12/01/2017 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Geeta Guru-Murthy.


The headlines: Relations between Donald Trump


and America's spies under severe strain.


to the intelligence services gives strong backing


and condemns what he calls Russia's "aggressive action".


It's pretty clear about what took place, among Russian involvement and


efforts to hack information and have an impact on American democracy.


of allegations against Mr Trump who reportedly compiled the dossier


has disappeared from his home near London.


Also coming up, Moscow describes a deployment of thousands


of American troops and tanks in Poland


as a threat to their national security.


Not so much a robot - more an "electronic person".


Europe draws up rules for how humans might get along with


their growing band of android cousins.


A week tomorrow, Donald Trump will become


President of the United States.


The febrile countdown to January 20th has seen increasing alarm


and speculation about the exact nature


of Mr Trump's relationship with Russia.


But some of those he has picked for the top jobs


in his administration have been sounding


much more traditionally hawkish.


They continue to regard Russia with a high degree of suspicion.


A week before inauguration day this usually an air of expectancy.


The stage is being set for Donald Trump to take the oath of office.


But the mood is much more feverish and electric.


As allegation swirl that Russia has compromising information


about the President-elect that could make him


Today Trump's choice as CIA Director agreed


the Kremlin tried to interfere with the election.


It is pretty clear about Russian involvement in efforts to hack


information and to have an impact on American democracy.


I'm clear eyed about what that intelligence report says.


And I have every expectation that as we continue to develop


the facts that I will relay those to the president and the team around


him and to you all so we can have a robust discussion


As to the latest allegations in the dossier...


I will pursue the facts wherever they take us.


And the incoming Defense Secretary took aim at Vladimir Putin,


I'm all for engagement, than his new boss.


but we have to recognise reality in what Russia is up to.


There is a decreasing number of areas where we can engage


And an increasing number of areas where we are going to have to


confront Russia. Yesterday the President-elect


rejected the unverified allegations You're fake news.


Go ahead. After speaking last night


to America's director of National Intelligence,


James Clapper, Intelligence chiefs have made no


judgments on the claim. Team Trump is defiant,


saying the allegations are not true. What struck me most in Mr Clapper's


public statement that I'm sure your viewers can access,


is Mr Clapper reemphasising that the intelligence


community gave no credibility Washington is a city used


to intrigue and alleged scandal, but not


on the eve of an inauguration. Barbara Plett usher is in


Washington. What's coming out in the last 24 hours. These new appointees


to the Cabinet, are they genuine about Russia in terms of their


history on the subject, traditional Republican and hawkish, but if there


was a struggle between Donald Trump and his appointees, who wins? Does


the power still reside in the White House? Yes, they have a history of


believing that Russia is one of the key dangers, national security


threats to the United States. General Mattis elaborated on those


views in his speech, that he thought Vladimir Putin was trying to build


up a circle of unstable states around Russia, that he was trying to


attack all week in Nato and that Nato needed to be strongly supported


because of that. It was also said that Russia is a real threat. He


then said today in his speech that it was quite aggressive and needed


to be counted. Those positions are held, they are well known and Mr


Trump knew that when he appointed them. What that means in the


Cabinet, we don't really know. The president will make the main


decisions on policy relations with Russia but he has placed in his


Cabinet people who have quite different views two years. He has a


National Security Adviser who is very pro-Russian. We understand Mr


Trump likes to operate like this in the business world, he likes to have


different competing views around him and he will go with what he feels he


wants to. But this is government and national security, and these are


views strongly held and held by larger constituencies, by


Republicans but many Democrats have these views of Russia as well, so it


is not clear how this will play out. These testimonies are reassuring the


senators who are listening to them. We have the background of the


British spy, former spy, that was involved in this. If these


allegations were true, would any of them affect Donald Trump's ability


to govern? Are they legal or against the American Constitution? How much


do they matter? It is difficult to say. I think the allegation that


concerns people on Capitol Hill is the one that operatives from his


campaign had contacts with the Russians about the cyber attacks on


Hillary Clinton 's and the Democrats' operation. That raises


all sorts of difficulties. That is something that could be quite


damaging. But I don't know. It's quite unprecedented, really, that


this sort of development, right before an inauguration and the


scepticism of the intelligence agencies expressed so far, they say


that they don't know whether this information is reliable. They are


not coming forward and saying what the details would be of these would


be proved to be correct. But certainly, the sort of atmosphere


and the allegations themselves do strengthen a perception around Mr


Trump which has been worrying for many people here.


The former British intelligence officer who is named as the source


of the latest allegations against Mr Trump


Christopher Steele produced a dossier last year which included


the allegations that Mr Trump had been caught


in compromising financial and sexual activities.


The allegations are unproven and the CIA says


it has made no judgment about their credibility.


Here's our security correspondent Gordon Corera


The murky world of intelligence-gathering in Moscow.


A secret dossier of allegations about Trump and Russia.


All written by a former member of MI6.


