24/11/2017 World News Today


24/11/2017

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today.

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I'm Alpa Patel.

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Our top stories.

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More than 230 people

have been killed in

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a militant attack in Egypt.

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Gunmen stormed a crowded mosque

in the Sinai peninsula

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during Friday prayers.

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The Egyptian president has vowed

to respond with brute force -

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saying the army and police

would avenge the victims.

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Emmerson Mnangagwa has been sworn

in as Zimbabwe's new president -

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three days after the resignation

of Robert Mugabe.

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I will devote myself to

the well-being of Zimbabwe and its

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people.

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So help me God.

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APPLAUSE

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Also on the show -

Oscar Pistorius' jail sentence has

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been more than doubled

by a South African court.

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The Paralympic athlete had initially

been sentenced to six years

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for the murder of his girlfriend

Reeva Steenkamp.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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A deadly terror attack.

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The number of people killed

in Egypt, where militants have

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attacked a mosque has

risen to at least 235.

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Egypt's President has promised to

respond with brute force to the

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militants. It happened in a remote

town in northern Sinai

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militants. It happened in a remote

town in northern Sinai. Militants

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entered the mosque with guns and a

bomb during Friday prayers. It is

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the deadliest attack yet in the

three year insurgency.

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James Landale has the latest.

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A warning that there are distressing

images in his report.

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These were some of the chaotic

scenes after the attack,

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as hundreds of wounded people

were rushed to nearby hospitals.

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Survivors of one of the most deadly

attacks on civilians in Egypt.

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Witnesses said the militants stormed

the mosque in northern Sinai

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and exploded a bomb inside.

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They said around 40 gunmen then

fired on worshippers

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as they tried to flee.

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They came here to kneel in prayer.

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Instead, they lay down in death.

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President Sisi sent his condolences

to the families of those who had

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died and said the attack would only

increase Egypt's determination

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to face up to terrorism.

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Many of the dead and wounded

were said to be Sufi Muslims,

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whose brand of Islam is rejected

by jihadi extremists.

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But a mass attack on a mosque,

with such devastating consequences,

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is very rare in Egypt.

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This is unprecedented.

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I can't see any particular

imperative behind it

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in the slightest.

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You haven't had this sort

of attack take place before.

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You've seen the rhetoric about Sufis

and Sufism from these radical groups

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for years but you've never seen

an attack like this.

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The militants have long targeted

religious opponents such

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as Coptic Christians,

particularly by mounting

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attacks on their churches.

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They've also killed civilians who

work with the authorities in Sinai.

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Until tonight, Egypt's deadliest

terror attack was the downing

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of a Russian passenger jet over

Sinai in October 2000 and 15.

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IS said they were behind the bombing

that killed 224 people,

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but so far no one has claimed

responsibility for today's

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attack, which has now left

even more people dead.

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James Landale, BBC News.

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Let's get more from our

correspondent Sally Nabil

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who is in Cairo for us.

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With so many injured, many

critically, there is the possibility

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that the death toll could rise.

Yes. This is true. It is highly

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likely that the death toll could

rise in the next few hours, because

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as you said, many of those injured

are in a quite critical condition.

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Just a short while ago some judicial

sources and frantic experts said

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that the militants were armed with

automatic rifles and rocket

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propelled grenades. What we know is

that a group of militants walked

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into the mosque and they started

shooting randomly at every person

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they saw. There was a different

group in the street shooting at

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passers-by. They even targeted

ambulance cars that rushed to the

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scene to save people. This is by far

an unprecedented attack whether in

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terms of scale or in terms of style.

Militants have been operating in the

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Sinai peninsula for quite some time.

Oh dear. We have lost Sally from

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Cairo so unfortunately we will have

to move on.

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Zimbabwe has a new president.

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Emmerson Mnangagwa was sworn

in a few hours ago, in a ceremony

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watched by tens of thousands

in the national stadium

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in the capital Harare.

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And that of course marks

the end of the Mugabe era.

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Robert Mugabe, who had been

in power for 37 years,

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was officially "too tired"

to attend the ceremony.

