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This is BBC World News Today with me, Chris Rogers.
Mission to Mars - scientists send a space probe to the Red Planet.
But they're still waiting to hear whether it's touched
This was the scene at mission control as the mothership went
into orbit around the planet - but a tiny robot probe dispatched
to the surface has yet to make contact.
Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump meet in Las Vegas in just a few
hours' time for their third and final presidential TV debate.
Thousands of Iraqi refugees from around Mosul on the move.
As the fight to retake the city intensifies, we'll have a report
We've been coming under heavy fire driving up this road. We had to
reverse rapidly. The vehicle got stuck.
We talk to the man who's letter to the terrorists moved
and he coped with grief by writing more.
Scientist believe they have successfully put a new satellite
into orbit around Mars, and soon they'll learn
whether they've also landed a small craft on the planet's surface.
In a joint mission with Russia, the European Space Agency is testing
out a new landing system ahead of a bigger venture in four years'
The probe has travelled more than 300 million miles on a journey
When it entered Mars' atmosphere, it was travelling
That's nearly 21,000 kilometres an hour.
Our Science Editor, David Shukman, filed this report
Nervous times in mission control. Flight engineers wondering why the
signal from their spacecraft suddenly stopped a minute before
landing. We expected it to continue. Clearly, it did not stop what they
had managed to get an orbiting spacecraft to so-called Mars, but
the lander is key. The tantalising question is whether the great
canyons and craters scarring the surface of Mars might not be as
barren as they look. So this mission is testing new ways
of getting there. An animation shows how the lander
is ejected from an orbiter. A heat shield to cope
with the Martian atmosphere. The parachute deploying
at just the right time, With the final drop
onto the surface. This is a replica of the lander,
it's about the same size. It looks like something out
of Doctor Who, but it is designed to pave the way to a new
understanding of Mars. A lot can be learned by orbiting
Mars. But the key to the search
for life is landing. It's the door to future exploration,
if the door to getting people And if you want to search for signs
of life and find them physically, you've got to get down
to the surface and do it. The plan is to follow today's
mission with a robotic rover It's possible there used to be life
on Mars and maybe there still is. All this is very poignant
for British science. Remember the Beagle II
spacecraft and its charismatic His mission to Mars
in 2003 didn't work. He died two years ago,
but his legacy lives on. For us, I think we've got a great
sense of pride that actually the legacy dad left behind is not
necessarily Beagle 2-macro Amir instruments and technology, but the
fact that he was so inspirational to the people currently involved in
these missions. The big puzzle is whether we are
alone in the universe. And each mission to Mars takes us
closer to the answer. Our Science Correspondent
Pallab Ghosh joins us now Celebrations, but not quite out of
the woods yet? Not out of the woods because we don't know what's
happened to the lander. I have to say at the moment it's not looking
good for a successful landing. We've had 2-macro separate methods to try
and confirm that it landed safely. Neither have confirmed that. Were
expecting another tranche of data in about an hour's time. We'll have a
clearer idea of what happened. With me to talk through what might or
might not happened is a scientist. Can you tell me where we are with
the lander? We lost transmission about a minute before it landed. Did
it landed successfully, or did it crash land? As you said, we don't
know yet precisely. What happened was that when the lander enters the
atmosphere, it sends out a signal which was monitored by a radio Ray
in India. The signal was weak. This was an experimental test to see
whether we can do that. That indeed was where we lost the transition at
some point. It was unclear whether it was just a weak signal. We now
have had the same signal transmitted to us by our Mars express orbiter
and the data is inconclusive. So we just don't know. We will know when
we have contact with another American spacecraft. We are seeing
celebrations of the successful insertion of the orbiter. But you're
saying that the results from the Mars express orbiter, the stronger
signal, was inconclusive. What do you mean by that? The signal, you
have certain expectations of what you want to see. But we do this is
the first time. We may simply not be understanding the data properly and
that's why we really have too wait of the signal by the American
orbiter. You're hoping that you'll even find out what it landed
successfully. If it hasn't, it really isn't looking good? If we
don't get a signal from the lander then the lander is not functioning
properly. But let's be positive, we still have some time and also the
orbiter works apparently very nicely. Thank you very much. So
still an anxious wait. We'll have more for you in an hour or so. In
the meantime, everyone here is firmly crossing their fingers. Back
to use. So are we. We want to report some good news in an hour. Thank you
for that. If the first two were anything to go
by, this last US presidential debate between Donald Trump
and Hillary Clinton will see yet With three weeks to go,
the final head to head encounter in Las Vegas in a few hours' time
is an opportunity for Donald Trump to reverse the recent losses
he's had in the polls. The BBC poll of polls currently
gives Hillary Clinton Here's our North America
Editor, Jon Sopel. This is a city where you can win big
and invariably, lose even bigger. Most things that Donald Trump has
touched have turned to gold. But in this presidential race,
he has started to fall behind. And whisper it quietly,
he might end up the loser. So tonight, in the final debate,
Donald Trump like never Does he gamble on a scorched earth
policy in an attempt to drag Or does he try to look presidential,
calm and measured, and put his chips Hi, my name is Maria,
I'm a volunteer at the Nevada And this is where Hillary Clinton
is better resourced I was calling to see
if we still have your support More field offices, more staff,
and in South Nevada alone, they have registered more
than 150,000 more Democratic voters than the Trump
campaign have Republicans. The next three weeks
will yield more conversations with voters around the country,
more knocking on doors, more phone calls, more volunteers
getting out the vote. And really the excitement
of the electorate, who are continuing to tune in more
and more every day. This is one of Donald Trump's
only offices in Nevada. His campaign team never
returned our calls. But we caught up with his supporters
downtown as they waited They may not have infrastructure,
but they have a mass Every time I've gone
to any type of rally, They're showing up because
there is a round game. He is not getting a fair shake,
and that is why I'm here. He is going to change our country,
he is going to do really Moments after that, Donald Trump's
convoy swept into the hotel. He needs a small miracle tonight
to turn things round. But Nevada is full of people
convinced their luck We can all have a lot of fun with
the cliches around it being held in Las Vegas, the place where people
gamble. We heard a reporter say there is big winners and big losers.