This is Christopher Steele,


used to a low profile but now at the centre of controversy.


He is supposed to have told neighbours to look after


his cats and he is said to be lying low, fearing for his safety.


What do we know about Christopher Steele?


In the nineties he worked for MI6 in Moscow.


He founded a private intelligence company called Orbis.


Last year he was commissioned by Trump's


opponents to look into Russian connections.


He came up with 35 pages of allegations.


There is no sign of Chris Steele. He is a man with contacts in Moscow.


But so far there has been no confirmation that the


extraordinary allegations he dug up there are definitely true.


Thanks to his past as a spy, Steele is unlikely to have


been able to travel to Moscow himself


and will have relied on intermediaries


Moscow's a difficult place to work in.


The ruckses have a habit, of secrecy and deception.


The other complicating factor is money.


If you're going to give somebody money to tell you


something, there is a strong possibility they will tell you


Alexander Litvinenko, a former Russian agent


who fled to London, investigated powerful


figures in Moscow and was killed


It is alleged, on the orders of the Kremlin. His widow told me that such


allegations carry risks. I believe it is dangerous,


particularly after the death of my husband, because when you just


approach specific information, particularly when this


information very close might be in this line and you just


easily might be killed. The Russian dossier


was not written But American spies have briefed


its outlines to man it is about, Its author never expected


to be in the spotlight. But in the atmosphere


of American politics secrets are no longer


The attitude of the President-elect to the Nato alliance will be watched


around the world. Especially if he departs from current US policy.


Thousands of American troops, tanks, and armoured vehicles


in the biggest such operation Nato's eastern frontier


by the US since the end of the Cold War.


These American military reinforcements in Europe are part


of President Barack Obama's response to reassure Nato allies


who are concerned about a more aggressive Russia.


Within the next few days, our soldiers will be showcasing their


lethal abilities as they begin to train on the bygone ranges. To


arrive at this point so swiftly as proof that, when we work as a team,


not only within the ranks of our tireless US Army but also as allied


nations, a team of teams, no challenges to to overcome, no


distance is too far to cross when the need arises.


Russia has called the presence of American tanks and troops


in Poland as a threat to national security.


The Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson described


TRANSLATION: It is always the goal of these efforts of hasty deployment


of military assets in Europe is an attempt of the outgoing Obama


Administration to complicate as much as possible the bilateral relations


and make the new American administration a hostage of


continuous to put it mildly unfriendly policy towards Russia.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


Shares in the Italian-American car-maker, Fiat Chrysler,


fell by over 15% after the US authorities said


They said Fiat Chrysler used software that allowed


excess diesel emissions in over 100,000 vehicles.


The company's boss has denied the allegations,


The first aircraft Iran has bought directly from a western manufacturer


The arrival of the Airbus plane is being seen as symbolic


of Iran's emergence from decades of economic


isolation, after economic sanctions were lifted.


There's been a call in the British Parliament


for a suspension of the sale of UK-made weapons to Saudi Arabia.


The chairman of the Committees on Arms Export Controls said


the sales should stop until the UN can investigate alleged breaches


of humanitarian law by Saudi forces in the war in Yemen.


from Donald Trump's press conference yesterday.


It was his first in several months,


and the first since he became president-elect.


He had an exchange with CNN correspondent and would not allow


him to ask a question. Go ahead, not you, not you, your organisation


is... Can I just asked the question, so? Go-ahead. Don't be rude. Don't


be rude. Can you give us a question? You're not getting a question. You


are fake news. Donald Trump in that press conference yesterday.


Someone who's covered a few presidencies in his time,


and seen more than a few press conferences, is the White House


correspondent for the National Journal, George Condon.


He joins me now from our Washington studio.


What did you make of yesterday, first of all Which? That was a great


start. It is going to be a wonderful relationship. We have a lot of work


to do. How damaging and incredible is it, really, that Donald Trump is


taking on established broadcasters, for example? It is not knew that a


president or President-elect doesn't like his coverage. That goes back to


George Washington. But there is a personal element to it this time,


and a lack of institutional knowledge of how the system is


supposed to work that makes it particularly troubling. In terms of


the way that covering the White House works, there is a White House


court, a lobby group, is that going to happen under the Trump leadership


because that has all -- always been about the close scrutiny of the


president. We have what the House correspondents Association and


former than 100 years we have been the group that deals with the White


House on press relations. Can a president totally ignore us and try


to crack down? Sure. He's a president. But the presidents who


have tried that have all, without exception, come to regret it.


Whether they think that all they need is Twitter and 140 characters


to communicate American policy, they soon discover that they do need what


has been called the dishonest establishment. Is it true that there


has been some unhealthy collaboration? In many countries,


those at the top of journalism, politics and business, where people


outside might think that, actually, that system should be smashed apart.


