.


The Farc became embroiled in the drugs trade,


financing its relentless war through cocaine.


Meanwhile, billions of American dollars were poured in through


The war took its toll on the country's youngest


Children were killed and forced to kill.


Finally, talks were established on neutral territory, Havana.


And lessons from the Northern Ireland peace process used.


The Farc in the 21st-century is a strange beast.


Most of its original leaders have been killed, and after the Cold War


many ordinary Colombians rejected their radical ideology.


For decades, these guerillas have been primed and ready for war.


But the truth is that preparing for peace.


Many have their doubts about exactly where they fit


Some are worried the guerillas will refuse to give up their guns.


But their leaders are busy briefing the rank and file,


TRANSLATION: They know what they must do.


We have a hierarchy in the Farc and we comply with orders


We know we are about to take a very important step.


Breakfast before dawn, the discipline and rules,


Many are ready to trade the monotony of the camp for new horizons.


Now 27 years old, this man joined the Farc as a teenager and knows


TRANSLATION: I'd like to be a civil engineer.


When they emerged from the jungle, these young people may finally


But some of them fear life outside, and the threat of retribution


from their former enemies once the world's longest


Some news out of China, where state media say extreme weather,


including hailstorms, heavy rain and a tornado,


The storms hit Yancheng city, in eastern China, late on Thursday


Pictures posted by media online showed injured people lying


amid overturned houses and cars, split tree trunks


Police in Germany have shot dead a suspected gunman


The incident happened in the town of Viernheim, south of Frankfurt.


A regional interior minister said the gunman appeared to be


He said the police believed he was holding hostages


in the complex and because of that they shot him dead.


Police have denied earlier reports that a number


It's a very big day for voters here in the United Kingdom.


Polls remain open for the next three hours, until 22:00 BST,


for people to express their view on a single question -


'Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union


or leave the European Union?' More than 46 million people


are eligible to vote - the largest number ever registered


After an intense four monthlong campaign, it's perhaps hardly


surprising that David Cameron and his wife, Samantha, were keen


Even so, Michael Gove, the Justice Secretary,


He's already voted by post, but joined his wife, Sarah,


Many people throughout the United Kingdom have been


casting their ballots since 7am this morning.


The last referendum on EU membership was four decades ago, in 1975.


Many people were voting on this issue for the first time.


In south-east England, some were so determined they didn't


let a little bit of rain put them off.


More than 46 million of us are eligible to vote.


And in a record referendum, every vote counts.


There are no safe, no marginal constituencies.


Your vote matters every bit as much as any political leader's.


The polls are still open until ten o'clock tonight, so you've still got


The question on the ballot paper is clear.


Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union,


The Labour leader, Jeremy Corbyn, and Ukip's Nigel Farage,


As soon as the polls close tonight, election officials in 382 areas


across the UK and Gibraltar will begin tallying votes.


Then 12 counting centres, such as Falkirk in Scotland,


and Flintshire in Wales, will send their results


to Manchester, where the official outcome will be announced


Although the result may well become clear earlier.


Whichever decision we the voters finally make,


it will have far-reaching consequences.


A reminder, join us from 22:00 GMT here on BBC World News for a special


programme on the referendum on Britain's membership


The BBC's David Dimbleby will be bringing us all the results


Now a look at some of the days other news.


Thousands of demonstrators have marched through the streets of Paris


to protest against controversial changes to French labour laws.


More than 2,000 police kept a close eye on the union-led protest,


with 85 people arrested before the march got underway.


The French Government says its reforms will


help to address high levels of unemployment.


Myanmar's de facto leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, has used her first


official visit to Thailand to shine a spotlight on the plight


Ms Suu Ky was greeted by hundreds of cheering Burmese


migrants as she visited a fish processing centre.


The leader, who has promised to improve the lives


of low-paid workers, is set to hold talks with Thailand's


The medical charity, MSF, says nearly 200 people who fled


the militant Islamist group, Boko Haram, in north-eastern Nigeria


have died of starvation and dehydration in the past month


The group says a catastrophic humanitarian emergency is taking


place in the city of Bama in Borno state.


Fears over the Zika virus have contributed to a huge increase


in the number of women in Latin America wanting


abortions, according to new research published today.


They say requests to one website that provides advice for pregnant


women in countries where abortions are illegal has doubled


in some countries affected by the Zika outbreak.


Dr Catherine Aiken, from Cambridge University,


worked on the research and joins us now from our Cambridge studio.


Thank you so much for being with us. Which countries are most affected by


this as you look through the evidence?


The countries that we're really seeing the biggest surges in demand


for abortion are those whose governments have issued health


advisories to pregnant women, which are blanket advice to not get


pregnant. Those include Brazil, El Salvador, Venezuela. Countries


across Latin America where people have heard this advice and it has


really created a climate of fear and desperation amongst the population.


You think it's led to panic, women deciding abortion is the only way


forward even though they know it's illegal?