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Our Zimbabwe Correspondent,

Shingai Nyoka, reports.

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The changing of the guard

in Zimbabwe, and long-time leader

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Robert Mugabe was not

there to witness it.

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But newly-elected President

Emmerson Mnangagwa does

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not need his blessing.

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I, Emmerson Mnangagwa...

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The moment Zimbabweans

have been waiting for,

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the swearing in of this country's

second leader in nearly 40 years.

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This is Zimbabwe's new President,

not through an election

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but with the help of the military.

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It caps the most dramatic two weeks

in Zimbabwe's history,

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and a surprise comeback from a man

who just a fortnight ago fled

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the country in fear of his life.

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With Mugabe's departure,

Mnangagwa will serve

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as interim President

until next year's election.

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But he inherits a fragmented party

and a country broken under Mugabe's

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isolationist policies.

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In his inaugural speech there

was praise for his predecessor.

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He led us in our struggle

for national independence.

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He assumed responsibilities

of leadership at a formative

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and a very challenging time,

at the behest of our nation.

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That is to be lauded and celebrated.

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But also a pledge to

break from the past.

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I am not oblivious to the many

Zimbabweans from our political,

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ethnic and racial divides,

who have helped make this day.

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So what do we know

about Emmerson Mnangagwa?

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Jailed for ten years in 1965,

he met Mugabe in prison.

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There, the two men formed

a close association.

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After independence in 1980,

he became Mugabe's right-hand man.

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In 1983, he was implicated

in the mass murder of thousands

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of opposition supporters

in Matabeleland,

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something he denies.

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More recently, he was accused

of orchestrating a violent crackdown

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on opposition supporters.

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Those who are very close to him say

that he listens more than he speaks.

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He is a soft-spoken man,

a gentleman, contrary

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to what the reports say about him.

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He is a God-fearing family man.

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We have to give him some time

because an improvement

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is something which cannot be

improved like overnight.

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After two weeks of uncertainty,

Zimbabwe seems to be

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returning to normal again.

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No one knows what the future

holds, whether Mnangagwa

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is the man to bring a new era

of democracy and freedom.

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The BBC's Ben Brown is in Harare.

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We heard from the new President.

What do Zimbabweans want from their

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new President?

Well, I think they are looking for

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change, haven't they? A new era, a

new dawn. That is what they have

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been saying on the streets when they

have been out to demonstrate in. And

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really, is it just words? Is it just

rhetoric from the new President?

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Hard to tell at the moment but it

was a promising inaugural speech and

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most people would agree. It was

statements like, inspiration at

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times. It was inclusive. He said to

Zimbabweans, his audience, you, me,

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all of us, together, we need to work

together to get this country back on

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its feet. And he said let bygones be

bygones. He said he wanted to

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represent as President is not just a

ruling clique of the political party

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but the whole country. Zimbabweans

of all colours, creeds, tribes and

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political persuasions. He was very

much trying to make himself as a

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President who would rule for all the

country and made a lot of bold

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promises, economic reform, jobs,

jobs, jobs, he talked about free and

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fair elections next year as well and

stopping corruption. Of course, the

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proof will be in the pudding.

Will he keep these bold promises

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that he has made? He is accused of

corruption, isn't it? And some of

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the worst human rights abuses under

the ruling party.

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That is right. He was a henchman in

the Mugabe regime. He has, according

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to its critics, he has got blood on

his hands, he has rigged elections,

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he is corrupt. Those of the charges

against him. That is why I think

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watching today's speech was

important to read between the lines

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and see what messages he was putting

across. As I say, these messages of

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inclusivity and of governing for the

whole country. And economic reform

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at the heart of everything he did.

And wants to do as well. He also,

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interestingly, got charisma as well

as talking about Robert Mugabe who

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he said had been a great father

figure for the nation. She said let

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bygones be bygones. He wanted no

retribution in terms of Mr Mugabe

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who has been his great rival, and

Grace Mugabe who has been his great

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rival in the past few weeks. It was

an interesting speech and a good

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start but just a start. And everyone

will watch for the next few months

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because technically, she is just

serving out the remainder of Mr

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Mugabe's presidency, only a few

months until the next elections next

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year.

