17/12/2016 World News Today


17/12/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:00.

A political crisis grips Poland over limits on press freedom.

:00:00.:00:13.

In Poland demonstrators block the parliament in the capital.

:00:14.:00:17.

The Prime Minister calls it scandalous.

:00:18.:00:21.

China tells the United States, stop spying around our coast,

:00:22.:00:24.

Thousands of Syrians wait in freezing conditions

:00:25.:00:30.

for a new deal to evacuate eastern Aleppo.

:00:31.:00:35.

And tributes to Henry Heimlich, the man who invented the technique

:00:36.:00:38.

thought to have saved thousands from choking.

:00:39.:00:50.

A political crisis is taking hold in Poland

:00:51.:01:01.

Thousands of people have taken to the streets to show their anger

:01:02.:01:07.

at Government plans to limit media access to parliament.

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Here's the live scene outside parliament in Warsaw.

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Demonstrators, with flags are blocking the entrance

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They say the media freedom is being threatened.

:01:21.:01:30.

In the last couple of hours, Poland's prime

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She says the protests are scandalous.

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The demonstrations have continued into a second day was no sign of it,

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right. -- with no sign of compromise.

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TRANSLATION: I am here because I love Poland, freedom and democracy.

:01:55.:02:00.

I want Scotland to be free and democratic. I will not give back

:02:01.:02:06.

democracy. -- I want Poland to be free and democratic. Opposition MPs

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crisis session to a halt, brandishing signs that said, free

:02:13.:02:18.

media and Parliament. They were protesting against the Government's

:02:19.:02:23.

plan to restrict journalist access to the building.

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TRANSLATION: The journalists will have to sit outside of the

:02:34.:02:37.

parliament. They will not be able to film the MPs. There will just be a

:02:38.:02:42.

few chosen correspondence. It calls into question the future of our

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work. TRANSLATION: Reporters access to the

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parliament Hall will not be limited. What is being practised in many

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parliaments around the world will be practised. Limiting the reporters

:02:58.:03:05.

access to parliaments in either parliaments, including in Europe,

:03:06.:03:12.

are far more far-reaching. Governing lawmakers eventually went to another

:03:13.:03:17.

and continued recession. -- continue their session. Outside, thousands

:03:18.:03:25.

gathered to protest, chanting, we will not give back democracy.

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Protesters later blocked the parliaments's boating entrance.

:03:33.:03:37.

Police officers forcibly removed them. It was called an illegal

:03:38.:03:46.

attempt to seize power. Let's speak to as the Eastern. The Prime

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Minister has been speaking in the last few hours and she is not happy

:03:50.:03:59.

with the protests. She's not. She's particularly not happy with the

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sitting by the other MPs. She called that scandalous. She said that

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essentially the opposition is leading the protesters and sprinting

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polls against one another. -- rating Polish people against one another.

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Promoting conflict in society. Its -- its vertices that they have

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popularity amongst the country but there are some opposition Polish

:04:33.:04:38.

people that seizes particular issue of restricting access to the

:04:39.:04:45.

parliament building as part of the administration's attempt to roll

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back democratic values. They are holding an unprecedented review into

:04:51.:04:55.

the Polish Government's attempt to neuter the top court. They are

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considering whether that will constitute a serious breach of the

:05:02.:05:07.

law. This has been a year of protests on almost a monthly basis.

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That is by the opposition and liberal minded polls. They say that

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they have a very strong mandate to introduce serious reform. They say

:05:23.:05:27.

that they have a lot of support. How unusual is that there has been an

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individual in this loan and that she says that this has been a threat to

:05:33.:05:41.

democracy? Yes, she it to the lack of access to information indignity

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ships. -- in dictatorships. He was in a conference. It is reaffirmed to

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make statements about domestic politics since he's been the

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president of the repealing Council. It is a significant statement.

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Having said that, he is the arch enemy of the head of the governing

:06:06.:06:12.

Law and Justice. He is considered to be the man who wield ultimate power

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in this country. There is no love lost between the stable. It is not

:06:17.:06:21.

surprising that he would make these comments. Thank you very much.

:06:22.:06:24.

China has told the United States to end spying operations

:06:25.:06:26.

near its coastline, in a worsening dispute about an underwater drone.

:06:27.:06:29.

A Chinese naval vessel took the American drone when it was off

:06:30.:06:33.

But The US President-elect, Donald Trump has already pitched in,

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tweeting to say China's actions are unprecedented.

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What happened on Thursday is that China intercepted an unmanned drone

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that the United States survey ship was just about to collect, off the

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coast of the Philippines. It was hundreds of commanders from the

:07:07.:07:11.

Chinese mainland. On Saturday morning, China admitted that they

:07:12.:07:15.

had taken the drawn when the states asked for it to be given back. The

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Ministry of Defence, in China, issued a statement saying that the

:07:22.:07:26.

