01/09/2017 World News Today


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Kenya's Supreme Court has declared the results of last


President Kenyatta says he respects the ruling,


even though it means re-running the entire vote.


I personally disagree with the ruling that has been made today. But


I respect it. As nearly 40,000 Rohingya Muslims


flee Myanmar in the space of a week, the UN calls for restraint


from Burma's military. The worst floods in decades


bring misery to tens TRANSLATION: I've lost everything. I


had a cow and a goat. They were both killed. My house is totally broken


and I'm just left here sitting by the side of the road!


And the grainy images which show a close shave for planet Earth,


as the biggest asteroid for a century passes


Hello and welcome to World News Today.


Kenya's opposition leader, Raila Odinga, has described


the country's Electoral Commission as "rotten" after the Supreme Court


declared last month's presidential poll "null and void"


Fresh elections must be held within 60 days.


After the verdict there were celebrations in


Mr Odinga's hometown, as well as other opposition areas.


President Kenyatta said he disagreed with the court's ruling,


Celebrating a new lease of life, veteran politician Raila Odinga


gets one more chance to run for president.


A last-minute decision to challenge the result


of the presidential election paid off.


The presidential election held on the 8th of August 2017 was not


conducted in accordance with the constitution,


under the applicable law, rendering the declared results


Outside the court, celebrations erupted among opposition supporters.


It's now back to the drawing board for presidential candidates.


I disagree with it because, as I have said, millions of Kenyans


And six people have decided that they will go


The judges, however, found no evidence of misconduct


The judges did not limit themselves to what happened on election day


Rather, they looked at the electoral process in its totality,


from voter registration to civic education, as well as


the campaigning and the procurement of electoral materials.


So, in a sense, this judgment sets a strong precedent for election


disputes globally and a high threshold for the


The court directed the Electoral Commission to organise a fresh


election but the opposition says it has no confidence in


And therefore we are going to ask for prosecution of all


the Electoral Commission officers who have caused this monstrous crime


The Constitution states that a new election must be


For now, though, opposition supporters across the country


are basking in the glory of the court victory.


One of the big questions is where does this leave the international


observers who said they saw no sign of anyone manipulating the count. We


will be live from Nairobi to answer that question in a few minutes's


time. The plight of Myanmar's Rohingya


minority risks becoming a humanitarian catastrophe,


according to UN Secretary He is urging the country's security


forces to exercise restraint and says he is concerned by reports


of what he called "excesses during security operations"


in Rakhine state. According to the UN,


nearly 40,000 refugees from Myanmar's Rohingya minority


have crossed into neighbouring They're fleeing fighting


between Rohingya insurgents Here's the BBC's South East Asia


correspondent, Jonathan Head. This is the Naf River,


dividing Bangladesh from Myanmar. It's two days ago, and people


are swarming across wading, This dramatic exodus of ethnic


Rohingyas continuing even now speaks of a terrible conflict


on the other side. Inside Rakhine state,


Rohingyas are watching and recording from a safe distance the destruction


of village after village. It's a scorched earth campaign


by Myanmar's security forces as they wipe out the communities


which they believe harbour Rohingya militants who, last week,


launched a series of armed attacks Bangladesh doesn't want


them but the Rohingyas A stream of humanity, all telling


the same terrible stories. Of homes burnt, husbands shot dead


and of flight on foot to the border. But where the river is widest,


some of the boats floundered. The death toll in six days


of violence right across northern Rakhine state can only


be guessed at. Years of repression


and discrimination have led to this. Public sentiment inside Myanmar


towards the Rohingyas is almost Now a new generation of militants


have armed themselves and attacked the Myanmar security forces


in multiple locations. And the civilian population


is feeling the backlash. Over the river, the smoke


from wrecked communities sends an ominous warning that this


conflict isn't over, Let's take a look at some of


the other stories making the news. The speaker of the US House


of Representatives has urged president Trump not to scrap


a programme that protects young undocumented migrants,


known as dreamers, from deportation. Republican Paul Ryan


said Mr Trump should let Police in north-west


England say the former national football captain,


Wayne Rooney, has been They say the Everton striker


was stopped in his Volkswagen Beetle He's been freed on bail and will


appear at Stockport Magistrates' Last month, Rooney announced his


retirement from the England European football's governing body


Uefa has put the French club Paris Saint-Germain under formal


investigation in connection with the signing of Neymar


from Barcelona for a world In a statement, Uefa said


the investigation would focus on the requirement that


teams broadly break even. The full impact of the devastating


floods across South Asia is now Heavy rains at this time


of year are not unusual, but the monsoon in India,


Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh Millions of people have been