Interesting times. Thank you very

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much.

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Thank you very much.

0:11:210:11:31

Authorities evacuated Oxford Street

and there was panic among them being

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pedestrians. Police say they

received reports of shots being

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fired in a number of locations but

officers have said they have not

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found any trace of any suspects.

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found any trace of any suspects.

0:11:460:11:47

Let's take a look at some of

the other stories making the news.

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Saudi Arabia's de-facto ruler has

called Iran's supreme leader

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the "Hitler of the Middle East".

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Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman

said the European experience shows

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that appeasing Tehran will not work.

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Saudi Arabia and Iran accuse

each other of fuelling

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instability across the region.

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North Korea appears to be

fortifying its border

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in the Demilitarised Zone

with the South, days after a soldier

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defected by running across.

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A US diplomat to South Korea has

tweeted a picture showing

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workers digging a trench.

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The defector was shot multiple times

by border guards from the North

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at this spot last week

and is still in hospital.

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Moroccans are gathering to play for

rain. King Mohammed the sixth in his

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official capacity and commander of

the faith called for prayers. There

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has been a severe shortage of

rainfall in the last few months,

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which has hit the agricultural

sector and rural employment, both

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central to the country's economy.

An escaped circus tiger has been

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shot dead in streets of. Members of

the public found the emergency

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services around 6pm in the evening

to say they had seen the animal

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loose near the river in the west of

the city. The owners shot its near a

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bridge.

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The Supreme Court of Appeal

in South Africa has more

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than doubled the jail sentence

for murder handed out to Paralympic

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athlete Oscar Pistorius.

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Mr Pistorius has been given

the minimum fifteen years

0:13:260:13:29

for shooting his girlfriend,

Reeva Steenkamp, to death

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on Valentine's Day in 2013.

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The BBC's Milton Nkosi has more.

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What we saw today is

the Supreme Court of Appeal

0:13:360:13:39

here in South Africa

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overturning that six-year sentence

and increasing it all the way up to

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13 and a half years

for Oscar Pistorius.

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The family of Reeva

Steenkamp, who was shot on

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Valentine's Day in 2013,

has already said that

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that they welcome this change

in sentencing, and they said

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that this shows that justice can be

achieved in South Africa.

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On the other hand,

from the Oscar Pistorius

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family, his brother Carl Pistorius

tweeted three words.

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Shattered, heartbroken, gutted.

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That summed it up, really,

for the athlete who is

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still behind bars and for his

family and friends.

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US actress Uma Thurman has sent out

a Thanksgiving message venting anger

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at movie mogul Harvey Weinstein -

who has been accused of sexual

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harrassment by dozens of women.

who has been accused of sexual

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Ms Thurman said on Instagram:

"When I'm ready, I'll say

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what I have to say...

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Stay tuned", adding that she had

a few reasons to be angry.

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Weinstein denies all allegations

of non-consensual sex.

0:14:540:15:03

The President of the European

Council has said the British

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government's hopes of an agreement

next month to begin Brexit trade

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talks remain a "huge challenge".

0:15:090:15:10

Following meetings with the British

Prime Minister Theresa May

0:15:100:15:13

in Brussels, Donald Tusk said

progress was still needed

0:15:130:15:16

from the UK "on all issues",

within the next 10 days.

0:15:160:15:22

Our deputy political editor

John Pienaar reports from Brussels.

0:15:220:15:29

An amicable divorce

from a roomful of partners,

0:15:290:15:32

but it is getting tense.

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So, now Theresa May is hinting to EU

leaders, starting with Donald Tusk

0:15:340:15:37

in the summit chair,

that Britain might up and some say

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double its offer of £20 billion

in a separation deal.

0:15:410:15:44

Dig deeper into the nation's purse.

0:15:440:15:46

If only the EU is

ready to talk trade.

0:15:460:15:50

Or this long goodbye could end

in tears, the last thing she wanted.

0:15:500:15:54

These negotiations are continuing,

but what I am clear

0:15:540:15:57

about is that we must

step forward together.