Americans have been carrying out this activity for some time. They

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don't want any surveillance reconnaissance activities taking

:07:32.:07:36.

place off the Chinese coast. What does this say about US and China

:07:37.:07:41.

relations at the moment? China are testing Donald Trump. Effectively,

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China wants to control the south China Sea. It has great territorial

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claims that. Since the Second World War, America has been the dominant

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paradigm. China is testing American reactions. It is saying that it can

:08:01.:08:08.

intercept and acts on what you are doing if we see fit to do so. They

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are pushing back at Donald Trump, trying to test has reaction. Does

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this have anything to do with the row over Taiwan over the last few

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weeks? Yes, Donald Trump already indicated that when he becomes

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president, she might change the policy with China. They have up

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until now acknowledged that Taiwan is part of China. Donald Trump

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accepted a phone call from the president of Taiwan. That made China

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angry. China is saying that they boards take this lying down. They

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are saying, this is a recording of you and these are our core

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interests. We will push back. -- this is our core area and these are

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our core interests. What are the consequences? It would have serious

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consequences but it is the Chinese Government saying to the United

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States, we have here, we're powerful, we have own interests and

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you'd better be aware of those when you get into power, Donald Trump.

:09:22.:09:25.

Turkey is under attack from terror organisations -

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that's the claim by the country's President

:09:29.:09:30.

This time 13 military personnel died in an explosion

:09:31.:09:34.

which the Government is blaming on Kurdish militants.

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The blast was aimed at a bus in the central city of Kayseri,

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The Prime Minister said a suicide bomber struck the bus carrying

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The latest target in Turkey's wave of terror.

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It was hit this morning as it waited at a traffic light

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a suicide bomber pulling up in a car.

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On board were off duty soldiers, enjoying their weekend leave,

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Some of the wounded were taken to intensive care

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Kayseri, a largely peaceful industrial city

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It is a week since Turkey's last attack.

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Twin bombs in Istanbul that killed 44 and injured dozens,

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Kurdish militants said they were behind those blasts

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and the PKK, again the prime suspects today.

:10:50.:10:51.

President Erdogan referring to them as he blamed the

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Kurdish militants have hit police and military over the year

:10:55.:11:02.

since the ceasefire with the Turkish state broke down.

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So-called Islamic State have bombed Turkey but have tended to strike

:11:05.:11:07.

Arguably the most turbulent year in Turkey's history has

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as Turks ask which corner is really safe from the violence?

:11:14.:11:27.

In neighbouring Syria both the Government and rebels say

:11:28.:11:29.

details are being worked out on a new deal to allow more people

:11:30.:11:32.

Thousands of civilians and fighters are waiting in freezing conditions.

:11:33.:11:36.

The evacuations were suspended on Friday after both

:11:37.:11:39.

sides accused the other of breaching the ceasefire.

:11:40.:11:41.

Here's our correspondent in neighbouring Lebanon Lina Sinjab,

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on what we know about the evacuation.

:11:46.:11:49.

An agreement has been reached between the government

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and the opposition on resuming the evacuation.

:11:52.:11:52.

Of course, the Syrian government has put priority to evacuate

:11:53.:11:55.

loyalists to President Assad from the Shi'ite villages

:11:56.:11:59.

The details are the ones that are difficult in

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The Syrian government made it clear that first,

:12:11.:12:15.

we will evacuate the loyalists to President Assad and then

:12:16.:12:20.

Now, we've learned from the Syrian Observatory For Human Rights that

:12:21.:12:27.

more than 20 buses have actually departed the city of Aleppo.

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But then there were disputes, disagreements on how many people

:12:31.:12:38.

The government wanted 4000, but the Syrian Observatory said

:12:39.:12:43.

the numbers have been dropped to 1500.

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We're still waiting to see the actual evacuation of people

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from Fua and Kefraya, who are not living in conditions

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that are comparable to the residents of Eastern Aleppo,

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And since yesterday, since the evacuation was on hold,

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they've been out in the cold waiting to be evacuated.

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Many children, women, elderly and wounded as well,

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in really difficult conditions, waiting to leave.

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Stay with us on BBC World News, still to come:

:13:21.:13:23.

Thousands gather in Ohio to pay tribute to American

:13:24.:13:25.

space legend John Glenn, who died last week aged 95.

:13:26.:13:39.

After eight months on the run, Saddam Hussein has been captured.

:13:40.:13:46.

Saddam Hussein is finished. He killed our people and our women and

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children. They brought a formal end to three and a half years of

:13:55.:13:58.

conflict. Conflict that has claimed more than 200,000 lives. Before an

:13:59.:14:07.

audience of voltages, the president is put their names to a peace

:14:08.:14:13.

agreement. -- an audience of world leaders. The mania has cut itself

:14:14.:14:19.

off from the outside world. This is in order to prevent the details of

:14:20.:14:30.

the presumed massacre of looking at. The Lewinsky affair has guaranteed

:14:31.:14:37.

