02/09/2017 World News Today


02/09/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News Today. I'm Alpa Patel - Our top stories:

:00:00.:00:09.

Flooding across South Asia is affecting more

:00:10.:00:11.

Our correspondent has been to Bihar, one of the worst-hit

:00:12.:00:15.

The water was above his head and came washing through here. You can

:00:16.:00:32.

see that it is absolutely terrible, the mud left behind.

:00:33.:00:37.

President Trump has made another visit the Houston Texans to talk to

:00:38.:00:42.

some of the flood victims. The UN says nearly 60,000

:00:43.:00:47.

Rohingya Muslims have fled into Bangladesh from Myanmar

:00:48.:00:49.

in the past week - bringing So many people were killed. They set

:00:50.:00:57.

fire to everything. I just ran. They were shooting at us. I got hit.

:00:58.:01:02.

There were some people whose throat was slashed with knives.

:01:03.:01:05.

A master class in the wet - as Lewis Hamilton becomes the record

:01:06.:01:09.

Hello and welcome to World News Today.

:01:10.:01:26.

Aid agencies say around 45 million people across South Asia are now

:01:27.:01:31.

affected by catastrophic flooding. More than 1400 people

:01:32.:01:33.

are known to have died is warning that the floodwaters

:01:34.:01:35.

are becoming a breeding ground for deadly diseases -

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including malaria. The aid agency says many remote

:01:40.:01:41.

communities are completely cut off - are now sleeping on roadsides

:01:42.:01:44.

and in makeshift shelters in India, The BBC's Justin Rowlatt,

:01:45.:01:56.

sent this report from Bihar Where we're going can

:01:57.:01:59.

only be reached by boat. The only dry place for miles around

:02:00.:02:12.

is on top of this great embankment, but the embankment that now protects

:02:13.:02:15.

the villagers is the reason the floods had such

:02:16.:02:18.

a catastrophic impact. The torrential rains transformed

:02:19.:02:25.

the normally placid river, So what happened, the embankment

:02:26.:02:27.

holding back the river breached and the water came crashing in here,

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sweeping away half the village, devastating their homes,

:02:31.:02:33.

devastating their lives. TRANSLATION: It felt

:02:34.:02:46.

like we were hit by an ocean of water, I just ran for my life,

:02:47.:02:49.

taking my children with me. This man showed me what the floods

:02:50.:02:52.

had done to his home. So, he said the whole place

:02:53.:03:07.

was flooded with water. The water was above his head

:03:08.:03:22.

and came washing through here. You can see, it's just left

:03:23.:03:24.

absolutely terrible mud behind. So, he says for three

:03:25.:03:27.

days they had no food at all and then some people

:03:28.:03:29.

came, bringing food. He said there wasn't enough room

:03:30.:03:31.

to stay on the embankment so he had to bring his family down here,

:03:32.:03:44.

including his three-year-old child. It is Eid today, one

:03:45.:03:46.

of the great festivals of Islam. Like most of the village,

:03:47.:03:50.

this family is Muslim. For the first time since

:03:51.:03:52.

the catastrophe they are having meat, but there was little

:03:53.:03:54.

appetite for celebration. Tens of thousands of communities

:03:55.:03:59.

across South Asia have similar stories of horror

:04:00.:04:01.

and destruction to tell. The only good news here, is that

:04:02.:04:08.

everyone in this village survived. Well Justin Forsyth is from Unicef -

:04:09.:04:11.

he outlined the challenges Well, we have over 45 million people

:04:12.:04:21.

affected by these floods, and 16 million children in dire need

:04:22.:04:31.

of humanitarian aid. The biggest need is to make

:04:32.:04:35.

sure that the waterborne But we also need to be aware that

:04:36.:04:38.

many of the people in these areas, in remote areas of India and Nepal,

:04:39.:04:49.

