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This is BBC World News Today with me, Geeta Guru-Murthy.
The headlines: Relations between Donald Trump
and America's spies under severe strain.
to the intelligence services gives strong backing
and condemns what he calls Russia's "aggressive action".
It's pretty clear about what took place, among Russian involvement and
efforts to hack information and have an impact on American democracy.
of allegations against Mr Trump who reportedly compiled the dossier
has disappeared from his home near London.
Also coming up, Moscow describes a deployment of thousands
of American troops and tanks in Poland
as a threat to their national security.
Not so much a robot - more an "electronic person".
Europe draws up rules for how humans might get along with
their growing band of android cousins.
A week tomorrow, Donald Trump will become
President of the United States.
The febrile countdown to January 20th has seen increasing alarm
and speculation about the exact nature
of Mr Trump's relationship with Russia.
But some of those he has picked for the top jobs
in his administration have been sounding
much more traditionally hawkish.
They continue to regard Russia with a high degree of suspicion.
A week before inauguration day this usually an air of expectancy.
The stage is being set for Donald Trump to take the oath of office.
But the mood is much more feverish and electric.
As allegation swirl that Russia has compromising information
about the President-elect that could make him
Today Trump's choice as CIA Director agreed
the Kremlin tried to interfere with the election.
It is pretty clear about Russian involvement in efforts to hack
information and to have an impact on American democracy.
I'm clear eyed about what that intelligence report says.
And I have every expectation that as we continue to develop
the facts that I will relay those to the president and the team around
him and to you all so we can have a robust discussion
As to the latest allegations in the dossier...
I will pursue the facts wherever they take us.
And the incoming Defense Secretary took aim at Vladimir Putin,
I'm all for engagement, than his new boss.
but we have to recognise reality in what Russia is up to.
There is a decreasing number of areas where we can engage
And an increasing number of areas where we are going to have to
confront Russia. Yesterday the President-elect
rejected the unverified allegations You're fake news.
Go ahead. After speaking last night
to America's director of National Intelligence,
James Clapper, Intelligence chiefs have made no
judgments on the claim. Team Trump is defiant,
saying the allegations are not true. What struck me most in Mr Clapper's
public statement that I'm sure your viewers can access,
is Mr Clapper reemphasising that the intelligence
community gave no credibility Washington is a city used
to intrigue and alleged scandal, but not
on the eve of an inauguration. Barbara Plett usher is in
Washington. What's coming out in the last 24 hours. These new appointees
to the Cabinet, are they genuine about Russia in terms of their
history on the subject, traditional Republican and hawkish, but if there
was a struggle between Donald Trump and his appointees, who wins? Does
the power still reside in the White House? Yes, they have a history of
believing that Russia is one of the key dangers, national security
threats to the United States. General Mattis elaborated on those
views in his speech, that he thought Vladimir Putin was trying to build
up a circle of unstable states around Russia, that he was trying to
attack all week in Nato and that Nato needed to be strongly supported
because of that. It was also said that Russia is a real threat. He
then said today in his speech that it was quite aggressive and needed
to be counted. Those positions are held, they are well known and Mr
Trump knew that when he appointed them. What that means in the
Cabinet, we don't really know. The president will make the main
decisions on policy relations with Russia but he has placed in his
Cabinet people who have quite different views two years. He has a
National Security Adviser who is very pro-Russian. We understand Mr
Trump likes to operate like this in the business world, he likes to have
different competing views around him and he will go with what he feels he
wants to. But this is government and national security, and these are
views strongly held and held by larger constituencies, by
Republicans but many Democrats have these views of Russia as well, so it
is not clear how this will play out. These testimonies are reassuring the
senators who are listening to them. We have the background of the
British spy, former spy, that was involved in this. If these
allegations were true, would any of them affect Donald Trump's ability
to govern? Are they legal or against the American Constitution? How much
do they matter? It is difficult to say. I think the allegation that
concerns people on Capitol Hill is the one that operatives from his
campaign had contacts with the Russians about the cyber attacks on
Hillary Clinton 's and the Democrats' operation. That raises
all sorts of difficulties. That is something that could be quite
damaging. But I don't know. It's quite unprecedented, really, that
this sort of development, right before an inauguration and the
scepticism of the intelligence agencies expressed so far, they say
that they don't know whether this information is reliable. They are
not coming forward and saying what the details would be of these would
be proved to be correct. But certainly, the sort of atmosphere
and the allegations themselves do strengthen a perception around Mr
Trump which has been worrying for many people here.
The former British intelligence officer who is named as the source
of the latest allegations against Mr Trump
Christopher Steele produced a dossier last year which included
the allegations that Mr Trump had been caught
in compromising financial and sexual activities.
The allegations are unproven and the CIA says
it has made no judgment about their credibility.
Here's our security correspondent Gordon Corera
The murky world of intelligence-gathering in Moscow.
A secret dossier of allegations about Trump and Russia.
All written by a former member of MI6.