Bill Clinton's place in history as only the second president ever to be

:14:38.:14:38.

impeached. In Poland demonstrators block

:14:39.:14:38.

the parliament in the capital. The Prime Minister

:14:39.:14:48.

calls it scandalous. China tells the United States stop

:14:49.:14:50.

spying around our coast Pollution in the Chinese capital,

:14:51.:14:52.

Beijing, has reached ten times the level considered safe

:14:53.:15:01.

by the World Health Organisation. That's on the first day

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of a five-day smog alert which will see traffic restrictions

:15:05.:15:06.

and other measures aimed To give you an idea of the scale

:15:07.:15:08.

of the problem, these are air quality readings taken

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at the top of the American As you can see, pollution

:15:19.:15:21.

there has been building up. They have already reached

:15:22.:15:25.

hazardous levels today. Friday evening in northern China.

:15:26.:15:41.

Police enforce a ban on vehicles, taking half of them off the streets.

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According to an even, odd number plate system. Earlier, factories,

:15:47.:15:52.

schools and construction sites were ordered to close. The measures

:15:53.:16:00.

followed the first modern red alert and will last five days. They have

:16:01.:16:06.

prompted mixed reactions from the distance.

:16:07.:16:12.

TRANSLATION: If the situation is really that bad, it is good to

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implement measures like suspending skill classes and vehicles. It is

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good for the physical and mental public health.

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TRANSLATION: I don't quite agree with Rogic this kind of their too

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often. It brings in a lot of trouble to our daily light. It is difficult

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for people and makes it difficult to make Christmas. -- to make

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arrangements. TRANSLATION: Going out is

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inconvenient. I will just take a rest and not go outside. Some 20

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cities across China are adopting similar measures. Religion is an

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issue of increasing public concern in the world's's second-largest

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economy. Pollution is annexed issue. There is -- pollution is an

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increasing issue. Let's go to import them.

:17:21.:17:20.

Chelsea have stretched their lead at the top of the Premier League

:17:21.:17:23.

to nine points after a one nil victory at Crystal Palace.

:17:24.:17:26.

The result was Chelsea's 11th win in a row under

:17:27.:17:28.

manager Antonio Conte - equalling their club record.

:17:29.:17:30.

Diego Costa got the crucial goal just before half time.

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Chelsea have gone on to win the Premier League every time

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they've been top of the table at Christmas.

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That's what are going to be this year. My players are deserving this.

:17:44.:17:55.

I see them every day every single moment they are committed. The way

:17:56.:18:04.

that we prepare, the way that they fight in every game and its

:18:05.:18:08.

syntactic. I think that we can improve. I am pleased for the fans.

:18:09.:18:14.

It looks like Chelsea's former manager Jose Mourinho is beginning

:18:15.:18:16.

to turn things round at Manchester United.

:18:17.:18:18.

They're now level on points with fifth place Spurs after a 2-nil

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Both goals were scored by former Swedish international

:18:22.:18:26.

When he decided to come to England to the most difficult championship

:18:27.:18:43.

in the world, I think he's proved that he is Superman in his

:18:44.:18:51.

mentality. He is doing fantastic. What he's doing at the age of 35 is

:18:52.:18:59.

a for everyone at 25, every striker of 25 to arrive in the Premier

:19:00.:19:02.

League and impressed and with that he is doing.

:19:03.:19:03.

Elsewhere, there were wins for Middlesbrough, Sunderland

:19:04.:19:05.

and West Ham Leicester came from behind to force a draw at Stoke

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despite having Jamie Vardy sent off midway through the first half.

:19:09.:19:11.

England are still in with a reasonable chance of a consolation

:19:12.:19:14.

They recovered from a poor start to the second day in Chennai

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to reach 477-477 all out - debutante Liam Dawson

:19:22.:19:23.

and Adil Rashid both making half centuries.

:19:24.:19:27.

In reply, India were 60 without loss at the close of play.

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I didn't expect the call up. I was very happy to get it and to do well.

:19:36.:19:46.

66, not out in your first innings, terrific. Tell us about your nerves.

:19:47.:19:51.

May one 20 balls were nervous. I think that is natural. Any player

:19:52.:19:59.

would go through that. After that, you can relax. Thankfully, I got to

:20:00.:20:01.

that point. Rafa Nadal has turned to fellow

:20:02.:20:03.