Bangladesh, our farmers and they've So we have to look at nutritional

:04:50.:04:52.

needs as well, particularly for very I mean, this part of the world has

:04:53.:04:59.

monsoons every year. These monsoons are the worst ones

:05:00.:05:02.

that we have seen for decades It's going to get worse before it

:05:03.:05:05.

gets better by the end of October. Already, 45 million people

:05:06.:05:12.

are severely affected. In India, we know the Indian

:05:13.:05:13.

military has a strong But Nepal, for example,

:05:14.:05:19.

is still recovering after the earthquake,

:05:20.:05:26.

in Bangladesh a third I've been out in some of these

:05:27.:05:27.

remote areas in Bihar Communities are resilient,

:05:28.:05:33.

but they've been knocked sideways This is about eight times the scale

:05:34.:05:36.

of Harvey in America. We've seen the terrible shots

:05:37.:05:43.

and pictures, I live here in the US and it has really moved all of us,

:05:44.:05:46.

the scale of that. But this is much, much bigger,

:05:47.:05:52.

with with weaker capabilities. So it is going to take a big effort

:05:53.:05:57.

to make sure we meet the basic needs of millions andmillions of children

:05:58.:06:01.

and their families. And on the subject of Harvey -

:06:02.:06:03.

President Trump and his wife Melania It's their second visit

:06:04.:06:08.

to Texas in a week. They have been spending the day

:06:09.:06:12.

speaking to survivors and also meeting some of the emergency

:06:13.:06:15.

workers helping with the rescue Here's a little of what

:06:16.:06:18.

the President had to say Really, I think people

:06:19.:06:21.

appreciate what's been done. It's been done very

:06:22.:06:31.

efficiently, very well, We are very happy with the way

:06:32.:06:33.

everything has gone. As tough as this was,

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it's been a wonderful thing. I think even for the country to

:06:37.:06:47.

watch, and for the world to watch. I'm going to be doing

:06:48.:06:50.

a little help over here. Mr Trump mentioned he was about to

:06:51.:07:06.

start helping. And here he is serving meals at a shelter. During

:07:07.:07:12.

his first visit to Texas on Tuesday, this week come he came in for some

:07:13.:07:15.

criticism when he only met officials. Our correspondent is in

:07:16.:07:20.

Houston and gave us more details about the President's second visit.

:07:21.:07:22.

When he came at the beginning of the week he didn't come

:07:23.:07:25.

to Houston, he went to a different part of Texas, because then

:07:26.:07:28.

Houston was underwater, in the midst of this great

:07:29.:07:30.

emergency, he didn't want to disrupt that.

:07:31.:07:32.

Now that the waters have receded, he is here to visit survivors,

:07:33.:07:35.

He stopped at an evacuation or relief centre.

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He visited parents and children in a play area.

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He went to the food line, he handed out some food.

:07:42.:07:43.

The response, you know, people welcomed him.

:07:44.:07:45.

The whole tone of this trip, I think, is to show a real kind

:07:46.:07:52.

of hands-on, personal presidential approach to the suffering that has

:07:53.:07:55.

been caused from this storm come on the one hand.

:07:56.:08:04.

-- been caused from this storm, on the one hand.

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But also to reinforce the fact, what he has been saying all week

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is that the Government will support the victims and will come

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He has just come to Houston off the back of having asked Congress

:08:13.:08:18.

for the first tranche of what is going to be billions

:08:19.:08:20.

and billions of dollars to deal with the result of the hurricane.

:08:21.:08:23.

And Barbara, will they be able to free up that money,

:08:24.:08:26.

given the debt ceiling is an issue here?

:08:27.:08:28.

Well, yes, the problem with that is that the Government

:08:29.:08:30.

runs out of the ability to borrow money at the end of September,

:08:31.:08:33.

That has to be raised, and that is often quite

:08:34.:08:41.

If it's not raised, even the money that is allocated

:08:42.:08:46.

Alongside the request to Congress for the money,

:08:47.:08:49.

the nearly $8 billion, the White House did say we want

:08:50.:08:52.

that debt ceiling raised and we want this bill,

:08:53.:08:54.

this legislation passed as quickly as possible.

:08:55.:08:56.

Don't link them together in any sort of political battle.

:08:57.:08:58.

There is quite a responsive attitude in Congress in terms of allocating

:08:59.:09:01.

this initial amount of money at the very least.

:09:02.:09:03.

I think we will see a vote on that next week.

:09:04.:09:16.

We can stay in Houston. There you can see President Trump. He is just

:09:17.:09:23.

about to board Air Force One. He'll be travelling from Houston to

:09:24.:09:28.

