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This is BBC World News Today.
I'm Samantha Simmonds.
Our top stories.
President Trump says the actions
of his former top aide pleads guilty
of lying to the FBI -
tweeting that Michael Flynn's
actions were in fact "lawful".
But Mr Trump has also scored a big
win this weekend after Republicans
in the Senate pushed
through the biggest package
of tax cuts in decades.
As clashes erupt again in Yemen,
the country's former president -
whose forces are fighting
the Saudi-led coalition -
says he's ready to talk.
North Korea's nuclear tests roll
on but could they be having some
We take a look at the
Hello and welcome to BBC World News.
President Trump says
he fired his former National
Security Advisor Michael Flynn
for lying, but that
Mr Flynn's work was "lawful".
Mr Flynn pleaded guilty on Friday to
lying to the FBI about his contacts
with the Russian government.
The president's comments have turned
the focus back to the ongoing
investigation just hours
after what most agree
is the first big legislative
achievement of his presidency.
His fellow Republicans
in the Senate have pushed
through a sweeping tax bill,
which promises a sharp cut
in corporate taxation,
plus cuts for many including some
the richest people in America.
Laura Bicker reports
Finally Donald Trump is on course
for a much-needed win.
It looks like he will claim
a victory on tax reform.
We passed the largest tax cuts
in this country's history along
with many other things.
The vote was close.
continued until dawn.
There were so many last-minute
changes to the bill that senators
had to scribble them in the margins.
Democrats say the package
will benefit big business
and the wealthy.
Republicans believe it will slash
corporation taxes and
help the middle classes.
For Republicans and the president,
it was a welcome distraction
from the other Washington drama.
Donald Trump's former security
adviser Michael Flynn pleading
guilty to lying about the FBI
about his meetings with Russians.
The former three-star general played
a key part in Mr Trump's
campaign and led this chant
about Hillary Clinton
which will live in infamy.
If I did a tenth of what she did,
I would be in jail today.
In court, Mr Flynn apologised
about lying with his meetings
with Russians but more
worryingly for the White House,
he will testify that he was told
to contact Russia by officials.
One of those is thought to be
Donald Trump's son-in-law
But the president remains defiant.
What has been shown is no collusion.
Absolutely no collusion.
So we are very happy.
President Trump tweeted
that he fired General Flynn
because of his lies and said
it was a shame because his
actions were not unlawful
and had nothing to hide.
This should have been
a momentous day for Mr Trump.
The Republicans finally united
behind tax reform but the spectre
of the Russian investigation
continues to loom
over the White House.
Natasha Bertrand joins me
from New York City.
She is the political correspondent
for Business Insider, and has been
following the Michael Flynn
Please just explain where we are up
to with all of this and John Potter
are very latest tweet saying Michael
Flynn was sacked because of his
actions but it was lawful -- Donald
Trump's latest tweet.
remarkable. Trump says he fired the
National Security adviser Michael
Flynn because he lied to the vice
president but he added something
interesting that haven't been
disclosed before because of he also
fired him because he lied to the
FBI. Legal experts said that is a
clear indication from news that
Flynn had lied to the FBI when he
asked the former FBI director James
Komi to drop the investigation into
Michael Flynn. That signal intent on
Trump's part to obstruct justice,
this could be legally precarious as
he moves forward with the
investigation which is looking into
Just explain what
Michael Flynn is accused or pleaded
guilty to doing? He has done a deal
hasn't he, whereby he is going to we
expect get a lesser sentence. This
will complicate all of this, so
explain all of this.
conjugated but basically, Flynn
pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI
about talking to Russians. He said
he did not disclose the full
conversation to Russia when he had.
The question is why did he lie about
these conversations at all. People
say it would have been acceptable
for the incoming national Security
adviser to discuss sanctions with
his essentially his counterpart. It
is about as major foreign policy
changes that happened three weeks
before the Trump White House was due
to be coming in. The real question
is why Flynn felt the need to live,
who he was best acting, and who
directed him to speak to the Russian
ambassador about sanctions because
those people could be vulnerable.
Will we get answers to those
questions and why does all this
leave the Trump administration?
Trump's son-in-law Jared Kusher is
very bad position because he was
communicating with Flynn about
Russia, had told him from early on
with communicating with Russia about
the UN resolution on Israel. He was
looped in, they met in early
December where they talked about
setting up a back channel to Moscow.
What Flynn could do because he was
charged on such a low-level crime,
it is a federal crime to lie to the
FBI but there is so much more that
he could have gotten to involve.
