19/10/2016 World News Today


19/10/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Chris Rogers.

:00:00.:00:07.

Mission to Mars - scientists send a space probe to the Red Planet.

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But they're still waiting to hear whether it's touched

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This was the scene at mission control as the mothership went

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into orbit around the planet - but a tiny robot probe dispatched

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to the surface has yet to make contact.

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Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump meet in Las Vegas in just a few

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hours' time for their third and final presidential TV debate.

:00:35.:00:39.

Thousands of Iraqi refugees from around Mosul on the move.

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As the fight to retake the city intensifies, we'll have a report

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We've been coming under heavy fire driving up this road. We had to

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reverse rapidly. The vehicle got stuck.

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We talk to the man who's letter to the terrorists moved

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and he coped with grief by writing more.

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Scientist believe they have successfully put a new satellite

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into orbit around Mars, and soon they'll learn

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whether they've also landed a small craft on the planet's surface.

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In a joint mission with Russia, the European Space Agency is testing

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out a new landing system ahead of a bigger venture in four years'

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The probe has travelled more than 300 million miles on a journey

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When it entered Mars' atmosphere, it was travelling

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That's nearly 21,000 kilometres an hour.

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Our Science Editor, David Shukman, filed this report

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Nervous times in mission control. Flight engineers wondering why the

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signal from their spacecraft suddenly stopped a minute before

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landing. We expected it to continue. Clearly, it did not stop what they

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had managed to get an orbiting spacecraft to so-called Mars, but

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the lander is key. The tantalising question is whether the great

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canyons and craters scarring the surface of Mars might not be as

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barren as they look. So this mission is testing new ways

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of getting there. An animation shows how the lander

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is ejected from an orbiter. A heat shield to cope

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with the Martian atmosphere. The parachute deploying

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at just the right time, With the final drop

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onto the surface. This is a replica of the lander,

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it's about the same size. It looks like something out

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of Doctor Who, but it is designed to pave the way to a new

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understanding of Mars. A lot can be learned by orbiting

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Mars. But the key to the search

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for life is landing. It's the door to future exploration,

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if the door to getting people And if you want to search for signs

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of life and find them physically, you've got to get down

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to the surface and do it. The plan is to follow today's

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mission with a robotic rover It's possible there used to be life

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on Mars and maybe there still is. All this is very poignant

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for British science. Remember the Beagle II

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spacecraft and its charismatic His mission to Mars

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in 2003 didn't work. He died two years ago,

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but his legacy lives on. For us, I think we've got a great

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sense of pride that actually the legacy dad left behind is not

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necessarily Beagle 2-macro Amir instruments and technology, but the

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fact that he was so inspirational to the people currently involved in

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these missions. The big puzzle is whether we are

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alone in the universe. And each mission to Mars takes us

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closer to the answer. Our Science Correspondent

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Pallab Ghosh joins us now Celebrations, but not quite out of

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the woods yet? Not out of the woods because we don't know what's

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happened to the lander. I have to say at the moment it's not looking

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good for a successful landing. We've had 2-macro separate methods to try

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and confirm that it landed safely. Neither have confirmed that. Were

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expecting another tranche of data in about an hour's time. We'll have a

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clearer idea of what happened. With me to talk through what might or

:05:11.:05:20.

might not happened is a scientist. Can you tell me where we are with

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the lander? We lost transmission about a minute before it landed. Did

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it landed successfully, or did it crash land? As you said, we don't

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know yet precisely. What happened was that when the lander enters the

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atmosphere, it sends out a signal which was monitored by a radio Ray

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in India. The signal was weak. This was an experimental test to see

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whether we can do that. That indeed was where we lost the transition at

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some point. It was unclear whether it was just a weak signal. We now

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have had the same signal transmitted to us by our Mars express orbiter

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and the data is inconclusive. So we just don't know. We will know when

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we have contact with another American spacecraft. We are seeing

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celebrations of the successful insertion of the orbiter. But you're

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saying that the results from the Mars express orbiter, the stronger

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signal, was inconclusive. What do you mean by that? The signal, you

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have certain expectations of what you want to see. But we do this is

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the first time. We may simply not be understanding the data properly and

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that's why we really have too wait of the signal by the American