Louisiana, another area affected by Harvey. We shall see in the coming

:09:29.:09:32.

hours what he has to say there. Let's get more on this. We can speak

:09:33.:09:39.

to Peter Daly, a flood risk expert in the US, who joins us now from

:09:40.:09:44.

California. Thank you for joining us. Flooding, undoubtedly the

:09:45.:09:48.

biggest challenge here. How do you assess and calculate the damage?

:09:49.:10:02.

What we do is to provide estimates of potential economic and insured

:10:03.:10:06.

losses for major events such as Harvey. The way we go about that is

:10:07.:10:10.

the first assess the hazard, which would be the level of flooding you

:10:11.:10:15.

would expect in the Houston area. As well as the winds and the storm

:10:16.:10:20.

surges that we got along the coastline. Combined with our

:10:21.:10:24.

knowledge of the relationship between the floodwaters and the

:10:25.:10:27.

amount of damage that will cause. INAUDIBLE

:10:28.:10:33.

We will have calculations for all of the properties across Texas. We

:10:34.:10:37.

developed an estimate of the total insured damage. We start with the

:10:38.:10:43.

economic damage. Which would be the amount of property lost and the

:10:44.:10:47.

amount of money it would take to reconstruct those properties. We're

:10:48.:10:50.

having some trouble with your line. We will stick with it for the

:10:51.:10:55.

moment. It estimated 80% of people affected by these floods don't have

:10:56.:11:03.

insurance. Could you tell us why? In the US the private flood insurance

:11:04.:11:11.

INAUDIBLE Most people in the US purchase their

:11:12.:11:16.

flood insurance from the National programme, which is offered by the

:11:17.:11:17.

government. Part of the reason for the low

:11:18.:11:24.

take-up rate, which would be the amount of insurance purchased by

:11:25.:11:27.

homeowners and business owners, which would be as a result of the

:11:28.:11:32.

recognition of the risk. Unless you live in a high risk zone, and in

:11:33.:11:37.

some places you are required by the bank to purchase flood insurance for

:11:38.:11:41.

your mortgage, a lot of people don't recognise the amount of flood risk

:11:42.:11:46.

they have. They are not living on the coastline or near a river, so

:11:47.:11:49.

they don't recognise that a storm like Harvey can cause significant

:11:50.:11:56.

damage from a flood. What will happen to the people in this

:11:57.:12:01.

scenario who don't have insurance? That is a concern. As was mentioned

:12:02.:12:06.

by your earlier interview. The programme is up for reauthorisation

:12:07.:12:11.

at the end of this month. For the people who don't have flood

:12:12.:12:15.

insurance, they will have other areas they can resort to. For

:12:16.:12:19.

example, a small business not covered by flood insurance may have

:12:20.:12:25.

the ability to take out a low interest loan with a small business

:12:26.:12:28.

Administration. There will be other forms of help. But the fact the

:12:29.:12:34.

flood insurance take-up is relatively low means the recovery

:12:35.:12:42.

rate could be slow, given the fact they won't be ready to make the

:12:43.:12:46.

repairs straight from the proceeds of flood insurance. Experts are

:12:47.:12:52.

saying we are likely to see more and more of these intense storms hitting

:12:53.:12:57.

parts of the US. Given what you are saying do you think people should be

:12:58.:13:03.

made to have flood insurance? This will be a debate that will be in

:13:04.:13:10.

Congress this month as they re-evaluate the programme. From a

:13:11.:13:15.

scientific point of view, what we are really interested in is

:13:16.:13:21.

understanding the best way to get the word out to insurance companies

:13:22.:13:28.

of what that is. You will see more private flood insurance offered in

:13:29.:13:31.

states like Florida and Texas where the risk is high. Consumers and

:13:32.:13:38.

homeowners will have the ability to purchase flood insurance more

:13:39.:13:41.

readily from the open market. They will have more options in terms of

:13:42.:13:47.

insurance products. With a storm like Harvey it brings to the

:13:48.:13:50.

forefront of the real issue of flood risk. What we would expect is for

:13:51.:13:57.

the take-up rates to increase. And so hopefully when the next major

:13:58.:14:01.

flood occurs there will be a more direct transfer of risk to the

:14:02.:14:05.

insurance market. And more of a return to the insured. So that will

:14:06.:14:12.

allow for the recovery to move a little bit more quickly. I am glad

:14:13.:14:15.

the line improved us that interview went on. Thank you very much for

:14:16.:14:17.

being with the BBC. Let's take a look at some of

:14:18.:14:18.

the other stories making the news. Some militants have died during an

:14:19.:14:27.

attack at a power station. The assault began in the early hours

:14:28.:14:32.

when armed men wearing explosives entered the plant and took workers

:14:33.:14:35.

captive. Several civilians also died. The group which calls itself

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Islamic State is believed to be behind the attack.