That is an indication that he gave
can give Muller much bigger fish
about people like the president. We
can expect to see in the coming
weeks and months, Muller really
closing in on Trump's in a circle
and potentially getting to president
Interesting times ahead,
thank you. That's Tuchel a reporter
in Washington, DC, covering
Congress. He explains the
significance of the bill passing.
This is the tax bill. It got through
through the skin of its teeth,
didn't it? Explain how important
victory this isn't how it got
through because there's an awful lot
of last-minute wrangling?
It was a
51-49 votes are very slim, it just
got past. The political
ramifications are major. As Laura
described earlier, this was a
much-needed victory for the
president and it's a first time in
the 11 months or so he has been in
office, that one of his big
legislative priorities has got
through both the house and the
Senate. You remember the health care
battle of the summer, the house
passed the version but the Senate
could not. This is a victory for the
president, and the way the Senate
Republican leadership secured this
was adding these sweeteners in the
legislation that one over certain
key senators that were holding out
up to the last minute.
are saying that these deals only
benefit the rich and nonpartisan
committee says the measures will add
$1 trillion to the budget deficit.
Republicans say it will benefit
working families, who is right here?
Who will get something out of this?
A lot of this depends on how the
economy ends up going here in the US
in the coming years. This is a ten
year plan and the joint committee on
taxation report said was that $1
trillion will be added to the
deficit over the next ten years.
Even if you account for economic
growth. Republicans discount that
very strongly. They believe the
economy will grow as a result of tax
cuts and that will bring in more red
the government. A lot will rely on
the government growing. There were
trying to figure out a mechanism to
raise taxes or cut spending if
growth does not meet projection.
Others did not make it into the
bill. The Senate ruled it was not
allowable in terms of the Senate
As you were saying,
President Trump badly needed this
win. But it's not over yet. He wants
is enacted before Christmas, there
could be hurdles along the way?
house and Senate bills are pretty
different. There are some small and
major differences. The major one is
the Senate version includes a repeal
of the individual mandate on
Obamacare, the Affordable Care Act
which is what requires people to pay
a penalty if they don't buy health
insurance. That will have to be
reconciled. The house could pass the
Senate bill and send it to the
resident desk but the attention from
what I'm hearing is they will go to
a conference committee is the last
that I could tell you, I was there
till 3am at the Capitol, Republican
senators were elated, Senator John
Isaacs and smiled when I asked what
have the field to pass this in light
and does the recent sale is on
health care. He said I wasn't a
great English student but it doesn't
get any better than this.
Republicans are high on it and hope
they can get it done by Christmas.
Still to come... Jose Mourinho get
one over Arsene Wenger as Manchester
United win against Arsenal in the
Let's take a look at some of
the other stories making the news.
There've been clashes between German
police and demonstrators outside
the far-right Alternative
for Germany party conference
in the city of Hannover.
Police used water cannon to clear
a path for delegates.
The conference re-elected
Joerg Meuthen as a co-chairman,
a victory for the party's
more pragmatic wing.
The former Egyptian Prime Minister,
Ahmed Shafik, is back in Egypt
after allegedly being deported
from the United Arab Emirates.
His return comes a few days
after he declared his intention
to stand in Egypt's presidential
election next year.
On Thursday, Mr Shafik said
he wanted to return to Egypt,
but the UAE authorities
were preventing him.
The Argentine navy has sent
an unmanned search vehicle to check
what it describes as a deformed
shape on the South Atlantic sea bed
which might be the wreck
of the San Juan submarine.
An international search has failed
to find the submarine which had 44
crew on board when it went missing
17 days ago.
Because BBC World News today, the
President Trump has said
the actions of his former
national security advisor,
Michael Flynn , who admitted
to lying to the FBI
on Friday , were lawful.
US Republicans celebrate passing
of a sweeping tax reform bill
but Democrats complain
it was a rushed job.
The Saudi-led coalition has welcomed
an offer of talks made
by Yemen's former President,
Ali Abdullah Saleh, whose forces -
along with the Houthi rebels -
have been fighting the coalition
for more than two years.
In the past few days,
fighting has broken out
between the former allies.
Rhodri Davies has more.
There are only fighters on the
street of Yemen's capital. And this
time, its allies fighting each
other. Gunmen loyal to the former
president Saleh are now trying to
force Houthi fighters out of the
city. The beauty of ancient Sanaa is
scarred by bullets. Already a
complex struggle, it has become even
more so. On one side is president
who has force is control of the land
in red. He is backed by Saudi
Arabia. As and eight other mostly
Sunni Arab states. As posing them
are sheer Houthi rebels who are
backed by alarm and have built a
alliance with Saleh which appears to
be breaking down, now fighting the
Houthis and hinting they could do a
deal with Saudi Arabia.