But actually, this is really serious. Mr Trump has really got to
try and turn things around night. Yes, he really does. This is his
last chance to try to turn around his campaign. His last opportunity
to be on a national stage speaking to millions of voters across the
country. Not just those of his supporters who show up at his
rallies, but millions of Americans who will be tuning into this debate
tonight. We don't expect that the number of people tuning in will be
as high as in the first debate, which set a record with 84 million
people. But still there is a lot at stake. And for Hillary Clinton, this
is an opportunity to try to close the deal. Donald Trump has had a
rough ten days, but she has also had to battle back against all these
e-mails that are coming out. E-mails that were hacked from her campaign
manager's account that shows some of the inner workings of the campaign.
If she weren't running against someone like Donald Trump, who has
had his own troubles, she would be having a harder time as well in this
portion of the election cycle. But she is, on average, nine points
ahead in most polls. She is crucially ahead in battle ground
states, even making inroads in traditionally Republican states like
Arizona. For her tonight it is about closing the deal and putting forward
a positive vision, not just telling people not to vote for Trump.
Briefly, how much should we read into these polls? We know there are
undecided voters. We also know there are possibly silent Trump voters as
well he won't want to admit that they are putting the Donald Trump.
That is the big unknown. Of course, the Clinton campaign will be looking
closely at that. Donald Trump says that he has a lot of enthusiasm on
his site. That he will bring out a lot of new voters to the polls as
well. But his allegations that the system is rigged, that the election
is rigged, is also risking to depress voter turnout which is a
problem for both candidates. Kim, you are in for an interesting night
tonight. Much more from youth rugby next two hours no doubt in Las
Vegas. -- much more from you throughout the
next 2-macro hours. You can see the third Presidential
debate live from Las Vegas There's also plenty of campaign
analysis on our website. One article looks at whether a US
election could be rigged Thousands have escaped the city
and surrounding area, since a major Iraqi offensive
against so called Islamic State militants got under way
three days ago. And the numbers are only
going to increase - with the UN preparing for,
what they fear could be the biggest man-made humanitarian
crisis in recent times Our correspondent Jonathan Beale has
been with an Iraqi rapid reaction unit and sent this report
from near the town of Qayyarah. There was a brief pause and a chance
to regroup before the Iraqi army Around 70 villages still have
to be cleared before We travelled with General Abbas
as he prepared to advance. So-called Islamic State or Daesh
fighters, had already been spotted. I'm going to put my troops
to the left side After that the coalition forces
will attack these guys Our goal is to let
the citizens be safe. Three suicide truck bombs
were approaching at speed. They put their foot down,
taking evasive manoeuvres. Two attackers never
reached their target. The Iraqi army finished off
the third. Are you worried about
truck bombs, the threat I will be ready,
because they are my men. Reinforcements arrived with reports
of more Islamic State While some of them were killed,
most managed to escape. Back on the move, but it wasn't long
before we were halted in our tracks. There were repeated
harrying attacks. In one afternoon, they had barely
moved forward a mile. And the fight is expected to be much
tougher in Mosul, As we hastily pulled back,
our Humvee crashed. We have been coming under heavy
fire, we have been travelling up The vehicle got stuck and we had
to come running back Our stranded Humvee and a trail
of destruction suggests this Our correspondent Richard Galpin
is in the Iraqi army's airbase in Qayarrah itself -
south of of Mosul. He explained that the Iraqi army is
making slow but steady progress. What we know is that the Iraqi army,
this is the operations command here at this base. Obviously a lot of
troops around here and a lot of equipment, although most have gone
up north from the road towards Mosul. We know that the Iraqi army
had been pushing this offensive. They've been trying to move further
up those roads towards the city. Certainly one of my colleagues was
with one Iraqi army unit there. They came under pretty fierce fire. The
Islamic State militants were using mortars and rocket as well as
machine guns. And there was panic at one stage when the soldiers believed
that three vehicles which have suddenly appeared from a village
nearby were driving toward them. They assumed that they were suicide
bombers and panicked and started to run away. Obviously, that will be of
concern for the Iraqi command if that kind of incident is repeated.