This is Christopher Steele,
used to a low profile but now at the centre of controversy.
He is supposed to have told neighbours to look after
his cats and he is said to be lying low, fearing for his safety.
What do we know about Christopher Steele?
In the nineties he worked for MI6 in Moscow.
He founded a private intelligence company called Orbis.
Last year he was commissioned by Trump's
opponents to look into Russian connections.
He came up with 35 pages of allegations.
There is no sign of Chris Steele. He is a man with contacts in Moscow.
But so far there has been no confirmation that the
extraordinary allegations he dug up there are definitely true.
Thanks to his past as a spy, Steele is unlikely to have
been able to travel to Moscow himself
and will have relied on intermediaries
Moscow's a difficult place to work in.
The ruckses have a habit, of secrecy and deception.
The other complicating factor is money.
If you're going to give somebody money to tell you
something, there is a strong possibility they will tell you
Alexander Litvinenko, a former Russian agent
who fled to London, investigated powerful
figures in Moscow and was killed
It is alleged, on the orders of the Kremlin. His widow told me that such
allegations carry risks. I believe it is dangerous,
particularly after the death of my husband, because when you just
approach specific information, particularly when this
information very close might be in this line and you just
easily might be killed. The Russian dossier
was not written But American spies have briefed
its outlines to man it is about, Its author never expected
to be in the spotlight. But in the atmosphere
of American politics secrets are no longer
The attitude of the President-elect to the Nato alliance will be watched
around the world. Especially if he departs from current US policy.
Thousands of American troops, tanks, and armoured vehicles
in the biggest such operation Nato's eastern frontier
by the US since the end of the Cold War.
These American military reinforcements in Europe are part
of President Barack Obama's response to reassure Nato allies
who are concerned about a more aggressive Russia.
Within the next few days, our soldiers will be showcasing their
lethal abilities as they begin to train on the bygone ranges. To
arrive at this point so swiftly as proof that, when we work as a team,
not only within the ranks of our tireless US Army but also as allied
nations, a team of teams, no challenges to to overcome, no
distance is too far to cross when the need arises.
Russia has called the presence of American tanks and troops
in Poland as a threat to national security.
The Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson described
TRANSLATION: It is always the goal of these efforts of hasty deployment
of military assets in Europe is an attempt of the outgoing Obama
Administration to complicate as much as possible the bilateral relations
and make the new American administration a hostage of
continuous to put it mildly unfriendly policy towards Russia.
Now a look at some of the day's other news.
Shares in the Italian-American car-maker, Fiat Chrysler,
fell by over 15% after the US authorities said
They said Fiat Chrysler used software that allowed
excess diesel emissions in over 100,000 vehicles.
The company's boss has denied the allegations,
The first aircraft Iran has bought directly from a western manufacturer
The arrival of the Airbus plane is being seen as symbolic
of Iran's emergence from decades of economic
isolation, after economic sanctions were lifted.
There's been a call in the British Parliament
for a suspension of the sale of UK-made weapons to Saudi Arabia.
The chairman of the Committees on Arms Export Controls said
the sales should stop until the UN can investigate alleged breaches
of humanitarian law by Saudi forces in the war in Yemen.
from Donald Trump's press conference yesterday.
It was his first in several months,
and the first since he became president-elect.
He had an exchange with CNN correspondent and would not allow
him to ask a question. Go ahead, not you, not you, your organisation
is... Can I just asked the question, so? Go-ahead. Don't be rude. Don't
be rude. Can you give us a question? You're not getting a question. You
are fake news. Donald Trump in that press conference yesterday.
Someone who's covered a few presidencies in his time,
and seen more than a few press conferences, is the White House
correspondent for the National Journal, George Condon.
He joins me now from our Washington studio.
What did you make of yesterday, first of all Which? That was a great
start. It is going to be a wonderful relationship. We have a lot of work
to do. How damaging and incredible is it, really, that Donald Trump is
taking on established broadcasters, for example? It is not knew that a
president or President-elect doesn't like his coverage. That goes back to
George Washington. But there is a personal element to it this time,
and a lack of institutional knowledge of how the system is
supposed to work that makes it particularly troubling. In terms of
the way that covering the White House works, there is a White House
court, a lobby group, is that going to happen under the Trump leadership
because that has all -- always been about the close scrutiny of the
president. We have what the House correspondents Association and
former than 100 years we have been the group that deals with the White
House on press relations. Can a president totally ignore us and try
to crack down? Sure. He's a president. But the presidents who
have tried that have all, without exception, come to regret it.
Whether they think that all they need is Twitter and 140 characters
to communicate American policy, they soon discover that they do need what
has been called the dishonest establishment. Is it true that there
has been some unhealthy collaboration? In many countries,
those at the top of journalism, politics and business, where people
outside might think that, actually, that system should be smashed apart.