It will not
end. It turns right now but the
alliance will continue but the only
change to happen is that Saleh is
more influential, more powerful and
has the power to announce the
initiative to end the Yemen war.
critical humanitarian situation
remains. The conflict has killed
more than 10,000 people, displaced
over two million and triggered a
cholera epidemic. The latest
violence and only further pressure.
We are currently receiving more
requests for medical supplies from
two main hospitals that are actually
supported by the International Red
Cross in Yemen. My colleagues now
are doing their utmost best in order
to meet the needs and to help the
wounded because of the clashes.
Yemenis once the country's almost
three years of water come to an end.
But that may rose five the dominance
of a man who until the Arab Spring
spent 33 years of their president.
-- as their president.
We can now talk to Yemeni
journalist Afrah Nasser -
she joins us from Sweden.
Thanks for joining us. Has
significant is this offer to talk by
This is absolutely a defining
moment not only on the course of
Yemen war but also on the course of
post-Yemen 2011 uprising period in
my opinion. The Saudis are clearly
not only succeeding in starving
Yemen into negotiations but also
into returning Yemen to pre-2011
uprising political reality where we
are facing the lesser of two evils
situation. Now it is whether Saleh
who is also, his hands are full of
blood as well. He is supposed to be
the rescuer for Yemen. Rescuing
Yemen some being the world provides
a humanitarian crisis over the
course of I think the past six
months, he has been ongoing on
public speeches, really reflecting
and expressing his concerns and
worried about the humanitarian
situation in the country. That is
fully what triggered him to propose
negotiations in many eyes, he is now
What needs to happen now for
this reaching out to bring an end to
In my opinion, we are
seeing the death of the coalition
and Houthis. Now there is a
coalition between them and the
Saudis. It's up to them to decide
the trajectory of the coming days
and hours. As we speak, there are
major developments happening within
a few hours. It remains to be seen
but there are definitely the final
say will be the other side, which is
the Saudis and Saleh.
Now do you
feel that a man you said had blood
on his hands, is becoming a
peacemaker? -- how do you feel.
think the blood and sacrifices of
all my generation who took to the
streets in 2011, I think it has all
gone to waste. In my opinion, I
think we are going to block zero.
There was never an uprising. It
seems like Stockholm syndrome that a
lot of people are turning blind to
the violations this man has done
over not only the past few years but
the last three decades. It's a very
confusing moment, I think in Yemen's
94 sharing your thoughts.
-- thank you for sharing your
thoughts. Let's get this board with
Jessica. We stuck with the ball
where Manchester United have close
the gap on Manchester City after
winning 3-1 at Arsenal. They got the
ideal start in 50 minutes, Alexandre
Lacazette got a goal back before
they secured the points. It could be
one of the matches of the season. It
wasn't all positive for United
because Paul Pogba was sent off, he
will miss the Manchester derby.
Amazing attitude from everyone. The
quality that they showed. The
quality of many things. The show
also amazing character in the
difficult moments of the game. It
gave us difficult moment. Arsenal
gave us difficult moment. They had
attacking quality and the difficult
moment of playing with ten men for
quite a lot of time. Amazing
character by the players, I think
they deserve your words that are
similar to my work when I met them
in the dressing room.
Elsewhere in the Premier League
Liverpool are into the top four
after a 5-1 thrashing of Brighton.
Sam Allardyce marked his first game
in charge of everton with a 2-0
win over Huddersfield.
Swansea are bottom after their
defeat against Stoke.
Barcelona are still unbeaten
at the top of La Liga
after being held to an entertaining
2-2 draw by Celta Vigo.
Iago Aspa put Celta ahead
after Marc-Andre ter Staygun failed
to keep hold of the ball.
But Barca levelled moments later
as Lionel Messi converted Paulinho's
pass for his 17th goal this season.
Luis Suarez had a goal maybe harshly
ruled offside and Messi hit a post.
Then Suarez put Barca ahead...
But Gomez later equalised for Celta
To the rugby league World Cup final
Where Australia beat England 6-0,
in one of the lowest scoring
Rugby League World Cups in history.
Delight and jublilation
for the Australian team.
Understandably, this is their second
year unbeaten as a team.
It was Boyd Cordner who got the only
try of the match and secured
Australia's 11th World Cup title,
their first on home
soil since 1977.
That was one of the toughest trouble
games are played in my career.
really pleasing victory for the
boys. Like I said it's been a fairly
hard road for this one over the last
two years. We want to put ourselves
back to number one. With got back
World Cup victories now and very
happy to have the kangaroos is the
best team in the world.