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This is for both the UK

and the European Union to move

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onto the next stage.

0:16:030:16:06

Brexit negotiations could,

maybe will turn to trade next month.

0:16:060:16:11

Leaders here need more persuasion.

0:16:110:16:12

Mr Juncker, are you

worried about Brexit?

0:16:120:16:17

Brexit is a tragedy.

0:16:170:16:19

I will meet the British Prime

Minister on the 3rd of December

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and then we will see if there has

been sufficient progress.

0:16:220:16:27

Are you at all confident that

progress will be made?

0:16:270:16:30

Yes.

0:16:300:16:32

But every country must agree

to start talking trade,

0:16:320:16:34

and Ireland's minority government

is facing the risk

0:16:340:16:38

of collapse at home,

but was sounding tough here.

0:16:380:16:41

Suggesting Brexit talks could stall

without clear guarantees

0:16:410:16:43

there will be no hard

north-south Customs border.

0:16:430:16:45

Is Ireland prepared

to block progress?

0:16:450:16:50

I don't think Ireland will have

to block anything on its own.

0:16:500:16:53

There is absolute solidarity

across 27 countries here.

0:16:530:16:59

Germany is not much more supportive.

0:16:590:17:01

Angela Merkel was

already firm on Brexit.

0:17:010:17:04

Now she has her hands full

forming a new government.

0:17:040:17:07

She met Mrs May today,

another leader looking for more give

0:17:070:17:09

on the British side.

0:17:090:17:11

In her one-on-one talks

with the EU Council president,

0:17:110:17:15

no final proposals, no breakthrough

and they may not settle hard

0:17:150:17:18

numbers on the divorce

Bill for months to come.

0:17:180:17:21

But they explored the case

for more compromise.

0:17:210:17:24

There are still issues

across the various matters

0:17:240:17:26

that we are negotiating on to be

resolved, but there has been a very

0:17:260:17:30

positive atmosphere in the talks

and a genuine feeling

0:17:300:17:32

that we want to move

forward together.

0:17:320:17:34

Neither side wants

the Brexit talks to end in

0:17:340:17:36

stalemate, but without more give

and take it could happen.

0:17:360:17:39

And then the risk would

grow of negotiations

0:17:390:17:41

ending with no EU trade deal at all.

0:17:410:17:45

And that is the outcome business

leaders who are worried about Brexit

0:17:450:17:48

say they fear most.

0:17:480:17:50

So, more talking to do ahead

of the next big summit

0:17:500:17:53

next month.

0:17:530:17:58

The slow march of Brexit goes on.

0:17:580:17:59

Its course and destination

being decided one step at a time.

0:17:590:18:02

John Pienaar, BBC News, Brussels.

0:18:020:18:05

For some it is taken

for granted that if you call

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an emergency number,

someone will pick up

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and help will be on its way.

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However in Kenya,

that's not the case.

0:18:130:18:17

In the capital Nairobi, alone,

there are more than 50 individual

0:18:170:18:19

numbers for ambulance

and fire services.

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Now two entrepreneurs have come

forward with plans for a solution -

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but can it help the poorerst?

0:18:250:18:26

Catharina Moh has more from Kenya.

0:18:260:18:33

When a medical emergency happens

in Nairobi, it is a real problem -

0:18:330:18:36

in the slums because it is hard

to access, and in the city because

0:18:400:18:43

it is plagued by traffic jams.

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Calling for an ambulance or fire

engine is not simple because Nairobi

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has no central emergency number

for its millions of residents.

0:18:490:18:54

And that is just in this city.

0:18:540:18:57

Across Kenya no central data

base actually exists

0:18:570:19:02

for emergency services and,

until now, they have all operated

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independently so that means

if you need to call for help,

0:19:040:19:07

you have to call each one up one

by one and that's if you can even

0:19:070:19:10

find the right mobile

number for them.

0:19:100:19:12

It is a problem this start-up

is trying to tackle.

0:19:120:19:15

They're called Flare and it's run

by Caitlin and Maria.

0:19:150:19:20

You just take for granted

that 9/11 exists.

0:19:200:19:22

And we did as well.