I think it has. The evidence that we have comes from nonprofit,


non-governmental organisations who provide abortions that would be


available to women within the main health care systems in their


countries. But we also think that the tip of the iceberg because in


order to get an abortion via that route, women have to be able to


access the Internet and that information. Thou be an awful lot of


these women who can't do that, and they are likely to be jetting to


even more desperate measures to procure terminations of pregnancy.


-- driven to even more. Tell us about the website. You would


need to have Internet access, but what is it that's being offered?


It is a tele- medicine abortion service where women make contact


with a health professional in a different country, he was able to


assess their health needs and their suitability for a medical abortion.


There may obtain drugs from the website, or from a local source


that's reliable. Then they terminate the pregnancy at home with online


support. It's a very safe way of curing abortion where it's not


available within the regular health care setting. Our fear is that it's


not available to the vast majority of women in the affected region who


may need such services. I suppose the overall problem here


is that we are hearing from the government and experts like


yourself, but we don't get to hear from the women who may find that


they are pregnant and facing this awful dilemma about whether to go


ahead with it or not. Absolutely, that is one of our real


drivers in trying to find a way to do this study. It was to give those


women a voice. The international response to Zika has elements of


vaccination and containment, but without the voice of the women who


are actually experiencing this reality at the moment, we can't


formulate responsible and a reliable health policy.


24 joining us. He's one of the best known


journalists in Russia, Dmitry Kiselyov, who presents


Russian state TV's has given a rare interview


to the BBC. In it, he hits back at his critics -


and levels accusations He's been speaking to our Moscow


correspondent, Steve Rosenberg. He's one of the most


controversial presenters Dmitry Kiselyov anchors a show


called News Of The Week. It's usually bad news about the West


and good news about Russia - Its job is to spread Moscow's


message to the world. Critics call him the Kremlin's


Chief Propagandist. In the words of Mr Kiselyov,


Vladimir Putin works for the good of his country


from morning till night. And he pointed out that Russia


is capable of turning America You said today, which was


interesting, that the era of mutual So, you're saying that


the BBC is not neautal? What about your journalism,


is that neautral? Dmitry Kiselyov is the only Russian


journalist on the EU sanctions list against Moscow, for being


a central figure of Russian He says that an attack on freedom


of speech and it hasn't changed his approach


to reporting the news. The American Presidential hopeful,


Donald Trump, arrives in Scotland on Friday not to meet political


leaders, but to reopen Police and security teams


in Ayrshire are preparing for It comes after more than half


a million people signed an online petition calling for Mr Trump


to be banned from the UK. Our Scotland Correspondent,


Lorna Gordon, is at the Donald Trump likes being


the centre of attention. His visits here have


never been low-key. Is it good to be back


in Scotland again? And while Donald has


always enjoyed publicity, his rhetoric has ramped up


since he launched his Security is already tight


at Turnberry, and hundreds of demonstrators are expected


here tomorrow to protest comments Mr Trump's made about Muslims


and Hispanics during his campaign. Controversial as he is,


many locals welcomed the money he's pumped into this golfing resort


and the hundreds of jobs it brings. I doubt if there is a single


political view that Mr Trump have But he has invested in this


constituency and those Mexican flags are flying


in Scotland in protest But this is unlikely to favoured


politician who's never shied away from confrontation during the race


to reach the White House. There's been torrential rain,


swamps of mud, and hours and hours of traffic -


but nothing stops determined revellers


from getting to Glastonbury. With this massive open air festival


officially kicking off in Somerset on Friday we got the latest


from the BBC's Lizo Mzimbo, There are generally two words


that people associate The former doesn't start


until tomorrow, but there's been plenty of the latter over the past


few days there have been downpours on the site and that did cause a lot


of traffic chaos and congestion for people trying to come


onto the Glastonbury site. People reported being in queues


of traffic for up to 12 hours. But now that they're on,


people seem to be There was still mod,


but the thing about this festival is that people tend to come prepared


for all weather types. People aren't rushing around


in between the stages to see the act And a lot of people do come


for these two days before the festival music kicks off


so they can enjoy the atmosphere. Their stalls, there's also the craft


activities going on. People say that that is part


of what makes this the most popular and successful festival of its kind


anywhere in the world. The music continues Friday,


Saturday and Sunday. The likes of Coldplay, Muse,


and of course the biggest artist in the world right now,


Adele. A court in Los Angeles has


on Thursday ruled that the veteran British rock band Led Zeppelin


were not guilty of plagiarism with their classic song


"Stairway to Heaven". They'd been accused of copying


an instrumental track by a little-known American


band called Spirit. But giving evidence to a court


in Los Angeles, the surviving members of Led Zep said


they couldn't remember having heard the song before


they composed their own. Their lawyer argued the music


is actually a descending chromatic chord progression,


which has been used by musicians But for now from me and the rest


of the team, goodbye. Good evening to you. The second


round of lightning storms and downpours darted a little while ago


across the south and south-east. Here is the satellite picture from


earlier on, this is where the storms originated in northern France.


Crossing the Channel Islands


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