forced from their homes. A third of Bangladesh


is still under water. The BBC's Justin Rowlatt reports


from Bihar in northern India. Those least able to cope


are the hardest hit by the floods. Budhia Devi says her


life has been ruined. My house is totally broken


and I'm just left sitting The people here are subsistence


farmers, some of the poorest The floodwaters have


begun to drain back. Only to reveal the wreckage


of homes and of lives. More than 500 people have died just


in this one Indian state, 17 million affected,


and now there are new concerns - houses, schools, roads -


they all need to be rebuilt and then of course there is


the danger of disease. Filthy water, hot weather,


and the lack of basic sanitation can People remained in water


three days, four days. Their homes were


submerged in the water. They remained in the water but due


to water-borne dieases, they were drinking contaminated


water, so it's a huge risk. And this is a snapshot from just one


tiny part of a catastrophe that is unfolding across much


of South Asia. The region floods every year,


but this is different. Exceptional rains have


brought devastation right across the foothills


of the Himalayas, from Bangladesh in the east, across India and Nepal,


all the way to the West coast The death toll from the collapse


of a single building in the Indian financial capital,


Mumbai, rose to 33 today. Police suspect it was weakened


by the torrential rains. And 16 people have died


in flash floods in Karachi, Eid, one of the holiest dates


in the Muslim calendar, is tomorrow. It is typically one of the busiest


periods for the city as families More rain is forecast


across the region. President Trump is expected to ask


Congress for almost $6 billion to help people affected


by Storm Harvey in Texas. The latest pictures show


the devastation to flooded areas The total cost of repairing


the damage, and compensating residents whose homes have been


flooded, is estimated In Houston, Texas, and beyond,


there is little sign After more than four feet of rain


in less than a week, it could be days before the water


levels fully recede. Thousands of people have now been


rescued from their homes, grabbing what they can carry


and getting out. Overnight, the storm moved


on to Tennessee, bringing more I was walking in the grass


and I was walking, and I stepped down, and something just


swept me up under. My head was hit, I seen


light up under there, and I came out and I tried to grab


a tree, and it's And I grabbed onto another tree,


and I asked the Lord to help me, and I just started pulling myself up


out of there. The Vice-President, Mike Pence,


flew into Texas to see This is a key moment


for the embattled and historically We are here today, we will be


here tomorrow, and we will be here every day until this city


and this state and this region rebuild bigger


and better than ever before. But this level of devastation


is going to take vast Later today, the White House


is expected to ask Congress for an initial $5.9 billion


in emergency funding. But the authorities in Texas alone


say the state might eventually need People here are


vulnerable and in need. Recovery and rebuilding is going


to take months, if not years. Britain's Chief Brexit


negotiator David Davis, says he's a "determined optimist"


about the country's future His comments on a visit


to Washington, come after Trade Secretary,


Liam Fox, accused the EU, of trying to "blackmail" Britain,


into accepting a Brexit divorce bill, as the price for


beginning trade talks. Here's our political


correspondent Eleanor Garnier. The Prime Minister,


showing how it's done. At a meeting with the Emperor


of Japan, a lesson But it seems her Trade Secretary


hadn't got the memo. Speaking in Japan, he accused the EU


of bullying the UK into agreeing a Brexit divorce bill before it


will start negotiating any We can't be blackmailed into paying


a price on the first part. We think that we should begin


discussions on the final settlement, The outcome of this week's


negotiations in Brussels revealed that money remains a key sticking


point in the talks. It's clear the UK doesn't feel


legally obliged to honour Nobody will pretend it was anything


but a tough exchange this week. But I think the British taxpayer


would expect nothing less. It's no surprise there


is a bit of rough-and-tumble It's significant Liam Fox didn't


repeat the word blackmail when asked A moment perhaps when frustration


got the better of him. But it's certainly not


a phrase you can expect Fresh from his talks in Brussels,


the Brexit Secretary gave a speech to business leaders


in Washington today. He tried to laugh away his


colleague's controversial comments. I never comment on other ministers'