The people who say that frankly don't have the faintest idea what


they are talking about. Our system is built on the foundation that you


question government, you question power, and the people who do that


questioning day in and day out, 24 hours a day is the press corps that


follows the president, that knows the policy. That doesn't mean you


cant have other questioners and other communication devices. Every


president looked for different ways of doing it. But you still need that


questioning. You cannot do away with the daily press briefing, for


example and vigour that you are too powerful to be questioned. That is


not the American system. -- and figure that you are to par four.


Killer whales and humans are two of only three species


Now, a 40-year study of a population of orcas is helping researchers


understand why any species, including us, might have evolved


to stop having babies at a certain point in life.


Here's our science reporter, Victoria Gill.


These researchers have been documenting


the lives of killer whales here for four decades.


Their findings have revealed new insight into something we humans


share with a mammal so very different from us.


Orcas and humans are two of only three mammals on the planet


which stop reproducing part way through our lives.


This 40 year study of killer whales has already


shown grandmothers play a crucial role, leading the pod


Scientists have now used this unique dataset, which has


recorded births and deaths in every orca family here,


here, to prove that when


grandmothers stop having babies of their own, their daughter's


offspring have a significantly higher chance of survival.


The benefits of grandmothering are not enough


to explain why human menopause has evolved.


It's only when you consider the conflict and


competition in the family group you can understand


and explain why menopause has evolved.


Avoiding this so-called reproductive conflict between


the generations seems to give the babies the best possible chance.


It would be really interesting to see just how


That is something which could finally


explain the evolutionary story of human menopause.


Like us, these highly intelligent, now endangered animals,


have close family bonds and this long observation of killer whale


society could change our perspective on our own.


The European Parliament has raised the issue


of whether to give robots legal status as "electronic persons".


Some of them take inspiration and robots should interact.


from the science fiction writer Isaac Asimov.


Today's report says that robots could eventually


become so intelligent, that they could challenge


humanity's capacity to be in charge of its own destiny.


Jennifer Neville is Associate Professor of Computer Science


and Statistics at Purdue University and joins me live from Indiana.


Thank you for joining us. Goodness knows what it must be like to think


of a robot that is much smarter than humans. What are the challenges that


people are worried about? To focus on robots is a little narrower at


this point. We should be focused on general, autonomous AI systems that


are being rolled out in a great aspect of our lives right now, from


how we read information online to treatments developed for us when we


go to the doctor, and things like that. There are two primary concern


is that people are concerned about, fairness and safety. From a fairness


perspective, what that means is we want these systems to treat


everybody equally and fairly, but the systems themselves learn from


data in the world of algorithms and human bias is reflected in that


data, so what is on online and on Twitter is not always the truth and


reflects individual buyers. If you look at data about arrest and


sentencing that owns in judicial systems, that is going to reflect


the inherent bias of police officers, judges and lawyers in the


system, and so, when the systems are trained on data that has bias in it,


it's inevitable that that buyers will show up in the systems later on


and to be able to adjust for that's algorithmically, to ensure that the


systems make the kind of decisions we would like them to, is a really


important concern right now in the research. The ideal of electronic


persons, we've heard about people having robots in the home and


everything in the home being electronic and feeding data back


into bigger systems, so what is it that people are most concerned


about? Can you give as practical examples? Is an example, you could


think of a personal assistant with AI, not an actual robot but


something like Siri or an online system that is gathering information


and presenting it to you to read everyday. We have already seen the


impact that fake news can have on our political process, so one


concern would be if a system is deciding what information to give


you in order to help improve your life, the system could also be


guiding the information that you see in that system to make you behave in


ways that it wants to. So, if the AI system taking over the world could


do it much more suddenly just by propaganda... We're out of time.


Thank you so much for filling us in. The romantic musical comedy


La La Land has already won seven Golden Globe awards


and 11 Bafta nominations. Our Arts editor Will Gompertz has


spoken to the film's writer # Are you


shining just for me? Welcome to La La Land,


the Hollywood musical starring Anna Stone and Ryan Gosling


which looks like it's going to sing It is a genre of


film-making which its 31-year-old director


thinks is unfairly derided I don't think musicals


are this outdated thing They're also not just a purely


fantastical thing that people I think musicals can


say a greal deal about real life and human


emotions and humanity # Here's to the ones who dream


And the need for dreams. From a writer and a director's point


of view, what can you do any song


that you can't do in a script? I think of a song in a musical


as a reflection of It is feelings that can't be


described in dialogue It is feelings that


need the outlet of a song. We had about a 3-4 month rehearsal


period of Prep where everyday Ryan and Emma were in dance lessons,


singing lessons, piano lessons. I think it's also kind of fun,


if you're going to work with movie stars, put them outside


their comfort zone, Damien Chisell is not yet


32 but already being lauded and applauded


for his talents, he is a young director


living La La Land's dream. That's all from the team here for


now. Goodbye. Good evening. Lots of very


unpleasant weather around, around the country. A wash-out in the south


with some of their brain now turning to snow. The risk of ice in many


parts of the UK. Further snow showers expected


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