:14:41.:14:41.

The Mexican President, Enrique Pena Nieto, says

:14:42.:14:43.

he wants to continue talks with the United States

:14:44.:14:45.

But he says he will not accept any proposal that goes against Mexico's

:14:46.:14:49.

It was his first state of the union address

:14:50.:14:52.

since President Trump came to power, who promised to build a wall along

:14:53.:14:56.

the southern US border and to make Mexico pay for it.

:14:57.:15:08.

The authorities in the German city of Frankfurt have been evacuating

:15:09.:15:14.

patients from two hospitals and head of the planned disposal of a huge

:15:15.:15:22.

Second World War bomb. Several thousands of people will have to

:15:23.:15:28.

evacuate their homes after it was discovered on a building site.

:15:29.:15:31.

The United Nations says nearly 60,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled

:15:32.:15:33.

from Myanmar to Bangladesh to escape spiralling violence.

:15:34.:15:35.

It's after Rohingya militants attacked police

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According to the campaign group, Human Rights Watch,

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new satellite imagery shows more than seven hundred homes have been

:15:41.:15:42.

Sanjoy Majumder sent us this report from a refugee camp -

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Exhausted and traumatised after escaping death.

:15:51.:16:02.

Many of these Rohingyas have walked for hours

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across hills, and wading through paddy fields

:16:05.:16:05.

to avoid border patrols before making it here.

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These are fresh arrivals, Rohingyas who have just arrived after

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crossing the border, and with every passing hour, there are

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There is absolutely no space left any more,

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so they are just living on any piece of open ground

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they can find, and many of them have the most disturbing

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I meet a man who is nursing a bullet wound in his foot.

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He tells me that his village, just across

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the border, was attacked, allegedly by the Myanmar military and

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TRANSLATION: So many people were killed.

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They were shooting at us and I got hit.

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There were people whose throats were slashed with knives.

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From inside the state, the scars of violence.

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This is where the Myanmar military has been carrying out a

:17:13.:17:21.

Following an attack last week and dozens of

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The situation seems to be one where it is rapidly sliding towards a

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Significant areas of the state are on fire.

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As for those who have managed to flee the fighting, they

:17:43.:17:45.

are building temporary shelters and trying to make a home for

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Bangladesh, after initially trying to stop them, is

:17:48.:17:55.

For the survivors, this represents freedom.

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It has come at a cost, and they are still uncertain

:18:00.:18:02.

Stay with us on BBC World News, still to come...

:18:03.:18:17.

Grand slam motherhood, the tennis world congratulates Serena Williams

:18:18.:18:22.

as she gives birth to her daughter. This is BBC World News Today -

:18:23.:19:34.

The latest headlines: Flooding in South Asia has left 1400

:19:35.:19:48.

people dead and 45 million displaced or homeless.

:19:49.:19:53.

President Trump pays another visit to Texas, this time calling on

:19:54.:19:57.

Congress to approve nearly $8 billion in aid. Kenya's deputy

:19:58.:20:04.

president has called on the Electoral Commission to set a date

:20:05.:20:08.

for fresh presidential elections after the Supreme Court overturned

:20:09.:20:12.

last month's vote. It's the first time a legal challenge to a

:20:13.:20:15.

presidential vote has been successful anywhere in Africa.

:20:16.:20:20.

President Kenyatta also lashed out at the court's decision, calling the

:20:21.:20:26.

judges Crooks, and said the country has a problem with its judiciary.

:20:27.:20:33.

Our correspondent is following developments from Nairobi and gave

:20:34.:20:35.

this assessment of President Kenyatta's reaction.

:20:36.:20:40.

That news has not gone down well. He has called the judges Crooks. He

:20:41.:20:44.

even said after the elections are done he will come back and deal with

:20:45.:20:49.

these judges. It isn't clear what that means. But he isn't happy. The

:20:50.:20:54.