views on these things. Look, we are in a difficult, tough,


complicated negotiation. I have said from the beginning


that it will be turbulent. What we're having at the moment


is the first ripple. And there will be many more


ripples along the way. Critics here claim Liam Fox's talk


of blackmail will only This is sabre-rattling


from a Trade Secretary who is twiddling his thumbs


because he cannot do anything until the trade position of the UK


has been resolved with the EU. The Prime Minister rounded


off her trip cheering on the GB But when it comes to Brexit,


the government is still searching for some big points and will be


hoping for more Eleanor Garnier, BBC


News, Westminster. Drinking too much alcohol causes 3.3


million people to die every year. That's roughly 6% of all deaths,


according to the World In many developed countries it's


so bad that it's considered With this in mind, more and more


people are choosing to give up alcohol, either temporarily


or for good. Katie Silver has been speaking


to some of them and hearing about the programme that's helping


them stick to it. This might look like a typical catch


up of women over cocktails, It is because these women


are all going alcohol free. I was a binge drink,


so it wouldn't be that I wanted to drink every night,


but when I did, I was like a different


person when I was tricky. If I went for a weekend


away, it was 30 pints They signed up to a programme


called a one-year no beer. It is the brainchild


of Rory Fairbanks. Hypothetically, I signed up


to the 90 day challenge. And then we start sending


you daily e-mails. Inside is a little snippet


of the science which links you back to the site where we have broken


things down into sprints. This is a wider explanation


about the science behind what you're doing to rewire your brain,


and a video which is proven People pay to sign up


to the programme and the challenges you to go 30 or 90 days


without alcohol, with the help of a Facebook group and a daily


newsletter as support. He set it up when he realised


alcohol was causing I was probably drunk two times


per week on average. It wasn't that acceptable any more


to be hungover or coming home He aims to change the peer pressure


around giving up drinking and to give you tactics


for being in the pub. Stealth drinks are great,


you tip the barman, put a bit of nonalcoholic beer with lemonade


into a pint glass and nobody knows. Doctors say while such a programme


is unlikely to help people with severe alcohol dependency,


it could help those at risk of developing


an addiction later in life. I think that the studies


and the programme is really good for people that have hazardous


drinking, who are drinking excessively, but not


necessarily harmfully, who are on a slippery slope


and will eventually become maybe the dependent drinkers


in the future. If you have somebody


in their 30s, that can For these women, getting off alcohol


is already providing many rewards. Everything I want to


do, I can go and do. And that's something we can


all raise a mocktail to. Let's get more now on our top story,


the annulment of the Presidential The court's ruling is being seen


as a setback for the international election observers who had praised


the election as free and fair. Opposition leader Raila Odinga has


called for investigations into their conduct, saying


they had "sanitised fraud". Earlier, the head of the EU's


Observer Mission responded Well, I can only speak


from my own EU election observation mission, which is very


independent, impartial. We have a very rigid methodology


that we have followed. And in our preliminary statement,


we have pointed to irregularities. We've always encouraged


the competent Kenyan authorities to deal with them,


encouraged all parties who wanted to challenge


the results to go to court. And, so, we've been clear


that our work is ongoing. My team was in the courtroom until


this morning to hear the ruling, to look at the proceedings,


to see how it went. I suppose Odinga must feel


vindicated while there are big questions about the judgment, the


verdict of the international observers. That's right. That is why


his party has been celebrating because they didn't actually expect


this victory. And their strategy in court was to challenge the process


rather than the results. So the Electoral Commission offered to


provide the documents upon which they relied, but that was an offer


that was rejected by the petitioner, the opposition coalition in this


case. This is an interesting judgment in the sense that it looks


at the process and whether the law was followed in that process rather


than whether the result, the end result, was credible and whether


Kenyatta actually won. When he was announced winner, the Electoral


Commission said he had more than eight points 2 million votes against


Rail Odinga six million. People saw that as a decisive lead so they


didn't expect the court would allow that result. And some observers,


some analysts are saying this is in a roundabout way a rather proud


moment for Kenya, that the debate around the election and the outcome


was had in court, in a calm way and not on the streets, not leading to


the sort of bloodshed we saw previously when there was a


controversial and close election. That's right. It is a big plus for


the court, especially. They have asserted their independence and


shown that they can actually make certain unprecedented decisions. We


have been talking to some lawyers and they say that across the


Commonwealth, the judges generally exercise restraint when making such


judgments but this one, they strictly followed the law. OK, many


thanks indeed. An astronomer has captured images


of the biggest asteroid to pass close to Earth in more


than a century. Asteroid 3122 Florence,


which can be seen here crossing the background stars,


came within seven million kilometres The space rock measures five


kilometres across and is the most substantial since the first


near-Earth asteroid I'm joined now by Professor Alan


Fitzsimmons an Astronomer I'm delighted we can speak, how


close shave was this? In cosmic terms, it is our back garden, but in


absolute terms, and this is as good as a mile, and although this is


relatively close to us, it isn't going to come this close again until


2500 A.D. Is so we are happy to sit back and watch chipped go past and


perform observations of it to help us understand the nature of these


asteroids. Would anyone have been able to actually see this without


specialist equipment? It isn't bright enough to see by the unaided


eye. But it has been followed tonight and tomorrow night by, to


astronomers using just small backyard telescopes, so even large


pairs of binoculars, because this is a very large near Earth asteroids.


We found 16,000 of these so far in the surveys of our solar system. And


while many of them are relatively small, this is kind of a big beast.


It's over two miles across. Because it is so large, that makes it


relatively bright when it passes close to so it makes it relatively


easy to see. The asteroid is called Florence. Why Florence? When an


asteroid has its orbit around the sun well as this one has done for


many years or many decades, astronomers number it in the


catalogues and are allowed to give it a name and this one is named


after Florence Nightingale. It is kind of strange, actually, having an


asteroid named after one of the most famous people in medical history in


the UK. And it is foreign astroid, of course, that could one day in


thousands or tens of thousands of years' time hit us, causing much


devastation. What a sobering thought end on. Professor, thank you very


much indeed. Don't forget you can get


in touch with me and some of the team on Twitter,


I'm @BenMBland. This is BBC World News, thank you


for watching. We have a weekend of two halves


coming up, and here's Y. High-pressure holding on for the


start of the weekend. Here it is, this finger


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