The people who say that frankly don't have the faintest idea what
they are talking about. Our system is built on the foundation that you
question government, you question power, and the people who do that
questioning day in and day out, 24 hours a day is the press corps that
follows the president, that knows the policy. That doesn't mean you
cant have other questioners and other communication devices. Every
president looked for different ways of doing it. But you still need that
questioning. You cannot do away with the daily press briefing, for
example and vigour that you are too powerful to be questioned. That is
not the American system. -- and figure that you are to par four.
Killer whales and humans are two of only three species
Now, a 40-year study of a population of orcas is helping researchers
understand why any species, including us, might have evolved
to stop having babies at a certain point in life.
Here's our science reporter, Victoria Gill.
These researchers have been documenting
the lives of killer whales here for four decades.
Their findings have revealed new insight into something we humans
share with a mammal so very different from us.
Orcas and humans are two of only three mammals on the planet
which stop reproducing part way through our lives.
This 40 year study of killer whales has already
shown grandmothers play a crucial role, leading the pod
Scientists have now used this unique dataset, which has
recorded births and deaths in every orca family here,
here, to prove that when
grandmothers stop having babies of their own, their daughter's
offspring have a significantly higher chance of survival.
The benefits of grandmothering are not enough
to explain why human menopause has evolved.
It's only when you consider the conflict and
competition in the family group you can understand
and explain why menopause has evolved.
Avoiding this so-called reproductive conflict between
the generations seems to give the babies the best possible chance.
It would be really interesting to see just how
That is something which could finally
explain the evolutionary story of human menopause.
Like us, these highly intelligent, now endangered animals,
have close family bonds and this long observation of killer whale
society could change our perspective on our own.
The European Parliament has raised the issue
of whether to give robots legal status as "electronic persons".
Some of them take inspiration and robots should interact.
from the science fiction writer Isaac Asimov.
Today's report says that robots could eventually
become so intelligent, that they could challenge
humanity's capacity to be in charge of its own destiny.
Jennifer Neville is Associate Professor of Computer Science
and Statistics at Purdue University and joins me live from Indiana.
Thank you for joining us. Goodness knows what it must be like to think
of a robot that is much smarter than humans. What are the challenges that
people are worried about? To focus on robots is a little narrower at
this point. We should be focused on general, autonomous AI systems that
are being rolled out in a great aspect of our lives right now, from
how we read information online to treatments developed for us when we
go to the doctor, and things like that. There are two primary concern
is that people are concerned about, fairness and safety. From a fairness
perspective, what that means is we want these systems to treat
everybody equally and fairly, but the systems themselves learn from
data in the world of algorithms and human bias is reflected in that
data, so what is on online and on Twitter is not always the truth and
reflects individual buyers. If you look at data about arrest and
sentencing that owns in judicial systems, that is going to reflect
the inherent bias of police officers, judges and lawyers in the
system, and so, when the systems are trained on data that has bias in it,
it's inevitable that that buyers will show up in the systems later on
and to be able to adjust for that's algorithmically, to ensure that the
systems make the kind of decisions we would like them to, is a really
important concern right now in the research. The ideal of electronic
persons, we've heard about people having robots in the home and
everything in the home being electronic and feeding data back
into bigger systems, so what is it that people are most concerned
about? Can you give as practical examples? Is an example, you could
think of a personal assistant with AI, not an actual robot but
something like Siri or an online system that is gathering information
and presenting it to you to read everyday. We have already seen the
impact that fake news can have on our political process, so one
concern would be if a system is deciding what information to give
you in order to help improve your life, the system could also be
guiding the information that you see in that system to make you behave in
ways that it wants to. So, if the AI system taking over the world could
do it much more suddenly just by propaganda... We're out of time.
Thank you so much for filling us in. The romantic musical comedy
La La Land has already won seven Golden Globe awards
and 11 Bafta nominations. Our Arts editor Will Gompertz has
spoken to the film's writer # Are you
shining just for me? Welcome to La La Land,
the Hollywood musical starring Anna Stone and Ryan Gosling
which looks like it's going to sing It is a genre of
film-making which its 31-year-old director
thinks is unfairly derided I don't think musicals
are this outdated thing They're also not just a purely
fantastical thing that people I think musicals can
say a greal deal about real life and human
emotions and humanity # Here's to the ones who dream
And the need for dreams. From a writer and a director's point
of view, what can you do any song
that you can't do in a script? I think of a song in a musical
as a reflection of It is feelings that can't be
described in dialogue It is feelings that
need the outlet of a song. We had about a 3-4 month rehearsal
period of Prep where everyday Ryan and Emma were in dance lessons,
singing lessons, piano lessons. I think it's also kind of fun,
if you're going to work with movie stars, put them outside
their comfort zone, Damien Chisell is not yet
32 but already being lauded and applauded
for his talents, he is a young director
living La La Land's dream. That's all from the team here for
now. Goodbye. Good evening. Lots of very
unpleasant weather around, around the country. A wash-out in the south
with some of their brain now turning to snow. The risk of ice in many
parts of the UK. Further snow showers expected