0:19:220:19:23

Like, both of us have lived

here for years and had never even

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considered it and we'd worked

in health and I never even thought,

0:19:280:19:31

what would I do in an emergency?

0:19:310:19:33

A

0:19:330:19:33

They have created an online

Uber-style platform to connect

0:19:330:19:40

people to the closest ambulance.

0:19:400:19:41

It is currently being used

to buy private hospitals.

0:19:410:19:44

Ambulance crews logon,

their location can then be tracked

0:19:440:19:46

and any hospital on the platform can

contact them, pooling resources.

0:19:460:19:53

The system also uses Google Map

traffic data to help emergency

0:19:530:19:56

workers navigate Nairobi's jams.

0:19:560:20:01

The response times that we have seen

have gone down from 162 minutes -

0:20:010:20:04

which is the average -

which is nearly three

0:20:040:20:07

hours, which is insane -

to about 15-20 minutes.

0:20:070:20:09

Hospitals and users currently

pay as subscription fee

0:20:090:20:13

to access the platform -

it is akin to a private concierge

0:20:130:20:16

for emergency services -

not something the poorest can

0:20:160:20:18

afford.

0:20:180:20:22

I do not see any elements of equity

within this package.

0:20:220:20:24

Why?

0:20:240:20:25

Number one, you are minimising

the number of times that I can be

0:20:250:20:30

able to be evacuated,

my family for instance.

0:20:300:20:35

Number two, the cost issues come in.

0:20:350:20:43

The people who actually

need the services are

0:20:430:20:45

people who are poor,

0:20:450:20:46

so if you cannot have access

and reach the poor, in the slum

0:20:460:20:50

areas, what is the value

creation for your product?

0:20:500:20:52

Despite the mixed reviews,

it is widely agreed that Kenya needs

0:20:520:20:55

better co-ordination

of its emergency services.

0:20:550:20:57

Something Flare is trying to do.

0:20:570:20:58

Catharina Moh, BBC News.

0:20:580:21:04

Major companies have

suspended their advertising

0:21:040:21:06

on YouTube after it emerged that

people have been leaving sexually

0:21:060:21:10

explicit comments next to videos

posted by children -

0:21:100:21:15

comments that hadn't

been removed by YouTube.

0:21:150:21:18

Adverts for major brands like Mars

and Cadbury have been appearing

0:21:180:21:20

alongside some of the videos.

0:21:200:21:27

YouTube says since this came

to light it has taken action

0:21:270:21:29

to remove the comments.

0:21:290:21:30

Our Media Editor,

Amol Rajan, reports.

0:21:300:21:35

YouTube has reinvented the very

idea of broadcasting,

0:21:350:21:37

allowing anyone with access

to the internet to create their own

0:21:370:21:41

channel and build a following.

0:21:410:21:48

The site now has a billion users

and pulls in around £4 billion in ad

0:21:480:21:52

revenues every year.

0:21:520:21:53

Users have to be 13 before they can

upload and share videos,

0:21:530:21:56

but millions of teenagers use

the opportunity to share their inner

0:21:560:21:58

thoughts with the world,

or just to have fun.

0:21:580:22:05

That is why and where sexual

predators often stalk them online.

0:22:050:22:08

These comments found by the BBC

are a fraction of the total material

0:22:080:22:11

on YouTube but they show how

the digital platforms have

0:22:110:22:14

emboldened some would-be offenders.

0:22:140:22:15

New research by BBC Trending,

the BBC social media

0:22:150:22:17

investigations unit,

has discovered that for close

0:22:170:22:19

to a year something went

wrong with the system

0:22:190:22:21

for removing obscene comments.

0:22:210:22:22

I am really, really concerned

that the public function reporting

0:22:220:22:26

isn't seemingly working.

0:22:260:22:27

It's something I will be writing

to YouTube about straightaway

0:22:270:22:30

and I will want them

to take immediate action.

0:22:300:22:37

Several leading brands have now

said they will suspend

0:22:370:22:40

their advertising on the platform

until it is further cleaned up.

0:22:400:22:44

Brands such as Mars,

Adidas and Lidl.