Mallorcan Carlos Moya in an attempt Moya is also a former world number

:20:04.:20:06.

one and will join team Nadal, Moya will work alongside Rafa's

:20:07.:20:12.

uncle Toni and Francis Roig. The Spaniard withdrew

:20:13.:20:15.

from the French Open and missed But he finished the season

:20:16.:20:17.

ninth in the rankings. Former world champion boxer

:20:18.:20:22.

Bernard Hopkins will enter the ring for what he says will be the last

:20:23.:20:24.

time later today - at the age of 51. The Executioner faces Joe Smith

:20:25.:20:31.

Junior in a light heavyweight bout. Here he is at the weigh-in,

:20:32.:20:34.

not in bad shape for a man who's He holds the record for the oldest

:20:35.:20:39.

man to win a world title - that was when he was 46 and again

:20:40.:20:45.

at 48 in a unification bout. Hopkins made his professional debut

:20:46.:20:51.

in 1988 - before his The fight in Los Angeles

:20:52.:20:54.

will be his 65th. the crash that killed most

:20:55.:20:57.

of his team in Colombia last month says he changed

:20:58.:21:16.

seats at the last minute. Alan Ruschel says a team mate

:21:17.:21:18.

encouraged him to sit beside him. The Chapecoense player

:21:19.:21:21.

is recovering from a back injury but says he hopes

:21:22.:21:23.

to play football again. TRANSLATION: When we arrived in

:21:24.:21:38.

Bolivia, we were going to take the chartered flight. Our football

:21:39.:21:44.

director asked as to move to the front of the plane. I was sitting

:21:45.:21:49.

more to the back and he asked me to move to the front so that the

:21:50.:21:53.

journalists could sit at the back. At the time, I didn't want to move.

:21:54.:21:59.

Then I saw over goalkeeper who insisted I sit next to him. I left

:22:00.:22:05.

the back seat and sat with him. That's what I can remember. A very

:22:06.:22:11.

emotional survivor of the Colombian plane crash.

:22:12.:22:17.

Henry Heimlich, the man who gave his name to a technique

:22:18.:22:20.

he created to save choking victims, has died at the age of 96

:22:21.:22:23.

He came up with the Heimlich manoeuvre in 1974.

:22:24.:22:27.

It's believed to have saved the lives of thousands of choking

:22:28.:22:29.

David Campanale looks back at his life.

:22:30.:22:34.

Doctor Henry J Heimlich. His name will be forever linked with saving

:22:35.:22:43.

lives. Doctor Henry Heimlich, seen here giving a 1970s education videos

:22:44.:22:50.

shown across America at the time, demonstrates the anti-choking

:22:51.:22:53.

techniques that he had recently created. Still effective today, the

:22:54.:22:58.

Heimlich manoeuvre has saved countless lives. The traitor should

:22:59.:23:03.

millions how to do it. He came up with the technique after reading

:23:04.:23:11.

about the amount of people killed by talking on food. -- the inventor

:23:12.:23:18.

showed millions hardwood. He had to do it for the first time in a kiln.

:23:19.:23:24.

She was sitting on a chair and turned around so that her back would

:23:25.:23:33.

be exposed. I put my arms around her and pressed on the abdomen below the

:23:34.:23:45.

rib cage and did three conversions. She just started breeding. --

:23:46.:23:53.

started breathing. This patient was thankful to be alive. The next thing

:23:54.:23:59.

I knew, I couldn't squeeze. When I bought my thank you note, I said,

:24:00.:24:09.

God puts me in that seat next to you so that you could save my life.

:24:10.:24:14.

Anyone can be a key role with the Heimlich manoeuvre. It requires no

:24:15.:24:22.

equipment and only minimal training. She's never had to do it in real

:24:23.:24:26.

life and I think it's amazing that this circumstance happened that he

:24:27.:24:31.

got to perform it. For any artistic should all strive to be able to get

:24:32.:24:36.

up and react and perform a first it never is impressive, but for the guy

:24:37.:24:43.

who invested to do it is incredible. In a statement, the family said that

:24:44.:24:52.

he had saved untold numbers of lives using what they called common sense

:24:53.:24:53.

procedures. A public more real service was held

:24:54.:25:09.

on the campus of Ohio State University for John Glenn. This is

:25:10.:25:15.

the state capital. This is where he toured during the latter part of his

:25:16.:25:19.

life. It can solve two days of public events that commemorated him.

:25:20.:25:23.

He was the first American to orbit Earth. He was described by Nasa as a

:25:24.:25:29.

true American hero. He was also the first senior citizen to venture into

:25:30.:25:30.

safe. The Polish Prime Minister Beata

:25:31.:25:33.

Szydlo has strongly condemned opposition protests against what it

:25:34.:25:37.

says are restrictions on the media. She said people were free

:25:38.:25:40.

to demonstrate, but she called her The opposition is blocking

:25:41.:25:42.

parliament over plans

:25:43.:25:48.

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