Australia just have the edge
after day one of the second Ashes
cricket Test in Adelaide.
After winning the toss and putting
the Aussies into bat,
England were gifted an early
breakthrough when Cameron Bancroft
was run-out by Chris Woakes.
England then got the wicket
of dangerman David Warner, three
runs short of his half-century.
But, a 50 from Usman Khawaja settled
down the hosts, before he went,
and then debutant Craig Overton took
the prize wicket of
Captain Steve Smith.
The hosts finished on 209 for four.
And that's all the sport for now.
North Korea's nuclear programme has
caused shock waves abroad and made
some big cracks in the international
community , but now it
could be having an impact
much closer to home.
Let's take a look.
Now Witness and we're heading back
to 1957 when a huge Science City
was built in the middle
of Siberian forest.
They called it Academic City.
Dozens of research institutes
were built, and top scientists
were enticed to come to work in this
harsh inhospitable region.
Victor Varand was one
of the first research chemists
to move to Academic City.
He told Witness what it was
like to live and work
in such an unusual place.
A town of 25,000 inhabitants. A town
where nearly everyone is a scientist
or hoping to become one. A new town
called academic city.
My first impression was
that of bewilderment, to be honest.
Everything was different here. The
houses were right in the middle of
the forest. It was so quiet and the
air seemed so fresh.
What used to be
thought of as a wasteland has turned
out to beat the Soviet Union's
greatest treasure house. A land
unbelievable rich in mineral. They
thought there was no oil here, now
it's floating on it. There are
diamond fields that could be as
surge of South Africa's. And gold
and platinum two. -- as rich as
I worked in academic
city for 46 years since 1962.
a research chemist at the Institute
of Inorganic chemistry. In 1963, I
thought my beloved subject matter
analytical chemistry at the
University there. Since the times of
the Czar, people were Axar out to
Siberia, would you excel to anyone
to a good place? That was the idea
of Siberia, that Wall Street people.
-- walls eight people. Our salary
was only 10% more than others, but
we got separate apartments. In the
years, there was an acute shortage
of housing. They didn't attract is
worth housing, they attracted us
with in accommodation and good work.
No other research laboratories are
so lavishly equipped and nowhere
else other students so carefully
selected or recently examined.
is what is called a colliding beam
accelerator, the only one of its
kind in the world. Designed to hurl
particles of matter and particles of
antimatter. Our Institute of nuclear
physics is a globally recognised
research Centre. Its scientists have
collaborated in the construction of
the Large Hadron Collider in
Switzerland. But many of the
inventions in breakthroughs happened
in secret research projects for the
Ministry of Defence.
Of course, the creation of academic
city was a great achievement. A new
generation of scientists has been
nurtured here. Most people who
worked there and now an graduate of
our university, and what does Russia
live on today? Gas and oil, of
course Karanka found and explored
those resources? Our Siberian
That's it for me for now. Goodbye.
Good evening. It's been gradually
turning milder the
Good evening. It's been gradually
turning milder the past 24 hours or
less cold. But there's been a lot of
cloud with that change. We had a
lovely sunset this evening in Kent
and Sunday promises more sunshine
for many of us. Currently however,
you can see whether from the week as
they are draped across the country
sinking southward. They give some
grey and murky conditions if you are
out and about travelling. There will
be some light rain drizzling, the
cloud is low enough for the hills,
but later denied we will start to
see things clearing out. We could
just about get a touch of frost in
the north-east, and early on in the
South East. For most of us, after
what has been a jolly chilly week,
it will look lively frost free, but
it probably will be got a murky
start to the day. Especially across
the southern half of the country.
This week whether funds will move
fairly quickly to for part of
Pembrokeshire and south-west
England. For most of England and
Wales, it will be brighter and drier
there. Not so cold either, to the
starting 4-5d, for Northern Ireland
that is close by. Scotland team, a
few shallow fog partridges in the
South of England but they should
Clare. It topples back into their
but it tinker for Northern Ireland.
For most of us, it's a bright
afternoon with some good spells of
Ihsan Sacko chilly today in the
north-east because we are back into
cooler air, but better in East
Anglia. Into Sunday evening and
overnight week whether funds so
cloud comes in by what we find is
probably a little bit of forward as
we go through to Monday morning rush
hour, particularly in East Anglia
and the South East, in the West we
have some showers but a lot of dry
unsettled weather will greet us on
Monday and slightly milder weather
and we had in the week just gone.
That is because we have hired
pressure, but mine conditions,
pushing to North and west and we
have to wait till mid week to see
something more turbulent. That is
Wednesday, it looks set to turn wet
and windy about that stage. But a