0:22:440:22:48

In a statement, YouTube's owners,

Google, said: "Content that

0:22:480:22:50

endangers children is abhorrent

and unacceptable to us.

0:22:500:22:53

endangers children is abhorrent

and unacceptable to us.

0:22:530:22:54

"In just the past week,

we've disabled comments on thousands

0:22:540:22:57

"of videos and shut down

hundreds of accounts

0:22:570:22:58

"identified as making

predatory comments".

0:22:580:23:01

A power broker in Britain's

advertising industry applauded

0:23:010:23:03

the tech giant's efforts to address

the issue but said

0:23:030:23:05

they should do more.

0:23:050:23:08

I think we have to be

incredibly diligent.

0:23:080:23:12

Whether they would call themselves

a platform or a publisher,

0:23:120:23:15

they are responsible to advertisers

I think to make sure

0:23:150:23:17

that the environments that they take

advertising in and make money

0:23:170:23:20

from are free of these dangers.

0:23:200:23:22

Some campaigners and indeed

politicians say that YouTube

0:23:220:23:24

should be regulated just

like any other broadcaster.

0:23:240:23:27

But the very principle of the open

Web is that users and not companies

0:23:270:23:30

should shape our public domain.

0:23:300:23:32

And the sheer volume

of content on YouTube,

0:23:320:23:37

400 hours of video uploading every

single minute, means that ultimately

0:23:370:23:40

this is an issue that would be

managed not by human beings,

0:23:400:23:43

but by machines.

0:23:430:23:46

Digital giants like Google

are adamant that social problems

0:23:460:23:51

in the internet age have

technological rather

0:23:510:23:52

than regulatory solutions.

0:23:520:23:53

But the prevalence of sexual

predators online is an issue that

0:23:530:23:58

will never be fully eradicated,

because the anarchic freedom

0:23:580:24:00

of the internet will always afford

them a home somewhere in cyberspace.

0:24:000:24:03

To fight them is to enter

a war without end.

0:24:030:24:06

Amol Rajan, BBC News.

0:24:060:24:16

The Argentine president,

Mauricio Macri says he had ordered

0:24:220:24:24

a thorough investigation

into what happened

0:24:240:24:34

to a navy submarine that disappeared

more than a week ago

0:24:340:24:36

in the South Atlantic.

0:24:360:24:37

He said it was important

to know why the vessel,

0:24:370:24:40

which was in good working order,

had apparently

0:24:400:24:42

suffered an explosion.

0:24:420:24:43

Mr Macri said the search

for the submarine and its forty-four

0:24:430:24:45

crew members would continue.

0:24:450:24:46

Ships and planes from Argentina,

the United States, Britain,

0:24:460:24:49

Chile and Brazil are involved

in the operation.

0:24:490:24:51

Before we go, an update

on our top story -

0:24:510:24:53

and President Trump is due to call

Egypt's President Sisi in just

0:24:530:24:56

in just over half an hour -

to "discuss the tragic terrorist

0:24:560:24:59

attack, with so much loss of life"

0:24:590:25:06

President Sisi of Egypt has vowed

to respond with an iron fist

0:25:060:25:09

after gunmen launched an assault

on a mosque in Sinai

0:25:090:25:13

and killed at least 235 people.

0:25:130:25:15

Addressing the nation after one

of the worst militant attacks

0:25:150:25:17

in its recent history,

the President promised his forces

0:25:170:25:19

would avenge the dead.

0:25:190:25:20

The assault began

during Friday prayers.

0:25:200:25:22

There was a bomb blast,

and then dozens of gunmen fired

0:25:220:25:24

on people as they tried to flee.

0:25:240:25:31

The mosque was popular

with Sufi worshippers,

0:25:310:25:33

who follow a mystical form of Islam

which extremists

0:25:330:25:35

regard as heretical.

0:25:350:25:40

Don't forget you can get

in touch with me and some

0:25:400:25:43

of the team on Twitter -

I'm @AlpaPatel.

0:25:430:25:51

that's it from me and the team.

Goodbye for now.

0:25:510:25:55

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