Supreme Court judges have gone against the will of the people, he

:20:55.:20:58.

said. He said the people voted for him and the supreme judges have

:20:59.:21:03.

stood in the way. Looking at the way the previous elections were

:21:04.:21:07.

organised, there was a lot of strain and scrutiny when it came to the

:21:08.:21:11.

Electoral Commission. They have two months to put these collections

:21:12.:21:15.

together. I think they will feel like even those two months will not

:21:16.:21:20.

be enough for them. They will try to maximise on that little time to be

:21:21.:21:24.

able to put it together. Looking at the system, is it going to be a

:21:25.:21:28.

repeat of the electronics system which has been blamed for what we

:21:29.:21:33.

have just seen, or will the electoral system revert to a manual

:21:34.:21:38.

system, or even a mix of the two, it remains to be seen how that will go.

:21:39.:21:41.

Lewis Hamilton has set a new pole position record in reaching his 69th

:21:42.:21:52.

career pole. Breaking the previous landmark set by Michael Schumacher

:21:53.:21:57.

in treacherous conditions. He was more than a second quicker than his

:21:58.:22:00.

nearest rival. He will be hoping to take over Sebastian Vettel's in the

:22:01.:22:04.

championship. Back in June, before the Azerbaijan

:22:05.:22:16.

Grand Prix, he said he could easily continue in the sport. Possibly

:22:17.:22:20.

until the age of 40. He is now 32. He said he wants to hunt down more

:22:21.:22:29.

records, including Michael Schumacher's, who has seven titles.

:22:30.:22:33.

If he went on for another eight years he would pretty much have to

:22:34.:22:36.

win the world title every other season to beat Michael Schumacher.

:22:37.:22:41.

There are not any big records a good imminently break. The other one of

:22:42.:22:45.

interest is race wins, held by Michael Schumacher, who has a 33

:22:46.:22:52.

more than Lewis Hamilton. If he got ten a year it would take another

:22:53.:22:57.

three years. He is expected to sign a new contract with Mercedes. He

:22:58.:23:01.

could achieve the title of getting the most race wins, but I'm not sure

:23:02.:23:07.

he will get to those seven. Because you have other drivers like

:23:08.:23:10.

Sebastian Vettel who has four world titles. He could get more because he

:23:11.:23:14.

is staying at Ferrari for three years. It would be very difficult

:23:15.:23:17.

for the Lewis Hamilton to break the other records of Michael Schumacher.

:23:18.:23:25.

Shane Duffy opened the scoring for Ireland early on, but things were

:23:26.:23:38.

level not long after. Ben Woodburn has just scored from a strike from

:23:39.:23:42.

the edge of the area. The match between Croatia and Kosovo

:23:43.:24:10.

was abandoned because of bad weather. Riyad Mahrez was missing

:24:11.:24:19.

from played today. He was released by Algeria early in the week to try

:24:20.:24:26.

to serve out his possible transfer, but he wasn't even on the bench as

:24:27.:24:29.

Zambia move into second place. At the US Open in New York Rafael

:24:30.:24:39.

Nadal and Roger Federer are due to play their third round matches

:24:40.:24:46.

later. Top seed Rafael Nadal will play Maya. Action is well underway.

:24:47.:25:06.

The world number eight will next face either Roberta and Mr Battut or

:25:07.:25:14.

Juan Martin Del Potro. The 23 time grand slam champion,

:25:15.:25:33.

Serena Williams, has given birth to a baby girl at a clinic in Florida.

:25:34.:25:39.

Sports stars and celebrities have sent their congratulations. No name

:25:40.:25:43.

yet. She says she plans to return to tennis for the Australian Open. What

:25:44.:25:48.

are the odds on her winning that? Back to you.

:25:49.:25:50.

Thanks very much. Don't forget you can get

:25:51.:25:51.

in touch with me and some of the team on Twitter -

:25:52.:25:54.

I'm @AlpaPatel. That is it from me and the team.

:25:55.:25:57.

Goodbye for now. A lovely start to the weekend with

:25:58.:26:14.

the exception of some sharp showers in East Anglia. Most places dry with

:26:15.:26:20.

sunshine. Sunshine will be harder to come by tomorrow.

:26:21.:26:22.

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