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orbiter. You're hoping that you'll even find out what it landed

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successfully. If it hasn't, it really isn't looking good? If we

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don't get a signal from the lander then the lander is not functioning

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properly. But let's be positive, we still have some time and also the

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orbiter works apparently very nicely. Thank you very much. So

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still an anxious wait. We'll have more for you in an hour or so. In

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the meantime, everyone here is firmly crossing their fingers. Back

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to use. So are we. We want to report some good news in an hour. Thank you

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for that. If the first two were anything to go

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by, this last US presidential debate between Donald Trump

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and Hillary Clinton will see yet With three weeks to go,

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the final head to head encounter in Las Vegas in a few hours' time

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is an opportunity for Donald Trump to reverse the recent losses

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he's had in the polls. The BBC poll of polls currently

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gives Hillary Clinton Here's our North America

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Editor, Jon Sopel. This is a city where you can win big

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and invariably, lose even bigger. Most things that Donald Trump has

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touched have turned to gold. But in this presidential race,

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he has started to fall behind. And whisper it quietly,

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he might end up the loser. So tonight, in the final debate,

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Donald Trump like never Does he gamble on a scorched earth

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policy in an attempt to drag Or does he try to look presidential,

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calm and measured, and put his chips Hi, my name is Maria,

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I'm a volunteer at the Nevada And this is where Hillary Clinton

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is better resourced I was calling to see

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if we still have your support More field offices, more staff,

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and in South Nevada alone, they have registered more

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than 150,000 more Democratic voters than the Trump

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campaign have Republicans. The next three weeks

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will yield more conversations with voters around the country,

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more knocking on doors, more phone calls, more volunteers

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getting out the vote. And really the excitement

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of the electorate, who are continuing to tune in more

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and more every day. This is one of Donald Trump's

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only offices in Nevada. His campaign team never

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returned our calls. But we caught up with his supporters

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downtown as they waited They may not have infrastructure,

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but they have a mass Every time I've gone

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to any type of rally, They're showing up because

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there is a round game. He is not getting a fair shake,

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and that is why I'm here. He is going to change our country,

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he is going to do really Moments after that, Donald Trump's

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convoy swept into the hotel. He needs a small miracle tonight

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to turn things round. But Nevada is full of people

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convinced their luck We can all have a lot of fun with

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the cliches around it being held in Las Vegas, the place where people

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gamble. We heard a reporter say there is big winners and big losers.

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But actually, this is really serious. Mr Trump has really got to

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try and turn things around night. Yes, he really does. This is his

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last chance to try to turn around his campaign. His last opportunity

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to be on a national stage speaking to millions of voters across the

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country. Not just those of his supporters who show up at his

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rallies, but millions of Americans who will be tuning into this debate

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tonight. We don't expect that the number of people tuning in will be

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as high as in the first debate, which set a record with 84 million

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people. But still there is a lot at stake. And for Hillary Clinton, this

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is an opportunity to try to close the deal. Donald Trump has had a

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rough ten days, but she has also had to battle back against all these

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e-mails that are coming out. E-mails that were hacked from her campaign

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manager's account that shows some of the inner workings of the campaign.

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If she weren't running against someone like Donald Trump, who has

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had his own troubles, she would be having a harder time as well in this

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portion of the election cycle. But she is, on average, nine points

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ahead in most polls. She is crucially ahead in battle ground

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states, even making inroads in traditionally Republican states like

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Arizona. For her tonight it is about closing the deal and putting forward

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a positive vision, not just telling people not to vote for Trump.

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Briefly, how much should we read into these polls? We know there are

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undecided voters. We also know there are possibly silent Trump voters as

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well he won't want to admit that they are putting the Donald Trump.