What the Iraqi army is saying officially is that they are making
slow, steady progress up the road towards most. Right let's have a
look at some other news. The UK Government has ruled out
using dental checks to verify the age of child migrants
arriving from Calais. There is concern that some of those
entering Britain are adults. A call from the conservative British
politician David Davies to carry our dental checks
to establish their age had been Indonesia's President
says his government's new policy of chemically castrating paedophiles
could "wipe out" sex crimes. Speaking exclusively to the BBC,
Joko Widodo said he respected human rights, but there could be no
compromise when it came In the first case of its kind
at the International Criminal Court, the former Congolese Vice President
Jean-Pierre Bemba has been found guilty of bribing witnesses
at his war crimes trial. Judges ruled that Mr Bemba and four
of his aides offered money and other inducements to fourteen witnesses
and coached them in what to say In Hong Kong pro-Beijing politicians
blocked the swearing in of two new lawmakers who want a split
from China, the latest incident in an increasingly
divided parliament. It comes as fears grow
in the semi-autonomous city that Danny Vincent reports -
and just a warning, there is some Another week, another Hong Kong
swearing in ceremony. Last week, three lawmakers both to the
government were rejected. Today was their second chance to pledge their
allegiance. -- lawmakers' oath is. Today, instead, chaos ensued. This
time, a mass walk-out triggering the end of the session. Inside, a mini
parliament was paralysed. The one who should apologise to the
whole of Hong Kong should be the pro-Beijing campus. Because they're
the ones who are be -- who are betraying Hong Kong. Last week, the
activists used the swearing in ceremony at the state-run protests.
Today, a protest against the would-be lawmakers. TRANSLATION:
They can't be our legislators because they are the running dogs of
Japan. We are China. The way they called China is an insult to China
and the people living in Hong Kong. It is an insult to the 1.3 billion
Hong Kong people. Hong Kong is moving into new political territory.
Some want more independence from the Beijing government. Others see
China's rise as an opportunity for Hong Kong. They really have gone too
far. They owe us an apology. I think they provoke a lot of Hong Kong
people and also they are simply provoking Chinese people. They do
owe us an apology. Fournel, Hong Kong is in the middle of a political
deadlock. Two weeks, two suspensions of the council and the future of two
political activist hangs in the balance.
300 years ago, the first Russian Orthodox church
This week, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church,
Patriarch Kirill, travelled to the UK to mark the anniversary.
He is a controversial figure and a strong supporter
of President Putin -calling his tenure a "miracle of god".
While in the UK, he'll be meeting Queen Elizabeth.
It's almost a year since the world watched in horror
In the aftermath, the words of one man seemed to capture
His wife, Helene, died in the Bataclan theatre.
His letter, addressed to the attackers, titled
You Will Not Have My Hate was viewed by tens
He discussed his new book and the impact of that letter
with our Europe Correspondent - Damian Grammaticas.
On Friday night you stole away the life of an exceptional being.
The love of my life, the mother of my son.
I do not know who you are and I don't want to know.
Today, Antoine Leiris remains defiant, dignified,
For me it is the only way to not fall in craziness.
Yes, sometimes it's difficult, sometimes hate comes and knocks
on my door and says hey, I'm there, and simple,
You can go with me, it will be easier for you.
But I just let her out of our house and yes, I think it was
How he dealt with the loss of his wife Helene at the Bataclan.
When you close a dead person's eyes, you give them back a little
She looks like the woman I watched wake-up each morning.
I want to lie next to her languorous body, warm her up, tell her she's
It was like the walls of my room when I was alone were
And I was like suffocating, but writing was an open door
So writing has been Antoine's escape.
A way to keep alive his connection with his wife.
He buried Helene here in Montmartre and while he bears no hatred
towards her killers, there is one thing Antoine has
Because it's a connection to your wife?
Because it's a testimony, like even a physical
You felt it inside you, very strongly.
If the testimony of how I loved Helene.
That's all from the programme. Next, the weather.
That's all from the programme. Next, the weather.
There is a slow evolution in the weather pattern at the moment,
rather than radical