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That is the big unknown. Of course, the Clinton campaign will be looking

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closely at that. Donald Trump says that he has a lot of enthusiasm on

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his site. That he will bring out a lot of new voters to the polls as

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well. But his allegations that the system is rigged, that the election

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is rigged, is also risking to depress voter turnout which is a

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problem for both candidates. Kim, you are in for an interesting night

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tonight. Much more from youth rugby next two hours no doubt in Las

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Vegas. -- much more from you throughout the

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next 2-macro hours. You can see the third Presidential

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debate live from Las Vegas There's also plenty of campaign

:12:55.:12:57.

analysis on our website. One article looks at whether a US

:12:58.:13:00.

election could be rigged Thousands have escaped the city

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and surrounding area, since a major Iraqi offensive

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against so called Islamic State militants got under way

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three days ago. And the numbers are only

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going to increase - with the UN preparing for,

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what they fear could be the biggest man-made humanitarian

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crisis in recent times Our correspondent Jonathan Beale has

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been with an Iraqi rapid reaction unit and sent this report

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from near the town of Qayyarah. There was a brief pause and a chance

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to regroup before the Iraqi army Around 70 villages still have

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to be cleared before We travelled with General Abbas

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as he prepared to advance. So-called Islamic State or Daesh

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fighters, had already been spotted. I'm going to put my troops

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to the left side After that the coalition forces

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will attack these guys Our goal is to let

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the citizens be safe. Three suicide truck bombs

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were approaching at speed. They put their foot down,

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taking evasive manoeuvres. Two attackers never

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reached their target. The Iraqi army finished off

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the third. Are you worried about

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truck bombs, the threat I will be ready,

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because they are my men. Reinforcements arrived with reports

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of more Islamic State While some of them were killed,

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most managed to escape. Back on the move, but it wasn't long

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before we were halted in our tracks. There were repeated

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harrying attacks. In one afternoon, they had barely

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moved forward a mile. And the fight is expected to be much

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tougher in Mosul, As we hastily pulled back,

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our Humvee crashed. We have been coming under heavy

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fire, we have been travelling up The vehicle got stuck and we had

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to come running back Our stranded Humvee and a trail

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of destruction suggests this Our correspondent Richard Galpin

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is in the Iraqi army's airbase in Qayarrah itself -

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south of of Mosul. He explained that the Iraqi army is

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making slow but steady progress. What we know is that the Iraqi army,

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this is the operations command here at this base. Obviously a lot of

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troops around here and a lot of equipment, although most have gone

:16:58.:17:01.

up north from the road towards Mosul. We know that the Iraqi army

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had been pushing this offensive. They've been trying to move further

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up those roads towards the city. Certainly one of my colleagues was

:17:10.:17:14.

with one Iraqi army unit there. They came under pretty fierce fire. The

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Islamic State militants were using mortars and rocket as well as

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machine guns. And there was panic at one stage when the soldiers believed

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that three vehicles which have suddenly appeared from a village

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nearby were driving toward them. They assumed that they were suicide

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bombers and panicked and started to run away. Obviously, that will be of

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concern for the Iraqi command if that kind of incident is repeated.

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What the Iraqi army is saying officially is that they are making

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slow, steady progress up the road towards most. Right let's have a

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look at some other news. The UK Government has ruled out

:17:58.:17:59.

using dental checks to verify the age of child migrants

:18:00.:18:01.

arriving from Calais. There is concern that some of those

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entering Britain are adults. A call from the conservative British

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politician David Davies to carry our dental checks

:18:07.:18:08.

to establish their age had been Indonesia's President

:18:09.:18:11.

says his government's new policy of chemically castrating paedophiles

:18:12.:18:19.

could "wipe out" sex crimes. Speaking exclusively to the BBC,

:18:20.:18:21.

Joko Widodo said he respected human rights, but there could be no

:18:22.:18:24.

compromise when it came In the first case of its kind

:18:25.:18:27.

at the International Criminal Court, the former Congolese Vice President

:18:28.:18:34.

Jean-Pierre Bemba has been found guilty of bribing witnesses

:18:35.:18:36.

at his war crimes trial. Judges ruled that Mr Bemba and four

:18:37.:18:40.

of his aides offered money and other inducements to fourteen witnesses

:18:41.:18:44.

and coached them in what to say In Hong Kong pro-Beijing politicians

:18:45.:18:51.

blocked the swearing in of two new lawmakers who want a split

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from China, the latest incident in an increasingly

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divided parliament. It comes as fears grow

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in the semi-autonomous city that Danny Vincent reports -

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and just a warning, there is some Another week, another Hong Kong

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swearing in ceremony. Last week, three lawmakers both to the

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government were rejected. Today was their second chance to pledge their

:19:26.:19:30.

allegiance. -- lawmakers' oath is. Today, instead, chaos ensued. This

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time, a mass walk-out triggering the end of the session. Inside, a mini

:19:37.:19:38.

parliament was paralysed. The one who should apologise to the

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whole of Hong Kong should be the pro-Beijing campus. Because they're

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the ones who are be -- who are betraying Hong Kong. Last week, the

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activists used the swearing in ceremony at the state-run protests.

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Today, a protest against the would-be lawmakers. TRANSLATION:

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They can't be our legislators because they are the running dogs of

:20:22.:20:27.

Japan. We are China. The way they called China is an insult to China

:20:28.:20:31.

and the people living in Hong Kong. It is an insult to the 1.3 billion

:20:32.:20:37.

Hong Kong people. Hong Kong is moving into new political territory.

:20:38.:20:42.

Some want more independence from the Beijing government. Others see

:20:43.:20:45.

China's rise as an opportunity for Hong Kong. They really have gone too

:20:46.:20:53.

far. They owe us an apology. I think they provoke a lot of Hong Kong

:20:54.:21:00.

people and also they are simply provoking Chinese people. They do

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owe us an apology. Fournel, Hong Kong is in the middle of a political

:21:10.:21:14.

deadlock. Two weeks, two suspensions of the council and the future of two

:21:15.:21:17.

political activist hangs in the balance.

:21:18.:21:20.

300 years ago, the first Russian Orthodox church

:21:21.:21:22.

This week, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church,

:21:23.:21:27.

Patriarch Kirill, travelled to the UK to mark the anniversary.

:21:28.:21:30.

He is a controversial figure and a strong supporter

:21:31.:21:32.

of President Putin -calling his tenure a "miracle of god".

:21:33.:21:34.

While in the UK, he'll be meeting Queen Elizabeth.

:21:35.:22:53.

It's almost a year since the world watched in horror

:22:54.:22:55.

In the aftermath, the words of one man seemed to capture

:22:56.:23:00.

His wife, Helene, died in the Bataclan theatre.

:23:01.:23:07.

His letter, addressed to the attackers, titled

:23:08.:23:14.

You Will Not Have My Hate was viewed by tens

:23:15.:23:16.

He discussed his new book and the impact of that letter

:23:17.:23:20.

with our Europe Correspondent - Damian Grammaticas.

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On Friday night you stole away the life of an exceptional being.

:23:24.:23:26.

The love of my life, the mother of my son.

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I do not know who you are and I don't want to know.

:23:29.:23:35.

Today, Antoine Leiris remains defiant, dignified,

:23:36.:23:45.

For me it is the only way to not fall in craziness.

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Yes, sometimes it's difficult, sometimes hate comes and knocks

:23:54.:24:04.

on my door and says hey, I'm there, and simple,

:24:05.:24:07.

You can go with me, it will be easier for you.

:24:08.:24:15.

But I just let her out of our house and yes, I think it was

:24:16.:24:18.

How he dealt with the loss of his wife Helene at the Bataclan.

:24:19.:24:34.

When you close a dead person's eyes, you give them back a little

:24:35.:24:37.

She looks like the woman I watched wake-up each morning.

:24:38.:24:43.

I want to lie next to her languorous body, warm her up, tell her she's

:24:44.:24:48.

It was like the walls of my room when I was alone were

:24:49.:24:54.

And I was like suffocating, but writing was an open door

:24:55.:25:04.

So writing has been Antoine's escape.

:25:05.:25:08.

A way to keep alive his connection with his wife.

:25:09.:25:12.

He buried Helene here in Montmartre and while he bears no hatred

:25:13.:25:16.

towards her killers, there is one thing Antoine has

:25:17.:25:18.

Because it's a connection to your wife?

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Because it's a testimony, like even a physical

:25:37.:25:38.

You felt it inside you, very strongly.

:25:39.:25:42.

If the testimony of how I loved Helene.

:25:43.:25:54.

That's all from the programme. Next, the weather.

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That's all from the programme. Next, the weather.

:26:02.:26:07.

There is a slow evolution in the weather pattern at the moment,

:26:08.:26:11.

rather than radical

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